JNEW YORK. HERALD. J A OIKS OOKIKIN UlN.'iBTT, IDITOR AND PROPPIFTIR. CFFIC* K. W. CORN KB OF FULTON AND NA*aAU UTS. Volume XXXII No. 30 AMU.SE MKNT.A THH KYKNtNJ. BROADWAY THE VTHK. Br?<lw?T. n-'*r Broome ttlll-el.?Al-AUDIN, THU WO.VDKKfDL Si'kHV?U.10KKKLLA. NKV YORK THEATRE Bm.-i.iwAy. opposite New York Hotel ? I'eour iIree* -Kkmlwoktu. THRATRE FRANOAIS. Fourte?n?!l etree; ne.tr Plith avenue ?L* .Mubtrikk de Theodorm (Woo Killed Cock Robin ?l ______ OLYMPIC THEATRK, Broadway.?Stbkkti or Kxw Yokk. DODWOBTtFE HALL. *>8 Broadway.? Pkotessob Haute win. Peri-orb lit* Miraclks?Tub Head in the Air ? Tuk Iniuar Basket Thick?Proteus. RTKINWAT HALL, Fourteenth street.?Hiss Hakia Bbainehd'a Annual Grand Cohcem. ?AM FRtNCHCO MINSTRELS VM Brvatwav. opnotfts Mr M?t-> i-iliue Hotel?Is traik Kthiopiav Kntertais ? INT* tilNOIKU. DaHCIRO AND B 0 XLESR C BS.? I* UN It LACK Cook KKI.LT A I.RON'S MINSTRELS, 730 Broadway. oppo ?l'i me New York Hotel ?In their Sonija. Dances. Ecc cn tkhttic* HoRbNEoros, Ac.?The Two I'bina Donnas?Cur DEE l.MOS ?Maoaaascak Ballet Tkoltk. FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE. No*. 2 and ? West Twenty fouith street.?ORtrriN t Chhistt's Min?trrls.? FrHioriA* Minetkelst, Ballads, Blblesviubs, Ac.?The Ocean Vaohi Rack. TONV PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, 211 Bowery.?Conic Yn alien. Se iko M instruct Ballet DtrEBTUEMKNT. Ac -The New Yoke Volcntkers. CHARLEY WHITE S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mi- -Intnl.:.*' Hull, 472 BroailwaT ? In a VARtrrr or Light AMI i.A IOHAB1.E ENTERTAINMENT*. CoRTS DK BALLET, AC. l'u.ss is Hoots. CLINTON HALL, Astor place.?Dr. Hkbrasd'e Pkcc I.I Alt LuTURi'A O.N i'ECLLUR TDKBRS. Till-: HPVVAN TABLEAUX, Union Hall, corner ?. T -enty third eO-eet and Broadway. ? Noting Mirijob o? till. Pii.chi* * Proorrss?Sixty Maoniticent Scenes. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. 819 Rroadway. H- 10 AND lllONT ARB or PlIONST?The WASHINGTON Twins?W on orbs in Natural History, ncibnca and Art. Lectures Daily. Open from 8 A.M. till lu i\ 11. HUBBY'S NEW ART ROOMS, S45 Broadway ?Grand ExiiiuitiOn Or 1'AiNriNus.? Rosa Bonheubs Horse Fair. T11TP LE~~SH EET. New Yni-k, Tuestluy. February 10, I NOT, IBS NEWS. Euaopx. By tlie At'antlc cable, under date of yesterday evening, we Intra front London what purports to bean account of th" Fenian -'rising" In Ireland?its origin and failure. Tlio history is rather muddled, but from it wo can g!?au the fact that the government, through the agency of spies, became awaro of the fact thai a nerioas revolutionary crisis was at hand, And took prompt mili tary iiiu.i'uros to crush the movement. It is denied that any property was destroyed at Kitiarney or else where. Two bauds of armed Fenians are vain spoken of. Tlio British war steamer Gladiator, lying oil Yaleatia, leaded a detachment of marines In aid of the police at Ceherciveen. The Fenian leader, Colonel O Oonoor, with hia etaII, are said to have r *ached the Feetaa veteele eO Dingle Bay, and no arrests have been made frees the ranks of the rebels In the held lathe south. Several F-uwaa officers wen arrested la Limerick yes terday ; fresh arrests have beea mads da Dunlin, aad Irotaod is reported tranquil. The K-tig-Conaort of Spain has been exiled from the country Commander J. J. Lorn well. United States Navy, serving on the Miaotonomoh, died suddenly In the port of Tutilon. The ex-rebel pirate steamer Sumter has bona last In the North Sea. A number of the high officer* or Maximilian's government have arrived tn Paris from Mexsm. Consols closed at 91 for money In London. United .States live i went:es closed at 73.14 in London, at 77 In Frankfort, and at 8314 Id Paris. The Liverpool coif on market was quiet, with middling uplands at lid Breed Mutt quiet Provisions unchanged. CONGRESS In tbs senate, yesterday, several bills of a local or private nature were referred to the various oomraittees or otherwise acted upon. The House bill for the elec tion ol a Congressional printer was pa??ed with an amendment. Mr. Harris' Dill in relation to writs of error to the uip-ime Court, and the Military Academy Appro priatuin bill, slightly amended, were passed. The Diplo matio and Consular Appropriation bill was then taken up An Araennment inserting an appropriation to pay Mr Harvey, the Minister to Portugal, was agreed to after ?>n?idaral>la debate, and the bill wan passed. In the evening session the vote on the bill was reconsid ered. and the appropriation for the State Department was red'iowt to $30,000. In the course of debate Mr. Saulebnrr teok occasion to inveigh against Mr. Seward, whom he called the Mephistophilea of the age. The bill was then Again passed as amended. Pending a motion to take up the iKMilsiana bill the Senate adjourned. In the House, under the call of Slatee for bills and resolution* for referent e, bills providing tor the removal of Judge* of the Supreme Court on reasonable grounds, not sufficient for impeachment, and declaring all par d'Hin granted by the Elective to persons not tried and convicted to t>a null and void, were referred a-oordingly. Mr. Noel 1 r<?da ball hour's speech tn faver of bis pro positi ou to extend suffrage to women, when bis resolu tmna were laid on tbe table. Tbe amendments of the Sansie to Mr. Stevena' Reconstruction bill were then taken tin, and Mr. ttteven* moved that t$e House non concur Mr Speldittg immediately moved that the House concur. Meows. Bontwell and Stevens spoke at length In opp-Mition, and Memrs. Blaine, Bingham, Wilson, Ssfiauc'E. Karasworth and Garfield severally spoke to ede?-ery or the amendments. Tbe previous question wat finally seconded, and Mr. Stevens yielded a portion of the ti*as to which he wa* entitled to ciose tbe debate to Megan Hoti-hkiss, Rroomall and others. It was finally agreed th?t the evening session should be de voted to delist*, ana the vote should be taken at eleveo n'clo-k to day. The debate was thereupon continued throughout tbe evening semten, Mr. Bauks among other* nt-salting against the Senate amendment*, and no other buain-Aas of importance was considered THS CITY. The K'-miM of (be city era atlll sanguine of ? pending sue useful movement In Ireland. The discouraging news or yesterday gave bat n slight shock to their erdent eipomttons. end they soon disposed of the dampening inf irmaMon by disbelieving It, and then, anttsfactortly to th?tn?tlree at least, dtsprortng It The excitement end eatiiiiaiaim revived as the news was analysed and diacusiet, and during the day business was lively at the Stephens headquarters enrolling volunteers and receiv ing donations. A few speeches were delivered in the even<ng in front of the headquarters. Twenty-two liquor dealers were arraigned before the omirt* yesterday for alleged violations of the Excise law, eight of whom were held In $100, and six in $*00 bed to answer, while the remainder were committed. Thirty tipplers returning from Jersey were fined ten dollar* ?vli for their day's recreation, or given ten days id lieu thereof to think over It in prison. Th? Brooklyn Board of Aldermen met yesterday after oooo. when resolutions were passed appealing to the ??embers or the Legislature to use their efibrta in pro venting the establishment nf a quarantine station on Coney Island, such a bill, It la said, having been drawn ?p. the Kings county Board of Supervisors met yesterday afisrnom and received the report of the Committee on Lunatic Asylum, which set forth the present number of Inmates of that institution, together with other Interest ing facta A resolution directing the proper committee to make explication to the Legislature to author s* the county to raise $130,000 on bonds, for the purpose or enlarging the asylum, was rejected. M as Anns Dtckinaon delivered a lecture last evening in Harlsin os "ftomethlng to Do," In which she ad vi>rated woman's rignla and woman's claim to them in her usual style and before a fnll audience. Pro^ssor Agassis, at Cooper Inetitote, last evening, de livered lus imirth lecture, underthe auspices of the Asso. clatioo for the Advancement of Science and Art, on "the Aquatic An'tnala of tha A mason. " The lecturer dla played vast acquaintance with his snl$eel, and elucidated many points of fresh sod vnlunb't Import A fall re port of in* itsonures will be found in thin msue of the Th? number of deallis in the city and public institu tions last week was 414 A rasatlng of the Board of Fire Underwriters was held yesterday, when it was agree J to increase the rotas of insurance on buildings. A (notion was made before the Supreme Court. Gene ral Terui, yesterday for the admission of A. J. l.ogers, member Of Congrut* irom Neur Jersey, to practice. An important opiuion was rendered yesterday by the Supremo Court, General Term, in reference to the power of the judges of the Stale courts to interfere In discharg ing eulisied men from the army on writs of habeas corpus, under a plea of minority, declaring that while it is of the opiuion that these courts might have authorised such discharges prior to the passage of the acts of Con gress of 18and 1804, that power no longer remains. The motioo for a new trial iu the case of Jeremiah O'Brien, convicted of the murder ot Kate Smith in June last, has been denied, and the sentence affirmed by the Supreme Court. The habeas corpus case of Captain George Olney has been postponed until Monday next, when Governor Fen ton is expected to he present. The constitutionality of the requisition from Governor Plerpout, of Virginia, to Governor Kenton, of this State, it la expected, will then be decided. In the Supreme Court, Circuit, an action has been brought by Patrick Gilbride agaidsi Michael Hughes to recover $10,000 damages for injuries Indicted by a pistol in the hands of the defendant. Case still on. The case or William H. Gilder, who baa been charged with having drawn pay as an offioer in the United stales Army after bis discharge from the service, which had been ret down for further examination yesterday before Commissioner Beits, did not go on. It was adjourned to Thursday, the 21st inst. The Grand Jury of the General Sessions was empan elled yesterday, and briofly charged by his honor Judge Rusael. Mr. Charles J. Livingston was apypinted fore man. The caso of Charles B. Manuel, who is charged with the murdor of Henry Slosson, which was com menced on Friday last, was resumed. Eleven jurors were obtained before the panel was exhausted, and the (ity Judge dlrectod that thirty jurors be summoned for tins morning, when, no doubt, the other competent juror will be sworn. The stock market was Arm towards the cloee of busi ness yesterday. Gold was dull and sold at 136% a The business in commercial circles yesterday was con fined to the pressing exigencies of dealers, and the general markets wore a dull and heavy look. In the main prices were without material alteration, though the changes that transpired were in nearly all cases favorable to buyers. Sugars the most noticeable exception?was very active at an advance of %o. Coffee was steady, with a fair demand. Naval stores were generally Armor. Petroleum inactive and droopiug. Cotton was about %c. easier and* dull of sale. On 'Change Aour tended downward. Wheat ruled lc a Sc. lower. Corn was heavy. Oats heavy. Pork quiet but steady. Beof Arm and fairly active. Lard heavy. Butter and cheese quiel but steady. The advance noticed In ? beef cattle last week was liurely sustained yesterday, though as a general thing previous prices were realized, the market, bowover, closing dull and heavy. *jome extra commanded 17%c a 18c ; Orel quality sold gonorally at 16%c. a 17c , and fair to good lots 15c. a 16c , while common sold at 11c. a 14c Milch vows were more generally inquired for and prices were more regular, rangmg at from $40 to $115; occasional sales were made at higher prices. Veal calves, in ronsoquenoe of fToor receipts and a falling off in iho demand, have destined to 12%?, a 13c. for extras, and 0c. a 11c. for ordinary aad common. The market for sboep and lambs ruled firmer under a fair demand and a comparatively light euppiy. We quote the see rage prion?5c. a So., the latter far extra. The hag market ruled dull, with S3 oar leads oa aale, which qore die , paaed of however, hut at pruts luffirtilng a dfelim af fully %?. per lb, bant quality having aoM at 7%e. a Be.; fair to good Tfce. a TJfc., end common end cnu0? 7)fl a 7 %c. The total raoeipta were 4,78$ beeves, 68 raMch cows, 637 veal oalvee, 18,461 aheap and lambs and 15,388 swine. MISCELLANEOUS Oar special telegrams from Mataraoroi dated February 19, coDtlrin the story of Mlramon's defeat by Rscobedo. TUe oihctal report of tbe latter bad been received by General Berrlozabol. The battle was probably nothing more than a spirited attack upon Miramon'i rear guard, followed up by a'Obarge and pursuit with cavalry. A number of prisoners and all the Imperial artillery, am munition trains and equipage were captured. A large portion of tbe imperial force was scattered through the country. Mi ram on is reported to have fled so suddenly that be left his private carriage with $39,000 In silver behind him Juarex had returned to Zaoatocas. Castello was reported marching on San I.uts Potosi A naval tight occurred on the 20th of January, off the bar of Ban Francisco, betweon the liberal and imperial squadrons. The former were defeated and lost all their vessels, and the oommandor and twenty-six men were taken prisoners. Advices by way of New Orleans trom Ori zaba to the Uth Inst state that the final and completa evacuation of Mexico city by tbe French took piece on the 0th inst, the whole expeditionary oorps being on the way to Vera Crux. General Marques bad been In trusted with tbe defence of the capital with nn army of ten thousand men. The imperial army is estimated by imperially at ttfly thousand men, well armed. Maxi milian, wearing tbe Mexican uniform, bad reviewed the troops in the city. From 1'rioadad de Cuba wa have advices dated at Port Casiida, February 9. The report saysTrade Is da II and crops are coming in rather aiowly. No freights offered or likely to offer sooa for Kurope or America. Weather One and favorable. Tbe secret mission or tbe steamer Gettysburg, with Frederick Seward and Admiral Porter on board, has lieen unearthed. The intention wm to purchase tbe I,land of ft Domingo for a coaling station. President Ca Oral thoaght tbe plan a good one, but demanded cash down and plenty of It A lane amount of specie had bean brought aboard at Annapolis, bat at Port Royal, Jamaica, tke sailors broke Into the wardroom where it waa stored, abstracted three bags of it, and deserted the ship with their booty. Bat a reward of $100 being offered tor tbe recovery of the money, tbe search for I hem was very brisk, and one of them was caught with a fortune en his p raoa. Ha waa turned over to the First Lieutenant, who, it is mid, oompasslonataly returned the money to him and sent him ashore. Thus the "mis sionaries' had not money enough to purchase St. Do mingo, aid, after recuperating thair health at Nassau, returned Reappointed to Anna polls The cats of Michael Thomas against Thomas F. Bowie, s member of t'ongress from Maryland, to recover the amount if throe promissory notes for $1,000 each, given for an sieged gambling roMkUrattoa in 1857, whioh waa d clared tor the defendant in the Supreme Court of the District ef Columbia, on proof that the payee of the note was a notorious gambler, and that Bowie would gamble oheu be was drunk, and that he was drank at the time, ba< been brought on appeal to the Supreme Court of the I'nlted Ms tea Justice Davis reverses the decision on tbe ground that there is no proof that Bowie gambled on that occasion any more than there would be that a nan being addicted to horse stealing whan drank was drunk at a certain time, and therefore stole a horse. A mas named Carrier, who had given bonds to answer lo a charge of stealing a horse in Kentucky, was taken from hh home In Parkesvltle, in that State, on Sunday night sad hung by a mob The horse was taken from rebels at the battle of I'erryvllle by Carrier, and tbe mob wfich hang him was composed mainly of Qtiaa trail's guerillas. General Geo. H. Thomas was recently requested by tbe Mayor >f Rome. Ga., to release several young tneo who had be?n imprisoned by General Tillson for displaying the Confederate flag In a private theatrical exhibition in lhatotty. General Thomas roads the Mayor and all the Individuals engaged a severe and wholesome lesson, and orlern their relnnsn. The ship Addison, from Konnebonkport, is reported loot, with all on board, oxoept the oaptaio, mate, a pas wnger and four seaman. The oaptain's wire and child are among the number lost A portion Of the town of Toledo, Ohio, was submerged by a freshet In tbe Mourn* river yesterday, caused by on ice gorge. The Cborry street bridge, a quarter of a mile in length, was partly carried away, sod the steamer Belle sue sunk. Governor Aiken, of South Carolina, says the South will be territorlaiixed In less than two weeks He has Just returned borne from Washington. Our St I/mis correspondent gives a detailed account of tbe recent convention for the improvement <>f the Mississippi river held at that place. An attempt at triple murder was last night made In the Twentieth ward, a German shoemaker named William -nnbel, who had for some time been on benMIn terras with Jacob and Kiixabeth Henry and their sen, sH of whom dwelt In the same tenement hoa?e with hlm eolf, committed a doadly aasault upon the throe. Jfro during a large knife, Soobel atabbed Jacob Henry ta the hoart, and then turning upon Elizabeth and her eon Inflicted upon them very eerero wound* Jacob died instantly, lug wife, it is feared, will not survive. The murderer uraa at once taken into custody by Ute Twen tieth l'recinct police. Noitkern Becouetrurttnn aad Rmtaratlea-A ' I>rriaive Neltlemat. '?Land, ho 1" waking up from an ugly dream, "land, ho!" shouts Greeley. "Agleam of day light !" in a feeble voice responds Raymond, over the new Senate bill for the reconstruction and restoration of the rebel States; and when such doubting Thomases are satisfied we must be near the Island of Sao Salvador. In truth, this Senate bill gives us a simple, complete, comprehensive and decisive settlement of this whole Southern difficulty, starting with the collapse of Jeff Davis at Appomattox Court House, and covering the whole groond to the readmission of the regenerated rebel States Into hill communion in Congress. In the first place all the Southern legislative experiments of President Johnson, from the beginning, are swept aside, experiments which, as experience has proved, have been the only obstructions in the way. In the next plaoe Congress, assuming its full authority, proposes the temporary re-establishment of martial law over the ten outside rebel States, thus placing them back at the point of the President's un authorised departure. Next, on a basis of universal male suffrage, "excepting such persons, guilty of rebellion or other crimes, as may be disfranchised," the bill provides for the reorganization of said States; and next, on the basis of the great constitutional amendment, when it shall have been proclaimed part of the supreme law of the land, those States are to be restored to Congress. "Death and destruction," cry the intractable copperheads ; life and salvation to the South, say we, are embodied in this measure. "Negro domination," exclaims Sena tor Saulsbury. But why should he be alarmed, when, by his own testimony, "the negro never has been the superior of the white man, and God Almighty and the valor of our race will prevent him (the Lord be praised) from ever becoming his superior." "You propose to organize bell in the State of Louisiana," says Mr. Doolittle; but, Mr. Doolittle, this bill really proposes to do much the other way. "This is war," be again exclaims; but, Mr. Doolittle, you are again mistaken; for it ts peace. Remembering that Southern slavery and all iU political safeguards (a mighty mass of broken rubbish) have been consumed in the fires of war. the bill takes the Southern blacks out of the field of Northern politics and places them under the care and control of the Soethera whites. It ends the mgto sgtUiion tn bringing the Mps to the political etatos whioh he nraSt nttimately be gnat**? MMI la barmoniang the ieteresla ef.l* raeee Bowtlk MwMltodng them into snappy ?coord. Otherwise, In the... e?ort to rebuild - apon the laws and prejudices offMavery, oN caste and color, the two races, though relieved of slavery, must drift to the bloody scenes ot St Domingo from the same incitements of political inequality. If the Southern dominant white race, therefore, will only recognise their present situation and act upon these ideas with a will, they may, under this ultimatum of Con gress, still be restored in season to wield the Southern balance of power with the aid of tbeir blaoks in the approaching Presidential election. The choice will rest with them to como in or remain outside till thoy have learned tbeir lesson. The alternative presented to Mr. Johnson is equally clear. Ho must cut loose from the malign influences that have led him astray or walk the plank. His Mephistophelee has been Mr. Seward, who, with his "good man Friday," Thurlow Weed, has been working his wires mainly to control the New York Custom House and the other federal spoils and plun der here without much concern for Mr. Johnson. When Mr. Seward, on that deplorable Chicago pilgrimage, pro claimed his adhesion to Mr. Johnson, as President or King, a sharp eye would have seen tho danger of such blarney and turned the unscrupulous sycophant adrift But Mr. Johnson may atlll repair all his damages in yielding gracefully to Congross. A veto of this bill, or anything like bad faith in ezecnt I Ing it, when it shall have been proclaimed a I law, will bring him before the Senate m a high I court of Impeachment, where, for certain I "high crimes and misdemeanors,' he will be tried, convicted, condemned and removed, and Chief Justice Chase, as presiding judge, will prononnce his sentence. The case, with the South and with Mr. John son, is foreclosed and'admits of no ftirther ap peal. His appeal to the people last fall, though he would not believe their verdict, has settled the question. He ought then to have acted upon the tailor's sound maxim that "s stitch in time saves nine." But still he may save himself and his administration in doing the work cut out by Congress. The Southern Slate rights coat of Calhoun is too high In the waist and too short in the Ull for the present fashions, and to be "sound on the goose" it is no longer the style to "damn a nigger, any how." This fket is beginning to be under stood by the Northern democracy. They are almost ready to admit that negro suffrage will not destroy "the constitution of oar fathers." We must say, however, that upon this bill of Congress the democrats of both bouses have adhered to the folly of the old woman who
persisted in sweeping the sea tide out of her door till drowned In her cabin. But with all their follies and obstinate blundering since Beauregard's Initial bombardment of Fort Sumter, the democratic party, like Mr. John son, may still recover a solid position in a new departure. Recognising the settlement of the Southern problem, they have only to fall in with the prevailing public opinion upon the bank question, the tax question or the money question in all its phases, in order to rally the masses of the people around them. North and Sonth, whites and blacks. With the settlement of the Southern question and the negro ques tion the money question will rule the day; and upon this great question, as it stands, the party in power is the party ol the moneyed aristocracy arrayed against tho great body of the people. Here, then, leaving Southern reconstruction to "manliest destiny"?here, upon this money question, is tho proper field tor the restoration of tho democratic pirty. After a sixty years' contest the negro has fairly beaten them on ?vary point; but In "dropping the nigger" and in twtiving Old Hickory's fight upon the ] money question they may rise sgain into ' power. A Noble i'hrfrJty* Wo trust that our citizens will not lose sigbt of the fact that the new Aeadenrr of Music is to be inaugurated on the 28th of this month by a grand bail for the benefit of the widows and orphans of the members of the late vol unteer Fire Department The object for which the entertainment is given, as well as the in terest attending the opening of the new build ing, should render the affair one of the most brilliant of Its kind that has ever taken place in the metropolis. Those who love dancing should not fail to profit by the opportunity, while those who have ceased to trip it on the light fantastic toe should make it a point of conscience to bo present for the sake of the associations connected with the object of the balL While, however, every exertion is being made by its promoters to render it as produc tive as possible to the charity, we are sorry to see that a person named Maretzek is using efforts in the opposite direction, by filling the newspapers with advertisements and the walls with posters announcing that on the 1st of March he will "inaugurate" the Academy with what he calls a "bat de 1'op/ra," or, in plain vernacular, a shoddy ball. We do not exactly see bow the building is to bo " in augurated" twice, unless it is contemplated to again burn it down and rebuild it in tho brief interval that will elapse between the two en tertainments. As the days of magic have passed away and we can expect no more Aladdin's palaces to rise up at the bidding of enchanters, the phrase seems to us to be used in a sense that even the figurative style of advertisement phraseology will not justify. Would it not have been more charitable, kindly and becoming in a manager who professes to be the distributor and controller of sweet sounds and harmonies to have given the fire men's ball the precedence on the Academy bills T If there is one thing more than another which should strike a chord in the vibratory sensibilities of such a man, it is, it Becms to us, this appeal in behalf of the widows and orphans of the unpaid body who, by their self devotion and energy, have saved huudreds of valuable lives and millions of property?an example which wo are sorry to say their suc cessors are slow to imitate. The Irish Insurrection?^The ('able News. The despatches by the cable on Sunday night and yesterday announcing that the insurgent forces in Ireland had suddenly "disappeared" of coarse como from the English government, and we therefore accept them for what they are worth, and at that valuation tbey are exceedingly small. We cannot expect to re ceive any true statement of the elate of affairs in Ireland by a means of eoeammnlcatioa whioh is oen tool led at both ends by parties who interest it is to beep the real Amis oocosaled. The sabissi? which would undoubtedly de velop itself at this skle of On Attantic by the rwnVfbp^on of ambi ?4 money to tbo fight ing -nea m Ireland ft i* the policy- of the British government to suppress, and that can best be accomplished by reporting a fail ure and collapse of the insurrectionary move ment iu the oounties of Kerry and Cork, pro vided the reports were believed. The very wording oi the despatches, however, defeats their object; for it is not stated that the outbreak has been suppressed, that the armed insurgents were dispersed, or that any of the leaders wore arrested, although we are informed that some arrests were made in Dublin, about a hundred and thirty milee away from the Insurrectionary districts. We can readily understand bow a band of armed men can "disappear" in a mountainous region which they have selected for tbeir stronghold to suit their own purposes. The officers in command, if the reports be true, got tbeir military experience in Virginia and in the ranks of the Western army during our war. They are consequently familiar with the (hvorable circumstances which attend a cam paign in the kind of country which Stephens ? has chosen for the first brush with the enemy. They know how to make a demonstration, effect their purpose and retire to await ooming opportunities, reinforcements and combinations elsewhere, all, of course, agreed upon, not only in Ireland but In England. We must not expect that the cable news will give us the true story. We shall probably bave to wait tor the arrival of special messen gers, whom Mr. Stephens, we understand, promised to send over here rat intervals, for news that can bo relied upon. That which comes by the Atlantic cable, if unfhvorable to the insurgents, will probably be just as worth less as the Renter despatches oonccrning the Cretan insurrection, whioh we now know were inspired by the Turkish government, which stands in the same position with regard to the insurgent Christian Cretans as the British gov m>-nt does to the insurrectionary people of Ireland. * Hnrnam fp far CnirtM la Caaaeetieat. When the democrats of New York nominated John Morrissey for Congress in this city it was regarded as a very bold act, and It was gene rally conceded that the party had exhibited a greater amount of courage than the world had given them credit for. The radicals of Bridge port, Connecticut, hare, however, far outrivalled the New York democracy in boldness and hardihood by putting forward Barnum as their Congressional candidate. Well, courage and pluck are qualities that always excite a certain amount of sympathy, and it was on this ac count that we really felt disposed to favor Morrissey, although it is unquestionably true that he was of material assistance to as in in suring HoAnan's defeat As regards Barnum, we feel disposed to do as much for him as we did for Morrissey. He will meet with a very powerful opposition on account of his antece dents and associations. He has a hard contest before him and will naturally enlist the sym pathies of those who are inclined to help "the under dog in the fight." Barnum has no doubt calculated upon the support of the Himo when seeking the nomi nation for Congress. Many years ago, when one of our present well known hotel keepers waa exhibiting a fat ox in a corner of an open lot in this city subsequently called Niblo's Gar den, Barnum setup a rival show in the opposite corner, with an old negro woman named Joyce Roth, and astoniabed the public by announcing that she was the veritable nurse of George Washington, aged one hundred and fifty years. He paid a visit to the Hrrai.d office, and, pro ducing a pile of documents, gravely offered to prove to our satisfaction that the negrees was really what he represented her to be; bat we | ?hook our head, and told blm very plainly I that our Incredulity wan not to be overcome by any Array of documoutary evidence, A.t this the showman was nonplussed; but putting the best face *>? oottld on matter he changed his tactics a'od my dear sir, the fact is this old oe8ro woman is all the capital I have in the wor."d? and Wl11 you not give a young fellow a chanc.110 makp a start in life?" Our reply was "Oh, ' put It on that ground, it is another ma <,ter? and we gave bim the chance he solicited. The present position of Barnum as rcgaru 4 his Congressional venture is precisely similar to that which he occupied in his Joyce Hetb speculation. He wants a start in political life on much the same capital as he possessed when he Bought to make a start in active life. He is just as complete a humbug in politics as he was as a showman. In this respect, however, be will be a fit and proper representative for Bridge port, Connecticut. In fact, he will appropriately represent the whole State of Connecticut in Congress and will be an equal match for John Morrissey in any political trickery that may be going on at Washington. Both will be fitting representatives of this original and progressive age. They will be in perfect harmony. Their politics will enable them to pair off on occa sions when they desire to absent themselves from the House, and whenever the brandy and water is passed around by Forney or some other Congressional barkeeper Barnum will take the water and leave the liquor ior Mor rissey. By all means let Barnum be elected. It will be the last and biggest humbug of his life and will appropriately crown the edifice of humbug which he has been for so many years engaged in bulldiDg up. Forward or Downward?The Law of Rero Intloaa. In revolutionary times the watchword is forward or downward. Moderate men and measures are overwhelmed by the rush of events. "He that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed." The trimmer tacks this way and that in almost ludi crous distress, is finally foundered and sinks. Only the strong grasp of some representative of one extreme party or of the other can seize and hold the helm. Popular reforms?that is to say, reforms abridging the privileges of an oligarchy and extending the liberties of the people?have often been suggested or planned and sometimes initiated by members of the very class which would suffer loss by them. The higher the rank of such persons the less illibe ral they are apt to be in their theories. But if they overcome the restraint of their habits and lingering prejudices so far as to attempt a practical application of their theories, these same persons are alarmed at the violent explo sion which follow*. They aoon find, however, thai *ey have ooqjend up a spirit which will not dowa at their balding, and which either ***** *??? their original fatoaliw ev-Auobeo tiMm uMe br new leaders and ?CMAMC fnblie opinion. Oaae aet in motion the wheel will turn, and those who will not revoke with it must let go or be crushed. One of the earliest "appeals to the people" was made by Lucius Junius Brutus, when he exhibited to the Romans the bleeding corpse of Lucretia. Notwithstanding the affected in sanity under whioh he masked bis patriotic sentiments he held an important magistracy, and although the expulsion of the Tarqnins and the abolition of royalty, whioh was the consequenee of his appeal, was a purely patri cian revolution yielding no advan tage to the great body of the people, yet it j taught the people of later days how to drive out tyrants and upset thrones. Thus "the liberty of Rome, at its starting point," says a thoughtful historian, "was in the leash of the patricians." Valerius, the successor of Col- I latinus as the colleague of Brutus, won the I surname of Publioola, " the friend of the peo- I pie," and fairly inaugurated the long conflict I between the patricians and the plebeians by I proposing the laws which bore bis name restraining the consular power?the executive I of that time?and securing to the plebeians a I right ot trial by their peers simi- I ?ar to that etyoyed by the patricians. | His brother, Marcus Valerias, strenuously j supported the reasonable demand of the people I tor a redress of their grievances when they I were treated like slaves by their patrician I creditors. These illustrious brothers and many I who shared the liberal feolings of their own class could trace their descent from the earliest j members of their order, while the haughty I and selfish old fogy who was their principal opponent was a Sabine, and had changed his I name from Artus Clauses to Appius Claudius, j when he migrated to Rome. His opposition f was unsuccessful, and after the passage of a law to which the people assented, providing I | fer a single supreme magistrate, the Senate I i ruled with some show of justio* subse- I quentty, indeed, patricisfi cruelty to plebeian I debtors was revived r it provoked a seces- I sion of the plebeiaa armies in the midst of war. I No less than twenty thousand plebeian soldiers J marched out of camp to a hill on tto river I Anio, where they were joined by vast nutlti- I tudes of thoir discontented brethren. The I Senate discovered that the popular demands j must be complied with before they had time to I be increased. It was, therefore, compelled to I conclude with the seceders a treaty which was I the Magna Charta of the plebeians, and the hill I itself became, under the title of Mons Sacer, a sacred landmark In the history of Roman | liberty. The Valerian laws were restored to | their former efficacy, and Ave annual magie- I t rates, whose persons were deolared to> be I inviolable, were chosen to watch over the I rights of the people. J After having gained what is tailed personal I liberty, through the protection of their tri- I bunes, the plebeians maintained with varying I fortunes a long conflict with the patricians, in I order to win at first social and afterwards I political liberty. Coriolanus, a still stronger I type than Appius Claudius of the old fogy patri- I clan, made the cruel proposal to the Senate I that the corn generously sent by a Sicilian | prince to Rome during a famine should not be I distributed to the starving until the plebchns I bad relinquished all the privileges which tiioy J bad acquired by their recent secession. On coming out from the Senate after making bis detestable speech Coriolanus would have been lynched by the mob, which was infuriated by the want of food as well as thirst for liberty, if (he tribunes bad not interposed their autho^ rity. The latter cited him to trial before the tribunes. He retorted that they had no right to sit in Judgment on sncb as he; but the tribunes were resolute, and even the Senate warned him that be must yield. He was impeached, triod, convicted and con demned to exile, Spurlui Casslua, who pro posed the ifrsl o( that aerie* or agrarian Uwa* "each one of which formed ao epoch in the his tory of Roman liberty," waa in some respects an antetype of the modern French Girondists. He was doubted by his countrymen on both sides. After his second appointment as Consul be proposed his agrarian law, provoked the anger of the patricians, was deserted by the plebeians and was executed. His fate shows that there was no middle course to be pursued between the factions by which the common* Vvealth was sundered. ?/'he Bad and thrilling story of Virginia was made "the pretext for a plebeian revolt and secessio u on account of the refusal of the pa tricians to4 Correct the deteots and oppressive features of ti^*? Twelve Tables. The question of Trebonins, ax tribune, "Are our tribunes to be patricians or patricians' slaves t" was at length settled by .electing from the plebeians four out of six tribun e a??d the promises ol popular leaders were b oginning to be fulfilled nearly a century after the secession to the Sacred Hill. The patrician^ continued to bo divided into two parties, the n.moderate and the extreme, represented at s later period, the ooo by Camillus, and the other by Marios, "a pop ular manthat is, a supporter \of the ple beians, and particularly of the poor' plebeians. Camillus was checkmated by the resistance of the tribunes, and when again appointed Dio tutor, himself extended the olive branch^ to his opponents and built a temple to the Go ddess of Concord. Ere long the truce expires an<l oppression reigns again. A young plebeLVi debtor escapes from the fiendish creditors U* whom he had given himself in place of his father, and, like the old centurion of a former age, exposes his wretchedness to ths people. This excites an insurrection which Ie.ids to the abolition of imprisonment for debt, and, a9 Livy says, to "a second beginning of freedom." Afterwards, during the golden age of Rome, there prevailed a tendency on the part of the higher faotion of the patricians and the lower class of the plebeians to coalesce, for the sake, on both sides, of obtaining greater superiority over the moderate party. The best patricians and most eminent plebeians were then combined with all the middle classes into a great popular party. The whole history of the Roman Common wealth offers no more splendid examples of "popular men" than the sons in whom Cornelia exulted as the mother of the Gracchi. Tiberius Gracchus had imbibed the liberal opinions which he was accustomed to hear expressed by his father and his father's distinguished guests. Those old Roman Girondists were at first his abettors, as well as counsellors, in his soheme for modifying privileges which they sU saw had become dangerous to the State. Bat not a few at flnm shrank bfrtfe ad soon an (hoy beaame apprehensive that In^ifgisg the dataas of the commonalty toa division of iha^ahlie domain their young Mend was i harried on Sao feat to- > him to advantage. Bat even if be had wished himself to retraoe his steps, "the cause was no longer under his control, since he had mads it the public property of his partisans." After bo had been strnck down by one of bis colleagues and killed by another and his memory had been blackened with a monstrous charge ^# having aspired to the tyranny, the people noser theless could not be deterred from the projects which he promulgated, and his opponents dared not repeal the agrarian law, whioh now went by his name. His brother, Galas Gracchus, continued the great work bequeathed to him by Tiberius until he likewise perished in the cause of the people. "He sowed," says the historian, "the seeds of war of n hundred years." Sixty yean later than the passage of the law which took the name of Tiberius, Caws himself Inherited the popularity of the Graeehft by bringing forward with all the weight of bio official position as consul, and successfully, a new agrarian law. All are femillar with tbo care be took to retain amid his subsequent enormous accumulation of powers the olaimo of an avowed champion of the people. At bio funeral Antony told the people You all did Me that ob the Lvperml I thrice presented htm a kingly crows. Which he did thrice refuse. The eloquent Toice of Cicero eras not listened to apid the din of fierce contending factions. Hie counsels were at onoe too- moderate and too undecided. His was the fatal reward of all waverem in troublous times. The same in exorable law governs ancient and modem revolutions. The strong and bold, as well an the timid and feeble, must yield tothe popular pressure or fall beoeath it. The history of the last hundred years of the Roman Commonwealth is largely die history of a contest between patricians and plebeiium* which lasted nntil the great Roman oligarchy was broken down and the herd of paupers and slaves was yoked to the triumphal car of military despotism. In England Hie long struggle between King and Parliament, whieh cost Charles the First his head, was ended by the revolution of iaoe. In the French reyolaf tion, which beheaded Louis the Girondists had to give way to the Jaoobins. The recent constitutional reforms conooded by the Emperor Napoleon the Third show that in France the rerolntionary conflict has not yet been finally decided. In England the oty for reform is bat the signal for a renewal ot the old conflict between the privileges of am oligarchy and the rights of the- people. In tho United States we are ourselves in the- midst of a revolution in which reactionists of every stripe, from secessionists and copperheads to moderate republicans, most either go with tho swelling tide or be overwhelmed by It The Central Park CemaOeeteae e aad He PaMIe Parke. A bill has passed the State Senate giving the Central Park Commissioners control of all the public parks in the city. This is a very desirable and proper measure and should' become a law. Tho Central Park Commission ers have shown that they thoroughly under stand their duties and are competent to dis charge them efficiently and honestly. What ever chsnges maybe made In our municipal government by the State Constitutional Con vention, there will be no inclination to inter fere with that commission. The parks will become ornaments tu the city if placed under their control, and there will be an end to all attempts to divert them from the uses for which they are set apart and to make them the instruments for building up profitable fobs. The Assembly should put the bill through immediately the I^egislature reconvenes. The BmIm Ij?.w. B.WT..N, Y?b. 18, 1SST. Ths atsta roDttehnlsrr pmssc ited forty-niue llanos o<>tt ottf Is* ?mfc.