Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1866, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1866 Page 4
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? NEJV YORK HERALD. AJ?B> GORDON Hl.VNETT. EDITOR A.NU PROPRIETOR OTP.CI N.\|V. CORNKB UP PUI.TON AND MASSAC ST3. THE DAI*' ihyRAl-ft P*Wfiled 'XfH thy in theyear. Joencanto copy. Auuual subscription price, St*. THE WEE i^V HEUAI.rf, every Saturday, at Five cents per copy a Annual subscription price (IneCopv $'A Three (opiei a Vive Copies 1,.. 8 Ten Copies 15 Any larger nmhy addressed to names <>f subscriber! 91 50 eacb. An extra copy will be sent to every club ?t ten. Twenty copies to one address, one year, I'M, and any larger nutu^r u ume prjl.e. ad extra copy will be sent to duba twenty. The* rate* make the Wasatr Herald the cheapen nubb -ation in the country. Postage Ave cents per oopy fo? three months. TERMS cash In advance. Money ?<nt by mail will be at the risk of the sender. None but bank bills current in few York taken. The Caijfornu. Enrrmv. on tbe 1st, 11th and 9Ui of each month, at Six cent* per copy, or 93 per annus. The E uxor it ax Enrnoa, every Wednesday, at Six rente per copy, $4 per annum to any part of Great Britain, or 96 to any part of the Continent, both to include pietage. Aovrrtlskiiksts, to a limited number, will be inserted tetbs WsKKir Hkrai.d, the European and Califoraia Editions. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing im portent news, solicited from any quarter ?r the world; if ?sed, will be liberally paid for. g?- Or* Fokrhin Cor. BaSIMSDR-VTM ARK PARTICULARLY KEqUSeTtD TO KRAI. ALL ^ irrraas and package* rest vs. NO NOTICE taken of anonymous correspondence. We do not return rejected communications. JOB PRINTING of every description, alto Stereotypy tpj and Enyravinj, neatly and promptly executed at the tweet ratei Volume XXXI No. SSI AMUSEMENT4 THIS EVENING. BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadwiv, near Broome street .?Tit* Uapimkst Oat or Mr Lin-Tui. Paorn:'.? JiAVTII NEW YORK THEATRE, Broadway, oppoilte New Yurk Motel. ? Ck.abKiLLON. GERMAN Til A I.I A THEATRE, No. Ml Broadway.. I).a's Tocutrk GERMAN 8TADT THEATRE. Noh. 1? and 17 Bownrv.. Law Art-(akaml'K or OrriLia Ubnbk in Four Dtrrkaaxr c HAUALIKIIS. DODWORTH'S HALI,. HOBBroadivtv.?Pkockssoii IlAKrs Win. Pkkvokb his Mikaclvs. ?This Hkao in the Aiu. RTKINWAY HALL. Fourteenth street.?tlfcoasa W. Mor gan's Annual Concert. RAN PR VNOISOO MINSTRELS r,S5 Rroadwiv, oonnafle the Metropollian Hotel?Ix tiikih Ethiopian En i krtiik. ??ntn. Bincinu, Dancing and Bl-rllsuues?Ck.vurii.lon bt ran Four sknsrs. PfFTII AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, Not. 2 and 4 West Twenty-fourth at net?B owo itii s MiNtwtKi.,.?Ethiopian HiNavnaur. Ballads. Burlemicks. Ac. ?i heat ExrwtA viosn. KRLLT A LEON'S MINSTRELS, nil Broadwav. oppo Bile taeMcw York Hotel ?In rnniit Son.i<, Uaniiks Eccea TKiuvma, Buiilraqure, Ac.? Bcuuirr with a Y?Hotai. w'Araaeua. TO NT PAHTOR'8 OPERA HOUSE. 8N Bowrv. ?fleam Vooai.inn?Nvqro Minstrklst, JDivaaiuiaiiaNr, Ac.?Abbriuans in Tchkit. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Meitianlm' Hall. 172 Broadway?In a VAiuarv or I.iCHr and I.auciiauli Kxtkiitaixmk.nts, Corps da Ballvi. Ac. Th? Wuith IIots or Ihiland. MBS. P B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn ? Taa Willow Com. HOOLRY'SOPERAHOUSK. Brooklyn ?Ethiopian Min caaiav Ballads, Bublksodks and Pantomime" REAVER'S OPERA HOUSE, Williamsburg.?Ethiopia* Minstealst, Ballads. Comic P.xtumime", Ac. PRP.BBYTP.R1AN CHURCH, corner of Oraud end Croaby strsota.?(iaBAf Masonic Fair in Aid or this Hall axd Fund. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. (18 Broadway.? Isaornun wire the Oit-Htiuiouin if iraoscora Iwlre dally hkaw and Risur Aaa or PaoasT. Opea from i A. 1. till M P. M. New York. Monday. December 17. 1N06. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. The pub! in are hereby nutlfled that the eilver badge* heretofore need by the regular reporter! of the New Y.ata Urraih have been recalled, and will no longer be uAed aa a means of identifying the alter bAa of lhl? odlce IBB 1TIWS. EUROPE. ft? *(>eoial telexrami through the AlUntte cubto *? hare mporUnl intelligence from Italy and Russia, dated <m the 15th instant, in the evening. K ng Victor Kmanuel opened the session of the Ital ian Carliauient in Florence In his cpeob from the throne he *atd Italy would respect the territory of the J'uatiflca) dutea, that ho wished the Pope should re main independent In Rome, and that the moderation o." the people and wisdom of the Holy Father would "ro moee alt differences." f.gnor Torelll, thr special envoy from Italy In Rome, ha* had an audience of the Pope, which is regarded a* ? suapldoaa." The Imperial Rm?s an Commission, of which the Ciar I* iVaei lent, Is charged to carry into effect th? royal pied of reform in Poland. J sin or Htephena Is said to have been arrested in Nor folk, in ttie east of England. The identity of the pariy in ? u-tody la yet dubious M Desk's address in reply to the Emperor of Ao'tr a lias bean adopted by the Hungarian Diet. Our ai>eeial correspondenca from Florence. Tonics and Prague, dsled on the 28th of November, mntalns de ls led report* of the notional progress and consolulntlon going ou la fret Italy, as well as of the political rtislit teg.~at.on and fitter qnarreis of race which arc ob-ervable and are being fostered In Itotu mi t aince the termination of the rierman war. The extracts from our foreign Ilea, aU > publBkad to-day, ars of an interacting character. MISCELLANEOUS ? Hretty of Mexico letter. > la ted November 2V. saya that Matimlllaa ta an unstable as water, and It still un settled w hether he wilt abdicate or resume hi* empire. Th* coiior11 meetings at Oritala did not result very aaliitfectortty. The idea of American Intervention >* un popular smong all partiea, and Juarei himself had lost most of his adherents because of a re|?rt that lie lied granted a portion of Lower California to the I'mted Wales. Our Ia Pas letter oonlain* the parte ultra of nar of lh<? inn imerable revolutions that occoi every now and th?n in the iffSU of lower tlallfornia. The French column retreating from Masallan was cempleteir i u1 on from the capital by the combined force* ot Imsada and Corona, and bad embarked for France Our Fortress Monroe correspondent says thai Jeff Itavis is highly gratified at th# arrest of John H far ms He ssee his war to s full proof of his innotMMM. It is asserted, through furratt's testimony, and. even If the captured fugitive shoald make the cbssges against Dans it Is rumored he will, the letter etpresses himssif fully able to di prove them. Caiesi some utiea pected tera of events occurs, growing po*s<biy out of toe .?surratt trial, Darin doe# not expect that bis cant will Come op before next spring. A despatch from fan Franctwe say*-?A letter has been received rnnflrmtng the account of the maasncre. by th# Apaclms and Maiave Indian*, of tieorge H l.eiliya. Superintendent of Affair-, and his clerk, A H Krernit, while on their way from Present! to lap.* Advices from the fandwkh 1 ?lands of November"* state that Henry B. Rouse repre-cnt* Amcm an interest* there during the absence of M meter McCooW. The first enow of the s?a on feti i? the city yesterday and was succeeded by a hoary fall of rain. At BalM mors, Poufhkeepetn, Albanr, New Haven, Plttiberg, c.nclnnat1, and other plan a, th* ?aow fell in conaidsr atde quantities, and at Buffalo it attained a depth oi three feet. thtr Washington correspondent has the beat authority fa saying that the numerous rep >rt* re< * red regaiding Indian outrage* on Uie frontier* arc mainly sensational. m4 ftt feerNoted ? |fen jgterssi at p?i?vb- temt Boat* aeea iu that the ?Nrtr. ?"?* ?*? hope of fnHaaiog the faroea mow tbere Oohmel Stover, who bas recently returned to Wash, inftow feom Belt boko OHf, report* tbet see/ outrages ere beia* perpetraied am ih? ?e?Uies by ity> Mermogs. Brigham Young bad aeern vengaaab# on them, end his followers were seeioes In their persecutions. The Ueparinrnta at Washington here received no offl ela! Information of the intention of Gen oral Sherman and Minister Campbell to return to New Orleans, nor of their having done so, as reported heretofore. The Canadian government Intend stationing a force on the border near St. Albans, In consequence of the mili tary preparations of Colonel Roberts' Fenians. The troops at Sweetsburg have boon reinforced. The iron-plated frigate Now Ironsides, lying at League Island, took (Ire yesterday morning, and soon became a total loss. The Ore la suppoaed to be the work of an incendiary. The steamer Pine Bluff waa burned to the water's' edge opposite Cincinnati, Ohio, yesterday morning. It is supposed that some of her crew tired her, as they had attached her for wages due, amounting to $S 90, and the obligation was not paid. The brig Arabian, which arrived at this port yesterday, reports having Been the yacht Henrietta on Thursday, nearly due east from Nantucket A packing warehouse and two dwelling booses in Birmingham, opposite Pittsburg, wore destroyed by fire on Saturday night. Rev. Henry Ward Boecher discoursed at Plymouth church yesterday on the experience of the apostles, and in the evening on the career of the Apostle Paul. The Rev. Charles B. Smyth continued bis aeries of lectures on the "Naked Truth" at the Everett Booms, The Church of the Holy Innocents, on Thirty-seventh street, near Broadway, was dedicated yesterday, the services being conducted by the Most Rev. Archbishop McCloskey. Rev. J. R. Bayley, of Newark, dedicated the Church of St. Peter, founded by the late Father Kelly, In Jersey City. Forty days' indulgence was granted by the Right Reverend Bishop to all persona assisting st the ceremonies. A discourse on gambling waa delivered last evening in the Reformed Dutch church. Thirty fourth street, between Eighth and Ninth avenues, by Rev. Dr. Stryker. An investigation was held yesterday on the body of 1.-1 ward F. Bacon, who died from the effects of a Wow on the head with * gltie pot The jury rendered a ver dict that the blow was given in self defence, and If tba deceased had received proper medical treatment at Bcllovuo H'i.-p,tal he would probably bnve recovered. Ilomer A. Nash, who was charged with the killing, was thereupon discharged. William Compton and John Blake, who were severely burned by the explosion of gasoline at the Compton House on Friday night, died from the effects of their in juries yesterday. This makea ten persons who have lost their lives during the past week by Ares, and there are nine victims yet lit ing who are badly injured from the same cause, and some of them in a condition that leaves but little hope of their recovery. Mr. Fairbrother, who was shot by a servant girl whom he bad discharged from his hotel, at Tenre Haute, I111L, a few days since, died on Friday. The Hubbllncn of the Mexican Cauldron - littncrr of ao Kxploaion. " Clear!" exclaimed the pungent John Ran dolph in the discussion of a perplexing sub ject before Congress, "clear?it is as clear, Mr. Speaker, as the light of that window, which is not very clear." So it is with all the lights before us on this Mexican imbroglio. Our current telegrams from varions points and the latest letters from our special correspondents in the eities of Mexico, Vera Cruz, Chihuahua Hud other places are full of interesting details of imperialistic plans and movements and of the intrigues of the various fighting and squab bling chiefs, cliques and factions concerned, from Matamoros down to Tncatan; bnt In regard to a pacific solution at Washington of all these complications, the case now looks darker, more embarrassing and menacing than at any time since the advent of Maximilian as the Austrian champion of Napoleon and the Latin race. It now appears that through some loophole in the mails the instructions to Miniater Camp bell and General Sherman reached Maximilian before the ship bearing our extraordinary embassy touched at Vera Cruz, and that this will account for the prommciamitntc issued from that city on the arrival of the Susque hanna off that port, declaring the fixed pur I pose of poor Max to fight for his Mexican crown to the death. Henoe the return of Campbell and Sherman to New Orleans for new observations and a new departure. It next appears that through the counsels of Mar shal Hazaine and of the Mexican tories. Marque/ and Miramon, fresh from France, the political chief* ol the Church have effected a sort of agreement with Maximilian, whereby he is to undertake the maintenance of hia government after the withdrawal of the French troops, under a pledge of financial aid from the Church to the extent of tiro, ten or twenty million dollars ? year, as the case may be. His reported pro gramme, too. is plausible and may be feasible, t he bulk pf tbe movable treasures of the Church are in and near tbe City of Mexico, for safe keeping. French, Belgian and Austrian merchants, bondholders and speculators, iden tified with the cause of Maximilian, are also concentrated in the capital for the same reason. Miramon, who doubtless, as Napoleon's chosen m;tn, expects to succeed Maximilian in the gov ernment there, knows from experience how to use all these materials. His plan is to eoneen trate bis military forces and means within a narrow circle around the city of Mexico and along the main road thence to Vera Crui, thus holding tiiose two cities and the communications between them, and leaving, for the present, all the country northward to the wrangling repub lican chiefr and factions, to keep them employed against each other. 1 his is a shrewd game; for we dare say that from the heavy local financial interest* and the powerful classes concerned with the Church in | npholding the interests of Napoleon this able i Mexican soldier. Miramon. can raise a sufficient j body of troops to hold the cities and the line suggested independently of the regular French forces. What then! The whole or Mexico north ot ibis line thus abandoned to the repub lican. will become a field ot active contentions among their cla>bing chiefs and Tactions. We recognize only tbe republic of Juarez; but bow long wilt Juarez be able to stand without ?'?r military support at Chihuahua or Mon t'-rey. or even at Matamorcw? Santa Anna is or unmixed Spanish descent, lie belongs to the >pam?h or ruling white class ol Mexico an^against Jnarea. an Indian, and the Indian and mixed breed., the sympathies, antecedent, ?nd interests of Santa Anna are wUb tbe ruling daw. which include, the Church party. From Kscobedo. Corona. Canales or so?* ether of the northern republican chiefs, thea-fore. we may expect bofbre very long a in lavor of Ortega or Santa Anna, and we uiuy thus in good time find two rival republics act up in Northern Mexico, and pcrbap. th*e or four. Juarez ia becoming unpopular among die indigenous Mexicans because of hi. propnei lion to sell to tbe United States a portion af the "sacred soil of tho Republic"?an axp.% dient tor raising the wind which clipped the wings of Santa Anna in hia day ol pow.r. I nlewt undated from tbe United States, tlx-re. ivir. fv tat t^g *biu to fjUtujfc Hutma ?1<mg hia defensive line, Juarez will And It J difficult task to restore anything like law and order in a single one of the eight or ten States abandoned Ijy (he Imperialist*. On the con trary, as this republican chief, that chief and the other, with a tew thousand soldiers to back him, may think himself as good as Juarez, it is possible that nnloss Messrs. Campbell and Sherman proceed at onoe to hunt him up they will never find him. Let us suppose, however, that with the con centration of the imperialists along the liue indicated the country to the northward falls quietly into the recognition of Juares, he will still be destitute of' the means and troops re quired to regain the city of Mexico against Miramou. We shall then have two Mexican republics, and as that of Miramon will hold the established capital of the whole country, it may be not only de facto, but de jure, recog nized by Congress as the legitimate republic, against the outside establishment of Jnarez, recognized by President Johnson. In any event it is apparent that Napoleon, through his agents and emissaries, by dexterously using the Church party, the property holders and the rival republican chieb and factions against each other, will be very apt to remain master of the situation iu Mexico until Congress shall adopt the solution suggested a year or two ago by General Grant?the practical and simple solution of the bayonet This is the legacy which Napoleon evidently intends to leave us, unless we accept tbe alternative of binding over Juarez und the Mexican republic, one and indivisible, to pay off his claims. Such being the ease, we think tbe time has come for Con gress to take a hand in the game. Timely in tervention may prevent a disastrous explosion of the bubbling ingredients of the Mexican cauldron. Thfi Dissolution of Our Union Armies -A Mpec Inclo and a Warning for the World. "On November 1 (186G) 1,023,021 troop* had been transferred, mustered out and paid, leaving in service 11,043 volunteers, colored and white." "Past experience shows that should any national emergency require a larger force than is provided by the peaco establish ment, armies could be swiftly organized to at least the full strength of a million of men." These two sentences are extracts from the report of the Secretary of War. They are plain statements of facts; yet they are pregnant with meaning and cover a history such as has never before been written of any nation of the earth. A civil war is the most demoralizing in which a country can be involved. It is embit tered by sectional prejudice and personal vin dictiveness. It is a war of father against son, of brother against brother. The feelings it leaves behind bear no analogy to those en gendered by a war against a foreign enemy. The one rndely tears asunder all the nearest tr ial ions of life and bequeathes a legacy of hatred and revenge; the other serves to bind a people more firmly together in the bonds of national pride and of common sympathy. After ' five years of such a trying and demoralizing ! war as that through which this country haa passed we now present to the world the grand and wonderful spectacle of an army of over a million of men, qnietly dissolved and returned back to the peaceful occupations of life, withont trouble, without excitement and without dis I urbing by a ripple the steady flow of commercial and industrial interests. Thanks to the educa tion and the intelligence of the American peo ple, the license of camp life is forgotten as easily as the habiliments of the soldier are laid aside. The carnival of blood is no sooner ended than the ferocity and licentiousness it engenders are forgotten. The soldier lays down the musket and the bayonet to take up the plough, the hammer or the pen. There is no marked increase of crime; no organized bands of cutthroats and robbers prowl about the country. There is nothing, in fact, to show that a vast army .has been released from the camp and the field and let looae upon society, except a simple paragraph in an oGHcial report Informing us that over one million of soldiers have been mustered out of service and trans ported to their homos. From the same source we are reminded that in case of a national emergency this million ot men would swiftly leave the peaceful pursuits of life to which they have so quietly returned, and would spring forth again an army of disciplined and determined soldiers ready for \he field. What a spectacle does this present and what a warn ing does U convey to the decaying monarchies of the Old World, who, in their aenility, have been calculating upon the failure and antici pating the destruction of our young and vigor ous republic 1 Tiib Confbshiokh of SrnRATT.?TV state ment which we published yesterday from onr Montreal correspondent fully bears out the view* which we recently expressed regarding the alleged complicity of Jeff Davis and his Cabinet with the assassination plot. We never entertained a doubt of the falseness of the charge. No man in Mr. Davis' position could possibly have lent a moment's attention to the consideration of such a plan, for the simple reason that it wonld have rained htm in the esteem and confidence of the very people whom it was intended to serve. The idea could only havo originated in the brain of a fanatic and been worked out by characterless and depraved instruments. The statement* made by Snrratt. in Montreal, before his de parture for Europe, are consistent with the conclusions of all unprejudiced minds and are more to be relied on than any that be may havt made ainee his arrest, seeing that the latter are, in all probability, influenced by the hope of pardon. His account of the original scheme was that It was intended to seise and carry off Mr. Lincoln to Richmond and bold him as a hostage there for the Southern prisoners. It was among the rebel conspira tors stopping at St. Lawrence Hall, in Mon treal, that the plan was changed to assusaiua tlon, Wilkes Booth offering to perform the deed. Neither the names of Jeff Davis nor Andrew Johnson were mentioned in connec tion with the plun. and Snrratt protested that neither of them knew anything of their inten tions. It seems absurd to couple Mr. Johnson's name with thla statement; but snch effort* have been made by his radical enemies to In volve him in a previous knowledge of the conspiracy that it is but right that this emphatic contradiction from one of the chief actors in the plot should have as wide a circu lation as possible. For our owu part we repeat that the Simplicity of Mr. D.tria was just a* probable as that of Mr. Johnson, which is as much as saying that it nha simply jfpposAlble, I Iml VmmMmm SalRnuiM ?? Tmm> i A Texas journal, p&btisbed at Crockett, re * porta twelve hundred emigrant wagona as hav ing lately paaaed through that place from Somth Carolina bound for different points in TextVi. This exodus might inspire some South ern bawd to write another "Tale of Acadle," not leas pathetic than Longfellow's "Evange line." 'fhese exiles, like the Acadians, have left behind them their dead and many a vil lage in ruim- The fiery breath of war has swept over their homes?

Waste are those pteaaaat fartrw sad the famors forever departed. Bat, like the Acadians also, they may find on their distant journey the "compass flower"?a guide to new and happy homes. The vast and fer tile State of Texas abounds in> undeveloped re sources. Its future wealth is incalculable. Emigration is precisely what it requires at present to hasten and assure its progress. If the self-exiled South Carolinians have not foolishly stowed away with their luggage and household gods their old political heresies and. prejudices,, which the war must have smashed into quite useless lumber, their twelve hundred wagons may bear them safely to points in Texas where they shall start afresh and hopefully towards a future as bright as their recent past has been gloomy. Even during the war its burdens and woes fell but lightly upon Texas. For a long time it seemed to be directly benefited. A tide of emigra tion early set in towards it from several of the Southwestern and Southern States. Large numbers of slaves were sent there for safety and much movable wealth was carried there by families from Louisiana, Arkansas, Mis souri, Tennessee, Kentucky, as well as other States, even from so for off as Virginia. In some portions of the State neither blue jacket nor gray jacket, neither greenback nor grayback, neither Stars and Stripes nor Stars and Bars were seen during the entire war. There and elsewhere, notwithstanding the hosts oT Texans who harried off to war, in dustry was scarcely interrupted, and in many respects it was stimulated to a degree which made gold and silver more plentiful than ever before. The blockade business was brisk and profitable, and a steady and in creasing flow of munitions of war and provisions of all sorts for the South ern armios was uninterrupted until Texas was pretty nearly cut off from the confederacy in 1862, when the upper flotilla of the Missis sippi joined the squadron of Farragut, who had movod up from New Orleans to Vicksburg. Texas was effectually cut off the next year, when Grant took Vicksburg and Banks Port Hudson. The emigration to Texas was then stopped which South Carolina is renewing now. Mostly confined, as it appears to be, to tbc whites, it bids fair ere long to leave behind it in South Carolina only a black population. Unless the radicals in Congress desire such a consummation, in order to try on a larger scale I than In ,tbe District of Columbia what seems to be tbeir pet project of a model negro republic, the rapid depopulation of South Carolina, which is indicated by the feet that twelve hundred emigrant wagons from the Palmetto State lately passed through a single little town in Texas, calls lor aerious consideration from tbc Con gressional Committee on Reconstruction. Gknkkai. Howard's Ci-awuficatiov?General Howard, chief of the Freedineu's Bureau, di vides the people of the lately insurgent States into four classes:?"First, those men who heartily engaged in the war, but who now give up fully the institution of slavery and its adjuncts and are anxious to exhibit their unqualified alle giance to the government." Second, a class of hypocritical pretenders who are making every effort to recover the political power and doctrines they hare lost. Third, "a class which has always been defiant and are now seeking by every effort to keep on foot a spirit of conten tion and disorder." Fourth, "a class that have ever been and still are unconditional Union men." According to General Howard the first elass is not very numerous, but its good exam ples in behalf of law, order, industry, peace and fraternity are producing a good effect. They are mostly poor whites. The fourth class is made up, with a very few exceptions, of poor whites and the whole black population. These are the loyal elements of the South. Between these two classes stand the second and third ulatses, embracing the old implacable fire-eat ing politicians of the South and their followers and all the still defiant and vicious fighting elements of the rebellion. The great mass of the Southern women of the white race, the land ed property, nearly all the political journals and the political control of the several States concerned are in the bands of these two In tractable classes, and, according to General Howard, the mildest way to roach them is through the constitutions! amendment. But there are also several classes of Northerners in the South, traders, adventurers, speculators, sol diers and poll .(clans; and these "politicians con tribute not a little to keep up and inflame tbc discords among the native classes. With all those diveise atid conflicting classes, rastes and factions at work against each other, the most terrible consequences may follow, if the ruling classes continue to stand out waiting for some thing better than the terms of restoration offered by Congress. We agree at least with General Howard in his opinion that the only way of safety and peace to those excluded States is in the constitutional amendment, aa they have seen in our Northern Sep ember, October and November elections. Tux Cou.tnnr ExruwioNs in frequency of explosions in the coal mines of England within the past lew days will set scientific minds at work to discover the cause of these fearful and death-dealing disasters, which, singularly enough, occurred almost sim ultaneously in different parts ot the country. The presence of carbonated hydrogen, or what is popularly called flre-dnmp, in coal mines is a usual thing, and il has been known to explode by spontaneous combustion when Urge quan tities of It are released frem the l?ody of the coal and come into connection with a prepon derating weight or atmospheric air: but tbc lurt that the lata explosions took place almost at the same time in pits located In different coun ties will suggest the question whether there is not a subterranean communication hi titer to unknown, or some curious condition of the oarth existing, whereby the natural causes by which the gases in one mine are exploded have operated upon others at a greslly removed distance, or whether the recont severe flooil< may not have something to do with tliem. The destructive character of these explosions bus, so far, prevented ao? intfafttelqrv iuventi I cation; but we will oo dooty be famished with plenty of theories on the .subject, if not 4ome practical dotation, by the .^cieutlflc men Of England. Tho men working in those collie*!"", it is said, can often detect tho approach of ganger when they are getting near one of these* great magazines of pent up fire-damp, and in .wnny eases have refused to work in these directions. In some instances on record where the mine*" have so refused, if we are not mistaken, the,* were compelled by the beneficent English law to continue their operations, on the ground of alleged conspiracy against their employers, and explosions actually took place and many lives were sacrificed. Notwithstanding that a good deal of precaution^ exercised to- guard against these accidents, it appears from recent events that it all goes for nothing and that England can only obtain her staple source of wealth? cowl?at the coat of annual hecatombs of human beings. Liquor Seizures in Massage UHrrre.-^-We perceive that the friend* of temperance in New England mre making a raid upon tbe distil leries and liquor establishment* We are told that ia the State of Massachusetts two-thirds of the "rum shops" have been ehnt np by the authorities and that the temperance reformers are about to press the passage of a strict pro hibitory law on the Legislature. This mea sure will not result in any good, as we know by our experience of like legislation here and elsewhere. Maine laws and ?zcise laws are powerless in leatraining the sale and use of liquor. As long as people want it they will find others to sell it, with or without the sanction of law: The high duty which the Internal Revenue law im poses on tbe manufacture of spirits has in creased the quantity distilled, because the proflt being so great the law has been evaded in thousands of instances, as wo see by the astounding frauds now brought to light all around us. The tux has proved to be only an inducement to fraud and a source of demorali zation, precisely as has the imposition of high duties on the distillation of spirits in Great Britain and Ireland. Tbe proper way to dis courage the abuse of interapehince is to edu cate the people up to a high standard of self respect and good morals, and not by legis lating against distilleries, " clearing out" liquor establishments by temperance mobs or putting heavy taxes upon spirits. All these plans have been weighed in the balance and found wanting. They have been applied with peculiar stringency in pious^New England, and yet we will venture to say that there is more drinking, with all its demoralization enhanced, done in secret in the sanctimonious city of Boston, in proportion to its population, than in all the bar rooms of the so-called ungodly oity of New York. Thx Fenian Scabs in Great Britain.?We are told by the last cable despatch that Fenian arrests continne to be made by the Irish authorities and that much "needless" alarm prevails throughont the entire island. This comment by tbe cable reporter is a curious one. Is he more in the secrets of Mr*Stephens than his friends and confederates at this side, or is he better posted than the Irish govern ment as to tbe importance of the movements in progress? Neither of these assumptions is likely, and therefore we must continue to infer from statements that reach us from other sources that so far from the danger being con sidered over by the Irish authorities it ia re garded as more imminent than ever. Of oourse an effort is being made by tbe London Times and other leading English journals to appease the widespread anxiety that prevails on the subject, in order to prevent a financial ravnlaion, complicating tbe difficulty. A ran haa already commenced on the Iriab banks, and there Is no knowing but that this may ex tend to the banking institutions in England, un less means of quieting the alarm can be adopted. The conviction that exists that the plot embraces England in its ramifications, and that serious disturbances there will follow the Irish outbreak, has imparted a very feverish and unsettled character to financial and commer cial transactions throughout the three king doms. This, coupled with the fact that the military preparations on tbe part of the govern ment continue to be energetically pushed forward, and that Mr. Stephens ia either now in Ireland or operating within a abort distance of ita coasts, does not, as the cablo pretends, show that the grounds for alarm have at all dimin ished. A couple of weeks will determine how far the assertion is justified by tbe facta Until then we prefer not speculating on opinions which evidently take their color from the befogged atmosphere of the British metropolis. THE KCCNT COHFLASJUTIOHS. Njunr* of Ihr Until and Injured. The part weak, wan unusually fruitful of disaster, no lest than two deitrudive ronllagrat ion* and on# explo ?ion baring m-curr#*! in tola city. beside? ? onmiar oi lire* of miunr intportaarn. regarded in their effects upon I If# and proporty. The flro in iho Division a(r?#I tenement house w*s quickly followod hy tho iambi# conflagration in tbo Sw itnd avenue, and th# erereely low appalling explosion of gasoline at tha ?;ompton Huuaa, In Third *venue, taat Friday evening. It la worthy or remark that two of iheae diaaaiora?th# Brat and lest ? war# occasioned by by tb# pmenrc of highly rombuatibia matariala on tbo premise?, via., kerosene and gasoline, th# 'attar hamg a very reflncd sperms t>( banrln#. much mora dau(or?aa and ratal than tha much complained of kerosene. Tha iK-' urreni # of two Mich di a?l?ra, oo# ao <;lo*? on tb# other, should act a* afwarniug and incite our city autbon lloa to grantor vigilance fur lb# protection of lb# ll?#? of our citixena Material* of ao light and combustible a ? harurtar should not be allowed In largo quanlitiaa In bona## whero people al##t>. under any crcumataacaa and aoldom #r*o in otiier botiser, except under very rigid regulation*. Hi. :iiiam i ornpion, late prnpneter or toe Caasptea Houaa. die I ynatarday morning from the effe#ta of the Inlnrlee lie auetalnod at the lire in hw #?tal'hsh o#nt laet Friday night. John Hlakr, the Or#man of the hotel, ha ? also d>ed, end all the other sullerer* remain In a very critical condition. wdh th# exceptioa <m Marvai at Crook#, who I* believed to be In a fair way ol r#vorery The lollowing ar? tha name* of ail tha aufhrera by 'Aie Bre* during tb# wook - ? matron Hot'#a txrtoeioxg Militant < omptoa, proprietor, dead. John Hlako, llremaa, dead, tin hard Miller, badly burned. Kat# Flanmgau, badly burnad. Daniel Drown, bedly burned. Daniel Mctimnis. badly burnad. Mai verm Brooks, bedl y burned. naoiNe sra.eua eta*. Dav id flanfoid, liadly buro#<l. Mr* D Ninlord, badly burned M'?? Marilia Sanford, Iwdly burned, liberies .Hanford, dead. William -enfold. deed. One cbilil u( Mr. Sanford in a rrit- esi net oivhuim aievar /m, Daniel Itialon. dead. Mr# Damel f'balon d ad Thr#e children of Mielon. dea''i Mr#. Mary Schilling em! inls-jt, dead. Mrs. Kupbemut tlaipm dead., Ml#* Ida (lalpiD deed t'oronar useable will bold inquest upon the Hodie? of iIiok# alio lost their live/ by tim Cuinplou House lire daring the day. fl?t 0 HTTMIHW. fnyaamo, Dee. 18, 1888 fteott B Fry* racking wnrehou#* and two daelllng lio'itnein Hirm nyVi im,'i|i]. i'it# (ids oily, wei# letslly Jen rayed ly flr-^ani uighi ATLANTIC YACHT KAC1. The HHrioll?Nr?i Tliwrnlav. - Captain Blcbard. or tho brig Arabia*, which arrival al thin port yesterday from Ariohal, reports as follows r? Thursday, December 13, at uoou, in latitude 40 ^), lon-'tlude 69 56, saw one ot tho yachts m the ocean r?<? ?h,r howi'd a blue flair with something while In it She also bad a bouse on deck. No oilier vc?'d in eight ui the nine. , , _ The sailing regulations or the race required the Hen rietta to eibibtt a blue nine by tbroo (lag at sua, und too one reported to have been seen by Captain K.cbard waa no doubt that vessel, .-he bud ev.dontly made lor the Oulf stream, as her position al the time mentioned was nearly due eaat trom Nantucket. FINE ARTS. Lrtf .Saturday evening Messrs Miner A 8omervli!w welcoWMi their Mends of the press to a twofold enter tainment, ,? bounttfnl suppor and an exhibition of cboi :w pictures; a* Abeir new fine Art gallery, 62 Fifth avenue, on the southwest corner of Fourteenth street Theis recently eomflrieted Art Building is one of the arobHeo tnral ornamatja of the neighborhood. The art gal lery proper is the mest spacious in town, giving ?? | area of nearly three Uiwteand sqnare feet Cor the ex- , i hihition of paintings exclusively. It is flooded with j light by targe dome-topped wlndown which reach from floor te celling, For night illumination gas Jeta Mav. been ekilfully arranged after the modern mode of lighting from the centre of the roof. A reflected M ?ad diffused light is thus secured, far more favorable t? the best qualities ef the plctorec than direct rays fro* iats in close pro*Unity to the* Connected with tb* gatlerv are rooms whore arliata may exhibit their work* to friends before presenting them to the publlw eye. The upper portion of the building has beew expreeely constructed for studios, all of which arw ' already occupied. Underneath the art gallery is a flne hall, which has been engaged by Mr. l?e Garrao as a utile de dansc. It ws? inaugarated the other evening by a fashionable ball. StiU lower down Is the sapper room, which accommodate* three hundred guests. The foregoing description embraces only the new wing of the building. The dwelling on the Fifth avonue, forming the front of the entire structure, ha# been but slightly modltted from it" appearance when It was the residence ot the Van Sehaick family. With lta library, its parlors and special drawing roo ms f?r art assemblies, it Is a convenient adjunct to the galleries. The picture gallery will be opened to the pobllc to-day with a choice collection of works. Among those the roost noticeablo are "Landscape and Sheep," by Louir Robbe; three picture# full of characteristic humor, by David Col, and paintings by Van Thoren, Van Kuyek, Stroebel, Schnefels, Mouliuet, Melin, Vaarburg, Willems, Troyon and Flchel. The construction of the galleries was intrusted to Mr. Ortglee, on whose skill, as well m on the liberality and enterprise or Mr. Somerviiio, they reflect groat credit. In several resects, and particu Jarly in sixe, they arc superior to any hitherto built m thia country. .. The third weekly reception at the Ptudio Building, in Tenth street, wae no less successful than the first and the second. The Studio of Mr. Guy was thronged by ad mirers of his excellence as a ynre painter. His "Young Navigator," "Stolen Sweets," and a subject illustrating the fathomless depths and boundless capacity of a boy's Docket, wcro specially attractive. The artists in Dodworth's Building, 212 Fifth avenu^ have also inaugurated a aeries ?r Saturday reception.. ' from two to fire o'clock P. M., to be continued through out the winter. The fifth aoouM exhibition of Mr. Oambort a cotleo tion of works by French, English and Flemish artist#, ta still open at lite Studio Buildings, In Tenth street. The second annua] exhibition of pictures by members ?f tha French Etching Clnb, Is daily open at the Fine Arte GaUery, ?tt Broadway. Mr. Cadart, the founder ef the clnb, is on a riait to Boston. An important sale of F.uropeaa and American pictures, consigned to M. Knoedler (Goupil A Co., of Paris), will take place en the evenings of Tuesday and Wednesday, the 18th and 19th of December, at Leeds elegant Art Galleries, 81T and 819 Broadway. The Invoice erobroow works bv Metssonler. Plassan, Merle, Fichei, Wrboeck hoven, Acheubach, Caailear, Inness, Jam?s Bart. W. T. Richards. Bellows, Coleman aud other eminent artiste. Ward has Just finished a bust In clay of tbe late Ik. Valentine Mott, which fully sustains the reputation of this well-known sculptor. We an informed by a correspondent that art given signs of awakening life In Albany. Anneseley and Vint have just opened a email gallery at their establishment on Broadway, where they have put on free exhibition n collection of piotures by the resident artists and otbara. such as Jaa. M. Hart, McKntee. Hseeltioe, Gay, Ferguson, Homer Martin. Wenzler, Wagner, T. U Hmitb, BrevoorV Coinian, Mrs. . Beers, Jam* Smlllte, Fairmao, Lambdin. Parton. An early Rowghio* called'The Stage Struck Appronuon," has oonsidsroble humor and originality In treatment. Effort# to revive an art interest la Albany art praiseworthy, and should be rewarded. Albany bss graduated many aruets of real natus. Tbe greatest of tbtan. Palmer, alone remains thara, and it is said, to tbe reproach of the Albanian#, that while bis work goee everywhere?to New Yost, ' Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and even to ?bropet none remains where It is ortf inated. Tbe brothers Wil liam and James Hart, George Rmigbsoo. lnuot Thorn* son Homer Martin, Pickett, Ferguson, T. 1- Smith and otbera have bad to leave Albany for more affrceeiatirw climes. Elliott still remaius in Palmer's studio. His fine por trait of Governor Kenton is neerty completed, as ta alee one ot Hon. James V. L. Pruyo, uierabor of Uongnsrt elect. . .. We leern tbat the Artist Fund Society, of Philadrt phis, gave their first reception, upon the opening off their new galleries. 1,834 eireet, on TJinrsday evening tart. Afur years of devoted labor end strug gllng on tbe part of s few artists, they now see this In stitntioa on a Arm footing, With e home of their own. and with svory prospect that their efforts will be reward ed by the public. It is their Intention to keep their room* constantly open to the public, but with a hangw ot piciures. ADDITIONAL FROM MEXICO. <l*rr of l.lkrnili A|?li?l CiMiint'* Ciil??ia KolrriU*! from tfundalnjuro ll?lrrli?a ?f l.wMtda traai ihr> laiprrinl Kuaks-llw Jalaa with Coraaa la Fat lid the K.irral af f'aoi i?ny ? Kutbarkution o?' Cullgai'a Parrea far Fraarr. Sen Fk tiriirc I lac. 16, ISM A private letter bronchi by the .tanner I'onetitutloa, from Apapulno, states lleneral Castignv hail lurlvnd at >ao lllaa from (ineilaUMra in inarcb overland to tba city of Mourn, with the troop. ro< erslly driven out of Honor* and HidaIou by tba liberal*. tla found tba raa leinplated movement impossible, rrom tba tact thai I/use. la, tba Mexican impoi iili.l otnmandei at Topic, dl*gu*M>d at tba failuraa ol the Kren- k to firmeh raliat or money to pay bla man, had cone over with bla whole force to tba liberal*, and uniting his troops with those emit out by t'oroae frmn M'uatian was wail ng in the mountain* to ailark tn?- French column in over whelming number* Hie too ?;* of Martinex, 1,100 etroOK, would also i<un Isi/.kda. an<l it was thought It would march overland and would be abandoned, aa Omitl.tny embarked bt. fort e* km France from the I'aoiHa roast instead ol Versa Cm*. Th.. l olled Mates atejiur Mahoning was In Tort Aeapultn notind (or San t rannto, and would tbara rn main until l|tr arrival of IheSnwanee Positive advnwa have b an reveivdd in thm city of lb* landing id' R,00n new American muskete mrt n cargo a? assorted ammunition for the liberals. Uencral llicgta Abate-' went aeer Arapulco by (be srliooner Sovereign, end cash was paid no delivery; and ibe teowejr raiaai through Aiapnlco under the noses of the imperial author tie* Consul Uodny bay diapalehnd the nmetal statement er lilieral auocceso* tu (hirernor Isiw and M?fnr lieoeraf Mctfowell. KWS FROM CMCIMATI. Cmrissavt, "ec I* IMd , The Meaner Pine lllulT. loede<l with |v? if"" ,r9m * !s?ul?, arrived on Friday lew, ao?l *" ,,v ""th# of her rrnw for wage, due them, amounting m 'lie Wg (regale lo |t W?. and was by the Fhnn I lied up .1 tba mouth of the tacking river. ..ppoadf'kl* |j'v "J" llgnt on not being paid yeeterday the lewt tr?. burned to llie water a edge at two o'rhwk "" 1 * * insured fur t'U.lMO In PiU-borg ?? "*? Augustus f. I'arry t t.unlv Ty 'TW. end *< .m-infta#, Sixty..ereotb Ohio regiment, hhrrtti.' arms . and on , ol the heroes ol the uotunM ?J ?''rl * *'?? d? to day ol ctmtnmidtwa, hastened uy . mi, .i.on ?? ,t . breiu, aged us. A VlRWViAH COKVICTFD OF RARtlAUCHTfO ntane*WSt*?ett?. t e it . in Henry Hard !*?". ? relative .A the W Ak'egVu, family, we. cnhvtcted last niglo . kiwy iteayae a Court Isbntm. ?f volitninfv dilnog T?r Ktttm. dame ?re yem* ego He wee ?"SkVH In iurea rears and Mi mowtits la iiaiiiieniiaij. lea psry rer<>m. nvdided the prison* t? mei?? 1 ?, I i#l lasted is* I