Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1867, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1867 Page 5
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T HE S O U T H? VIRGINIA. MIR I1CHHONDJCORRESP3IIOENCE. Peninsula of Vlrcinia?Its N*r? flat* ll?ri-Sln?*lu Titles of the HeUlevnit k Attempt i* Collect Rent*? Resistance by the Trerduian- Arrival of Artillery?Destitute Vendition of Both Wbiteo ail Freedinen. Richmond March 10, XMT. ?i that exceedingly fertile garden portion of Virginia known u the Peninsula, lying between the York and lami riven, or the Immediate stret^i of oouatry from lHll'amsburg to Forties* Monroe, ta a large number or Ht settlements, towns and villages formed by negroes Who during the war found a refuge here when fleeing from feeir former bondages Theae new settlements have each been characterized by rather singular names, pro! ably keetowed by their African founders. The farm of Dr. fegnrell, below Torktown, ta now known as Blab Blch ?wnd, and aa this place is distinguished hi history as feeing the scene of the surrender of Corn wallia to Washington the freedmaa's title for 41 sounds odd. Others are distinguished by basilar appellations, the prefix "slab" deem ing to be admired by the settlers. Stafford G. Cook's fbrm, also near Torktown, and abont twelve miles from Williamsburg, peopled by about five hundred freedmen, ta known as Slabtowr. It is oet tmatad that thero are not Ins than thirty-five thousand negroes now on the Penin sula, who have chiefly congregated there during the war and who are new a source of great misery and desolation ta this section. Mr. Cook's place?Slabtown?has re cently become noted as the scene of a considerable tumult, arising from aa attempt to collect rents rrom the ?able squatter tenants. These farms have for the most part never been legally restored to their rormer owners, the new occupants bav kur thereby acquired by possossicn a sort of proprletor Atp which it is now almost impossible to dispossess them of. Hr. Stafford 0. Cook has, however, bad the title of bis property restored, and under this authority ke rented the whole farm to the atent of the Freedmnn's Baroau at Williamsburg, that official sub-renting U to the Ikeedmen, and thereby becoming responsible to the law fttt owner for tho rents. In tho litter part or Feb tuary, a liair yearly payment becoming due for tb? first tlaio, Mr. Cootc presented himself to tho agont, requesting a settlement for the tenuro of his farm. The officer having received no rents proceeded to the ten ants and demanded payment, meeting, however, with a rieral demurrer, and finding only four wbo were -vllllng respond, most of the occupants positively refurfiui to pay and denying hm right to collect. Tbla lndtced the ?cent to send a squad of soldiers tho following day to tko farm with a viiiw to enforce bis demands; b'.i upon their arrival the freodmen, numboiltig about four hun dred, were tonnd to be armed and drawn up in line of kat'le, with the detenuiuitioQ of restating anyhodv that might be sent to dlfp'.saesa tiicm ?r their acquired pro party or to require the payment ot ?np rouU.i. The ?mall number of the invading forco precluded ?ac p< gii kility of enforcing order*, and they were obliged to re tire, leaving the hold to the victorious freodmen, wbo were vory expressive In their demonstrations at the ku\ telling the retreating party they wore de. termlned to protect their property and defend their ftrhts. Apprehension1' of a disturbance were now enter tained, and application being made to General Armstrong, ?ommandlng at Fortress Monroe, some pieces of artlllory were despatched to tho seen ', which had the effect of auieting the lurbOlent fraedmen, and up to last evening, when your correspondent was in receipt of a telegram from Fortress Monroe, no fresh outbreak had occurred, ?or Is there any Immediate apprehension of ono. The Immense number of negroes on the Peninsnla, Cio are nearly all interlopers from not only this Slate, t North Carotins, and, In fact, nearly every State in the South, and who are living In an almost destitute ?onditlon?the two rivors, tho York and James, afford J?f th<?a> amiwrahlo me?ns qf suhjjsjence? ?Mt.-tant anticipation of Trouble In that beauiifuT but ?eglected portion or the State The whites are also liv Ang in a state ot misery there, too; those having any ?roperty are frequently robbed of the fruits of their hard labor, and the poorer class are subjected to rough treat ?MBt from their more numerous and powerful sable set tlers. Numerous efforts to induce these negroes to cml grata have proved unsuccessful, the fact of tho Bureau Mnishing tno Indigent rations and otherwise os&isting them causiog them to remain; but until they are removed kf appropriate legislation on tho part of Congress this spot of Virginia will remain a barren, desolate LOUISIANA. m NEW ORLEANS C03RESP0WQEHC?. |h? Cknrgets Brought Afalnl Governor W*? t-Mcntrlal and Affidavit? Debate on the 8?hJect?Klatorl- A Veto Meaaaco? Honors W General Longitroct. dec. New OftLUira, I .a., March 0,1867. Ik* following memorial waa presented by Mr. Fagot fMtarday la the House of Reproa*ulaiivc*, who requested ?at It be read by the clerk:? i *nn Honorable SraAZsa ajtd Ntuuii ow rww Bocta a* RepaaaanriTtm :? Whereas, J. VaUlsou Weill, Governor of the Stale of I<oul iua, has several time* violated the law* he ha* sworn fa execute faithfully; ban in various instances acted eon ntn to aald authority, and, moreover, la a defaulter to the Mate, which disqualifies him, according to article thirty Ave of the constitution of the aforesaid state, from holding ?By offlc* of truat or emolument; and Issued a proclamation ~~\ Governor of the State in regard to the late contention of whieh had oo longer an existenoe, aa the purpose* for ih It had been elected ceased the moment that the people approved all their acta; uud, therefore, liable to be ited from office for the fotlowlna reason*, vis:? That the laid J. Madison Weils it a defaulter to the i of Louisiana in the mm of $89,000. a.* State Tax Col for the pariah of Ripide* for the year 1840, a* will j by answer of the Auditor of Public Account* to a jlutton passed by the House of KepreaentatlTca, requcst r the aald Auditor of Public Account* to Inform, officially, a House what was the Indebtedness of said Wells to the Wells did, without any authority, eome Mme In the month of July, 1864. i**ue his proclxra.tton as ?avernor of the State, ordering the sheriff* of the different perishes ot thl* State to cause elections to be held for dele ?tes to the late convention of ISM, which was convened to fee aasembled en the 90th of the month of July. 18W, la the atty of Kew Orleans; and that the said Well*, harlnjc aaoaented to liaue hla oTdal proclamation. 1* a proof Be was In favor of permitting an unlawfnl assemblage to Ethat waa calculated to ereate dlsturbauce*. lie. iild la the only j eraon to be blanicd and guilty of all the that haa been shed, and he la. in the opinion of your petitioner, responsible for the mid riot All of which your petitioner respectfully cubmlts. and asks |Ma committee be appointed by the honorable Sneaker. O. R. FAUOT. ?worn to and subscribed before me this 6th day of March, IMF.?Paul W. Collsx*, Third Justice of the Peace. List of witnesses to substantiate the drat article of gfcarges?IT. Peralta, Auditor of Publie Account*. To a'lbstautiiito the second artle.c oi charges?J. U. llardy, ?ecrcUrr of State; A. 8. Herron, Attorney (ieneralof State; ?en. J. T. Monroe, Mayor of the elty of New Orican i. . The memorial having beoa read, Mr. Fagot moved ?had In compliance with the statute on the subject of taspeacb ment the Speaker appoint a Committee of Nine, to whom the memorial be referred! Mr. Fagot concluded Mi remark* by reciting many acta, any one of which bo argued was sufficient to demand impeocbmont. Mr. Scanlan aald that the late Dr. Dcstle, when Auditor af the State, Instituted proceedings against Governor Walla, but the Jad^-e ruled them out of aourt, because hla opinion proceeding* In aueh a oaae could only be ky Impeachment Among the charges waa the one now preferred by Mr. Fagot, that ot being a defaulter to the Mr. Khun stated that aa this was * very Important matter be thought tbe member* should have some time la reflect, and he therefor* moved that further consider ation of the subject be deferred until Friday next. The motion was debated by Messrs. Klam, Tucker, ?alder and McConnelL The latter considered tbe dls ?aatlon of the subject aa injudicious, aa It was calculated to make a martyr nod hero of tbe Governor with tbe ?adlcals and giro Congreea fresh nsatorlal for agitation and new reaoona for proecriptlon. He was, however, agatust its postponement and said that it should at one* B* placed In Ui* hands of a committee. Mr. Kile moved to lay Mr. Elam'a motion on th* table?yens te. nays 60 Me.^r*. Stills and Scanlan raised a question of order, aa whenever a memorial sworn to, specifying charge* against th* Governor or any fcttate officer was presented to tbe House, the memorial should be referred to a oom Mlttee for Investigation, 4c. Mr. Little *'?3 of opinion that the law did not make It taperatlv* on th* House to refer the memorial to a oom aMttea. 6peaker Case aald that he waa not accustomed to ex fMtse his mind in tbe Interpretation of the lair, and ibat M would express en opinion wlih dlffldenei, He be lieved, however, that it waa competent for tho House to make whatever disposition the majority might deter mine, the same as of any other raomoi lal?lav it on the toble, reject It or deter it* conaideration. He did not ffegard its refereu'O to a coratu tt?e aa ob'lgatory on the ?ouk?, as, were this ?o, the Hou?e would b* placed la ?b* situation of beinr compelled to entertain every aaargs preferred against State ofllcers, however frivolous ar mnlndous they might be. He said that be would fr*fer having tbe opinion of th* House expressed directly ?? tho qnostioD. Mr. Fenner thought tbe decision ucauesilonably cor Met, but In order to havo tbe sense of tho Uous* taken, ?oved an appeal from the decision. Messrs Scaulan, Tuckc r and U ad maintained that the law was imperative, while Mr. Walker '"as of opinion that the chair was correct On tbe vote being taken the chair waa sustained?yeas, 6u tfunday eight last the St. Charles theatr* was filled With the largest audience that Madamo Rlstori has ap K,red before In New Orleena. She repeated her rale ted character of Eliaabotb. Hundreds were turned away unable to procure seals. Last night Madame Rls tori appeared at MW Opera Hoti'e aa Juditb, and waa afferwnrds i resent at the graudcrt ball of tbe *eaeon, flvtn at tbe FU Louis Hotel by Madame O. F. Hall, wife ft the proprietor of tbe St Charles and Hu Ixmis Hoielx. The dance took place In tbe rotunda of the hotel, ono of Ik* finest In the country. About midnight a grand (up per waa nerved In the lad es' dining room. Recently tho Louisiana Legislature passed a Joint rMo tottnn praying that executive clemency be extended to Commodore Matthew F. Maury, of the late Confederate Mary, aow In exde from the I'nited State*. This was ?aloed by Governor Wella. iiuriog tbe reading of th* M*smg* from ti e Governor Generals James Long gUreet and Wm. J. Hardee entered, under the condQAt of Mm oommlU** of iovltation appoluicd to reeelv* tbem. being formaiiy intitxiueed m th* Houm kjr tkf Speaker, on motion, ft new of tea minutes was takea to aiiow the members as opportunity of paying Uieia their respect* TEXAS. Mil HEW OaLEAMS CORRESPONDENCE. State Attacked b v Indian* nor Fort Clarke? Capture el the Mall. New Orliaks, March 5,186T. Ob tbe 11th of February last the btage from Fort Clarke, Texas, was attacked by Indiana and the mall captured. About fifty Indiana made tha attempt, but were kept at bey by tbe drlvar and passengers until morning, when the Indians were reinforced to tbe num ber of two hundred. With tbe exception of one Mexl can who escaped all were captured ami driven off with tbe stage. What their fate baa been remains a mystery. Ontracti ea the Frredmen?Order from Ueneral tirlflln-Reconstruction, ftc. Gatrwrox, T6t*3, March 11, 18OT. General OrlfBn has issued an order saying that, in con eeqoono* of repeated outrages and murders in Grayson county, and the seeming unwillingness and ability of tbe civil officers to give protection to citizens, the opera tions of order Na 6 are sugpendad Is Grayson oonnty, and the sub-assistants of tbe Freedmen's Bureau are hereby directed to arrest alt persons who arc or here after may be charged with the commission of orimes and offbnoec against oitlren?, refugees or frse lmen, in cases where tbe civil authority has railed, neRlfcted or been umble to brinjr thn parties to trUI, and to detain tbom la oonfln <me it until such time as a proper judicial trtbunai Nhall be ready and willing to try them General tWIRa also orders tbe use of military force to enforce this order whenever required. Mr. Lamp, Private Secretary or the Governor, baa gone to Wa*hlnpton to consult the President about re constructing the 8 late.) INDIANA . OUR INDIANAPOLIS CORRESPONDENCE. The IjCKlnTnture?nwtiiieM?ImproTeinoat* Brenrh of Promise C'nae?Attempted Kidnap pluir?Indiana Divorces?Amusements?Mis cellaneous <<o*alp, Arc. Ixduhafolci, March 9, 1807. The Legislature of Indiana, which has boon In session sluco January 10, will adjourn n"*t Monday, and, so Tar as the amount of work done la concniod, it might have done so with equal propriety six weeks ago. -A great deal of work was "cut out" at the comrncucement of the session, and the manner in which the august body went to woik gave promise*of much good. But the sacmWre seem to have tho cvoethet loqu-ndi In Its worst form, and no 1)111 or measure of any kind can be intrcdurod without creating a great disrussion, which l?*fsr>ntil tho matter is "tabled" or otherwise disposed of, and then something else is brought up. Timo which thouid have been used in parsing moasures of vast Im jiortanca to tho Interests of tho State has been frittered away in sensoloas discussions by honorable nobodies, from backwoods cross roads. An adjournment will bnt give another llinstratlou to the old saying, "A good rid dance of bad rubbish." In common with other cities ludtanapons naa suffered greatly from lack of confldene* In the financial policy of tho government and tho consequent scarcity of money. In addition to thia the failure of the wheat crop, the great staple of Indiana, for two successive years has tended to drive Uie money Into tho great commercial oentrcs, and the probabilities are that this state of affairs will contlnuo. Rent? have declined fully twenty-five per cent, and real e?Kil? Is slowly coining down to aute war figure*. Some wholesale houses are doing a fair cash business, while others are selling but little and mostly on time. Several assignments have been made and more are Eaid to be in prospect. From present indi cations, however, tho crops next summer will bo unusu ally good, and In that case buslneai will revive, at least temporarily. The fashionable world and society la general have for a few days been intensely excited over a little case of breach of promise of marriage. Tho legal title of the suit a Ream vs. Walpole. Probably no other event ever created so much talk among the females of In dianapolls as this suit, which threatens to beoome as notorious as the famous caes of "Bardell vs. Pickwick." and will probably flu the !tw books with I countless preredoni' for future generations. From | tho highest m the lowest all are talking about It The plaintiff, Miss Laura Ream, is a maiden ladv of some forty years. For a number of years she has resided with a relative here, has moved in good society, snd being somewhat talented and withal amiable has gained many friends. So far as outward appearances ars concerned she is not beautiful, and the defendant certainly never admired her on account of her personal charms. I have said that she Is somewhat talented. She has frequently read essays before private literary societies which were much above the average, and were received by the audi ences with great applause. She has also written poetry, or mere properly versos, for the pspers. and rumor has it that occasionally she has dismounted from herPes.isus and descending into moro sober reg'ons has Indicted edl torlals?heavy leaders?for a certain particular friend of her's formerly connected with the press, T'ie Mr I,eora estlmr'es the dami^.e to fcey hear!, reputation and worldly Interests st the small sum or f50,000, and to prosecute her claim has employed the be.n l^si talent In the city. Prominent among her compel are Senator T A Hendricks and Mr. A. G. Porter, luto MembT of Ton gro.,s from this district. The defendant, Mr. Robert I* Walpole, j* a lawver of ability, and, I might add, notoriety He liss resiJed here nearly all hta lite, has smssscd n handsome fortune, and, as far as femily a*T:iirs are concerned, ha* a!wnvs bi-en regarded as an excellent man He is about firty years old, has ne/or boon married, In person Is of aldermanlc proportions, with a lar*e head and s'arlot face, with a loud voice and domineering tone, well calculated to browbeat a v.-ltness or to cssci a big foe from an unwilling client. In politics he is a demo of the strai^htc^t scut, and in IfiflO mads an ur.suc ce?'rol race for Congress against A O. Porter, one of the opposing counsel. Unill lately he has had a larger prac tico than any three lawyers in tho cltv, hot lie has now ?'most retired from bu-tneas, and witl probably cuncAn trate his remaining energies, ao ity and Utnlitv for one grand cotip <U rui n, by whl h the eremr thai) bo van quished nnd pnt tofl'gbt, horse, foot and dragoons. rtio trial will not cune off before May, nnd, as usual, rich developments are expected, which will probably be Ihe case; for Valpole is not the man to compromise a suit In any r anner, le' alone one that would take tuoii'y out ol bis pocket I bed forgotten to menfon that, ac cording to the complaint, the parties hrl bein engaged allien Jrne, 18?2, and thut Miss Rrnm had, on several occasions, prepared lor the weddin* hy pnrcaihlng suita ble finery to adorn ti e handsome rcrldenoe of her ex pect d lord. S roc months ago a hnndsemsly rireftsed and appa rently well-to-do lady, with two children, arrived Ucro from New York, snd putting up at tl e b<*si hotel gave ?.ui that she was the wife or a v.. aitbv merchant in the metropolis, snd the mnrrlage yoke having been any thing bnt pleasant she bad left her hu-band and come hero to have the tie sundered In the quickest and shortcut method possible. For a time abo appeared to have pleuiy of money, time down to tho table In gor geous drowse", reeplendstlt with diamonds, creatine quito a sensation among the viaitors. lint nf'or a time hutel bills became loo heavy and she removed to a pri vate house, occasionally. It i? said, makin.r short excur sions to the pawnbroker-.' shops asd retrrnlng thence with a plnnlif .1 supply of money, procured, doubtless, on her ,|">wel?. Very probably she would have rorr 'iced horo Hie requisite time, obta.ned Uio de?fr?d decree ntid gone away without anybody's knowing anything about it, had not the husband suddenly appeared on the scone. lie, it seems, we.- dextrous of obtain ng posses ion of the two ch Idren, and finding that Ihe mother refuaed to give them up, sent out a couple ot detectives w th order* to spare to oxpen*e. hot hy all means to get the child-on. ClunHly goiug to w?rk the Orst day, they I besieged the boute in su -h a manner a. to attract at'en | tfnii, snd sfcr trying In ^aln to get the children out Into I the st rest went away. The next day, bowevor, they re : tinned, and meeting the nnrse. eff red to give her ' (1 100 'f she would tbrm oct?ide the yard. She, frightesed by the offer or tho unprepossessing appear I ance of the bungling dete-fives, ran sr.ri aming into the house and told her mistress, who immediately gent for a Colter man. B<loro ho arrted several ue gbbors who nd Warned the state of affairs Interfered snd advissd the men to make ibeimjslvw "scarce, " which kind ad vice was Immediately ac'*d upon, and they departed. The children were taken into the enatody or the court, hut the husband himself Is now here trying to get posses sion of them. The practice ef coming to Indiana snd getting di vorced is by no ni"an? unfr-q'ietit smong Eastern people, and a very largo number come from New York city. The thing is very sa lly n.ans^< 1 if the r<irty has nion?y srid willavold an honest lawver, wbirlt Is easily d ne. Many lawysri lu New York have special paruisrs throughout Indians, who rndsrtake tho caies sent to them and thou divide what profits accrue wl .i tho sender. The causcs srs umuiliy tri-d In out of t/is way counties, snd the nntleeg calling upon lbs de ferdsnt to appear are published in llulo six trr Dine sheets, not etrculatsd ten mil"s from where they a,e printed. Usnaily the party called npoo beln# lon.>rsiit of the procsMiings, falls to appear, sud then iho case is tried In bis sbsenco, snd of course goes ons w \j. The divorce luws of this Mate are not what they should be, but ihey are by no means ad bad as peoplo imagine The great fault Is In the number of csuses for which a divorce Is granted, not In the working! of the law. Perjury, onimpeached, will always triumph, and the complaints agalnat our laws srlse not from the lawa themselves, hut from th" manner in which they are abused by scheming Iswyors and dishonest clients. For I nets nee, a residence of one y*r is Imperaiively de manded; but If a party la willing to swear that be hss lived hero the reaulslte time, whon In reality he has not een hers a month, the Jndgs cannot refuse to hear his plea The majority of suits for divorce In otir courts sre riom pcyle who came to Indiana for that purpoee aioroi bnt of course the laxity of tho law la an Induce ment for many fc na td* clilsens to dlssolvs tho iBsrrlsge bond. In this connty (Msrlon) there were last year two b sad red Ud twenty-three applications for divorce; of these one hundred andeieren were grantol tad iwenif m dig0t? rtauoing Mt hariw J"*- triad. Om hundred ud forty-two of the applica tions wera hy females and eighty on* by males. The proportion of divorces applied for to marriage licensee issued was on* to four, and the proportion of divorces granted to marriage* mad* was one to eight One divorce to every eight marriages certainly indicate* thai connubial blias Is fast becoming a rarity, and tho wisest w^hs^who doesn't "take stock" in the matrimonial An old and wealthy widower recently disappointed a number of heirs who were impatiently waiting for bin decease aol the subsequent division of the spoils, by marrying his bnn?ekeoper. The heirs were, of coarse, Indignant, bat as the wtfe ia about to present a SUM htt affecUoB 10 tb* old man Uie7 k'i'P nthrr The State Beard af Agriculture have decided to hold the next Stato fair at Terra Haute. It comes off in October. NEW MEXICO. OUR FMT WINSATE COnRESPONDEWCE. I Tha PseblH Indiana?Their Religion, Cus toms, VIHnrcs, <X-c. Foot WnwuTu, N. M., Jan. t, 18?T. Since my last I have nsited several of the Indian puobios or villages, and have collected soma additional facts af interest, The prinolpal villages are nineteen In I number, comprising fn part those of Zlnnl, Jemes, | Tsletta, Taos, Sandla, Santana, San Domtngo, San Vfe. I llpe, Laguna, Acoma and San Juan. Moet of the habita tions In these are from two to four atorlea in height, J and all aro built of adobes, as are all the Mexican and j American houses in this country. These adobes are Im menBo sun dried bricl:s of earth ujd straw, and properly laid, form a most comfortable duelling or business struc ture. The Indian honses, as I have said, are two stories and upward, and each story above the first hat a portal or porch, from which entrance is made by a sort of trcp to the story immediately below. Entrance to these por tals is gained bv laddors, which can be hauled up after the Inmates of the dwellings have made the ascent. It Is a tradition of this nation that their houses were bnllt originally in this manner for purposes of defence agalr 3t nomadio or hostile tribes. Each room, howevor large, has seldom mow than two small windows, with lsintfass panos, consequently the supply or light from tho exte. rlor Is extremely limited. In many of the housos in the older pueblos port bolea for purposes of defeuce are still to be scon. The Indians hare lived for centuries In their pueblos and are in no sense nomadio. To verify this It Is only necessary to refer to a decree of the Emperor Charles V., of Spain, of the date of March 21,1551, in relation to thMr protection In their villages against the wandering hands of other nnd wore saviue tribes. At the time of the flr-vt revolution against 8psln by the Puoblos Indians a number of their towns wcro destroyed. Soms of tliess were rebuilt and w?ro the only ones erected after the dat>? of the conquest We learn from Castanadu's neco- nt that in 1340 th*v wero livln? pros perously In their villages. Th - ruins of so mne y ancien' villages throughout the territory, and the Ore several dlalocU spoken by tho Pneb!os. go to show that they aro the remains of a once powerful confederation. Most of thnm have faith in Montozumn, thongh profevmg the Roman rathollc relMon. Their traditions are to the effect that Montezuma was horn in what is row New Mexico. '1 hov differ, however, as to his birthplace some ?(Tinning that ho flr^t raw light at a pueblo whose i" .V? V Osilento (Warm f pring), and others at the rumel pneblo or Pi-cob. a document until lately on fllo in the city of Mexico gives Tognnvo an ancient and now extinct pueblo of New Mex'co as the place of.his natlvltr, and the venr 16r* a? the date of ins birth. This paper refers to him as moro or a pro phet than a cod: he foretold wonderful events which came to pa's. and is expected to visit his people onco more, though the date is not given. The Pueblo.* believe that he was a dem'irod, hut that the name or Montezuma was bestowed upon him by the Oreat Spirit, after he had by many wonderful deed?, proved the divinity of his mission. N?twlthUjpding their njsnv ancient and sava<re customs, the Pueblo Indians are profej?or3 of tho Roman Catholic f&l'h, by who?e ritoa tl)?*r baptize, marry and bury. Though worshipping in "the faith," thov mlngto many of ihelr own old superstitions with it. In all of the ancient pueblos whose ruins are still vM ble mav bo seen the remain* of afnfnt or stored bu Id Ings, where (Ires are said to have b"-en kept cuiictantly burning. Tho mysteries hanging nlwt th?se structures arc made. If posrfble, more mysterious bv each subse quent writer. As near as I have been able to ascertain, those atvfa* might be compared to the ordinary court rooms of tho Eastern comity towns. A trial occupies tho attention of tho people In tho bul'dlng In the rtay tlma, felliwed, perharx, at night by a concert, or some other entertainment for t?*e SOiiisement of the ne'Plo .rave Mtihcus may bo held In Ihem at one time, white fu another hilarity resounds within their walls. At the old Pecos pueblo a fire was said to have bocn kept horning at an limea and seasons by a person or p?rsoT?s annually seleclert by tlio council of the puoblo for that purpose. It |? nni.t br tho two or three of tlio trtho *tt!l living Ibat Kfoiitr7.:im-iex pressly ordered that this Ore should not be extinguished. Tho ger.oral belief, however, amon<r the Indiana of the other pueblos Is that the reason of tho comlirianco of U',JjUm0 **' 'hat "It was one of 'ho customs." |h,>r? ,s * strange story e*tant c.r a "Mr sonant" being kept lu tho a^'ufa at Pecos for the purpose of human sacrifices, which, though gruvely related by Incl'ned to put down as a myth. Each pueblo has a separately orpanlx?d government of Its own, but the systems aro nearly simitar Thore are a *nyrrBor- nontenant governor, war csutalu-nnd his lieutenant, fiscal major and algtracll. The haa more to do with the administration of the ancl?nt rites than with any other duties, and the regard, re aped and afTec'lon paid Mm places him (in the language of Mr. John Ward, their awlsian'. or special a 'eittl, In the position of a sort of elder. Thoro is uo pueblo but lias its habtUadri or horse b rd and herd of horned caf t'e, sheep and foats. Of these tbo war cup'nin lias cbarga, gees to tho selection of tl-c borders ?'iidwl'h bis lieutenant divides the duties of supTvlsion. The herding Is performed in common by tho mn'*3 of t'10 vil'age, wltho:it refer"iico to tlia number of he?rt of stock each may own. Eaoh male, if sufll |entlv grown, mu?t take his four of >lgty or furnUb a 'tibrtiute Tbe^e Ind'.ins ar* romsrkably frugal and hi'lu'trlons. Tlicy ral.'e hnbn? and f'ijo'e* (different kinds of b^ans), pcmpMns. pea', onion-, mimk and water melon#, plttms, apricots. |?ear-% ti^eclies. app'es, grapes, corn, ::rei n and red pepper fcWI), Arc. Fruits aro tho priuclual products In the pueblos couth of Vanta Fe, and the? may ho found In their seasons In almost over/ tow?, in the terri tory. Their p ottery, hair felves and fn kind of bas'.ei) are in constant demand, nnd rcsdlly sell r.mO!t/the citf?.en? a', good price*. Tlielr tra !e evf'nds to other Indians, particularly theComanchoi, with wti-m they barter for btifl ilo rohe?. dred meit. horrei and mules. When the Xara,|o*s aro at peace they procuro from thom the mn?t valuable hor^is. Th? PuolJl"S have but f.-w fireirms, pIar!og their main reliance In hunfng and lighting ou ths bow snd sto-.v. The chief requisites for a nnrri >r a'o that tho ca dldats murt be healthy, a good runner and walker, a-'d handle the bow and atrow skilfully. Most of the Pueblos in clude among th? warriors Mya of sixteen and m?n of fifty voars ofsco and upwards. Kaeh pueblo haa lt? patron rulot, whose nnme, with Tew exception', It b^rs, nnd whose annivo^ary tho in habitant* never rati to appropriately honor. On the anniversary day a gTeat fea*t takes p'ace. and after the ceremonies or the clrorch an oyer, arunsemants of manv kinds are retried to?foot rac'nhorse raclny. pocV flchtlng, dancing, kc. Pomo of tbo pncblos are toted far above other* for these feasts, and great numbers of Irdlans from dl.tsnt town* go I'd'hor to enjoy the amusement* nnd share the hospl'alltles. In education these led ans aro sa lly deficient Kot a Single place properly entitled to the name or school is u> he found, nor a tear her of any capseiiy whatever, rteveml of the pueblos are without a single p-non able to read or write, whl'o among the few to be found In others, Ihe gvater number ooly read brinled matter. TIioko who can declrber manuscript and form letters am far advanced In years and very few In number. STATE* I5LAW0 IHTELUCEWCE. Mi*3ioi.?The Pa Zionist Father*, of the monastery, West Iloboken, N. J., commenced a ro'sslon, on Snnday last, at St Peter's Romnn Catholic church, New Pr'gbton, and will continue until the third Sunday in Lent, the 24th Inst On the lTlh ln?t, St. Patrick's Pay, it Is an nounced there will be a solemn high masa colebra'ed? deacon, sub-deafm, muter of ceremonies, thurlfor, aco lytes, torch bearers, 4c. A gorgeous set of vestments in gold oloth and raised silver work, recently imrortod from Lyons, franco, will h? made use of for the first time, and a choir of first class artists will render the festival one of unequalled grandeur, a* to crsmonlals and sacred music, la the annals of Catholic worship on Htaten Island. Haydn's Mass Vo. 3 Is the composition selected. Tho choir will be ander tho direction of William T. Peclier, of Bt. Peter's chnrch, Barclay street A pene (ryrio on St I'a'riok, h's geneakwy, labors In Ireland, conversion of tb? Irish to Christianity, their ftiith, perse, cutlnns, the Irish In America, will be preached by tbe R~t. J. I* Couroo. pastor of St. Peter's. The solemn high mnss will beirin at eleven o'clock In the morning Ereclwly. The St Petsr's Mutual Benefit and Benevo >nt foclety, established a nnmbcr of years, will appear In process on on th? occasion, with a new, neat ud ap propriate regalia, green and gold. D01ESTIC IHTELLIGCHCC. 1*1 Cmoiao Txirmu? On the night of tho Tth a pvty of workman walkM throngh tbe tunnel under the lak? U ihe rrtb, and there onrn?<d the gate* ami let In the wa'er. It It propo'ed to pump oot the water afttr ? day or two and we bow th* tnnnel been nw. As Uum Wknwita ?The Detrail PY* Prttt, of tbe ?th ln?t, *ay*:?Tbe Iron band of tbe tew got bold of *

woold be aedaror, nnder protnlno of marriage, In that city, and linked him fast la bair bond* lo tbo young woman whom he wa* about to desert leaving her with elitld. A (VmraomiB Orrnn-Tbe Rocheeter Adtrtinr (dera ), auggeeta that nine* the President and Senatecan not a*r*? on a poatmaat^r for Roeboator, both partlea agree 10 aooept for that office "Mr*. W. B. Wtlllama, tbe widow of an old and eeteeraed eltlien; ? tedr who baa ?inellant btiaineaa qoailtlea, a* ahown hy her manage m- nt for the laat Ore y-ara of tb? affair* or the soldier*' Aid floelety, an well aa In other way a." Brian*?Joahna Doty, of Wayland, If. Y., wrat Mi on hi* farm, on the vifa laat, and eat hi* throat with * razor. Ij? 0*!.frro. -In Now Haven, on Saturday. William Hogaa nearly killed with an a*? a man earned Morn* Rbieida. whom he came npnn while engaged in adnltery with big wife The W?na? aiao wag w?aad?4 POLITICAL DEMORALIZATION. Parties sad Candidates DlM?eCed u4 Ana lyzed. [Prom The Nation, March *] The nomination of Mr. P. T. Barnum as one of ?ho Connecticut Representatives In Congress bur gests corslderatlone of eome importance si <o the effect which the crisis through which the nation Is now passing Is produeinf end Is lively to produce on the taste and judgment of eonstUa ench s In the selection of public men. The war may be nid to havo completely destroyed what remained among U8 when the struggle commenced of the eld Kuropc .n faith In the value of pclltleal leadership. Frotn first almost to last peo;>le hungered and murmured for a leader to supply them with plaD?: and policy and Ideas, and to conduct the "on test a? it should be condocted. For four years, at least, the ''coiniug man" was daily expected : but he never cams. Everything which the strugcle needed?the thinking, tho persistence, the torc?ight, the torttude, tho ingenuity? had 10 bo sup i'.ed by tho nation at large; and when the last shot wi> Crcd people were amazed to find that con ception as we!l arf execution iiad In this stupendous un dertaking been the work of the unknown multitude, and tha', In short, the ape of the Washiagtous and Pitts anJ Napoleons seemed to have paw-ed away. Thi re sult is that "great. statesmen" ate perhaps just now in lower repute all over the world than they ever wero he fore, and In this country the pubho may be said to havo not only given up wishing for thorn, but alino*t to hold (hem in contotrpt. Whether the experience of our war Justifies tbl* state of feeMng it Is impossible to say; ono caso Is hardly safUctent basis for a genciallzatiou. This much Is cerlaiu: that in all civilized '?ouctrics, Bismarck and Cayour to tho contrary notwithstanding, the ten doncvls to reh* more and more on popular good ( ease and on popular moral ty, on popular aspiration end on the national vitality, and not on individual genius, for tho solution of e cm political problems. Bnt it Is Impossible not to ?ee that slon# with this low estimate of tho valuo of individual leaders there is creeping lu also a low estimate of the vnltte of Indi vidual character. The strugglo through wl.ieh we are passing is so s vere, tho danger to tim rational cxat onco against which we nro flghtlnv la so great, snd the necesaity Tor unlo" ?o strong, thai wi nro Retting into tho habit of oa^ng 1 ttlo for a public mnn's life and an tecedents, provided that on tho day of battle he keeps his place in the ranks and acts cheerfully wilh tho ma<s; In other words, provided he elian* our opinions wo am not disposed to Icqu.ra very closely into the reality of his couvsrelon, supposing liim to havo been suddenly converted to our way or thinking. Thcro have boi n numerous Illustrations of this within the last three or four years. We could mention hnlf n dozen very s'rlk Inv ones if wo oared to be what the report 'rs call " in v dious" The most prominent ii Anflrew Johnson himself. His loyalty to tho Union during ti.e war led people?and. wo, not unnaturally? entlroly to overlook his antecedents?his ignorance, his coarseness, his profanity. his foul mouthed dvotlon to rlav ry during Ills whole public Iiio; atid rot only to overlook these things, but to conclude that his loyalty Indicated a radical extirpation of his fault*. We now know that It indicated nothing of tho kind, nnd that, all appearances to tho contrary notwlihstand ng, Andrew Joha.-ou of 1803 was Jaet, th> Andrew J: hnson of 1^60. only somewhat older and more telf-snfficioiit. We shall not rc.n any further aloiitf tho list as wo should be forced to speak evil or seme other d"'iiltnries who*e shorUMminrra aro not yet so apparent, and wlio-o usofulniws, whether It bo little or much, wo or.- unwillln to 'mpair. T'.io rate which has overtaken Il( nry Ward needier Is, in a different way, tin e\ninplo aUo of the st?rr>ness with wl icn tho public Is disposed to uphold at this cris'n uniformity of iwliil ftl dr trine. Just rs Mr. John on'a pro', bad education counted tcr nothing as lcrz a^ he hMd crappe.ared to hold sound opinions, so Mr. Bcecher's i ood character council for nothing when he Icll into ui:s und ones. The one has lahor d through a Ions li e f r slavery, tho other has labored through a long llle for freedom; bnt th"lr agreement on iba question of reconstruction 1 :U5 caused t!*em lo be throwu ovcrlx r.rd together, Boucher, If any thing, being Tl? ted with tho heart'?r r probation. This may seem expedient Just at tbls crisis, but wo a'o not afraid to sr.y that we think In tho long run it will ba found that this mode o' estinialinr public men I* based on fata! err r, and that if porsovered In fo as to beenmoa fixed Imblt of tho national mind, it will work more mischief than a'l tho lioterodcx ooinloos in reli gion, morals or politics that can bo preached, wa caro not who preaches them. As wo sa'.l some months ago, whon discussing the prevalence of poll'teal pi-ra nail ties, the chirtcler cf Its puMic tuon, not their opinions, is the mett valuable"of a BaHon's po*i> slous. Opinions pa*, Da**tle8 dissolve, platforms nru atandoned, the wisdom or to day becomes tho roolirlmes^ or ten yetf* h-ticj; but character remains the samo yoe' to-day a*J for aver No nation which chcrishcd and n.aintainod it baa ever utterly peri bed. Territory may be lost, armies may dwindle, navies diaapiKiar and wealth decay: bat no people who have steadily insisted that whatever their public men might lack, thoy should at least bo trathful, o .urageous. high mind d; how ever they might dilDfr from the majority fa opinion, they shontd fear dishonorft wound, and should approach the nattoual aervto with clean hands, clean con.oiences, ^T4 -rttentfV' and self-respect, has ever bean utterly hnv??ht to nanght. It V ' f uo1 political, doclino that nations dlo. nnd ono Ok the symptoms of moral de cline in all ages has been the indifference wi h winch tho p">ple havnc the power to piownt it, has witnessed the intrusion of knaves and hmn'ou s an 1 chen's into pehllc , tfllcea Wo have witnessed th.s S|iec!ac:e in thiscoun'ry already; but It has i.ever beea witn>sscd by tha great | bodv of tV-n people with lod iToronce. Tho de.aootatio pnr.y was the flrst to treat character as it it were of no toustaueoco in politics. Tiie grons cynl-ism of the party on this point in Its later and more de-porate rears was ono o. the most revolting piicnon -n i of tho contest from which we aro Just emerging. I luring the Buchanan administration this practice vas elevatoJ Into a principle, until, by euch appointments as I.vlah Bynd<*re to tb? raar.^halhlp of the Pout hern di -trie*, of Ner Vork, the party oocnly proclaimed that rarty (ld?litv wculd a'or.e lor nny amonnt of riuianlsm. Rut the republicans, to their honor, fought aialnst this a- fervently as agaiugt slavery. Tho lax morality of the democratic pin* and its contempt for character were almost as promineat a count In th?'ndimmen! a.^i'n't It and had nearlv as much to do with Its overthrow at tho North, as lis dovotlon to s'nvcry The who!? cmn'rjr was shock d and dt<-grr.ccd two months ago by tho elec tion of a pugilist mid gam'dcr from this city to tho House of Knrresentatlves. It was dino Iv the vo'.rc of the igncnuit foicigr.ers; and can anybody wonder at It or reverely blame the electors who knows that el -ht vears mevmifly th'ev L^dscon the Pmld^^l the UnMd 5'ates appoint sncther rowdv, and a lea ler of rotvdie , a i o'hou >e bully, to me ot the must responsible officcs in the gift o the govBiutrmni? It mav see to bard on Mr. B.irnum to make bis noml nvion the t'xt ror remarks or thWsoru Bot wod ?not suck to place him in tho wtroe category wl!h P.ynd n or Morrlssey We fre -Iv aeknowledge that he has rend' r*d soma service to ih? au'l-slarcry cans.) In Coimoctlc .t; that he did food work ou tho rght side dnriag tho war- thai he Is a irleut orsihri ty and ?'-od order and that he basv-hhc *pirltand is a f.ood i-cikhber Hnt we ah all never admit that a inng career like bU can bo atoned lor by oierf of ulnd. lie is the norsoulflcation?and so far from con calm - or dony.og it ho boa=t* cf It?of a c na n low kind of h m bng; hnmhng so |>city, and (.ro-locln^ w> little appaiont niitcl lef. that pe' pie are rather di?posc t lo he "Ulitar .?n Ic their wav cf lodging It. a .d smile at it. It la a kln4 of humbug, too, into w .lc i tho Yankee ?Smart- - s, lu Its last ami W .ret stn?. s, sppe .rs to run ratnrally j bet Which, funny as it often appear*, oats oat the heart or religion aud morality even more efiectual1 y tban th ^^?1 s of great rrlni^s or vl nod ^lil K, if It to spread, might eas ly ehd n r neon ting ns with a com r.Mtiutv regular In i?s playing and smiting, Hud tit-.w. In external cruet, bit In wbloli all below was roiteun .--3 and unoloacne-a, In nhlrU tbe mm ver- without injih aud tlic women without virtue. He ha* pus .<il bis life In r:Mi?ac!:tng the world for curitxillcs to exhibit?or, la other wor'u;, as n ??ihoMrman " W? io not concur lu the low estimate In which a 'bowman's ealilr? I* popu lar j beld. If It bo honoraMo or .nstru'HWe to (a mid fcc 'trau :e or queer tlihgs, It I* houorsblc to ruliec; aiul exhibit them; and If Bnrnum hivi continul hlwclf (o tliis, though we might not *o!?o.i him as a lo^lUainr, or like to sec him rent to Congras* by a New Kn-tlind ivate, we nhonl'l not access him, as we now do, or having been lor twenty or thirty years a doprav ing enJ dciniraiiziog Ir.fltenco, Hip anccess In mi>iiey>gotting, to far from hiouIbk for hU oQenceJ. as t'jO'O "ho have nominated him seem to think It docs, only aggravates then; be onnae It mnkns bis example the moro corrupting to the thousand" of jounx men who leave home every rear In New England with money-dotting sot bo:or" them u their inlasiwa tn IHo. V> > all langU over tliu woolly I'orse, the morinahK the Circassian c-irl. the <inz?n other rfevlrea to wbl .t? ho ererr year reior:-' to extiuct qiartcr* from tho couulry poopls who vi?it Now York; and there ha-i iwon so much laughing aliout U, and he hlm.?< If Joins lu the latij}Uin? to t adlly, Ilia we forget that It is simply swindling 011 a ?malt soife, and that the .-plrit which pronip's it and snataltH It a the very s .mespirit which Alls tl.eja'l- wttu forger* and embezzlers and "sneak tli.uvee." What makes It all Ihe more re velling, too, I* tfl- own efforts to docolre hlmsvlf and his victims Into the belief tbat he makes his tr.vle moral by keeping up M appcarance of re?p- la. ility lo bis mu ??iim, and excluding all "indoccnt allusion* or gestures," as he piously announces In hla play hula, from the stvio of what, with alia humbug's deferens for the preju dice of thi religions world, he calla bla ' lecture mm." We ear nothing here of the Intense and cone nirated vu'garlty?we do not use the wcrd as the aniitliexla of "gentility"?of the atmosphere which sanuundi him, though It ought to be, and we hope one day will he, when we have entered on 1 higher state of culture, an objection to a man who offers himself as a candidate fer the national legislature. Nor would we dwell even on the knaelslinees of hla career for the mere purpose of injuring hla buclnca, or trying to cure the deprarod and debasing teste for monstrosities to which he so laboriously pendens knowing, as we da, bow delighted he la with anything which Increaaea his notoriety. One of the results of the growth of the peri odical prean and of the wide diffusion of reading Is to oreaie a class of which he la a g od specimen, and who are well content to have their moral deformity exhibited to all comers m long aa It makes the dollars flow Into tha till. But when a Btate which stands among the foro moat in edeoatien, and ought to aland among the fore* snoot lo reOaoment, and eliirh abound* in high culture, la high oharaeter, cotrhlned w>th both patriolfcai and eloqueMe, deliberately come* forward and Mils the world that the party of progress, of re'orm, can Had In Its barriers no fitter repreest.iAilve of Ita Ideaa than the proprietor of the woolly herae and tha bearded woman. It la time for people In wboae ayes character la still a political force to apeak their miada oat, wen at the risk of doing aome political damage. Anybody who wants a good illustration of Mr. Baraura'e career and calling can hardly do better than to visit hit "lecture mom," and wltnosa the great "moral drama" of the "Christ ton Marty re," which la now pre sented there to "dellshted thousands" U la aa afflict' lag portrayal of Christian sufferings and constancy in the worst days of the pagaa empire; the drssass are gorge one, the ploaa rani la nnexreptlonable, and the sosnery Imposing: Ihe martyra are delivered in the arena to Van AmhorgVe Hons, bronght op from the lower floor of the anueeam for their bloody work-sad ?H for thirty cents a head. In tha Deal Oonstaa tine's cross appear a in tha aky, and the IV nan empire la converted amidst hursts of applause, wheraapon tno eurtaii rails aid ? ma t* beoorsivi tbickJr with putt of "HorM I.lnlment," "Yahoo Bitters," "Ready Reliefs" and "i'ain Extractor*," aud other quite'' i..odicuio*. CITY IHTELLIGJ23CE. im? Wkhc ?This, bomg the week Immediately snc eroding the flrst Sunday of Lent, la known ?? tb" Spring Ember Week, to day, Friday aud Saturday beiug the ?mbor days, and coniequent'y recognized in the Catholic Cbnrch as fasting day* of obligation. The cml-er weeks occur once in each season?the Hi <t In winter, Immedi ately after the third Sunday of Advent; the second In spring, immediately after th** flrst Sunday of Lent; the third in summer, during VThltsun weok, and the fcirth in autumn, immediately after Ho!yro.>d day (the fes*t of the Esallatloo of the (.'row, September 14) The obiect of these special .lays is to cuniocrato the seasons to God, to pray for His bW*>tig on the earth, aud to ajk for wor thy minivers of Ilis !i??ly word. In Catholic countries the ordiuation of cler-ymen takes place geneially on the Saturday of Ember v. ek. Th name Is supposed to have been derived from the ancient custom of sprink ling utiles or embers on the garment*. as a token of sin cere penitence. In this country Utt-re are no special public serriOM connected with E.aher \ oek; the obliga tion to abstain from flesh meat !?>. however, obsorvvd, and in the office of the day, recited by the prieatu, approj)rlato prayers and psalms are Inserted The Ember days in this week failing on tho -time daes us ire de clared Lenten fauiag days in this diocese, are thoroioro not especially observed. r.v8-.p ;sTS roa thu Paris Exrosm >s.?It is proposed to furnish citizens visiting tUo Paris Exposition and Europe with passports from the Department of Statu, as a certificate of their cltlzonship, ro as to avoid Ineon ml ences 'hat may arise for want of being provided with authentic pr?ofs of their national character, and which they are not able to obtain abroad from diplomatic or consular agonts of the St at of. Ohmi/ns or Sold inns and Sailors. ?The Fifth an nual rei>ort of the managers of tho Union Home and School for tho nurture of the destitute children of our volunteer soldiers and sailors has just Veen issued, and is full of interest to the patriotic philanthropist. The ob jects of this iustitn'.ion are supciently set forth in its name, and commend themsolves to all. Tho only con ditions of admission aro proof that tbe applicants are children of soldiers or sailors, that one of tho parents is d?ad, and the survivor unable to provide for them. Should the parent become ro nt any tlmo the children aro returned. Ou arriving at a suitable age, if still In the Home, they are provided with situations, care boira taken as to the character of those with whom they are placed. During tho oast year more than five hundred hive been refused admission fur want of room, many having b?en temporarily aided at their own homes. Two hundred aud sixty-throe were received. The present under the <4iro of tho managers is one hundred aud twcnty-elvht Since April 1861 aid has b^en extended, In varlo '8 degrees, according to the ability of the Society and the no'd.sof beneficiaries, to two thousand children. Tho ronoipU of the past year from ordinary sources were 117,044; on account of the festival feud. J?3,.'.00; makiug a total of $iil,4'>4. The oxpendlttires hare amounteil to $13,104. Forty-six thousand six hundred and fifty-five dollars have been paid towards tho purchase of a building and eight lots for tho uro of the institution. Tho committee In chaise of tho presentation festival give, in their report, au account, of the origin, conduct, and success of that enterprise, the total returns of which are expcctcd to be sufficient to enable tho managers to provide l oommo datlon for at least five hundred more of those In whose I behalf they are laboring. Youxo Emigrants.?Yesterday the Children's Aid Society sent Westward ono of its periodical dei&akmants ol boys and girls gathered from tbo streets of this crowded metropolis. Tlioy numbered thirty In alt, and wore or vurloue nationallt'es. Two only were blacks. Tlioy wore brought into the society's rooms at Clinton Ball la tlio inornine. in all tbo rugs and squalor of tlio st^et. washed, and each provided with an entlro suit, including mittens, mutflen).. ke. Most of them were without friends; but iu sowo nisei U wns otherwise, and tho pain of that pHrtlng, which they foil mu?>t be, was sod, Indeed, to witness, in mothers, sinters ami brothers. They left the city under care of Major Lancoy. from tho fuot of Chambers street, at half-past three iti the after* noon, their domination being Michigan. If tho founda tion In laid in honesty of parpoee aad unity of alui, a useful future la before them. Socthkin DKsrntmos. ?Although the proposed Cob greselonal appropriation of a million dollars will, nn doubtedly he passed, there will still be need ol pr.'.Jtte contributions for Ifcc dssttlst* at tbe South. It is stated on the authority of General Howard that, la order to meet the eilgencl?s of tho case, at least half a million more will fe required. Telegraphic despatches give the number or thosa In absolute want, in tbo State of Georgia, aft nluoty thousand, of whom two-thirds aro whites, while la South Carolina tbe destitution is even greater. Toe Belief Commission cend tbltbor thl? woek twenty-live thousand buliols of corn by the hark Pur veyor, of which the Iroe use has been granted them by tho covernment for that purpose. Th<-y hope to follow it w th a similar testlminial of good will next weak. This Uohtautt RisroiiT.?Dr. Harris, In commenting tn his weeklvr letter upon the mortality report, which was published In the HrnAtn yesterday, says that the amount of mortality from constitution^ and Inflamma tory diseases has noticeably decreased the past two weeks. "Scarlatina, though prevalent, Is reported less severe than it was m mJdwintor, and It kill' only balf as tnnnv children as it thon did." Deputy Registrar Ftik's, of lirooklyn, In bis loiter on tho sime subject, In spe.ikmg of ttio fearful mortality among children In that o;:y mya:?''The slaughter of Infanta is the city's chief labumaniif." Mkctuw or ths Fabmrks' Clcb.?Tbe attendance at the FarmorV Ctub yesterday was large. Several eub jo ts 01' importance werj brought forward and thoroughly dircuM d. A specimen of nnasual ly fine tobacco was received from Franklin county, Missouri, a locality somowliat famous for tbe prod-icUjn of that article, 1 he mode of planting the white pine from the seed, in o:dr to Insure a successful growth, tbe b~st way In which to utilize ben manure ntid the crow ing of be.eis for iho production of sugar, were severally considered. Kx-Govoroi.r Taller, of I'lah, beiug present, inlrod .crd the subjcct of tho ifacture of paper, cloth and glut.noiu food trom the rorn husk. Tills matter, so Important to a country In w|iii-h such a larye amount of Indian corn h produced, had heeu thoroughly tried, under the auspices of tho .Au^'ian government with eminent 8'iecesi. Tho thanks r.f Hie meetlne were returned to Governor Fuller for ids interesting and useful rema-k*. Thanks were also voted to Mr. J i=!d1i H Maey, for bts kindnoss aitd bountiful hospitality during Hi* Hie trial of agricultural Imple ment* on bis premises, near Rye. The rusnl. of this exhibit ion was antimncol by tho committee, their report ad >pted and ordered to be printed. Tns GraxJ < Hojtital.?The aseoelatlon of German Ladies, organised lor ibe purpose of aiding to Increase the Gerranu Hospital fund, continues its elTorts In behnlf of tl at iiutiinta. They hrre made arrangements to open a bazanr on the corner of Twon'y-elghtb rjtreet and Broad ray, where articl* s for ladles mid children will l?e famished at reduoed price*, the proceeds of whloh will M nppropiSated as above stated Previous to the open ing or ibis bazaar, a ladle*' fair will bo held at the atwve nar/ied pHcc ferine benefit orthe institution. A dramatic performance, by rne of tlio local German dramatic so cieties, at the Turn Hail, lately yielded $120 in aid of the fuud. On the pai t of the managers of the German tlos pitnl ever.' ' (Tort htv? been made to make It a model In stil'.lion, provided with all modern Improvements. FtrrsRjii. or Dm. Alvik H. Ttnwaa.?The obse quies of tbe late Alvia H. Turner were cele breted yesterday at tho Rprlng street Presbyterian church. The serv ce was conducted by Dr. Pratt, min ister of the Tabernacle, assisted by tho Rev. Mr. Rock welL The deceased was a very prominent member of the Order of the Hons of Temperance, and wa? con nected wUb tho M-irstiall Div'sion, over which bo had three t'm s be"n fleeted Worthy Patriarch. Tbo funeral wg i therefore attended bv delegau-s from most of the dlvlstoas of the or^'r, Incl "ding tbe Grand and Marshal Division and the t'vlits of lomjeeranco. The church was well Ailed, ind tho serrleoe were of a very Interest ing nnture. After tbe close of the exercises the whole congregation fl'o I by tbe Coan, ta ;ln< a last look at tho pla. id tace of the departed. The eorpM was then carried to Greenwood Cemetery for Interment. Bal Misqn.?Mr. Daniel Mace entertained bia friends on Monday evening last at a very pleaaaat and enjoyable bal masque, given at Lyric Hall, corner of Forty-seventh strott and Broadway. Every variety of character was represented, and neither pains nor < xponse wer spared by tbe hoet and his amiable wife to Insure tbe thorough enjoyinont of ail who participated. B::imibi!so the Ou> Harlkm Biiiikii.?Doting tbe psst week a number of workmen, under Mr. Smith, have bean employed repairing the flooring of the nertl.orn end of the old Harlem bridge, which had become so dMajd dated and unsafe that for several months the Fordham horse cars have not b en i ormltted to cr>ss, as formerly. Their are now, however, enabled to run over It and de poalt passengers at tbe proper terminus Sasusior a Dimixmr.?Deputy Collector Prinze, of the Ninth dletrict, yesterday eelsed tbe distillery of Albert Heller, comer of Peventcth itreet and avenue A, for alleged frauds on the revenue. Fatal Aociokst ox Piiot Bo/* Hors No. 1.? On Sun day last a fatsl accident occurred on board tbe pilot boat Hope No. I, of New York, while off Fire Island. Robert Murray, s native of Aberdeen, Scotland, while furling tbe femail- fell overboard and kss drowned. The vawls were instantly manned, bnt In consequent* of the darkness of the night no trace of the mtmlng man could be discovered. A Yorro mots nm "Hra"-A young man, aged about nineteen years, named John Brown, some time siace was placed In the United Htatee acboolablp, where his fiitber thought he would ha preserved from the wl> ked ways of yonng virtuous Boston hopefuls. The young men, however, proved to be phyiteally too large, and, counting by oOcialiy toed years, too old to mingle with the Inmates of theahlp. and so wan made to enlist la the navv by bis father. Not fading Uncle Ham's service on tbe briny waveiwreeabio to hlstatfea, he one day took French leave of tbe veeeel he had b*sn transferred to and made his wm to Boeton. Arriving at that "centre of oifUisatlon" and ftndtng that though tbe people were mnch given to ohar liable donations toward the conversion of the heathen, they were not over daalroaa ol attending a helping dollar to oe?, a.ra ghtvay went toaiv.tei, bau? eVh^JIAT*' TV v,,,u,,? U booty and hla $30 he look wj early tr- rf f.,r this oUy, wi,*re h, rived one day last wen. lur.,rra*twm of ti.e yo.u s man's d"?K ou and hie noa-aava! expUjtta aft r his bin. ding goo<i bye to bis re,? l, wen telegraphed l0 this c.ty by those Interested, and after aabort ??4rch detoo. tive Ousenbury. who was detailed to hut htm up f.,und him on Hundny at the Apieririn Club H itel, in itro?d way. John Drown wae sent back u the nation .Monday. A Kotkl Kjuhndek.? A woman named Uaria MtakiU, tiring at No. MS West Thirty-(UUi street. eatored a Seventh avonuo oar on Monday evening but, and do poeuing upon one of the teats a male child about -u. teen months oM. left an qalet'y at she had entered. The child wai brought to the Twentieth prec'uct Rtatloa house, tho woman caroo In soanh of tt during the ni.'ht. Ktio alle. c<l that she bad left the ehlM tn the car to r mind the conductor that he was no! only lie father, but that he had forgotten to gir^ her the moiuu to sup port it Acrm**T8.?Henry Fostler, a disinter, Maiding at 43$ Ninth avonao, whilo pasaing throaa'h Thirty-third strr at late on Moudiy night, was severely injured by being struck In the mouth by some overgrown boy* throwing a missile at him. John Minton, a wood engraver, giving hie residence al Crook'n Hotel, was foand early yesterday morning at 05 East Broadway, bledlng froru an incised scalp wound. 11 ith iho above wore taken to tlie Hellevue n >gpitaL M.nthow Pringte, while in the art of running a't?r an Eiffiith avonuo car, early yes'erday morning, flipped and foil, fracturing the cap nf hi* Unpe. lie was loken by some ilrlends to the New York Hospital. Joseph Allroti* fell vestorday ut tho corner of Broad way and Exchange place from his truer, fracturtng his shoulder. cua CUSTOM HOUSES. The organ'salion of the Ctutom Houses of tho Fnlt?d States, and the rules governs the same, are a con glomerate of tho legislation. regulation and tradition of over sixty ycan?a patchwork. Ilk? Jo??ph'? coal, of mary eolore, but not, aii w? may suppot? tUat ccmU to lo have been, of a certain harmony of psrts, but rather like an old garment, worn, frettod and outgrown, over laid nnd underlined, pieced out, lengthened and enbrg d, with addenda, large or email, old or now, by person* nol always skilled in tho art sartorial. Tlie folly of putting now cloth on an old garni'nt mentioned of old. In this modern patchwork the Joining of the old and th? now has courted many routs, through which th? dl? bonest tisve been tempted to thrust their finder*. Tho organization of our Cv iom Ho sw* was laid in tb? statute of 1790, the prov'..;ior.' of which, to a f.^d ex tent, arc still In fores. Slnco that time, almos* yearly, there have beenamendmentH*r.dald:<lone, with copiou? delegations of authority to t'.'o Secretary of th- Treasury to establish rulef, regulation?, Ac. Many of the* amend ments were concootcd to subserve private interests or KoK::( sa roclnoAS of view which characterised tbo distinguished man who first held that position. . . Tho country has been growing rapl-Uy for 'he p?s? Birty or Seventy year.', and Us comraerco has keptj*o? with iu^t Hrowth. What was th<?? a matter of thou ss-i&Wfinc Hrs rVfTnibfinnfl of tbe Treasury D 'pirtniflit touching our repuIatK?M ?J . t^e ront?ne of Cu?tom Hon*a assssssss Mb ronntlDK bousa and in his array of r ro? V SSSSJ his out door work^a eve* K ,hem & fill. The merchant, I repe*, has hi? r?i/m the rart? of which ara in harmony with each ^ 1 j, _tii hnnr examiuatlon, and U is not necessary Ki^Tr to anaww, "I do so only b cau.? him m 7 (vthor's father dtd ?? before m?.' _ What my tHtaf^houirlit of a large mercantile enablement would be thoagiit ?* ctUud of bookkeeping and whl*?ould boW W thevort'y the correct ^TlSf "ransaotions, .fold "3 Everything I. lo lw placa and^cv.n^r"M ^^C uoSht clan run ? Ci.on mill could gov ?rnlin oiaMre bul. be could do neither without a system ^M'ho lT'flcnt circumstances and harmonious n^ i' rVrts 1 T?t?n a cotton mill of the pro-cut day, Lith Bit tbo light* and experience of sixty y.ars ago, uCrtiss"i^?-w ??!?i-i'a Timtom House official* has been oftsn mad* Tho voles* of manv who have s.:!Tcred and tbe muttering? of o hors 5?55^?iOT <&??? J""?! T.T^l lnston. Sol lei'ore of the Treasury and Tre??ury have been permanent institutions within the precincts ol t b eC aatoaiHoojr for rears. Still, It to notor ous that the evils Which they undertook tofetT?t yt r III ??lstM> fnli force. Tber do not know, roi Wrwu*t oew K Z?.!SSP?Z,VZ rl,' . Rimniated papure, assertions ot tb? nec?? bi* v of order * and affoctrd pross of bu.-lnc?3, so #mbar ^Ts a"l re-aTthe msrcl ant tha', to set hli prersMt s???.%?rirAv'o srwjrijra rather want of It. T,,? ' i ?in ect ttllea Is An ancient building, er4C1'-^ Vli.'i, t ? wtni old rats and its nooks and wasto will sienl and ?n1 mice and hedtmfs, an I t, Jong nibble and s.mlr your ?>lood. 1m ? u-1y?u , ? m the old stands, there they are' ??"? ?P "" Your monrers, in th? rM ewmt ir?s? oye)| confused; they nose a fc,w_V '^nrT,,lnirate tbelr roov? from other hnlcs observe ?n J ^,|n only ?ooreM? som? ments. Your corre?tte sooi ^ tables inTeas? laggard bodlmg ; ???d ?o I go f the o(t lin,?4 reul,?o?narePcomp.hed to ab? don tbe old < o?icero. calching and mending *0[IC K with a head WW has beon losg and lauiy tr actiiitwl by oor knows what .s ioof rrom faver feet pn^li-\r*;? ,|? *,t.UPT W|,o shall reinovrt overy man and political Mosernfi T, ayntem, bas bo< ora? who,' ed wJTsnd. in doiiw Vf!shs>lfc?bSd lo arimo the fullest stretch of imeid SK&KS* tg&rXjrjflSSb sndeorim* ''^?n.'is '?1.1 rot cs' that such a mangoes not ex. ^ S?3fc cn th? mere surgestton of ? chsnge-^ Sr.. I. form not In s.i.siano?; a change in th? ?,*t? an" m"de l>f dolni, not In th? thiw* to be don?. A custom house is simply the gat? at which is coW le, ted tho duty or toll wl.lrti the government impos?? _ The r*teV??er>?r or collewor Is charged w!th?the ?iij?rTl?ion of all onlgoing and incoming ve?. ,ni., and collecting tb? pre?ifib?a charges on siicnres se!s and their < argo??. The Idea j^P,*'n. *"'J. ' and res ilatlons by whlrtt th? collector should be K<^ erntd^lVthe diselfarga of bis dotle- and th? organ s lion of s?rh fore? and appMaacs? as h? m?v f,nd newssary In th? prompt ^p?^. ;^ tnd be any clrcumlocutloa. ten per cont mere? would more .?n breast tbe dim additional duty oal?pWft*d *rtl<^?s than i onrtef colli?? which conceited Cus"..m Mp%ns th? present system, Tn ibs study ?f n?c -wiavy t? any des,redi ?w^ r.,UT) j(Mt rbe reaper, m?ana that al! jDproTSmeoi* oontsnd that th? with his ilckl? on his ibouMf ^ l)t|) but that la Wt way to gathw ?heat m vy th# ta ql,e? not the received opinton. W\ , rs smg rerenu? tion, we contend "'fff * bound lo provid# Tm 223 JShnS^ueTAut^jitr^ swth Leonard WM murdered oa we learn thst Corpora intoxication. H? waf Fsbruary t?. ^hilo in ?M* mm u? habltnslly t6? *ra ^warning against ?v?n occasion^ lo. to the regiment es a www * ~s kad several bain dtih'encs in 'ntoxloatlM L. probably mur, dred dollsrs ??, ' fTtta^, of th? 8?v?nl^ dered for his niw? J- h |U| tt TaOahasao?, F?hrtt? inrsntry bsod, dl?^|? vt[h r.gtment twsnty twj ary It H? u-T?oa'sdetachmenl, which in physwal oot>41iw?