Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1867 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES UOBUUH BEXMJTT, ID1T0R AND PROPBIETOE. wrrict <*. W. corker or fci.ton and nassau bts. JOB PR1NTINQ qf tvry dereriftion, alto .Wrreo'yp *?.p and Enyraviny, neatly and ymiHpPy eMcuted a: Uie w est rates. VolnMr XXXII N*. 33 AMUdEMKNM THIS KYENIN 1. H<mil)VAT THEATRK. Bro%dwav. n"tr Broome tieet ? Al.ADDIX, lUk WONDKRrUL SCAM*?(Jl.fDIULU. NKW YORK THEATRE. Broadway, opposite New York Ilolel.?BIRD or PARADISE UNRMAN OPERA, Olympic Theatre, Broadway.?Wil B.ita Tell HOPWORTH'S IT ALL. 809 Broadway. ? Pbotcssok II tars win Pvbiorn His Miraclbs?Tub H?ao w tas An Thi Indian Bass at Trick. TH AVENUE OP3RA HOUSE, Noi 2 and 4 West Twenty-fourth >-treet.?Griffin A Christy's Minstrels.? T ihiotiaji Minstrelsy, Ballads, Burlksquks, Ac ?Madi Ctl. M1/0BNT. KKLLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, 7*1 Broadway, oppo. Ri'r the New York'lotit -In tiikir 801(34. Dincks Kccun. a a ten as, Ucrlkrqurs, Ar. ? odds axd Ends?Cim>ak-i.kos? Rauauascav Ballot Tauuro. SAN PRANCI30O MTMS I'itKLS 5SS Broadway, opooitte (I r Natinnoii .in Hotel? In thsir Ethiopian Kntuktain. ?run. 8 IN (J I NIL Danclno and Burlesques.? Committer oi Jmpkacwmknt. TONY PASTOR'S OPU.RA HOUSE. *U Bowery?Come Vih'ai.hv?Nkoro Minstkbi.it. Ballot Ditkhtissrmk.nt, a -In Kkrale Bbioand CHIEF. CHARLBY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechanic*' Hall, 472 Broadway. ?In a Variety or Light ami Laughable Entertainments, CoRrs dr Ballet. Ac. Hi uooi.aors' Frolics. MHv F. B CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn 'lor Ko>k or amil.ns?Tun Ocean Yacht Back?Good for Note i mo. t!1 'OLEY'SOPERA HOl'SE. Brooklyn Ethiopian Min e hi \ Ballads and Burlesques.?A Uciieau Trip a ??oiinii tub World. COOPER INSTITUTE. Eighth street?Dr. IIkbbard's ILLUSTRATED LeCTCKBS ON liKALTIt. vrw YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. (PS Rrouleir. TO ad and Right Arm or Probst?Thr Washington Twins?Wonmes in NAYVRAL History, Scibkcb and Art. I.-ctcrks Daily. Open from 8 A.M. till lt?P. M. ^ew Yorlt. .Hominy, February 1, (HOT, TBS NBWS, EUROPE. Our European correspondence by tbe Africa, dated to the 19th of January, con'atn.i very interesting details of our cable despatches to that day. The inuia points of the newspaper details report were published in the Hkbaod yesterday, but the elaboration of our special writers in tbe different capitals renders tbe matter much more important. Tbe Turkish government has addressed a diplomatic circular to Its ministers at foreign courts, with directions t" communicate its contents, in which tbe position of the Porte towards Greece, and tbe circumstances under which tho Sultan may be obliged to appeul to tbe last resort against that Power are fhlly set forth and treated in a .cry explicit manner. MISCELLANE 3US. Our ">ecial despatches from New Orleans contain ?> ?yiioji-is of our corr 'spondanco from Durango, Mexico, ?inner date of the 14th ult. Juarez was to have left that ???)? on the 14th *n route for the capital. The Ortega raptured it ?eht to be undoobtedly the one claiming to l<e const Outtoual President of tbe country. Tho town ?t C ??ra.ivaea, forty miles from Mexico city, had been ??ap'oreo by the liberals with the whole garrison of tut porialwta. The Mexican Consul, at San Francisco, tie, tares the report of the execution of Mr. Carman, at Mazatlan, and the consequent bombardment of tho town by the United States gunboat, to be untrue. The rumor of Mira toon's disaffection was gaining ground. Maximilian an<J Ra/aine had come to an open rupture. A triend of the Marshal waa imprisoned by tbe Emperor, and docu ments uddraa ed to the liberal chief, and signed by K,. 'j, ue, were found upon bis person. Bozaine in turn imprisoned Maximilian's Chief of Police, and notified Mi# Kmperor that his friend must be released before the Coief of Police efaonld be. Mt have commercial advices from Barbedoes, dated ou the 8th of January. The report aays:?Wo have a decline to advise In many leading imports. Flour Is pretty firm, wholesale at $8 75, bond; $0 a $9 10, bond, being lotting rates. Bread and crackers have dropped to $4 .IT per 112 pounds, and $3 50, respectively, and <l<ii. M"-?pork?upwards of 2,000 barrels in bond un eoid, sud some transactions hare been effected as low as $H bond. Lard shows a heavy decline. "H. and ? V brsf has been sold at $10, bond. Candles tn ?versioek, and cheese unsalable. Codfish (Gaspe) at $'.*o 74. Shooks dull at about $1 a $1 10 per bundle. K'i j* o? oil still gluts the market Tonnage?no de mand. Weather propitious for crop. Reaping will not be ?eu<-ral until middle of noxt month. Exchange on < ?mion. $487^ for niuety days. The annual show of a?r culture is annouueed lor the 22d, and the cattle ahow for ttie 27th and 28tb of January. Adv ''f from British Guiana dated at Demerara. Janu ?i v 9, report that the yellow fever bad commenced hsroo in tbe shipping. After the change of tbe military ovist iment on the station only one officer remained, end b?/ell a victim to tbe dlseaae. The patients ea rn. ?d at the hospital to tbe 7th ot January were lfil, of w i .i .tx died. m ?? h ?ve new? from Porto Rico to the 18th of January. T.e ue 've-e In the amount of duties collected tn Be < >er ia-t was $06,481, when compared with 1860. At a n><??;?!,? of the Sanitary Board on the 10th It was dr ted not to admit ves-els from St. Thomas exempt irom uua'.intlne until fifteen days nfter the epidemic ii i t been officially announced ue baring disappeared, prm find they had a clean bill of health and no sickness 4?' i g the voyage A few cargoes of floor were si lt ??Vvl which would soil at good prices. There were ? >;y fit e hundred barrels in the market. According to the census of 1800 there were only 61,000 persoiu tn Piirto Kico that could read or write out of a population ot tlC, 900. I tie dates from PL Domingo are to the 19th ult. A Ifjiv of amity, commerce, navigation and extradition w.*? to be celebrated with the United Mates. Peace had been declared throughout tbe republic. President Cabral wss a oitflrmed favorite with the people. The coal and r >|>per mines, salt works and guano hills were soon to ? itiiiaiem e operations A committee has been appoiuted to revise the cr mlnal cods. Owr Havana letter Is dated January 80. The distrust ot iha r><hnus by the government la increasing. Twenty b??n *h officers, who have married in the island, are to bv -eat home, having become too much affiliated with ttiv natives. The newspapers flavor the abolition of cus tom ho itea. The Bishop of Santa Martha, exiled by the Pros i?nt of Colombia, had been received by the Royal ? - o< J wuita There had been a few cases of ye< lt? <??ac in tbe harbor. in'e ig nee fv~- Venezuela to the 7th of January . ,.',ts no news of importance. Everything was quiet. lias Ksriae law was observed very generally yesterday. Toe * were Ibny-slx arrests for violations of it, and fit1 * ? ght for drunkenness. We publish this morning ? synopsis of the changes at < fey the new tariff. She rein storm of ftatnrday night, though assisting C' t'ty n tbe thawing process, hue rendered the streets ?? mi ddy as to be almost Impassable. Many of the cc ier? oo the Water side have been submerged. Navigation on the Sound ts resumed, the steamer Oa letes having cnt her way through the ir# from Throgg's Monk to the city. Eight s. hooners etill remain ioebo und in toe >oe neer Fort Schuyler. The steemnrs Aouthnet, Koreas and Dirlgo, which liad been frozen in eince Tuesday, followed the Galatea lo tbis city. t nsrlotte Hough has brought suit against the firm of Jordan, Marsh A Oo-, of Boston, for money duo her from rouon speculations during the war. Hhe claims that ?tie was employed by the firm during the war to buy not toe n tho Boo therm Hutes and manipulate govern n> it employes fbr the purpose of pass rg It through the lines, and that tbe firm made $100,000 by her agency, aud refuse to divide. General Butler and J. H. Sweetzer ?to employed by her as counsel. A young man named Milton W. Bailey has beeo play ? fug a sharp game re ently In PoughkeepxM, by proposing lo art I oountertelt money to nnsophlelicated Individuals ?willing to make a fortune that way If they could do It gM<ely He would ahow a genuine Treasury note, de jeiare .t to be counterfeit, show bow easily it could be matartL suj then offer te fell any amount of Mi* same kind. The police heard of bis loinga, however, aud he dmfgMMd. We publish to-day an artlrle on the origin and progress of church wumc aud description* of the musical services at the leading ebur< l.cs iu the metropolis yesterday. Bev. Cliarloe B. Smyth detiverad a lecture yesterday at Argas Had, Broadway, on ' The Btroots of New York by GaslMht," In which he treated especially of that wide spread crime politely deal uated as the ''social evil." Advices received in Montreal from London state that the British government had made a demand for the ren dition of LamiranJe. aud Lord Monck had been censured for bis course in permitting him to l>e taken away by the French officials. The funeral of Representative Johnson took place in Washington yesterday, and waa attended by the Presi dent, Secretary Seward, the members of Congress and the diplomatic corps. The Louisiana Legislature has exempted property which has been used by the military authorities of the t'nited States from taxation under State laws. The Kentacky House of Representatlvea pray for a general amnesty, or at least a pardon for John C. Breck inridge. General Sherman has written a letter to General Grant, which the latter has forwarded to the Secretary of War, severely condemning the practices of Indian traders In selling hostile tribes arms and ammunition. Governor Browniow, of Tennessee, has pardoned a federal soldier and two accomplices under scut once of death for killing a Nashville policeman. A tost vota was takon on the Tennessee Negro Suffrage bill in the lower House of the Legislature of that State, on Saturday, and resulted in 36 yeas to 25 nay a Ex-Governor Carney, the defeated candidate for Sen ator from Kansas, has retired from polities and claims to have been radical ahead of the republican party. Advices from Fort Phil Kearny say that the Indians are still hostile, and it was with great difficulty that the bodies of the victims of the late massacre could he buried, owing to the presence in the immedisto vicinity of bands of savages. An ice gorce at Wheeling broke up on Saturday, carry ing uwav four steamers and a wharf boat The latter was secured, but the steamers were still floating. James river Is now clear of ice. Two doctors mutilated a negro boy in Waco, Texas, recently, and were arrested by the civil authorities, whereupon the citizcus r s ued them The military In terfered, however, and rearrested them. A flro occurred In Oswego yesterday morning by which three biocks of bit Mings wero destroyed, involv ng a loss of $50,000. 1'be Con flic! Itrlwrrn tlie I'reiitlrnl nnri Con ureas?The TcnelilnRS of History. Had the studios of Andrew Johnson as a politician extended beyond the official ex amples of Androw Jackson and the election eering State rights dogmas of Jefferson, he would hardly have attempted at this late day as a statesman that fatal experiment ol taking into his own hands the exclusive powers of the legislative department. At all events, Presi dent Jackson's "I take the responsibility" has been fatally misapplied by President John son in assuming too much, and history, there fore, may be applied to warn him of the con sequences. Modern times have witnessed three great national revolutions, each of which has been fraught with instruction for the future guid ance of mankind. The first of these revolu tions was in England. Beginning in the reign of Charles the First, it was prolonged with varying fortune throughout the period of the Commonwealth and the succeeding reigns of the Second Charles and James, and was finally brought to a close by the accession to the throne of William of Orange in 1688. The second of these revolutions was in Frapce. Begun in the reign of Louis the Sixteenth, and having witnessed during its progress, succes sively, the establishment of a republic, a con sulate, an empire, a kingdom, a second time a republic and a second time an empire, it can scarcely be said after the lapse of the greater part of a century to have yet. neared its ter mination. The th'rd and the youn rest of these revolutions has been in our own land and in our own day. Its origin is but ot recent date. During the brief period of its existence the nation has waded through oceans of blood and experienced all the desolating effects of a fearful civil war. A gigantic rebellion has been suppressed, our old political systegi, resting upon African slavery, has been put down, but the work of reconstruction on the new basis of universal liberty remains still to be done. As these revolutions have originated in dif ferent circumstances and have been maintained for different objects, it is not to be expected that the lessons which they will severally be queath to posterity will be precisely the same. There is one lesson, however, which the first two have already taught, and which the third promises to teach with equal emphasis, and that is the absolute folly of the Executive stubbornly to resist the legitimately expressed will of the people. Pity it is that the history of the United States, which in many important particulars has revealed such a marked im provement on the history of older nations, should have to furnish another such lesson. But so it is to be. We have said something of Mr. Johnsou's historical studies. There are some who read history wisely aod to profit. There are others who read history but caunot understand it There are others, again, who read history, and who, though understanding it refuse to be guided by its teaching*. Presi dent Johnson, if a reader of history at all. cer tainly does not belong to the first of these orders. He is neither so stupid nor so ignorant that he can be classed with the second. From bis known tenacity to his pot crotchets we are more willing to believe that he be longs to the last. With or without the knowl edge of the past, bo certainly is placing himself in the teeth of the very difficnlties which cost Charles the First and Louis the Sixteenth their heads, and which drove James the Second, Charles the Tenth and Louis Philippe each from his throne and country into exile. Nor is it for a moment to bo imagined that the defeat of Andrew Johuson in the struggle which he so doggedly and so fool ishly maintains, though it cannot be so disas "trous either to himself or to the Union, will be less complete than iu the cases to which we have referred. He has engaged in s contest in which he must go dowa. We do not mean for a raom<'nt to question the right of the President to veto, within cer tain limits, the proceedings of Congress. The time, we trust, is far distant when the Presi dential office will be regarded iu the light of a mer-ly honorary situation. It is and it ought to be a position of importance and of power. It ha* many duties, and It has doubtless many cares. The President is chief magistrate of the nation. The right to veto, which is vested in him by the constitution in virtue of bis office, is his special and distinguishing pre rogative. In certain circumstances the exer cise of such prerogative may be not only legitimate, bnt just. It in a power, however, which is dangerous and cannot be used with too much wisdom and caution. Intended for a check, it never was meant to be an obstruc tion. It certainly never vh tbu design of the frame is of the constitution, ut if certainly never can l>o for the interests of the nation, that it should he exercised in open defianoe of the expressed will of the people. Such, how ever, is the position in which Mr. Johnson has placed himself, and from which it has now be come a necessity to expel him. We are willing to be generous in onr interpretation of the President's motives. We can understand how he may be en couraged to persevere in his obstructive policy by conscientious scruples. But bo it wan with Charles the First, Louis the Sixteenth, James the Second and the others. They were all men of certain or un certain conscientious scruples. But their scru ples and excuses, good or bad, neither justified their policy nor averted their fate. What, then,-should a chief magistrate like President Johnson do, when sornples and excuses incline him in one direction and the popular will de mands that he move in another ? Has he no choice but to resist the popular will or violate the teachings of conscience f He has a choice. He can resign. In not adopting this course the President, we think, bos made a grand mis take. He would have shown himself a greater philosopher if, instead of undertaking that now celebrated stumping tour to Chicago, he had remained at the White House, pondering the lessons of the past; and the world would have considered him a greater statesman, and posterity tfould have accorded him a nobler name, if, when tho fall elections were ended and the will of the people bad been so unmis takably expressed, finding bis conscience still unbending, he had voluntarily resigned a posi tion which experience taught him be could fill neither wilh comfort to himself nor with satis taelion to the country. But ho has not yet lost his opportunity. Resignation even now on his part would cover a multitude ot sins, while his impeachment and removal, which are certain, as matters now stand, will be inseparable from unqualified disgrace. Prerogative, whether royal or presidential, must yield to popular right and the sovereign powers of the National Legislature. Mr* Propone* Hut Uod DiopoiiM. Late advices lrom Mexico announce that Maxim Man's Cabinet had decided that the Em peror should not abdicate or quit the country. This jumps with his inclinations, which are in tavor of fighting out the question with the liberals. We do not exactly see, however, how the past strengthens him. It will neither | give him men nor money, and without these he is powerless against the swelling tide of libe ralism. Thero is not one of the men by whom tho Emperor is surrounded that will not aban don him the moment Juarez gets within a few miles of the capital. It seems to us, therefore, that he Is playing a very hazardous game. An overstrained sense of honor, which, by the by should have prevented him from ever entering Mexico, is keeping him there against every consideration of dignity and prudence. If he does not take care he will be caught in a trap and shot ?r hung, as the whim of his captore may dictate. The Mexican liberals have heavy scores to settle with him for the barba rous manner in which prisoners from their ranks have been treated. They have never been very great respecters of persons, and if they should lay hands upon him they will think only of their sons and brothers who have been summarily executed by his orders. In counselling him to remain, therefore, after ?he departure of the French, the members of his Cabinet have given him very treacherous, or, to say the least of.it, very Injudicious ad vice. They will desert him to a man as soon ?s danger presses him, and leave him to pav the forfeit of the Imperial experiment We should be sorry If anything of this kind were to happen to him. He has shown some excel? lent qualities, and deserves a better fate than to be shot or lassoed by some scurvy guerilla. What is to be done, however, with a man who refuses to accept the evidence of facts, and who clings to delusions that have been proved to be utterly baseless ? The only chanoe for the empire after the de parture of the French rests in the divisions oi the liberal party. With Ortega and one or two other partisan leaders in the Held against Juarez there might have been a prospect of the imperialists maintaining themselves. But Ortega is a prisoner In the hands of his rival, and the other elements of opposition to the rule of Juarez are melting away. It ja true | that in the chronic tendency to revolution which Mexico has always exhibited these will bo revived; but they will operate too late for the purpose of the imperialists. Their chauces ?re gone forever. The monarchical experi ment has had its last trial and will not again onlist an adherent No other form of govern ment is possible in Mexico save the republican, either under improved independent conditions or in conjunction with our own. In the mean while we sincerely wish the poor Archdnke out of the scrape. If he were wise he would stick to Bazainc s skirts and get out of Mexico while there is yet time. If he remains after the French we can promise him that he will have but little chance of felling back upon the vice royalty which his brother offers him at Cracow, in the hope that it will eventually euable him to win the throne of Poland. The Railway Track Baltlau Nalaaaea. The Common Council has authorized the city railway companies to nse salt in clearing their tracks at each ? switch and turnout," and the well known unselfish character of these corporations creates no apprehension that this privilege will be abased. The practice of salting the tracks was forbidden by a special I ordinance some ten years ago, owing to the deleterious effects it produced upon the public 1 health. The mixture of salt and snow coming ' in contact with the feet is prodncUve of most malignant forms of diphtheria?a fact well known professionally and by experience

During the winters when the practice was not forbidden diphtheria prevailed almost as an epidemic. The revival of the salting nuisance may now be looked for with each fall of snow. The limitations proscribed by the present ordi nance will not conserve the public comfort; for it is at such switches and turnouts that the greater number or passengers enter or alight from the cars, who will take with tbem into tho vehicles ihe dangerous compound, there to mingle with the already filthy straw and spread sickness throughout the entire travelling com I inunity. The area at each switch and tiirnont is so insignificant that the companies could easily remove the superincumbent snow with shovels and carts. The Commop Council in granting the privilege ol using salt instead has permit fed the companies a very little cheaper and % viehly dangerous expedient. Buchanan vernaa Johnson. A London correspondent of the Manchester Guardian .'ia* bis ?"ea8on? for the belief that the impeaebh.ient movement against President Johnson will co.'n? fo nothing, and one of his reasons rests up*10 theke facts:?That Mr. Adams, our present lk'nieter at London, was one of a committee of Co.nf!>rP38 in 1860 "nomi nated to inquire into the ooih?uci President Buchanan;" that "the committee sat many weeks and collected a great deal dt ^evidence, which, in a party sense, was considered of grave Importance;" but that " nothing came of it" But why did nothing come of it f Be cause the republican party (with all the South ern States represented In both houses in 1860, except South Carolina in December) was powerless in Congress. There were 114 re publicans in the House, all told, against 112 of the opposition forces, while in the Senate the republicans stood 26 against 38, in cluding in the opposition 36 democrats and two native Americans, so called. And then the controlling spirits of this pro-slavery ma jority of 12 in the Senate, backed by Buchanan and his secesh Cabinet ministers, embraced Vice President Breckinridge, President ot the Senate; Clement C. Clay, of Alabama; Dr. Gwin, of California; Iverson and Toombs, of Georgia: Slidell and Benjamin, of Louisiana ; Jeff. Davis and Brown, of Mississippi; Wigfall, of Texas; Mason and Hunter, of Virginia, and others, the chief conspirators, organizers, managers and master spirits ot the rebellion. Of course the republicans could do nothing in the impeachment of Buchanan with such fearful odds opposed to them. But this im perious and defiant pro-slavery majority in the Senate and the powerless condition of the republicans in the House in 1860, and the rebel dictators of Buchanan's policy in the Cabinet, were not the only obstacles to any movement for the impeachment of Buchanan. An outside rebel conspiracy was known to exist in December, 1860, from which, at any moment after nightfall, there was reason to fear a descent upon Washington and a seizure of the government, including the expulsion of Buchanan, as well as Congress. At all events, it was widely understood and feared that Abra ham Lincolu would uever be inaugurated, and but for General Scott's wise precautions and Mr. Lincoln's strategy in gettiug to Washing ton be never would have been. JJnder this slate of things, inefficient and bad as was the general course of Buchanan, he was still some sort of protection to the government, in being under the wing of General Scott. Under all these drawbacks the removal of Buchanan was not to be thought of, and even if there had been the power and the will in both houses to remove him the expedient under the circum stances would not have been tried, because of the near approach of the expiration of his ap pointed term. Johnson's case is wholly different. There Is the necessary power in both houses to dispose of Him; tbey have a strong case against him, and the simple question involved is whether Congress shall surrender its constitutional functions assumed by President Johnson, or remove him, as the constitution provides, in order that the sovereign lawmaking power may resume its authority. Btahutei Furl***. We are to be fenced in. Some of onr neigh bors, who think as too expansive, are going to do it The plan has the merit of economy to us, for it will cost ns nothing. Anglo-Saxon ism is a devouring monster that mast be held in check, and the fencing in will do the business. The contractor for the job is one Mosqnera, who by good lack has got himself into the Presidential chair of the republic of Colom bia, in South America, formerly known by the name of New Granada. He is evidently a great man. His title i^the Great General. It took the illustrious Don Quixote, of happy memory, lull three weeks to Invent a name for his war steed, Rosinante. How long it took Don Tomas Mosquera to find a suitable title for himself is not on record, but when be calls himself a great general (he thing is settled. He is also the self-appointed apostle of a rather new "ism," called Panlatinism. The followers of this creed believe in the final supremacy of the Latin race over the entire globe. South America is all Panlatlnist, though the exact quantity of Latin element in the population is a much vexed question. The chronic defect in that country is a way they have of mixing things up, and the population has got as much mixed as anything alse. But they are Panlat inists, and think thoy see their manliest des tiny. Tbry think that the bead and front of their creed in Europe is the Emperor Napo leon, and that his expedition to Mexico had something to do with it. Their programme'is, as might be expected, of as mixed and uncer tain a color as the majority of themselves. Thus thev should include Spain and other European Latins in the grand alliance; but they do not like Spain, and they say so plainly in good Castilian. Apostle Mosquera. however, has hit upon a compromise by which the great objects of his mission may be carried out with out hurting the prejudices of his compatriots. This Bolivar the Second proposes to -form a grand confederation of the three powerful, populous and prosperous republics of Vene zuela, Ecuador and New Granada, thus recon stituting the Colombian republic of Simon Bolivar, which was dismembered In 1830, while the European Latins are to be invited to play an outside part in the great game of de ciding supremacy of race. Now the hebgoblin which is to be fought to the death by this combination is Anglo-Sax onism, as represented and embodied in the people of the United 9tates. It matters not how much we may disclaim any each distinc tion. We may insist that we are largely Latin, with a goodly proportion of Greek and no moan allowance of Dutch. Don Quixote Mos quera has said we are Anglo-Saxons of the worst type, and must take the consequences. No sooner had be said so than his organ hastened to print it, and there is no help for it but to meet our fete like men. The republic of Colombia, under Don Bombastes Mosqnera, with its ir resistible fleets and armies, oyster boats, ox teams and all, is to stand guard on the north ern frontiers of South America nnd hold in check the monster Anglo-Saxonism, while the European Latins shall make mincemeat, of us. We shall be ruined. We shall have^'no ship canal at Panama. We shall attend no more fandangoes in Mexico. What is to'become of us? We might ask the influential republic of Nicaragua or of Costa Rica to tske us under ita protection. Better still, Congress might appropriate a fow hundred 'thousands as a peace offering to Don Rinaldo Rinaldini Mos quera, accompanied by a bumble request not to hart as. It would never do to hare our harbors blockaded by the Colombian fleet? never. We should look to it in time. ? American Colonization Failure*. The correspondence laid before the Senate concerning the emigrants that went oat from the State of Maine a short time since to found a colony In Palestine discloses a very unfortu nate and distressing condition of things. It appears that the application made by Senator Morrill and the Rev. Mr. Adams to the Porte for a grant of land for them had been flatly reflised, and that they are rednoed to a state bordering on starvation. It seems incredible that any body of sane men, bat more particu larly Americans, should have been induced to embark in an enterprise of this kind without having first satisfied themselves that a sufficient quantity of land and the protection of the authorities had been secured for them. We shall say nothing of the oondnct of the pro moter ot the scheme, because where there are dupes there will always be found designing men to prey on them. As an industrial under taking the enterprise held oat but few advan tages. There was scarcely a part of our own country which did not offer greater. The im pelling motive with the colonists most, there fore, have been a purely religious one, and this should have been an additional reason for surrounding them with every protection and safeguard that could be furnished against the hardships and mischances that were likely to befall them in a strange country. Like all such people, however, they seem to have lost sight of tho maxim "Help yourself and God will help you." They contented themselves with placing their trust in Providence alone, and consequently got swamped. Evidently they wore never intended to battle against dif ficulties or to found colonies. But in this they arc not so singular. . A number of emigrants were recently sent out to Brazil from the South, on the invitation, it was said, of the imperial gov ernment. The Brazilian authorities refused to have anything to say to them, declaring that they wore not the class of persons who were likely to be of any use in that climate. Now this statement might apply either to their physical condition or to the want of discrimi nation evinced in regard to their mechanical and agricultural capabilities. However this might have been the result was the same, and the useless displacement of persons who might have been of some value at tome, and their conseqaent subjection to the keenest disap pointment and suffering. In the Mexican colo nization schemes of Maury and other Con federate leaders, and the famous Chlriqui pro ject of President Linooln, there was witnessed the same want ot judgment and reckless disre gard of consequences. - From all this it may be inferred that coloni zation projects of any kind, originating in this country, are to be looked npoa with distrust The fia?4 that the persons who embark in them are dissatisfied with their lot and seek snch a change is prima facie evidence that they are unfit for it The qualities which they require to fight the tiger elsewhere wonld enable them to make easy headway at home. The man who cannot earn a living in this country, in the diversified conditions of climate and soil which it offers, may rest assured that he can earn it in no other part of the world. Tie Tea m re ef Ofltee Bill?Sat all Palace Pro eeellu*. It appears from the proceedings la Congress on Saturday that the House in its action upon the Tenure of Office bill reconaidered its rote of . the day before excepting Cabinet officers from the operation of the bill, and passed (by a rote of 74 yeas to 66 ntyp) the amendment making the removal of Cabinet officers subject to the advice and approval of the 8enate. It is understood that this change of aotion on the part of the House was for the purpose of shielding the Secretary of War. It was supposed that the President intended to remove Mr. Stanton in consequenoe of this Cabinet officer having differed with him upon the veto ot the District of Columbia Suffrage bill and upon other matters of administration policy, and the House appears determined to prevent his removal without the consent of the Senate. Now, without entering into the merits of the position either of the President or the Secretary on the questions about which they differ, we think the motive which led the House to take the action referred to is very small and unworthy a legislative body of this great country. It is, in fact, legislating from petty and narrow-minded motives, and for the day, upon small objects, instead of doing so upon great and general principles. Such con duct on the part of the small potato politicians in Congress cannot fail to bring that body into contempt. Mkbtino or Armt Officers at Washington.? General Grant has called a meeting of major generals and brigadier generals ot the army at Washington, to confer upon army matters gen erally, and especially to consult upon the necessity of maintaining garrisons in the ex rebel States. It is very well known that Gen eral Grant desires the removal of all the United States troops from the South at the earliest moment possible ; and it is probable that, in contemplation of snch a movemont, he desires first to learn the opinions of those officers who have been in command of the departments, as well as of others, as to its wisdom and expediency. The meeting of the generals of the army at this time is opportune. It will enable those members of Congress who desire speedy reconstruction to ascertain the opinions of practical men of unquestioned loyalty upon the subject. The fighting men of the army, who thoroughly understand the feel ings, disposition, condition and interests of the ex-rebels, will be ablo to give Congress infor mation that will, no doubt, enlighten them on many of the important questions now under their consideration. An Extraordinary Winter.?We have had, so far, a rough winter, and, in the steadineM of the cold of January, a remarkable ono>; but in the thundor storm of Saturday night last, the 2d of February, with a foot of snow upon the ground, we have had a variation not often experienced by tbe oldest 'veteran of 1812. We shall next expect to hisr of disas trous floods and freshets which, generally in Fehrnary indicate an early,/ and delightful spring. We hope, freshets or no freshets, it may so tnrn out, in behalf of tho suffering poor, North and Souijti, to,whom, especially down South, this winter bu be\a ?K1<* unprcco dented'severity. \ i A ?""" The Nfw (iiae ?f Kino. <vr Krno. The police made a descent on an .establish ment on Broadway on Saturday eveuing, ?'heye a game recently introduced into this citjr* and known by the name of kino, or keno, was in loll blast, and captured a number ot adven turers who were engaged in trying their luck at Dame Fortune's wheel. The doors of tho room were suddenly locked by the watchful guardians of the city's morals, and the whole company was cleverly bagged and carried off to pass the remainder of the night in the cells of the station house. This is ail very well so tar as it goes. The new game is represented ss a gpecies of gam bling, and thus, being illegal, subjects all who publicly engage in It to arrest and punishment. As described by the initiated, it is played by drawing or dropping numbers ont of s wheel nntil one or another of those who take chaaces is fortunate enough to get the lucky numbers, when he shouts ont "Keno" and wins the pool. But a game very similar indeed to this came off a few nights since at the Cooper Institute, in which the stakes were much higher, and in thai case we believe the gambling wheel was car ried in by two stout policemen, who superin tended the play. It is very currently reported, too, that at an establishment higher up town thousands of dollars are nightly won and lost at faro, and that not less than one hundred and forty thousand dollars passed from the pockets of the honorable proprietor into those of a notorious politician at one sitting a few weeks since. The police have not yet discovered the whereabouts of this latter fashionable estab lishment, although almost every pdfrson else in the city knows just where it is located. Our fishermen in the construction of their nets take care that the meshes are of such a size as to catch the big fish and let the small fry go. Our metropolitan police nets are of a different fash ion?tbey are so contrived as to secure a big haul of minnowB and suffer the big fish to escape. South Carolina and Dlanaachwootta oa tho Awrndnrat. The Cavaliers of South Carolina and tba Puritans of New England, who united in de nunciation of the Union and the constitution before the war, and who together maintain the doctrine of the sacred right of secession, are still in accord on the subject of reconstruction. South Carolina has already rejected the consti tutional amendment, and Massachusetts, under the lead of Wendell Phillips, is preparing to follow suit. The common object of the two ex tremes?the Northern and Southern radicals - is to keep the country in its present disorgan ized condition. The loyal people hare deoided. with a una nimity unprecedented on any former politioal issue, in^ favor of tbe settlement .proposed by Congress, and Cavaliers and Puritans will be forced to give way before foe popular wHL Hitherto foe States of tbe South and of Now England have together controlled the federal government j but they can do so no longea Hereafter the rule will be in the hands of the great Central States, inelnding New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Ac! With the institution of slavery the prepon derating political power of the South departed, and foe selfish, contracted and bigoted polio/ of New England will soon find Its level. (-artbald! aad Greece. ^ Garibaldi writes a characteristic letter from Oaprera on the Eastern question. He speaks very tenderly of Greek Christians, weeps over them because they are Christians, and says ha believes in God; bat he it death on priests. He takes a flying shot, as usual, at the Emperor of Austria, who deserves, he thinks, to be sent to Mexico?severe punishment enough. But we thought he had done with Austria end everything Tedeschan. He ought to drop that business; for he once hurt himself severely in trying to make German sausages. When be was on Staten Island he bought a meat chop per and went to work, until in an unguarded moment be nearly chopped one of bis fiogere . off. He immediately dropped the sausage business, finding the work too sharp for him, and went into the successful manufacture of candies. Greece is evidently his clement. Let him go there and mould things to their destiny. Having now nothing to do, he might employ himself awfully in those isles of Greece "where burning Sappho," Jtc., and where the population threatens to melt away altogether. Love's Lamo* Low?In the petition pre sented in Congress ou Saturday last by Mr. Raymond, from John T. Hoffman, Samuel G Courtney and others, remonstrating against the impeachment of President Johnson and pray ing tbe adoption of measures to promote lb* peace and prosperity of tbe country. This peti tion was referred to tbe Jadicia/yTommittoe, charged with the impeachment investigation; and what effect will tbe name of Mr. Hoffman have with that committee f As an active oppo nent of tbe pending constitutional amendment, as a supporter of Mr. Johnson's policy ami assumptions of Wislative powers, Mr. Hoff man's remonstrance will only serve to strengthen the impeachment movement. Tbo measures which be thinks necessary p> mote the peace and prosperity of tbe cooqtry are the very measures upon which Mr. Ilofinuuk was debated last November, and upon which tbe impeachment is demanded ami will b? carried through. Vtnr Significant?Tbe permission asked and granted in the House of Representatives on Saturday last to the Judiciary Committee to sit during the sessions of the House for (ho remainder of this session. It means that they are actively at work npon the matter of aa impeachment against Andrew Johnson. THE LOUISIANA LE61SLATUNE. N sw Oxumn*. Petx 2, 1SS7. ? Is tbe Legislature to-day as act. which was |)a?se? la-t year exempting property In certain ease* from tax ation, was amended eo as to include any property which has been used ny tbe military or civil autUoritiei of th* Tnltrd states. THE KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE. Fa* ffxrosr, K.V., Feb. % IMIf. Tlit- House referred to tbe Committee on Federal Rota tion* to-day a resolution that the President be rnqueM?4 ' to issue a proclamation for generaiamnesty; and, if not now considered expedient by blm, that Jnhu 0. Bterk. Inridge be pardoned and permitted to return bor?e. THE TENNESSEE LE6ISLATME. WAsnrt.ia, Feb. t, 1M7. Tbe House debate on the Negro Suffrage bill closed to. day. A test vote was taken, which re-idK-dgti yew ML uayg 2i, The frieuds o( the measure are p ub t