Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1867, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1867 Page 6
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NEW YORK HEKALD. JANUS UOUDUM B?.% ?ETT. i DITOR ANU l'ROPBlETOX vrnoi N. T. CORNKK OF FULTON AND NASSAU 8TS. XXXII 38 AMl/SdMKNM THIS BVKHl.NiJ. ASOADWU TIIKATKK. Broadway near Broom* itreft ? Fairy Ouclk ?-('itstoi or thi i olictit. NKW YORK THBATBX Broulway. opposite New York Hotel, -K URIL WORTH -Tun Pkbalb lloui Breaker. OLYMPIC THFATRK, Broadway?Strfi.ts or Nrw Your _____ PODWORTH'S IIAM., "?? Broadway.?Professor Harts (iu Pkri.-kb His Miracles?Tkk Ural in the Air? Ths Ikimae Basket Trice? Protau*. HAN frRANCIBCO MIN8TKBL8, 9H6 Broadwsy, opposite tli* Metropolitan Hotel?!? their Ethiopian Entertain bkntr, Sinoino. Danciro and Bcrlcshvrs.?The Black Cook?Trs Healthy Coptm. KRI.I.Y A I.KAN'S MINSTRgL-t. TIO Broadway. nppo ?ur the Now York Hotel.?Is their Soxus. Danjrs. Eockx THACITihm. HHRLRRQt'B*,' Ac.? CiXDER-LeOR? MADAGASCAR Ballet TroiiPs?OoBbiRC roe A Wirt. FIFTH AYKNUE OPERA HOUSE. Noe. t and 4 Wwt Twenty fourth street.?Omrrix A Chrlitt's Mihltrrlh.? Btumatiar Mirsthkijit. Bai.laer, Buklkshur-., Ac.?The Ockah V Mjirr Race?Tub Black Crook. TONY PASTOR'S OPKRA HOl'SE, 301 Bowery.?Cone ?ocalur Nauru Ballrt Ditkhtiscmknt. Ac ?Thr Nrw Yorr Vourrutc CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at WerhMitca' Hall. 4TJ Broadway?In a Variety or Liomt and Lauohsslk Khtrrtaisevxt*, Corps or Ballet, Ac. Tiir Loro or CLArtKRDUrrr. MRS V B CONWAY'S FaRE THEATRE. Brooklyn.? Tita Nkw I.kah HOQI.KY'BOPKR A HOUSN. Brooklyn.?Ethiopian Min rrKuiAT. It a i.i aim and Buulkhuukr.?The Black L'koor. THK HUN VAN TABLEAUX. Union Hall. corner of T rroty Iliir?1 elrcei end Broadway.?Wovixu Mirror or me I'iiukir'a PKoiiRRea?Sistt Maonificknr Scenes. CLINTON HALL, ARtor place.?Dr. Hebbaiid' liar liRciiiitEA ox Peculiar There*. NEW TORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. IPS Broadway.? Hud and Kicut Ann or Promt? Tiir Washington Twins? W.i*orb. in Natural Bistort, Scrrxcr and Ikt. Juotcrbm Dai it. Open Irum h till luF. At. DRRHY S NEW ART ROOMS. MS Broadway.?Orano Eaiiiditurn i<? Paintings?Ron Bonhkck's Horse Pair. TRTPLE SHEET New York. Thursday, February !tS I MOT. van vbws. EUROPE. By On Atlantic cable we have a news report dated yr->'->rd?y evening, February 11. The moral era of the Eoglish House of Common* who fn.' the lead of Mr. Roebuck hare united with the Hru'ht reform liberal party. The Admiralty decision in Iti ? linitnd states claim case of the ei-rebel war steamer Alexandra is reeerved. In the French Chambers the m ural reformers insist on the Parliamentary right of repK- to the Emperor's speech, nolwithstandlntr its abo I ite.o t?y ttie late ian?erial letter. Garibaldi is in Venice. i Cloned at #1 for money In London. United Kuine (We-twcntles were at 781? In I<ondon, WV in tnKlort, and W,i (bonds of 1882) in Paris, mo Mvorpool cotton market was more active, with middling uplands at 13>*d. Breadstuff* dull. Pro v.M-.ta uachanged. v *r the nteemship Perlere. at this port yesterday, we re- sired Cull details of our cabls despatches to the Mth n.?-sel. emhraclag the complete text of the speech de livered by the Emperor Napoleon to the French Legisla tor* at the opening of the session, with a report of the rscoption accorded to the Emperor, the Empress and th.. members of the Imperial family In the street* and tMide the Chamber. The literal rendering of the Irn par,at -tddreas plaoes it in quite a different and im per. ant light before the people, much no more than did the synopsis forwarded through the Atlantic cable. The comments of the leading Parte Journals on th? Emperor's speech appear in our column*. Wo publish the articles of basis of the now North German Confederation CONGRESS. In the Renate yesterday the bill to amend *n set to re lat-oo te the osry, and an net to amend an act tor the r?moral o( the cause* in certain caaea from the 8tate ei,?ni war* passed. Mr. SI ermon ? Compound Interen ??* tsken up. end the quesiion being upon auosiitotnK this bill (or the House bill, II was agreed to An smeudmrai that no national bank shall pay imeewt on 'U reserve deposited In any other national but, ?ad that compound ntereet notes shall not be held as part of tbair reserve after July 1 was adopted, ami the bill waa passed. The House bills legalising certain pro-lam aiions and acta of the President done in ai.pprese.oo of the rebellion, and amendatory of the m.r declaring who shall act as President in case of va oa ifliaa In the offices of President and Vice Pres'deut. were reported from the Judiciary Committee, the letter edversely, and Its consideration waa iioet poned owing to a want of sufficient time in the present UWMOO The Omnibns Appropriation.bill was called op, and a sharp iiacunelon ensued on an amendmaut propo ?i?g p>strike out the section abolishing the office of Com m -sooner of Publlo Buildings and authorising the else tins of a superintendent oi the same by the Senate. Mr. W tde oppooe.1 its edoption on the ground that Congress had N"* Uireatenad with violence by the Prealdont, and. In pss* waa inaugurated between the two btanchm of the government. Congress ought to surround ttee'f witt* guards Pending consideration a recem wa? Uken. and on reassembling the Joint resolution relative to the ?rontton of an equeotitnn statue to General Scott was pvwed. with an amendment ordering It to bo eroded In F.aok'in squere, Waatuugtoo, or wherever the Seer# tary of War may designate. The cooperation of the omhthna Approprtatloo b.U waa resumed. An amendment proposed by the committee, tbni the Secre tory of the Treasury pay as-tstant an<ea?ors in the rebel States, called forth violent Invectives from Mr. Sumner egaiart the Secretary, in which be mid that he had been guilty of a criroo in appointing the* mon. Mr Sherman wud Mr. Sumner's language waa unparliamen tary. ungantlemanly and false. Mr. Cheadler then ,v-,-irwd forth a torrent of abuse agaln*i the Secretory, and pending further cooeldorstion of the amendment Um Hcuste idjourtied. I. tha House the Naval Appropriation bill, with ?nmanma amendments, waa pnaapd. Tha rules were anapeoded and the House went Into Corneal ilea of the Whole ?? the Tariff MIL The discussion on the varioa. amendments sasomed a purely eoctlonal character, the divtsi-m 'wing between Rartera end J.wty rtve of the amendments of tha committee were dto poaad of. sod pending the vote upon a ?.!.?? debet* the House took ? recem In ? ***,..? the Senate bill to provide for a tompoi^ tn cream of th# naff of BnT}7 ?Mc*n ' amendineatt. The conaiderallon of the Tariff re* in commlttoe, aod the eighty-eeoond amend m-nt was reached, when the commlttoe rose. Mr. Morrill gave arnica that he would try and press the bli to a vo?e to-day. Mr. Raymond rnkad leave ?? Oder a r-wobiiion declaring the mtobllahwoat of a king gum la Cmada to be menacing to tho mfety and pence of toe republic, and requesting tha Prealdeat to Inform the Hoeee what her any remonstrance against the eon federation echnma has been made by tbe govsrnmeni. Mr. Chanter obieiTM to th* o(Taring of tit* resolution, nod a vote being uken on a motion to suspend the rules II M fiond that a quorum was not present, and Ik* Meeea adjourned THE LEGISLATURE fn the Heoato yesterday the I'onven. ti.m bill was taken op, and the ameodmeui increasing ibe number of dologntee by the addition ot th.rty-two at large was rqjertnl Tha bill was thsn made the special oHar for to-day. Several blila of a local or unimportant Chamot-r worn reported upon or Introduced, and the Uf>ntt* ftdlo?ro?L In the A*embty the report of the Motropolitao heard ^ presented. A bill allowing coliactor* to ZlTZZTE** any time befbre March ? w.. , yba Conatltutional Oonvontlon bill waa taken IITao amoodment allowing nog"*" TOt* foT (HI* waa loat by 88 to fO, and tha amendment providing thirty-two delegate. at large was adopted Tbe Ay then a^foeraed. THE cm. imM martin* oTtte Hoerd of Supervlewt took M wWrb several bills foe war* on tha New Court House were pa**?d, end lhe tbo Coroners for the laat quarter of 186? Peter B. Sweeny wa* appointed City Chamberlain y ester lay by Mayor Hodman. The Board of Aldermen bad a special meeting and couli ruied the appointment by a rote of twelve to two. rhe Executive Committee of the Onion Republican General Association held a meeting last evening, when officer* were chosen for the eusutng year and a com mlttee of nine was appointed to confer with the Gov ernor and the legislature relative to questions affecting the intermit* of the city and county. The " Workingwomen's Protective Onion" of thla city held their fourth anniversary meeting et the Cooper Institute last evening. Addresses were delivered by General John Cochrane, James W. Gerard, Mayor Hoffman, Luthar B. Marsh and othera. Mr. Adams, of the Quartet Club, waa in attendance and sang some s|< proprists song*. The annual report was reed. The report of the Metropolitan Police Commissioners on the oauae and extent of the social evil In this city and Brooklyn is pebllahed in our column* thla morning. The part tculara of n gold swindling operation in May, ISM, by which a broker named John Boat fraudulently obtained $000,000 In gold frcrn various hankers in this city have finally come to light. The money waa obtained by gold certificates, apparently signed by the Conttaoatal Bank. Ross espapod with his booty in s vessel named the Dakota, wbich was kept in readiness for the pur pose of carrying him away. He ia now presumed to be in Brest I, where ne i* safe from the clutcbea of United States official*, there being no extradition treaty be tween the two countries. Several suit* have grown out of the ca*e, two firms suelng the Continental Bank for the sums named on the gold certificates, and claiming that the signatures are genuine. In the Supreme Court, Circuit, yesterday, an action was brought by Horue against Jackson to recover rent of s house which the plaintiff, ai trustee for defendant's wife, had leased to the defendant. On the trial It ap lieared that the defendant had deserted his wife at Rah way, N. J , and had been living with a woman named smith in this city, and that hta wire had procured a divorce in New Jersey. Verdict for the plaintiff lor $1,022 72. A writ of error and may of proceedings was granted yesterday by the Supreme Court In the case of * harles B Manuel, the mulatto tfbo was sentenced In the Court of General Hessians, on Tuesday last, to be bung on the 10th day of April, Tor the murder of Honry Bchlosser, a young German, on the 29Ui day of December last. The trial of John Kane, on tlio charge of murder In the first degroe, tu hevlng, as tho prosecution alleges, caused the death of Mary Sandford, by maliciously set ting lire to a tenement houBe, his property, wag re suraedjyesierday in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, before Mr. Justice lugrsham and a Jury. The case lor the prosecution was closod, and evidence for the dele nee waa entered upon. The further hearing of the case will he resumed this morning. In the United States Commissioner's Court yesterday, before Commissioner White, the further examination of the charge against Adolpbe William Schwartz, of having torged bills of exchange to the amount of 100,000 florins, at Groaawardein, in Hungary, was resumed. The evi dence ror the prosecution was closed and the defence wilt be entered upon on Monday next. t labor Naphegyl, formerly the host of General Santa Anna, on Stolen Island, was arrested yesterday charged with obtaining money under false pretences He de clared that bis name waa sonnenberg, and gava ball in $1,000 but on leaving court waa rearrested on a civil process, and was again released on giving ball to two sureliea for $26,000 each. Santa Anna, will, It la said, bring a suit against Naphegyl. The jury In the case of Martin McCormack, ana of a gang who broke into the house No. tW North Seventh street, Brooklyn, K. D., en December 2, 1N$, and ra\ iahed throe girM, returned a verdict yeetccday, after being locked up all night, convicting the prtsode*. John Menaghaa, the leader of the gang, has already been con victed. . The case ot George N. Oarleton, who is accused or having, while engaged in the capacity of Treasury Agant at Memphis, Tenn., em be* 7. led property belonging to the United Stoles to the amount of half a million of dollars, had been sat down foe further bearing yesterday before Commissioner Bette; but It waa postponed for a week in consequence of the absence of the defendant's counsel, who is en*aged m the deience of Race ia the Court of Oyer aad terminer. Towards nine o'clock last night the Eighth precinct polios, for the aeoood time within a weak, made a de *o?nt u|M>n the alleged gambling house located on the second Boor of the premises No GT9 Broadway, known a* I?*laveUe Hall, and there arrested Alexander Mar sb?l'. the reputed keeper of the place, in company wllh a n itiiifr or (us pmrooft. he al'wk market was dull yesterday. Gold wae ex cited aud < loi-d si 1.131(. a.ler selling ai 140',. MISCELLANEOUS Ottr lettero from the South, in addition to their gee eral iiisi iieme, give some in'urmation as to the mau^ n.-r tu whioii the paosogo of Sherman's Reconstruoiioti h il ia received among those whom it more immediately alette. Jn Georgia the while people aigb at the evil tunes upon which they hove fallan. sod the negroes await eagerly lor a chance to veto. The praae of Rich mond are vehem-ni in their denauciatloas of the bill. It ia auppoeed that there will be twice as many white voters in Virginia as black. The crop* promise well, the oniv drawback being a scarcity of negroet. The Supreme Court of Alabama has deeded that the emancipation proclamation of President Lincoln did not take effeot tu ihat State until May, 18M Extract- from ibe Jfvairoi* Timft of January 2# and February 4, which we pebltah this morning, are Import ant a* foreshadowing the policy of Juarez when the quondam empire ahull have been finally overturned. He deprecate* the punishment ef Me* icons who have tamed the imperialist* or the nonfiacatlon ef their estates, and the Chen-li ia to be allowed untrammelled control of her own affair* Hong Kong (China) advices, via Yokohama, io January 14 have been received. A disastrous conllagratlon. de strovtnr ihou?*nd? of house#, hod occurred at Jedito. rhe rot tela were tbreeteetng Hong Kong There was greet deetrueiioa of rtoe by the flood near Penny. The l etted dales frigtoe Shenandoah was expected from Ualoutta The reported arrival of the Colorado on the 22d ulk wa* oenflrmed. The burned district la Yoko hama was being rapidly rebuilt. The Japanese emhassv of Are person* and their suite would proceed to Wash ington on the return tnp of the Colorado. the case of t aptain Olney, of the steamer Washington Irving, who was arrested on n requisition from Governor Pierpont, of Vircinia. has been transferred by Governor Kenton to Attorney General Marttndale tor an opinion It ia reported in Montreal that John A McDonald will b" made Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada and John Itoee Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada. The name <if the confederation will probably be the Ikimlnton of Canada. _ " ... Information has been received by the Secretary of the Treasury that atepe hava been token towards forming an organization among merchants tu England tor the pur pose of smuggling goods into the Ceiled Mates through (aoada if the high tariff bill beoomae a law. Governor Kenton bae refused to commute the sentence of Wa*n<-r lite wife murderer, aud be will be bunged to-morrow , , .. TbOnveeiigaUtif Committee, appointed by the Mis souri Legislature to inquire into the alleged fmuduleet ante of railroads m that Stole, have closed their labors, and thetr report, it Is understood, will entirely esoeernte Governor Fletcher from all eesptrioa ef fraud on hie pert la the transection The Radical Mate t onvsntton of Maryland assembled at Baltimore yesterday, aad wa* numerously attended. Heeelntione were adopted proclaiming universal man hood suffrage and threatening ihe conservatives of the ?Slate with Congressional interference if they called State coostltoMonal convention. A large mass meeting wae held et night The Indians In Arisooa and Saw Mexico are reported to b- -dill o% the war path. The military camp on the j Membra had been broken up and the settlers In that vicinity had been compelled to flee Several murders bad been committed end a large amount of property destroyed or stolen. The alleged murderer of Mrs. Kav. at Stowertoviile, N. J , on ihe lfllh Inst., was arrested yesterday morning at Vineiand, Uossbertand county. In that State. The rebel regulators of Kentucky have served a warn tag en Governor Rramletse. threatening him with vto leacs if he imiies nay more proclamation? against their lawiem proceedings, end ordering him and other promi nent Union men of Freak tort to Isnve the Stole. Five magistrates of Norfolk, Fa., have been srreeted for refusing to receive the testimony of colored people in legal proceeding* Five deed bodies were foond among the freight to thd Grand Trunk Railroad depot at Bnffhio yesterday. Tbsf were peeked in flour barrels * * nude stale. Md IWW m ?arks of vlvisas* The NliiU CunalltullMil \\ urk lo be Done. The constitution of the State of New York adopted twenty yearn ago waa bawd upon tbo principle ol decentralization. Under the preceding constitution all judicial officers ex cept Justices of the Peace were appointed by the Governor and Senate. The Chancellor and Judges of the Supreme Court held office during good behavior or until they attained the age of sixty. The Secretary of State, Comptroller, Treasurer, Attorney General, Surveyor and Commissary General were simi larly appointed, and held office for three years, except the Treasurer, who was chosen annu ally. The constitution of 1846 made all judi cial and State officers elective, limited the terms of the Judges of the Court of Appeals and Supreme Court to eight years, changed the Senatorial districts from eight to sixteen, made the Senatorial term two years In place of four, and dispensed with the freehold qualification lor Senators. Power was diffused as much as possible among the people. The experience of twenty years has exjiosed the defects of the constitution of 1846, and the j j udgment of the State demands a radical re form of the fundamental law. As foretold by the best legal minds in the convention of that year, O'Conor, Kirkland, Judge Stowe and others, an elective judiciary has proved a sig nal failure and a great public evil. It baa been found that Judges who are compelled to wade through the mire of political caucuses to secure a nomination and to manipulate the dirty tools of party to ensure an election seldom carry unstained garments and clean hands to the bench. Man indebted to poli ticians tor judicial positions cannot easily shake off the load under which tbey have placed themselves. Under the elective system justice has been practically denied to the people, and the calendars of the higher courts have be come so crowded and choked up that ten years would not more than suffice to clear tbeui off, without the addition of any new business. A thorough reform of the judicial system of the ytate is therefore one of the principal duties that will devolve upon the approaching Convention of Revision. We must have judges appointed by the Governor and Senate for life, and thus rendered independent of the people. An office thus held will be worth preserving ; the neglect and dilatorincss of our courts will he succeeded by diligent at tention to duty ; honesty will lake the place of corruption and impartiality of political favoritism. The judge who does not owe his election to political wire-workers, grogshop canvassers and ward bullies will dispense justice with fearless hands. His time will not be occupied nor his decisions controlled by paying off party indebtedness during one-half j offals tons of office and by laboring for a re election during the other halt Public senti ment and public safety demand that the courts: of justice shall bo plaoed above the Jevel of j party politics and presided over by fear less and independent men. Upon this re form the people insist, and no convention will venlore to withhold it Such of the present judges as are found to he honest and capable should be retained in office, and receive life appointments under the new constitution ; but the present pernicious system should be root ed up and swept out of sight forever. Another question which will come before the Convention of little less importance than the judiciary is the manner in which New York ottv shall in ftitnre be governed. At present the municipalitv is Mexicanised. It m divided up under a score or so of independ ent chiefh. all of whom do business on their own account and make as mnch as they can out of the muddle. In one respect we :?re worse off than the Mexicans; for we cannot occasionally lead out of the leaders Into the Park and shoot them or hang them, and thus get them off our bands. Between grogshop rulers, legislative conunis?dona and municipal rings, the city is left without any consolidated effective gov eminent, and the tax list is ro'led up to over twenty millions of dollars s year. All thia must be changed. The new constitution mast leave us no longer in this condition, a prey to official corruption, with the commerce of the city suffering and the supremacy of the State endangered. The whole people of Sew York have an Interest in the metropolis, and in the tundamental law should be written the system by which it shall in hit it re be governed. We have already sug gested, and now repeal, the plan of govern ment which we believe the best calculated to remove all existing evils and the most likely to prove acceptable to the people. A eounell of three mayors elected by the people, the first three elected to hold office for one, two and three years, and their successor* to be chosen for three years, would give us an exe cutive bead responsible directly to the people and compelled to snbmit their action to the verdict of the ballot box every year. In these mayors should vest all the execu tive power, and the whole government under them should be held within their own grnsp and control. They should have the authority to appoint and remove the heads of all the subordinate departments, so -that tboee heads would be directly responsible to them as tbey would be to the people. The Board of Supervisors should be abolished as a body powerless for everything but evil?an offensive excrescence on the government To the two boards of the Common Council should lie given only legislative end investigatory powers. The necessary municipal ordinances should be passed by them, snbject to the ap proval of the Council ot Mayors, and they should hajp- the right of investigation into the conduct of the mayors and the management of every department in the eltv government. But they should be left without one iota ef ] executive power. We can conceive no other plan thai would [so effectually secure a govern ment calculated to promote the prosperity, happiness and safety oi the people. The prin ciple of self-government would be vlndleated by the election of the mayors. With three persons sharing the responsibility there would be little likelihood of corruption in the chief executive department, and the annually re curring elections would put the control In the hands of the people. We believe that the greet majority of the people would be satisfied with such a system, and that under it the bnrden of the taxpayer would be materially lightened

and the city efficiently governed. The Convention will have other matters of tepiBaBte on ita bands. The canals of the Mate alould be more effectually shielded from pormpt oMpagement and an ejfeqtive Varrler should b? raised against the system of claims now so proV.'fic of fraud. All public officers, from the Governor down, should receive fair and liberal salaiV *>and no longer be paid a less sum than compete.bookkeepers and sales men expect for their* J?ervices. The legislative system should be refoV?ed aud ^ compen sation of the members t*' made aimual and raised to a decent amount. ^Something should be done to obviate the necesyty of crowding insignificant local matters ft? Legis lature, and the laws to prevent ?*nd punish bribery and malfeasance in office Sk'ould, if possible, be mads more than mere ^hams. There is urgent need of thorough reforv'i in these and other matters, and no unneces*a.rJ delay should be suffered to occur in the assem bling of the Convention of Revision. When the magnitude of the interests involved is con sidered, it seems worse than folly in the Legis lature to hesitate in the performance of the duty imposed upon them by the constitution to provide by law for the election of delegates to the Convention, or to involve themselves in partisan squabbles over so important a subject. roller tor Hay the ju>4 the Polltirloae. There appears to be a strong undercurrent of war against the Collector of the Port on the part of the politicians, the object of which is i either to force him to resign or to bring about his removal. Wo hardly think, however, that the object will be effected. Mr. Fmythe is not a politician; therefore he does not understand the mnchinery of that destructive, corrupt and designing class of the community. lie is a merchant, and be thoroughly understands the wants of this commercial city; and, moreover, he is evidently disposed to afford every facility to the interests of commerce by remodelling the Custom House system. If his plans, con cocted with a view fo this desirable end, have not been fully carried out up to the present time it is probably because be has not been loug enough in office to perfect them fully, and partly because be bos been harassed and ob structed by the politicians. There is mani festly a conflict going on in the Custom House between the two interests. Collector Smytbe, who regards his office in the ligHt. of a trust for the furtherance of the bnsiness interests of this great maritime port, cannot be expected to accord exactly with political leaders who con sider the office simply as a depository of the louvosaud fishes; and hence there is a collision be'ween Mr. Smythe and the politicians. But tbe Collector, having got the right side of the question, and sustained as he is by the whole mercantile community, should not allow him self to yield a* inch of his position -to Che machinations of pretended friends or open foes. He is Ike eight asm in tbe right ptooe, and be ought to keep It Iiumb M ?fto Trkfa ?Ctfa-A*MrfMlM Nmatid. Forty-two years agp John Randolph, of Roanoke, and Tristam Barges, of Rhode Island, were emphatically " representative men" in Congress, the one of Virginia And the South, the other of New England. During their memorable war of words, and before the latter demolished the former by a final Mow, thanking Heaven that "monsters cannot propa gate," Mr. Randolph won a shrnal advantage over " the bald beaded eagle of Rhode Island," by exclaiming in response to his antagonist's eulogy of Yankee shrewdness, "What you oall Yankee shrewdness we oall Yankee swin dling I" But even Randolph could have had no adequate conception of what be so sharply stigmatized, nor of suob an astonishing incar nation of it as, in the person of P. T. Barnum, was already " cntting eye teeth " at Grassy Plain, in the wooden nutmeg State. P. T. B. himself little dreamed of the dizzy heights of hnmimg which he was destined to olimb. He was then content to mix sugars, teas and liquors, to sell cotton for wool, wool and ootton for silk and linen, bnrned peas, beans and corn lor ground coffee, and corn meal for ginger, and to get rid of old bottles and tin by an ingenious lottery swindle. At least so he informs as in "The Life of P. T. Barnum, written by himself." He bad not yet been inspired by prophetic visions of Joyce Hcth, Niagara Falls in the museum, the Feejee mermaid, Tom Thumb, the Swedish Nightingale, the woolly borse, the happy fam ily, Iranistan, the Capitol at Washington and the White House "at the other end of the avenue." Now, however, alter having "ener gized bis functions," as I)r. Rush used to say, in a surpassing variety of ways, Barnnm stretches himself for new and still more audacious flights. As a Congressional candidate he begins by exhibiting a characteristic correspondence with a mysteriously anonymous writer?whose real hidden name may be Ontia or Noone, for aught we know?and which we print to-day. This correspondence, might form a curious ad ditional chapter in the next edition of tbe /Model Letter Writer" or of tbe "Apocrypha." U hears a striking family likeness to the Feejee Mermaid, which was so fearfully and wonder hilly made. It is a political Feejee Mermaid. It finely illustrates certain suggestive queries which tbe illustrious showman, with something like second sight, made two years ago, under the head of "Personal Reminiscences," in his work entitled "The Humbugs of the World." "Need I explain to my own beloved country men," he asks, "that there is humbug in politics f Does anybody go into a political campaign without it?" Obviously he does not wish to be suspected of being so green himself as to "go info a political campaign without it." What a future smiles upon the aspiring Barnnm I How shrewdly he has chosen Ma moment for entering the political arena! The radical party is without a leader. Sick of Sumner's midnight oil orations, sere under Thad Stevens' lash, tired of Banks' attitudi nising and sonorous monotones, bewildered by Raymond's feats of ground and lotty tum bling, distrustful of light-fingered Ben Bntler, vexed at Ashley's blunders, they await im patiently the coming man?and his name is Barnnm. He recommends himself to them by writing bis own letters of introduction in this bogus correspondence. His denunciation of bribery and corruption is so sincere that they must adore his immacuiateness. We fear that perhaps he almost oarershoots tbe mark by taking sack pains to throw oat the impression that he will give no money to secure his elec tion. If be bad said nothing ahont it who would have suspected him of ever fivhtg away anything lint flee tlokete to his Museum? Under the leadership of Barnum the radical party Will be thoroughly reconstruoted on the grand historical principle of phlliWpphical humbug. Barnum bos mastered that' prin ciple. He has fully revealed it to (be world in the two works to which we have alluded, "The Life" and "The Humbugs." Together these compose what may be called Baru urn's Bible. From Gibbon and the encyclopedists be has collected the history of all humbugs, from the Father of Lies humbugging Eve in the Garden of Eden, through the Witch of Endor, the Egyptian magicians in the days of Moses, Apollonios Tyaneus, Cornelius Agrippa, Cag liostro, the Count of St Germain, George Paalmanasar, Prince Hohenlohe, Joanne South note, Matthias, Joe Smith and the Mormon Bible, the Davenport brothers, the Japanese jugglers, and the rest, down to Barnum him self?the last, but by no means the least 1 The Connecticut erection will be eventful, cttrioua and intensely interesting. If the democrats should chance to carry the day, whicfr is not impossible, farewell to the hopes which Barnum's candidacy inspires that the radical party and New England itself will, under his Leadership, be reconstructed on a new moral basis of swindling I Tbe country will lose the benefit of the lessons which tbe Great Panjandrum of Humbng might give to Chase, and McCallocb, and Jay Cooke and the other financial illusionists at Washington. Pretty tricks as they know bow to play with the national finances, they might yet learn much from Barnum. The Irglxlaiife Committee and tbe .New York Fire Deportment. The Assembly committee empowered to inquire into the causes of tbe increased des truction of property by fire and the general management and efficiency of the New York Paid Fire Department were in session in this city during the recess of the Legislature, and elicited some curious and interesting facts. The Fire Commissioners, the Chief Engineer and the Superintendent of Buildings were among the witnesses. Tho Commissioners all believe, of course, that the present department is well managed and very superior to the old volunteer system. Mr. Engs, one of the members of the Board, testi fied, however, that politics sometimes influences its action, and it appears from his evidence that the regulations in relation to storage are not properly enforced by the Board. Mr. Me Greggor, the Superintendent of Buildings, goos to the root of tbe evil, and attributes the con stant occurrence of fires in the city and their destructive character to the want of a stringent building law. The large stores on Church and other streets, he says, are so constructed that if a fire takes place in them tbe whole building-Is almost oartaia to be destroyed, and the tkwtrss and places sf amusement in New York ho describes as mere tinder boxes, although bull* in ooufarmity with the require ments of the existing law. He cites the new Bnuu hull ding as a model fireproof building and believes all large .warehouses and stores should be constructed on a similarly secure plan. Mr. E. Bonnoll, of the old department, made some curious statements. He considered Mr. Abbe the only Commissioner who under stood bis business ; bad seen the Commissioners interfere with tbe engineers at fires, and had met one of them at a fire in a state of intoxica tion. He had been told by Mr. Engs, when the Board was in session, that the Commis sioners were holding s political caucus. The efficiency of the preeent Fire Department may be sustained by the toetimony of the Com missioners and of the Chief Engineer, but the practical evideuoe of the badly managed Area is ail the other way. Commissioner Ebgs ob jects to tbe old department because it wae in tbe habit of throwing too much water upon a fire; but as water generally subdues tbe flamee, it might be well if the preeent department would sometimes fall into tbe same error. There are, no doubt, many valuable sugges tions in the remarks of Mr. McGreggor and dthor witnesses iu relation to a more stringent bniiding law, the proper enforcement of the storage regulations, Ac.; bat tbe general im pression prevails that the Fire Department sadly needs overhauling, and the evidence of Mr. Engs and other Commissioners sod tbe curious statement of Mr. Bonnoll, are quite sufficient to prove that Governor Fenton rnny make sweeping changes in tbe department with ranch advantage to the public. Tie New Peat OlBr? Oppmiiiea t? tfee Park M. The proposition of Mayor Hoffman and bis committee to locate- the new Post Office at the icwer end oi the City Hall Park, in the midst of crowded and dangerous crossings, excites more and more opposition every day. It has everything to condemn it and no single re deeming feature. Independent of the sacrifice of a valuable piece of public property for a mere song, the job would choke up one of the few breathing places of the city, and. increase the crowding, delay, confusion and hazard to life and limb that at present mark that portion or Broadway, by adding a large accumulation of mail wagons to the cars, stages, coaches* trucks, carts, carriages and vehicles of all de scriptions that pass and! meet and jostle each other and get jammed np together there daring all the business hoars of the day. The principal evil, under which the business men of the city now suffer is the crowded and often impassable condition ol Broadway.. Some time ago an attempt was made to relieve the worst part of that thoroughfare by opening Ann street to the river. Mayor Hoffman thought proper to veto that improvement, and he now seeks to- increase aH the inconveniences and evils which he then rernsed to remove. The people protest against the job. They desire to have room to do their business and move abont, instead of being crowded and crippled more than they are at present. They demand that the fifth avenue shall be extended dawn to the Battery, thai Ann street shall be mode oue hundred feet wide to the river, and that other thoroughfares shall be throw u opca. so tfiat the trad* and commerce of the oily may have tree circulation. 80 far as the location of the new Pest Office ts concerned. If the general government cannot purchase the Aator House, or St. Paul's cliopel, or Stewart's Chambers street building, it bad better proenre a site in the midst of the old Five Points, build a Post Office there, and pre pare the way for the improvement of that in fected district, and its opening to business and respectability. Some six years ago the Huui.d proposed that the rookeries and 4cns of that neighborhood should be cleared Away and pub lic buildings and warehouses take their place. This la h good time to revive/that proposition. If tt* PontOAoe should be located there, nlhe^ improvements would speedily follow, and a material relief to Broadway would be effected, while the whole community would be benefited by die rooting up of the disease and crime which rankle and fester in that long neg lt cted portion of the city. N. ???_ The yii'llwopkfr, the Mm Iranian and I lie Bit* ^iniKtie Orator la Oar Oar. The tecv.ure reports In yesterday's Hkiui.i> presented aV^curious compound for a single day's intellectual entertainment in New York. In the first phse^ bad Professor Agaseiz's lecture upon " Monk^T*." next General Coch rane'! lecture upon tbir^ Elements of National Prosperity," and thirdly lioyd Garrison's lec ture upon " Our National Situution." The first was a treatise upon the origin of animal life, eminently worthy of one of the profoundest naturalists and philosophers of the age, although he might have instituted researches nearer at home?the city of Washington, for example?and discovered some extraordinary specimens of the monkey tribe not to be found in the valley of the Amazon. General Coch rane'? effort wan statesmanlike, eloquent and erudite; tor the General is more of a states man than many who, by sufferance, wear the badge of such a distinction nowadays. But the last?Lloyd Garrison's affair?was simrpiy a Ylre. Caurlle lecture, with billingsgate trim ming*. For vituperation Garrison has no competitor outside the State of Tennessee. Ht out-Browulows Brownlow; and, after the lat ter's powers fail. Garrison would make a capital substitute lor the elang-moagertng Gov ernor of Tennessee in the executive chair of that State. These lectures, diversified as they are, show the varied tastes of our people, and on the whole are more intellectually beneficial than the gross and immoral representations to be seen nightly at some of our demoralized and demoralizing theatres. CITY INTELLIGENCE. Aiktio* Balk or Coal.?The win or 8crentoir com yosterduy was well Attended. The amount sold wtm sixty thousaud tons. The bidding was active. The fol lowing table shows the variation in price from the auc tion of last month ? of font. AWiruar*. January. 6,000 steamboat. $4 37 a $4 87t? $,"> 30 a $-1 09 13,000'lump 4 15 a 4 30 4 00 a 4 a? 12.000 grate 6 05 a 6 25 5 75 a 6 10 8,000 egg 4 70 a 4 80 5 25 a 5 !IO 14,000 stove. SO.! a 5 20 6 75 a 6 871? 7,000 chestnut... 4 05 a 4 10 5 45 a 5 77? The salce of this month exceed those of January by twenty six thousand tons. In the prices, however. It will bo seen that there was a decline on steamboat, grate, egg, stove and chestnut, while opon lump there was a slight advance. Tim Kirs Coumissiowsrs. ?The Board of Fire Commis sioners met yesterday morning, President Ptnrkney la the chair. A preamble and resolutions, requesting the Croton Aqueduct Department to instrnct their Ingpeetora to take the necessary steps towards keeping the Ore hy drants free from obstruction by frost, were read and adopted. A resolution Instructing the Chief en gineer to ascertain whether or not coke P0* *? . W bf the Ira engines in stead of coal, waa also adopted, "-mmlrtinam tags called the attention of tfao Boaterto the fart STT notwithstanding gas had aot bean ma*durin*the 22e thr#t b-liag tho^ynfs. M & d apart ***** Wlla ataading agaST the Board for th* past quarter wen almost aa large as ever. He moved that the .abject ha investigated. The motion ? adopted, after which tho Board adjourned. Th* soutuksm Rnnr Comkzsuoh. The appeal made la behalf of the destitution In tho South for the trans mission of food, clothing and money by tho steamship Memphis, baa mot with a liberal raoponaa from the pub lic during tho last two or three day* atno# Monday *b?u* twenty thousand bushels of com haro been con tributed by heaevoloat minded merchants la this city and elsewhere, besides packages of clothing, which are <* board we Memphis, which sails on Friday. Aboet 916,060 In addltlan to Ute amount already reported have also boon contnbuled during the week, and arrangements are being made by the man agers of some of the ploose of amusement, public insti tutions and churches, for subscriptions in aid of tho sa luting destitution. Ball or mi ttraimnra Oonmtu.?Th* third naaual hall of the above mentioned sociable came off on Taas day evening at the Mew York Assembly Rooms, and waa In every way n very successful and entoyabie affair. The unusual display of Hob toilets was a very noticeable feature la the gathering, and the festivities werepartiai peted In by many of tho wives and daughter* of oar ?oat distinguished ciltssas, Tm Iuss Soomrtm-A Committee from the coavea t'on of Irish sooietieo appointed to wait upon the otty authorities, Police Commissioners, he., called on Soper is tea dent Kennedy yosterday morning Mr. Kennedy raeoivnd tho oommitteo with great oourtesy, and prom iaod that aa fhr as lay in his power, he would see In it that s proper polio# force would be in attendance on the line of the process ton on 8L Patrick's day. MuhmoBowm Potmik?Mrs. Klizabetb Wilson, resid ing at No. I King street, aome time ago plaoed-tw* Ave twenty bonds of $500 eaeht two seven and thrnn teal bonds of $900 each, and one seven and three-tenth boa of |400 under the carpet of her room beneath a sofa for safe keeping, and on looking for thorn yootetdny. dte oovered thai they wore missing Recollecting that two man had bean at work In the room last Monday, she was led to believe that thay had takes the boada, and in formed Inspector Dtlks of that fact, when Detective Bow nett went to work to ferret out the wberaabonte of the bonds. Before ho oommenoed to "work up,'1 however a young son of Mrs. Wilson's informed btm that bo ha? found the hoods under tho carpet, sad had out tbam u? the bank for sate keeping Scanoi. F.inntmow.?Aa Interesting exhibition took plaoe on Monday last a* tho Primary School No, S3; Fort Washington, bf which Miss Annlo Mortimer is priartpal, and Miss A. A. Schwartx assistant. The Islands of tho school wore present la large numbers, and tb# occasion was one to bo remembered wiUi pleasure la tho pro ceedings music, dialogues And declamations sonrssiloil each other in agreeable variety, evincing a good degcw of protalency in the pupils. Addresses ware delivered by H. B. Perkins, School Inspector, and Msaevn Miller Conrad and .-chwsrkhammer. By no pleasing feature of the occasion, lioth to the children.and those who witnessed tho delight tbos afforded thorn, was the preeentatlon of books to tho value of $50, the gift of tho principal to her pupil* Attkmvt at Svictor.?An elderly man named' Ism Carroll attempted to oommlt suicide about half-past teas yesterday morning, by Jomping off tbe pier foot of i'.ighty.eixih street Into tho East river. He was raasaod by two eitlxene and taken to tho residence of bis ana with whom bo Uvea, in Eighty-third street. between Third aod I onrtb avenues. , Badlt Carman.?A colored man named Francis, wins resides on North Pint street, Wiiliamvbarg, was badly crashed yesterday between a gang plank and teat a the foot of pier 21 North river. He waa taken bomv* Fins is Oaxal Sramr. ? At a few minutes past tea o'clock last night a. Are occurred In the garret of the dwelling bouse No. 480 Canal street, oocupaed by Hugh Scanloa. The ftremon wore soon at the prsmlssa mte axtlngnished the Are before it spread to any other apart - moat. The damage done to the building will amount to about $506. Ilia property is owned by Trinity obnrah. and is insured. Mr. Scan Ion's loss by Are aa* water will amount to about $250; insured flor $l.M6>tatfco Rutgers Insurance Company. Mr. Sean loo occupied the first floor as ? furnftare store and tbe saotmd Hoar for a derailing. Tho third story in occupied by Jams* Me Briar and Dwen Wiere. The rnmltare of these two families was damaged by water to trie amount of about $3t.6; no ineuranee. The cause of the lire is at prennet unknown, but is ouppooed to hare boon mused by tbo carelsasness of Mr. ffcantoate eons, who orcupiad tho garret for sleeping. Ptea m Rboadwav. ?A fire waa dleoovered a boot no# o'clock this morning. In th* restaurant and wine oallara of M. Morgsntfiau k Co., known a* tbo 'Bremer Rathe feller." at 33* Broadway. Tbe Ore Is supposed to hara originated la the kitchen, In the extreme rear of tho res taurant, one hundred and twenty feet from Broad, way. and aa there waa no rear entrance aod the smoke and heal when the doors were opened nearly suffocat ing. it was s long time be lore the sttrnt of tw? <: on (Is g rati en could be ascertained. Tbo Are, as we gp to press, is still raging; but so for it has bovn oonflned to tbe basement la which the restaurant bi situated. The "tore above it In occupied aa a Largs oiothtng establishment by Harare. While. Whit man h Co., and to their stock considerable damage will be done by tho smoke and water Adjoining is the large stone building oecupied'hy ure Street Commissioner, tho Broadway Bank and Iks Park ? rwo Insurant ? Company; hnt it Is bwltsvsd thai v?n little damage will result to It Tbo toaa wAn bo vera largo, as Morgsolhan * Co. are reported to I Ave a larn* stock of wine in ooe of the lergei* cellars ,1n the alt* which Is doubtless covered by insurance. / Amossrg fcc ?Jaram McCana, a seer^n, while at work yesterday on hoard the steamship /Alabama, lying at pier Ha, 3 North river, fell from a Adder and rmt tared hti arm. f Rssward Pinashaa wan found to* on Monday night lylag under tbo archway between Reralay and Verey streets, having boon nut over on# of the man? cam zmsXKt KT'""' -1