Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1867, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 27, 1867 Page 6
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u NEW YORK HERALD. JAJHB8 UORUON BKHISIBTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. WPFicb m. w. oowu or pblton akp nassau m. T?Um? XXX tl No. 58 AMUoitMSNrS THIS JSVE.N1MA RRO VOW t Y THKATkR. BroalWAT. n?*r Br<Kim? street ?Kaikt Cincls?Cdbtom or ran Countkt. NKW YORK THEATMK. Broadway, opposite Mew York Hotel?K*?"-wokih?Trs Semals Ham Huuui. uLVMPIC THEATRE. Broadway?Streets or Nrw Yoba. HERMAN STADT THEATRE. AS and A7 Bowery.?1Th? liuHiuuaca Makgcis, Or, fas Rich Ubirbsb. STEIN WAY HALL, Fourteenth at reel.?Handel's Great Obatobio, Tub MiaaiaH. DODWORTH'H HALL, 80S Broadway.?Professor Harts WILL PERFORM Hi* MlUACLKS?TUB IIBAD IN TUB AlB? J'aa laiMAB Basalt Tbice?I'moracs. BAB ERANCISOO MINSl'KRLS 385 Broviwar, opooalla he Metroooltiaa Hotel?I* ructa Ethiopian Entertain bints. imaging, Dancino and Bchlasqubs. ?Thr Blaca cooa?African Ball at Troupe. KELLY k LEON'S MINSTK8H. 7S0 Broadway, oppo site the Maw York Hotel.?la tjiib Soiia. Dancai. Roe en TBicmBa. BpBLBSorrs, Ac.?Cindkb-Laon?Madaoascak Sauit Tbow Dodging for a Win. FIFTH AVENUE OPSRA HOUSE. Nob. S and 4 West Twenty-fourth street.?Gbiwn A Cbbmtt*? Minstrel*.? Ethiopian Minntrblbt, Ballads, Burlbbodbs, Ac.?The Ooban Yacht Kacr?Tkb Black Crooa. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 201 Bowery.?Comic V00 A LINN NbORO MiSNTALLST, DtTK AT ISKMKNT. Ao ?Tub Nkw Yobb Voluhtbbbs. Matiuee at 3>* o'clock. OHARLP.Y WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechauics' Ilall, 47J Broadway?In a Varirtt or Light and Lauoiiarlb Khtbstainkents, Corps db Ballbt. Ac. Tbb Lord or OiATTABDurrr. MRS. r. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn? The New Lbah. HOOLBY1 ROPBRA HOU8E. Brooklyn Ethiopian Kin ?(hbuiv. Ban,sue amp Bwumuu?Thb Blacb Crook. CLINTON HALL, Astor place.? Da Hrbbard's Pbcc uar Lrctvbrb on Prcvliah There* NBW YORK MUSBUM OP ANATOMY. 814 Broadway? Head and Khmtt Ann or Pbobst?The Washington Twine?Wonders in Natural Distort, Science and Aht. Lbctura* Dailt. Open from 8 A.M. till 10 P. M. DERBY'S NEW ART ROOMS, 445 Broadway.?Grand Kahibition or Paintings ?Rosa Boniipur's Uobsb Fair. TEIPLE SHEET. "?w *nrk. February ay, 1807. T H a VBWi. ZVBOPB. By the Atlantic cable we have a new* report dated yesterday ovonlng, February 28. Mr. Disraeli haa withdrawn the Derby reform "reso lutions" from the House of Commons and intimated that the Cabinet will propose a reform bill. The North American confederation bill has paused the House of Cords. The act suspending the habeas corpus is con tinued in Ireland. Captain McCaffbrty, a prominent Irish-American Fenian, has boen arrested in Dublin. Karl Russell "censures" the United States government for "pleading" for the Fenians. The King of Prussia is to be declared Emperor of Germany. The Italian elections are, so far, adverse to the Ricasoli Cabinet Consols closed at 91 for money in Vondon. United States fired wen ties were at 73\ in London and 77 \ in Frankfort The Liverpool cotton market was irregular and decidedly downward; middling uplands oioeed at 1?K<L?a decline. Our special European correspondence by steamship, dated in Cork, Dublin and London, contains rnmt 'tr of T^f great Importance, forming as it does a current nar rnMve of the provress of the popular movement, Fenian and reform, progressing in Engignd and Ireland to the 14th ef February. From Cork and Dublin we are informed of the first note accomplished by the Fenians in the " rising" In which is shown very clearly to have been part of a comprehensive movement maturely considered and directed to follow an attack on Chester Castle, England. Tho Fenians, who art described in the latest report from Chester as " well officered and under complete control," moved rapidly from that city across the Channel and arrived at Dublin in fighting trim In small parties. The now1 from Chester having been flashed by the telegraph to Dublin Castle, the authorities, recovering from an exciting shock, deposed the city police force In such manner at the quays that the men were captured in groups as the vessels were being swung to their moorings. The Fenians thus arrested bad evidently no knowledge of the betrayal of their secret in England. They accepted the oonaequences, however, in a very oool manner. The names of those arrested are published in our columns. We also report the proceeding* had In the Couri of Oyer and Terminer, Dublin, at the arraignment and in diriment of Stephen J. Meany and other Fenians charged under the treason-felony act The English government expects that Mr. Meany will, in his defence, make "startling revelations'1 concerning and against James Stephens Our special correspondent in London furnishes a very animated report of tne scene witnessed during the pro gress of the great outdoor reform procession through the street, of that city on the 11th instant placing, at the same moment, the exact position of the British people towards the government In a clear point of view. C01TG&ES8. In the Senate yesterday John D. Octrees, of Indiana, was elected government printer. Several bills of a per aonel nature waa passed, and the bill to amend the act relative to the navy, which provides who shall be tbe ranking offioer, be., waa reported from tbe committee. Tbe House amendments to tbe bill giving extra com pensation to the civil employee of tbe government were concurred in. Tbe House bil I establishing a department of education waa taken up, but pending its consideration tba morning hour expired, and the Army Appro priation bill was taken up. An amendment direct tag tbe disband men t or rebel militia organisa tions was adopted, and the bill was passed. Mr. Chandler, after vainly trying to have the Niagara Ship Caaal bill taken up, gave notice ihal he should at an early day present a bill for the construction of such ? oamal by the government, and not by a corporation I and have it fro# to tbe navigation of the world. The Compound Interest Note bill was called up but jawt poaed until to-day, and tbe Senate took a recess. In Mm evening session a bill rotative to courts martial was passed. Its provisions will be found in our Con gressional proses#laga. Several other matters of minor importance were disposed of and tbe Senate adjourned. In the House tbe report of tbe Weatwortb Committee gn alleged bargain and corruption with tho President was road, and the committee was discharged from the further consideration of the subject Than was ne tes timony reflecting on the Integrity of the President or tbe member*. A committee of conference was called on tbe disagreeing votes on tbe roroluUon relative to lbs ??rm#ni of claims to loyal persona. Tbo Fortification bill woo considered in Committee of tbo Whole, tho ???taieg clause was stricken out, and on (wing again ooaMiinq in Committee of tho Whole tbo bill was finally '?ported with several amendments and passed A lengthy ??beta ensued on tho jelot resolution for tbo removal of j N>tW **d?my at Annapolis and Mr. Sohenek'a | ?!* *4orefor, and both were rejected. Tbo House *** Committee of tba Whole on tbo Soaote ?"w?nwta ?? to the Tariff bill, and, while tbo bill waa TT*? woem was taken. On re twentv WM *??'" COB*'<,ored, and mrotaw^di Md "P"* of, when the Houac adjourned I TBI LEGISLATURE. to the Senate yeoterday . bill providing for a Nlogma ZlXiSSZZZL -2S ?f Public Works waa mads ? special order Tor Pridav Bllta MtharMag the Christopher ro*-t oooondlng tbe net relative to Protestant Fotsrnnai P-btta an boots to Now York, ami making a, approp^! 4ten tor tbo payment of tba principal and interest of tbo land debt wars ordered to o third rending ? In tho Assembly ooveral communications wen p? * "od, among tbem the annual report of the Htate "engineer and tbe report of tbe Metropolitan Police Com "iimloaom rotative to prnotltution in tbo city of New York. Tbo Constitutional Convention Mil waa discussed ?? scene length and made tho special order for to-dev i tho special order for to-day THI CITY. i A lecture ro doll rend taot evening in tho Brooklyn Academy of Mosic by Wm Lloyd Garrison, on the im jwecument quegtion. Th4 lectur* the rebel ? ?' ? v ? liuus ooostilutloa of the Southern Statae and attributed their disloyal cond Uoo to the Provident, whom be de nounced in the eevt reet terms, end whoee impeechmont and removal he demandi-d from Congress. The lecture ires reoetved with much Mtisfection by the large an dlence present on the occasion. Professor Louie Agmsiz delivered the laet of hie eerie 1 of lectures under the ausolcee of the "Aeeociation for Dm Advancement of Science and Art," at Cooper Insti tute laet evening. Hie eutyeot wae "The Monkeys and the Native Inhabitante or South America." The audi ence was very large and comprised many of the moat intelligent and respectable citizens of the city. The re marks of Professor Agasais were listened to with close attention, as they were characterized by a large acquaint ance with the subject on which bo discussed, and were presented In a pleasing and popular form. A full report of the lecture Is published la this issue of the Hsbald. An interesting lecture was delivered last evening by General John Cochrane In the Union Reformed Dutch church, Sixth avenue, on the '-Elements of National Prosperity." Several selections or Appropriate music were pleasingly rendered by the choir. The lecture was well attended. The vestry of the Church of the Resurrection, of this oily, have sold the.r church and parsonage in Thirty-fifth street Tor the handsome sum of $35,000, and intend bunding further up town. The funeral of Archdeacon McCarron, late pastor of St. Mary'B parish, took place yesterday. Father Qulnn, of 8t Peter's church, pronounced the eulogy, and the remains wore Interred in the vaolta of St. Patrick's Cathedral. In the Court of Oyer and Terminer yeeterday John ir.n? was put upon bis trial before Judge Ingrabam aad a Jury for murder in the Arst degree, the charge aga<nst him being that he caused the death of Mury Sandford, who died from the result of burns received at a Ore in a tenement house on Thirty-Bret street end 8eooud evenue, which Ore, It is alleged, wns maliciously oocaslonod by the prisoner, who owned the premises la question. The occupied the whole day and will be returned this morning. Reiny Browne, assistant engineer on board the steamer Havana, was brought before Commissioner Osborn yes terday on a charge of having caused the death of a Ore man named John Shelter, while on the voyage from New York to New Orleans. Evidence was given to show that deceased died from heat and ozhaustion, and the Commissioner ordered the defendant to be discharged on bis own recognizances. The case of Ross A Co., tobacconists, of Fulton street, who are charged with having rendered false and frau dulent returns of their sales and manufactures to the Collectoi of Internal Revenue, was up again for bearing yeeterday before Commissioner O.-boro. The defendants having put in somo papers in their defence, the examin ation was again adjourned. On the opening of the Court of Common Pleas yester day morning Mr. Tracy, on behalf or the bar of New York, presented to that Court a life size portrait of Judge Daly. The painting was accepted on behalf of the Court by Judge Brady, who responded to the presentation ad dress of Mr. Morrison in a few appropriate remarks. The proceedings were entered upon the minutes, sp that the portrait will remain the property of the Court. Judge Rumel sentenced Charles B Manual yesterday in the General bess;ons to be executed on the 19th of April next, for the murder of H-nry Scblessor, of which be was convicted during the term. A large number of eases were d'sposed of during the day. The stock market was dull yesterday. Gold was strong, and closed at 139J{ a The exceedingly vacillating oourso of Congress on ihe tariff and financial bills tends to perpetuate or at least protract the unsetUed condition of commercial affhlra, hitherto mentioned in the commercial resume of the Huuld; and the prevailing situation of affairs is full as unsettled and uncertain as ever. Though the Thirty-ninth Congress is nearly over, yet there la as yet no certainty that any of the important questions having a direct bearing upon finance and trade will be settled, and It ia quite gener ally feared that theee questions may be left for the next Congress to determine end pern upon. The now Tariff bill Is condemned without stint by the mercantile pub 11c, and the opinion Is general that it would diminish rather than increase the revenue. A hope begins to be entertained that It may be defeated after ell, although It la taVen for granted that the dwttes wUl hereafter he higher on nearly everything than they now are. Still e toll could scarcely be formed which would ho more objectionable than that new before Cong rim. Cotton was dull end lower yesterday under cable newe quoting e fur ther reduction to 18*4. a 18*d. to Liverpool. Breed stuOk were dull and drooping. Provisions quiet bet un changed. Naval store* were moderately active. Gro ceries quiet but very firm. Petroleum was dull and heavy. Whiskey wae nominal, and wool wae dull and dr0?P'ng W8CK1LAHEOU8. Our special despatches from Zacatecas, by way of Hew Orleans, give further particulars concerning the capture of that place by Miramon, the narrow escape of Juaret, and tho defeat of Miramon by Eecobedo at Axuascallantaa. The imperial garrison at Collma capitulated to Corona os iho 2d Inst. The capture of the Tehuaatepec was officially reported. Juares bad arrived at San Lola The prison ore Ortega and Hotonl bad also arrived there. Guana Junto was captured by tho liberals on the 27th ultimo. Msrquez bad captured the city of Zamora, in Micbonosn. General Grant favors the Reconstruction MIL A most atrocious murder was oommltted at Nsw Mar Vet, N. J., on Monday night at midnight, the victim bo ing a Mrs. Mary Ellon Coriell, wffo of Dr. Lastar Wallace CorielL of that place. The alleged murderess, who wae yesterday committed for trial by a Coroner s Jury, was the servant girl of th# family, named Bridget Durgan. The Pennsylvania State Temperance Convention met at Harriaburg yestarday, over two hundred delegates to attendance. Governor Geary was appointed temporary chairman, and to hie spoech said that ha bad never used intoxicating liquors, either in the war or during his recent Gubernatorial canvass. He also said that ha bad been informed that General Grant had de termined to identify himself with the cause. Resolu tions were adopted faTonng a prohibitory liquor tow, and appointing a committee to addreee the people. The New York State Convention of the Fenian Brotherhood of the Roberta persuasion are to secret aefatoq at Cttca. In the Ohio House of Representatives yesterday a resolution to strike the word "white" from the oonsUtu Hon waa laet by a vote of 20 yeas to 00 nays. The Tennessee Legislature haa adopted tho gold atand ard in the payment of members. The Illinois Legislature will adjourn on Thursday. A large Union nominating convention waa hald to F^nkfort, Ky., yesterday. Colonel Sidney M. Barnes, Colonel of a federal regiment daring the war, waa nomi nated tor Governor, and Ove other soldiers for Important offices. _ ? . . William Brows, of Nlcholasvtlle. baa bona nominated by the Unionists of Kentucky to represent tho Seventh district ia Coagram. The resignation of Governor Swam, of Maryland, aad the fnstallaUqp of Lieutenant Governor Cox Into his va cated position, which was to have taken plane yesterday at Anna polls, haa been postponed, aad It la now aald that Governor Swans will ^decline tho enantorahlp to which be was reoantiy sleeted. A woman named Wetm attired herself to num's ap parel yesterday to Newsrk, N. J., aad undertook to thrash a Mm Miller, when Mr. Worn, her huStoad, came along aad, discovering a man beating p wojgsaa, interfered aad gave hta wife a sound whipping before ha discovered who she waA Martin W. Bates, a boy nineteen years of ago, waa haaged at Buritngame, Kaaaaa, on tho 20th Inst, tor the murder of AM Palley. A eanpittempu-d to obtain admission to Surratt yes terday by pretending to be his brother, just from Texas, but lbs guards did not believe him, and admission was dea ied. ?? ? CotUOOB SrBCtTLATIOM AMD RmOM A BOUT Pacific Mail Stock.?The extraordinary de cline of Ad Pacific Mall Steamship Com pany's stock has caused a flutter and a great deal of speculation among stock operator*. Prom what we learn it Is probable that there will be some rich develop ments soon about? certain combination and pool, through which the stock wae to be ma nipulated and .worked of the hands of these parties aad upon the public, ae well as how rtaln Individuals in Ihe combination cheated e rest by secretly telling stock contrary to freemen L It la also said that seme of these gen!one operators have beta fearfully blttea ig that a smash up among Asm Is expected. re wait for farther developments. r*UUcal KMNMrntiM ? Tht Inprnding friala |a C*aa?etle?i. We lire in wonderful times. The march of Ideas is carrying everything before it It is the momentum of s heavy railway train de scending one of those long sweeps of the Al leghanies, and the cry is "Clear the track!" The patriarch Noah, the builder of the original Great Eastern, the chosen vessel of the Lord? old Noah, who lived six hundred years before the flood, who sailed his big ship over the flood, and who survived three hundred and fifty years after the flood?passed, we dare say, through a small experience in the progress of ideas compared with that, for instance, of William Lloyd Garrison or Wendell Phillips. The ancient patriarch, It is true, passed through a great deluge of water, but Garri son and Phillips have passed through a deluge 'he most terrible in the world's his tory, and they still live. Only look at it In October, 1835, a female anti-slavery society was riotously broken np in Boston by a collection of conservatives de scribed as "gentlemen of property and stand ing;" and Mr. Garrison, who went to the meet ing to deliver an address, after attempting to conceal himself In a carpenter's shop from the Aiiy of the mob, was captured, had his clothes torn oif and was dragged through the streets with a rope around his neck. And for what? For preaching in Bos ton negro emancipation. Cotton, then, king, even among the Puri tans. Still later in the day, in New York, the famous democratic Empire Club an nually set apart a contingent fund for the reception of the abolitionist Phillips with a welcome of rotten egars. Now, mark the change. Garrison is hailed as a public bene factor everywhere. He has had a jubilee in Charleston. He is the object of a fifty thou sand dollar subscription fund ; and as for Phil lips, if he now becomes comparatively tamo in his philippics it is because he misses the in spiration of Captain Rynders and bis shower of cg??s. Are not these among the wonders wrought in Israel in these latter days? Who can tell what next is coming ? With the country turned upside down and inside out there is no telling what may come to the surface. In the work of political reconstruc tion the materials at hand must be used. Thus our bard set democracy in our last November olection were compelled to take a new depar ture. At Chicago they were headed by the banker Belmont and his coach and six ; two years later, in New York, the ex-pounder of Yankee Sullivan, the banker Morrissey (thro and keno) is called to the rescue. He pays his way and goes Into Congress, but his friend Hoffman, of the old democratic pat tern, is leit in the lurch. He was not suffi ciently reconstructed, like Morrissey, to win. He was, in tact, behind the drift ol events and | the spirit of the age. He was still running the old go-cart of the Dred Scott decision against the steam engine of emancipation, and so Hoftnan was capsixed, while Morrissey is hailed as the new democratic champion for the bolt in Congress against the mighty Ben Butler. Profiting from this example of a new experi ment to meet the new order of things, the radi cals of Connecticut have struck upon a still bolder adventure. They have made the irre pressible P. T. Barnum, the living embodiment of Yankee notions, their champion and their new platform, against Win. H.%arnum, sn old fogy, famous only for those old-fashioned vie tues of times gone by and for his well earned success in the iron business. But he and all the other Barn urns must give way to The Bar num, as all the O'Donoghuee stand back in the presence of The O'Donoghue. And what are Garrison and Phillips com pared with this Barnum? Men or one idea against a man or ten thousand ideas. Take, for example, twenty-five years of the career of Phillips and twenty-five of The Barnum, and mark the contrast. Phillips begins, with some silver and gold in his pos session, to preach emancipation; Barnum begins his negotiations for the old American Museum with nothing but brass; Phillips continues, year after yean out of pocket, harping, like Paganinl, on one string; Barnum plays on a harp of a thousand strings, and a thousand different tones, all in the same key. Yet he, too, has had all along one grand idea. Old style people might call it the idea of obtaining money on fklse pretences; but it is more than that It was the poet's idea of a mermaid painted on canvass outside the museum and the dried up head and arms of a monkey deftly joined to the tail of a codfish inside the museum; it was a dray load of old bones transformed into a Greenland whale; it was a woolly horse from an ash cart changed into a ferocious nondeacript captured by .Colonel Fremont on the Giln river after n three days' chase with a squad of dragoons; it wns in the dey when Snntn Anna was a mighty hero, the transformation of an article bought, perhaps, next door, into Santa Anna's wooden leg; H was In the person of n leprous African, the living embodiment of the negro turning white, n point of philnnthropy in behnlf of Sambo whioh Phillips nnd Garrison have never tried to roach. * ^ ,v Nor does the record of The Barnum atop here. Sir Philip Jones says that men consti tute a State. Tbey are oertalnly the strength of a State, to this view, while Barnum has

?ought the improvement of the various broods of dogs nnd chickens to his dog shows and ohioken shows, ho hns also sought the Improve ment of man, and the white man, to hta baby sbgws, |0d has, perhaps, "done the Stole some servioe" in his premiums for the lady honoring her delighted spouse with the prddnet nt ope birth of tfcjjgjt fojir, the beet three orlfep best two babies In the market. What a con trast in this encouragement of population la thus presented by Barnum agalmt the original ruling idea of John Morriseoy of pounding the lifb ont of men for a premium 1 Against this Barnum and tie progressive radicals whst chance has the other Barnum in Connecticut ? None. The other Barnum is behind the age. The Hon. Ben Wood himself | would stand no chance *g *inft the Barnum who commenced the lottery bssiness "on hie own book" at sixteen years ol age. Behold nleo the gronnd which hie platfom covers in the making of the moot hideous minsters and Iss postares subjects of public gratification; in proving by practice how the swot belligerent ?nrietiee of creatures may be Bade "a happy tomlly;" In producing a living etample of tbo negro turning white, and la taproviag "the wblto man's government" by premiums on ??"*ee retolHnv mothers blest with the most bountifol sup pi/ of babies. Against this com prehensive platform of the one Barnum the other Barnum can only Bbow a first rate quality of Iron, a good Income and a good character as a man of business and as a citisen. His chances in the field of politics are gone by. Recon struction is the order of the day, and repre sentative men of modern ideas and modern progress, such as Garrison and Phillips, Ben Butter and old Thad Stevens, John Morrissey and P. T. Barnum, lead the way. Andy Johnson is nowhere, Greeley Is befogged, and Thurlow Weed, with his bogus dead body of Morgan, is laid on the shell The Impending crisis in Connecticut is be tween the two Barn urns, and as the issue is whether this great revolution of modern ideas shall go on or be stopped, the progressive Barnum is our ticket. Keep the ball rolling. The Tide el Genua Baslsntlea. The prospects opened to us by foreign emi gration this year are of the most oheering character. Acoording to all appearances the influx of thrifty, hard working artisans and laborers will be greater than has ever before been known in the history of the .country. Prom Germany alone, ail will have been seen by the letters of our Berlin and Munich cor respondents^ we may oount upon receiving within the next ten months an addition to our population of at least one hundred and fifty thousand. There is ne speculation in the statement" for the weekly steamers from Bre men and Hamburg, with five or six extra ones, have all their places seoured up to the month of November. Taking into the aoceunt the forther numbers that will be brought over by sailing vessels and the* return steamers that make extra trips to take visitors to the Paris Exposition, we may set down the aggregate from Germany, Belgium and Switzerland in the period named as at a little short of two hundred thousand. The causes influencing this immense move ment are, first, the conviction that is gradually spreading among the masses in Germany that our political troubles are over, and, secondly, the tear of conscription at home. In Prussia this latter feeling operates to such an extent that in some of the villages of the older pro vinces a third of their inhabitants will leave in the spring. Seeing how rapidly these additions to our population will repair the ravages caused by the rebellion, and bow enormously they will add to the material wealth of the oountry, it should be the policy of our national, and State Legislatures to give every encouragement pos sible to the movement. The prompt adoption of the Congressional plan of reconstruction by the South, the modification of the present un wise and almost prohibitory tariff1, and an avoidance of those fanatical extremes in legis lation which war against the ideas and habits of oor adopted citizens, are among the things that will most conduce to it. We must dtapel any lingering belief that may exist abroad as to there being a ohance of the revival of civil war among us. We must prove by a very differently framed tariff rrom the present one that we are not behind the rest of the world in an appreciation of the troths of political economy; but more eepeoially must we satisfy those desiring to immigrate that in seeking freedom of thought and notion here they will not make a poor exchange for the systems of government nnd$r which they have been living. In other words we must not allow for fanatioal or other objects such an in terference with the innocent amusements and enjoyments to which they have been aoens tomed as would not be tolerated in their own country nnder the moat rigid of despotisms. We are emphatic on this latter point, because the tendency towards Pharisaioal legisla tion observable in our State legislatures bears particularly hihl upon oar Ger man fellow citizens. When we oon sider their habits of sobriety and in dustry, their love of open air amusements and the beneficial effect of their example on the other foreign elements of oor population, it becomes our duty to protest against restric tions which most end by disgusting them with our institutions and prevent the farther inflow ot immigration from the same quarter. Of all the foreign nationalities that are absorbed into oor own the Germans make perhaps the best citizens. In the South, bat more particularly in Texas, they firmly resisted .the heresy of secession and stubbornly refused to take up arms against the federal government. In all our principal business centres they are among the most enterprising and prosperous of oar merchants and business men. Wby, then, should we by foolish enactments seek to op pose limits to a tide which is daily strength ening and enriching as, and whloh, if we do not discourage it, promises to assume still larger proportions? It Is time for as to sman cipate ourselves from the fanatical ideas that have led as into inch follies and to endeavor in our legislation to oonsnlt only the diotatea of good sense and of sound Christian morality. Ma WMHwanh*! taciMaa CmbIiim. Tb? Smelling Committee appointed tone time aince upon motion of Congressmap Went worth, for the pnrpooe of noalng oat a sup posed Uovement tending to bring about a harmonious understanding between the Presi dent and certain republican members of Con a report yesterday of the remit of their eUhetory labors, fhia import is one of the cwjioeities of Congreeslonal literature. T^e commlttee relate bow they rooted among newspaper clips and correspondents and re porters to find ont wbenoo the bad odar for which they sought originated, and bow oertain correspondents, when called before them, testi fied that they bad seen certain friends of the Indent mysteriously talking with certain member! 5f Congress, and, believing something was in the wind, had told these members what they had beard the President say in relation to making np friends, and had tried to gat np a meeting, and bad spoken to the President on Ike subject The report reads very much like the observations of the maid-of-hll-work, when gomipping over th# wall with the next door neighbor's servant "Oh, Sally, if your miesni heard what my missus says your missus said about her wouldn't she be mad 1" The com mittee wisely conclude not to submit the evi dence to Congress, bat state that "no testi mony has been given reflecting in the lea upon the integrity of the President" or of any member of Congress, republican or dom orotic, and ask to bo discharged from th# duty of farther smelling. The faet is that tba whole matter w nnthinu pvMM nor I'WS than a sham memvsvrp -<r?- ? . S **? <m j of some newspaper correspondents at the capital to raise a little ready cash. Having secured the entrte to the White House, they saw the President and talked with him alput the good thing it would be to come to a har monious understanding with Congress. The Preeident naturally and properly enough remarked that he would much rather be In harmony with Congress than in opposition to that branch of the government The correspondents next visited Banks and other Congressmen, reported to them the President's remarks, colored and exaggerated to suit their own purpose, and urged that the mem bers should get together and talk the matter over. A few Congressmen fell into the trap and held a meeting, and the sharp corre spondents, as soon as they got the affair into this position, immediately wrote out a full and startling account of the great pending harmonious arrangement between the Presi dent and Congress, and offered it for sale at a good round price to the leading newspapers. This is all there is of the affair, and wc could have given its whole history to ths Smelling Committee in leas time than was consumed yesterday in the reading of their report. British Btftra Hmani. in to-day's issue "we publish n letter from oar special correspondent giving frill details of the great reform demonstration on the 11th and the proceedings in the House of Commons on the same evening. The information it con veys, though rendered somewhat old by our cable telegrams, is still toll of interest as giving the impressions of an Intelligent spec tator amid the scenes described. Our correspondent, it will be observed, is not deeply convinoed of the sincerity of Mr. Disraeli or of the party with whom be acts in the coarse of apparent concession on which tbey have entered. It is impossible, indeed, for an intelligent observer to come to any other conclusion. Disraeli, the world has long been convinced, is more able than honest, more ounning than consistent?in all things infinitely more skilled as a theoretical than as a practi cal statesman. At the same time we cannot divest ourselves of the thought that bat for* his commanding ability neither in 1859 nor now could the tory party hare been induced to listen to proposals of reform. Disraeli is of and yet not of the party with whioh he acts. He is a tory rather by adoption than convic tion, by deliberate purpose rather than by unconscious training. The first colors he ex hibited when seeking a place in Parliament were those of the radicals. It iB difficult to believe that he adopted other colon for any higher or nobler purpose than to win a position. It is equally difficult to believe that he adheres to those colors for any higher or nobler purpose than to maintain the proud*position he has won. He is not unwilling to serve the party who have hoAoted him and who acknowledge his leadership. We can hardly conceive him guilty of betraying them. He sees, and sees clearly?more dearly than any of the heredi tary aristocracy who compose his rank and file?that concession is neoessary; that nothing else can save the nobility from otter rain; and it is his object to make that concession in snch a shape as shall render it as little injurious, or rather as highly advantageous, to his party as possible. It has ever been the opinion of the tories that the Reform bill of 1832 was a bill too exclusively in the interest of the whiga. Rightly or wrongly, this is a conviction in whioh Disraeli professes to share. We can con ceive to ourselves the advice which he has uni formly given to his friends:?Tou cannot resist this powerful current of reform. Resistance, in fact, is rain. Ton mast yield if you would save yourselves. Let us, therefore, make con cessions ; bat let us make them in such a form, let us so manipulate the franchise by balanc ing the votes of the rural population with the votes in the towns and cities, and by otherwise introducing the conservative element, that the conc<>saion8 shall actually prove to our advan tage. This is the game which Disraeli wishes to play, and to which his aristocratic friends have become a party. He played it in 1859 and lost He plays it this time more cautiously, but whether with greater suc cess we most wait to see. There is one man who knows Disraeli's game and who greedily watches his every move. Mr. Gladstone, who trampled on Disraeli's last re form bantling with merciless severity, is little likely to be more tender with this one. The discussion of the resolutions will occupy the House, in all likelihood, for a considerable number of nights. The real tog of war Will come at the close. Whether the debate will result in a vote of want of oonfidence and a return of the liberals to power, or whether, by grudg ingly yielding what is demanded, Ministers will be able to retain their seats and proceed with the settlement of the question, we shall not venture to predict. One tMng !? manifest to all?to tories and to liberals alike?that the spirit of the people is roused and that it must not be trifled with. The terrific scenes which were witnessed in 1789 in Prapoo, and the disastrous results whleh then followed this outbreak of outraged popular feeling, as well as the causes which led to them, ere not'yet forgotten in England. Whether as a popular privilege or as a demo cratic right, Parliamentary reform must and will be granted. If Disraeli's artftd schemes do net succeed, the beet thing fbr Lord Derby and his friends to do in the circumstaaoee will be to imitate the ooaduet of the defrinct Post master General of Germany, the Illustrious Prince of Thum and Taxis?bow to stem ne cessity, make the best bargain possible and retire, thnakfhl that worse bss not befallen Tbe leieraal lirnn Hytem ui Its Akam. The committee appointed by Congress in December last to inquire into any frauds or evasions of fee payment of tbe internal reveane duties on distilled spirits, tobacco and clgam have made their report They deal pretty generally with fee question, but do not appear to have given any detailed fhcts which might lead to a specific result They state, for example, that in New York, Brooklyn and Philadelphia, over which arts their labors ex tended, stupendous frauds have been commit ted ; feat in fee ease of whiskey seven-eighths of fee quantity manufactured pays no tax to fee government, as proved by fee feet feat whiakey, which ought to pay two dollars a gal lon revenus tax, is openly told in fee market fbr one dollar and fifty oents, leaving a floe profit to fee illloit distiller, as fee actual cost of fee spirits does aot exesed forty oents per vnllnn However, fee committee skips ove?" zr sues 1 r"1" ?> m ? details m these ltd enter e general charge, which the/ decline to nuke ?pacific, against the offloials of the Internal Revenue Department The/ endeavor to show how these offloials could defraud the government in various wave and make money thereby; but they do not undertake to fasten the guilt upon any individuals. Setting aside this report altogether, from which very little fresh information can be gleaned, we know very well that the whole sys tem of the Internal revenue is confused, unsa tisfactory, fruitful of corruption and rotten at its very base. It foils in accomplishing the only purpose for which it can be consistently main tained in oonsequenoe of the expensive pro cess by which the taxes are collected. It de stroys public morality by exposing people to temptation; and this is true both of taxpayers and officials. It is not equitable in in ope ration upon various classes and occupations in the community. Take the income tax, for ex ample, which is nothing more than a system of espionage upon the private aflhlra of every oitisen, an inducement to deceit and an oppor tunity for levying blackmail. Even If the constitutionality of this tax was not very ques tionable, its application and the interpretation put upon it by subordinate officials, to the die gust of people of common sense and the op pression of all classes, render it obnoxious to the entire community. If we are to reoeive a revenue by internal taxation wo must have a system like that adopted in England. ? few articles of luxury?some eight or ten, for in stance?must be made to bear the burden; but industry should not be crippled nor labor oppressed by the imposition of taxes in a shape which irritates and embarasses, as our present internal revenue system does, without in the end effecting the object for which we may pre sume it was designed. As for as its workings can be judged, It has been highly dele terious to publio morals and rich in frauds and corruptions. Ex-U*Teri?r Brawn, of Onrflt, on Recon etrnctioa. We published some extracts yesterday from a letter which ex-Governor Joseph E. Brown, of Georgia, had prepared for circulation in the South on the subject of reconstruction and the political situation of the Southern States. They are marked by good sense and sound advice, and they express substantially the views we have been urging all along upon the Southern people. They give us a ray of hope that light is about to break in upon the South as to its real situation and the folly of resist ing the will and power of the North. If other leading publio men of the rebel States will follow Governor Brown's course reconstruc tion may be consummated within o short time. > Mr. Brown says:?"If we reject the terms proposed in the Sherman bill, I confess I see no hope lor the future. Should wo oeospt them, I trust the example of Georgia may bs followed by other States, and that this vexed question may soon be permanently settled upon the best terms which we will ever be able to get. I am aware of the rapidity of the changes which we are required to make and of As natural prejudices which our people suOirtili against negro suftrage; but we should net forget that in yielding to an inevitable neces sity these people were raised among as and naturally sympathise with us. Their ohadaol during the war proved this. Itr foaa^we treat them kindly, pay them their wages pfMtptty, and in all respects deal justly by them, we shall seldom have cause to oomplain of their refusal to respect our wishes or consult on interest at the ballot box." He therefore urges upon the Governor to oall the Legislature of the State together with out delay, and to recommend the passage ot act calling a convention to change the State constitution, so as to provide for neiver sal suffrage, in conformity with the Sherman bill, and also to provide for the early election of a Legislature which will adopt foe constitu tional amendment, in accordance with foe re quirement of said bill. This is foe only way of salvation for foe South. The people of that section have lost already opportunities of being restored, through their obstinacy, ignorance and bad feeling. They might be now enjoying all the privileges of American citizens had they not stupidly rejected the terms offered. They lost sight of their powerless condition and that they were completely at the mercy of their con querors. They foolishly imagined that the North would concede their claim to political rights which they had really forfeited by the war. Not understanding either their own situation or the temper of the public mind at the North, they showed their teeth when they oiyht to have bowed their beads in submission to the fate they had brought upon themselves. This had a bad effect upSnfoe "people of foe loyal States. The politicians saw what was taking place in the public mind and seised foe op portunity to make capital out of it. The con sequence was that harder terms of restoration were demanded by the party in power. If foe Southern States bad adopted foe constitutional amendment they would have been restored upon that condition. Having rejeoted that, the Sherman bill, with harder condition, in now offered. Should they show hostility to this measure foe oonsequenoes will be still worse. General confiscation and prolonged military rule might follow; for foe North is determined to crush out foe seeds and rem nants of rebellion and to hold oontrol of poli tical power. Mr. Brown wisely says, "if wo reject foe terms propeeed in foe Sherman bill I confess I see ne hope for foe tature." These truthfol and emphatic words should sink deep into the heart of every Southerner. All who love their country and would save it and them selves from ruin should take Governor Brown's advioe?should throw overboard the old eecesh politicians and begin a new political existence. report 01T* uimmJf 'm'muuwn. Sr. Loots, Fab. 28, 1887 Ths committee appelated by tba Blear Iaproramaa* Coavaatloa, lately bald la this city to meaMrlaliao Ota ma la relation to tba femoral of ebatmotioaa to the MrtgaUon of tho Mlaaimlppl and Ita trbuUrtoa, hero ma'U ? lengthy report, wb?h ooetslna mocta valuable ?wHtwi and genual laformatloa raapoctlag laiaad eemmtroe aad tba Importance of Improved radlltloa far treaeportatloa. THE FMSMT ? UMU OJVER. Sr. Loom, Fab 28, 1SST. It ia animated that wmth ef proaa.ty ana daatroyad la Waatara Eaaaaa by tba recent freohet In tba