Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1867, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1867 Page 5
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THE COURTS. UNITED ITlTEj CWCt'iT C1IIIT. 41 Th" Allogwg Illegal Kiariitn of Uiilr?. Before Judge Smatley. The case of Solimiedar against Barney m resumed at ?be opening of the court yesterday morning. Mr. Court ney. United States Diatrlet Attorney, counsel for the de fendant, addreeaed the Court and Jury at great length in en able aiyiiMCDt, auataining the legality of tho artion ?f the defendant, ae Collector of the port, In exacting the duties now nought to he recovered as having been llle J*r. Courtney occupied tho greater part ?f the day In bis argument, and will ba followed by the . eeuaael for plaintm this morning. UNITED STATES CMMiSStONER S COURT Befose Commissioner Osbors. 4M.RGKR SOHBCST At A DUfTILLSRT Michael Rhery waa chargad with having on tho morn ing of tho 6th instant Illegally removed two barrels of whiskey from a distillery la Thirtieth street, between Seventh and Eighth avennen This distillery had been previously mixed and placed in charge of tho CoOoctor of ' Mr- *? N. wane ap peared for the defendant. ?P-V1.*** w U?eee :_Belween twelve and dutv in the ?j*^*,B>ornlng of the 6th the policeman on to question received intimation that a he attempted at tho distillery. Ha 29* '??*? 'y* Amedicql gentleman Who re eppoMle the distlllsfy and was going home . whUk.v thrae barrels of **? defendant y one of the three. Ha had a horse and wagon at the " Te of the barrels "started." The 1 en the wagon, ?a n,Vii'iTq """" dofsadant (Chore away. Ha was iuJJl yw arretted by; the policeman, who questioned 5!^- k .T^ berrela Ho said ho did not ?now, but thought it might bo whiaksy, and that ba bad been engaged by two men to take a load from tho slde Ci Le. -R? w0!"?***??? curious boor to S defw,d??* replied that he was in the bit of procuring such jobs , be added that be did not mow tho names of the persons who bad so employed Friday ** of tho case was adjourned till 4U.XCKD 4SRACLT OS e? nr.It ? with11havi??in-' ro!!!!** ?r ?** ,hlP Bocrgy, was charged with having, on Chriatmas Day, while on the vovaso eM,ofJtheII2i? ?"?mtod Edward Dwyer, trtth 1?d knocking him down fiow',Sho,M?ht*ofa* IOM. frrnn ?ho effect of tho .uLJr?c?* of hi? eyes. The defendant has 1^*?'"? been sabd In the Marine Court for damages JtteTmJmhM'Si? ?-? comrnltmd by him u?n ZuZa7^n2?JrfMIUw?**?? Mr- ""**? B- Smithap Hdlfr ? ^?^yrrB?fet C ???*"<* for the captain * government The Commls Woiort. sxamination till Wednesday at one COMMON HEAi?CERERAL TERM. Artlwn for Dnmngren Against tho Harlem Rail, ?mad Unpair-Mellea lor a Re-argument. [Before Daly, P. J.; Brady and Cardoso, A. J. J.] Oaf thiol ftU w. Tt? HorUm Builroad Company. ?This twas a motion made by the Company fbr a reargument of an appyal taken by them, and decided against them In November, I860. Tho counsel fbr defendants took tho ground that tho plaintiff was guilty of co-operative negligenoe, and that Urn.Court overlooked tho fact that tho train or can Bwhich caused the injury could have been seen by tho n'J5' "2, thus avoided. Tho plalntiir j recovered $226for damages to his horse and wagon street. P ?* CT0,S* th# railroad track at 1517th 'jjatt counsel for the plaintiff contended that tho oourt Wha right in affirming tho judgment; that the counsel ?srthadefence bad adduced no reasons in addition to Ala argument on this appeal why tho judgment should 5LuV*^ rtt9d v* Trrl ??? "? lbs Court of Ap SS&affrt r* JU R*llro*d Company," 1 ?000140(1 last J.ily, When tho question of ??whether the etntlff contributed to tho injury" was submitted to the Ti and Insisted tnat all the questions of fact in this anneal had oeon passed upon by a inrv. The counsel for the company represented tho can* to J2?tf JP*M Importance, and desired to go to tho ?mm of Appeal in caeo tho decision was adverse to During tbo program of the argument Jodgs Brady re aaarksdthat hs thought if not too lltu# to expect from ?? railroad companies, whose trucks lead through a portion of tho ottj, that they would place a flagman at every street crossing, and that If he had the power ho would compel them to do so. (0l|d allowed the appeal to he re-argued. For plaintiff, 8. B. Noble; for defendant, C. A. liapailo. *bo Opera Management-Appeal from the Judgment of a Referee. JVfdsrtdr Dmmitadi v*. Curl AnscA?<s. -Tbls ie an sp poal from a judgment rendered on tho decision of a deforce in favor of tho plaintiff for $066 66 damages and ?osts. The actloa was brought to rocover, under an agreement for services as ballet master for a period of ?tx months, the complaint alleging a readiness to per form, and that plaintiff was only prevented from so do ing by tho wrongful act of tho defendant in diemimmg Aim before the expiration of his term. Tho answer de nies all the allegations of tho complaint, end avers that plamtlff abandoned-the defendant's employ without the consent of (he defendant, and that tho plaintiff made representations as to bis competency and skill which ware untrqe, and by reason of which bis services wan WOrtD IMS. The ftmnsel for defendant arpusd that it did not ap plalntiir returned to tho defendant or ofTurod m proceed with bis engagement, but I bat tbe contrary by hla own testimony: and also that part (if ?e testimony wan erronoo isly allowed as an export as to Ihc com potency of tho plaintiff a- a ballet master and instructor of dancing, nothing in his previous testimony aho* tag that be know anything more about the Ici-nT itl?* lban ??T ordlaary frwquontor of the opera. This was combated by the counsel for tho plaintiff, who claimed that the evidence showed that the witness was a constant attendant upon ilia rahoaouls and por hermancea for a period of six months. The Judgment was affirmed. Bor plainttff, J. B. ?wo.Mi; for dstondant, Btallknauht and Hall. SUPREME C8UIT?CHAMIERJ. Before Judge Ingraham. OntnmtUd <t at e?. VvidtmilA rt oL?In this cue, of which ire gave aa account to a prevleua issue, tho Court eawderod a decision yesterday, denying too motion far Munition mode by plaintiff*, and netting settle tho atny ? proceedings heretofore granted, with cost* ?tm CCUBT. Bafero Judge Oral and n Jury. JWto ffref MdMrt/. Ofv ua litcrge If. lan "Ihia dm an action on a promissory not# for fSSOM payable at four months alter data. The dofondant nraa owner of a tugboat, and employed tho plaintiff! to effect eortaia repair* la the tugboat's machinery, the aota r these repairs, be note, but i an unskilful r, and that by reason thereof he suffered damage . ga the amount of the Jury found a eerdiot for the plaintiflb tor |3id go, with ('it extra allowanoe. wae peeeed to tho plaintiffs to payment tot thw The defendant admitted the passing of the einlmed that the work war executed In en CMMT If GENERAL SESSIONS. Charge tw thw Uraad dary ayes the Bselee Law--A Nwlaeuace aw Heceoff Avenue. Before Judge RueeeL The January term of the General Suasions wae com menced yesterday, City Jndge A. D. Kunset presiding. Btetrtet Attorney Hell end AwMaM Distrtot Attorney ?niching*, were to oourt. The first business in order wee the empanelling of the tout Jury. Mr. James G. King was appointed foreman. After they wen sworn his Honor the city Judge pro ?saded to dolim a brief charge. In "speaking of the Ex else law he aald .?The last ttum that J bad the hone* of ehargiag tho Creed Jury the law waa uncertain. Soma ef the Judges deckled the law to ho uacnastttuiloaal, while others decided It to be constitutional. Since that time the < ourt of Appeals bare had the question before them, and have decided that the law Is ooasUtationsL It will aow. therefor", be yobr duty to pass upon say cares that may be sent to you by the District Attorney, mad yuu will give the neressury attention to them, in or der that the law nmy be maintained In every particular in relation to that art. His Honor then railed attention to tho statutes which he la required by law to enumerate, and laidI will ?mil your Mien lien to a public nuisance that has been narpetruled by some party?1 suppose the cqntracutr? to the He< imd avenue ef thla city. Kor ibtf last tores months Belgian poring stones have bean pllsfnp on tho sidewalk nearlr tba whole orient of tho ftreet, leaving but a vary short spaoo sad stopping up the gutters; and ?lace the told weather has set is the whole avenue is one cake of ice, Imperilling life and limb In walking ntbe arena#. There is no effort made on the |*rt te contractor, whoever he may he, to bare that nuisance removed I ask that yon give your attention to it. You can send to the i rotnn Board and And who the contractor is, sad make snob presentment of tho matter ss you mev doers necessary. There w another matter that lies oeeu toft unfinished by the last grand 1 jury. The District Attorney will present that subject to you again, and ask that action he taken on It. SKMTKSCK OP KOLAS, ALIAS VA1TY UATiS. Recorder Hmckett wss present for the purpose of sen tencing prisoners remanded I act month. James Dolan. alias tatty Davis, who Was convmto.J of picking the pocket of a gentleman on a fourth avenue car. and on whose trial several witnesses from Boston swora that ha waa there at the lime the alleged larceny was committed, was placed at the bar for ssntenra. The Recorder, in ?euten< ng htm, said tbathe (IMani was well known is the police si being a mosTadmtt young pickpocket; end at it waa the Intention of the Court to give every pick pocket that was convicted the exlretnt penalty of the law, ha would send too prisoner to tho Htate Prison tor ?v* years. saavsacB n* a ansae wives vera?. TevrMce Kevaa, who wan connoted of steallag ? tHv of cottpa from a Ml* on g Kpyth nver pier. who has th? reputation of Msg a river thief, waa aaatcacad u> the Stale Prlaou tor live yaere. Junes Drew, who plaadod guilty to stealing soma clothing exceeding $36 la Talon, waa aant to the State iTUon for two yean and alx aaoathe. rhn City Judge sentenced Samuel K. Hoggett, who waa tried and eon. viand during tne November term of an attempt to bur glariously enter the Franklin Savings Bank, to the State Prison for two yearn and alx months. AKOTHHH aaoxowAT t-JCKTUCUX ?HT TO StarK WBOK. The regular day udendar waa then taken up, and a aumbar of cases aet down for tnal during the term. Edward Bynner, indicted for picking the pocket of Mr. Richard Heckshaw, No. SI East Sixteenth street, on the 12th of December, pleaded guilty to the obarge. He stole a valuable gold watch from Mr. Heckshaw while riding In one of tbo University place cars. He waa pur sued and arrested near Union square. Joseph Murray pleaded guilty to burglary in the third degree, he having, on the night ot the 38th of Novem ber, burglariously entered the liquor etoro of Michael 0*lalUey, No. W Third avenue, and stolen about $300 worth of clothing. Bynner and Murray were each sent to the State Prison far four years and six months Jamas M. Gin usee, who was Jointly Indicted with three other men fbr burglary In the third degree, pleaded guilty. On the 0th of December the store of Henry Mcttrath, N& 1,321 Broadway, waa en la red, and nearly $400 worth of clothing carrion away. ? portion of tha stolen property was found in tha prisoner's possession. He wee sent to the State Prison for four yeara. George Idaiua, who was charged with burglary In tha second degree, pleaded guilty to an attempt at petty larceny. As there was little in the cas case, the Judge sent bias to tha penitentiary for three months. COURT IF GENERAL SESSIONS-CHAMBERS. The Way to Fix Criminals?An Indignant ?Counsel. Before Judge Russet. The caae of Henry Benedict and Maria Dally, two ah leged panel thieves, charged with fobbing Mr. William Davidson, came up yesterday before Hon. A D. Russel, on n writ of habeas corpus. Tha particulars of tha ease have been published In the Hmui.o. Mr. William T, Howe, is making his application for tha discharge of tha accused, said that this was one of tha most extraordi nary proceedings takey in any case that ha ever beard oL On the 23d of December last this man Benedict and the woman Daly were charged with robbing n man who | gave his numo as Davidson, n resident of nowhere, of $226. They were arrested by Captain Garland, and da- i talnod three days in close custody before they were taken before a Police Justice, When an examination waa fixed for some day. While the case was pending a writ was sued out. but his Honor dismissed It on tha ground that tha examination was still pending. The ex amination was continued, and from the evidence enough waa shown to warrant a dismissal of tha case. Com plainant did not know where he lived; ha lived In New York as much as any where else; could not say whether he had lived three months or three days In New York; he gars bis residence at a hotel In Dey street, but his name was net on the registry; he gave his residence when at home, Woodbury, Conn. Counsel said that ha had gone to No. 38 Dey street, the residence given, and found it to be occupied as warehouses. No. 88 waa visited, but nobody there knew Davidson. Counsel then went on to state that the magistrate, knowing that tha writ had been sued out. Instead of making a return put the papers in his pocket and want down before the Grand Jury and bad his clients Indicted. Judge Russal?That settles the question. Mr. Howe?Fortunately the woman la here; she can be admitted to ball. Judge Russel?I won't entertain the application; it must be made before the Court. Assistant District Attorney Blunt?I don't believe you will have any difficulty, Mr. Howe?I think not Mr. Blunt?I did not say that it would be done; but your clients will have full Justice done (hem. Mr. Howe?I know that. I have another ease. Mad dan is the applicant. Mr. Blunt?An Indictment has beeiifound In this cam. It la dcharge or packet picking. Judge Knasel ?Then It takes the same course. A large number of apparently Interested spectators were in cuprt. COURT CALENDAR?THIS BAY. Smtxire Cornr?Gxxnun Tra.-Preferred causes No#. 1.1 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, t, 10,11, If, 18,14,14. Enu merated motion# Noe. 1, 2, 8, 4, 8, 6, 7, 8,10, 11. Scsnnue Coowr?CmcuiT.?Part 1?No#. 107?, 187, 408. 424, 789, 749. 664, 713, 781, 797, 811.7,699,719,481, 128, 019. 819, *21, 848. nurt 3?No. 78 Dana# street? Mo#. 1028, 878. 669, 727, 961, 734, 760. 60, 664, 786, 766, 794, 886, 496, 664. 410, ^40. 814, 894, 4U. . . . Srrtiuni Corar?Svscut Turm.?Adjourned without ?rrremre Corn* CumcM.?No#. 86, 39, 68, 74, 96, 88, 89. Call begins at 103. UcncmoR Court?Part 1?Noe. 8999, 2841, 6848, 3734, 3789, 2771, 3081, 3769, 1178,1367, 1837,1946, 3038, 2188, 3749. Pert 3?Noe. 1964, 3906, 1490, 2810, 3713, 3427, 3480, 2076, 2918, 3668, 1680, 2932, 2868. 2718, 2701 ^^?rt ot Okkoul Sbsmokb?Hon. Abraham D. ?Court ot Gkxkral 8HMM-Hod. Abraham r?. Run eel, Judge, presiding; Robert C. Hutching#, Assistant It'.ptrlcl Attorney, tor the people. The People vs. Wm. Quinn, Humphrey Murrey, Jas. P. Donnelly, Wm. War ring. That. Woods, Peter Woods, Daniel Murphy, Alex. Lindaey, J%mofc Kay, John Kremer, Johanna Batcher, Delia (foapb, B?nj. C'rogen, Thoa Kagan, Jas. McGovern. Knnd larceny; Theodore Kohn, false pretences; Edwara ?-Tidy, forgery; Michael Morrow, Michael Brophy, Jaa. McGiuniEdward Kennedy, Irving Byron, burglary. THE MISSISSIPPI STEAMBOAT DISASTER. Statement ? f P. D. Piatt, Captain ef the Vaatilen- He Aeeerta that the Ofhcere DM Their Duty. ? [From the New Orleans Times, Jan. L] The steamer Fashion was hat under the following cir cumstances, with 3,682 balss of cotton on board:?She left Bayou Sara on the afternoon of December 37. At about two o'clock we landed at Waterloo and Ponton la, below Port Hudson. When the boat had fully entered Prophet's Island chute I laid down, with-orders to be awakened st Pooler Grove, about twelve miles below, the last point we expected to get cotton. In half an hoar I wis awakened by the cry of Are and beard the orders of the mate to stop the engines, when I came at once on deck and took ootntnand of the boat, ordering the pilot to land her, ae she swung with the shape of the river, and not to stop the engines, a# the shore was bat and shoal, and I knew she would remain as nba landed. After attempting to stay the fire, with the assistance of the -officers of the boat, with bore and buckets, I ordered the second mate to go rerwaid and get out a line When the. beat landed ne was not to lie found, and 1s lost I then went from the roof to the forecastle and (isolated the first dark, who had sprained bla ankl# and who waa badly bruised la saving the valuable letters and package#, to got ashore with to em. and with the assistance of the second engi neer, sot on watch at the time, succeeded in getting out aving been a Hue and securing the boat, this always having my intention In case of fire. Immediately after Mils, seeinathe yawl from the stern of the boat approaching the slem with the carpenter, one deck hand and rererd colored peseeagero on board, being la tin willows near the water's edge, I le mv waist, and putting all of Mem < ?lodged ? waded eat hut I the carpenter, ?ne deck band, a passenger and pilot, I I started for the stem ef the boat, wb?*e the remaining lady jssMMere mere gathered together ret Ore after ?Dt On vm snw *6 tMRrendreMfeDMAftHMMMta guard. On roe wag we took in tow the lifeboat. Ml the ?btut?i and Winds thai wa could p.ck up- these having hare fiwown xreerbeasd bp tbosrewand and mare re tha paasesrern, white and colored, on either side -of us? taklngup those we sret on our way; aa4 the lady saMn parererew were all saved by this means, with but throe exeeplons?two having gained the sabre by the means of Mrupreservsn and floats, and one who was lost , TbCreate threw over front the roof the ladders, tres tles. tie lifeboats; and the steward, Mr. Hard eat y (who W^Jhtj^^m^beervnUoi^^revMeve^to^oor^ah#^ ten aid ltfb preservers from the ladle#' cabin. After all were Sirepelled to leavo Urn after guard by tha fire tire yawl ras landed and was thea sent below in charge of the reload clerk, to pick np those found afloat. But one lady eabtn passenger lost, four or five chil dren |nd two gentlemen pe.-tengere were lout. From twnntj to thirty negro and drek passengers, the exact auniNr I am unable renew state. Out of the crew of flremto and dock band#, numbering sixty, but on# wis lost. >f the cabin crew, nine out of thirty are believed to be let. Allow me here to eute What I know of Ibe officer! and crew of the Fashion. The mate ems the last per?o*??en by ma tana the yawl remaining on tire burn Uig wnek,'end escaped by mean# of the yawl derrick guy, red was pHtkdd up by m# in the yawl. Th# stow ard wis last seen on the at tor guard #ndeavoring to aid thone n the water. The pilot, Mr. Thome# Montagu#, and tw first engineer, Mr. Oliver Faircblld, remained at tbelr touts, to my knowledge, and d ed Joint tbetr duty, as I kiew from i wouldfiu. Mr. 01 tb? men tbev tire"5^^ *nd Mr- l"?d^UsL^Vl.lt??r0r* t#r* Peekng## from th# ^ h# Suable tet AfEWTEO WIRE MMKR AND SUKIOi II CHIC AM. CncAOO, Jan. 7,1867. Jots Tan Horn, n member of the Board of Education of thi city, and an ?(-A)dsrmsa, was arrested yesterday upon.he charge of attempting to kill hie wttst During tbe afernoon be severely maltreated one of hie children, who pod to a neighbor's house for protection. The enrawd man followed her and waa about to renew his p'uiibment when Ms wife interfered. Some angry word passed between them, when he suddenly drew n Svolver. and, placing the muxale against her li ??*<!, fired. The hall passed beneath tbe indy'e ear and through her cheek. He then attetoxed to blow his awn brains out, but was Mixed end beared iiefore he had effected bis object. Phy ?Iclab th nk his wife will recover. Mr. Van Horn is a Runtoii by birth, and fifty-els years of age, while hie wife Is thirty six. He Is u man ef moat ungovernable lenigr and for a long time ha* bueu very Jealous of bis wifrjsnU has map rested hor and his children?ulna la n i mler on many occasions. He has been beM for trial tn ft000 baU THE EIIUHCEI OF KAMI. Aonrsvs, Me., Jan. 7, 1887. Tb< annual repart tbe rente Treasurer was submit ted ti tbe I.egMlatore this forenoon. Tbe whole amount receded inio the Treasury^ during ih^year 1864, wee .??!: the hmia&r? Id the Trwiwir^wi th# lit of Jaudry, I860. |90A,176; total (3,640,987. There were ? xpejdnd in s!; (2.317,746, The cash on hand, December 81. 1|M. was (983,192. Total (?649,987. DEATH If A RUBER. Boston, Inn. 7,1867. Au ag(d woman, who spent her time lb rag picklag, list lied la i ? > Char i *? to wa, ttald scenes of the great eat dmiixw, filth and poverty. Prior to bar diassoe a eklrt rewtsMM wm "ooed n K>r apartment n wh.rh there was sewed >1S syrmi |n ui? dejian 'a gold. ? EXTRAORDINARY DEVELOPMENTS?TENEBENT MOUSES-VITAL STATISTICS?REFORMS PROPOSES. An attentive examination of the first anaaal report of the newly organized Board of Health has forced npon as the oaovictlae that we have now a sanitary organlza tlon la alLrespects equal to the necessities and worthy of the character of the city of New York. This Im portant document is characteraed by the presentation of some novelties both of theory and practice long hoped for, but until now never approaohlag a realisation. Among them may be mentioned the selection ef em* ployAe without reference to politics or nationality, bat solely with a view of personal fitness and adaptability te the official dot lee required to be discharged. II teams strange to announce snob a coarse ss a novelty, dictated as U is by the plainest Ideas of doty, hot a novelty nevertheless It Is la this most abased sad party ridden city, where, upon the organisation of any new depart ment, the first impulse indulged has been the selection of plaoeo for political favorites solely as rewards for political eervloea Notwithstanding the heavy expanses almost always attendant npon the nnsucoaasfal introduction of a new system, and in this case rendered necessary by the perils of approaching disease end the adoption of mea sores to prevent its extension, the total of Its expendi tures for ordinary purposes is pat down at n fraction over $46,600; which Is only $21,000 mors than was ex pended under the old system for health wardens, a ma jority of whom could neither read nor write. U Is not neoemary to examine the amount of work done since the oommiasioa has been In operation to form a Just conclusion of the sad condition ef the sanitary affair* of the city and the doubly burdensome labors imposed on tho new commission on the very entranoe upon the discharge of its duties. Abuses so various and so nu merous were round to exist in so many quarters, and had been co long submitted to as the incidental evils ef densely peopled communities that the task ot amelio rating them neoeesarily involves mors than ordinary expenses, and yet this necessary outlay has been so prudently made that the city should consider itself largely indebted to th* commission In a pecuniary point of view. Notwithstanding jthe mortality of the city exhibits e ?light Increase over that of some of the previous yean, wa have every reason to congratulate ourselves that it was not greater, and that th* cholera, which early made its appearance, was confined in Its ravages to certain districts, known as th* tenement districts, and did not extend throughout the city. But for the wise and timely measures adopted by the Board to stay the pro gram of this epidemic, such would undoubtedly have bean the cam, and this fact should he deeply impressed upon th* public mind in estimating the amount of ser vices performed by the Board daring penloue days of tha last sickly season. It is perhaps to be regretted tbst accompanying the report of the oommlsaion we have not the report of Dr. Harris, the Registrar of Vital Statistics, which, It Is understood, will be among the moat com prehensive and valuable documents on the subject of which it treata In the abeenoe af this desirable Infor mation we must content onrmlvm for the present with the lem detailed accounts furnished in the Commission ers' report. It ia estimated, says the report, that to every death there are twenty-seven cases of sickness, so that in this city, on the supposition tbst there are sight thousand preventable deaths s year, wo have a total of two hundred and sixteen thousand caaee of illnem which might have been prevented. If this representation be true?and wa see no reason to doubt Its correctness? how vert ia the sphere of labor imposed upon th* guar dians of the public health, and how delicate th* teak in trusted te their cam 1 And pet there moms no reason to doubt that the task will bo partemed without tho least Shrinking from responsibility and with the fullest as surance of e permanent amelioration of the eanltary con dition of tho city. This aawmaos is strengthened by tho results which have been effected in Bnglond and in aevassi European cities since tho work of sanitary re form boa bean entered upon teaiously nod intelligently, and similar results will follow similar efforts whenever property airecteo. It Is known that moat of this sickness and mortality an among the poorer classes of oar eitfeene, and an In the main attributable to tke neglect ef aaaltary precau tions, dissoluteness mid wretchedness?the almost in variable attendants upon a tenement mode of living. Tbe admission ef this fact naturally drawn attention to tbe tenements themselves and to those reforms which hsvd been Instituted for the amelioration of the oocupante of these dens of death by the commission. Hen we ere somewhat disappointed in finding so important and vital a subject but briefly alluded to In the report, it has not, however, been wholly neglected, and many abases have been Corrected; hat we an deprived the necessary data from which an estimate might be formed ef the dan gers which surround tbe community at large from these plague spots i celled human habitations. It Is because of sack omission that we ventun to advance our own j views upon this highly important topic. The tenement house system Is a peculiar and extraor dinary trait in the social system of oar olty. It bae not been adopted among us until quite a recent period In our history. Great and constant as has, for a long number of years, been the increase ef our city from immigration, some means eevma to have been found to give it a local habitation until of lata yearn, when, owing to tbe higher and still increasing price of land foe building necessities, no resource was left hut the erection of lofiy buildings on the nnoocupid specs shove ground which the owner of the soil wee free to use. The tenement honae system was adapted simply because U was e necessity from which there wee no escape. While In Philadelphia and ether cities having wider outlets for expansion landlord! find it their interest to ereetsmaU dwellings for the accommodation ef persons of moderate mesne. n? such plan could be adopted In this city, owing to the higher pries ef building lota, and landlords wees com pelled to malw such hind of Improvements 'en would prolece the meet remunerating rent. Our tenement house population, for the spec# It occu pies, exeeede by thousands the tenant population ef any ether city In the world. There are about aUteen thousand tenement bousea end eellem^ta the city, In which an crowded about five hundred end fifty thousand persons, with mi average ef a Utile sure than eight Amities to e house. In addition to thn, there ere famlliee stowed away la the atttcn of smaller habitations and in stable lofts; and the farther fact la adduced that the houses containing this mam of humaft beings have been built open what would constitute en erne ef lorn thn two mites of ground, with e population of about two hundred and seventy-fir# thousand to a square mile. Am at pres ent distributed, the tenement bounce of this city are con fined toleeetban four square miles. Incredible aelt may appear, there are tenements In this city for ons hundred and twenty-five and one hundred and fifty fatal I tee which are occupied eeeh by at least eight hundred persons. The-a bouces do not contain a single room having proper ventilation, and are ao dark, oaring to adjoining tenement buildings, that on a cloudy day the inmates can neither see to reed nor sew without artificial light. Persona rent ing two rooms not unfrsquentiy sublet one ef them to wo other families, and many f " one or two other families, and many lake fsmlllee to hoard. Ike water closets are a range of exposed alalia without doors, and w-ersstDle even from the street. The vaults and sewers which ate to carry off this filth have grated openings in the alleys, and door ways la the cellar from which the noisome stench, constantly arl-lng, finds Its way into every apartment and corner of the building. The Fourth ward is pecked at the rate ef U90.000 per boss to tbe square mile. Tbe Sixth ward baa a tene ment and cellar population of about 2a,000; tho Kiev entb ward N,S00, nearly Its whole population, and a like number In tbe Seventeenth ward. If we compare the overcrowding of tan meet houoea in "" 'endthei " this city end the mortality .of their occupants wtth those ef the most densely populated and unhealthr districts In Knglaad at the time when the sanitary reform laws | I went into operation, we hav e the following as the result In Liverpool tho population was at the rata of 1811,000 to the square mile; mortality, one In twentytatght In ten don?the metropolis?population 60,000 to the square mile; mortality, one It twenty. Whet, then, would he the mortality In ear tenement districts, with more the* doable the population to the square mile of both Liverpool and London at tbe period alluded to. were it sot for extnmeone fcenodosat end salutary agencies over which tbe health commission have no control f Instead of tmlag Oho in twenty-sight, or one In thirty, an la Liverpool end In London, the |mortality would be hat a fraction over one in thirteen, i and such has been the result only a very taw yearn since in several of the tenement hoesse in this cdy. ? In directing more thoroughly Its attention to the con-l ditton ef the tenement bourn system and its Impure and Hmmnoe-breothing surroundings, pestilence-breathing surroundings, the Beard of Health trill nave performed, though tho most dHtagraeeble, yet i the most important par of tbe duties Imposed upon it. I It le hers, mors than in any otbot quarter, that abases an am uoiw^ hiviw umwm saa assay veuwa tfWMVwvt tunv sivwwwn ?i 1st demanding tmmudtato relist, from the fhdt that N la I not alone the Immediately rosmlag wants of the present Inhabitants of tbooo locailtms that ate to bo regarded, but a constantly increasing immigration m soon to east Itsalf I upon our shores, seeking refuge and abetter, sad to extent (lading It In those unhealthy habitation*.* Tbe namberof immigrants which arrived In this city HHHHUIIi sot during tbe year IMS la M down at about three hundred thousand, and if but one third of these arriving remain in the city, la Is not dtfksult to understand that n few more yeera of such immigration win force upon our city authorities end our Health Department the adoption ef measures to meet theseJn crassly demands Our pres ? tenement boosea Will admit of no more^^^^H ? These eight by ten and twelve by twelve foot rooms for ? families am already filled, end the demand for helen to ?creep late Is for greater than the supply. ? It le aimply a physical Impassibility for this ally to I provide for this yearly tnfiwx of Immigrants under the | present state ef fringe, n tbg tsilgmi gamed tho city, where trade end capital here centred, the belM tngs not uNd for the purposes of trad# ere la Iho.pon? ?Ion of the immigrants, whoM encroachments become more mid mora pressing, gradunlly forc'K population further "up town," until Anally It moat bo absorbed In the Immigrant population or be drtven rrom

tbe Island. An estimate has been made that New ?ora Island has axapuclty for the accommodation of three mil lions of population. This Mtimate is doubtlam einggef eted. but we rive It m wo And it stated. Our population at this moment m considerably more than a million; and as It is said to double Itself erery twenty years, His May to determine as to the time when, like our tenement bouses, It will be unable to accommodate any moee. ?ot for the outlets for enr population In Brooklyn, New Jer sey, Stolen Island end other adjoining snburbe, there would not now be scarcely en unoccupied lot ef ground on Manhattan Island. It la, however, well to '?mark that In this exodus from the city a large majority of these having left ere merchant*, business man and what ere termed the middle class ef society, while the Immigrants Miii poorer cIawm remain hare. Tbe Irish immigrant aa n general thin? settles dewn In onr already over popu lated ettlM, while en the other hand most ef the lmmt granta Aon ether parte of Europe go West andturn their attention to agricultural and mechanical pursuit*. rrom reports which Mere already reached this country ltls estimated that n million, if not more, of Immigrants will seek our shores within the next three years, and nearly nil of them will arrive In this city, and doen not the question at enee present itself In a shape that cannot be misapprehended f Are our sanitary arrangements such as to meet successfully the attendant evils almost sure to accompany each Immigration t Our quarantine system 1b bat little more than n name white with the co-operation of the Stole and general government it could be made the most efficient of any oountryln the world. The difflcultiM experienced last year by the Board of Health to obtain even temporary localities fbr sick amlgrants and passengers subject to quarantine ere fresh in our recollection, end the uncertainties^of the future an the same subject are not of the moot consoling nature. It seems generally conceded sanitary measures wlH have to be adopted end while we are gratified te learn that.the Board of Health la preparing tor all ?mw genclee, so far ae this city and surroundings unconcerned, we are equally conscious that much of their efforts must be neutralised lor went of en effective quarantine ft stem, which the Legislature alone can give ur. Until that has been done the wealth of ourcBy, despite the exertions of the Board of Health, will be left almost wholly at the mercy of auch vigilance as can be VIDOTh WUtMl/ M WW IAIWtV?7 W. >WV. ? " -7- . applied by onr present quarantine accommodations and regulations. Tula Is the fitet ordeal that our Bwrt of r^KUIftllODs, 1U1V IB tuv uie? wiuw " . Health wUl have to pass through In securing^safeiy from pestilence from abroad, while the healthy dwellings for the poor and destitute Immigrant, will not be tbe least ef their labors, this euWeot must be considered by the Board of Health and decided In a vera short time, as the mod Important of their duties. The health and sntoty or the oommunlty call toreariy action upon this subject. The system has grown eo gradually among us, and It seems an deeply rooted and established as a necessity, that there to a hesitation in toueblng It from a fear or Interfering with private rights. The Board of Health, armed with extraordinary for the preservation of the public health, dealt with the subject with an extreme caution, as It It were treading on delicate and dangerous gTOimd and perhaps incurring an uncomfortable responsibility, in a word, while the evils of tbe system are admitted, none seem ready to take the first step towards their re moval, end such evils es attend tbe system continue to increase and become tolerated through custom. There Is surely something wrong In this condition 0: things If the existing lewe upon tbe subject ere not sufficiently stringent or eufflotontly definite, lota bill oomblning such additional grants be at once prepared and pre sented for togtoletlve action. Let one provision o that bill make the owners of tenement bouses, and not the tenants, responsible for ashes and garbage thn.wu from their buildingn into the streets. By this provision the subject of clean streets would be forced upon thcatten tion of tbe owners of these tenements, so far, at leant a* their tenants art floncorned, and they would be made to cooperate In that part of sanitary reform without which all otheT sanitary regulations are Ih'^nt Nor would such a course be unprecedented. It prevails to most of the targe cities of Rurope as part, of thvlrsiui terv regulations, and with the best results. The ox Sense to the owner* of three buildings would be tribes y tbe employment of a Janitor, on* of whose duties it would be to collect from the tenants the as baa and garbage and deposit the same la vessels prepared for mob purpose ami kept la some convenient, place for the eshnmrn A fair trial of this experiment would be sura to result la its general adoption. " lit is gratifying te he ebl* to stale that of {etc more attention hae bemi paid to the construction of ten-incut houses than was formerly the cere; but the room for nt provement is still ample, end itje hoped that the atten tion of aur legislature having been fairly directed t?? the moi^ toe syitma wIU contfivra to be improved to the tncrereed<*mf?^of the tenaute of tho^ abudes auc MM improved health of the community. An admirable example ef the proper kind of reform bee been in Liverpool. where underground tenements are either snti'relV^bolisbed or permitted to exist under certain weli iefl^ A^ p?ovKfor thohWlh of th.lr in mOur city has hew end will continue to be the recipient of thousands of poor immigrants, who, If they remain among is, may become burdens to themselvreandtou^ and who if aided In getliug aw ay to thorn distant Mo tion* of'country where the'r labor to required, will be made useful cltlzeus and route'hulors towd^WeWB wealth. It is (intimated that we have tj the dty about one hundred thou?and immigrants of the poorer class, ^ their arrival, might have been induced to go West and obtain employment in the more th.tJriy popu^ lated sections of the country. Many are ?be emptyings of the poor booses of Kngiand and other part* of h urops, an<l they become tbe principal occupants of our hospitals an l poor houses. While this subject is one which appro pri&tely belongs to the Commissioners of {.migration, In e sanitary point of view It addresses Itaelf to the atten tion of tbe guardians of the public health. The necessity of a cleanly condition of the streets as 1 ae/eguard to the health of the city to plainly demon strated In th? ?!?-*;? n Commisnloners report. The evi dence to clear!* presented that In proportion to the clren linens of th? citv invariably evinces a diminution In, our morialitv. with a proportionate reactionary increase of that riortci'.ty whenever the atreelx arc neglected or imaerfeTv -leaned. In view of e toot ?> derm>n-:ireted, it may not be out of place some emphasis upon the subject of streei cleapiPg, whicl all important ae It to, does not always ret eiye thai paramount consideration to which It to ?",|td*1 the tocuaslon of proiecto for the preeervallon of the h It Is a'alngular oircumstauce that while olhe'1 relating to the public health are considered as Justly coming under th/ jurisdiction of a the only body competent to take charge of them, yet the ftuhi*ri of itrMl Cw&niD?t which must bo it the founda tion of all plana for tire protection of ttre public breltb, has, by some strange overnight, been committed to pri vate bands. The question whether we have, under the ?Lr^nt contract system thoM facilities for a thorough rPireTiTf ^S. ^?y which are called fur by a due regard for the public health, must necessarily be HMweied In tbe negative. In coming to taw conclusion than la no Intention to oast tbe slightest reflection upon there to t? mhwhm ro ^ ^ ^ ^ FQDiTwl^ sro *tog duly end faithfully performed: but the inherent defect to to be found in the contract itself, which !? based upon utterly toi^*n r unitary neceestllre of the city?if, ledeed, euoi necessi ties 5wer entered luto the Imaglnefoooe of those who con the -itrreu to ihelTrat, roifrth, sixth, TMth, J ievWjb, leudwrtk tad wventeenth wards an M- lto eleened hotomw* ana nflTillltcuiii wwvw wow ?w w *????< ? - ? dtagrmwlhfw^H, TOw DVvWn*/j M^ms * "? * .. .~. ?f three streets thwrtBey at pneent resolve lest once apparent. They are marked down on the Health mapse the porthole* of the city, and they contain aiarite majority of the poorer cleasre ef oer cltl?aa and of emlgranie arriving in thto city. This well known fact Should according to the pielnert dictates ef eommon prudence, enfere the neceaslty not of a lore lbut%mem frequent clean ng ef these districts, which shouU he put dally in n thorengh state of elrenllnere, end in which raera Infr ugeSent of the lewt of health should receive Si most prompt rttentloe. The public health requires that the streets of thto city should he swept every day, Md measures should be taken to Insure that objecL 1 his will require further legieietien end additional appropria tions without which no change lor the better can be ex Meted in the work of etrwt cleaning, end particularly in those districts wbleb, under the contraot, an swept but onr# a week. It may be tacoatevtablr urged that If tbe mortality in those districts hae been decreased thto year, andto tome ettent by the eld or the street cleaning con tractor there can be no question that thto mortality can beieduoedtoemacb grerteitoxtent by e daily attention en U.11IP* of which only a weekly performanoe Is now Tt Ir BOW Of almost dally occurrence that to venous Krts of the city there is a necessity for tbe sweeper, l tbe contrnctor, baring already performed bla duly la ?weeping the street*, la under do obligation to perform ibis additional labor. Hera la a defect for which, under the ertstlng contract ayatem, there la no remedy, and it is equally certain that no remedy ran be provided except through leglelatlee action thoroughly modifying the whole ayalem and giving to It nn expnnalraueaa adapted to the constantly taereaelag aecaltlea of an tncraaaing metropolis. The tret element absolutely maentlal to success mutt conalat In an ealLre unison of aetion war tbe cleaning of the city between the Bonrd of Health and tbe street cleaning contractor. To accompHeh tblo under the preeent system la an Impewdhtmy from the eeuaea to which vy bare adverted, nor even can there be effective legislative inlerpoettion to remedy extatiag evils, without the coueent end eo-operation of the pre eent contractor, or whom It may be confidently expected that he will yield each aseent and co-operation an will render legal any legislative meauuree which the exigency of the oeee may require. The ground work of any effective change will consist in the transfer of the preeent contract and the rubet (lo tion of n system piecing the won of cleaning the city In the hnade of the Board ef Health and the folic# Depart ment. where doubtlem It would bare boon pieced by tbe legislature when considering the eneetlen of e Health hill for the city but fey the reeeon that the contract tor cleaning tbe streete had been paseed upon by previoue legislation. It seems to be a self evident proportion that the preservation of. the oteanllneus of the city en other name for tbe prcocrratton of Its health) should In tbe bauds of Ha regularlv constituted health eft!cere, and thnt each active co-operation se la required by these health ofBcera to carry their measures lato effect should be In Urn hands of tboas o(Beers of the polioe whose duty It is to enforce the law. But aa a necessary connection with the suceem of any plan for thoroughly cleaning the streets, there must he a cheese in eur tenement house system which will prevent 'be occupants ef these buildings from throwing their eehee and garbase Into the streets. It Is from this qaarter that most of Mi# difficulties In the way of keeping tbe streete In anything like a cleanly condition are feuad to artan Prom I seament hover# la the Seventeenth ward alone there M removed, Is the course ef a year, more ashes and garbage than It taken from the whole . ity ef Boston In n like purled of tlsM, and nearly all this stuff has to bo gashsril by the tubmen from tbe streets, where it le thrown la defence of the hast sflbrts ef the Street Clean lag Csntr astir and ths Pat lea Department W? hare lb this simple plan all th* efesMUts ef Itasm and of direct reepooefbllity that aaa anywhere be fieand. From the experience of the beetth officers, aided by iba police, the ajroum will work wall from tit* atari, aad wiU be welcomed by all claaaaa of aw alUaeoa It would require mora rpaoe than oaa beaflbrdad u to give minutely our rlewa in regard to maay of the im portant ehangee wbtcb have taken place under the new commtaeloo. Soma of theaa ehangee will require the work of time to derelop their uaaTnlsaaa, aad It would be prematura to (tire them, at thie time, either our entire approval or diaapproval. They wlU be known by their irulta: and we confidently expect that upon a fair judgment of their thoroughly teeted merits they will be proved to be beneficial to the public. Thia much we have full warrant In eayiog, that the oommimioa, while only upon the threehold of Its labors, has given evl- j denoe of an enlightened and well directed energy which I entitle it to the confidence and co-operation of the pub-| lie, and which gives every assurance that under lie con-I tinned exercise our city may become, as it teems bv nature to be, one or the most salubrious ?ujh on the habitable globe, m CITY nmSLLKOBaCl. Ths Coxnaoun's Oenca. ?Comptroller Connolly as sumed the dutiea ef hie ofilce yesterday aad at enoo proceeded to give the subject of city (Inances his earnest consideration. Mo changes were mad* In the office, nor will any be made for some Unto yet KsroBcxnmT or ths Citt Onnisainm?Superintendent John A. Kennedy has Informed the captains of the Felloe Department that they must fully Instruct their patrolmen In relation to elty ordinances, and have all violations immediately reported. If the patrolmen naeleot to report such violations they are to be com plained of before the Police Hoard, otherwise the nap. tain of the preciaet will be bold responsible by the Board. Mravmo or Tsrsnn or Cor.tmu Commx.?A regular meeting of the Board of Trustees of Columbia College was held at the Law School In TnfiayeUe plure, yester day afternoon, Hamilton Fish, chairman. Rev. Fred erick A. P. Barnard, IX. D., President of the College, submitted a report showing the nnmber of students in attendance, as followsrndergraduatss, 140; atudenta of School of Mines, 07; lew students, ISO; medical ftndenta, MS; total, SOI. Classification of undergradu ates?Seniors, 83; Juniors, 88: sophomores, 35; fresh men, 44. Classification of School Of Mlnee?fc'entor class, 4: middle class, 13; junior class, 33; special class, 48. uarsiflcatlon of Law School?Seniors, 41; Juniors, 110, The affairs of the corporation are In a flourishing con dition. Reports from the several faculties were also sub mined. Frederick De Pey-ter. Jr., has presented the trustees with ths original printed draft of a charter "for the erection of a college (King's) for the ''o uty of Mew Tork, in America, 1764 and 17w8," which was net granted. Evwrwo Hmh School.?On the 1st of October, 1844, the Board of Education established a nohool which was to bear the same relat ion to the present evening schools which the Free Academy does to the day schools. The experiment has been completely successful. A large number of young uicn have availed themselves ef the advantages of a higher course of studies, which com prises mathematics, grammar, drawing, the French and other moduru languors. Too school is situated in Thir teenth street, near Sixth avenue, in Grammar School No. 33. It is opened e\ory evening, except Saturday, from seven until half-past nine o'clock for the adn,,?ioa of old and new scholars. The best teachers have been en gaged, the tuition is entirely freo as well as ;he use of the book.i and ether applian- ?s or the school ro ru. Tmk fiutrinmi Match Fubrronm?A few days since it was expected that a trial of skill would have cntno off between Mr. T. H. Burns, holder of the Champion Tele graph "Key" of Now lugi.n.d and Nov. Vorlc. and Mr. F. 5, Brooks, Vtluavy Operator, for a stake or #-"00. In consequent <>f the non-atftearauee of Mr. Brooks the match liu- i. indefinitely postponed. Cr>;i:tJiL t ..-.irRtof-bt?A meeting of the Protestant Episcopal tiers*! Association was held at noon ye terdav in Churoh uf the Ascension, corner of JJtft:? nsanim ' ? r.th atrook The meeting wes pre sided oytr Ik " 'iuv. i>r. Dyer, and hri'if addresses were tic iy ' ' Viuv. rltepner. It Tvng, Jr., ltev. Mr. Sabine Kiwi it- ! -rpl-nt, or,?r which prayers Were offo. d mp'u ?>. > a". ?Jev^ymec. T?is M s I,* 1- .in: ?Th? number of visitors in attend ance nt the Mana lc l air OC yesterday wan net an titeat as for i'inie days pievioua; still the attendance was good, as tho lair now r&pidly*approsch?a a close the lady attendants up m tho dtt erent tables ssaail each new visiter with the most Mfeekdffile pleadings to "try hie or hor lucU," or '-buy a obanca," for ?<!#?? one or the numerous article? awaiting transportation by the lenkv winner. To add to the other varied attractions Greenwich l odge has two bpierdld lady's h?i- on exhi bition, to be given to tne tody rece.> lug tii" greatest number of vo'es. The names of the successful candi dates will be announced on Wednesday evening pre vlous to the close of the fair. Stavt.t- Coot and Shod Convention.? Several gentir ? on lute rented in the leather anil boot and shoe trades mot yesterday in convention at the Aster House to dis cuss matters pertaining to th?ir bcslnoA* and to receive the report of the chairman who presided over the laat meetinr. Tue report was not acted upon yesi- rtlay, a"., in conHoqueni-e of the tbtn a< tendance of laeuiherr, the meeting adjourned to Monday, the 14th iuut. K>H.'ura or Hr. Panics.-?lhe members of the Knights of St Patrick wilt moot in full three (hi- even ing at their headqoarteri in the Meleon Doric, Union square, to elect offlcor* for the year 1947. As provided by the constitution of the society the election of l'resi. dent, Vice Presidents, Secretaries and treasurer takes place annually on the second Toe* Jay in January. Vsi sham Scott I.irs Gcabd.?A meeting for the reor ganlAatfon of this corps will bo held, at half-past three o'clock thin afternoon, at No. 86 N's.-au street. Brigadier General J. H. llobart Ward will pre id*. During the war this >.rgaui-ation tarnished ore." fifty officer- for the volunteer army. Tea Guanas Pare -chooi, ia Foratit .ctbs*t.- ThU Institution is at present In a flourishing < >nd>tlon, as ap pears from the annua! reports submitted at the general meeting of the shareholder*. The teacher? ere fifteen In number?on* dire dor, eight Ger man ten- hers, three English teachers, one draw ing muster end two female teachers. Director tHruuhcnmueller in hie as port says that the number ?>? pupils during the la?', hall year was 4,^1*. vt TO", per month, the pupils are divided into ten clashes and eleven rooms. In the npper claa. ee the boys and (iris form separate departments. The instruction in Kngl;.-h begins In the eighth ctass The pupils, who from the upper classes join an American erbuel. urn alarsrs ad mitted to the higher departmnnte. fhoindnrtrisi * : limit isreculerlr attended by a number of young female* and the Sunday school by about twenty scnolan. Balm or a SinAxsn.?The Iron side wbtel steamer TWew England, 440 tons, together with 300 tons of eoa she had on board, was sold yee'ai >lay at auction for the sum ef $19,000. ? Drain Clat Cx.cb. ?Thin veteran nwdclation met on Saiarday evening lent end organized for th< sea?na by eleetlng the following officersPresident, Charles K. Cildersleevs; Recording Secretary, Edward Bollock; i orreeponding Secretary, John J. dhaw; Trsaeurer, Wa. C. Henna. Kiunn nr Fat.torn nrro an Kicavation.?Conner Schlrmer yesterday held an Inquest at No. Xtd Fast Hsv ent) -eighth street on tbn body ef Christian John, a Ger man, forty-three years of age, wbone death was the re sult ef injuries received two weeks ego by flailing Into an excavation which had been carelessly left uncovered. The jqry found "that deceased came to htsdea'b by ron c.naston of the brain by falling rate an evcsve'ior, on the sidewalk tn front of house on the south r, le of Seventy s tgbth street, the fifth bouse east of Third avenue, on the evening of December 94,1906, aud alse l elisre that the occupant of the bouse Is deserving of the severe It censure In not properly protecting the excavation." Mr. John has left a family. Fataiiy BnsNsn.?On Saturday last LHlle M. Barlow, n little girl, Ore years of age, whose parents live at No. 824 West Forty-third street, was fatally burned by her clothee taking fire from n hot stove durlni- the absence ef her mother from the room. Death ensued the fol lowing day. Cdtoaer Gamble . eld an tannest on the body and the Jury rendered a verdict of ??Death Irora burns accidentally received." Fish is East TwsnTT Tninn Hmmr,?The alarm of ?re between four and.five o'clock on Monday morning originated from Noe. Of, SO and 101 Rant Twenty-third street, organ manufactory, owned by( Carbon k Need ham. The Are evidently originated ever the boiler, la the boiler house adjoining the main factory building. Owing to the prompt arrival of the firemen they sue.. eeeded In extinguishing the flames before they did mueb damage to the factory or ntoek. The whole damage will not protebly exceed $2,600. There le an Insurance on the promt* ?* ef $76,600, In eity Insurance companies. Aon bunts, bet Jan. I arm ay, a Scotchman, n ma chinist, residing at 316 Mvlngton street, while at work on board the steamer Celestial Empire yseterday, fell end dislocated his shoulder. He was taken to Hellerue Hospital. Jaa. Connolly, residing at 13 Dry Dock street, had bis hand naught and horribly mangled In the machinery of the Rerew Bolt Works, foot of Klereuth street. He was taken to Bellerue Hospital, whore he received surgical aid. Jan Prfntey, living at 114 East Warren street, Brook lyn, fall from n truck at the comer of Forty-sixth street sod Ninth avenue yeeterday. was ran ever by a leaded coal oart and bad one of hie legs broken. Jane MeLaae was yeeterday taken to the New York Hospital, having fractured her tblgh while attempting te leave one of the New Jersey Reitrosd com A. Btttemtnter, whMet working along Hudson, near Chant street yesterday, suddenly dipped upon the toe ired his leg. ~ r sod fractured his leg. Hs was conveyed to the New York Hoepitnl. IMMITI MTElllliMCf. Tun Firtww Atuntts Rajthoab Arwimtwr ?The Inquest which has been going on before Coronet Lynch In the earn of Catherine O'Donned, the woman who wae killed on Christmas night while getting off n Fulton avenue car, was concluded yesterday morning. The Jury after n 1 n verdict, lad tag thai the de brief deliberation returned ? ceased came to her death by being run ever by s Fulton avenne ear. and atpecennriag the adnata ef the company. ? T. DOMINO & out ST. MHI60. COMCSMIIOSKt Pmm ui Traawalllliy?l.waa to Br N(*it?tr4 la Kwh ,HI?Iowa M Hp am and ik>l>- A.?. dr. Domsoo, Dec 24, ISM. The Dominican republic enjoy* at the preset moment perfect tranquillity, lhanki to the popular adotnistratioa of President Cnbral. It la acsrcely three nonths nloce he ma Inaugurated, yet the fruits of be government can already be aeen. Peeoe reigns everywhere ; everybody If devoted to labor and business Is reviving. The plantLg of the to banco la the northern provinces a In full owratten and ii^the southern part many entorpnaes are otfoot. The working of tho copper miner, of the ruck salt,pr the pe UrolMBt grounds and of ths guano Island of J to Velo are important facta?conceaa ons having beet granted to aareral oompaules for ths prosecution of tie enter prise. This will greatly Increase the revenut et the government Ar regards foreign affairs, the If'ulstar of Piuo.se hse left for Haytl to make a treaty with that republU stitch will conaolldaie the peace of both nation* A fharge d'Affalree ia to leave for Madrid to renew the treaty with Spain, and It is said that a special sgentbae left tor Europe to negotiate a loan which will . * govarameni to g"ive nu impulse to the difTeiito1 enter prise* ihe party of ex-Presldent Haez being compe^'y etroyed, there i* not the least doubt jf)*4 l?* popular administration of President Cabm'*?* eoneolt date itself. He m at the present moment Jsakitig a U>ur through the republic, and he has beea received every where with the greeted enihutnaua. Although the country has i:ndt?W?n* many tria'e and difficulties which could not lie s 'oided, ll w<> consider our two years' struggle again* Hpain, yet to-uay that peace Is fully established, there Is a great Held for enter &nae, and persons with capital can do good Purines* by ivrating in ths many rntorprlhsf that are on f'Xit, sail which cannot fall, no matter how tho political state of the country may change. There Is every hop" of a lyticg peace. B.islnese ie healthy. Gold Is uiore abundant. The paper currency has fallen to thirty-two dollars to the gold doubloon. The health of the Island ia good, and the stri'-leel quar antine ie observed on vessels coining from the Kauri of St. Thomas, whew ths cholera Is rtglng. THE MOUTH, OUR 6E0RGU CORRESPONDENCE. The Inlnrv the Sesth has HufTercd In thr Ob stinncy sf Her Padltlciaae-Prcparin* far ths Crops of IN07, Ac. Macu.v, G*, Jan. S, 1M7. Ths Southern people have never yet realized tolly tn? ostent of their lose from the want of perfect amity be tween them and the jwoplo of the North. Such pnteot losers as recult from obstructions In the way of n free flow of money in this direction to secure an equilibrium, as air and water seek theirs, they realise, and some are foolish enough to auppose that they can nerve themselves with strength snffloient to endure this which th'ey may choose to consider only a temporary inconvenience, for getting that It may be lasting end that it may be made unendurable. But this loss they can appreciate. It may be shown to them in figures. There I* a loss, however, which the Southern people suffer from the went or unity* and concord with (lis North wuich cannot he aanthoaiat ically expressed, hut which is n mora serious svil than that which can; I refer to the want of an expression of true sympathy for their uoudUion and substantial aid which is sure <o come to them from ths North when per act friendship and unity of feelkig is restored between the two sections, and which, of course, can oome to them on no other condition. P> Illustrate: The sudden emaucli*tton of the eleven lias fallen with most burton and Inconvenience, ou the women of the South. Their household economy and errengctnonts have been rendered utterly worthies* The past year, from the offer*, of habit, the nsgrcctne served in the capacity of cooks and housemaid!; hut It was easy to tomes that they would be far less effective in that capa-.iiy than formerly, costing mors ana doing leva; and now it is Strlonsly apprehended bv some that this supply of drudges will entirely toll, th? negrcss, litre the white . being averre to having Uieir ohtidren tierve as menials. The expease of a numerous h-wase bold of slavoo was always borne clieorfully, aje?era negro child con.swii'.!y inertia -id in value, aad, ' "hsn tol erably grown could hat e born converted Into ? -emuBer otive amount of cash. Bin. U the retued'Mor ihlv iiurdeu ou lh? part, of the toiuale* hare I X"*o * jgest themselves?knowledge .md tmutrenlencee l.a -- iitubiu as is the fac' the women of the "^outn have -it, ?>; a general thing, boon inntracted .u leasehold wor . Now that they ar? to *?- ur wu upon their own resource* they i lot ti .-m ?:?. ? unprepared to moot the trial, fbey ueed the tti ittni *loii which wofild result from 1:1 unre strained inter. 'luroe with the Northern hm?el'"oper. II ?Snutboru ladle., could bel.ire U?? war iui'io pvcj.sior-s to tho North fu the summer, why should no; N '.hern Iodic- inaho escnr-.iosa to tho .-'imth m the wiD'""? kq-.T thus, ?s tlio two ola' .c would be thrown lore.her In rach other'' society, views would be ex changed contain; latiug the dispersing wi'r. the services of hived pencil' thai wo ild <er tainly he an advantage to the Southern ladies Again, the want of conveniences?oi the many convenances of civilised life ?? it now aXl'U it the North?ado 1 much to the heavy bur bin' whh-h tl.r .Southern aumraM of a house Is obliged to boar. I nsed not specif?; miW-h it to nay that whito tho Southern lady may work twice a* hard as (he Northern lady, she will not, for want of the convenience ? rcfurrrd to, CO half a.- much. It ia plain, then. bow runch ail 1 asses at die ffouft would gain b) unrastfiotcd ink'ciir a with the people of the North, and the rei-irn and more than return ,0 ths d\ iilties and friendship.- that existed to) marly ho tweeu the two section* The South Is In the conditio* of a elck man that needs a remedy and doe* no. *av? what one to appiy, or alee has not the courage to :?ko II If it was a' hand. The rear's work lu re has commenced. The 'abor ra have gone to the Cclae. the farmer la get:tog in readi ness hV-4 egrlcitUnial implement.-, n*d occupies bin time In ilectdiB;. npon what disposition he shall make of bis plautuig Internets. Almost the last negro ban taken a ?arewell of his old iisaetsr, wrongly judging, perhaps, that he .s not free eo long as h? wu, under his old tot* nr>*s*er. . onto have given up farmins altogether, whlla otliers are ?oiiuk to In their haad. OheorfmHmws re 7ns among tb* woo., col <r dp- nulation, and 11 is oonfldantly i-elle cd that a Iwn-iicjiil Iforitfi ace will smile over alt Iht WATSW Vbfli SH BATHS C?l M? fflS mIt >K or TV SaRALD. J.cii.-iron, V*., Dec 81, iscs Yocr issue ef the 18: li ins:, contained en aceeoM t *om your Biahmoad correupundent of the killing o'" e M?r? is this county by Dr. Jatns?- Ia Wstnou. In this e-ioiu: there were certain Itu* :ar*cie? which I beg leave la correct. The true statement ef the occurrence to this:?Oe Sunday, the 10th of last November, the carriage ef lieJbr Kebols overtook that of Dr. Woteon as they ware both on the war to church, and the MaJur'n driver, William Medley, by direction of Miss Nancy Cb idnwe tried to para that of Dr. Wetsua at a spot wb?re?al though there was no "steep precipice" on eoo efd# ? the rued, but a declivity ol a few loot?eoch aa attempt was dangerous and Impracticable. Jost where \fedley ?darted to pa s by he could have done ae had the Dec tor's carriage 3topp?d, and U Is supposed that he ex peeled to ha able le pave It before reaching the dinger ous part of the road. But as the Doctor's driver drme on lie did not gel past the Watmu carriage in time and the two carriages ? am* In oolilsioB, and thee Mauley stopped. Dr. Wst?on war Informed of the occcrrence ea the following Tueed*}, and went to Major Echoic' bouse oa the sfteruoo# 01 the aext day, Wednesday, the 18th. Meeting the Major la the bouse be rteted to hiss that be had aa account to settle with b.a servant Med'ey, and then related to hint the indignity Medley had effrrad to hts family, theraby endeavoring their Uvea, aad going oo le my that he would ao? endure minfa conduct fmm white or blade. The Major told hua that M~lley mi the beat, or one of the best (whiob espreavioo he usad Major Kehoh can not now distinctly recolleot) boy a be ever had, and sug gested the propriety of having the carriage repaired aad making lh?nagro pay for said repair* The doctor de clined to do this and proceeded to the Mold whore Med ley was at work, sowing wheel, and, finding hint therm began to beat hitn with a stick which be held In bile band, charging him with having broken hie carriage. Medley said he didn't break it end Jumped behind the horse. The Doctor ran amoud there after him. Medley ran again aad the doctor hallooed to him to stop. Med ley stopped and the doctor went up to him again. Than he snapped his pistol at him. Ho ran again aad the doctor flred at him aad struck him behind. Medley came on to the house. "?(Evidence ef Levta P. Loudon, a step-son of Ma|or Echols) Dr. Watson w one of the aawt respectable gentlemen la the county aad one of the moat popular, la Is a man of kind aad aaalable manners, and his conduct towards the bteoka since their freedom has been more than oedl naiily good. He IS near sighted, and the plea sdraaeed lb his behalf la that by firing his pistol ho latondsd to frighton Medley, aad hit him only by chance, I believe that ao oae regrete the painful circumstance of Medley* death more than ho dean. In Justice to Dr. Wateoo I must say that h# was not aware ibae Mlra Childress bad gfyen say suggestion or direction* to Medley about driving pant tbo doctor's carriage until after be bad shat JlUTinE. KEHUIK CIIRCIOEHCE. TO TOM KDITOh OP THB HSR St, P. In the nccownt of the Paloouer forgery rase in the Humlo of Dw ember 81, the description of Judge Dodge's mode ef pruoeduro bears aa sxiraordleery similarity te that pa need by the same Jedge in lb# raw of Williams, thn pickpocket. Ilia same delightfully humane deal re to shield criminals from Jest punishment la apparent ar?Does tba Episcopal Bt*hep leteseat himself ly la both? Aa Mr. Whliams' crime le termed by his supporters "a misfortune eey net Mr. relee ess's receive the same allevtetlai bat*f *"