Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 1, 1866, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 1, 1866 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JJMU GORDON RENNETT. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, Iff ICR N. W. OORM1R or rOLTON AND NASSAU 3TS. XXXI ...N?. 33.1 AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. BROADWAY THKATKE. Bre?dw*y, near Broom* street.?Rich abd III.?Taw Maid with rhe Milbihg Pail. Matinee at l'f O'Clork-ANTISI or Flos*jcx-Ricublisu at Aiktkir. NEW YORK THEATRE, Broadway, opposite Near York glutei ?OairrtTH (Jaunt, or jBALOCEr. Ma'luce *t Oue o'Cloak. _ THEATRE FRANCAIS, Fourteenth street near Rlxlh tvenue.?Tbohb-al-C'a-iab?Ubogub Fouls?Las I'uchibk.. [aiinee at One o'clock?DArutrrau or rar Rruimbmt. GERMAN THALIA THEATRE. No. ?H Broadway - OvERKDDBB Form GERMAN STADT THEATRE. Noe. 45 and 47 Bowerr Mruns Osbbl'j Hcmlatbocb. DODWORTH'S HALL. 806 Broadwar. ?PMorajsoa llABri wui. Px?roKB Hie Mibacles.?Tub Mtbti.ut Matinee at Two o'C'lock. y,. n- J * IRVINO HALL, Irving plaoe.?Jahxs M. Wbrli'i Kin<t Matisai, rommeuclng at Two o'clock. Evening? Hk KkSDLBICA MOLLBKBAOEH'a ANNUAL CO.Vl'EBT. 8TKINWAY HALL. Fourteenth street?Public Rb HliUll. or trb Pbiihahmosh. Socihtv or Naw Tobb, coutmenoing at Tnrre o'Clo<-l. ?AN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS. MS Broadwar, oppaslt* She Metropolitan Hotel?Is their Ethiopia* Entkbtain iim,, Dab our* akd Boklssqlm?Two Mrbbbbs or the Legislators ?bob Massachuaattj. rtFTH AYENITE OPERA nOl'BE, Nos. Sand 4 We?t Twentv.fourth street?BiiDwoaru's Minjtkgl*.?Ethiopia* WinrruBLAT Ballad* Mdrlkaqoba. Ac. A Tuir to thb Moo*. Mullnae at 2)4 o'C'lock. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, 730 Broadway, oppo site the New York Hotel.?In trkib Bongs. Damcsb. Ecchn Sbiotiba, Ac.?Hbuaasio?Taming a Butt reply?Suak STBBIA* Hktival. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, 201 Bowerr. ?Cowia IPCAI.IAM?Neobo MiNATRKur Ballbt Divhktiaakbbnt, c ?Tub Faibira or thb Hudson. Matlnoo at 2% o'clock. 4> ? ? - -v - CH ARJ.1-V WHITE'? COMBINATION TROUPE, St ttMhenlrt' Hall, 471 Broaaway-t* A Vabibtt or Ligst and Lacgnabls Entbbtaibbbnts, Cobps pa Bails*. Ac. Fbbaui Clxhbb in Washingtok. Matinee at 3)4 o'clock. MRS F B. CONWAt'S ?a4^ THEATRE. Brooklyn. Paar o' Hat. HOOLET'SOPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn ?EtniopiA* Mi*. SrnauT. Ballads, Bublxsguu and Pahtohincs. Oa! Hush NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 813 Broadway. g-rrrenr. wrra thb Obt-Htdbogbw Miohosoopb twice dstiv Hkad ahd Right Abb or Pbobbt. Open from 8 A. M. till 10 P. M. Mew York, Saturday. December 1, 1806. * B B NBWI. EUROPE. By special telegram received yesterday afternoon from Paris, dated November 89, wo learn thai Secretary Sew ?rd's late lengthy cable despatch to the United States Minister In Paris, related, In the main, to the march or ?lie French troops from Mexico, and the expression of the hope that Napoleon would carry out hie intention in that respect. The oflV-lal statements and hopes were conveyed in a dignified and conciliatory tone. The Newfoundland telegraph lines being reported ?'down" last evening, we are without a news report of , yesterday s date, and consequently have no intelligence fTom Ireland. Our epci tal correspondent in Dublin, writing ou the 17th or November, furnishes h very Interesting and calmly written account of the Fenian position at that dale, as well aa of the sentiment of the peopjo towards It. The wants and miseroe of tlio inhabitants under Br Hsu rule are set Torth as constituting the excltiug pauso of a revolutionary outbreak, which the writer seemed to anticipate. THE CITT. The Board of Health met yesterday, a resolution or dermg ;h? superintendent to Investigate the cansoof the Bre on the lorry boat Idaho waa passed. The time for the is ue of permits to keep awlno in the built up por tions of Now York and Brooklyn, which waa to bava ex pired to day, was extended to tb# let of February. A large llro occurred hut night, destroying the large Oil warehouse occupied by the North River Oil Ware bousing Uompuny, situated on the North river, at the fool of Twenty first and Tweulv-aacond streets, and a quantity of lumber belonging to McClave Brothers. Bel we id six thousand and seven thousand barrels of ?ru.le peirobum were consumed. The entire loss ex oe. iv 880,000. Partially Insured. 'Hie elimination of witnesses in the cases of Frank Heiieu end W. R Babcock for an alleged complicity in the I w,p.t ltond robbery, wee completed yeatorday, before Ju-'ire Howling, at the Court of Special Sessions. Strong ?Bolts were made by A. 8. Sullivan, Clarence Seward, ?x-Covernor l.owe, ex-Judge Stuart and 0. I,. Stewart to secure the rel-ase of defendants, but District Attorney 0. - Itedford argosd strenuously against such release. Hellen was finally admitted to ball In 820,000, and Bab cock wse remanded for trtaL In the case of Joseph A. Sprague et si. vs. Ueorge Raooael, which waa s motion for a warrantor commit meat against dafoudant Tor alleged obtaining of a loan or monev iu a fraudulent manner, Judge Monell has given sden on.n the negative. The particulars of lb* case were published over a week ago. In the case 0f (hr alleged Hobokfn Beak Frauds, Judge Daly, of the Court of Common Pleas, yesterday denied the mot,an of the defendant's counsel for the discharge of Ins ' 'lent (George W. Cliadwick) from arrest The ew-e ha* b>-en postponed several times to accommodate defendant, and yesterday, on the calling of the calendar, no en war otnlog from the defendant's counsel, Mr. Charl<?i Wchl* moved for a default, which was granted. An internet lug case came before Judge Huilitrlaud in the rvopreuie Court. Chambers, yesterday, In which the plu.iiti'l, William A Jobn"ton weeks to obtain possorvion of hi-' interests n> u number of Nevada silver mines, wli oh he had entrusted to the rate of another party for diepoo.1 In thu city. <>Be of the dsfendauia, If Is alleged, came to Now York, and organizing a corporation under Abe title tf the Consolidated Silver Mining Company of Ree e liner, k" , disposed of the co'tre amount of prop, erty which had been entrusted to him, without making compensation to the plaintiff, who now. by process of law, endeavors to secure hi* ciaima. In ibr tiptetno Court Chamhen, before Judge Hutlier land, motion waa made yesterday i.y parties doing bust o- - tn the "Petroleum dill net," Maiden Ihdc, for the continiiaacn of an Injunction restraining persona occti py ngtlie same building with thorn frnm keeping lien sine, asptlia or kerosene oil, in any quantity whatever, on ,iie pre ml OA An affidavit of a chemist was read, In wtiico *m asserted that the article termed "red kcro aene is merely ordinary ksruaaae oil oolorrd, to Induce persons about purchasing to believe that It lias under, gooe a process depriving It of Us explosive properties. There w>re 1,349 votes registered in fh? city yosier d?t fills, ii > Idilion lo the number registered at thu laie geueral election, rankca a total so for of 128,411 volar, in this city. A maicli at billiards was played at Irving Hall last sight beiweeo Goldthwaila, of Boston, and Mcliovitt, for $500 a side, !n which tioldthwaite ceme out winner. The si em.hip City of Washington, Captain Roekell, of the Inn au line, will sail at noon to day from pier No. 48, Norib river, for Qneeostown and Liverpool. Made will clow et the Post Office at half past ten O'clock The stenmsbip Teuionia. i iipialn Hnack, will sail at twelve M today, from Roboken, for Hamburg, touch |Sg at Cowos Hie mall will ctoee ai Hie Post Offiee at Baif pa?t i en The Anchor line .uanmihip ltiiieruta, Contain Mnnro will sa l at noon to-day for Glasgow, calling at London derrv to land paawngers, A< The stsninshlp \ ilia ile Tan* Captain Surtiiont. will nail at twelve M. to day for Brest and Havre. Tho steam li p v.a??rpe Csptun Eldridge, belonging to C H Mallor ' Co 'a T"\a. Itr.e, n ill leave pier ;o Had river thWaftc nor . for Oalvesion direct The dna $1 r hip George Washington Cnptaia Cager, of Cro u ? line, will .All for New Orleutl from pier No. P North river, at three r m to day n." Fmplre line vl -nroeh'.p 3nu Jacluto, f ApUIn l^ive. mi will sail from pier IS North river itires r M f Ibr Savaansh. ! i opolar sldewheel gloomsbtp Quaker Citv, Captain W .i . I II Wret, of l>oory'a Una, will sail from p'er It "s r, at three P. M. to day, for Charleston, on ih the ttoamor Dictator, for tba Florida pwls ? ?k markot waa Arm, sod price* advanced yo? ? i It waa firm also, and closed at 141V ' > was more like "blao Monday ' than Friday ?l ml**, and Iwtween thn changes In gold i ? ufu ( 9' Qjg weather busiuffv tree tr atlr c Irrumaonbed Ths oable new 9 of the put two d?y? bu not been of a very reaaiurtnx tenor, and exerted a rather I rrimlny '?fl"sg??. on the cotton market. Imported merchandise was generally unlet, and there wan bat few Mooptlons to the rule. The various chaogee are sot forth in detail in our commercial column elsewhere. On 'Change Sour wan uusettled, and I he. a 26c n 30c. lower. Wheat was 3e. a 5c. lower. Corn waa dull and heavy. Pork ruled lower, lard nominally a shade easier. Hogs lower, sod butler and cheese nomi nal and very dull. ?MISCELLANEOUS. Our Chihuahua, Mexioo, correspondence is dated No - vember 6. The policy of Juarez rogardlua those Mexi cans who have served in the imperial armies, and who may fall into his hands ufter the final embarkation of the French, is slightly hinted at in n communication or tha Secretary of War of the Mexican republic to Oenernl Pm-on at Tuxpan. The Secretary disappro . ee in strong language of wholesale pardons to such persons. Certain documents are published officially by the Juares govern ment, which throw a flood of light upon Ortega's opera tions. The latter has granted the privilege of coining Mexican uiouey In San Francisco to n citizen of New York, but Juarez being requoeted by the same individual to ratify the permission of Ortega, It waa promptly re fused. The statement that General Sedgwick had been ordered under arrest for bis visit in person to Matamoros is denied in our New Orleans despatch, and his reported occupation of Matamoros with his troops is again pro nounoed a canard. The news from the seat of war in Paraguay is dated Bio Janeiro, October 20. In addition to the change of commanders In the Brazilian army, which was reported In the Hsiuld a few days ago, a new commander has been appointed to the fleot In place of Admiral Yisoount Tlmandare. A levy of 25,000 men in Brazil Is de manded, bat the recruits are coming In but slowly, Tbe loss of the allies at Fort Curupaity la now reported to be 7,000 men, beside? ttareo Iron Cads bolng seriously dam aged. The allied army, It was rumored, would fall back on Comentes. The National Exhibition at Rio Janeiro opened on the 10th of October. Tbe exhibition Is intended to display the products of that favored country. Tbe Emperor and Empress, and tho Prince and Princess, accompanied by a large suite, attended tho opening. Further heavy dutiea have been Imposed on the dis tillation of rnm in J?nwc* by tho Legislature of thst island. But little margin for profit now remains with the business under tbe new tax. There will be in the future no direct communication batwoen Kingston and the Cnltod States except by transient sailing vessels A screw steamer, called the Bolivar, reached Laguayra, Venezuela, on the 13th of October last, having been fitted out ia England for use In the Venezuelan navy. It was manned with Englishmen, who insisted on bolng retained as Us crew, and on trading that the Venezuelan government would not retain them thoy put to sea with the Bolivar and have not since been heard from. The two Commissioners appointed by the Legislature of Mississippi to intercede with tho President for the pardon of Jeff Davis, arrived at Fortress Monroe yester day. They could give the prisoner vory little encourage ment as to the success of their mission, but what the result of It has been is for the present unknown. Cle ment C.CIay has left for his homo in Alabama. Rivos "Vollard, of the Richmond Kxaminer, visited Fortress Monroe on Thursday to see the rebel chieftain, but was refused admission in accordance with orders which intordlot the admission of representatives of Southern newspapers. The expected Fenian raid from Vermont was a cause of groat oxclteraant In Canada yesterday. Information was received by the government that largo bodies of Irishmon had left Cincinnati and Chicago under Colonel Starr, and a despatch was received from Erie calling for aid on account of an cxpectod demonstration from Buf falo. Ail the military forco in Montreal has received orders to be in readiness to move at a moment's notice. Tbe dorslon of the Judges on the application for a now trial will be given to day. Two merchants at Tituwvtlle. Pa, who have charge of the Parker Oil Reflnery, wore recently arrestod on sus picion ot having commitlod heavy frauds on the govern ment by ovadlng the Internal Revenue laws. The brig Althea, from Now York, with n full cargo of provisions and other effects, has boeu wrecked at Long Bay, Jamaica The crow were saved. A break occurred lu the Chomung Canal and also In tbe Erie Cannl on Thursday n'ght. A collision occurred yesterday on the Charleston and Memphis Railroad, by which seven persons w-re killed and many wounded. Over a thousand names have been * gued to tbe petition gotten up In New Orleans praying Congress to appoint Provisional ftovornors for all the Southern States. Oovornor WeUs has concluded to give tho pe tition his concurrence. The Texas cotton crop la estimated at two hundred thousand bales. _ The President nnd Chlel Justice Cbnse en Negro Nnflrngr. "Chief Justice Chose coincides with the Presi dent," as wo are informed from Washington, "in the recommendations he is about to moke to Congress" on Soathcrn restoration, em bracing a general amnesty to persons involved in the late rebellion, as an equivalent for negro suffrage. It further appears that "strong influences have been brought to bear on the President to induce him to modify his views" in relation to this suffrage amnesty plan, but lhat "he has positively declined to accede to auch influences." Tbo whirligig of politics brings together strange bedfellows, aa In tho cose of Captain Botts and Captain Tyler sleeping together under the same blanket; but not even tho most visionary politician of 1865 dreamed thnt Chief Justice Chase, on tho question of negro suf frage, would "coincide" with President Johnson ! in 1866. We accept the President's new de parture as an approach to a reconciliation with Congress, nnd perhaps the Chief Justice I m iy be niming at this object. It must not bo forgotten, however, that though thrown in tho background by President Lincoln's superior claims and popularity in 1864, Chief Justice Chase Is still suppoaed to l?e looking to the Presidential succession, and thst in this view, in 1865, with the collapse of the rebellion, be was fust in the field as a missionary in the South, in favor of universal suffrage, negroes nnd all. We must not forget that General Grant stands on the amendment plotform, and that the Chief Justice may be aiming to sot up another. I to Southern restoration, it is a matter of 1 no material importance whether the Chiet Jus lice coincides with the President or oppo es hL pl.m, inasmuch as the plan of Congress has been approved by the re?ponsiblo Slate? und people ot the Union, thu? making it the duty of Congress lo co-operate with said States and people to engraft thin plan upon the constitu tion as the supreme law of the land. The plan of a general nuinetty in exchange for universal or Impartial suffrage does not reach tho case, und unless put into the federsl constitution will amount to nothing; and so with every other pish. Virginia or South Carolina, for example, msy agree to anything and everything you propose as term* of restoration to-day; but unless this sgreenient iw fixed in the supreme In w of the Und she ntay reject everythtng the day after her restoration to Congress. There is no security for the future short of a reconstruction of the constitution Itself, and this Is the secret of tho astonishing unanimity and force with which tho loyal States have endorsed the plntT of Congress. It i? as plain, too. as any conclasion from tha lense, th.itIt ttie States rxcluTed frojn Congress hnv no riybt to a vjjco in Congress as they stand, they have no right to a voice In revising the constitution. Their ratifications of tbe amendment* abolishing slavnrv amount to nothing, notwithstanding Mr. Seward's offloN proclamation of their rn^dltj. They are nnil and* void, because if those States were not legally restored they had no right to be in cluded in the ratification; and, if legally re stored, the President had no right to coerce them to a ratification. But this does not affect the amendment, which by the approval of three fourths of the States de facto and de jure con stituting the government of the United States, has been made part and parcel of the consti tution. We presume that one of the first acts of the two houses of the approaching session will be a declaration to this effect It is tally author ized by the overwhelming popular verdict of the States holding the government With such a declaration, too, resting upon a judgment concerning the status of the late rebel States which has been rendered by the Supreme Court since the war, we can have this consti tutional amendment ratified and this contro versy thus substantially settled before the final adjournment of this Congress on the 4th of March next. Thus settled, if tho excluded Statos do not choose voluntarily to accept the amendment in the reorganization of their local governments, they will become subject to Con gress as unorganized territories, and thus sub ject to a reconstruction oven in the matter of their boundaries. From the Southern journal?, from the letters of our Southern correspondents and from all other sources of information from tho outside States, it is apparent that their ruling classos have settled down into the dogged resolution to do nothing to help themselves to a read mission into Congress. They have fallen into the serious mistake that if they do nothing Congress can do nothing with thorn. But let South Carolina understand that by this policy of "masterly inactivity" she may bo merged by Congress as part of a vast unorganized ter ritory Into the new territory of North Carolina, and she will be apt to realize tho dangers of doing nothing to regain her character and to retain her boundaries as a State. Dangers, wo say; for the power and the authority are with Congress, and the will may next appear?if no other remedy is offered?the will to reconstruct the States concerned as part of a vast unor ganized territory recovered by arms from a hostile government and occupied by an in tractable people. The controversy is drifting in this direction, and whatever may be the individual opinions of tho President or the Chief Justice, the all important factB still stand out in bold relief? that the Thirty-nin'h Congross, which passed the pending amendment by a two-fhirds vote in each house, and the Fortieth Congress, just elcctod, are substantially the same, and that between them the power of Congress over the excluded States is fixed to the end of President Johnson's term of offioo. Tito Mveterlons Influence of the Herald? Vnrliii, llumarltli. Theatres, Wars, Me teors. ike. The influence ot the Herald upon everything and everybody is so deep a mystery that at tempts to explain it are, of course, absurd. Its very influence, in fact, renders such attempts nugatory. Thinking upon this influence oven confuses the intellect of our copperhead cen sors, nnd tbey run into vagaries, contradictions and blunders that might have been conceived by Bully Bottom, who only had a jackass* bead upon his shoulders, while ho thought all the time he was playing the king of hearts. The inconsistencies of our critics show bow easily a head even of copper may be turned br pondering too long over the pro blem of the Herald's influence. There is dan ger in the attempt, and that very danger is only another evidence of our wonderfal power. Bohemian investigators had better give it up. They must, indeed, follow the true scientific method, nnd treat this wonderful influence as a fact, relinquishing all vain theories and discus sions as to why it is a feet. Theories in expla nation of the origin of wonders always lead away from the proper contemplation nnd study of the wonder itself. In treating a fact we stand on terra firraa. And of conrae.the myste rious influence of the Herald is a feet. Is it not constantly recognised by the declarations of our detractors ? Were not all the events that have oocurrod for many years past due to the Herald? Can we not clearly prove this by the combined utterances of our friends and onr enemies ? Undoubtedly we can. There was the case of the meteors. What can be more clear than that the meteoric shower in England was got ten up In a hurry to sustain fhe Herald against a Down E ist astronomer ? It has long been * J evident to the meanest capacity?that or onr copperboad contemporary?that it in because of our denunciation that countless thousands constantly pay money to see the most indecent play ever put before the city public. It Is also well known that it is because of our neglect that the once host theatre on Broadway h is dwindled to h barely paying condl'ion. We have awakened the dormant sonslbiliti-s of the clergy, too, and induced parsons to lean a little?as mnch as was possible?toward the side of public decency in their sermons. We hare well nigh procured the blowing of the rocks out of Iiell Gate, and of course the rocks originally came there only through our oon nivauce. Our agitations ot progress and re form have b"en heard so far that they havo not only shaken England to the oenlre; they havo gone deeper still, and in regions not natnesble to esrs polite, it is proposed to substitute for old fashioned brimstone som" new and-more terrible tortnru drawn from the great discover ies ot modern chemistry. It was some article advertised in the Herald; and this change is necessary, as the present terrible wickedness of the world?our influence again?shows that brimstone has lost Its terrors The war of secession, the defeat of the Chicago nominee, the result of the late elections, the origin and the ruin of the Mexican empire, the Prussian war, the Fenian rising?these are some trifl"? that show our influence. Wo are responsible

for th?ra all. Indeed we have a moral con sciousness that we are in some degree reponsi bfe for that great nuisance to Bohemians who have dined ont?the law of gravitation; though exactly bow we are responsible for It is our secret. Another indication of the strange, secret, bnt Insyljable power of the Herald Is seen In the ffest ocean yacht race. We said that it ought to take place in a certain way, or that it onght not to -no matter wbiob?and behold the great yaeht race, one way or the other way, becomes a nation! fact, and is accepted and dtgonwd and jm^flded *u! fixed nn If it were the constitution of tbe United Stntee, or the P??l Rent's policy, or the propoaed ImpoaohmatkL Of <be new New* Association, or the bare naked .truth, or anything elae capable of fixing tbe whole attention of the great American peo ple. We mentioned this yacht race several times, and it fc? already a great suoceas; and thia was because we opposed it?of course. Apropos to the yacht race another illustration of our power cannot bare escaped the notice of the public. We publlsbod yesterday a letter on the race which revealo the existence in our midst of a first class humorist?aot of the vul gar, common place comio lecture sort, but one fall and bubbling over with ripe, unlabored, dainty fan?a humorist who might have taken his equal place In the circle that discussed the quiddities of the gentle Ella. We are respon sible for him too. No matter how we got the letter?" mysterious influence," etc., comes In there?the humor justifies the means?this hu morist is the first specimen of the genuine ar ticle that has been Introduced to (he public this score of years, and only an institution of our wonderful power oould have brought him out Let the public be grateful for the mys terious influence of the Huraijj. Spartan* New* n PeUlInf Newt Aeenrtn tlea. A former agent of the New York Associated Press, dismissed its service for general in efficiency, combining with one or two Western papers, has been endeavoring to establish a concern for collecting news as cheaply a? possible and peddling it out at the highest prices to be had, but willing to take anything ofTered. Not content with stealing cable telegrams from the Hkraiji, in which he showed taste in selection, if not enterprise in collection, he has gone to manufacturing them out ot whole cloth. Yesterday the single New York paper which receives bis telegrams announced in a long despatch that Thanks giving hud been celebrated In London by the American residents there; that patriotic speeches were made and toasts drunk j but what was said, by whom spoken or at what place in London the banquet was held, is care fully omitted, as the person forging the despatch could not " guess" more than gen eralities. It is very probable that Thanks giving was celebrated in London by American citizens, as of yore ; but it requires no cable from the soa nor ghost firom the grave to tell us that much. The same enterprising ngent, sitting in his fourth story, back, with stylus in hand, "guesses," too, that "Carlotta is worse that "Maximilian will be homo early in Decem ber," and various other like matters as easily conjectured here as in London and written out much cheaper than by the cable. On the 26th ultimo the seme enterprising agent furnished the startling information that Maximilian had abdicated, and himseir and his two Western adherents, Messrs. Halstead and White, went about quoting the telegram as nn instance of tbe superior energy ot the new association. Tbe telegram bore the fact of its manufacture on its face; for it was dated at Now Orleans on November 24, and stated that Maximilian had left Vera Crua ou the 22?1 of tbe same month. Now, it is utterly Impossible to transmit Intelligence by any means in existence from Vera Crux to New Orleans in forty-eight hours, and the despatch I was necessarily bogus as regards dates. That it was bogus as regards the faot stated is now apparent; for we have news direct from Vera Cruz to November 25. Maximilian had not only not left Vera Cruz on November 22, but had never been there, and up to the 25th? three days later?was residing at Orizaba. ? It is with news like this that the Western editors who give in their adherence to the spurious association will have to content them selves until they?not the agents-can establish for him?not at his expenae, but their own?a system like that of the New York Associated Press for obtaining foreign news. They will doubtless hesitate and think again when they come carefully to calculate tbe cost of main taining, as the does, correspondents In TiOndon, Paris, Rome, Venice, Berlin, Vienna, St. Petersburg, Hamburg, Lisbon, Madrid, Con stantinople, Shanghae, Melbourne, V alparsiao, Panama, Lima. San Francisco, Rio Janeiro, Bnenos Ayres, Havana, Si. Thomas, St. Do mingo, Asplnwull, Vera Cruz, Mexl o, Mata raoros, Chihuahua nnd El Paso, besides still more expensive travelling correspondents with every important enterprise, like that of tha Collins Telegraph line, the Sherman Campbell mission, the European squadron, the allied armies of Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentine Confederation, the tle?*tg of Peru and Cbil". ocnnn yacht races and dozen* ot other matters important to the public. There are news yachts to be built nnd manned off Halifax, iu Panama Gulf, at Rio Janeiro, in Sail Francisco bay, iu the Mersey and off Queenstown, and daily messenger, sre to be , run from London to Queenstown, and from Paris to London. Tb -e expenses have never been felt hy tho Western pan?rs, a* wo main tained these at our own e j i?-and without any intention of sharing it with others, though subsequently giving it to the association free of cost. These arrangements require not merely a heavy outlay of money, but n large amount of a peculiar talent not at all limes lo Ik. obtained. A more perfect system can not be devised, it enables us lo keep not only constantly ahead of all spurious associations and paper*, but of the most enterprising jour nals of this or any country, and makes the IlhHALn the -best newspaper in tho world. ' Our (?itt Railroads?The Peabl SmzEr lie CAPADE.?If E person has ever been in a theatre or any other large building waen an alarm of fire has been raised and has witnessed the in sane efforts of the crowd to escape through the narrow doors and passages, apparently constructed as traps for human livea, they may foim some idea of tho present condition of rail road travel in New York. There are no outlets j for the million und a hall of people, or therea bouts, who form the population, resident and floating, of the citv nud its suburbs, snve through narrow and crowded streets, with the single exception of Broadway. The great de mnnd of the d*y l? lor railroads. 'I hey are a necessity ot the long stretch of land that fo.m? Manhattan Island. Our citizens cannot live without them, anil they are rec tgnlzed every where as American Institutions, " chrmin defrr Amtr\?ain,'y as th?y are called In France. These mads are of necessity run through sues n'reets as we have mentioned, and yet * j -m very Insufficient means of>'? tbe j ;y,' bit ants ' ad viVtcof th ? ,U? Rail -?11 I c )Uir?.>i>*'i are conuMMs itlj Wkteg to lat I down mils in every nnocoapK\d timrooghfera, and now that election i> over the J*01}?* "'J become sensible ti?at the property hoW" ?? residents hare some rights, and are interfb- t Id prevent the tearing op of the road*. Ofl Peari street the matter came to a crisis on Thursday last,- by the arrest of parties engaged in laying a track. All this serves to prove the necessity of some comprehensive plan of public improvement, under the control of a commission, as already suggested by the Herald. Let us have a Board of Public Works, with full power to do away with the first and principal evil of a crowded city, with only a single outlet, by opening the Fourth, Fifth and Seventh avenues to the Bat tery, thus making four Broadways in lieu of one. Then let every city railroad charter granted to private speculators be repealed, and a good ayatem of railroads be adopted for the whole city, under control of the commis sion, and run at the lowest possible charge to the travelling prfMic. The people will then be able to> roacb by cars every portion of the city through good btcoad avenues, and business men will uet be subjected, hs now, to vexa tious blockades and delays in the most valu able hours of tbe d?j. In addition to those advantages to the iMMses the taxjnyers will then'receive-the benefit of tbe city franchises, which at present go to enrich political ' rlugs" and shrewd lobby speculators. This is a re-r form worthy the attention of an enlightened Legislature, and the people will look to ? their representatives at Albany for prompt relief. Tm: Penalties or Mwuovkisnmket.?We-se? that a permanent increase of the British ormy has been derided upon. This is the logical consequence of the refuail to satisfy the just grievances of Ireland,, ae well as .lie equally just dent wnl of the musses in England, for on ext-nsioo of Ihe franchise. "111110 or ruiaP are the alternatives of the British ari-t'ocracyx There is no middle toru? which can satisfy their inordinate pride and selilshness. Sooner than concede to the Irish people the abolition of the Church establishment and secure lo them tho laws which are necessary to protect them against the grinding exactions of ab sentee landlords, they prefer commencing against them a war of extermination, in which a revival of the barbarities practised in the Indian campaignr are threatened. They do this without counting the oost. They are entering upon just such a war as we have been engaged in against the South, with un accumulated debt heavier than that with which we put dowu the rebellion. How can they expect lo be able to stagger on under tbe weight, of tbe additional burdeua which the increased military expendi tures they are about to incur in Ireland will place upon their shoulders! l)o they imagm ? that these expenditures will be limited to Irish soil! If they do they are couuling too much on on* forbearance. Let. them but attempt lo put in force their "stamping out" process, and nothing can save them from a war with this country. So intense and widespread will lie the indignation oansed by It thai no adminis tration will venture to resist tho feeling which will prompt an immediate invasion of Canada. Sneh are the dangers which confront the men who now have charge of the destinies of the British empire. Should tlioy bo reckless enough to listen to the sanguinary promptings of their terrors they will discover that they have given the last blow to the domination which has been built up on anoh an amount of injustice ond suffering. Critical Position ok Fr\m ? Movkuxkts or Queen Isabella.?We have uews simultaneous ly by the cable that peace will aooa be de clared between Spsln, Chile and Peru, and that Queen Isabella is about to visit the royal family at Lisbon this week. Domestic coinp.i cations have luum gathering around her Ma jesty's government?urged on aod secretly fomonted, no doubt, by the ageuls of Napo leon?which compel a speedy conclusion to the foreign war in South America, thus enabling Isabella to complete those "preparations to resist an insurrection at home" of which we have recently hoard so much. It was stated some tiiuo ago that the Queen contemplated leaving Madrid in alarm at the growing evi dences of popular disquietude; but whether her visit to Lisbon bus any connection with these fears we do not know, ll may be that there is a general family difficulty to be sett I d between (he royal house* ni Spain and Por tugal, with a view to counteract 'he scheme*of Napoleon wi'h reference to a union ot the two drowns and the construction of a grand Iberian kingdom under the house ol Bragsn*'? '!?'* idea is strengthened by the fact 'hot the Duchess of Munlpensier. Queen Ttubella's *i?t? r and wife of Louis Philippe's son, has just gone on a visit to Madrid. The condition of Spain is, upon the whole, ex'n melv critical; but whatever the nature of Napoleon's machinations in -y he. one thing is j certain, feTland's favorite scheme of an "ally j on thb Th * in ?ncb convenient propinquity to Gibral' . kely to be upset. She cannot have s P- > any arr.irjroinenton the Iberian j Penlmu < jn-t now. for her bands sre mil ot I i difficulties ?t home. The F-nian iiisnrrecion i at tier door lit Ireland, with iu toimidab's | nil! ?-* in the heart of all Ihe chief citta* of ft rest ! Britain, waiting lor the first attempt at ??s:*ui|?- ! ing out," or any other noneei-sssi.v act <?t ] cruelty, to Hood the kingdom a- th fire, will keep England busy enough without meddling with loreign entanglement*. Isabella, LnL Ferdinand and Napoleon will, therefore, hive to settle their sffntrs without her intrrterenee. including the "aliy ou tbs Tagu?." Fall in Pmces?IVui.?The heavy reduc tion that haa taken place in ths price of coal may l?e taken as *ii indication ot the corre sponding decline wbieli most oih'-r articles o". domosLc consumption will noon exhibit. lb" Influences that ape i the one must equally affect the other, although the mouopnli:?t? May for ? short lime succeed In d^la^lng their operation. Within the last, Week for y thou sand tons of coal have bee', sold at auction in our market at price* ?angiug trom II 7" i> So .">0 ihe Ion. to/*,. The n tailor* are dis posing ot It at >*(i which i* still too high, con sidering thak they soil st short measure. At next raontVa snle it is expeeteii ibsl the anc'ion "prices will rule still lower ; ami to secure this de irahle result we would ?dvi?s eoast?'n(ir, htty only what they want lor ^resent use. They should nnl lisbui to the | nntl ipalious or another ri-o with which the ' retailers will seek to slsrin them, s* th ? '?? 1 simply Impossible. Then lta* besn o*cr pro ? dueti?tt at ihe mi is this y *oi o '' -V at -?f usr-' 'i a \wj niil hi.. ' tons s - -eiMred with last year's returns, while the demand, owing to. the gorerameat not being ? com petitor in the market, has fallen off consider ably. If consumers' con! companies on the plan of those formed last year could be more generally organized we hare no doubt that during the severest portion of the winter the price could be lorced down to four or at most fire dollars per ton. The oext monopoly to strike at is that of the gas companies. II is monstrous that with coal at encb a low pnice we should still be paying as much for our gitf as at any period during the war. This is a matter to be dealt with at the ppproaehing meeting of the Legislature. Either the produc tion of the article should be throwo open to competition or the city corporation authorised to manufacture and supply It. Where ih she Broadway Bridob ay PcmFon Street ??The last Legislature authorized the construction of an iron bridge far foot passene gent across Broadway at Fulton street. It was designed as an experiment to test the advan tage of snob a means of crossing that crowded thoroughfare. An appropriation of fifteen thousand dollars was inserted in tbr tax levy to carry out the preset, and we auderetand that the contract for the-work has been* made. But where is the bridge T The snowy season is coming on. The street* are now in'n> filthy condition, and there see-as to be but liftto prospect of any improvement in that direction. If the b< idge is to be built* let us havO'it at once. There ran be no new unity for nearly a year's rife lay. Nkokhhitt vow ah America* AtlaMTiu C'ahi.k.?The meagre and unsatisfactory intel ligence in relatiow to the Irish war ot ir de pendence that is,permitted to reach us over the Atlantic cable affords an early illustration of the significance ot Lord Derby's recent boast and of the necessity of having ? telegraphic communication with the European continent thai shall not be wholly tinier English control, with its termini within British te: vi.ory. Two > or more bills were before Congrese at Its last session to promote the construction of cabla - lines from the American coast across the At lantic, but they failed to receive favorable action. All such schemes, if found to be prao- - ticuble, should receive liberal encouragement from Congress. There is little doubt of the ultimate suceess of rival lines, bat the experi ence gained by the transmission of news from Ireland should convince us of the neeessity of securing such-lines as speedily as possible. MEETING OF THE 80*110 OF HEALTH. Tin* Orrybont Klrf ? Thi* Typhus ss< Typhoid Fever* In Unr dlldel?The KtHMfsl of Swine from the City. Tin* Board ol Health met yesterday afternoon, l'rnet dent SchnUs In. the chair. The resolutions of three ?pre vious fprli atej moating* were read aud approved. l>r. Rodenstein> by resolution, was censored for neglecting to report tho oases of typhoid fever In the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, the Board declarinc that the Inw sbonld be enforced la hie case tbat other pbyslemna might bo deterred from neglecting their duty to the pnblio. Mr. bchultz advised thai a general hospital should be looated vgt the Battery for the reception of those suffering from typhoid or typhus fevers, where they would be well at tended, and where their friends might be able to visit them occasionally. Although It was not definitely set tled as to what course the Board should pursue la tba matter, the Commlsaioners expressed them t-elves fhvorable to a Battery hoepltal; Dr. Parker, however, expressing himself as entirely opposed to any friend* visiting those ill of either of the fevers, they were moet Infectious, and the iufectlon wan Id be carried from the hospital to the homes aad families ef those friends on their return from their visits. A resolution ordering the Huperlnieudeot to investigate tba eauae of the fire on tbe ferryboat Idaho and report the result of his investigation to the Board was passed. A resolution was also passed ettendlag tbe time for tho "issue of permits to kaon swtoo in the built up portions of Now York and Brooklyn to the let of February neat"?-all permits expiring before that date being eitaoded to that period To-day (1st of Dooember) was to have been the la-l "dav of grace" for the swine owners, and but for ihis resolution they would have had to remove their pig re o clook last night. gerles by twelve I CITY POLITICS. The Reclatry. The w.urdt of ('.agisters la the various wards held tho first iik- nog of the sessioa previous to tbe charier eteo tion vest iday, aad, as the Ignree given below will show, were not overrun with business Tbe wards or portloaa of wards la which there are no Aldermen to bo voted for show a very slight addition lo the number already regta leied ? ? Total 130,411 Tbe People's ??<! lAiMrrri' Heeling To Mgbt. To night the taxpayers, tbe indepeadent voters god all whp jyw ibe election of Mr, Richard B. Connolly to ? he of! a of f llr i'aunplroller will be out in their strength. Tbe iiie**|tns N <0 take place si the Cooper Tnsi'.ime, and such m *k as James V Brady. Jolin tfeTTy and A. ftakey H ill will be present speaker*. There will be a very full atleiK'.anr>< o| <tie burlnes* classes and of the friends of city leform, who reiegnlv* In Rh bard B. Connolly (be only candidate prop rl> gualilK d to dixclmrg - iIk* duties i*1 the tVmptro Icr ? oilic-, and lucapsble ol being iiead *a an iiislrumeot lo pmmote lbs eon upi ecaonies sad i **| .air ? lie stml icred fortunes of tbe "ring " THE CHEAT OCEAN YACHT RACE n< i'MV vntTOB or Tint Itntta. in tlie columns of one of your copp#''-(?? J ? empe mibt opposed to tbs war tor tho i skin ant onto, ?loeatly hostile lo anything really nations! -a person who s gr.s hlinaelf "Amphlbous," ha* pnbllshed a meteiy verl*l adti*urn of one of "leadsman's" com no nit at oB* to the Htaacn. I have no doubt that this person is the famous or Infamous navigator of "the show* of lbs Min.m, formed by the sympathies ef Tenth, ' to whom you have rrsgaatly railed attsnthm. Hi" style of '? Amphibious ' la Identical with tbat of tbe M<noo navigator, end I cannot coMSIva It posslbla that two individuals should write so very in ;eb alike, and take the same absorb aad oontampiHue vtewo oi tbs yachi race In q-iaetlon. A person who is in id devote himself, -even or eight rears ago, to the cenro-i on of ins' gaunt attacks upon a youth of aevi'Uieeti fur willing hi" first mat* h in but own vscht, ?a nsi orally found among the opponent# of the voting m n who hive boldlv ruminated the ex iting race to come off Hits month. That accounts for the editorials of your copperhead ' tnitWH-ontr* and, inlesa I am srcallv m,**tak*n In my theory. It slat) sc. mini* for the leiiera of "Amphibkvtf.'' In tegard to "|^|| man ' I hare only to**} thai the gentlemen who writes over that s'gnsiure has mora plui k to his I'J^tTas linger th?u ran he found In the vigof* corps of y i <#)! ?opomry. He ?past* of whal he knows, he io ?n*t." to/rose the Ailant ? In one of the vs^ota euten-d for th; ra e, hqOffS at ft (J Win'of <-oii rage, at hi* romfnea* for'green tTU* or hie tietng s wiipi,; eepef or *n(4dy financier ' are, therefore. So ttreiy out at pin o the Mineio nnrlgator, who. If r*p"rt h* ir r, exhibits no extraoo'iiiufy fondness f"f water has taken hold of th* wrong man tt trl* on ? rnverny. The letter* of " ' in dedbtsoe *u the y* hi o mors were dictated hy irtenrtsh p *? wellI as ny convli lions ol right: the leitei* sod ediciee or two *?? eehim* kler of the Mhrio dictated by thai meanest of motives ?personal ettianoelH* ' ? Itsrge, and will stand by it and St h taniiale U. "Landsman" is g-ting in on# of the yacht*, but ^ ih-nts thai the owners ought to be* "wff At hom- oulelly If humae"- or oilier *JtMht?o<Mo ifc hero foe Mlncio marine I* not y-ina Tn one- .iXf yachts, and weoid h* tightened Oj*l nf hy if h* ?*re, but he vehemently Insist* ,r,M 'Jjs^,,.,., muM Ko . twild there be S*/-,rV ' a,, ibis botwoert true romas- and (h# m,rnrr iff th- Mln-lo vof'iatesr ?o ?g|t lt, Bf tM, )M||. ?IP, I lie el*, hi er >tl <rep?* ,h, TschttM who are gothg, end t'ied ks rj asve a* nut right to edriw* other i eop''" No, members sc *pi Of d?etit,e ^rr^'Wtrsnr Catft ha do? u imt om" ?bo ^di eel I Jge nod to sr tW"l Urn rACfftisMall