Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1867 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. dAMluS UAUOtO.V lit.V . l| UN'.'OR AXP rr.Ul'Mi.: J& DTT Hut II. W. UOKNKK re I TON ANB NASSAU ST?. Volnuir X X V11 No. 3 1 amusement-* Tin > inEiisooN ANi>Eta.NiNa. nitOAHWAr Til VT'i S, Brevlwav. n??r Bronze ?U< el. ? AlAPDI*. MK WoNtoCHWL ScAMf? C'lJWEJU I.LA. NRAV YORK TtlKATKE. Broadway, oppoaile Saw York Ha.el. ? hum or Bauaius*. HERMAN OPERA, Olympic Theatre, Broadway.?Tua If a uio i'wn MTKINWAY HALL. R?*t Fourteenth aire?'. nrsr Irving Plaoe ?<!?**? Vocal asd lN8r.a**NTAL CoJic?ai?Wal la. a NiOmt. r>OI>WORTIl'8 If ALL. KM Broadway.-PnnraMO* Habt* will Hmrosu liis MiiAiiue-Tai IIhau is tua aiu ? Tua Indian Bashst Thick?I'Horr.rs. ?A1PRANOITOO MINOR" .? -A. R-e*IWi? opmtltl B.e Metooolliaa tt>e!-I< rn;?? Etrit.'iaw RxrAHraif ? km, Sinoiho. and Bbklmuum.?Oo**ittiui Ok iHrBAOUMlXT Kirril AVENUE OP1-RA HOT'AH. Nor 3 end 4 West Twenty-fourth nlre.it. ?iJmrri* A lhii?ur*'? Mik trptu.? Bi mioi'iav Miaaraauir. Ballads, Buhlhs^uba, Ac.?Midi - lal .EruiutkT. KBf.T.T A I.KOI'1 MlNjrRTL'. 7S0 Broad war. opno. attain* New f>rk tot)*.?la r .??? Nonh. IdAV'tt. Kcokn. rwionita, tt'iBLKsaoiui, At;.? Oi.oa amo Kara?Ctspau-i.xoN? Madaoasoab Balls* Tuocra. TON* PANTOR-8 OPEBA HOUSE, 301 Bowery?Pouic VootuaH?N*o?o MmrriiK'\t. Hali.kt Pivkhti>*aiuiNr. Ac.-Tuk Kuualh Iti.iCANn UHisr. Matinee at 2yd o'clock. CIIART.RY WIIITK'A COMBINATION TROTJIH, ut BrehanKu' Hall, i'tt Uroadway.?la a Vabiet* or LiCWT AIO I.AOOII.ALB I'.NIXUl lINMSNTi, COHfA DA BaLL*!, Al\ Stiuooi.sura' 1 aOLIO . JKRS E. P CONWAY'S pari: THRATPI!, Bi i?klrn Th? I'.o .h or Aaiaaa?Tua Oca-as Yacht Back?Hood ton Mtfwiae. HOOl.BY'St l'F.RA Hot sk, Brooklyn.?Rraiof ax Mix riLIU.sk. liALIADt AMU UCBLASIIBAA?A iiVh.UU Tutl Aiioti.su tvi Would. TITX PUNY AN TABLEAU*. Union Hail, enrr.or or Twenty-third n'reet a<>d Hroidwiy.?At .wo M:skok or PlLOr.ia'A I'ROQUKSi ? SlVlT Ma.XTCSNT riCA.NKj. NEW YORK KUSRUAf OK ANATOMY. 611 Emi'-var.? TTv.au and Uioiit A '.M or PitoasT?T n Washington Twin*-Wonhk.ia is N'atci vi. Hjkioiir, Sci-k'Ci axd Am. Llotlulh Dailt. Open u,.ia 8 A. Ml 1U 1'. M Now York. Wedtii'silnj. Kcbrimry 6. |S(17, t xx b ara ws. EUROPE. Oar data? from Europe by the caMe arc up to /et?or day noon. Queen Victoria delivered her address at the oponlng of ParllAnie.it Tlio postal service of Germany bad been transferred (o the Rnvoroment of ProMfia. .The Church hill in the lulino Lcgu-Uturo had been defeated. Conso's were quoted In loindon at 90 11-16 for 'nonoy. United States flve-lweoty t>onds ucro unchamteJ. Tho cotton mi.rkots were dull atid irrcenlar. Middllog up lauda were quolod at about 14^d. per pound. CONGRESS. la the Sennte yesterday resolutions ware adopted In quiring if General Sherman had issued any order- for the protection of trains crossing the plains, relative to ibe management of the Cliarlestown Navy Yard, and rela tive to the relief of dl? barged solit.om who have lost their papers. Too hill providing that the aol for the payment of war claims shall not be construed to provide lor the payment of such claims in the rebel States, ex ?eyl to loval clttaens in TeiiceBjue and AYett Virginia, waa called up aud passed. 1 he bills deflaing tht rank of admiral and gtaEeffioers, and appropriating $33 260,000 fer Ike payment nf invalid aud other pensions for the year ending June 30, 1893, were reported from commit tea, with amendments. Bills to en -.blc States to f leet | swamps and ovorflotved lauds in their limits, omitted in n former act; and autUorlsiug committees to remit lines or forfeitures In certain rosea, were Introduced an ', re ferred. A resolution directing the Scetarv of the Treasury to report what amount of money has been re ceived tor sales of cotton was adopted. The Bankrupt hill waa then taken up in Committee of the Whole, general important amendments were prop >aed aud acted ?ipen, and on being taken out of the committee the hid was voted upon, resulting In its defeat, by 2i naya to 20 year Mr. Harris changed bit vote in order to moves reconsideration, and the Senate so ja after adjourned. In the House, General Hbuiidan was received and pre sented to the members, during a recess taken for that purpose, and on the resumption or business, reports from j ?sommittees were railed. A number of memorial hills from the Committee on Military Artiir* were reported and paused. The House then wont into f ommitiee of the Whole, and Mr. Hooper made a speech on the tiaau eial question. The bill appropriating $2,600,000 to carry oat the atlputaltoiis of Indian treaties was repirted. devaral Executive documents ware presuated aud the Reuse adjourned. THE LEGISLATES* /a th? 8enate yesterday a bill for tha mo:e effectual V xvention of cni.'ity to animals was reported upon favor ably. Bllla to oreaie a Department of Charitiesunit Gorrefr vlon la Brook ly a; to incorporate the Nerr York Ya. lit and Jock ay clubs. tad relative to Die com;>en..*<ion of ei.'or*, admlDlatrmlora, Ac., were introduced. Several ot'is of ? loeal, personal or private character wera passed. Mr Low offered a resolution Inquiring Into the lottery, or prtae coaoort lately held for the boueut of the orphans end widows of dtH'ea tod soldiers, hut after a abort din* cusetoo It was withdrawn. The Metropolitan Health bill ?at than coaaidwwd. hot without antendtneat, and tt.e aeoate aooa after adjourned. la IMS iniallf. the Quarantine bill watt referred back to Uas Committee on Commerce and No. lirUiah. An evening saeston *?< held, when several btlW if a locvl or poroeaal oharaster wore e tnalderod. MI6CELT.ANE.JEb The Mtreet Cleaning Comroisoiou D?ot yeat<*r,l?t and directed Judge Wluting to bre;.k up lb? .-now and ca on Ute etdoa of Broadway as required by b.s o.nrraci. Judge Whiting wiu preaent and stated that he would do On at owee, although he did not think he wae ?< quired to do ao by bis oontra<-t. Our Havana correspondence is dated tbs 1st in Mont. Tbo Harriet Lane wae nearly ready for s ?. Tbs r.rix sm' Bank was to bo resumed wndsr another name. H.e smallpox has abated in Matan2.se (Jem ral Viator, ?ov. ?raor of lbs Eastern Department, died on the Mbiti nil. Offlt ml despatches have been receive: at the War !>#? partment stating ibal there Is no troth In the report that fifty men wore killed by Cheyenne lotions recently at Foot Walloon. The Investigation of the difficult re between ihe ?antral and Hod eon Hirer railroads was r .utioued be fii* the House committee at Albany yesterday, wht-n Commodore Vanderbilt waa examined. rue Bute Worklogmen'a Society mot at Alhnoy yea* u-day Tbo address of the President waa received, and nflh rea for ibe ensuing year won elected. Among lbs communications reel red waa oaa from the Buffalo oigAotzattoo urging tbo formation of a wvrk'iigmea s l-srty Resolutions wort Introduced la tha Mains iNgltlalure po-Utrday demanding impartial suffrage Ihroughoul the "sum, the hanging of Jed Davis ow eouvnWlon. and the abolition ol inn prsteodea rlril governments la tbo lately rebellious States, They were referred lo the Com* ?BMW on Federal Relations. Edward Waylaod, the clerk who, It h alleged, ab ftxNded fr <m Jersey City some lima ago with fill,Odd Imlooffing to the Erie Railroad, was arrested In Rich* runad, Va., last night fMloaol f.yooh, tbo Fenian {irlmr, is a Dramas ia tbo fouadry at the Kingston I'eniieu'lary, aud Rav. Mr. MeMahoa does duty as puddler AH ,h'. pr1i0it rs bod tboir hair or ipped j>enHerniary fhshlsg About noon yesterday an adroit thlet rubbed Leonard W. Jerome's office. No. 41 Kssknag* pfe*. of baited b to too bondo to tbo amount of fioo.nno ON a vers I .'ami (due lo the perpetrator is furnished A reward of ' gJt.OSO la off nod for tbo recovery the bonds Bit pomes were arraigned before the v .no 11 pob.m weufte yoelaeday moruing for allsgsd vlnlati >ni of the fit mm law. The name of Ctaristophet Uct'onneil, of ! Washington street should havo trees omitted from *r; uag the lot arraigned before Ju#U*e I* .sling on Mon day, as he was not among the number uf offending l-quor taotMA The oommltlss appointed by ih? loiurance companies to -fsvioe meaner** Tor the prereethm ?l llres, reoom ni'.sd that no risks be taken on buildings used for gone, ret sretagn of cotton for less than tit per cent per awsmn, iialoas compotes! Watot'nen in sufficient num. W? be employed by tho storekeeper* day and nlght| thjrato of lasurac u lo be throe per Hti on warokooeoa |*oparty gaasded s*vbH # % In .he Court or Oyor and Terminer J eslerdar JtttfgO Inrrabam dehvored an important charge lo lb. Grand | Jury to refure.ee to ?U? iUoS*Uty of lot.cr.03 ??* the wakings of the new Rwi*ft law. prohibiting thesde or U?i Jiloatiag dr nk?iu l!,e MeUtopfttiUu Foil o district of New Vor? oil '? Sergeant Sulioonmsicei', of tbo Fifteenth precinct uoiieo! U?.l evening mode a deaoooi upon itie alleged geadding bou.uo kept on the socond floor or No. ?d Si rib avenue by .loseph Wallace, end arrested the pro prietor with o gut other partios, who were detuotcJ In ibo act of playing keua. I rnoioai A. Colt, a eohool teacher ef Irvlngton, >. J-. was tried in Newark Pn Monday for manslaughter in whipping e scholar so severely on the 12th ot November le-l that he died on the 2Ut ot the month. The trial was concluded yesterday, the jury hrlagiug in a verdict er guilty of assault and battery. A large steamer Is said to be ashoro on Briganttne sboe'.a, off the New Jorse* coasL The Ice commenced breaking up in Ibe Potomac river shore Washington yestoruay morulng, aud Long Bridge and tho newly constructed railroad bridge were partially swept away, do vera! livee are supposed to have been | lost. The wharvoi in Georgetown were overflowed, and much damage done. The steamboats were in consider able danger, and tho city canal was overflowed. Hell road communication with the South was suspended. The mock market was heavy yesterday. Gold was etroDg In the morning, and advanced tel39^, hut sub iOOUMilly declined, to 137. Tue raerchendUe raarkols, almost without exception, worn Armor ytwtcrdav, aud In many oases there was oon aid-raWe exciiemoat, while prices demanded were al most invariably higher. Cotton and coffee,?uled stead y. On 'Change flour was inoro active, aad 5c. ft 15c. por b >. h gber. Wheat wai quiet, but firmer. Corn olosed Arm, with a fair inq t ry. Pork wai more activa aad ilrm r. Beef and lard ruled steady and Arm. Freights woro genera ly ilrm. Wiuskoy was q ilok N.vval store* wore generally rtrmer, with a moderate demand. Petroleum was dull, but Orinar. ytr. Johnson nn.l 111- Proponed Con.pro.nlne A Tub lo I Hp Whale. S'.df by eidu with the constitutional nmen'l m nt adopted by Congress and already ratiflad l,y seventeen of the loyal States, requiring only throe more to fix it, wo give tho amend ment agtecd upon es a compromise between President Johnson and certain leading politi cians of tho rebel States. Here they are trr s.v,r ssrss ssefsff-ra: Lnhteet to the jurisdiction will to renounce Its plico !!Si? ciUMUS of the in or to withdraw rrom tno United Stuns and of the I'nlou, nor bus the federal Ktuie whuiv" they reside, government right to No State shall iiialto or en- eject a State trorn tho mr^nr law wlih-.l, shall Unh-D, or to deprive it of ? H?? thft nrtvilpira or its onnal 8U III age in llie ?mniuiuliles of cillktus of Sena*, or of ropmontu tho United Stairs; nor turn in the iHouse shall any >tato deprive any resents.Ivoa Tho union. iHweon of liio, libcriv or under tbo constitution, i rorertv without duo pro- shall bo perpetual. IM'uPttffi .r^.*wp3u??, i" 0,.?l " [??>?? ?J, i Representatives Uie, but neither tho Unliod ahull bo appointed amoug stales nor aov State shah tl o several Stat ?? according awume or pay aoy , 11,Mr ra-itiecl'VO nuni- ublifffttiod incurred to ml i tnS i U.. whole of iCunectina or rebellion number of nefsous In each agsinU tbo goverr.moi. or State, excliniiug Indians authority of the UnlUd antf thya(1 itiii when tho btRlcs. SHs xstss ifes for President and Vice Steles, aud subject to the President of the Culled jurhd ction thorcof, ere I q.U|i?S| HAnrCBODUlUVOH iu CitiZOQO Of tho UHited I Con wow the exeenUveand Stales and of the Slates in I judicial officers of a Stole which tney reside; and the .. .I,* ntoitibori of tho cltizooft of oncl> sHuto spAjl 1.. mUture tliereof U de- be entitled to all the prlvt habitants of such State. be- f uttua in the ??*or^ tua twenty one years of age .State. No a^te shall oo "?| "maJng of n,o Lulled prlvo any person of life, Sii'tee. or In any way liberty or property without abf.dgV except lor portici- duo process oMaw, nor nation iu rebellion or oilier deny to any person wit!Inn m,,," tha basis or roprc. Its jurladi.-tion the cqual Kiaiati m therein aliall bo prv.ectioo of Hie' reduced In the proi ortlon Site. 4. PrfprcaentaUvei vTuicutbe do tuber cf euch shall be apportioned among male cIUrens shall bear to the acverul SUtcs acconl tho whole numbui of main jng 10Vholo etnzons twouty-ono years bets, counting tlie whole of ago in such State. ^ number of persons a each s?Ir 3. No person shall State, excluding Indians K. ^?,,?aP,r or Kcpreser- not tivad But when auy ^ n n . State shall, on account of ? tf m. de^l and V,co rm.eor color or previous President, or hold any of- comlitioi. of servitude 3?ivil r>r mititArr. UD- dfluy III? 0WI^iW ?* &,/ lite I'uiiod States, or elggijt e rratioMv^ ??1F wL; Bar. it iff hritvibiislv lAkon fto clMtoM for rroMtwju uu oath as a inembe?n? Con- V.ce Pros.denl or the officer ef thft United States. Hcrr^enla. t'niiod -tales, or aa a mom- ttves In Congress, members W any k^begUU- ef the Legislature end ?ure, or as er. exeouUve of other oltlcere by Judiuml ottloer o? any State, the tu Miwuort the eonstttution malo Inhao.tants of sucn of ^ho United Btatoe, abaU Stu^ Mn* ..TrtLens have eugaaed in Itutirrec- yeart of age i nn at rfliiellitHi uaivt of tho Sutoa, tneo Uie same or give* atd ?r the entire claw of persons comfort u> the enemies ee ???!"<!??? Van' thmrm/.f Rut C'OMfOfB OlAfe Of the OlOCllVO n?H 'of t^tTd? Jf eUbwalmH eacti House, remove suoh in the basis of represent disability liou. Mac. 4. The validity of the pnbdc debt of tbe l ulled States, eutunrtsed by lt?, ifieludiDg debts in cuned for pa>nu-utof pen sions and boiiotius, fot eer vte.ee lu suppressing innur r-clton and rebellion, shall ?<H be questioned Hot neither the Fn led "taies nor aoy State ah all iwum or pay any debt or otdtca tteu incur,-*! in aid of in. ?urrei ttou or rebellion against tl?? t ailed Mines, or any clnlnt for tbe loss or otuan-ipation of any slave; out all such debt, obit** ttoits or eisims abail bebeid llietntl and void. Mm t II. The Congress shall have power to ouron e, appropriate lo*U!ati.i, the provision* of title article. At the first glunce the reader will be struck with tbe wonderful general resemblance be tween these two plans, and he will be apt to inquire, why should there be any further dif ficulty between the President and Congress, when the compromise proposed by Mr. John son Ls substantially tbe plan of Congress T A little examination, however, will show that the difference between tbe two plans is jiut tbe difference between the genuine Brazilian and tbe bogus California diamond. Let as see. Mr. Johnson proposes, Urst, to declare In the constitution that no Slate has n right to secede, which is superfluous; that the general govern ment has no right to eject a State, which is claptrap, or to deprive any State of its equal suffrage in the Senate without its consent, which is already in the constitution; or of re preecntatiou in tbe House, wblcb is already sufficiently secured. What, then, la tbe mean log of this proposition T It is only a reaffirma tion of Mr. Johnson's theory that, after what he b?s done without authority from and in defiance of Congress, in reconstructing the rebel S tates, Congress has no right to deny them admission info either Honse. It is tbe sophistry of Mr. Johnson's stump speeches, boiled down, in defence of hi? rejected policy. His second proposition in reference to t ie national debt, and all rebel debts, is substan tially the ponding amendment; an d bis third, in reference to citizenship and the equality of rights before tbe law of citizens of all colors, is also, in snbstance, the Congressional decla ration, and It involve* on bis part a conversion to (be Civil Rights bill, which be vetoed and which he is cbar/ed as neglecting to see " faithfully executed." Next, in regard to the ballot box, the President proposes what any be called impartial suffesgo, with the conditio! that "when any State shall, on aeeonnt of race or coior or previous con dition of servitude," deny tbe eleeHol' franchise, do., then the entire class m pemong eo exoluded shall not be panted In the basis of reprdaontattas. TLu scorns to bo P'rfecdy fair; but what s*yi tho amandin mt of Coirm hi ? That whan any Staia "mail in any wry ubndge" the suffrage, " exj-pt for participation in rebellion or other dime," tin bad* of represen ation therein shall be reduced accordingly. According to the President's plan rebels are not to be excluded; and a reading and writing and property qualiflnation, upon all classes alike, may be imposed by the Stales?a qualification which ho Las recom mended to the South. Now let lis take the State of South Carolina and see how each of these plans would operate therein, taking its population at three bund-ed thousand whites and four hundred thousand blacks. Under the conditions of Cougress rebels may be excluded from tho polls ; but, adopting one hundred thousand people as the ratio for a member of Congress, if the blacks are wholly excluded, South Carolina will lose lour of the sev n members of the House to which she will, by universal suffrage, be en titled. She will loso, too, in proportion to the effects of any restriction whatever upon blacks or whites, so that a property or reading and writing qualidcation will involve the same losses in Congress as exclusion on account of color. . By the proper'y and reading and writ ing qualification, on the other hand, which Mr. Johnson proposes to grant, the whole black popul ition (excepting the few taught to re.id and write by the Frecdroen'a Bureau) and most ot the poor whites would be excluded from the suffrage, so that South Carolina would be more a close corporation under her old rebel oligarchy than ever before. And so of all the other rebel States, more or less. To make this thing sura Mr. Johnson pro poses no equivalent or substitute for the third section of the amendment of Congress, exclud ing certain classes of rebels from office, Stalo or federal, until absolved by a two-thirds vote ot e ich House of Congress. On the contrary, be proposes to give the rebels full swing, as if nothing had happened. He does no4 yet seem to comprehend the fact that the very strongest section of the Congressional amendment in the North is that which proposos to make the mas ter spirits of the rebellion toko back seals in our political affairs until they can be solely absolved by Congress. Not long since Horace Greeley, in bis benevolent desire to conciliaie the South, issued, at a venture, bis mani festo in iavor of a general amnesty. The day before he did this he was good for the United States Senate; the day alter he was as dead as Raymond or Thurlow Woed. The idea that the North shall l*n badgered again in Con gress by such Southern rebel leaders as Jeff Davis, Benjamin, Mason, Slidell, Wig fall and company, is just as odious in the loyal States us was the Chicago-Validudigbaui platform of peace at any price. Mr. Johnson's substitute for the pending constitutional amendment, in short, is ? dead failure. What, then, can the Executive do to savo himself t His only way of safety is to abandon all this useless hedging and ditching, finessing and quibbliug, and squarely recognize the authority of Congress, and frankly adopt the pending amendment, togcthor with the idea that the States which forfeited their rights in the late rebellion are subject to the terms of Congress in the matter of th-ir restoration. The great issue of his impeachment does not depend upon the merits of this plan or that plan. It rests upon bis usurpation of the exclusive powers of Con gress, his hostility to the authority of the Jaw ranking powes and his failures to "gee the laws fai'hfuiljr executed." In a word, it is because h# has stood and persists in standing in the way o? the legislative rights of Congress and the will cf the people, as exproasod upon this pending amendment, that he is to be impeaohod. By falling in with Congress and the amendment he may still be saved; otherwise no hedging or finessing will avail him. He has gone to the end of his rope, and he must fall book or be displaced. The Peat Ofllre Job?Never Heflmae ami the Architects. Mayor Hoffman, who Is trying to sell a piece of property belonging to the city for half a mil lion dollars when it is worth six million, has opened a correspondence with some New York architects in relation to the plans for a Post Office building. These gentlemen recommend him to pay the fall compensation to the suc cessful architect, which would be twenty-five thousand dollars for the first five hundred tuousand dollars expended on the building, and three per cent additional on all the cost over that sum. They further counsel him to Invite seta of sketches (rom a certain number of architects, to be selected by himself, nnd lo pay two thousand dollars for car h set; and they deem it advisable, in addition, that he should offer premiums of five, three and ono thousand dollars for the three h?at plans outside of the one accepted. They think some thirty thonsand dollars "judiciously expended" among them selves in premiums the best means of securing good designs. As all the money Mayor Hoff man and his friends propose to spend in such a free and gentlemanly manner belongs to the people and must come out of their pockets, we would suggest that before incurring any expense the general governmcut bad better find out whether they can get any good title to the proposed Post Office site. An injunc tion against the attempt to sell the real estate of the city at one sixth of its value abould be applied for at once, before the public money is squandered on any of the jobs that hinge upon the trans action. Will the Corporation Counsel, with his usual regard for the public interests, look after this matter T Tn Bankrupt Dili. Dkeeatko ix ran Uwrrxn 1 States {Senate?The General Bankrupt bill, wbicb passed the House of Representative* laat session, was rejected yesterday by th? Senato, h7 a vote of twenty to twenty-two, on the quedlon of ita final passage. This unexpected result a 111 occasion very general disappoint ment nnd regret. A bankrupt law for all the States is demanded for the protection of debtor and creditor alike, and no measure would more materially conduce to restore commercial confidence or inure efficiently aid in a gradual and healthful return to specio payments. The House bill w.is carefully guarded and fair in Its provisions. There is now bnt little prospect of passing any bill this session; bnt If the Senate does not reconsider its vote, m It is to be hoped

it wtll, the House should make a few amend ment* to the hill they have already se maturely Considered, act upon It speedily nnd ngaln send |t to (be Benate. Let them persevere In the good work and loave to the Senate the full re sponsibility of the defeat of the meaeur* Queen Victoria's *t|?eoeb?I.ord Drrbj'o Po?J<"> ?" Foreign and lla'ine. Tho British Parliament reassembled In Lot don yesterday. Queen Victoria opened tbevj adjourned session with a speech from the | throne, wh'eh we have reported by the Allan- I tic cable and publish to-day. Taken as an indication of the future policy of her Majesty's advisers, or read either as an expression oP their aceeptanco of the great changes wideb have been accom plished by war on the continent, or ? declaration of their present attitude towards foreign Powers, the royal message, penned by Lord Derby, is as non-committal as a premier could readily make it or a popular sovereign wish to speak it Queen Victoria sets out with the pleasing assurance that her relations with foreign Powers u aro on a friendly and satisfactory footing," and immediately disposes of conti nental questions with the hope that the " war in which Prussia. Austria and Italy have been engaged may lead to the establish ment of a durable peace in Europe." The literal interpretation of this sentence appears to us to be that England is pleased at the aggrandisement of Prussia?even although tbe royal Guelphs of Hanover, with their crown, are extinguished?pleased that France guine 1 nothing by tbo war in Germany, and that the Venetian people have asserted their franchises and independence from Austria. The paragraphs of the speech which most concern iho American people are those which reluto to tho Alabama claims and other " questions pending" between England, thi? United Stat"s and the confederation of the Brili?b North American provinces. With regard to the American claims, tbe Queen says she has "suggested to the government of tho United States a mode by which the questions pending between the two countries arising out ot the civil war may receive an uinicablo solution," stating that if this "suggestion" be matin a sp'rit similar to that in which it has been tendered it will " remove all grounds of possible misunder standing and promote relations of cordial friendship." This royal suggestion is no doubt embraced in the proposal for an inter national commission oi jurists, mentioned some timo ago, empowered to examine the accounts and strike a balance?a plan which was at the time regarded as scarcely up to the prompt payment ideas entertained by the people of the United States towards Great Britain. A bill will be submitted to Parliament for the confederation of the provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, wider such conditions of union aa will "give strength to the sovereign provinces as members of the same cmpjfo and animated by feelings of loyally to tho same sovereign," results which, if.obtained, will be of groat sorvioe to her Majesty's subjects over the border, and conse quently pleasing to our citizens. Looking at home, the attention of Parlia ment is directed to tbe subjects of reform, the organization of the trades' unions, tbe Fenians, land tenure in Ireland, an Increase of tbe army and navy and the publio health. Tbe members of tbo House of Commons are ear nestly requested to consider tbe subject of re form, with a view to the extension of the fran chise; but tt is not particularly clear whether tho subject will corns before them as an "open question" or in the form of a Cabinet Measure. Tbe Fenian movement is treated as baring progressed to a certain extent by the " per severing efforts" of " unscrupulous" agitators and " conspirators but the danger is now passed and tbe habeas corpus maybe roatored. Ireland is to have a land tenure adjustment bill, with compensation for tbe tenants' im provements, a measure wbieb, in oar opinion, will extinguish the conspiracy and prevent the organization ef others of a like nature. The plan of trades' unions confederation in England is to be inquired Into by a royal com mission, the character of which, as outlined by tbe Queen, will be slightly inquisitorial, and thn proposition for which may go far to neu tralize the effect of tbe Derby reform plan in the eyes of the workingmen and laboring classes, und create a new dsnger by an oficiul attempt to temporize with tho people. Kugltnd will not act alone in the East. In conjunction with France and Russia she is now negotiating with tho view of satisfying the Christians and maintaining the integrity of tbe Sultan's government at one aud tbe same moment. Queen Victoria failed, in conjunction with Napuleeti, to reconcile Spain and tbe republics of Chile nod Peru. Tlicse countiies aro still at war, and the efforts of any friendly Power? an invitation perhaps to the United States?in mediation, if more anecessfbl, will be very agreeable to the allied sovereigns. The English army and navy are to be In creased, tbo poor are condoled with in their sufferings from cholera and atom*, the factory system is to be overhauled und reformed, and tbe care of tbe rights of the millions of her sub jects is solemnly committed by the Queen to tbe wUlom and discretion of the assembled representatives of the nation. The ('?rrenev--Kea?l?itM of the !!???? Am lit dm Castraetl**. Our national legislators arc evidently making great progress In correct views of the currency question. The rote in the House of Represent atives last Monday on Mr. Qrinnrll's resolu tion, "That the public interest demands that there shall not be during tbe current year any reduction of outstanding United States notes, commonly known ss greenbacks, and that tbe Committee of Ways and Means are instructed to report such a bill as miy be necessary to effect this object," was a very significant one. In a Honse of one hundred and flfty-fonr tbe vote stood eighty-seven for the resolution and sixty-seven against it There was no mixing the question up with any other ; the proposi tion was simply and clonrly put as to whether there should bo a contraction of tbe currency or not during tbe present year. Legal tenders were only muned ; but. every one knows there was no intention of contracting any other kind of currency. Those even who advocate the withdrawal of national bank notes from circu lation do not propose to reduce the whole volume of currenoy, bat to substitute lsgnl tenders in tbeir place. Tbun we see, then, that npon the simple and naked proposition In n pretty full House there was a clear majority of twenty against contraction. Several motions made afterwards to weaken the effect of tbe first decldve vote were voted down, all sboyr* i tng that the Ilpuse tan arrived nt the sane | views we have repeatedly urged relative to | $he currency. It is to be hoped that the Senate I will not as decisively, and thus give stability ^ to the business operations of the country. The ? s'op-should be to repeal or modify the Nutl<Oal Bank act, so as to give ns in place of national bank note9? wbich make 0Qr clrcala tion a mixO out'? a UQiform lender cur rencr. This a.'one ^ould be the legal money of the countrv at present If Mr. Grinnell, Mr. Randall and other members of ,ar8e vle,TS on these questions will w\,rk in eaiW ,or the needed reform we think* Di3y a ma" jority witk them, notwiths.tanking 'he powerful opposition of th9 national banW"*? bondholders and money traders. The French ltrformn NnpalcoD' Decree. We publish to-day the full text ot the EmpO ror Napoleon's letter signifying the constitu tional reforms or " modifications " which he haa determined to extend to the French people, and of the decree substituting the right of questioning the government for the address fat reply to the speech from the throue. The suppression of the address is, in substance, tho gagging of tho opposition in tho Obumbers. Since 18G0 the address has afforded the oppo ucnts of the government an opportunity to uHsail the policy of the Emperor, of which they J have not been slow to avail themselves. The time consumed in debate before .the address was voted har, extended lroin one month to wilbin a tew duys of three months, during which time ihe nets of tho government have been minutely scrutinized nnd severely reviewed. The Em peror depiccatea this as a '-loss ot time pre cious for the affairs of the country ;" but it is probable that he has just now special reasons for desiring the suppression ol exciting debate. Tito democratic members have enjoyed in the long recess a favorable opportunity to prepare assuilts upon the Mexican and German policy ol the government, t.nd it might well bo feared that the mosses, already discontented and wounded in their vanity on these points, were liable to bo dangerously worked upon by such tirades. The French are a peculiar people. Rub off the gilding from their idol of the hour, and they are ready iu a momant to cast it aside or shiver it into atoms. In suppressing tho debate on the address tho Emperor offers certain supposed equivalents to the people. One of these is tho right of put ting questions to the government through the .Ministers, who are to be present in the Cham beis. The unsubstantial character of this priv ilege is fully set forth by the London Times, whose comments wo also publish to-day. Another is the right of assembly; but th's Is to be restrained " within the limits which public safety demands," by legislation in a body three-fourths of whom are the ardent supporters of the government. But the new concession, regarded as the most important, is that by which the press is guaranteed against arhitrary warning, suppression and arrest, and allowed a sort of trial or hearing when charged with offences against the government. We are inclined to regard this apparently valuable reform as having for less substantial value than appears to be assigned to it by the French and English journals. Tho "trial" is to be before the "Correctional Police," and no journal Is to be suppressed or suspended without the approbation of the Council of State. This will be about eqnlvs- j lent to tho substitution of a bearing before Baker and his detectives and a decision from (he Cabinet for the more summary system of arbitrary arresls daring oar own rebellion. A jury trial and the judgment ot a court would be a very different sort of reform from that now tendered to the French press. Now that the concessions of the Emperor to the people are better understood than they were when viewed In the light of the meagre cable despatches, tbey will scarcely be regarded as very important gains to the cause of " liberty and equality." Bread Riot* In Relet am. A cable telegram ef Monday evening from London corrected the previous tele-gram from Paris, which reported that a bread riot bad oc curred at Marchlennes, in the Northern part of France, and that several of the rioters hod been shot and killed by the troops called opon to quell the disturbance. The riot actually took place at Marohiennoa-?n-Poat,a village of the province of Haiaault, on the road to Brue svls. A subsequent telegram states that "the labor riots in Belgium are spread lug." Whether originated by laborers on the Northern Rail way or by factory operatives, these riots in Belgium must be added to the signs which of late have been ominously multiplied through out Europe in proof of the serious pressure of famine. Among these signs are the call in the London Jhne* for a general relief com mittee, in view of the dearth of food and the distress prevailing in Great Britain, particu larly in the manufacturing districts ; the bread riots m London, Liverpool and Madrid: the failure of crops in Germany and the desti tution following in the wake of the recent Wer; the starvation in Italy?in fine, the wail of hun ger from the North Sea to the Mediterranean. Hunger long ago entered as *a distinct and well known element Into the onltsiilattoas of European statesmen. Bald* on bakers' shops were among the earliest scenes of the revolu tion * of 1789. The banging of an Innocent baker by famished St. Anionic did not cheapen bread, but It read a terribly iuairactiv* lesson to tbe ruling classes. That the present imperial government has pt-otUcd by tbe lesson has been shown by Its solicitude, at any pecuniary sacrifice, to keep down the price of bread in France. The French government, and, imleed, every conti nental government, is almost as deeply inte rested as the Belgian government in the pos sible consequences of " labor riots spreading In Belgium/' It is probablo that these may be quelled without serious difleulty. They may not " fire the Belgian heart," as bnttgor and the music of Anhcr's Masaniello fired it at Brussels in 18.V)- but st the present juncture of affairs and in tbe hungry Irritability of the working classes, not only in Belgium, but throughout Europe, it Is impossible to predict bow exten sive and momentous a revolution might be kindled by oven a riot in a little Belgian vil lage. Belgium is one or the richest, bnsiest and most densely populated conn tries on the Continent But tbe prodigious development or its agricultural, and espeotally its manufac turing wealth, has unfortunately been accom panied, as In the case of England, by an alarming growth of pauperism, wbloh govern meat hfpt made the utmost efforts to check. Should flunlne, however, render HTorta In effectual, banger may yet again profO tfae B7m* bol and the fruit of suspicion, Indignation, .?S?11* tion, disorder, in fine, of revolution. Even V this extreme result should not en^ue, its latent causes exl.i, and these may at least suffice to disable the Western Towers from interfering with Russia, if the Czar should seizo the oppor tunity to carry out his ambitious designs in the East The Eastern question would, per force, yield precedence to the food question. A Movement in the Right Direction.?The resolution of Mr. Bingham in ibe House of Representatives looking to the proclamation of the pending constitutional amendment as park ot the supreme law of the land with its ratifica tion by three-fourths of the States lawfully con stituting the government of the United Slates, the States represented in Congress. Twenty is the wholo number necessary; seventeen lnive ratified. We want three more, and Penn sylvania, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, California, Iowa and Michigan are still to come'. Among them thef should proceed at onco to mako op the required twenly; for then the work of re construction will substantially be done. CITY INTELLIGENCE. Apcitickal Wsbki.t Fobsion Mail.?The Post Office Department bae made arrangements by which mails will .be forwarded from this country to Europe and from Eu rope lo the Uni'cd Stales on one additional day of each week, on and after Thursday, the 21st of March next, wh-n a vefg-l of the Bremen line will leave Now York with the extra mail, and on and after the 2d of April (Tuesday), when the new arrangement goes into effect, tr in Fouthaiuptoii, England. After the dates above mentioned Thursday will be the regular sailing day of the Bremen steamship line from Now Yoik, and on Tues days tiie vessels will touch at Houtliampton on their r* turn. 11 h change will Increase the number of European mails to three over., weok. Sai-k op thb Itav. Dh. Chkbvrr's Crumca The Rev. Dr. Chccvor'a congregation are desirous of Belling their church edifice at ihe corner of Fifteenth street and Union square, aud occupying a less valuable site farther up town. They estimate that If they can dispose of it at a fair vulualiou I hoy will be able to erect a building euliiflohlly commodious aud have n balance in hand for oilier purposes. The lot upon which their present build* ing stands la part of the "Kp'ngler est*to" and. It is understood, cannot bo alienated. They hold a lease which will expire In April next, but the terms of which give theui the privilege of two renewals of twenty-one years each, at an Increased rent of five per coot upon Ps valuation at tho tune or renewal. The present ground rent 1s (1 601 per year. It is Ibis lease, together with their building, which the trustees propose to sell. Thc.v are anxious to di -pnre of the property, and have offered it for sale ai $110,000 If, however, they cannot satisfactorily con summate this project, they propose to remodel the In terior of the church aud so arrange the building thai a row of stores can ho constri.ctcd in the basement, Ihw rental of which will add considerably to the revenue of tho congregation. Tar. Farmers' Cum.?The regular weekly meeting at the Farmors' Club was held yesterday afternoon at tho Cooper Institute, ex-Aldorman Nathaa C. Ely in the chair. Several interesting communications from cor respondents upon {arming topics were read, after which Mr. Cavanagh presented to the club a valuable paper on "Rare Vegetables, thoir culture and the best modes af cooking them." Mkbtiko or Liquor Dbai.sttst ?The regular monthly meeting of the "New York Liquor Dealers'Society** was held at the Metropolitan rooms, No. 100 Heater street, last night, had was attended by many of these engaged in the vale of ardent spirits In this city. Offlcem were elected teacrve for the ensuing year, and othor hash nose of importance wm transacted. This association tR making mom strenuous oxertlons to secure such a MU> firs lion of the statutes now in force In regard to' tho vending of 1'quora as will permit their ?ah> during cer tain hours on Sunday and authorize a graduated sola in the prioa of licenses, varying in accordance with tho size of the bouse licensed. A bill looking in this Emo tion is vety soon lo be introduced at Albauy. Whicat raon California.?The ship Haze arrived 06 this port yesterday with a cargo of 24,70S bushots of wheat, valued at 288,6*0 to gold, from San Finuulaaay California. Nnw York Historical SocstTT. ?A meeting of thin association was held last evening In their hall, corner of Second avenue and Eleventh street A paper was read by Mr. Lawrence, treating of the early history of the Puritan colony, nod referring to the life aud character af Mm Ann Hutchinson, who was so closely IdouUfled with the religious persecutions of that time. From the re port of the treasurer there remains in that officer's hands 9284. Fatal Car Casualty. ?Between Eve and six o'clect yesterday afternoon a laborer, Edward Rooney by unmet while at work on the track of tho Croestown Hall road, rnnnlug through West Thirty-fourth street (Tom Broadway to Tenia avenuo, was knocked down by the boreas of a oar. The wheels of Uie vehicle paused over the body of the unfortunate man, who won In stantly killed The remains of the deceased perssn were removed to Bellevue Hospital, and the driver and conductor of the ear wero token into custody by Ito Twenty-ninth precinct police. AMU8EMCNTS. Tketln feunwfa. "* ' Tht programme teat evening mu particularly atlrae tiv? to tbene playgoer* who prater the Joyous rioikrUI* to the mora nlButlil entertainment afforued by too not play*. A two act oomedy, Ct gwe femme Vmt, whereof the etory ie UluatraUre of the powor of a woman'e wM' to orerooae ail obeteelee, wu played with exosllMi elTeet by MM. Choi and Bdrard and timer. Rota Saunter, Deligae and Dai re The second piece, Jointi el Nan Mi, an episode of country life, was on noted by M. Julgoeb aad Mm Roea Bnmnier. The inefficiency of the orchoaliw wee the only feature of the performance railing for oew eura, the aeu.ate beta* able representatives at too Fraaoh school, as to the merits of whom dinciptw there eau bw but one opinion, New Vwrk Theatre. The Bird of Paradise continues to lit across the i of this raablQOabte theatre, defying night alter night all Mtaa Sallie Hinckley'a power to cap hire it, Mr. Gomer aal still sips tho magic elixir of speech, and receives tm conseqneooe the power to make bimsell heard as well m seen. Mark Smith silrs his mystic bowl, and dellvera the msgi'-al slaps. Lewie itrkrr ffodeand loses his mas ter with the seme eaee and rrnjuw y so ou the flat night the piece wen pioduood. The guiise-dad ballet perform tho wtrai graceful evolutions, nod Mile, d* Vera receive# the fame Inevitable bouquet. In fact the Bird of Para dise is In fnll run, and In a? great favor with tho public as was falny to be ea iwr.lt I, I rum The full U on sea-which war. present at lie oxrher repterentailan*. ffMnnl. The second night of Mr. Ornver'i German fipera sea son. at the Olympic theatre, was very mccesernl. We have seldom seen the opera of Fsuet hotter performed than last evening, and the Immense audtenoe pies ma showed their appreciation of It by repeated applanea Hermann Is undoubtedly the heat Mephtotopbeles we have oe the Aasericna stage, and Mesdamm Frcdestat and Ben ha JFobanneeo and Messrs. Hlijimer and Formes are also very good. It would he unjust iw aspect te And phenomenal voices in this troupe, but then are ne pour materials, however, hi Ik Rvery. thing run* smoothly, the arUnt* all entm .uio the apirts of their roles with earns?n*?* and *'ov and the chnnuw* are given In supeth style. The orohestra, under Adolpk Neuendorf, Is Alio good If as except nu.ociraaional vagary of the oboe or the boras. On the whole the present companv ?t Hie Otrmptn In the best we have had for years p??t In Norman opera, >por( of tf and deserves the hearty mippori of the public Maes Johannsen made a vsry exoelleni .-debet last evening aad a<ldo<l muoh to the saorese of the opera. THE CARNIYAL JEAS01 Wesqwrr ndw wf the New Vert Mlsa Am derate. This popular German society gate a masquerade bait iwt night at the Uermania Aaeemhly rooms, which wan very well attended. The hall did uet commence until % late hoe I, nod lbs dancing before suppsr cuased at uew o'clock. The President of the eouiaty, Mr. Haohehw, and bis committee, Msaais. Schmidt, Preus* Mllitor and Debnhoff, wore present In rich nostnuie. There ?a* the nsuul variety of costumes. Oonnomptlr* looking FalstsflM, gloomy pferroft, faoetioos Queens of the Nig ht and fkt. contented Marguerites, indulging in isnro pranks than ever did i.ounnd'e peasant girl, sven *h?n she discovered Fanst'e gift, promenaded, wall/ed end made ibemeelvos generally prominent. A tail Individ uai, whose hat wm conr.iderably higher this hie head - aay three Net?towered over the crowd, ami. arm in arm With en antiquated shepherdess elbowed his way through the glittering throng rr? Ibavolo, very in nocuous and unwarllke, had a M?rv stoma, such as Rlstorl nerer dreamed of. under his protecting wti.g. The inevitable wnlu was the principal dancing attraction, and set tho gay asiembtag* (plniueg around like so many fancy tope. The fait jsir iton of the bail wet of to? mod. eubshtauat rharacler, and nremoi to be entirely tree from fnigura | si fkr at dancing was ooiioernsd The bill was decorate# V with the most grotesque derbies, end. to use a modern expression, "carnival ietic" arrangernee'.s were tq hi j seen with on every side, A procession, headed hy bend of music of the most aboriginal chariwUr, and livened r ?I ew- ? > In by a chorus in which ibr tenors mw-n.ed to be Is of an apopnbtle stroke snd (hs banana irm tu emulate Nil grown gorillas, lock place after mldnHtbl However, the ball wm very ftinny and #nlovab,A and I "the utmost eqttuAiaem pfflvnlted. >