Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 30, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 30, 1867 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. 4 A VKto UK.1 *MTT i error. aku raorrinoa ??FlCM H. W. U'VNKR ?!? PCI TON AMR HAS>At> BT8, Vol*** XXXII 30 ?UUBKUKNTi Tills A?fKH-i i ).V AND KVaCNiNtA. BROADWAY TITS ATltK. H->.|w*x, dmt Broome ?< -eel?Al ADDIX, t.U WoxPHrDt 1>a*f?Ciki*icrbu.a. 1KT YORK niSATR I. llroAJ vsy. o;>poxVa Heir T >rk B01 el. - Bum or FiUKn sTRINWAY IIAl.K K*?t Fourteenth MtrwS, near IrriDii Pis e.?Fori lab Vocal a.no Instialbcstal foactBT. NIOHrMOf ENOl.lHH OPERA COMPANY, Olympl' iVuire, Broadway?Maikana. KOPNIIRTH'S II ALl IK Rronlray -PcnniMi Haktb ? >m. Paaroaa Hn il mriu-i in Hitao is th* Aik ? I hi INDIAN 11 ASKBt Taica. iURTOB H IIiIh A?lf>r place?'Vai.knvtx* Vouiom, th? Ot.At POLY NATIONAL MlNIC. ?\H PRvHWtOO n?imril v? IriillNtr. oyixostte ? Moirnnoll'jta Mi-l-lini i? r.nnoriAN KXTcarat* rnrKH, 81 noi.no, Dancino and Buullmubs ? Midnicut difSSlON or OONOBBS.. rirm AVRNOR OPCRA KOURB, Hon. 2 and 4 Waot Twenty-fourth street? (Jm?riN .t OwBisrrt Mrx tbbis ? Ktnidfian XiNxrr.aLsr. Hat.lads, Bublbaqi ts, Ac.-Kb*i KRM.T ft f.ROM'S BIMRYSSfiY. TJO Brmftwar, op?0. N?? ?'irk I't* -!? Finn T>xit. Dixjat Hro nn. MaUWIMS, BORIJUOP"i. te-OtM AND BSD*?CUMHCB-LEOa? Oaoauaacaa Ualli.t '/do lira. TONY l-Asr-OIVS (IV"UK HOCHB. J#l Bowery.-Com n localism?Xroro Minntkbl-t. Kauai X>irbbtissanaor. Ar?Toerr Pastor's i oca Auolnd the World. Matiuro At it; fPH?-k. TIAHf.RY WIllThM COMBINATION TROUPE, at Vr|,union' 11*11. 2 II ?oidir.sv. ?In a VaBIBTT or l.ICHT ? -n l.iroH I. IL I NTFDTAINMKsr*. Oi)?r< 1'* liALLST. ftC. Ton PSNIAM'.I OATH On T IB IIi'OI Or klLI.AKNL'Y COOPER- INSTITUTE. rijlith street-Db. Hebbaiw's I .LUTUAIXD 1.KCIURL1 ON It BA1.TH. BPS. F H rOVWHTW PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn? Cu LD or Tur. r.LCIVBKT?A Modkl Ulsband. ITOOLCT'S < PF.RA HOUSE. Brooklyn?F.tniofiax Mix fi'ilt. Had Am and Bubiasuui ?A Huukaii Tuir Around XilB vll.ll. TUR RUN YAH TABLEAUX. Union Halt, ravner of Twenty-third nicest ?i"l llri dx.iy ? Monro Mirror or Piluuin's Pbournu?Sixtv MAONiricxxT scan is. DERBY'S NKIf ART ROOM*, IM5 Rmdiriy.? Oi?ixd Kiuiihtki.x or Painiinos?IIilsa Bon ii cue*! Hon* Paul VKW YORK VUS8U.M or ANATOMY. ?'* Brnirtwar? {Irah and I'iont Arm or rrum-Thn Wat iiincton WINS-WoXnHTtl IN N ATl'RAl IllSloKT, .SCIBBOB AID .tar. eCTtmas Dailt. Cl<n Irum 8 A. ft!, till 1U P. H. How Ym k. Wrflni'sday. Jannnry 30. 1S07. If 21 B Nawi. EUROPE, news by Ibt cable to January 29. It i -wa anil Turkey are In active preparation for war, ?d a general conflict In I.Italy to arise from the Kariern qoettioa. Toe English Cabinet objects to iiave rho re c.wd of the Faulan trials in Canada revised by the United Ptauw, and reruns to permit recretary Seward to have the papers. Russia, It In mid, to aboqt to build a cnurch for worship according to the Creole rites is N'ew York. Fronob reports state 1'iat Maximilian will not recognize Ota recast arrangements made between France and the United States retaths to Mexico. The Cretan war baa been renewed, the Candlotes having refoctod tho terms proposed by Turkey Greece l? about to largely Iuctease bar army. Count (tlamarck baa been nominated as the candidate from TetHa to the new German Pari ameat. American br.-och-loadau arms ara oa trial in the Aua- ( triaa army. ? fitonaoU closed at M S 16 for money In London yester day. Uoit-d States five twenties were at 72 5 Id in Lon don, and advanced % In Paris In IJvorpool cottun was ?<<dBdy. middl ng upianla being quoted at UJii. Bread eiuilk were lower and provision! firmer. CONGRESS. Te the Senate yederday the consideration of the President's veto of tbe Colorado bill was, after some de bate, postponed until to morrow. Tbe tariff bill was taken up and several amendments wero agreod to. Oar ing the consideration of tbe bltl a message was received fbam the Pretodent containing his objections to tbe Ne braska A dm I Minn bill. Tbe Tariff bill wne again taken up, add Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, opposed Us pas sage, He mid that It was not called for by Mawicbu aotut Without taking any final action tbe Senate ad journed. In House tbe Committee oa Election* was d? chergad from tbe further consideration of the conduct of tbe President la the Maryland oleomas. Tbe Joint Committee oa Retrenchment nw-rtcd a bill appointing a board of three cimmieKlopera for examination into ihe qualifications of all persona designated for appointment Into the civil serriCe of the raited States. Mr. Jenckes, ona of Use committee, made a lengthy apoech in explanation of tho MIL Tbe House soon efter went Into Committee of the Whole on ttie Go coral Appropriation bill, and the Invalid '?eneloa bill wan pa<s -d. Tbe Consular and D plomatle Appropriatieo bill was taken up and a lively debute en *%ed oa the propnti.ion to make an appropriation for M.o salary of Mr. Harvey, the M u ster to Portugal. A wioUoa was made to appropriate no moneys for the sup port ef tbe United States legation at Home or for any retare legatlea at that place, and pending the consider ation ef the question the committee rose end the House ?sen after adjourn-d. THE LEGISLATURE fa the Senate yesterday a petition of several thou sand citizens of Brooklyn for a bridge oror East river waa presented The bill applying the Metropolitan Ex ?iIm law to tbe State la general wan favorably reported upon. A bill was Introduced to amend tbe law relative to dlvoree. Tbe bill to amend an act for the prevention of frauds la tha opening and laying out ef streets was mSod ?p, but laid aside on motion of Mr La Hsu, who slated that tho Corporation Counsel des'red to be beard t?e"ore a final vols wax taken. Tbe Senate thon ad loomed. In tbe Assembly the annual report of the Quaaant no .Ynmiasi oners was received from the Governor. A de hate of some length ensued upon tho bill for the relief of Charles H. Collamet. which involves the question of the responsibility of heavv canal claim bills allowed by tbe CsaaJ Hoard. Tbe Assembly ooon after adjourned. MISCELLANEOUS. >n tbe Board of Supervisor* yesterday the Special Com mittee on nimica and Insurance Companies reported la favor of refunding tbe amounts illegally collected from eertala of those institution* by the county as taxwi There was no meeting of the Board of Councilman yes terday, the Clerk call ng tha roll and not a mere tier be- i lag present. Tbe lobbies, however, were erowded wltb spectators. The next term of the Court of Appeals will be bold at tbe City Hall, In ibis cKy. oa tbe 20th of March. Our Havana correspondence Is dated January 23. Tbe priooipal merchants liar# taken steps te make Havana a general eat repot for the storage of cotton, by removing restrictions on foreign rarer Is Tha United Stales gna hoat Bon, with the secret mis-Ion from Annapolis, had yet arrive! By way of Havana wa have advices from Jamaica dated at Kingston on tbe 12th of January, bit the news ' u nnimpermot nature. The legislative Cnnncll eaa engaged In the abaplog of tbe new laws Sundry committees wove named for the purpose la order lo sub mit the result to tha bonis government. Tbe public .Aurnats do net approve ef the proposed smalgamaiioa ar limitation of counties. Tbe bates from 8t Thomas are to the Tth inat., and irwwi Porto Hioo to the lath mat. Theeholervhad almost oetiroly disappeared from 8t. Thomv, but the stnallpov bad not s'-atod. Two telegraph line* ware to bo eat.vb Uabad lo I'orto R?co. Two ?f the Fenian prisoner* at Toronto ware tried and acquitted yesterday. A synopsis of tbe reh >m< for con 'rdcratfun agreed upon by thd delegate* in F.tvlaed has bean furnished the Admln'atrator by T<ofd Carnarvon. The arfolee are different from the Quebec propositions, sod are yet to be voted upon by tbe people of the prut inodh The Louisiana Leglalalore has passed a resolution call iv a oaveatlun to revise tbe Htaie ooturtliution so tiiat th" lute will be taken out of tbe hand* of the radicals. The klwfaalppl Legialatorn rejected the eonstltutloaal amea'tmshl unanimously yesterday. As officer at Fort Phil Kearny wrliae that the three past fens, Reno, Smith and Kearny, are la a state of wge. Their gam sen* amount In the aggregate te four hundred men and seven piece* of arOUery, while four m five Jiouaaml rtleekfeet, Ch->venne and Arapahoe ^n<JieMe ?'? enoauteed 'a the rieieiav. Jofcn Hand, (upiuMad It bo Implicated In tbo Lord b'f^I robborr, wa<* arresiod AlUaay j wlerOay and l?rouirbl to tU>4 city. Iu itie tkin-ims (Vi", Cimrnbers, yon-rday, before Mr Jus'tec George G Barnard, tbo onlor of ?rre?i In tbo case of Raphael Katito. tbo alleged diamond robber, was vacated, on -n of ootrae-L Kauu bad been held In default of J?,OXi tail. Dr. Hcbberd delivered the second feature of his coarse at tbo Cooper Institute yesterday evening, oa "The Heart and Blood," and the Rev. Alvln BartleU delivered a humorous lecture at the Thirteenth air jet Presbyterian church, on "Boys." The stock market opened In a panic yeeterday, but soon b. catne Una and closed rtrong. Gold closed firm at KH*. The markets for both fereiga merchandise and do [ medio produce ruled exceedingly quiet, and prleea In almost all casta favored the purchaser to a great extent. < otton was stsady with a moderate demand. Coffee was quite active at previous prleea. On 'Change floor was dull and 10?. a attc. lower. Wheat was also dud and 2c. a tc lower, whl.o corn declined le a Sc. with but little doing. Oats remained dull and heavy. Pork and beef wore steady at previous prices. Lsrd ruled dull but steady. Freights were rather more active. Whiskey was dull and nominal. Petroleum continued dull and de preened. Naval stores slightly easier. Wool was quite active and firmer for desirable grades. Preside a? Jahasea's Urnoral Reseat I al to Csaglete the Mark of the War. Whitney's cotton gin wai the Trojan horse to Soathern slavery. It made the cotton region, from the Yudkin to tya It id river, a vast gold' mine, negro slave labor therein on immensely profitable cash article, and that, under this labor system started upon Virginia tobacco, cotton becninp king and the cotton planters the ruling aristocracy of Iho United States. Thus, adopt ing Jefferson's radical French theories of gov ernment, including Stato rights, the ruling slavery nnd cotton politicians of the South ap plied those theories to our party politics, brought them into tbo government, including tbo Suprem? Court, anil administered them as the constitution, down to the startling Drcd Scott decision, when their power culminated Then camo tbo Northern reaction, pushing the cotton lords of Souih Carolina and their fol lowers to the bold experiment of secession and a Southern conf jJoracy; thcu the war lor tbo Union, resulting in tho subjugation of that confederacy, the dethronement of King Cotton and the extinction of slavery and all its politi cal appendages. Thus tho destructive heresies of Jeff.raon, Calhoun and their disciples, washed out in the blood of half a million of men, are superseded by the constitution as interpreted by Washington, Hamilton and Jay, and thus the grand idea of Henry Clay is es tablished?that the States are not above but nnder the paramount national sovereignly of the United States. from this bold hoadland of observation what is the spectacle which now meets tbo ?ye ? It is the conflict of the battle field brought back into tbo forum. It is an appeal from New Orleans, Vioksburg, Gettysburg, Petersburg and Appomattox Court House to tbe vetoes and the policy ef Prevalent Johnson. It involves an effort to make the war a failure and to re-establish King Cotton, Calhoun's Stato rights and slavery. Mr. Johnson has gone back to I860 and to Breckinridge. He is fighting again on that line. He is like the man who attempted a loyal history of France by leaving out the revolntion of '80, the republic, Napoleon and the empire as not ad ding tho divine rights of the Bourbons. With the Su preme Court to back him he only asks the two years remaiuing of his term to establish his policy. Indulge him in this experiment and It is not impossible that Wtere 1869 we may bare the war for th? Union pronounced unoonsiitu tion?b the abolition of slavery declared null and void, our national debt decreed an illegal j burden upon the people, and State rights And the constitution revived again according to Buchanan. This is the issue with the republican party in Congress. From the incendiary torch ap plied by old John Brown we hare had. such a conflagration as the world elsewhere has never scon; but we may have another if we at tempt to rebuild on the still smoulder ing embers of King Cotton and slavery. The impeachment and removal of Andrew Johnson or a surrendor of the legislative powers of the government into his hands by his con tinuance in office is the alternative pre sented to Congress. According to the reoent teat vote on Ashley's initiative resolution, of one hundred and eight to thirty-eight, the dominant party in the House stands as a unit for this impeachment A similar resolution in 1843 from Bolts against President Tyler failed because the whigs of that day had not the strength in either house for an impeachment, nor a case upon which to aucure e ven their own Vote. But the charges submitted against John Tyler were petty misdemeanors Compared with the schedule of Andrew Johnson's assumptions of the exclusive powers of Congress. Mr. Seward has u-keil if we will have Mr. Johnson as President or King. But in either capacity ho has ceased to be necessary and has become a stumbling block in the way of any wholesome recoiutrnctiou. He might still save himself, and would probably abandon his pnblio posi tion bnt for the dream of probable divisions on thin impeachment opening a way of escape. All such hopes are delusive, and the republi can journals which are leading him to such expectations are either deluded themselves or are playing with his credulity as a cat plays with a mouse. The interval to the 4th or March Is getting short, and yet within this interval the issue ot impeachment or no impeachment may be decided by Mr. Johnson. He has only to hold that to his theory that the national legts lative power over the States belongs to himself, and not to Congress, in order to mako sure his impeachment and removal. On the other hand, by proposing to Congress the com promise of the pending amendment, or by graceftally resigning his office, he may come off at least with something of the reputation of an hoi?*st man. .'We can tell him that his removal will be bailed as a Godsend to the country, with General Grant to take bia place, on the platform of tho amendment?that Andrew Johnson's recantation, resignation or removal lias become not only a necessity to the country, bnt the only salvation to the party in power. King James the Second, with more advantages and with greater strength behind him than Mr. Jolinson, was expelled from throne and country In attempting to make his will the law of the land against the predominant pnblio opinion. And this was neatly two hundred years ago. Ilow, then, at this day and in this country, is Congress to avoid the dnty, or tbo Executive to escape the penalty ot bis folly, when tho question involved is the restoration of jbi Union as settled by a stupendous war, or Stato righto, as tonetmed by Buchanan and Greeley, vita tho secession of Jigjttfc (Jwotynq j Importer! from tk* Kut-Bwslt tld Tnrk?f I'rrpnrlng for War-Tho Wurilisi of a tiea or.-iJ CunSict. Our advioes from Constantinople, forwarded by way of London and through the A ti t 1 tic cable, under date of yesterday, convey the very , important Intelligence that It was regarded as certain in the Turkish capital that the serious complications existing In the East, and classed generally as the Eastern question, would lead to war, and that Turkey and Russia had com menced active preparations for the straggle, the Porte government by calling out a new army of one hoadred and fifty thousand re serves, and the Coir by the publication of an order which directs all military furloughs in the empire to tormina to on the 1st of March. Simultaneously with this news, and ss if corroborative of it, we have the informa tion that the reported termination of the Cretan war was premature. The fighting had been renewed, and the war is said to be spreading to tbe neighboring islands. There had probably been n temporary cessation of hostilities for the purpose of treating a pro posal tor peaoe, which led to tbe announcement of the close of Uia war, as we are told to-day that the terms offered by the Sublime Porte to the iouirgont Christians had been seornfolly rejected. From Athens it is said that Greece proposes to raise the effective i force of her army to thirty-one thousand in consequenoo of the military preparations and threatening attitude of the Porte. These roports and assurances, coupled with our knowledge of the state of affairs existing in Candia, lead to the almost inevitable con clusion that tho day is fast approaching when the final is3ue will bb taken, and by bloody arbitrament, between tbe Crescent and the Cross. If Russia and Turkey were to decide the question alono tbe result would be of easy prophecy ; for, just as tho moment suited, in stead of standing forth as on administrator to the effects of tho "sick man," the irritated and powerful Muscovite wonld seizo the expiring patient by tbe throat and strangle him, proclaim ing the deed as an act accomplished in mercy to himself and in tbe intercuts of humanity and civilization. This mode of summary treat ment will not be permitted, however, and the ] very sudden manner in which tho friends who have watched around his bod for many yoars may be called on to propose and administer another remedy is the fact which ren ders the news of this morning of startling Import and alarming interest to them. They have been prepa ing for such a crisis, but perhaps did not expoot it to come so soon. 81igbtly shaded by the arrangements which are be in? made for the Paris Exhibition, we discern the fact that the French army is to be completely reorganized and raised to a million and ? quarter of men. Austria is arm ing her troops with American breech-loaders. King Victor Emanuel insists on the perfection of foe organisation of foe Italian amy, as Us services may be required beyond foe Italian frontier. Turkey orders new levies and calls out her reserves. Spain Is increasing her army, Germany is armed, and Greece, Switoer land, D nmark and foe minor Powers are preparing for new levies. Tbe rumor of a Great Powers conference of adjust ment and settlement appears almost dis sipated by such preparations. England has announced her neutrality, and it is easy to fore see that the Eastern question must be settled, even if the Paris Exhibition should be inter fered with. England neutral, Napoleon will not be likely to ally himself with any other Power for the temporal salvation of the Turk, so that we ipay be called on to record the divi sion of tbe spoils before the termination of the annum cr. ^ ill Russia find her share in a future rule over the populations from Candia to Thessaly, and from Thessaly to the borders of Austria f Will France be compensated in Egypt! Lastly, will King Victor Emanuel render the title of 44 King of Cyprus and Jerusalem," which he bears, a reality for bis dynasty f The Civil Merries Blll-A Fr*iM??*S Reform. Mr. Jenckes, of Rhode Island, yesterday reported to the House a bill to regulate the civil service of the United States and to pro mote the efficiency thereof The bill emanates from tbe Committee on Retrenchment, and, in bis remarks in explanation of its provisions and objeot, Mr. Jenckes s'ated that tbe origi nal draft upon which it is based was prepared during President Lincoln's term of office, and it csnnnt, therefore, be supposed to have any rela tion to or bearing upon the existing dissen sions between the different department of tho government. The measure proposes a very radical reform in the civil service. It contem plates the appointment o! a Board of Commis sioners, whoso duty it shall be to prescribe the qualifications necessary for an appointment to any subordinate position in any branch of the civil service, and to provide for the examination of all applicants for such appointment. By this means it is sought to make capacity, integrity and good moral character take the place of political Influence and partisan favor, in secur ing positions in the government offices. The reform would certainly be a desirable one for the country lr it could be carried out; bnt It would be about as easy to turn Congress into ? pious, decent, well-behaved body as to shut out from tbe several departments of the gov ernment the clamorous horde of political office seekers. Tbe Board of Commissioners would themselves be partisuns, and the examiners wonld be the political supporters of the ad ministration tor tbe time being. The bill pro pones a fee of five dollars to be paid by eaoh applicant for examination, and ten dollars by each person who shall reeeive a certificate of recommends Hon for appointment or promo tion. Considering tbe number of applicants for office tbe fortunate commissioner* would bo likely to reap a golden harvest. The Tariff Bill?A ttrow Outrage as Ike Canafrv. The manner in which Congress is piling on Increased and additional duties In tho Tariff bill now under consideration shows that tbe public interest and sound principles of legisla tion are ntterly ignored. Every mannfaciuring interest, largo and small, lias its representative or advocate in Congress, and propositions to give promotion to all sorts of things are ad mitted without hesitation or examination. Never before was there such loose and ilftc

less legislation. Washington Is full of lobby pen, working np and pushing throngfc the new (Tariff bill, and they havt it all their own way. ^Whether this bill will Increase the revenue of hot remains to bs seen; for the duties are In sens case* a^oet high enouA tq V? orohlbl tory. But we did not want on Increase of rev enue; it is too lacge now. We cannot charac terize this tariff in Any other way than as a gross outrage upon the country, upon the mass of the people, both North and South. We fear, however, there is no remedy till the country wakes up to sec the iniquity of such partial and ruinous legislation. nipUnailc E?pU#nff-Sfor#tMy Seward wad Mr. Motley. Considerable speculation has been afloat aa to the motives of tbe recall of Mr. Motley, our Minister at Vienna, and the reported offer of the appointment to Mr. Cowan, who is about to be replaced in the United States Senate by General Cameron. The grounds assigned by rumor for Mr. Motley's removal were general inaccessibility and discourtesy to our travel ling countrymen. We confess that these charges surprised us somewhat, inasmuch as this gentleman, though a bookworm and rather retired In his habits, is, according to all we had beard of him, a very genial and kind hearted man. An explanation of the whole affair, and a very curious one K is, makos Hs appearance in tbe correspondence between Mr. Motley and the State Department, which has just been sent in to the Senate at tho in staneo of Mr. Sumnor. It seems that that gen tleman has been extending tbe hospitalities of the legation to Soma lowbred countryman of ours who has boon communicating the Minis ter's post-prandial confldencos to the State De partment One of these, utteroi In the un guardednoss of private intercourse, is reported to have described Mr. Seward as Ma de graded old man." This wo tako to be the gist of tho whole offence. The strioturea concerning tbe President's policy were not Buch as, considering the manner in which it has be?n generally asaailcd, wore likely to excite much resentment A copy ol this commnnicntion was sent to Mr. Motley by Mr. Seward with a demand for an explanation. The Minister at once replied, expressing his astonishment that the Department should tike notice of charges proferrod against him under anch circumstances, and closing tho correspon dence by sending in his resignation. From tho admissions contained in this letter it is evident that Mr. Motley acted very imprudently In giving such frank expression to his sentiments; but it should be remembered that he did so under his own roof and in the ungnardedness ol private intercourse. This between gentle men would have been sufficient to insure silence, although the listener might have condemned Ids views. We have no terms of oontempt sufficiently strong to apply to tbe conduct of tbe person who thus betrayed the hospitality he had enjoyed. That the head of ope of our government departments should endocaa bim and think himself justified in taking aotioa upon hii statements would seem incredi ble, if we bad net the correspondence before i us. Bvidenlly the pries offered by Mr. Jerome to Princoton College was given in the wrong quarter. Our educational establishments turn out gentlemen, but It seems that official lile spoils them. PrliM AHred for tbe Cwawdlwa Confederation. It appears that the Colonial Secretary of -Groat Britain has informed the Canadians that their confederation scheme, under the Qnebee conditions, has been sanctioned by the home government; that the bill will be introduced as a government measure at the next sitting of Parliament, and that under this new organiza tion Prinoe Alfred is to be the first Governor and Royal Viceroy. This young Prinoe, if assigned (o this position, we have no doubt will cultivate the most advantageous relations of amity with the United States from the les sons of wisdom Inherited from bis father and mother, whose counsels, wiser than the policy ol Lords Palmerston and Russell, never looked to the dissolution of this Union as a desirable object. We dare say, too, that from the care ful education of Prince Alfred and his activo experience, observations and advantages as a sailor, he will be found by the Canadians and the other provincials interested a capable and liberal Governor, assisted, as he doubtless wilt be, by a Cabinet of experienced states men. This ia a very neat arrangement for the Prince, and, withal, a shrewd political move; fbr it may for a good while stience the Canadian annexationists. Had Earl Russet's neutrality been adopted by onr government, however, in the matter of those Fenian forays, it Is proba ble tint no member of the British royal family or government would ever hare been able to reach Montreal or Quebec without first going through the ordeal of The linn an'! the onlo.tre Kiglttinti lur llao crown. As 0 is General Sweeny's failure has left the field open for this proposed British Vioe royalty, and in coming over to accept it Prince Alfred ought first to pay a complimentary visit to President Johnson and Mr. Seward. It would doubtless comfort them under their pre sent misfortnncs and prove to the Prince how much the success of rulers at this day depends upon a wise adhesion to public opinion. Churl** ih* Flr*t, T.*rt* the NUtartth, wad Aedv Jikmioi ih* First. Charles tbe First of England and Louis the Sixteenth of France were both of them men of great excellence of character. Tbe memory of tbe royal martyr is venerated to this day by many thousands In England, and there are not a few in France who think of their unfortunate king as one of the moat worthy of all the desoendants oC St Louis. But Charles and Louis happened to stand in the way of the people. They were both felt to be obstruc tions. The obstructions must be got rid of. Eaoh of tbe mouarcha in consequence lost his head. Andy Johnson, too, is a man of many merits. But he, also, has wilfully placed him self in the way of the people, and must be got rid of. ^It Is unnecessary, however, to deprive him of his bead, as be has host his head already. It will be quite sufficient, to vcmrtve him from office. Physically considered, this will be a more merciful mode than that adopted in the caae of his obstructive pnsleoessnr*. It will scarcely, however, be Ie? severe, nor will It fail In Its moral eflfcets to be equally astounding and instructive. It will show how infiuitely supe rior our American institutions are to thooe of all the rest of the world. The Inconvenlenoe that will arise from tbe displacement will be trifling. There are a hundred men in any of our States competent to fill the office. A snow ball flung nt random In Wall street, during the busy hours of the dsy, conld not Ml to Ml on a bead fitted fbr the oareo of the Preeideotlel I office, provided Always It were not the head of ? lad i. AHrtrta Pre?trli( for Wmr. Among Iho fiems of intelligence received by telograph and printed by us yesterday, not tbe least important la that which informs us that Austria, in apprehension of an early outbreak, is increasing her military force? on the fron tiers of both Russia and Turkey. It is mani fest from this that Francis Joseph does not intend to be a mere passive spectator if any thing like an armed intervention takes place in attempting to settle tbo affairs of the Forte. This intelligence, viewed in connection with a telegram which we have from Madrid, to the effect that Spain is about to reorganize her army, which is to eonsist of two hundred thousand men, including the reserves, would seem to indicate that Europe, throughout her length and breadth, is rapidly assuming a fighting attitude. The Emperor of the French, though possessed of perhaps the most gigantic army in Europe, is busy with schemes by which he hopes to increase at once its num bers and efficiency. The armies engaged in the late struggle have all been maintained en a war footing. Russia, since the Crimean war, has been quietly husbanding bar resources, and, though not oouiting, yet holding herself In readiness for conflict England, toe, has resolved to make a large addition to the num- , her of her iron-clada. Europe, in fact, is arm ad to the teeth. War is evidently ex pected, and everything seems to indicate that, begin when it may, it will be European in its dimensions. The City Railroad Job* at Albany. Tbn underground and aortal city railroad proj 3ots have agreed to link tho'r fortunes together, and are to be reported favorably to the Senate to-day. Our correspondent inform? us that the committee who have the interests of these two jabs in charge will take ground against a pneumatic railway, becauso sufficient opportunity has not bean had to tC3t it, while tiny havo littlo doubt of its practicability and advantages. They also oppojo another plan already vigorously pu?hsd at Albany, which contemplates the construction ot a throe-tier railway through the yarls and interiors of houses. The city raihood war will therefore open immediately in the Legislature, and will no doubt be sharply conducted. All of these jobs should be defeated. The underground road would be undesirable, if it wore practica ble, and the aerial scheme is nonsensic il. Tbe only proper plan for street railroads in New York is to build elevated lines on arches, over the houses or through the block?, a? tbey aro constructed and in uso in European cities. These lines should be built and run or leased by the city, and all the present surface rail roads should be abolished, tho tracks torn up and tbe roads macadamized. Then, with four or five broad avenues opened to the B ittery, tbo city would find relief and ber trade and commerce would bo nearly doubled. Plena Lotteries. There appears to be quite a revival in the lottery business just now, the objoct in many cases being purely charitable and commenda ble, notwithstanding that the whole system in this and other States is illegal. The Supreme Court of the United States has just deoided that the federal government has the right Jo ? collect a tax from lottery keeper* wherever tbey find that business in existence, without any regard to the fact whether the business was legal under the State laws or not The lottery business, if it did not originate In the Churches, certainly received Its greatest im petus and encouragement from them In the numerous "fairs" which have become a part of our Church institutions. People very na turally fell Into the belief that what was moral in the Church could not be immoral out of it Thus the lotteries have assumed more or less of a pious aspect, which accounts, no doubt, for the feet that Mr. Tilton, of the Independent, a strictly religions newspaper, has established a lottery, through which he offers prisos of a Steinway piano and a Cbickering piano and various other valuable ihings, for the largest number of subscribers procured by agents for bis paper. Mr. Tilton has the reputation of being the rival of Henry Ward Beecher in religion, of Greeley in politics, and the rival of both In devotion to strong-minded women. His new lottery speculation would go to prove that bo can beat them both on tbe mam chanoe and that he is quite alive to the spirit of the age. Ancient Pnlitlrnl HliUrj. One of our contemporaries publishes a two-column article which reads like an obituary on tlie subject of the late demo cratic organization. All thin belong to ancient history, and the Hxiuld deals only with the living questions of the day and lets the past rest in its grave. The democracy, under its old leaders and advisers, has acted badly enough and foolishly enough, and its friends should be the last to rake np its errors and its follies ont of the oblivion to which it has been consigned. If the real democrats who believe in the true principles of the party will sweep aside all those who have been in strumental in breaking down their former or ganization, and will take a new departure, with a new organization, recognizing the great fact of the war and its consequences, and ac cepting the verdict, of the loyal people on the subject of reconstruction, they may yet have a Ibture before them foil of promise and of profit. Bat If they continue to ran in the old rat and allow the worn ont hacks of the party to draw the machine and to coutrol ita course, they must make np their minds to he-set aside with Andy Johnson and removed as obstruc tions to the onward progress of the nation. PERSONAL JNTEllKiEME. Colonel T. A. Sontt, of Philadelphia, la stopping at the 8L Nicholas Hotel. General Benhim, United flute* Engineers, and M\jnr Prank Taylor, both of the United State* Army, era stoju ping at the Metropolitan Hotel. General S. F. Barrtow, of the United States Ana?, la stopping at the Brevocrt House. Baron Mnekay, of Holland, la stopping at the West minster Hotel. Mator General Ward, of the United fltaten Army; Captain Borden, of .Mssaacbneetta, end James Hyde-tpaik, of 1-ondon, are stopping at tba Firth Avenue Hotel. Governor A. ft. Cnrtln, of Ten nay Ivan la; ex Warns George Bants, of roaghkeepsle, and Geo-ral 8. Mine field, of the UUHod Btales Army, are stopping at the Aator House. Admiral Trgtethoff, the hero ef the great naral battles of l-ewa, vrdted the United .-Hates NaVr Yard at Uhlle delpl'ls yr#'enia?, and waa received With full honotra He afUr?Anla v roiled the fleet ef Monitors at League Wand. __________ ?amiffi imsiATum. Rafstitlsa ef Its Cenatltatlenol Amendment. Kftv Oat,a tiro, Jan. SS, 1SS7. General Aleorn, UnltM Mates Senator elect from Mia klaaippl, addressed both branches of the Mies leal ppt I tea islam re to day, adrlslng tbem to accept the constitu tional amendment aa the teaet of Uongressiondl evils. A uoentiuoua vote r?l?cUn* it sw tUe r??uoase. WASHINGTON VETO CF THE NEBRASKA BILL Animated Debate on the Tariff Bill in the Senate. Protest of Mr. Wflson Against the Report that New England Demands It A Bill U Kegvlate the Civil Service tf the United States Reperted ii the Honie. Ac* Ac* Ac. Warhmgtos, Jan. K, j acy. Tk? TarMmill. The debate m the Senate to day established tt? M that Massachusetts ud Rhode Island are at least MM> rui whether they will lose or gala by the propose* changes in the tariff. They are m doubt aware that too very high protective duties atay (beter serious compe#. lion with them, while with the present duties they we? monopolize the greater part of American maaafhctaren. It ia by no means certain that the Tariff Ml wtM gsh through daring the present session. If it does it wR bo after severe labors by a oommittre of oonference. Financial. At the meeting of tbe Finance Committee of the Senate this forenoon the consideration of tbe Gold Mil from the House was ro.su mod, and after a brief dobate ? vote was takes which resulted in the rojoction of Us bllL A mooting composed of Presidents or banking Insula tions at tbo East and North Is now being held bore Its the purpose of holding a conference upon tbe banking and currency proposition now before Congress. An extensive circulation bar been given to an Inoei^ reel s'atoment published in the papers here to tbo effbel that as the number of five-twenty bonds authorized by law has been completed, no more of these bonds will b? Issued by the Secretary of (he Treasury. By tbe aot off Congress of March 3. 1865, tbe Secretory of the Treasury U authorized at hia discretion to convert tho entire pub. lie debt into these bonds, provided that no bands so coo. verted are considered a portion of the six hundred mil. lion before authorized. The issue of Ova-twenty bond* up to this date amounts to a little over two hundred an* oighty-flve million, leaving a balance authorized In be issued of one hundred and Ofteen million. There ia now authority for saying that the Secretary af the Treasury will favor the proposition now before thw Committee on Ranking and Currency, which authorise# the Issue of loan eerilfloatea hearing three per rent in. tereit to the national banks la payment fer the man pound Interest notes held by them as a part of their legal reserves. This will give material relief to tho banks, as they can demand the legal tenders for tbaoa on ten days' notice. T'l?511r,lM- "W?watl? Appropriation BUU A spirited debate sprang up In (he House to-day on ? ' amendment to the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bit, stored by Mr. MMaak, of Indiana, to provide tow Mr. Uarroy, the Minister to Portugal, it was poeUrt- - petod in by Messrs. Nlbtook, Raymond and f** in fkim of the amendment, and Messrs. Stevens, Banks, Scbenak sad Lynch opposed to ik (t soems as if tho Houoo were detosualasd to stares out Mr. Harvey. There wan s motion ruede to strike out the approp rial ion ffr up ' United States Legation ot.finme, on tho ground that ton Christian ohuichre th.n.aa^n^^.^ rhl|nlhM ^ been removed wuhoat the city limits. This also gnvn rise to eome maalfeatations of iU feeling toward* tire Bomaa Catholics. Tbe Ersaasli notion Qneatlon. The Committee on BaeonstrueUon will enter 'TiurfT ately upon the prapnmtien of a proper bill forreorgaa teng (he Southern Stolen, in view of tbe rejection of ton ' constitutional amendment, to 'report for notion ton Petition for Sesrgziizailsn of tbo Stnded. A Petition to Ooagrees, signed by acme six ' nimaS Colon men, white and Mask, of Eastern Virginia, wfli **? Ptaaaatod to Qmgreas to-morrow by Mr. MaynartL aff Tennessee, asking that the State government be reovpre lied en a loyal basis, and that the late rebels be dUfran cbtaed and prohibited (horn holding offlce. They etalna that unless Ooapmaa dees this a large majority of tod Union men will emigrate from the State. Tho lovooclnntloa Into the Late Beetlsm tot _ Maryland. The resolution latreduosd a few days slnee in tod House by Mr. Ward, of Nan York, instructing the Ona mltteo on Elections to last! to to an Investigation Into tod late elections in Maryland, for the pnrpoee of ascertain ing whether persona who were not entitled to veto had voted, and whether the military had been used to - fere in Um free exercise of the elective franehiaa, la an attempt to obtain evidence loading to the impoachmemh of the President. Mr. Da was, of Mamanliiimin. from ton Committee on Elections, reported that as the only i t of tbe Instructions the oommttieo could set upon now whether the President bad used any inwrteoooe ha ton elections, and as this portion of the duty was then kslag performed by the Committee en the Jndisiary he sskaA tbst the resolution be referred to that committee, and Id was so referred. Tho Ronaty Question. Representation Darting, af {few York, has prrssnlsi to ths House s petition signed by ever fifteen hundred veterans of the last war, who request that (tegm enact such laws an will secure payment of bounties in the soldiers who have bass discharged from the asrvien by reason of disability other than wounds, and to than* who bars lost their discbarge papers, both classes cd these man being now deprived of the bounty under tho act of t ongreaa of July, lMd. Ntnte Dinner at the Whltn Hnwse. The President gave another slate dinner this evenM* at eovon o'clock to repreeentotlvea of the Senate, army and navy. Three entertainments are given every Too*, day evening, and are wanting In nothing to make them brilliant and agreeable At nine o'clock the party re paired to the bine parlor, where a pleasant boor wn passed In general conversation, in which the most ear dial feelings appeared to exist among tbe distinguished guests. The following are the names of the guesto who were present;-.Admiral David G. Farragut, United I Navy; M^Jor General George H. Thomas, United Army; Senator and Mrs. H. a. Lane, of Indiana; - and Mrs. John Sherman, of Ohio; Senator and Una. Lyman Trumbull, of Illinois ; Senator and Mrs. tan Harris, of Now York; Senator G. HL Williams, of Oregon' Senator and Mrs. K. D. Morgan, of New York ; Senator and Mrs. T. A. Hendricks, of Indians; Senator a J. Kirk wood, of lowag Senator and Mm Keverdy Jobneoo, of Maryland; Sena tees A. Ramsay and D. a Norton, of Minnesota; Seme tor and Mia J. a. McDougall, of California; Mrs. Sonatas W. M. Stewart, of Nevada; Senator Carrel Davis, aff Kentseky; Senator and Mra O. R. Riddle, ef Dela ware, and Senator L P. Poland, ef Vermont The President was assisted ia dispensing ths hospitalities aff tbe Executive Mansion by fall daughters, Mrs. Patter ?on and Mrs. Mover. The New Chilean Minister. Penor Don Alberto Blest Cans yesterday presented M? credentials to and was received by ths Secretary of state ?a Charge d'Affairs of ChMn This gentlemen succeeds hi that character Sefior Don P. g. AsU Barugua, who took OKrlal leave ef Mr. Seward on the same nnrrelen. and who r.r several years past has been tbe very ?"ops able dlptomaur representative ef Chile l* this country Oar Relations Mt| tho Called Hiateo off CnKneohtaa, ftensral *. Balzav. the Minister from Colombia, C. A., has arrived from New York, wad ,t ,1Bdersteoi| tbst the mlramieretsndlng which W i>een ipokcn of so existing between Mr. Barton, vmr Minister is Bogota, sad ths Colombian govern meat will he soon ranged, after a fllernieloa of the whole matter bctwaam Secretary Seward and OeurwM Halsar in an mnicahte spirit It wiU be shown that tbe Colombian exerntiv* power baa acted lb good faith towards tbe United Platan aid her Minister, and has given no Jut reuse of rere jdaint Preoe sad fraternal intercourse among tbo American republics are object* ef the most ceeoers. It la, understood that the origin of ths whoto difficulty wta the wish of the BretNlan government to ?nil* the sort lore of the npahlic of Colombia 'irVrt Paraguay, which was contending single beaded with ear. era! other Powers, with the BrtsUian emp^* M thsiv bead. The K?eebUwa ef Coloiabm wag net wiUteg to hg