Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 1, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 1, 1867 Page 4
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THE PACIFIC. The Diplomatic TY<??.?r.-Ivs iu Bogota. The Allied Republics Determined to Prosecute the War Vigorously. Suspension of the Interoceanic Survey. The steamship Henry Chauacey, Capiat n Gray, from AspmwalJ on the 23d uik, arrived at this port yester day. She brings a large number of passengers and the following coaaignmenta of treasure:? mow nan raanciaoa Dabney, Morgan & Panama RR Ce... $10,084 Co $34,248 Eureka lake and * Wells, Fargo tc Co.. 3,500 Yebe Canal Co... 23.425 raon ran isthmus. Bngeae KeUr ft Co. 154,200 Hoadley, Eno ft Co. 1400 Mntttat Bk, M. Y. 18,552 Flint ft Hall 3 020 W. Sahall h Co 37,168 _L_ Leea ft frailer Ml.MMr Total.,.. $1,073,506 OUR PANAMA CORRESPONDENCE. The Ute TroaMe with the United States niaiMrr-A I,nte Kevolutioeiet Appointed to * Command?Bankruptcy of (he Republic The Pmuma Railroad Bxtenalou-The L'nl. ted States Gunboat Mace?A presidential Toar-Central America?Death ot Dr. Iflne, Catted States Consul at Man Jose-Return of the Isthmus Murreyln* expedition, dke. PaxiHA, Jan. 23, 1867. The statement of General Pifierez, "special envoy" from Mosquera to the Panama Ranthontfee, that Oiarte, President of (bis State, attributed the agitation of the independence of the Isthmus to a "few ambitious Yan kees," is unequivocally denied. Olarie, in a letter pub. ltshed in the Panama papere, addressed to tho Secretary or the Interior at Bogota, says that Pin ere/ has uttered n wilful and unmitigated falsehood in attributing the expression or such sentiments to any member of the government here. |He says that in conversation with Pifierez the Americans were only referred to once, and than the President alluded to their energy, perseverance and public-splritedness, and acknowledged that the Isthmus owed its Importance mostly to their enterprise. Oiarte avert, In the most positive terms, that he gave Pifterez no reason to even infer that he entertained feelings of animosity against the "Yankees," by whom he has always been treated in the most kindly spirit. I translate the following paragraphs from the columns of the &tr?Ua de Panama, relating to the difficulty be tween onr Minister at Bogota, Mr. Burton, and the Co tombiaa government:? It Is certain that Mr. Burton, United States Minister to Bogota, Ua? demanded his passports. Through a private source wo learn the lolloMing concerning ibis interesting matter??Mr. Burton, In common with many other foreign representatives, has long <v>mplained of the nnnaual, uncivil and rude manner in which be has been treated in hh- official position The communi cations .tent by him to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs on certain matters were not answered, nor were the letters addressed by turn to the same party, demanding at I seat the acknowledgment of the receipt of bis of. ttrial documents. Frequently Mr. Burton has had to complain of this extraordinary conduct, and he has as often been aaaurod that in future he would be treated with proper courtesy. Finally his patience was ex haunted, and on Saturday he demanded an Interview with President Moaquera. Saturday, Sunday and a part ef Monday panned away and hie demand was not heeded. Then, taking into consideration that the disregard and ?egleot shown hhn were incompatible with the dignity Of the nation he represents, he demanded bis passports. Soon after these communications were received by the Secretory a messenger was despatched to the 1-egation with official notes, but Mr. Bnrton refused to reoelre them. Then Dr. Manuel Morro personally ?ted himself at the legation. This gentleman hall present been at acting for Mr. Garrido, the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, during the sickness of the lattor. Mr Morro i 4r ivoicd to excuse hl? conduct toward Mr. Burton, and begged hitn to read the r< ictod communication". Mr. 8. did so, and fin ml thai one of them appointed an in terview with Meequcn in iho following Sunday, The Amtcnn Vlti -te.-, distinguished by his calm ness and suitability. imuu'eeted hie willingness to listen io the excuse"; ot t .e -aviary, but eventually de manded that the <?i should be submitted to the decision of tbe dipiotinni. body. The proposition was not rsosived favorably br toe government, however, as ibe sentiments of the diplomatic corps were too well known. When tho mails left Bogota the question was ?all pending. Mr. Burton's intervlsw with Mosqueia hsd not taken place. It may be that ail differences will be settled in a friendly manner, but it is not improbable that the departure or Mr. Burton ror tbe coast will soon take place. He will there await instructions from his government In reply to statements already forwarded." Luis Level de Goda, aa individual of sombre visage, wbe tried his band at tbe game of revolution in Panama on tbe 24th of March last, and who was badly beaten in bis attempt, has been appointed to tbe command of the Firm diviatftfttf national troops, stationed at Santa Mar the. Alter Coda's little failure at Panama he was very properly ban shed from the country, but fickle fortune has again smiled on him, end be is now on the high road to eocenes In ha pet scheme. If the present government of tbe State is eventually overthrown, It is tor to inter that Goda will do the Job, aa hi* command is closer to Panama than any other. The administrator of national affairs on the Isthmus has informed the Secretary of State that he will ho unable ?o defray Ibe travelling expenses of Congresmien who have left for Bogota to be present at tbe opeuitg of tbe Hooae. fhe reason assigned i* thai there are to funds in tbe treasury of the department, but that tn wet a de ficit already exists. A more strlkiux Instance olpolii .cat rein and bankruptcy has been rarely afforded. I believe It Is Intended by the managers of tbeiPanama Hailroad to push tbe claim for an extension of thitr privi leges Ibis winter. All negotiations on this point h^etofore have been failures, but the company w ill endkvor to have the question definitely settled by tho (gingivae about to convene. They will probably succeed tn buy. ing a renewal of their charter, as tbe impecuniteity of Moequera wauoh that he will be quite roady to liftsu to the vele? of reason. sennie itu nnmnsnv succeed in their design th^y will MM begin aa eiteniion ol the road to ttie islands, which ara separated from th* mainland by about two ratlM afaboal water. This dii-ian< ?? will be bridged over ?a order to prevent the delav and v('ration attending the preeeot mode of lightering lrei;:tat and passengers from ehoro to anchorage. It will rout a pile or money, how are*, and the company do not feel justified In nnder <aklng the Improvement until assured of their firm hold upon the rond for at least twenty years to come. The United States gunboat *?co has been dnopniched from Aapinwall to tarthagena, m the service of the canal surveyors about to begm operation* on the Isth mus of I?arieti They have been awaiting the appear ance of an engineer from Cartbugmn who l? familiar with the route, and when the Hfeco returns the party will OMtn operations. \ In Imitation of bis bigger brother of the United states, President Olarte has signified his intention of making sn yttenslve tour through the State. He will leave for Wilrtqnl on the 36th met., and d urine his absence the iWwfi of this department will preside over the atlairs of elite. V party of gentlemen, numbering some forty or fifty, to*,, an excursion from Panama to the Tear) islands a fswdays since In the Now Zealand Company s steamer Critfce Alfred. The gulf and hay of Panama are most dei j^ifui places for excursionists, and one is never wmiVkI of turning through the various islands rising roogfy and Irregularly from the bosom of the ess. , Thoir verdure, always beautiful. Is mere specially noted for its brilliancy at this season of Mm pal. Tha Prince Alfred, after a short tUy at the ??lands brought the party back to this city. Among all its nanWrn >t waa decidedly a draw as to who was the batter ib? ?n4 of the excursion. tenor t'n<nnovi, the gentleman to whom tba govern tent haa\r*nted an eicluaive privilege for forty-nine years of utductine water lo thin city by mean* of tba usnal wotii ts about to solicit capital for the under taking. Asynon ax the preliminary aurveya and e*l> melee are male the labor will be actively prosecuted. The yellow fever has entirely disappeared from the isthmus, no r*ws having occurred elnce my last letter, there le not the nllgbteat reason to fear an epidemic. The I'arrer.bnrg arrived from the Central American coaat on the lsth inaUnt. with date* to the 12th. Mine,Cnlted States Consul at San Joaa, died on *? J"4 01 J*?U*ry. He waa one of the moet enterprie '?A foreigner^ in 'losta Rica, and had done much for the Jdragfemnnt of tie country Thdagents of a Rivnna lirm hart arrived at Guatemala eity for the purpoee w arranging with the government te ran a line of steamer* between the eastern coast of < eatml America and Cuba. Hoadoraa papers announce that the guernnlent of that republic bad, through ita representative in Parte, .rntarsd into a contract with the French government for Mid daastruotlon of an Intaroecantc railway at roe* the ? nntry. , fhere kid heen another attempt if.revolution v* Nicer a, but the trouble waa speedily fuelled ana tbe ?A t and Herald hag the following items Vicaragaan new*;? fa learn by the Brttlah steam'r Kder. recently ar ?4 a* Aeptuwall from Grey town, that np to tbe 16th 4 forty deaths from cholera were reported as having urred among the unfortunate psssengers and I'nuet ass troop* detained on tbe transit. The agent or th< eernirt, Captain Merry, waa mobbed by the passenger si aSeWlng the Moeea Taylor te sail for San Franctso bout them, and ha tcry narrowly escaped beuu is? otfdaTVw from Sefior Pon Miguel vsmor of fltianacaota, to the Governor of ense, * says tliat he bad Just received * '?m Nkamgua wbloh reada as follows:-""' "*p*? > 1 thd Tffllh f itould not ooneaal frt-? T?* 1 i ? thai vnflohe cased of cholara have occTre" oo^ i "? iK Use aiMvtdwde. eatlva aad fegotghi MTT>og 'he lake boat, as well a? those residing on th? isthmus, eud that cmn are daily occurring among Uia psmnngera now 10 Virginia Bay and Hao Juan del dur." The mum writer aaya hat the di.-ease bad uot spread beyond the transit, and attributes it toexces* amoug theMWMW J r- and drink iu eatiug tuoJ tbey arc uuaccuMomed to, and drinking liquor, nor does be consider it epidemie. "lbe Cu-u Kican Cougram ia to be oonyenod In extra ordinary session on the 8 lb proximo, for the purpose of approving tne contract between the government and sundry New York capitalists for OOnstrnetioo of the inioroceaninrailroad. I have just learned that, owing to the aarioos Illness of Mr. Davidson, chiaf of the canal surveying expedition, the entire party will return to New York on to-day's steamer to reorganise and rearrange for the work. Mr. Davidson's unfortunate illnaae ao weakens the work ids force of the party that It would ha foolishness to proceed with the survey until thoir numbers are materially sag mooted. The delay will he but temporary. The Mackinaw is aUU at the port of iepinwall The Saco is hourly expected at the same place from her trip to Carthageoa. The Jamestown is the only t ailed States ship in Panama roads. Mil SARTIAM CMIESWIKNCC. Rejection sf fftrehs Medteittww?The War ?e be ngsssstly Prtseratud dttale of Chilean Ft want ee The Mesdem Reveluitee fa the Argsstlae Cwwfederatien-rhrlsluias Feetlvl. tteu?Meveaaeute sf the Halted States PaeMe S.WST.., *- Si-moo ^ J<n ^ IMI The Minister of Foreign Relations, Mr. Covarrabiaa, has returned from bis mission to Pern, laavtag tha pub lic still in the dark respecting the exact purposes and re sults of his trip. There is no doubt that paaee with Spain was one or bts objects ia seeking the Interview' with the Peruvian government, hut the attainment of his well known desires In that direction is regarded as a most improbable event at present. Nothing has been communicated officially or otherwise to the foreign rep resentatives at Santiago on the subject of the mission, and the anxious minds of the people have nothing to satisfy their Inquiries except the comments of the lead ing newspapers. The fbrrotMrrU, ef Santiago, says:? "The result of lus (Mr. Covarrubtas'i excursion to the sister republic remains in most impenetra ble mystery, and beyond certain rumors, that there ts no reason for believing as authorized, nothing Is known of the object which took him to Peru, nor of th<- effect of the voyago of the Minister to the political situation. It was said that the Mm ster of Foreign Relations had gone to Peru with the purpose of considering there various po'nts relative to the war. It is asserted at the sumo time, by others, that the diplomatic voyage of the Minister had for its object to in> line the government of l'oru in favor of peace; and both versions, notwlthsland iog Ming lUgrantiy ccntrauictary, are circulated not only in Chile but in Pern etnci- Mr. Covarrnbia* put hia foot on those shores. Opinion is inclined to admit the Unit as most acceptable. It is not actually understood how the government of Chile, the promoter of the war, should carry words of peace to the Cabinets of the alliance, when the war is slid prevailing, and the outrage at Valparaiso unpunished. On the other hand the declarations made hy the goTcrnm>'nt during the absence of Mr. Covarrubias, are almost a conclusive denial of the pacific rumors which were circulated as in volving the purpose of the government." In Congre-s a few days since, Setter Malta, speaking for the Acting Secretary ot foreign Relations, said that beside the Eng lish and French mediation, nothing had b"en presented to the Chile government, and that the statement that the United States had proposed a hasls of settlement was untrne; that the propositions of England and Prance were totally unacceptable to the government of Chile, and thai the republic was resolved to carry on the war with all its resources, it wss also represented to Congress by the acting Minister of Foreign Relations . that the Chilean government bad teceived reliable Infor mation that f-pain was making every preparation for continuing the war. and would so-.n reinforce the naval division at Rio Janeiro and Montevideo. I bavo referred in each of my letters of late date to the improbability ol an early settlement of the Spanish American question, and I am assured by every circum stance relating to the war thai it wilt be 'renewed sooner or Utter, by the allies tbemsolves. if Spain remains in active, and will be preset uted with vigor such as has not bitherto characterized bORlilitioa ji the Pacific, Valpa raiso s rapidly becoming impregnable, and the allied squadron, inciediog the iron-cladtndependennin. thotur reted ship Huasoar, the l ric*to Apurimac, the Union, the America, Krtnernida, Covadonga, -Amoco, Noble, Con cession. Cyclone, and several g?aboate of smaller di mensions, all armed with henry Amer'can and F.ugltsh gnus of modern construction, will noon be able to set out on nny expedition which tiic aides may tnaugnraie. To outsiders this evident determination to carry on the war, wilt doubtless seem ioououi-lent with the' repeated rumors ot pesos, but an amicable adjustment of the diffl cnitiea was sought by the sdmin-dration of Chile and not by its Congress or people, and when found to be Imprac ticable was abandoned for a v.goeons war policy again as the only means or ealming public indignation innted on every bend against 1'resident Peres and his Cabinet. The attitude of Peru also con'ribi.ted in no small degree ta prevent the administration at Santiago 'rom accepting French and English mediation, and will in all probaMty effectually hinder the progress of any negotiations thgp- may hereafter be suggested either by the l/nitad HtaWbor other Powers. Every one on this coast has made up Ids tuiod to ? renewal of hostilities at no distant dev. and I am satisfied thai the war will only terminate with the exhaustion of one or the belligerents. The subject of finance, wuieh has occupied the at tention ol Coogref* and the press for the last year to a degree exceeded only by similar discuss ous at Washington and New Fork during Hie rebellion, Is again the order of the day, with a proposition to raise funds by an "extraordinary coniribut tou," or ievy upon capital in the country Kiom a late statement to Congress by th# Minister of Finance, it appairs that tba kOvernment has hail at its disposal, during the past year, nearly $14,000,000, derived irom the sources: ? Balance from 1865 $1,(81,000 Ordinary receipts 4.600,000 Foreign loans 3.600,000 Domestic loans 4.".00.000 Redemption of mortgages 32?.,000 Discount son specie .'<1.1,000 Subsidies, donations, he 231,000 In addition to ths above amount there have been ex pended during the year about $12,000,000, winch, with $1,380,000 due as dividend on the loan contracted in March laal wttu the Kugltsh hot-he of fhompoon k Bern ard. will?after deducting the estimates of receipts for 1807. $8,000,000?leave a deficit in the treasury of over $5,000,000. This deficit it is proposed to make up by a tax on the capital or the people, stcl although the Minis ter of Finance expects to realize 86,400.000 from this source, the press argue* that tl 84.000 Ooo is obtained the government will tie exceedingly fortunate All metlioda of taxation are very distasteful to the people tit Chile, much more so than was manlfe-dod In the United States by the opposition to eur most onerous system. The here opiswt taxation in principle. and the political partie* opposed to freddent I erex's administra tion have Aot hesitated to threaten a revolution on nev oral occasions when the tax qijmtfon i>as been presented. rbe people are ill clamorous .or war, miii <:otti plain b.t lerly thai tk^ milijr b boramlng more and more in rolved in debt, but ?quim most miae?nWv when the object U bmusflit to their own porkot* The govern lent, hnvrvrr, is determined t< maintain its credit, and mi probably adopt some onf oi the many prnposu ons fo increasing the public roranues at an early day, Menwhlleap.-ne continues la abundance, paper currency renting at par and hauk bills for leta amount* are geu eralr pre'or re-1 to gold. At-orrtlng to late t??s from the other ?.d? of the *mle?, Uie Mendox* rebellion is daily ta. sumitr more Importances At last account* the revoltiouarv aruiv amounted to three thousand men. oterahly well provided with arms and equip ments. General Patmero, appointed to re-establish quiet in the lrnvince". ??? in Cordova, raising treons to unite wlq me government force* already there, for the purpose f nUaekilS the revolut oilsta The chief of the MenAe* revt^eUonarr army ?a* calculating npon considarhlc am: Sun re from v.ufoua hand* in ad torn ire province, and a ft-ruc of abort iwcntv three liantrel men uod? Colonel Videia war alwnt to loarrh upon San Juan, fonhe purpose of a."aturing or upturtng the governmet foroe* there heforo tliey eonld unite with thoee of <-ner?i Pantero Hitherto (hit revolution has not excltct niurh agontiou. as etmilar distort aoce* are very cmtnon ii south Amertoa, and seldom extend Iteyoq (he ampt litrNa of their first outbreak. If the revoluooary army ruwdi at Pan Juan, M there la good reeaouor belter it^ till he ?h? rase, the move meat of Membta will bav*S?en Oie signal of a great uprising in all tarts of 'hat 'Vibi.r, ?nd will nrobaldv end the war t> whicb the kornur nl compromised itaelf tn the trite alliance ?iS*t Paraguay f he pro gramme of the evolutionist* v>m? to lie reaction in favor of the provacaa a*most tiyr..-Prw<-hmenls of < en trallaed power at Huenoe |w.a,, w)lh p,r l. guay, as aoon as ?,oy ran di?etLfra,, tbeaneelvr* o| ii,, dim. iiltles whidi snore the. ?,..i .k. , against them are d.sjerred It seem* strange li.ra ? *n<l golden harvest of January- a day the Ice pond a aod lemon treee are in strawberries. rherne*. apricot*, llg?.Vr'*n and go id, greatest profusion. and knives are oratfc' *r" '? 'he band ori-r rich, ripe melons, whi ?? sizrt"'* '? every man weep that they are n?t giants. lit "**or make baa been muib church going during ther1"!0 thero the bella of tho city bave kept up a and day and nigbt. The Alanimt* was off" sundown on tbe 24th till next mdnog pie of all classes, and tne nigM reaoi mirth and music, which flowed ?*w thjH a steady stream except where 1 'ddlod art? '?? voluptuous dance of the /gttneqr * 'h 'he pulVtbe broad pretnanadea. Imagine ? w?'chnigiiV * Year's era might be ln Ne?#'r^*'"te that eve. occur in snob splendid ?utnt h and with ? ndle?s supplies of fruit ??*__"?'*> a"'l a Migfl ?? of the^rnlv.lca- ?,f'^' Th?re gj icteral masked I aU, 'r - M, ? gh there la to be a ^to<l n00*" in tbe |J "rhln.-a. I'Sckatflnna arrlced r Wfl satod on Saturd Jtb? .nth * f-otnmodore ?lf?ly. "ff <*111JZL'" "* home frwt tie JVlfl" "VrmZ?.?* r"?,l?r?! nere aboudhroe weeks ia? SSno sssw Si ly the last lUirnw J? notnenUon it in my let | (feeding in the^Z ' ooul/not fe^ ioatie* di ' snowing mora ,c .! h anrfl itelllgrncs without ? have I teen "L r"",b'"?r. No details wbatevei |w board m22i ?H " * *** 4 ?? "*"?< 'hat all J eluding Me galt?.,t liuAiu and a hos< -I rvi ^ . J ? ? oih?r noble fellows, have ?ooe down. Mill, I discredit the (?port, nod Hi>sit anxiously look for im of the K-oed old ?kip from Homn of the ports on the other side. Most of the officers spent several days at the location in Baatiago While the Lancaster was stopping at Valparaiso two months ago, and at their departure left a great Ust of friends, smong whom ibis mmor baa canard a most painful impression. Mr. Kttynge, formerly of the State Department, and latterly Secretary of Legation at Lima, waa a passenger on the Lancaster, his failing health ren dering a change of climate imperative. The United States steamer Tnaearora la still at Valpa raiso, but is expecting orders to proceed north as soon as Admiral Dahlgrea arrives at Callao, where the flagship is at present stationed. Her successor at Valparaiso has not been named, bat wtU'probsbly be one of the sida whecl doubie-endam now at UaUaa Sastugo, Jan. 1 1861. 1 am authoritatively assured this morning, just as tha mail ia closing for the steamer, that the offered media tion of England sad France In the Spanish American question is finally rejects d. This conclusion waa arrived at after* long and aarafui deliberation of tha sabject at Lima during Mr. Oavarrabtas' visit there, and there ia no possibility of its being reconsidered. It moat now bo war to an indefinite period, unless tha good offices of the Un ited Mates are Interposed. There Is good reason for believing that any proposition for an amicable adjustment made by the United States would meet with a friendly reception bv these republics, end there remains an abundance of time for the inauguration of such a movement to influence the belligerents for a further delay or hostilities. The mlnttt of the people are directed to tin United States as their Mend nod natural pretector, and tha republics forming tha alliance would. I am assured, accept republics; and. In view of the friendly relations exist ing between our government and ail of the belligerents, It will be recreant to its prinofplee and unjast to republi canism |f it neglects this favorable opportunity of re conciling the hostile Powers. THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. OUR HONOLULU CORRESPONDENCE. An Knr.h?..alte-Mnrder ride of a Native nf New Bt-dfnrd-Cruelty to ef *????*&& Hawaii is fast taking rank among ClvfTsed nations. Though yet in her teens, she give, promise of what may he expected of iboio matur? jears. At half-past twelve o'clock A. M. on the 27th of No vember. Honoluiuans were startled by a lond report soon followed by a shaking, which canted son*> little alarm. I was certainly sUrtled for a time, until I sifted It through my bead that U was a smart effort ot mother nature to shake herself. In some parts o. the town it wau severe enough t, make g-oan, while crockery rattled briskly. Many theories have been advanced as to the causes wb. p o^ doc- earthquakes; but. having a volcano, we nat .rally Ihv our periodical ague fits at ita door. Last reimrts from the volcano are to the effe< t that It is very active. many new l?kea of lara having lately bee. A murder was committed in Hawaii on th. Htb Of about fifteen mile* from Keal.kenk.a and had some little money. Two a confession from one of Ibam tends to upon them. They had qu'te a hi atun an old man who l.vodmb hirnbusee ( piled dry goods on O. s alarmed the village, molt Of the building was consumed. ,h r.aM 0f the death of Rum. 1 am sorry to ?y was the ?"searle*. of New a promising young; tnan. M vrha'eship ton. How EWtJZvMSXZ i Wt Ciugjhowu Sign, StuSi^Sifi'SSSi *?*? miof H.n,. r?? IJSK.,JdSiiiSiaSir i? and attention; that he eeoepM aan www. charge to the .-tation bouse andhim into .not. kill bun. as a sane were-after oim ? ^ com. pieces. He was depnvedcr hU J, once pro iorUblY itt a ce" *ua> in^u.'c41. w" .nut he WHM ay AfJ.r left alone for the nighu Ou go u* pneUtie. morn.ughe was found Our Admiralty C?"*-. m Captain B ?. Ing. ba- been Chn. HovtIbuiL The partus Human, of tbe ^e?tP aeamen. who shipped f'JftmptrW??r^55?M until such time as the the fal.^ tormina* dd. The Brst.ase zs*:??i,?. tba. b?, s.gnature to e con^wm^ lo^o . ? ,lWu?l The second case was ?in"i >?. 7.' iHl .u# lining In ju a ^ ^ ttl.t ? r tSTSmKf of 'be captain toei? ? Vtag; castle tciiUle sna hurry up the men ^ ,f atfiv callon, by SinKU?f Willi ?? V 7* ^ Af tAfMld net, throwing It at them. *?* {a ,)h.n.n, ^ called kicking and fisting them. '????? M n#| , ?ad made to B" !in and erection. iiMMMWi ing and a?ked hiim lb ? pclow, and ;:?b\hTS.Vf^he,r ^SsSsSssz1^ and brouaht alongside, end the Z 'time I tbeTnbuman master ordered the mu on ':z A&rio?g-*?;s.^JTSS^SXSSS Ssrlfew'S $1.JT>0 and"?*? . Harbor Master, belore whom ttawafiati a-amen are shipped, not to ship men on board | .uy vessel command* by ? ? (h8, "KK1 Str. ;;.mc? tovay ????' awardc*H,v t heCourl, and threatened to throw up bis vnvace and leave his ship in the bands of tbia gov e voy,.fe i. ,,1 it? adviied IO lake tliis oontne hj . .mi leave nw snip in iu? u?u?e ?-? - ; """???'.I" 'Tpg.' "UfrSiVSi il'aald, a'.! hut one refused. The ? of n,e whaling biuk Mereurj. who bad a fellow feeing' lor Human, tuning been tried for the wiue offence lu Cwilorn.a and imprisoned bu? wan bv President dohnson through ?'?? kindlr O .nle-rtere.u.e ?{ , reitrnrnla r*">ro enta'tve. The argument eeeu "7 ihc rei.recc.,ui|vowa? Hurt if the seutence of tbe < i?urt wm I?"* oil. wbaleshll* w?W no. reeon to een aTv^JST ." nh>?tmu bng IxHmt cleared lor pJl'enlW Mhce toy UM. taking d-l,i cargmji"r ??l and whalci-ine Tim four vc-^cls named carried 4?7..>.) nitons wlialc oil 11.040 gshons apei m oil and 212, <00 Rl of whalclwne. Bight wnal-re have also cleared, esrrying beside 'licit own ? ah he-. M4.07 ? gallons whale ''The who's oi the Northern whaling a;cM,.ve rep?rtod. T>? Witier 4. Vt WaUwton *nd r mu>n I acket ^?re the u' rn Tenie the Arctic (sen, snd althoagh recmv ng reach usage got a raicb The M.nerv. aud Canton Packet v.. re m company, and nmrowly ososped ahip WIThc ???>( recruiting si the?e islands unmber seventy sIt r<w. -la of wUtch siitv-oiie sre ir?ra the ArcUo OortM and Kodiak tJround. ami 111 term irnm the OMSk Hew The sixty-one ships report a catch of 41,1?B ,>u ,?r and 71?.641 ponods of whsleimnc. vHing sn 676 barrel- ml si.d ll,74? pemids whelebene Tbt lMm have a catch of ? MW twrrela oil and 112,460 pounds whalebone, giving an average 644 J*"?1? ?" ,1'.^J?x pounds ot whalebone; total catch M'the seventy ei* veeeela being 60.H2* berrcls oil *nd wlialotsme, or :.n averace catch to the fleet oi 60? be ol oil and 10,?0t pounds of wtialebone naATu (w k MsT!^?;r shko mm\M or Hawaii. Tbe of tb? b<m?mbte Colonel Ce??er Kt,llt!,jrt'1 K?hinuDdiuAilnni Kanik^liukvi Kwliokiliw K ? paakea. member of "he Huure ,,r L.r at.ta ami Ifntfphi ( ntnimimil t'f tb? IlrdeT OI ^*m? |M*kea. meiuberor 'h* houf? im ; ^ of State and knight 0omi?nion of the (irder or atnw tiameha, U annoum ed. till, -ooas van.-noas c?sr Outf de the rt<frertv?sr ofltce stand- a stick of siige* i-aoe grown in this city, meseiring twenty-one leettn icnath and seven Inches in circumference. It bee ninety-one jointe, the longest being ?f? ,ncllJ"1*n^ .iiortcst one inch and three qnartera long. Tbla is one yeeMigrowUl. Think of of MuUnans. run "neronate catwoi ic r erscw. This singular body of Christians have removed rrom their temporary cathedral on Nnoanu street t? another temporary atbedral ..g square, near thoi*???' their proposed magnifleent catlredral. The '?"JJ""1' hreuglit news of their abandonment by ? I/ondon 9??*^ of Mission*, and rumor* of the cold shoulder from a New York noci#(?. aaacrnos ov rvuis nrnorr's wmi??k*P. Friday, the 14th of Deoember. being the day eat apart of Ah see for the m ardor ef Jnlee Friday, the 14th or ifeoemner. nemg ?ne u?y -e ror the esecutton of Ahsee for the marder ef Jn I in dolt. Chancellor of the rreach legation aj?g* ^e souree gathered outside the prteoa wall* to wllaj"'*?? if)air, bat they were doomed to diaappointmMt, m H wis gtnctly private. A twee, 1 am told, w^ icnt a ad prayed audibly aniil the drop em led hta career. CHINA AND JADAN. DStrwcilve Fire In Hnmg Hww?-A Third ?orl aas Fire In Ynknhnntn. By way of San Framieeo, January 10, wa have addl * ijU news hm fretn Chins and Japan, dated et Hong of iw1-'.!*" of November and Yokohama on tbn The Hong Ken, ?rmi tt,,vW>psr ?'' of an Immense fire wh??. tn Ho ooctnted ai?t of Oeteber. It broke on. , tW, rear ?t frwm Hotel TbildM 9hwo. tud ewept o??ftbia? WR , -JU JAl -Ht,,,* ? _ tho Vr\y% up into the town a* far as (lap street, an4 from Sutherland ?lrrt?t, close by the P. sod O Company'*coal depot on the west to Morrison street o? the east Many hundred* of building* were burned and a vast amount of cotton and rice destroyed. No lives were lost. On the 9th of December a big Are occurred in Yoko hama?tA? third within a fortnight. It was first seen in the British Hotel, which was burned, as also the build in** on three sides of the square. Meuner's Hotel was also burned The French sailor* and soldiers did gallant service in

extinguishing the flames. abut bulletin. Paymaster General Brice yesterday issued the follow ing circular, No. 53:? Hereafter, when a paymaster pays .an officer who is not on duty in his district be will immediately report the payment to the Pey master General, together with Ute character, date and number of Urn order oa which be makes the payment. Paymasters will make no pay ?teats to officers unknown to them unless they are iden tified to their satisfaction, Payments to spurious or un authorised parties are of course st the risk of the officer* making tham. whe will ha held rigidly to aocount for tho amount of such erroneous pnymeott. General Court Martial Order No. 210 from the War Department announce# that the sentence of the general court martial la the ease of Captain J. H. Maguire, Tenth United States colored heavy artillery, "to be dte tnlsaed the service," is approved, to data from Septem ber i, 1866. The sentences of tho general court martini in the cans of Firm lieutenant Henry K Gardner and Second Lieu tenants William D. McGuire sad W. C. Beddy, Tenth United State# colored heavy artillery, "To be dismissed the serrioe" are approved, to date from September 13, General Oourt Orders No. 206 from tho War Department announce that upon the recommendation ol General Grant the sentence of the general court mar tial in the case of Captain George O. HakaMti, Second United States cavalry, "To he dishonorably dismissed the service of the United States," is revoked, and Cop tain Snkalski will bo returned to duty. wMh hie original rank, st tho first vacancy that may occur in his regi ment. Order No. 212 announces that Brevet Brigadier General Eltpbalet Whittlesey, Colonel ol Ute Forty-sixth United state* colored troops and Assistant Commissioner of the Freedmeu's Bureau in the State of North Carolina, van tried before a court martial .at Raleigh, N. C., on the charges of conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline and conduct unbecoming a gentle man, in that he become pecuniarily interested in the cultivation of certain plantations iu North Carolina, and employed thereon about one hundred and forty freed men then under his charge, and that a negro on the plantation having been shot at and supposed to bavo been killed, by a clerk employed on the plantation, he failed to bring the perpetrator of the deed to justice; and when asked bv Generals stood inau and Fullerton whether lie knew of any officer of tho Bureau that was interested in any plantation be answered that he did not. Colonel Whittlesey pleaded "Not guilty," and the Court, iiaving maturely considered tho evidence adduced, found him guilty of the first charge but not of the second. The Court, however, la consideration of several mitigat ing circumstances, sentenced him to be reprimanded by his commanding officer. Order No. 216 announce* that Brevet Major Charles I. Wickersbam, Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers, was tried before the same court ou the charge of con duct prejudicial to good order and military discipline, for being pecuniarily interested in the cultivation of a plan tation. and acquitted. Order No 211 announces thai Brevet Major J. C. Mann, Assistant Quartermaster Of Volunteers, was tried before a court martial at the same place on the charge of conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline and acquitted. Order No. 214 announces that Brevet Major Franklin A. Seely, Assistant Quartermaster of Volunteers, war tried ou the charge* of conduct to the prejudice of good order and military diacipline and conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman, and acquitted. Order No. 215 announce.- that Captain Isaac A. Rose krans, Commissary of Subsistence of Volunteers, was tried oa (he charge* of conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline, violation of the thirty sixth article of war, aud wrongfully and knowingly sell ing property of the United States, furnished for the the military'service thereof, and acquitted. Order No. 213 aunouuees that Hospital Chaplain Geo. O. Glavis, Superintendent of the Frvedmon's Bureau, was triad by tiie same court on the charges of conduct to the prejudice ot good order and military discipline, conduct unbecoming an officer and a gertlemau, and selling the property of the United Status, found guilty of the first and third charge* and sentenced to be dismissed the servioe, to dale November 17, 1866. Order No. 217 announces that Horace James, an agent of (tie Freedmen's Bureau in North Carolina, wa* tried before a military commission at Raioigh, N. c , on the charge of m.*coudn t in office, and acquitted. Brevet Major UeneratiCooke, commanding the Depart ment of the Platte, on the 7th instant Issued tils following order:? With the allowaoc# for the exceptional circumstances of field operations in our central desert*, and in wratnr, there appeals n tendency to extravagance in transporta tion. Companies changing pest will be allowed, if ou hand and disposable, two wagons each for all company baggage, spare ammunition, forage tor the teams, and live days rations. lu campaign the offloer in chief command, all circumstances permitting, will allow a* a maximum one wagon to n company, carrying several day* rations The men, in messes ot six or seven, moat carry tnelr met* 'urnlture. except s mess pan. l or officet.*, only small mess chest*. blankets, and a valise each* not larger than a tcuapeack, will be earned. When pack trains are used, tbe allowance will be on a smaller scale. Infantry on occasiou will carry in haver sack titfoe or tour days rations; co' .ilrv, it necessary, more. . Under some circumstance*, the troops may be exjiecucd to live ou Iteef cattle alone, lu such casothe commanding officer should, if practicable, issue four ponmta to I be ration. j v , Brevet Brigadier General J. ft. L#w.? has been ordered to report to the Assistant Commissioner in Georgia tor assignment. e.Uier as Assistant Adjutant Geneial or As sistant Inspector General. Lieutenant Coioael A. Montgomery, United Statae Army .ha* been removed as Chiet Quartermaster qi tho DepaiUneat of Arkansas, and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel 1,. W. Pierce and Captain J. F. Rodger*, storekeeper, have been placed oa wa.ting orders. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Skinner baa been mustered ont or the service. By direction of the President Brevet Major Geueral Jefferson C. Davia, Colonel of the Twenty-third l'n>ted State* infaatry, is assigned to doty according to bis bre vet rank. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel J. M. Hoag, Capta.a in the Fourth United btute* colored troops, hae been detached for duty in the Bureau of Refugee*, Freeduen and Aban doned Lands, and will report to Major General Howard fur assignment to dnty in the State of Georgia. Brevet Brig. General A!van C. Gillem baa been ap pointed Assistant Commissioner of the Bureau of Refu gees, Freedtnen and Abandoned Land* for the State of Mississippi. NAVY BULLETIN. oRnmnD. Lieutenant UimmanJfr B. J. Cromwell bit.' bren or dered to duty at the t ntted State* Na?;d Academy. Gunner Joseph Swift, to the Susquotiauu*. Kama mm J?*. 21.?Hate Cot) 09 J. Andrew* of the Potomac. OftOKK Rt.Ti.iKSU. Midshipman Wa-hliurn Maviard and -lolia J. Hunkes, from the Susquehanna, aud placing thrtn on watting order*. THE BIGHTS Of LOYAL MEN. We think it about time to direct the rye* ot the n*t,.,n again to ibis matter. We have heard enough about the ? rignts of rebels," anil the prep"?!torous clsimp et up be those who have deliberately forfeited their citiaen abip by treason and rebellion. ne briefly notire the condition of tho loyal mm of tbe Son; b to-day. The a lomsbing and, we muet add. pal iful spectacle id pre (.ented ol a people, loyal and true "> the Union from the lir-l, insulted with impunity, killed w.ihout a j>enn!iy, or neglected and repudiated bv ?he nathvial Executive, * a.) left in a large mcaaure unprotected, to light orer again the war ia tbe communities where they reside, He v ho shouted hiuiseli hosrae about "malting tr^fieou odious:" about the rights of loyal men. ami the pro. tcctlon dee to them, and whleb he en bluntly demanded when Governor of tbe State, baa now become Mrangrlv oblivloue tb this whole matter. No two men were ever apparently more vnlika thtn Andv Johnson, Governor of Tenncs*e>\ nod Andy John eon. President of tbe t'nited Water. A candid stranger, in reading tbe record of the Governor conld not well lie made to believe that be la tbe aatne man with the present occupant of the White Honse. Then he thun dered continually about the rights of loyal men, and o aisled upon having tbe whole matter ol control placed in their bands. Then he complained b tterlv because the lives of loyal men were not held mom sacred by the government,*and their murderers punished in the m.i.i condign and summary manner. Hut bow la It now r Lei a note be made of the numg ber 01 aoaaftlnntiona of Union men within the past year, and then ask what Andrew Johnson baa done to vindi cate their wronga and ponlsb the guilty T In no instance that we now recall ban anyttrag been done In that direction. On the contrary, be has de liberately put a etop to measures instituted tor that pur pose, and baa thus positively shielded the murderer snd and the criminal. At the time of the riot* is this cuv it is well known that the generals in command, ba< ked up by Genertl Itiomas, recommended the immediate arrest, trial aud punishment ol those who were known to have been guilty participants in that bloody and diabolical drama But when tho matter came to Johnson's ears lie at once crushed It with a protracted silence that has thus tar bean undisturbed. Ws have yet to bear of a solitary Instance la which hs has interfered in the late rebellious States to protect Union men or to punish their mur derers; hot his whole poliey and Influence hare been to protect the most bloodthiisty, to give a tones reign to the exhibition ol the most malignant passions or their enemies.?Jfmp'm Daily PotL TRIAL FOR MURDER IR QUEIEC. Grrasr, Jan. M, llMT. The trial of William Church for kllliag his wife com menced yesterday. The jury aol ?rre<>isf, they were locked np all night. They rendered a "verdict this morning of guilty of manslaughter. THE SNOW BLOCKADE ON THE RAHMAtS. Oawano, N. T., Jaa. SI, ISST. Tho utmost exertions are being made to open tho Rome and Oswego and the Oswego and ftyrasaoo Rail roads, which have boon blocked up by tbe MOW for the Iijgt few days. It la thought that trains will gat through for ijmfcg next. The mat la whksh have accumulated ?*? night were seat out tkt* morning *? ??T -m-/ THE SOUTH. QUI VIRGINIA CORRESPONDENCE. Tho Lakar Qaeatlaa la the Heath?Cnrctlnbil ity of the Freedmen at Freeent?Expected Iaansicrmtlen of Hexku Planters. Sen. Richmond, V*., Jan. SB, 1867. The question of labor in some of the oottoa State* a ?naming an aspect of the utmost national importance. The moving fever of the freed men, and the aversion to the contract system, precludes the idea of counting upon I them as reliable laborers. In Texas a great many fertile farms will have to be left idle for want of labor, the freedmen refusing to engage yearly, either for wages or by the contract system. In Louisiana the officers of the bureau have found it necessary to issue a circular, call ing upon the freedmen, for tbeir own sales, as well as the welfare of the country, to go to work by contract, as | the fhrasers were unable to pay thorn monthly wagsa. ? In Georgia n most alarming dearth of labor prevails, land each is the mania for emigration that the freedmen I will not engage upon any terms whatever. Portions of I Alabama are becoming depopulated, the white people [ abandoning their homes, as the freedmen had nearly all I emigrated te the Weat and further South. The draft I which Florida, Texas sad the fertile regions "of Missis Isippk, Arkansas and lontatana are miking upon the I negroes oT the Carolina*, Georgia, Alabama, and aven I this Ststs, will leave the cotton and tobacco regions of I these States almost destitute of labor, for In orery in stance the beet working hand* are thoaa that seek bettor I remuneration in other States. The craps of the Slates I referred to will, on this account, be materially lessened I the coming year. I A Texas paper aays:?"With the departure of Maxi-, I tnilian and the success of the liberal party in Mexico a [large immigration te Texas of the better and wealthier | class of Mexicans amy bs expected. A Mexican gentle | man iu Colorado coanty has gsua largely into planting | the present year, and has prosnted Mexicans for bis | laborers. He believes he will surpass those who employ I (reedmen. OUR GEORGIA CORRESPONDENCE. The Natiounl Cemetery at Marietta?A Course of I,enures In Aid of the Heathens Poor-A New Radical Paper, dee. Atlamta, Ga., Ian. 20, 1867. The beautiful city of Marietta, that contains one of tho national cemeteries, is twenty miles from this city. The burial ground of the nation's dead Is well selected, being a semi-spherical hill or mountain overlooking the whole city, and visible from every part of it, as well as for a considerable distance along the line of the Western and Atlantic or State Railroad, which is the great thoroughfare from the North and West to the heart of Georgia and to the city of New Orleans. Tho grounds, containing originally thirty aores, but which, I learn, will be added to by the purchase of fifteen acres more to increase their accommodations, were the gift to the gov ernment of Mr. Henry O. Cole, a true Union and loyal man during the war. No bribes could induce him to favor the confederacy; imprisonment and persecution failed to effect the object. I learned that several hun dred thousand dollars have been or will be spent on this national cemetery. A "reb" makes the boxes in whiqh the remains are gathered at three cents a box. The population of the city seems well satisfied that such honor has been done them, as the city will thereby he made more attractive in the future, and as it furnishes tbe occasion for a large expenditure of public money. They think that one hundred and twenty-five thousand will be buried there. Occasionally, it is thought, a few rebels are buried along with tbe Union soldiers. Gome of the lienevolently inclined citizens of Ailsnta have arranged for s course of twelve lectures to be deliv ered in the city, for tbe benefit of tho poor. Four of the lecturers have beee selected and written to?Horace Greeley, Henry Ward Beech er, C. L. Valiandighain and Alexander H. Stephens. There is a general and strong desire that tbe gentlemen named wlti accept, not only to further tho good object intended, but niso to hasten the complete reconciliation of tbe two sections. There would be no hall in the city capable of holding the audience that would be present Reporters have been engaged for tbe occasion, the hotels are enlarging their rapacity in anticipation of a harvest, and the whole oily is on the qm rtV. It is currently reported that a now daily is soon to b? started hero?a radical; and stranger silll, it 4a said H win tie supported. The census just taken shows a population in tbe city of eleven thousand whites and nine thousand neeroes. The enumeration has astonished many, as It was thought that by far tbe large*', portion of the people of Atlanta belonged to the first class named, whereas Ihe truth is that tho two classes are very nearly equal in number. The prediction had been made and Industriously circulated, endorsed by scientific " freedom ethnologists, that the blacks in a atata of freedom would ?peedllv become extinct. Tbe facta do not warrant the conclusion. In fact, the negroes seem to oa doing well here as a laboring class. It is pleasing to see that tho State is making provision for the keeping of the lunatics among the Macks. Sealed proposals are solicited for the erection of a suitable building for that purpose in close proximity to th? splendid edifice already erected at Mtlledgeville for the saiae class oi whiles. Other public institution* for both classes are much needed In Georgia. It is wonder!ul with what precision th# train* arrive here from Now Vork. The superintendent of the .-Mate road, as tbe train entered tbe city, a few days since, pulled out bis watch and exhibited it ton gentleman standing by, just as the hour and minute bauds showed three o'clock P. M. precisely, the very hour and minute the train was due. remarking that it was a rare thing fur that train and his watch to disagree ia keeping time. OUR NEW ORLEANS CORRESPONDENCE. Tkn t.renl Monihyrn Hull In New Or Krillianl Festivities ml the Opera ilouar The Relies ?! I.uuUImih-fffnuv North, ern Net and Ofllrers Preoeol The Con. qnernd and the ('anqMerNrs in Friendly In. terroumr, 4r. New Oiujuks, -Iko. 30, 1*07. The graod nil! dress ball gives by the Southern Hospi tal Association on Thursday night will not mod Im lot gotten br the beauty and fashion' ot the South I ques tion much whether there has ever been held in the Crescent City a 1*11 or mora magnificent proportion*. The toileta of the ladies were superb, the " Kmprecs trail" and the powden-d coifttwr being er cry where vi.iiblo. From tho apes .rare of Creole beauties prcseut. whose magnificent toilets, added mucti to their Hppear snre, 1 must -*v that no city on the continent can boant of surpassing New Orleans in f'euinle lovoliueaa. Alien the most fashionable I ifth avenue iielle would have been put to the blush by fume oi tlio beaut>fol t-reoles who tripped the wait/ in <-atln slipper-, respiendetit in die monds, emeralds and rulne*. Spectmora of the gay picture presented at the Opera House must have cotnu In the uoticliuioti that th" storiw of flea. Butler's robbery of New Orleans ladies aro all g.inimon. If any portion of their .iewels ware cuiUlw-ated lor the paymeiii of the national debt, it is e.ident that the fair dan;h'?rs of rel*Mom still bote enough dia monds and U> spare. The lUroiaiJona of the ballroom were of no expensive nature. The scenic . fleet was beautiful in the extreme. Hut tieft of all wus Hie presence of a lie?uliful American (lag that tioaicd over the entrance, and under ihe ample folds of whtcli these some poul'ng bcfluties (who hut e few months ago loathed the Imuucr) now paeaed with r??re c.t if not reverence. Thee- we saw ex Confederate and tedrral ollleer* in friendly conversation, beauties who once haled the Yank . permitting their conquerors to teed them in tun lati-er.i and the quadrille; longs! "-el. Keen regard the Imttte?'-arred Hood, Dick Taylor, Habnev H. Maury ami the silver-haired Biickner, pra-plng ex-fcderal offloers from New Knglaml and the Meat by (he hand, and wel ts uo ug iheiu cordially to lb* evening's iesttviuee Could lhad (Havens, Aslrlc- and other rabid poUliciaua. have witnessed the good fellowship that existed net ween the ? ouquerod and the conquerors, they would have had tood for reflection. It is such friendly acts an those ox ten ted to Northern men on Thursday night si the south em hall, that in s very few years will make ns again one peep!", united is common aspiration/, children of one father?Mod above. THE FREEDMAN AT HOME. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE 'llERALO. Ilaairsllr llnhlte H?d ifnetorns wf I lie Freed. naa-Whaa Fie Frars sod tl hom lie t en. fides In?Tke Kreetlmea'a Hsrtaa-Tkr l.nbot tfiienlls* NX Ike Keslh, A r. (In a PiawtATios, Hucnureinii Ai.iuamv, i -Ian ls?7. / In order to ntiR at anythtag like a correct e?i insts of tbe value of tho ireedm.m as a cilixes -as a rornfionrnt of the tremendous aggregate which goes to make up the progress, the enterprise, the wealth and lbs strength of the nation?one needs to know hint In his home, culti vating hit own patch of ground, managing the aflaTs of hie family, squatting In the oahes of his own cabin Ore, and sleeping upon its here floor. All these condition*. It Is true, may be bm Incident* of the circumstance* by which be is surrounded; but they are incidents, never* i hoi ess, which could occur only In the life of s race which, grovelling hj instinct, had been made Mill more stupid and nhiftle.-s by education. I speak or him a* 1 find him here, and not of that modified form of hi* character which is seen in (he border Stole*. An average of about ono hundred negroes wore em ployed on this plantation last season. Every grown up hand, wbother male or female, was sllowad half sn acre of land, and every man with a family a fail arr* to oul 11 vote for his own use and benefit, seed was lurmsbed them gratuitously, and they were permitted to have n half day each week to themselves. Out of the whole number, between twenty Ave nnd thirtT selected their ? pntehes;" hut of these no mors than six mod# any kind of ? crop, and half of tbe sit were very indifferent ones. Several others went so far ns to wholly or per* tinlly plant tbelr ground; but here their ambition seamed to oose out, and as they gave It no attention thereafter It eamo to nought. The moot aggravating feature of this business is yet to be exhibited, and that is, that tbe momqot the fru-ie of those few why did labor maaXei'od by the many who bad ?*??? t^l^otwIteUBCllnH lb-, themselves. Tbe rtwull wM thai liberal opportunities alfbrded by the oeufined tho entire aeaaon to the meal and pork Mp*ie? by li.m, and compelled to P^T. ? ..^5 from week to week or starve. At the t>*gl?n ,^r'r1f year nil the fiWmen who would not with their Tonner owner* and. into the world utterly destitute of food, clothing, dm ding, oooking utenatu, ho. Thla It weld aeeeaahewa hare constituted some little incentive to them to aanK_ an efcrt of better their oonditlen. But the wean* ?" thrown away, no lam to the disadvantage o^?P?ntw* than to the negroes themselves. The men who empteys them this year will Bad?as waa discovered ?** ?"* that ha will be under the necessity of paying tbem a month or two In advance, In the anape ofctotmeg and other indispensable articles, or stoei^mnho them available for bis purposeatalL Thelanwerop* tion of them, expenses ofllvtne and Iron of_ttmu "? sidered, will net even repay thaee advaneen to ??/ nothing of aoeumnlating a credit in the handa of their employer: and ao, will have no motive for fulfilling their contracts beyond what tbair variable fancim caayseg 7est Ths very beet of them that I have ever cognise no obligations beyond what are mpoa imperative by the physical superiority of tbe whites. : While the men ere almost without exception op?y* to labor an account of the burden end Imposes, the women alike strenuously ohjrot to I1W cause it Is humiliating! They will wgp enough in housekeeping, cooking, is rarely the case that one wUl so^thmjttarttyaiid nmmntnMH to woffc in tht field. This, M nips ?? marked from a fkshknable sUDdpoint, ftl^ action has bommfr cient to overthrow the voqr fosndaUou * reared with ao much care andmZrZ tti?? fife-long masters! Pot labor beyond thoj^tniir of annoying him by insutinie appeals, and the ftsndaann P?~!5*2f Tn ^.hrry srtth. ttmnttaiwIMletohies 5?2 its finality or condition may bo, or whethor ? >>.? IfiXSm'SES 5?*tX?&!i away^u^wbole time, scarcely Md" never thinking where his food is l?00#rftWB until he isrondy to put It In hlsM^ finds her heaven below in froedom rw? tou, fiauny apparel, hoop skirts and cheap ?JTe h ^ and sue "wlU not call the Queen her aunt. In their houses everything wears a sk>venly and dtt ordered look. Evsnthe few things they have ?epev milled te remain disgustingly filthy, and about wi.hont the slightest regard to J And in their cooking they are not mow cl?"1To?^ tinr before the fire in the ashea of their capacious hearth, whether male or female, they ""?JJSjfJJ? skillet in which their frying, liaking dishes Md bands is done by turns Without oknggetn tion I m?y say that I have seen the 'h,in* in some of the host regulated families of poor# J81"*88 Vhiv do not sit at Uble when they eat, butT each takes his dish inhand hi? meal of the invarlab e meat and bread. Occasionally, at some seasons of the year, bacou kWas plaoe U> o^ num. and rats, when they can be bad, J1* * "?,i delicacy Their children are rugged and hearty M a general nfle, and grow up without anycar*, manv of them with soaroely a rag ol covering. T?ik to a nearo about government, and you win una thlt'he h^ no8t7he stigh&st idea of its '??<"<>"* ? nnriume The only government he knows nnytning Ko'KuJftt a.'uSi or ??? ? ? "gj ? IKS wVy * JMStSS JS, AW.?: tion is to do the biding f ^is ovw^wltb as utueu^ ertion as he may, and then to eat andeieep. tn tow Bute he haa never heart or <? SftlrrKS55??"? ruunina away under the spur of some extraordinary ' iftkSTm h" Swhi? 5E8& InUlii^t s intellect of the negro. Phymcrt firoU .*_* 1^7.5 1* ^ trannpiro around him are all he can , may be supposed, he Interprets throe h. the manner. In vocal music the negroes eaoet. Singing m can hardly be called, for the worts SSldAm haVe either connection or sense, but the melody of their suroaMos anything I ever beard. Some of their funeral chants, though exceedingly simple, are more solemn and affecting than anything heafd on similar occasions at tho ^Notwithstanding the gratitude of the ftoedmaa fro hjo deliverance, end the uniform sympathy and kindnsas manifested for Dmon soldiers daring the war, be is still disposed to regard the Northern man M his companion, his associate, hie fellow rather than an his superior. Ho trnsu him, ana of hlb ovri roeo; bul k? do?? not Ttcogmvm wmmm tbority to oommand him, tofrct^^hneo^?**** oar to control his action. To his former master, to ffT man who speaks with the aulborlty of a slaveholder before the war, he is still ready toyleld ImpUslt ehedi enoe, in accordance wltb all Ithe Si^nt I* committing to memory; end it In not natnral that he Sh?e??L^ The Northern man finds, then, na a aecoeeary consehuenoe of this state of things, that, tbough he oan drew plenty of help to his aid la the abropro of ethsv active fororo, he ia stiU at the mercy of the old Southern planter wbeiever the latter chooses " tattve appeaL The freedman, although ???^UJl'JSu still few* and obeys the 'ViLfidrom been taught to respect, nad simplyinwun and cmMmw the power which sympathised with Mm Hion and controuted its trurosre and blood for hiii re lief, rels ta the extent to wMNtt nwMswen geen. and it mar not be improper to remark tbat tke meiUI m in perfect harmony with the unifbsm teachings of hie t '^br^eMmen's Bureau, while heneflcont ln_ltt cup toon. 1 regard as pruotioally sty*, the impossibility of adminiNering It withi hnhroy discretion. It is true that some sort of protocttee is ln dispensable to the freedman in hls period of How trsnt tion froai infwicjr to mnnbood, is St iiwe, oofi * satisfied he does not finA it Sn n aomo exercise a salutary Infleeuoe by Ito nany opon some Southerners who have hottte Ynnkro Inanity M? roe pect that u haa no real tarmi for them; tmt 1 have net heard of an out of several appUaaUons mass sllyhtrotnttentmn wro jgM to ^T-^'wrotUrsr^ vr^ w was rather gratified than otherwise at ths dlflcnUy ot the trsedman with fits employer, as It wonld to bare nothiog te do with iho damned Yankees here #rvhe" labor question, partioalariy la the farming dtt trie" ortbe Anth. and in view of Ito bronng uptwi one ot the must important staples of this country, taoerioiniy ^irJlw?3o?a Uyowm opiDion is that never an large a crop of cotton by half wfll be raised by labor as was done under th?*^8^taioel freedman may, alter the ^ stall havaweru oO. hegtn retponsibllltiro of tboro re^oos, hnl t^Dbnc? of his mind will b? tbot in proportion oono bertmesaofiuainted with the worid, ^TdiSSTw^ monownoufl rontlne or plantation life. ?[J? manifhg even now tn the anxiety of so many of tho more ioeltixent ones to 4*keep More, to peddle aSnd to ?fpeotlate." In short, the practical education which is nwwn it make tb4 treeSman a valuable cUliew will almos certainly have tbe eflert or sending htm away from the fields or whose labor be holds a "Quopg-r This is not ntended roan argumeatagnlnst Uie propriety of educatingbiai, but rather aa a warning toi those inter roied to lie pepared tor such an emergency by providing tor ibe contVgency. Doubtless moon may be done te counteract th, effects of sucb a uedenoy aa l haye da scrilied by euonraging the ImmigraUoe of white lahor ere f am aaieflcd from my own experience that the class ?' men wlfc build tbe canals and rallroada of the North would, in , year or two, tecome ao well aoouma ted that ihey com perform nearly twice the labor that a black man wilt; b, if he chosea to work his own land, that he can make I much more profitable than he can be fariuing it in the cittomnry wny In the North. CONDITION Of SOUTH II LE6AL RESKCTS. Important Di>cl?i?i by Chief J entice Walker. ihe foilowingmay fetakan m a correct syllabus ef the opinion 01 Chief JHlce Walker in tba owe Of Wat son ami wife re. 8too? from the i'robate Court aT Low ode* county r*r*t?The existence <>f?.ba gute of Alabama wm not destroyed by eeoee*Km sd the military and poiIleal events which followed it On and? The government f the State during the war was at leant adt/ado (rerene,eak though not acting la harmony with the constitute, Mrt government oftbo United Sutes; end allWcts u?or authority of the legta latlon of an eh dc facto govern mbt before the aurrender. to lar as they were executed, aiValld r*in#?The validity of such to ^ not depend npaa the conformity of the law to kg rnnetltiitfnn of the United States. Ab?.etA.?Getrd'se* who hare t|de Investments la Coal ederela bonds, end reoeleed < ^federate Troexury notes under the authority of the ectof oth November, i H6I. in rood faith, are enutled to tedtta on aooouat t hereof. The caaee of Neileon re. Cook, ftem \e Probate Court uf Tnacaiooee county, and another ttpa the Probata I'ourt of Wilcox county, bn?o been dec^d ^ the au tborltr of Watson end wife re. Stone, the latter ef i bete cane* settles the gaeetton oMtabilltWhere aa ad miniitrator received Confederate Treasury otes In pay ment of debta due the estate. This opinion, aside from the points Imkdlately la. vol red between the parties, abeds a flood e?|,ht upon all transactions in Confederate money, and, Meed, upon sll the ecu of cltirsna committed under the tthorlty of mate lewa during the war. But It Is as a Kidmen ot legal learning and historic research. smanaMnrjo? that pure and trne man who site at the head of tbwmareme bench of the State, that we. as Alabamians, feetwudeat of thtt opinion, end commend it to the attentio gf the general reader.? MaoUffomcry Daily Advertmr. 1 STUMER REPORTED BURHEO. > w PoaTT.Awo, Me., Jan. St, Mr. A Savannah despatch states that the stern-beat steamer General Sbepley waa banted at Qeeatan I*gg on the 27th insl. she was owned by Roes fc Sturdnutt and at hers of this otty. SMALLPOX IN VtRMjNT. SraumrtaLo, Maes.. Jan. St, INST. The smallpox is prevailing at Barton, 71., end tw. cases hare reealtod fatally. FATAL RAIL ROAR ACODIRT, Sramortaijt, Mane., /aa. 81,1SST. j An elderly womaa named Flynn waa run eve# tad killed at North Andover by a freight train onthe Beaton and Mama Railroad. and ntangled so ae to be nearly on, [ roooaiiaWe.