Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 7, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 7, 1867 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAHKS GORDON UKNNBTT, EDITOR AKD PROPRIETOR. option *. sr. ?oenbb or pulton an? Nassau pts. THE DAILY HERALD, pubhsKed every day in the year, Room mbU per OOPT Annual subeerlpUoa prioo, fl*. THE WEEKLY HERALD, ovary Saturday, at Iin saula per ropy. Annual eubecnptioa price:? OaeCopr M Tbraa Copice.... 9 nreCoptee ? Tan Capias. IE Any larger number addraoaed to aamee of aubtoribere M M eaoh. An extra copy will ba sent to avery club of tan. Twenty eopiea to one add ram, ana year, MA and any larger number at aame price. An extra copy wilt ba aaat to cltiba af twenty. TkmtraUt maketbe Wobbly Hmalw ate dhaapml ywlHtahw in Me eotmhry. rootage Ira oanta par copy for three mailt ha. TERMS oaah in adranoa. Money aaot by mail will ba s at the rtxk af the aandac Nona but bank blllx current la New York taken. The Caummia Rnmon, an Urn 1st, llfb and CM af aaoh month, at Ba canta par copy, ar 93 per aw?a per oepy. 9* par annum to any part of Great Britain, or 9* to any part of the Continent, both to include postage. Awe?n?MR to a hauled number, will ba tnaartod tat ha Wobbly Bioalo, the European and California Idwtaaa YOLUNTABY CORRESPONDENCE, containing Im portant new*, solicited from any quarter of tha world; if seed, will be liberally paid for. av On Fobkign Cob amvuxmorra Ana YAJmcrLABLT aiqi asTCD to bbal all (orram ajtd rAcaAoaa aorr as. NO NOTICE taken of anonymous oorreapondeace. Wo do net return rejected communications. JOB PRINTING tf every detonation, also Stneotyp ?eg and Engraving, neatly and promptly exeenttd at (A* welt rates. Ywloose XXXII Nn. 7 AMUSE RENTS THIS EVENING. BROADWAY THEATRE. Bnadwxr, near Brooms street.?OaiHALDt, on tax Lira or ax Aotxhj. NRVT YORK THEATRE, Broadway, opposite New York Hotel?Ukxdxii.lox. TITBaTRR FRANCAIS, Fourteenth atreet. near Sixth a*onue.?P.lisabxtx, Qvxxx or F.xgi.axd. GERMAN THALIA THEATER, No. ?M Broadway. Tux MauiO Flutb. DO I) WORTH'S HALL SOOttroAdWAr.?Paoraeeos Hart* will Pbrpobm nix MixaclYa.?Tbb IIxad ix rax Am ? Mi/ltuo IX I'ahto. 8TPINWAY HALL. Pourteeuth street ?Mixs Mixa OXAXT'lt AXXOAL UOXCXXT. OtdtNTON HALL, Axtor ptaoe ?Yalesti.m Vocjox.x, ras OSBAT rOLFXATIOKAL MlXIC ?AN FRANCISCO MIMsrHSliS. MS Nrottwsr, opaoills tbe Metroootliaa Hood?Ix nut Ktuiopiax STOXtah. OX>TH, SlMlXO, DaXCIXI* A*D BsuLStRUU?PALLIXO I'OTnXl on Loan's Baxslxx. FIFTH AYRNUR OPRRA HOUSE. Hob. text 4 Waal fweatr-fourth street.?BoowaaiaN ttunxiu -tnuomi Meintiur. Ballad*. Botil*scuba. Ac.?Raw Trn'i Calls. ERLLT A LEON'S MINSTRELS, t? Broadway, appa aha the New York itagst?Ix exuta Sean, lAa*?L Borax. Tmomn, BrxLxaeuxs, Ac $7,0??Musical Ttm-dotan n* Rtxi ok. TONY PASTOR'S OPR'tA ItOHSt. *H Bowerr. ?CaeitJ WocAMtx?Neexo MmaraoLtt. Ballot Dirnrtumm, Ac.?Tax Pacioxt Uibls, ob to* In* aWd Own ar Wall *??!'. CHARLEY WHITE'8 COMBINATION TROUPR, At MechAntas' Hell. 471 Broadway?Ix a Vabixtt or Lioot ask Ladohablb EirrxBTAixaaxTx, Coara oa Ballsy, m Tub Vicrix. BROOKLYN ACADEMY OF MUSIC.?Sixtx Moxdat TorCLAX COXCkttl. MRS. P. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn? Tn? Poxtt Tmxrcx. BROOKLYN ATHJSNBUM.?Areas ACo.'x Gbkat Pax r*o-MA TuKC-A or Tbatbls ix Bcxors axd Axkkica, axb Votaiw Across tax Atlaxtic PRBitBYTERt AN (JHURCH. comer or Grand and Croeby ?treats Gbbat Maxoxic Faix IX Aid or txs Hall axo Axtldx Fund. ' NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY, SIS BroadW*T. Iecwcbba wits rax Oxy-Htweogxx Micnoacorx twice dally. Hxad axd Ribxt Axx or Paoasr. Opex from J A.M. , tut 10 P. M. New York. .Hondo*. Jannary 7. 1807. IBB BB Wl EUROPE. Br the cable we have advices to January 6. (t is mM that Napoleon is in full acoord with the Sul tan for the aetUemeaf of the Eastern question. The Italian negotiations with the Papal government are m sat.afactory progress. The :>uke of Augustonburg waives his right to rule in Ho'stsiu tn favor of Prussia. MISCELLANEOUS. Tits veto message relative to the Distr ct Suffrage bill, wh ?h is to he sent ia to the Senate to-<tav, takes the groinil that tho bill contravenes the constitution, and is tu it. pro\istons directly opposed to the wishes of the people of the District. The Preaident Ukes occasion also to express hts regret st tho disagreement between Congress and himseir, and to dtariiss the relations existing lot ween the co-ordinate branches of the government. Additional particulars or the great fire in Yokohama tisvo been received Thirty-flve bodies had already been found in the flames, and the number was being increased hourly. Many person* were crushed to death by the crowd rushing to and fre, the streets being blocked np '?y good* and furniture whi'-b merchants wete trying to ,<av and there being but one bridge leading from the pouit at which the fire commenced Detachments of British sailors wore put to work extinguishing the flames, but they found liquor, and, becoming drunk, en gsrjM in indiscriminate robbery and pillage. The suffer iu4 ?m#g the people i? uUtlli, Ibis new oaiam^ty occurring whjle Utefe is s great ecarolty of rice The murder o? the crew of the American schooner General ?JU' jp\n is confirmed. The American schooner Surprise ni< lost off i lores on ths Mth of June, the crew being aav >d ?nd taken wlthlo the boumlarlee of China proper Tha war iu the southern part of Japan had been stopped. The Ray. Dr. fheever delivered a discourse la the Church of the Puritans yesterday evening on ths right of the negro to vnts He deprecated the constitutional amendment, and said that tf the Southern States could sss as he raw the privileges granted them in that document to trample anew upon the Mack race they would accept of It. The Ref. Charles B. Smyth leo tnvd at the Everett Rooms >>n the great Ocean Yacht Race. He compered the voyage of the yachts across ths stormy ocesn to the voysgs of ths Christian across the troubled waters of tits, urging his hearers to Imitate the patience and watchfulness of ths mariner. Funeral nervines m memory of the yachtmen lost on ths Fieet wiag during the great ocean race were held In Totten vtlle, Staten island, yesterday The Rey. Dr. Ooddard addresaed the congregation on the unfortunate dis aster and the virtues of those whose obsequies were being celebrated. The Rev. Dr. ()'3onner delivered a lecture on Catholic Ceremonial at tha Church of 8t. Oharlos Borromeo last evening to a very targe audience, | The Rev Dr. March delivered an able sermon In the I Mouth Costgregatioeel church, Brooklyn, en the Excise law. Our Richmond o or respondent makes a revelation in regard to the oontseatlon of certain property by Judge Underwood, whloh has not pee visual y come to light. Judge Underwood wis eao of the purchasers of this piopstty, and Mr. McVeigh, the farmer pwner, pro ceeded te content his claim to It. Ths Inter was a per nlstent Union man throughout the war, but when It came to Judge TTudorwood'e knowledge that he Intended oeetesting the claim on the ronflsrntnd property an In dictment for treason was Immediately found against hun, thus prscludlsg hun from taking part in any civil action. <V>roner0amble Investigated the esse of the murder of Mrs Fannie Wiltard by Thomas Burke yesterday. The murder was the result of Jealousy and disappoint pnent on the part of Burke because Mrs Millard, who And formerly regarded Mm With great favor, had re jpeqp 4f'fd V> vn**"j him He Mff 711' JfilT &2B the oB\A of Injuries reoslved at his own hsuda Imma diateljr alter the oomouatioo of the murner. He wee a reuu<Um*a of Uie Heveath presiaot pellce, aad ?u about ta rt/ year-of age. rha wiftiei i niiril be fore the jury will he found la another oatnw Oeaaral Helataeliuaa lias puWished a letter pretest - lay against (he serving of capias upoa bias far nhita committed agaiasl (he ttwt of Texas, by Judge Irelaad, of Magna, Texas, when he calla uoiortoaely dtaieyaL Ha aayi that he waeid aet daaaa hie Ufb safe la (he head* of (ha Texaa authorities. Judge Baldwin, (he Halted States Ptatriot Attorney at Himw, mlwil a dnoisioa ea (ha oase, la whloh he gatki of nerving (ha capias as a grara olbaoe against the dignity of the Halted States. Our Soath Careliaa nrwyulSMi says (he oKUeta af Columbia here begaa (a rebuild that city The oeaaUta tieaal aaieodmeut was rdsdd by (ha Iseglalelsra, aad oaeef the principal arguments against Ma raliftoatioa was the fact (hat a WU (a admit the Mtatee oa (hair aa eapteaoe of it waa ynfind aad r?J noted by Ooagraas The Mlaaearl Senate rati had tha oaaatitutioaal amaad meat oa Saturday by twenty-atx yaaa to at* aaya A uadaa cerwayaadeat of a Montreal paper aaya (hat tha Canadian delegation, rather than eancUoa tha act granting privileges to Preteeteata which are deal ad (a OalhsUea, will return without adapting any plan af oan The ataaaasr Oaldtn City, from Aapinwall -Tar San Franaiaoa, waa stepped on her teat trip by the impanel nathenusa at Acapuloa. St It reported irWdshlagthb that Cam tea and Oortmu aim declare tar Hrtefla Whan a|m> a^^meaW -dri^mi^^^taam A-ta ^mhw mlrnJhm M - amhmanta^M da Utaf i ubuu isB^nco, ranvo/ fmnj ? wspsn w mst cMasant la tha Piusiflsuuy, waflooffilag tfhtntam tha aMtjr one Ita aaw Man The Iceboat Aasociktiou af tagtlntpde aim pbrfeot ing arraagamanta for a rscaaf twenty mllta and return, with their aarai vehicles, dasiag tha proaant month. The rnhwd iadaaaca af thamma wba the subjeot afdta cnmioa yesterday among the free thinking aad iafldel population that usually assemble at Sid Broadway on Sunday afternoons. Several novel propositions were made and queer theories expounded by Individuals who, as agansral thing, would not have Interested an audi ence in the diaeuasion of ordinary topics. At s convention of centres and delegates in the Apollo Rooms, on Prince street, last evening, Head Centre Ste phens wee declared to be an exploded humbug, and General Cleesoa wee elected to hie vaoated position of Central Organlmr of the Irish Republio. The United Slates steamer Susquehanna, which carried General Sherman on his recent mission in con nection with Mexican affairs, returned to this port yes terday, from New Orleans on the 24th ult, A portion of the Spanish squadron which aaatated in the bombardment of Valparaiso, Chile, rsoeutly left I'apete and bare now arrived at Manila, where they ara again undergoing repairs. The steamer Colorado sailed on (he 1st for China and Japan direct from San Francisco, being the pioneer vessel of the PaciQc Mail Steamship Company running to thoee countries without stopping at Honolulu. The piers wore Hned with persons wishing her success, and salutes were flred by the war vessels and forts in the harbor as she passed out. The body of a man without head, arms or iegt waa found floating in the East river at the foal of pier No ii!> last evening. The Coroner will bold an inquest to-day. A park train at Camp Watson, Oregon, waa stolen by Indians some time ago, and tha^garrison, under Colonel Baker, pursued aad overtook the thieves, when a fight ensued. Fourteen of the Indians were killed aad all the stolen property woovevod. A heavy storm visited Orescent City, California, recently, tearing up the streets and Mowing away the houses. One heuee mm nearly carried eat So aea. Honolulu, Hawaii, flatus are to Itai sMbsi ft. Maud en tha ttth of Metmasbar. and thraa foreigners had Theeacswtwrvtoa vwaKhMftkag putt* sea boa Fortress Monroe yesterday, with, tt la aappaaofl, Admiral Porter aad Assistant Secretary af State Seward oa board, but wham bound la certainty unknown. Rumor new has It that she carries a mediation party to tender the good offices of this country between the' ooutending Powers of the Argentine Republic aad Paraguay. The lafwuhmal Qimhm Ii Omitm* Aclln mf the Keeehliraa Cum. On Saturday last, in the course of the after noon, there was a considerable flurry among the gold gamblers of Wall street, and gold was advanced in some oases to 1S5, in oonaeqnence of rumors of a movement on foot in Congress for the President's impeachment. These rumors were not without some foundation in fhcts, for it was generally understood that on Monday (to-day) Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, intended to introduce his threatened impeachment reso lutions, and it was known that there was a con siderable number of the radicals, If not a majority ot the House, in tavor of this extreme proceeding right through to the Paesidentfc removal. The debate of Saturday in the House, chiefly between Mr. Stevens, of Penn sylvania, and Mr. Spalding, of Ohio, on the scope and intent of the pending constitutional amendment, the status of the rebel States, the duty and policy of Congress, the position of the President and the Sooretary of the Trea sury, Ac., wasmharp and intereating, the gene ral argument being, on the part of Spalding, in favor of the policy of moderation towards the President, and in bebalf ot the amendment as the ultimatum of the North for Souther# resto ration; and oa the part of Stevens In faVor of, more stringent and decisive measures both in regard to the admlaistration and the rebel States. This pungent debate of Saturday was fol lowed in the evening by a republican caucus of the House, in which Stevens and Spalding again came into collision, and in which "Old Thad" was fairly vanquished. Mr. Spalding opened the proceedings with a resolution that, no measure looking to the impeachment of tta President of the United States should bo "pre sented in the Hon^e. unless previously agreed upon in caucus. This proposition was next amended by providing that action in caucus on the BuSject. lt shall l?e submitted to the consideration of the Jirfioiary Com of Mr. A mittee. Next, on motion of Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, it was agreed that no artiole of impeach ment should be preferred without being flrst approved in caucus. As the proposition then stood, the caucus was to be subject to the Ju diciary Committee, and the committee and the House were to be subject to a nations. At tl^s point Mr. Stevens moved to lay the whole basi nets upon the table?a motion which, if adopted, would leave any member free at any time to broach the direct question of impeachment in the House. But, as ft appears by a vote of two to one, this motion was rejected, and the original resolution as amended was then adopted. Thus, then, the matter stands:?The republicans of the House (which acts as a grand jury in cases of Impeachment) are bound, before moving la this business in caucus, to aWalt a report from the Judiciary Commit tee, and the oommittee mast report to the oau cus fbr Its advice and eonoeat before reporting to the Yfoube. tinder thhr plan of operations, ao we node* staid it, any member may ettti intfodnee a MMolntiou fn Ihe^taVase instraeting (be Judi ciary Committee te inquire Into theoxpedionoy of reporting artioleeof Impeaohmont, and prob ably a resolntioa of thie sort may be offered to-day. It appears that there was consider able debate la this canons on the legal ques tfoa Involved, wbother an impeaohmeot earn monoed in tbo Thirty-ninth Congress could bo passed over, as nnflnished business, to tho Fortieth Congress, or whether, as 'i??3 ill aeff grew would hare to begin d? no we. This ques tion ?u not nettled, aod w irt infer that the action of this caucus m?j be considered m equivalent te the turning or or the impeach ment question te tbe new Congress, which, doubtless, in pursuance of a bill agreed upoa t>y tbe repnblicana aad now pending, will meet on the 4th of March next It aeema that a gen eral disposition wan manifested in this oaueus to vote for any inquiry into tbe matter as te whether the President shonld be impeaohed or not, while a large number of tbe members present were of.tbe opinion that he ought te be impeaohed. Concluding, however, that the notion of this caucus amounts to an indefinite postponement of this business, we hope that we shall hear no mere e< it te the end at least of tbe present Ooagro*, which will be the 4th of Maroh next, at noen. With the meeting of the new Congress, say at the same hour of tbe same day, General Ben Butler, a member eleot, has promised te take the matter In hand; but by that time such may bo the piping of wants as between Con gress and the wdfttnbrtrMoi, ^ ttaft General Butter's impeachment experiment amy prove eaetber Vort JIshsr Basse, la any event, p movement which. If sbriewttyinaqguittted. must inevitably be etteuded with s heuvy shook te ournatieual Bnhases, is* mutter which we are gratided te helievn the present HeusO of Rep resentatives hue indefeiteiy postponed. We say nothing of the "high crimes and misde meanors" for which the President is threatened impeachment, beceuse, when n political party has the power it can make np a ease for any proceeding, if deemed to be expedient as e party measure. On the ground of expediency, therefore, as there is no call for the President's impeachment, we predict that even General Ben Butler will be overruled, upon this deli cate, difficult, dangerous end useleos under taking. Diffleultlea ?f the Auatrlua Empire uaS Their galutlM. The positive statement that. Austria will concentrate her troops in Galicta, notwith standing former denials of her intention to do so, has been repeated by the Berlin cor respondent of the London Ttmee. Such e concentration of troops would still far ther complicate the diffleultleti which vex the Austrian Umpire. The motive for it can only be the conviction of tbe Austrian government that tbe alleged un derstanding between the Russian and Prussian government, by which the former, on certain conditions, were to be left free to work their will in Gslieia and Turkey, aotually exists, and, hostile as <t is to tbe interests of Austria, must be promptly guarded against At the eame time that the Vienna Cabinet ia obliged vigilantly te oppeue Hmee enoreaebmente frees without to wblohaoetien weakened by-foreign war is always exposed fts sawfaSy Is exulted by the almost rsvolutisaary tnmeoil wMdnBs borders. In tbedWirsul Btsts of the Aantrtsn provinces, wUsb opened en tbe l#th ultimo, ample oause iter iuquietude had arisen in the dispoeitlon manifested by men of various shades of opinion, opposed to the present Ministry, to insist upon demands to which tbe Imperial government wes but little inclined to accede. The Croatian Diet, for instance, resolved in favor of the autonomy and separate administration of Hungary, Croria and Transylvania as tbe unoheageeble basis of the constitution of those pro vinces. In opposition to the German party, moreover, numbering two-fifths of tbe entire population of Bohemia, and naturally staneh adherents of the constitution of 1*61, inasmuch as they expect more justice from an imperial Parliament than thoy could ever hope for from a Bohemian Diet, the united parties of the great landed proprietors end the Osechs con demn the reconstruction of Austria upon dualisiic principles, and demand the political independence of the "orown of Bohemia" (in cluding Bohemia. Moravia and [Silesia), some what like the independence claimed by Hun gary. Tbe address of Dcak, the loader of the moderate liberal party In the Hungarian Diet, contained demands equally unpalatable to Beust and his oolleagues. The Pesth and Paris telegrams by the ooean cable subsequently brought the rumor that the demands of the Hungarian Diet were positively refused by the Austrian government. Wiser counsels, however, mn to have prevailed at Vienna. Later telegram* report (bat the Austrian Cabinet, ia despair ot satisfying the demands of Hungary, proposes to giro all the various nationalities compo*l% the ompiro the Liberty of agreeing upon a gene ral basis of reconstruction. ILsuoh agreement can be effected Austria may aaoceed after all { ia preventing the apparently inevitable dima tbgration of the empire. The house if Hape burg baa strangely anrvived many a shook which seemed to be fatal siaoo it ft rat began to rule in Austria, in 1378. domotime* it has escaped threatening ruin by resisting it by ids ituftitTt alone. But this will no longer suffloe. After holding baok obstinately daring the (apse yiolii to the exigen cies of modern pr5|T??* . lt must sonoUlate the oonfliotlng interests of tkd ?jrious popula tions composing the erapirS, l*A;u* their traditional rights and sentiments, aim to unite *11 upon a.josl and solid basis of recon struction. A real union will thus be brought abont. whioh will give the Austrian Empire n new lease of national life. Notwithstanding its reverses fn (be reccrif war, and Its enormous debt, and the pressure of its domestic and foreign difficulties, it still possesses immense resonroea. Prussia itself in aware that Its de feated foe in not destroyed, and is about to send envoys to Vienna. The telegram which anaonnoed this fact also stated that, now peaoe has come, there is a determination on the part of both Austria nod Prussia to renew their commercial relations. It Is by renewing Its peaceful relations with foreign neighbors, and by yielding gracefully to the legitimate de mands of Its subjects, that the Austrian Umpire can best "take np arms against a sen of troubles* now threatening le overwhelm It, ? roooat despatch from Pesth by the Atlan tis eaWe stated that on fkwsitf, tbo fifth nit* the resolution of tbo lhnperor to rooters the constitution to Hungary was officially an nounced to tbo Hungarian Diet. This announce ment was oaloulatod to excite enthusiasm among tbo Magyars, and, at tbo some time, disss tie fac tion among the Gorman population and anger among the Slavic tribes ia Hungary. But It confirms our impression that a wiser and mora moderate poiioy than at first has boon adopted by the Austrian Cabinet And if It be followed w 'Jf fiKXH&l ft ^no?nlsv to: Jig oord&at elements oi the Hungarian population, wl still farther by the adoption far ell I

Stats* in the Auetriee Empire ofa greed fade retire system, not unliks that of the United Stetee ef Amsrioa?-with Diete in eeoh for loeel legislation, end an imperial Parliament at Vienna in whiok the intereoti of aU the Stetee ?hell be dnly repreeented?the aetnal eeadiet between what we nay cell Slate righto and federal authority will oeaoe, and the adraatagee alike of looal- liberty and pririlegee and of j oentraliaed power will be ee eared. Fraaoio Joseph Mf then denote hiouelf, like Joseph the Seooad, bat with mere eaeeoragiag pro epoch, to enlarging and ooapletlag the reforms initiated by Maria Thereto, and, par tlettlariy, to developing the industry and foreign ooameroe of Austria. The house of Hapaburg may thus reaoh a happy issue out of all ih dittoultte*. A General Baakrant Law far the Patted State#. The constitution of the United States em power* Congress ti pees uniform laws en the subject of benkruptoiee. This power has only been twioo enoieed ease in UN, when a VnikraprW UrilMie Jt^ThdhTwae pdeeed, whisfc was -repealed before the expiration of j the term, at the olaio of tie' fear ISO?; and again in Aagast, Hit, ^hon. a general Insolvent law wns-enaoted/whiob was so loose in ih pro-' visions end so available for the fraudulent debtor as to excite e storm of popular dis favor. The latter law was pushed through Congress by questionable means, end among the flmt who availed themselves of Its pro visions was the Chevalier Jamas Watson Webb, who, after making a great ftisa over the passage of the law, coolly wiped out some half a million dollars of debts by its aid. He derived no permanent benefit from the white washing process, however, sinoe he oould have resorted to it again a few years afterwards, on a similar scale, to his own advantage. The law of 1841 had lose than two years' existence, a bill for its repeal having reoelved the Presi dent's signature on March 3, IMS. During the period it remained in operation it was calcu lated that some forty thousand persons availed themselves of its provisions, whose aggregate debts must have been in the neighborhood of j two hundred millions of dollars. Notwithstanding the failure of former experi ments, it has long been the opinion of the ablest financiers and the most honorable busi ness men in the United States that a general bankrupt law, fair and liberal in its provisions, and containing strict safeguards against fraud, would be at once a protection to the honest debtor and aa advantage to the business oom-' muaity. Compass eloee has power to pan snob a law, which would be blading upon nil esmAHnim im (ko KTmnfcjul SAnlmi anJ WM JmAits^h. , IX o^n#3 *g^ws^e IMXva ^vda Mens of debts. The ibsslvsat laws of a Stale eon only reach its own dtiseas, ami?** creditor* from other States, by voluntarily rsaegalring the limelvsney and aeeeptiag divi dends from the aotate, put themselves within the pate of thehr operation. The oloee and in timate eommeroial relations between the States render it very desirable that a uniform hjstem of laws relating to bankruptoy, which all understand and by which all alike are bound, shohld exist; and it was a wise provi sion of the constitution which vested the power to make suoh laws in the Congress of the United States. In Europe bankruptcy laws are of a quasi criminal character. The proceedings are re garded us hostile to the bankrupt. Under the French law be is arrested and confined in prison or put under surveillance, and after an examination into his affairs by the Tribunal of Commerce he can be released on bail or un conditionally. After the investigation is com pleted he can be condotanud to imprisonment, with or without labor, it" fraud is proved against him. The English law has some pecu liar feature*. A bankrupt who obtains his cer tificate of discharge is allowed a per oentage to a limited sum out. oi the proceeds of his estate when the dividends reach a certain amount When fifteen diilliugn i% the pound is realised by his creditor* he receives ten per cent on the whole assets to a sum not exceed ing six hundred, pounds, and so in proportion for a smaller dividend. This afford* a bank rupt a small capital with which to oommenos life anew. One provision of Mia English law would hardly suit the United Stake*. A bank rupt is uot entitled to bis disobarg* tf he has lest a certain amount within the year immedi-1 atoly preceding bis bankruptcy either at gam bling or stock lobbing. It is objected by some that bankruptcy iswa are a protection to fraudulent and dishonest debtor*. A good law must always be the re verse. Our present system, without any gen eral taw at all, is oppressive only to the unfor tunate and honest debtor, and affords the rogue every facility he can desire to cheat his cred itors. It is also an incentive or temptation to men of weak aud unstable principles to be ooms dishonest When a person who is doing business with an inteutioa and wish to estab lish % good reputation finds misfortune coming upos him he has now no opportunity to re deem himself, and will, in a large majority of { IflSUtowJ' mi w> worn to pui nu proper\p nut dfeJES*"!* ho argues, be can never get ap again, a**. ' proeerration ic the first lav of nature. A fair bankrupt lav wontd enable him to atop at once, to pat all his property In the hands of his creditors, to pay as much as he oould, and to oonunenee again without an Incubus ot debt weighing him down. From dishonesty and fraud no law devised by human wisdom can entirely protect the creditor. But a good bankrupt law would afford him more protec tion than he at present enjoyi, slnoe it would enable him to take immediate measures for bis protection whenever evidence of intended fraud should make iteelf apparent The lack of a uniform bankruptcy Uw de privm the community of some of ite beet com mercial ebtthy aftd business enterprise. To keep a man constantly out of business booause be has once been unfortunate, or to oompol htm to reeort to all asanner of tricks and sub tsrNgea to oenoeat Ms property and cover up his (htereeto, cannot conduce either to the good of the creditor or of the Stale. The boneat debtor, if he should become a bank rupt, would never foil to pay up hie old obligations la full should he subsequently secure the mesne to do en. The dishonest man woald never pay n debt at all If he oenid aveid It We have examined with some once the law whidh passed the present House nt Its ?rst session and la now boforo the Senate. Its 5j?ip pryrlfftyne appear to bo Mr sod Joel both towards (he oredlior aud debtor, and It con tains apparently stringent safeguards against fraud and dishonesty oa the part of a bankrupt At this period of oar life m a nation it It eminently desirable that some uniform lav should he first to the oountry, aad the subject should olaim the early aad the serious attea tioa of the Senate. It Is oae of tbe moot Im portant matters that remains before that body, aad should be poooed during I toe existing see si oa, oo that if aay ameadmeats to the bill are foaad desirable they may he aotoi upoa by the preeeat Hoosa vhtoh has already maturely ooastdered aad thoroughly debated the snb jeot ?~~1 Bostoa to determined, it seems, to try her hand at steam communication with Europe, aad though we would prefer seeing the attempt made once more by the capitalists of toe great oommerciai otty of Mew York, yet, as aa Aaserieaa enterprise, it gives as great pleasure to auto too feet Oar sisfck prevfaoial city .4s pattiag an her eaergiSe to the syerk, and We companies hare best to sar*y out tbtoWeMe undertaking. She tbpes to earn ttslthe carrying burftoess tod grsbt ytaga ries df the West an* oO tod Merihweetem trade which pouts Bloay horfimto of rdttaad; aad should this oeoaa steum -eaterpriso ho properly snstaiaed her preopeoto ore flattering. New York has been aiagalarly onsncoeaefel ia this respeot She has had from time to'time lines of ocean steamers whioh hare been suc cessively abandoned, and at toe present moment every steamer, with probably one or two excep tions, that crosses the Atlantic to Europe Is tbe property of a foreign company whose enter prise is sustained almost wholly by American trade and wealth. We hare one French, one Italian, two German and three English lines, all doing a thriving business, while every American line proves a failure. There is no good reason why this should be so. Fire of tbe foreign lines we bare mentioned aremot supported by subsidy from any government, aad most of them receive no compensation whatever for oarrying mail matter. Therefore tbe common objection that ear lines de not prosper because not sustained by an appropria tion from Congress does not bold good. It is true Amerioaa enterprise is pushing out ia other directions. Our destiny, directed by an Almighty power for some great end, is towards the western side of our continent?to wards those immense territories beyond the Rooky Mountains, sloping to the great Pacific, a virgin country which we must people. A railroad will soon connect New York with Saa Frauoisao, uud the trade at. thr grrafmnsaa' beyeud shallbe ear* Weaee the beginning ?f this ia the line of slaaHcto joist inaaga?ltd from Sea Feaaotose /toEMaa aad Japan, upAia, the noble aad stupoafimu project of I ship cenal through toe JtoiHus of Darieo. <3Mm*' are examples of Amurieaa enterprise af whioh we may be proud; and ia regard tedtowYerk, it must be some ooaselatioa for her failures in other directions to knew that the aew Pacifio steamship line owes its existence in great part, if not wholly, to the energy aad wealth of her merchant princes. Bat while pursuing oar destiny westward, bearing thence our civilisa tion to those far eastern regions now over whelmed by barbarism, we must be alive to oar Interests elsewhere. Knowing what New York is capable of, we entertain a conviotioa that we shall oae day compete with the foreign oompanies which now monopolise our ocean steam trade with Europe by having better ves sels and picked men to manage them. Tfce Inmi QimiIm. The reoent speech of Victor Emanuel mast h?ve made a favorable impression on the mind of PinH IX. His Holiness readily accorded a special and lengthy Interview to Signor To nello, the Italian Eavoy, without the usnal preliminary formalities of an introduction by Cardinal A a tone Hi; and it is believed that this interview has already led to aotive nego tiations which are not unlikely to terminate satisfactorily. Wo published yesterday a brief statement of the bases of an arrangement pro posed by the Italian government to the Pope. The Italian government will bring in a bill deolaring Florence to He the definitive oapital ot Italy. The cardinals wiU be prinoea of the kingdom and will receive from the Italian treas ury double the salary which they now have. ? The inhabitants of the Pontifical territory, with the oveption ot Rome, are to decide by a plebiscite | whether they will remain subjects of the Pope or unite tbemaeivee with the rest of Italy. Rome is to be declared a religious oity ?w? genmis, in which the Pope is to have absolute control. The munioipal oounoil, however, will be elected by the oitiaena, and will have the disposal of several administrative offices. Moreover, the lay element will be substi tuted for tb? religious element, especially If in the course of the negotiations s small terri tory should be added to Rome. The Pontifical troops are to be disoharged and the foreiga soldiers to be sent swsy. The inhabitants ars to be allowed to enlist In the Italian army. The tTCgty la to be binding only during th* Pontificate of Ptas IX, who is to ackr,ml. T ma sci.s instead o? noilMt lata cropjTl&fi King at FW#noe. luiy vT!*! oontribuw Uff qnoU, as a Oathollo Power, to the civil list whfe dVfcor Patholio Powers will bestow on the Popo. Such p.? anppoaod in Italy te be the bases df tha proplh^d arrange ment. * '**..? By the tatters of oar oorrespnndent it Rome we are assured that there are as sigas of the revolutionary agitation whioh It a apprehended would follow the departure of the Preneh troops. The inflammatory clroaltrs of Massinl are distributed and read to some extant, bat onteide of qnlte n limited circle of enthnsiosts they (Ml to firs the Roman heart Perhaps 0 treaty of settlement will soon bo < concluded. It is Important however, that ami' o treaty should smbrsee, besides the maa points of tha arrangement proposed by tie Italian government, an additional provision1 for tha security and iadependoaoe of the Pops, Acknowledged not Only as Dish op or Berne, bs f aloe as Bead of the Gbaroh, he should hate eooured to him the freedom of the porta ?f Anoona and Olvita Veoohln. Tha PonUfloal Ir floating over these ports would Insure his oo*? munloatios with the whole Christian world ladt pondontly of any lny sovereign. He eould ml he dlrtnaMy Imprisoned at Rome and out off fro* the fMthfsri beyond its walla by (ho caprice If some successor of Victor Hmaanol teas db poeed then 'he-latter seems t# be at p-i=>ent b respect the psnon and the spiritual authority of the Pope. Cardinal Antonelli should thasti us for this suggeation, whioh he will not be apt to pans unheeded. Why should not seeh a oee dessiou be Made In return for the large meat flee of temporal power enoted from the &*f Father by the logic of events and the prog ran slue spirit of the age? The Roman question will then hare been solved aooordlag to the pelioy so frequently recommended by dm Hue at a Plus IX. will crown Vlotor SnaanueL Flerenee will resaain the oapital ef Italy, and Rosas the oapital of Christendom. Tun New Orrr Oommramr*.?The new efry govern ssenl will enter upon Its datlss to-day. The new Boards of Aldermen and Gonndlmeu wMI oloet thetr Presldsnls and efoeem, and thn Mayor will seed In Me message. The noddy elected Comptroller, Richard B. Connelly, wfB take peooeosten ef that department Thn Register, Street Commissioner and Surrogate are already fat otloe. A number of important pesllloas ate dependent upon the eeiteu ef Comptroller CenaeMy, ta make a clean swoop of all stoaees, with Km Onswptlsn ef sUeh | oierhe mi hare dttgaaity end MEXICO. ? Oawodee ?i t'eritna ta Waver of iuisn. wumatw, #se. a iter. Wsttfaoaflaflrepesla are enrroat here that Oaaslmaad OHUtwilt Ocupohaplot. TMswfll give ta* Ortaga party a mpirt, aa advantage wUah Th* Hiiiou L*gaU*a km ma ta be ramarkaMr quiet at th# present time, tpptmUf await lag the course of avaate and the resntta of lb* Campbell mla Blow ___ The Meaamr Qaldaa City Halted at At*, puloa -Probable Bvaeaatiaa of that Place hw the Imperial lata, dec. &ur Faasoitoo, Jam. A MT. Thla avaalag the Bulletin says w* learn from aa InitW gent senro* at data of the stoppage of the ataaaaar CMdaa City at Agapuloo. U wa* believed in wall informed qua*, tars that the French would ovaonata that place on Christ ?say Day, after'aa agreement with the liberals that they would insure safety ta all parsons oomproaiaad by n oaa aeotioa with the Imperial oooupatton. TUB SECRET EXPEDITE)*. Salliw of the Steamer Gettyaburc (ram F*v>> treaa Monroe. Fobtrbm Mosnoa, Jan. A INT The gunboat Gettysburg, which was aubatltulad far the gunboat Don, whieb became dtaablad in a storm aa the coast, want la aea this morning. Admiral Partar and Fred. Seward war* Invisible while th* gunboats ra sa ale ed in lb* harbor Th* Don want to Norfolk ta repair damage* Th* flagship Rhode Island, Admiral Palmar, from Charleston, arrived this at tent00% raluralqg from aa ungj'lua Uu So aha dMhrn# v*a**l* of -tha North afths ?spedhlew. jg ....... - . -r Wa if' fonnai WfllMbMp wtmnn# vayaga of1", fowrp flawmu. ?"?io dtp aemtmrnmaflmmpi man <tn that Ftwdarlag flhwarii sails in-tba Batted states otonmar Gettysburg far Sauth America, ta tender tha good a IB am of tha United State* between tha -contending powers of tha ArgaaUna republic and Paraguay. If thla voratau be conreot, are may aspect ta hear from the flaltjsbafli nast at Buaaoa Ayran AFfAIKJIJBUS. 0?Nril Httatdeaii fulfill Afliit Ik* Hervlac *f a Civil Pf em Hia-Hi la Upheld by Judge Baldwin, ihi United SMIw District Attorney. hi* Okun, Jaa. ?, INT. Flmke'i BnlUtm thu morulng contains th* feUewtaf letter from Goaoral Hetatalemaa, Charged with oomaaK ting aa ndeare against the lew* of Tent, at Oalvsetoa, Deo to ? Judge B P. Baldwin, Baited State? Diatriot AUonif eC Hsnatoa A few days aiae* I was served with a r?p?ei (Ma KUia, Otiadaloup* county, Texas, issued by Judge 'ft lend, notoriously disloyal I replied by furnish tag ordeaa under whloh I acted aad a letter from my Afljuinni General, ouolosing It to the Agent of the Freedmaa'a Bureau, at Begum. The copies enclosed say he was ta dicled for thoft and tor sots committed by another, un der that order. Neither ho nor I wont to Soguhs. Tho present dislnrbod condition of the country srtll not adasM of my learlag my post. I would not doom my life aato in the .bands oi UiaTTeua* authorities, as I know of two Individuals wbo worn recently uken from .loll la lleitoa, Bell county, by a mob. aad pat to death. There Is a strong reeling against offloers who have been in any way Instrumental in sustaining tho United Stales laws, particularly those connected with tbe Preedoaen'a Bureau Tbe evident object of this prooeee is to aanoy aad opprees me tor performing my ?doty and through me to throw discredit oa the Unttod Stoles authorises la tha Bute. 8. P HKINT7.KI.MAN, Brevet Major OeaeraL Judge Baldwin gives a lengthy opiuloa hosed oa tha rullog or Ohltf Justice Toaey in tbe rase ol Ahlsmaa against Booth (St Howard, page 6031 which aaya, "Had (he Htato authorities been obedeot to Ibe laws of tha land, tboy never could attempt ae grave a? paw aga.uM the majesty of the laws o( the ualtod States an to Inure imprisoned an officer and attempted tho Iraprts onmeot of attune while Id the discbarga of swora aad luspewsMve .onUottal aud official duties ' THE CARHimt SEASON Bcsaes at Oramntlc Hall Lust Night. L* Ovrrtimal rut arrted? five, U Oarmrmi I?Am ssaa s our Oermaa lellow oitlieaa bars fairly dene with their Christmas aad Naw Tear festivities they bogia la introduce these peculiar oddities which are la vogue amoug tho jolly descendant* of tho ancient Teutons during the naratoal season, which, It Is said, originated from the saturnalias of tha ancient Roman* The raral rml aoaaoa was thirty inaugurated last aigbt at Drams ISO Hall bp the Treses lob Booiety, which, elaoe IU urgaol aatioa, baa made rapid progress towards becoming oes of oar lending German musical associations Tho bah where tho Brat oarairaUstln seaaloa for the yearlMT Mas hold had boon ooavhrted late a curious looking place, an If it wan fo he weed no a plaoo of readeuvma tor haj^rfoe aad downs. The ball was fully dee orat^g with the emblems of Prtnoe Carnlrsl >ud ljad colore aad devloee of the glorious earn ?at aoaaoa, during whloh everybody Is supposd to be a 1 reoi" aad a nondescript Ttia Carplrnl Committee, composed af Mbsani "SBrofcf, HuSwohl, Kato, Biaib, Behrlofar, Qaamill and lleasell, appoareJ by a curious cuntrtvaaoe euddouly, as If by maglo, oa a platform la front of tho hall, whepaffiut tha pertormaacm boyaa by the ? '"find ? ? wnti^teKTBlag. 1:Xw* * " songs-Jm*/ paBhlno la aamber, oompuW tor Or ornlval ?af^i^JB.-JTSa. Ilahad to pamphl#C.BWey are tTi oompeai^v^. a ludicrous character, d|f aroaaag to the tea* of seas* old carnival melody. *.41 the opening sf Mm Bormanoee a procession -Jlmlautlre otowM place, who were thrown lata A otuldren, from which subsequently the Oaralval (k>muf tl?p appeared, as If (bene note downs by none magic trtdw had boon transformed into so maay toll grown "foots" Co prsstd* wear tha prooosdlaas than aad there le take plane. dlsoearae was delivered by Mr. BoUrln/er, da IHstolBl u&*," who gave o fu|l description of seek ? iBMsIs" as known (a natural history " an nM* oral, adWemea, Mt, cfmtW, travelling agent, fade*. so??*ngrf, Jto A comic song, in which one "Josenh" wa* torriHp abuseC JfM "u*? '? ? ?M,,i #?. "wrteos and profouad, whoreupjin Mr. BeloblUs appeared Idjwa dd gown, eai hsanagVihlM lablaarp^Netrversd o dtooame. in whloh ho idp-eesntod the pitdlrimeatajr an old growler oa ladles' fc?w T?* i day la a stpdd which gave geasrel saMstoottllL Jbsa a curtotia pen nsnuMsn to?k plane, vkwlSS BUd?r ess sp ?edited to oomo poaiuoa I* Mm tosfta or Trksan OanrtvaL sad o oemio dime? was delivsred by Ha. HffitohJInMadtor. of the Arise Sodetv. la whloh IMe ?PBttoawartlMeeMd various dsMiea which, it le ailtgoA were sooentty. eemmt tied hp oomejaarWag in offioe ?sl ???iPdslladHito duriaf s ?*???*? meet ng -very. ?asadtbe abased wad rldtwilad. This Is ooeddorod Mr. Bedting# tooiddwood nitpeeklag phngp. net enlp oihtotted 4# speaking onelldaa. andeowas of other Hnprcvensentnl Ob o?9 imisUa Mr todsg ?leHver n nemic dteooaree, siwt on | liming oooduOted to tho butt wse striding thiwigb I ho hall, keeking very profoead, but oa hie attempting Id apeak was ennWs to give attorsaoa to uaatimeata whtoh am daotoamrp la B meeting of b*|nsMn Par his MMae ef tho decorum he wad ne vomlp punished, tor he ww oeufhl *dfl onrrted s?br a 'toskasl" fs eenc No k, wbsah w?d then aeag, the adventures of a "Pbllllgllae" la tho oat nival irnSod of Mm Praadalob were melted, from a-bish ft sppopmd that said Phillleua* was elan caught sad devoamd hp a btaok sak After metUug a ftod doHtf otoer tofaateus sad apMtod asasease, th# PtoaMlgi dad Ma frfsads removed from MMf 9>*ato|M tosir lit r elet el feels' oe|M, a^|c.,rn?d ct11 WOp' bin**,