Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1867 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMKfe UOKUOK 11KSMETT, i L?!TOR AND PROPRIETOR ?mci *. W. COKNER UP FULTON AND NASSAU 8T3. THE DAILY HERALD, pi bliihat entry day in the year, For* cents per copy. Annual subscription price, ?14. JOB PRINTING of tvry drrcriptxon, alto Stereotyp ing ar i bhyracmj, neat.y aiiJ promptly execuUd at tM o*e?t rate*. Volume VX VII No. 'AS AMUSJSMIi.Nrs THIS EVKM1NA. BMMDNAV THEATRE, Broadway. near Broome ?tree..?Aladdin, his Wonderful ScAmp?(Jixdekklla. NFW YORK THEATRE, Broadway, opposite Now York Hotel. ?Ck?dru.lon. nonWORTH'B HALL. 80B Broadway.-PEOrE?si>R HARTS WILL I'XKroKM Hut Ml It AC LEI?I'll* 11* All IN THE AIR ? Thb Indian Basket Trick. RICHINOS' ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY, Olympic theatre, Broadway.?The Host: or Castile. ?AN PR YNCISCO MIN-U'KBl.S 535 Brut war, opooetta a>e Metropolitan Hotel?In tiucib Ethiopian Knt*rtain> BENTS, SrNGIHG, Da.NCI.NO AND BURLESQUES. ? MIDNIGHT Session or Co.nore.ss. FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, No*. 2 and 4 West Twenty-fourth street.?Oairn.v A Christy's Minstrels.? Ethiopian Minstrelsy. Ballads, Burlesques, Ac.?Medi cal Bit PENT. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS. 730 Broadway, oppo. cue the Near V irk Intel.?In tukir Sonta, Dan.tat. Kockx. TBICTIR1 Bl'BLKSQDKS, Ac. ?ODDS AND ENDS? ClNDER-LEON? Madagascak Ballet Troute. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 301 Bowery.-Come Vocat.isji?Negro Minstrelsy, Ballet Ditkrtissement, Ac.?Tony Pastor's Iour Abound the World. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechanics' Hall, 473 Broadway.?In a Variety or I.icht AND LAUGHABLE ENTERTAINMENTS, CORrS DE BALLET, AC. The Fenian's Oath, or the Idiot or Killakney. MRS F B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn. Pautbettk? Mb. and Mrs. Whitr. HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn.?Ethiopian Min PYRBLSY. HALI.ADS AND BURLESQUES.?A llURKAU TKir Around the World. BROOKLYN ACADEMY OF MUBIC.-The Nmra Monday PoruLAR Concert. COOPER INSTITUTE. Eighth street.?Dr. Hebbard's Illustrated Lectures on Hbalth. CLINTON HALL, Astor place.?Humorous Lecture bt Mb. Ingbrsoll Locewood. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 6IS Broadway.? IIRad and Right Are or Probst?The Washington Twins?Wonders in Natural History, Science and art. Lectures Daily. Open from 8 A. M. till 1U P. M. New York, Monday. January 38, 1SQ7. ISO VBWi. MISCELLANEOUS. By mail from Europe we havo advices da tod to the 17th of January, in detail of our cable di spatches. The main points of the reports were published in the Hkual d yesterday morning. To day we give our special corres pondence, with a compilation from our tiles, embracing matter of interest and importance; The Excise law was again rigorously enforced yester day, and tbe Sat)bath passed o(T quietly and soberly, there being but few arrests for violations of tbs law either In selling liquor or using it too freely. A large moeeting of influential German citizens was hold at CoopOT Institute last night in favor of a strict enforce ment of the law. Resolutions appropriate to tbe pur pose were adopted, and speeches were made by Pro. feasor SchafT and Dr. Wedeklnd. Captain Tremble, formerly an officer of an Illinois regiment, engaged in planting in Bowie county, Texas, was recently shot and wounded by citizens of that oounty. He went to New Orleans for assistance and returned with twenty cavalry to lind his wife and child driven from home and the negroes who had been work ing fbr him manacled and driven through tbe streets. The rioters were so numerous that the small force of cavalry wero forced to fall back. Mrs. Tremble died of the effects of hor exposure, and tbe captain was in a pr carious condition. The report of the Canadian Minister of Customs is published in synopsis in our columns this morning. He recommends that American vessels bo refused the privilege of passing through the Wellaud Canal for u few months. By doing this, he says, ' we will bring tbe Americans to reason." Orders have been Issued for the remor.il of Lynch, McMahon and the other condemned rVnians to Kingston Penitentiary. Irvin A. Benson, formerly master at arms on the United states gunboat Cayuga, committed suicide by shooting himself through the hca.1 yesterday in the back yard of a boarding house, .No. 00 Main street, Brooklyn. Depression consequent on the death of bis wife and loss of employment since bis discharge from the navy was tho cause of tbe rash act. The steamer R. R. Cuyler, the fastest propeller in the merchant marine of this country, was sold Saturday to the Colombian government. She is being equipped a-< a war ves.se!, and is receiving a battery on board at the toot of fifth street, East river. Advice- from the Plains state that the Indians arcraov ing southward In large numbers. Old Indiau lighters say that this means war, and that the soldiers will lie evaded by the redskins, who are well posted on their movements. It appears that Head Centre Stephens has not yet sailed lor Europe. Our Washington correspondent says that a bill tias been framed fir introduction in the House of Representa tives providing for the appointment of General Grunt to be acting President iu case ot the impeachment or re moval of Pr.'-ideut Johnson. Six unit were drowned at 8k Charles, Missouri, while trying to cross the river luan upon boat, tbe i o crushing tho boat like an eggshell. Ex-Governor Alien, of Louisiana, was buried iu Now Orleans yc-terday, bis remaius being followed to tbe toinb by a lurge procession of citizen-'. The Baltimore harbor wm opened yesterday by pri vate enterprise, and the fleet that lias been Ice-bound for the last week will probably sail to-day, the channel easily permitting of the pa sage of vessels. The revenue cutler Xiasawood was buruod at Balti more yesterday. Tho Pah sco Chemical Works, consisting of three large buildings at I/>cuat Point, near Baltimore, were burned down yesterday. Throe thousand carboys of silpliuric arid and thirty tons of sulphur wero aiso destroyed. The loss is e limited at $110,000. One of the proprietors of the establishment died ou Saturday. A pa iiger train on the ilud-<n River Railroad ran off tho tro k yesterday nAai- Hyde Park, and although all the p. .icnjer cars, including a sleeping car, wore thrown off, nobody was hurt. ? Tho winner of the Crosby Opera House sold out to Mr. Crosby, tho firmer propr, tor, on Saturday for $'.00,000 The balance sheet of the proprietors of the girt enterprise shows a total protlt of $150,000 on tho undertaking. Tho steamship General Mesde, Captain Sampson, from New Tork for New Orleans, fell In with the brig O. TV. Barter, Captain Allen, from Wilmington, N. C., bound to New York, which had struck on Cape Lookout Shoals, lost tor rudder and was in a leaky condition, and towed her to Beaufort, N. C.. bar. The brig Shooting Star, from New York to Aspinwall, was abandoned at ma on the 12th lust All the crew ? ere taken off. The Mayor of Galveston teleg-npbed to General Start* dan asking him to countermand tho order of General Griffin refusing to allow the hurtal of the rebel General Johnston wi.bcivic|demoniiiratioDs. but Gen-mi Sheri dan declined very sharply to grant the request Official advices rsceivod by the Mexican Consul at Fan Francisco contain inhumation of the capture of Ortega, Gonzales and Hatoni by the Governor of Zaea lecaa Juarez expected to be in the city of Mexico la March. The Rev. Charles B. Smyth lectured at A;gus Hall, on Br ad way. yesterday, ou "The Time* We Live In, or the Vicissitude# of Life." T' e Rev Dr. Llttlejohn repeated his sermon en tbe "Demoralizing Literature of the !>ay," and the Rev. J. T. Hecker delivered his locture >i "The Duties of Catholic* in the Present Moment in )te Greet Republic." Various societies and boards bold ,J?eIr regular meetings Rev. Joel Llndsley, the preacher who whipped his flild to death In Orleans county last summer, has boo a J.nvirtod of manslaughter in the second degree. a descent was made last night on the gambling house Vio Tfl'J Broadway, and Jehn (X Heenan, said to bo tho (luprii ior, waa arrantad, besides several otheva. H*uth?-rn Rr?l*mll?u-C url?u? Arr?T ?! I>ls l tubing Force#. Wendell Phillips, in the State House at Bos ton the other day, devoted himself to an argu ment against the ratification of the pending constitutional amendment by Massachusetts, on the ground that while its adoption will be bind ing on the North it will be practically a dead letter in the South. The third section, disfran chising certain classes of rebels, he holds, can not be executed in the South. The only rem edy, be coutends, is to pat seven hundred thou sand negro votes into the scale. He is in favor of disfranchising prominent rebels, but if he can give the negro the ballot he will be will ing to trust Wade Hampton. He saya nothing of fixing in the constitution, as this amendment proposes, the binding obligations of the na tional debt and the repudiation for evermore, as utterly illegal, null and void, of all rebel debts and all claims for emancipated slaves, and he overlooks the condition which requires the concession of the suffrage to the blacka by the several States, in order to connt them in the popular enumeration for Representatives to Congress. In truth, from certain ? declarations of Phillips heretofore, he is ready for the alter native of universal repudiation, if he cannot obtain universal negro suffrage, as the all-heal ing panacea of Southern restoration. All this means that Phillips is opposed to any scheme which promises a speedy settle ment of this vexed question. He has his own theory of the advantages to be gained by delay. He has his own visionary projects of recon struction, which can only be reached by re ducing the country to chaos and then in begin ning anew. There are various other leaders and factionists and fanatics who arc driving for the same point of departure, although by dif ferent roads. The leaders of the Northern democracy are opposed to the pending amend ment, because they think that in staving off this settlement "something will turn up" to bring them, in conjunction with the South, again into power. The ruling old pro-slavery class of the South are opposed to the amend ment because they entertain similar expecta tions. President Johnson himself may be placed in the same category. Greeley, accord ing to his last pronunciamisnto on the subject, is with Phillips as to the infallible specific of universal negro 'suffrage, but shrinks with fear and trembling from President Johnson's im peachment, which Phillips holds to be the first indispensable step to "liberty, equality and fraternity." Such arc the disturbing forces operating against the pending amendment?the North ern abolition fanatics ot the school of Wendell Phillips, the wcuk-kneed reformers represented by Greeley, the old hide-bound Northern dem ocratic leaders, the old ruling class of the rebel States, President Johnson and the hold over Dred Scott expounders of the Supreme Court. These disturbing elements, In many things conflicting and arising out of different ob jects, are all working together for delay in the settlement of our existing troubles. Phillips and Greeley desire to sacrifice the amendment in order to secure universal negro suffrage; Vallandlgham and the Seymours, Wade Hamp ton and all the old Southern political mana gers still remaining on hand, together with the administration, are laboring to defeat the amendment because, if adopted, it will inaugu rate a new dispensation and an entirely new organization of parties, and because under President Johnson and the Supreme Court the hope is cherished of still another reign of the Bourbons, State rights, slavery and all. Tlius it is that the main body of the dominant party in Congress is confronted on every side by hostile factions, and thus among other dangers this dominant party is threatened with dissen sions and divisions which encourage all these opposing forces to hold their ground. How is Congress to baffl; and overthrow all these opposing combinations ? Not by delay nor masterly inactivity; for that is their game. Not by hedging and ditching to the end of President Johnson's term of office; for that is bis policy and theirs, to bring the rebel States, as they stand, into Congress and the next Presidential election, under a decree from the Supreme Court There remains to Congress, then, only the policy of pushing through the amendment as the basis of Southern restora tion; and as it is now made manifest that the amendment is mainly blocked by President Johnson, his impeachment and removal will becom ? the first and the main question with the new Congress which meets in March. Whatever else Congress may deem ne cessary in Ihe way of reconstruction, the securities of this amendment must be fixed in the constitution. Otherwise, with Soulbern restoration a repudiation party will at once be developed North and South. It is hinted that Chief Justice Chase and Greeley favor a compromise on negro suffrage with the President; we know that Phillips goes for his hnpeschm *nt to secure negro suffrage; but there can be no security tor anything short of the adoption of this amendment. How the re publicans now stand in the two houses upon this question we cannot tell, but with the meet ing of the new Congress fresh from the people we expect that, mainly in behalf of this pend ing amendment as the great issue of the recent elce lons, the impeachment will be pushed to the removal of President Johnson. Upon this line there will be force Rnd con sistency in *.ho impeachment; but in diverging to uegro suffrage as the only issue to be settled, as the only security needed for tho future, Wendell Phillips, as of old, is again playing into the hands of Wade Uump'.on, and Greeley is strengthening the rejected policy of Presi dent Johnson. Upon the basis of tho amend ment the party in power will be supported by the North even to the removal of the present Executive and a reconstruction of the Supreme Court. Then, with the settlement completed and with the South restored, we shall have a reconstruction of parties involvirg new issues, new men and new combinations of sections and factions and whites and blacks. Let Congrestf,, on the other hand, try the substitute of negro suffrage as presented by Phillips and Greeley, and it will prove to the republicans the ad mission of the wooden horse within the walls o' Troy and a restoration of the Bourbons. Nay, more, we must fix the amendment in the constitution or prepare for the new party and the chaos of universal repudiation, as the price which Wade Hampton is ready, no doubt, to exact, and which Wendell Phillips is ready, wa conclude, to pay for universal negro suffrage. Whisk ft Confiscation.?A motion wao made by Mr. Darling in Congress on Saturday re queuing the Secretary of the Treaaury to pend tbe sales ?f confiscated whiskey unless the price offered be equal to the tax on the article. This is a very good resolution, und is, no doubt, intended to restrain certain opera tions of government officials and others in the purchase of confiscated liquor; but Mr. Dar ling should have gone a little further by Bus pending the sales in cases where the market price was not realized. This, wo opine, would effectually cure the evil intended to be removed by his motion. Mr. Morrill ts Oar NsiImsI Finances. From tbe position Mr. Morrill occupies in Congress, as taking a leading part in all mat ters relating to the national finances, currency, revenue and the tariff, and because he really brings a great deal of knowledge to bear upon them, his speech delivered last Thursday is worthy of special notice. This speech was evi dently carefully prepared, but we are left much in the same donbt as to his precise mean ing or what he proposes to do as we are with regard to the speeches of one of our city mem bers. We do not know exactly where he stands. He multiplies words in generalizations and is not sufficiently clear and explicit He is in favor of a resumption of specie payments by contracting the legal tender currency, and yet he is " persuaded that we shall not reach the goal of resumption any earlier than the most devoted partisan of an exclusive paper money system would wish." While the politics of the Secretary of the Treasury is distasteful to him, he approves of his financial policy. In fact, Mr. McCulloch's views regarding contraction and sustaining the national banks are endorsed by Mr. Morrill. But neither ho nor the Secre tary bas an idea different from those which have been reiterated a thousand times by the bul lionists of Great Britain and this country. The successive revulsions which England passed through after the close of the long war with the first Napoleon, in consequence of adopt ing the resumption theories of the bul lionists, afford no lesson to them. Tbe periodical revulsions that have occurred every few years since in that oountry, even in specie paying times, does not prevent them from pointing to the course followed there as the best guide to us. The fearful pnuperism that pervades the whole kingdom, side by side with incalculable wealth and unequalled pro duction, which can only be the result of an unsound financial and monetary system, gives no instruction to these men of one idea. They do not see that tbe time bas come when this new and great country ought to abandon theo ries which have proved so pernicious and tbat we should have a system of finance and cur rency adapted to our own circumstances. The whole of Mr. Morrill's argument, as well as the policy of Mr. McCulloch, Is based upon British ideas and practice, and yet we see what dread ful consequences have followed the application of those in England. The great point Mr. Morrill endeavors to make is {hat our circulating medium, which is the currency, is much too large; tuat about a third of it would be sufficient, and that it should be all withdrawn except the three hun dred millions of uational bank notes. That is the amount and kind of currency only he would give us. To sustain his argument he refers to the circulation in England in 1844 and 1865, and to our own before the war, each of which be states was less than three hundred millions. We believe he under estimates the amount, if we reckon both the paper and coin in circulation at the same time. We will not cavil about that, however. The question is not what England has or what we had before the war, but what is the amount required under our present circumstances for the safe and healthful operations of trade and develop ment of the country. We are passing through as extraordinary a revolution in financial matters as in political. We think, too, that the chanaos this country is destined to make in the former will exercise, in time, as great an influence in Europe as it is now exercising upon the political ideas of that part of the world. The whole teudency of the financial and monetary system of Eng land, and, indeed, of nearly all Europe, is in favor of the rich and to reduce the producing classes to the lowest point of existence. A currency contracted too much is undoubtedly the chief cause ot this state of things. Mr. Morrill refers to Parliamentary reports and other authorities to show that only about three per cent of the circulating medium, or what is called currency or money, has been nsed in ordinary mercantile transactions, or, to use his own words, " to liquidate payments in modern trading." According to this state ment ninety-eeven per cent of all business is done through the medium of the banks and rich individuals and through credit. lie argues, consequently, that only a very re stricted currency is required. I>ocs this not rather prove that a more copious currency Is necessary to protect the mess of small traders from the power and exactions of the banks and the rich! With a large amount of circulating medium, and, therefore, with an easy money market, the banks arc not able to hold the j trading community so much at their mercy and i to absorb the profits of trade to such an extent; | but ure not the mass of the people thoroby J benefited? Of course there is a limit bejond which it would not be healthful or safe to cx pand; but we maintain that a currency too re stricted only makes ihc- rich richer and the poor poorer. This would be the case especially under our present circumMances if the cur rency could be contracted to a specie basis. The property of those who hold United States securities would be incrensed over thirty per cent, while the property of all others would be reduced in the ssme proportion. All those who owe anything would find that their debts would bo heavier and their means of payment much less. Then we should witness revulsions, bankruptcies and general di tress such as the people of Eng'and experienced in their efforts to force specie payments aftor the wars with the first Napoleon. Mr. Morrill predicts, as other resumption theorists predict, that all sorts of evil will come upon us if we do not contract the cur rency and return to specie payments. This is a mere assumption, without the lenst founda tion in our own experience or in the history of other countries. Contraction produces com mercial and financial revulsion, by not main taining a steady, copious currency. Wo haven not suffered and are not suffering from a re

dundancy. On the contrary, the country was never more healthfully prosperous, apart from the bnrdons the war has imposed upon nt. There has been some over-trading, and this, with the mssoq of the year, may have oaaaed a temporary lull in business; but this occurs also in specie-paying limes, and is not caused by our paper money. The development of our manufactures, mines, agriculture and all kinds of business within the last few years, shows the eifeot of an abundant circulating medium and easy money market The true policy is to let well alone and not meddle in judiciously with the currency. The national bank system is a favorite one I with Mr. Morrill, as with all the other advo cates of contraction and resumption. He thinks the saving of twenty-tour millions a year to the Treasury in interest on the debt, by substituting legal tenders for national bank notes, is a trifle compared with the blessings the banks are to the country. We differ with him. The national banks constitute a great and dan gerous moneyed monopoly which will absorb the profits ol industry and exercise a powerful influence over the politics of the country. The government has given them enormous privi leges without any consideration in return. They are, in fact, a fraud upon the country and threaten it with great evils. Nor is the twenty-four millions a year which is given to them a trifle. That amount at compound in terest would pay off the national debt in less than forty years. It is a greater amount than the whole revenue or expenditure of the gov ernment a few years ago. Mr. Morrill has a great deal to learn about financial matters. We hope Congress may not be guided by his theories and erroneous views. Our Indian Tribe*? Reform In the Indian Bnrean. The proposition now before Congress to transfer the management of the Indian tribes from the bureau under the Interior Depart ment to the War Department, is one which we think is not only calculated to facili tate the operations of the bureau, but will relieve the country in a great measure from the odium attached to measures hitherto adopted in our dealings with the abo riginal races. There is uo doubt that a great deal of corruption, unnecessary vio lence and inhumanity has been associated with the conduct ot Indian affairs. Much ol the troubles on our frontier have originated with agents and others having a peisonal in terest in perpetuating distrust, quarrels and m.issncres among the tribes. By taking this business out of the hands of civil agents and placing the control of the Indian tribes in those of military officers we will remove the opportunity for corruption, which has involved the government in rast expense and retarlcd civilization in the Territories. The officers of the array, acting by the orders and discipline of the War Department, are held under strict military jurisdiction, and they are not so liable to engage in corrupt practices as* civilians, who ?re responsible to a civil department of ' the goverumi-.ib Again, the officers of our ? army, from their education and habits, are not so prone to corruption and avarice as the poll ' ticiane who usually fill the offices of Indian agents, according to the present arrangement. | When any hostilities occur on the ?frontier i the military power has to be called in to suppress them, and the authority of the War Department is Immediately required. Why not, then, invest the whole management of Indian affairs in this department? At the present moment large bodies ot troops are being sent to the Territories to eon front the hostile Indians. General Grant and General Sherman, in their reports on affairs iu the West, have recognized the wisdom of this distribution of authority to the War Department, which is perhaps an additional reason why the recommendation of the Military Committee should be adopted by Congress. Our Indian affairs have been miserably man aged, and some reform is absolutely needed. Tltr I.nlcM IM?n?c ot llie ICnxtcri: Qnration. The telegraphic news of yesterday relating to the affairs of the East is specially interest ing. The Cretan war is said to be ended, the volunteers having returned to Greece. Infor mation of a similar nature has. on more than one occasion already, been contradicted by subsequent telegrams. It will not in the least surprise us if our telegram of yesterday met a similar fate. It is notorious that tor some time past Austria, much to the annoyance of Prussia and Russia, especially the latter, has been concentrating her forces in Galicia, and that the roles in that province, rightly or wrongly, arc of opinion that Austria furors the resurrection of Polish nationality. It does no!, therefore, surp'' ?? us to lc.aru that Prussia has demanded from Austria an explanation of her conduct. The most important item of in telligence ia thnt the French, Russian and Prussian governments have agreed to negotiate with the Pone a settlement of the affaire of the End. What dees this mean? Negotiate is a term oi large significance. Has the Sultan made up his mind to barter away his disaffected provinces? Have the Powers above mentioned agreed as to their share of tbo spoil and the terms on which they are disposed to secure it ? Wlial of Austria? What of Italy? Above all, whut of England ? Are they all three to be left out in the cold ? Is the territory of the Sultan to be rearranged or partitioned by and in the interests of Russia, Prussia and France alone? Such wo may rest assured is not to be the case. Austria, weak as she is, will not stand passively by while the affairs of the East are being settled. She is not yet so com pletely exhausted as tamoly to submit to such humiliation. She is too near a neighbor and too deeply interested not to sum mon up her remaining strength?a strength which her past history shows is by no means easily exhausted, and demands that her voice be heard. Italy is but little interested and may well be left aside. But England?Is it for a moment to be imagined that she will remain either indifferent or inactive while the settle ment of this long vexed and deeply important question is being arranged by others ? Cer tainly nob Anxious as she is for pnace and unwilling to embroil herself in continental war, the interests which she has at stake are too numerous and too weighty to admit of snch a course. What, then, is tho explanation of the present aspect of tbiugs ? It is manifest that there has boon correspondence between the Porte and the great protecting Powers in regard to the affairs of the E.tat, and specially in regard to the conduct of the Greeks of the kingdom. The Snltan Is highly indignant at the conduct of the Greek government. Prior to the open declar ation of war against thnt government he re cently notified bis intention to the great Powers. The telegrams of yesterday inform us of the result of that notification. France, Russia and 1'ruasia4 have responded, and they are prepared to act in harmony with the gov ernment of the Sultan in effecting some ar rangement England, it is evident, had not yet replied. Her reply, however, may be hourly expected. Italy, in all likelihood, was not oonsulted. Whether Austria has been wilftilly ignored we have yet to learn. The Eastern question thus enters upon an entirely new phase of its existence. It is now fairly European in its dimensions. The little cloud in the East which we have been watching now covers the entire Western continent. The spark threatens to become a conflagration. Diplomacy may yet prevent it We shall see. Teitarat Bnm and latvraal Impreve ?nU. The attention of the Legislature has been drawn to the question of improvement in the tenement house system of this city, and we have a right to expect that it will receive due consideration. It is a subjoct which affects not only the inhabitants of these dens of dis comfort, danger and disease, but, as a sanitary question, enters largely into the interests of all classes of the community. There is really no substantial reason why New York should be so fhr behind the large cities of Europe in pro viding wholesome dwellings for the working classes. We have fewer poor to take care of than Paris or London. The earnings of our laboring population are on an average greater than the same class in Europe, yet in many portions of this city we find them compelled to live in tenements more wretched than any known in the capitals of the Old World. In London the average number of people dwelling in one bouse is about twelve; in New York it is twenty-two. If our property owners who have frequent opportunities to visit London and Paris would only devote a little of their time while qp their travels to observation of the dwellings where people of moderate means nre domesticated, they might learn a lesson which would be profitable to themselves. If, instead of constructing buildings where a large portion of their inhabitants live under ground, in damp cellars, they would build houses tour and five stories high, with ample provision for light and ventilation by means, say, of a skylight conducting light and air through the centre of the building, and furnished with eav nodes of ingress and egress by stone or iron staircases, a large de gree of comfort could be ensured to the occu pants, the danger of infectious diseases would be avoided and the community would be spared those horrible recitals of death by fire and suffocation which almost daily comprise part of our newspaper rending. It is true that we are somewhat confln -d for room on Manhattan Island and cau hardly accommodate our fast growing population; but there are many ways by which to remedy this evil. One of them is to build higher tenements in the lower part of the city, with the accommodations and safeguards we have suggested. Another is to make the thousands of acres of waste land which surround the city and its suburbs available by some syBtem of drainage which will give us, for building, agricultural and other purposes, a vast area now lying idle because of the tidal flow, which leaves them wholly unprofitable, and as easily reclaimable by the aid of a little enterprise and capital as Holland was reclaimed from the sen, and portions of England were converted from worthless swamps into fniittul farms and gardens. There is no necessity for the miseries en dured in cellars and filthy tenements, the dan gers to huruan life, the germs of contagious disease which the cramped and crowded con dition of the city entails upon us, while we have ample space around us requiring only the application of a little energy and capital to render it available lor useful purposes and make it afford us relief in tbe most effectual way. The Legislature, while it is employed upon providing a remedy for the evils of the tenement house system, might profitably divert its attention to these points. TIip Emperor Knpolron and Ilia Proposed Krforiao. When the recent reform decree of Napoleon was promulgated we were told that it was received with great satisfaction by the French people. Now the cable intorms us that France is very generally expressing its disgust at it. Between these opposite assertions a middle term will not hit the truth. Considerable as are the concessions em braced in the Emperor's decree, it was not to be expected that thov would give satisfaction to all parties. Nothing that be could do, tor example, short of abdication would extort the approbation ot the red republican*. The clause specially levelled against their repre sentatives in the Legislature?that discontinu ing tiie address from the Chambers in reply to the speech from the throne?has, nf vas to be expected, excited tbelr furious indignation. Snob men as Jules Favre and Eugene Fellelan are cut off by it from all chance of renting their inflammatory doctrines in public. To statesmen of moderate constitutional opinions, like Thiers, the restriction is not of so much importance. They will find abundant opportunities through the other important provisions of the decree of making up for this curtailment of the privi lege which they have hitherto enjoyed at the op ning of the session. As regards the bulk of the French people, we do not believe that any such feeling as that described in yesterday's telegrams exists. They are fiilly aware that if the Emperor were to concede too suddenly the reforms de manded of him they wonld at once lead to revolution. The red republicans are not to be trusted with such opportunities as would be thus placed in their hands. Between the dan gers to which they must lead and :e disap pointment of being compelled to wait some time longer tor more comprehensive measures, the people prefer the latter. Tbey have en joyed under the political system of the present Emperor a larger amount of material buppi ness and a greater sense of security than they have ever before possessed. Weary of revo lutions, they are not willing to hazard this con dition of well-being for tbe doubtful future opened up to them by the theories of tbe red republicans. A to the motives which have actuated the Emperor in yielding such important relaxations of his policy, they are to be found, we believe, In the convic tion that bis foreign enterprises have been failures and that his infirm condition of health will not permit him to retrieve them. He is loo sagacious to suppose thai he can im part permanency to the system of government which he has initiated. It would require a ruler of equal ability and daring to maintain it after his death against the assaults to which it will be exposed, not merely by domestic con spiracies, but by foreign combinations. What chance would a feeble woman and an inex perienced boy have of contending against such dangers! None. And no one, we believe, ap preciates the fact more keenly than the Em peror. Therefore it is that while there is yet limn he is beginning to experiment in the way of political concessions. Ho, no doubt, thinks that by reverting again to constitutional forms there may be a chance of perpetuating a dynasty which has hitherto only looked to in dividual energy and success for its bold on the popular affections. He must not be expected, however, to move too fast in this direction. It requires infinitely more judgment and boldness to relax the restraints of a despotic system like his than to build it up anew from its founda tions. Amenities or Oub Legislative Bodies.?The floor of the House of Representatives was the scene of another violation of decorum on Sat urday, when language wholly unjustifiable was indulged in by Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, and Mr. Hunter, of New York. The former gentleman, in charging members of the House with being rebels and conspirators because their political views differed from his own, transgressed all parliamentary law, but Mr. Hunter, in using the term "a base lie," was not less reprehensi ble. We are glad to see that Mr. Speaker Colfax for once put a stop to this disorderly conduct He was not in the chair when the con troversy commenced, but he immediately has tened to his place and called the unruly gen tleman to order. While such bad examples are furnished by the highest legislative body in the land we cannot be surprised to find scenes of violence occurring in the State legislatures, snch as the recent collision between two mem bers of the Virginia Assembly, one of whom was knocked down on the floor of the chamber. Parliamentary manners, like the fashions, are supposed to radiate from the centre of civiliza tion and are copied in lesser places. It thus behooves Congress to set a better example of legislative amenities to the States. Approachtno Elections in the District op Columbia?Movement or the Blacks.?In ad vance of the coming Mayoralty election in Georgetown the blacks of that city held ? meeting and adopted a platform embracing perfect equality between whites and blacks, which they succeeded in getting a candidate to accept. This action may be regarded as the first practical development of the impartial suffrage system, and will probably be followed up at the election in Washington. The gist of the principles comprised in the Georgetown platform are contained in the following questions:? Will you. If elected, so execute the lam and ordi nances of the city as to admit of ao distinction on ac count of color, as n quired by the act of Congrats known as tbe Civil Right* bill 1 Will you, when laborers and merhaaMs are to ha employed by the corporation, so distribute the labor aa to give employment to whites and blacks alike t This may be considered as opening the ball on the part of the blacks, and Is significant an indicating the probable shape which impartial suffrage would take elsewhere, as well as in the District of Columbia. The Wbiskkt Frauds?Anotheb Leak Stopped.?Among the ingenious devices re sorted to by whiskey distillers to cheat the revenue was that of manufacturing the article under the name and semblance of burning fluid. This was done by adding to the whiskey n small proportion of turpentine, which, after the article passed inspection, was extracted or entirely neutralized by a chemical agent. As burning fluid is exempted from duly the manu facturers managed in this way to defraud the government of the tax on a large amount of whiskey. To put an end to such frauds a bill has been introduced in Congress by Senator Fessenden which repeals so much of the act of June SO, 1864, as relates to alcohol and burn ing fluid, and which subjects to taxation aU products of distillation, by whatever name known, which contain distilled spirits . or alcohol. The.bill has passed both houses and now only awaits the President's signature to become law. If Congress would follow up this very proper amendment by another, reducing the tax itself to a point which would remove the inducement to illicit distillation, it would be better for the interests of the revonue as wdll as for those of public morale. ?asiCAi. Never before since the opening of Steinway Hall was m.ch Ail audience congregated as At the twenty-second Sunday Concert last night. The smaller malin6e hall had to be thrown open to accommodate the crowds that poured In from an early hour, and at the opening over turf,?Schumann's Bride of Meastni?thero were nearly thirty-two hundred people assembled in the spacious metropolitan hall. The programme comprised selections from Beethoven, Schumann, Ernst, Mendelssohn, Cho p o. hobe, Vieuxtcmpe, Handel, Wollenhaupt and Raft, and was rendeind by the principal artiste of the former Hat,.man troupe. "Hear ye, Israel" was splendidly sung, and iho encores were frequent during the concert Mr. Harrt.-on's enterprise In giving Aral cuiss concerts has so far been singularly suc< osa'ul. A contort was given last evening at 8t. Ann's churehl at which ? aiUiijo La/.aanlga, Ml- Welt, Mr. lollicre and other artista a ststed. Mr. Louis Dachauer, onranmt of tha church, conducted on the occasion. The pro gramme comprised favor.to selection9 from the Italian school, and was in general satl.?ln< tonly given. Madame #uxanlg 'a rich, telling, dramatic voice appeared to great advantage in an 0 Snlttnri* from one of Dooi letM'a works, which s-bo saug with Mr. Col Here. Mian Wells also sang admirably iu La AMe, by Bancdlck. OPENING Of THE BALTIMORE HAPCOR?SAILING OF THE ICE IOUNO FLEETS. Baltimore, Jan. 87, 1897. The harbor was opened to-day by a laige tore# of workmen, with axe*, aided by the city tugboat Baltt mora. The work was pushed through by private enter prlae. The steamships Falcon, for Charleston, and Patopeco, for Now York, sailed out, and the United .States trans t>ort Cosmopolitan, from Charleston, came ?p through the channet A tarco fleet will probable come up to morrow, and a number of icebound vessels will sail. THE BRIG SHOOTING STAN ABANDONEO AT SEA. PRoriPRsnt, Jan. 27, 1WT. The brig Shooting Star, Captain Allen, from New York on tho I2th inat., for Aspluwait, encouutnred a terrUBo gale on the lftth, and it *??.? found necessary to cutaway her masts. On the morning of the 17th she was aban doned, her ottlccrs and crew being token oft by tho British brig Albatros", and landod at Newport to-day. THE INDIAN TROUBLES. St. Lob's, jan. 37. J Per Advices from the plains and mi ..nintns report the greet Isnlv of the Indians moving southward Old Indian fighters say this moans war: that the Indiana have a knowledge of the troops which are being sent out, and so thev are moving southward to open the war In that less protected region, but that ir the troops are sent after them thev will giro them the slip and dash north sgsln, and aprrad murder and devasuiion upon tlio region thus uncovered. T"F INDIAN DELEGATION AT ST. LOUIS. St I/ttrm, Jen. 87, 1WT The Indian delegation from Kansas arrived here to day and win leave fbr Washington on the Terra Haute , tram MMmvrruw,