Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1866, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1866 Page 8
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.NEW YORK HERALD. ?I\HKB GOKDON BJCKXKTT. I DITOR AND PROPRIETOR OFFIC1 *. W. CORNER OF Fri.TON A*t) NASSAU NTS. Volume XXXI No* :''1? AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. BROADWAY THE AT HI'.' Bros!*' v ne u- Brooms MlTHft. ?OV* hi ABC, OK TIK S0l-1"1?K O* rOETlNK. GERMAN Til A 1.1A THEATRE. No. 614 Broadway? Ill* M AKagll.LAISK?2h'BI TALK AUS oku Lkbbn Kinks PukBITKN. _ OERMAN STADT THEATRE. No*. 45 and 47 Bowery.? OerHkua in dkii Durmwi it. STKIN W AY H AL1-. Fourteenth etreet ? WbdRRSBAT PoruLAs Comm. Mb. ??? A- Dawson's Fibs* Grand Matins* at Three o'Clouk. BAN FRANCISCO MINHTKBLS. 5AN Broedwa*. npnoslt* the Metropolian Hotel?I* tmkiii Br MOM A* Kntkbtain ?bntn, Sinoinu, Danciao ann BuklkaOOks?Ta* Maw ('ONOItkSI. FIFTH AVRNUE OPiRA HOUSE. No*. I aud 4 West Fwentr-fourth street Bi dwo itiiN MinatkklS. ? '"futon ax Ballad*. Bublksoiik,. Au. Th* Man in Black. KF.I.Lf * LEON'S MINSTREliA 7*1 Bro*dwsy, oppo elte the New York Hotel?Ix tomb Sonus. Hanucn. Kookx nnornM, Bdki.ksours, Ac.?Mathinont?Apricax Polka? Tun Black Status. TOXT PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 301 Bovenr.?.rtowto ?ocalisn?Nkouo MiNxreewr, BAL'.ar Ditsktissskknc, Ac?Noll toa Nkwssoy. Mstluee at 2'., o'lTaok. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Meehsuii'i' H.0L 173 Hros.lwsv?In a Vtaiierr or'ir and Laigiiahli Entkrtajnmbnts, Corim dn Ballet, aa Thk HisreiKVons Niooch. HOOU- V'KOPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn ?P.TKtorux Min Btbrlst. Ballads. Buki.kaqi^bb and Pantoxixics. BEAVER'S OPERA HOUSE, Wllllxnisbiirg.?Ethiopian MiNMitKLtnr, Ballads. Conic Pattoninnn. Ac. PltKSBYTEUIAN CHURCH, ooroer of Grand and Crosby streets.?Gkkat M anoxic Kaih in Aid ok tub Hall and AsTlrn Fund. ST. STEPHEN'S CHUROH, Twenty-eighth street, bo. tvreen lioxiiigun and Third avenuos?Gkand Faik, Kbsti TAL AND PBONKNADN CONCERT. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 6tS Broadway. Ijhtukes wtth thn Okt-Htdrookn MiOBOSCOFB twleo dally. Head and Hhmit Ark or Pbobst. Orien from d A. M. till 10 P. M. TEIPLE SHEET. Now York. Wednesday, December I'j, ISOtt. NOTICE TO TH? PUBLIC. The public are hereby notified that the silver badges, heretofore used by the regular reporters of tho New Yokx Hkrald have been recalled and will do longer he used as a means of identifying the attaches of this offlco. VBB ITS VS. EUBOPE. By special telogran?3 through the Atlantio cable we have very Interesting intelligence dated In Route, Berlin and Dresden yesterday, December 11. The general news report embraces the events of the evening of the 10th Instant, with the financial aud commercial advices of Tuesday. John H. 8urratt was informed again it in Boms by a French Canadian named 8t Marie, who, it is said, was actuated by jealousy, arising from disappointed love. This man alleges that BnrraU told him that tl?? assassi nation of President Lluoolo was the result of a plot arranged by the Juff Davie Cabinet at Ri' Umond, and iiirf tte (Sqrratt) earned the orders for Its execution thence to Washington. The French flag was run down from the towr of the oastl* of San Angelo in Rome yesterday and replaced by the Papal ensign. Tbe French evacuation of the city Is complete, and serious disturbances are anticipated. The Saxon naval offioers have unanimously refused to ?errs Prussia, and resigned their commissions. Bolted s-tatee Minister Wright Is seriously ill In Berlin. The Hanoverians complain of Prussian ''oppression." ? ?amber of Canadian Confederation delegates are m council In London. Our special despatches end correspondence by steam Alp and mutt, with the extracts from our newspaper flies, published In the Hirild to-day, contain very In teresting details of our cable despatches to tbe 30th of Mbvember, with some points of news not had from that source. The London (/lobe profe-??e* to furnish the bases of ar rangetnent by virtue of which the Dulled States govern ment and Napoleon agree to American Intervention in Mexico, and plan en early settlement of tbe difficulty. ? quantity of Fenlen arms have been discovered at Cardiff, and the steamer Bolivar was eelxod in the Had way on euaptcloa of being in the service of the Fontanel Maximilian. It Is anticipated, will after tils errlval in Europe, aunov Napoleon considerably by the publica tion of letters addressed to him In Mexico from Paris. The Lottdoa Tma complain* that the "loyal" men of Inland lit not com* forward to aid the gore rumen I against the Fenians. t 'oueoU were firm la London at noon yesterday at SSl4'. ex-dividend. Foiled .States five-twenties, 1102, were at Tl, the mow hour. The Liverpool cotton market was active yesterday at full rates, kllddliuv uplands aver aged fourteen pence COHGBBS8. In the Senate yesterday tbe Committee on Territories repffrted In favor of the bitl for tbe admission of Colo rado The House bill fixing the time for the meeting of Congress we# referred to-the Judiciary C ommittee. A resolution was adopted instructing the Judiciary 0*n mlltec io Inquire what addltloual legislation l? necessary to provide for tbe sucoesmon of tho President's oflG-e in cam of the death or disability of all those upon whom it may now devolve by the constitution etid the laws, and io report by bill or otherwise A bill suspending com-, pcmuiion to owneri of slave.* ouiisled In the service was reported from the Fiuance Committee. Tlie DiUriel -uflrn e bill was then taken np, the q i"et!on being on Mi. Cowan's proposition to itrilto out the word "male.' A iptcy debate ensued upon It, in which Mr. Cowan advanced bl< arguments In favor of female suffrage, rending 'be c >ail leratiom of the amendment the Senate tdjourncd. ^n the House tbe bill U> regulate tbe dutlm of the <lerk In preparing for the reorganisation of the House was passed by a vote of one hundred and twenty-three to thirty on1'. it provide* that the roll of members of the House In the next Congress shall contain only the names of tboee elected in Statns at present represented. The bill to prevent tbe receptive and count-n; of elec toral votes of the lately rcbelUo is State* in lie election of President sad Vice President was, af??r considerable debate, postponed and mad" n -per'.al order for Thors day, A bill was reported from tbe Judiciary Committee repealing and modifying parte of an act for lb# punch ment of crime* agai^Mjg* F^Mdjtu^e. r\y? bill pro vtden thai p^ous gudtyof trJBon or other offence* may nt any time be indicted, tried and punished Jhrre for, and repeals the clause limiting tbe lime of suet in dictment to three yearn Mr. Steven., of Peonaylra.T*. opposed the bill ea the ground the' it was not safe V> make laws to try mou who couid not be tried under tbe Iowa nndor whic i tbe crime was committed. He aa d that tho oflbnee was conttoned while tbe war con. tin nod, aad there t* still no pour* This nation u still In a boUigoraul condition, and tb* conquered h-lllgerent* aro is the power of the conqu'rom, to be dealt with a* ceptivaa, aad not aa criminal* The morning hour hav Ing expired, the Mil went over. Mr. tagersoll asked leave to latrodnc* a bill to regulate the sale of coin aed bullion by the Secretary of tbe Treneury. It direct# the H< rretary to soil, after thirty day*' notice, to the highest bidder nny amount of gold In tho Treasury, providing thr amount oi band will not bo reduced below fifty millioaa objection was made, and tho biU was not la invincod. Thi bill reported from tho Jadiciary Com wiitteo. December ?, for tbe regnlatloa of appointment* ?n-i t(Maovale from office wag then takea np as the ape .isi inter, aifd diKcumnd n* la Committee of the Whole NneraJ aui*odtn> aie wi-ra ofibred, among lhain on* by H - tevona to the effw t that eay poraoa who has been mwit noted io office by the President aad rejected by tiis ?en.ttr shall be teoepajjle of holding office u?d?r tlio government fef one year. flN'us -ipohr is favor of he s mend ment, and said Hi" ??* in -aa?4 class of men whom (tod lied over ever !?*?<*? .a itMkieg men. Had been appelated by the Preei teni rtiue* uslurs' .crd# tboy wove, aad who well of. der.i'?<aiakiaff ??re of them. He proposed to puatoh ah-"- if seiiug, -hwmgh eadh attme Mr Hal* opposed ??' sent. ,, >edta4KM|fCSWim mjffv might nomiaete Mr. hnHhWhtxl** *fi|l??nt, the Beoate might reject bis, and so Ma anrvtoafifci the House would be toel The aesadmsnt ?m ixfieoted, end the lull wool ever until lo-Cky. T'HK ?TT Tlte start In the greet ocean rune from Sandy Heok to Cowm took place yestordsy. the dar wm a vory glorious one, and some twelve steamer vero present with exeur sl on I.-its to witnogs the event, f lie yachts wore started at one o'clock precisely, the Henrietta being tba first on the way. The respective positions of the vessels were, how ever, several times changed Mure they were out of aight. At a meeting of the Boast of Aldermen yesterday a communication was received from the Mayor nominat ing John M. Haywurd for the ottice of Street Commis sioner. The Hoard then adjourned .to Monday afternoon. A very lengthy session nf the It pise opal Convention, extending throughout the ontire day, was held yesterday at Grace church, Brooklyn,* at which resolutions were passed favoring the formation of a aew diocese for Long Island and sxprstsing the belief that the proposed en dowment can be raised The steamer Henry Chauacey sailed yesterday (or Aapiuwull, carrying the malls for China and Japan. At Panama a steamer of the Pacific line will convey the mails to Han Francisco, and thence another steamer of the same line will convey them to Honolulu, Yoko hama and Hong Kong. This Is the find time these nulla will have been conveyed the whole way by Aoterioan vessels y An inquest wss held yesterday at the Seventh pre cinct station house on the bodies of the persons who were aoflfooated at the fire at 216 Division street on Mon day night. A verdict was returned that the parties came to their death liy suffocation, and the oause was from an fnrendiary Ore. A eerios of systematic thefts, by whioh an oil firm In Maiden lane was robb d to the amount of about $8,009 by a confldoctiaj porter, and whioh has been going on for a year or more, was yesterday brought to light by the detectives, and the delinquent porter oomnilUod to custody. It is supposed that other parties, aa yet un known, are also mixed up io this affair. Another body was recovered from the ruins of the Walker street fire yesterday. It is supposed to be the body of John J. Birmingham. The case ot Messrs. Devolln, Tilton and L?van, charged with branding ifquore on which U is alleged no taxes had been paid, was commenced before ITnlted States Com missioner No.r ton, in Brooklyn, yesterday. The testi mony was of a very direct and positive nature, and ro vealed the extant to which frauds have been carried, and the manner in which the work was conducted. Yesterday Commissioner Newton pronounced his deci sion in the esse of James H. Croat rex, who is accused of having forged at Glasgow, Scotland, a large number of the notes of the I n ion Bank of that country. The Com mlasioner granted a certificate for the rendition of the prisoner. Giovanni Tlnnati was yesterday round guilty In the United States Circuit Court, Judge Smaller presiding, on a charge of passing counterfeit currency of tbo United States. Sentence reserved. The slock market was strong yesterday. Cold closed at 137%. Business was moderate, and prices for both foreign and domosiie morchandi-e gouerally favored the pur chaser. Cotton wus more active and firmer. Coffee was dull, but steady. On 'Ctlaiigo flour was without decided change, though inferior grades wore quoted Sc. lower. Wheat ruled dull and heavy. Corn was In limited request,' and fully 4c. lower. Oats were active and 2e. a 3c. higher. Perk was higher, with, however, bqt little doing. Beef continued heavy, while lard riled flrraer, with an active demand, f reights were modcratelv active and firm. Petroleum though quiet, ruled firmer. Naval stores generally quiet, but Qrtn. MISCELLANEOUS. A heavy Know atnroi prevailed In RiifTaio yixturdxy. The gronnil ? covered to the depth of twnniy-foijr iochoi No trains were goltur West on the Lake Mtinre or Grand Trunk Railroad* In Chicago the therinninctor ranged fourteen dosroes a'xave zero. In Now Orleans the weather wn? cold and snow was looked for The ponds in the vicinity of 1'nttghkeepsie were frnren over. If the cold wentber continues to day the Fifth avenue Rink will be ready for skaters. Our Havana letter la dated December 6. Quite an ex. dtement prevailed there on the arrival of un American vessel from N?w Orleans with air hundred aud fifty colored soldleis en board n> reu'e tor their homes tn the North. The Captain Genoral'* country house is boing fitted op, end the report was prevalent that Maximilian would eoon bo its occupant The report Is, however, unfounded. In the court at Bwsetahurg yesterday the indictments Against seven of the Fonian prisoners were quashed, they claiming to be American citixens, but they were remanded, and will lie tried for robbery and inciting a riot. A member of Ibo Canadian Cabinet remarked that the respite of the condemned prisoners was only tempo rary, and they would not be pardoned ea long as the Kinians threatened the province* Our correspondent In Raleigh, N. C., giv w a gloomy account of matters in ttie "old Nortn state." The regu lators are at w?rk cleaning out Yankees and negroes. A rln house belonging to a Northerner was h urAed by them, with all his cotton, nearly Impoverishing the owner. Another Northerner was shot, and negroes are shot and hung every day In the eastern part of the State. A genoral desire is expressed for Northern eml r rat tun and Northern capital, and complaints arc loud and loug at the continued exclusion of the State from the Union. Our Miltedgevtllc. Ga , correspondence aays that pri vate delit U tbo great incubus on Georgia. The people seem determined to ivorlc, and do go with a will Ijcr Jud V. Jnhtyon was elected United States Senator by the (ieorglaT7?gldiUura yesterday, on the first ballot Our Alabama correspondence gives a sketch of the doings of the Legislature of |hat stats. The hopa is very generally cxpr seed that Oongrses wilt not act pre r.piiaiely In the matter of reconstruction plans. The people feel thai they are completely at the meroy of Inst body, and wl-h n few weeks' grace. Semmes, the bu? cancer, delivered a lecture at Galves ton. Ttxus, on the 4lh Inst., in ?h ch he defended the Alabama, comparing her to I'sul Jones' ship during the war of the Reiolntion. Bernard Spr mgk. the Treasurer of the 1'hlladolphla Gh doing Association No 3. disappeared on Friday last, it Is alleged, with all (he assets of the institution, amounting la (14 000 The Tennessee Ia?g ?lator> appointed a committee yesterday to maku arrangement < for a proper < elehrallou of the nnnlversurr of the Rattle of Nashville. General Thomas and a?nff will !?? present. Ttie Om ernor was vested with full powers lo perform all nets necessary to the recovery of the fund* loaned In June 'oat lo the Tennessee National Rank of Memphis by (he State Treasurer. A man, onmed f'aptain Jenkins, was assaulted by three man ill Sweet Water, Tnna, on Sunday mornlog, and j mortally wounded by a pistol shot. Ilefora dying, how. i ever, ho tired at his assailants, killing one ia?Laatlv and mortally wounding the other two The wounded men ' died soon afterwards. I A disastrous tornado visited Northwestern Texas on the 4th Inst, destroying a large amount of property. Six poraons were kilted and uumb-ri in lured. A meteor was visible at Poughkaepate last night A house at Davenport. Iowa, waif burned on ftuedav, and so old lady and two hoys were burned lo death, tndnrpther was savsraly Injured. Tint N*Tinv?' *? CoNQnwn?-A rwola iSm br Mr K^'v ?.* *h" t.Atn by Mr. KeI.ey, o, , r _ ^ referred to the Committee tn ? ^ nadoI1?i doclat^PK "mt the proposition thai ^ , coo. debt shoNjtl bp pnid by the genera frt>w tracting it "Js not sanctioned by sound princi ple* of naliotttl economy." Mr. Kelley might hnre added, "nor |? it sanctioned by the expe rience or u.-sgesnf other nation*." The Secro- , tsry of the Tuumiry ha* shown tbnt under our j pr. ?cnt external and Internal revenue or tax I laws the national debt can be paid by the present generation} bat Star bearing all the mtt'Miiale ?ajrlfloea and burdens of Iba late four yearn' eiwiT war, dnraly something of tbWi remaining debt may be justly turned aver to the generation which Is to tallow and which ia to roap^ie greal harvest of i , ___ all (be p-ceiDim fruits of tb? war. Tbo lightening of our present burdens of taxation, in this alow, la an impor tant duty wbieb Congress owes to the present generation, and whatever may be tbo Inoldaalal flnaaoial us?tilsntla? involved, teey ought to | ho (bag* to fell W* -Msw Party May kcKtrlted. Prom the unexpected and unprecedented ?lid as tern suffered by the democracy la the recent ??lections they stand confounded and demora lised. From Maine to Oregon the popular ma jorities rolled up against them rise to the grand aggregate of half a million. We may aptly com pare this triumphant campaign of the repub licans to the grand march of Sherman, sweeping everything before him, through Georgia ami the Carolinas, or to those terrific seven days of General Grant from Petersburg to Appomattox Court House, in which he demolished the army of Lee and crushed the rebellion. And yet in the sum total of more than a million of votes polled by the democracy in these late elections they have still the nucleus for a powerful reor ganisation. But as with the lately insurgent States, 10 it is with the disjointed, defeated and disorganised democratic party?the first thing needed to set it upon its legs again Is reconstruction. How can it be reconstructed so as to stand? Its old blundering copperhead leaders and confeolling newspaper organs are casting about, right and left, and shooting off here and there in various directions _ for some new road out af the "Slongh of Despond." Thus while the leading copperhead party trumpeter in the West blows a blast lor universal suffrage, negroes aad all, his copperhead brethren or the East afe con soling themselves with the idea of a dead lock on the Southern question, and propose to wait, like the excluded States, and do nothing, in the hope that "something may turn up."' But this is a sorry expedient It promises nothing, and if adopted it will resnltin nothing but the rapid disappearance of the remains of a party which will have given up the ghost Something bolter than this may be done upon the Northern democratic nucleus of a million and a quarter of votes. The exigency, however, requires no'hing less than n recon struction of the party on a new foundation?a foundation of the practical ideas and practical issues thrown uppermost by the great political earthquake which has swallowed up the things of the past. And what is the leading issue be fore the country ? It is the pending constitu tional amendment. That Is the settlement for the South, decreed by the popular voice of the mighty North. It cannot be evaded. It must be enforced, because it Is the will and the iilti mntum of the North. Upon this platform the republicans have triumphed beyond their most sanguine hopes, and yot now there are signs of discords and divisions in their camp on this very amendment Here, then, is the oppor tnnify for the democracy, by a dexterous flank movement, to seise (his republican thunder and turn it against "Old Tbad" and his radical fol lowers. The plan of action required is- very simple. The cbieft of the Manhattan Club, who, as we understand, have been for sogne days revolving this problem over their oysters and champagne, have only to provide for the calling of a na tional convention and to bring such conven tion, whon assembled, io tho adopt ion of the pending constitutional nmondmcnt us the future platform of the reconstructed democ racy. The wreck of the Chicago plat form can never be raised ; but the man who protested against fighting upon it as the domocrattc candidate for Ihe Presi dency is the man to lead them lor the amendment. We are satisfied that a demo cratic convention on this platform and In the name of General McClellan would result In reviving the party into active and vigorous life again; that the movemont in bringing all tho excluded Southern States back into the govern ment and into a "happy accord" with this new Northern organisation would speedily give it a balance of power In Congress and perhaps in Ihe next Presidency, looking at these afore said elements of discord and dissension now visible in the republican camp. On the other hand it is apparent that unless the Northern democracy take this new depart urc the msnaging politicians of the exclude 1 States will remain intractable, obstinate nod defiant against tho nmondmcnt, and that Con gress, in consequence of this Southern obsti nacy, will, as a last resort, set these States back to the condition of Territories and go through, not only the President! <1 election of 1868, but probably that of 1872, without them. To regain something of their old prestige In the North and recover the balance of power with the restoration of tho South, the true course for what remains of the late great democratic purtv is to call a national convention and endorse the constitutional urn 'tidmenl. Bold measure* alone can revive the party?such measures as will bring it from Ihe nor into the front rank with the new order of things. And so we call upon the Manhattan Club to provide at once tor a National Democratic Convention and the new departure suggested. A hOTHl CEMKTtAt. Rorrm? by fits Fk NIAN8.?General Fir Thomns Lnrcom, Under Secretary of Ireland, abandoned Ida offld il residence in Ibe Pheniit Park, witbit a few mile* ot Dublin, and fixed bis headquarters in tbe castle, which la within the city, and Wna being rapidly fortified against the Felians on tho 28th of November. The English govern ment at Ibe same time offered a rewwfl of five thousand pounds sterling to any pcrsop. "man or woman, young or old,'" who would deliver Jamea .Stephens, "dead or alive," in to the eus tody of its officers. This looks aa if General Sir Thorn is Larcotn is vastly afraid of the Fe nians and has retreated from his anifc rooms in tbe Park to within the works of tbe tastla. General harcom never had any Mentation

as a military man. He at one time redacted a topographical survey of Ireland. When en gaged in that duty he organised, older the classification of " Civil Assistants," a hand of the most abject flnnkey toadies that ev^r served the British crown against their own fcooatry Soon after its experience of lbs first "iian alarm in tbe summer of 180ft, regular* ^ 'Ive commissioned Sia Thomas the Irish oxhew General of the ls*nd, and as Provoot Marshal v - directed the move since that period be ha* a of att the Brit ments and received the reporw at 1 in tho ish spies employed both at bode United States. From theee sources < K -et Lsrcom Is ensbled to form a pretty 'ofb. estimate of tbe gravity of tbe impend it \ crisis In Irelnnd, and his hasty race to tb< strong-works indicates very clearly thinks it one of serious moment. I looks as if Stephens had already " hotted up " General Sir Thomas Laroom. Tub IiATMt.r Iwsoaoeirr Status asm i ra Ftm twta Cw?s*?.-A w IMP fpsted t| castle tut be it of Representative* excluding km the next or Fortieth Congress ell Representatives that may offer themselves from the States not recognized by the present Congress. The objeot of this bill, we presume, is simply a law for the Clerk of (he House in making up his roll of the mem bers of the next Congress. The Pope and the Pur. The Atlantic cable has announced a signi ficant historical event in the fact that an' im perial ukase has been iBsued by the Czar, de claring ali the relations of Russia with the Pope abrogated, and annulling all the special laws which have heretofore been made in accordance with those relations. This may meaq, we preaumo, that Russia, as one of the greatest continental Powers, leads off in ceasing to recognize the temporal authority of the Pope. So fer as Alexander is concerned, it formally excludes Pio Nono from the circle) of sovereign Princes in Europe. His example cannot fail to have great weight. The Em peror Joseph, of Austria, fh the only monarch of considerable power whose recognition of the Pope as a temporal prince has la tely been regarded as unqualified and sincere. But Austria, humiliated by its recent, reverses, can not interpose effectually in behalf of the tem poral sovereignty, and is even reported to have abandoned it. The French Emperor, although lie has succeeded to the title of "Eldest son of the Church," is not too much inclined to interpose, notwithstanding the influence of the Jesuit, advisors of the Empress Eugenie. "For," as a Catholic writer remarks, "lie lias been the determined but politic enemy of that sovereignty ever since. With his elder brother he engaged in a conspiracy, in 1831, to destroy the Papal government; and Russia, Great Britain un^| Prupaia, all anti-C itholio States, will abandon the Papal throne to the logic of events." This telegram from St. Petersburg at least implies that in the weakened temporAl condi tion of the head of the Western Church the autocrat of all the Russias, who is likewise the head of the Eastern Church, sees and seizes an opportunity of abrogating the conventions with Rome extorted from Nicholas, his late father, by Gregory XVI., and the concurrent force of royal and public opinion in Europe, soon after attempts had been made to "stamp out" Polish nationality by violent interference with the united Greek and Roman Catholic Churches in Poland. A letter from our correspondent at St. Petersburg, published yesterday, states that the Russsian Emperor has followed up his great emancipation ukase by a ukase abolish ing the feudsl ties which hjve hitherto bound the qerf to the land and the landlord in the kingdom of Poland. This is a new step in the progressive policy which the far-sighted and raicbty ruler of Russia has adopted. Sueli a policy must tend to strengthen the empire by elevating and enrich ing the people of Poland, attaching them to him and bis dynasty, and uniting more closely the destinies of Poles and Russians. \> the same tini" It iudicates that he has not lost sight ot the aggressive policy bequeathed to him by bis predecessors. One of the strong motives which Impel him tftus to develop the resources of the nation is his wish to wield its increased wealth and power in furtherance of his ambitions projects In the East. He may suspect that the Jesuits have lately shown but little gratitude to Russia for the protection accorded to them in that country alone when Pope Clement had suppressed their order everywhere etse in Europe. They may have ?been secretly Influential in favoring the French imperial policy in opposition to bis own. not only within the limited jurisdiction of the metropolitans of Warsaw and Motalleff, but also within the patriarchates of Constantinople, Antioeh, Jerusalem and Alexandria. There, as well as wherever else Greek Christians are to b- found, the spiritual supremacy of the Czar as the head of the Greek Church has been tacitly acknowledged. It Is not impossible lliat at no very distant day the old quarrel be tween the Greek and the Latin Chnrches aa to the custody of the holy places In Palestine may be revived. The Greeo Kiissian Church already numbers about fifty millions, without counting the millions of Eastern Christians who would readily unite with all the scattered laniillcs of the Slavonic race under one common bead, revering the bulbous cupola which 13 a distinctive ornament of Russian churches, and adoring the C*ar, according to the commandments in the cate chism or Peter the Great, as not only Emperor and King, but High l'riest. Pope and Vicegerent ot the Lord God on earth. Such he is acknow ledged to he by the fir<t article of the Russian's politico-religious creed. The Einperor of Russia In linking his fab- with that of "the resurgent, ignorant and colossal democracy over which he rules, rises and spreads with them, strength etift them and is strengthened by themif Ry his schemes for ameliorating their condition, ond by his determination to cut off all relations with ihe Pope, he is perhaps preparing for a struggle for supremacy In the East. And this mnv result In a war stimulated by religions passions as well as by political and commercial motive*. Thk I,ATmrr Tknhmic*t Hock* Dmairm.? The last allocking disaster, the result ol our t -nement house system, was the death by suffo cation of three families, In Division street, on Monday night. The Are by which these nine individuals met a terrible death was a com paratively Indgnlflcapt one?a fhet which brings more forcibly to view the constant dan ger to human life from ?be want of necessary means of escape In tenement buildings. The victims in this case were not reached by the fire which occurred in the lower part of the house, but, being left without any available mode of egress, were literally smoked to death in Ibeir apartments. It is useless to bewail calamities ot this kind unless some measures are adopted to avert them. Public sympathy with the sufferers is of no avail It the public do not instsi up ? legislation Tor the protec tion of that cU< w; . arc compelled hy their straitened circums'.ancss to domicile in crowded tenements. We al-mlntely need a building law of the most stringent character to reatmin landlords from constructing buildings of this ' without providing every facility tor a CM. of Are. Tha Legislature, which -scape w. ~ weeks, should give their earliest neetrt In a tov enactment of auch a law, to . ...owe.. she effect Immediate., sre b#bl* er<*t?d In he most unsafe chnrneter - ill quarters of the city. #? v !? ms swnth. nod (tortfe ?? V ^L|U. T-t The Ohm TmMIm*. Yesterday will be memorable in our aquatic anntk From our harbor went forth on a trial of speed across the Atlantio three pleasure yachts of a tonnage so small and of a con struction apparently so light that they seemed fitted only for fair weather contests. They confront in this experiment all the perils that try the strength of the largest and strongest built vossela. The boldness of it has struck most people with wonder, not unmixed with auxiety. It is asked, what occasion is there for this tempting of Providence? The owners of these vessels have no m?re motive of gain to tempt them, no scientific object to promote. This is all tme; but there is something beyond even these influences to operate as induce ments. The spirit of national rivalry, for in stance, is not only legitimate in itself, but often leads to important results. The English have long enjoyed pre eminence as yachtmen?a pre-eminence justly earned by their intense love and ardency for the sport. It is natural that our young men should desire to prove to tbom and to the world at large that whatever can be accomplished on the ocean by skill and daring Americans are not to be excelled In. We can judge of the effect that will be pro duced abroad by this race by that which It has already created here. There was not a person who witnessed the start yesterday?there is not one who reads the account, of it to-day who docs not feel as if he hud himself a stake in the result. The safe accomplishment of the trip by these three small vessels, no matter which of them wins, w'll be a fresh triumph for American enterprise. On the impetus which the event will give to yachting, not only here, but on the other side, it is unnecessary to dwell. We have no doubt that the example set by our brave young yachtmen will be speedily followed and that we shall have as regular periodica^ visits from the foreign yacht squadrons as any of the Eng lish ports. The good feeling and friendly rela tions thus engendered cannot hut be produc tive of the happiest results. To those who have viewed with apprehen sion the venture that has given occasion to these remarks we would say that the risk is formidable only because of its novelty, and that with good seamanship there is no reason why these small craft should not prove as safe as regular ocean going vessels. As everything that experience could suggest has been done for them in the way of preparation, we may anticipate for them, with a continuance of the favorable weather with which they started, a safe and speedy arrival at their destination. The Juggling of Oor City King*-A Disgrace - - fol Spectacle. We invite the attention of the Senators and members of Assembly from the rural districts to the disgraceful spectacle presented by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen of this city in their efforts to seenre the patronage of the municipal government for their several "rings." It is well known that charges of fraud and corruption of a serions nature have been made against Street Commissioner Cornell and bis deputy, Wil liam M.Tweed, and that to avoid an inves tigation, ordered by Governor Fenton, Cornell sometime since resigned his office. His resig nation left Tweed in charge of the department until a successor should be nominated by the Mayor and confirmed by the Board of Alder men. Ever since Cornell by this trick evaded trial and set the authority of the Governor at defiance, Mayor Hoffinan has been playing the farce of sending in to tho Board of Aldermen the name of Tom, Dick and Harry for the offloe of Street Commissioner, and the Board of Alder men have been referring Tom, Dick and Harry to a committee, hanging them up for a few days and then rejeoting them one aftor another. Several rumors have boon set afloat in refer ence to the causes of this juggling. Some say that the Mayor wants all the patronage of the Street Department himself, and refuses to divide with the Aldermen. Others say that the Al dermen want a pledge from the new Commis sioner that they shall control the department, and that they refuse to divide with the Mayor. The only fact that ia certainly known to the people is that while all this juggling and thimble-rigging is going on the Street Com missioner's Department remains precisely under its old management, except that instead of being as formerly, Cornell, with Tweed behind him, it is now Tweed, with Cornell at his back. If corruption existed formerly in the office, it remains there full blown nt the present time. Tf frauds were pcrpelrnted there under the Cornell-Tweed management, they are perpet uated under the Tweed-Cornell management. Not an employ* has been changed, ont a job suspended, not an expense curtailed, not a singlo alteration made in the running of the concern. The curious feature of ihe affair is that while an apparent fiirht has .been going on between tho Mayor and the Aldermen, they are ail smiling and happy and won to be verv well satisfied with the general result. As a new phase of the business, the Mayor overrides the last Legislature, extending the term of office of the Croton Water Commis sioners, and nominates a board of his own. The Aldermen bold these nominees in their committee, nnd i? is now rumored that they seek to lump the two departments together and make a bargain with the Mayor thnt shall em brace the patronage and jobs of both. Coder this arrangement the Croton Aquednet Depart ment, which has hitherto been held aloof from the corruptions and tradings of tho "rings," in to be handed over to the men who have made the Street Department, the Finance Depart ment and the old City Inspector's Department notorious as sinks of jobbery ai^ corruption. This is the sort of juggling and bnckstering onr representatives at Albany may discover if they wlli throw their eyes in the direction of New York. It is about time that they shonld tak some steps for the protection of the citizens. Th* PaFKTT OF PaMKNOKM ON FtXAOOATH.? The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a cir cular to inspeotorn of steamboats, Instnirtthg them to carry into effect at once the provisions of the law providing for the safety of passen gers. With the evidence before as of the lute disaster to the Wtlltamshnrg ferryboat Idaho, the investigation of whictf is now progressing, Mr. McCulloeb's assurance that all negleot of this law will be punished by tbe hillest penal ilea cornea in good time. There is not s single steamboat on tbe New York ferries, over which hundreds of thousands of passengers are con veyed every week, that has the applianoea on board to ?ve one eon I ont of the raet mmm In esse of aeeldent of punlo. We hope Ihe In ?retniTi** ws ov nam e*; * carrying oak (bo law. Bvery boat on tfio Brooklyn nod Jersey ferries ^hoald be ovci> hauled, and the absence of proper lifeboats, dw engaging apparatus and lift preserve? suffi cient for tho passengers carried should in every instance be punished to the extent of the law's provision, which is u flno of five hundred dol lars for each aud every case of negligence in this respect. * The Mexirna Kettle of Kleh?Penny Ouiuun and Cenipllrntione. Mr. Seward has at last got the Mexican ques tion into a beautiful kettle of flab. Instead of two Dromios iu the play, their name is legion, and "the cry is, still they come." Our Florida trouble with Billy Bowlegs, and our Nicaragua negotiations concerning the British Mosquito King and Billy Walker, "the gray-eyed man," were mere bagatelles compared with this Mexi can kettle of fish. The nearest approach to it that we can find is in our own plnndering Cor poration "rings," where we have wheels within wheels, and all sorts of plotters and their jobs inexplioably mixed up. Cable despatches don't begin to reach the difficulty. A cable to the heart of the Chinese rebellion might! bat nothing shorter will do in the way of cables. Only look at some of the latest tacts in this Mexican mixture. It was hut the other day that with the approach of General Castelneau direct from Napoleon, Maximilian stole oil from the city of Mexico, intending to take the Austrian frigate Dandolo, waiting for him at Vera Cruz, and to sail home. He was Inter cepted by the French and sent back. We next hear of him at Orizaba. Next, that Napoleon has instructed him to abdicate; then that he has prepared his abdication and made arrange ments for a French triumvirate to t&ke his pli^e; then the French authorities at Vera Cruz, in the name of the Einperor Mux and his empire, proclaim their joy that he has made up his mind to stand his ground and die like Jeff DavlB, "In the last ditch;" and this is our latest news of poor Max. We shall probably next bear that he has issued a draft for a hun dred thousand soldiers, to be paid out of the proceeds of one of the Hon. Ben Wood's lot teries, the French lottery game being played out. ^ Meantime it appears that a United States Tea sel of war, the good ship Susquehanna, having on board Minister Campbelland General Sher man, touched at Vera Cruz, with the expecta tion of hearing that poor Max, the French, Anstrians and Belgians, bag and baggage, with a good lot of movable plunder, had cleared odt But we may imagine the diaguBt of Campbell |iuj Sfcorgjnn on hearing that the French were still in foil blast, that poor Mat had resolved to fight to the death, and thgt Vera Cruz was in a blaze of imperial glory. Of course, as this was not the road to Frejjont Juarez,Minister Campbell and General Sherman, turning In silent contempt from the French hos pitalities offered Uiem in the city of the True Cross, taeked about and sailed up the Gulf coast for Tarupico, or the mouth of the Rio Grande, as a starting point from which to begin, like "Japhet in search of a father," their explorations in search of Juarez and bis Mex ican republic. At the same time, It appears, the late terrible kettle ol fliih in Matamoros between Caravajal, Cortina, Canales, Eseobedo and General Sedg wick, having beeu partially adjusted by the retirement or Canales with his plunder and the dismissal of General Sedgwick, we 8nd that General Sheridan has turned Ortega looae ? again?that dangerous claimant of the Mexi can republic against J as res. But the went ol tt Is that Miraroon, a French-Mexican, with hie pocket full of money, has got baok into Mexloo lVom France, while that old and cunning revo-* Intionist, Santa Anna, has mysterloiAly disap peared from New York, and Juare^afoll-blood ed .Indian, cant be found. How are we to set tle this bnsineen T W^t sen Mr. Seward do with ft, with all bis cable despatches T Mo wonder General Grant declined to go on tbo wild goose chase undortakeu by Sherman, with a Western lawyer instead of a Western army at bis back. And then there are those French claims, and poor Max's contingent expenses, and certain railroad, telegraph, land and express eom -paniea' speculation!), each job hairing a faction at its back, each Ihctiou a Mexican general or two; and then there are numerous Independent guerilla factions and, while most of them are opposed to Juarez, none of them cure a snap whether he la superseded by Ortega, Gscobedo, Canales, Mirnmon, Santa Anna or Dr. Gwtn. Lastly, the lighting Mexicans still entertain the Chinese ides that the Yankees are "outride barbarians," ?nd that If lh<*y once get in they will gobble up their movables faster than the Fr ncb, and settle down to stay. JLh it not absurd to suppose that Mr. Seward, even by writing day and night, can write his way ont of this imbroglio T Congress ought to take the mutter in hand and declare, first, that Mexico is a tepublic, and that Juarez, If still alive, is President thereof; second, that Maximilian and the French must vacate the premises and leave no agenta in occupation behind them; third, that General Sherman or Sheridan, with an esoort of twealy-Ave thousand men for Minister Campbell, shall move as soon as practicable from Mabimoron for the city of Mexico, to make there a new treaty of friendship and rnmmeroe with the Mexican republic. Why not, as to this com plexion this Mexican entanglement mnet come at last T Mr. Br Aurora's Knaoumoir-? A F*m Puton*.? On motion of Mr. Spalding, of Ohio, republi can. the federal House of Representatives has adopted a resolution instructing the Committee on Reconstruction to inquire into the expedi ency of declaring it to be the purpose of Con gress to admit .Senators and Representatives from ths excluded States respectively upon the basis of their adoption of the pending consti tutional amendment It Is to be hoped that some snob resolution will be .passed. In order to spike the gnns ef those Implscable Southern rebel politicians who are now making eff.wilve nao of the plea that If the unreorganleei States adopt the amendment H will avail them noth ing, bnt that they will only be subjected thereby to other and hagsber conditions. Let Congress definitively make the amendment the basis of restoration, with the alternative in the background of e territorial reconstruction, and we guees that the saving virtnes of the amend ment will soon be accepted even by the Legis lators of Texas, which lately rejeoted this overture as an Insult to ths dignity and sove reignty ef fibs Btate. TH Denwrnv Pumas sun ran tnttpira .nPr*iNP * ??? mm fttffca