Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 14, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 14, 1867 Page 4
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FJI E X 3 C O . Maximilian Leaves Querefaro to Attack the liberals. l?'e\ifan Press foniroents on llie Inter vention Loans. HISTORY GF THE CORDOVA COLONY. Ac. Ac. Nhw Orliuns, March 12, ISflT. MaUmoro- advices o!' the 7th instant say that dates wore received on the preceding ovening, by stage, from the Interior of Mexico to February 25. At g i"ro:nro on that day a strong column under the command of the Emperor Maximilian marched out to attack the position occupied by the northern republican army It was probable that the expected battle between M.ixlmihan and the liberals would take piace within a week from that date. The liberal General Lamer was to make a junction with Corona's army In Zelaya, about ten leagues west of yueretaro. Genera! Porforio Diaz was near Puebla, which place occupied bv the imperialist.*, under General Galvez. Adtices from Brazos of the 7th iusL Bay that Cortina is reported at Meier, with a decreasing foroo?all Ameri can*. Thp other foreigners, except four, have deserted fromjhim. The report ?ays ho has only sixty-five ?iOU. Cordova anil Oriznhn Abandoned by the Im prrinllnle?Thoy Itrtrcd to Vern ('ru*-Df Mi-rtinn Among tliMu tlirouwli Ft-nr of Ycl lo*v Krver, dtp. Washington, March 13, 1S07. The following is an abstract of a letter received to-day by way of New Orleans:? Vera Cr.rz, March l,*tS67. General Bizaine arrived to-day iu this city. The lilieml?, unil r Salcodo, Gomez and Rodriguez, have taken Onzaba and Cordova The imperialists re tre.itet to this cltv, but it if tho'ight they will all do ert before they reach Vera Cruz, as they aro very much 8fr*i;d o: the yellow foi-er. General A!atone is about Puebla. General Benavideo is three leagues trom this city, with a lar^e force, lie expo, is to otvupy Vera Cruz when abandoned by the French. The comm inica'ton with the interior is entirely cut off; we have no news west of Orizaba. The French ar.1 between this city and Paso del Macho. Hiev all expect to leava curly ihis month. Their iron-clad licet Is still liere. OUR VERA CRUimRESPOWOERCE. I'a-iliorla Itrqnlrrtl at Vera (rnx?Kacobedo'e l>< rrt e Asninii the Foreign Prisoner*? France nml .llfxlcun I.oiuih. Vena Ckiz, Feb. 28, 1867. riicre nre 110 mails b tweon Vera Cruz and Mexico city. A groat state of disquietude aud uncertainty 16 paid to and the movements and intentions ot tho impor tant characters in the pending drauia are not kuown. Travellers are not permitted exoept with passports as per the folio vint d cree issued ai Vera Cruz, February 23, 1S07 ? llomingo Bureau, Imperil Commt?ary for the Depart ment* of Vera Cruz, Tuxpun .u l Tchtiantepee:? In the Kmperor's name, and m the eierctae of the facul ties c mtertvd on me. , Considering. That the critical circumstances thiough which (he country Is pasting require- that all the measures tending to lend aecuntv and gn*r utee* to the citizena Hhoul.t b ndoptcd: a a ftl'O* t^ose of tfvng to the authorities themeann or bohig ac?iu kiQt?s<l wiili the persona who legally pa** wlthtnthetr respective jui Udietiona; I heiehy decree the oUowinK ? AkTict.v 1. All tho?e who, from whatever motive, have to jouincv In the 1 Apartment of Vera Cm* from the date ot the puolie ition ol thin decree in each place, ahall provide thcxn^^lve* with a j,a*?nort which the political authorities ? hull furnish them fr** in the cajdtal and municipal town* of the other district* 'i hose tfoitii; al>r<md are al?o obliged to pro vide thcnwlve* With a ? mlUr document whkch they will obtain by r?-quest from the political aulhorltle? In then place of embarkation on paying the necea-itry duties. Abt 2 All those who travel in the department without their respective passport* ill be dUilned and handed over to the political outhont>* of the place ne*rc t their p ace ot appreheuHiou, to the eud that, the uecesaary inouiry having bet'u m.iJi- thav may be dealt with avoiding to law. Am. X The post c.ptalus shall pre- e li t the exit or all thoae who do not at tta'-tr o- ces lh>- necessary pass port and they. ? wed as th.- political, the military and mu nicipal authorlt es. aie held r?^|ioiisit>l? In so far aaconcerns them for the execution of this decree. I order this to be p fin led, published and circulated, Ac. Vlha Caul, Feb. 33. ISdT. 1 send vou the following orde: of Kscobedo relative to the execution ol foreigners captured by him at an Ja ciuto; also an article from the f 'otirr.erol Mexico, to prove that Mexico owes nothing to France. Order of General Kscobedo with reference to sundry Frenchmen. sute-.l to be one Lundred one, captured by him near San Jacinto, Department of Zacatecas:? The constitutional forces imve been magnanimous to ex tremes with the armed strangurs who have to wafcc war against thlsnai.on. the moat unjust war ever regMtere I ui our annals, when these;'.> have borne a banner which, although an enemy s comd in any manner shelter Ibera under the recognls. d rights of war. But "hen th^t fW* has separate t rself from their Imervei I .n which it wished to Impose upon us, and when those w^ se^ed it without i.i.y mo.e belonging to said raa or to the Mexican naiion have voluntarl v engaged Ciwnselvea In the service of the usurper, to mix themselves in wi douiest'c dtssensloua?Inflame the pas sions and agitate ch'l <??r?committing moreover depreda tions aud outrages which humanity and civilization repro bate iMich as wete comm tied bvihoa.who haughtily Ill Tided the c tplUl of the Mate of ZacatecaS); the* nave Inst th-right to all cousldeiation of humanuv; have converted them-eives into hand ttt; declaied themselves enemies of :he morals and repone ot society, and render it indispensable to make ot them an ex amnio and proper warning, and satisfy tue public vengeance fur tho horrible ravages they huve "riierelore this commission wilt immediately proceed to execute all the foreigners who weie made prisoners arms In hand in the glorious com hat of the 1st Inst.?save and ??*. orpt the wounded prisoner*-- rendering an account of the e.ecut ou of thlsderee, *c., UAMAHO KSCuBEI)0. To Colonel Miovki. I'Ai.Aaoa. Hai* .1 acmnto, Feb. X I"b7. The C vrr rr ol Mexico (Krenchi, examining the sub Ject of the loans rais-'d in l'aris, is of opinion that Mex tco owes nothing in rsped of them. ' it appears to u?,'' says tho Ourrirr, "that in rrance there I- a law relative to minora. Auy guardian who borrows for a minor, on rendering his accouuts ought to iirov e that the luuds botrowea have been uecd in lavor of Ihe minor. Well. France has been for four years in tho part of a guardian to Moxlco. Lot us h*.? in manner the funds borrowed for Mexico limve been tt?ca The^ ?r^t Mexican loan ac ordlnf to tho Convention of Mlrsmar. awonuted to.... 1W,?X?.?W The aecoDd 170 iwo ism ToUi 338,000,00) France has reserved for her war expensea, and Tat th# amount of tho various ludom oo,uuu,uuu Freiahta, comtnlsaions, etc 26,lK^,(R)0 To keep up the capital in live years 34 000,000 Vavm'iit at Interest, workmen, lottery urtxes, etc 64,000,000 V>r tho Kngltsh de*>i 2*2,000,000 1'aughts oi the Freucb Treasury against the tommiasion of Finano, to reimburse o<r government for the war and other eien^s 102,000,000 ToU. 304.000.0u0 34 000 0^0 Thas'nTen of the' moOO.OOOf oniy 34 OOO CXWt. iinre duly to enter the Mexican treasury lor the object spe< i fled by the convention ot Mlratnar. , But not even these 3t,000,?)00f. hare ^nlered-slnce 11 tiaa been neceaaary to deduct from them the expens s nas rwn necewarv ?" uhjui>? ?,w,? *?-, ^ the Kn.peror's J urney, the pay of the ?xtr,"rd,n*r/ sj ,rs aud 10 000,0001. employed in various ob Jeela Wnai could ?iw.,.? ,.0 wilh the miserable sum placed not si her disposal, Out ?? .?.,i 0f the French treasury In Mexico " And without reticence, we And Id a dl?f>eicn or the M ulster of Foreign affairs in France, dated Jan. 14, ItrtU the following passage:?"Ourcxpedllon hail no ot >ei end in view than to realixe the revindication of our credits and the|r< paratlon* due to our nation. If w? have judged It usetul to lend our help to the effort* of a nation iiist red to rerover order and welfrtrs under ? regular government, if our legitimate interests oouns^1*" us to a>d the princ pie winch consecraU-d so task, our co o|rarslion ought to have lnnl"^ :J*? the preewe Imnads that (he convcntl'- p" Mlramar Intended todet"rmlne. The reclproea1 rules assigned in this act have tlxed the pr portion >?<! 'h* oondttlons in which we were licensed to eninMT the forces of France In the consolidation of a frio?'iy Kovernment, It were ?uperlluous to dwell on '!"> motives which they place on th ? Crturi of Mexico, "?'tauhilandlng tho rectitude of Ihelr Intentions, in ,flc manifest Impossibility of accom plishing such c.-??U?>ns in the future '? We have wl*tied to reproduce all this paragraph of the despatch of Mr. Pruyn de Mays b?-au?e it places us In a position to prove, without |<o?mhle reply, the rosponsl bllitr of France In tho loans, as we ua\ e endeavoro<i to show in the preceding article, and ihe Irresponsibility of M"Xtco which constlluies the object of this. Ho you wish, Scftor Minister, to confine ?g to the conditions of the convention of Moainar" Be It so' Hot then, why have you conducted us, or rather, why have jour sgjots conducted themselves In the mann-rthev have? The conrsntion of M ramsr ?tlpulated that the' sums of hei loan or loans should t applied to something usc'ui to the euipire which you came b?re to lound ; lull Or what purpose have the?e funds served ? To j.?" fne ' reach army and nothing more. You had eiigafed to form a national ?rmy. Where is this army *Mch you ought to ha' ? raised? ho* here. Tho energy of the chiefs who command ?mcc your r tirement has been necesaary to put any Pe ople on a wsr footing. Vou had engaged to le?v? her* jiu'Hig six years eight thousand men of theforolgn legion. V hers am tlfff You have made _ theui ft)|? low you. Ao4 thus i? It you my that Mexico has not compiled her engagoaie?it with yon. 1. oiior >ay that you have not accomplished yours with Mexico Kmher stvy that yoii have been badly nerved by *0v,r wi>? have preferred their personal Inters* to those .rf 'the enferp."'** ?*>lch lhny ?'?< ^n?e *"? to liu| do nvt ?t.vJ* ' which they have done here. Tliey liave doao nathlrg, rrr te-1 nothing, regeneriwl nothing. Utey have des truyed, they hive rained everything. Such has Ix^n the vofk of tlv intervention And do you wish, after thin, to make Mexico re^pon-lble for the expense which you have incurred igtfiu i her iutcrest-T W i will close, re; eating, a* >u our tiri-t ?r iclf, "wal reHi?>n-ihiiity of Kiam e for the loans," adding "no roxpousibiiity on the imrt of Kiino." CUR ORIZABA C^RESFOKDENCE. The forrfovn Colony?Itrtllfant Anticipation* ItlMiinl Kralitlra?Caneea ot Fill la re? Dl? trritcrfnl Conduct of the Colonlfcta? A Scrap of IlUlnry- (jpncrnla Khclhy and Kirby Hmlih-KliidnrM of Alarohai Bazalne to Kx Cniifcitcrate O IHrere?Kirknewe aad Death* in tlie Colony, il r< Orizaba, March 8, 1807. The Cordova colony Ib a thing of the past; the last two families bowed themselves out of tbc village of Carlotta a week since. Others went last mouth, six months ago, and during the Interim. There were no sorrowing, nor sigh*, nor tears; but rejolclug and gladness as each one shook the Mexican dnst from his shoes, and turned his face gulfward. The streets and plaza look a little de serted, and tbe broad mangoes wave their branches in the winds, and sing, In company with tbe sad night breeze, a sort of mournful requiem. Sterling Price, now in tbe land of civilization, sat under the shadow or these noble trees, and slept there, too, with Ex-Governor Harris, without shelter from storm and tempest It was there he composed those romantic missives that, published in tbe United States, sent out bundred<> of fortune hunters, and exiles and adventurers to gather the silver burs and harvests of sugar, and coffee nnd cotton, and sleep In the lap of this Aztec paradise. You ought to have seen the newcomers, brimful of Joy, da=h on horseback into the village last summer, lauding tbe empre; the ohivalry of the Mexi can race?looking in wonder from the mangoes towards tbe plaza, that the wr-eds and shrubs had hid, asking for the spring of cool wdter that was not there, and the tco crenm saloons, and ico lemonades, made of Orizaba Ice bars and snow, and bending their cheeks to the cool winds from the mountain peak, wblrh for the first time they learned was forty miles distant. Colonist faces were a study at that time, going In and ont of the village Going in, with prospect'vo music from the crystal fountain, the sight of snowslidcs from the peak, and orange trees, yellow with golden fruit; bananas hanging in huge branches; figs and peaches mingling their rich colors; distant coffee groves in bloom; cotton fields, white for the harvest, and sugar mills, with the nusy hum of operatives; tho click of mill hammers from the Rio S.iro? all romance and hum bug and Fwindle. But people enroe and swarmed over the valley, and hoed, and built, and planted, and praised the soli, the (1 mate and government; talked lightlv of, and swore roundly about, the "red, white and blue." These brave men?generals, colonsls, captains, gover nors, judges and preachers?swearing eternal realty to Mexico and eternal hatred to tho T'nited States, pro mised never to set foot on soil where tbe Stars and Stripes wave. Then' was pro-po t, indeed, of an early nnd for midable rival on the western sboresof the Gulf; and as the multitude came tbe valleys filled, and settlements extended outward and southward thirty miles. The roads and donkey-paths everywhere, the thoroughfares of families and tr.en and pack mules?all hunting new lands, no matter where or whose, to grow rich, nnd groat, and wi-e, :iud happy under the genial skies of Mexico. All the while the village (trow, and people came; lots were M.;h and srco.t'atlon w:ui rife. Increase brought selfishness; the supply was already heavy; that pro duced dissensions; strangers were not welcomed as he fore. and land could not he had at any price around this charmed spot. Some with wire edge worn off in ono week turned back, and left all the way and at homo an unvarnished nn?l damaging record of the place and country. But then letters had found their way l?io print; old generals and disappointed Judges and govern ors indited fair atertes and Munchausen tales, that did toe work. Golden apples v. ere thick on trees, and silver nuggets were Ivln; round everywhere; V?L cloud* showered down beefsteaks, and empty palace and blossoming coffee haciendas. ?c-es of tnasuoy. ana cotton holds re*ov for the laborer. waiting, all wal'lng for the coming colonist. They never dreamed of disap rolntm tit end ruin, nor the '-old f.vcs of na'Uo. . pan lard and Frenchman set against them; of the creeling Fontcueen dropped from the lips of the land agent here, or the calm tndllleronce of tba founders at the colony , I no, of dollars and downy 1>ed?. porenn ^ "Wen ? i\ia ti.aio vvota Iho nBPPnoTiM^ manv of mem but most meanly and villnnoui'ly^taken In The m n who founded the colony had acr<* of laud, hut gave none, would cell non? to the anx'ous colonist. The adventurer ihiiiq too, the dishonest man, the specu lator and swindler, and harbored here; robbing his country men, the natives, every one he could; then went home a^aln lo practi-e moral" in his fatherland. The wave went to Cordova, overran that town, so that ,?ople w. ke from their sh-p, put up their rents their Kood-., their lands, and wa.fd. Wo had American ho tela. livsrv stable*. A inert an harks and manufactories, allI n n we<<k Then these politlc tl and pious brethren b d against each other, run up price- bought and sold and Teihted, Arrowed mom-v o each other, opened large house- for 1 o-els that never p:. monopolir.ed b-isineiis br ike. and ihei. lied the conntrr, lenMng their Mends and tho nuiives unpaid and bankrupt. A large portion of .hem came to grow rich, e ,me wKhoul monev j per suaded others lato w Id speculations lint tbev 1?new we e swindles, rejoiced tine outfits, flourishing and flasbi g sign- that meant notVng; spent and plaved at faro and urate. and then went-, nl.'ht, in disgulee. any'way to evad? the law and their Witims to tti ? State* Th y ac rei.ted land of the government?It cost them not itng? jold it to ihc unsophisticated ard believing; drank, ont Hernded the ver est erea-er. nhd drslng the connfv ?ind ?.'ople. wont home as they came?robber*, drones and ra-cals Wh'n the rush was at Ms he ght dlstontent Irrew apace and murmurs waxod loud, th" fathers ?the ?on7eTwt " ronn Jlv and deservedly denounced o:d Sterling Prire. the good, kind old man. with <??? ???? ? i ntt e gone exiled. n..w traduced in his age and help, !c e ' Hams, ox-Governor of Tennessee strum,and xi -hane^d bv reverses, with a voice clear as when h riUplmi. on th^ field of -biloh-blm they spared notintbei' wrath; Judge Porkln-, i>ir;a tUf hw?il of the 1?\n<l bur R ? ? # '< hU words when colon mis csin<% P^,lJ Wl \ ('(.Ire and uncommunicative, w^hoit ?h?d<?w of h.. <(ir his countrymen or tor an> him Ibev tracked down and traduced, had ?m~su"i^n t.d bad the whole disgraceful colonizing iTomn ilaurv and all abolished; left him In his glory ^iT^KTudhomeward thev J^ed ?oneW^ rod disappointed, tn supreme dsgust with cmntry n'tlr'als and themselves Th n <t?mo trouble *t,h native-. Indiscreet men squa'te4 on WW* , bull ed and blustered; appropriated by rt^ ^ lw sses -"'e ?2wae."K2X w ru^r?3". rlmn? in the foment themselves. From that time iremor In im io ^ ^ faith In it The vl^nch wero unfriendly, the natives hostile, the Amerl ra^Tdem?3l?rt Tb? Imperial Railway Company went b g -Ing stopp?d work, and sent employes and contract or? hither ard thither w thout pay or even the promise The ?!? swept hark -ard'then. Panic stricken thev so d out; sacrificed their seclons of land, crops of rora "ottos and "obacco, their . ablns and horses and h?*'. and downward, toward Vera Crn. on foot ho^ back or wagon, they Journey <L When too late land owners gr-* generous and made volnnia'v oflera of 1 irai la h?d lots of land in and around the village Then It wa. thai the sHfl-h and speculative spirit took frl*ht then on. tne? flanged end crimination followed, and men ?windled each oilier, I'tisated In the cootti, sued lor trivltl *?ms. and. through spite, uuarrelled and l??fed and , *"d grew tur bulent ridiculed the Mexican religion anu s-nreclated tl,.. coi'intrv and jeopio. l*r1oes went down In a ? rents a>' en dtw went the self same way, and men whA . Hr-.. without a dellar and speculated npon ihoir ?ith hotel bills rnpaid. stole, like thlevra as they were, out of the countrj, and landed on the other side of the Biilf with tales of robt>ery and inlslortnne and native treachery-n ISeir mouths, scree, who had sworn, In iheir ?e*l toward the empire, never to set foot again on African soil, were aeir-oi with leave-taking?calls ef oustness from the Sts'es?started on a visit?disposing quietly of Ihelr ^Isolations and traps for a song, and waited not till on board a steamer, and In raptures swln tng their hat# t?r the Stars and Stripes and tlmnk Ina l*rovldence and he fsle* iliat Mexico wm out ol siirht forever. The thited States, with free schools, and free neirroes tack'd 'n, was not so finished a humbug after all - although caurTsea and barroom gan^s, fired by na-t wrongs and braudv smashes, did expend bita of incorrigdile logic to crwh the little American republic. Wfrmt a hreaKlnu up fallowed in a few month-?a swal l< win- of bitter tern* nnd ?avaee Invective?in vulgar nhr*.?lorv "dirt e?tpg," humiliating excuses trum|>ed op^or^going liomT again-, pulling down of flaring ?I iJi ai<rna dron ing or newspaper notices and defiant ft :ltKrmng-aPiblrkl..g of l^ontnu-ts and a general icijer wriMija . Nati.? professionals wore PW ntJ .b. blush and felt more theT ,r r like honest P And th. n commenced a syslem ?f detraction In n erlntabu ?? the American cbai.cier. You could see blustering men "buttonholing'' eart. other on the st^ts deneitnclng colonimio^toning ? '^.the :;zrriwSr'K fell i .irly, fell lirst; even the genial. n|1^' ex senainr from Louisiana, etruolt hU cowrs ??- ?R'* ber, pusiied off trotn Vera Cme, leaving ... . inntrumtntMl ?n bringing hither lo . im and revolution alone; (ieneral Prloe, for *hom there i? some slight palliation, broken dpwn en<J D^ny WHO M?. muf'n.iiie and grief, left wlthoui even notifying lue fainlUee and tosii he hid drawn here bjr promisee of wealth aiid h<?.-.u and |*?ce. Tne diet to eel a In Mexico, ?lnio?t iu? nm to leave it, sow In St. I^me, while hts colonics her* ask <harity of strangers lo take tliff home. |i was a palpable desertion of frleudi; let him excuse It it he can. Hsnls, perhaps more consist ent than hie combers, waited till the last footfall of re treating colonists at Carlotta was heard dying away, then took ship for Havana Htieihy, faithful to hie trust aid Mvaia% waited w we iu? u?t ?ne ef U* friea# ?? Ut '''?J"?1 Wk' . ?? ?T encaged l? anew colonial erterrrise -n Mexico. which at present in no nearc-. om pletion than it wus four uiontl.s ago. The prefctnt stormy times will discoorago ihe bravest spirit l/'t mo re< ite here a little wrup of unwritten hl^or", tola me by a colonel of fexa< cavalry. This General belbv, (t *|)| bo remembered, was th" must da-hin? cavalry officer west of the When the lull of or the ?onfederscy wan a "fixed fact," he, with many other officers 0' the trans-Mlss ssjppi denartment wore encamped al Marshall. I/juiaiana. 8he?bv, with other-, conceived the plan of deposing Klrbv >-'mith. who was incompetent and unpopular, and placing the Rupivroe I command in the hands of some other officer, cross to ihe Brazos, rally there all confederate trooiw, make a s'and '' "|f river. and hold Texas; but In case of failure cross the Rio Grande, enter Mexico, arid decide the debt in v of that conntrv by arms. Preetmi, General* Price, Buck tier, >*helbv and many other officers were pres ent. Smith must resign or be at once da J]* A delegation called upon mm il will refrain from particulars). Re acceded, and the command *f*s given to Buclrner. Thus far things ?>nd proceeded smoathlv Officers of divisions were hourly expecting orders to move, but none came. Two dar* afterwards Buckner and Price, to the amazement or all maiUi a surrender of all their troops. I may be mistaken as to Prce'a participation In the conference The undaunted Rlielby, baffled In bis plans, refusing to furr?r. r' '**' command through Texas and across the Rio Grande Into Mexico. Nslllng arms, an lbe public knows, to the liberals, his men scattered?some enlist ?nf under the liberal flag, some under the imperial, "'hers became colonists, and subsequently went home. . v5 V** a,,n*ro"S to a fault, had he, In the besinnlng. joined iiis fortunes to the stars snd stripes. Instead of the ill-starred confederacy, Sheridan would have bad in him a most formidable rival. Hlndman, with the will to do, had too much fear of the "wolf at his door," and moat gracefully lowered bis colors, applied for pardon, and is now on the way to New Orleans. Po-erty was, in most cases, more potent than patriotism: and, indeed, manv an honest mm, who came upon principle, was at last whipped by prospective starvation to take the backward step. Robbers put an end to ngricul'itre; the railway work was suspended In definitely, What else was (here In Mexico to put bread into the mouths of dependent ones? It was an open, quiet tuar betw een "principle and starvation, and the latter won-always won. You have hoard, perhaps, of money less men footing it all the way along the coast to Texas, snd of hollow-eyed want on the streets of Cordova and Csrlottn. The first was not true: the latter was. Prodigality and pride, American characteristics, travelled all ihe wav 'o Mexico and were deeply humili ated. Money was thrown awny in amusement and lo^t at tnonte that ought to have been husbanded for a ralnv day. I.and*and hotel, all kinds of speculations, swal lowed the few hundreds, and when circumstances com pelled a re'reat to the states, nothing was left to pay the passage. Repentance came when there was no re minion: hundreds to be helped and none to help them. Yot to mention ihe desn?rate m ana used to aid them In fighting b**k to the fatherland, U will bo doing bul Jus tice to state that Mar-hal Baralne and his chief of staT furnished transportation to Vera Cm* and passage free to New Orleans and Havana, to many destitute Ameri cans. Beverlv Tncker and Pon (who, by the way, had been robbed seven times and suffered sundry Injuries in addition, all In the space of eight months), with half a dozen others from the f>i|otta Colonv. accepted crate fullv the kindness of the French Marshal. Every cl.iss and profession was represented in the co'onv Rut lawvers were briefless and doctors barely managed to live. Preachers fame, too, brim full of the divine nffia'us, strong In the faith of universal conver sion to Protestantism. Ore read sermons avvlille under the mangoes of Carlolta. then loft, hi* Utile flock lo pather funds 'n the spates for a temple In th ? forests of Merico ^ ho braved the vellow fever at Vera Cruz, suflerod perils bv land ard sen, acd, II is understood, maie the necessary appeals for aid la the way of church collections, but never r'turned. A brave nrs slonary enme. nrom's're. as his ores fell tipon the j broad, green Cordova \ alley, to cover every hill with a chapel and turn the d?iud?d Aztecs by thousands j into the narrow way Arrived at Cordova lie wasted his eloquence npon audiences nr from five to ion for two successive Pabbaths, at least, and then went lo teaming for n living. The missionary eMort was spasmodic? m"le driving wa? no better; and In three months he took passate fr>r (be land of psalm stuping. Knndav schools and civilization, convert a Mexican Catholic lo Protestantism! Ihe Idea Itself is quite humorous? Americans left thrtr plely on the other side of the Gulf; thev tabooed sermon makers and homilies. When their dead was lowered into the grave It was in silence, in haste, and without religious service. The amenities of life were scarcely recognized. The Hick in many cases were neglected by countrymen and natives, and when the season of fever camo on. and strong men dropped into the death sleep in a day the saddest sights were to be seen; scores, there were, of idle men on the streets, hnt none at the death bed; crowds In t*io barroom* and at billiards, none at the burial, I ?p ale of Ihe tnas-; there were noble excep tions Employment was to be had nowhore; .so men w*ncled Instead, fought over their battles, fought ea"!i other?when opporlun'ty offered, sued ea h other, sh rked th" payment of deb'^, borrowed and decamped, repudiated contracts and vales, reeled on tho streets, tu snl'cd strangers, insulted citizens, bullied and boasted to the end. There are a few cases on record where these Immaculate follows s-rlndted their lion st coun trvmen and made hepsrars of them, m- st shamefully robbed and (leeced the unsuspecting natives, than ran sway a? ntglit lime ?crossed ihe Gulf, entered a news paper office, and denounced heartily and roundly, with pious, pretentious horror, the whole Mexican ruce, cad Ing them robbers, murderers, iteacberous?every'hin; denunciatory. What a marvel It is that ten Klgucra's Instead of one did not ponnce upon them, good, had and indifferent, and escort them, not to Oajacn, but to the Rto Grande, with tho injunc tion never to return. But to-dav not a foot (all is heard in Carlotta; ten months ego busy n 1th bustling life and swarming with fortune hunters, tenaiitioss houses, weedy gardens, field* of unhar vested co.n; ploughs, axes and h"e? I ring where th?*y fell; the mahoganv buck et hanging In tne plaza well, anil tall sprouts ruumug riot wi'h strsets and prospective lawns, cne Is painfully reminded of a desorW town and a woodland wilderness The lau-leii gentry, the speculative exiles who held their acre' at fnhulous prices some t?n months since, where are thev f The robber band of Kieuaroa swoopud down upon them wh.^n arroga ice and selfishness were tiigh in feather; when affluerco and Mexlotn dollars In prospect tve haunted their sleep and sparkled ill their eves, aud when a poor, foot-ore. brother Cou.'edernte could no: g.-t an inch of tb* precious land for love nor It must he with a sort of sava;e pleasure that the deluded ones who were so heartlei-hlv swindled, read how the iron fcamrcj of (hnt most finished otllclal of the Cordova etrcitnlnetitien office settled down into a gray paleness, when he learned that his land 'ectlo:i was a bubble, and his Inv sled doubloons sunk into the b ttoml< as de p of an Imperial humbue I have heard it said that the colony deserved to fall; that It was a sp?c latlve en'erprlse the rounders looking upon It only in the light of a money meking machine; and ind'ed the conduct of many o. these exiles warrantedjusl such a finale as has occurred. Insult a people of whom you a<k a home; cursa the man whose property you have basely appropriated? He he Mack skinned Mexican, stra-ght haired Aztec image ""Hh|P',(r. no matter whom, you deserve no particle of ??!ii.-X *^,on your thatched roof tumbles in, your 'f <-orn tramp ed down and yourself eoJd m.?'^i.? \r",,Hvl,v for ihe ? r*? bone-i noble rmui who q It a hle rlte iTU,*""? hn 1 f"r "II shared home nenniio *!I ,l'".""neral melee and returned home, penniless and tisappoln co. it m bo t,resumed that men who pret-nd to exile tliemi--tt?cs in a b ie'i n land would bo desirous of clmij ng to rar\i o her str ngthenlng each other and aid ng each mw Bit p?tty Jcalousios sprang tn ollfe at tho beKnin??^.' ri?n* grew, like musbr..ons. In a right ; I nes thirds . leather) were drawn; th n detraction commenced ana scandal travelled, and m?n who served In t .e aimr com b nrd. in drunken brawls, to oppress, to bul y and put down the weak, to |,erp-iu?te wrong, defame honest colonist* and defy justice, iiceency and Mexi can law. A Yankee was > lotted and "tinned-noticed only when a loan or Tavor was usked, ?n % treat in prospective. Tlie Mexk-an never had much kjh, |u Americans He looked upon them as a grasping. bilious, energetic, covetous, wise as serpents, sort of peo ple. In Cordova, after one year's experience, American character Is associated with whiskey, hraggadocis, rod -- ness, dishonesty and Indolence. If any one doubts that let him applr, and he can have the be t refer ences and testimony that the town can afiord, mer chants, ex-governors. Judges, aldealdes, ladles, and scores of them. Native antipathy to onr raca may be offired In extenuation: let it be, I deai In facts only. In oiie month from this date, a colonist of Cordova tells me, not one American will be left in the place. There are but half a doxen there now, snd all netting iholr houses in order for an earl.* exit from the country. Not one will remain be hind the retreating French army. No tears from the natives for their going, only rejoicing and gladness. Such is the brief history of the Cordova colonisation scheme. NEW YORK FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. ??noriant la WnrekwHwrnM And SUM* kpfprni. At ? meetin* m the Executive Committee of the Board of lire Insurance Ovmpanfea, held on th* 8th Inst, tbe following refutations relative to warehouses were nnantmonsly adopted:? Fir*. That from all store*, warehouse* or building* ocupiod for merchandise purposes, in tfie cities of New York, Brooklyn, Jersey < Hy and Hoboken, located In street* or less than eighty feet In width, having Ore proof

iron Abutters on front, rear and sldee. on all tbe win dows, (to be chwnd after tbe business hours of each day hy the occupants), and the doors of which on the street front and one window on esch floor, are so constructed that thev esn he opened from the outside in case of emergency, a deduction of ton cents may be made from the groes standard rate; provided, such buildings have first been Inspected and approved by tbe general Sur veyor of this board. Sf on<l?That any store or building which shall hare hoistways, dummies or elevators Inside of ?ald build ings, sud without Iron slides or coverings to the some, on each floor (to be closed at night by each occupant liRVinu tb>> use or control of the same), shall be cbsrged ten cents in additioa to the standard rata of said store or buii'ttng. Said iroa elides or coverings In all cases to be Inspected and approrod by the Ueneral Surveyor of the Boards. THE ATTEMPT TO BRIBE A JUDGE. to tbi CDiTOft or TBI ttkhamk Naw York, March 18, 186T. In your issu* of ibts date, under the head of '-Court of Spcclal Sessions," and under tbe further heading of "Attempt to Bribe a Judge," yon Mate that Charles Ulmana handed Judge Howling am envelope containing j $100, Intended doubtless as a bribe; that the Judge ] severely censured such conduct, and In reply tbe prisoner s counsel stated that he was informed Mr. < fhaunccy 8hs!Ter was the person who advised Ulmann to , pursue tba above coarse of action. 1 say that the uste ment that I advised snch a course Is false In Its incep tion, false in Its utterance, false in every particular, and that aov lawyer gtvtng such advice should he dlsbsrfod WllfeMt QHAOHCST MUf G E O R G I A. CUR AT LAMA CORRESPOHDEHCC. I bi> Military Rill?Obuuiie In Pablle Hem I. II?? HI?Tlie Ncyrori All l)ria?rr*U-DMCl(H> lion In the Hiute? Uesourcen of tieorilt Wunt of Capital, A c. Atlanta, G?l, March 11, 1867. When suffrage was given to the negro the whole fabric of slavery fell. Tho patrlarcl al Institution bad deep and broad foundations in the heart* of the people; and not until suffrage was tfivsn tbo alavo was be made a free man. True, the negroes will all be democrats, and thia new element of strength to that party may serve to place it again in the ascendency. It idle to say that the negro will remember with resentment bis former master. \ ory rarely has this been the case. On tho contrary tho strong attachment between the two classes during the period of servitude bas survived the chauge of relations, and the master's Interests will still be the servant's. Nothing bas shocked the sensibilities of the people here more tban the negro suffrage or Military bill It was bad enough to free the negroes; still worse to allow them a hearing in tbe courts. It was a grievous hardship to force the Civil Rights bill on the people; but how can they endure to have the negroca invested with all tbe vet'the?tid?^rln?,MLD "h.'!rt' to have them volef And Hob Onfw n M?tlment w setting In that direc ft? Tbe severe freshets on the streams h?t?a?n <h?. ?i?. br'df8? month there have been brought Into this Oate?Cltve tv!^ JMBSWS2 S^rSSsS a Si'JS fcaaffltiata* '?r? ient to ascertain who Is to be the military commandor of this district. The tone of the '? ooMidenably changed since they have fouud iImuPTh* ,eurlJ08t in lta reconstruction measures, In deed, they do not receive the patron&zo thev did when it1?Jr ?ontro"ed ,h0 public tsenilmont of tho Stale. Now lb* "e ro question is finally disposed of and for th* attent,on. 11 to be hoped, will bo given to )a ?,TUrCe8 ?C tbi" l,#rt or the country. There ina ? i i r?om entororise and capital In evorv bv a ^ronT mTlu.'rv UpiUI bein? rendered secure level l^d*.. ^7. K?vernment, will seek lis !..? k . '8 abuniinnt at -the North may be expectod to flow here whnra n k? profltabty employed. Good farming lands ran ^ bought lor titty couts an acre; tho gold iutcrent of the Main fi,fl [?n flc['0"t' not to mention other mineral interest"' are b it sligh ly appreciated. When thev aie developed till ufnt v,V? ?Qled, and tbe whole countrv besides Many Northern men who came here have confe's ed their atiprebensiou* in regard to safety for life as well ns SEWL. A" al'I>r*henslonsare grel.n'dS?. There are few Idlers and loafers, lieceesitv having driven near iar"o!?ihoUv r!|d ?f '"bur- A "Ule Patience on tiie well. Northern people, and everything will be THE MILITARY BILL AND THE IMPEACHMENT. [From Wilkes' .spirit of the Times March t) ] The evidence which a" P"r'iua*,Of tho South, since the pa=?ai:e of t'so Ji litary bill, to the effect that Hie excluded States will miike haste to organize under its provisions bas irn Srr.hf hk f0,CPrn lo 'lie countenances of mnnv ol the libeial member-, of ti.e House and Senate. Taken Wr:.Kovcrtly Johnson's vote, It looks !^. h i u iTi"? PpHtictaiia had discovered in the hill a method by which they can elude the desiens of the I'hn H 5! niH rccov; r tl'clr l'lacoa I" 'ho Union, tree from dUire* imposed upon them while under political ui??H"r.,nbCr.whoh-d fought flprcoly for the bill wbi e It was on its parage, and who was prepared to resent, to the extreme, any course by "eTCEe.* m inwUi l,rcV(-"t ( pugre* from finally endorsing it into a law, acquired serious m:sKivin?.s while the measure was pending at the Whito llo, 8J. They aw, in UiesuS! I den disjios.tiou of tho c<outh to ac ept, nav to soap un ?h? -m01.''; #. ",en.'uro ,h;i! WM ten tlmrs ino're odious than whloh the Southern Suites I IimUkcmiiIj sp-rned ?nn ov ry indi.ation o 1 di*drtin h.H r.T ' snggo ted the snjptclon ihut the majority bad falle i into a trap; ia.d this alarm agitated many ot n . m rPn U'" laM "nieal against tb ? veto hii, ? i U'at lIle 1)111 mi2'" rul1 .lie bill pulsed, and u was then they olearly ?aw that under it ? i|,e man at the other end of the menu" " who now stands uiter.y w.thouta Irtend or partv, may mT ? ban six m-nttu. have at his buck tbe c impact power of TIi'I hiI an'lul' the copperhe ad party of the North. The da} j two-Miird votes will ih tj bo i)a^?ed and wa I bin"1 Und all Southe rn questions, Inoliidln; the qnestinn w !u? U? "hicii wore for<-od upon them V.1 i i w J.Bl Rl 11,0 point ??r tt>0 bayonet are %ai d, endurable .?r binding. With the republican^mam. K1"?"' thin way of thinking ino4 prov'rton'^f of iUs universal suffrage n the formation ro I lance ror tlu^n do h?P'n? much Zuu'^c? S?X "l thai ,rxrsuch Mil tarjr Governors as ihe President is likely to send .o the returns wll'be anhj^tcd to a verv ri-',d * U.P ?f country from the dangers apprehended under "^Tha! reme-H is the removal of th ? President, in ord r that e m.liiary machinery of the bill may be p!a. ?d in unr lit A J cnt' '"c''nat on of tho Uouse "to pross the proceas of Impeochinont U increaslmr ' cowr wniing at live o'c.ock on Sunduv mornlntr b-t down to this time, the Jud.cary OommfueJ S fg', T'h V , M,# ,mlH'achment lerolntions sm id referred, ha\e not i>reacuted n ?m,i ?? P. . tla-,a to bo their Intent Ion to make a report'; but it Is" hKewise unde.s oo.| that, instead of winding up with a w.oluTion of ind>cunent, they will content iI.cwmIvos wHh r^ postu: a conunuanco of the |*r<icoe,llngs into the no?i Conui'Dss, in order that tho t<alimony already take i and the labor performed, may b* taved fo that bodr. ? r suit win bo very larg ly induued b? tho fact MiiiVrmilM ''"a0 b*cu ovcr w?rked, and d > not chCar^V^ d'r'iw^ j^rj^h^wrhoVeisv o f" ^iiLr:,,^,:r^ottr,^,n,;?e neeslty of iinp?>a.:liing the Present at the preacnt session are very absoln'e, ate enteriainii? a plan of asking the cimtnlttce to report forthwith whether they do not find (he 1 r?X"< erm 0n of provisional gor< miiienta In u,e .south his appointment of men in ollice who hud bei n reiecteii by u.e senate, and his Iticliement of tUe ? S, popmuiions of tbe -outh to resist the Uwfnl are already on the records o' both . pr^?,s committee, by this simple process ac^Sit^???? or ,e I r^4b h^whlch?,XXC,T #*fly dn,"n the I the SaiJ'1 tJTri Tk" ?u,"n ???^iveupon Plsas', orfu_ tfy the President when tney aa thev please. ^,b',ld l'1* ordfal ?? krnrtm as leng e\er, 1 am quite sifiL Ji V* 8*uale takes, how. before tbem for tiie PreiL , Do n,u?)?it made hiaarraignment, at the oneRi* *u'P?Mlan. or even for Those were crude suggestion^ court popular resentment and dislike.mainly from oeed with more regard for Its own ii.??CDat? wi" Pre fer that of the Chief Magistrate. When iT'^ we" M lla proceedings, u will simply Inform Ihe lv2!^men,??, decorous language, that a certain Icqnlrr ?a^^0'' ,n Ihe Senate, at which he can have tbi u( ,7n?i???',& in represented, either by proxy or in - 2 ?bo"'? then politely desire his attendanre ^fThl <1 Ll wt" to a-lend, either In i? ??1 ?h00* do or not, the court, with the Cbtef Jwfe^Jth^nC *lil proceed with tbe tnnnirv ? .nd ^ u? mi i rvniqffQl V) in|Al.- _ J .? then. Am (i>? ortdeuce la all of r -cord, there caVhl ^^,w."h mth?i proceedings; and two weeks at the^mow m50a*,;>r Vreaident should ask Uie prlvii. ge of ten davs nr^ruTi prepare an answer, would be ample tim? BvSi dlS^^ proceas all pretended objections in the 4 lays, conflict of authority, or apprehenTioe ?? .?* de" disorder, are ntterlv d.s,^ Z -'dL^'Z >MUr U.nJ.mln Wi? ^ZV",!. ffiSJ ^s7.r5ss' ?? TU, Spirit, meanwhile, must content ttssir woh h?T?' belter Informed of the method In which th! L ?.g mint maybe brougbt about at thls lii?? otter Journal, and await with patience ti?n .""I* o. w. CORRECTION. TO THR KDITOH OF Tfflt HEHiLD. Niw Yoke, March 13, 1867. The despatch from Hudson, published lu /our Iseue of Sunday, March 3, repreeeaied thai Mr. P. P. Wynkoop, u cashier of the Fltit National Dank In that city, was barged with a deffclrallon to tbe amount of fMXXXX That despatch has been widely copied Into other papers, to the annoyance of the many friend* of the gontlemiui whoM name was un|ustly Implicated. Mr. Wynkoop was the originator of the bank tforewld, but resigned bis connection with It In April last, was not the cashier, and consequently Is not the defaulter. In all this Pt <te there Is not another r-i.lleman whoenloys more fuljy or rightfully the confidence of hia friends and acquaint ances tlian d<w?e IVirr R Wvnkoon. As Mayor of tha ctty of Hudson; as trcv? ',?r of Columbia couti'.y for two w*rm?, aschairmroof <be di-tnci war ttee. and cashier of Cie Kirs' Net jnal Bank, tathwi proved his title Ci<M* to ? icotleu repuiatioa, Ik & PUBT&B. CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA. Arrival of (he Steamship Ocean Qut^n (rem Asplnwall* Mosquora at War with the Colombian Congress. END OF THE PERUVIAN DICTATORSHIP. Ac. &o. &c. The steamship Ocean Queen, Captain Harris, from As pinwall on the 5:h inst., arrived at this port yesterday, bringing our dee patches and files trora California, the South American republic* on the Pacific coast and the Csntral American States. She brought on freight 2,010 sack*, 2,000 barrels and 4,022 package* of flour, a large quantity of hides and wool, and ten package* of gold ore. The following i* her specie list:? Duncan, Sherman H Co $55,022 Order 26,000 Panama Railroad Company 8,430 Eugene Kelly & Co 82.500 Wells, Fargo 4 Co 73,279 Wlllard 4: Co 250 Isaac Duke 400 Total $344,888 OUR LIMA CORRESPONDENCE. End of the Dlrlatonihlp- Meuaie of tbo Pre sident?The Difficulty?Resolution* Preaented to ('ongreaa?Prndo'a Constitu tional Cabinet?Comment* on American Criminal lterord*? Exchange, Are. Lima, Feb. 22,1867. The Dictatorship of Peru is a thing of the past, and do liberal minded man can say but that it did the country a great deal of good. , It is a pity that it did not last longer, or at least till all the improvements that have been started are completed. On the 15th Congress was re gularly installed, and Prado declared Provisional Presi dent till the time arrives for him to take his seat as the legally elected incumbent of that offlce. Prado's message to Congress was of very little inter, est He occupies himself chiefly in showing the advan tages gained by the Dictatorship. The message or roport of the Secretary of State speaks of the offer of the United States to mediate betwoen the allies and Spain, and the refusal thereof; of the credentials of our minis ter General Hovey, being addressed to the President, and that he had to send homo for advice before presenting them to the Dictator; of a note from the United States plating that they were going to use force to make Ecua dor pay up (which debt was settled by Peru and Chile guaranteeing the payment within a certain time); of a question between the United States of America and the United States of Colombia, which is more of form than substance, and which Peru hopes to be able to settle. A bill lias been presented to Congress containing the following proposi'iocs:? The nation is not responsible for damage caused by war. The nation does not recopnizo nny Spanish debt The Executive will contlnuo the war against Spain till Couero^s passes a law to the contrary. The Executive will not enter into any correrpondonco with Spain, nor accept any mediation of any friendly American or Euroj>eau Power until ."pain ban declared that the acts of her ncents in tho Pacific, ou the 14th of April. 18(4, at the chinchas, and the 30th of March, 1865, at Valparaiso, were in violation of international law. If that is done he can reccive letters, but not enter into any treaty without the consent or Congress. A freo pardon shall be granted to all political of fenders. The new Cabinet, as far as formed, is as follows:?T. Pacheco, Minister of Foreign Affair*; S. Tejeda, Minister of Justice and Public Instruction; General P. I!u.-tn monte, Minister of War and Marine. Under the head of "Model republic" the Comercin, of the lfttb inst., has a long list of crime* committed in different paris of the United Slates, which as the editors sty, shows what a horrible state of affairs must exist in that country. If tho editors of the I'mrrHn judge a country by tha', and think America tho worst in the world,"I would refer them to the long list of Climes pub lished in every copy of the I.ondoo Timei, and they would think that Encland was herself worse. Congress has parsed a bill giving two years extra pay to tbo heroes of Callao, and six months to those of tho bat t e of Abtao. Mr. George Marsh, a well known Boston merchant, died on the steamer from Panama, on the 16th inst., of yellow fever. To day, the anniversary of thebinhday of the "Father of bis co'intf,'' eve y American has bis flag "thrown to tho broexo " At twelve o'clock the fleet in tho bay of Callao will Ore the usual salme of twenty ono guna The hark Chattanooga had arrived nf Valparaiso, with t^n 000 pounder Dahigren cons. Eight men, discharged from tli ! Unite'! State* steamer Waterce, go home on this s'eamer, their time having expired, l'bey were pa d off in freeubacks, while olllcers are alwav* paid in Sold. In tho language of A. Ward, Esq , "why 1* this thus?" Exchange on tbo United States, sfxty days, ten per cent dUc?tint; exchange ou EnfcWnd, ninety day*, 36d. to ilie dollar; exchaugo on England, sixty days, 37d. per dollar, ship's bills. CUR PANAMA CORRESPONDENCE. Imporlniirc of Colombia and Her Influence oil American Inicrram? No Moll* from IJo inln-Mn(qti?rn on tlio HumiiRfi1 Mllll -III* Version of lilt* Barton Dilllculty?Willi' Hi-alnt nncr of Coiivrcu lo the t-ruml tieneml'a Wliima?IIn|iIuro In llie Cabinet?I'crnvlnn Revolt Ininlnu <?ronnil?Outbreak In (innlc> uinln, Arc. Panama, Varch 5, 1807. Did not the government of New Granada (or Colombia, the country 1s railed In modern timer), extend its Jurisdiction over the gateway to the Pariflc, lis rank umnng the Powers of tho earth would bo go utterly low a? to attract little attention from the people of foreign cations. Ha\lng no commerce ol her own, and bntan unimportant domestic trade ?and beiii? ruled In a manner vastly inferior to the system of barbarous ages^the position of Colombia would be among the last on the list of States and countries did not her boun daries include tbe highway provided by nature between the great seas of tbe Katt and West If, for this reason, the people or the United Mates take tbe same Interest in the political affairs of this country that their country men on tbe Isthmus do, they will seize with avidity all items of news pertaining to the ever changing aspect of matter* in this direction. The French mail steamer Panama touched at t-'anta Martha on her voyage to Asplnwall, bit owing to the fact that President Moaquera had ordered the suppres sion of msll communication with the coast, the usual correspondence and flies of papers did not arrive from the Interior. By private hands, however, extra bul letins and copies of the President's message to Congress have been received, aa well a* letters from tbe Ameri can legation. Congress assembled on the 1st of February, after meat. Ing with considerable opposition from Mosquera, who 'twisted that before proceeding to organise, the creden tials or nullifications of the members should ho examined by * government offlaer delegated for that purpose, t onxress scouteo <he proposition, and the Senate pro ceeded to elect Vincent* t^mbana as President ol that body. In iha House Felipe Kapa-* was olected Speaker. The President's message Is a curious an* rare docti wiit of lis kind?interesting In Ita manuer of treating the anti)Mt of foreign diplomacy. After a detailed state ment of the ananctal condition of tbe country, the deploram* character of which * painfully apparent, the message goea u* to speak ot matters connected with tn? Foreign Olfloe, and *tt?r refemne to various mstters In connection with Vencxuei* and Ecuador, alludes to tho bad feeling "now existing on tu% part of the African Minister toward the government ot Colombia." ip.u this Important snbjeot the President writes-.? The Hon. Allan A. Burton, Minister or tl* Vnlted states of America, who, during his long residence in Colombia, had maintained the n!atl"tu between vbc two nations with much cordiality, has suspended the exercise ol his mission without caus ? or rewon, and in a manner unusual among diplomatic agent* I did everything I could to dlsauade him from ibe resolution he had taken, but all was In vain. He asked for bis passports, but 1 refused them on the croiftid that It would have been equal lo acknowledging his light to break off relations with the government of Colombia, when It was not one of those ca?e* In which it may be done, accord lug o tbe law nf nations. In the diplomatic correapomler e which will be laid before Congies* row will M that which was cnteWN* into with Mid MID later aa wstll as with the Minister from Peru. The President then goes on to speak In a favorable v/ay of the American Congre.js, which may convene at Lima at an nerly date, alludes in rather flattering terms to the French government, and then considers the rela tion* now existing between hlmielf aijd the British Charged'Affaires at Bogota:? The government of her Britannic M',???ty appointed Mr. R Bunch, Chsrg* d'AOelre? r?nd CmmuI General of Co lombla, and t*.e IMtor ban boen resolved by the secre tary of Foreign Affairs according to the law or nations, and somo qite *t'0u<? of ro.d-'l' ng importance have been dlarnsset' . srrar ,ed wilt, him Upon his arrival lie prgauoK . w M Kcajred aa a second class minister; but that I did sol cr?nt, having adopted tu? Amplest Mad of diplomatic C'remonlaL ,..Tliea??????*?? iba message will amply suftlee to illustrate It* bombastic character, and to exhibit the Ib ?u'Uag manner in which the runresentatlvcs of foreiyo nations have been treated by Mosquera. The beat prouf or the juEtice of Mr. I'urion's complaints with reunni to tins very subject, is that Mr Bunch has also demanded an apology from the government, und will hick up the detnand, aided by a British man-of-war at Carthagena. Mr Bunch complains of rude treatment, extending back to the time 'hat he first preheated hi* credentials to this government. ThO war Inaugurated by Mcsquera against Congress seem* to have mot with uncompromlstng resistance from the latU r t>ody. Both brauuhos liave disapproved ol all the important measures of the Executive during the part year, Including the agreements made with prominent bankers of England respecting o national loan, and the famous decree abolishing the local military organization* In the various State". The rupture between the two Hepartmenta of the goverrment assumes about the ph*se that it had previously borne at Washington. Mr. Largacba, the Secretary of the Treasury, had resigned, and the Department was temporarily transferred to Mr. Garrido, Minister of Horn* and Forelrn A flair*, and Moa quera's chief adviser. Intelligence from Lima has been received to tne 224 of February. According to the, following paragraph,* taken from a Lima letter of that date, the revolution in Pern is gaining ground:? The announcement of the government paper* by last steamer tbat the revolution at Cerro de Pasco was pot down is incorrect. The revolution, so far from being put down, is progressing, and the revolution ats have defeated the government troops under Colonel Savecho In two engagements; they are now said to be on their way, eight hundred strong, to Cuzco and Ayacucho. Tb* troope sent from Lima have returned, and the reason assigned for thia by the government is that tbeir ser vices were not required, but the truth la that the revnln tionista have destroyed the mountain bridges so tbat they could not get across the river. The revolution will no doubt be a success, as its professed objects are the abo lition of internal taxes and the poll tax. Revolutionary action is manifesting itself in the north, and the greater portion of the troops at Trujlllo have gone to join their comrades on their way to Ayacucho. There has also t>ecn a stampede among the troope. They have goneoS also to Ayacucho. The government claimed to have pat a stop to this, but It Is well known this Is not correct. The sergeants are In all these cases of revolt among tbo troops the ringleaders. Dates from Central America by the steamer Guatemala are two weeks later. ? A serious outbreak headed by General Cruz had oc curred in Guatemala. The village of Gitastatoya ?a attacked by the revolutionary party, and a number of arms wero secured from the garrison. Cruz, in a pro. nunciamlento, says that he has drawn his sword in do fence of the const!umonal rights of the people, which lie says have been disregarded by President Cerna. Martial law was promptly declared by the mili tary authorities, and two detachments of troop* were 6ent to operate against the rebels. Crun dodged his pursuers, and evidently wished to evado battle until his army had gained In strength. The leader of this movement Is a hereditary enemy of President Cerna's, and once before opposed liim In a similar way, but afterwards his allegiance wan bought with gold. Cruz is said to possess the genius requisite for a military leader, and If the populace bat even partially support his policy the legitimate govern ment of Guatemala may be ultimately overthrown. Th? coffee lands of Costa Rica are to be improved by means of artesian wells. A company has been formed for the purpose of experimenting in the matter, and machinery Is already ordered from the United States. The Grand Hot I, Panama, was thrown open for tb* reception of guosis on the 1st inst It Is undoubtedly the finest public hou<-e on the South Pacific coast, and as such, fills a void of long standing in this particular line of business. THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. 0U3 HONOLULU CORRESPONDENCE. Exports Uiirluir 1SOO? A C'onsulnr Changs? Intolerance? Harbor ImproveincnU-An At tempted Ontrnge nnd a Queer Verdict, ?fcc. Honolulu, Jaa 19, 1867. The Collector General of tho Hawaiian Islands, having published bis report for the year Just closod, I lay tht principal Items of export for the years 1805-60 bofors your readers. Tho comparison for the two years is ur tavorable for the year Just closed, more particularly as when H is taken into consideration that the importations for 1866 are id excess of those In 1865. The value of ex ports for 1865 was $1,430,211, while. for 1866 they at* $1,806,621, show lug a decrease Of $33,690. 1806. 1866. Sugars, lbs 16,ai8,097 17,729,101 Molasses, gallons 534,937 851,796 Rice, lbs 164,257 438 36T (olfee. lbs 203,705 98,081 Salt, tins. 121 739 Fungus, lbs 273,979 120,343 Pol, bbls 478 306 Hananas, bunches. 1,211 1,771. Cotton, lbs 11,780 22,286 float skins, pieces 54 988 76,116 Hides, lbs 131,800 282,306 Tallow, lbs 179.545 159,781 I'ulu, lbs 221,206 212,026 Wool, lbs 144,086 73.131 Whale oil. gallons. 111,421 40,214 Sperm oil, gallons. ? 44,966 Whalebone, lbs 83,716 66,846 Peauuts, lbs 60,151 44,666 Should steam communication between this port and San Francisco ever be-ome a filed fact tne exportation of frnit will be a very considerable Item, while during the past year little has been done In this line. CONSULAR CHAW*. Alfred Caldwell, who has been the Incumbent of the office of the United States Consul*'* at this port, for the past five yrsrs, resigned his post-during the paal week, and tho office u now In the possession of Thomas F. Wilson. Vice Consul. Mr. Caldwell has gives as much satisfaction to whaling cap ains aa the gene rality or oons iU at this port, while he haa, doubtless made more money. IirrOLRRAHCtl Dot-In? the past two weeks there has been a revival among the foreign population of this city on religions matters, and tbe two foreign Congregational churches have taken a very prominent part in it. The Captain's s toward of her Britannic Majesty's ship Clio, a gentle manly, unnssumlug young man, has, when occasion offered, addre.ved the prayer meetings and Sabbath schools, and hia course it seems has annoyed Bishop Staley to such an extent that the Bishop took occasion to censure his course to the Captain, but I am Informed he got very little satisfaction from that worthy officer. A NEW UtTRRfRISK, or perhaps an old ona resuscitated would be more cor rect A company l? about being eeUbllthed for tbe pur pose of furnishing gas to tbe citizens of Honolulu. They have purchased tne work* left by the old company, and it Is hoped may succeed. While a moon lasts we havs no need of light, but witbout it we have the darkest of streets. wharf a.vd it Am on iWRorntitxra A stroll around our city front a few days since ooa* vlticed me that one brunch of public improvements was being pushed forward with commendable seal. From tbe wharf of the steamer K lanea, for three hundred end sixty feet In a southerly direction a double row of piles are already driven for the erection of a wharf, while tbe dredpe boat ia deepening the harbor between them and tba channel; the material raised being used for extending tbe esplanade. This wharf was bunt for the accommodation of the Sen Francisco and China line of steamers, bnt as the Pacific Mall Steamship Company have wriggled oot ol their contract to atop here, aoa? body el-e will need and use it ATTKMFTKt) OCTOAOB Are A OTHER TRBmrT. An Individual giving hla name as James B. Holdea lately mad* hla api>earance on these shores from Saa Francisco as an scent. I believe, of a sugar rofinery. Ha has been arraigned before the Supreme Court of thla kingdom for "an attempt to commit a rape" upon "er nbductlng with Intent to carnally defile" the penes of a native girl under ten years of age. A Jury of whites failed to convict him on eithas count ol the Indictment. Tbe verdiet has given rise ts a great deal of feeling among the better classes ?r "** community, aa they feel that Justice has neen meted to the villain. The evidence wm clear and nnsbakea by a skilful cross-examination, and went to prove thai his met the child on the Nuuantt road, and taking her by the hand led her Into an out of the way place. Tba child's screams brought a native womaa and two men to ths spot, where tney found the child In Holden'a grasp and his person exposed. The scquitlal of Holden will work badly, aa the native jurors will be bound to retaliate ttos first opportunity that offers. Our present mlaistry ass fogyisii In their ld?as and Inclined to he despotic, and 16 will be but natural for tliem after robbing tbe nativee of the right of suffrage to deny them the right of trial by Jury. Certainly the result of tbe Horton and Holds* and other cases which have been decided before whits Juries wdl give tlieai a strong argument against Jury trials. STATES ISLAHD INTELLIGEHCE. Ths Bonm or two irildsiv Fotsd or trr Biurn.? Coroner <X V. a*w?, ?r North field, 8. L, on Ssturd^ Inst held an InqueU on the bodies of two esudren one a femivie about fenrteen yam old, sad the ?ew a mats child about eighteen months old. It Is supposed they ?ers wash' d sshore from sn emigrant vessel The Jury foaM the foflowinx verdict:?That the cMldren in quea tloa came to their death from causes unknown, and they coasured the iiMatains of emigrant vem?i? for throwing overt>oer4 the now** of deceased pas^engat* without making proper provision u> prevent them from floating ashore. , Phrssktatior.?On Monday erentag last Dr. Sol. A*> 4rews waa taken by surprise at his residence by the pre sentation of tbe mombera of Sk Paul's Methodist Episco pal ebirch at Tottenvilie giving to him a silver pitcher; together with a considerable sum ol money, as an appre ciation id their esteem. In addition to this a cake basket wa? preset ted to Mr*. Andrews. The presentation was m.ide bV Mr. La Mond on the part of the congregation. Dr. An irows entertained tbe ladies and gentlemen pros* out wttb a splendid supper, and everything passod off mo i agreeably. Violationof th* Eicnra I,aw.?Adam Sehlamp -was. yesterday artwted for a violation of the Kx'lss ls?/ by officer Mcllhst^y, of Stapleton. It appears that Rer.lamp was selling liquor without a license, and wss full y com milted for the offence. Brsssn to Dratr.?On Saturday hist a daughter of Mr. Johnson, who resides In the upper part of Factory. Tills, 8. I., was burned by her clothes taking Ore from coming in contact with the stove. Her l'i,lories Tare of so si vero a nature that she died In a few hours tftsr* wards. The <'boea*e4 wm only tlx fffl of ao6