Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 9, 1866, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 9, 1866 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. jajikh uubuun ukmnktt. UHTOK AND PROPRIKTOi'.. OfPMB M. W. OOENBB UK FULTON AMD NASSAU ATS. mi DAILY HERALD, pubhthed every day in the far, roCBoeale per copj. Annuel autwortptioa price, 91 A. NO NOTICE taken ef anonymous correspondence. We do not return rejected communications. JOB PRINTING qf every deecription, alto Stereetyp tag and depraving, neatly and promptly executed at the owed rate*. Intmma XXXI Ne. 343 AMUSEMENTS TO MORROW BYENINQ. BROADWAT THEATRE, Broadway, near Broome street.?St. Maac. on rat Solpuib or Foetus*. NEW TORE THBATRR, Broadway, opposite New York Botel ?UairnTH Gauwt, on Jbalouit. GERMAN THALIA THEATRE. No. 814 Broadway? HaBLBT. OBRMAN BTADT THEATRE. Noa. 48 and 47 Bowery? Daa Yoca, W? aa Wun Unt Laonr. 9TEXMWAY HALL. Pourteentb street -HaxaT Tuoua'a Fibs* deass Costcmrr. BAR PRAMOISOO MINSTHKLS 445 Bvoadwar, opnoeft* ma MBtrepSMian Hotel-Is teaib Ermorias gsrsarats. ?Blip. Bimirra. Dasoisa aso Borlbsuues?Tbe Hew Cawtmsn. HI'I'M AYRNUE OPERA HOUSE, Noi. land ? Waat Twenty-fourth stroei.-Bi/Dwo.iTK'a M initrrls. -Kritiorias Hibbbbbi si Ballads, Burlksuues. Ac. The Hab is Rlasb. KBLLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, 7X> Broadway, oppo aitetka New York Hotel ?Is treib So.sot, Dances. Ron as. TBiOm. intuinm, Ac.?Mareisosr?Araioas Polea? Tbb Black Statue. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. SOI Bowery?Oovio YOCALUB?Naoso MiSITBBLST, BALLBr DIVERTISSEMENT, Ac.?Noll the Newjaot CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPH, at Meohaaics' Hall, *71 Broadway?Is a Yabibtt or Liowr ?d l.auoaaaLa entertainments, Cost* db Ballet. Aa a Misobibvocs Niooer. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE. Brooklyn? OsirriTH i J aunt, ob Jbaloust. HOOLBY'SOPHKA HOUSE, Brooklyn?ETHtorUN Mm* ?tbbli*. Ballad*, Burlesques ass Pantomimes. SBAYER'S OPERA HOUSE, Williamsburg. ?Ethiopias Minstrelsy, Ballade, Comic Pantomimes, Aa NATIONAL HALL, Harlom.?Ma. Da Cobdota'i Lac ruaa, "Miss Jones' Wbddihg. No Cakds." PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, corner of Grand and Croaby ttraota.? Oekat Masosic Pair is Aid or the Hall asd \SELUM FUSD. ST STEPHEN'S CHURCH. Twenty-eighth afreet, be t ween Iiexlngton and Third arenuea.?Obasd Fair. Festi val asd Probesade Concert. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 818 Broadway? Lroturen with tbe Oxt-Htdbooes Micboscopb twloe dally. Head asd Riobt Abb or Pbobst. Open from i A. 1. UU 10 P. M. SUNDAY (THIS) EVENING?OitAMD Sacred Concert at Stbiewat Hall, Fourtoonth street. Now York? Sunday. Drcembrr 9, 1866. Ill 2TBWS. KTJROPE. By the Atlantle cable we have a new* report dated yesterday, December 8. A London despatch states that the Pool an situation in Ireland ie more " alarming," and that two additional oavatir regiments are to march for the vsoene of diatarh anoe;" but the report does not state the nature or extent et the disturbance. An Etrinbnrg journal repeata the rumor of the exist eaooef a difficulty In Lord Derby's Cabinet A Paris paper gays that Maximilian has telegraphed to the physiciana In attendance on the ex.Empren to meet him at Gibraltar la the middle of December. Conaols were at 88)4. for money, In London at soon yesterday. The Liverpool cotton market wai quite active at noon, middling uplands being quoted at fourteen penoe. The mall* of tbe Asia reached this city from Boatoa yeeterday evening. Our filet, dated to the 34th of No vember, oootaln Interesting details of the Herald's cable despatches to that day. The papers do not come, by three to the period at which a "rising" la Ireland was ao vehemently com mented on by the London press of the 37th alt. Numerous arrests of suspected persons and heavy selsuraa of arms and war munitions bad been made in Limerick, Cork, Belfast, and at Quoenstown, and as tht report* by the Asia show that pikes and rides and sword bayonets were bad by the case, and bullets by the hogs head, It Is very evident that the Fenians were, to sa y the least, in active preparation ror " work" during the last week of November. Our special correspondence from Paris reveals tha serious dilemma In which the railure of the Mex ican aohsme baa placed Napoleon, as well as the Umtd shifts which are made by tbe imperial organs to announce the bad news, just to hand from Maximilian, by degrees to the people. Tbe Emperor of Prance makes earnest endeavors to recover his waning prestige, but it Is evident from the tenor of this commu nication that tha task is no easy one. and by no means successful so far. Tbe abolitionwt elemeut from Cuba and the other transatlantic colonies or Spain, now represented largely In Madrid, is very powerful in forwarding the revolutionary ertsie during which Queen Isabella's dethronement is almost certain to taka place. THE CITT. At a meeting of lb* Board ot Aldermen yesterday a oomni'ioicalion from the Mayor nominating F.x Judgs William F. Alton for the office of Atroet Commissioner was received and laid ov#r, A rcvilutlon coding to tho government a portion of ;he Bat lory as a site for the new Barge office was adopted. Tha Board adjourned to meet on Monday afternoon nest, at two o'clock. The large steamship Celestial Umpire was successfully launched yeaterday morning from the ship yard of Wm H. Wehh, foot of Siilh street, Kant river. She was buot for the I'aclttr Mail Steamship Company, and is one of the largest merchant wooden ve sebi ever built, measuring four thousand ton*. She is the second steamer ol the new line to run between San Francisco, China and Japan The evidence In the "tmrning fluid" case of tha United States against Boehm and others was closed yesterday before Commissioner Newton, in Brooklyn. The final arguments of counsel will i.e heard on Monday, Herein, tret 19k at baif past nine o'clock A. M. In the Uoled States Commissioner's Office, yesterday, the case of Thomaa McCarthy, a seaman, charged with having committed an asaault on William Berry, Captain ef the steamer Guiding star, was after some examina tion. adjourned Ull Wednesday Johannah Fitrgorald, otherwiae C'sneolly. wldew of KUwurd Fo/gerald, a sol dier who waa killed at the battle of Fair Oaks, was i barged with having fraudulently drawn her pension from i&f .government, she having, as wax alleged, mar ried one Buftl Connolly. The Commissioner did not doom ihe evidenoe as to the defendeat'o reputed mar riage with Con unity satisfactory, and discharge her A man turned Reniamin Miller a night clerk In the New York Poet (office, was commuted to prison in de fs It of go,(JO# bad 'o answer a charge of having embeg *l?d * post letter cootalmng a check for $120 John Clark and Thomaa Ryan, boys of eighteen ami nineteen voara of age were examined yeaterday at the T intha on a charge of eteallng $3 ono worth of gooda. and were immttted. 'ifflcer Jackson before arresting Ryan, eitho .gh be knew he was on* of the partiee suspected, arranged with him te obtain any information as to the wherosimutt of the property that be could from his con federate* and for that purpose allowed him to go at Inrge for a tim?, promising, in caee he obtained the re quired Information, lie should be dxharged. Jostle# Hogan. however, refused to discharge him, and censured the officer for his conduct in the matter. Tour large 'learner* *a Ird from this port for Kurop# and six for domestic port* yesterday, , The wills of the following deceased pre ne ?#r# ml nutted to pro'-at* during the pest week ?Jen - H -as man, Itu hard Cornwall, Charles N. llilderaleeve. Jens A. I.ee, William II Pack, w lliam iiruenerl. Anna M K. ?Hrauee, Thomas Mcllo s'I Mart Biker. Martin Hrrter, Francis Hall I-etier' of d .. t trs- >a on the eatat?s if the following dm-ea?ed nerson eere al?, . rant I ? Marv rlloan, Auguata A L I 'e.t,.n t0hn Hutler, H?nrr chafer. Thomaa F. Connelt. tram lake At, ger, Ann Far lev. Petst J Mu'hait, Catharine < l? j, Marie Ruf. Mary K ireiminons. Francis R He ^insa, M tits-st -it.,erviii?, Aam iel Aloe#, Andrew t see#, Robert i?e,.ry, Alb-d Wsbb, i at bar ne Boron. Ann# Fuelling, Barsh Com i t. H >'?ert i.rav, A'igsll Tl.iMma# John Fie rb?c Veteo*. Av'V *i t g# ? 4 " # /Am ?? W ? mK Vt ?4! ?!> ? #>? 1 ? ier, Eraamu* p. n?kw, Daniel Comstock, Bridget G*l Uu*re, William Marten, Margaret A. The stock market was tlrm yesterday Gold closed at "T* ? \i. "oneequent upon the Inclemency of the weather and the alight recession in gold the markets for both foreign wd domestic merchandise ruled exceedingly quiet and hM?y, aare In a few instances Gotten continued dull Md prices were a shads lower. Coffee was inaotlve and ?ominal. Groceries were dull aud heavy. On 'Change flour was quiet, but prices were without decided change Wheat was dull, hut rather more steady. Corn was ex cited, sod So. ate higher, though unsettled and irrogu lar at the improvement. Oala were active and a shade better Pork wu dull but steady. Beef and out meats continued dull and heavy. Lard was unchanged Fra.ghu were quiet but Ann. Whiakey wan dull and 1 nominal Wo publish tbl. morning ? description of the con teetaat* in the coming Atlantic yacht num. xxaciLLAiraora. Our data, from the city of Mexico am to November 22. 0??, IT* Cr0110 N0T 28 Maximilian n, mUlZ ua^? ^ Pr?P*r'ng ? vindication of hla action in leaving Mexico city, which he intend* publiahing. He hvaaquletlynnd anoetentat.oualy, and has Issued several ptae* " On# of them malcee Yucatan a vice royalty, and appoint* a.i?--r and Hnrrnqoi commissioners with almost imperial power*. I!.'..*0," " ,00ked "P00 ? first step toward. establishing a separate government out of four of the HMom States a report Is published that the Emperor has agreed to abdicate forthwith, turn the government tf1"mr1m? composed of Marqnex, Mlmmon Md Marin, and appeal to the vote of the people for a now government. General Douay was sxpected dallr at ??H?al with the garrisons of San Luis Potosl and several othsr outpost towns In the Northern 8tates The ?ri?anda were heavily engaged in highway robborias all throughthe Interior. The errlval of Shermen and Campbell was looked forward to with joy among the People at Vera Crux. Bazalne and Castleneau awaited them anxiously. Preparations were making to receive TaM#1 <the Susquehanna) with the honom usually "corded foreign men-of-war, and an eecort for the General and hla party was promised to the city of Mexico. The latest dates from the Rio Grande represent that Sedgwick bad withdrawn all hla troop, to the American ride, and Escobedo had taken possession of Matamoros. 10 'he de?Md for lha surrender of the city I the Unltet] States forces. Colonel Canales said that he would consider the demand the beginning of war be tween the United States and Mexioo. Another account says that Canales preferred surrendering to Kacobedo ??d did so. with Sedgwick's permission. General tfrtegi w**?UUatBraZ0* Several successes were reported In e interior. Our correspondence from Chihuahua. ?Uted November 12, aays that the Imperialists were ovacoatlng ell their northern outposts, and it was thought hat Maxatlan and San Luis Potosi would soon be rid of their presence. All the available liberal forces In that portion of the country are being concentrated for the capture of San Luis, and an army of over thirty-flve thousand men, comprising Escobcdo's, Trevlno's and Aranda's force* will soon confront that stronghold. A letter from a French officer, Intercepted by the govern. ' ment authorities, say. that the Emperor will certainly abdicate, and Durango will be evacuated. Americana are complaining of the want of a representative, and It U suggested tbat Minister Campbell could be escorted to tlmllberal capital in Chihuahua by w.y of thTR!o r*nd?mUCh800ner ?<> more safely than by way of vera Crux or Tampico. 5or Havana advice. to the 4th inet. report that vessels Thomas and Jamaica bad been ordered to under ^tuiiMtiov, is th? cholera hid ippMvcd te the? ,"."?dar I'WU expic^ *?* the submarine cable be tween Cob* and Florida would be completed by nest *arch. The crop* in Trinidad de Cnba were reported as "ring very large. We have files from Turk's Island dated at Grand Turk November 24. Edward Maynard, the newly appointed Consul for the United States, had arrived in the colony and presented his credentials to the Preeidaut. Acorn morolal report of the 24th ult. eeyx:_We have little to nota in our salt market. The demand, though not very active, Is steady, and the comparatively small quantity eftue by the hurricane le going off gradually. Price. 12C. A 12%C. The condemned Fenlena received the news or their re prieve yesterday, and expressed themselves aa much re lieved in feeling. A plan le on foot among the Fenians i in Ottawa, it la supposed to burn the Parliament build- 1 log* The authorities are closely watching all suspected persona The demurrer In the rase of Sanford Conover was argued before Judge Fleher la Washington yesterday. The prisoner's counsel held the ground* tbat tho accused was not guilty of perjury, because the Judg* Advocate General, before whom he made the depositions, was without authority to administer an oath; and the Com mlttae of the House was not authorised to institute judicial proceeding* The argument was continued. The President le mid to be displeased with the reply o the French Emperor to Heeretary 8award's despatch relative to the withdrawal of the troops In Mexico by instalment* Moat of the Cabinet agree with tho Presi dent In his ideas regarding it, but it la doubtfhl whether anr atrongor Intimation of their wishes In the matter will be communicated to the French Court It is hinted, indirectly that Napoleon a course was shaped on account or the action of the United Stale* in arresting <>rt?ga and despatching Sherman to Mexico, which ho declare, are breaches of neutrality and consequently the compact is withdrawn. ? The steamer Thomas Kelso, plymg between Balti more and Norfolk, exploded her hollars yesterday near the Wolf Trap I gbt Five prson* were killed initautly, and eighteen or twenty were badly scalded. The bark Ellon McDonald, of 8t. John* N B. bound for Cardenas, was wrecked on the 23d ult. near ?(ague la Grande. The crew were saved The disaster was owing in part to an error In the chart. Two trains on the Western Pennsylvania Railroad col lided near Nationaka, Pa, yesterday Tb# directors of the road were on board one of ths trains at the time. Six persons wore badly Injured and two of them, it is sup posed, mortally Tho M?dor gold diggm a are again excit.ng attention. The government is selling land there at two dollars per acre Persona who have examined the lands geolog ically report that the mines are immensely rich Tho agent of the Froedmen'e Bureau at Bayou Sara was murdered by a Union man, instead of a rebel aa pre. vlonidy reported. It Is expected that Hurrat on bis irri-al will make reve lations that will Implicate ,B the Lincoln smammauo. several persona not heretofore suspected The Respite or the Fenian Phuonurs in Canada.?The British government ha* done n very sensible thing in respiting the prisoner* under sentence of death for the late Fenian mid. If it were to allow the Cana^an ajjtho ritles to carry out the ?enterno "efforts of our government could prevent the province* from being again invaded, and this time with a reasonable proapect of aueeeaa. Tlie unfair new manifested in the disposition of the cases of the two clergymen, one Catholic and the other I'rotestant. who have been indicted, has so roused the indignation of onr Catholic fel low citizen* throughout the Union that the execution of the one convicted would cer tainly be followed by a general rush of armed men to the border. It Is well known that the arms collected for the last Invasion are again in the possession of the Fenian leaders, and there would be no difti< ulty in overrunning Canada with the veteran troops enrolled In the organization, provided our government op posed no obstacle# to it Kven if it did, so intense would be the exasperation and so strong the desire of iwvenge that we question very much If it could arrest the movement. In the peculiar position which political psrtfes at present occupy toward# each other in this ? oontiy It would not even be safe to rely on iu disposition to do so. All thing# considered, the British authorities have acted wisely If iliey would only use a little of the same sort of prudence in regard to Ireland ilaelf, and not talk of stamping out" an entire p'-ople because of their 'mpatieuo# under oppression, th -y would spare themselves the disgust snd u !'i t?i % ' j. . His -J vffld. The Alternative ta the Heath-The Deafer* nf Detajr. The idea*, we are inclined to think, which carried the Southern Statea into their late re bellion, and for which they fought through four disastrous years of civil war with an earnest ness, unity and tenacity of purpose without a parallel in the history of revolutions, are ideas which will control the publio mind of those States at least until the existing generation shall have passed away. The vicissitudes of nations, dynasties and parties back to the twilight of tradition will justify this opinion. The evidence before us In regard to the pre vailing tone and temper of Southern sentiment, from the Potomac to the Rio Grande, leads also to this conclusion. It would Indeed be absurd to suppose that the political dogmas, sectional and class distinctions and prejudioes of caste and oolor assiduously cultivated for two hun dred years have, to any great extent, been eradicated from the Southern mind with their overthrow in an appeal to arms against the conflicting ideas of the North; bnt it is utterly preposterous to suppose that the triumphant party in this war of ideas and this revolution can be persuaded to surrender the legitimate fruits of the victory it has achieved. In laying down their arms the insurgent States submitted to the fortunes of war and the law of necessity; bnt they made no surrender not exacted by necessity. From the generous terms of Southern restoration flrst proposed by President Johnson he doubtless expected the best results; but in estimating the under lying forces and the issues of the rebellion too lightly he expected too much. His well meant diagnosis, too, In which he treated the recon quered States as provinces wrested from a foreign power, while holding them as States reverting to their status before the war, cre ated most of the confusion regarding them which has followed. Thus it has occurred that only by the intelligent popular verdict of the Northern Sta tes in the recent elections has even Congress been brought to a broad and consistent understand ing of the case. Hence, however, with the re assembling of Congress, not only is a resolu tion reaffirming the ultimatum of the constitu tional amendment passed by an overwhelming majority, but other measures are initiated, looking at the excluded States as unorganized Territories, in consequence of their rebellion. Now, with the abundant proofs resulting from President Johnson's policy of confidence in the South, that the minds of that people have been alienated by the late war from the government of the United States, that they do not like it, that they do not want it and that they do not intend to accept the easy terms of the constitutional amendment, bat that they are combined against it because they supposed their consent to he essential to ita ratification, what are we to think ? Does it not appear that the Southern managing politicians still expect thus to bring about in the North, with the aid of the copperhead faction, snob a conflict of parties and factions and such a state of politi cal confusion and demoralization aa will give them another and a golden opportunity, In some new shape, for the re rival of their Southern confederacy f In several of the Southern journals now be fore as not only Is this broadly suggested, bnt also the quarter from which this relief is to come. The Charleston Mercury of the 5th in stant, for example, in discussing the President's message, touobing upon "the policy of the radicals to rule the Southern States as pro vinces," says "it is perfectly plain that this policy cannot be oarried out in the South, so long as President Johnson is faithful to the principles he has avowed. Laws made by two thirds of Congress, to be of any avail, must he enforced. The President alone has the power of executing them. If he thinks them unconstitutional, and they are passed nevertheless over his veto by Congress, he has then to judge and determine whether it is his duty to enforce unconstitutional laws." From this and similar hints from other quarters we are left to infer that a conflict be tween Congress and the President is waited for by the ruling Southern politicians- as their opportunity for a great deliverance. We be ltevo that this conflict will not occur?that the President will not make himself a party in the creation of another civil war, notwithstanding the apparent desire and purpose of the more violent radicals, as well as of Southern implacs btcs and Northern copperheads, to push him to this extremity. Pleading still only the law of necessity, we must yet again repeat to the responsible people of the excluded States that Congress has their destiny in its hands; that their plain policy o( safety is the constitutional amendment; that delay involves the harsher remedy of a Terri torial treatment; that the war has settled this fact?that in the work of reconstruction the Southern ideas must give way to the practical application of the Northern ideas of the war: that the late elections have indicated the duty of the President, and that there is no danger that be will provoke a conflict in which he would have nothing to gain but everything to lose; and, Anally, that neither President nor Congress, if so inclined, could shake the fixed purpose of the Union soldiers of the war under fltjigral Gram to h^ld the l|tely Insurgent States at least to ttt terms of the constitu tional amendment. That, or something much worse, is the manifest destiny of the Houth, because it is the fixed purpose and the right result1 ng to the North from a four years' bloody war upon the comprehensive issue whether African slavery and its appendages, or the Union and its restraints, should be broken to pieces. Tax Govkrvou or Alabama on ma Sitba Ttoa?StoNtncAKT Chakqk or Base.?We per ceive that tome of the Southern Governors are l?eginning to look intelligently upon the con stitutional amendment Governor Patton, of Alabama, who was rigidly set against the amendment a short time since, baa now, it ap pears, sent a special message to the Legislature of that nuts recommending its adoption. He takes the general view so frequently urged by us?that the South had better accept the proposal of 0?ngre?s as embraced in the amendment in lie-i of harsher terms which may yet be im posed. He looks to the future action of flat 'hern representatives in Congress to rnlt gate its severity, list vert wisely read* in the pn-se.it ronsiiiutlon if that body and the verdict of the North at the recent elections an evidenoe that oo milder alternative will Ire offered. But Governor Patton. like many other Houthefn politicians,

m u.'-ud jm-j'*.'of ?t ug *?!?at it requires three-fourths of the vote* of oil the States to ratify the intendment, where** three fourths of the Stow* represented in Congress are sufficient; therefore when Governor Pnttoa talks about a concurrence on the part of all the Southern States being necessary to give the measure praotioal effeot, he evidently does not fiilly understand the question. Unfortunately the Alabama Legislature has not viewed the interests of the 3outh in the Bame light as Governor Patton, nor has it kept pace with his progressive convictions thst the constitutional amendment is the beet and final offer that will be made to the South; for both houses hsve decided in a rash and hssty man ner that the amendment shall be rejected by Alabama. The change of base which Governor Patton has annonnood may yet be adopted by other Southern leaders. It is at least a significant sign that the subject is being entertained in the light of common sense by men of promi nent standing, however stupidly the Legisla ture of Alabama may deal with it. Tka Nattaint Deb* sad Our National Taxa tion*. No motions have yet been introduced in Congress relating to financial aftdrs, and we are therefore in Ignoranoe of what measures may be adopted upon that most important sub ject. It is stated that members of the Ways and Means Committee and of the Finance Com mittee of the Senate have recently been in council with the Secretary of the Treasury, and that a majority of both committees will proba bly concur with such financial measures as Mr. McCulloch may propose. The oommittees, however, do not essentially govern the action of Congress. It would appear from our pre sent immense revenue that, even under the loose financial system of the Treasury Depart ment, the public debt, which has been reduced to a little over two thousand millions, could be paid off within a period of fifteen or eighteen years; but it becomes questionable whether the present generation should have to bear the whole burden of the debt thus incurred by any hasty legislation of Congress. The war for the suppression of the rebellion was fought not alone for the benefit of the existing generation, but for those who are to succeed the men who bore the brunt of the fight and made great personal sacrifices to maintain the government against its enemies. It seems but fair, then, that the weight of taxation should be dis tributed so as to bear to some extent upon those who are to come after us, and for whom the present generation saved the country from perdition. We are now not only paying heavy taxes npon everything that we consume, and taxes upon our incomes, but we have to submit to a system of fraudulent prices in every item of domestic use?provisions and textile fabrics which comprise the necessaries of life. These prices were created by the war, and they must be regarded as a portion of the burden which the war has im posed upon us. The quality of the materials furnished to the people at these exaggerated values has also deteriorated at the rate of some thirty-five per cent, making the grievance still less endurable. Under these circumstances it seems more equitable that the period for the full liquida tion of the public debt should be extended, so as to lessen the pressure of taxation. With such vast resources as the Treasury has at its command there is no necessity fbr overloading the people with national taxations in the thou sand shapes which at present embarrass them. It would be better to defer the final liquidation of the national debt to fifty years hence than to maintain the aystem now recom mended in order to liquidate it within fifteen or twenty years?a system which offers constant Inducements to fraud, aa the proceedings in our courts are every day developing. We trnat, then, that Congresa will take a fair, liberal and sagacious view ot our financial affairs in any legislation which they may adopt npon the subject. The Evacuation or Mexico.?The doubts in spired by the change in the French programme in regard to Mexico, and which led to the long cable despatch from the State Department to Mr. Bigeiow. have been set at rest by the answer of that gentleman. He states that he has it in writing from the French Minister ol Foreign Affairs that there is no change in the Emperor's resolution, but that upon military considerations he has deemed it expedient to substitute one comprehensive evacuation for an evacuation in several parts. All the French troops, he adds, will leave Mexico in the month of March. It is well to have this definite assurance. Although the peculiarly critical situation of the French, spread as they arc over a considerable extent of territory, was in itself a sufficient motive for a change in the plan, the absence of a specific explanation to that effect had excited doubts in the minds of many as to whether there were not other and more equivocal reasons for the delay. It was indeed openly asserted that his im perial Majesty was waiting for something to turn up to render the fhlfilment of his pledge unnecessary. A difficulty with England in regard to the Alabama claims, the probable execution of the Fenian prisoners in Canada and the malcontent condition of the South were each and allt suggested as influencing this hesitation. More recently still the de parture of Miramon for Mexico was dwelt upon as a fact significant of trouble. We ourselves entertained no anxiety on the subject. However much Napoleon might have liked to profit by the eventualities in question, and admitting even that they had modified his arrangements, we felt satisfied that the result would be the same. There was nothing sufficiently substantial in any of them to justify the belief that a shrewd mind like his would allow Itself long to be influenced by them. But leaving out of the question any lingering hopes that the Emperor might have entertained on these points, there is really, it seems to us, good ground for the exfeosion of time which he claims. Were be to push for ward the withdrawal of bis troops too precipi tately there would be danger of their being cot off la detail by the liberate, according as they abandoned their fortified positions. Then, again, tbe obstinacy of Maximilian has compli cated the position. The French cannot quit the country with honor nntil they have se cured the personal safety of the Archduke as well as of those who have adhered to his for tunes. Thcf would be sujirien' reasons for the postponement wfthout seeking for any other, and we are disposed to give the Ktnpcr tr atvl . ty > ru brfW1 tCwKiter tn-'-ii t? speedily m possible to so equivocal and em barrassing a state of things. Certainly, between the risk of a rapture with oar government and the pressure of publio opinion In France, he oan have no very strong inducements to pro long it Two Mobs Nbw .Status.?A caucus of repub Iroan Senators took piaoe on Friday last, oalled expressly to oonsult with regard to the admis sion of Colorado and Nebraska into the Union. Although no formal question was taken-it was agreed that the bills for this purpose should be called up early this week. Nebraska has already the population requisite for admission as a State, and inasmuch as the alleged de ficiency of Colorado in this respect is being supplied by the dally influx of emigration, and particularly as she presents herself at the doors of Congress la no questionable shape?at least not in a shape likely to be challenged rudely by a republican majority, fbr she has already elected two Senators, and a member of the right stripe?there is little doubt that this flaw in her title will not long delay her ad miasoa. Besides these two new States, Colorado and Nebraska, it is probable that at least Ave more?Washington, Idaho, Dakota, Arizona anfl New Mexico?will be added to the Union before the expiration of two years. As to Utah, it must wait a while longer, until thoroughly purged of lurking treason, the' mysteries, superstitions and alleged abomina tions of eoclesiastical despotism, and particu larly the poison of polygamy. Secret assasi nation must also be abolished. The Saints must lean that murder and architecture are not the only fine arts, and that till the gronnd and kill your (Gentile^ neighbor is not the only commandment. When Utah shall thus have become purified sod enligthened ita population will reap unmixed advantages from their admirable system of organized emigra tion and industry. Moreover, its position as a State lying on the line of the great Pacific Railroad will insure to it incalculable ad vantages. The erection of these vast Territories, one after another, into mighty and populous States, together with the rapid development of their agricultural resources and untold mineral wealth, are astonishing illustrations of the expansive grandeur of our American empire. And they significantly suggest to the student of our political history how speedily the hour is approaching when, slavery and other irri tating causes of antagonism betw een the few Southern States and the few New England State having been wholly removed, even these extreme sections will forget their old fanatical whims and hates, and, shorn of the strength which used to be the arrogant boast and the temptation of each, will modestly wheel into harmonious union with the other States. Neither the Southern States, however reconstructed, nor the New England States will then be able to dispute the supremacy of the Central States and the States of the great West, which mast hold the balance of power, ahaping the policy and directing the destiny of oar imperial republic. Women's Rights.? During the war we heard bat little of the women's rights movement. The reason, we presume, was that if the theory of equality of rights with the men had been too energetically pushed it might have bean as sented to on the oondition that the fair sex should do its share of the fighting. Now that the war is over and that there is no danger of this disagreeable preliminary being insisted upon, there are indications of an intention to actively commenoe the agitation again. This is hardly fair. Rqual rights imply equal obli gations, and we see no reason .why If the one is to be ooncoded the other should not be en forced. But perhaps the fair leaders of the movement think they are fully qualified in this regard, on the ground that they do all their flghting at home. If tiioy do they should let us know it, inasmuch as it will enable us to recon cile an apparent inconsistency in their* posi tion. WBECI OF THE BARK ELLEN ?'I0NAL0. The *te*m?li>p Manhattan. which arrived, bring* in telligence that the hark Ellen McDonald, of St. Johns, N. B., was totally wrecked on Alcatrms shoal, twenty tnilea northwest of Saga* la Grande. on the night of the 33d ult. The bark was from Greenock, bound to Carde nas, with a full cargo. She was 3S3 tona register, Are years old, and classed At'i Am *r?-an Lloyds The crow was saved The loaa of the vessel la attributed to the undue strength of somberly current* accelerated by strong northerly winds, and also to an error in the chart of about six mile* ACCIDENT ON THE WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA RA'LROAO. PiTTsepaii, Dec. S, MM Yesterdey evenlog the up train rrotn Alleghany City, on the Western Transylvania Railroad, collided with a special train coming Wc*t, harms on board the director* of the Pennsylvania Railroad, about a mile above Nairn, na. this State. Six person* were badly injured, two of whom are not expected to live. JEFFERSON DAVIS AND "THE IMMORTAL J. N." Coeraaee Mosana. Dec. A, 1H46 We have further particulars of the Interview between the individual callina himself "the immortal J. N." and Jefferson Davis "J. ff?" having procured admission to the fortress, entered into a philosophical disc ties Inn on the stale of the countiy with Mr. Darts, Dnrrag the conversation an OfBcer of the garrison entered and cour teously suggested that merely as a visitor bis interview had lasted quite long enough, wherein "J. N." with drew It subsequently transpired that Mrs I la via, fear lag that the intrusive stranger was an escaped lunatic, had despatched a messenger to the aargson of the post for aaalsiance. Mince the unfortunate termination of this "Intorxlew" the "Immortal J. K." ha* not heeu heard from. AN HEIRESS TD THE DUKE OF MARLI8R0U6H S ESTATE. New Omjuss, Dec. *, IW Mia* Qlooma Jennings, the only beirewl io the Duke of Marlborough's estate of owe hundred million pounds, leave* Alabama nsit month for England to claim her Bparty, Mam Jennings, of Connecticut, sad me other rs, having transferred their riaim to tier MURDER OF A FRESHMAN'S A6ENT. Nww fttlLaami, De- g, 1*44 It has beta reported la Northern papers that the agent of tha Freedmen's Bureau at Bayou Mara was murdered by rebels Inquiry he* developed the fact that tha deed was actually committed by e Colon man Deceased was highly esteemed by people generally. ALLLEDEH ROBBERY IN THE MST OFFICE. A man named Rentamin B. Miller, who had been em ployed as eight clerk in the Post otBre In this city, was brought np before Commissioner Oshora. and charged with baring, on or about the Mtb of November secreted and emiiemled a post letter, contaiaing a check for RTtO I he d-fcadaot lias been Oiki M months em ptoyed la the Po*t olBce He has eerve-l a* a mai-ir in the army ft M charged that he give the cbec k n rhecka to friends for money, and that the cliera* were returned from the banks a* having forged endorsement* upon them. f ommiMioner Oabom told the defendant MM the oiTsnce wi< a aer eon one, punishable with tea ream, or it might he with twenty years impft*- mnetit In default of f'<,<** "hf i* ??? eammMtoii to prtann to await an examination on ??dn?*diT next. lh* ; r ->n*r stab* ia etpieaaioa thai ti>-pun-hnod the ' u< a fiam * men <n Rrookivn !w ft#, and I bat he subsequently sold It for fie full fe-> value fi a man named Haata As soon as h* tound out that the *n<tor?tBi*ni wan a Iter gen lie endeavorel to die over the man Wtio |,*j aold the i h#-.k ?? him, but wa* lalormed tn?t h- had gone -emih ft M p-ohnVe m a lew lavs mat severs, rather def* nstintl* >f at .-IIS' l.erO*?e? wm ivV?,.>*1 again ' WAmmoTON, Doc. 8, 1MMI. The Motitwi (la?(tioi-Nw8lM8'? Lui lln. patch Unsatisfactory. The President U displeased with the tenor of Nape lean's reply to the telegram from the State Department, calling upon him tn fulfil bta promise and withdrew hie troope from Mexico la Instalments. The Cabinet, with one exception, it is understood, tide with the Preat dent. It is considered doubtful, however, whether any further remonstrance will he made, and the probabilities art that the French Emperor will be allowed to have his own war Indireotly It Is hinted that Napoleon's no tion in refusing to withdraw was mainly boot ate of what be regards a violation of the pledge of neutrality or non-laterference en our pert, his position being that bp the arrest of Ooneral Ortega, the despatch of General Sherman and other objectionable movements, oar pledge of neutrality waa broken, and the compact there fore Is withdrawn, rendered null and void. The Radical Plan of Territorial f iTimmmtn for the Neath. There has been much discussion out of Cong rem upon the bill looking to the abrogation ot the State gorvrm meats at the South, and the opponents of the mitturi are confident they oam defeat It In the Senate, where n two-third vote over the veto oould not be secured. Ueaeral Butler Amnions tn Got Into the Preeeat Congress. The movement for the assembling of the fn llafh , Congress on tha 4th of March is going on. General Butler is hers and heads ths prejsct. Be thinks the preeeat Congress tee slew, ant ? anxious to eettr ?, premising Alley, the Esprsssntstive from the ftslx dim trlot, that If he should resign, he (Alley) weald be the next Governor of Msmschnsette, Batler in the meant Mm taking Alley's pteoo In the House. It M reported that Governor Bullock, of Massachusetts, sanotions the move ment, and will call a special election in Alley's district to secure Butter's election to the present Congress in cam of Alley's resignation. The Southern Loyalist Association have decided a paw the following planA special bill to be introduced provid ing for a territorial form of government for the ten rebeiH ous States designating for each territory In the body of the Mil the name of tha person desired by the loyal inhabit ants thereof as Governor. This will of course he vetoed by the President, but when returned wtU he pressed to ? two-thirds vote. Seeretary Neward and Thad Stevens. The reported affiliation between Secretary Seward end Thaddeus Stevens has only this foundation:?The Secre tary called upon Mr Stevens, who M chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, merely for the purpose of arranging about oertain appropriations for the Stale Department Murr.itt Kx pec ted te Make Roane Revrlatlemo in Regard to the Asaaeeinatleu Plot. It is expected thai John H. Surratt, lately arrested la Egypt as an accomplice in the assassination of President Lincoln, will make oertain revelations that will incul pate parlies hitherto nnsuspeoted. If there should ho sudden departures from this section of prominent par sons who have no particular reasons for going abroad, it may reasonably be attributed to thla cause. The Case of Ranferd Ceaever. To-day Paoford Conover, alias Charles A. Dunham, In dicted for perjury in connection with the conspiracy trials, was brought into oourt Mr. Gooding, for the prisoner, after reciting a history of the corn, proceeded to argue the demurrer to the indictment died yesterday. The grounds taken by blm were, that tha accused could not be held legally guilty of perjury, iaaamaoh as the Judge Advocate General, before whom hie depositions were token, bad no authority to administer an oath, and that the Jadtctery Committee of the House was not au thorized to institute judicial proceedings; that, lb no fore, in neither case could he he hold for perjury In re gard te any statements ha may have made. Judge Fisher said he won id Ilka te hear the question as 48 whether the House of Representatives had authority le order the said inquiry?whether it was not an invasion of the judiciary department by on# bona# of Coagraa^ and contrary to ths distribution of power by lb# nnaoH tution. He remarked that this question m included la the point of Mr. Gooding as to tho statute, and was an* on the disposition of which the whole case weald torn. The District Attorney remarked that ho would Ilka time to investigate the question, and the argument waa continued. Perswwnl. Judge Advocate General Holt bar been relieved from doty on the special claim commission oonvened by tha War Department to examine claims against tho govern ment for transportation of Quartermasters' supplies, Ac Assistant Judge Advocate General Dunn has been ap pointed a member of tho commlmton Id >11 the va cancy Brevet Brigeeior General Beth Eastman, United Steles army, now retired from active service, has been ap pointed Governor of the Western Military Asylum M Harrodsburg, Ky. 0 K Harrison, of New York, has bean appointed oas of tha United States Commissioners to Paris. Humphrey Marshall Reeking a Preeldoatlal fatervlew. Humphrey Marshall ?u at the Executive me?ill to day seeking an latervlew Bblng introduced to Umlir i'attereoo the President's eon-in law, the aalutattoa* were, while ahakinx banda, "I bare not met you before, sir, I hare not met yon?a pleaaaat day." So they parted very coldly. General Marshal was lately asked why be did not go to New Tork. "I hare no meena." "I am aware that your circumsuaoes are somewhat abridged." "Abridged' abridged!" aaewered the lata Confederate general. "I've not a bridge; I wish some 'me would show me a bridge " Financial Matters. The whole subject of flnaacegwlll soon be takea up by the Ways and Means Committee, aa also the question at the repeal of the tax upon cotton, which maaanra baa been eo powerfully urged that there Is reason to behove Congress may be induced to order the tax repealed." There wems to be a decided opposition oa the part at Congress to the adoption of any measure looking to uodua iisete in the payment of the public debt, or to the resumption of specie payments. The amount of securities deposited In bonds with ths l/niiod states Treasurer up to date la as follows ?Se curity for the circulation of national banks, 9MO,391,toe, security for deposits of government funds ta authorised depositaries, $33,983,950. Total, $379,273,000 The receipts from internal revenue to-day were $303,010 The receipts for the week ending to-day warw $3,290,704, and eiDoe the beginning o( tbe present Oeaal year the receipts amount 'o $134,340,438. The amount of fractional ourrency racelred at the Treaeury Impairment to-day amounted to $399,197. The as is of Net tonal [tank currency for the week endlag to-day was $333,373. The amount issued to this date la $399,383,931, from whtoh there la to be deducted $2,073,933 returned end cancelled, leering tbe total to date $297,312,999. The amouat of fractional curt sty redeemed during the week is $394,400. The d wo urea meats for the week on account of the diilerrnt depart, meals were as follows ? , War Depirtment $3 3>0.S74 N?.-y Department 317,370 lalertor Department........ H3?I0 Total $3,333,310 The amouat oi fractional currency shipped June* the week wae $430,3*2, of which $300 000 were sent ta the Assistant Treasurers at Philadelphia and New York, and the remainder to national banks Hal re of Held by the Treasury. The bill autborisiag the public sale by the Treaeury ef two millions gold every Monday morning la the rity of New York will be adopted by the committee to which it was referred at an early day Tbe report, It is coemd ? ared, will be equivalent to tbe passage of the measure, though it may undergo amendment in one er both ef the houses. The sales are to bsve prominent notice ia ee? newspaper in each of the twelve principal cities, Ml the proceeds therefrom are to be lareeted la the inter eet-hesnag lath da of tha United Stelae Kiel art In Wasklsgtes. Madame Ristori bed a glorious house to eight After the first act alia was called before the curtain sad deli verad tho following pretty tittle epeech ? Lsoras sue oswtumsv?My reception at Wsahiagteu has mpretoH m* prufouedly The nuptial derlul nstn.it, the great aamee of tbe past ene present ihut cobsecrete it laspwe s thousand emotion* I saw hut on# ##nttni#ol?<*** bl*** A?n*ru# Fore well Dinner ta tbe Freach Minister. The friends of lbs PTettflh Mlntster propose to give htm nott wesh s dlansr of sdleu The ftecfslww an the Test ttsfh. The test osth decision will be ogios'ly trieunited on V'tnUnf ^^anm-ssnto-smm^^^. WtMlbd UieSUryit ftlUMmtU, flso 9, ISM W The Hens'* rejected the llonsn btl) prwhibilisg rut trends ssd slesmte.rt* from rsMuig OA Hsednys. Toe Rons* repealed theiiquertot of twenty cats s gsiiea. Motit, It . * r??d W 93l?tri| 51 'h? I4?b tsftoss