Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1867, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1867 Page 6
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JNEW YORK HERALD. JAMES UOHDOS Ufc.WKTT. EDITOR AND faonuintt OFFICE N. W. CORNER OK FCi TON AND NASSAU ATA. Volume 37 AMUaRMbNM THIS EVJSN1NO. BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadway. near Broome? street ?Kim r Cibclb?CWTOM or tuw Codntbt. NEW YORK THEATRE. Broadway, opposite New York Hotel.?Ki sii.woiith?The Penile Hoese Bhkakbb. THEATRE KRANCAIS, K.iuitoetuii street. near Sixth sreuue.?1.( Kibilui Haniton. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadwa/.?Street* or Nkw Yoke DODWORTIPB HALL. 806 Brondwar.?Pxnrmmt Harts wii.l PicRroitM Hm Mi Kir LKe?Tue Heid is thb Air? Tub lWMAR Kuxtl TllH K?I'BOTtt'S. MRS F. B CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn.? Tub Nkw Lux. SAN KRVNOISOO MINdrRKUS M> BroxlwAK, opoorlts be Metropolitan Hotel?Is tasiB KrBioeixs Entertain, MENTTk BINDING, DaSCINO AMD BOHLRSaCR*. ?THK BlACK Cook KELLY A T,EON'S MINSTRELS. 790 Broadway, onpo rite the New York Mot"! ?Is THB tB BONO*. DaN.tKi. Eccbn. WIOITIB*. BURLESQUES, Ai . ?ClN nt K-I.rOS ?MADAQAitAB Ballet Troupe? Dodging roit a Wife. VIFTH AVENUE OPF.R.V HOC-?E, Not 3 and 4 West Twenty-fourth . treet.?(iRirriN A Oilntsty's Min-thels ? Etbiopian Misstkelst Ballads, Burlesques, Ac.?Tub Clean Yacht Kacb?The Black Crook. TONY PASTOR'S OPIIRA HOUSE. 201 Bowe-y?Conic VOCALLHM. NtdRO MiNSTSKLST. BaLLBI DlVKltTISEMn.Sr, Ac.?The New York Volcsteuh:.. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE. at MecbAinrx' Hall, ??2 Broadway?In a VtnieTr of Light AKD LaoailABLB KNrBRTAI.IME.STS, Cottrs 1)1 BlLLtT, Ac. Tub Loku or Clatter due ft. STEINM'AY HALL, Fourteenth street ?Mr. Bergnek's Annual Concbki. nOOLPY'Sopera House, Brook'vn.?Ethiopian Mis ?tbbuk. Ballads and Bvri.knquk.s.?The Black Crook. CLINTON HALL, Astor plseb ? Or. Heebard's Pecu liar I/tcnMl o.s 1'KCVLiAK Tmeses. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. fi'S RriWdwar.? Hr.vo ami Right Aim or I'Bo bet?The Washington Twins? Wo.nphk, in NATrriAi. History. Science ami art. Dhcturra Oaii.v. Open ironi s A.M. till 111 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. Now York, Tnonilny. February 26, 1SG7. ?? H B Nil W S. EUROPE. Our despatches by the Atlantic cable, dated in London at midnight lMt February 25, were dolivered in w>e Hkk.iu? nice at eleven o'clock the same evening ? the advic \s embracing news Irom England, the cent.. Dent of Europe and Japan, by way of China. Mr. Disraeli had submitted the Derby Reform bill to the Euglisb Parliament. John Bright spoke in decided opposition to the measure. An anti-German party has been organized in the Austrian Legislature. Spain is to create a Public Works Board in Cuba. From China we are informed that the new Tycoon of Japan has been assassinated. Consols closed at 91, for money, In London. United Btaua five-twenties closed at in London, 77 in * r%nkfort and 82in Paris. The Liverpool cotton mar ket wa< dull and downward, with middling uplands at m 13'fcd Breads lulls dull. Provisions unchanged. CONGRESS. In the Senate yestorday tho bill in relation to the gov eminent of the Territory of Montana waa amended and pamed Th* tegular order was then taken up, which was the consideration of bill* from tbe Committee on Commorce. The House bill fixing tbe compensation of officers of the revenue cutter sorvice, and tho Joint reso luLen extending the time two yoars in which the r^cre tary of the Navy ta authorized to place vessels at tho disposal of tbe quarantine officers In New York to be need aa cholera ships, were passed. Mr. Sherman introduced a bill to conaolldate tbe national debt ?od provide for Its payment, which will be found la tnll la our Congressional proceedings. The bill regulating tho disposition of the proceeds of Ansa, penalties and forfeitures Incurred under the laws relative to customs was passed as amended. It will also be found in our Congressional proceedings. A bill au thorising the creation of a board of survey of tbe navy was Introduced and laid upon tbe table. Tho Indemnity and Omnibus Appropriation bills passed by tbe nouse wera referred to tbe Judiciary and Finance committees. A committee of conference was called on tbe House amendments to tbe bill for the relief of certain iron-clad contractors Pending the consideration of the River and Harbor Appropriation bill the ifenate took a recess. In the evening session tbe bill to extend for three years the tim- for the final settlement of private land claims in Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi was passed Reports from the conference committees on the Military Academy and Diplomatic Appropriation bills were agreed to. The consideration of tbe River and Harbor Appropria tion bill was resumed, and with a few amendments the bdl was passed. Bills authorixlng the building of cer tain lighthouses, declaring Albany. N. Y., a port of de livory and providing for aa Assistant Collector at Cam den, N J., were pasMd. Pending discussion on tbe Niagara Ship Canal bill tbe Senate adjourned. In the House, under tbe call or States for bills and Joint resolutions for reference, bills for tbe establishment of a national school of science, and to extend the benefits of tbe civil rights bill to the white citizens of Missouri, wera introduced. Under anothsr call for reaohxjoaa Mr. Hill oflcred one dirorting Mr Weatwortb'a select committee on inquiry Into corrupt bargains with the Ifesident, to report to. day any evidence ta its possession, which was adopted Another directing the District Committee to report a bill conferring the elective franchise on foreigners who have resided one year within the District went over under the rule, tbe House refu? ng to lay n on the table by a voto of 47 to 96 Mr. Darling, from the sebit committee on Internal revenue frauds, made a report, and Mr. Trimble got leave to present the views of the minority. Both reports were ordered to be printed, and wilt be fonnd in full in soother column. Mr. Morrill offered a resolution that the roles be *usj>ended pa that tbe Committee of tho Wbolo on Ihe state of the Futon be discharged from tbe farther consideration of the Tariff bill; that the nouse non-concur In tbn senate amendments, and that the House ask a committee of conference with the fenaie on the disagreeing votes thereon, which, after a somewhat prolonged debate, wan loet by a roia of 84 yeaa to 88 nays The Tax bill was then taken up in rommittce of the whom. An amendment was adopted putting advar tmem-nuon the free list After disposing of several other amendments the committee rose and reported the bill to the House. The amendment of Mr. Biaiue abol ishing the cotton tat wan rejected by a vote of 64 against 95. Reports from conference committees on tbe Diplo matic and Military Academy Appropriation bills were agreed to. and these bills now go to the President, The proviso in regard to the Portuguese mission to that no money shall be paid to tbe present minister out of ?ny f*rxis whatever, and that the provision shall oon tiuue in force until repealed by Congress; and tbe sec tion in reference to cadets from rebel States to that no money ihalt be paid lor the pay or subeisttBon of each the 1st of January, lw, until the Htetee shall be resided w their original relation* to tbe Union. The use i irn took a reees*. and on reassembling the Tax aIZT K^'"001 1 <lTWon Porli8< at Ion TZTZ l mu rect>,nm,,,?, 10 'he Committee of tbe Whale, and the House soon arter adjourned. the legislature. In the Senate yesterday several petitions relative to Improvements In the metropolis wen. presented There bmng no quorum present, no business wis transected In the Assembly bills were Introduced to amend the Metropolitan Excise lew and to provide for a Board of (omm ssionars of Public Chanties. THE C1TT. The Board of Councilmen held no meninj yesterday Three members answered when the roll was called whereupon Mr. Greene, the clerk, doclarod tbe Boaij adjourned till Thursday. The Kings county Board of Supervisors made an in spection of the Lunatic Asylum at Flatbush yesterday, In view of the proposition to enlarge ths buildings They found the premises in a vary favorable condition ?a regards cleanliness, nod nlthoagn tbe inspection was rather a hurried one. It was ?\ sleet enough that more room is nondod for ths Increasing number of patients. Tho euhjert of enlarging th? Institution will be tbe spe *iai ardor of business at the next meeting of the Board ius bof i/gua.el Devlin, late City thainberUin, wm placed in a vault of flfc. Patrick's Cathedral yesterday. The ceremonit on the occaa on wore solemn and im pressive. A grand requiem was performed in the Church of SL Franajs Xavur. and Archbishop McCloa key preached the tuuaral sermon from the altar. Tho city authorities attended the services in a body. Mnotecn liquor dealers were arraignqf before the va rious police courts yesterday on charges of violating tho Excise law. They were held to ball in the sums of $100, f'JOOpnd $300. The Roberts Fenians in this city contemplate an early resumption of operations in Canada. There were four hundred and twenty-nine deatha in the city during the past week, aud sixty-eight in the public charitable institutions. The hearing In the case of Captain George Olney, charged with talcing the steamship Washington Irving from the custody of a sheriff at Norfolk, and in which a requisition was made by Governor Pier pout, of Virginia, upon the Governor of this State, has been adjourned until the $d ot Marab, at the request of Governor Fentoo. In the Supreme Court, Circuit, yesterday tho Jury re turned a verdict for the defendant in the Indian Reser vation libel suit of Henry W. De Puy against Oltvor & Harford et al. The plaintiff sued for $10,000 damages. The case al Adolplic William Schwartz, who la accused of having forged bills of exchange to the amount of 100,000 florins al Go.-swardein, in Hungary, was called yesterday before Commissioner White, but It was ad journed till Wednesday in consequence of the continued illness of the accused. The case of George Burnett, alias Alexander Lewis, was boforo the Tombs Police Court yesterday, the pris oner being charged with defrauding and false pretences, by which means be is said to have obtained $50,000 from various merchants of the city. Several witnesses testifled for the prosecution and the case was adjourned, until to-day. The Anchor Line steamship Ilihernia, Contain Munro, will sail at noon to day for Glasgow and Liverpool, call ing at Londonderry to land passengers anl malls. The stock market was dull yesterday. Gold closed at 13$ fv There was no essential change in the complexion of commercial affairs fyestcrday as compared with last week, oxcept that in some departments there* was a rather better feeling. This was particularly the case with breadstuff's, which ruled firmer without varyiDg mat rtallv in prices. Corn was firmer under a better demaud. Cotton was depressed by cable news, and prices wero lower. Coffee ruled firm, though quiet. Naval stores ruled steady, while petroleum nil"il dull and heavy. Freights were dull and easier. Whiskey was dull and unchanged. Consequent upon a small supply?there being only about 1,700 head offering?and a fair demand, tho mar ket for b ef cattle assumed a decidedly firmer tone, and prices advanced *??'? 0 lc. per pound upon all descrip tions. Extra sold at 10c. a 19Kc., chiefly at the Inside price; first quality lTJaC. ulSa, and fair to good, 16c. a 17a scales of common cattle were effected at 12>?c. a 15a The demand for milch cows still continued limited, and although the s'ock is acnmmnlating holders remained firm in their pretensions. We quote the range from $40 to $115, though occasional sales of extra were effected as high as $125 a $135, and even at $140 in a few instances Veal calves advanced a trifl", having sold at 13J?a a 14c. for extra, and 10c. al2l?c. a 13c. for common to prima Sheep and lambs were in active request, and with a marked diminution in the receipts, an advance of fully l){c. per pound was readily established. Extra lots State sheep were sold at 9*?c., and prime at 9a a OJsc., while inferior and common lots were disposed of at 6c. a 8>ja Under a small supply the bog markst ruled firmer, prices being fully %a per pound higher. Only fifteen car loads were on sale yesterday, which realized 8>fa a 8%a for ordtnary to good lota. The total reoeipts wero 4,463 beeves. 04 milch cows, 000 veal calves, 0,967 sheep and lambs, and 13,792 swine. MISCELLANEOUS. Our Havana correspondent, writing on the 20th Inst., j says that the Bay of Satnana has been secured by Mr. Somers Smith, the Charge d'Affairs of the United States in St. Domingo, as a coaling station tn the latter republic for United Stales vessels, and that the treaty had already been forwarded. Don Cosme de la Torrientes, a wealthy merchant and planter had failed, and the Banco de San Carlos, of Matanzas, was expected to suspend In conse quence. Money matters looked dubious. The sugar market was not lively. Freights to the United 8tates had advanced. Exchange was Arm, New York currency quoting at 23J< and 24 per cent discount. Our special correspondent in British Honduras, dating at Beli20 on the Sd of February, saysAnother expedi tion has been started after the Indians, in ohqrge of Colonel Hasley, of the British army. Tho facts of the late defeat of her Majesty'a troops are so dis^raoefal that for the credit of the soldiers I forbear to give the details. It is ascertained that Mr. Rhys, the commis siener to the Indians, whom the expedition was sent to support, was left woended on the battle Held. Two days after the battle he, with e soldier who had been left for dead, crawled ont on the reed towards the nearest villa to the Held when they were met by six Indians and shot. Tbe cane crops ere magnificent, Some thousands of ripe cane is waiting for the mills, end we shall hare ex cellent sugar in abundance. Our tellers from Mexico are dated at Zacatecas Jan. 23, and Merida Fob. 4. The former ia a lengthy end Inter esting account of Juarez's Journey to Zacatecas, with a fine description of the country through which the party travelled and the honors paid to ths Chief Magistrate by his people. Merida, the eepital of Yucatan was In im minent danger from the imperialists. We have flies from Turks island dated at Grand Turk on the 2d of February. Tbe colonial treasury report fbr for 1800 sbowa the receipts from ell sources to have amounted to ?11,670 14s. fid., and the expenditure to ?9,620 8a 7t<d.. makings surplus of ?2,060 6a 10V(d, whlbh, added to the preceding year's balance of ?3,423 13a. *8Xd., gives the sum of ?6,482 l?s. available for tbe service of 1887. Tbe weather continnod very dry with a strong breeze, and tbe salt pans improved. Price, twelve cents. Our correspondent in tbe Reese river raining district of Nevada gives some salutary advice regarding opera tions in and about the mines. The election in Georgetown, D. C., the first one under the Negro Suffrage law, passed off quietly yesterday. The negro suffrage candidate for Mayor was elected, and seven out of the eleven Common Council men were elected upon tbe same ticket. Kx-Gorernor Joseph E. Brown, of Georgia, publishes his views upon the reconstruction plan proposed in Senator Sherman's amendment He advises the people or Georgia to accept the terms proposed by the bill as the best they can get, aod recommends tbe calling of a State convention immediately to change the constltntion so as to provide for unlverml suffrage. *1110 negroes," he says, "were raised among us. and naturallv sym pathize with us. If we deal Justly by them we shall seldom have cause to complain of their refusal to re spect our wishes or consult oar Interest at the ballot box ' Governor Brownlow, of Tennessee, has Issued e pro clamation announcing his determination to call out the militia to enforce the lews and protect Union men and all citlrens against evil doers. William A. Putney, a member of a prominent dry goods firm in Chicago, has commenced throe suits against Claftltn k Co., and Heth Oris of New York and hie two partners, laying the aggregate damages at 9200,000, the charges being trespass and slander. He alleges that the defendants in theee suite have conspired together to get him out of his firm, end have made scandalous charges against him In order to destroy hie credit. Tub Cokokbsrional Tkmpkramk Society.? hir Washington correspondent has duly bronicled a second public meeting of tbe ongreasioual Temperance Society. It was eld last Sunday evening in tho Hall of Re rescntativee, which was densely crowded, the firiona temperance organizations of the cap al being present in strong force. Senators omeroy and Wllley and Representatives lout well, Plants, Ross, Perbwn and Dodge poke in behalf of the cause. Mr. Dodge tated that tbe members of the Pennsylvania -legislature were holding at Harrisburg on tbe ame evening a temperance meeting, thus fol* owlng the example set on tbe previous .-un lay by tho members of Congress. The latter, it appears, have not waited for the advent of 13a mum to set an example which the Legis latures of eyerT g|g|g and Territory might well hasten to imitate. Why should not Sun day evening temperance meetings be inaugo rated evou at Albany I The New Bill ?< Kereaalrartlel-?The PrM pret in the Moutb. Historians Lave been sorely puzzled to de termine the late of the tea lost tribe* of Israel, and our political philosophers arc as much per plexed in their effort* to forecast the destiny ot our ten outside rebel States. The general drift of passing events therein, the prevailing tone anil temper of their leading organs, poli tical managers and ruling classes, the evidenoe ot Generals Grant, Thomas, Sheridan, Howard, Schofleld and other intelligent Union soldiers, all declare that the spirit of the rebellion still lives and that the dream and the purpose of Southern independence are still predominant from Bull Run to the Rio Grande. The de feated associate feonspirators of Jeff Davis still recoil with horror from the idea of subordi nation to " the Yankees," and with nnmingled disgust from the other idea of negro suffrage. Every one of the ten Legislature* set np by President Johnson in those rebel States has rejected the easy terms of the pending consti tutional amendment with scorn, contempt and something of defiance. What, then, is the pros pect of their submission to and co-operation with the government upon this new bill, this ultimatum of Congress ? Very much, in the answer to this question, will depend upon the course of President Johnson. It is clear that the ruling while class of the South expected, until our Northern elections of last fall, a restoration to Congress under Mr. Johnson's policy, placing the rebel States substantially as they were before the war, and with the door open through the Supreme Court for the re-establishment of negro slavery. We know, too, that after those elections the confidence reaffirmed by Mr. Johnson in the final success of his policy still encouraged the deluded leading politicians of the Sonth to hold their ground, and that they still looked to the Supreme Court for a de liverance. With this new bill, however, hang ing over the excluded States, and With the sword of impeachment hanging over President Johnson as by a single hair, Southern indiffer ence, contempt and defiance in reference to Congress are giving way to convictions of helplessness against the will of Congress. Southern leaders on the old track of Calhoun are beginning to see that the incoming will be quite as radical as the outgoing Congress; that they must accept the terms proposed by Congress or that they will have no voice in the next Presidential election, and that if ex cluded from that election they may be held indefinitely in their present helpless and ruinous position. In this dilemma they are, doubtless, still look ing to Mr. Johnson for insfructions. He, too, by falling bach upon Congress, may recall them to reason and common sense. The simple admission that he can no longer help himself will suffice. It is rumored, and with an air of confidence in some quarters, that he will probably send in to-morrow a veto of this reconstruction bill, and for the purpose of giving the two houses an opportunity to pass the bill over his head, so that he may save his consistency without appealing still to stand in an attitude ot unyielding hostility to Congress. This alter native may save him, provided the tone of his message be not offensive, bat conciliatory. JFbe Judiciary Committee of the House are proba bly waiting the upshot of this thing, in order to make np (heir decision of impeachment or a free pardon. Assuming that there will be a veto, but that it will be conciliatory in its tone and argu ment, and submitted in season to secure the bill by a two-thirds vote in each house, and that it will so become a law before the close of this session, we may expect. in due time to witness a wonderful reaction in the South. With the old leaders of the rebellion thrown into the background, and with the universal negro vote brought into the elections, a new class of white leaders from the young men of the South will appear in the fore ground. The suffrage will give the blacks respect and consideration among the whites in proportion to their political strength, and thus the two races, as the land owners and the la borers, will be brought into relations of mutual support. But a revolution so tremendous and comprehensive from the old Southern order of things under the Dred Scott decision is not the work of a day. A transition so radical and unexpected, even from Mr. Johnson's policy, must create a temporary effervescence and a codling down before the wine will be ready to bottle. This new bill of reconstruction continues the State establishments set up by Mr. Johnson as provisional governments subject to the will of Congress, and leaves it to the people of each State concerned whether they shall proceed at once to reorganise on the terms laid down or wait a little longer under the supervision of martial law. We presume that the present Southern Governors and their Legislatures, under this discretionary power, will prefer to hold on yet awhile until they can take tbeir soundings and make their arrangements con cerning the negro vote, so that we may bear of no Southern movement under this bill for the election of a reorganizing State convention until after the crops of the coming summer shall have been secured. Meantime, from the re-establishment of martial law and the sub mis?ion of the Southern people to their "manifest destiny," we may expect Northern enterprise and capital to be invited to the de velopment of Southern resources in the way of cotton, corn, rice, sugar and tobacco, and

on such terms as will give a great impulse to Southern Industry and profitable harvests to all concerned. With the last vestiges of slavery and the old slavery epoch cleared away the revolution Inaugurated with the secession of South Caro lina, seven years ago, will be complete?the last remaining barriers against Northern emigrants, Northern enterprise, skill and capital will be removed, and the great Northern tide of emi gration will be diverted from the West to the more inviting soil and climate of the Sonth. This bill will open the gates, and with the gates opened the tide will roll in upon the Sonth and down to the Gulf of Mexico, far more reviving and fertilizing than the annual swellings of the Nile. A riucncAt, Mas.?The Legislature of Ten nessee has passed a joint resolution inviting Senator Patterson, of that Slate (a son-in-law of President Johnson), to resign, on the gronnd that ho has turned out a democrat, though elected as a republican. Mr. Patter son, In submitting the resolution do the Senate, said that, "from the present lights before him," he could cot cointtiv with Uje request. Mr P*Wer80n " a man* He belieret tK^ ^>ird in the hand is worth two in the bush"?a aoun.- .old m ,xlm' wbich we reC?m; mend to Mr. /oh naoii. When , J" bave * thing don't give %it up on a quibble ot sistency. The New Kingdom of Canada. We publish in another coitunn the substance of an advanced copy of the Canadian Confed eration bill about to be introduced into the British Parliament, which has just been re ceived in Toronto. It proposes to establish a monarchy on our Northern frontier, as will be Been by the leading features of the plan. The new confederacy of the British Provinces? provinces no longer after this bill becomes law? is to be oalled the " Kingdom" of Canada, and the federal legislature is to be known as the " Parliament" of Canada, with an upper house, called the Senate?after the American stylq, there being no lords in Canada yet? and a lower honae, called the House of Com mons, after the English fashion. The organ ization of the local legislatures is described as consisting of a Legislative Council and House of Assembly, with the exception of the Prov ince of Ontario (pow Upper Canada), which is to have but one chamber, known as "the Legislative Assembly of Ontario." A royal representative, without the title of king, just now, is to preside over the new kingdom, but retaining the name of Governor General, with provincial lieutenant governors under him. These are the prominent points in the scheme to plant an Anglo-Saxon monarchy on the borders of this Anglo-Saxon republic. Probably it may not be within the scope of onr government to interfere directly with the transplantation of a shoot of the British mon archy to American soil; but it may be, and doubtless will be regarded by the whole na tion, as objectionable as the establishment of a European empire on our Southern borders in Mexico. That this confederation scheme, with all its royal adjuncts, prospective nobi lity and future kingly dignity, is eminently hostile to a large portion of the residents of British America has been manifested in various ways. ' Lower Canada has pronounced against it in unmistakable terms. Nova Scotia and the other island provinces do not favor the idea at all. Newfoundland, Rupert's Island, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia and the vast Northwest terriiory are not to be fbclnded in the confederation at present, but provision is made for them to come in at a future time, subject to the terms which the Parliament of the new kingdom may propose. It is hardly necessary to say that our own people, especially those of the States border ing on the Canadian frontier, are decidedly opposed to a plan which, it is now evident, proposes to erect a monarchy, with all its offensive, not to say prejudicial, ingredients, at their very doors. Parliamentary Reform In Orrat Britain? llisracll'a Proposition*. The excitement in regard to reform in Great Britain does not abate as time advances. In a boose which was unusually crowded Mr. Disraeli on the 11th instant delivered bis promised speech, announcing the course which government intended to pursue in the settle ment of the long vexed question. No one can read the speech with care and refuse to admit that it reveals all the characteristics for which the present Chancellor of the Exchequer has been so long and so justly distinguished. It is able, cautions, ingenious, eloquent We dis cover here and there, though in less profusion than in some of his former elaborate efforts, specimens of those lofty generalisations and of those pointed, pithy, epigrammatic utter ances in which of all living statesmen he is without an equal, if we except only the pres ent ruler of France. Nor would it be fair to say that, considering the stiff and intractable party to which fortunately or unfortunately Mr. Disraeli belongs, his speech' does not in dicate a decided movement in a liberal direc tion. Yet if we are to judge from the evidence now before us it has been received by the press and the people generally with a storm of indignant disapprobation. The comparative absence of demonstration on the part of mem bers when the long oration was brought to a close, and the brevity of Mr. Gladstone's re marks, cannot be said to augur well for the success of the government. It is manifest from this speech, as well as from the resolutions which it was the Intention of the government to submit to the Bouse of Commons on the 26th, that Lord Derby and his friends have either not read with sufficient clearness the signs of the times, or have not the moral courage to bow to the inevitable and accept the only course which is compatible with dignity and with honor. We do not greatly sympathise with those who object to the government plan of proceeding by resolu tion. It is not, certainly, the most dignified course. It betrays a consciousness ef their weakness as a party and reveals a love of office which, as Disraeli candidly enough ad mite, are by no means flattering either to him self or his colleagues, not one of whom is su perior to Ths last taQrattf ef aeMs minds. At the same time circumstances will occur (as indeed they have occurred in the Parlia mentary history of England), in which such a course may be found to be not only justifiable but eminently wise, and it is a question which may fhirly be raised whether the Parliament of England at the present moment is not pre cisely in snch circumstance*. If the late re form bill had been defeated mainly through the opposition of the tories, the conrse now proposed would not only not have been dig nified?it wonld have savored of baseness itself But it was not so defeated! If it can not be said that the tories were in favor of the bill, it can at least be said that if the liberals had remained united the bill must inevitably bave passed Into law. It is therefore, we held, perfectly fair for the gov ernment of Lord Derby to say?Since reform is imperatively ticm&ndtd, there is nothing in onr antecedent- oarnrg us from attempting the settlement of the i -.tstien ; but since there is even le.-t likoi'hood of otir being sblo to carry a satisfactory measure than the govern ment which preceded ns, we shall best consult I the public good by removing the question as far as possible from the arena of party politics, and leaving it to be decided by the collective senso of the House. Although It would un doubtedly have t>een more dignified had they cotno forward with some broad, comprehen sive measure of their own, revolving mnnfblly to stand or fall with it, we do not, In the ctr cumslauots. blame thorn foe resolving to pro ceed by resolution. Having resolved upon that course, however, ministers ought to |HTt endeavored to shake themselves free from the prejudices of *h obsolete past and to exhibit j themselves to the people in the character of filling reformers. This they have not done. It i? impossible to resd Mr. Disraeli's speech apart from connection with the thirteen resolutions, witu^Ut feeling that reform has been forced upon an tifltHlling government, and that it is the determination of that govern ment while yielding to the inevitable to render what reform may be granted as inel feotive and worthless as possible. While we write the House of Commons will have entered upon the consideration of those famous resolutions. A tew hours more will put us in possession of the result. We shall not venture to 1 ore cast probabilities when we are so near the actual facts. We may, how ever, safely conclude that the tory govern ment, backed even by the eloquence of Mr. Disraeli, have not by this move advanced themselves in popular favor. They are not yet prepared to regard the elective franchise as a " democratic right," but only as a " popu lar privilege." It requires but a little farther resistance, and what is now withheld as a privilege will be demanded as a right, nor will any government be strong enough to re fuse it. The New Diplomatic Catechism. It used to be said of Talleyrand that any one might apply to him the argumentum a posteriori without his countenance betraying any evi dence of the fact. We thought this impertur bability had ceased to be a qualification for the diplomatic service; but the correspondence which we published yesterday between tbe State Department and some of our foreign ministers has corrected the impression. Evi dently the first essential for a representative of this country abroad is his readiness to take the kicks without his having any certainty, as in the Harvey cafee, of his getting the half-pence. Seriously speaking, the course pursued by Mr. Seward in this matter places both the government and our diplomatic service in a most humiliating position before the world. We do not always select our best men for diplomatic missions, but whatever may be their shortcomings in the way of talent, the chartre of unfaithfulness has rarely been included among them. In private life no greater insult can be offered to a gentle man than to put a question to him which im plies a violation of his social obligations. How much greater the offence, then, of an interroga tory which presumes a breach both of these obligations and of a man's duty as a servant of the government. In the diplomatic service of other countries the rule has always been that no charges against a foreign minister or even* a consul can be entertained unless on evi dence duly authenticated. The practioe of secret denunciation is ver* properly dUcour ( aged; tor no minister's position would be ten able if he were liable to be continually called to account on accusations furnished by persons who had their personal resentments to gratify and who could not be held responsible for their calumnies. Either the men we send to represent us abroad are of character and habits that do not entitle them to this protection or the official who is at tie bead of the State Department is ignorant of what Is due to them. If the first of these assumptions be well founded, the sooner the whole of our ministers and consuls are recalled and replaced by proper men the better. If the oontrary, then the functionary who has so grossly insulted and outraged (hem should himself be re moved. Id order that this matter might be placed squarely and fairly before the country we could have wished that every minister to whom these interrogatories have been ad dressed had followed Mr. Motley's exampls and resigned. We can understand how their unwillingness to embarrass the public servioe prevented them from acting on what must certainly have been their first impulse. Their patriotic disregard of thefr wounded feelings must not, however, blind us to what we owe to men who exhibit unquestionable seal and fidelity in onr service and who are not here to defend themselves against the slanders cir culated against them under the abominable system of espionage instituted by the State Department. We trust that Congress, now that it is in full possession of the toots, will proceed at once to act upon them, and that it will compel tbe resignation of a minister who manages tbe foreign affairs of the country like the tyrant of a parish school or the chief of a bureau of detectives. Tlio Kutwa QimIm ami Ik* Halted States. It is stated by a London journal, known to be generally well informed in court and politi cal secrets, "that great annoyance is exhibited in the official world of France on acconnt of the mission of General Kalergis to Washing ton," and that "the Emperor (Napoleon) bad expressed great indignation at the prospect of American interference in the affairs of Europe, especially when it is directed to' a delicate point such as that of the Eastern question." It is farther said that "there is, too, a fresh source of uneasiness in the attitude assumed by the United States with respect to the Russian policy in the Levant," and that "so strong is this feel ing that King George of Greece will net be in vited to make any stay in France on his way to Denmark." Now, soaking due allowance for lis dispo sition of European journals to exaggerate in their speculations on great international mat ters, and taking the above statements as some what of a speculative character, we are still io dised to believe there may be some truth at the bottom. The immense power which the United States have exhibited, and the intimate relatione that exist between them and Russia are calculated to cause some apprehension with regard to any ef onr movements or sup posed movements in or concerning the East Especially la It qaite natural that Napoleon, who baa a sort of mania for putting his band into everything and for regulating the affairs of the whole werld, should feel somo uneasi ness. His experience lately oa this continent snd retreat $om it nnder the pressure of our power makes him magnify, probably, every movement of the United States in foreign mat ters. Hooce the apparent anxiety about the supposed mission of General tj^alergis. His irapcrjfcl Majesty need not be alarmed; for while both the sympathies of onr people and government are with the Christians of the East In their heroic struggle against Mabomedan despotism and the tortuous diplomacy of the Wee tern Powers of Euro gfe and while we ere. oa tersf ~ r w" not depart from our established policy of non intervention in European affairs. We shall not follow the example of France and England in this respect Our moral inflhenoe is working a revolution in the Old World. We need not draw the sword. We have enough to do at home for the present, and we shall not take any decided action in political ques tions beyond the American continent. What the future may bring forth, when this great re public shall attain more gigantic proportions; we are unable to say, but at present the Empe ror Napoleon and the oflier mouarchs of Eu rope need not fear anything more than oar moral influence over the affairs and destiny of the East and the rest of the Old World. The State Ceuetltatteaal CmtwHIm. The bill to provide for. the election of dele gates to the State Constitutional Conventioa comes up in the Assembly as a special order to-day. The bill as reported by the commit tee provides for the election of one delegate from each Assembly district Two amend ments have been proposed in Committee of the Whole?one extending the right of voting for delegates to all colored citizens, u except ing Indians not taxed," and depriving persons who took part in the rebellion of the right of suffrage ; the other prfviding for the election of thirty-two additional delegates, sixteen of whom are to be chosen by each of the two great political parties in the State. The first of these amendments has already elicited some curious debate. One democratic representative, from Clinton county, declared himself in favor of the proposed extension of the suffrage, and made the somewhat singular assertion that the democracy have always been willing to enfranchise every person, with out distinction of color. Another democratic member, who hails from New York, avowed himself an advocate of the right of woman to the ballot, and wanted to see the fair sex re presented in the Convention. How far the proposition to disfranchise rebels would affect the copperhead sympathizers with the Davis government does not appear from the debate. The principal bone of contention seems to be the amendment of ex-Speaker Littlcjohn to add thirty-two delegates from the State at large to the Convention, sixteen of whom shall bp elected on the republican and sixteen on the democratic ticket. This is in accord ance $rith the recommendation made by Governor Fepton in Ais^annual message; and yet, singularly tho8e rePub" licans who have declared themselves in its favor have been assailed as copperhead sympathizers and threatened with expulsion from their party. There appears to be no sound objection to the proposition, and when first made by the Governor it met with very general approval. It is calculated to secure the election to the Convention of men wboee ripe judgment and ability would be valuable in the revision of the fundamental law of the State. The Assembly districts might still elect the small politicians by whom they are gene rally controlled, and the addition of sixteen men from each party wonld not vary their miyority a single vote. It is altogether too small a matter to squab ble over, and the fierce republicans who are making so much fhra about it should at once withdraw their opposition. Besides, the aggre gate vote of the State, to the test of which the work of the Convention of Revision must even tually be submitted, is too closely divided between the two parties to render it advisable to raise a political issne on the question of the amended constitution. Certain reforms in the fundamental law are demanded for the public good. The judiciary system needs an entire remodelling, and the new constitution most provide an efficient and eoonemical government for this city. The interests at stake are too great to render it worth while to risk the defeat of the revised constitution when submitted to the popular vote for the sake of any merely partisan considerations. Tha As sembly bad better agree to the pending amend ments, negro suffrage, extra delegates and all, and pass the bill at once. The Convention should assemble in the early part of June, and the aooner the bill to provide for the election of the delegates becomes a law the better. There is no time to lose over political squab bling and buncombe speeches. Fniaili* la Baflaa4-Tln Affair at 111 eater. The details of the Fenian raid on the garri son town of Chester, in England, which crested such a panic in the British House ot Commons when the news reached the honorable members then engnged in listening to the speech of Mr. Disraeli, causing the DuVe of Cambridge, Com mander-in-Chief of the a i my, to proceed to the Horse Guards in hot haste, are very curious, in connection with the mysterious progress of Feniani.'m. We published the whole story yes terday, derived from official and other appa rently reliable sources, and the conclusion to be arrived at, we think, is that the Fenian organisation in Great Britain, as well as in Ire land, is a pretty formidable affair, and is evi dently under good control, altbongh so far M boa not done more than show its power to ael with a simultaneous Influence In gathering largo bodies of men together and apparently disbanding them at different points?a feat not easily accomplished when we consider the per fect police system and the Imilitary vigilance which prevail, and which goes Car to provn that the conspiracy is conducted by skiilnl and able minds. It is not possible, of course, with the littlo information we have, to explain the reason why the movement in the south of Ireland and the incursion of fourteen hundred Fenians from Liverpool, Manchester and other points into the town of Chester at about the same time shonld have not accomplished anything and that both bodies of men should have so suddenly disappeared; but it is fitir to conjecture that both results proceeded from the same cause, which was probably n countermand of the order for action on tbo part of the leaders, rendered necessary by the incompleteness oi certain essential plans. The scare at Chester, where large quantities of arms and ammunition were stored and came very near falling into the hands of the insur. gents, has revealed the fact that the govern ment dare not trust tBb English volunteera with arms, although it was willing to enroll them as special constables to aid the civil authorities ; that it dared not remove a single regiment from Liverpool, Manchester or any of the manufhetnring towns to protect Chestcq but had to send the Scots Fusilier Guards from Londoq for that purpose. These stgoifla