NEW YORK HERALD. JJ^TIES C.OKDOV UCSftBTT. 1DJTOR AND FROrHIET.'tti orrici w. w. corner ok jti.tok **" naksac Volume X.VVI No. H? AMUBEMENTB THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. BROADWAY WRITHE. Br ?! titroft. Mamc. ok the Solium* 1 GERMAN THALIA TliKATKK. No. 814 Broadway. 111* M AKS* I I. LA IS*?2 ?'*! i AuK Its OKM I.THAT KlSk-A BtkatTkN. GERMAN ST APT THEATRE. Nos. 45 aud 17 Bowery.? OKI'H ktA Ik ilkK UMTklHI . I t. STKIN W AY HALL. Fourier [1th aired ? Whaisc-oat PurtLAit Concbrt Mb. .1. A. Dawson's Kiiut Grand Matin kk ul Three o'Ciook. BAN KRANC18CO MINSTRELS. ma Bn?rfw.i?. opnoslte the Meti-opoh ?u Hotel?In mum hr.nopuk EMTKarAiN ? TMX SlNCINU, 1>ANCIMA AND BtKLksUtllCS?ThIC N KW COMOUkSI. FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, No?. 3 *ud 1 Went fwi'iuy-foiirth klrnei.?B. i>wo itiiN HmrmiA ? Ethiopia* Minsthkum. Ballads. BuRLksuuki. AO. Tha Man IN Bl 1CK. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS. 7'JU Hr.LAdw.iT. oppo aitr ihe NVw York Hole1.?I* miii Sosua, Dances. KcOkit rmimm, Horucsquicn, Ac.?Mathiront?African Polka? Tun Bi.aok Statu* TO\T PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. Til Rovrrr ?fund ?o, ai.itm ?Nli.iio MlT.vrkTL.TT. BA".*r !>>r**TIs**a*NC. A. Now Til * Ntivvooy. MaUoor oilo'clock. CHARLEY WHITES COMBINATION TROUPE, v Meehmo.-- H.IL 173 HrOR.lwaT?In a V iKi?rr ill I.loir ami LAIGIIAKLT 1' NTT Itl'Al.T RAMI, OoRI'T OA: liALI.EI. A J. Tut HisPHi*ror? Niooi* HOOLEV'SOPKR A IIO' SK, Brooklyn -PTHiortAN Mis. btrri.ty. Ballad*. Huki.kvo^oatd Cattoumm. SHAVER'S OPERA IIOUSR, Wlllisniihurg. ?FmioriAN Minmhki.st, Bali-AML Coric Pantomimra, Ac. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCII. corner of Gr.ui'l ?nd Crosby etn'i'L.?OtkaT Ma.tONIO Fair IN AlD OT Til* Hall and Axti.um Fund. ST STEPHEN'S CHURCH. Twi'iily-elgli 1> alreet, lie Iwri'ii l.eriugtwn end Third avcnuuk.?Gkami Fait, fbiiti. TAI. AND t'UOtft'NADB CONCERT. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. (PS nroulway.? I.EcrnKES with thk O.TT-Htprookt Miosoacom twine dally. Iti ad and Kiuht Arm or Phohat. Oiieu from S A. M. til! 1(1 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. New York. Wi'dni'mlay, December I'd, INCH. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. The public are hereby notified that the silvor badges, heretofore used by tba regular reporters of tho New YokK Hi rai d have been recalled uitd w ill do longer be used as a moans of identifying the attaches of this offlco. TBS W S W 3. EUROPE. By special tolograras through the Atlantic cable we have very intorestiug intelligence dated iu Rome, Berlin and Dreedon yesterday, December 11. The general news report embraces tbo events of the evening of the 10th Instant, with the financial and commercial advices of Tuesday. John H. Surratt was informed again <t in Rome by a French Canadian named St. Marie, who, it is said, was aotuutod by jealousy, arising from disappointed love. This man alleges that Snrralt told Inm that the assassi nation of President Llucoln was tho result of a plot arranged by the J-IT Davis Cabinet at Richmond, and that lie (Surraltj carried the orders for Its eve ution thence to Washington. The French flag was run down from tho tow >r of tho oastle of San Angelo in Rome yesterday and replace I by the Papal ensign. The French evscuation of the city is complete, anil serious disturbances are anticipated. The Saxon naval officers have unanimously refused to serve Prussia, and resigned their commissions. United Mates Minister Wright is seriously 111 in Berlin. The Hanoverians complain of Prussian ''oppression" A numlier of Canadian Confederation delegates are in conned in London. Our special despatches and correspondence by steam ship and mail, with the extracts from our newspaper files, published in the Hkh.ilo to-day, contain very in teresting details of our ruble despatches to the 30th of November, with some points of news not had from that source. The I<ondoa Ulabr profe-??on to furnish the bases of ar rangement by virtue of wh eh the United States govern ment and Napoleon agree to American Intervention in Mexico, and plan an early aeltlemcn' of the difficulty. A quantity of Fenian arms hare been discovered at Cardiff, aud the etenmer Bolivar was seized in tho Medwny on suspicion of being in th? service of the Fenisnn. > Maximilian, ills anticipated, will after tils arrival in Europe, annov Napoleon considerable by the publica tion of letters addressed to him in Mexico from Puna. The Iioodon complain* that tho "loyal" men of Ireland do not come forwxrd to aid the government against the Fenians. Consols were Arm in London at noon yesterday ut 83 '4, ex-dlv dend. United .States flve-lweiitirs, 1*02, were at 71, the same hour. The Ltver|>onl notion market was active yesterday at full rates Midrtlinv uplands aver aged fourteen pence CONGRESS In the Senate yesterday tho Committco on Territories repdrted in fa\orof tl.c bill for the udtnic^lou of Colo rado The House bill fixing rlie limn fir ihe meeting of Congress was referred to the Judiciary ' nutmlttee. A resolution was adopted instructing th Judirnry Com mittee In Inquire what additional legislation Is necessary to provide for the succession of tbo President'? oflko in case of the death or dl iulitl.ly of all those upon whom it may now devolvo by the nn titution aud the law-. and to report by-bill or otlidruiso. A bill sue; -niling c>m p<,n"nlion to owners of ei.ive.s eulisled In the rervlce was reported from the Finance Committee. The Di-'riel -ultra e bill won then taken up, the q lest: n being on Mi. Ctwnn's proposition to clrlke out the word male.' A <picy debate ensued upon Ik in which Mr. Cowan id vanned bl< arguments In favor of female suffrage. Fending tho c< ahJeratio? of tlio amcudment . the Senate adjourned. julbufl ' i-e xhe bill to regulate tlio duties of the < lerk in preparing for the reorganization of the House was passed by a role of one hundred and twenty-three to thirty on It provides thai the roll of members of the Honie in the next Congress shall contain only 'he names of thoao elected in State* at present represented. The btll to prevent the re. eMh * *nd count n . <t elec toral votes of th# lately rebellions Sun-, in lt? *leciion of President and Vice President was, ?r?<r considerable debate, po-tponed and made a special c - l r for Thurs day A bill was reported from the Judiciary Committee rrqieallug and modifying pert* of an net f?r the punch ment vides may at any tune he Indicted, tried and punish,m) jlirre for, and repeals tho clause limiting the time of ?uct in dictment to three yran Mr Stevens, of Penniy1rx.ua, opposed the bill on the ground iba' it was not sure make laws to try men who conid not be tried under the laws under whin i the crime was rommltted. He aa d thai the ollbnrr was continued while the war con tinued, and there le still no ponce. Tins nai ion is at ill in a belligerent condition, and the conquered belligerent* are in Ihe power of the conqu rem, to be dealt with as cuplitss. and nol as criminal*. The morning hour hav ing expired, the hill went over. Mr. Ingersoll asked leave to mtrodu 'e a bill to regulate the sala of eoin and bullion by the Secretary of the Treasury. It directs the S. rreury to sell, after thirty days' notice, to the highest fodder any amount of gold in the Treasury, pr-.vliltng tin' amount on band will not be reduced below fifty miiiiuna induction was mail*. end the btli was not la ire iu- ed The bill reported from the Judieiary Com ? ?nittee. Itnvmher ?, for the regulation of appointments sn i removal* from office wan then tak-n up as the ape - <i?l -niev, an'd cll'cuiwed as in Committee of the Whole "v.oral ainendin- nie w- re offered, among them one by tt invons to the effect that any pereoa who hen been ?"filiated to office by the President and rejected by the .-spate shall be Inrepa^e of holding office uiui?r Die government W one year. g) ' ?s spoke in favor of h e amrndment, end said ' i i VW ?, ,t( n, n whom itod lout ever ever 1 ?><???. u making men. had been appelated by the Preel <h<o* natural .vsrds they were, and who well i^. i'-t- 1 ?h,lektng ?re of these. Re proposed to punMi *' ?? g hroiigb snob etttne Mr Hole opposed ? ?? ?' if Htjfr of ornn- agauj^ttie U^jfid^t'it^. hill pro tbst pa rtus k inn y of treason * other offences night nominate Mr. ateeew to be oolooel of ? regiment, the Sen Me might reject big, and so his services In the House would be loot The aneoduieut woe rejeated, and (he bill wont over until to-dty. iHB ?ITY The start in the great ocean ra w Drum Sandy Hook to ('owes look place yesterday. The dav wag a very glorious one, and eonin twelve elearner* vero present with exeur ilonists to wunuse the eveut. The yachts wore started at ou? o'clock precisely, the Henrietta being the first on the way. The respective positions 'of the vessels were, how ever, several times changed lufore they were out of sight. At a mooting of the Routri of Aldermen yesterday a cominunicatlou was received from the Mayor nominat ing John N. Hay ward for the ottke of Street Commis sioner. The Hoard then adjourn* si .to Monday afternoon. A very lengthy session of the Kpiscopal C mventlon, i xtendiug throughout the entire day, wis held yesterday at Grace church, Brooklyn* at which resolutions were passed favoring the formation of a sew diocese for Long Isluud and expressing the belief that the proposed en dowment can lie raised. The steamer Henry Chauacey sailed yesterday for Aspinwall, carrying ths mails for China and Japan. At Panama a steamer of the Pacific line will convey the ?nails to Han Francisco, and thence another steamer of the saoie hue will convoy them to Honolulu, Yoko hama and Hong Kong. This la the first time these mails will have been conveyed ths whole way by American vessels. An inquest was held yesterday at the Seventh pre cinct stal on home on the bodies of Uie persons who were solT.icab'd at the lire at 2la Division street on Mon day night. A verdict was yelitrned that the parties came to their death tiy suffocation, and the oausc was from an mcendiai ? lire. A serins of Bjo-l 'malic thefts, by whioti an oil Arm in Maiden lane wai robb si to the amount of about $8,000 by a conOdc-ttiaJ porter, and which has boon going on for a year or more, was yesterday brought to light by Ihedetecitv-js. and the delinquent porter committed to custody. His supposed that oilier parties, as yet un known. are also mixed up in this affair. Another lusty was recovered from the ruins of the Walker street fire ye uerday. It is supposed to be the body of John J. Birmingham. Theniacot Messrs. Devotln, Tilton and Iyvan, chu; with brand eg liquors on which it is alleged no taxes had lieen paid was commenced before United States Com missioner N'e.rton, in Hrooklyu, yesterday. Tbo testi mony was of a very direct and positive nature, and re vealed the extent to which frauds have been carried, and the manner in which the work was conducted. Yesterday Commissioner Newton pronounced his deci sion in th? case of Jumns H. Groatrex, who is accused of having forged at Glasgow, Scotlnnd, a large number of the notes of ilie t uion llank of that country. The Com missioner grintod a certiQcat" for the rendition of the prisoner. Giovanni Tinnnti was vexierday found guilty In the United Slates Circuit Court, Judge Smaller presiding, on acbargo of passing counterfeit currency of the United Slates. Sentence reserved. The stock murket was strong yesterday. Gold closed at 137 y,. Business was moderate, and prices for both forqign and domestic morchandi-o generally favored the pur chaser. Cot!mi was more active and (Inner. Coffee was dull, but steady. On 'CRaiigo flour was without doeided change, though inferior grades wore quoted 6c. lower. Wheat ruled dull and hcovy. Corn was In limited request,' and fully 4c. lower. Oats were active and 2r. a 3c higher. Pork was higher, with, however, bqt little doing. Beef continued heavy, while lard riled firmer, with an active demand. Freights wero moderately active and firm. Petroleum though quiet, ruled firmer. Naval stores generally quiet, but iirm. MISCSIXANEOUB. A heavy Know storm prevailed in Buffalo yaxtorday. The Rroiiml ww covered to the rteplh of twonty-foi|r inclici No trains wen goluc West on Iho I>ake rtltorc or Grand Trunk Rollrnadr In Chicago the thennnmetor ranged fourteen detirees above /.oro. In New Orleans tho weather was cold mid enow was looked far Tlic ponds in the vicinity or Potighkeepsio were froren over. If the cold weather contiuue-t today the F.flh avenue Kink will be ready for skaters. Our Havana Kter is dated IVeombor 6 Quite nn ex cttement prevailed there on the arrivtil or un American vessel from Ntw Orleans with sit hundred aud fifty colored soldiers on board ?? reu'r lor their homes t n the North. The Caption Oanoral's country house is baiug (lttod up, and the report was prevalent that Maximilian would aoon bo its occupant The report K however, unfounded. In the court at Swectrbur* yesterday the Indictments afrninst seven or the Fenian prisoners were quashed, they claiming to be American cltireux, but thoy wrere remanded, and will l? Iliad for robbery and inciting a riot. A momlrer of the Canadian Cabinet remarked that the respite of tho condemned prisoners was only tempo rary, and they would not he pardoned as long as the Finiane throalened the provinces. Our correspondent in Raleigh. V. C? glvw a gloomv account of matters in me "old North state." The regu lators are at work cleaning out Yankees and negroes. A rln house belonging t" a Northerner was liirhe l hy them, with all his cotton, nearly Impoverishing the owner. Another Northerner was shot, and negroes are ehol and htuiu every day in the eastern part of the Stato. A gouoral desire I- expressed for Northern omi ?? ration and Northern capital, and complaints are loud and loug at the continued exclusion of the State from the I'nlon. Our MiUedgavlllc ?a, correspondence says tlial pri vate debt is the great incubus on Georgia. The people ?'com determined to work, and do so with a will. Ncr rhelV. J?hi?pn was ideated Catted States Senator 1 hy Hie GeorgiaTSglXture yesterday, on the first ballot Our Alabama correspondence gives a sketch or the ti lings of the Legislature of thai Slate. The hope is very generally expr^wed that Colt grot will not act pre cipitately in the matter of reconstruction plans, rlio people feel that they are completely at the mercy of that body, and wl.'h ? few weeks' grace Stcinmes, the buccaneer, delivered a lecture at (ialve*. Ion. Ti xas, itt the 4th inat.. In wb cb he defended the A labs nut, comparing her to l'aul Jones'ship during the war of the Revolution. Bernard Hprtngk. the Tr isnr r of the Philadelphia ?t tiding Ass-aruten No. 2. disappeared on Frlrtnv Is*, It Is alleged, With nil the assets of Iho institution, amounting to I'tOOt The Tennessee Leg'Inter > appointed a committee vesterday to make armngouieal t for a proper otcbratlon of the anniverearv ot Uie Battle of Nashville General Tlintna* and s'aff will be present. The Governor was vested with rull powers lo perform all acts accessary to the rer ivery of the land* losnsd In June 'mat lo ?ha T, nness-- National Bank of Memphis hy the State ^n.aih named f'apu.n J-nkins. was assaulted by three men id Sweet Water. Tonn , on Sunday morning, and m,,rUllv wounded by a p.slol shot. Before dying, how ever he bred at lua asaallanU. killing one in-tantlv and mortally wounding the other two The wounded men die 1 soon afn rwards. , A diiastreus tornado vtslied Northwestern Texas on the 4th lost., destroying a large amount of property. Sit iwrsoos were Wlhoil and uuml?;rs ln|nr- d. A meteor was visible nt Poughkeopel- last night A bouse at Pw von port, Iowa, waW burotwl on tteadar. I snd ?n old lady and two boys were burned to death, I >a4 a: other w is se\ erely Injured. 1 The N\T,oVsT,,K''r ? Conokahs -A rtenlu t.Hn bTM, K,,,.y. or ret-Troil t? the Committee o. ? ,b(. nat,ontl J-H'laPHK that the proposition thai n con. debt ?ho>Jd bo paid by the genera'tos. trading it nni sanctioned by sound princi ple* of natioifnl economy." Mr. Kelley might bnte ndded. "noe is it sanctioned by tbo expe rience or usages of other nations." The Sccrv tsry of the Treasury lute shown that under our present external and internal revenue or tnx laws the national debt cm be paid by the j present generation ; bat after bearing all the i iautedlaie ?ajrlfl^es and burdens of the late four years' civil war. surely something of this remaining debt may be justly turned over lo the generation which is to lollow and which ia to reap tta great harvest of all the p-ecious Ituits of the war. The lightening of our preacnt burdens of taxation, in this view, ia an impor taut duty which Congress owes lo the present generation, nod whatever may be tho incidental financial considerations Involved, they ought to hi: shape* te (Ml Vlw Uto MmuMH mf dM >ibi?hw-B?w the Party May be Kevlved. Prom the' unexpected and unprecedented disasters suffered by the democracy In the recent elections th?y stand confonnd -d nnd demora lized. Proin Maine to Oregon the popular ma jorities rolled up against (hem rise to tbe grand aggregate of half a million. Wc may aptlj com pare this triumphant campaign of the repub licans to the grand march of Sherman, sweeping everything before him, through Georgia add the Carol mas, or to those terrific seven dayB of General Grant from Petersburg to Appouattox Court House, in which ho demolished the army of Lee and crushed the rebellion. And yet in the sum total of more than a million of votes polled by the democracy in these late elections they have still the nucleus for a powerful reor ganization. But as with the lately Insurgent States, to it is with the disjointed, defeated and disorganized democratic party?the first thing needed to set it upon its legs again is reconstruction, flow can it be reconstructed so as to stand? Its old blundering copperhead leaders and controlling newspaper organs are casting about, right and left, and Bhooting off here and there in various directions for some new road out of the "Slough of Despond." Thus while the leading copperhead party trumpeter in the West blows a blast for universal suffrage, negroes and all, his copperhead brethren of tho Bast are con soling themselves with the idea of a dead lock on the Southern question, and propose to wait, like the excluded States, and do nothing, in the tiopc that "something may turn up." But this is a sorry expedient It promises nothing, and if adopted it will resnltln nothing 'mt the rapid disappearance of the remains of a party which will have givon up the ghost Something better than this may bo done upon the Northern democratic nucleus of a million and a quarter of votea The exigency, however, requires nothing less than a recon struction of the party on a new foundation?a foundation of the practical ideas aud practical issues thrown uppermost by the great political earthquake which has swallowed up the things of the past. And what is the leading issue be fore tho country ? It is the pending constitu tional amendment. That is the settlement for the South, decreed by the popular voice of the mighty North. It cannot be evaded. It must be enforced, because it is tho will and the ulti mntum of tbe North. Upon this platform the republicans have triumphed boyond their most sanguine hopes, and yot now there are signs of discords and divisions in their camp on this very amendment. Here, then, is the oppor tunity for the democracy, by a dexterous flank movement, to seize fhis republican thunder and turn it against "Old Thad" and his radical fol lowers. The plan of action required is very simple. The chiefs of the Manhattan Club, who, as we understand, have been for some dayn revolving this problem over Mieir oysters and champagne, hare only to provide for the calling of a nn lional convention and to bring such conven tion, when assembled, to the adoption of the pending constitutional amonclnicnt as Ibe future platform of the reconstructed democ racy. The wreck of the Chicago plat form can never be rained ; hut the man who protested against fighting upon it as the democratic candidate for the Presi dency is the man to lead them for the amendment. We aro satisfied thai a demo cratic convention on this platform and In the name of General McClollan would result In reviving the party Into active and vigorous life again; that the movemont in bringing all the excluded Southern States back into the govern ment and into a "happy accord" with this new Northern organisation would spoodily give it a balance of power in Congress and perhaps in Ibe next Presidency, looking at these afore said elements of discord and dissension now visible in the republican camp. On the other hand it is apparent that unless the Northern democracy take this new depart uro the managing politicians of the cxclndn I Stales will remain intractable, obstinate and defiant against tho amendment, and that Con gress. In cousequonce of this Southern obsti nacy, will, n3 n lost resort, set these States baek to the condition of Territories and go through, not onl v the President! d election of 18f>8, but probably tba< of 1872, without them. To regain something of their old prestige In the North and recover the balance of power with the restoration of Iho South, the true course for what remains of the late grent democratic parly Is to call a nation!:! convention and endorse the constitutional amendment. Bold measures alone can revive the party?such measiiies as will tiring it from the mar into the front rank with the new order of things. And so we call upon the Manhattan Club to provide at one- lor a National Democratic Convention and the new departure suggested. A ltnr isft fitinnil Roitkd nv fine Fe nians.?General Sir Thotuns Lnrcom. under Secretary ot Ireland, abandoned his official residence in I he I'henix Park, withil a few miles ot Dublin, and fixed bis licadqutrtcrH in the castle, which is within the oily. Mid w s b"in,r rapidly fortified against (he Fciians on the 28th of November. The English govern ment at the same lime offered a rewaifl of five thousand pound" sterling to any porsot. "man or woman, young or old," who would deliver Jamee Stephen*, "dead or alive," intolho cus tody or its officers. Thi< looks as If General Sir Thomas l,arcom la vastly afraid of the Fe nians and has reireatod from his sniff rooms In the Park to within the works of the tastle.
General f.arcnm never had any reputation as a military man. He at one time coducted a topographical surrey of Ireland. Wlion en gaged in tbat duty he organised, older the classification of " Civil Assistants," a band ot the most abject flunkey toadies that ev^* served the British crown against their owncountry Soon after its experience of the first ">oian alarm in the summer of 186.'?. regular t ^ 1 ive commissioned Sir, Thomas the Irish ox*c?. x General of the isimd, and as Provost Marshal v - directed tfes tnovo dnce that period he ha* i ?f allthe Brit mo tit* and received the reporv atfl in tho ish spies employed both at hnide peneral [Jutted States. From these sources % *et Lsrcntn l? enabled to form a pretty fofK estimate of the gravity of the impcndiifc cri*i? in Ireland, and bin hasty race to the castle strong-works indicate* very clearly feint be think* it one of serious moment. liieed it looks as if Stephens had already " hottfd up " General Sir Thomas i<arcom Tun Titmt.r IssrmosHT Statss avo -*ra Foa ll? H Cv.SURBte. -A Will km et#*sl ug UtftM of Representatives excluding from the next or Fortieth Congress all Representatives that may offer themselves from the States not recognized by the present Congress. The object of this bill, we presume, is simply a law for the Clerk of the House in in,iking up his roll of the mem bers of the next Congress. Tlie l>o|ie aud (he t'aar. The Atlantic cable has announced a signi ficant historical event in the fact that an im perial ukase has been issued by the Czar, de claring all the relations of Rnssia with the Pope abrogated, and annulling all the special laws which have heretofore been made in accordance with those relations. This may meat}, we presume, that Russia, as one of the greatest continental Powers, leads off in ceasing to recognize the temporal authority of the Pope. So for as Alexander is concerned, it formally excludes Pio Nono from the circle* of sovereign Princes in Europe. His example cannot fail to have gr?at weight. The Em peror Joseph, of Austria,#i the only monarch of considerable power whose recognition of the Pope as a temporal prince has la tely been regarded as unqualified ami sincere.. But Austria, humiliated by its recent reverses, can not interpose effectually in behalf of the tem poral sovereignty, and is even reported to have abandoned it. The French Emperor, although he has succeeded to the title of "Eldest son of the Church," is not too much inclined to interpose, notwithstnityling the influence of the Jesuit advisers of the Empress Eugdnie. "For," as a Catholic writer remarks, "lie has been the determined but politic enemy of that sovereignty ever since. With his elder brother he engaged ?n a conspiracy, in 1831, to dest roy the Papal government; and Russia, Great Britain iin^ Prussia, all anti-Catholic Stales, will abandon the Papal throne to the logic of events." This telegram from St. Petersburg at least implies that in tho weakened temporal condi tion of the bead of the Western Church the autocrat of all the Ruusias, who is likewise the head of the Eastern Church, sees and seizes an opportunity of abrogating the conventions with Rome extorted from Nicholas, his late father, by Gregory XVI., and the concurrent force of royal and public opinion in Europe, soon after attempts had been made to "stamp out" Polish nationality by violent interference with the united Greek and Roman Catholic Churches in Poland. A letter from our correspondent at St. Petersburg, published yesterday, stales that the Russ8ian Emperor has followed up bis groat emancipation ukase by a ukase abolish ing the feudal ties which hpvc hitherto bound the qeri" to the land and the landlord in the kingdom of Poland. This is a new step in the progrc.-Kive policy which the far-righted and mighty ruler of Russia has adopted. Such a policy rauat tend fo strengthen the empire b\r derating and enrich ing the people of Poland, attaching them to him and hi* dynn.ity, and uniting uiore closely the destinies ot Poles and Russians. A' the same time it iudicntea that he has not lost Bight ot the aggressive policy bequeathed to him by his predecessors. One of the strong motives which impel him 0tus to develop the resources of the nation is his wish to wield its increased wealth and power in furtherance of his ambitious projects in tho East, lie amy suspect that the Jesuits have lately shown but lltUe gratitude to Russia for the protection accorded to them in that country alone when Pope Clement had suppressed their order everywhere else in Europe. They may have "been secretly influential in favoring the French imperial policy in opposition to bis own, not oniv within the limited jurisdiction of the m -tropolitans of Warsaw and Mohileflf, but also within the patriarchates of Constantinople, Antioeh, Jerusalem and Alexandria. There, as well as wherever else Greek Christians are io b>* found, the spiritual supremacy of the f'/.ar as the head of the Greek Church has been tacitly acknowledged. It is not impossible that at no very distant day the old quarrel be-' tween the Greek and the Latin Churches us to the custody of the holy places in Palestine may be revived. The Greeo Russian Church already numbers about fifty millions, without counting the millions of Eastern Christians who would readily nmte with all the scattered families of the Slavonic race under one common btad, revering the bulbous enpo'ii which la a distinctive ornament of ltusuun churches, and sdoring the Oar, according to the commandments in the cate chism of Peter tlie Great, as not only Emperor and King, but High Priest. Pope and Vicegerent ot the Lord God on enrlh. Ruch he is acknow ledged to l>e by the first article of the Russian's politico-religious creed. Tho Einpcror of Russia in linking his fate with that of "the resurgent, ignorant and colossal democracy over which he rules, rises and spreads with them, strength ens them and is strengthened by them it By his schemes for ameliorating tlioir condition, and tiy his determination to cut off all relations with the Pope, be is perhaps preparing for a struggle for supremacy in the East. And this may result in a war stimulated by religions passions as well as by political and commercial motives. Tmt Latest Tenement House Dihastkr.? The last shocking disaster, the result ot our tenement house system, was the death by suffo cation of three families. in Division street, on Monday night. The fire by which these nine individuals met a terrible death was a com paratively imdgniflrojit one?a fact which brings more forcibly to view the constant dan ger to human life from the want of necessary means of escape in tenement building*. The victims in this ease were not reached by the fire, which occurred in the lower part of the house, hut, tieing left without any available mode of egress, were literally smoked to death in their apartments. It is useless to bewail calamities ot Ihis kind unless some measures are adopt'-d to avert them. Public sympathy with the suffer? ??* is of no avail it the public do not insist upo on ? legislation for the protec tion of that ci i v,.; * are compelled by their stralteped ciroumstancws U> domicile in crowded tenements. We alisolutely need a building isw of the most stringent chararter to restt%ln I itidlordn from const meting building* ot thin v ' without providing every facility tor kin.. ease of fire. The Legislature. which escape w - weeks, should give their earliest meet* In ? fcv enactment of eneh a law, to attention to the , now that buildings of take effect Immediate., are being erected In the most unsafe character % have had warn all quarters of the city, ffo . ? |e lost. Inge etuugk and there j| n* tlm % The Ocmm TMkUSe! Yesterday will be memorable in our aquatic annals. From our harbor went forth on a trial of speed across the Atlantio three pleasure yachts of a tonnage so small and of a con struction apparently so light that they seemed fitted only for fiiir weather contests. They confront in this experiment all the p"rilB that try the str ngth of the largest and strongest built vosseln. The boldness of it has struck most people with wonder, not unmixed with anxiety. It is asked, what occasion is there for this tempting of Providence? The owners of these vessels have no in1 re motive of gain to tempt them, no scientific object to promote. This is all true; but there is something beyond even these influences to operate as induce ments. The spirit of national rivalry, for in stance, is not only legitimate in itself, but often leads to important results. The English have long enjoyed pre eminence as yachtuaen?a pre-euiinence justly earned by their intense love and ardency for the sport It is natural that our young men should desire to prove to tbein and to the world at large that whatever can be accomplished on the ocean by skill and daring Americans are not to be excelled in. We can judge of the effect that will be pro duced abroad by this race by that which It has already created here. There was not. a person who witnessed the start yesterday?there is not one who reads the account of it to-day who does not feel as if be hud himself a stake in the result. The safe accomplishment of the trip by these three small vessels, no matter which of them wins, w'll be a fresh triumph for American enterprise. On the impetus which tho event, will give to yachting, not only here, but on the other side, it is unnecessary to dwell. We have no donbt that the example set by our brave young yachtmen will be speedily followed and that we shall have as regular periodica^ visits from the foreign yacht squadrons as any of the Eng lish porls. The good feeling and friendly rela tions thus engendered cannot but be produc tive of the happiest results. To those who have viewed with apprehen sion the venture that has given occasion to these remarks we would say that the risk is formidable only because of its novelty, aud that with (rood seamanship there is no reason why these small craft should not prove as safe as regular ocean going vessels. As everything that experience could suggest has been done for them in the way of preparation, we may anticipate for them, with a continuance of the favorable weather with which they started, a safe and speedy arrival at their destination. The Jiicgiing of Oar C'itr Hinge?A Disgrace fal Spectacle. Wc iavitc the attention of the Senators and members ot Assembly from the rural districts to the disgraceful spectacle presented by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen of this city in their efforts to eecnre the patronage of the municipal government for their several " rings.'' It is well known that charges of fraud and corruption of a serious nature have been made against Street Commissioner Cornell and bis deputy, Wil liam M. Tweed, and that to avoid an inves tigation, ordered by Governor Fenton, Cornell some time since resigned his office. His resig nation left Tweed in charge of the department until a successor should he nominated by the Mayor and confirmed by the Board of Alder men. Ever sinco Cornell by this trick evnded trial and ?"t the authority of the Governor at defiance, Mayor Hoffman has been playing the farce of sending in to the Board of Aldermen the name of Tom, Dick and Harry for the office of Street Commissioner, and the Board of Alder men have been referring Tom, Dick and Harry to a committee, hanging them up for a few days and then rejecting them one after another. Several rumors have been set afloat in refer ence to the causes of this juggling. Some say that the Mayor wants all the patronage of the Street Department himself, and refuses to divide with the Aldermen. Others say that the Al dermen want a pledge from the new Commis sioner that they shall con'rol the department, and that they refuse to divide with the Mayor. The only fact that is certainly known to the people is thnt while all this juggling and thimble-rigging is going on the Street Com missioner's Department remains precisely under its old management, except, that instead of being as formerly, Cornell, with Tweed behind him, it is now Tweed, with Cornell at his back. It corruption existed formerly in the office, it remains there bill blown at the present time. If frauds wcr? perpetrated there under the Cornell-Tweed management, they are perpet uated under the Twod-Oornoll management. Not an employ^ has been changed, not a job suspended, not en expense curtailed, not a single alteration made in the running of the concrn. The curious feature of ihe affair is that while an apparent fight has Ix en going on between the Mayor and the Alderm -n, they are all smiling and happy and seem to be very well satisfied with the general result. As a new phase of the business, the Mayor overrides the last Legislature, extending the term of offics of the Cioton Water Commis sioners, and nominates * board of his own. The Aldermen hold these nominees in their committee, and it Is now rumored that they seek to lump the two departments together and make n bargain with the Mayor thnt Rhnll em brace the patronage and jobs of both. Under this arrangement the Croton Aqoednct Depart ment, whirh has hitherto been held aloof from the corruptions and tradings of the "rings," is to be handed over to the men who have made the Street Department, the Finance Depart ment and the old City Inspector's Department notorious as sinks of jobbery nr^ corruption. This is the sort of juggling and huckstering our representatives at Albany may discover if they will throw their eyes in the direction of New York. It is ahont time that they shonld take some steps for the protection of the cit irrn?. Thr Fait.tt or I'asbknoUbs on Steamboats,? The Secretary of the Treasury lias issued a cir cular to inspeotors of steamboats, tnstrnrtfhg them to carry Into effect at once the provisions of the law providing for the safety of passen gers. With the evidence before as of the Inte disaster to the Williamsburg ferryboat Idaho, the Investigation of whtctf is now progressing, Mr. McCullocb's assurance that all neglect of this law will he punished by the fullest penal ties comes In good time. There Is not a single steamboat on the New York ferries, over which hundreds of tbonsands of passengers are con veyed every week, that has the appliances on board to save one soul out of the vast ssasa In oaae of acoktont or panto. Wo hope the m fW 4f> fc* Vjifot t -? - carrying oat the law. Every boat on the Brooklyn and Jersey ferries ^hoold be over hauled, and the absence of proper lifeboats, dis engaging apparatus and life preservers suffi cient for the passengers carried should in every instance bo punished to the extent of 'he law's provision, which is a fine of live hundred dol lars for each and every case of negligence in this respect. * The Mexican Ketile of Klnh?Pwiiuy lloitiu* anil t'nmplirnlionn. Mr. Seward has at last got the Mexican ques tion into a beautiful kettle of fish. Instead of two Drotnios iu the play, their name is legion, and "the cry is, still they come." Our Florida trouble with Billy Bowlegs, and our Nicaragua negotiations concerning the British Mosquito King and Billy Walker, "the gray-eyed man." were mere bagatelles compared with this Mexi can kettle of fish. The nearest appronch to it that we can find is in our own plundering Cor poration "rings," where we have wheels within wheels, and all sorts of plotters and their jobs inexplicably mixed up. Cable despatches don't begin to reach the difficulty. A cable to the heart of the Chinese rebellion might' bnt nothing shorter will do in the way of cables. Only look at souie of the latest facts In this Mexican mixture. It was but the other day that with the approach of General Castelneau direct trom Napoleon, Maximilian stole off from the city of Mexico, intending to take the Austrian frigate Dandolo, waiting for him at Vera Cruz, and to sail home. He was inter cepted by the French and sent back. Wo next hear of him at Orizaba. Next, that Napoleon has instructed him to abdicate; then that he lias prepared his abdication and made arrange ments for a French triumvirate to tflko his pli^e; then the French authorities at Vera Cruz, in the name of the Emperor Mux and his empire, proclaim their joy that he has mado up his mind to stand his ground and die liko Jeff Davis, "in the last ditch;" and this is our latest news of poor Max. We shall probably next bear that he has issued a draft for a hun dred thousand soldiers, to be paid out of the proceeds of one of the Hon. Ben Wood's lot teries, the French lottery game being played out. . Meantime it appears that a United Slates ves sel of war, the good ship Susquehanna, having on board Minister Campbell and General 8hT man, touched at Vera Cruz, with the expecta tion of hearing that poor Max, the French, Auslrians and Belgians, bag and baggage, with a good lot of movable plknder, had cleared oat. But we may imagine the disgust of Campbell ^rjd Sfcergjno on hearing Ijiat the French were still in ftilT blast, that poor Max had resolved to fight to the death, and th%t Vera Cruz was in a blaze of imperial glory. Of comae, as this was not tbe road to Present Juarez,MinisterCampbeil and General Sherman, turning in silent contempt from the French hos pitalities offered them in the city of the Truo Cross, lacked about and sailed up tbe Gnlf coast for Tampico, or the mouth of th<* Rio Grande, as a starting point from which te begin, like "Japhet in search of a father," their explorations in search of Juarez and his Mex ican republic. Ai the same time, it appears, the late terrible kettle of fish in Matamoros between Garavajal, Cortina, Canales, Escobedo and General 8odg wiok, having been partially adjusted by the retirement of Canales witb his plunder and the dismissal of General Sedgwick, we And that General Sheridan has turned Ortega loooe again?that dangerous claimant of tbe Mexi can republic against Juarez. But the worst oI H Is that Miramon. a French-Mexican, with bis pocket full of money, has got back into Mexico from France, while that old and cunning rero-' lutionist, Santa Anna, has mysteriously disap peared from New York, and Jnarea, aftill-hlood ed Indian, can't be found. How are wo to net tle this business ? Wyt can Mr. Reward do with it, witb all bis cable despatches? No wonder General Grant declined to go on tbe wild goose chase undertaken by Sherman, with a Western lawyer instead of a Western army at bis hack. A ed then there are those French claims, and poor Max's contingent expenses, and certain railroad, telegraph, land and express com ?panies' speculations, each job having a faction at its back, each fhctiou a Mexican general or two; nud then there are numerous to dependent guerilla faction-; and. while most of tlicin are opposed to Juarez, none of tbem care a sn ip whether he is superseded by Ortega, Kscobedo, Canales, Miramon, Santa Anns or Dr. Gwfn. Lastly, tiie fighting Mexicans still entertain the Chinese idea that the Yankees are "outside barbarians." and that if ihey once get in they will gobble up their movables faster thau the Fr'nch. and settle down to stay. Is it not absurd to suppose that Mr. Seward, even by writing day snd night, can write his way ont of this imbroglio ? Cougrcss ought to take tbe matter in hand and declare, first, that Mexico is a republic, and that Juarez, if still alive, is President thereof; second, that Maximilian and the French must vucate tho prcmbes and leave no agents Id occupation behind them; third, that General Sherman or Sheridan, with an escort of twenty-fiva thousand men for Minister Campbell, shall move as soon na practicable from Mat imor m Tor the city of Mexico, to make there a new treaty of friendship and commerce with tba Mexican republic. Why not. a* to this com plexion this Mexican entanglement must come at last ? Ma. Hr i IBM's Rasoumow- A FmPuramt.? On motion of Mr. Spalding, of Ohio, republi can. the federal House of Representatives has adopted a resolution instructing the Committee on Reconstruction io inquire into the etpodl eney of declaring it to be the purpose of Coo gress to admit Senators and Representative! from the excluded States respectively upon tba basis of their adoption of the pending consti tutional amendment. It is to be hoped that some each resolution will be .passed. In order to spike the ^uns of those implacable Southern rebel politician* who are now msking effective use of the pica tiiat if the unreorganised States adopt tbe amendment It will avail them noth ing, bat thai they will only be subjected thereby to other and hupiher Conditions. Lot UongrcM definitively make the amendment 'be basis of restoration, witb the alternative in tha background of a territorial reconstruction, and we guesa ihat the saving virtues of the amend ment will soon he necepUnl even by the Legis lators of Texas, Which lately rejected this overture as an insult to tbe dignity an! sove reignty of to Slate. Tww Guvwrav Parana **? rwa -*>?? nf to oo??tof p^tm. fctvfca