Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1867 Page 4
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AFFAIRS I El* Political Crisis in Austria and Se rious Differences of Kace in South Ciermauy. Napoleon's Speech to the French legislature. The Mexican "Idea" and Prabable Effect of an Assertion of the Monroe Doctrine. Article* of the New North Ger man Confederation. The Bono-American Telegraph and Progrew in Siberia and on the Amoor. Ac. Ac. he. The French transatlantic mail ate amah ip Peril-re, Cnptam Duchesne, from Havre on the 14th and Brest on the lflth of February, arrived at this port yesterday morning, bringing very interesting details of our cable despatches dated to the afternoon of ber day of sailing from Brest. By tho Periore we have the faU text of the speech de bvcred by Napoleon at the opening of the session of the French Legislature, with a copy of the articles ol basis of the new North Germun Confederation. The steamship Peruvian, Caotam Bailnntine, which left Liverpool at half past two P. K. on tho 14th of February, and (iroeiicustle on tho following evening, ar rived at Portland, Mo,, at one o'clock yesterday triorum.'. t'ho London Timet admits that the vaguoncs of tho ministerial resolutions of reform cannot be too strong!', mud 'toned, mid says that it is marvellous how the Derby Cabinet cotttd have so mistaken the toinper and time to think such proposals might be adopted. It is still true that the restalutious as a whole, point to a complete measure. The Timet urges tiro House of Commons to take the good, eliminate tbe bad, supply what is defi cient, amend what is canable of correction, and resist all attempts to enlist under the banner of this or that can dul.no for office. All that was known of the result of the elections for the German Parliament appears to bo favorable to the liberal cause. At Berlin and other great cities tho can didates of that side havo triumphed. Some curious in cidents are related. II. de Munchausen, the old Hano verian Minister, the author of the protest, has been chosen at Hanover. At Frankfort, as stated by tele gram, Baron Charles de Bothschlld, who has made hi in self remarkable by his opposition to tbe acta of the Prussian authorities, is the elcctod deputy for tbe old free city. I-asflv, at Elberfuld, a secend election has become necessary between Count de Bismarck and M. de Fort-ken hack, President of tho Chamber oi Deputies, t- A Vienna letter of the 11th of February in the /nt/e p ftimtet en v *:? Tho designated members of tho Hungarian Ministry havo been here since yesterday. This morning they have had a conference with Baron de Ueu.t; alter which Count Andrae.y, Barons Rotvos and Lonyay were received by the Emperor. There are stilt somo difficulties to ba surmounted, but to-morrow the Pre sident of the Ministry, Count Andrasav, will bu ready to present his colleagues U> Frauds Joseph. The Pontifical Minister of i'lmtnoe MR presented to the Council of State bis budget for 1807. It shows 30.d*4.OMf. of receipts and 7?. SJ3.75df. of expenditure, l>e<i?g a doQcicncy of 3T,4O'-:,O90f. The goremtnent counts upon the twenty millions which the Italian gov ernment has to pay In March for arrears of the public debt of 1809, and etghtoon millions more from the same source for the annual Interest on the Pontifical debt allotted to tho former proviuceu of the Church. A Vienna teller, in the Paris LiterU, says.? The change of Ministry which has Just been effected in Austria is not one ot persons only, as is often seen else where; it Is before all a nulleal change in the polite al system. How many or them have not already been triod in tho Austrian empire since the Revolution of 18481 Absolutism hss been employed in three diltferent wave successively; Urst, there wes the military absolutism, then the bureaucratic, and, lastly, the clerical. Then oomee the Keichsrath, reinforced by mere ?hsdossof pro vinftal States. Then Count Agcnor Goliichnw-ki and the diploma of October with its federalist tendencies. Next, M do Scbuierling and the constitution of February with its centralist leanings. Then nt last. Count Bsicredl and the suspension of the constitution, bringing in its wake a form of government which was neither absolutism, norconstitutionalism. nor federalism, nor centralism; whlcb, in a word, had no tixed character et all In what have all these protended statesmen, all these systems ended * In nothing else than creating for the monarchy of the Hapsburgs a succession or new embarrassments, and to bringing the c >untry to the verv verge of ruin. The failure of Mr. N. J. Amies, small ware manufac turer, of Gaytborn, England, with ?30.000 of liabilities, has been announced. Messrs. W Had field At Co., ef Higher Ardwick and Warrington, have suspended pay* meat A cunous circumstance waa noticed at the recent ooentng ef tho Diet of the Grand Puehy of (inland. After the Governor had read the opening speech in the Ruwitan language, tho Senator Peterson gavn it in Bwodieb and Finnish. The Meorbsl of the country re plied in the name of the nobility, aud the Archbishop in that of the clergy, in Frenoti; the Speaker of the citl r?n -lass in Swedish, and that of the peasants in Fin nish. The intentions of the Turkish government respecting the iDhabiiante of Crete cannot but he, the Opimm Ka tiemaU convolves, in untoon With the declaration made In Queen Victoria's speech on opening the Parliament, that "the combined effort* of the Cabinets of I-ondon, Paris eud St. Petersburg have tended to bring about bel ter relations between the Porte and its Christian sub jects." Consequently a certain amount of independence must, the writer thinks, be accorded to that portion of tho Turkish subject, aud their position rendered support able. The Peris Fatrir has the subjoined observation" on the now Ministry just formed et Constantinople We believe we are not wroog iu saving tbel those changes are of a great political significance. The new (ablnct may be ca.led n reform one, as >11 the men com pocmg it. without exception, have long been the warmest advocates of progress. At present, summoned to the councils of the sovereign, and on the morrow ol event* which have attracted attention to the situation of lho|Kast, we have no douht that the new Ministers are determined to -eek the solution of tbe pending questions by satta fying the tntrresta of tbe different populations subject to the Sultan's ec -pire without exception of race or re ligion. At the head of tbe Cabinet will also te re marked the eminent statesmen who signed, among others, tho Treaty of Paris in 1840. OCR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE# AUSTRIA. IUR VIENNA CORRESPONDCMCC. F.aeiiement In Month herwany and Effects ef A Divided Nationality?Power mt Free Men Unity na Against An sir In and France? Fnraeeln* Policy at Rintaar?k- Poller ef Rnvnrin and Wurtentberg Towards thr Em pire. VirsgA, Fob. T, 1807. A feeling of uneasiness to spreading over all the States of Southern Germany. The separation from the North sanctioned by the Peace ef Prague to deeply fell and everybody finds that the situation cannot last very long. The Independent existence granted to Baden, Wurtemberg, Bavaria and to two-thirda of the Duchy of Reese Darmstadt to a gift uf tbo Prussians The gov eramonta of these four (Hates are at a loet to know what tbey shall do with their national independence. They are wise enough to see they cannot exist without leaning on a great Power, unless through ihe mod.urn of UM mind of snotbur (Southern) Bismarck, thry can amalgamate and make of themselves a Power a* strong as that of Prussia In lbs North. If they were to follow tbe traditions sf the reigning families they mglu choose Francs; bat Ibis Just now or si asy time tor the future will remain simply Impossible Any attempt to lean on a foreign Power would place those Prince. In the eery position In which we now find the Iste King of Hanover and tbs servant-kicking Elector of Hesse. .Me long as lbs ambitious tendencies of Prussia were nnly sohemes, many people disapproved of them for fleer that Prussia might have not only to fight Austria, but Francs also, and that bar chance In such a bloody war N rn UAfrffJH am. Wans the Ptnn. will 8-hemes ha\ e become fact", the Prus-San generals shown their ability ami -olJiers their courage, oveu cau tious pe pie ate no lun ,or afranl of a war with France. The state of iliat coua' y is sueh that <>nlr the antago nist of tho Ea|W?r could wish him In piok a quarrel w >a PrusMn. l'uo French people liavu been disappointed not only with regard to foreign, hut also on their own personal affair*. Cousidt r.ug tl..s, tbo Euiperor may hesilalo to embark again in a hazardous undertaking, although he may look with a jealous eye on Prussia's ris ing power, and feel sure that the army would hail with enthusiasm the order to march on the Rhine. In a war, tho first success depends mainly on the ability of gen erals and other things more or less dependent on chance, and independent of the character of the strug gling nations; but the Anal success must be considered as resulting from the condition of the people* of the antagonistic countries provided their forces are In something like equal numbers. Should the French go to war with Prussia thoy may gain battles; they probably wonld at first; but in the end they must be smashed, and If so, Prussia will carry out her cher ished projects of 1816 and 1814. This conviction lives In the hearts of the people of Southern as well as of Northern Germany. Por the States of Soutbora Germany to lean on Austria would bo a condition of thinvs that could not be oeter tained by any rational man. They cannot lean on a State that la shaken to lis very foundations. Only the ultra Roman Catholic and aristooratlo party have net set aside their old confidence in the Concordat and the fortunes of Austria. The liberal parties of the South bed formerly n oertain sympathy with Austria on account of her Oer man population and German ideas; but this sympathy has died away since it has become evident that the Aus trlan government intends leaning on its Magyar, rather than its German subjects The strongest counter-weight against a lasting separa tion from the North of Germany Is the material interests the countries and pooplo ?ave o common?the North for tho South, and vice vena. The trade and manufac tures of the South would be ruined from the day they were excluded from the Zollverein. Prussia bos thus a lever in her bands, which she will freely mako use of, to make the independent governments of the South quite pliable and yielding to her will. All this must bo considered when we weivh the decla ration of the Bavarian Prime Minister, Prince Hohen lnhe, respecting an alliance with France and also with Austria. In accordance with his Invitation, If not his order, the Secretaries of Slate for war and foreign affairs will soon, meet in order to form rales for the assimilation of tboir army to that of Prussia. Homo people appear afraid of such meeting, feeling afraid that si Southern confederacy might result from It; but this fear appears perfectly groundless, The Bavaiian Miui-tor in his address appears to reject the idea of a Southern confederacy, the lorination of which seems all the more impossible .since Haden wonld not and Hesso Darmstadt could not enter it It would be mere foolerv, mildness, for the government of the latter Duchy to enter tain any proposition contrary to Prussia's viows, since the Prussians have a strong garrison at Mayence and the command of about one-half tho He.-sian troops Importunate advocates for the union wish the Southern States to enter the Northern confederation at once. The peace of Prague would not be an impediment, as the Southern States have been by that document recognized independent. They may enter into an alliance with Prussia, and even place their troops undor the command of Prussian generals. But the question arises, would Prussia aes re ft for ths present? When peace was patched up last summer, Prussia is sa d to liavo given way to the summons of the French Kmperor, and contentod herself with a contodoralion of the Northern States Bismarck may have feigned to respect the wishes of Napoleon, but ho may also have considered It his interest not to extend tbo confedera tion all over Germany at oncc. Three months ago the feeling of animosity In the Southern States towards Prussia was stronger than it is now, Indeed, was very intense, and oven now deputies trom Bavaria or Wur teniburg would nut bo welcomed In the Parliament, as, notwithstanding their sympathy for tho Union, they would strengthen the opposition. When the propositions which Bismarck will make in behalf of his government have been accepted, and the held on tho lately acquired States lightened with the sanction of their own delegates, thon, but not till thon may Pr?s sia think It time to absorb the Southern States. The way for this will lie smoothed during the meeting of the Parliament in Berlin next spring. I think I have shown that It w yet difficult to hazard an opinion on the future of the Southern Slates or Germany; that they onnntt join Francs; that they will not attempt to And sup* in Austria, knowing that country could not afford that of themselves they cannot form a lasting confi crocj- of Mufflcient power to outlive the probable brewing in Europe; and that although willing te deri their n-ristaooe nad supporttrom Prussia 'that coun is not prepared to afford It. Mm For the present nothing will be done either by Ba< or Wurtemberg. In tho future we may have gre?4 changes in those countries, and the meat probable on* * the Union of their forces to the remainder of the Gen men family at the Narth. BOHEMIA. OUR PRAGUE CORRESPONDENCE. fiermmw Frrllm on the Full of the Belortdl f'nblnet In Vienna?Race Diatrwet and He lm, ion n of the Czechs- Itnvnrian Kiectlowa? Parliamentury Partloa?An Important Ap pointment. Arc. Phaovk, Fab. 10, 1WT. The troth of the assertion I mad# a fan weeks ago, that tho Beicred. Ministry waa tottering to Ita fail, waa sooner and more suddenly proved than I bad anticipated myself, fount Bnieredi has now plenty of I Maura time to reflect on the fallacy of ha Idea tbat If Sobmerling could have ruled without the Czechs for flvo years be mKbt he able to govern without the support of the Germans as long. Our city was thrown into a great ex citement by the news of bis fell But elthough the adherents of tbe February constitution?i. e., the Ger mans?had wished bis fall, bis dismissal in tbe present moment baa not satisfied them. Tbe confusion be bad caused should have neon carried to ita end by him, and be should not have been allowed to withdraw and leave it to bis successor hot ore it was reeotvod in a natural way. At all events bis fall spared tbe world tbe piteous spec tac'e ol an Austrian Parliament assembling in a German oity without one representative of the German people. The Germans are fall of hopes although they do not oxnlt yet. as they are by no mesne quite ao sure of their expectations twin : fully answered. "We are not desir ous of being always in tbe opposition," says the Gor man paper of this place; "H Is not the strife we serve, but the cause. Rut we are too mindful of the many bittor lesion* we received to selss on (ho first favorable opportunity of indulging in a multitude of hopes. One (bet, however, we cannot forbear Mating, vta: Mo pes simism prwvn.lt tig everywhere In Austria ban, by the sew measures of tha government, received a severe shock, while abroad the hopes of a consolidation of Aastria have been raised." But the Czechs! They are flrsntlo with rage at tbe events of the week. Row soon the gay frostwork of their dreams was dissolved. Now tbey threaten tbe gov ernment wtth an intent of imitating tbe example set by tbe Hungarians, and think that by perseverance and by insisting upon their protended mediaeval rights soon to onldo the Hungarians; then, tbey say, tbe voice of tbe Germans will have died away In tbe wind. Their pa per* declare all such Cxoch deputies at will enter tbe Parliament for tbe couniriea and kingdoms on this side of tbe Lettba "to be traitors, aud give tbem up to tbe curst of the Czech nation." Their latest attempt at alarming the government Is tbat they pretend tbat Bismarck, seeing tbo utter Impossibility of keeping up the present state of things In Saxony, Intended to annex Saxony, and to Indemnify the King of .-axony for bis loss by procuring btm tbe kingdom of Bohemia, for which purpose a now war should he entered upon by Prussia. They give to understand that now the Czechs htul no longer any interest in tbo existence of Austria, which henceforward would be ruled by tbe Germans. In future tbey would only care for tbo Interests of tbo Czech nation, witbout considering those of tbe empire. But, in spite of all thoee hollow phraaes and declama tions, I bavo great reaaon to snppoee that in tbe laat moment tbey will not hesitate to eator tbe great Impe rial Parliament, and if tbey do not nobody but they will be tbe losers. Tbe elections for tbe Bohemian Diet now being at an end, wn can form n correct idea of bow the next Diet will be composed. The elections of tbe great landed pro prietors were in favor of the high tones, hence tbe op ponents of the constitution will bavo a maiorfy of elgn ty-four. But what are the components of this majority f For however unnatural an alliance of the high tortus and the clergy on tbe one band, and tbe democratic Czechs on tbo other, may appear, they agree in one pxlnt. viz. the dislike of the constitution; the former bemuse they art averse to any constitution whatever, the latter b< cause they think It to be an obstacle to their estab bailing an independent national State, In which they would have tbo supremacy over tbo Germans, whom they conld then oppress to their heart's contest. In tbo flint put of the Inst session tbe < sto was differ ent. 1 boa the majority of the great landed proprietors were adherents of tbe ronstttntion, eo that the Geimsna were It the majority. There were but few who gauered about < onus Clatn-Msrtlnltt and Leo Then, the f.ther of our "Concordat" with Rome. But from tbe terymo ment Count Beicred! waa appointed t^veroor of (She. mta tbelr number Increased. ??, istry and the constitution woe euepended by him be change m the members eleotad by the great landed prtetor was complete. Matty who MM now had hesitated to turn renegades openly declared themselves enemies to the constitution. I think that in tbe faoe of sum fact* the present government will not hesitate to propow to the imperial Parliament a bill by which aHtho privi lege* of the nubility as to a separate representation In the niets will bo abolished; for is it not monstrous that ronr hundred and fifty great landed proprietors should return almost a* many members for the I'let as belt tbe population of the whole country?that Is, two and ooo lialf millions? Indeed, there Ms rumor that Baron Boast ruMly Intend* to put nn end to thin iniuetice. Professor Hnsner ban been appointed Minister of Pub lie Instruction Haener, a member of tbe late Bohemian Diet, and a native of thle province, whe bad been en gaged In teaching ell hla Ufa. is not only an accomplished scholar, but >.iao a man of liberal anf enitghionnd pmwl. mse. F rem utm we may safely agpeot than tefwme of his uew department wl, eh hitherto have been so very urtjlecUd at the expeaM of pro-rms ami eiiligtu vuUiOlIU RUSSIA. OUR ST. PETERSBURG CORRESPQROERCE. The R.uo.Atneric tin Telegraph - Progress Reported?The Overland Roato Through -Siberia?On the Autour River-Knterliiin ,,,,, folicv In the Knot-The Penoaut Noble and Hi. Position in Society. 8t PmcRXHPRo. Feb. 1, 1S?7 Lieutenant Colonel Thomas W. Knox, of the Russian American Telegraph Company, reached this capital on on Wednesday last, from San Francisco, vis the over land route through Siberia His personal appearance at present does net suggeet to eny one thet he has under gone any severe hardships or sufferings in the lengthy trip he has completed, hut, on the contrary, rather inti mates that he lived a very jolly eort of life, with plenty to eat and a satisfactory quantity of sleep, and other solid comforts. In fact, I bare never seen the bold traveller looking in more robust end vigorous health. He has not been ill e single moment aince leaving the Golden Gate, end has accomplished the entire journey or fourteen thousand Ave hundred milee without accident or unexpected discomfort Leaving San Francisco the 23d of June lest, on a little steamer one hundred and eighty tons burthen, named the George a Wright, belonging to the Western Union Telegraph Company, of the United States, carrying the Bngineer ln-Cbief, Cel. Charles 8. Bulkley. be reached Petropauiovskl, capital of Kamtschatka, in thirty days Thence, after sojourning eleven days In this portion of Kamtschatka, Col. Knox sailed on the Russian corvette Variag for Geshiga, at the heed of the Okhotsk 8ea, where he arrived after a trip of nine days. After remaining there nine days in consultation with Major Abuse. Chief of the Siberian Construction, he sailed again lor the mouth of the Amoor river, in tbe Russian corvette, touching at the port of Okhotsk, for e single day, and then proceeding by tbe La Perouse straits and the Gulf of Tsrtary. He arrlvod at the mouth of the Amoor tbe 1st of September, at the little Russian city of Nicolaofski. Remaining there six days, where be recoivcd every attention and courtesy from Admiral Fulyhelm, Gov ernor of tho sea coast provinces, end Mr. H. Q. O. Chase, American Consul, a very worthy official and a genial companion, he took passage in a small steamer up the Ainoor, spending thirty days on the voyage. On tho way ho visltod the various smtll settlements on the bangs of tho Amoor find the Mongol cify or Aigoon, the largest city In Northern China. The Amoor is describod as an exceedingly picturesque stream. The head of navigation is two thousand two hundred miles from the mouth of the river, which is ex ceedingly broad In places at the lower part, with e cur rent less rapid and powerful than the Mississippi. At certain points it resembles tho magnificent Hudson, but j more grind and majestic in its mountain sronery. At other points it is like the SC Lawrence, studded with | islands. In the lower portions the country is fcrtiio and .rich, whilo in tbe upper, where it is more hilly and mountainous, it Is hard and sterile. Colonel Knox reached Stratensk, tho head or naviga tion on the Amoor, the 20th or Octolier, and proceeded immediately, by Russian post. In a westerly dlrcclion Having letters to tbe Govornor of tbo'Trans-Barca! at Cbetah, the capital of that province, he remained there four days to receive the generous hospitalities of tho Governor, Major General Hitman, engage in an antelope hunt, and gain noeded rest. Next he proceeded to Kiachta and Malmai chin, for many years the seat of commerce between Russia and CninA, where the most liberal hospitality was lavished upon him, both br the Russian and Chinose authorities. After a stay of some days at this point he nroceeded to Irkoutsk, the capital of Eastern Siberia, whore He remained four weeks. Very aeaa after hie arrival there Governor General Karsackoff gave an official dinner in hooer of hie American visitor, at whit* he look oc R?? ff#od rotations and frieadly deal taSSSftt**?-* u,# government and tbe Unl'ed States, and proposed h? tbe final toast of the en PlfkMdwit. Congress end people of the Colonel Knox responded briefly and oflhred e toast to ?'the Emperor of an the RussiaaJ' In addition to this entertainment the Mayor of Irkoutak end a number of leading merchants gave each an official dinner to Colonol ??<" ??d ?? ???? Htmarture a grand farewell dinner wee given, and the ferry boat on which he crossed the river Aurora wee decorated with American end Russian flare. ?. ?nd flylM for the first time on that *ad the entire populace turned out to bid God speed to the voyager. From Irkoutak he took hie own el?dge, end by tbo regular post route travelling rapidly between the towns, halting for rest at the princi R*1 'was. such as Krssnogorsk, Tomsk, Barnaoul, in the Altai Mountains, Fkaterineburg. la the Ur.il Moun tales, Zasaa, Nigni Novgorod aud Moscow, thence by roll to this point. Throughout hie ontire journey he wee the recipient of many kind attentions and hos pitalities from tbe officials and prominent citizen*, who war# delighted In being able to eld en American, who ie not coramonlv seen in their country. Indeod, Colonel Knoc is the first American who has erer made tho tour ney Yom Sen Francisco to St. Petersburg, vie this par ttcukr route, and the filth American who baa over cr<*'* whole of Siberia, between the Amoor river end the Ural Mountains, which separate Asia from KurORt. .iIwi!Ltbto "derange trip he has aot met with the sUghhat accident whatever. Or course It wee attended by a aood deal of phvaica! fatlguo; bat the novelty and beauty of much of the country through which the travel - lor pamg relieves It In e great measure of wearieesa. Since Ms arrival hero the Colonel feels the natural effects oT the-esction of the severe journey, but la only tempo rarily ndispoeed. He will remain here for a brief period, and wll probably roach America by wey of tbo Atleatlc before he cloee of the present vosr. From this and other sources I learn thet the telegraph oonstnatloo ie progreaeing under the moat favorable aus pices. Large parties of workmen ere engaged in cutting end premring poles at various points, end at the opening V* corwtruoUon of tbe line will he pushed for ward will the greatest vigor. It is confidently hoped thatcomnunicatioa will be eeUblislied this veer or*t en eerlydey next year. Whether it will then'be able to competowith the Atlantic cable is a question interesting to tbe sthkholders, which 1 do not undertake to answer As an intrnsiionnl undertaking it deserves, as It will re "?JJf. thtgood wishes of ell Americans and Russians ?. V?! EP2 <,u**,ion d(,<* n?l beoeme much clearer ^"Rpraactiea It is pretty ceriela, though, tfct Austria and France have no idee or consent ing to the sir end frank proposition of Rnseiato promise n<m-intsrenUnnln the affair. Austria seems to have JSJVA14* <*>**? P'Aoes her agataet the propoel ."J*?; * '? the Chfietleae end Hi * * ^ firtak II it tbe flint open mofe tbe has her understanding kith France in the kF"?- ?*?*???? thlU wlH ?eoa arise It has ??? suspected that she wee la secret 7 fr!no?' but.,? Omtieusly and craftily has she (Narad bar arda that the game has never appeared to the eyssoffra world. It is pretty deflnitely understood hero that Fines will decfino to enter into eny agree ment to obsoke, with the other great Power*, the policy ?K?"^ . i#n |B tb9 ?Bd '* '? Ukely that ,Kr?rOK^ i*rr,J,*0n?"01 wl" fB? auooaae. One iuSS K?7 tr'.: M b'en **lBed- England has de rTITi. t0 ms'tUln a policy suggested by Jl7m*T b* doe* not propose to act SffS- "spHrivs and melancholy r!,U she played in the Crimean wlr, and will decline to follow tbe wild lead the iummus?'""fT1 ,00> bBB ?,vw> m her adhesion to ""j** 1 have before written you, end Italv rn? " q",e ob^rTW <* whatever contest Fran? hi'.TfMlaITl fulur* Austria goes with Franoe, mid haefrlready sent e strong squadron into the ffi?rty*era 10 m W,U| tb#^n"K,b squadron onm?*m'7tiA?P?r,?IeT 40 *Ct such ? powerful m? nni hn. fl qusrterof the globe, oa the eee w..ch?7: n^1 'issus'hle to tbe importance of watching the drll of affairs closely, end preparing for ?**flr eventuality. On wnsiever policy she may deem he^Vn0'rl10 pr*U#Lr*ly U,H>,, " "h# w'" have the ondorsemeniof Prussia and Great Britain?the eutral friend?the former an earnest JS''? *Jly< ' 'th lines drawn as I have suggested ?oIvmi u,s Ksstern question will be solved to tbo satisfation of all who desire to eoe en end of Asiatic tiarlxtrtm in Rnrope. Amerirln n?!lrV!ls*JI?r'Vtl?Pb J,0,llQ* Sh00' !? the American proas, evidntly taken from tbe landon TUt fnT^ice00I^I"K7f?nC,?.,yo? lb,, cUy' whtcb d?cs groat he Emperor of Rueeis, hut to ell Jik tbprestated that Kommlmarow. the young^snmnt whdimwed the Emperor's life, had of *nr Importance; that his -7? . s*2?untry hBd Pwwed, end that ZaTIi lkZ ^cro tound t do htm reverence. It wee . still por, and thet all the eflbrte to colleot lhr him n company for life had felled. The M? E *rS2L r u^* or formed. While hli , '"mswrow Is not e brilliant o of eoc.ety, he is by no means overlooked. r^iirt occaliv>nh?' ?3Lt?5 it.h* ,n,?l,re? he Is prseent on ell oonrt ,0.ff gs-1 thsjrtciplent of deserved atton "?7-,. if cduoatloo.is belai raroftilly cared for by ? w,,w 'specially entrusted with iblt dutj bjr ib# jtmperor, am tht yoiinf notltnAB ^tves cviilenaee of consfdershk capabilities and talent. 1" m*rkM *Bd ffmMytng In all his studies, J^v He^. miSir.0! "^Ielr '? ""Singly genteel and moflct and unaasimlng, and boars Die ^ ?*r*SS: J1 8 wmidly possessions he ie n^ ,Tb* Emperor md Imperial family el " ettsmpted assssskistioti presented him ,"ln ^ money, and iinoe then the public ^P^f^'hSd, the sum of shout thirty-six IfrolTr . . wbleh th"*y-flve thousand ie ni r. .n fI n"..-"* ' punhaee him a bouse. 7 ^ Wtsched to the Imperial houee, Mid can Always liv? in a fltyl? b#Ai|f|iff' hia rank. As nraVani tb*1 Arotr^can Kmlwwiy dfcd noi prroent him with e sum of money, t i. only necessary sS7!. uf it, aad never wlU be. He Is quite satlsfled with his futere Drosnecte. even 5 rttd not entirely please the^ did not fled things here quit* ?sMaflvWr ?w?" ? The Provlnnlal I,ogi?]?*n?* bee been cyffl b?? * these or ?tie wiuperoF, In ennsequenee if ?? h override the law which crested It, V* lesiigursie e otnffir.l wtth the Emperor. All the tssr*"1 heme, end tt>e Gham^ir dtclerod forae* *""* *?***? c innot declare authentic the report that Count Shonvtloff. one of the leaders, had ho.-u gent abroad, aud that a very prominent and radical leader of the extreme party, Mr. Kronsa, the President, who has been very outspoken in his criticism* of the imperial government, has been bold in Ins on|Misitiou to it, and bas been sent to Orenburg, i? beria, where tie Is likely to be leas troublesome. The sudden rioting of the Assembly created great excitement tu St Petersburg and surro luding country, and is still the snbj -ct of warm diicu-slon The cause of the atep taken by the Emperor is said to bo tbe action on the part of the Assembly tending t<> assail the prerogative of Ins Matesty in the levying and collection of taxes. The Emperor, wlule inclined to give them liberal popcra, found that they were grasping at more, aud bo very quietly solved the problem by sending the whole Assem bly to their constituents again, which ended tho affair. It is not likely that another Assembly will be called to gether very soon. It vou give them an inch they will take a yard, and eoullnually keep matters in a ferment, without accomplishing any good Tne Russian winter has been upon us In good earnest the past week. The thermometer has registered from twenty to forty-seven degrees below zero for several days, ana at times the wind has lieen bitterly sharp. The trains on all tho railways have been greatly interrupted in consequence. It is now mild again. PRUSSIA. OUR KRUR CORRESPONDENCE. Tk? I.efflalature Prorogued Cloueofthe North UrriRM l!?af?rc?fr.-* Uoyal Marriwe TUe Pari* Exhibition, Arc. Ukkijv Koh. 9, 1867.

I To-day the session of CUa I'russun Chambers wai closed by the King in parson, with n speech, the con tents of which will have rearhed you per telegraph lent before tl? receipt of tbia letter. It it the first sessior for the laat five yean that has terminated without i kick-up between King and Commons, and the first wnich. at lea?t in its latter part, ainoe It met again after the ad journment. has proceeded amid the utter indifference ol the public. The liberal majority having ^solved U avoid a conflict at any price, and to accept the smallest favors that might be granted by the Ministry; the dis cushions had assum'd a character of lameness and half heartednesa which deprived tbern of all interest. The only question in which they showed fight, that ol the dotations, was settled afier all by a compromise which, in fact, gave the government everything they asked for, and if some partial reforms have been midf it is because they had little or no political bearing, and Ministers did not think it worth Itaolr while to oppos. them. An attempt to repair a blunder committed in Hie early part or the ness on, when in their h-.-ry to pa' the law ofeieciion lor the new Herman Parliament pro ved by Bismarck, they b id forgotten to provide that the reports of its proceedings should be exempted from the Prussian censorship, was frustrated by the vote ol the upper house, and a motion Tor removing ofienree ol the press rrom tho cognizance or the royal judges and leslorinp trial by jury disappeared in tho committee ap|Miiuted to deliberate upon It, and was never heard ol more. Nevertheless, the President, M. Korckenbeck, in reviewing the session, declared Its results to have been eminently satisfactory, enumerated all the bills that had passed and all that had not passed?among which were the only few that "originated in tho initiative of tbo House"?and finally concluded with three cheers for the King, which, as in duty bound, were vociferously joined in by the assembly. Almoet simultaneously with the Chambers, the con ferences of Plenipotentiaries from the North German Stales have come to an end. after dragging on much longor than was expected by the public, or than was fore seen bv the Prussian gov ernment. The last in -eti ng took nhice yestordvy at KeWe of.he Ministry of State, and the final protocol liming been s'linad. the wb -le force of diplomats repaired to the Hotel Royal to celebrate the conclusion of their labors with a grand dinner, which was given to them by M do rtivigoy, In tlie name of ^"uappmnTttiat tho tenacity displayed bv the repre sentatives of tho minor State* li?s at least had the eflVrt of slightly modifying the douwnds mate upon them Prus ia .for military purposes, and which wouldhag resulted In the r financial ruin Ot coarse the Pnisstei mi stem bus to be introduced in their territories, bat d cepUons will be sllowed as respects the liability ua, du rat tea of military service, whl 'h will render tt {as onerous to the population and less burdensome to totho PXf borore'yestcrday lite Boynt Highums tbo Cb*R .of Hutm avrtvod here^ with Ms suite, BrjmcU. and m welcomed at the raHroad depot by the brlncc Rovat and the BHgibe Minister, visit to this Court has reference to a tender objet. ?e having proposed to the Princess Marie, youngestdaugh tor of Prince Charles Anthony of Hohenxotlern mmdiia 4 at TWieosMterf: -and King WlHfam being the hem of urn family, It is necessary to ssk his consent to ths union, which will undoobiedly be given. _ The Count of Flanders who rejoices tn }be aamo* or Philip Kugene Ferdinand Maria Clement Bab win Leo pold &eorge. Is nest biother to the King of ltdsmm- oni Is nowln tbo thirtieth year of his age. Hie" bido,lh<v Princess Maria Louise Alesaodrine Carol Inf. I* two year, of age; her elder sister was msMed toJhe late King of Portugal. One of her l^hew Chsr es, i? Prince or Roumania, and another. Anthony, was mortally wounded, as an officer in the Prussian Guards, at the battle of Sadowa Tbo old Prince of Holenroilern was at one time the independent sovereign of a principality m the south or Germany, and is, in ftct, the senior member of Ills illustrious house, althoufh tho younger branch has attained tar higher destinies. He was so frigli'ened by the revolution of 1M8 that ho suddenly decamped and took refuge In Prussia, ? the same time constituting the King of Prussia heir te h*s dominions, receiving a* an equivalent the title of RoynlHighnens, the prerogatives of a prince of tae blood and the rank of l.iouienant General in tin Pnmdtm armjL During the Oral year of the reign or the present Mite he was for some time President of the Council of Minis ters, but retired when the oonflict between the King and hia Part anient made it indispensable to have recourse to the energy of Bismarck. He is a very inoffensive man and a good Catholic, and has lately followed the fortunes of his son in Roumania, havlng beeu natural ^ '" ? country and elected a member of the Roumaniani Legisla tive Assembly. It Is curious enough thst the Count 01 Flanders bad lieen originally chosen Prince of Roumania on the dethronement of the late Hospodar Coosa, hat de clined the crown which was a t or wards offered ."f,. acoepted by the Prince, who is now about to become bis Tim portrait of tho King of Prussia, which hte Msjeety had promised to the Magistrates of Berlln/and ihe pre sentation of which had been delayed by the events of ths laat few months, arrived here this weex and is being exhibited to public inspection. It is a lull length portrait, painted by Arnold, who hie repute In that department The King te : on a marshal's baton, and ban on his right ^snd a table with i ho crown an in.igna of royalty. He wrore tus uniform of the First regiment of created by him fur deedsof valor displayed tn the 1Lte^ IsU and Austrian wars. *rom hw sbouldara faMs the m*aj ormtne, utl a curtate it tb# brk grwi*. wmcin ? half drawn aside, open# the yteta ?unpolled to be that ot Kootggrato. The splendid gold frame is adorned with crown, sceptre aadeword, and the whole surmounflrd br the Prussian angle An official communication in the government sneaks of the space allotted to the various nations which has been apportioned according to the number of ex htbiters at former exhibitions and according to the aye rage room required by them at that time. The country in which the exhibition Is held ^ on former oc casions, the preference In regard to iL j ... wmea? f-ffioA 44 oer cahI of tbo wMt h r8?0ffM W KiSSl Which, iTih an addition of 6 per cent for tbo Netherlands and Belgium, wih make Macllyw^ialf^f the whole snare to lie disposed of. The other half goes to the rest of the world, Kngland Sonh cent, or a little over one-third of tbai of N?? ?7arsffarss??.?s 4Ut*s it 16. ?? extcUr tbo RAme ?? ibil of Kogltnd. tiince the war, however, the division between tneee latter uiaiM has undergone some deviation from that first con tempteGM. and U^aj*ce ailoi.ed to Pn.mi.^1 creased In proportion to the accession of territory which she has acquired in consequence of the late war. not withstanding which, however, the Prussian manufac lurerecomplain that thev have not room enough lor the tllsnlay of all their productions, and are clamorous with ^government to intercede with the manager, of the Pronfn Exhibition for an additional allowance. The Prussian authorities promise to do everything In their user to assist mem, but it Is doubtful whether they will succeed, es the claimants are no numeroua and the at the dispose! of the commission is, aftorall, UlAnflnteresting vsrdict has boon rendered by the 8o nreme C ourt of Hanover In a oelebrntcd smuggling case, ^n wbioh the lower court had pronounced Judgment ?n?k the accused In a fine of no less than bfg irms acmes tbo frontier IintoJtussia. ? K forbld 2f " o^^So egpSTdr ffil kinds of arms hiuf Russia. This decision of the Inferior tribunal has rarp_ed bv tho Ruprcm# Court of Cells, who acquit ted the defendant on the grounds that a ministerial edict must specify s certain lime for its duration, whereas tho Miniswrhad only prohibited tho transit ol arms until r .rfhnr rwders. It is believed that the Rrusnaa govern ment will not rest satisfied with this Judgment, M? nt>l |g the supreme tribunal at Berlin, which, tn ? in a senre favorebte to the v.ew taken K*!he <Ms<om House, and whioh wiU peolmbly ndhere to Us former opinion. ROME. OUR CITY Of ROi^RRfJM^, Rumored Mupprcs^tenaiioua with Itolv-ln I,reel Ion .XNitrihiitlou br tho Popo to tho ? srw'uitlou-A Nsrlm of Dleoetoru aad * Rowa, Fob, t, 1WI. The Atlantlo cable hot brought as tho tnleMfeuoo that a vote baa been pasted in Ceegraas for thoKppreeetou of tho United Rtatee Loffiteteh ia Bom* 0sterol King has receive* uc official infsrmatleu eh tho eahjoct, sod irui nffinMUihe ffiiiwrt ffigpirm lh> batlon of 'h# S -nsle and Present W? are Ignorant of tlie motives which have Induced "his resolution, although >' is thoaeht that the closure of the Presbyterian places of worship in Rome may have produced an anti-papal ff eliug in the Bouse of Representatives. But it must bo re ollocted thai the measure is uot new, for a simitar one wiuj proposed su years ago, when Mr. Stockton was I -lit'd -tales Minister in Rome, and was oulv negatived in the Bouse by a majority of one vote. At toy rata, no 1 ango will be necessary before the Bummer, as the vote ? appropriation baa already destined the fuudg for the Legation up to the month of July. But if Anally carried nto execution, the American Episcopalian congregation, isvmg no longer the protection of the United States flag, w b*v* ^ '?"ow Bie example of the Scotch Presbyte , *? ,nd migrate beyond the walla to the Protestant oolouy outside the Porta del Popolo. We have nothing decidedly new in the state of the pending difficulties between Rome and Italy, but every, thin* tends to abow that the exist,h? negotiations so 80 y carried on by Signor Tonello will have no delini ive result. It has <always been my opinion thai the omenta ry principles of the two governments are of too conflicting a nature to admit of any real or durable com pnet between them, and it ia the desire of the liberals " ?t national natty among the Romans, that no such friendly treaty should be ever effected, cons.d """ pon"mu* more likely to lead to te th ^ n*,'0Dal r*u,U-if "T doubt stilt existed the public mind respect!* the hostility of the Holy t8ri#Ct 0f 0,8 IU"#n ?'DiR,r.v' originated bv hlgnorScialoja, for the liberty 0f the Catholic Chureh lr^ra<'>n 0f itS propMty- tt mm" t>eve been dispelled by the following leading article in the official journal of Rome of Friday last -A Florence Journal, the ZWritfo.V the 30th, baa publuihed letter dated from Brussels, ,r.?, br C?Unt r-*nffrand.Dumonceau lo the shareholders of that bank of fondlarr and in duet rial credit, in which they are Informed of a grand operation of the above-named banker with the govern tnent of Ids Majesty Victor Emanuel II., which, it is added, has been signed after long negotiations opened contemporaneous!* at Florence, Borne, and with the Italian bishops. Leaving to the Thrilto the response billity of the authenticity of this letter, in accordance with what was said In our No. 21, of January 2?, the *? set ions contained in it, In as much as regards ar absolutely false, which leads us to Infer th*' "hat is cau! of the bishops is unfounded also. regard to the ihoughts and Intentions of the B** Soe respecting tli(> grand operation, which some Journals, even officious ones, have boldlv intc*'rete('t everv person of sound judgment will have ce-^'dy valued those hir.lv prognostications aud unroun^d assertions at their proper worth. Tboso and sim*?1" manoeuvres of the dailv Ihilinn press oxplain, p^napa. why manv honest permits' among whom some a^n to be well enough inforrood' assert that all the wmors spread and the present negol tiations only teiw??> <t?ln time and ibrow dust In people's eyes so as to carry out belter the implmis and anti ctir stian plans which are being secretly ripened 1 If ttie Holy-?'eeecnsiders the Sclaloia plan too spolia I tore the Itatan Parliament seems likely to consider h too little so. and therefore, from differed mothiLh parties intended will concur in condemning it' But ibe subscjuent measures to be adopted will be much more disidvantageous to the material interest* of^hl! Church ban the somewhat complicated scheme projected aDd M.Langraud Dumonceaux The ope will he a contributor to fh#? Parte Vwkik* in a oanneralikesnlttotetohta<?o and nteresting to students of earlv f^. il. v.T er His Holiness ,a volng to??d amJde constructedof worf bu'-d with cork, painted canvas JJNst^ aui an ient terra colts slabs, according to the imitation re piired, representing an ambvlae/um and mhiruliim of .*5lacom^,.'n n slot' Of parted primitive n . ?. I'81 sepulchre, Ireseo, or sculpture is faith of them , ?fen by th? comraenrlatore De Rossi The trnimlacrvm is furnished with laa,U and specimens of he vaiions kinds of their enclosures, the inscription ingreved on stone, psintod on bricks or scratched on hern"'' The T? orllwaem? ?r 'h'?|toe which adorn inetani ^P^0'8 ? chamber of the most W ?f t5* Mecoud 060 wry, vaunee in the fhtrd century and pierced ror-e "A y*. window. Thus the paintings on the wads >??. sjoond century nod on the vaults to the Jr ?h ."I? ,aken mincipaliy from the ycos of Ahe Crept of Istcina In the cemetery of Calig. us, and from outer biobiiiimuMs iu tliat rom?t?rv Willi. mud specimens -of pointing* from the wMs ?t tho cemetery of Domttilln and" PrisSl? J5H P*35"1 ,n >'l>per I?"'?' of lhe Vntioau Vtotlifh -on the tsth ott. or the inspection of his Hot moss, who txpreassd iisentlre satisfaction to the director of the vork, md M sue n led bis foot to bo kissed by Sign ore GnMi Mm Prtnc,P^ ?terutors of it. the modal "*lect visitors dnriog the last ftw day*, uld "l|l ""wn be on its wny to eonufi the Itoium denaitl ?ent of the Pari* exhibition. ' ? ^ meeting ef tho Roman Arrhviolwinal So slety the Commendaioro Visconti read n v-rv istireslmr ^r1!1,,^th# r^ent <,tocr>re,T the TresUvwe mar. tor of ino seventh station of the Corps of Vigih. or mn Jtoot Itoman Orenven. tin the walls*" this ^rdho-t^ we inscriptions scratched on the plaster reternm to pub &S?"5MS?SPof ,UB KB,i,8ro" ^ #8veral.' *,M' replies this week. A Jesuit ay brother commenced the senos by throwin, tiiuiseif ?ld ri.I?hi^mr a nd?W.oftli0 Co,le81? R""'""- H mid that his mind was derauged, but at any rate the "erased brth* fall that 'mmedialely. This all example was fot owed a day or two afterwards by a Papal Zouave who 'L |,.?r Jbrew himsoir or fell inadvertantly from ine roof irtbeflerrietor. barracks and was killed on the spot, a bird disaster toon place on .Sunday morning, about a nile from Rome, on the Fraseati tond. An honest ??otw was commg into tho cttr at earlr dawn from his fineysrd, near the Porta Fnrha, accompanied br his fST ,D ? donk".v cart, wbeo, near the railway i s n men stopped tue cart, dragged not i???r adrou Giacomo aod despatched torn with one single ire ncn11out blow from a poisnard. which entered his breast 'nd ^am#.?'1,1 "l ht8 back, tliey then took from him his vntch and flftoen pauis and de. amped allowing the farm [? ?^*P? Uack the vmoyard, a fact perhaps . x Malned br the circumstance that the faiherof this *cr ?aot *s< one of the a-saas.us. It will give your reader* lorn., idea of the extraordinary formalizes sccompsuving he .-ours ? or Just ice in this country whon I inform them bat ilie corpse of this poor murdered insn was left all .he day and night and great pari of ibe followmg Men lay lying n tho road, drenched is blood, with a band, tetchier or This face and a lantern at his feet Until .he legal recognition of persons found doad in ttn* country is effected no one i? allowed to touch the corpse ' * wretched state of tilings at the very gates of rTfJ!.0l^r>nk w#" for t,m mtmrtty gii Iran tend h? o his subjects by the Supreme Pontiifs govermueot NAPOLEON'S SPEECH. Opening ?f Che NumIor mf the Prrarl latere Hemes la tkl Si reels and Cknakcn - Arrival and Reception af tha Baaprawa and Raipernr, At. [From Galignsnl'a Messenger, Feb. 15-?Keening- f orsMwn or run oh a wit? tut. Tbe legislative session of. 1887 was opene* thu day at one o'clock by the Kroperor In pereoa, the oeremouy taking place, as on preceding oceesieae, In 'he ^aile des Ktata of tbe Louvre. A? me long gallery which communicates from aba fuiiertea with the last named bonding still remains nnGnisbed, tliair Majesties were obliged lo proceed in slate car riages through the triampbsl arch in the Ftacs dn Carrousel to the Pavilion D.-non, the out or door part or the display being In consequence rendered infinitely more striking. As the weather was delightful and us usually mild for the season of the year, a considerable crowd had assembled on the place to witness the>r j Maleslies' passage. As is usual on such new ions, mt parly of the National Guard on one side and troopf of the line on the other way whlcb tbe imperial Behind stood a dense mass the naighbortaood sf the palace, ? < lnr de lllvoli, was thronged by psmons desirous eC**'"* the splendid equipages ejnvevlog the marshals, mlnlstersTed other W?? pemonar* ?o the imperial sitting. Futll a llule after ^vs7*?ti?os? Miccesmon ofosrrlass-drove past similar stiwsm coming back somewhat beftw* two, when tbe silting bad concluded. The internal amagemenU of the Baiiedes^ b about the same as In preceding ycatVi thJ1,^ ( hung with - rim sou velvet, orns " 8 "J'"*?"*^Are to be sees la Hangings of tbe same rojjifflQ>e front of the long whole length ef the hat* was tha windows sod doorwy*whole lMlfth t galleries running dojjj lb? and benches prepared ?Imilsrly ador^j^nlurJee an(| 0fncUtl bodies were also ^52 wfth crimson and gold. At the fsnhes' end of f^Vails ?M prepared a raised ostrade, on which was nlaeed the F.tnporor's throne, with chairs of slats for the princes of the Imperial family, while immedl atalv behind stood other mats tor the great dignitaries of the crown. In the centre of the hall was left a wide pas ses richly carpeted, bv which, the Imperial procession could reach the raised platform. On cither aide were disposed cross benches! tor the tmIous oftlcial bodies bating a right to ha present. The flret arrivals, contrary to. what wm seen to former vears took place long before toe usual hour, and el half past MA ??*?!* r?r lh? h|Bhllr petvtleged, there wgfau possibility for any person to get more llnu,-crowd glance into lb# grand hail of meeting. ^ something stood tn the Salle Leoruu. ondcwreciuiyftnd, but without of what was pemmg tn the seg> te hearing what the much chance of succeed* utterly out of the question; Kmperor might sa*-.'- just mentioned, not one of tha in (set, aftettiters could penetrate beyond tbe outside general-"* for the persons who bad special tkket- tho as was quite diileveot, as they, of course, entered freely into the Salle dee Ktats. There, from eleven o'clock until a quarter past twelve, richly altiredr personage* fol lowed eweb other without interruption. A great number of elegantly dressed ladies also oo?. tinned io preeent themselves, snd generally were assigned places In the galleries above, until at last the whole ot the front row on each side was occupied exclusively tw the fair specealors, tbe bright r<?** of thoir spring dresses adding to tne general ?Heot It was remarked that no previous similar occ asion had witnessed so Largo an stteodanco both male and tnaaals, the daairo being universal to learn at the earliest possible moment tha laapenw'S views on the ere** .n tiermany and on the const i tut ion si reforms lately ordered on. fWtng nil the early part of tho day tho Antra of the haU Mssnsd n sosa* of MMrsnt gsnmsgkm Um Oghnttm a?4 Ow*m moving abort from on* piece to Mother, Md ocoaal an ally conversing together. But u the boon wore on tho group* separated Md the numoers composing thorn began bv degrees to lake their seats, leaving the centra unoccupied. The hall then presented a most hnlllant coup a'tril, all the places being tilled except those reserved for the high personages who were to accompany the Kmperor Nearest to the throne, at the en) ?<, were to be seen the marshals, admirals cardinals and minis. ter>, all in full official costume, and wearing their various orders. Close to the steps leading up to tho estrade were the members of the Privy Council, a depu tation of Grand Crosses of the Legion of Honor, the Vioe Presidents of the Council of state, the Presidents of Section, and a considerable number of members belong ing to that tiodr. Farther back the seats on the right were occupied by the Senate, and thooe on the left oy the Legislative body. Behind them, along the tndea, were deputations from the Court of Accounts, the Court of < assation. and the other law tribunals, the members all attued in their ancient ooMuraes; the clergy of the different denominations, the Prefects of the Seine and at Police, the Commander of the National Guard and other superior officers of that body, the generals belonging to the first military division, members of tho Institute, deputations from the Municipal Council and council of Prefecture, the Mayors of Paris, and many other official personages. The portion of the gallery on the right nearest to the estrade was reserved for the diidomatio body, and the opposite side for the wives and female relatives of the ministers, marshals and other su porter functionaries!. The strangers who had obtained prist. generally placed in the galleries, the leged tickets were __ male portion occupying the back seats. After half-pael twelve o'clock no persons were further admitted. A little before one cheers outside end the drums beat ing a salute announced the errival of the Empress. Her Majesty came from the Tuileries in e carriage drawn by two horses, preceded and followed by Cuirassiers of the Imperial Guard. The carriage went along at n very moderate pace, and loud cheers burst from the crowd an the Empress passed. Her MajeMy was received at the entracoe of the Pavilion Dunon by the PMnoess Clotilda, the Princess MatbHde and the Princess Lucien Marat, and at oaoe proceeded up the grand staircase to the SaMn des Fiats. A master of the ceremonies preoeding the imperial party advanced a fbw steps Into the ball and announced "The Empress,'' when at once the whale assemblage rose, and as her Majesty advanced down the central passage loud cries of 'Titr Vlmpsratriea burst forth from every aid*. Her Majesty, preceded by the officers on service, and followed by the OrMd Mis tress or the Hoiiseb?<d and her ladles of honor, pro ceeded toe trthuiw on the right of the platform, where she took her with the piiucessee and the ladies in attendance Imine-Mitoly the cannon of the Invaiides fired a salvo of twenty one guns, to announce that the Kmpe furiiad left the Tuilerier. His Majesty, accompanied by die Prince Imperial, was also conveyed to the Pavilion fb-Oon io a carnage drawn by two horses, preceded by a body of the Cuirassiers of tho Guard, Md followed by one of Cent-Gardes. Loud cheers burst from the speo tulors aw the carriage pu-sedalong. Ilis Majesty, on alighring, wag received by Prince Na poleon and the Princes Luclcn, Joachim and Achilla Mural. The imperial cortege then formed, and, havng ascended tiie staircase, entered the ball in the customary order. First came a master of the ceremonies, the Equerry on duty and the Prefect of the Pulaoe, neat the Grand Master of the Ceremonies, the Graod Chamberlain and the Grand Marshal of the Palace; then advanced the Emperor, in a general's uniform, with tho Prince Impe rial, dressed in a black velvet suit, with knlokerbockor* and velvet stockings, followed by the Princes having rank at court, tho Grand Almoner, the Commander of the Cent-Gardes and the several officers of the imperial household. Tho moment the Emperor appeared, loud erifg at "Kit* VSvipereurburst forth, and continued until bis Majesty had taken bis seat on tho throne. The young Prince sat close by, and tho other princes ocoupied the chairs of state adjoining. The Grand Master of the Ceremonies then dtnlfled to all to he seated, and his Majesty, who looked in excUemt hfiUh, rising, delivered In a distinct voice, heard in every part of the salle, the following STKBCH. Msssntnna lh Smmtsurm, Mes-wr-h t.ss Dbtotbh ? Since your lost session grave events bare occurred la Knrope. Although they surprised the world by their rapidity, as well as by the importance of their results, it seems that, according to tbe previsions of tbe Bonperor, thev were fatally destined to be accomplished. Na poleon said at St. Helena:?"One of my greatest ideas was tlio agglomeration and concentration of tho same geographical nations which revolutions Sod politics bava broken up and divided. see mat union will take place Rooner or later by tbe force of events; tbe impulsion is already givun, and 1 da not think that after my lall and the disappearance of my system there is In Europe any other great equilibrium than tbe agglomeration and confederation or the groat papulation*." The trans)ormutions winch have Irnta effected in Itaty'aad Oeriiuuiv are preparing the roalisa t-on of the vaat programme of a union of the States of Europe.into a single roof lic-vtian., Tbe spectacle eg tbe efforts atiempto t hv acigtdMrtnc.nal.ioas to. tabued* gather thdtr mmiiwr*, -r*tr<-red to'many centuaias past, cannot excite uneasiness re t country Uke our own, all inula of whlc.a, irrevocably Poked together, /eras m hmoganeou and iwtpfriirtiV hodg. We wttnfbeed wMb impartiality tfw anruggle which was engaged in ow the other side of tb ' Khine. In presence of that Conflict tbe country bad plainly teat Hied lie desire to r -main a stranger to it. Not only did I defer to tktt wish, but I used all my efforts to hasten tbe coaclusion oi peace 1 did net ana eoe additional soldier, T dM not advance ono regiment; and f*t the iso ef Promt* km* influence enough t> arret* the c mgueror at the petes ef Vienna. Our mediation produced bet ween the bellige renta an accord which, leaving to Prussia the result of her success, preserved te Austria, except one provisos, the integrity of her territory; sod by the oessiou of 7o ntlla, comptsted Italian independence. Our action waa therefore exercised in the views of undine and concilia tion France did not in* the sword booause her boner was not engaged and because she bed promised to ohaorvo a strict neutrality. In soother part of tbe glotie we have been obliged to bavo recourse to f*(*e to redress legitimate wrongs, end r* bare endeavored to raise up again an an tent wo pi re. Tbe fortunate results at trot otisined wve compromised by a deplorable concurrence of cite" instances. The lies which had presided over Ibo expedition to *?xico wm a grand ewe?to regenerate n ;wvgue. to impfSt among tbetn ideas of order and Of proiroHK, to open -p 01ir pom mere# vastioutletfi, and le Ieav?. aa the trace w our passage, tho memory of ma vice* recdored to clvmmtou?ouch wan my a...? ? which bad callod on us fbn, u,V other side of thS aIS? tic, I spontaneously docidst on (&ud*pia?-.l The goySS2L comprohonded that am attihg, of a rrm nTn*^* r*r rr couUt only hare the X y 'um and mi* turning rtlaliaj,mich. the 'mo amotrvs, ought to re<|,? y 0' . (Api.rohaUon.) In tbe Kautl,uh,a, hWburetouTbwi the great Powers are conoootu together t* hMmr ahZi a situation which should souaf tbe legiiimuto of tbofbhuttan populations, Serve the rightamnSl sultan and prevent dangerous implication* AtlhSr wo iiave faithfully exocstod tbaconvenUon of Heatem? l*r 15. Tbe gowerommt of U Holy Father ? tered on a new pbaa# Hellers* te itreif it Arm by its own forces, by the tarnation which alt rZi for the Head of the OMI.oUe a?ahTn3 bv the Jii!? intondeuce which it loyally eiroiaoU on tho friStaL br tbo Italian gowromeal Bt ?f a<M,,4<wl(3r?? spiremes should aWjavor, in teir omdaciK to mm^ "" '-mporal power/the thtg So, Knrope, I haoo\mtSm iligktert doubt, wftd n < |#-rm a M rent 1 Oteh far lo take pina "Uiculated w. would t>? to aanaeim groat a diwutf?** ?h tbo C'tbohc wortg /Marks of assent, t J_ .?IT to congratulate mynalf ** ?>? cedjgnu^ wHh foreign powers Otw ows nertim trfh Mpnw tmromm nog/ gag more ? tMmgh thr ff formitg of otir putegtmd the muitifdieny of our cmyherclai ? rclai hhul every hioifhat mikbt awskerour tie , ?? i r"" wth us in tie prtactpai Kuropeaau,,^. tiuns !>"''? aninwteti hr concilsnory intentions, in <iis|M>?ed ft to separate lathe East hsr policy from that ol Kraor " ># the WO* with the srapire of inn the gr?-flfts'< of which indupcnsuWo to the geaerat ouuinr;? A rcoent-reatr of coraaerco haa created D(,w ?? <et ween the mo countries Lsstlv sntls m4 amL;. { tnuiuuio tdth us a sincere endereteadlw. tATbas? therefore, nothing, in present i/msiances. can awaken our uml,i>.m and t * conviction thai poaca^^^Tbe ftstJSST )'td apPh,?e., A^urcd as to the ^emat. - nndem tn tbo future, I thought that the mm come to dcvalop our inatltutisua Every in expressed to me a desire for such a course; but, need with ronton that progress is only worn pi harmony between the various Powers, you bavo trod in me. and I thank you for it. Tour conddouoa to clde on the moment when I should believe in the poa lility of realising your views. At present, after Mm up are of calm and prosperity, due to our common effbrw <1 to your profound devotednew to the institutions at \ empire, it has appeared to ma that the hour waa be to adopt the ItDeral measure* which ware alfca to Uhoughts of the denote and the aspirations of tbo ?Illative body. I respond tben to your expectation tt' without departing from tbo oonelitutloo, I prapaaa "?in laws to vou which offer new guarantees for potlO ""bertisa (Loud applause ) Tbe nattoa which, rew "?b?tic# to my efforts, and which again reasntiy, '"rraine, gave such touching proofs at Ma ?t?aeat to my dynasty, wiU oioreiaa tboao ight* judicially. Justly aaxiont far Mo ? ? MuiUity and prosperity, it will oeatlnua to dta '**7 Ssrooa Utopian ideas and paxtv piotosaHsaa j. geatlsmsa, of whom the immense majority it uP011? to'teioed my courage ia that ever dldi . VL^of governing a nation, you will continue *?JTLjpe, the faithful guard la as of tbe real iator ~*m~ Sdenr of tbo country. (Renewed aeelama uoosk i| v tDMpaMfl impose on us obllgatioaa wfeteh ??T. .JUtr\bow to fullU. France is respected abrowd; # L Koi ,u vwtor, but the ooadiUone of war ??yd tbe increase of onr nat'oaal forcea " si'vo >k? must oiganive ourwtve* la eucb a m*.,wr?Hi tub thhlnerable. The biU,|whieb haa bona PJ7 cwastrtptton at est core, lightens tha burden of able rseotrnee dbftne at pear a, offbm consider butiM in a Just hie of wax, and by dledrt satiatise ttt p^ncipsro the charge* among ait, imuortanoe if an lath equality; It baa alT tbo viewed, acctrted with m sad will bo, I am cam nUton dspeMaoM the nslt^ The influence of a nam* IH> no forget that Urf men c%a pi?ce under an tbetnse'Tr%nuch boavioi^,h,><)ri? Ktatee Intpoaw oonstitutloa elheif armten, ?^BeSa for the effcctaal you, to Judf* iy your reenlub., tbdir eyes fixed aw ?nee of Frno?? ? so mcrease or whether the isfta 'App'aose.> U' naalways "'Wh ia the world. ,aiw heigh* MdH pre wrvinp peats, nil by aUevUlx woii boutg. 'b *? ""*? T. v^he general the course of tie bat year, '"ftuiona ia havs Oaeotatclsorw of o*?L^^to*'lutrJldo?akw u*s relieved ndivfnai suffer .age, end ere ? nnUie propmrtita \ *ptu U ip. ?s'.reegAttga.rar!! u I iztzAzhzz:'*