Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1867 Page 4
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mm k n Tbc Dei by-Bisraeli Concessions to the Eritisli Reformers and Exciting Scenes iii Parliament. Napoleon's Triumph Over the French Legislative Opposition. Defeats of tie Turks in the East and the citation Extending. GARIBALDI'S DIPLOMACY IN ITALY. Ac. A a. Ac. The French Transatlantic Company's mall steamship Ville da rani, Captain Surmount, which left Havre on Thursday, t'.ie 2Sth of February, and Brest on Saturday, the 2d of March, arrived at thin port at an early hoar yesterday morning, after a One run over the Atlantlo. By the arrival of the Vtlle de Paris we received interest tig details or our cable despatches to her day of sailing, her newspaper flies and mall advices from the Continent bolus as late as the reports now on board the Cuuant steamship A'rira from Queenstown, at Halifax, and which may this city from Boston Friday. Her advices havo boen fully anticipated by the Ville de Parle. The steamship Africa, from Liverpool March 2, ar rived at Halifax at four o'clock yesterday afternoon, with fourteen passengers for Boston, for which city i: was to sail lost night. The French bill on military reorgan'ru!'? . ? ' tixh General AHard has finished the report . tu ho pre seiuod to the Legislative chamber ' S. It is B'uted toat the Presi.* 'ae Legislative body of France received a (!?? u ,,.;orpo!latlon on foreign affairs, M. Thiers ' ? .uing to support it. A despatch " . ..'rouce of the 1st of March says:? The 0 " < . Us orders the formation of u perma nent ' .tie-n lleet. Tlio Jlalie adds that It will be eo:".i* . by Admiral Iilbolti, and will procced to the ^ ? d'jcmt the X5th instant for the protection of Ital I;. ; oubjects. The Banking GazetteJoT Berlin, of March 1, states from Vienna that the intervention of Austria in the question Of Northern Scbleswlg has boon spoken of. Prussia is ?aid to be unwilling to permit a foreign Power to insist on a stipulation of the treaty of Prague, declaring that ? third party could deduce no right from an Austro* Prussian treaty. Iu consequence of this, attempts have been mai'e to Induce Austria to move directly in the affair. Telegiaphto advices from Postb, of the flrrt of Jlarcb, report The President of the Ilunnarian Council, Count An drasev, j-tsiordnv presented the Ministers to the two Chambers, and laid before that of the Deputies somo bills rela'ive to the collection of taxes, the levying of forty-eight thousand recruits, on municipalities, und the press Advices Irom Xante? anncunco that tho banking bouse of MM. Covin & Co. has stepped payment. The liabil ities are set down at 5,107,000 francs, balanced by assets to tho same amount represented by kills and the debits In current accounts, the r :U value of which will have to be ascertained. The French camp at Chalons will be commanded this year by Marshal Forey. The death of M. Brascasset, of the Academy of the Beaux-Arts, Paris, Is announced. He excelled as a painter of land cap:s and animals. Notwithstanding the coniradlc.lon given by the Ga mut of Ko\them Germany, the semi-official organ of Count Bismarck, to tho assertions of tho Avtnir X at until respecting tho demands of Prussia on Holland, tho tatter Journal persists in maintaining what it affirmed. It even avers that Prussia is showing Lcrself more and mor? ex acting, and that, after havitg at tlrst only claimed the light of garrison at Macstricht and Vanloo, she will go on to demand a portion of the Dutch territory itself. At an election in Cologne for a deputy to the Parlia ment of Northern Germany lor that city, M. Tbiasen, a Catholic priest of Frankfort on-tbo-Maine, has been re tained, bavins obtained 8,3*0 votes to O.lfft polled for bis opponent, M. Ludolpbe Camphausen. candidate of the old Prussian liberal party. The new Prussian Crcu OascUcontradicting certain jrimori current at Berlin, says:?The relations of Prussia towards (he Sooth German states are every day becoming more frlondly. The British navy estimates laid belore Parliament pre sent an aggregate demand of nearly ?11,000,000 for the scrvtoe of the year, the amount being some ?000,COO la excess of the sum requirod for 1S06. La Franct says:? The current rumor that the United States Minister at Constantinople has proposed to the other members of the diplomatic body in that city that representations Should be made to the Porte on the subjcct of Crete, is without foundation. The commissioners charged with discussing the pre liminaries of tin proposed Austro-Itallan treaty of com merce and navigation held their first conference. The Governor of the Western provinces of Kus?ia has Iwned a circular, In ?h ch he denies tho rumor that the Imperial decree ordering the sale of the property conQs catod from the Poles had been roToked, adding that this property will be disposed of by public auction at the ex piration of the term already fixed?the 10th of Deoem ber next A telegram from Bucharest says:? The current rumors of the discovery of a conspiracy In the Daaubtan Principalities, aud of various arreais hav ing been effected, are officially d dared to be uufounded. REFORM IN EN9LAND. OUR LOMOW CORRESPONDENCE. Tk? Dcrby-Disradl mil nnd Tory Conces ?iau la Parliament. Lo*ik>?, Keb. 27, 18?7. The reform qnc&tlon in Parliament has &.sumed soother new phaesi Mr. Disraeli, the most accomplish ed of political strategists, baa withdrawn the vague and abstract re ao lotion a which have occasioned* so much dleou <sion, and baa agreed to bring in a bill some time Beit week. More than this, be bM succecJed In en trapping the opposition into a constrictive pledge that the second rending of tbe bin shall not be opposed. Thus he hat not only gamrd another week or two of valuablo time, bat ho has completely outflanked the opposition? who held a mooting yeeierday and resolved to oppose the resolutions which Mr. Dixraeli has just dexterously abandoned. Tho steps wb'ch hare led op to tbi* now position of aflklrs are very Interesting. TirS (TO KFVATIVB rABTV. Ton have already been advised of the call for a meet ing of Lord Derby's supporters last Mocuay afternoon. The a*4emblsge was a very targe one, and to everybody's eurprtjeIt nas also very uuammoas. The toriee, wtih nil their dialike to reform, felt that the crisis was Im portant and that their only hope waa to follow tbelr leader*. Lord Derby mud* a speech In which he an nounced that It was the Intention cf tbe government to offtr a reduced and extended franchise, cut I mated to ad mit 400,000 m'.te Englishmen to the polls. He added that this was to be his last effort to settle the reform qncstion, and thai if this failed he would never accept nfflce again. If tho idea of 400,0JO new voters startled the torles, so did ibis per onil I'.ecKratlon of L>. rd Derbjr, Mtd the result was tUat ih<> noble trader of the conserve* Uvea received the most hearty asnrancos ?t support With thle understanding t'.ie mee'.ing broke up to r; aeeemble upon the ministerial betchee the mm ?renin* ma noi a or oo**o*s. ? Tbe excitement In and around Westminster TV.aee on Honday waa most intense. Outside several burn'red yxtroons waited to Me and cheer the members ot Parlia jnent ee they drove up. Inaido the hall crowds of peoplo %ere gathered in the hope of being admitted to ifce ?'.rangers' gallery. Tho House of Lords waa compare tlvsly deserted. Again, aa ttpon the occasion or Mr dDlanell'a opening of the reform debate, the Hours of Commons was filled with a moat distinguished audlenc*. ^galn the Prince of Walee, tbe Dnke of Edinburgh and )be Dnke of Cambridge were present. Again the floor of fre Houae wan an okwely packed with members that Kme were obliged to alt upon the stepe or stand agaiust e walla. The opposition benohea were especially fall. PHiere was very little cheering as the leeders of the two ?srtt?s entered. Aa before, the eutloslt^ of assets o?srcame any considerations of j winal Fntereai, The i mid'ot.ce fM rao~t brilliant and the speakers were wojttiy of the aud onca 0i r* II, Lo*e, Bright nuO four lea Hag Pmrlif llary craters of En, land?followed ea h other in splendid sue ussion daring the reform debute. WfJ CHANCELLOR OF THE HXTIWjrKR. Mr. Pl-raeli never aj prarod more at bis ease, more cool, rao.e collected. I nr.ioiclfully abused during the past fortnight, and facing a House tint he felt was most tinfilenuly 10 schemes, be was as self-posse s d as Napoleon and as Jaunty aa Palmerston. When he rose to reply to a question of Mr. Nowdegate, in rega'.l to the presence of a Cardinal at the Dublin Lord Mayor's din ner, tlie House cheered him out cf sheer sympnthy. Quietly, and with all his old satirical skill, be dissected poor IJewdegate amid the laughter and -applause of all parties, and when bo sat down tlioro ws3 a general whis per of admiration. Again rising, Mr. Disraeli began to explain the application of the reform resolutions. His whole monuer had changed. No longer inflatedly solemn, as he waa daring his first reform speech; no longer keenly satirical, as he was during bis Oaring of Mr. Ne*de;ate, bo simply staled the intentions bf the government, in the tone and manner or a mm of busi ness. There were no fi 'urea of rhctone, no appeals to party spliit, no leering for applause. In nn hour he had stated every dvtail of the proposed scheme of the government so frmkly, so clearly and so explicitly as to totally confound those critics who bad been denouncing him as trie', v. Yet it was Imnosslble not to see thatovon this frankness was strategical. He had risen to explain the resolution", but lie t;aid little about them. He was giving the details of a bill that was not yet drawn?that was not yet beforo the House The members listened to him with a coldness that would have dUC'iuragod a less experienced speaker. At the close of ovry one of hi3 statements be was comp' 1!?3 to pause for several moment*', as the member.; turned away fro-n him and discussed what be had rr.i: among themselves. Recalled to attention by t'c > ? p. Acer's cry of ?-Order 1 or.ter I" the members ?? ..ill face about again, and Mr. Di?meh would re ne. The punishments which be promised to Inflict t o corrupt constituencies were cordially cheered, >??* M-ept this there was not a single hearty bi rst i f , t .. ise from either .-lrie of the Hou'e during tl . poech. Without faltering for au liiFtan'. a'1: i this chilling retention was most novel to ' . ?isl;( he concluded his tatk and calmly rsum'' ..-a at. an "nrn?KWNT vembkb." Q ? I: a-< a G.ish, before tlio tones of Mr. Disraeli's ? o.ce had died away, Mr Robart Lowe sprang to his feet and dathed in'o a speech that electrified the House. Mr. Lowe Is a plain, c'derly gentleman, with silvery white hair, the albino oyes and complexion and a clear voice that makes bis very rapid enunciation perfectly distinct. Ills voice is full of electricity, his manner is nervously cloe'rie, and to speaks in op grams that dnz z!e like forked lightning and aio almost as deadly. There can be no question that his speeches killed Gladstone's bill at the !act Parliament, and you may Imaulne, then, the sensations with which the tories beheld thin power ful Shiver dtish at the threat nf Disrieh witu the vim and force of an oratorical bulldog. Tho whole House cheered him on, and he worried and shook IMsraoH's speeches and resolutions until they were evidently life lots. It was Impossible cot to pity the Chancellor of the Exchequer, roasted liko a martyr at tho stake; but it was equally impossible not to admire the skill with which Mr. Lowe turned and basted his victim. The House, so apathetic before, now listened eagerly for every word, and applauded every stroke of wit and sarcasm. There was a swing, a dash, an flan about Blr. Lowe's oratory that carried everything and everybody along with it. One felt that the entertainment was most cruel, and yet most exciting. It was like seeing ft poor fellow kno ted, or a Sepoy blown to pieces, or a battery stormed by fierce, agile Zouaves. There vas to "lot up" to the infliction! At one moment Mr. Lowe riddled the resolutions, showing that they had no more appll catlnn to tho practical business in hand than Squire Thornhlli's favorite preliminaries "that the whole is greater than a part, whatever Is If, and tho tbrce antics of o triangle are greater than n r'riht angle." The next moment ho demonstrated that the government l.nd 110 plan; tint thoir bill wa? I k a balloon in tho air, that it only existed in r>ic :o. Then he ridiculed tho declaration that tho reform question must no longer decide the fats of the ministry, asking why tho terle3 should be al lowed to ??scape responsibility, by what right they tried to bind the Honso to keep the peace towards them, nnd w ho had set th" brand of Cain upon them that uo man should V ill them. Tho cheering, now perfectly over whelming, did not slacken when Mr. Love, with eq'ial vigor, rr.tlrl7cd tlje radicals and the reform demonstra tion', nr.d liearty spplatiro greeted his avowal that he had become converted to tho principle of a moderate re form bill, although he still feared the dangers of mob law and the tyranny of tno majority. Rumor says that Mr. IjO'\% is to bo rewart'ed for tbl? speech by an office when tho liberals again obtain power. Tbe rumor Is doubtful, but tbe reward Is deserved. Unquestionably Mr. Lowe';. Breech killed the Disraeli resolutions. jo:!> lUcuiUT "? To everybody's a'tort hmcnt Mr. John Bright rose to follow Mr. Lowe, and bt;;?an I it cor: i>!iiHotiiine him and bkiccIdk with hira." Brl?lit'? 11 porilf (.entlenian, some what ro.?etnbllT>g J->hn Gilbert, tho well known come dian, in personal awearaixc. He wan laboring ut-.dor a sevwre cold, and spoke with great dlttlculty, but with iroat enenry. The open ing portion of lm speech wm merely a repeti tion of Mr. Lowe's ideas, and often of his words: but when ho had sw :ng himself (wear of this remarkable agreement he rapidly developed another lino of attack. It is not to doscribo the sensation catisod by the coin idenco !n Views between Bright and Lowe. unless you car. Imagine Tbad Stevens una Val!?ndlj:bam rising lo sustain each othor. Although excelleully received. Mr. Bripht's speech was not bv aoy means so effective as that of Jlr. Lowe. Bright is a cannon that overshoots the mark; Lowe is a needle-gun that bits the mark plnmply. Bright tries to buliy the House, Instead of trying to load It; he abases hit opponents when he only wishes to satirize them. Ho has a humor that is not less telling than Mr. Lowe's wit: bit it Is not so fatal. There were roars of Istnthter when he ridiculed the toriee for turning rernrmers, quoting their own speeches against them, and ?< king oat particular member* for personal allusions; nt still everybody frit that this line or argument bore as hanlly against Mr. Bright as against tho torirs. for If they have changod planes so lias iie. It is not half so ah'urd to see lories supporting reform as to see Mr. Bright opposing an extonslon of tho suffrage. Bosldos this, Mr. Bright teems to have no real influence in Par l ament. Members are alwars glad to listen to him, for he is a most accomplish) d orator; but they pay no prac tical attention to his views. He occupies the same rank In Parliament that Wendo'.l Phillips does n American politics? the rank of a brililant, able, eloquent, Itrprac tic ib'e man. ot the House Mr. Bright finds his real sphere. and be s-ems always to bo speaking to an O' teul ? nudienre?to buncombe, aa they say at Washing ton. His speech showed that he hated the torlei, and wanted Gladstone back iuto office; whereas It should have shown, in order to Keep step with his principles, tl at be was anxioim for relorm, no matter by what parly bestowed, and was ready to nccept anything that would benefit the people. R?X(>RM AS A VTTAt QtTtSTIOX And apropos to these remarks concerning Bright, It Is only fair to say that the tones have logically lh<t advan tage of tlietr opponents In the pending discus.- ion. The radicals and llboruls liavo insisted that reform l.i a neces sltr. and tho tmios now acknowledge this necessity. All parties bi-inv thus agteed, and oven Mr. Towe and tho Adullsmites having been converted since the opening of Parliament. Mr. i>lsraell asks that the reform question stall be tpken out of tho mire of partisanship and treated as an exceptional, a phenomenal a'Vair. He says that, alacc such a universal agreement is phenomenal, ana sloe-, the dangers of delay are also phenomenal, there can be no danger of establishing an ovll precedent by allow ing tho g! vorntnen' to consult with the whole House In fr.miiiiif a Reform bill. It is no reply to this to rldiculo Mr. lMsraeiL Mr. I/?we may compare hlni to Cain, and Mr. Ur ght may compare him to a dry goods clerk, ask ing his customer*, "What do yon please to wantf bat, seriously, Mr. Disraeli has simple accepted th-< radicals and llborals upon their own terms. If the country be in so great danger from the reform quaHlon as Mr. Bright asserts, then there onght to be no party question about it. All hands should set to work to ?avo tho sinking ship, Instesd of (topping to quarrel about whose watch it ts on deck. It Is easy to . ay sharp aud cutting things about the, and equally easy to reply to them; hut tbs vital burin ops is to save the country, wlilch, aocot .lla: to Mr. Bright Is In p Til. Disraeli has proceeded timidly. He has been, In fai t, cowardly. But la It right to to rash wben one tnls ake may revolutionize Kng'and, as Mr. Bright has o'leu d'Claiedf Proceeding by resolutions; presenting abstract resolutions that commit the government to nulling: describing tb.-details of a Mil not yet drawn, ami i.naily abandoning the resolutions altogether. Cer tainly that is not parlimentary, not manly, not Id ao> eordaaee with British precedents. Mr. Disraeli know* this a well ns blscrlt'cs; but be Is feeling bis way, like a man In the dark, cnrefuily and anxiously, tow a d t some conclusion that the House and the oonn'ry will accept. His resolutions are ahtin doi.eii, but they have taught him what errors to av->l<t -such as plurality of votes, for example. His bill has iKon debated before It Is drawn up; but this debate has given hiui some light upon the provisions of an to ceptaMe bill. Mr. Bright says that nil this caution Is simply for the purpose of keeping In office; but Mr. I) Israeli fays that u is for the purpose of saving Rngland from Mr. Blight's revolution; ana we are bound to hear both sides. The onlv statesman who doee seem to take an unprejudiced. Iislnterested view of the sufcflect Is Oiad'tono. He appears more mxloos for reform than for office, and to him, more than to any other living mm. will the passive of a \-form bill be due, tf any su< li bill he passed this session. uiumnroii cw*n? tfs Dmra r.?temine to the House of Commons on Mondav, we mnv Imagine that during 'he foregoing episode Messrs. WaipoVs and Lalng have delivered tbelr speeches and driv en nalt the audience away, and now Mr. Gladstone ris -e lo cl"--e the liberal side of the debate. He Is in excellent h tuner, snJ ever" now and then his smile brightens Into s laugh as some happv recollection touches his fanny. H.s vo ce Is as so.t, aasaeet and as distinct as n silver bell, 3'.<l every other sound la hushed to listen to its mel ody. What he sar* is worthy o< the consummate graccs of "his crstory. While shrewdly reviewing the govern ment plan and pointing out Its errors and It* weak. t.esree, he boidly avows that he will not be found fkc I.0:11 iv opposing the government upon this subject, but is rea-iy to reuaer every assistance towards the cotnpl'. tion of a reform bill that will aatlafy tho country. If Me(?r*. I.owe and Bright hoped io Involve Gladstone la their ramraigir against the lories they were entirely mistaken. From tlr?t to last-he studiously avoids any. thing irritat'ng or set ere, and deliver* his criticisms m th# style of a friend offering advice Any country might be proud of such an orator; but t>w countries l ave blMted w|th fO sincere a stutf ican Mr. ?la-i?tf,ne t^eliv believes In the urgency or ti,? r.-cepsitT lor re.orm, and he sacrifices lo this ho nor all th" mo?l?es wl, ch usually rule politicians. The 8JH r'tU'.l'y lo reiruin office and t^ revenge himself upon Mm 10 *00 deflated his reform Mil: the chance to pass a roiorm b.11 next year and carry sway all tho ilory? these he deliberately forogoM. Ho will keep hie own party out of power , he will allow th? t?roa lo 1 tain the ofijcee; Uo will reeist the Umptatlon k? make great tfctohse-^U for Uie sake of baetealaa reior.SL ltsivsa one a better op!n on of human ty to behold one rock ?Ukextnca. au<l a belter opinion of At world to fl;id a whole purty uw.dly his ganltw and the pnntfti bis motives iiiio an luiplic'.t reliroee upon b ? leacsrsinu oveu tuottgu he & met them away from the l>?ve" and fUlios of office. Foom of llio papers asr<?rt thai Gla'l stoae and Disraeli t.avo bad a j rivate consulialiou in rernrdlotho reform hi'!, and mere may lie bo - i truth in the rumor. At any r;ite you may rest as"ur?'l thai if tho f Tarn moot will bring in a fa.r bill they Mill have uo boiler frond to its p.u?sage than Mr. CiiistoDe, the leader of tho u|>j>o^it ion. ths ruuaaiT stati of affair*. Put ?!thr>ugU it would t>e a fine thing for Pr^lar-d if all paril a In 'he Hou-e could unite to pa?s a reform bill, wltu Derby and Uuaaell, lh neli und Gladstone sharing tho labor an I th> honor, tb're are curiam parties out ei<Io the House who nr. not at all pleased will) the pros pet before than. Mr. Gladstone la tbo leader of the liberals, but tho radicals have not yet accepted him wholly, and it must l>e ivmembero't lhat the radicals are the fellows who have raided all this agitation a*'out re form. They look upon themselves aa duped by Disraeli, and not sulilciently championed by Gladstone, and they are commencing lo murmur. A mo.ith have elapsed since tho opening 01 Parliament before the government can bring in anv bill. So far nothing has been done. Resolutions have bMI presented only to be withdrawn; a hill has been talked about, but not laid before the House; aud now the subject ha* been again postponed, with Mr. Gladstone's cou?cnt. The radicals ascribe this delay both lo Disraeli's shrewd manoourrcs and lo Glad stone's "ovorsttallied courtesy," and ihey are deter mined to do something to hurry ma'ters al< ag. At llipir meetings yesterday it was anaugod to call anoth'-r popu lar maf.s meeting for Saturday next, and lo hold another popular demonstration at Easter, such gentlemen as fir. Beales. M. A., and Mr. Ernest Jones, do not like to have all tne fine made in 1'arlianient; they want to talk, also, and to see their eloquence lo tho pipers. This Is the thing that may upset all the schemes 01* mombers of Parliament, for tho people will clamor for manhood suffrage, and no member of Congress has Set been bold enough to advocate that on the lioor of the O'iBO. Evon Mr. Dright dares not face that music except at public meetings. Now the dilemma which has been pointed out in previous letter.] a ain recurs. Sup po c Parliament does pa&s a lair reform bill, will that satisfy tho people? Not at all. The men who walk in pr.'ce--*ions and attend mass meetlcgs and cheer and shout cann"t be satisllod by lowering the property quali fication. They want that quahlValion abolished alto gether. If a ?6 franchise be adopted they will hold meetings, and wall: in processiona, and checrand Ehout just tbo Fame, lutell gent Englishmen turn up their uosc3 at these working people und cay, "These are not tho fellows we def ire to please by a reform bill;" but the fact is that these fellows arc the only men who demand reform for its own sake and not as a parly measure. The poor men, the laborers, are the people who have been agitating ihe question, and any settlement which does not reach them will not stop tho agitation; and yet Eiij/lisliuien of all parlies bay that a radical settlement which will reach these agitators is an impossibility. Here, then, is tho dilemma, and Heaven only knows how it will bo escaped. Tbo claascs lo be all'ected by lowering tho franchise do not care for tbo suffrage, have never made any organized effort to obtaiu the suffrage, and many ot them would only sell their sulfrago if they ha l votes. The working classes are anxious for the 8' ITrage, have been demanding It for years, an ! are moro determined now than evor before. Disraeli and Glad stone may arrange matters in the Bouse among tho politicians; but who wilt arrange mattery outside the House among tbo earnest masses of tbe people ? FRANCE. OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENCE. The Discussions In ilic Corp* JLerfMntlf Claim* of Julrs Favro au<l (hn Kcpuhli. onna-Was!iIn?ton'.<s Blrrlidny CVIcbrution n in..'?' nt The (irunri Exhibition ?The Uovlncd Constitutional Press Ac. T,,, Paris, March 1, 1837. ir tho government is alwavs iuclluod (o glvo iuch full lafitudo to the "right of Interpellatim" as it has granted tho dl8c??sion whL-h has just clos.-d in tho Corps l.i'u'L-Iutif upon the suppression of the address, it mi-ht ns jsll have permitted tho discussion of the address Nover In the palmiest days of that institution has the government and its policy been so terribly rated and such freedom of discussion omployed as has been during this stormy debate by some of tho opposition members Jules Favre in particniar (whom the govJWment would like to ? suppreM" along with the addresOf it ccnMd- ! ?red it good policy), was tmPec!?,ly tcmKb^t, d-nuncia. tory, and as some of the government members asserted almost "treasonable. ?' He claimed the dlscu. sion of the address, not as a favor granted from tbe throne, but as an inallenaNe right of Frenchmen, and int,mated that as In some oUier eases in the hlnory of France when tbe ?ororoign had attempted to remove any of the people's prerogatives they had "known bow to guard them." As to the reoom promised stated very plainly his opinion that tbey wore dictated from a "sonso of necessity." Tho fact Uithat the opposition, led by this powem.1 orator, is becoming exceedingly dedant They know very woll that the Emperor will carefully limit tho ex inA" n,f?ri?" 10 * P?lDl ,;annot n his Judgment endanger tbe safety of his throne. Kow' th" ? what Jules Favrc Jelleua and some others of the most able and powerful leaders of tbe opposition doslr* They arc republicans, and they hope to conduct the sentiment forh^?C.? ? * P?!nt, where taking advantage of some fortuitous clreumstanoe, It will restore France to tbe polltl at condition she was In before the coup d'etat This may be wise and It inay not, bat it is the fact All the real -'reforms- that the Emperor makes, instead of render ng this class of politicians more contented, makes them less so, for these are so many more sops to the great popular Cerberus to keep him quiet, and they de sire that he shall be kept constantly " stirred up." This may to factious, but it Is true. These men demand all z&j&figLSstss s 'iaafviaas less, and they hope at tbe general elections of isctf to dln.n, Lm of "hftween^aid ? Dlx. simply, but in great taste in r-lnk tuila. ssw^&asaSFSS E & pol'l'i'ca 1?"ym^pathl?SThave,'dSriSJ*u^' Sausssa,''u suw 5?s lh8 forelini legalieas were represented etth.r in^ino?Rr?'?" T ,h',r n-ISy'S rtcijjn^ao?' nelrly^ili ^^ton^h^A^rlcnn*?" publics were present In p'rson whl?r?SM,? One notable fact la this celebration was the Ki^^SSSSSa LTm 0f. ^hleh afewv^.tJS s&rs sot*"""- ?? gSJSi 73T?rJ^* D?" ?? Tti? list grand hull of tho mmthi at tho TnlUriM #. w 5S?^s.hl *for# on Americans wero presentadRev Jar am-?.1 Colonel A. U. btelnberger, Mrs. Reinher.., Si-Ab^' sis 2 ??)?? HmrliwI: morassi The Emperor convened with Mr Abbot and .1? *a International I^atU at C?,"?bl,u?" ?TW for CS?2uf.,S5i^ HaaSeffisSs^SH chiiiery department will w??V?2j.'fa Month. The ma plrte at that time, and the AimmS wtton'Jf^w'nri learn, be part^nlarly behindhand P?rllon ?? u I teseHS?"sasrjs! !!!u?2'.gW C''i1.'1* found tn and wMhia anyreMon It Is Tm ^.n ' Ml; 10 'he vast army. the Co ncii ofH^S. f il? 7 averred that a meet Ins of 7,^' ; ,^ . "W "ih8 the project In ends .Tre?n n. ,1# I""** "hlob the government #Va anSj^Srufalt i ,?n* ^WaUf, was decided ?aranc* uxjon tbe unseat reetrloUve systesa. Its prla cipal jK lntti ar? paid to be as follows:?SoppreeKK n of ! the j>ro\ lous amhoi satlou e< x required .or the eatab li*hmeot o. t j ureal; maintenance of the present rate )( 'XiUtion money" to be '.ep^st ed, and if flfiy themaad irancs; ibo ttoinp uKi reduce J from aix 10 .'our cent:u; ? f .r ntv Journals, and from three to tro for those of tbe departments; i ll eharx"# agsinst the I r ?si to be referred to the correctional tribunals, which may stipend or entirely suppress a jonrn.U after two con c-r deinna'ions within two yoara. linpr son meat In olTVnc '8 of the pies* la entirely suppressed. The same project also accords liberty to printers and books llera to cs'abllrli themselves without tha tpocial license now re quired of them for tbu: purpose. I have reason to l>ele\e that these statements ara true, : n 1 that ilih tea'ly Hound ohauge will do much to wards conciliating to tho government the larger portion of the press Itself. The hall at the Tullcrle?, evening of February 2%, was unusually brill ant, about four thousand persons being prescu'. Ti.e Empress was auirod is white satin, trimmed with ro.s??, the loaves sparkling with brilliants. The Prioeeae Cotilde wore a robe of white muslm. Among ' the guests were Queeu Christina, Prince Mus faplia Pasha, brother of the Viceroy of, the ani hasaadnra of Russia, Prussia, Spain, Italy and Turkey, the m;ui"ters of Denmark, liav&rU and 1'ortUiral. and all the threat political, financial and arilsttc notabilities of the capital. There were also pre?out sovoral representa tives of the pros from th > rural departments or Franca. THE FRtNCH lEOISUTUitE. Debate aa the Ha^preaslsn of the Addre**? The Rlclit of Interpol Mil Ion av Understood In the Chambers?Opinion# of tlio Press on the Attitude ot Jnlm Fnrre and tbe Opponl tlon?A Government Triumph. [From Galignanl's ltesson?rer, Feb. 28.] The first day's disouaslon on the Interpellation relative to the suppression of trio address 1a remarked oa by tbe Paris journals In the most contrary manner, some?thoie supporting the government?Insisting that nothing could have b"en wiser than to reno'ince the practice, while toe opposition orpins maintain that the countrv loses a vast amount of political enlightenment by the absence of tbo observations which wera made each y^ar at the com mancement or the session. Bo'h portions of the Paris press a-ree on one point?la referring particularly to M. Jules Favre's apecch as the great Incident of the sitting. [From the Purls Constitntlonol, Feb 2* ] M. Jules Favre, In his i-graMtude and Injustice to wards tbe reforms of the 19tli of January, had pretended that thev were a retrograde s'op. and that the suppres sion of th" address was a proof that the discussion and control of the rhambora were feared. What I The rov er:im:nt drends Inqn'ry and restra nt at the moment In it In re-establishing tho tribune. in which it Is abnllshinsr the preliminary authorization for the Jour nals, and is preparing a bill on the rtttht of meeting. It fear' liberty at the moment In which It ia makln? con co-slons on all sides! The accusation was a strange one. M. Jul'-s F.'vre wished to reply, and was at first forced to adtnit that the Emperor Is the real representation of the sovereignty. lie then took refuge in tn-ve fubtl tfa; hut he had no doubt erper.ded on the previous day the greater part of his spirit and enorgy, ar.d lfls reply was only a second and much weakened edition of his first spooch. [ From the Paris Doha's, Fob. 29 ]

In readlna the report of th:s sitting one might bo led to bel'ove that the Chamber 13 la not yet clearly d'elded a.c to the r'les whlob should be applied t-> the exercise of this riiiht; for hardly had M Lanluinals spoken his firs' words when h? found himself interrupted and re called to the question by the l'r^idont. The speaker, In commencing an exnmlrn'lon of the mo'l'flco'ions made In the decree of November 24, lat50, had thought he might call in question the Seuattu C'nmltum of July It, 1500. which modified in a percpdhle manner the' prerogatives of the legislative body, and notably those resulting frcm the right of nd'r.^s. Bowing to tlio ob-orvations of tlio President, M. iAnJninai? laid aside that preliminary discussion In order to conllne l:imjelf absolutely to the limits set d '^rn by himself end those of lils coileasruos who p esentcd the deman i of Interpellation. The point which the speaker wished to 4Iocs* oridcullv camu, we think, within the limits of that privilege. P.nt li seems to result from this prece dent. that, the right of addressing an interpellaii >n to the government on a spec'al and well defined subject expires at the precise limits of the tcr-na in wlrcb the question Is put. If Ibis were the case the new privilege, already embarrassed by so miny obs'aclcs before it can be used at all, and so "narrowly circumscribed when oxercised, wtild be wrll nig\ impracticable or denuded of all eili cacy. [From the Paris Patrie, Feb. 211 Was the concession of tbo address In 1^30 the restitu tion of arighi? No: the addre-s is not a right; It Is a form of the relations which the aovernment thought ne cessary to establish?or to re-os:ablish, If tho word j? preferred?between itself and tbo rreat bodi03 of the State. Tliat form having been condemned by s'x years' experience, the Emperor changes It bv virtue of the power given to him by the docreo of 1852: but, if he modifies the form he doos not alter the principle; that ia to sav, he In no way diminish tho aotion of tbo legislative power controlling the acts of tho executive. Quite the reverso; lie enlarges and gives precision to that ac lon; l.e gives (0 those who exercise it the means, not only of controlling bis acts and aasociat Ing thnmsnlves with them, but of doing all that at the proper time aad with a full '.:nowle<V;o of the subjcct. It was assuredly the legitimate suco?ss obtained by II. Vcltry and the obllvlou into which tbo cmoplslnts of M. Lanjuinals ar.d the reasonings or M. Msito feil, one after tbe other, that called M. Jule* Farro to the tribune. For a moment we feared that crics for an adjournment would have deprived its of his speech, by which the tactics of the oppo.-ltlou were chin -ed. Fortnnatcly M. Jules Favrawas enabled to apeak and gltre itt'erimco to all his thoughts. He at anv rate will not complain of the re!lc?ncea which the right of interpellation alrtctly Interpreted, may Impose. He gava full career to that in:ifiv* rio,???-? which charms even those who:n It wound*, and at least gives tt>, In contrast to the sallies of H. Picard, the sails fac'.lon of hearing ideas expressed with original.ty. What, for example, can b? more ?o than tbe-little appeal to Insurrecttpu by means of thi tribune which terminates M. Jules Favrc's speech? We in France \utr? a'r* >ily aC[Wi\n'ril tciVA a'l I'e form* of indirection M. Jules Favre proposes th-it which ci nslsts in occupying the tribune to speak de nmnib.'i rrbu? et 'fuOmalrm aliis, absolutely ax ir tha address were under discussion. "Let ut >f>eal-," *iyi tKe hnnorct-'Je mutber J- v ai one mi<jSt tay "Let tu revolt." "Let us speak without ceasing, and tho gentlemen hostllo to tho a.idress will bo nlcaiy taken In. Tlioy wanted to avoid useless haranguet; wa will give plenty of thein. Tliey wanted to have clear, proeisa and conclusive dlMiussions; wo will bring on others, Idla, vaTue nnd purposeless" Is not all that sufficiently original? [From I a France nf Paris, Feb. 2$.] The sitting of the Chamber was a ba I one. Tbo o;>po ?Itlon has taken op dangerous gro-md, where It can be useful neither to the conutry nor to llbertv. It wa i un just to tbe S iverc'en. in nrsrcpreaon'lni; his most evi dent intentions; and it was Impolitic, In aoekingto syste matically depredate tho naw reforms. Nothing shows better how waa this attl'uds than tlio concluslan arrived at by M. Jules Favre, when he declared that tho address belonged to the Chamb-r, and must be main tained. How maintain It? Does M Jules Favre wish to provoke a new oath of the Jeu do raumo? Does he Intend to sul?*tltate a revolutionary sltuatHn for tbo constitutional exercise of thi legislative power? fluch has been the regrettable consequence of an interpellation which, employed as it hat been by the honorable speakers of the opposition, could have no practical issue. In fact the Emperor and tbe constitu tion wore necessarily the subjects of this dobate. Not only was the decree of tbe 19th of January dl cus??d, but the authority and power of the sovereign himself. M. Jul*s Favre, in an impassioned Improvisation, gave its most radical conclusion to the Interpellation. His >pc<'c& waa only a bitter Indictment against tho present and tbe past of the empire. It tvas he who uttered tbo last word of the opposition, and that was a menace. We believe wo are expressing the sentiments of all really poli icaX minus in iep'siring tha' this (fucti' ion. alrea.i > so rtgrefia! te freir the course wkick it hat taken, rhoulft have terminate iri'h tuch a war cry. Happily words so imprudent will be without echo, both In the conotry and in the Chamber. [From tho Paris Tempo, Feb. 28.] In tho ml.1st of those conflict* and that Incertitude between tbe new rights, which are tfill seeking the.r exact sphere of action, and the old, which are not yet forcotton, the discussion was lanfnisblng; Viscount Lanjulnas had been interrupted; M. Marie had lost his voice at the commoneement of a speech which promised to treat the question on a wide basis; the President of the Council of State waa dtsnuting with If. Chesneloug the palm of a feeble liberalism, and the debate was still barren, sseless and ooiorless, when M. Jules Favrs addressed the Chamber. His superb and eloquent reply goea right to the feet, and calls things by their right names. M. Jutes Favrs is a great artist, but to be superior to himself he only requires to be natural. In One, the political question of the debate has been raised. Tbe Left, in putting to the government an In terpellation on the decree of the 10th of January, could not have had solely la view a trifling dispute on the un important question of legality as to tbe constitutional character of tbe decree of the 19th of January, f rom a Judicial point of vlsw, In presence of article five of tho Sonatas Consultum, dated tbe 25th of December, 1862, the constitutional character of the decroes of the 19th of Jaonary, IN?, ilka that of the decrees of the 24th of November. IS(50, can hardly be contested, but the political question is broader, mora serious and ale vetsi. The Usees* Day's Debute?As Imperial Trl ssipk sad Heavy Daasgt te the Oppo sition. [From Gallgnsni's Heesengor, March 1] Tbe second and last day's discussion in tbe legislative body on tbe Interpellations relative to the suppression of the address Is just sa fully remarked on by the Pans press aa waa the first, and again each Journal makes it* observations from the point of view of its own political position. All, however, agree la notloing the check givsateM. Smile Ollivler, who could with difficulty obta a a bearing, tbe maturity treating him with Indif ference as S now reorolt and the-opposition showing him Hostility for eo openly and unmistakably leaving their ranks. Hi much had bean said lately of that honorable Deputy's position that mnnv believed he had some im portant declaration to make Uut la place of that result he only uttered soma Insignificant sentences to exprss ble happiness in voting with the majority on the order of tbe day and In conformity with the wishes of the government. (From La France, March L] The speech of M. Rouher is muoh more than aa ora torical triumph; It is * political event A year ago, in the same place where the tribune now stands, the fain later of State displayed all tbe ooplousnees and power of his eloquence in rej-oting as amendment, premature perhaps, but wbloh had rallied In the majority men pro foundly devoted to the Institution!) and the dynaniy. The s?me applauds had responded lo bis vol. e. Out *?<*, In the bril'ianry of a talent always the same, ths con tmst and the force of the situations I M. Jtouher was th<>u Ktrivlng against the current, and however aaimatod, eloquent sod weighty may havo boon his language, It betnyed ths effort of an athlete defending a stronghold .nut repellinst an s sa It, At present sbnn doulng tbe position, which was much more an eml t rsssment thee ? refuge, h? edvanoed into tbe open BeML hi* colon floating io the breeze, and proudly planted hit flag in presence of the enemy. Consequently. as l?? movements wore tnvi h more free and uucwiflned, lie hud only 10 m?e himself to tlia height of political elo quence i Interpret ju-Mly anil n <hly the situation. Last venr as h fai'hfnl soldier, bound by a great duty, he In clined to wards resistance; at pre-nnt, the reeolutd or gan ol the conservative aud liberal empire, he lias placed him self in tho centre of the movttn.-nt In order t'.e better to direct it Shall wo declare, wun that frankness from which wo can never depart, aud which con-.titute' the value of these observations, between M. Rouher, reject lng reforms which the Emperor thought Inopportune, In order to give to them the authority of the sovereign ini tiative by depriving them of their compulsory character, M. Iiouher, arreuting and claiming ail legitimate l\' er'.iu, th;rc it the difference of the tpeaker vhn is d finding a cau>e, ard thi tatiman vt'o it d-rJ-pirg a prrgrnmnu. In bis cpcbcb of Tuesday the governraeut advocate defi nitively disappears behind the political muster. Tlie period or transition Is euded; Actions vanish and respon sibility appears. That is why we call the spceeh a politi cal event [From the Paris Patrle, Min h 1.] A speech which will form ? grand pa~n In history vain protests, lost in the midst of the aceiamations of an assembly electrified by an eloquence whi'h Is con tinually surpassing itself?a * U whi-k th wt ?t-at (?<"* rder hn j'enrtrat'd int-> the rankt of a disarmed ci>potition? such is in a few words the summary of Tuesday's sitting in the legislative body. Tha impression will be general Mil UQftkifflous. The opposition now knows all It wanted to keow, and what remains of its donbts and afilrma tions f All of them have been dissipated by the breath of truth. Will U corap'ain of the check which it has just experienced and whloh it had brought on itself. Vanquished on the first day by coot reasoning It was conquored on the pecond by the dignity of the defence and the honesty of the decla rations made. The Minister of State assuredly does not expect from public opiuion a fresh expression of tho admiration so many times caused by bis great oratorical talent What he sought for in the Chamber was the real accent of that public opinion whloh for a month pa=t had been murmuring against tho disfiguring of his ideas ami aspirations Has he foand what he sought f Ye*? and therein lies the euloglum which is to-day everywhere beard. M. RouLier spoke JuU as the country ."p^aks; ho protested as the country protests; ho defended the convictions which the oonnlry defeads; and in placing tho legislator of 1852?the sovereign whoss every effort la an extension of our liberties and a suro guarantee of our prosperity?above Hie att.c' t of a minni ily ww f r evrr isola'ed, he made himaelf the faithlul ccho of tho national sentiment [From the Paris Presse, March L) The twenty Ave votes are no doubt those of the oppo sition, properly speaking; the llers-pirti did not sepa rate on this occasion from the majority; U II tened to tho appeal tor concord made by M. Riuher In i speech which wo havo pleasure in declaring was ss rei'iar.;able for Its moderation as for Its eloquence. II. Jules Favro, who on his sldo was not less happily inspired, m rig!>t in doclaring the Impossibility of overlooking the po litical mportanoo of M. Rouher's language. It i?<, indeed, no small matter to hear fin offi'ial speaker of sncli weight as the Minister or Sum affirm iht literal inlci'xoru bn which the lilt reforms vtre suggested. A declaration so precise and coming from sucu a source gives a sort or as? :ranco that the n'".v law on tho press will n >t be so rigorous us tbo Crst information received by the journals i caused to be reared. Would there not he reason to sav*. If tho case was ditferent, that the Intentions or t!> 3 Chief of tho State havo hoen perverted? There are also | grounds for boplus tUat the majority will not be of too obduraie a nature with resard to tho demand f >r inter pellations which may be addressed to it: that is at least tho promise mado l>y M. Koulior in tho tin mo oi tuo right, so far aa he was able to onga^o it, and which be aleo made on behalf of the government. THE EASTERN QUESTION. Revere Buttle* In Crete and Defeot of the Turk*?The Discontent nnd Insurrectionary lllovrincnt Gxtemling, &c. , The following Crotan despatches roachod Paris, by way of Alexandria:? At-nxixnniA, February 18, 1807. An Egyptian vessel brings us direct news from Can din. llus'apha Pacha, alter Uavinir suflTorcd a great defeat at Sphukla and Anoja, has been rorced to retire into the fortresses. All the island Is in the possession of the insurgents. * Jo's* received at ttxrls from Corfu, February 24, con firm that important engagements have taken place bo twecn the Cretan insurgents and tho Turkish troops in the western provincos of Crete. Ei^ht thousand Turks had been defeated near the village of Gerakarl. TUey abandoned to the insurgents several officers and soldiers, two guns, flvo colors and one hundred mules. Tuc Minister of tho Viceroy of Egypt, Nubar Pacha, is soon to go to CousUminoplo As the boarer of an au tograph letter from the Viceroy to the Sultan. A reformer of the Mohammedan religion, Jnsanf EUendl, has arisen in Jerusalem. He bas already gained j many adherents, and the movement is increasing. ! German Interests. The Kr-uts ZeUitng of Berlin or February 28 bas the followingWith the Intimate relations which unite Prin ? Charles or Rau mania with Prussia the develop ment of the crisis of the Principalities has already boen the obj.-ct of much attention. Tho Prince had under taken a dangerous nnd difficult work. Tho almost destroyed finances, the disorganization of the army, the vexatious situation of social relations, all that would havo frightened tbo Princo of Hohenzollern if he had not a conscientiousness of his mission. Conspiracies tending to prepare tho some fate for him as for his pre decessor were to be expected; but those will fall so much more miserable, as tho R^umaln people will soo that if it loses this chanco of ordv.r It will have to face n fatal and obscure future, and that the Prince forms (he limit botween prospermia progress and anarchy, wh'Olt would entail foreign domination as a ccrta n conse quence. The Princo has strivon from the first to pro cure the advantages of legality for his country. The Principalities, It wems, were only governable in one or two manners:?Either In that of the auclont Hrspodars, who, supported by the Boyards, and sharing with the large landowners tuo proJuco of a govornmoat without rule; or to elevate the popular masses to enable them to or^anis' their interests and to giro a support to these tendencies In nroating a good militia. The first mothod was i'.ter.ilcted to the Prince, not only by good poll y but by the fact that the landed aristocracy was divided among Itself. The socond has (o struggle again-t great difficulties, because the sontiment of being directed by a kindly band only penetrates the masses slowly. We are nevertheless convinced that the actual development and what there is of danger lu the situa tion will have the salutary consequence or convincing the reasonable auhjects or the Princo of the necessity oi rapidly creating a capable militia. The Lalfit, Triimte, March 1, 1807. The Levant steamer has arrived w'th accounts from Constantinople of the 23d nnd Patrss of the 24'h nltimo. Diacord was spreading among the lnsr.r,.enU. The reor ganization of the Greek army was beinn actively con tinued. Large quantities of -inn* uad boon ordered of French manufacturers. The Greek volunteers made >rlioners In Candla bad bwn set at 1'borty by the Turk sh government. ? '*mo, March 1, 1807. The rttmor of an increase In the E? yptian army is con tradicted. The Vicoroy has, on the contrary, ordered the reduction of one-halt oi his forces. Bicha**-t, March 1,1807. Colonel Saloman, formerly Minister of War to Prince Couza, has again taken service in the army. THE ROMAN QUESTION. Relatione of the Holy Nee to Itnly-The Papal Army and lie Dstlss. [Rome (Feb. 23) correspondence of Paris Patrie.) Victor Emanuol's envoy does not seem In a Hurry to quit Rome. Some suppose he will prolong bis stsy Till Vaster; others that he will merely go to Florence and return at once with the tlUe of official a. nt or I be Italian government to the Holy Soe. The rel.gious quos tion once regnlated, M. Tonelio, without going Into po lit leal aflhira, hastened to commence negot<atlons with Cardinal Antonelll on the custom house, port office, tele graphs, the bank, extradition, ha.; in a wi rd, on all the. questions of Olilch the solution could facilitate an under standing between the two Btatee and contribute to the well being of both. The ground was long prepared by tbe French embassy, and M. Tonelio will only havo to rather what was laboriously sown, and, besides, the dis creet but alwavs powerful mediation of Count de Sartlgee will never fall him. There will be no written oonven* tion; a verbal understanding will suffice for the direc tor* of the similar administrations at Rome and Florenoe, to come to an arrangement afterwards on the de tail*. The attitude or M. Tonelio Is higblyf appre ciated by the Pontifical government The Italian Envoy, wtlb lit* wire and Moratory, are present at all the cere monies of tho Holy Father. From the very outset be ha* closed hi* door to the discontented, even to those with the aligbteM tinge. Be has even carried his-Inde pendence ao far a* to appear at the tbeatre after the pro hibition of the committee. Ha is on excellent term* with several of the cardinals and prelate noted for the moderation of their Ideas, and wi'h the French Embassy, where he me la with the b**t rec ption. The eflhetive of the Pontifical army, which on the 8th of January was 11,189, bad risen on the 15th of Feb ruary to 12,830. Four corp* have In'reused considera bly?the French legion, the Zouaves, tbe foreign Chas seurs, and tbe auxiliaries. The legion has received 838 recruits, and at present numbers 1,822 men. one-half being at Rome and the other at Clvita Vecchla. The Zouaves have risen from 1,789 to 1,017. of whom 1,702 are In Rome and 218 at Viterbo. A third battalion I* said to be going to be formed. Tbe foroifn lhaa.eurs were only 1,280, they ate now 1,822 ; 240 only are In Rome, the res' are disseminated among the province* where brigandage prevails. Finally, tho auxiliaries, a sort of National Guard specially established for the re Riston of brigandage, have been raised from 600 to They are divided into squadron*. Every man re ceives 1 franc 80 cent* a day when on service, and is armed and eqnipped by the military administration. Th s body renders great services from Its knowledge of the localities. It contains many land owners, and has mora than ones displayed admirable nravory. To sum up, tbe augmentation has taken place principally among foreigners, the native element, with the exception or the corp* of auxiliaries, has rnmainod nearly stationary. QARIBALDI IN ITALY. His Rndicnl HrpnMieaa Aaltntlon at tho ElerMopa?Demo n-tntlon of tbo Kl*g'? I tavern ment. Stnor*w e(F"t'. M) eortesp adence ot Paris Debate.] iy last le't'-r aoi.ouoiort ihe very unexpected arrival of osrlbaidl C/erv aw asking why tbe General had qnl:ted hts rs'.P'it. tVa* lis come to take part la the electoral a/ltatloi., to give aid to the Phklhellenlo committee*, or simply to pay 'be Venetians the visit ha had long prorai sdte It ar^afB that Garibaldi has oboaen Urt ore seat tasmeat for (tlfllUu his proialM to Venice la reality with a Tkt to tha eUcllou* Teste*, (lay a jou'oul, wblrh la de?:in<A to become the organ of the apposition, publicli?d Its lirti number, and tUe '!rs| raja conimns in large type and in the firm of an a4res? tisement tbe following appeal Flouwcb, Feb. S2,1M7. Citizens, to the poll! In I taly there la a ^ for Hk euring lioo tr, threatened and cDdan^fi! by dtrlmilim una lis aotomi !lc??. 1 he efforts ol all free maa ought to be di> reced towards this supreme objrot. In lbs new chamber neither the partisans of libertlolde project* shonll hirw votes nor the satellites of the fallen dynasties, all of ? h >? make c-mman caute ieitk the empire oad the Papacy. The gen? ral election! can either rnin or aire tbe nation; can make of our countrv either an arena of reaction or a f>>ous of pro* gresa. The clericals are subjects and soldiers of a forelra Power, an authority unmixed and universal, spirit ual and political, which command* and does not el, iw Uself to ba questioned, which sow* discord md corrupt* everything. From those obstinate en?mies of our oouutry and civil zatlon we muat take away the m"aus of harming us. The patriotism of eoeleaissUrs ought to be oonsecratej to tbe progress, Intellectual, moral ami material, of tha people, ana tbe bringing aid to the public fortune. But aa our oontest with the clericals at this dsy keep* the whola civilised world in suspense, our victory over them will be the ?Indication of liberty of conscience and the triumph of reason over prejudice. To the po!>, then, citizens; to tha poll, every man. Tour rotes will iell the world of what gov* eminent we are worthy, and whether we deserve to be a grant and free nation. Too will yourself Judge of the scope of this proclaiafc tlon. That la the only name to bo given to sucb a mask festa The moderate journals bare not yet explained themselves, some confine themselves to publishing tha document, others say nothing at all about It, which is lew compromising. The intervention of Gar.baldl, whs up to this time has not meddled with elections, may have the effect of giving more energy to the opposition and accelerating Its action; but* on the other hand, tha substance of tbe manifesto renders any understanding between the clericals and the Left Impossible But In tha Southern provinces moit of the opposition deputies only owed thetr election to tha co-operation, more or lea* avowed, of the clergy. That took place there which happened in many departments of France from 1830 t* 1848. ? . The men whom Garibaldi designates <tf aecompi**ly Oit clerical pxrfy are Hmply Baron SicatoH and hit am tfiguen. The hyporbole is rather strong, nnd tho c1 ericas Journals of Paris will be not a little surprised. Tin Avangvardia, which began Its oareer with this strike, ? d stined to replace the Diri'to, which has decidedly ea? tcred ministerial Were. Notwithstanding this proolfc ination, many persons tbink that Greece is the real ok. Jcct of Garibaldi's Journey. But this is a simple cnnjao> ture, founded only on the well known sympathy of tu General for the Hellenic cause. fire insurance. The Better Herniation of the InmranM Business?Protection to the Interests of Both Companies and tlio Insured?The Kent* edy Against the Injudicious Hystem Wliiah L.c<l to the Disasters ol 1865 and 1SC0, dee. The annual exhibits of tho various insurance compa* nias of the Slate are now collecting la the ofHco of f-'uperintendent. Barnes, in Albany, who la busily ea? gaged collating the facts therefrom for the preparation of his report to tho Legislature. Ths va3t and cotnplK cated extent of this worlt will precludo Its completion for soveral weeks perhaps, especially iu tho circamsUfc co? connected with tho insurance interest of the pastycav render unusual care and consideration requisite to the pre. parat!on of this document, involving as it will practical suggestions for tho? retuudy of tho ^vils which plungod tho insurance corporations into so many disasters These reports aro not all as yot rocoivert or in a condi tion to permit the comparison of facts on which :upetv intendont Barnes can proceed to his analysis. EnoujH Is known, however, to indicate the more salient caasea of the hapless condition in which many of these corapa. nie3 found themselves wh: n making their annual state* menia Tho IIkp.ald lias already referred to aud c m? demned these chief causae, viz., the a?cncy rye. tem, with itsSimprudeut and wholesale gathering of risks?a system inspired by an unhealthy klud or com. petition, into which the companies wcro led bv a desire to amass immense surpluses, instead of ca'ofully con. serving the interests of tho iusured by a Judiolous bud. ncss. reports reveal the financial unsoundness of man* old compauio', to adjust whose difficulties, both in tha InteresU of tho public and of tho stockholders, has bees and will be the policy of Mr. Barnii Where the capital of any company has boon impaired, ho has already used his pei jonui endeavors, and In mativ casin with success to lnduco the stockholders to malt* good the deficiency by a cash subscription. Tho law allows him very arbt trary powers of procedure in the ca3es of conn antes whoie K'.ock has boen impaired to the extent of a com tain percentage, but ho has not chosen to pursue such a course. On the contrary, his aim has been ta conciliate the holders of stock to the wisdo* of keeping the institution in existence by increasing its feod3 to the amount of tho original cast, tal. His policy is of a conservative character, on tha ground that the amount of capita; investod In tho insur* nnce b'ltinea.- is entirely inadequate to the interests at country. He, therefore, favors the resumption efl a company where it is possible, instead of its liquidation " here the stockholders are unwilling to malce good the impairment or their capital ho favors the measure noir before the Legislature to permit the resumption of bo*, ness on tho basis of tho balance. It is his desire as ? great public necessity, not to force cut or employment any arnonnt whatever of insurance capitaL The ontlre sum now invosted la this clat* of corpomtlena In New York Slate does not exceed $00,000, OOflt a porfoct triflo in comparison with the value of iu real and personal property. The inadequacy of this capital to meet the wants of the community was Illustrate lately in the case of a large ilrm on Broadway whoaa establishment was destroyed by flro. The Insuranoa they desired could not lie effected In oil oar State com. panics combined. In consequence a large proportion at their risks was located In companies of other States in some hail dosen English companies The disasters of the past year on land and at sea have created such a feeling of inaocunty in the public miaa as to drive a large share of patronage to the forel2 companies which hare established offices in New YorS and other cities, where severil of tLem aro transacting business without fulfilling the requirements of the law as to tho deposit of a guarantee fund. There is no real son why this patronage should be thus diverted to the '^Jury or our own country and the benefit of forelgnem With all the losses experienced by our companies?with' all their disasters and mismanagement?there are ex. tremely few cases of loss to ths Insured. One only oa. curs just now?that of the Columbian Marine Insuranoa Company?In which dishonesty had as much as in*, management to do with capping Its vital*. Tiio Insuiinn community aro therefore doing lUemsolves an IniustJoe in withdrawing their support from our own companies* and thereby assisting In the retirement of homa capitrf Irom the business. v One curious feature of the causes of loaa to the oom? paaies will probably bo developed by Superintendent Bnrnos in his forthcoming report, vix?the decrease o# nvtt3 during the war, and their increase since that time This singular course of the companies Is shown in the ?! .2?,B^?vr y?ars embracing the period from 19M 10 1866. What was the result? during the war. when tho prices ol everything were rising, ihe rates'of m. snrance went down. The companies made money, be cause people were more vigilant fur the security of property, which was constantly enhancing In value Thus, ir a man bad an Insurance or $10,000 under oM prices, his policy would not allow him mora than "?-? sum ir his property was de troyed, whereas his goods war* in cash worth an advance of fifty or a hundred per omX upon the amount But after the war prices of things began to fall, and singularly enough insuranoa dlsaauK oommonced. Men tow became less vigilant. In faoc perhaps even careless as to the security of their aooda ?^'JT were inswred for acer'aa amount, andtha market was continually on tha decline This observa tion does not, of course, apply to Insurance or real whiclv after all, forms but a small part of the property Insured by our companies. Mr. Barnes does not wiahle acciwe such persons of dishonesty, or to attribute ths re. verses ef 1885 and 1866 to incendiarum as a prime cause It is not human nature to be ever volant and wholly dlsiuterestM where such a course dne? not result In ia> dividual profit, or whwe the contrary would porohaoaa be a gale The remedies which the Insurance Superintendent will suggest are, among others, the boaring of a portion of the toss by the insured?to tho extent of not mora than on* fiffai of the amount?and the adjustment or ratos so m to make Hie receipts of premiums adequate to lossse in the first case the property owner would be more oee 22* ft* hl# S?ods and more vigilant against ths oooiut rence of fire. In tho case ol Increased ratos the insured wnuid reap the advantage of scrip, the poaseaslon of which would indues them to Jealously watch against nisiu.innguuienL The Supcrinteodent deems the invsaa. went of more ? apltal aUo an object to be labored for la !?!iIw7.vInJ"# r?^)rt on sxaminat'on of the affairs or the Run Mutual Company of New Fork he ??iiiuTi V ^ " '?p*,i<><u n80l's?ity lor more strength of r 10 mMl th* "'gencies of om modern commerce. This remark Is made In oooneotloa h,Ll!,.K ??mP*nr, bat '*? forc* u applicable la afl branches of ths builnese Ho turUier suggests that V? ?*"?etnzc(1 shapedandlrtended te meet Uie casualtlesof exceptional year*, as extraordinary Josses in ths sye of the statist are an inevitable result of l0? ?[ Wjd ???"??. M>at the capital of e corporation should bs so lares that, with Ita Incomin* premiums and the skilful adaptation of Its risks to its m-aus, ths danger of failure would be entirely ells* Inated. Its solvency should be as certain as ths sxlab ence of the government" 8T. DOMINGO. The lleelnlean Treaty?European Policy?The Cazaeaa Treety Revived. The treaty Just concluded between the United Stataa and the DoiuLnloan repubho?occupying the eastern twe. thirds of the island of Haytl?Is nsarly Identical with the ons negotiated In 1M4 by General ^axneau, and whleh the French and British governments of that da/viewed with so much dislike, that they paraded a naval fbraa before ihe cttr of Ht. Domingo to coerce the feeble government or that young republic to recede from lia ratification. This interference wsa followed by the re? sumption of bor old ooiony of St. Domingo by Spal^ who plumed herself highly on thns having "extinguished the Monroe doctrine and the Dominican republic tegethea at one hlow." Tho Dominicans rose against their Spaa, ish invaders, and on recovering their fndepeadeal nationality, offered the United States the use of tha Bay of Semana lor a naval depot on the basis originally agreod upon with General Caaaeau. This generate proilbr was, aftsr a long hesitation?wlilcb was keenly felt by the Dominican memhere favorably considered at Washington. Mr. Frederick Seward weni oat In the United States steamer Getivefcurg, In Deoember last, te close up the arrangement hat there was some hitch la the affair, and ha returned somewhat disappointed, It la thought. Silil It ta cerisin that ws shall soon obtain la Bamana ths best naval station in ths Antilles oa the terms of the Caaaeau (treaty of 14M. The Domlnieaa government has also conceded several mlalng and railway charters to American cltlsens: aql our national Character, as wsll as snterprtse, seems io he looming ap In new but highly premising proporlluus ta Ibftl toip ntftlootod iiUad.