Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1867, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1867 Page 5
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tut qotabk aflhhr. U m given bribed?* mmat of the BUto, iho if quite nMadaoa patriot. Be bee figured for many year* in pobllo Ufo, lived economi cally aM la poor. ? About uUrty peroooe eat down at team. The toasta came early and la a Head. They were la geaecal laudatory of the efforts of the President, end Btaaj of them altogether too obaequiooa for American earn Or tact?. Jbarei Is not, howerer, apt to hare hla head tamed In thla manner. The Preeldent gave many toasta Among Others he Itacti a the foreigners present at the table, among them Americana. Engllah and Germans. Said he:?"Not many years ago I remember that a foreigner km looked ?toon as a wild beast, and shunned by every Mexican. The earth waa made (or all, and every human being has ths right to select the people and the society that p]easts him most. I am pleased to see that Zaoatecas is among the foremost to open her doom and heart to the people of other countries. Such policy is wise and statesmanlike. Mexico is wide open, and has room for every man of every nation who may choose to make it bis home Oar lands sbonid be long to him as well as to the sons of the soil I there fore drink welcome to the foreigners here assembled." The President also toasted "The People or the United States, Our Friends.?The United Stales and Mexico go hand and hand in the cause of republicanism, each re specting the rights of the othor, aud neither claiming the precedence. Let us drihk, then, to tho constant friend ship of the two countries." To this your correspondent responded:?"In the mighty struggle of Mexico for republicanism she has always bad our sympathies, for her heart is as large as her territory. From this heart sprang the liberal senti ments which gave btrth to your war of independence. Then came the war for the consolidation of liberty which resulted in the constitution of 1857. Then came the war for the consolidation of the constitution and the 'laws of reform.' In this war I find Mexico trembling on the last etroke of victory; but now cornea a mighty problem for jour statesmen?1 drink to the Consolidation of Peace." The dinner lasted three bourn and a half, and was Do table for its freedom from restraint. It wound up the day and the journey. OUR KRIDA^ORRESPONDENCE. Tie Liberals About to Take the Capital of Yacatan?Disgust with the Imperial Govern* racnt?England Keeping the Indians in the Field. Mkkida, Feb. 4, 1807. Merida, although n place almost unknown to the world, deserves some notice from you, as hemp (Sisal hemp) grows here In gnat quantities, and we have com menced trading with your important port A steamer touches twice in the month in our port, Heal, thirty-six miles from this city, on her way from New York to Vers Crux and back. The liberals under Colonel M. Cepeda are Just now at the point of Uking possession of this capital city. The imperial commissary, who Is also (he commander-in-chief of the army, hardly has the necseary troops to garrison the old San Beratz castle and the square. The people of Yucatan are anxious to uee the liberal forces take possession of this city, as well as of the whole country. Tbey are tired of a government so incapable and inadequate to the wants or the country. Dr. McKicney, a most respectable man from our coun try, died here on tbe 26th of last month, leaving a large family. He was irom Philadelphia. 1 intend to write you about our Indian affairs, vindi cating this poor country from the charges made about tbe Indian scourge, which has reduced the population of this peninsula from six hundred thousand inhabitants to hardly one-half that number. I am sorry to say that nobody but the philanthropic English government has kept them (tbe Indians) in the held, by giving tbem aid in arma and ammunition, and dealing with tbem as neutrals, according to tbe law of nations, which tbey (the English), as we (tbe Yankees) know, respect so much. Gnoeral Corona's whoiTcoi^ ?. ;; * *" ^ Cnr**Jal. Rodrtguei and Martinez. JSJ Oortina (rather circulating In patriotism) '700 Garrison at liazatlaa .'. ISX Garrison at Guayma* 350 Harrison at Liberal Stresgtk. t- lFro,n U>? Mexican Times, Feb. 4.1 In ordorto maintain oar opinion tnat there are 11 one republican soldiers under irme, ? bara tJkeo 22 Srth!. a0?' flles of lh0 i??*rventi.-nai or^an ^ thejp22b?^2^ I lb?colainiiaof tho S'K.Udwl hirln m ?n ,V^ lor proof and statistics We must ^4^Tn.^th.??t atorge terr'10ty now in tbe nanoe or Juarez, tbat there are hundreds of towns with Sfouw!?' W t?at wbe" we make the sum total of an<1 organised armies fDKty ar? not ofmuoh amount' whon viewed collectively makers surprisingly large sum sss sss*i refer to the newspapers pf the capital, and with no other "" "" . numbers have wo in for a basis of calcu jywarjfo bave pub wit,".-* "* "w "w""4 ??*?? owm 1 <1,000 men. !!! a I'ortlrlo Diaz's immediate command with rnt*' *hich ?*ke regular reports, _ m*T W estimated at ' i? ono General Mariano Esoobedo's army corps, with ' headquarters at the State capital of San Luis ? 1OlOtie 0 760 General Alvarez's command aiding the' new rein- ' . "*?wl**nts ef Pi mod and Jimenez 9 000 Aural leap Rivera and Eacandon's forces. 1,200 4,000 3,000 700 000 ?:jbpoctfiMtw Garrison at ftmpico 4M Troops in detached bands in Morelia, Sonora and Staaloa r - 4 J00 the Slates of Quen taro Guanajuato, l'u?bi* ' and Agoascalieates, under different command 10,000 Making a total or Commands have been mentioned by thorn and their locations given, of which we have no confirmation; and believing they wouldn't overestimate their enemies, we conclude that they will allow tbe difference between their "?T? owa Tho hundreds of detached com maads or liberals in numbers of twenty-live up to five budred do not particularly attract our attention; but wncn we lake them collectively tbey a-tonmb ua, aud we wonder how these forces have been raised and bow tbey ?it sustained. .. Th* m*iD question now is. how are the imperial tu sh onttec M prevent these heterogeneous detachments concenlrstiiig into largo bodies, und to learn the routes by which them troops of Juarez intend to march so general rendezvous stations Our lour years' active experience la that great war of the rebellion in the ^wa" tou?hl ?" ih,t 11 18 8 suicidal course which tho empire . is pursuing by allowing a general_concentration of its enemy in tbis val "T- . ?' f88r rhps the preseut commanders are eawinlattag upon the experience of pest years, and in tote reliance is made the great military blunder of the ?Mipaigi. Wt most consider that there are new infla eoces and new elements with tbe Mexican soldiers com ingfrom the North that have never hem property ertl ? P**1. iM. wmfned. There are ao many -American > ranch and other foreign offlcers and soUiera With Jaarea a lorocs now that the whole character of bis fawss in changed. We horn for the beet and look to J**88 "he have the Mns of thousands now la their bands JSiT^H? tb* ^ fmn of Wood ??* *?* devastation win soon be ended. Tbe nation 2ETl"f 18'ookm*on faradloetment of tktelong and tedious bottling, and for tbe country to ?*mo ??? m panne, 'gathering her eleaMOte far ad vancement, stretching out the strong arm of order and ^hruuihrii'ty ,b!,fTrd5r 1*Uk",n nniBtiHr 10 too lowest bora Iodlas of tbe oouiiaiBK. H A Y Tl. Kevalwttaalste In Exile. Km the Yhrta Iahmdo Standard Feb ? 1 ? Men General Sal nave of revolutionary nolo. a&s* sfts wsSSs MTrmii^nrb,ns ?" A4 preaen* we have quite n number of Baytlens resM- 1 P0""?81 roloirees from JjJf qotoily awaiting that torn is the J"*8" whkh will send them home wiser, and, we traat, bettor men. WEGTCKSTEI WTELLIKWCt. l*aoroinn Now School Hocsa?la coaseouence of tbe Increased population of Mott Harm and North New York a proposal to build a new school Rous* in the latter village has bam favorably considered by tbe Board of MueaMou. Plans and specifications are now being pre pared, so that the work may he commenced in the earir 5^rt^?M.rhoSac?Wof th# B*w Bsicxlatsk*' I'jnos.?An important movement is now being made by the Bricklayers' I'nion, ? omprtsing work men from Morrlaanla, Fordham and other towbt and ?ItlagM In the vicinity, the main object* of which are to unite more closely the common Interest* of the trade and to equalize the rate of wages throngliout tbe eouaty. Pick pock zra o? th* Foamux Rxnaoto Cxaa?It would appear tbst this section of tbe "light fingered brigade" do not confine themselree alone to tbe metro politaa bores can. On Sunday evening Mr. Lester, a passenger on one of the Ford bam Railroad car*, was re lieved of a very fine silver watch and n pockctbook con taining a small amnant of cash. On arriving st Fifth street, Morrlaanla. Mr. I .ester observed several "gentle men ' leave the car. Shortly afterwards he missed tbs articles named and at onoe started after tbe suspected persons, but unfortunately failed to overtake them. STATE! BUM INTELLIGENCE. flr?DOT Dsath.?Aa inquest was held on Sunday, February 24, at Quarantine, by Coroner Jamas Dempsey ?ro tbe body of a young man named George Evans, who died suddenly oa board the steamship Missouri ss she !*" proceeding down the hay oa her voyage to New or ?ems. The deceased, according to the evidence, had ?wnfer noma time suffering Trom phthisis and heart ?mnase, and was professionally recommended a change of cnmate. Tbe jury found a verdict accordingly I)*. """ho"1 twenty-five yeara of age, and a native ?f Stroud, Ghmoeeterablie, Raglaad. "www? Swia*._At the recent Cane Grower*' convta S?'"*t*?hl,8>j u *f Mint granulation of *or "?s^SwaK ???SUh '** PnpW VIRGINIA. M WIMCMBTf pBNUK. Harder ef Twe Falea Mea> SherUT Trtiw aad Hie Hoe Henry?Tke Marderere Ar rooted?Fire at the Meres ef Messrs. Hailth 4k Co.?The Peat OMee Damaged, dec. Wmchestxk, Va., Fob. 23, 1887. Last night, or lather this morning, a moot horrible affray took plaoe in this eity, resulting in the probable fatal stabbing of Samuel Troaay, Sr., late Sheriff of this county, and in the murder of bis eon, Henry Trenay. Yesterday being the 22d of February, the Union Fire Company gave a banquet at tbe Taylor Hotel, in honor of Washington. At half-past nine o'clock, Just as the guests, some two hundred or more, had seated them selves at the banquet table, an alarm of Ore was given, which proved to be in tbe store of Smith A Co.?dry goods?which resulted in a total destr uction of the prop erty. The store adjoining was also destroyed; the goods (harness) were partially destroyed. The Post Office was also slightly damaged, but fortunately, through the efficiency or our energetic post master, the mails were all tared, and everything put to rights in a few hours. At about half-past twelve o'clock the company repaired to tbe banquet hall and partook of a magnificent supper, and everything passed oil pleasantly, and the company had dispersed and young Trenay bad gone on to the street, when he was attached by a-party of roughs, and an altercation ensued on politics, when he Was stabbed in tbe breast, the wound resulting almost immediately in his death. His father, who had oome to tbe rescue of hie son, was also stabbed in tbe back, and at this writ ing is supposed to be dying. One of the men implicated in the afflur, M. Forney, has been arrested; another, his brother, Bobert Forney, tuado hie escape, and the officers are now on hie track, who, it is thought, will take him to day. Mr. Trenay and his son were both highly respected citizens aud among the most stanch Union men in tho country. Young Tronay was a worthy member of the Odd Fellows' lodge and Red Men's lodge in this city, and also a member of the Union Fire Company. His death will cast a deep gloom of sorrow over our usually pleasant and quiet city, and be mourned by a large olrcle of friends. Major Brown, in command ot the troops In this place, is entitled to great credit for his promptness in calling out bis mon to assist in extinguishing tbe fire, and also in making the arrest of the murderers. OUR RICHMOND CORRESPONDENCE. Brillinnt Military Ball in Richmond?Beauti ful Scones, Decorations. Ac.-Muilc, Dane. ing and Festivity. &c. Iticmioxp, Va., Fob 23, 1887. Camp Grant, immediately on the suburbs of the city, was last night tbe scene of the most brilliant affair of the seasoD, a grand military ball, given conjointly by the officers of tbe Eleventh United States in.anlry and those of the Fifth battery of artillery, comprising the garrison here. The ball room, which was large and commodious, was beautifully decorated with mottoes and tho flags of all arms or the service, displaying great taste and a love for the national emblems. The post band of Camp Grant furnished the music on the occasion, every piece of which was executed with the utmost precision and in the most admirable style, Ailing the ball with a de lightful melody often, unusual at a ball. About seventy five ladies illumed the a Hair with their presence, among whom were a large number from the ciiy of undoubted Union senttm-'nts; but such was the taste displayed by ail in their charming dresses that distinction would be Invidious. The whole assemblage, numbering about two hundred and fllty, was exceedingly slrikog, and as the waltz, galop and fcbotti.-chu progressed, it was delightful to observe the magniflceut costumes of the ladies, tbe beautiful uniforms of the officers and the less bril liant .but fine ball dresses of the civilians present, and some officers who preferred that mode, as tbey flitted m dazzling array to tbe music. Among the guests who appeared most to enjoy themselves wore several members of the Virginia Legislature, and whose presence indicated no aversion to military rule ou their part. There were also present Major General Scbollcld, Department Commander, and his ladies; Inspector Gen eral iolonei George Gibeou and lady, Brigadier General Granger, District Commander, and lady, together with Colonel Huston, commanding Camp uraut, and b/s offi cers. and Colonel Dupont, commanding a battery of the Fifth artillery, aud his officers. Everybody seemed bent on enjoy men i, whether military manor civilian, army ladies or thueo from the city. The dance lasted to tho smalt hours of the morning, when the whole party present partook of a splendid supper, after which they retired refreshed as well as enjoyed by the dance. I under stand it is tbe intention of the officers hero to have a succession of these intensely delightful affairs. N't V AO A. OUR AUSTINJMRRESPONOCNCE. Advice en Mining Opcrr.uofce-Polly of Nome New York Cou>PAnIe$*-1?Nictlcnl >||*ln| And Theoretical Mlelnc-The "iHMae Mine," Cenieronilee Effected Between tbe I.ItU ?ante?The ''Murphy Mine,"?lie Hnccess, ffcc*t df* Acsnx, Rccae River District, Nevada, I Jon. 28, 1867. J As wtthie the last three year* New Yorkers have invested nearly 94,000,000 in the mines of this and ad joining districts, doubtless a lew remarks upon mining prospects hereabouts will prove interesting. During tbc past suminor, and st t.ie present, threo foortbs of the mills, and of course the mines also, of this district have been lying idle. This retcre particu larly to mills owned by capitalists of your city. This unlortunute condiiion of things and the disappointment to stockholders resulting therefrom, are by tne auUcrers and I hone at a distance, generally, charged directly and entirely to (he mines and district. This is as foolish as bas been the character of many of the investments, and especially of the expenditures, which the same disap pointed parties have mode. 1 will not attempt to prove their error, hut it can with safety bo said that, if the district is ail that its moat sanguine friends have claimed, tbe course pursued by Atlantic miue owners in it was such that failure was Inevitable; but It must be under stood that no sensible man bas ever claimed that every ledge or boulder of rock in tbe district is or conid be made a valuable mine. Most of Uio invest aaenis were mado on a wave of excitoraent, and showed a reck leaanws that can only be compared with the wild specu lations some years aco in Western lands. Many of the "mines" purchased by New Yorkers from sharpers balling from thin district had no osiateooe at nil, save on paper, and many others wen among the very pooraet in the district; but by the aid of falsa assays, "profaasors'" reports, and "sp -oimens" stolen horn other mines, and the gullibility of and almost mania in yeur city three years ago for aacb property, little difficulty was experienced in selling a mine?and the purchasers also. I a ad not say that those who la vested ia this class of mining property never have real ised aad never will realise a cent trom their iavem But by no means all the mines la this district sold to New Tenters were bogei. but, on she contrary, those parties now own here at laast 911/ of aa rich silver mines as tba world baa aver seen. A tew have already made money from tbeaa miner, bat the majority arc yet ana iouely expecUag promised dividends, and ibat five-sixths of them nave not thus realised their expect alio oa la dee almost entirely to their own moat ridiculous ml*manage ment. In nearly every case after a mine wan purchased here the following programme for working It was adopted to New York: Mill macbm?ry wee purchased there at oface and shipped aitber via Cape Horn or bv the extremely expensive Isthmus route. With hardly aa exc'ption this machinery wa? either wholly or partially unfit for the mines of this divtrtct, and to superintend the mlae with this machinery was sent out a man who knew no more of mining and the duties of a superinten dent of one than a plantation negro about conducting a newspaper. Of cotiree such a man, however honest sod trustworthy?and for them last qualities he had often hot a appointed aad relied upon?was necessarily a dead failure. He came out, and the machinery came, and freight, and his aad a thousand other very heavy ex penses came also, and "give, give," was the constant cry upon shareholders pockets, while they had loollshly expected that the flow of money would be Immediately the other way. Sometime# It took oaly about three, sometimes six months, but In nearly every cane a year fully "panned out" (la mining parlance) tbe patience of shareholders, and they recalled their superintendent In disgust, blaming him, blaming the mine, tbe seller, the country?everything but themselves, upon whom tbe blame must rest. The most of these mines and mills are now lying Idle, waiting until the owners ia your city make up their minds for another atari. Having pointed out the way New Yorkers set about working a mint. 1st me now show bow practical men on this coast set about this business. First, they never invest in one until tbe original discoverers and owners have opened It at Isasl orty feet below the surface, or to the wnter line. This enables them to tell whether thors really la a true vein or ledge, or whether the sur face showings are not merslv local outcroppioga, or "pockets.When they are satisfied that there is a true ledge, tbe next step is to test lite rock by a working assay and see how It pays. To do this thoroughly they do not go thumbing over the rock taken out and select a few rich looking plerea and take their assay as evl dencex of the value of the mine, but they take from one to three tons of the rock without selection, and have It worked. Then, If the result Is favorable and tbe title uninenmbared, they purchase. A practical miner ia then installed aa superintendent, ana not n gold-epoc tacled profesnor or a kid gloved olty clerk. A mill Is not talked of until sons hundreds of teas of ors at least bavs been taken out and are ready for crashing. Then one of from five to ten stamps Is purchased In Han Fran olaco, of the most Improved pattern for working the ore peculiar to the district. No idle superintendents or clerks are employed, expenses an kept down to the* lowest figure, and everything goes well. Ia a word, knowledge, industry sad eoon omy an the three chtet requisite* that an brought to bear hen in mining before success ia looked for, as they an ta every business under tbe sun; aad New Yorkers have generally failed simply aad solely because they bavs neglected all of the above requisites nsci?fy to eaooeeSL This amnion I feel aailefied they will even themselves bear me oat la 1 think, sb a raft, it wilj not be iradsal ffif then "Wobw work here onlll u>e Central Pacific ^ F*1 continental one?gives wlUl Sou Franoieoa Expenses of ?. ?SU^?2?r Hi? evem will bo reduced from one-half I?^ They are bow a practical embargo on the general working or Uta miaea of **>*? dial net For a {o P*T lh*? laet and aUll yield profits It would re quire to be richer than an? in the worid. In California, even, mining la an expensive business, but here it is at l?y* **? hundred per cent mora su The saving which ~f. r"flnJ*d will effect for mine earners in this country will itself constitute a handsome monthly dividend. The trade awaiting it all through this State in magnitude and profits can hardly be computed. . "T advice to New Yorkers owning mines here Is not .?Iv" heir ProportT. with the railroad completed, i * he worth three or four times what it is worth to The threatened lawsuit for the possession of the oele hrated Midas mine has been privately compromised. A New York company was in possession and had worked the mine for two years. Tboy took sufficient ore out to pay all expenses and build the Midas mill, one of the finest on the coast, canting $126,000, besides paring sev eral dividends to stockholders in New York. A number of San Francisco men claimed the mine under Drior possession, and also claimed $176,000 damages, value of ore taken out and worked by the New York company Tno terms of the compromise were that the latter com pany should give up the mine and the San Franciscans waive all damages. The rocks from the mine, I am told, averaged $167 a ton Irom tho time of Its first opening. I bave repeatedly beard It valued at $1 000 000l It would have been better for the interests of the'dis trict If the Now 1 ork company had got keeping noes s ?J01*- They were working and making the minefield the San Franciscans are lettmg it lie idle, and offering it for nlo. Among the few Now York companies who are now dT?'?? ntiL !?!.!!.', ?WKn,ng MarPhy mine, in Twin flvif district. They have a floe mill. It and mine cost $360,000. Tnis company, I am assured after onThand*llw0hi^hDwtfi' hlf? D0W ?earlTtwo tans of bullion on hand, which will bo soon taken on to New York by the company's general agent, Mr. ?infield. ' d Widens mlneS hM? paylDg New Tortt ow,,er? J^'?!fnei? JlClL dtaw?rl?* ot silver-bearing ledges in new hl?trioto south and east of tLis district during the past year. These ledges are said to be very much wider than thoeo of this district SOUTH AMEBICA. OUR BUENOS AYRES CORRESPONDENCE. Paraguay to be the ttouth American llnlanc inn Power? Anomalies In Argentine Fi nnncce?Proteeinnt Mtaslonere-Mlow Pro. cresn of the War?Denth ef an American Torpedo .Maker-The Governor and the Legislature at Loggerheads?Commercial, eke., dsc. Brxxoe Atr&.Doc. 27, 1866. We are just closing one of the most eventful years of Argentine hiptory. A foreign war of unprecedented pro portions for this country has drawn into Paraguay our military men and all our lighting material. For near ten months the army has been on foreign soil, and every nerve of government has beon under contribution to give powerful strokes in quick succession. But aloe was met who was prepared beyond all credibility. A small force of good soldiers was deemed ample to sweep out Paraguay. The war has given Paraguny euch a prominence as a land of resources, of military heroism, as a century of pence could hardly do. It has battered into notice and into audacity a little country less tlinn twice as large as Ohio, and it has given a footing to an other Power capable at any time of assaulting any two of the most warlike countries of r>ouib America at once. From the Amazon to Cape Horn, and from the Andes to the Atlantic, little Paraguay holds the balance of power and can dictate terms of peace in any conflict. This is a change to be put down for 1866. During tliis year the price o.' the paper emission of the government has groatly increased its value. Tho silver dollar began the year with about twenty-seven to one; it is now worth twenty-two and a half to one. It is un precedented in all times, so fur as I know, that gold in lime or war becomes cheaper and the paper promisee to pay become more valuable This Is with reference to the provincial bank issues. National bonds, interest paya ble here, have also improved two or three per ceni. AH this has gono cn while our bonds in the Loudon market bave gone down, and no loans can be made abroad. Tbia confidence at home, influx of gold, increase of value of paper are all indicative of a solid metallic basis, and a better financial future. The march of progress is unabated. Railroads during the last yean have been going forward, aiming at the prolific interior of the country or nl passes in the Audes, giving promise of Joining the oceans by rail road. Immigration has during 1666 poured into these regions about fifteen thousand inhabitants, chiefly latureiv. Two or tree colonies have been begun, giving promise not only ol increased products but of defences against the Indiana. Iu tUe valley of the La Plata there arc now employed twenty different Protestant ministers, Ave more than were hero one year ago. Of these twenty there are eight who are connected with the Methodist Rpiscopal Church of the United 8tales. These are not all Amen cans, but they sustain (bis relation ecclesiastically. At nearly nil the stations made by the American mini stars there ore schools established, and the North Americau system of teaching is iu great favor here. The depart ment of schools brings its model seats, desks and most of its books from the United Males. As io the wer, the present condition of things at headquarters premises but little as to immrdialc results. Koin'orcements arc needed in large number* before nny important step can be taken. Marshal Cnxias Is reor ganizing the army and gathering provisions: but this is slow work, and besides the losses have i>eeu so severe that th: best that can he done is to hold on to prescn*. positions. Ever since invading Paraguay the allies liavo been under disadvantage on account ot having only small guns. Recently they hate tanned eleven heavy guns in good positions to reply to the Paraguayan eixty-eight pounder* The fleet remains inactive, excepts small flotilla that has been sent up Uiu Parana river to cut off the contraband trade with Currienies. This has bo n entirely unrestricted until lately. The Paraguayans do not buy if they cuii steal, but taring ou good terms with the peoplo on that river thev have been very generous. There was a rumor that the Paraguayans wire making n mine under the allied camp, and ibis was ra.ber con firmed for a while bv a tremendous explosion that oc curred on December 0. But, aside from the difficulty of underminings iaiuomloes swamp, it appears that thy explosion *aa,thut or a magazine. In which some five hundred shells were accidentally blown up. Many carta also were destroyed, and horses and it Is said forty-five men. The allies at once opened fire on tbeut, but ft was very sharply returned. It is add that they want thirty thousand recruits in order to be able to make an im portant movement. It is not at all Ilkeiy that the half of that number can be seut up. The aggressors are not able to use the spade lor defence as are those attacked, but the skill nod the amount of work done by the Para guayans is n marvel. They must have some very ekil ful engineers among them. A young American. Mr. Bell, wbo wan engaged in making torpedoes, died at Hutoalia about six months ago. Bo was from Washington city, and had served as n pri vate for two years in the federal army during the late rebellion. He was highly esteemed here. There is no scarcity of raulo for the army. A surplus of many thousands of animals is now an band at I om enta* In the province ef Osrrientas these animate are bought for $7 to $fi. stiver, each. Vary far south wa have recently heard of cattle selling at $2, silver, each, mseh less than the hide brines in market. A singular collision has occurred la this city, between the Legislature and the Governor. The tatter died the former lor an extra see-Ion, and the Senate refused to assemble. The Governor wrote a circular letter to the Senator^ stating that If they did not assemble be would administer the government as though they had sane Monad his Projects, and would trnet to a fours Legists tare to tagalas his sola Tbev have not yet replied, bet It is expected they will assemble. We bave bad another rumor of gold in the moun tatos in the southern part of this province. The Stand ard here bos glowing accounts of the gold, but thus tar bo nuggets bare corns to town, if the gold artlclss from the Atandnrd should gat into the North American papers It would bs wall lor adventurers to wait lor another mail. 2c*Bl,y b*?1* MM ht $22 80, currency, for the dollar. This Is the cheapest gold we bare known for Ftaj* Exchange on England, dfifcd. to the gold dollar There are fifteen United States vessels In port This Is an unusual number. CBULIWC. On ^tardsy ImI (be Thistle Club, of Jermy City, played their return match with the Peterson Club, at Peterson, N. J., with two rlnka from eaeh club, each rtak rontainin^foor players a frtda After a spirited con test of foor houre the reealt was M follows:?I'aterson Club?Kink No. 1 nr. Smith, aklp 17; rink No. 2 Mr. Watson, skip IS; total 66. Thistle Club, of Jersey City? Rink No 1 Mr Stereos, skip 48; rink No. 3 Mr. Lyons, okip .10; total 78. Maiority for Thistle ctnb of Jersey City IS shots. THE POLITICAL RUDDLE Ml KERTUCXY. ream roar, Feb. 36,186T. The I-oulsvllle Democrat of this morning repadlates the Democratic Convention of the 23d, and will not sup port Its nominees. Large numbers of deleiates to the Republican Convention, to bo held hare to-morrow, bare already arrived. This eonvoailoo will make no conces sion for the sake of votes, bat will nosalnete a straight out Colon ticket The Louisville Democrat of to-morrow will oontala an address from Lieu tenant Governor Jacobs to MM conservatlvea of Kentucky. Ills now oertaln that there will be three parties la Kentucky at the com mencement of the canvass. HOWRY IF SAFES. Svaacxsa, Feb. 36, INT. PiTrglars forced the safes of Messra Ritchie h Smith, A. H. Gillette sad K Btlinpsan * On, early on Sunday moraine, bat sacessSsd la gmtiac only abewt $13 la postal eerrsasy, and a $NS?arth sml?sa-twsaty bond (No. 9,766} payable to the order of Charles A. Monger and two $100 second series syvsa-thirty beads (Nasi I 166,661 aad 166,611a | IK HOMELY FEATURES OF NEW YORK. Hacks. Cars, OaiibaiM, Drays. KiprtM WUM?-Tke Perambulating Laborer* *f the Metropolis?J unkshope, Pawnshops, la. telllceaee OfBrrs-IIncknien nnd Their Hwin

dice, Sec, Limited u ia the growth of the metropolis to the narrow iilmd on which its first little settlement wee made, and Uttle as the public ambition eeema to tend to extending the city limits beyond the insignificant boundary or division line formed by the Harlem river, it would startle the non-resident to learn the extent of the business carried on in the way of transporting passengers through its narrow and crowded limits, together with the number of men dependent on the carting of loads of merchandise or baggage to and fro. Eight miles is about the extent of the city proper in length, and its greatest width Is about throe miles. But within this comparatively nar row apace human beings are crushed and crowded together in dwellings which are constructed with a view to the greatest economy of area, packed into tenements that uproar tneir narrow proportions far skyward, with floor on floor densely packed with the families of tbo poor, while even the wealthy crowd their mansions together within the limits of the bustling city, that they may share in the life and breathless whirl of business and pleasure that centre in its narrow arse, and which is all the more stirring from this unnecessary aggregation of the maters, while groan fields and spacious village plots invito their setUement lu the suburbs. But so our peo ple congregate; and to meet their wanta tbe transporta tion business, narrow as ita limits must uocessarily be, is carried on to an extant that is only equalled by tbo numbers It serves; and in its routine it clogs and blockades the avenues of passage with vehicle proces sions almost equal to the gay nhmbers of pedestrians that throng the footways in the narrow streets. But restricted as are its limits, an idea of the business and population of the confined district mav be gained from remarking the number of hackney coaches tbst whirl about the crowded centre of the city. Of those there are 1,428 licensed coaches and hacks, with 1,448 hack men or drivers. These latter ore the regular Jehus who brave tbe rigors of the bitter nights of winter, or tbe burning heat of noonday in summer. Long before day break they crowd about tbe railroad depots and steam boat landings; late at night their vehicles are to be commanded at tbe doors of theatres; and tar Into the morning hours they do service to transporting company to and from balls and parties. Since, as ha*|been seen in the ctaicment made above, there are only twenty-two drivers In excoss of the number of coaches licensed. It mnv be readily un derstood that this business is not tbe most agreeable or easiest Imaginable. Tbe omnibuses licensed in tbe eity number only three hundred and one. the adoption or the rallcar system of transportation having reduced it greatlv within severs; years post. The number of licensed drivers, bowover, Is slated at six hundred and twelve, or over three hun dred iu excess of the number oi vehicles to be driven. Tho salaries )>ald to -o many thus employed aroi ncces sari I y meagre, but it is slated in explanation that the drivers are Ireo to knock down" at their pleasure, and by such means to add to their smalt salaries until they attain in many cases very profitubiu figures. This ex planation, however, is only vouchsafed by rumor, iho truth or raisiiy of which Is loft lor the drivers th nn solvos to determine. At ail events, such a enlarv n* is paid to such drivers, who are forced from their position to assume also the duties of conductor, cashier, steers man aud niouey < banger, is of such imall pronoi turns as to be calculated to tempt the man to steal, especially if be bos a family dependont on bis labor for support The street cars, which have, during several years lately past, absorbed the greater portion ot the passou gor buainetia In the city, foriu n prominent leature of the active centre, tbe city settlement in this city we have one thousand eight huudrcd cars, nod as many i drivers and conductors. This number ol tars should : give Into the city treasury #90,000, but un tuicli i utu in I actually realized from itwui, a tew only of ilie rub roads 1 paying for licen?e. Tho Second, Thlri and Fo rth uve nueand Hudson river routes p*y no tieegWfce, wug? the Sixth, Seventh, Kigbm and Ninth avenue routes do Tbe "Bell" road, which cue rlea the city, has ? hundred care employed, but pav a license on only thirty. The Bleecker street. "Croartown," East Broadway arid Curi laodt street Boot pay no licenses; uud thus it m seen that the corporations thai do their ulniuet towards mu nopoiizing the street* pay nothing towards keeping them In good oondltion. Of express wagons belonging to single individuals, irre spective of the numbers owned by large companies, there ore 1,090 licensed. Those latter figures aiouo give an Idea of tbo great business of tho city, and yet only afford a taint Idea of tbe amount of prjpcnv, frym a vsl!~: to a hogshead or supar, that is carted daily through onT streets. There are 000 licensed dirt carts, which ore chiefly used for carting, sand rubbish or rocks, in which service they arc tnd spensable to the house builder. Of public certs tn addition to thaae, however, thorc aro I i this city m leas than 8,074 Itceoecd. There are employed in tariooifcaparities, and always find employment, being kept constantly on tbo move, as our crowded and bustling streets give proor. Of venders of vegetables and fruits, employing carts or wagons for carrying oo their perambulating business, thvro are 1,000; of kindling wood |<odIere' wagons there are 240, and charcoal carts 209, I.censed. In addition there are 232 public porters' carta There are 67 licensed intelligence olllces lor furnishing servant* to tbe families of cltiaen*. 309 junk sbept, wticro Juvenile Iblevos man age to sell tho articles they manage to pilfer from the docks Tfiero aro also 181 junk boats, and 369 jnnk carts. Of pawnbrokers' establishments there are 72. Those statistics make up id their present shape the de tails which would be likely to niriko the usitor only faiutly in bis rapid birdsoye view of the city; and yet they do not by aoy menus make up all of the homely features oi tbe metropolis. There arc many others muro securely biddcu beneath the bu-Ue of the city lite, and which do not argue so well for the city. Among these are the dens oi thieves, ihe fences, tbe leagues of burglars, tbe gangs of counterfeiters; aud the cxieusive trad, they carry on might be dealt with at lengm, and could not .fail, if treated with a radical analysis, to startle even tnc majority of our citizens, whose observa tions of the affairs ol the m?tri>!>oii.i are, for the most part, only superficial and casual. The back regulations hare been made of necessity very strict, i'ast experienre has necessitated stern re strict h e measures on the part of the authorities, In order to repre-a ibe high-bunded outrages and frauds in which hackmcn readily manifested a skill und concert oi illegal action that threatened to do permanent injury to the soriDdlcd public. Numbers were not for some time dis played on tbo hacks, the drivers obliterating them shortly after obtaining their I,cense*. in order that tbey might carry on their ir regular or illegal practice* without running an Inordinate risk of detoctlou, or suffering an accoun. ?biUty in the futnre for inotr acts. Thus unknown, tbey ware engaged by thieve* to transport their plunder, were laden wuu smuggled goods, which they transported bo fdra tbe very eyes of the police, and even were employed In revere! known InetanesS by tbe murderer to convey the body of his victim from the city to aomo lonely point whence It could be safely launched Into it* uneasy grave beneath tbe deep waters of the bay or riven. Feeling thus free of detection, tbey made bold to prey, upon ?trangers eepactally, m tbo moat bare-faced manner. A drive of a quarter of a mils necessitated frequently tbe payment of |6 fare on the part of tbe Indignant stran ger, who, however determined to bring tbe hackmaa to Justice, was utterly powerless from tbs fact that his vehicle bore no distinctive number or designation, and could not bo distinguished on th* morrow from among the bond reds of Ita class that crowded tat the street*. But the grinning Jehus' harvest season et triomph Anally came to an end through tho strict enforcement of hack re* u la tine ordinances by tbe polios, and now ft la only seldom tost even ina more shrewd end least honest ones can chuckle over the successful result of their swindling tricks. Hew It is rendered oMi(story on awry driver to bear on himself as wall as on his coach the number of bis license, as well as to keep posted up in bis vehicle a card, bearing the following statement of the legal rates of for*: ? Chafe For one paaerngir, on* mil* or leas 60 For each additional passenger, In seme roach 37 M For on* passenger, any distance exceeding one mil* and lam than two mils*. 75 For each additional pamengur, same distance at the same time 37 If tbe number of tbe coach be not shown on the out side sad the rates of fare on tbe inside of the vehicle the passenger Is not obliged by taw to pay say fare. The stranger in the city b*a simply to refer to tbe card bear ing the rates of fare, and determine on what the amount should be, according to the distance travailed: bnt In care ha Is charged more he can pay under protest, and bring tbo driver to account by reporting bin number and mak ing complaint at the Twenty-sixth police precinct, at tbe City Ball. Under tbeee regulations, which are rigidly en forced by lb# police, the baekmen, as may be readily Imagined, do not find It an easy or by a.-y means sal* operation to attempt any extensive swindle on their pas sengers, although, owing to tbe reluctance of the de frauded to make complaints, they even now escape ibe consequences of their rascality much mora frequently than they should, considering the opposing state of af faire THE FENIANS. Tit R*k?rt? Party Awtk*aln|-(!au<> Ttirenteard-fonveatlena Bel*( Held. Tbe Roberta part/ bold a secret convention for the Plate of New York at Utloa to-day. Tbe Committee on Credentials meet at eleven o'elock, and in tbe afternoon tbe delegate* assemble for regular business. It I* contemplated to make final arrangement* for operations In Canada at a much earlier period of tbe season than the public would be led to expect. The Roberts Fenians claim to ba In a far superior slate of efficiency In the matter of ansa, munitions, uniforms, tic., than at thla time last year. They esprwn their intention not to move from here until tbey reel confident of securing n tootbold on Canadian noil; they go to stay, Is their laconie ex pression. and from the general appearance of activity among the body It la evident trouble for tbe Kanucks Is brewing In lbs Ksnlan camp. tub si amass rum Inland holding n convention of delegates from all the Plates in the Union to-morrow, at No. NM Broadway Tbe opening session will bo stuffily private, and confined to tbo dwcueslon of plans for forwarding tbe movement in Ireland. The remainder of Urn bed earn will relate to the creation of a now form of government for the Brotherhood In America, the eleetlon of officers, An General Qleeeon intends to resign bte position, refusing to be renominated Be considers be can serve the in terests of the ergaaisntlop men effectively la a militarv cnpfictiffi KIMS COUNTY lUNSTie ASYLUM. TIiT Baimr???o Pswrluiln *r ?? EWIee-lu InuwllM by she Beard of NnprrriMr* VnierSir. A-p. The subject of the proposed enlargement of (he Kings County Lunatic Asylum, at Flatbuah, has 1mm introduced ? J * ni?*tlngi of 0,8 Board Of fiupervisom within a me past, bat the matter did not assume aay definite ?bape untU at the last session of the Board, when a reoo uttoa was submitted for adoption, requesting the tSl"* I'"1"0"1* th# coua,y?? raise the sum of meMB f0r d,rr*yin" tha *xP*?see of enlarging that Inetitution. Tbia resolution, however, was rejected; but at the conclusion of the proceedings L.1T10!h'1 WM *gr6ed 10 meet ne" ? "?? Lunatic Asylum, in order to inspect the buildings and ascertain whether there was necessity of the proposed enlarge meut or not. Although this purpose was not ojienly expressed at the time, it was apparent by the adjourn ment that auch was the intent of the Board, and accord ingly they assembled at that institution yesterday after noon. Before proceeding further, however, a brief de scription of TH* LUNATIC ASYLUM will not be out of place, and will probably Le read with interest by the readers of the Hxraii., in connection with the present matter under consideration. The buildings are located in the town and about one mile ?st of the village of Flatbush, and some four miles southeast of the City Hall, Brooklyn. They are com posed of tt brick centre building fifty by sixty-six feet, with four wing., each of which is au extension and a transverse portion or transept, the latter being aislity sfx reet deep and the extension thirty-elght feet wide. The main building and the four transepts are five stories in height, the connecting extensions four stories, with basomente, and the whole edifice presents a fine front towards the south of four hundred and fitly feet A spacious dome surmounts the main building, from which a magnificent view is obtained in every direction, and *n?rnntfrii?r 13 "n'slied off In a somewhat plain, hut sub * extending from" ttoui to*" rem*1* wb?h 'is djvfir thboy tbrtr'er ttlm^nto^r third and the fourth stories is devoted to a chanel can. Th!f abo11 on? hundred and flfty persons The various wings are entered from the main building and each story coniains a corridor, or ward one bundrml by twelve set. extending the entire length. wuHelT ? I."0?18 ,oa<linr from it on either side. There are twi> hundred and eighiy-two In the four wingi. TI.ere .re sixteen corridors 10 the buildings well inrht.ii i,An?a,i aud ventilated; io ea' h of these corridors, or wards there is a dining room. Tho interior of the buildings Is other wise arranged for ttie convon.enco of patieut's and those conuected with ilia asylum; but it irr.nreEJ00/0 ?VC' description Of the S?hi i ? iT"? ,n,t""tlon is heated bv steam well lighted and vontilatod, and the only trouble now an lMU,Sr. Oi?b0 ,"M tner? '8 "ot sufficient loom Z rn ,['1' 1 Incrca-iug number of patients Just in the rear or the asylum s a brick .trncinrl ninety-six by iwcuiv-olght feel, and two stories in hcigi.t, coualsting of tuo patients' kitchen, laundry "or ;n*'D,h."0?:0; ,Wl"lfl a <1,stance fur ?,.. ,, rear is a tiulldmg niuety-cight by thiny-six, erccod at a couipaiativelv reien ! 11?' i?.r. ' ,U"rc v "Ient iaws- ilie buildings are .amcd by ni"ans oi bra g uud terra rw:a sowers leading In.n a . ".spool thlriv rods distant, which liompifed pro*iid*in", Un"""-T """V scattered oyer tiio ???i " I ' ,v- "'to; by enriching it. As now am it 11,,'. , r , " 1 1,18 "?sp'?>Ir? ?I0?,709 83, ii mh i.i. i <. e,| , m.rgemant bo couscminitted nciailloii n! $|..0 0o0 v. ,li be .nude. 180 *u ...1 -v ? ? ? f ivrii.w.a?cjcssp or i.wamtt 2P2 are"vi'oi'i ?uii1"' -?, ' ' "" m of which belO" r.lide. ?"" mn.l?'"Jr perhaps mil y uer<- - " ' ? P"-' year Mldeiv lijle.' ? 'u,r"'l? b,u ,uelr plac.'s wore "? o.-t-lures ana now the num. prlu.ilaT b" ' ' ' ,,8V8 a|i" died, the ' lo "?vo1hi -n phthisis pulmon ic on es ?iMu.?ui.*'ivli'cn 'aie Mh^r0 " i; R- r" the ehicient to-Metii inuimperuuco 24 lmmesiioTruub.es 9 AjRi?:-.:-::::::SSiSl,^- ? Inlerv of^le dm8 ? Religiotm Exeilcment.. 3 ??.? 2. u t-pnTtualiam u Sun stroke u Krigbt 1 'W VV'J "'^ ii'i-t*' Deficiency10 Vic u Habit? 7. 10 0.dAge A Deal I: ul ion 7 Period .cal...... ofl Kxposaro (suldlers) 4 Unknown ? Bus nesa Perplexnies.. 3 "ulkUO"a ; ? Tol?' Tim MKKTIMU OVTHK DDAHO OV SUrMRVlSOIt*- ISaPKCTHM or TUB ASTLl'U. r, 18 P?*"1 nbortly after three o'clock in the chattel of toe Inatltatioo, the President, Mr. W. M. Little or the Twentieth ward, in too chair ' ,M tbJw?uMnl ihomselvee into a CommP.ee of u ' ?dpervleor Urooke as chairmen proceeded to make en iospectlon of the buildings under C'hap,l)' >or? thorough ewmiM. tlon of the premises tho visit was altogether too hurr ied but enough wee seen 10 probably cofvVnee ^erebodv that (be accommodations w.re ilmilod for too Inrrausd number or patienta A visit was firet m!^, i rioun nard? occ iplod by female patients, tt<o maioritv of whom gazed abstractedly a', the visitors as thev Dassed or stopped lor a moment to examino any pnr.icnla?!w t on of .he wards. Otbera, however, were ou^e". and Incliuod to be sociable, shook manv ol the genii/ whSe thlue ^ ?f gB7ly bow*d 10 "'em in pLsing, while their merry vo.oes echoed through tne vast com! dors, inspring tne auditor with melancholy as lie con teropiaicd toe real coudiiion of the unfortunates, ,-ome a time a"! convemcd freely 30d sensibly for *. flnw' b,,t * p'og'? allueion to tho sobiect of their fancy would reveal tho sad truth that they were indeed maniacs, and in many-luvtauces it soon became painful for any sane person unused to . ueli nif^Tn. r n 'otD*ir, 8an*?lc*s talk and behold their plteone facor. One of the most remarkable cases en ,Kare rm. m|IU1,Ul,lhr a l"inJ?uto<'TO ing woman, named Kate Cumalngs, who, as siarrd, fancied herself to be the husband or Jesus Christ, sent down from heaven to m".r^r ?f Hrc"1Jeut LiocJln! Kale was neuily atlirid in a plain blaak cilk gown, and welcomed ike visitoni with outstretched hand. At first it did not seen, po-slble that the woman ouhl be demented tier ex tr.nMiy ladylike manner, sensible, engaging con versa .'"ia* a*c manner of conducting herrelf when hmif "n ? ^ ,bt lmrty- wou,<1 certainly iea.1 one to think otherwleo; but It soon became apparent that auch hi.hii^A"***' i .thl* ft'ertuttato youug woman educated and aocomplMhed, waa a maniac Another singular case, waa that ot one Miss Mahonv' n?* ? find betray a mind ' a . 0D ,h* contrary, it would indicate the refined and educated woman. She played clevorly on the piano and rang very sweetly. Her aieter. alre wm formerly an inmate of the asylum. In Uie cans of Mrs. Douglass a touching instance or d0ll't> ?was furnished. Mrs. Doug im, *m Is a woman of about forty five years, is sun posed to have become tosaae In cooaequenoTof e^i. fJ'fficc'ty- Somo time since sne canted a tor cMMture ^.n^U,S AtJl" r#OB>' whM* ,h' kept the u^'' 'f, d?^. 'odw.th?>. having 2^1 ..wJ"??14 * P^riy buried. oouipopjQ Mint uam iii memonr of Hat !#??? pat^The would seem ludicrous to any raae bBt 'hl* c*? lhs unfortunate woman waa In MourMd coaelderably after the death of tmetortnlae, the now baa a cat, upon which all her i^nectiooe aeem tube centred Several other mlerrellng oaeee were met with in the female wards, but these at WMe.perh.M, the most prominent. ?emSd^Mir^ !i?*^ war"b mo#t "tnguiar eight pre 't*olf. All along the corridors, many of the Sfixf re TkTl tUn* '? various poeltlooa'amMlDg them street In their own peculiar ways; but at the entrance m tht*/.1-10? U>*7 ?*"** *** ^kwcted their attenlioa Kndiv 2/2^2*?: . on? who bowed and l.ad a fw -22? re y orerybody, while there wae mo ther striving to express hie III leeltog as bast he mtshL %szJrs< wa^rt.-ttrs .skFsr cutorw. Ons of (he most Interesting cases bimmui among tho male pat tents wan **"? of a Bnaniant nm-j ^gase5Tmr|M,m!2Ti^*lnri h,ol*lf a w?*lthy count, rf^ir.T^ It ta said that hla I canity wo M><2Thi. Ja lf5.lh * young lady to whom be waa paying hla addreaam and engaged te he *bt*b',,n* !>? fiae been affected In mind. He has been " '!'1lMtUu"f,n- ,bou'*'* hionthe, and confidentially ia b* kMd nM alept a pereoaml ab^2 u22". " W*Udr*"^<>gentlemanly bwTbem MM m mi"' a'r^K" 2tio m?? *x,mtt>o (hem mora closely; but nnre .!Tr^y,. , h?? Wllb * cold, meaningless ga*? ?,S. f oth0T oTldroca of noticing ibefr pre nottcing tbeae and other caeca, and visit mg various apartmenu, Including the sewing room, ?r ,WII? patienta who do all the sewing utatltuthwi, the Board finally concluded their ? ?h,?b d,d Bot occupy more than an hour. Ii? - *T?n, J*d h"tb* chapel, when Hopervlsor Crooks reported briefly and moved that the subject of enlarging tne asylum be the special ordsr at the next meeting. The motloa prevailed, and the Board adjourned until Tuetdav next, st three P. N., to meat at ths County OWrt House. After partaking of a lunch prepared by ? l*dy"ke matron, tin. aTp. Webb, the party left. From this Inspection, hurried though it might have Man, there was arid once enough to show that more room la needed at the asylum. Many of the sleeping apartments are crowded to excess, some rooms contain ins eleven bads, and this stale of afihirs leads to con siderable Inconvenience and trouble. The Board of ! Supervisors, however, will probably take some action in tho matter at their next meeting, ft la estimated that the desired improvement would ooal 11.10,000. PERtfMLJin-ELLIKJICCr General J. A. I-ogsn, of Illinois, and Ganantl Martin dale, of Albany, are stopping M the fit. Nicholas Hotel General Price, of New Jersey, and Colonel J w Htfief*'' " I""10^ "* ,UW?? the Metropolitan A. M. Dc Zen, Neaniah Cenan! at Portland Me and BROOKLYN INTELLIGENCE. Nam or rn Board or Aldekmrr.?The Board of Alderman mat yeoterday afternoon, Alderman Ki-her presiding. Tbo Committee on Laws and Applications, to whom was referred tha matter of appointing a committee at three to visit Albany in company with the Corporation Counsel and confer with the Legislature on all bills affecting the interests of the county, re ported favorably. A resolution was adopted ap propriating $2S0 to defray their expenses. A resolution was adopted directing the Comptroller 10 pay James F. Richardson tbo sum of $1,430 for damages uns tained during the July riots. The Committee on Opening streets reported favorably on the opening of rrinoe street from the northern terminus to Concord street. Also for the extension ol Sixth avenue from Tenth street to Hxteeuth street, and for the opening of Scotland street, from Throop to Marry avenues. The contract for bridging Bushwlck creek auJ repairing aud improving Union avenue and I/irtmer street was awarded to Jauies I). Lcary tor tbo sum of t?,344, be being the lowest bidder. Proposals were opened for lighting the city of Brooklyn with ga-, for the year le67. The Ureen poini Gas Company proposed to light tbo Kastern Dis trict at the following rate:?Each lamp 3,758 hours, four feet each, 15,032 cubic feet per year, $3 60 per 1,00# feet, $52.01. Lighting aud extinguishing lamps, two cents each per night. Repairs to same, ?370. The Brooklyn Ca? Light Company propose to light that sec tion ol tbo Western District through which iheir pipes run on the following terms:?Each lamp 8,758 bourn, four feet each, 13,082 feet of gas per year, (3 25 per 1,000 feet, $4*. Sfl. Repairs to same, $2,700. The Citi zens' (las Light Company m their spwittcuuons set forth the lollowin* figures ? Each lamp 8,758 hours, four feet each, 15,032 feet of gas per year, $3 25 per 1,000 feet, $48 $6. Lighting and extinguishing limps, two cents each per night. Repairs to same, $1,000. These proposals were referred to the Committee on Lamps and Gas. Shooting Afreet Hugh Kelly anil John Byrnes got into an altercation yesterday afternoon at the comer of Union and Van Brunt streets, when the latter drew a pistol and, as alleged, attempted to discharge it at the former. The weapon was taken from Byrnes, and ho was arrested and locked up to answer. The Kabtrrs District Exempt Fntnum's Association.? The following gentlemen, recommended by the Com mittee on Organization, have bocu confirmed as officers of this association:?Daniel D. Wiuant, president; Jona than F. Wiggins, first vice president; Charles B. Smith, second vice president; Daniel Donevan, recording secre tary; John Groany, corresponding secretary; William Keunedy, treasurer. Mr. Demos strong has heen in vited to read before the association a pap r, nearly com pleted, entitled ??Reminiscences of the Eastern District Eire Department," and that gentleman has consented to do so at an early day. The roll or the association con tains seventy-nine names. Moke Whitest Frauds. ?Yesterday morning Deputy Collector Tobey, of the Second district, visited the prem ises of a man named McTamey, in Bergen street, between Vanderbilt and Carlton avenues, and seized a still of the capacity ol' some one buudred and fifty gallons which bad been running without a license. Mr. Tobev also seized an illicit still located on tbo premises of John Stien, and another ou the premises of Patrick MeCarty, both being In the vicinity of McTamey'a establishment. At Hhoa's a half barrel of wbtskev was lound, while at McCarty's two barrels were secured. A quantity of " ma<h" was discovered at each place, and there was every evidence that the still had been in recent opera lion. They were all of nearly equal capacity. Weekly Mortality.?-From the report of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, for the week ending Saturday, it is shown that there were 133 deaths in Brooklyn last week, which is a decrease of tea as compared with the previous statement. Excise Cases.?Edward Malley, grocer, arrested for violatiou of the third section of the law; Patrick Doug lass, Petor Qulnn and Abraham Wolf (the latter two for keeping open on Sunday) wore arraigned before tbo police justices yesterday and fined $30 each. Coroner's Inquest.?The inquest upon the body of James McGee, the unfortunate man who was snffocatod in a whiskey vat on tbo 22d instant, was concluded yes terday. From the testinfimy of Dr. T. P. Morris it apt peareid that the deceased came to his death from Inhaling carbonic acid gas uud tbo verdict ot the iury was In ac cordance therewith. Fikx in Myrtle Avenc*.?The alarm of tfre yesterday morning was occasioned by the burning of a stable situ ated at tbo corner of Myrtle and Carlton avenues and owned by John Fisher. A horse, valued at $200, wan among tiie property destroyed. The total loss Is about ?800; no insurance. The origin of the fire was purely accidental. FINANCIAL THEORIES. What la Money. TO THE KDITOU. OF TOE HERALD. We bave adopted a theory of money devised by Great Britain for her own aggrandizement, and Inculcated and enforced upon weak and dependent nations to keep them poor, Bubrerviont nod tributary to bor. It is a theory of political economy which is taught In our schools aad colleges and largely controls thj public mind. Its la lee principles and assumptions are advanced with confidence and authority, as if they were true and unquestionable. It waa taught when wo were colonies and when we be came a nation and were poor. It bas kept us compara tively poor and orhattsted?debtors and borrowers? while it has enriched her and mado her the deiMMitary and focus of the commercial exchanges and payments of tho world. On our present subject It Is taught, among tb# first false principle! and assumptions. that nothing m uiooey hut the precious ipetals mined aad stamped; that nothing olse has the inherent vatne required; thai the stamp on coin expresses in inherent value; thai la, the cost of It in labor for mining, smelting, refin ing mid coining it tor circulation. l'he nature of things thus detenu. ne? Its intrinsic and unirorin value: the law only declares the ainonnt of that value in different coins and legalizes its use as money. This is a sheer ustumpi on sud lie: Ion In baroarous countries they might have attempted something like it, if the prico of days' works had been fixed and tbe differ ent amounts or labor required at difierent mines to pro duco a given quantity of tuetai had been determined. They might at least have gues-od how much gold or sti ver *a day's work would, ou an average, prodnce. But in cIvMixed and commercial countries no sech mode of lixiug a staodurd by which to reckon and deter, mine the value of other things has auy place or effect, such countries have in fart, from time to time enhanced and doubled i he value o! colas of the same weight and fine* ueaa. Owing to the scarcity of the prcc oua metals and tbe necessity of more coin, they have arbitrarily assumed and fixed a nntfortn fondant of value by law, and inie Is its legal value as enrreucy. That these metals have ait intrinsic value, various and lloctuatuu', lor different purputcs of art, munula. tnre and ornament, as well at lor circulation, a* an instrument aad facility in making ex< haugea and sag inenta is granted; but for the first class of objects it is sold as merrhandi-w. like iron sad other things, at a price depending on the proportion or snpply to demand. But when coined and used as money, requiring a fixed, permanent and uniform value by watch to measvro and reckon tbe value of other things, the law assumes, sad must assume, to fix Me value at which it shall peas and be received?whether with or without a reference to intrinsic value. And eo with paper. Tbe law makes paper money equivalent to coin by Mgalltlng it ana stamping on It tbe value which it represents at currency. Iron has a greater intrinsic value for certain uses than gold; but It Is too plenty and common te bo weds a cir culating medium. Gold Is snares, portable aad enduring, tbe law takes portions of 11 out of tbe sphere of haudlee aad trallic, coins, fixes sad stamps oo R a legal and uniform value, and prescribes that it shall pees and bo received at that as lbs rule aad invariable men ear# by which,to compute and determine the commercial or exchangeable price of other Ibinga The law ant trarily assumes, presort b-s and enacts the fixed aad mat rons legal value, from tbe necessity at providing aad having a legal measure of commercial values, as M pre scribes and enforces fixed soil uniform measures or length, weight, ha The law means and Intends this, or It means nothing; and to sell, exchange or pwr at a discount below or at a price above this legal standard, whatever tbe law eels apart stul prescribes an money? circulating currency?Is n? palpably to violate and est roe lew aside as It is to use false end fraudulent In plnoo 'of legal and established weights aad measures. The sutyect will admit but scanty Illustration within tbe limits of s brief essay. Suffice It to My that tho government has enacted laws and penalties ahnoet with out number, and both government sad people hare sot tbem si naught. We hare legalized gold and silver coin as money, sud legalised Treasury notes and national hank notes as raoarv. equivalent in all res paces to coin. Wo treat them both ae if they were merchandise, commodl ttee of traffic; one above, tho other below their equal legal value; one at a premium because it Is exportable and noun*; the other at a discount beoaneo M la plenty and cannot be exported. We are drifting and toesiag about witnoqt any standard but that of Shvlock and Mo sp dilators. We feci that something must be done, nod talk of returning to law and resuming payments in cein. Ws dream and deceive the public by visions of what, on tho prevailing theory and system, we are not able to effect. Calling in and suppressing onr present enrrssey may utterly ruin us, but will not, for tbe present or too next generation, re-establish ,-pecia payments for a day. NICHOLAS KNICKERBOCKER, Stock Exchange Buildings MEETING ON BEHALF Of THE NUTANS. , Bog to*, Fsh 36, W. A meeting In behalf of lbs sufferers sf ins Island of Crete was held lent evening end was largely attended. Addresses were made by Rev. Or. Osgood, of New Yerk, Judge Russell, and others. FNE IN TORONTO. Tonwrm, Feb 16, 1MT. The large car wheel works of UNX*?*?*?? Isplanade street, were burned on risterdsy night Love bout 16,000, no Insurance. KonrtTtsT KirosT or ft. Lorn-There were 0,2*0 loathe in ft I/Onls last year, of which a,637 warn from pldemlc cholera The period ofTlaltatloa ?f cIreIrea k. rai down as beginning July 37 end ending November t; nd the deaths daring sucoevslve weeks wwre as fol -I 130, 764, Ml. 630,496, 294, 303. *1, ?, 10, fi, ?, "7'lSe moet f;?i week wee that ending Aacnsl 34. luring which 901 died from the epidemic bsridsa 13* rem other diarrheal disease*