Newspaper of The New York Herald, 7 Mart 1867, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 7 Mart 1867 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAKKS QURlim MENVKTT, U>{IQR AM' ffvOPBlfilfK SfFlCI H. W. ("OHNIK of rctrow AKD NAS8AU 8T>. THF DA1I.Y HTRALJV r bl thtd 'my day .'n (b.eyecr, Km cent* por copy Annual subscription price, 4. No. bti fHIS EViiMtV*. BROAPWAY THRATRR, Broadway. n?ar Broome i rni ?Kairt Oirci.r?Ik and Out of Placb. NKW VORK THP.ATRK Rroiilwar, oppniim New York ll.>u-i ? 1'utuk.uj and Anuuomkda?.Sink Points or thk Law FRENCH THEATRE, Kuinlernib street.? London As suranck. OLYMPIC THEATRE, Bronlwty.-Smm or Xi* Turk. GERMAN KTA.DT THEATRE. ?fr and t7 Bowery.? Ri< iiabd til DODWORTH'8 HALL. *6 Broadway.?PRormoR IIartz wiu. i'KuroKa Hi* Minaclk.h-Tkk Hkad in tiic Am ? Tm Indian Baskbt Trice?Pbotkcs. STP1NWAY ROOMS, Fourteenth street.? Sbcond Soires or t'RAiuit Music. BAN f RANUIBCO MtN.HTKHLS. V# Broidwar. opposite the Metro|Hilitai> Hotel?In tiirir Ktuionan Entrbtain >r.m. SuNllia. Darcinu ink ii^Ri.r.?nuM.?Tan Black Cook?Tub IIrai.tu* Curios KRLLr A T,RON'S MINSTR'.Jt.l. 7y> Broadway. onpn aitetlie Sew York Hots! ?In tubik Dan?i. Eccrn. TBiciriBx Hurlbsquk*, Ac -Ctnorr-Lbon?Mapai.a'Cak Bai.lkt Tuoitk?Stop i hat Lav hum:. FIFTH AVENUR OPKP.A HOU*B, No< 2 ?nd 4 West Twenty .fourth -.treel.?Obiwn A Cmristt's MiN"T;:Km.? ETHIOPIAN MlNSTHKi.1T llAI.I.ADi, Ml Kl.r SQU RS, JtC. ? fllk. lKu.i Yacht Kacb?Tuk i.lack Uboox. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA. HOUSE, 201 Bowery.?Co*iC YoCALIsM N> .KO MlN!11*a.l.-T. BaLLRT DtVfci; '.SKBi.NI. Ac. ?Tilk IIii.lh ok Kbrut, or. Ikki.ano's Lad; oi*li;UI.>-. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION T.iO"PK at Mechanics' Hull, 172 Broadway?In a VAititrv .?r Luiht #ND LAUOHAm.K EhIKBTAINKKNTS, Coin Dk iiALLtr, Ac. b? Jrai.ovs \\ ir*. WOOD'S mRATRF. COMIQUK, Rrondway, opposite St. Nicholas Hotel.?Grand ('0*RifatiON or Mixsthlist. Bai lkt, Pantoxibk. ('alksthien.cs. Ac ?La Stati'E Blanchp MRS V B CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn ? East Ltnr HOOLEY'K OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn.?Ethiopian Min llALI.ADS AND lirRLBSWKS.?lHK Hl.ai'K (. HOOK. THE Bl'NYAN TABLEAUX. Union Hall, eornnr of Twenty thtr I sireel ami Broidway.?MovtNU M,kk<>b or lak PlLUUIX'S pkourk^S?SliTT MaUNITICBNT SCKNKS. NRW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. ?IS Rroadwar Brad and Rigut Akm or Pkokxt?The WabunoWM TwiN^? WoNMtltS IN N att'HA I. lll.?TOKT, SCIkWCK AND ART. IxtTriv Daii.t. Open from H A.M. till 10 P. M. INHTITtfTE OP art (Derby Galleryi. ?25 Brondwiy.? (Irand Exhihition or Paintinos.?Tha Rmtblk'an Court" in rua Data or Lincoln. TRIPLE SHEET. Nti?r York* Thurxlnx, ilfnrrh 7, !><??, Volume XXXII the xrswfl. EUBOPB. Our news report by (he Atlantic cable vas nof re calved when the Hsrau> went to press this moron*. Daapa(cbes from Heart'* Content reported the cable in food working order, but that the Irish wires to VuleuUa ware down yeatwday. Oar European ft tan and special correspandencf, dated to the Slat of February, coatatn very important details ?f the cablo news. From Dublin and Cork we have speoiat reports of the political situation existing in the South of Irelano sab ?equent to the dispers on of the Fenian insurgent* in Katry. ? No arrest* had been made, and the countn re mained, ovldently, In a state of very unhealthy exHto ment Ten tbouaand troops were held ready to be launched against any spot where treason ma? again show Itaeir in arms. Jamss Stephens .a aaid to bare landed at Dingle Bay and gone ta the in Wrior The government eontinuod its precautions against any show of active sympathy with the Kenians in England, and it Is asseried that the Cabinet bad good reason, by reliable information, to fear (rouble at Wool wich, if not an attack on the Navy Vurd. Earl Carnarvon, in moving the second reeling or the bill for the confederation of the Urtlsli North American Colomex. made one of the most important spee* l.e* to the House of Lords which has been delivered In I'arlia ment for many years. In his oapm ity of Colonial Secre tary he went minutely into tho details of the measure and combatted the objer(ions raised against it. There is ooStat? rig lit j reaerva.ion, the bill being one of com promise, federation emanating from and perfected at tho royal centre. Speaking of the future of the Kingdom of Canada, Lord Carnarvon said the territory would te. come 1 greater than England and second only (o Russia" John Bright'a letter denouncing the Darby Reform resolution plan is published. Our special correspondent In St Petersburg fnrnishes ? very interring statement of the Russian policy towards Turkey and the Christians In the East generally, wuh his views of how the course of the Czar may be affected by the diplomacy of Napoleon and England. CONGEES*. la the Senate yesterday resolution* for the appoint, ment of certain Joint committees wen* agreed to, one of them reviving (be Committee on Retrenchment. Mr Doolttde and Mr. Patterson made speeches denying the reports connecting them wuh the alleged New York Custom House frauds. A bill to provide for a republican form of government in the la(ely rebellious Slates was introduced by llr. Sumner. It is very lengthy and provides for tho re-establlshment of Cirll governments on the basis of loyal voters. Ho ?lao introduced a bill to prescribe an oath to main tain a republican form of government Both bills were ordered upon the table until the committee, were formed Mr. Wilson oft -red a resolution declaring the municipal offices of Alexandria. Va., vacated, and for. bidding the present officers from exercising aoy au. thority, under penally of fine and Imprisonment It was ordered to be printed. Th- Paris Exposition resolu tion was called up and the Senate adjourned. In the Hons* the motion to suspend tho nil** in order to introduce the bill to amend the National Currency act was loot and the bill was not Introduced A resolution direct.ng inquiry by the Secretary of the Treasnry into the alleged selxuro of champagne wines by the New York Custom House went over until to-day, and another calling for statements of tb? collectors, naval officers, turvoyors. *c , who have been removed from officr rince March, 1*66, was adopted. Pending consideration of a motion to refor the Tariff bill aad its proposed amend mentsto the Committee on Ways and Means the House adjourned. A republican caucus, held at the Capitol last night, Uvored I be reference of the impeachment question to the Judiciary Committee and the taking of a r-ceas until the 9th of May. THE LEGISLATURE In tn* Senate yesterday the Constitutional Convention ' 1 was reported from the Committee of the Whole and amendeo ?-> as to limit the elective franchise to male* ' ** **P?rimeutal lioe of railways In Nsw York 'e,t*T' for * r?ilrjad in Broadway, Lexington ZnL'l'. v V1^' *"d T*,U|T# to Mwerage and tees Bill T ?*!! WW al,? rtfK,rt'd froni commit ?ldwav a^T w# ** Ctan,,,n" ,h* r0010 ot ,h# Broadway and Seventh Avenue Railroad; relative to assessment* in New York, and authorising the New York 1 Central Railroad to chvge two and . half ceuu fare per mile for passengers. were introduced In the 4**mblya communication from th. Street Commissioner of New York was presented. The Ann?.i Appropriation bill and bills to enable hMbattd sod wife te be wltnoMM for or aealnst canh other; to regulate the carnage of passengers' baggage by railroad companies and relative to military exemptions In Kings county were reported. Bd!s to regulate the driving of sheep *ud caiue through (ha streets of New York, and for oihor purposes, were passed. Bills to suppress prostitution in the Metropolitan district; to provide for the election o: a Board of Assistant Alderman aud to abolish the Board of Co<it>ci!me? in New York; to amend the Egclse law; to Incorporate the West Side Elevated Suspension Railway Com p my, and for Uie construction of railways in Fulton and other streets of New York, were lntr.*lo<-ed. A rei e-4 was taken, and on rsaasombtlng several bills of a private nature were advanced to a third ree ling. THE CITY. At the meeting of the Board of Kducatioa last even inj vrav appropriated for the purchue of & silo for * Ue# Bcboolb ;use in the Twouty wcond ward. The saty** or appropriating $10.!,870 for the erection of a M-noolhous* in 115th s'.ruet, ?? referred to the Ftnsuce Comnuitie. < ^ Qttioc to the ?b??nce of certain members of the Board ot 1'lro Cowm doners yesterday the Board <ild not hold It* usual weekly meeting. Thirty-nve policemen were tried at Police Headquar ters yesterday, at the trial Bitting of the Board, for a'.leg*J breaches of discipline, and two cases, In which 1 citr/eus were complainants, were closed. The case of the executora of W. H. Burroughs against A. T. Mew art k Co. el al came before ?be i-upremo Court, Chambers, yesterday on a motion for a reference and an Injunction to restrain the executors from paying out the funds of the Arm ontll ao directed by the Court. la the Supreme Court, Special Term, ? question of partner-hip cume up for adjudication in which the parti"8 had lormerly been sutlers to the Sixth regiment New York Volunteers, under Oeneral Corcoran. The plaintiff furnished the ??inlluence'' and the defendants the monev. and upon a demand for a division ot t e spoils the latter repudiated the alleged copartnership. In the United States Circuit Court yesterday William Browne, alias Browner, plead guilty to an indictment charring him with uttering counterfeit United State* curreucy with intent to defraud the government, i-on tenoe deferred. In the United States Commissioner's Conrt, yesterdav, before Commissioner Osbota. John Henley and H. G. Ditterich were charged with pacing $10 counterfeit bills of the Flour City National Bank of Rochester at l'ough keepsie. Several witnesses having testified, the further bearing of the case was adjournwd for a week. The case of Georre N. larleton, who Is charged with having, while acting as treasury agent at Memphis, Tenn., emtiez/led money and property b" longing to the government to the amount of hair a million or dollars, was further adjourned till Saturday, pending the receipt of instructions which arc exported from Washington. Tlitra.se of Patrick Curran vs. Catharine Duffy, au action to recovcr damages for alleged fal*e Imprisonment was tried vesterdav in the Marine Court, before Judge Alker ani a jury, and resulted in a verdict for the plaintiff of $:J00 damages. In the Court of General Sessions yesterdav Judge Rus aell rent need Alfrel Relther to the Penitentiary for two years and ordored him to pay a flno of ten thousand dol lars for falsely personating a m-tnher of the detective force whereby ho obtained nino hundred dollars from Mr. Thomas M. Taylor. Terence fFNeil, a resident of ?be Twelfth ward in Brooklyn, disappeared on Friday last, having In his possession a considerable Hum or money. Suspicions of foul play are entertained. The stock market improved yesterday. Gold was weak and closed at 1.15}? a In domestic produce there was an Increasod businoss consummated, but at Irregular prices, though some arti cles sold at advanced prices. Merchandise continued quiet but generally steadv in value. Cotton was mode rately active at a decline of *e. per pound. Coffee was unchanged. On 'Chango Hour was firmer, with more doing. Wheat remained dull, while com and oats closed heavy, with but little doing. Pork opened firmer but closed lower. Beef ruled steady. Lard wns heavy. Frei"hts were very quiet Whiskey was dull and nominal. Naval stored were quiet, but valuer were not eesontially ohanged. Petroleum was a shade easier. MISCELLANEOUS. . Date* tVoin Rio Janeiro to the 26th ult. are at hand by way of Europe and the Atlantic cable. Tho French and English agents are making strong efforts in favor el a cessation of hostilities. They are satisfied, however, that the United States alone has U?* confidence of the South American republics. The revolution In Mendoxa was spreading, awl General Peunero was compelled to ask for reinlorcrraents front Buenos Ayres. Vera Cruz despatches. under date ef February 36, say that everything was In a chaotic state. Tho troops were still embarking, and transports continued to arrive daily. Yellow fever had made Its appearance there already. One American had died of the disease on the 21st. Aca pulco was abandoned bv the imperialists on the 19th nit. Alvarez was on the march to Join Dlax, near Mexico City, with four thousand troope. Oeneral Tavora, the Im perialist. had been completely defeated near the capital by General Yele*. Our Georgia correepondont says that a strong party, enunciating the principles contalnod In Ex-Governor Brown's recent letter favoring the acceptance of Sher man's military reconstruction pisn. has sprung up and bid* fSir to be the controlling parti in the State. Tho money market Is tighter than was ever known there be lore. owing to the withdrawal of Northern capital and the employment of all fund* Tor tho purchase of pro visions. ?^The *team?lilp Andalusia, Cap'aln W. H. West, of tho I,eary line, from New York for Charleston, was burned at sea off Hatter** on Sunday evening. Four of the crew and four male passenger* were lost. The steamer Manhattan was near at hand, and rendered valuable assistance. The hoeo carriage Intended for presentation to the firemen of Columbia by the firemen of New York was on board, and was burned up. The saved arrived at Charleston yesterday. The statement of the public debt for February shows the total lo be $2,827,88*.959. which, In comparison with the total last year, shows a reduction In the debt of $167,381,090. The President and Cabinet, in connection with Can oral Grant, are perfecting arrangements for the immediate enforcement of the Rcconstrnctton law. Thomae. Slierl dan, Sickles, Ord and 8chofleld are reported to be the five commanders who will hare charge of district* Instruc tions for their guidance are being prepared by Secretary Stanton and General Grant. The President's reply to the committeos of both house?, Inform me thom that he had no communication to make at present, la regarded as Indicative of his ac tion in esse of Impeachment, and it la stated on good authority thst be will refuse to appear for arrwlgnmpnt before a Senate wherein only twenty States are repre sented. Letters hare i>een received by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, from scents on the plains, wl^ch con tradict several reports of outrages by Indians. The agent for the Arrapahoos. Cheyennos and Apaches says not a single overt act has boou committed by those In diana. The Kiowas and Csmanches were much alarmed when Informed tbat (he United Stales was about to mo Ice war upon them. Collector Smyth* has addressed a letter to President Johnson, which we publish elsewhere, In which he de fends himself against the attacks of tho Congressional investigating committee. In another column will be found an opinion of the United States Supreme Court, delivered at the present term, defining the office and proscribing the occasion of the issuance of the ancient writ of prohibition. A new bill providing for the election of a Mayor and City Council of Baltimore has been Introduced In the Maryland Legislature. A memorial has been presented in tho I/Onlsisns Legis lature, charging Governor Wells with being a defaulter to the State of (88.000, while holding a petty office In Hspides Parish. It was highly probable thst he ? ould be impeached. A political meeting of colored men was held in Rich mond on Mondsv evening. The Commute* on Pedersl Relations of the Msine Senate have reported upon that portion of the Governor's Message relating to the proposed confederation of the British North American provinces, and protest against it as an Implied infraction of the Monroe doctrine, and dan gerous to the friendly relations eitstfng between the people of the provinces snd of ths United States. Reso lutions were also reported to that effect, and asking the government to Interpose in friendly remonstrance against the proposed confederation. A destructive storm in Tennessee has prevailed for the last four days, flooding the country and carrying away several railroad bridges. Indications or More Fknian Troppls in Irc lanr?We barf no despatches from Etirope to-day, but a suspiciously sounding report from lloart's Content tells us tbat the cable Is all right and working finely, but that the Irish lines arc down, "probably In consequcnco of a storm.'' If a storm prevailed In Ireland yes terday It is certain that the fact would be well known nt Valcntia, and the report would scarcely he sent in such an ambiguous shape. The details that rcach ua by mail ahow that the Fenian scare has been much greater In England than the meagre cable despatches hare indicated, and it looks not unlikely that the trouble in Ireland has been renewed. fht Houibi-ra I'rt* on (|f New L?w of . . JUrrondriietloa, With Bcanrcga?^'* bombardment of F^rt S turner one of tbe most remarkable and radical revolutions in tbe history of tbe human race was inaugurated in the rebel Confederate States. The full import and consequences of this revolution have just been officially pro claimed in the new law of Southern recon struction. With all the warnings that had been given them, however, touching their scornful rejection, from Virginia to Texas, of the pending constitutional amendment, this new law, with its sweeping and decisive exactions, seems to have fallen upoB the lead ing politicians of those States like an unex pected calamity. It appears to have created something of that consternation among tbein which followed the terrible march of Sherman through South Carolina. They are disap pointed, confounded md excUed to a high pitch of impotent wrath : but the scales have fallen from their eyes, and they are hefjinnirjsr to realize and recognize the fixed facta and the necessities of their situation. The Richmond journals, in near with the progress of events it Washington, have for someday* jast been wholly absorbed with this astounding ultimatum of a radical Congress. One of them compar?s it with the " Domesday Bolce" of William the Conqueror; but the wrathful editor, alter showing how the English people, by submission to the law of necessity, sur vived that invasion and tbe revolution of Cromwell and ih.it which expellod James the Second, counsels the same policy to the South. Another of the Richmond journals harps away through three columns upon the atrocities of this "bill of attainder against nine millions of people," bnt at the end adviseB the responsible people of Virginia to accept the situation and proceed to action In order to save the State from seizure by radicala and negroes. A Petersburg paper, of the rebel type, says "the South will accept the slavery under Sherman's bill. A thousand straws show how the current is settin?. No hazard now In the prediction that ere sixty days have passed a majority of the Southern States will voluntarily hare con formed to the new order of things." The special offence, howerer, wTuch appears to have most deeply wounded the leading organs of Richmond is tbe adrice of submis sion to the law volunteered by an officious cop perhead journal of New York. The Southern response to this advice is that it was not asked and is not wanted ; that from 1861 to 1865, in all that the Southern people saw, "there was as greedy a palm for bounty money among tbe Northern democrats aa among the republicans, while, with a few exception, the protests that came from tbe democratic leaders had the tone rather of a whine for office and power than the heroic ring of men ready to die aooner than be made slaves ?F." Just so ; and yet the South has been tbe willing victim to the false prem ises and delusions of tbe copperhead leaders and organs of the helpless Northern democracy from 1861 to 1867. But what is the prospect among the peoplo of the South T Their case is progressing " as well as could be expected." Their astonished and infuriated leaders of the old pre-Adamite , school are raring that the destruction of their j Institutions is complete, that tbe constitution has become a mockery, that the Union is destroyed forever, that tbey are nnder tbe terrors of an absolute despotism, and all that; but still there is a prevailing undercurrent in favor of submission to Congress, not only from tbe law of necessity, but for reasons of sound policy and common sense. Wall street is im pressed with the fact, in the decline of gold since the passage of this bill. Wall street recognises it as a settlement which, Instead of turning the world upside down, will turn the South right side up. Delicate and shaky as is the machinery of our present financial system, sensitive as it has become to tbe slightest j touch from passing political events, tbe passage of this sweeping reconstruction bill has not shaken it, but has strengthened it. This South ern settlement makes the retention or removal of President Johnson a secondary matter. We presume that he will be given a reasonable margin in reference to the execution of this law and other lawf, and that in seeing them I <4faitbftil!y executed*' he will be no more dis tatrbod. The people of the ten excluded State* are naturally in a state of excitement and per turbation. Two hundred years of the teach ings, distinction?, cartes and prejudices, lawn and usages of African slavery naturally pro duce a violent Southern recoil against negro suffrage, even at this late day. Bnt stern ne cessity will teach a prople bow to remove lnountains and shut out the sea; and the neces sities of the ruling Southern white class are already leading them to this dreaded conces sion of negro suffrage. Why should they hesitate when they can turn it to the greatest advantages for both races, socinlly and indus trially, and in behalf of the political interest* of tbe South in Congress and in the fedcrul ad ministration? It seems only yesterday that onr armies, while fighting for the Union, were instructed to protect rebels in their slave pro perty. We have crossed the Red Sea, the Wilderness and the Jordan, and have entered into the Promised Land since that last trial under the bondage of Egypt President John son as Moses was left behind on Mount Nebo, and " Old Thad Stevens" as Joshua is no

great shakes, bnt he must do until we can get a better. Tbe ten excluded rebel States, unlike the re volting ten tribes of Israel, will not be ulti mately lost, but will be reclaimed. Tbe work of reclamation now begins. It will be carried out, and then we shall have a new Union, a new epoch of national power and prosperity, overshadowing that which passed away with slavery, and a new organization of parties on the bank question, the tariff, taxes, retrench ment and the nesrro vote. This balance of power in the South may be gained for the South, and in order thus to gain it no time should be lost. Cmlrm and the Mold Market. Gold declined yesterday afternoon to 135%, and the indications are that it will go consider ably lower. Tbe Treasury holds forty millions more of coin than it did a year ago, and tbe state of affair* in Europe is favorable to a fur ther large absorption of our bonds. The Bank of England rate of interest baa been reduced to three per cent, and money is a drug, not only there but all over tbe European conti nent. The apprehensions of trouble arising from a difference of v'wwi between the Presi dont and Congress are being dissipated by tbc knowledge thai the PrttUent ia powerless, anu the speculators Id gold for a rise are disap pointed in consequence. So much for tbe prophecies of those who thonght Andy John son's veto of the Reconstruction bill would create a grand hubbub. The tempest was all in a teapot. Chances In tbe British Cabinet. Our cable news for the last three days has been informing us of changes in the Cabinet of Lord Derby. First we are informed of the re signations of tbe two Secretaries for tbe Colonies. Nnxt we are told that the vacant offices had been filled by the Duke of Richmond and Mr. Stephen Cave. Then again we learned by yesterday's despatches that the Chief Secretaryship lor the 6olonies had been declined by tbe Duke of Richmond and had been accepted by the Duke of Buckingham, to whom It had been subsequently tendered. Our tele graphic news in regard to the Cabinet changes, though not contradictory, is up to this moment exceedingly imperfect. We are not told, for ex'mple, that General Peel bad resigned ; yet we learn that the offic* which bet held as Secretary of War has been filled by Sir John Faking ton. The inference warranted is that General Peel has resigned. The First Lordship of the Admiralty, formerly held by Sir John Pakington, has been accepted by Sir S afford Nortbcote, who was formerly President of the Board of Trade. . Mr. Stephen Cave becomes President of the Board of Trade, thus vacating the vice presidency of the same. Who has been appointed Mr. Cave's successor we have yet to learn. The Duke of Buckingham, who has succeeded the Earl of Carnarvon as Colonial Secretary, leaves vacant the Lord Presidency of the Privy Council. His successor in that office does not appear yet to have been appointed. The lion. Mr. Corry, who has become Under Socretary for the Colonies, is tbe only new name which appears on the ministerial roll. It is evident from all this that Lord Derby is sensible of the loss sua tained by the resignation of General Peel, Earl Carnarvon and Mr. Adderly, and that, by a dexterous use of the men at his command, he is resolved to turn them to as much account as possible. Tbe most important point to be noticed in connection with these changes is the bearing which they have on the question of reform. So long as it was not known that General Peel had resigned it was somewhat difficult to comprehend the course adopted by the two Colonial Secretaries. Now, however^ that it is no longer doubtful that General Peel ha* abandoned his friends, the whole difficulty it? solved. Lord Derby has fairly' gone in tor reform. The measure, it has already oojs.;d out, is to be thoroughly liberal in its provision!'. This is too much for General Peel, who, true to the character which has been, with too much justice, ascribed to tbe parvenu, is of all tbe torios the rankest and most unbending. Tbe marvel is that his young friend Lord Cran bourne, tbe Secretary of State for India, who, on more than one occasion, has revealed his sympathy with the General's ultra toryism, has not followed bis example. The Derby government have it yet in their pow|r to win honors in this reform struggle. Those changes prove that they are moving in the ri^ht direc tion. Whether they have gone far enouirh to entitle themselves to the support of the Houso of Commons and to the gratitude of the coun try at largo, tbeir promised Reform bill will soon give proof. How the Opera Might be KerivctU It seems thai we are to have opera again, but under the same fluctuating and poverty stricken conditions as have characterised it for many seasons past. It ig true that it will have the advantages of a new building and enthu siastic stockholders, but these will do but little for It The novelty of the one worn off, the benefit trom it ceases; and we all know how the enthusiasm of the others cool down in the abscnce of dividend*. The nonsense written about the great things that are to be done during the season is so much in the old ?-pn It of puffery that people only laugh at it Half a dnzeu representations wiil serve to demonstrate how utterly inade quate are the elements brought together to sustain the interest of the public in this spas modic effort. Opera is not a thing to be kept afloat by mere promises. Its notes must be current and of such genuineness that neither pultlic nor singers will be inclined to dispute them. The result o. this fresh experiment will have on? good eff-ct, thot of convincing every one of the justice of the opinion to which we gave expression last son son, that opera can never l>e permanently established here under its present auspices. To impart to it vitality it must have a new manager and artists of a very different stamp from those now presented to ue. Eater prise mustchnmcterize the one and a fair share of vocal ability the other. Our public are tired of hearing wornout voices and of assist ing at the failure of d/hulaTito picked np in boarding schools or among the chorus singers. A great metropolitan and music loving com munity like ours will not submit to be treated like the inhabitants of a country village who have never had an opportunity ol cultivating their tastes or correcting their judgment by com parison. VVe hope that the stockholders of the Academy will at last exhibit some appreciation of this fact It is absurd to urge in their behalf that they are doing all they can in the dearth of operatic talent, existing here, ffhey are mainly responsible for the present unsatisfactory state of things. By giving a monopoly of their bnilding they prevent such competition as would tend to remedy it and conduce to the advancement of art. Let them steer dear of "these entangling alliances" and hold the Academy at the disposition of all who have fair claims to public iavor, and they will soon place the opera on such a footing as will cntitlo it to support. Even now there is rea son to believe that Strakosch, who has Adelina Patti in charge, could be induced to bring her over here if an end could be put to this mis chievous system. We need scarcely point to the effect which the retnrn of a singer who has created a sensation in Europe greater than did ever Malibran or Son tag would produce upon onr community. It would rcvivo all* their enthusiasm for the Italian lyrical drama and place tha institution an such a basis that it would be out of the power of any mere speculator to get hold of it and bring H down to his own sordid level. Until this be done we suppose we shall have to endurs tfcs provi sional thins, made ub of discordancy and shreds and patches which its manager chooses to dig nify with the title of opera. - ' ? j Pr,N>pect of a Short Seaaion of CNireu-Hi/ j . ^ Impeachment Question. The Speaker of the House of Representa tives having announced that he would to-day name the Committees on Elections, Mileage and Boles only, it is believed the session or the new Congress will be short Leaving the announce ment of the other committees to a future time indicates this. TTie session will terminate, pro bably, this week. This, however, will depend very much upon what actiou the republican caucus took last night on the impeachment question. Mr. Boutwell, when asked in the House on Tuesday how long it would be be fore a recess, replied that "if they look up the impeachment proposition immediately it would probably be some weeks. It all depended npon that" While some think this language indi cates immediate action on impeachment the general impression is that Congress will leave the matter in the hands of a committee and close the session in the course of a few days. The course that will be taken, probably, will be to leave the whole question in the hands of the new Judiciary Committee, which will be authorized to pursue the in vestigations during the recess. It is thought that Ben Butler will be one of the most active members, and that he will work up the case in a different manner from that in which Mr. Ashley and the old Judiciary Committee managed it Should he be put on the committee it is be lieved he will drop all the improbable charges about the President's complicity with rebel conspirators and assassins and pro ceed on the higher and broader grounds of Executive usurpation of power, of obstructing the will of Congress and the execution of its laws, and of obstinately keeping the country in a state of disorganization, contrary to the voice of the people and tho will of their representatives. The committee left in charge of this matter may ' be authorized and directed by Congress to call a special session if, after full investigation, im peachment should be deemed urgent It is not likely Congress will leave this important busi ness unfinished without providing for earlier action than could be had next December, should such action be necessary. We shall doubtless have more light upon tho subject in the course of a few days, and shall then be able to judge better what will be the fate of the impeachment movement and of Mr. Johnson. Reform In the Merchant Marine?Protection to Unman I.tfe at Hoa. The American people are of such a go-ahead and progressive disposition that, so far as per sonal safety is concerned, they will travel over the same line of railroad or in the same line of steamships upon which a disaster of tbe most frightful character has just occurred without giving tbe casualty hardly a moment's passing .consideration. Suppose a railroad smash up occnrs, attended with th$ loss of a hundred lives?the only question asked by the Araari can traveller is whether the trains will be interrupted or whether the next train will start on time. An ocean steamer founders with hundreds of procious lives, the boilers of a Western steamer explode and scores of human beings are sent into eternity, an emigrant sail ing ship loaded down with a mass of human ity is stranded and all on board perish?yet the impulsive American and many commercial travellers of other nations pay no heed to these calamities, and heedlessly and recklessly take passage npon a class of vessels not a bit more secure from danger than either of those whose sad fate he perhaps has seen chronicled in the morning paper he reads at tbe breakfast table. It is no wonder that foreign life insuranoe com panies demand extra premiums upon the lives of those who intend to travel upon our West ern ws'ors. It is time, therefore, that the government should Initiate some reforms in onr merchant marine calculated to protect thoae who take so little pains to protect themselves, as well as to guard the lives of those, by fhr the greater class, who are compelled to trust themselves on shipboard, upon ocean, lake or river steam ers, as well as upon emigrant sailing ships, and upon longer or shorter voyages. With this view a bill was introduced, among the closing days of the last Congress, to meet and remedy these evils by instituting some radical reforms in relation to the merchant marine of the United States. The bill provides for the estab lishment of a coast marine board, of three mem bers in each collection district on the Atlantic seaboard and on American portions of the Pacific. Also marine boards - at each of the collection districts on the Interior rivers and lakes. The members of these boards shall be competent men, of good character, and shall have practical as well ai theoretical knowledge of shipping and navigation, one of whom, and two of the board established at the city of New York, shall be selected for knowledge, skill and experience in the use of steam navigation, and shall be competent to judge not only of the character of steamers but of all parts of the machinery employed in navl crating by steam. Among the important duties of these boards is the examination of persons who intend to become masters, first or second mates of vessels, first, second, third and fourth engineers, first and second pilots of steamers, and if found competent to furnish them with certificates accordingly. Penalties are pre-* scribed for any steamer leaving any port in the United States unless supplied with her comple ment of engineers and pilots, or for any one to go as master, Ac., without a certificate. In spectors are to be appointed to see that *?itn ble provisions are made to guard against fire, that there is the requisite supply of doable act ing pumps, fireproof steering apparatus, life boats, lite preservers, fire buckets, Ac. The bill requires masters to aolect crews for each lifeboat or raft, and each passenger assigned by due notice to a lifeboat or raft at a desig nated part of the steamer in which he shall seek safety in case of emergency. Boilers must be made of steel or iron stamped by the manufac turers, with severe penalties fer false stamping. The penalties for non-compliance with the pro visions of the bill in ease of loss of Tllte include the trial of the master or owner or owners for manslanghter. The regulations about emigrant sailing ships are stringent and explicit regarding space, cleanli ness, medical attendance, provisions, Ac. Par ticular attention is paid to the prevention of collisions by day and night, the rights of sea men are particularly oonsidered, and the bill altogether enters into a thorough and mnch needed reformation of the merohant marine of the United States. The bill was read twice on the JTifc ulUrno aftd raferroi to the Committee on Commerce. The new Congress cannot do a riser or a better thiug than to give it early and practical consideration, and thus perhaps be tl?e means of saving hundreds of lives during tfie coming summer season, when an uuu?u il tide of emigration will set in for this port, ac companied not only by the customary perils of the ocean, but also with the danger of bring ing to our shores some serious if out wida spread and deadly epidemic. Englnnd ma4 the Enateru Quest tun. The Eastern question does not appear to be come less complicated as time advances. In yesterday's issue we published a telegram an nouncing that " a general rising of the Chris tians was considered immineut." We al?o published an extract from the speech of Lord Stanley, delivered in the House of Commons on the 15th of February, on tbe occasion of the debate on the affairs of the Bast The speech of Lord Stanley, whatever may be tbe opinio* entertained in regard to the policy it advo cates, is a clear and masterly statement of the whole question from the government point of view. Lord Stanley tells us what the govern ment might have done and what tbe govern ment actually have done. In regard to Servia we are informed that adviee was tendered to tbe Porte to the effect that certain concessions should be made, and that the advice waa received in a spirit of conciliation. The Cretan affair was more difficult to deal with. The gov ernment, whatever might be their sympathies with the struggling Christians, felt themselvea bound by the laws of neutrality from any act that might be interpreted as armed interference by the other European Powers. In Lord Stan ley's opinion there were three possible courses open to government. One was " to carry out the principle of non-intervention in tbe strictest and most literal sense." As there bad been intervention in the shape of advice that point was dismissed. Another course was " to advise the cession of the island to Greece." It is manifest, from the lang uage employed by his lordship, that he considers it a question open to some doubt whether the Cretans would bo actually benefited by the transfer. Not that he is opposed to the union of the Greek races, but because "it was impossible to say that tbe present state of Greeoe was satisfactory." His chief objections to tbis course are?first, thai the interests of the Mussulman population in Crete, numbering some seventy thousand, had to be consulted; and secondly, that it would establish a precedent which was certain to be urged- in future difficulties and could not fail to lead to 'the further dismemberment of die Turkish empire." There wasa third course? they could tender friendly advice. That they had done, not, perhaps, precisely in the terms nor in the way some could have wished it done, but to tbe best of their ability, in cir cumstanoes of very peculiar difficulty. They had reminded tbe Porte of the treaty rights of 1856, which placed the Christian population in a position of perfect equality with the Mussul man. They had not, however, advised the cession of Crete to Greece. Such in substanoe is Lord Stanley's speech. It shows the attitude of the English government at that date. Weeks, however, have since elapsed, and it is not im probable that tbe policy of government is now greatly modified. Russia has sinoe ad vised the Porte to cede the island of Crete te Greece. Whether England has seen lit to con cur in that advice we have yet to learn. It is significant that Lord Stanley does not indicate what are the views of the other Powers in re gard to this vexed question. Turkey, it is manifest to all the world, is in a pitifully help less condition. The European Powers oannot do better than leave her alone. The Christians are numerous enough and powerful enough te lead their own cause to ultimate victory. All things indicate that we are on the eve of n great struggle. ? The New PnI Office Site?The Pre?ne< Broadwnr Bl*rk?de. The crowded condition of Broadway from the As tor House to the Battery at the present time surpass** anything that has previously been experienced in this city. In the busiest It oars of the day vehicle* of all descriptions are blocked in and unable to move further than two or three blocks in half an hour, and the most venturesome pedestrian is compelled to wait irom ten to fifteen minutes before be can effect a crossing. Business suffers materially by this interruption and delay, and cries loudly for relief. Home time ago it was proposed by many people interested in affording greater facilities for travel in the lower part of the city to opea Ann street to the East river, so as to create ? sccond great channel through which the con stent stream of vehicles might flow after leav ing the broad space opposite the Park. This would have afforded a great relief and would have been a valuable boon to the trade and commerce of the city, until further improve ments?such as the opening of Fifth avenue to the Battery?could have been secured. The singular and narrow-minded opposition of Mayor Hoffman postponed this necessary work nnd left the lower part of the city in its present deplorable condition. Not contented with setting himself up as an obstacle in the way of a desirable public improvement,Mayor Hoffman has since procured the location of the new Post Office at the south end of the Park?an under taking which, if suffered to be carried into effect, would render Broadway, from Abb street down, actually impassable for hours during the busiest and most valuable time of the day. The mail wagons and carts, which are rapidly driven and claim the right of way, would dash up and down and accumulate around the bu Ming and blockade the street as effectually ns if a stone wall were built up hrom the Park to the As tor House. All travel would be virtually suspended and our business men down town would suffer for worse than at the present time. This outrage sbeuld He prevented. A publio meeting should be held to protest agair#t it. Whatever ulterior job* may be dependent upon this principal one, it should not be suffered to be carried into effect. Independent of all other considerations, the serious injnry that would be inlicted upon the trade of tbo city should alon* be sufficient to ensure iU deleft. No person wants the Post Office located In the City Ilall Park. Every person who has any real interest in the matter or studies the con* venietice of the pnblic protests against it The city would lose by it, as the valuable piece of property proposed to be taken for the site Is to be sacrificed fbr one-sixth of its i appraised value. It has not a single featui*