Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 20, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 20, 1867 Page 4
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hub i3i mora. Tho Course of Debate in t!ie Italian Parliament. A British Baronelry and Extraordiiary tarter $1 a .Hilliouaire Baronet. Development of the Trench Iron Clad Navy. to. Ac. to. ^ITALY^ OUR FLORENCE CORRESPONDENCE. The Courae of Debute In the New Parlia ment-How Minister* Treat "Interpella tions"?The Coitilnit Cabinet C-hKiitfes and Condition ol Palltlcal Parlies. 4c. Florkhcb, Jan. 20,1867. While the French are chuckling over, or half mourn fully, half ludicrously debating the points of the doubtful concessions made them In the almost impracticable right of interpellation so gravely gra ciously accorded them by their Emperor, the Italian Deputies are in the full-fledged enjoyment and practice of theira, and much good it seems to do them. ' They in tend to interpellate Stgnor Svialoja, the Minister of Finance; but on the day set apart for the Interpellation, he Is uot in bis customary seat, so the tn terpellalors elicit nothing more significant than the yawns of the reporters in the. galleries, who spend their time, when not yawning or taking their sparse notes, between looking ap at the clock c (1 cursing the stupidity and long-windeduoan or \ >>iby Doputloe, who persist m keeping tb'-m Y a their slender dinners by asking question ? ?> * ... ,ng objec tions, with nobody to answer or tnak roply. When It comes Baron Ricasoii's turn to ? 1 interpellated," he is away. His seoretare, fi ? -r*t Signor Celestina Bianehl, could well fill hi': . u he were there, but lie is not; ao the worthy ' ,. alios, Instead of satisfactory replies to their >1 ?nUs, have nothing but the satisfaction of Infer- :ig mat they are unanswerable. I; may seem lDoredible that for two or three days this week tliore was no session of the Chamber of Deputies, for the roason that there was no work prepaiod lor their discussion. This Is not, as some tngouu..u? beings at a distance might suppose, owing to the over assiduity and luipaiien'-o of the members of the ctvifrn to get through their work, and thus, in artisan's parlance, having "worked themselves out of a job." Ministers from the beginning have takeu things re markably easy, from th? nay of the opening (15ih De camber) to the prv-eut, having meanwhile taken a for mal limited mccss of ten days, and many others of shoriw duratl m, as suited tli?ir own Individual con venience or pleasure. So messieurs la Minulrsj cannot very well complain of iliem for pressing too hard upon them, and so the Cpini si, an n/ticirtn (somi-cfllcial) journal, seems to think, In a long ariicle calling the Ministry to account, in which it accuses the members of everything hut a livlty or aitenlion to their duties and the interests of tho country. Indcod, so severe and un stinted are the terms of reprehension in ibis article that one .? templed to believe there is some foundation In the rumor atioat for several days in regard to a change of Ministry. "If there is care and energy at tbo li?ad,'' says this lecturing article, "Ibero is likely to bo care and ouergy in the membors; but if these are lacking at tho head it U not reasonable to suppose those who are do pendent upon it will be laborious. The example should descend from above. And when we hear It lamented that there sru too many em ployes, o(heals (impreQati), and that those many do little (that's so), we are tempted to ask If those who have the guiding of them do any better, and if tbey really know how to direct tbetr labor. There is a su preme necessity of Italy giviug greater impulse to all the moving parte of tlie government machine, otherwise all the aflalrs of the State will be compromised and paralysed by an invading atony." "Can It be con ceived," continues the Opinion, "that there are minist ers who do not sec their chiefs of division, or do uot ro celve or confer with them ouee a month ?" But to re turn to our Deputbis. What m ist have been their foot ings while they were waitiog ss above for papers to turn up on the President's dosk to fnrnish them ma terial for debate and action upon seeing some of tho moat Important stale documents published in a favorite Cvemrurnt journal before tbey were presented to tho m r consideration f In the number was Bctaloju'r. new project of ral-lng the wind. Some of tho members carry th. Ir reprobation of this act of the government In putting its acts in the papers before presenting them to them so far as to oppose the wholo of the SciRlaJa project, on the ground of its being an un derhand. unwarrantable and unnecessary act. Tbe op position papers, true to their code, oppose it. How would they be opposll'on if they did not? All this will not amount to anything mors than an expression of sen t intent. The thing is cut. dried, and as good as done. And the Church party, what does it say? Nothing. I suppose 1 should say -crnethlug about the Fait. That whioh is more especially local In regard to it is tne for mation of a Phil-Hellenic Society, comprising among its members-ami promoters the naraet of mauy of the no bility, Senators and Deputies. Asyou know, tbe steam ship Principe Tominaso urtair Is all wound up ulcoly. The government vessels, there for the purposo have been duly saluted in Turkish waters, and the amount of in demnity to be paid tbe owners of the steamer is being amicably arranged tnrojgli the intermediation of the British consul at Constantinople. The various signs ccntlrmaiory of the for some time rumored alliance between Austria, trance and Italy, compacts with Rome and the probable early release of Persano, all tend to put tbe opposition into a very bad, or appuienlly bad, liunvr. duo vols on the charge of Peraano's cowardice?sixty for guilty and seventy-one for not guilty?isnotovn (latter.ng to bitn. The worthy rooatorn, according to present appearances, are willing to let the matter rest eo, end moreover destroy all evi dence of what has gone heiore. One very good reason given by one of these worthies, as above, why l'er*ano's case should not he pros cuted was became that of Gen eral Benedok had been quashed by the Austrian govern UlfDk While the Parisians were enjoying their little con/ir.I in regard to this assassination of King Victor Kmanual, on Krbiay alto moon laet, he, nil uiu-ouhc.ou? of the no?c bo making in Die m<>??/<? and Ilia disturbance kicking np In ibe Bourne, whs enjoying tnm*"lf at bin favorite eimo of hunting in the lorcl of Sao Rosron, near . The game vra? exceedingly abundant, nod he suc ceeded in bagging Ave boars, four decrandan uncounted number ot minor tieasta of the Add and fowl* of tbe air, wbicli, in tbetr complai abide, must have made rattier a goodly show, as on Saturday morning there was unload#i from tbe train in wblob bis Majesty arrived, ouougb to (111 two of tbe large wagon* oaea for framing hut?. The Church Property Hill of ike (iurrrn* ?eiti Tbe bill before tha Italian Parliament proposing to gtrnnt liberty to the Church end to liquidate tbe eccleai aatlcal property declare# me Catholic Church, In It* e i err lee of rel glou* worship, to be free from all inter ference on the part of the tale It propose# to a bo; lab the nomination of tne bishops by the King and the for malities of the ath of allegiance. the placet and the exe quatur, aa well aa the pi ivlioge*, exemptions, inimunt tiaa and prerogative* of tbe Cinuch In tbe .-tate. The Charob will maintain Itself with tbe free con currence of the faithful and by me-tne of the property belonging to It or legit:maiely acquired All prestation from the State, province* or rotmnun** la consequently to cease. If the bishop* declare them ?elves willing to undertake the conversion and liquida tion of th* eccleaiaaUcal property, such property must tie alienated within ten year*; oil landed property to be a?wvar:ed Into personal pioperly, and the bishops te pay to the i-.?te 000 .000,000 me, in half-yearly instalmvuis of 60.000.0no Ure i nch. The hi?hops worn* also have to undertake the pay ment of the pun-lone greeted te individual* belonging to the suppressed religious coiperatlone. Should the ma hrlt* ofui? i..*?sa^- m a-, wm nu tp undTak* the con version, thu government would procosa to carry out u-.< men ,ure allowing to the bi*bo|>* 60.000,istO rest#. It would di pose of ail llio etrleei.trflical wallh and alienate the landed | ruperty. The pensions above referred to would have to be paid by the bishops. The bill Tor tbe flquldatiou of ecclesiastical property Is followed by the convention concluded between the Italian government and MM. 1-aug and Dumonceeu. This stipulates that if the bill tie approved by Parliament and tbe majority of tha bishop* Consent to eflect the eon veraion of the property, MM. Lan< and lkimonoeaa *,''JJ?<**rtake1 on behalf of the government, to collect theBOO.OOO.fXKi lira, or whatever leas sum mav be deter oITt,'!? *? l"? ?uo1* api?ertaining to the (slats from the proceed,; of the liquidation. ? ? ? P>0"? Loudon Time*, Jan. SO] ^ wived at ill# present moment !ir^..T7T,oJh .?!t,^U00 of ,h* ?*'*tlng relations between < liurch *bdSlate, but the utter nliolltten of all .IT l^r?omnlilh 7'Jt ? .,UIUn C*h;net? ?IU tf S0C eashM, aeromptlahj. mvniotKm wpich no other nation ?rer attempted The t reu. h did. indeed, rob the hurrh; but by malting her de,*.Dd?m 0B |J y pay they hold her MMbtirgrssp. Tbl tu".u2 t v# ttie Church at the very imiment that they r?l"nan bold upon ber. The Americans built up a elate with a Church; but they had no Church to pull down Italian* cut adrift a church to long co-existent J, ely 1) mod up with the State, that, according to r?. .->* belief, they could only stand or fail together ENGLAND. ?OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENCt. d Tlrhboritw Baronetcy Case-An Immense nrtune asd Kilrnorilliiiiry latnil* Hi? ry?Advent urea of the Mclr Apparent nn?l I iimhmnI Eislicweul I* lb* World of f n-.li iuut Ac. Lospow, Feb. 3, HIT While the political world of England Is en/aged in the <' p nssion of rsform, and British statesmen are at their ?lis' end to disamreg a scheme br wlddh to sUenod the voice of public opinion and satisfy the peoi le, the rash ionable circles of Uolgravla aud the "upper ten" generally are eagcrlyidls uasiug the merits of a caae^shortly to be brought before th ? courts, la which is invoU t-4 a baron otaga and half a million of dollars per annum. The Eng. ttsb press has been occupied for some time with volum inous correspondence on the subject, aud great interest In the case U folt by all who make the history of aristo cratic families their particular study. Although many vcraions of this extraordinary atory havebesn givon to the publio, I have not aeen, aa yat, anything like a true and correct narrative in the English press. As I happen to bo acq minted with the principal characttr, and know nil the Incidents In the drains, I am enabled to aflbrd y oar readers one more ilidatration of the maxim that truth is stranger than fiction. Before proceeding with the story, however, it is necessary to clear the ground by a short sketch of family history. The family of Tichborae, or as it was formorly called Pe Itcbenborne, is one of the oldest In England. In the county of Hants the bearer of the title and the possessor of the estates of that name was respected for centuries. The family was notable in Hampshire before the Con quest, and ever since, In spite of revolutions and in trigues, has Inherited the same land. Similar posses sions in other ports of the country?including a property in Galway, Ireland?have beon added to tbe original es tates, lrom time to time; but tbeee changes took place so long ago that the latest of them is old In history. From the time or Henry 1L till 1820 tbe principal repre sentatives of the family were simple knights. But when Queen Elisabeth died, Sir John de Tlchborne, Knight, who was at the tlmo Sheriff of Southampton, aotlug on hta own respond blllty, went directly to Winchester, and thore proclaimed James VL of Scotland bor successor, aa King James I. of England. After the monarch had beon settled on his throne one of his fleet acts was to reward bis Hampshire champh>n, nud Sir John de Tlchborne was created a baronet id bis four sons were knighted. He was also mail custodian of the Castle of Winchester, which war ?? ' led on htm in fee form. Thi* hnrouotcy liu com* down to hla de-can Janta In ?? present day, and 8ir Alfred Doughty Tiehborne, Baronet, who dlod a short tlma since, was the last bearer of the hereditary dignity. The career of this gentleman waa a wild and reckless one, and the English pubilo recollect seeing fats name In the Court of Bankruptcy. His net Income??76,000 per annum?was not sufficient, and lu faot Sir Alfred waa terribly embarrassed. One of hla first acta In succeeding to the title and estates was to purchase a yacht at a cost of $70,000 and five hun dred stand of the beat breech-loading rifles for his own private shooting. The estates became heavily mort gaged; bat the Jews who lent the money felt perfoctly secure. On Christmas day last, however, there landed In England, from the steamship Cella, from New Tork to London, a gentleman whose presence appears to have had tho effect of a falling bomb-ihcll among Jews and GonttlM who lent money on the Tiehborne ostates?no other, in fact, than the rightful owner to the estate, Sir Roger Charles Tiehborne, Baronet. Never before In the family history has so strange an Incident been known. The official books record that Sir James Francis Doughty Tiehborne, Baronet, of Tiehborne. Hants, born in 1784, succeeded his brother as tenth Baronet In 1353. He had at this time two sons, via., Roger Charles, born tn 1829, and Alfred Jow-ph, born 4th September, 1339, who married Id 1861 Teresa Mary, eldest daughter of Lord Arundell. There were of this family also two .laughters who died. Tims the eldest son and heir, Roger Charles, was. when his father became baronet In 1853, twenty-four years of-age, and hie younger brother, Alfred Joseph, was fourteou years old In 1862 the father died, but In tho meantime tho belr, who hud been subject from childhood to nervous attacks, took his deparlnre from England, with the Intention of visiting America and tho colonics at the antipodes. !-'omo time before the death of Sir James nows cajnn to this coun try that the ship in which Roger Cbafles took his de parture to Australia was lost o(T Cape Horn, with all on board. The sad intelligence was confirmed by the fact that nothing was afterwards heard of the lost belr. Ho the younger brother took the title and estates. How ever, he had do son to succeed him, and when he died, a few months ago, It waa thought by maqy that the title would ba extinguished In that branch. But bis lady bore a poatbumoue child, and great rejoicing was made when the iufant was formally declared heir of the line. But now comet the extraordinary part of the story. Although ths ship (the Kdtnburg, I believe) tn which Roger Charles sailed, was lost, with nearly all on board, he himself, with fonr others, rnauagod to scramble into a boat, and. among the Icebergs of the Cape, for four dreary days and nights lisld on to existence. Picked up by s vessel bound to Valparaiso. Roger Charles land'd In South America, hla sole properly being a suit of clothes and a borrowed hat A good Samaritan, named Thomas de Castro, a Spaniard, took compassion on the castaway, and lent him such aid that ba waa enabled to live comfortably, and at the same time acquire a knowledge of the people among whom be waa ao atrangaly thrown. He wandered among the different States for two year*; but when at Callan he made the acquaintance of a sea captain In the Australian trade, be nccepted a berth as ship's steward, and In that capacity lauded in Melbourne, Australia. In grateful remembrance of his Spanish friend he assumed ths name of Thomas do Castro; and leaving the ship at Mel bourne sought work as a shepherd in the Interior of the oolooy. % He readily obtained employment, and bv atten tion to bis duties very soon received the confidence of his employers and the settlers generally. About this time he learnt through the English papers that bis father, Sir James, was dead, and tba: the title tand estates had boon assumed by bis brother. Alfred Joseph to whom he was very much attached. Thinking that as he was considered dead It would bo better to let hla brother enjoy the tills for a time at least, and besides the roving wild life of an Australian settler was suited to his tssts, while be enjoyed bolter health under the southern sun than be ever did In England, he made up ltia mind to maintain bis incognito and settle down In the couuiry. Years rolled by, and Thomas de Castro, aias Sir Roger Charles Tlcbbome, Baronet, became the manager and owner of a bub-beriog establishment In Walla Walla, near Sydney. He prospered in business, and H -. de Castro became known in the settlements as an oxcellent butcher and an houost matt. But the romance would not be complete without the u?ust tale of love, ending with a nappy marriage. Thomas de Castro, the butcher, fell violently In love with Mary Byrne, a daughter of a pla?terer. In due time the marriage took place, and there wore high times In the racche ror a week before and a month aftor tho event. Mrs. De Castro, however, was utterly Ignorant of the previous history of her husband until some few months since, when Sir voger declared b'mself tho nghtfnl owner of the Tiehborne estates. He was moved u> this oourse when hla lady prasenlad him with a daughter, and at the same time he heard that hla brother had died, leaving ths estate heavily mortgaged. Ac cordingly sir Roger departed from Australia, and with lady nchhonto end child and four servants arrived in London on Christmas day. He has been recognised by hi* mother the d< wnger lady Tiehborne and by his lenastrv; yet bis rights will be disputed by the trustees of the late Kir Alfred and tho host of people to whom the late baronet owed money. The case will probably come op In tl>c Wirt* in ^ f.?w days but there can be no don hi that Sir Ro-er Charles T.c.iWno, baronet, Wtll be admitted to bis full rights. It will, however, be a nice point for the lawyers to decide how far the real baronet K responsible for debts Incurred b/ his brother, I*1r Alfred. It la proper to say In conclusion that Sir Roger Is every laoli s gcslleni.in, a perfect typo of a good, frank, honest Brit letter. Of lady llchborue, suffice It to say that although sbs might feel berielf ill at ease In Kel grarian circles, she is a mom amtabls lady, a good wife and. If I may Judge of her character from what I have already seen of her, she wtll prove s blessing to ths poor m the neighborhood of Tiehborne IlalL A PEER IN COURT. K.'turn of n Mollis Emigrant from America te En it loud?Me te Celled l> lor Seeteace for nn Old tlfieitcs. court or qrssv's Basra, lonoor, /as. 24 [Sittings in Banco, before ths Lord Chief Justice, Mr. Justice Blackburn, Mr. Justice Mellor, and Mr. Jostles l.ush J Tk- Qa*m v. Lord Krnad raws.?'This was s criminal prosecution for nn aoeanlt. Instituted ton years ago. when the defendant was abroad, and upon which he hart been outlawed, and bad lately, upon his return to Ibii country, pleaded "guilty," and was now called up for judgment. So long ago ae 1846 Lord Ernest Vase and lbs prosecutor, Mr. Thomas Harding Ames, had been cornets In the "Queen's Own," a cavalry regiment, then stationed at Brighton. lord Ernest Vans, who si that tune was very young, being scarcely twenty years of age, had. it appeared, taJen Into serious porn nhry difficulties, and something very disagreeable had taken place between the two officers, the result of which was that Lord Ernest Vane had to leave the regiment, and noun afterwards to loavs ths country. Shortly bo foro ho loft England, on tho 81st of Octobor, 1846, ho mot Mr. Amoa atBrlgbton and spat In his fact, calling him s ? coward and blackguard On the IStb of No vember, 1866, before, aa It appeared, any communica tion had taken place between Lord Ernest Vaue and Mr. Ames auoB tho subject. Lord Ernest Van# left England. On the 20th of November. 1866, a criminal information was moved against him in this court, sod although by the practice of tbs court lbs rule should ba served per eooally, If possible, upon the defendant, which, of course, was In this cane Impossible, as he was abroad, nevertheless, somehow or other, the prosecuiton got the rale made absolute on some affidavit of ssrvioo st Itoidornes?e House upon a servant, who, it was stated said hs "would give the rule to Lord Ernest Vane,'' whlcb of counts he could not aad did not do. The result was, however, that upon this affldavdt the Court eqn.'bt term mad# the rule sbeolute, without Lord Eroesi Vane having bad anv opportunity of tntkmg ? defence or b-lng hoard; and thereupon the prosecutor took what the Court deacrlhod as ths "strictly legal but very unusual course" of outlawing ths defendant on s rrimlnsl charge, although abroad. Lord Ernest Vans sworn that he went to America on occ- unt of his pecu niary dlhtcuftlns and remained there noi'l 1862, since which Eme he had not been In Europe nnlll the end of l?st year, win n he came over to this country, got bU outlawry reverted (paying ?50 to the prosecutor's alter nsy f. r the costs of It) sud pleaded guilty to Dm Indict ment up?,n which he was now brought up for Judgment He filed sn affidavit, mating that at the time fie waa greatly ar nnyed si the loss or his oommissloo, atid that he oomunited the assault complained of while laboring under ?uhsidarsbls mental excitement; that he hart left Ens land oa account of bw oecuatarv d.IBcultlSA aad $?> for* be knew of the pror ?din S against itim; that he niad never be-n served ?uth process in the piwouMan* end !md iu)i bee t o( t for two ye?-?; and, finally, he d wilted that be ile-ir. .? to ex preen bur Mtncere r**i>*tior the i.tf -u e which be bed 1 >u. milled. Up u Uieee uiuie rials, v Mr. flurth (with him Mr. Ma.'woy Dawn a end "r. AV.iolieitJ appeared an tl>e n rt of the pro witor, end Mid that, without winhiog ui duly to piv ?? Ibn case, be must urge upon the court that the a-, en It was a very serious insult, and without cxi.aeetor pr>voaat'?u. Ne doubt, be -aid, Lord I rnesi Vane at tho time wan v-'ry young, and was lab ring uuder great excitement, Stilt, he mast have be n aware of the rorioui character of such an insult to an officer and a gentleman, an 1 alUiougiiAiis offence wee committed ten years ago, be had col up to tliis momuut offered Roy ?)>? logy to Mr. Autos, wltout be bad thus so grossly and offensively insulted, -o far as appeared, there bad becu no provocation, nor was tt suggested (list there had been any. The Lord Chief Justice suggested that if it was to be proceed as a topic of aggravation that thai# was no pro VI) u.ion, it was rather lor tho prosecutor to bring for ward (he previous circumstances of tlta ease, which be bad not d me. Mr. Garth said he thought it wm rather for the de fendant to do so, by way of mitigation, and it must he In i ted and !)?> laken that there was no provocation. Mr. Coleridge (with him Mr. Poland) sdnreseud the court in behalf of Lord Ernest Vane, in mitigation of sentence. The court consulted tog -ther for Rome time. Mr. Justice Blackburn then addressed the defendant in these toasts:?Lord Emeu, Vane?You tiavo ploaded guilty Uyn criminal information for an aset lit. and now the court has to pasa sentence upon you, and It Is my duly to pronounce Beaten e and to utal ? the reasons npon which it la based. The offence, hp itself, was, no doubt, of an aggravated cl uracter. A t assault cem mitted by spitting in a gentimnuu s l'uca was certainly n very grave offence. But In this, ua in all other cases, we have to oonsider what wore tho circumstances which might make such an offence in somo instances more heavy and in others more light. It appears that from circumstances which neither party baa brought bofore os, a quarrel bad arisen between you and the prosecutor, in consequence of which you were obliged to leave the regiment, and be remained. What the circumstances were wo know not. If they would have tended to aggravate the offence they should have been brought b ibre us by the prosecutor, and la the absence of such evidcuce on bis part we must presume that they are not'such as would aggravate the offeuoe. If, on the other baud, the circumstances would have tended to mitigate the case, then it was for you to bring them before us. As you have not done so wo must take it that they would not mitigate the case. Further than that we do not go. It appears, however, that at that time you wore a very young man, not yet of age, and that, no doubt, is a circumstance of mitigation. But, still furthor, it appears that, when you had gone abroad, not to avoid these proceedings, but to evade pecuniary difficulties, the strictly legal, but not usual course of pro ceeding against you?that or outlawry upon the criminal charge?was taken The effect of that was that, during the lime which has elapsed, you wore placed under all the disabilities and annoyanoes of outlawry, which, no doubt, must have been in itself a considerable punish ment. Further than that, there is the lapse of time to be considered?the lapse of ten years, after which, of course, the circumsiances do not come with snob force and freshness as if they occurred more recently. Nor Is it necessary now to pass such a severe sentence as it might Pave been ten years ago, for the tone of publ.e feeling as to duelliug and tho courae to bo lak.n on such occusious are so much improved that it is happily not necossary to inflict romances so deterrent as might have been re quired some year.-: ago. Thee circumstances are men tioned as grounds for inflicting a somewhat mitigated sentence. But, after ail this has been said, ihero re mains stili u serious offence, which requires a serious sentence, though, at the same time, tbe circumstances are such as to iuduce us to pane as lenient a senteuce as possible, consistently with our duty. Wo do not think that, under such circumstances, a fine should be im posed, which would be no punishment to a person in your rank and position. Wo feel houud to pass a sen tence of some severity, and, takiug all tho circum stances into consideration, our sentence is that you be Imprisoned for three calendar months as a first class misdemeanant. Lord Ernest bowed to tho Court, and was then re moved to the prison in which misdemeanants sentenced in this court are con lined. FRANCE. The Lincoln IHrrlwl?Mrs. Lincoln's "Reply. [From Galignanl's Messenger, Feb. 1.] It may be remembered that after the assassination of President Lincoln a subscription, on the Initiative or the Phare de la Loire, was opened to present a commemo rative medal to Mrs. Lincoln. That has now been done, and that lady has sent the following letter to the com mittee through the agent specially sent overt? Cmcaoo, Jan. 8, IMT. Gmmxxnx?I have received tbe medal you have sent me. I cannot express the emotion with which this proof of the sentiments of a > many thousands ef your country men hlis me. So marked a testimony to the memory of my husband, given In honor of his services lu tbe cause of liberty by those who in another land work for tbe same great end, touches me profoundly, and I beg you to accept, for yourselves and those whom you repre sent, my moat grateful thanks. I am, with the pro roundest respect, your moat obedient servant, MARY LINCOLN. Development of the Iron Clod Navy. [Rochefort (Jan. 28) Correspondence of the London Timet.] Order* have been received here from Paris to tar down tho keel of a new coast guard armor plated vessel, to he called the Tlgre, and which will be adapted chiefly to run down an enemy by great speed. Three other vessels of the aame kind are at present being built In our dock yards?the Bdlier at Cherbourg, the Boule-Dogne at Lorlent, and the Certx'-re at Brest. These vessels will Ite of Ave hundred and tlflrty horse power, and are on the model of the Taureeu, finished at Tonlon. The coast guard armor plated ships arc specially intended lor the protection of the French porta. They are furnished with a formidable spur at the stem, and two screws, working Indepeadently of ea<h other, enable them to turn rap Idly, thus making them as suitable for defence as for at tack. The Taureau has lately been tried, and her auo oese Is perfoct. Her speed Is nood. sba turns easily, has admirable seagoing qualities even in the worst of weath er, and her weight and rapidity combined will enable her to strike an enemy's vessel with the moat destructive effect. A Cherbourg letter of the 2Mb or January says:?Oar port, although almost empty in consequence or the de parture of the transports Hnd iron-cased division for Mexi co, is nevertheless not Inactive. The first class steam de spatch b<>at E?tr6se was launched yeaerday In presence or Admiral Raynaud. Three small models of the armor plated frigate Flandre, the imperial yacht Al^la and the steam transport Cher, to be sent to the Universa' Exhi bition are now almost terminated. According to Mini-terial otders )-i3f received the fol lowing vessels, at present in course of construction, are to be coraplet-d in the course of the present year:?Tho Vclta, despatch boat, In August. and the Jeanne d'Arc, Iron-cased frigate, In September. The Estrdes Is also to be ready for- sea in June. The works of the armor plated ships SulTren and Aialante and the monitor IUIier are likewise to be advanced; and a fast .Killing corvette, named the flnchcterle to be commenced. The number of days'labor of the meu employed on those works la estimated at one hundred thousand for the year. [From Gallgnani a Voisenger, Feb. 1.] Advices from Tenerlfle state that the Iron-clad Belli, qoeuao anchored in that roadstead on the 10th of January. This v eaael is the first of her class that has bean con atructed in Franca. She is consul-red so complete a success that the French naval authorities intend to plaoe several others ilka bar on the atucka Immediately. They will be, like the former, Intended for distant stations. The Balliqueusa carries the flag of Rear Admlesl Pcnhost, command ng the French navel squadron in the Pacific, pud who la on his way to the Straits of Magellan. She is Artn*d *Rh guns of the heaviest calibre, and her iron casing is backed ?Hh copper, on the plan of Opinio Rous, to cause a pWteCt isolation. The Balliqueose has sailed well on bar voyage to tbo Clansries, both nndor canvas and steam. THE FRENCH LEGISLATURE. Turtle* of the Opposition. [From La Frtirfe, of Paris, Feb. l.[ The right of Interpellation Ja to be made nae of at the very beginning of the session. A notice of motion, It it announced, will be given In the SeoaC- ?! Re Oral sit ting, ree~etiegforeign policy, nod aapec^'T the aflhlra of Germany. The debate on this subject In th? Falaoe of the Luxembo urg w II probably precede that In tbo L^9 j?U*e bodv. Yesterday it was said In political circled that the Marquis da Moustier would bo appointed by the Emperor to defend the courts of the government In the Eastern question should It arise In the Chambers; aad M- Roober, Minister of 8tate, that respecting Gorman aad Italian affairs, the moat Import ant events of which occurred before the preeent Forslgo Minister cam* I a to offlos. RUSSIA AND ROME. ?ubjolnedjata# circular despatch forwarded by PHnoa Gortacbakoff from St Petersburg, January 20, together with a memorandum to the representatives of Rnaala at foreign courts, relating to the dltb renoe between that Power and Roma. The memorandum occupies seven newspaper oolumns, and la entitled a "Historical sum mery of the act* of (he Ooon of Roma that have bmnghl about the rupture of relations between the Holy Boo and tbo Imperiai Cabinet, and tbe abrogation of tbo Con cordat or 1847." Prince Gortacbakoff says Ft. Pmntsarno, Jan. 7. 1167. Tb* WtR of (b? Cooit of Itamt liNving rendorod II In possible for bta Majesty the Emperor to contlno dlplo tnatlc relations with the Pontifical government, the necessity has resulted of abrogating the Concordat of 1847, which settled the relations of the Imperial Cabinet with the Holy Pee. The ukase of hla ^roty The Emperor sanctioning this decision Is known toyou. Tht* document conOncs Itaclf to sitting the abrogation of tbe Concordat. It was not accompanied by the reasons destined to explain tho adoption of that measure. The reserve dictated to tbe Imperial Cabinet by regard for the Holy Pee has not been obeerved by the Pontifical government It has juet mad - pubho a collection of documents the Idea and gl-t of wbloh la Intended to relieve the Holy Bee rrom ell reeponalbtlltv, letting M rest solely upon the Imperial Cabinet lly "this meana the collection states the progress 0f this regrettable OOn tllct in a partial and Inexact ir.anuor. Ry so doing the Court of R.uno releases us from the , rrruples by which we have I>ccn held back. It sum mouses us to tho ground id delists, and even makes It ! our duty to follow It thoreon. Ihe acta of oar august (

mester do not fear the light Hereto annexed you will find a rigorously oxa. t esplasatkm of the tnota that have i resulted iu the rnn'urs of dlphimaiin relations between l the two Courts. You are auihm q ?? t,, tv,^ meat all filling publicity. YeU tm careful at t ha same time to point out that in fallowing the Court of Rome into this painful d ecuaatoa the Imoertal < aidant la } cot actuated by any idea bo*Me to regard f>r the Holy Bee. It h.ai uo other objeot the a to enivbllah ruth I'ririCtpieS of io? g i^i- t ?lrr*end U|I> r?Ml*nt eilt CltucUl of the Bmperor lor til the ere- -la prufaeaed .u ' te Seat- a. no low remain >Ue invariable rule of hie j-oudoaf comcl-moa. bo far u< <loi<enda upon lite ll'd>*ety bia 4'allMdie ? in jects will uot ha/o to au ter from Die cewat on ef the relatione our eu out wester etideavorrc ton ..otatn ? th the Holy bee In vie# of tbelr relim ? te teter ?'a Ro ot; ire, 4?e., UoUWLHAtoorr AUSTRIA. The Kryerlwreml Peltf J of llie ( itklart. [Traoe'tucd ftoru the Aug burg 0ax< Ite. iha, 14.J The question of Aaetriea reorganisation may be eon e derail entirety as a home tUfair, but <>? rm*ay, evre Etirotte, can no' be Indifferent to lie *01 rlloe. ft does not H|.|>ear that the Au-nrian govorumrui t? more lucky with its newest exp^rlm mi i*ve have no otter arm# for the | > patent of January 2t to n wit the other* already tried. Political experiments are dsn 'irmt, ne t b? me disastrous If they prove failures. Puytl el experi ments have been mode on pervona under Hotter ? e of death, but tbe continued repetitions ol wirti in a Butte like Austria, oom posed of so many end heterogeneous elements, must prove tatnL With surprise we a?k, whence d tee A istna der.ee the courage to net aa she doo* In tknestte these, If It te really oourage by whieh the Btet w poweee* t Hut or i no, It i? want of courage, In which thU government hesitates to adopt a oouaiiluilof.al govern m ot and to return openly to Its old system of abudut.ia. vt ?ut of courage has imalod A'mtra Into tbis mongrel svetem ia which Its unhappy experiment* are revolving They were needless either lor th" ooavwcaMon of an linnet parliamentary or the expression or an absolute govern ment. The latter requtred*nothlng but an enlightened, resolute statesman, fully acquainted w th the him evuttee of tbe time; he would have at once ao?nnplt?he1 whet, by constltuUonal means, would bare tok?u too muoh lime. He woald have aattled the differences between tbe several natloealitiee, and followed this up by a separation of the Church from the State, the emancipation of the laboring cla*w?, MM of the flnaucial system and reorganization of tbe army. He would have opoued the 6eld for parliamentary ac tion. This would not have been returning to*J<w?phin tern, but would have shown tbe progress of Jiwephlw.m to tbe demands of our times, aod would not lea. s Aus tria exposed and the'orown weakened. Without adoptingenv system, It Is hoped in Vienna to save Austria by constant changes and diplomacy, re gardless of the warning of tbe times that more Import ant measures are required and that It le Inopportune to Indulge lu governmental vanities. THE MEXICAN QUESTION. la Mexico a "Difficulty" or a Nation* [From the I-ondon Times, Jan. 20.] If the Mexicans hare not yet suoceeded is making themselves a nation tbey have, st any rate, made them selves a difi vlty. Their destinies form a subject of tm> arra-t ng interett to more than one gra' Pernor, ami a compute puJtzte to the whole, world. Tl.cy are regarded a* a people "incapable of self-government," ami they have certainly never yet been ablo to govorn themselves or to acept a governor at the hands of any other notion. When, however, it It said that tbev resemble no other people, it seems to bo forgotten that they represent a Spanish colony, and that Mexico, after all, is really very like pain. Take the actual state of the country at this moment, and what do we And 1 The poB-eeslon of political power in Mexico Is disputed by half a dozen military leaders, who scarcely pror.js* any pr.uclplo, but who aro ready to oppose all adver saries by force of arms and to shoot, or bullish any rival who may fall Into their hands In these proeocdlngs they are not controlled by nnv public opinion; ludeed, there appears'to be no public in Mexico, accord ng to our acceptation of tho term. The more adventurous or turbulent spirita are ranged under the bannerslof one or other of the conicndliig chiefs, but as for the rest of the population we ncvor so much as hear of it. The ponp.e scorn utterly indiff rent to tho quarrels of the uii'i'ary, probably because it mutters littio to them which soldier is uppermost for the time. One or oilier of these lenders claims tho powor of government, aud elth.-r actually clutches it or prevents anybody else from doing so. Th ? l itter is the inore common result, and thereforo Mexico is usually in a state of anarchy; hut, allowing for this ab sence of a preponderating force. In what does Mexico diirer materially from Spain* Of course, the character of the Mexican chiefs is affected by the conditions of a ruder country und.a lower civilization, nor would it be Just to Narvnez or O'Donnell or Prim to compare them with Marques or Miramon or Juarez. Practically, how ever, the course of affairs in either country is pretty much th# same. Military leaders scramble for power by military moans. In Spain the army is a regular army, and therefore political contests take the form'of regular military insurrections. In Mczlco there is ao regular army, but only armed factions, and ao the contests take Die form of brigandage. In neither casx do the public or the people at large appear to take the least Interest, or claim the least share in the revolutions accomplished. There is, however, one very important and essential difference between the mother country aud Its old oolony. Spain has a settled form of government, and a settled dynasty at the head of it. The Queen of 8pain satisfies Spaniards, who are content with both the monarchy and the monarch. It la only in a sphere below the throne that the quarrels of the military fac tious an carried on. This relieves the country from anarchy, and secures the machinery of an established government, which may Indued be appropriated by oue successful soldier after another, but which la not Itself subvertod or destroyed. We can haidly say that Spain preserves a constitution, but she does prcserro an sdmlnlstrat'ou, such ae it may be. In Mexico this centre of attraction has been wanting, and no the result is what it might be in Spain If Nnrvaez and Prtin fought for the com mand of the State, Instead of the control of the govern ment It would appear, therefore, to follow that Mex ico might be railed, at auy rate, to the level of -pain f.y the MlatJifhment and recognition of tome Sovereign Power. l'u fortunately, this is a difficult thing to bring about, for in no respect or* the Mexicans more genuine Spaniards than In their objection to foreign interven tion. Maximilian In Mexico haa fared ne.irlv as lb as King Jooeph In Hpaln; but he haa at last got a uhauce which never fell to Joeoph's lot He is to He left, it seema, entirely to himself, without paironage or sup port, and this prospect has Actually brought him into favor. At the samo llmo hts opponent, Juarez, has b -on taken under f oreign pntettUm, proportionately to his damage; and so Maximilian gains in both way* It may perhaps he asked why any people, and above all why we In England, should concern ourselves"str ut the affairs of Mexico What Is V.oxico to ns anymore than Madagascar? Wo can only reply that Mexico meet us n great deal of m .ney, which M.idagascar does not, and that, like Spain acaln, she makes very little ap proach towards the disch-irgo or her obfgallons Besides this, the country Is so adventageonsly placed and so pro dlglouzly rich lit natumt resources that it Is impossible to look with lndiffcr*noe ou the abnso of such gifts and tint utter hies of what m-ght be a precious contribution to the wealth of the world. The fact Is, we began some yeais ago with an extraordinary sympathy lor there Mexicans They were almost as much In favor as the Greeks They had traditions of their own which. If not classical, were waroeiy laws interesting; they roso in gyms for their independence which gave them credit in onr eyes; and all Kngland looked upon the t-'pamsb colonies in Amencs, and upon Mexico above all the rest, as entering upon w long and prosperous career. How widely different the actual result ha? been need not be now remarked, but It mav be observed that, since other Spanish colonies have trealla -d at auy rate a por Hon of tbe expectations formed of them, the .failure of Mexico cannot be ascribed exclusively to the oondftton of Its origin or population. Mexico ought to be, at least, as gopd as Peru or Chile, and yat H haa never bean able to settle down to any such political organize ion as would atlow of tbe development of Its menus and resources. There has been no want of foreign capitaor enterprise. Foreign merchants have decked to Mexico, In spite of th# treatment tbey received, and tbe Mexicans might bare almost as much a monopoly of silver aa the Dutch islands In the East bare of spice. The ruin of the country ban been civil war, degene rating, in consequence of the weakness of mil tbs com batants, Into chronic anarchy. It ts probable that the Spaniard* left a fatal legacy In a wealthy and bigoted priesthood, tenacious alike of endowment and power; but this, again, cannot have been peculiar to Mexico among the colonies of Spain. We know aleo, or, at any rate, we are told, of certain principles more palely po llltical, which created strife In Mexico; but the unfortu nate fact was, that whatever might be the subject or quarrel, there woe no bringing It to an end by tb* deci sive predominance of on* causa over another. The balance of power protracted tbe oonteet until at last Uia principles contended for, whatever they mey have bean, war* forgotten In the mere brutleh quarrel of rival ihctiom II there be any party with n definite cause ud a well eonceived otpeet, we any presume it to be the party of the priests, and that party haa made leraaa with Maximilian. W* can see but one practical conclusion from all these *w <*?, and that la thai intervention in Mate*, mOeu it Jin to take thethapeof eaenpleteeenqumt. ran be of no aeail Ae temptation, or,, we should rather as/ the prorocnv''0*? *? Intorlbre wan so great that we ourselves on it tb* Ov'bar toy mode aa attempt at the work, has we have curtail !/ fjwon l>? ?>i??ed tb?t w* retired when we did. Meitrail'en, who represented the final expression of tbO4 ?Jw*ttlow, ban been really n well mesBtagTmodema Md *to ?ovareign. It seem* to be shown by his position si this moment that lha only ob- I lection to him was bit political origin, for now that he Is supposed to stand alone ho Is oblectionabi# no iongsr. Per lisps the Americans, tooy will withdraw their protest if tbs Austrian Prince eboald dome to represent only tbe nlsoM bead of tbe Mexican People; and though the Mexican faettona cannot be expected immediately to toy attde their arms, It would be aa Immense gain If th* rival chief* would only attack each other as they do In Hpaln. Perhaps In the end Mexlee might ceaar ta be a difficulty, and even get into tb* right way of becoming n nation. Mnslmtttnn to the Ka-Kmprese. [From the Memorial Biplomatlqe, Jan. 2d. j The reaaiurlng aorounts of tb* progressive improve, meui In the condition of the Empress Charlotte which we were enabled lo glv<>, while so m-toy Journals repre sented bet state aa desperate, are dally lielng confirmed. A recast letter from Mirmmar announce* that tha attack* rrem which her Majesty haa aufierrd st continually lengthening Intervale have now completely ceased. By the last English packet, which arrived at foiith ere pt on on tho 80th of December, Iho Empress Char lotte received Irom her sngiiat consort letters In which be explained the .-> sl situation of Mexico, and stated hU determination to tummon a national ram,reus to prrmrmnet upon the fat i re of the country. The Empress conversed about the subject of the,a letter* with the utmost oal iu tics, expressing her ?ai MmiUon at finding the Emperor holding to hi* port of honor, where sho hopes to rejeln him ae soon *? me national roigress snail have made kn iwn He decision. liol,i then the Empress perrMves the nec ssdy of her remnin'ng In Europe. It I# this which has greatly contributed to reason* her nstnral ser nttv of mind, tor hot recently Mi* evinced great Im paneui"* to return to Mexico. In short, the phys.rat and mental condition of thn Cm press ? nations i? Us satlsractorv as can be i MEXICO. ?ei ncu_tv??*n?- ? Tklrlr LtWiali 4 ?? Ik* I arkal- fMMiniMM* *f ?*?" *ha??-ta? af Mlrmmmm, N<r?M* mm4 Dimm Tha Mall Opmmmd. *?. ^ Ha. ?t. 1 Ml. Rrarythmg Wtm ftght la In * frna MaUiaa i* M??W?| ul KaHMa, fr?w CMkaaMa Dfranfa, ?41a Las Pmmi. fr*a Matfbaoi ?Maoa? ??? Or* m4 rartaa, fy-na ttf?T petal af Iba aawjaap, la fcrt, tlM KWraia mm aahaaaaraatag ?'>*? far ?* aaf larrai* <* Maata* ??y. Mar ara Manaaa, Utrmmm ao4 ?ba aharrh party Mia My IW?4 Mm *4 faraa# laaaa Map art airtrt* aaarpau^a'ir a> plMM aa araiy af f-wty c ?. ? mm ta taa aahap af Mart'*, aai, * partita, *M ???? bafbaa May fra ap jiaaHa af Ma capital. * Tba ana la aarr' a?a ay a* ?tnaat iraanm at i? fran b brterrsati >a Ma rary aaapM poMM. I?i a rival af la# aM Mr**** ?b*nb aaa t*ra aa4 iMirartaf Naataa ??? Maa Nmm thirty yaara irt baa prafaeaf Uuny-ala abaapaa af wwnawi trtv aarrpty-irta 4i? mom piwataaat. I m?rw? la waakaa, la aay apprem 4? ariaat. tbaiaana* naaaa Thar bar# Ika yiayaaa af half Ma tba af?i>atbMa af mm; af Ma waliMwi tmm la Ma (MHiairy. Jaaraa la eaaiaaftaa. aa ha Ufa, tbroafh g <od rapart an4 aril r?f aUu?ry,niraly aarp*?el for a rapabltaaa fans af gar r foment baaed oa tba oaartitattoa Ml tba win af lha paopla. Thaaa art tba Maaaa aow abort la ba laaul by ?a apfMMi m arm*. filler MU"D| tb* Mfw>n?l commaM?*l troop* ere now coaverctag on Ike capital It Purarte Due. Un lug Oojacn on (lie ttd inetaat, wHk ? force of alt ikoe. m4 mea, end, II le *at< le* thoneead^eUad tf vw and tea tboownd uniform', *?rf>li?d~"htm frew the Dolled Hi alee by war ?f Tabawet, Geneva! IMat to new at .teat lea, In tbe southern pari of FsebU, tad aha? ewe hundred and twenty three Bllee from Met lee ctlv. Waiting to Join him, In tbe aertnera part of Ike Mate, are the romm*nd? of 0?arralt M ?*'#*, Juaa Prawrtare, Carriole and Flaadex, la ad shout all tboetaad strung, and occupying the to ?n.? of Apam, San Jean da lea Llanos, Bmmrhtmuuo an J Atitu -.a Mutant trot Aaercar, wldcb Ilea In Dial's line ef atarrh. waa bold by Ike Im perial I-to, but they have ever isted N at hw ap|W ?rh and retired upon Tueblw Wlitie Dm* end hi* enberdl nate chieftains ere tbue wltbia a few day*' march ef the capital on tbe southeast aide, foe ?e equally formidable are approaching it la other direction* Gen orala Kscohed0, Corona, Auxa and Rmcua Ualtarde, with an entire force bardic abort of gftern thousand men, a?? all on the march fr 'tn Guudalijaet. Hen Lute, ZacatMae and Agnaecstlont*a. and wtil probably effect a junction at Onauajualo, sixty league* from M*st*j. To oppo * them there are Mlraraon, at 8ilea. j >et below Guanajua to, with two thousand imperial tronpe, and Met la, at Qtterelaro, with aorae'h'.ng like the name number of men Miramon Is reported to be rwlirtn ? before the liberal ad vance Me xico city iteeif ta aomlually held by Marques, whoao armr numbers from four lo all tuousaad. Ai Toluoa, within twelre leaguet of thaeity, there are four thousand liiieral troop* under the command of Martina* aid Rica* Palacio. Thla la the nearest point to tb* city of Mexico yet reached by the liberal lines Cu erne ewes. Ore leagues further south, t* held by tb* liberal chl f Alvarex, who baa marched up feoaa raadlaa*, ankkewn guarroras, which both the French and the f pea tarda tried la vain la explore, with aotaa Mtwaa hnndred er two thousand m*n. In all, the liberal* bar* at least thirty thousand troop*, uiodomtaly wall equipped, within tan days' march of the capital. At thing* mt pn sent shape themselves the liberal farose aaem to dirtds natu rally into two main bodies?the army o( Pue?a. twelve thenaand strong, under Porflrle I bar, and the army of Guanajuato, eighteen thouaind rtrong, in be aommauded, moat probably. hv Krcobedo. Ipon Marque* will de volve the task of repu'sing, if he can, the attack of Diax; while Miramon and Mqjla will base lo give battle to Emobedo and hia fotca* either at Quaretaro or at aoasa other selected po.nt. You have almady your corre spondent with the army of Guanajuato. Should otr cumstanoee aeem to wan ant it. I purpose accepting a courteous invitation from Porflrlo Diax by attacking my* ?elf to the headquarters ef tit* army of rnebta President Juarez rents ins for ih* present nl lew Lain Jtxoai with an escort of one thousand men. The evacuation'of Mexico city by lb* French will commence on the 6th of February, ami the last French soldier will leave on the 8th. If before that time T*ordrio Diss present himself hi front of the capital with a strung foro* Ba/alno will debtor the city into hl>- bend*. Bat Diaz seem* little disposed to accept this offer, prwferrlag to take poexeMlon of lb* city himself rathsr thaw to receive It a* a gift from the Franch Marshal. Maxlmillcn transfers hi* scat of government lo Foe bin, which unlortunate city la bound to see tb* first and la-t of every revolution. If there la any fight at ail It will be a stubborn light. But the armlet ot Marquee *nd Mirauion are composed of the most unreliable materia)* and it te more than pomible Uietr l"toeJ levies may d?H*rt lu a body to the liberals as soon as they are brought face to lac? with them If otherwise, then tbe valley of Mexico mav be tbe aoeno of a protracted truerllla warfare after the fat! of th. oap-tal, and Fuobla may once more rtaud a sieve. Bauine and Dhu arc piavlng at cross purposes. R* zaine la very anxion* to bate DUx la Mev'co before he leave* so that he may surrender Ih* city to htm, and on various pretext* has postponed his demrture iro.u day to day. The object of the French marshal is obvi ous Bis surrender of the capital lo the liberals would give htm some kind of claim on the government, and would enable him to remain at t'uebls and open up nego list oas with Juarex respecting tb* French dubt. Diaz -ce* through this design and time* bis march accord ingly. WIph Bszaiue ea'.d lie would leave Max oo city ou iho Sih February Da/ announced that be would arrive these on llw (Itli. Hum that ^qaalue ha* po*t poned his depertnre to the 8lh, Diaz la propartng to ap pear In front of. tbe city on the 9th. Wily as the French Dictator la, he lias hit match In Dtaz and in Don Rafael Garcia, the liberal Governor of Pueblo. mccsi MintuoM. Miguel Miramon was horn in Mexico and educated at the Military College of Cbopultepec. HU life b?a been a life of turbuloDu# Be first oain* into not<ce in I860, l>y a pronun<'latuento In favor of the Church party and aga-nst (Vxnon ort, the liberal President. ThU Incipient rebellion being crushed out th* good-natured, week minded Comonfort pardoned Miramon and took him to live in his palace. But tbe unscrupulous ambition of M rsmoa oould brook no restraint In less than a year he pronounced again against his benefeetor, but imme diately afterwards (otnonfort himself boirayed hit party and attempted to make himself Dictator. Out of this arose the complication* wbioh lieve continued down to th* present dav. Comonfoft being obliged to lie* the country, Jaarea, Judge pf th* Supreme t'ouri, became President by virtue of the constitution. Bat the church party having the power lo their bands mad* Zuloaga President, and placed Miramon second In oommaml of tb* army. Not long after this (Moil*. the commander-in chief died mysteriously of poison, thereby benefiting both Miramon and the church party, for the former bo cam* commander m-chlef, and the latt*r*galned an able, unscrupulous tool Miramon fengbt and won two battle* ay must th# liberal* In th* interior, and eo increased hi* power that Zuloaga waa eventually obliged to abandon to him the Presidency and to leave tbe country. In the middle of I860 Zuloaga returned and demanded book tb* office be had gieen up. Miramon dlsjoeed of hi* claim in a voir summary manner by forcing him Into a coach and ?ndlag him into th* Interior. Meanwhile Miramon bad been twto* defeated by the liberal* and finally loet Mexico and the Presidency, Juorex coming from Vera Crus and taking poeeeeaiod of the capital th* Jecker claims, the pretext for the present French Intervention ere of eo recent occurrence as hardly to n*?<l rJWJiififc President Juarea put k price of Twenty middle height, ftilr for n Mexican, and and; ? ""J isaassiXatt^ssscB? of gaining th* oonfldonco of his men. Miramon'* aMtr (pa, and his ready decompile* if ?om* of hie most notorious deeds, waa born at Moral la, Rutt# of Michoaoan, and ie now fbrty-eix year* of age. He stodlPd the miliury profeesion at a college in Mexico. lie Joined In almost every fnmtmetamiento In fhvor of the Church party, and wee an native abettor of Benia Anna. He commanded tb* oenlrnl army during the Presidency of Miramon, sod fought several battles against th* liberals wlin varying spree#*. Subsequently he wee mode Gover nor Of (HtodeJkjara HI* next appearaco* waa In tb# character ef a guerilla, flghtiag tb* battle of Calcninlpaan against th* Juarista, and being defeated be flod to Pane, The fame of both Marquee end Miramon U stained by many acta of cruelty and treachery, chief among them being the nmsere ef Tacabaya, In whloh Marques, with th* approbation of Miramon, who was present, shot in cold blood a fore* of liberals whom he had taken prisoners, and afterwards butchered a number of unoBend.ng persons who happened to be spectators of the maecaere, among them an Eng lish doctor who had come Irom Mexico to attend to tbe wonnded, and the two children of an American named Piallk. Marque/in pirson to short, rather atout, with dark, coarse and strongly marked features Thee* ore th* two men whom Maximilian hoe recalled, the oee from Constantinople and the other (Tom Berlin, to sus tain his moribund empire. They wtil pmbabiy give some trouble before they are finally disposed of. porflno D1m, the princ ipal nctteral the liberal side, Is a boat ttolriy-elgbl years of age. tall, w?n knit, with high cheek lunc, dark >rown hair and slight b sni He wee born at Oaj.ico. the torn in front of wliich he has since been alternately tbo vrt<t find the vanquished In ?everal wall fougnt fight#. Be v as second is command to Ortega In tbe stubborn defence ol Pn b|n ega.net the French; and entiapp nt a number of Zouaves bito* con I vent frum which th "S> wsa only one small mode of escape, cn|>turcd \2* sol killed Hh?ni hOO of I them The nolle are still le-epetlored w.th ta* Meed yf slain. Dlax haa HKKNifui the liberal goueraU, iv ^?u,# *** ? rauic as reepectabla military ^?"'?ven>eath M.irkiifll Ko'er, .'o H'C French Senate, bar*.-1* f0'18?** hiai of Uxlngbobe> ft?m tbe mothers' breaau JDd in* tbam :olo the Sre. aa autobiography or Din.1 b* b- ?a pubt abril, going perhaps aa much Into one ,**?' tram* m iba Marshal did ,4aU> the othar. At all avaev^ Oiu ?moi to hare secured the respect of nearly avoir out who baa been brought In contact wttb him, ul baa show* lrme?tl/ a g?od aoldiar. Pcnu, Fab. 1, 134T. thi bill oraxxa. Yesterday a amort littla angagament waa commenced bet wean AUtroo and Mutamoroe Azurcar. Fire hundred imperial soldiers, under the command of General Tama, na, ware marcbiag to Um relief of Ifatamoroe Aiorcar (wbtrh baa not yet been abandoned by the Imperialist^ aa reported la a praviaea despatch, but la held by Mfl troop*), wban lhay were A tacked by a portion of Porflna fhas a forces. Tba Q.bl la still aoing on, and ImpaaMI ratafotaamaata ara being aana oat from here. The Fifteenth Imperial regiment leave for llexico to night. Freooh trata of fugitives la oa the ww eapiteL mi aamnu cmkspmoence. Kaaarm aa aa Agrtcwltwrwl Ntate?Caaae efAa Apathy Anug Hettlare?The Beat Laad Ca lUM-neaty of Klah aad Uaae-MlaNal Wealth? (laearaar Peaaaefra Waali HaumiLU, Mexico, Deo. 11,1BML The Mate ef geaore haa loegbeea daslgnatad aa tha ??Gardea ef Mexico," aad wUh much show of reaaaa. The rlaere, unlike those ef Hlaaloa aad other States Me aled farther south, da net flow Into the Gulf of Cnllforwh^ hut alak amay league* from the ooosh and spread their warn through thoaaaada ef acres of exceUeat eed^ thereby gteiafl aa hameaaa advantage to tha raaoberoe aver thaaa la evary othar portion of the republic, who ale compelled to Intgate their landa by arUflolal maaam The Baa ara rtver, oa which this city Is situated, is a large aad raptd stream at this point, but at a distaaoo ad tea aritea la tha westward it becomes a marsh, and Ana tbeaee la ail d.reetioaa for leagues it permeates tha sod, caaoiag aa nfiaatva growth of all vegetation indlgma? MoOb Of this IU4 Ml BMO 'III? , ^ ?4 Iht Md IXUMrtiMV *<*t?o m M4 dltt pwdaoUronosa Accord i? to th. Indn nM of tbo astir? no** *? ""T bushsto ? ran, ?MI, bortoy u4 rt?,?tomsny "cargoo" ?? l??-be ?d frtyolea w? raised ? the Mi* numbto off acrw i? any other portion of tbo world. When tt Id rvsmdered tket noarty doabto lb* numb* of boshoto id (r*iontUMMiMitonW A thin ooctlon to wbad ?*? prod?eod la lb* most product!** part of Central Now York aad that at tto urn tint* oraogw, Urn**, data* and lannyeothw Uopteal fruits grow to pwfocUoo an* ?bandaatiy, to Moot bo conceded that Soaora otando Otoe ri ailed a* aa ^rleollaial Stat*. Th* mm* remark^ however. that bar* bow mad* la former oommtntoca. ttoa* retardiag Maahm. aad rotating to tb* eulttrnttnto of tb* gr?ad. apply with *o muoh fore* to a,e tool ^ Slat* conta;na a very larg* number ?f India? tb* moot eatneroas trib* of which I* th* YagA Hmdea thl* nation ib*r* ar* trlboo *f ApacbM, Oarito ?nd I'apaf**?ib? whole anmbor of Indian* m tb* country aomhMiog not Mm than in vut oulf oftti among litia bord# who rocoguuw .i,e rlrbl of P'or.-ny In other., and tb*y northern Ha* thai in tb. beet portion of th* i aiamnie hat a* Irfluwo otoT their brother red sain* a,*.-* ?. ^ *,-?> ui'i?o#d to a'towtfifl oih*n to wort, union* lai 2t3?toEw t very /orally .Pi-nlonwl MOM IndianTh* rwrult oaa eaelt* be divined, roopi* wkto own land* under to* M*?leaa tltto bold by* tenor*, being liable to forfoti all, aad *rw llfb. at any im* a real or leer ed enrran e caa b* made a prtart br th ? eevetea Tblt V* the real eauee of th* lirieea* ?atl.r *f the ?*t.!era *nom Ilea eo far north from th* X?Z f ibo rtwch WW aad M tottocwto to toe fend (lb* on* port of Guaymm), that no eaoaae M b* ureed on thia grw.ad for tb* uuor let* of labor wnm uea Bit wb** altar ioibd bard wwtaiaiWiMOB e5&2S]nSss,?ssie saw i-assrr ? as?=s ng. Tbl* hw bre* tb* cow fwr**? pato to end etaee th? mawawbi* time wb*a ft aeatotaace of hi* piled leaf*4* r?.n?l lerahto ferae tag to * lenity of th* cttto* aad let,, y -?. -- -?? ere , ate* "bed aad pmbaMy wUlbeuwto * **? pmgto rf,.tt Mka i? im Mm a Teimeaur wb* M?**? all bto life ebtdyiag to leal* tb* MM "Mttmoto oT p*o*fh. lag bto *t**T am** aad pacing hhamlfwbMBdJ tarnli* or patotnw *r eat* w*atd b* bto bam mtiwy ? one ?f the iwc.be* bar* wbw* ptoogh* *r* aafca*w% ?two aowaadtw wy a f*w to to }?***? Ua'? that iaetwd of pieagbtag, a craekalatlckta pntoW over the ground emawbtag to mwtoy "??*?** euoat -o^oTpai.i to taTamuar aatd tba ***a to "-~i" ** barWML la tb* a .run two *mp* of. ? gaiherad eacli pear, tbore ta tb* on th# ? ?ew~ , . ? , ? Tba rlvam ore ebiiodaatly aappttod wtob eamtoeet ?% and the *M*b bow w tb* ??* cwataM *?mi* aadMbgi eboil feb. of targ* *lm end WbioeiW >*Mlg aim pbatp, lev aad aatelop* belay aa-aer***, omA lam, qnull* pbe*aaaie. eetwr and Mlp* ' **?*> j* innlUtndee. Notwtobetawdtag aM taern adwaty* ?? cettaae maiga^ abare wttl "gl tln.e as* aew imre pomoeea* liwf of tbe we*. .. Lvtdeaoeo of free* aimorai wealth ere aim aomaroaa la IbtQora. to any mlaee bar* apparwtly bow ??tto lour ai d mceoa*r?ilp. be W eiampl* I o*e ibow* I odd tailed ibo Me Tereee, ta the In* Bo?iameaa lain, a Uiurt dietanoe from Banaoatlto. aad e**ed br exiro.cra r Uaada'a TUto mla* baa baw wry Nl? ai\ elv worked, end. although It ha* to*? abaadoad f*g a-vera 1 y*?t*, th* dnft*. in an-1* aad abaft* ?*?<?? tato eiat* of preeerrauea. At ee* Maw tbwe ww* M*?* UtoM tlire* hundred pefwme at erwb I* tb* Mm to ?b* verioui oc upathtai of drdtloe, paoWiag, grtodtog. amtoto log. Ac.; end It to ewer led by Ihom who bad m**w ?C knowing that, ta tb* tve yeeoef It* grwrnto pmepertop. the Wine yielded over a mtlltoa of doUm* at a toe* aed more then flfiy tboueead. Much of tba ore leeeped fr->in ten to twelve pound* of ellrer to the ton; *** the piMfwrfnee, who bow work the bo? porttoaa, wbw ?'herd np. ' frvqa*uUr m*ke to P*r dey to the ?a Wtoto poor loo Li end ibo common "araetr*. '?oid bee tow been found la ootmldereW" gwa'lttoo, b?t pleoer di# glng he* ant of let* b*** proAtobla Ho*a e cowatoV ebould b* emwgAbe moto wealthy w tb* tleb*, kto alas I for Ito program, the lebekluate areof Mam I tuber! I e and brain leva apecMs tmagrnahto be dpMM they la th*?r iievtoty end wrrteb see me that ao baweam beeatartatoad far toelr emellnmliim, aad, mmnm etafnL not until an entte cbaage to mad* tbroegkand tb* ?iale of people, ruWom* aad law*, will ?oaora tato* ber proper pto** la lb* catalog ?? *f agrtoatowral tod mining couatrtoa . . .. Pemjulera, th- pr**ent Ooe*ra*r, **d*rita*de tta bto tburoogblr/and, as an Intel tgent maa, to dwtwa of am co'iraging Immigmttuto. la tola, to'i1*. he le eppaaw by tb* aativ**, aad tba* at prwm* w Mtw toaaaa Hwmoedle to a w*U bull I aad gyl/JooaUd r^.toto talning about seven ibo. seed labMtwm. IVotbrW Indtoa* wo* beM aa'tmitWeatoe* mrot^ toto wbete sw"?asKSS?S?S5s3 Artawa past ell In that rained L#(W . hiaaloa aad Taoul vail age. The road* f?m Hermoeilla to tb* rwioto* town* la r aad the dtfbnal parte ere rtwedtogly r tb* great** pert4a ?1 tba yew... la wM* I dent to aay pereea who twto* tbrwgb tb*J orbing I* waatod to Soaota bat w latoU Interior during I It is etlden that aotblag aad arttve in** *f e would yoa bad bow ram ww to*do to Thanday, May a* yo* wtll wo by list of ?. . NiTiim to wm mmtwm op iwi rp?w . WmiTwoIt, M*r L?Hatch (1,000 io ?*O0, aM b?M heat thm* 10 m Woodruff , b g U? TeW? to S^eiw'emw WrttoM* b?k m_rwtLto >** I Wbdu?t, My A ??* caoddhto* w too pracama^ MwSJ2?a" May 1? -Match fl.OOO atod* tbrw mtoa heat* to we con. Same home* ee the preceding. Tiianrv May 1A-Match AAOOO, mil* b eta toto thr?? in Or*, In h*r?*w H. Weodru?*? ?> Califewib ifonn?rlT ^Mi) ?!? Cfook ? f. I. Bull Ru# Tibidat, Mtf ii Miy 14, #s*sp* V" ?Up bT2U-aA?;My to-Mtocb three to flro, la herneaa Mr l!.ndrick*oa ito ? Ooort* M. l'etcbea, Jr., ft H. WoodrafTe b. * foaaa |,4<^iowK*n*t?Jono A-Molrb (1.000. uvllo beat*. bmO I three In lira H. WoodrulT.b^c t-.l,'-?. '.rmwiy Sam), In berneso, ra Jam** MoMaan a iuk. m. C ra, to ^?. ^iTa^-'itatob (1,000, mil* hanu, led tor** n 0r% In hnruea*. drawing ?00 lt?. John lb't?re_br. a Uwtlto tiooDU n*. H^nry ?*Hwt9b d m cutfle Trrm**T, July 1?fweepetak* (340 each, toll# kewa beat thrre In live, for four year olda H. o Willis Hchepp*r, to wagon; H t Ofer e l*arke ? llam biotouiea. In heroms W?" Pallor's Ham'.latwiaa rwto STwVml WH.IAaM *???.