Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1867, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1867 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMK8 UORUUS BKN VKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. PJFIC* M. W. CORNER OK rn.TON AND NASSAU 8TS. Volume No* W AMUSEMENTS THIS AFrEKN'OO.N AND EVENINQ. ? BROADWAY THRATHK, Brmdwar, n<?%r Broorue ?treat.?&handt MaOPIRB-A* "o"* '* Skvillr. NEW ynKK TriKiTttE Bro.idwiiy. oppoMte New York HotSt?Miss Kiit O'Connor?Brotukr Bob. Matinee at 1 o'clock?London AUtBAJicm. WOOD'S THEATRE. Broadway, opposite St. Nicholas llotaL?Thk Wild Irish Girl? Musical Kntertainrrni? The Bonnir Fish Wira. Matiuee allX o'olock. GERMAN STADT THEATRE, Has. 48 and 47 Bowery.? JCabciscr. STEINWAY HALL, Fourteenth street and Fourth are bub.? Guard Benefit Concert to Treodokk TuomjU). DODWORTH'S HALL, 808 Bread way.?Proprssor nun WILL PERrORN Ilia MlRAOLRS?tlir liEAD in TRB alr? Sua I* in a* Baskbt Trice?Proteus. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, S85 Brotdwar, opposite the Metropolitan Hotel?la turir Ethiopian Kntbrtain Maim, Sinqino, Dancing ahd Burlbmurs.?Tbb Black Co?k?Thr Healthy Cupids. 1 KKLLT * I.BOX'S MINSTRRM 710 Broadway, oppo altetbe NtrwYork Hotel.?In treib So.yos, Damjs*. Eccrr? *Bicmaa. Burlesours, Mo.?Cindrb-Lron?Madagascar fiALUrr 'inoor*?Path ir Pari*. FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, No*. 9 and ? Waal Twenty-fourth street?ORtrriN A Christy's Minstrels.? Ethiopian Minstrelsy. Ballads, Sublessors, Ac.?Thb Ocean Yacht Rack?The Blaor Crook. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, SOI Bowery.-Co?o YoCALISH NkiRO Mi.ISTRELST. BALLRT DiYERTISRMKNT. Jkc?Massamibllo, ob tbb Fuucatcubb. Matinee at Stf o'clock. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechanics' Hall, 472 Broidwar?Ij? a Varirtt op Light AND LaUQHABLR KnTBBIAIHHRNTS, CORPS DB ttALLKT, Ac. Tub Fkman's Oath. KKP. F. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn? Hazardous O round. n00LEY' BOPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn.?Ethiopian Mi*., Ballads and Buri-ksuuu.?The Blai r Crook. TIIE BDNYAN TABLEAUX. Union Hall, corner of Twenty-third street and Broadway, at J\ ? Motinq Mir. *or or trb Pilgrim's Progress?Sixty Maonipioicnt Blurbs. Matinee Wednesday aud Saturday at 3 o'clock. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. BIS Bro*dwar.? Bfab and Right Arm op Probst?Thb Washington Twins?Wondbrs in Natural History, Scibnck and Art. Lectures Dailt. Okd from 8 A.M. till UP. M. INSTITUTE OF ART (Derby Oallery). 8J5 Broadway.? Grand Exhibition op Paintings.?" The Republican Court" in tub Dats or Lincoln. FORT SUMTER.?I.rcturr bt Brioamkr Opxfral Htkwart L. Woodford, at Central Methodist Episcopal Church, Seventh avenue. TRIPLE SHEET. ",w , ork> W't'dnesdajr, March 1.1, 1807. TBS STSWfl. EUROPE. By the Atlantic cable we have a news report datwl yesterday evening, March 12. The advlco. from Ireland are of a contradictory char acter. It la said that the Fenian band. have ' all been dispersed," and again that troops were marched from Ctork against a "large number of insurgent*' musterel at Mallow Junction, an Important railway centre. The British government has "good reason, ' U Vs taiu, f.o nfearM another rising, and the aotherltiea mre prepared to meet It Fenian men and Fenian armB are being ?rreeted and seised all over the Island. Count Bi.rn.rek is endeavoring to reconcile the party Actions in the North German Parliament, so as to have the new constitution voted. The Euiperor-of Austria baa eet out on ft visit to Hungary. The laborers em ployed at the Para Exhibition buildlnga are on a wages ??etrike." Console closed in London at Wtf for money, a decline Of one-halt from the day previous and of three-fourths from the price ruling the day before the laet outbreak in Ireland United Staves five-twenties were at MX (an ftdvanoe) in London, and at 84 in Parle. The Liverpool cotton market was quiet and firmer, with middling uplands at 13 pence?a decline. Bread stuff* Arm, with a strong market. Pricee have not Im proved in Manchester. The French transatlantic mail eteamahip Ville dePari. ?which left Brest on the Jd of March, wae off Sandy Book Monday night, after ? fine run. extending over aloe days by a fow hoar* only. She landed yoaH-rday morning our European flies and special correepondence, i dated to her day of sailing, fully anticipating the Eng lish maiu of the Cunard stoamahip Africa, which left Liverpool the same day the Vllle de Pari, left Brest, as well as the files of the North American, which left Lon donderry on the 38th of February and reached us at a late hour laat night from Portland, Maine. The details of our cable doepatches published to-day am brace matter, of very considerable Interest, Including ?n important letter from our special correspondent n toodon. tn which he describes the exciting ecene wit ?*?ed In the English Parliament when Mr. Disraeli sub tnitted the Perby reform resolutions to the House of Commons, and placed before the public the eerious dlffl -uHy which atteuda the attempts of the aristocracy to Tec-inclle their policy and position with the franchise rights of the democratic masses of Ureat COKGBEM. * I. the Senate yesterday the rewlutlon directing the ?ecretary of War to furnish equipments for Kjm ?iilltla to the Governor ot Tenneesee waa reportod bac \ *i.t*riini its oowstderation went over. Th'> bills relative ?o^neh spoliations and for the of the Northern frontier were ..ported, A re?>lutto. "PMth*_ ap propriation of |1M,000 for the removal of the wreck or Scotland was pueed. A bill to facilitate tho estab lishment of a novel and marine coal depot ou the eastern ah ore of New Jereey and authorizing the construction of ? double track railroad from some paint near New York to the oofti regions of Pennsylvania wae introduced and referred to the Committee on Na?al ABaire. The supnle ?ternary Reconstruction bill waa taken up and referred do the Judiciary Committee. Ou a motion of Mr. Mor ion to take bp Mr. Sumner's resolution* requiring further aruaranteee from the rebel State-, which, among lu other m-ovlnons. sscurws ? homestead to freedmen, a sharp in. Hoi, , Wn IT*! *aho?? 60 th* ^JTooo for carrying the recon futlon appropriwi^ lA?^ xlj# bill *o provide puuetion act into effect fh. senate clothing for dert.tute soldle? w? ,nd loint reeoiutlons of thanks to Usorgo PCaooay, ^ , !V?. oi 000 000 for the destitute people in the ESt??? ? Z Committee of the Whole, and t ; ? joint reeolutlon appropnatlng f 16.000 for ?"e^ f " ite colored people tn the District we. lite relief of dsot... guuj? for bl|U and raoolu passed Voder the call . .--pen*00 of U>? lions, a Joint resolution directing J Jwe kseue ?ct to relieve John E. Bouligny, whieh di. ?T tend warrants to the amount Of 16,940 ncPdi, pa*.-ed The Boeee then adjourned. The Senate yeeterday rejected the nominations of Edgar Cowan, of Penney Want*, aa Minister to Austria; Lo?l. W. Bogy m Commi**toner of Id Han Affaire, wid John Qulacy Adams aa Naval Officer for the dl*rlct of Boston ?nd Cbarleetown. THE LEGIILATUEE In the BoMte yesUrday a hill relative to wharfage In New Tort and Brooklyn wae introduced. Bills for the Wore effectual prevention of cruelty to aaimaU, tho f rther protect iff. of female employ to tn New Totk, and Incorporating Metropolitan Market Company The report of the Ootnmlsrt>>ners of Krnl aMtioawa. reoelved, a?d th. Senate took a reoeai On JLembling several Mll> of a local or ualmperUftt ihot.? | >nne, ^ reading. "Jilhe AseemWy WU. to provide for protection to navl . .7! nndson and for oUer purport, mninly of intrrt fMdlDi A iMolaUon InqulnU,al0 ,b* ot frhtru reaaing. ... ia!d on I lie the Pictto Mail 8U*m?h?P Oomp^J ereuing (able, and the A*temhlf took ? rec?. ? ? Ceeion I he Mil providing for the enlftrgem.ntjMocks CerUI. canal, wM centered !. ?C?nn.l?M of^the Vl.ole .ud made a special order for Friday 'h ivat? or local bills were advanced to a third read ?f, j? .1 the Assembly adjourned. THE CTTT 1 he etritemest consequent on the Fen^n i*virreotKHi in Ireland still continue* tn tliis city. Meetlnn of the various circles have boen held, and a mam dotnonn ra tion will lake plaoe this evening at Union square Hooey is pouring in plentifully, end the project of a New York msschant to raise one million dolivi for prlvfctwn has boen favorably leosived, nod men!* with considerable success. Private letters from Washington state that the committoe now In that city have been cordially tecelvod by Senators anil Representatives of both parties. The Brooklyn Board or Education held a meeting yes terday afternoon. Officers for the ensuing year were elected and other business of interest transacted. Tbe meeting was more numerously attended than any ever held before. John Francis Magulre, M. P., delivered a lecture last evening, at Cooper Institute, before a Urge audience, tn aid of tbe Catholic Protectory, on "European and Ameri can Education." The hall was well Oiled, and tbe lec ture, which was replete with valuable Information and Just reflections, was listened to with appreciative at tention. ?n Interesting lecture was delivered last evening by George William Curtis, In the Reformed Dutch church, Sixth avenue, on "Conservatism." Tbe leoture was at tended by a nnmerous and intelligent audienoe, and the speaker was frequently applauded. In the Supreme Court Chambers yesterday a motion wu made to set aside the order of arrest tn the case of Theodore H. Loomis, a clerk formerly tn the employ of Oliver H. Carter ft Co.. merchants of this city. The prisoner has been imprisoned for upwards of a ysar, tn default of ball, in Ludlow street Jail on a charge of em bezzling $25,000 of the moneys of that Urm, a civil ac tion having been Instituted against him by Carter ft Co. for tbe recovery of tha money. Decision reserved. In the case of Atkins and others against Klwell and others, which has occupied the attention of the Supreme Court Circuit for five davs, the Jury were yesterday di rected by the Court to bring In a sealed verdict this morning. The action is brought to recover $10,000 damages for dotention and repairs of the ship J. F. Chat man, which the plaintiflfe had purchased fr>m the de fendants under their representations that she wai sound and In good condition, Wbon It Is alleged shs was In reality worm-eaten. In the Kings county Circuit Court, yesterday, the case of Mary Maddcu, administratrix, against John J. MerriU, was disposed of, the p'alntlff being non suited, Mrs. Madden sued to recover damages in the sum of $5,000 for the dosth of her husband, who was killed by the caving in of the roof of the buildings Nos. 93 and 95 Fur man street, owned by defendant. Tbe stock market was unsettled yesterday, but closed firm. Gold was hoavy, and closed at 133^ a %. The constunt fluctuations in the price of gold con tinued to exert a depressing lnfluonce on the markets for general merchandise yesterday, and commercial values were difficult to be ascertained. On the whole prices were lower for imported merchandise, but steady for domestic produce. On 'Cnange there was consider able activity and buoyancy In breadstuff* and provisions, and prices were higher. Cotton was irregular, and prices were nominal. Coffee was llrm. Naval stores were Arm, but quiel. Petroleum wa3 steady. Freisbts were steady. Whiskey was dull. Wool was quiet, though firmer. MISCELLANEOUS. , Our Mexican letters are dated at Vera Cruz 6n March 2 /uid February 21. Sixteen thousand FrencTi troops had already sailed, and tbe embarkation continued. Great excitement prevailed in Vera Cruz, and the striotest sur veillance was placed upon tbe approaches to the city. It was rumored that the marines trom the Austrian war vessels would be transferred to St. Juan d'Ulloa for the protection of the city, and a sweeping conscription was expected any moment. Maximilian left his business in the bands of his Council of Ministers on taking tbo field. The garrison at Mexico city has beon continually on the run on account of a'liTTM frem the guerillas. The report that General Ortega was shot Is untrue. The news from Venezuela is to the 7th ult. Alvarez had attempted a revolutionary movement in Bolivar by seizin# tbe person of Gomez, a superior ofllcer, but he failed signally. Alvarez wai ariS3ted. War was lmrai I nent between Montague and Lopez, ail attempts at com I promise havtng failed. From Trinidad de Cuba we have advices dated at Fort Caallda, March 2. The report says the weather Is One and moderate. Sugar was coming in from tbe estates as fait as possible. Elsewhere in our columns this morning will be found a spicy letter trom Indianapolis, lad., detailing gossipy matters relative to New York divorces in the Hoosler Hate; an interesting account of tbe Pueblos Indian* in New Mexico, tbeir religions, customs, villages, Ac.; from New Orleans a record of the proceedings of the Legislature upon the recent memorial preferring charges against Governor Weils witb a view to his impeachmont, and a collation of facts regarding Are insurance from Superintendent Barnes' forthcoming report. Intelligence from Virginia intimates that the people of that S.ate constdsr the pas'age or Wilson's bill as a great victory over the radicals, and Governor Pierpont Is re ported to have said that It leaves the reorganisation entirely In the hands of President Johnson and his rebel friends. General Griffin, of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas, has directed his ssflstants In Grayson county to arrest all persons charged with crimes, aud detain thein for trial by military commissions, and for this purpose be places troopa at the orders of his assistants. The negro troubles near Williamsburg, Va , which re cently prew out of a refusal on the part of the frsodmen to pay their rent, have been adjusted by tbe shipment of some pieces of artillery to the scene. Tbe presence of fnfantry did not trouble the anti-renters in the least. Commissioner Rollins, of the Treasury Department, has issued a circular calling ths attention of collectors to several obangee made In the regulations for tbo estab lishment of bonded warehouses. The National Deaao:ratio Committee met yesterday Afternoon at the residence of Mr. August Belmont, the chairman. It was decided not to call a national con vention pre/Ions to tho tegular nominating one of next year. Measures were set on foot for a- thorougo organization or ths party throughout tbe Union. Most of tbe Northern States were repreaentod. The question or adopting the report or the special committee in the Massachusetts Legislature en tbe pro posed constitutional amendment cauie up In the Lower House yesterday. An amendment to the amendment was offered, asking negro suffrage In addition, but It was rejected by a large majority. No further action was taksn on tho adoption of the report. A Jolot resolution of the Louisiana Legislature, pray ing Exeoutlvs ciomenoy forM. F. Maury, tin rebel oom modore, was recently vetoed by Governor Wells, and during the reading of his message the rebel generals Longstreet and Hardee appeared upon the floor, when a recass was taken to allow tbe members to pay thorn their respects. In the charter election In Orange. N. J., held yester. day, tbe republicans gained ths day by a small majority. The stage and mail from Fort Clarke, Texas, were oap tured by Indians on 'he Uth ult. Ths driver and pas sengers kept flfty assailants at bay until morning, when a reinforcement ot Indians appeared and nil the bers were taken prisoners. Their rate Is unknQW^ A man named Wright was killed on th? Shore Railroad yestsrday, while on bis way to assist in lynch la?MyH*?.^to.|aw~ " ' ' ' Tna Historical Value or tbb Herald.?The Common CouqcU propose to purchase ft fall file of the Herald for tbe pMt twenty five years, of a private citizen who is its for tunate possessor, for two thousand dollars, on tbe ground that as "an elaborated history of the world for the period included between the years 1843 and 1867," it will be "an invaluable | Auxiliary to th? fund of information now stored in our city library." This is a sensible pro position, and I# the members of the Common Council, whet they secure the valuable volumes, will study them carefully and learn from tbeir teachings the evils of offlolal eorrup tlon, the bad character of Corporation "rings" and the value and certain ultimate reward of Integrity, independence and honesty, their bargain will be worth two million dollars, in stead of two thousand, to the city. Vww HimmM ELncrno*.?-The npittM C?n<lid?te lor Governor of New Hsmpehlre, General Uarrlman, la reported elected by three thousand mnjoritj. Lut year the repnb lioan majority wm foar thousand six hundred. Tbe republicans elect all three members of Congress. Mo woolly horse or Feejee mermaid wm running In an? of the distriota. Congreu and the PresMeat lb* Details of ItecoaatractlM. A bill supplementary to the act of Congress providing " for the more efficient government of the rebel States, and to facilitate their re storation," has been passed by the House of Representatives, 117 to 27?a strict party vote. It directs the commanding general in each of the five military districts into which the ton excluded States are divided, by the general act of March 2, to cause to be made before the 1st of September next a registration in sacb county or parish of the male citizens of the United States (whites and blacks) over twenty one years of age, resident in each county or parish under the restrictions of the said general law, and who shall have taken a specified oath of loyalty, and that after such registration shall have been completed and oopies thereof returned to the commanding general, he shall, within thirty days thereafter, cause an election to be held for delegates to form a State con stitution, to re-establish a loyal State govern ment, according to said act of March 2, 4c. i The constitution thus framed shall be held as adopted only with the approval or a majority of the registered voters, and with its approval by Congress, Senators and Representatives are to bo admitted from such State. From the decisive vote by which this bill has passed tho House we conolude that it has been agreed upon by the dominant party, and will therefore become a law, veto or no veto. {En passant, we infer that the present session of Congress will be continued for at least two weeks longer, and perhaps threo.) Under the regulations of this bill we see nothing to pre vent the restoration to Congress of every one of the ten States concerned in season to organ ize their parties and to participate deliberately in the Presidential eloction of 1868. While this practical measure was under con - federation in the House the Senate was en gaged in discussing; a string of radical abstrac tions from Mr. Sumner, in the shape of further guarantees of Southern loyalty, including com mon schools and a homestead law. By a vote, however, of thirty-six to ten, this string of ab stractions was laid upon tho table?a very suggestive and satisfactory vote. In the nega tive, with Mr. Sumier, were tho two Senators, Tipton and Thayer, from the new State of Ne braska (one a Union soldior jinrt fhe other r> Union ctiapluin during the war)?a vote whicK may be accepted as settling all doubts in refer I cnce to the political status of these two new acquisitions to the Senate. They are radicals of the Kansas-NobraskA school. Looking next to " the man at the other end of the ovenuo," the President, it appears that he is considerably embarrassed in tho selection of at least one of the commanders of those five Southern military districts. General Grant promptly, on being requostod to suggest his selections, proposed Generals Thomas, Sheri dan, Schofield, Ord and Sickles. It appears that Mr. Johnson has, without much difficulty, recognized the fltrtsa? of each of the3e officers for the important dutie3-dflfla?d, except G^na^ ral Sheridan. In' a case the idea that lie knows nothing of statecraft and politics has been thrown out, with the hint that General Sher man would be better adapted for the special position proposed. This sort of special plead iug, however, will not be held by the people of the great North as sufficient to justify the re moval of General Sheridan; for h? is now, and has beon for some time, in command of tho military district embracing Louisiana and Texas, and has discharged his duties therein not only as a good soldier, but as a man who has proved himsclfa perfect mister of statecraft in going honestly and straightforward in tho work assigned bim, and to the great end in view. The President will make a serious mis take in removing Goneral Sheridan; tor his re moval, if made, will be attributed to other reasons than those of his alleged ignorance of "statecraft" or Southern politics. Through out the loyal States, after Goneral Grant, and, perhaps, General Thomas, there is no officer of the army who would be more acceptable for the "statecraft" of the Presidency itself than "little Phil Sheridan." In any event these military commanders, under the express in structions of Congress, will have a plain lino of duty before them, and as the results of their work are to be submitted to Congress, it will not require much "statecraft" beyond fidelity to the law to meet the responsibilities assigned , them. As for the ten excluded States, tboir leading i and managing politicians will do well to re member that with thoir restoration to Con gress, nnd with the ratification of the ponding constitutional amendment and its proclama tion as pirt of the supreme law of the land, all conflicting laws of Congress will be super seded, and every State will thus be left to decide for itsolf whether it will exclude the negro vote and lose the negro population in oounting the people for representation in Con gress, or whother it will oontinue negro suf frage in order to count the nqgroes for repre sentation. For instance, South Carolina has seven hundred thousand people?three hundred thousand whites and four hundred thousand blaoks. Now,, *ilt us suppose that undef thi l*em of Congress sljj Is restored, an* that this ^rteuld Its end meat has become part of the <ederal constitution. Let us then take JCC hundred thousand souls as the ratio for a mem ber of Congress, and South Carolina may elect for herself whether, in continuing the suffrage to the blacks, she will choose seven members of the House of Representatives, or, in exclud ing the blacks, will be satisfied with three members. Is any event, the white owners of the land oan control, if they will, the political

movements and votes of the black laboring class; and so the only csnrss of wisdom for the planters Is to prooeed at once to those steps of conciliation and harmony which will secure thom this balance of politioal power now in the hands of their blask fellow citizens. The ?sry exlstenee of Southern society under this new order of things in ths ten excluded States depends upon a "happy accord" politically from the beginning bstwsen their say Are millions ff whites and four millions of blacks. Trn Tramqutl Isioxa.?Our cable despatch to-day In regard to Ireland will suggest to the imaginative reader an exquisite buoollo picture of the Gem of the Set from the point of riew of the Britlah government. This picture of the tranquillity of Ireland might recall the palmy daji when "Malachl wore the collar of gold, though Turgesius held the sway.'J But ii It not etrange that "another rising," and more cruel, nnbrotherly broken heads and unhand some wounds should be feared In the blfrwiftil placet Tke CMacetlent NtaiMilnHMaiaiu I?e MormllMtlM ?f Political Parties |? the halted State*. In another place in to-day's Wa?inv we pa^. lish an arUcle extraoted from the oolnmns of the Nation, a weekly journal of very consider able ability, published in this city. The article supgesta some very important and well-timed thoughts for the consideration of the reading public in the Union. Unlike anything that is to be found in the columns of those drivelling jour nals which are exclusively devoted to the interests of a party, this article has in it a rare freshness and rigor, and gives proof that it emanates from a wise, impartial and truly philosophic mind. I It would be strange indeed if the demoraliza tion of our great political parties?a demoral isation which has long been noticeable, but of which the election of John Morrissey, ex-priae flghter and gambler, and the nomination of P. i T. Barn urn, small swindling showman and self proclaimed cheat and humbug, are at once the latest and most startling manifestations should not call forth a note of alarm from more quarters than one. The comparative silence, Indeed, of the public press while these events are taking plaoe around us can scarcely be less astounding to intelligent and watchful minds in other countries than the events them selves. For a time this downward tendency was characteristic of only one of the two great parties in the United States. Even then the aspect of things was alarming enough. The annulling of the Missouri compromise during the Presidency of Pierce, and the Kansas-Ne braska business In the time of Buchanan did much not only to bring lasting disgrace on the entire democracy of the- country, but to sap the foundation of all political morality. The disgrace, however, if we are to judge from present appearances, is no longer to attach to one political party only. Demoralization, if Barnum be elected to Congress (so at least the outside world will be convinced), will have become equally the characteristic of both. Republicans will have no cause to be ashamed of democrats, nor will democrats have any cause to envy republicans. Tins state of things is tb? more astonishing that the principles on which the republican party was originally bas^d r\nd the objects r?i'iy soap-Tit to accomplish were jq periect accordance with a strict and sound morality. In New England', where republican, ism was born and whence il has ever drawn its lifeblood, religion has never been wholly dissevered from politics, nor has politics ever | been wholly dissevered from religion. In earlier times, whatever else may have been the faults of the republican party, it cannot be said of t.iom that they ever openly trampled upon public morals or that they lightly esteemed individual character. The reverse has ever been, and not unjustly, their pride. It is pre cisely for these reasons that the world will be unable to comprehend why, in one of the olde&c, wealthiest and most intelligent States . En?l?"d no fitter person can be found for nomioaitoa ca tLe republican tickat than this small, swindling showman asfl self-pro claimed humbug. The disease to whioh we allude, however, is neither local nor individual, but national, and deserving on that account the more serious I consideration. Like a malignant cancer it has sunk deep into the political system, nor, we loar, will it be oaay to uproot it without much toil and suffering. It might be both interest ing and profitable to inquire Into the various causes which have led to this state of things. To do so satisfactorily is impossible within the limits of a single article. There is one thing, however, to which we cannot help alluding' and we mention it the more readily that it seems to us to be at once the result of some and the cause of many of the evils which now afflict, and .which threaten to afflict more and more, the body politic. We refer to the false standard of worth whioh the nation has set up and by which it tests its publlo men. Success, especially that kind of success wbioh expresses itself in wealth, is everything; character, moral worth, is nothing. Than this no greater calam ity can befall a nation. Character, the private worth of the individual citiscon, valuable in every community, is especially so in a repub lic. As the writer in the Nation well and truth fully puts it" Character is the most valuable of a nation's possessions. Opinions pass, parties dissolve, platforms are abandoned, the wisdom of to-day becomes the foolishness of ten years hence; but character remains the mom yoHtcrday, tonlay and forever. No nation which cherished and maintained it has ever utterly perished." Again, and with eqnal truth he says:?"It is of moral, not of politi cal decline, that nations die." No one who has made himself familiar with the history of Rome in the lator days of the republic, with the history of Spain when gorged with the wealth of the Indies, with the history of France in more than one important crisis, and even with that of England in certain critioal periods, can fail to be impressed with the point and truthfulness of these remarks. They embody the lesion which, of all othors, it is most im portant for this nation to learn. Some twenty years ago an able and scholarly English writer, treating of this republic, foj. lowing language:?"The gre?t problem of tbs possibility of a permauv^ ofder^J republic, on so extensive a scale, doubtless yet remains to be solved. It depends on the intelligence and virtue of the people whether it shall be solved as the friends of free institu tions desire. Theoretically the most perfect of all forms of human government it requires, beyond any other, the presence of these condi tions to preserve it from being practically the worst" What would this writer have thought had ha been told that twenty years later the intelligence and virtue of the city of New York should find expression In the election to Congress of a Representative who had laid the foundation of his fortunes In the prise ring and had built then up in ? gambling hell, and that the cute and steady going people of Connectiont, on looking oat for a fit and proper person to represent them in Congress, should be satisfied with the intelligence and virtue of a small, swind ling ibowman who had made somewhat of a fortune by gulling the public, and had dex terously eked it out by Impudently telling the name public afterwards how cleverly he had done them f What could he have concluded f What but this?that intelllgenoe and virtue, being so sadly wanting, the republlo of tho United Slates of America promised fhlr to In crease the already long list of States and nations whioh had tried that form of govern ment which is " theorett eallv the moat oorfsct," and had found it to be practically the re verse! And should we have been able to blame him, judging the present in the light of I the past, for so concluding ? Words of wisdom are not lost upon the wise. We write as unto wise men. We ask them to judge. Our institutions hare done great things for us. They have brought us greatness, wealth, honor, fame. With a separate his tory which covers little more than three fourths of a century they have placed us in the very front rank of the nations. To the native population and to the many thousands of for eigners who have sought and found a home on these shores they have secured an amount of prosperity and oomfort unknown to the indus trial classes of older communities. Contrary to almost universal expectation they have brought us triumphantly through a great civil war?a civil war compared with which the most gigantic civil wars of former times sink into insignificance. It is not, therefore, for us to treat them with indifference. Our duty ii to price and preserve them with a grateful affec tion, to guard them with a jealous care and to hold them up, not to universal and unqualified contempt, but to the respect and admiration of the world. We shall best prove our respect for our institutions mid our desire to preserve them by having regard to the character of .the public men in whom we place our confidence and whom we elect to fill the honorable and responsible position of the nation's representa tives. Let the appointed guardians of our in stitutions be selected from among men of sterling private character and approved pub lio worth. Let the opposite course be fol lowed?let it go forth to the world that a place in the halls of the national Legislature is less likely to be won by treading the narrow path way of honor and dignity than by treading the broad and beaten pathway of tho swindler and the rowdy?let a premium thus be put on vice or villany, or call it what you may, and not even the most far-seeing Bhall be able to pre dict the disastrous consequences which must inevitably follow. The tide of demoralization has set in with a powerful current. It threat ens ruin and desolation. It is not, however, too late to check it. Let resistance be appli<? promptly and with the combined energies of tho nation, and immediate success is certain. I?4 "9* b? forgotten that national j decay follows national corruption as ceriainly { us cdfi^qaence follows cause. The Enat Side of the Ctty-A Moremcnl for Its Improvement. The repidents of the upper part of the city, on the cast aide, have formed themselves into an association for the purpose of more effec tually laboring to promote a number of pro jected improvements and to secure the removal of certain nuisances in that locality. They desire, among other things, that the Harlem Railroad Company shall be prohibited from using steam above Forty-second street, on Fourth avenue, and that the railroad cut on Fourth avenue, between Seventy-ninth and Ninety-seventh streets, shall be arched and covered. The dangerous condition of Fourth avenue a i the railroad cut is a matter that should receive the immediate attention of ihe city authorities. One of our contemporaries seeks to lay the blame for the existing obstructions upon the Corporation Counsel, but this is all balderdash. Mr. O'Gormsn has already brought an action against the railroad com pany tor incumbering the avenue, with a view of compelling that corporation to fill up the dangerous openings left by their blasting operations, to confine their wall within the space allotted to them, and to properly pro tect the public highway. This suit has been decided against the city in the justices' court by Judge Quinn, but Is appealed to the Court of Common Pleas by the Corporation Counsel, who Is determined that the necessary work shall be done by some one, and is therefore pressing a legal decision to test whether the railroad corporation is not the party properly responsible for the expense. In the case of a Mr. D. Morrison, who sued the city to recover damages for alleged injuries received through an accident at the railroad cut, the Corporation Counsel, in the simple discharge of his duty, defended the suit, in order that the courts might decide whether the city or the railroad company should be held responsible for the unsafe condition of the road. But while this matter is in dispute the publio should not be left without protection. The Common Council should pass a resolution directing the Street Department to prooeed at once with the work of filling the holes or gaps in the road and rendering travel safe, and the cost should "be recovered from the railroad corporation, if it is found to be legally re sponsible. The other improvements demanded by the East Side Association are no doubt de sirable enough and likely to tend to the rapid settlement of that portion ot the city. The spirit displayed by the residents ot the locality should inspire those citizens interested in business down town to form similar associa tions for the purpose of securing the opening of avenues where they are most needed and prevonUng the additional obstructions threat ened by the projected location of the Post Offlcein the most inconvenient and undesirable plaee that could be seleoted in the whole olty. iticfcts er oar 5-k'V"' The correspondence transmitted to the Senate by tie President relative to the claims to mili tary service asserted by the French and Prus sian governments of returned subjects of those countries who had been naturalized by the United States, evinces a maiked disposition on ths part of the latter government to relax Its pretensions In this regard. Count Bismarck thinks the matter could be adjusted by treaty, and the language ot Count Waleweki, though more guarded, does not forbid a similar con clusion. As regards France, the matter is not of so mnch importance; for of all classes of foreign residents the French are least inclined to renounce their nationality. Seeing how laqp a proportion of onr adopted citizens we derive from Germany, and what an Immense addition is likely to be made to their number within the present year, we would impress upon government the necessity of at once frfctng steps to carry out Count Bismarck's Ideas on the subject. Practically the European governments have shown great leniency in their mode of dealing with the question, but it will not do to leave it in its present undefined and unsatisfactory condition. It is while we are on friendly relations with those Powers that we can best obtain from them ths guar antees that we require. If the proper energy Is nnt to U, ws think that with the Prussian, if aot with the French government, we could sue eeed in effecting a treaty arrangement on the subject within the present year. La teat trmm Mexico. We learn by the news from Mexico that the contending forces of the national liberal party and imperialists were drawing near each other and that probably an important battle would be fought soon. There are many details, and, as usual, some conflicting accounts as to the position and numbers of the different detach ments of each army; but there appears to bo no doubt"as to the general fact that an impor tant battle was imminent We may hear any day or hour of the result From present ap pearances the battle will take plaoe at Quers taro or in the neighborhood; for Maximilian was at that plaoe with his army of fifteen thou sand strong, in three divisions, commanded by Miramon, Costilla and Mejia. Marques was chief of staff to the Bmperor. Esoobedo, the Juarez general, occupied San Felipe, Dolores and San Miguel, eighteen leagues distant from the imperialists. Regules and Corona were expected, with reinforcements of twelve thou sand men for Escobedo, on the arrival of which it was expected the liberals would give Maxi milian battle. In the meantime Porflrlo Dia% with eight thousand men, and expecting rei? foroements of (bur thousand more, was prepar ing to attack the city of Mexico. Everything looks favorable for the liberals. But Ma^ it is said, is eager for the fight His soul a^ pears to be on fire; for it is reported he said, in chivalrio language worthy of Don Quixotte de la Mancha, "This day I desired long since, but there were obstacles in the way. Being now free from all compromises I can follow my sentiments." What these sentiments an we oan only conjecture. He evidently wishes to convey the impression that he intends to fight and is confident of success; that, in fact^ being freed from French control, he is going to establish his throne by the sword. We art rather inclined to believe this Is all buncombo and a ruso to cover up his tetreat from the country. Even * temporary success could not preve-'t jjg ultimate expulsion or capture. Ho must know this; for the liberals are surround*. 7 ??^ Inj him like hornets and are cutting off his re treat The force be is concentrating is in tended probably to occupy the liberals while he escapes, or to protect him in Lis flight Wo think the Dandolo or some other Austrian ves sel will soon carry away this scion of the Caesars and bis misfortunes. The sooner this occurs the better for himself and the unhappy country he invaded. Report the New York Ferrlea. Tiie report of the committee appointed by the Legislature to investigate the oonditioa the different ferries between New York, Brook lyn and New Jersey presents a veiy unsatis factory state of things, as far as the safety aad oomfort of those who travel by then are com cerned. While there is apparently a desire t* deal very leniently with the Union Perry Com pany's lines to Brooklyn, still all the serious causes of complaint which hare been urged ?gainst them are admitted. They may be briefly summed up:-The boats were found by the committee deficient in the means of sarin* life in case of aocldent; that assistance from other boats in such emergencies, occurring la foggy weather, is out of the question, and thai the irregularity in starting the boats, aad sometimes withdrawing them altogether, Is a matter of such inconvenience to the publio that the committee are foroed to condemn It With regard to the other ferries the report is less delioate. The Hoboken ferry is pra. uounced in a shocking condition, with hardlj ? spark of saving graee about ik The Wee hawken establishment is declared disgraoefkl iu point of cleanliness and the oomfort of pas. sengers. The lines to Williamsburg are r*> ported to be conducted with entire disregard to the convenience of the public. Altogether the report lays heavy hands upon the general management of all the New York ferries, and bears out in a great measure the nnmerens complaints which have been made against them, although it does not appear that during their investigations people took much trouble to tarnish them with evidenoe, while at tke same time it is known that the Union Ferry Company took especial oare of the comforte of the committee, and treated them with par ticular distinction during their short sojourn is Brooklyn. It is said that they were well sop piled with information from the companyti standpoint, and equally well supplied with the good things of this life from the company's plethoric larder. The committee say that they are not pre pared to introduoe a bill which will ba sufficient in its provisions to regulate the forrios; but they recommend a measure by whioh these monopolies should be placed under the control of the Metropolitan Police and a ferry superintendent. This may be an im- * provement upon no control at all, provided that the Police Board has not as much to de already as they can well attend to. The Hrepoeed Peat OOtee Hl?e A committee of the Commo- f, hold a meeting at ? !*. oon"cl1 *P(" to he%j> - --eCity Hall on Friday next objections that may be urged j Against the location of the Post Office at the XV* 0f t!ie Park The ?bi??tIons against this lion man scheme are plain enough to be seen without any unnecessary committee meetings. Any person who stands on the Ant or House steps during the day and wit nesses the crowding and jamming of vehicles of every description below Ann street, and the confusion, danger, delay and Interruptioa of business consequent thereon, will need nothing but the evidence of bis own eyes and his own common sense to convince him of the absurd and mischievous character of Mayor Hofffcnan's proposition. Durness now suffuiv so materially from the present Impassable con dition of Broadway, below the Park, that the value of down town property is seriously affected. With tho Post Office obstruction added to those that already exist It would be almost impossible to contiuue business below Fulton street. Mayor Hoffman's singular opposition to the opening of Ann street to tho river, which would hare divided the stream of travel and afforded substantial relief to Broadway, was bad onough, hut bis oqually strange at-' tempt 10 locato the Post Office at the cad of tho Park wonld be yet more destructive to the business of the lower part of th? city The members of the Common Council committee know all these facts w?u enough, and should aot on the resolution to roi onsider the proposed sale of