WASHINGTON IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS, Mr. Ashley's Impeachment Resolution Adopted in the House. TOlt 107 YEAI TO 39 MAYS. ??to of the Distriot of Colombia Soifrage Bill. fie Blil Again Pined ia the Senate by a Tele tf 29 Yeai to 10 Nay?. Jus. Jus. Jtc. iron, Jan. 7,1MT. The laiMcrhMit. After so tang a Urn* spent In talking and threatening, Tingnnn has Anally taken initiatory steps looking to Uie Impeachment of theVreatdent of the United States It ta wail, perhaps, that the matter should thus be brought la a teat. It the President baa been guilty of high aslasaa and misdemeanors, aa charged In the resolution ?X Mr. Ashley, It Is but proper and right that he should fee held to the strict accountability provided by law. If he Is innocent of these charges, the attempt la convict him will only render bis Innocence mora apparent. The settlement of the question in ono way or the other will minister more effectually la the tranquillity of the country than any other pro ?aiding Congress can now devise. The proceedings in Me Heuae this morning incidental to the adoption of Mr. Aahley's resolution were marked with all the excite Mat that so momentous a proceeding might be expected te awaken. Mr. Loan had previously attempted to in troduce on the regular call a series of affirmative pro pp. ?Miens, charging various distinct olhncea against the President. Among others these resolutions charged the Araaldeat with delaying and defeating the restoration of Mo unrepresented States. An effort was made to refer thee# to the Judiciary Committee, but the Speaker ruling Mat tha laat resolution would, under the rules of the Mouse, asad Mom to the Reconstruction Committee with out debate, they were withdrawn, but were again immo- ' dtately offered without the fatal resolution. Objection waa than mads to thoir reception, and they went oa the table for one week under tha rules. lbs morning houa>baving now expired, Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, rose to ? privileged question, and prooeeded 19 osabo a somewhat lengthy speech, alluding to the 0?ponilhiltUes of the republican party and the an lego- < ?lam of President Johnson to that party. At this point MB woo interrupted by a point of order, a member do fsmding to know what was the privileged question. The %ookor held the point of order well taken, and required Mr. Ashley to state his question of privilege, lfr. Ash ley thereupon, assuming a somewhat tragical manner, mid:?1"Standing bora, In the presence of the Congress 0t Mo United States and tha American people, upon my own responsibility, 1 charge Andrew Jobs son, Ttco Msatdent of the United States and acting President, with Ms >?imlsrton of high crimes and misdemeanors, and ?Mr the following reootuttona calling far an in ooattgaUen. The resolutions wars thereupon sent ?M the dUrk's da* to kn, send. I* the moan 1 MM lamb'numbers sf n?m had toft thai* am* t ?md gath^ud about Mr. Ashley, and hi tin spaee intrant tot the Cloth's desk. OsMlmlh confusion prevailed. pvt pMMfcfr hf 'is iln 1 npitaf proceeded. oa flrtf drtafwon of tha mdtog Mb. Adding moved to lay the resolutions on tha tab*, wblcb wan lost. Mr. Ashley then demanded the pro mens qn?tlnn Un a etao ooee vote on seconding the de ' Ma ndys largely prevailed, and the Speaker de 1 ft* tel. hn, however, the call was sustained by a largo majority, the yuan and naya were thoa dnmanisd on the adoption of the resolutions, pending which Mr. HubboU, of Ohio, moved to reconsider the vote by which the demand Mr Mo previous question was sustaindd. Proceed ing to explain his reasons, ho was cut short by Mo rule forbidding debate under the operation of the poovloua question. Mr. Aabley then moved to lay the motion to rooenwder en the tab*. A scene of confusion tostonlly ensued, members shouting to him that the mo tton would carry the who* subject with it, ne in the meantime catechising the Speaker on tha effect of the motion, and the opposition calling for duration and cries of ??order" coming from all atom. In tha midst of the eon fusion Mr. Ashley withdraw his motion to Uy on the tab*, which waa imme-llately renewed by Mr. Bteveas, sad the naya and yam ordered, which ramlted in yeas td, nays <8, whereupon the motion to reconsider was laid on the table,-and the Speaker declared the question M boon the adoption of the resolution. The call of the yeas and nays was thereupon reapnsd, moulting in yeas 108 and nays 36. Tlis annrance- j meat of Ibo adoption of the resolution created some satisfactory sensation on the floor of the Bourn, was the republican side, but In tha galleries, which were woll Oiled, there was a to ad bv-k of any demongraden j either of approval or disapproval, save by oca solorcd individual, who vainly oodeavored to get up some ap Tbe House immediately proceeded to other Usin' as. II Mould bo remarked that these revolutions are merely propositions authorising investigation, and is such should have met w th no opposition. The 1'rtddent'n frtonda could do bim do worse service thaa by guuipt tng to mroon his official sett from official ecrutiar. rending toe proce? dlDi<s on Kr. Loan's rssoiu|ous tlve gltoata secretary of (ho Preaident appeared afchn bar df toe Ho we aad aanouueed ? message from >|a JPresi "? The announcement waa received with toe than mpprmsod laughter aud exuiamst'oua o^derit.oa tha rarfPaJ ride of the boose, no alien. J* at ine suppression of which ware made by tha Spoalce. Mr. Waahburne of Illinois, Mr. DsJaao, of thio, and oMer promise: republicans declare that Mr.Aakley'a Impeachment i> .. iou will amount tono'hiir. 8-:b to Mo general t* i?c*sk>n spring the more KeJllgenf. thinkers, A* one -.ally written, the resolntion istr.icted Mo Jndlclnry committee to snake the n.ceOgatlonq tort under praasuro bo struck th* out and swititntod ??authorised." Tbe Jtdi. mry OoinfMttoe will all upon *L'~ for bla proofs of the charge, and if haloes not - Mo groundr they will drop tb whole Mr. Ashley's resolution la in defiance of t hem tent, on of the caucus, which was to do nothing. Ashly swears Mat every member ahull bo forced to'show hi hand in Open session. Such action is well oaiculated t procipl totoaaplit in Mo ranks Aahtoy la not poprnr, and If from no other reason his e"orta will be o|iur?d, bo mum of the unwillingness of msmbors to sn*it to h* tofedorsbipi The Men ate iu determined acalnatmpMch mant Such radicals as tirlmea openly drtrinqo the effort as *Uly, that It caauot carry in the Hots; end if n should, it would not bo entertained for a ay by the Maat* An in press: an has gained poaeefstoa of the mlado of Congre^imcn that the Prddaut * frightened at th* clamor about Imsochmeut, and that by keeping It np tbey wlllultimately ' feme Mm to adopt their views But isthia they am mistaken. There * no scare to thfPresidsnt. Mo Is simp'y satisfied that Cessnas casnot i(peach km if thsy would, and would sot, for say eilatfc cause, if Ahey could. He dvAeo them to tbo effort. Mufksiall, ffpeaking of the rre*ldent, ! am reminded f a foolish attempt that has lately_ besn made bsre 1 hiackmail him.. -It baa been represented to bim ihalh* Hmtt.n lo about to rqwm tts porthole* on him and hi lamlly lor totegrd reception of Orlbss from Mr. Rmyttii end tbe.e parties rlslm toffl.-ient influence to snpysv such at took*. tha ttpMdrui *, of count, vary ffiry and in dignant. He simply refuses ail onmmurtstori with ouch parties, and challenge* and ttposures W may be -"-de. U * smflrlent lo say that the ladies' the Whits '"laratpry <|>det, dotimuMc, ntipretenng, uuam ? ladles, and nev r ha: n hecn knowtto mi* In any manna r in political eft*.re. Ifevmsat of the National D*. Tbo MB Introduced by Represen'atirs tend ill, of j Pennsylvania, today, aud rc/e:red to the ?tuuiktee on Itoaktng aud rurtoaey, antliovigM the ttoanary of too Ikmsury * issue up too tradit of too titod ?!*'.* i 9300,000,000 of treasury notes, not bearing tnt??*t, to bo legal under lb manner an authorized by iho act of ittmrj U, tmi, the amount to be issued in a y year not to exceed one hundred millioux, to be exchan^-d for the lasuee of the national bank* and i'or tUo purchase of eoeh portion of the national tndnbtednewi or bonda >? may ho neeemary to carry out the true in'cut of this act, tills of the national bank* received in exchange for Treasury notes to be caneeUed, and the oert! ilea tee of national Indebtedness and bonds to be purcha sed at the market prion. The Secretary of the Treasury, Attorney General, Secretary or the Interior, Trcacurer of the United States and Comptroller of the Currency are to be the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund. The object and affect of this bill is to pay the national debt la thir ty-two years, with an appropriation of eighteen millions ? year for this purpose. Facilitation of Importation*. Representative Myers Introduced a bill, which was re ferred to the Committee on Commerce and Internal Trade, to facilitate direct Importations. It la made the duty of revenue o[floors, on the discharge of tho cargo of1 any reosel on her arrival at either of tho ports of Baltimore, Fhiladeiphm, New York or Ho* too, having merchandise on board subject to entry and payment of duties, when any part of the cargo of ouch vessel may be shipped and directed by in voice, manifest and Mil of lading to aither of those ports other than the port of arrival, to forward forthwith under regulations to bo proscribed by tbo Secretary of Uu Treasury without entry, warehousing or bonding at the said port or arrival; all such goods, wares or merchandise under Custom House seal to such named port of destination to tho Custom officers of such pork The Arrest uf Snrratt. Additional document-- were transmitted to the House today by the President, in answer to a resolution of that body <-<>noertilng tho arrest of John H. Surratt. They relate principally to proceedings preliminary to that event. Among tho papers is the correspondence between Consul Wintbmp, at Malta, and the government of tbat Island. Br. WlutLrop, 11 appears, on hearing that the steamer Tripoli was nearly ready to leave for Alexandria, asked the government for assistance to arrest Surratt. The Governor replied by saying that a conspiracy to commit mnrder ia not among the offences included in six and seven of Victoria, chapter seventy six, unless uiurder was intended, or an assault was com mitted with intent to do murder, or it wao actually per petrated, so ao to mats the person responsible for these cvlmes. Besides, there was no evidence to show that the gpspected person was actually John H. BorratL Tho Governor called In the aid of tho polloe and Informed Mr. Wlnthrop that 'no suoh man was on board tho Tripoli, which stopped at Malta to coal. Mr. Wlnthrop, falling in his object, sent s telegram to our Consul Gen eral at Alexandria, by the way of Constantinople, as follows:?"Arrest Surratt, conspirator, a passenger on steamer Tripoli, now leaving Malta. Dress, Roman Zouave*; name, Walters or Watson.*' The nrreet was duly made, as ts already known, and the prisoner wao placed os the United (States corvette Swatara. The cor respondence shows the activity of Minister King and other diplomatic and consular agents of tho government to effect the arrest of the fugitive. Ou the 8th of Deoember our Consul at Alexandria la n letter to Secretory Seward said Your telegram in answer to mine of the STlh nit, was received lam evening; the circuit ofstwelve thou sand miles having been completed in ton days, notwith standing the break in the wire between Alexandria and Malta, which required my message to go th.thor by steamer, and delayed the prompt transmission thence of yours. Our Minister at Rome, addressing Mr. Seward under data of December If, says St Maria, who first informed me of Snrratt being la the Corps of Zouaveo, has been discharged froorthe Papal service at my request I have paid alia the sum aneet flett by tbe Department of Stain. Threats have been made against St. Marie by boom of his old comrades, end thinking hit life "u not altogether safe, and that he might bo wanted as a witness to identify Surratt, I Of Captain Joffors, and M milod Hi put turn to charge i the Swatara on Friday last. Kin. gram MAyatoM&h hi HIM or question Dm truth or Ms statements. The Oefsjstiso wf tho Adgpi of Mm J?a?. .. The PreeMewi man neat' a' memegntotho House en closing a communication from the Sccretary of Stois, who says It is not advisable at this lime to comply with the request contained la resolution of that body for a eopy of all the correspondence on the subject of tho joint occupancy of the iUand of Ban Juan by tho United (hates and British authorities. My. Htevem.Bmdy with Hla Martial Law BUI. Mr. Stavens has a (Mil ready declaring martial law in all of tha Southern states. Kniaore at the In ion tied RnlfuUlra mf Sec retary Maittn. There 1c a rumor thai Secretary Stanton la abort to surrender his portfolio^ because of his non-agreement with the President in his veto of tha District Suftags bi}l. It can bo traced to no reliable source and la gen erally discredited. Mr. StMtoa and the Arkansas Delefatlan. Secretary Stanton tinted upon tbe delegation from Ar kansas the aoceptance of tho oonatitat tonal amendment by tbe I.egtslatsre of thai State; but he waa the only member of the Cabinet who did an Leading republican Congres*men, with whom several of the delegallon con versed, were frank in the statement that Arkansas would not be admitted If she accepted the amendment. The delegation will therefore report against It. Ceelrwatlva of General Dlx CeosMered Cer tain. Tbe itnnnnatlen of tieneral Dlx se Minister to Franoa wdt be acted on fa.orably lyr the Senate, In executive ?o*eioa, tu a few day a. The Coming Receptions. Tbs iup.orsaienta and decorations at tha Whits ?opM will he completed by the 10th Inst. Tbe Preel uot. has given notice that he will hold three levies dhiing this session of Coatgreaa, the first oa Thursday, ' the 17th of January, tbe second on Thursday, the *tb of I'eb'- .ary and tho third on Friday, the S3d of February, fro in eight aatll eleven oclbck la tha evening. The ladies of the executive mansion, Mr-. Patterson and Mra Btowr, will be at home on Mondays. Tho ladtos of the family of Boo. 0. H. Browumg, Secretary of the Interior, wilt receive on Wednesdays. Tbs roosptlose of Hon. Schuyler Colfax, Speaker ef the House of Represstita tives, will commence an Tbnmday, the 10th last, had eott<inueaevery Vhn;aday evening from half.part eight ts Heron o'clock during the TWrtjjDlfilh Congreea The eeotpuons of Mrs. aad Mies Matthews, the mother and sister ef Speaker Col fax, for ladtea aad gentleman ao nemi-Ritylug Vh?m. will commence on Wednesday, Janu ajy 10. and an every anecsfldrag Wednesday afternoon during the iimisten from one to four o'clock. De?'lei?? ia the New York Bank Tax Cases. Associate Juki Ice Nelson to-day, la the United Mates Supreme Court, dollvercd the optnloa in the eierea New York bank lax cases, which were brought before It on n writ of error against tho Commiaamaere of Texas and Assessment* Tno judgment of the court below Is of. firmed. Chief Justice Chess, Wayne and .Swayae dla ne u ted. liCfulttv ?f .Wanirlpal Taxatloa. The United Mtatas supreme Coast to-day delivered eeverel opinions'eonfirmlny the legality of taxatloa by certain muuirtpal rorporetionH la Iowa for plank aad railroad improvements therein. The Tax sa Cattaa. It ts reported tMtt the Committee on Ways aad Means will not recommend say change la tbs tax upon oottoA. Internal Revenue KrcelpU. The receipts from Internal revenue to-day wore 91,121.530. t'oavlctiaa af a Natuggler. Tho Oominisei oaev of Oovtama haa recstvod lafertnalloii of tho MMfMMfe at Tonawanda, New York, of ago or a gang of amuggisrs who burned the house or Mr. Hetineeaey, tbe Deputy Collector of Customs at that place. The man bee been .sentenced ?o six years aad two months Imprisonment. The rest ef the gnag have not yet been caught, but wt 11 meet with speed} Justice when they are. Redact lea af Taxes. It tony not he eeoersliy known snd understood by tho ooontrr that ear people paid doting tha year ending Jure30 18411, about four tunea as much taxes, In pro portion to tbe value of real and personal property Of tha country, as was paid ta Kngtand during the same tuna. But such appears to be tbe fact, front the report of Mr. Welle, the Commissioner of Kevenno. Ia other words, an Atari Iran rltlien I* oow taxed about four limes as raucli ar a citia.m of Copland, and the whole amount of trsos collected in year ending June 80, 1800, was about equal to one.seventh part of the whole national debt; yet mob atipears to be th ? fart, and onr peopM are pa tient under the burden. But wa "should be careful hew w? ride a willing horse loo fkr," so wa should beware lest we eabanet the pntirnre as well m ability of our people by tbla process. If the shade of Sidney Smith eouVt return to this earth it would ire vision of repudiation In the future aad i vspttht grow xioquopt in Me description of the eseaaa af j ?^dgjhoa LgS up bays so taofe talk, the* af apttdHy I paying off the national debt We moat be content to provide for Me oeruin extinguishment in the future and tbe ;> -nctual payment of the interest. Any other plan must inevitably crpple our reaourees and diminish greatly our powers of production. If we can provide lor the ultimate payment of the principal In llftjr yeaia it will be quite early enough, and the bonds, if bald by our own citizens, will serve aa a salutary security that the peace will be kept In future. Tbe gaaae of civil war is altogether too expanalva to bo Indulged In too fr?. quently. railed Mates Hondo in Hamburg. The government is in possession of official ad riots Horn Hamburg to tbe effbet that ita bends are in high fbvor there, and a greet demand for thou In the future is predicted, should no new political trouble arise, The Paris Expoettle*. A bill was introduced to-day directing tbe Commie a!oner of Agriculture to collect and transmit te the United Sudan agent at New York a full aaaastment of tbe agricultural products of tbe country, ta be neat to the Paris Exposition. It pound both houses. The im portance of exhibiting specimens of our cereal products at tha Paris Exposition that ail who visit thai grand exhibition may beheld the fertility of the soft in the United states, was urged open Congress by Ooloaei Rowland, commissioner to the Paris Exposition. Cuban Quarantine Kegslatiesa. Official information has been reoaived hare that the Governor General of Cuba by a decree of the Nth of December has relieved veasels arriving at tha poris of that island from Phlladalpbia of all quarantine tha Spanish Consul at that plaeo having reported that tbe cholera hail entirely disappeared from his dlatrtct atnea tbe gist or December. The exemption from quarantine appears only when the vessel brings a clesa bill of health ' and no case of cholera has occured on the paxenge. Promotion In the Nary, Dr. J. Rufur Tyson, Assistant Chief of tha He man of Medicines and Snrgery, has bean promoted to the grade of Pasted assistant Snrgeon of tha United States Navy. Ke-cerubllshmciit of a rjghtheuee at the Dletrth of St. Mark's River, Fin. The chairman of the Lighthouse Board has received Information of the re-establishing of tha lighthouse at the eastern side of the mouth of St. Mark's river, Fla. The light will be shown for the first time on January 3, 1867. The official notice, with requisite telling direc tions, will be published la a few days. THE VETO MESSAGE. The PthMmi Returns the District ?f (!?(??? kla Ntfra BUI RIlkMi Ilia Slfium. To no SniiTi or m Uwrrsn States:? I have received and considered a blU entitled "An act to ragnlato the Elective French lie in the Diatrlct of Col ombia," passed by tba Senate on tbe 13th of December and by the House of Representatives en tbe succeeding day. It was prssented for my approval en the 20th ul timo?six days after the adjournment of Congress?and is new returned with my objections to the 8enate, in which House it originated. Measures having bean introduced at the commoner meat of the first session of tbe present Congress for the extension of the elective franchise to peraons of color in the Dlatrlet of Columbia, steps were token by the corporate authorities of Washington and George town to ascertain and make known the opinion of the people ot the two cities upon O subject ee immediately aflbeting their welfare as a com. munity. The question was submitted to the people et special elections, held in the month of December, 18M, when the qeellted voters of Washington and George town, with great unanimity of sentiment, expressed theamelvee opposed to the contemplated legislation. In Washington, in n vote of S,MX? the largest, with but two exceptions, ever polled in that city?only thirty-five ballots wars cast for negro raOr?; while in George town, In an sggrsgnto of SIX votes?a aumber consider ably in axeaas of tbewverags vote at the fbor pracodtng elections?hnt one wan given in favor ef wpaaed on?Isn af ? elective f?chim| Mm them alecti?... ?as to have been ? ?ted with enttiw lAlilUk the mdt least W srasptH an e tmthftf npi?un of the opinion of the I people of the Diatrlct upon the question whicn evoked it Pcenemlag, as an asginlsad eommunity, the eaeae popular right as the inhabitants of e State or ?iltaiy, to make known their will upon matters whksh.aSbct their social and political condition, they eeuM have nUsotet ?o moie appropriate mods af mamoriahstag Oengrrm upon the subject of this bdl than through the s?ap ? , their qaaMfled voters. entirely disregarding ? wishes ef the people of the District of Columbia, Congress has deemed It right and expedient to para the measure new submitted for my signature. It, therefore, beoomes the duty ef the Bxn eutive, standing between tbe legislation ef the one and the will ef the esher, fairly signsssl, to determine whether he should approve the bill, and thus aid la placing upon tbe statute bocks ef the nation n law againat which tba paepls to whom It ta to apply have solemnly end with such unanimity pro tested, or whether be sbeoM return H with hie objec tions, in the hope that, upon reconsideration. Congress, act log as the represeaietlvet of the inhabitants of tbe seat of govern meet, will permit them to regulate a purely local question as to them may seem bant salted to their Interests and condition. The District of Columbia was ceded to f)ie United Slates by Maryland and Virginia ta seder that it might become the permanent teat of govern meet ef the United States. Accepted by Congress, It el once became sub jet to tbe "exclusive legislation" for wbich prevision la mad-* In the federal constitution. * It should be boras Id mind, however, that in esereising its functions as tbe lew making power ef the District ef Columbia, tbe au thority of the national l/mlalaluie Is not without limit, but that Congress is bound to observe the letter and spirit of tbe constitution as well in the enactment of local laws for tbe seat of gov am meat as In ieKlsietktn common to the entire Union. Were it to bo admitted that the right "to exercise eseluatve legislation ta all eases whatsoever," conferred ope" Coast see unlimited power i within the District of Colombia, titles ef aoolltty might ; be granted within Its boundaries; laws might be made "respecting an establishment ef religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; ev abridging the freedom sit speech or of the pram; or the right of the people piem abiv to assemble and to petition the government far n redrew of grievances." Despotism weeM thee reign at the seat of government af n free tapohlle. and, as e place of permanent residence, it would ntteM by eii who prefer id* Meetings if liberty to the store emuttissewts ' Tt should tibe he soman?red that In 'iglalaflag fcr the District or Columbia, nadei tbe fad*re! d?(Molten, the relation of Onngrem to its la habitants Is analogous to that of a Legislature to the people of e Stste, ouder their own local soestiMtlen. It dose apt, there for*, seem to bo asking toe mooii that, In matters per taining to the Dietrici. Codgrem should base h like re spect for tbe wtit end I me rests of MS tehablMnta as la en tertained by e State hag'Mature for the wishes end pros perity ?r these rer whom they iegislaie. The spirit ef our constitution end tbe genius of- our government reqalsa that, lb rtfSTI fo any law which is to af* -t and have a permanent beer'rig upon a people, their wiO should axert at least e reasonable influence upon those Who are aetlag la tba capacity cf tbe'r lag?tore. Would, for Instance, the Legislators of the (Mats ef Xhw Mark, or of Peentyi vania, or of Indiana, or of any "lata in tbe Union, in opposition to the expressed will of a large SMtforHy ef tbe people whom they were c bos en to represent, arbi irarily for e unon them, an vetass^ stl persons ef tbe African or eegto race, and make tbm eligible for ofioe, I without any other qualtUcatlon than a certain term of rmldence within the State! In felt iter of the States named would the colored populsdlou. when acting together, be al le to produce any greed social ar political result. Yet, in Mew York, bofeta be con vole, tbe men of color most f tlfll cendltlons that sre not required ef tbe white citizen: in Pennsylvania the eleptive franchise Is restr -ted to white freemen; while in Indiana negroes and mnlai toes are expressly excluded from the rig lit ef rfifltage. It hardly seems consistent with the principles of rignt and Justice that representatives ef Utiles where suffrage is either denied ttio colored man. or granted to him on quail flea: tons requiring Intelligence or property, should compel the people or the Dietrici of Columbia to try an experiment which their ewn constituents have thus far shown an uatriiliagnem to teat themselves. Nur d<me It nceord with our republican Ideas that tbe principle of self-government should loot its ton e when applied to the residents of the Dlstri t raeroly because tbelr legislators sre not, like these ef tbe SUiaa, respon sible through the ballot to tho people for whom they era the law-making power. fhs great object of placing the seat of government under the exclusive legislation ef Centres* wee to secure tbe entire Independence of tba general government from uoilje State Ittfluence, and to eaabln it to diMharge, without danger of Interruption or Infringement of Its aatnenty, the high functions for which It wae creeled by the people. For this important purpose it wae ceded to tbe Untied Stales by Maryland and Virginia, and it cartaiuly never eould bare been contem plated as one of the objects to bo atta ned 17 placing It under the exclusive Jurisdiction of Congees, that It would afford to propagandist* or po litical parties a place for au experimental teat of thtir principles and theories. While, indeed, tbe residents of tbo seat or government are not cltlion* of any State, and are not therefore allowed a voice In tbe electoral college or representation in the councils of fhe nation, U>?y are, novcrtheiese, American citizens, entitled as sorb to every guarantee <* ineeonrtitntlon, to every benefltol the law*, tnit to every rignt which pertains 101 Itirena of our com mon country. 10 ell matters, then, alTectlng their do nmti.i e(Taint, tbe spirit of our democratic form of gov ernment date and* that their wishes should be consulted znd r*rpw toe, end tnay taught to reel that, ettbongb not permuted practically le ptrUclpete In national oonceroa. they are nerertnetens under a patsraal ? vernmeut, re ganwai of their right*, mindful ot their wants, and soil-' ettfltie for their prosperity. It WM erldentiy contem plated that all I?I questlona woaid he left to their deoMop. at least to an extent Htm would net be Inoom patism with the ottfeet for which Uongrsm wae armed eeainmwn IbM?bitM mmmra *W--. ?_ra m , .j.- ? w* vr "ram *sn gWv^^silmwIil. wu unimxl,?T Mr. Madison, that Ita inhabitants would b? allowed "w municipal legislature, for local purposes derived fTom fhetr own suffrages. " When, for the tint iim?, ConKr.HL in the rear 1800, assembled at Waahtng ton, President Adam*, In his ?peeeb' at Its opening, re minded the two Hon** that It wna for tbem to consider whether the local powem over tbe District of Columbia, vested by the oonrtUution in the Congress of the United steles, should be imm-dlately ezeroieed, and be naked them to "conetder it aa tbe capital of a great nation, advancing witb unexampled rapidity in arte, in oom merce, in wealth and in population, end pom eating within iteelf thoee recourses which, If not thrown away or lamentably misdirected, would secure to it a long conrte of prosperity and eelf-government." Three years had not elapsed wb'-n Congress war ca.lnd upon to determine the propriety of retrooeding to Maryland aud Virginia ttffi Jurisdiction of the.territory which they had respectively relinquished to the gevernmeut of the United Statee. It wea urged,"on tbe one hand, that ?? clnaive jnriadlcttan war not neoettaary or useful In the government: that It deprived the Inhabitants of the District if their political right*; that much of tbe time ef Congress waa cemented in legislation pertaining to *; that its government was expensive: that Congress waa not competent to legislate for tbe District, because the member* were stranger* toil* local concern*; and that it waa an example of a government without repre sentation?an experiment duugerona to tba libertMg of the H'ate*. On tbe other* hand, it wad Maid, among other reasons, and sucoeasfulty. Mint the constitution, the acts of oaaainn of Virginia and Maryland, and fha act of Cong reasueoept i?J? the grant, all contemplated tbe exercise of ex clusive IsfMatien by Congress, and that It* uaafulne*s, tf not its necessity, was inferred from the Inconvenience j which wae IWt for want of it by the Congress ol the con federation; that the people themselves, who, it was said, bad been deprived of their political rights, bad net com plained and did not de-ire a retrocession; that the evil might be remedied by giving them a representation In t ongreas when the District should become sufficiently populous, and In the meantime a local legislature; that if tbe innabitants had not political rights, they bad great political influence; that tbe trouble aod axpaube of legis lating for the District would not be great, hut would di minish, and miyht In a great measure be avoided by a local legislature; and that Congress could not retrocedn the inhabitants without their consent Continuing to live euhetetotally under the laws that existed ad the lime of lbs oe?xioa, sad such changes only having been made as ware suggested by themselves, the people of tbe Dis trict have not sought, by a local Legislature, that whtoh has generally been willingly conceded by the Congress oi tne nation. As a general rule, sound policy requires thftt the I,eglv letare should yield to the wMbes of ft people when not inr-onstutent with the constitution and the laws. The measures raited to one community might not he well adapted to the condition of another, and the persona best qualified to determine miuh questions are those whose interests are to be directly affected by any pro posed law. la Massachusetts, tor instance, male persons are allowed to rote without regard to color, provided they possess a certain degree of Intelligence. In a popu lattan in that State of 1,281.060 there were, by thecea aut of I860, only 0,602 persons of color; snd m the males oyer twenty yean of age there were 380,066 white to 2,603 colored By the same official enumeration there ware In the District of Columbia 00,TM wbitea to 14,316 persons ef the colored race. Since then, however, the population of the District has largely increased, and it la estimated that at the present time there are nearly a hundred thousand whiten tn thirty thousand negroes. The cause of the augmented numbers of the latter daes needs no explanation. Contiguous to Maryland and Vir ginia, the District dnrlag the war became a plaee of refuge for those who escaped from servitude, and it is Set the abiding place of a considerable proportion of torn who sought within its limits a shelter from bond age. Until then held in slavery, and denied all oppor tunities for mental cnltnrn, their first knowledge ?f the government was acquired when, by ecn'erring upon them freedom, it became the benefactor of their race; the tent of their capability for improvement began when, for the first time, the career of flee Industry and the avenues to Intelligence were opened to them. Pos sessing these advantages bat a limited time?the greater number perhaps having entered the Distriet of Colum bia dur rng tha later ^eare of the war or slsoe its termi nation?we amy well pouse to inquire whether, after no brief o probation, they are as a class capable ef an intel
ligent exemae ef the right ef sufflragiw and qualified to discharge the duties of official position. The people who are dally witnesses of their mode of living, and who have become fhmtiiar with their habits of < bought, ha*e the conviction that they are nut yet cotnpe become lent to serve as electors, and thus become eligible for office In the local governments under which they live. Clothed with tha elective franchise, the'r numbers, already largely In excess ef the demand for I labor, wooM be eeon_ increased by an irfisut I from the adjntnlug Rtat.a. Dsawn from Where employment In abundant, they would In vela seek it here, and so add ta the embarrassments already experienced frem the large class ef Idle persons oungre ... .... - yet wopshte of forming cor wsettnna that often I _ ? rlMtfitod read ily he made nlmMMt to the purpmsi ef deMgaiqg per ant While la MusnshsffMto, wider the censes ef llK Ute proportion ?f white tn natarsd tufltrte yeere ef aga-woe egtehi 'hen me blast vane eonstttntes I eaufipa'ndatien, while the n Dtstrite on alt aldee, ready ie epaage thehr rsfllieisfl at a] < no ilea, and with ail tha fhultty of a aemadlo order to enjoy here, after a short residence, a people; ih privilege they Had nowbere else It Is within their power, tn one year, to oome late the Dtstnet in sueh numbera as to hove,the napreme control of the white me, and to govern them by by the exercise ef ell the mealetyi enihmrfty smtnr the root, ef the power ef taxation ever property in which they Hove no inter est In Massachusetts, where they have enjoyed the benefits of a thorough educational system, a qualification of Intelligenoe is requ I red, while hers suffVag* is ex tended to all, without discrimination, as well to the meet incapable, who can prove a residence In the District of one year, as to those pereens of oaior who, comparatively few in number, are permease! inhabitants, and having given evidence ef merit end qualification am recognised as useful snd responsible members of the community. Imposed upon an unwilling people, pieced by the ceestv tuuoe under the exclusive legislation ef Congress, it would be viewed as an arbitrary exercise ef power snd an na indication br the country of the purpose of Con grace le compel the acceptance of negro suffrage by the States. It would engender a feeling of apposition sad hatred between tha two races, which, becoming deep rooted and ineradicable, would prevent them frem living together in aetata ef mutual friendli ness. Carefully avoiding every moan-ire that might tend to produce such a resmt, and fftUowlag the clear and well ascertained popular will, we should assiduously en deavor to promote kindly relatione betwoee them, end tbua, when that popular will leads the way, prepare for the gradual aed hanaowlous introduction of this new element into the polities! poorer of the country. It ctnnoi be urged that the proposed extension of suf frage in the District ef Columbia is necessary to enable persons of color to protect either their interests or thotr rights. They stand here precisely as they stand in Penn sylvania, Ohio and Indiana. Here, as elsewhere, in all that pertains to civil rights, there la nothing >? d<e tlngn'sh One clam of persowe frem cittaens ef the United States, for they possess the "full ami equal benefit of all Jaws and proceedings for the security of utd property aa is enjoyed by white citisena,1 mode ??subject to like punishments, peine em penalties, and to none ether, any law, etetuu^ ordinance, regulation or custom to the -wmrary aetwitbatand ug. her, as has' ? I ffiMM w, aa haehfitet assumed, are their enffssges necessary to eld a loyal sewtlmefit herb; far leeal governments el reedy exist of eedeuMed fealty to the government, and are sustained by ?ommuattlee which were among the first to testify their devotion to the time*, ami which garing the struggle furnished their Ml quotes ef men to the military servlofi ef ilte em itery servMfi ef. lite emnttp. Tbe esorctee of the eleettvet fnmchlm ie too highest attrihete ef aa American c I been, and when guided by virtue, Intelligence and patriotism aad a. proper appreciation of eur W.Hui'oss, eoamitotae the Urn# basis af a democratic forte of government, tn which the aevereign power is "edged tn the body of the people. *?s taCncnse for good necessarily depends upon the elevated character and patriotism of the else or, for if exercised by persons who do net Justly estimate tie value aad who are indif ferent h to fu retells, it will only serve as a means of plaetng power In the heeds ef the unprincipled and am bitious, aad must eventuate ia the complete destruction ef ttet liberty of which -it should bo the meet powerful conservator (treat danger to therefore to he apprehend ed fr m so untimely extension of the siectirs rraunUiss to sny nsw clam la our cmairy, espeeially when the large majority of that class, In wielding the power thus placed !a tbslr hands, cannot he escorted eorre".'.y to comprehend the dutlen and reep-.MiWiliUcn wntch per MnlllfS. !????? _ . _? tain to suffrage. Yesterday, as It were, four milieus of psTsona ware hold In a condition ?r alaveiy that l-ed ei tcted for generalioaa; to dae they are fteemea, aad are assumed by tow to be CM! scat It anaot he pre thltf ? ? - ?nmed, frem tMIr previous cooduion sf servitude, that, as fiSMSfi, they are as wall ;oformed M to the nature of geveramentaa the mtolllfiefit foretener who makes land the home ef hie choice fa the oae; of tbo latter neither a reeideeoe of fire years and the knowt edge ef our itottiatichs which lt|' edge of our tfistilutichs which it gives, nor st ack, mvnt to the prtnaiplee ef the eenstiielioa. are the only conditions upea which he caa he admitted ts cltlanathlp. Us mute prove, ia addition, a good mora! character aad thus give reaaonaftle ground for the belief tost be will he faithful to the obligations which he assomre ae a^ rea of the republic. Where a people?the acureo i . political power- speak, by their wiragea, through tbo instrumentality ef the heltal box, It must be carefully guarded against the control of those who are corrnpt Ie principle and enemtee Of free institutions, lor It ?ma only become to our political and social system a safe conductor ef healthy pop ular eeatlment when kept free irons demoralising influ ence*. Controlled wroexh Iraad and usurpation by the designing, anarchy sad despotism must luetitably fol low. In the beam of the patrlotle and worthy our gov ernment will he grmerved open the principles of (be constitution inherited from our fathers. It follows, therefore, that in admitting to the ballot box a now class of rot ere not qealtfiod for the aaerelao of the elec tive franchise we wpohsa enr system ef government la stead of adding to ita strength aad durability. In returfiiug thto bill to the fteeate I deeply regret hat there should be anv conflict of opinion r between the legislative and erecetivn departments of elm govern ment in regard to measures (bat vitally ?fleet the pros perity and-pene" of the oourtry. Rinoerely deal ring to re concile the Mates with eas another, aad tha whole people to the government ef the United 'tales, it has been my earnest wish to oo operate with. Con gress la all measures having for liielv olgcot a proper and complete adjustment of the quoxiloan reuniting (rum our late civil war. Harmony bet even ike co-ordinate branches <if the government, always uoccsisvy far the public wrifare, was nevr r wre demanded than at the prevent tiuie; and it w-il therefore hn my constant aim to promote, a*.far aa po-sallile, concert of action between them. The differences of epiaien that hav.- already occurred hare rendered me only the more caettona, i-et the Eie< stive should encroach upon any of the prer<>g<. lives of Congress, or, l>y eson ding in nny manner the constitutional limit of bis duties, dsiroy the equilibrium which should exi'd between the revere! co-ovomate do partmcnts, and whieh to no assent ai ufthe hurmomoue working ot tke government. 1 know It kae been rged that the ?ivoetlve department is teste Uhetv to enlarge the sphere el Nb ect'ee tlteh eHhsr ef the ether two brunches of tk? government, and eepocially ta Uio ?xarciM of the veto power conferred a poo it by the ooa stltutloe. It ehould be remembered, however, that Ihta power te wholly negative and coaaervale in ita charao ter, aad waa intended to operate aa a cheek upon uncon ?utuuoaai, haaty aad improvident Idklalaiion, land aa a meanaor protection aweiapt InvaMone of the Just powers and Jodie of the executive aad Judicial departments. It la narked by Chancellor Kant that "to eaaet laws is a kaaseendeut power; aad, If the body that pausesw >t te a hill aad oqaai representation of the people, there is ??agar of iu preening with destructive weight upon all the other parts of the machinery of govrrnnieut. It has, therefore, boon thought pec saury, by the uto-! skilful and a<?t exparietioed artists in the science of JjWI polUy, thst strong bentem should be eiocioa tor ecTkii proteclioa and secTrity of (be oilier w/ powera #r the government. No: him ban baea itemed more fit aed experliuut for the purpose than the provision that the bea.i of the Executive Pepurimeni should ne so cuastHuted as to secure a requisite ahare of .udependenow, aad that h# should hive t nugfttivA uoon tbe pamspie of itins; aad that the Judiciary power, resting ou a still more permanent basis, ahould have the right of determining upon the validity or laws by tba atandaid of tue coast! tutloo." lite necoeeity gf some auch check la the hand* of the Executive is ahnffo by mfwreaoe to the n.oet eminent writers upon oar ?tatent of government. who nun to ouncur in tb# opltumi that encroachment. are most to he apprehended irom the deparUii*:.t in wlucU all latlve powers art rested by the constitution. Mr Madi son, In referring to the difficulty of provtd>ug some practical security for each ?>- u.t the Invasion of tho others, remarks mat "the regulative department is everywhere extend ing the sphere of It* activity, and drawing's!! power into its impetuous vortex." "The fi Hindi ti> of our repub lics e ? e aeem never to have recollected the din ger from legislative usurpations, which, by a wambling ail power in the same hands, must i? id to- the tutna tyranny as to threatened by Executive usurp*!!on*." " In a reprtawniaUve ropabtlr, where the Executive ma gistracy is raratully Km'tad, both in the extent ami the duration of its power, sod where the legislative puw-ir Is exercised by an mweaibty whl' h is lusjdrui by a sup ? np * ml. poecd influonee over the people, with an intrepid couP donee in Its own strength; which Is nu?lclentlv numer ous to fori all the pactions wLlch acltute a multitude, yet not-so numerous as to hb Incapable of pnrmiiug thy objects of iu passions hy means which reason pre scribes?It is against the ent*rprlMnp ambillon of tins department that the people ought to indulge all their jealousy and exhaust all iheir precautious. ' "The Legislative Department derives a superiority in our governments from other circumstance*. Its con stitutional powers being at oooe moro ox'euiiv* and lev* susceptible of predsa limits, it cau wltli the greater facility mask, under complicated aud Indirect mouriireF, the encroachment* which It make* on the co-ordinate department'." " On tbe-otber side, the executive power (King restrained within a narrower compare, and being moro stmpluln its nature, and the Judiciary r-elug de scribed by landmarks still le*s uncertain, project* of usurpation by aither of these departments would imme diately betray and defeat themselves. Nor k thlti all. As the legi -iatlve department alone has a cue.- * to the pockets or tba people, and has in cut const! tot ions full discretion, and In all a prevailm* talucacc over the pe cuniary ratvards of those wnb ill the other de partments, a depeadenoe is thus created In the latter which given mil) greater facility to encroachments of the former?' "We have eeen that the tendency of republican governments is to andlaementof tho legislative, at tba expanse of an aggrai tba other departments.' Mr. Jefferson, in icferrtaff to the early eonetitutlon of Virginia, objected thathy ? provisions all tho powers of government?leguMUvAxecutlve and Judicial?re sulted to the legislative boom holding that "the Concen trating these in the qarne bifida is precisely the deDui tlon of despotic government! It will be no alley iuUun tlon of despotic govaramentf It will be no alley ialion that theaa powera will beCexerclseJ by a plurality of hands, and not hy n single one. Ona hundred and aev?niy-?hfee dffipota would an rely be as oppressive as one." "J|g(MM# will it avail n> that they are chreau by ourselves ? elective despotism was not tho gov ernuient we foujhl for, hot one whioh shonld "not only be founded on free principles, hat in whidh the lowers of government should be so divided end balanced among several bodies of magis tracy as that ne one con Id transcend their legal limits without being effectually checked and restrained by tba for this reason that convention whioh paasad others. For this reason that convantlon whioh passed the ordtnanoe of govern meat laid its foundation on this basis, that the Legislative, Executive and Judiciary Departments sheuM bo ?operate end distinct, so that no person should exercise the powers of more than ona of them at the same time. But ne harrier was provided between these several powera. Tba Judiciary and Exe cutive members'weae tart dependent on the legislative for thelt ewbeistenee ta office, and aome of them for their eeatlnuenee ta It If, there!ore, the Legislatnre eiiumn Executive and Judiciary powers, no opposition ta likely te be made, aer, If made, can be effectual; be i into itaery <* tae ether braeotam They ba< r.ta many ]?*???* daridod rights ffhhffi should W wr M Jefliftaff eiwHtaisTsj; aad the dtreo of the Executive, dtnffitg the whole time af their - is besoming habitual and famtitar.? p ^ r, la MeMMMMMprteaea the cobstl aabyetberal" "Thenere many rewnoae whicb may.be aaatgaadfar the engnam^ taiiieiin of the legislative la the M etaa ita department. la the Arm ptaee, iu conetituttonaTpowers are more extensive, and lees capable of being brought within preeieo Hmllethea those ef either of the other departments. The ieaa4e of the executive authority are easily marked eat end defaed. It reaches few ob jects, aad tboee an knows. It cannot traaeoead them without beieg broogbt la contact with the ether depart ments. Laws mac chock end iwtrala and tutfem, leitaww the tame subject, end'geyg"The truth ?PHBVra fegfataUve power is the peat and overruling power la eevry flfee government" "Therewreeanu tlvasof the people will witch with Jealousy every en croachment ot the exacuilUS magistrate, for it tranches upon their own authority. But who shall wntah the encroachment of these representatives thcmaolvesT Will they be aa Jeataeeef the exercise of power bv tbemsnlva* boundHa extra tan.Theam remarks opp.y with all 11 greater fore# la the Judiciary. The Jurisdiction ? ia, -or alf be, bounded to a raw objects or persons; at Da- seer genernl aad ugilmlted, Ha operations an necessarily sonftned to tba sera ad statural Mo af private and pnbijr justice. Ii cannot parish without law. It caaaat create easw-lntlM to a t upoa It can deride only open rights aad eases as tba; an brwnght by others bafon ii It can do noting far llaalf. It moat do Aery thing far other*. Ttnust Obey tba laws: aod If it corruptly administers them, It ia subjected ta tba power of impoarbmeat. On ibe other hand, tha legislative power, exoeptata tha raw caaaa of ooaaUtattoaal pnbibiilon, ta nalimlted. It ia forever varying tu maana aad Ha end* Ip-govem* fbe Instttui.oaa, aad Iawa. and pubile policy of too country. It regulalea oil Ua east Inlenata It disposes ef all Ita roparty. Leek bat at tba exercise or two or three branches of Ita ardlaary power*. It levies all Urea; it d'recta aad appraprtaUl all supplies; It gires tha rules for tha dsaeaat, distrballon and devisee of all property bold by .ndivMuali. It coatrola the sources and tbo resources ef tgealita. It ctiange* it ita will lha wbola fabric of tha laws. It neulds at Its pleasure almost all tha Inatlldtloaa which glee atrenftb aad comfort aad dignity ta misty. In tba nuxt place it is tba direst, visible ropr?utaHro of tba will of tbo people ia all the change# of times aad c;rcoim*tance?. It has tba prlda as wall aa tha power of numbers. It Is easily moved aad steadily sored by the strong impulses of popular foeHnc aad popular odium. It oboyi without reluctance the wtahea aad the will of tbo major.ty lor tbo time batag. Tha path to public foTorllos open by aocb obodiaaeo; end it lada not ealy anppert. bet im puaity, la whatever measures tha amierltv advises, even though they transcend tba coaetnutianai limits. It nee ? no motive, theaatara, tobe jesteua ar n-rupu'-o'is ta tie own .see* pewer.aed tt finds Ha ambUten stimulated aad Ha arm ? stwagihaasd by tha eaoataaam-e pad tha courage df numbers. These views an not eioaa lnone of s?n who leeb with appnhensloa upon tbo fata ?l r-pnh Ilea, trot they are alee fruviy admitted by some or the strongest" ndvoeatao for popular ripbtir and the permanently of rapabllean institution*." "Knob de port mant shbuH have a Will of itaowa.? "Ka tt eb<jnjd have its own independence estnr*r bdmnd tha power of being taken away by abhor ea hath af the others. Hut at the rsme time tba relations of each to the otnef *h*iiM be ooaimsf that thanaboold has mums .oterest to aurtain and protect eneb other. Then Should not nn'j ' be constitutional means, but personal motives to r?v?t encroach meat* of one or eHneroAhe others. Thus, aii.t.tion would ho made to 'ooatero.' ambttl u; Mm da ?n of power te check power, aad tha prosvnra of in tern* to balance ... . pposing Intend." "Tbe jud ciary ta naturally, end almost nsoeasarUy (as baa been alreadr saidi. tb weakest departmaat. H can have no means af .08 .ansa by painting* Ita powers can never bo Molded tor , las If it has no comiuand over the puree or tbo sword of tbo saltan. It ran neithor lay tares, ear appropriate money, nor oounand artulev, nor appoint to odtoe. It la never br?u?bt Into contact with the people by constant appeals and eelIrnations, and private Intercoum, which belong to ait tha other departments of g .venmunt. It ia seen ably .a voatnivsreiea, ar in triata and punish ments. Ita rigid Jnstke aad impart allty gi.a it uo claims to favor, however they may to rvapeut n viaudr aoiltavy Mid unsupported, ?ie?pt hy that portion of public opinion which ialn vrvsiad only tall* strict ad mialbirM'-in of Jostle#, It .""La rarely secure the sympa thy of staloue support slthar ef toe executive or tbe tegiMature. It they are aol fas ta not 'infrequently the - - ?? 1 constant lit* isa.tv 1 tbe appltaaiion of any private person, an* the painful duty of pronouncing Judgment that than acta are n departrire from the law or conetitjiioa, can have no tendency in oondlltale Kind teaser acoueh lafluesso It would seem, therefore, that torn* additional gearda would. under such eircurn stances, be neoearary t?> prefect ibis departm?n- from the absolute dominion of the othent Yet raiel* have any such guards been applied; and every attempt 10 In troduce them has been resisted with a pertinacity wiiiota demonstrates haw slaw popular leaden are to Introduce checks upon the.r own power, and how elow tao people are to beliero that the lodtciary Is the real bvlwark of their liberties. ' "If soy department ef tbe government has undue influence, ar slwnrbtng power, It certainly baa not-been either the eienullvu or Jcdtawry." I ? In add ".on to what baa been sold by these Jb.iin gulsbed writers, It may also bo urged that tbe uenmant party In seen limine may, by thaexputaionof a sum lent m other of member*. or by the esclmion fro:n repre sbnlattou of a req iiaito number of ?tatee, redtioe Ibo minority to U-s than ene-third. C'r.gresr by these mrana, might 1st anablrd to p??e 0 law, the chjroi!<tn- of tlia i'/oai.ivnt tb the contu ry Uottaiti standing, which would rSntar impeisnt tha ot'idr ttao < vportraeata of Ibe government, and mike U operative ?he whcleaerue and rmtraining power tviiien it was tnivodsd by the framem uf tne c.insiftuiien iiheutdU vivrted by them. Tiita would be a piar? ml concentration of all power In thn ?,->ng?ss of the United P'.aies. this, In the isugaaga of the a ithor ot tlx Tteota ratten of lnd< i.sndsaca, wonld bo ??prociurly to. dadai Uon of I* -wpoti.) guvsrnmont." ? 1 have pmfsirsd to reproduce these tenrhln-a of the gre.?i siatcem-n anl censtlvntW.ns l lawyers of tit" earty aril later dayr of the republic raiher than to ra.y suoptr spun an expre- va af tay own ontaiofi* wo eanact loo eftan recur 10 them, eapetaa tv at a conjunct urn like ibo pus ant t hair p.lcailon la aur act'ial cooditk>a w so si cereal tlsat they new soma ta ua aa a ilviag v?xee, to bo iistanrd to with ease) Jealous of Its proregativse, thoe of acrulinliMg tbo seta of vock, upon 1 any orients parson, and the painful dot i attention than at any prevteiu period of our his lory. Wa hare bean and art yat in to muln of nopuiar commotion. The paewona arouaed V a great civil mar are atiU dominant It la not a time favorable to llutt calm and; deliberate judgment mblct t* the only a*f* guide when racLral change* in our lnntutiooi are to be made. The mVLiure now before tueia one or Uium rbangee. II Initiate* an untried eiperiient for a peopie who have raid, with one voloe, that kg* not for their good. Tbia alona should make a pnwr; bit it is not all. The experiment uw not lu-.n tried, or to much na demamtd bv the people of the aeveral Statee foi th?uivnet> in bat few of the State* ha* such an tnovnilon been allowed a* giving tlie ballot 10 the coloed popelaliun without ?ny other quahUcMlion than u realm-..- <>( one year, and in ninel of th ou win denial of thehulioi to in a rare I* ahen.uw, and br tuadauu-nut law fai,->.: I evm d the domain of ordinary legislation. lu no. tor tin. ? riiatei. rbe evil of audi" auflriuie would betiurtial. 0141, entail 1* it would be, it le Kuarded by CoU?tltitioB?> ha. rio.?. H're the .uiiovation ?-aumes forrukd 'iin moim tiwaa, which uiay easily .tow to auafe an ixteat ?* io make the white population a subordinate element in it.* body politic. After full deliberation upon thin nearure, I cannot Orim myself to approve it, ?reu upon lord ooit .'ideraimn-., nor yet aa the bxinning "r an experiment on a larger >c?le. I yield <0 no one in attachment to that rule nf general run rag- which <?' * I figui?hes our policy a* a nutioh. But tboe it a linn, wisely ohrerved hilhrilo. which makes the-MlU. a privi lege and a tru I, anil which require* of naue ?!?*s ?* a time suitable for prolan ion and pieparalhu. l'o give u. lUil.eci-itDlualely to a new olaM, wholly inprepa: ed, u* pr'-vinu* babii* und opportunities, to perfonn the trust whieh ii itemuud*, ix to degrade tt, and Itewlly to dec -?y it., power; lor It mar be safety aasumed hat no pol i?.-l truth is belter ratahlWhcd than that mph tad'i-n'n.i.a'o and ail-cnibncing eaten-ion 01 popi-nr snAra^e tuii't aud at )a?t m it* uexlructioa. A.V3UKW JOK.fSti TV veaiac-TO*. Jan. 6, 1887. THIRTY-HIHTH OOYGRXiS. Srron* Htealo*. SENATE. WanuteoTOK, Jan 7, tiw>7. rrrmona. Mr. Pt>ia*t>, (rep.) flf VI., presented several I'M ic, for au increase of pay to army officer*. Bele-rod to 'he Ii 11 nary Committee. Mr. OotBiER, (rep.) of Mich., presented a petition tor the passage of tko i'arifl bill that passed thn Mouse ta.it session. Mr. MoRattt (rep.) of N. Y., prenentcd a simile'- pati tion, and both warn referred to the Finance t'otutu-i-vo Mr. Moat an prananted a petition against the curtail meat of th? national currency. Referred to the Flnauot Committee. Mr. Wats, (rep.) of Ohio, preMnted n patttion to. ?t IncraaMdduty on foreign wines. Referred to ibc Fn.iu-.? Comm litre. Mr. Sxjrwax, (rep.) of Ohio, prr^oted a aiml.ar lieu, which was similarly referrod. .vary an 11* run. Mr Avthovt, (rep.) of R. L, reported from tbs fro,; log Committee a i evolution for the priming of oim ttios aarid cof.ie* of the Navy Register Tor lHdt) Ad p-ur. -uiLiiitss' aantut rims or roataoa Mr. Raw*it, (rep.) of Mkuu., trom the Comu/ttee un Fu. t Offices and Fes'. Roads, reported theHouse mo;..- oji author zing the Adjutant timers! of Weat Virgin-a to hmid through tt.o mail*. Irea of postage, medals voted by ih* Legislature of thai State to discharged noldiam ?ud thtic famines. Fa-ted and gone to th.i Prw! lout. ant arrnontijiTioir'. Mr. l'*ejiAD*\, (rap.) of Re. tailed up Uie ft- ??* n.-g bin ? That (be float report of lb" riernmlrsi nera provio- d t?>.- ia theeccoad nee'Hn of iba act of Congress entitled ?? to ? -* msktngapproonatten for sunurc civil . noarMia of .i-? pn ernmant tor the yaar andia* June at), I'157, and tor ountr pur pose-," %j>piot?J July <8,1 Hid, shall he made turn igh a.* Beereiary of \7*r 10 Concre**, ana no money shall lie p? <1 from tbe treasury, or fran. any fund therein, upon v' ? saw*, or o:h?rw:,?, to itny claimant eoder the provision:; oj ?*-, -?n M -if the act approved February 9t. 1884. entitled "An a ". .*? >? saroUtne and sailing out tha national fooaa*. ami ?- o Mr purpoaaa." approvad Mar--h U, INS, ootit snob rapurt shall appi oreu and conbrmed hy congresi. Mr. JoinBOH, (dntn.1 of Md., said thai tero or tb.ow bundrad thousand d*>(ten of tbo awards under tba->? glue! WU bad been ma-1*. It w-hiM bo a gr at tueou venienca to Um loyal paoplo of Maryland, who were ?a titled to oompoe Mattel, there under. Mr. JFtetnisiiKt aatd this btlt did ad Interfere with iha payment under the act referred to. It almpiy >au?i-ed that the reiKirt,shall bo made to Commas m?tea<i ?' t'? the Fr*?d?nt or iSeerelary of War. Tbo MF was r*ad throe timor. and pmetod, and goes ta tha 1 MXit rannecaano row tax : asm two no*. Mr. Otrmi, imp.) of V. J., introdm*#* |e nt rose ? tion dtaroctueg laa Oaauatwionor nt Agrlcwtts. . to tact. and. prepare ?pocla>aon of tho ureal prvdiacUoae of tb* normal States at lbs CnioaJOr tbo rat-i< >'*pe-i.. tion and fenened thorn tbenogh Mf> govwdbm' r.t afift uu w purpuavu Mr. damn? (rep.) of CaJ., so ratted ttetisou.e limit to theexpense incurred bo staled in the re*vi i Mr. Uusxix Slid that Us expcnw wo a Id bo v*y trifling, as ibe tmaploi would bo furtiabadgfetuituvM*. The only ooet Incurred would bo their uaaapertetioa The resolution was pawed and gov to the MO'-.ro. tortsuix* ran no a ai causa. ?r. BewAan, (rof.) oTMl'-h , from tbo Oomui'too ?o tho MmMtJS Ifu lfood. wponad back Iko re,?ui of tho aoorotary of Whr ?murmitaMag. .u otru ptiauce with 1Mb resolution of tho Senate, li> formittoa touching tho jvrobabie eoot or eon struct tng a railroad oa tho root# maaUoucd la the charter of tho Nortbera Paoiuo hailroad Company, with a roootamondatloa that tho report aad asoinpiuiylng papers bo printed. rMLAinrom asaixst xabixb nciaiai.a. Mr. Waiuaa. (iwp-r of Oregon, introduead.* > Hon Uutiuctiax U?o Committor on Comaiarea to inqire lalo tho expediency of prohlbttln<r paaa-ngrr vet ?>? from bo lag ooot to ma after they bare boon !a use a va> tain number of tow* At the zugrestloa of Mr. J?oarer,* an amend mo:i' em powering Uie committee to seed tor persons and nop** was adopted, and the reeolutioa wet agreed to. raorsciioa of tax uiobts or wsnarea tcod, Mr. M'JhWLh, (rep.) of Ma. Introduced a biM to pro tect the rights of married women and'for ether puype-.x la the district of Colombia, which pro?idea that tho real and persons' property of any female who am/ bores'f> marry, ar.d TTh'f U.?be may own at Hie tlme-or Uor ma> nog", kuul! not be mMoet to Ihn ui nosal of tho h'.ab^nd or i.able fui h.'r OrlHe, but shall continue Mr role p> mv erty aa it she note single. Section two makoo Vie rem provision for ihe lomolra bow mined. Keftlju tlire? pruvnler thu' married woman in tho l?trtot may ioherit from other than the hunbanu, ar.d bold the same as UiougU they were unmarried. Hscttoa four sailor,..** tho conveyance to morrt-d wouioa of proper.? now held in treat lor thorn #?".tion five pro- ?t*# that contractu mode between p?r;oaa Ooatei .p*a!'i> marriage shall lie binding afw marriage, iro-'ioo six auvhoaxeo married women to tsiro out patents sad he'd and diipoe* ol' the same, an I er>oy all the pci< i leges *n<l besoiits arislag thcruirom. hcotlou *#?*?> auWivri .o* r-niale stocLholders >a corporation to sol* for directors, fecilon eight uwntae h unhand* ah* hero acquired or may acquire tho property of fie.e wire* von treated before marriage ouW la tho ?rT*e of the property acquired. Section aino provide* u.? Kilii-.vc* mr receive present!) or ovidowmeota, and tl>* ssc.vo bo held wilt on I homy liable for the drift-* of ihe p?rent*, doclioii ton auilwn l/ro married fonvcloo to err Onto wilt* .section eleven ox>mpts 11.000 worl'u ?f household goods from sale under execution. .roc; n? iw*iva av?.,..pia u.a hoieestewl, ?o the value of f i one from .'.-.la tor debts hereafter contracted fsr tax**.. - Tb? b.ii was re,ernd to the Commutes oa the Dtstr ci of Colombia , ahixmust or nu opsvx: .mr :j?w?. Mr. Ckbswuul, (rep.) of Md., introduced a Mi! > amend the revere! acts respecting <? lpynghtr. p rev Ming ihst every proprietor of a boon, pamphlet, map, chart, musical t otupe/ittoa, print, sagrsvmg er phetMrsrh for whi' h a copyright ban been *? enrol, who shall r*H ta dellfsi to .lie CnagrjotuinM hibrvy a copy of the 3aiw within one month, after pohllcat'on. ehaii pa sabj-.-t t > a penalty of ?26; and that puMUbira may trsumT,.; ? oh copyrights, buoks, kc., through the mail to the i^burtra of < onaresa free of p.i?Uge If the wor Is ??ceor-'gPt aet* ?er''be writtea or priulod oa tbo Home. Itoforred to i.i.e Commit to* on labiary. nxiuuvnoa or tbo rovgit a raaaot Mr. Winu^aa iBtrodued a hill to ?saet?d tbo ast pt'a Tiding a temporary gnvennwoai of (he fotrttory of ldchc ao aj to provide thai tb* Jndgea of the Imprem ? Court of amid femtary shall dsdae the Judicial dlskrtsts of Ihe Territory and assign ibe .judges who may ho sppaiated for tho some, and nx tba timo and piacoa Ibr boM.sr (ha couru of 'ha wreoral dtstr let* Referred la lbs Cnofati too oa Tnrrterlsa raax xansoa imovnam. Mr. W*?r ottered tbo roltowtag Joint rooolutlon, whxh was referred to the ComtulVee oa Com mere#** Where*r at le found seora ecooomlead la oae In the aaer. can tile mat'neon the lakes a larger ribsO of elsem \?*ro>e i; ?u ihoro heretofore asad. rnemy of which are nrnr e?a ?tru.ts<i t'i drew more than tw?lra (Ml sf water: and wherena 'lie barber Improreanenta new In arogrer i uf eor *?i it?lino on told lakes are InteBdM M fonhrii hut twelve f?*i ot inter; be It Hewuced br th* Mroate and Hon*# of Repress iilallrwi of Ik* netted aretes of A merino, ta Conrome iiseeith I. lhe* Ibe Secretary of War aa laatrueted To pi 11 Ms fd* eddiiional depth In *eld harbor improv eoaeala aa shall at *11 It wee fnralah foorroea foot of water ti.ereln. axrownw mwaoAMx to tub nam isais. Mr. Moaatu. odhred thstoilewlag leselutiea, whi- h Rorolred, TRst the Freeldent Of tbo Vailed dlble* he re qeroted to nMntna^eate to the mania, tf Ibis Wa bo dene uomp?uMy with the pohBe interests a ropy of any *(!)? >* I oencapoodeiioe whloh mar hare taken piece npua Ike *?>? iesief alleged recent ouigralios ef citlren* of the l'n.i?U hln'rotu the (tominwaa er tb* Hubttm* Porte f?r the pu.pcro of ?eVnng and aequlrteg landed pi up oily thaw. niMAua tftoa in rmsRosxT?tho op m awtne r u> ptAoa aiu. At fleo mlnntoa to oao o'otocll a message was re.-ereed from the iTc-Udent, reUitalag tbo Dtstrfct do fringe hi.', with the I'rroHsnt's ohlsciious. The riensto took np a hill proving for the appoint ntdat of pearion agents by the rfesideat, by and with tho aritics kbit r,on*"nt of the fMnste, it a: wad of as at present he tbs secretary of the Interior. Ifntllng the rci 'hlennion ot Mii* hill the ? fro eg boor etplihd. and tho tato metsaga wu raa?i by the Hscfotarr of the Xeftat*. Mr. attuovt. in the chair, aiated that the meeige wtt before'be hrnnte. and thsquar.tni was, ximI. ure , bin pare, the utqoition/ ot the President Bciwlipa'aevi '"Sfr. .-apurerny,-rdem.: of !?*!,, tirered 'Ml the msn?t* be nnnted and poafpwaad till to-nidriow. (i^nro uf ttr Mioaiu. said ho did ltd' process to dtsoaoa tha lull or mcaenga, U moat at (ha ?bjertJeoe stated hail born nin-ady cou.i kred sad mat He ? l*d ae tate would act immediately. The mena.io h.-A alTer.d/ ha*n priuted end na* auw tn tb* baaus o' ovsrj Honeto.. I Mr. dASiaavax agala argri tbo pi'utihg vAdpusijmaa oorronm ?ir tmktm warn.'