Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1867 Page 4
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CUBA. QUB HAVAMA CM?$PCilM?ICE. The Abolition of Specific Tuxes nnd Piifles inrrt'iiM lu Coolie liuuiivriiliuo C rui-lls mid InliouiunUy of the Coolie Trade?Auaoyauce lo Truvellor* - The Carnival?Commercial. Hxvaha. March 13. lbjf. TUe all absorbing topic of conversation over since the arrival of the last mail from ^pain has been that of the royal decree dated February 12, whereby several taxes hitherto enforced have been abolished in this island and Porto Rico, to wit:?The "alcabalas" on the sale of all real estate, slaves, cattle and goods sold at auction; also the lithe,. tolls and turnpike duties; the tax ou salt pits, the tax .>a stores and shops; the consumption duty on cattle; the impost on the cockpit monopoly, and many other tributary taxes which in other countries have ceased 10 exist for ages past. The concession is to com menoe ..n and after the 1st of July next, and from that dais forward all the former taxes are to be substituted by new impost?a tax of ten per uent on the net pro ceeds of rural produce, cattle breeding and bouse pro perty, besides .an income tax to be graduated by the municipalities. By these means it is cal ciliated that the government, far from being the loser by these apparently liberal measures, will be able to draw in future an additional twenty millions (in advance) from Cuba. The mass of the people, long and heavily taxed, seem pleased with sny sort of aboli tion, no matter in what shape It may be conceded; and, as far as the industrial classes are concerned, these need not regret that now obtained as a forerunner to others which they may hereafter have to demand. At the same time the Narvaex ministry will langh In their sleeves at the success of this financial slight of hand In connection with this subject, it will now behoove the government to appoint better agents or targatherers than thoec empioyed hitherto; for, if the assessment be left to their own arbitrary Judgment, it is impossible to say what mav be the consequences hereafter iJLh? \*i"P ? lbe ox-Confederate property now be.ng -hipped off on the Harriet Lane and Pelican mav not be lnr from 11 rty thousand doUaraT *AU Ta not ^ board yet. but this * not forTt?e to geTaway! 88 offlcera Md men do their utmost sldIrabVronimln!f^UC!n f,e,n8 10 have increased con siaorabi> or ate. 1 he Coolies are coming in In laree ?r".m ,r\Shlp af'er ,b'P- ^ wo look seriously at thus truillc in human beings?for in tho way it is carried on it can be called nothing else?I should say that it is UJffh tn^^r1 lng ?Pro done on behalf of ?o many unfor nn VK? V 18 n" T?T wel1 to say that Cuba has no other niternntive than to entice them to these shores . neKro trade la defunct, and that unless tho win V? r'ir# m.,r<>duced ?o do tho field labor tho island *'[ K^e.ru nfd- Bt>' U so indispensable why should it U". h? f1one lu > more humano manner, and why does government not give It its proper attention ? Most jieopio whoso opinions are worthy of credit consider tho traillc worse luan tho negro trade. Be this as it mav we all know that the so-called contracts aro nothing but a mi Intitule for bills of sale, and as to the genenU treat ini'nt of the Coolies on tho plantations and elsewhere in withCniU i 4 beUcr lhau ,be cruelty practised Uskm,? i r? iV a4- 8 a 8r0at mlftak* to behove what w.mS 1i> U, ovors?frs My on the subject; those wouid wiob to see them of a humlhating dis ?Tt2wcu?m " of ^vmi8elve 10 thc caprices Zln .? i i. be,r masters, as the negro seems to bo by nature; they will always forget me, Vnd ha?rt<'h^Afri,7n3; tbat coolies are moo, anu tbat therefore they can never feel like slave* nor will tliey submit to the lash as the poor Africans do "Dd ?'bore d0 not hoedXr^n mh -? k bts ?counts for the continual disorders .TX.m'w ,h9 arf0unt8 Trom ?be country areflHo? MIod /l("? 10 Burder "ud ev*on as.aas?i Wlilfh l" V.fll knl.n' SrflIre **}** of a P'antaiiou, wuirui wcii known, abandoned it rather than rak* retributive Justice''Into their own hand. But who is tu> n.l, ate the rights of the cool as when tool* tMk* i m 1,1. - ar? IU ihc wrong ? Who can explain their com u " .. . V,'P ab?'nc<? ?f Proper reguJations, and what is m-cT ? t ?. Md barbarous ovor !1 ? , Aj h 3vQji'X)'? duty it us, iiy ancient law to deiend them, as in the cu-o with the African slave' butt biuc?a iswoiw than Greek lo him. Besides, that fj b "n'7 "J 11,0 MPhaJ, ?ud the Chinaman is far h i..nd communication with him. The coolie has thsrefere ?o ?.uerustlve but to run away. If he does so ..1.1. V r h?ntod ?P by bloodhound , put in the If1I ? on *bort ?"on ance, or else gets fio -geii If he effe. is his e-cape ho becomes a crtmnaJ. is oK ?ooner or later, and finally doomed to bard laW tor an indefinite period on tho public works of tho gov o^XX ? l.ol,.',bp of 'namlKration and colonizing H.?i All tU*s in of common occnrrecco here f mTh>a" lnq'"rj: ^ 'o'cstisation being mad? a to he c. Dipioints or conduct of tho cooiio or his mas n?od oi* '. u*ll,*'jbslaborceutract iscarrledout In the 1^3 ,i \ * Tb" ,uan n<,v'r bis country again blTr rrld" e ' "n't",aUon J1* '"as is that which hispecu-' luir crmnl ?nordn him in death! ??Xa'"h'*u,Pr Uu^.y>?M1 from New Orleans on tho 9th and m"8 ?? bour after the Co Hu? was chartered by the Brazilian Emigration l" convey ths snlpwrecked Texans to New to ths linTr'ila l"7 Wl" ^ lrau<f8rred ?? ? going . ' k*\r "KfnUy remarked that passengers leaving Ha 3X.. ,HLai" "ub^d ?o some or tho lormcr aunoy tZSTy rsitSSr " " ? L lbs Iisvaaa Usmi mtcKd' made a great "show oil'' last ffuodaj, ou ohichday lormlnatod the masquerading of hXJ, f,r,u'nM w#r". Terv f,,od' "O'1 'be exhibition ~ l;,r,t"r ,han Havana has t!Ver nesn Iwfore. lbe jockeys r I'Anpfaist were not bad. The i?,1 , ..v^ at Ih ? Tbi utra Tacn commem ed late But wa< n '?"L rtiie of tlie i?ri v most conspicuous m Srw Y rk- B'' *?? ''ro>?ed in as revive an atllr as was -uil-d n> "hu line or business" - m o," i,n' . r?V, '"!r rpad#rf Ju't 'n? seeing a m.ui dr .. j - aim both iu acuoii and styie roaembling but aMa t'mil 'L I "nP bebeved him to be a man ; ^TJi t ,. r U? a-<?iMcd tier a fw Her and-then per. .is-i bims?l. off the l uxes, ti not only drew the ai U*n, er< below, but also that of tho Go tw.al.r loot.co. wbossm one of hU aids to acquaint toe geokienian lhat his onduct at that moment was not w niiBn ,i lady. _ Acxwd'mr to an order published In the Official Gate I' ve -el (run. Kiirnp. will no longer Imi subjocted to anv q'utranline pro. ,d. d I hey bring a clean bill of health'and no * ? ha- .spurred on IsMird during the itassaee Ikkiw-uriifiwi n^f^, Now Qr.eans on y y* >Mt- ?fr T<d yweldnr and nroeeeda io Phila dalphiH to tuorruw. fr-ll'Mr"" bav? f**1 difficulty In ob'alnlng advances from to., me,chania, and me hanks are not in a ailua tioo to lend money, but? ,, a very llinlied scale. Uav las. however, lo provide lur lbe unavolOaole expeudi '"M*tes, tbe "hacendadiw" mu.tobtain the aerdivl one way or nUier. Tuey can always secure ii ? ??"ficarion In the price of their produce; and as tlie ad\tree from abroad are rather uniuvnruble a&oiii ?vikox, a reduction in thr maraet vaiuo of Mud swoet ho> oocn t* ub.Ddia I, no tliOt buy urn can now opc rale more irecljr on Uis l.osls of 7 to TV, rt for No. Id__* *5 ?' rate the market is uuil ai present Freights ore not very aciive for the iu.im.nt The last charter reported tg tbiu of the Amer can brig C?oorge ?urnhaoi. 1^00 boxes sugar fur Boston, si $1 76 per box. Exe. aug# u tending downward- .sterlmg lias boon aooe at lilt P*' rent pram mi, iad francs at 1 to U per cent premium Sixty days aolU bills on New York are ??J1Hi percent prenfium, ami currencv at 28 to 27 per oeoi flterooBt. i * BRITISH HONDURAS. MM HUB COMEtKMQEKE. n* I?4Iim War Cntli?fl with Varying "terrc? Ihr KaclMh Troop# fader Mare latrlllarat Command and Hope# ot Nee eraa- P?Mk I Ma* aateat with the Kxecwtlre? Trade Keren, dr. Haunt, Briltrh Hoodura*. F#h. 17, 1847. Star# ai y laat va Sara had mora war disaster*. The Indiana, mad# hold by continued soccaaa. hare com# iato tha Northern tiatnot and mmm tir l various d?prei tUoaa. ao1 after kitting and taking what sotted th#.r waate or ptoaced their raacy retired. la fart It ia aaa fun# f'Uia litai our troop# are loo alow for Uirm, th.gr ni .v# a. ra; idly aa Iter cao la th# direction where the In.i.ea# arc tappoeed to he, bet flail smouldering rata# aee dead Unites, but ao ladiaaa Th# military go to lhairtoaaa aad vllla*er, >ind them deserted, bat Dad a# ladtaiM, tbry bura thair rlltogoa, retire and flad tha Indian bare been deiat the ?n? thing to ut, flftoea or twenty rn in. to another direction. So tor all haa gone wrong with ne. aad U>? ladmie hare fc?<l itieir own way, and ay the way matter* an managed at praacot wa bare ev#ry raar.u to #tp#el ih#ir roc. #aa will melinite. U m ai.uoM iBi:???fl>!e far am to .tale the dt?contaot and 4t?*at, rwiH* wh*h at at in the miad* of orer aitoteie of our pup, .atlea w .th oar Unlrnui Oor nreor la the far* #f a toe prouibittag th# aale of g on yrwdto to the In-' ur he has .'raatrd a ih-enea by wbtah tha wants rMI |D(jun, bars been respited with fhrty park**.-, of powder. sad ibe on their threat to coan aad ink# it if a ?n# out scat la th m 8a it waa ??1? to?bnn*? oa th# tiUk aui, aad that to lea too# of too 4o*m of in# Kaoratice ('wauctl and tha aareeot pmtoet oi u? Ugwmt.ro Aawmtiy. d??My ie-.Hari.eade tha rttrarloa of the dtodrtot ahtoo martial laa la to tons, a ttoporia a act. the cato taima of Uwhafamoe rpoa, i., ml U# mi'ltia ma. MM*Uue an lha aale id po#. a#, tdroeg | anto aa ?? u.# ?.. , . town, aad other toaaantea, ?>. t ? t.-a a- mra to ?e*ii in gnu at ud troupe to gad dawn Mr la.: am, net up to Ibw hot .11 tie baa ham doe# ?el.ebt# inte.itge' ? < n?o?t? h#nd ... i Um> ngigii Biont uriwoea ear totwfW ami too in an# b*w thirteen of naa Tedn, ao th# Flat of itoetohaa loot The con dart of tbo Bagttob otoatoo appear# d m,\ eowerdty >n th? aatrvear ual* tweedy thro# in. ana and tw?. btato ?wi* aet that ?l4y They #o<r mm* vp make swore, aad, whoa toed upon. ramrwad th# bra aad ?aid itown aa *ha ground, end god eg awl rea ?..( wben ear Irenes aer# w thdrawa. to> 'rightoacd wrr# thay that for two day* th#y d.d aed go arnr Uto battle groeaa, aldhinfh it was cut wad etth Iritieh atom, i tiling, arm* aad adatonalltae. Gotoerl Barter, vba to now la umaMtod. Oroya to ha ar Ma aork rathor t# feetmea. aad who dam hot r ? I tu# 'id aaa. Mtob *.*? air m*. aa all he B> -rioata tea IM lb ?-? meat kfrrorea tollMarg b aor', ao i wnhlidgtapwt towton aed rare : Th* laihtto art ?igMe-.*; t ??*?* to '?*? a? nil lh? dioa i Iokd Hi l!i? Nortl liiirtrt, ?n I. d tV t ran ?tm| fir#. lb# IllittWI * iil I i' 1;? n ftiirr I i I IMk Id# p#opi? it t i> i lulf art pMMi ? r ??*, ?art ate A i?u?i# fU'tiir l. * N M it !'?' i ?I tkubtiraiir i? <iii MM #*iHMit; mm! tiMtrti tU# I. i- iictMui Got liMM i-r?ll#t mg 11 Uttn to b? '!.>< < ? *mwm:1*s <d B* r mmIM#4 10 lake ? rj|iv to III* KtMliMMf. Tin b "lllttt ?M also laatMMl?d to j r?i' ?t *, n.ii?i all 7 any ?>#? pmm uer to tin iad.aw ??4 ??< i?nn, u?.? <01 ull?i 1.4 rewards for lb# 1 d in chiefs, dead or a.ivn, aa was 1*1 onin'.#iid#d or thn La Mtart Aan-nbty. The tuirar ma.tng m~?u-h bu ja?? ? - itunnnwd. and tar waul of iiM) labor 01 tin 11 r?at*>;i ?J Mgar n-akn* -it eration* wl.-I oorna 10 aa rut (or 10# pre* at Ilia same la tb?- case to mahogany and logwaad rrnw ?p#r. at ?d>, and aa al>out tliru?-<i arurrt of all oar Wp#?aMMM in these arm-lea ara in lb# hurlhcru uiatrtu lit# yanr a operations will bo murb dli lu-h-d. Two schooner* mm Now miasm have just arrived with provisions. iNir market is tali, la fact over sop plied with flour, while two cargo** from N#w York and one from New Ortean- ara expected. An Kncllak Victory?'Tb# : Indian# Kuairfl Wamea and Children Klllrd and Vlllafn Burned?Adair* lmprovln*. Ar. . liauzK, Honduras, Feb. 2k, 1M7. At Iaat I am abla to report a torn la the tide of our colonial a flairs. Tbo Engllab troops under Colonel Bar ley met a small detachment of Indians, la camp near San Hoses, and succeeded la killing aome of them and routing the whole party, recovering moot of the mule* and horses taken nt the raid on Indian Church?before reported. The Indians were at brotkraal on the borders of n email lake? the lake between thorn and our troop#? but on tba first tire thoy skeddadled, and left all but what they stood in. Colonel Hartev sent aome rockets after them, which committed much havoc among the women and children, several of whom are reported to have been killed. Onr troops have visited the Indian towns oallad Bias Water, Yalbac, San Pedro, ban Hoeea and Chin Bo Ch n. Thoy found these places all deserted, letters were found in the houses of the Indians asking for peace with the English. The towns were all burned and the corn fields and plantations destroyed, which will bring wsnt, If not starvation, to the two tribes or parties who are engaged in this struggle. The forty package* of gun powder Bold by our Lieutenant Governor, and reported In my last, were met by a party of colonists while on Its way to the Santo Cruz Indians, who destroyed It by throwing It Into the river. This will most likely exas perate that tribe, who will now assist If they do not openly join Eck and CanuL The colonists on the New river, on the Rio Hondo and the upper part of the Belize river are panic-stricken and are leaving their homes and most of their property as fast as they can get away. Borne have lert every thing, even their clothing, and gone to a place of sup posed security. This little success of Colonel Harley may Improve matters and somewhat restore cuniidence. We shall SOUTH AMERICA. The Congress of Month American Mtntcs at L.iinn?Ita Aim -An American Code ol Inter national I-nw, Ac. [From El Indepondlento (Santiago, Chile), Jam 1867. ] The moment approaches when tho new American Cou cro-a is to meet The Prosidont of Colombia, General Don Tomas Oiprlano Mosquera, Invited a'l the repuhHca of Spanish origin to form u congross for the pu^wo ot establishing tho bases of a union, and to lay the founda tions of an American code of international law. Without doubt this last object is not than tho first. So tar, Spanish America has no inter national law savo what the great maritime P"*?"LR how to dictate: and, with tho tleets, they know lulliweiIhow to put on in air of justice In presenting the most iteurd aud extravagant claims. With regret do we sec that et on at t'ao prosont moment, after having borne so much in defence of our honor, Chile allows tho claims made bv the French empire for damages that ?n hiirdlv bo said to have been proved as s^oredby somo French subjects in our last political roiolution. The sametuina is witiiessed in Peru, la regard to the imp turo of Caliao by the forces that ovorthrtwiheluckless ex General Don Juan Antonio Pezot. In the otner neighboring republios the daily ?>?8in^"'h^uJJ?Pc" legations is to aitend to just such claims, which have no limit while there is cannon enough ? Tliero is no law that settles whon such cialmsshouldbe allowed The people of Amorica huve sadly negiected this subject, which is so vital. When any one has tried to fix these bases of public law, tho neighboring repub tookTood care not to follow suit. As on instance wo raav point to tho law made by General Mo*quera, tho limits within which tho United Slates of Colombia would bo answerable for the daraagw sunorod by ibrcign subjects in time of civil oommotlon. Unue, at toouTb at the very same time holding the same argument In the discussion with the French (.hargt ffim about the claim, which she has bow*w just allowed, refused to accept the bases laid down by oHmerkan plenipotentiary Just sbLto ???succeed ? fixing the princiides of inter national law so as to oonlorm to justice and the neoesst Ses*" our continent there Is no doubt but that their c .ngross would inaugurate an era of progress, ?r *?" being and respectability abroad for our people. Asi re gards a continental union, all the hopes of the fathers of ourindi peudonco aud of the pluriots of this generation mo centred therein. It beloilgTto the Teprwwntot(Vesto carry out their idee, on thed#P our t'muTO security oud respectability abroso. The Mendoza Revolution Mpreadlo*-Cn??nre of Poalto?Flight of National Anthorltlen Pronrauiine ol the Behtk Ac. [From El Indopendicnte, Jan. 12, 1?87.] On Sunday January 0, the vanguard of the Mendoza army. uuder Colons? Ayala, attacked near Poilto five leagues (rom fen Juan, tbo advanced Hoards of Colonel Irrazabal. The struggle between them was bloody and obstinate for several hours, until the main body of each side having come up the battle ended in a complete rou of ihfl government troops, chlelly from :an Juan and La Alois provinces, ?>y the troops of Colonel Juan do Dios Videla The latter, as well as Coloneis Arias, Ayala and Ob?-oaga. performed prodigies ofvalor, engaging in han't to-hand fights in the midst of tho fray. The among the national troops was large; that ot immmSTL. .,??.?;?. it. .-JT?> ?? s?_a rhart'fwl the enemy at tho start, uie miamry managed in the menu time to turn his Hank, and a toHne vollev, rushed on him with the bayonet, driv mg off the fibld. Colonel Videla took possession of VoLlto, and used every precaution to prevent any disor dcr hviog coromlttod by hia troops. . Csmpik Governor of La Biota, who has been the torrnr or the plains, and played the part ol a Don Quixote, by pushing himself forward without orders " reuuesl ol the government to put down tho Mendoza revolt- ?ud Irrazabal, the lamous rascal through whom Mure Lent the Western provinces in check, have both .himeluliv dad beareia to tbo government of the news SJftbawow of Buenos Ay res has been overthrown in erum.-nt is that La Ktoja rises at once and cast# off her y?in?V,lulu's proclamation urging the Bio Janeiro, to Jo ?T aAnPs sgaTnst Buenos Ayres, he pron?nce# I in fa\%r ot a dissolution of ala a holdlug ai;i"10? "J nu,.n with Paraguay. Cn Sew Year s Day Campos had ^ .Mh\o? men to attac k Varcla, who had Ja?mt the same number koar JachaL Colonel Videla, ., k>. victory at Poet to, sent forward a detachment to ^hV^U%u5 ltTllkely that Corl. will be placed ^In^Mondoza'"nothing Is known of whereabouts. He hau mado no move toward the nvor SSfflt where Governor Rodriguez was on the lookout with s body of rebel troops fuil of enthusiasm against tbo alliance and in favor^)t peace. Knuala to he Umpire Between Mpala and the Fnellle Repahllee. drc. The Corrttpondencia dt Bq*>Aa baa the following Infor mation on the subject of the United States mediation m tb*Spanish Pacific war:? .. Russia is to be the umpire in all mutters ofdMazree nx-nt that may arise in the conferenc -s at Washington for S??7ium.nt of the Spanish Chilean-Peruvian war. I alters received from abroad load to the belief that tha hell gerenta would have uo dttllculty in accepting Russia, coined ertng The entire neutrality and Important meaning thst iinisi attend her decisions In the matter, ho far, bowsver.lt tsnot known for ??'^.?cr Umoffn^ the United states baa been accepted by the 1 eruvlane and Chileans. John Bull Nesiral for Oace. The iron clad frigates Araplles and Victoria, building tn England for the Spanish government, awtoMbedapd ready to sail for Spain when peace shall bare been made with the Pacific republics. Thoy have been fully paid for?the last instalment of live million reals having been made a short time since. LONG IJUNO WTELLIKNCt. gornisinf Rstutoan ( ..mjumiosm#.?The Supreme Court of Kings county has appointed Mesne. Samuel E. Johns and Jobu W. ds Mott. of Hempstead, and Dsnle B. suydsm, commissioners to appraise 'h* luay fn? appropriated by Ihe new 8ottib?i4# Kail road, which Is aow rapidly being built. Tinw or Lira?A German in the employ of Mr. 8. Fanning, at Wasblngtou square, near Hempstead, named Henricb Beroetb, committed eulclde by baoglog btmaelf to a inthewood. near Mr. 0. Hewlett's residence it \m aiiPDoeed the cause of this rash act was owing to ? ? f*w weeks since rohbed of neerly all htrXthlng Sdiiie m few York, s.nce wblch tima he bw ame despondent and at times acted strangely. Brw?tA*v ?^The clothing msnuf.ctory of Mr. Town M.d Baidwm, of Hempstead, was entered by burglsrs on . . - last and robbed of ready made clothing Sunday e\ n.ug ^ T v#f}. entered a ? ^UlTSr Drying off the casing, and took their plun T * ' It I* supposed they had confed .,1 siwt ?ys receive Ik The evening previous r?2 r>* lierv a couple of suspicious InditWuals were Uen in tlsT?.n ty iking ? *? u. . ts. MIMb, ,1.7,?*.? rfirirtUW " B? fiFtrittio Potter. D. D., "LUD.j ihTdiiw- -a of New York, will r S d cuac.nnation on Tueeday evening, *U? lnsk, In Ueaee church, at Jama '-a. UuBwett Israiur.sst x ?Rev. Mr. ^r*^'''' ,**|yrrsaiist tve insioral charge of the MoBiinkhm t' urch, aad Rt v. -tr Emerson is to take his p I t. i,.,, (rrv ?This socisiy l??s ap, "SO ? .... ?? .IT-'"' ? v., . ?? Lett and Pay > r | k.gfs twwau CAN ADA. Weill cjfi:spciw:? of the he'.aio. TW Ionian v*rr VViiui of KrMiri'M In ? nnntta f?r#p?ration* in Mm the Invad er* Had Morale of ibe VoluuK-crs-Kmiior* ill.it ik# Aiuatieal Htwder fllataaine is to he Itlowa f'ji Tha Unverniutui Siippreua 1*1 Krwa. dir. Moktkkal, C E., March lfl, 1S67. Tfan city here aad tha country tu gcncr.il have bees in ? very ph-asant aad unwarrantable state of excitement thee* two day*. i*rtvate and reliable news from British emtaaartee we* received here yesterday indicating an taleaded raid upon Canada rrom St. Albums. At once every one went wtkL btorles were promptly emulated magnifying at least Untold the preparations of the Fhntaa* An extraordinary Cabinet council was called and held at once, aad their deliberations transacted for ence with secrecy. It has, however, transpired that more troops were telegraphed for from Englaud, and it was decided U> make at oooe every possible preparation to receive the attack. The One Hundredth regiment was sent forward at once to ChamMy. The Twenty-third and Twenty-fifth are under arms, and with the Victoria Rifles are ready to be poshed forward at a moment's notice. The telegraph offices all over the country are kept open night aad day, and every volunteer officer is prepared to assemble his men st a moment's notice. This tima, however, lees dependence will be placed on the vol an tears aad aeora confided to the regular* Comparing the state of the country this year with Its eondiuoa this time last spring, I must say the means of defence are less than they then were and infinitely below the reeonrcM of last June. It is utterly Impossible to obtain reinforcements from England, what with broken reads aud ice-bound coast* The volunteer force i? In oad order. Disgusted with Insufficient pay, with the threadbare clothing served out to thorn, with the ntier carelessness of the authorities for their comfort, the men have rcstgnod and left the country by the dozen. For instance, in one rural battalion whlfcb showed much alacrity when called out last year on both occasions, out of four hundred and fifty men only one bnndreu and sixty can be paraded. The conduct of the officers has had much to do with this dissatisfaction. They have beon major* in spirit when they were only subs in rank, and have "bossed" their men so liberally that in the event of an encounter many of them would be in danger of a fire in the rear. Again, the per?>nn<l of the Cana dian volunteers is not to be depended on. They are bravo enough, I grant, but, exoept in city battalions, are wholly unversed in drill, more especially in matters concerning the musket and bayonet. Now, in coun try battalions, especially in Lower Cauada, the men are not exercls d once a year iu rifle practice. The majority of volunteers in Canada will not hit a barn at eight hundred yards; and this is conceded by eminent volunteer officer* Again, not two compa nies in Canada would staud a bayonet charge. Tboy will all he encumbered by the new ^nider-Enfiold, with whose drill they are unfamiliar and which is very likely to foul and become derunged In unaccustomed hands. In fact, officers in Quebec say the rifle will be utterly useless in the field, though my own experience would hardly warrant euch a sweeping assertion. Again, at this stormy scasou railroads and highways are alike im passable; and lastly, John A. Maclionald and C. J. Brydges are both absent from Canada?the two men who could be of most service in the event or an invasion. Although of oourse from the paucity of numbers In which the Fenians are a?sembllng, no goneral or per manent stAscoss can be anticipated. Still the present time has been admirably chosen for an attack. 1'he friends of the Fenians, and there are many such in Canada, are ominously silent and there lack not rumors of orgauizations threatening nightly conflagrations and discontent at home, as soon as the green standard is hoisted. Tho city was scared from its propriety to-day by two startling rumors of alarming nature and perfect pro bability. The first was that an attempt had been made and irustrated to blow up the Victoria Bridge. This is the less probable of the two, as the bridge is guarded and less liable to damage. The other was a report that a conspiracy was on foot to blow up the powder magazine just back of the city. Scores of tons of gunpowder are hero stored con venieutiy for the purpose. The magazine is wholly unguarded. Such is the quantity of powder gathered there that its explosion would not leavo a bouse standiug or a soul living in Montreal. Seventy mililion dollars and a hundred and twenty thousand lives are at the mercy of chance. The rumor was that twelve picked men, selected by lot and bound by solemn oath had been sent lrom Boston to Montreal to attempt this enterprise, more deadly and more perilous than the defence of Ther mopylae of old. One of their number was to fire the magazine and give his life for the vengeance of Ireland. It is not for mo to aav how much of truth there is in this story. But there is most certainly s deep and natural dread of such a catastrophe in the minds of all our inhabitant* The city council have neglected this time and again. The prose has warned them of the extreme peril of such a posi tion of things, and now many a person lays his head on his pillow at night feeling cortain bis life is at the mercy of any lunatic or fauatlc, maddened by the oppression ~of his country and reckless of his own death in her cause. The government are suppressing any news calculated to militate aga!n*t them, aud will shortly assume the management of the telegraph lines in the country. A massage sent to tho Hkkald yesterday, briefly stating the substance of this loiter, was detained for twelve hours by the authorities. Alter investigation, however, they were so far convinced of Uie truth or the rtate mouis in your correspondent's message that they of fered to lot it proceed. A suit lor damages has been commenced against them to te,t whether the press can be muzzled with impunity. I have still much to say, but defer it till to-morrow. IJrrai Prorpiaion of Irishmen In Montreal? Tho Illberoinn Society ol Quebec Cheering for Irish Freedom?Increased Naval Force on the Lake* &c. Moxthral, March 18,1887. There was a great procession In honor of St. Patrick's day In this city to-day. During the day the laying of the foundation stone of the now hall took place. In the evening there was a large concert and speeches were made. The whole afTair was s great success and passed oft quietly. The procession of the Hib mian Society at Quebec gave three cheers for tiie freedom of Ireland. A full complement of man-of-war's men has been sent to the gunboats on the upper lakes. Two hundred Ma men, with their officers, are to follow. Equipping Cihe Uunbwats on tho Lakes, See. Qt'Kusc, C. E., March 19, 1887. A large body of seaman belonging to bar Majesty s steamer Aurora go West immediately to equip the gun boats on the lakes and prepare ibetn for service as early as possible. The Irishmen oi this city celebrated St. Patrick's Day yesterday by a processu>a and church services. Toe turnout was larger than for tnauy years past. Large Fire nt liothwell. lioTHwnu., C. W., March 19, 1887. A fire broke out last night in the Carroll House, which in ten minuiee was s mass of flames. The lire speedily communicated with the Martin House, adjoining, and crossing Main street spread to Maxtor's exchange office, the Commercial Hank and other buildings. About sixty buildings wero destroyed. Tho loss Is estimated at $60,000. VERMONT. OUR ST. AlBAJUCORIESPOflDEME. The Fenlew Mevesiesis nt St. Athene end Vicinity?The Pepnlar Feeling In That Lo cality?Fenian* Drilling In Bnrllngten?The Knew Storm en St. Patrick's Day?Straage Milesian Faroe en the Border, dee. St. Alsaxs, Vl, March IT, 1887. If reliance Is to be placed on the late telegrams and on the idea which now generally obtains, In the next "movement" on Canada by lbs American wing of the Fenian Brotherhood, this quiet and beautiful town will probably bo need as a base of operations by tie forces that are mild to be organising among tho advocates of Irish republican nationality for another advance on the territory of the "Kanueks." It does not fall within the province of your correspondent to discuss the mailer of the feasibility of this anticipated movement, nor to a* vanes any theory as to whether the creating of e "no tion" on this side of the water Is, or Is not, the best and the surest mode of aiding the "men in the gap;" sad whatever, therefore, I may say la this letter that might be oeaatrned Into anon seeming, h only aa ex pression of opinion rendered necessary to a full under standing of "the situation" sa it presents Itself to my vtew at this writing. The telegram from Ottawa, C, W., on ths l?th In formed yon that "the (Canadian) government Is In pos session of Important Information on tho sabjsct," (Fe nian movements in ths neighborhood of St Albans), and that a prominent Utblnet Minister Intended "to leave tor Montreal Immediately." What may be the precise char acter of ths movements "In ths neighborhood of St Albans" that have so alarmed the Canadian government, 1, not being In the confidence of the "Kannck" detec tives, am of coarse unablo to determine. But to ths eye journalistic (albeit, generally able to dlsrern the Indices of untoward and unusual commotio!) there appears to be on the surface of things hers nothing that should strike terror Into the hearts of the "blao noses." Whether the circumstance# new transpiring among the Fenian Broth erhood are, however, sufficient to add to the chroels alarm tnst possesses the Canadians, let ths Hsejh.d reader txs the judge. There Is, to be sure, a greater stir among ths Brotherhood just now than has heretofore been oboerveble In the bonier counties, and expressions of des.re at 'east to try the niottio of the ??Queen's "wn econd tims have |IM.n indulged In. Us It re nt TilM-od, though, that this state of excitement most, our Celtic fellow cititeos Is ooLcomll ent to tee annual advent of "St. Patrick's i>?y;" aud the onentblHgee of Irishmen, and il e exprustiotP! of inbred )u4o of lbs Saxon flag thai distinguish tli* Milesian everywhere, mav possibly be attributed to this cause, an justly m to the alleged pre novations for aa invasion or Canada. Certain it Is that that the Fenians in this section have held Uige meetings 0 lat?; true, too, that those assemblages have been dts tinguBhei by a degree or enthusiasm more than ordin arily observable, and that the |K>lrut power of the pile* nod pistol lor suinuiuiity smashing Snon sway has beon desi anted upon by Irish orators With more than ordina ry fervor. Auother thing is nlno certain. Numbers of strange laces, all bearing unmistakable signs oi the Celtic blood that courses through the veins or their own ers. have made their appearance here and In other places ou the border, and, after remaining for a short time, havo taken themselves away as quietly as tbey came.

There is yet, however, in St Albans a considerably greater numher of son* of the Green Isle tbau is esti mulod to belong- to the population proper; but tbey do not congregate together, and they give no token of imme diate design to ernes the border "on hostile deeds intent," Another thing might strike the keen observer as having a bearing In this connection; but others might place no special reliance ou it as an index (to use a Disraelism) of aoy "war cloud looming in tho future." 1 refer to the fact that there are, und have been for manv days, numerous persons of undoubted Milesian tvpo flitting through this locality, going to or returning from the Canada side, and invariably baring important business in Montreal, in Boston and in New York, which latter are the Fenian centres. The Irequency with which tboee quiet looking Hibernians?always the same per sons, by the by?have come aud gone might lead timid Canadians to infer that there was something "brewing in the wind" that foreboded a rupture of tho present quiet in her Majesty'a "moat loyal American colonies." Some may think that the strange faces so near the border are merely the avant-garde of the forthcoming host of "Fenian men," and that the flitting travellers are those to whom is entrusted the working up of the alleged in vasion, I cannot say. If, however, any such design be contemplated, the sllenoe with wbich allairs have been managed proves that, however it may be with womeu, an Irishman can keep a secret, though, peradventure, there be an old adage that gives him no credit for that very commendable attribute. If the gatherings of Fenians in Upper Vermont bo the necessary precedent of another move ment in arms, theu indeed there is a speck ol war on the horizon. Wherever these gatherings have taken place, however, tbey have silently resolved themselves into individual components; and, whatever may have been the action of these in aggregated council, tbey presont the appearance now or quiet, unassuming, in dustrious and in no wise belligerent people. On yesterday there was a demonstration of Fenians in Burlington?tiiat is, everybody says they aro Fonians? who paraded througn the main stre da or that peaceful town, armed aud equipped. Whcu a-ked the meaning of this display, one of their number replied tnat it was merely an assemblage of gentlemen desirous of perfect ing themselves in military drill, and that the privtlego was exercised under the constitutional clause which gives to every citizen "the right to keep and to boar arms." General O'Neil Is to address the friends of Irish nationality in that city to-morrow evening, and a large turnout is anticipated. rhe feeling here, in St. Albans, is not such as would cause great depression of spirits in case tho Brotherhood should cross tbc border in numbers large enough to effect a stand on Canadian soil. And If government property there should, perchance, fall Into tho posses sion of a band of dariDc spirits toilowing the sunburst on this portion of tho British empire, tho St. Albaniuns would not he inclined to go into mourning in conse quence. They have too many vivid recollections of what transpired in 1863, when "tlio raiders " cami from tho Canada side and sacked their town; and thoy cor tainly would emuinto the "Kanuok#" in the admirable mode of " how not to do it " that tho Canadian authori ties then pursued in connection with the punishment of "the raiders " aforesaid. Acting upon a precedent set by one's opponent is oftentimes the very best way of paviuz oi! an old grudge. If, however, a movement is contemplated now, there an- some difficulties in the way tuat it may bo well to mention. Tbc season of the year is to the disadvantage of an attacking party. The snow here is quito doop yet, and, as 1 write, another storm bos set in, which hidstair to increase Uio amount very considerably. Tho feathery particles have been constantly falling all day. In fact', an invading army should be furnished with snow shoes If it be expect'd that any expeditious move ments aro to be made. A question of the commissariat also suggests itself in this connection that can probably be best solved by those who know the resources of tbo Brotnerhood. Whatever may be the difficulties in the way of the Fenians, however, it Is certain that the Canadians have got another scare. Only to day news arrived that another detachment of R'.yal ArtiUey ha3 beeu sent to Preacott, on the St. Lawrence river, In consequence of the denOMMUtaa lately made by tbc Fenians in Ogdcns burg, and other soldiery are assembling on the Canada side, opposite Rouse's Point, owiug to the re|K>ried Fenian gatherings hereabout. Tbc Canadians seem to take It lor granted that an Invasion must come, and are flrmly u! the opinion, too, that Montreal and Ottawa aro the first objective points that will be aimed at by the men who wear the green. Whether or not these surmises have any real foundation time will toll. The people of St. Albans are expecting to soe Fenian faces here In large numbers within tho coming fortnight Two weeks in fact is the ultimate limit at which tho time for the commencement oi the work U put by all who speak on this subject, and may be they are right Who knows ? Another matter is talked of here to-day in this con nection, viz., that General Grant has taken precaution ary measures to prevent any Incursion on Canada from this side. What those precautions are wo know not: but Inquiry fails to assure us that any additional Untied States troops havo been sent either to Fort Montgomery, at Rouse's Poiut, or tq the barracks at Plattsburg, the only stations for soldiers iu tbis neighborhood, and both of which are equl distant from and in close proximity to St. Alban s. This being St. Patrick's Day I attended tbe Catholic church Tho congregation was large, sad the pastor preached an able d.scourse on the life and labors of Ire land's Apostle, bat made no allusion to the alleged movement ou l'anad% The sarinou was devoted ex clusively to religious topics. CHEVALIER ABBOTT'S VISIT TO THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON. [From the New Haven Journal and Coorier.] No. 9 Kuk Ca8Tiouo.ni, I'aus, March 1, ISA7. Mr Dxar Mm?It la with no little herniation thai I ven ture to write this letter. It may expose me to unpleas ant remark. But, wltli a taulious pen, I will endeavor to describe some incldeota wnlcu I tbinlc will Interest my friends in New Haven. Three days ago I bad a private interview with the Emperor. He recolved me by the fireside, entirely alone, in one or the interior partem of tiio palace, and with tbe moat gratifying cordialitr. With apparently periect frankness be conversed for nearly an hour upon all the great questions of the day, expressing gratitiMo for the Justice vrhicn had been done by my i>eu to tbe Emperor Napoleon I., and bis satisfaction that the acu of bis own administration were to no recorded in a friendly spirit White informing tbe Emperor that I had explored the libraries and bookstalls ol Parts to obtain every book and pamphlet wbo h had been published during the Oi tcon yearn of hts reign upon the domestic policy nud foreign diplomacy of France, and that 1 had an agent in London to pun-base every publication there npon those subjects, and that I was anxious to obtain such docu mentary evidence as would carry the conviction ol the truth ot my narrative to every Impartial mind, I said: -'Wben I reboot upon the birth ot your Majesty in Paris, the nrst empire then In tbe xonilh of its glory?tbe birth of the Imperial Prince welcomed not only by the ringing ot all the bdis of tbe metropolis and the tiring of ib- guns of the Invalldes. but also by every demon stration of joy from Hamburg to Heme and from the Pyrenees to tbe Danube?the overthrow of the empire by tbe allied Powers and tbe expulsion of tbe Bonaparte tarall) from France?the retirement of Queen Hortoose, with ber two sons, to tbe eecluded castle of Arnenliurg? the careful education of the young princes in them soli tudes?their youthful enthusiasm in Joining the Italian patriots in their endeavor to throw off the Austrian poke?tbe death of the eider brother. In your Majesty's arms, from tbe exhaustion of the <2-oast roue cam pain?the expulsion of Queen Bortense and ber surviving child from tbe continent of Europe?your MjQesty's wander ings in Amertae?the return to England?the unsqer tw ful enterprises of Strasbourg and Bologna?tbe live years captivity in Uie castle of Haas?the wonderful escape? the anal expulsion of the Doxtrbuas from France?tbe welcome your Majeety received, on hie return to hit na tive land, by being elected to the Chamber of Deputioa by the almoet unanimous vote of Pari*?your speedy election as Preaideut of tbe republic, by nearly six mil lions of votes?tbe any* d'etat?the emphatic endorse ment of that act by tbe French people la ro-elocting your Majesty for an additional term of tea years by a vote of nearly seven millions?tbe re-eeuMtshmeni of the em pire by the Menata of Franco, contlrmed by e popular vote of nearly eight millions the Itoman question?the Crimean campaign?Uio liberation of Italy?the Mexican question, and the Ifteea yean of peace, prosperity and bapptuem enjoyed under year Maj -sty s reign?orieeb years of such tranquillity and program as tbo kingdom never experienced before daring all tbe oeatnries of tbe pest?when I recall three aeeeca to mind I cauaot bet regard tbe career ef your Maj ety ea the ?ubitmaei drama of the nineteenth century; and it seems to mr a matter of great moment that n truthful record of tbeoe events should be transmitted to M?enty.?' It perhaps would not bo proper for me to reoora the frank remarks which the Emperor made in raapwaee. One Mtlment, however, wblcb be utteced it can cot be wrong to state. In refers ace to tbe tiiieen years ef prosperity, sock as absolutely never before Fraaoe baa enjoyed, sndsr bte Majeetj . reign, tbe Emperor n ?? That la troe, Mr. Abbott, u is oertalnly true; and M la a suggestive tact that dur.ag these Bfteea yean France baa never wltneseed tbe shadow of an imams lion or of e barricade in the street* " Than, after e moment's pause, he added ? "It meet be obvious to every unprejudiced mind that all the measures of tbo adm nistrution ere endeeven to promote tbe peace end prosperity at the French people." In reference to tbe Mexican question, I remarked "I bare elwaye felt it to be a great mistake that our government did not lend Ms moral sap port to tbo only government which it seemed to me promised the rmta r all on of peace end order to Mexico. The overthrow wf tbe empire inevitably plunges that unhappy people lata that state of chronic anarchy which has ilseniaied Use country now for bair a century" To this vlow the Emperor expressed hie raraat, ray ing " I here raereued deeply having been m much misunderstood In America ft seemed to me that U was for tbe Interest of the i nited ftwtee, as well as for the Ink-rests of Mexico, that there sh .uid be ? stable gevera ment then, wblrh should ascurs protection to tbe people and develop industry " He aim expreei id en earnest desire to maintain friendly relatione with toe United State* The Interview was prolonged Iter nearly an how. I raw no visible Indications of ill hesltb, though tbe Em B looked decidedly older then when! sew him ten years ego. He aliuded. la Ute course of tbe conversation, to that interview, which he remembered. As I look my leave he took aw cordially trr tbe haaa, expressed tbe intention to eee me again, and gratibdn me by the assurance that be abouid send to my eddram e copy of e.l bis published works?shich ere quite vom miaous?lor the Emperor is inn ii< ctuaily una wf woo tnghiy culm Mel men ta Europe Tbe next evening I wax it-, cored with g tatlon to the Emperor and Empress at a magnificent soiree in the Vuikries. Four thou-and guests were present. The presentation aeeae wa* very Imposing. It may not be improper for me to state thai I ess honor d hy particular ati> ulion. Wnen my name was mentioned the Kmperor approached, and, taking me by the hand, said:? '?I am bappf to see you, Mr. Abbott I bid yon wel come to tbe palace of the Tnileriea." 'this was an honor which was not conferred upon any one else. It is with a continually hesitating pen that I very briefly record theee scenes. I am fully aware that I ex|iose myself to imputations which will lepaintul to me; bat I am sure that 1 have many kind friends in New Haven who will read this record with iuterest. VIRGINIA. QUI RICHMOND CORBESPDNOEBCE. Loyal I'alwalata la the Houth-TUe Negro Vwko?Tfco Virata in Pnrsoa Brewnlow-liov. era or Henry A. Wise to Oppooo Ilim-Muni dpal Ticket for Richmond. Richmond, Vs., March 17,1807. The Southern so-called "loyal Unionists" having been defeated in their attempt to territorialize the States lately ia rebellion, and obtain the government of them, are now making another futile effort to gain political power through the instrumentality of tbe negro vote. Tbia class of men comprise now the only rebellious clement In the Southern State*; for, while the small, fanatical portion of secession leaden may be termed disloyal, thero ia nothing whatever rebellions in their movements or present doctrines. On the other hand, tbe miserable clique of revolutionists in each Mate?self-con stituted loyalists?are now unceasing in their efforts to array the negroes in antagonism against the whites; and as few Southern men of any ability have undertaken to counteract thee* incendiaries, they have to a certain extent succeeded in most of the cities throughout the 8outh- In South Caro lina Governor On, at several public meetings, gave the negroes some sound and sensible advice, and in various other Southern States the officers of the Froedau-n's Bu reau and many colored men of respectability are fouad to be counselling the nowly enfranchised blacks against the tncondlary designs of nvn who have constituted themselves their loaders for individual benefit and their ow n political ends. In this Mate tbe only opponent of the Ifiinniciitt party that lias yet appeared publicly is Judge May re, of Fred ericksburg, u lawyer of distinction and much r?*t>ected as a Citizen by all elMMk B# uddr?ss?d receuily ? largo assemblage of tbe colored people in that city, explaining to them in a kind and friendly manner tbew pr<*.-?ui condition, their ucw r.latlons to tho white people and tho great responsibility that now rested upou them as participators in the political destinies of a great country. The Judge was listened to attentively, aud the fact that Hunnicull was publicly denounced l>y a colored man recently, and would scarcely lie listened to when he appeared, is a sufficient evid ncc that the lni!u*'uco of the Judge was successful. Tbe example has omy to be followed throughout the South and the late slaves will become powerful political coadjutors of their form t masters. The Virginia Parson Brownlow (Hunnicull) Is now about to embark upon a stump canvas-iug expedition throughout this Stale, which will embrace all the dies, leading towns and most of the smaller ones. As the second edition of the Tennessee Governor i? nearly his equal as an orator the question of rending an tni ucntial citizen to speak agalust him is mooted, aud ex-Governor Henry A. Wise, the greatost stuiup orufor in Virginia, is spoken of as the oppouent; but whether trie **old man oioquent" will consent to he camuxser tor the volo of a negro is now unknown. If he should, however, the ih tluonco of "loyalists" in tnls State will be forever lost, and tho career of the reverend incendiary politician will be short lived. It is suited tho negroes here ha< e noal nated a municipal ticket, with Wordweil for Mayor. This may not be authentic. TENNESSEE. OUR NASHVILLE CORRESPONDENCE. The Recent Floods in iiie HoaUmreit-Grrai 1> n in age Along the Tennessee River-Los* of Over Mvw Mllllono of Dollars-Destruction of Kailroad Bridges? Loss of Life, Arc., Arc. N ash villi, March 15, 1867. That portion of the South lying along the rconcasee and Cumberland rivers, and their tributaries, after pass ing through lour years of dosolating war dad a rear of wasting drought, is now overwhelmed by a flood of un precedented extent and destructlvcness. 1 bo extent of the damage cannot now be estimated although, from the intelligence which has already been received, It cannot be less than from live to ten millions of dollars; and it is apprehonded that the loss of life, owing to the suddenness or the rise on Un> lonpeseee has been fearful indeed. A despatch from Bridgeport yesterday states that twenty-ilve or thirty corpse had been aeen floating past that place on Tuesday last Wn-oks of houses, barns, mills and bridges have been constantly floating down the awullen tide past Bridge, port for a number of daya The flooa burst upon the people in many places while they were sleeping, and they were fortunate if able to escape with their lives, leaving ail their worldlv goods to be swept away. At Chattanooga, while the ciiv asleep, the flood poured into the town, and rose to Uvo feet m the principal atresia before Ih. pZ, ?,! aware ol the.r danger; and tor nearly a week thev wITm u CUt ?,n 'rom 4,1 communication with the outer world, ihe water rose rapidly until it reached a demh of from twelve to twenty feet. ????? a depth The only intelligence which has vet reached us fmn, Chattanooga was contained in . mea^ d^ateh mouTt yesterday in a skid to Bridgeport b, meu, thence telegraphed to colonel Tunes sun. i i^ie??t eut of tlie Chattanooga Railroad. ssnts the city to be in an awiul eoodition rim water ten and twelve feet deep In ail the railroad dew*? ud warehouses; cars float lug about, and "I"*? floating oir, or already gone down the mad current. Nothing has been learnVd as to the oes of tile in this city, but the Mayor, with a pom ?u Mt? D*h'ng out food from tba loaned freight ? ^ ..i !?* People are, no doubt, in a state of the most teinbto diflUtutioo and sufleriug. lhe leading into Chattanooga are sub merged to ton or twelve feet of water. The great br^ae at London, on the Knox vine and Chattanooga KaliJieS and the coetiy structure at Bridgeport, on the Navhviile and Chattanooga Kailroad, are swept awav FlfLMni miles of the Western and Atlantic rood below Chatta nooga are under water, and six Cblckamauga bndjrw are gone. The bridge at S? raw berry Pi.. ns. M thV &l Tennessee road, has been swept away. It ? immLinta to tell at this writing the damage done to tho iiua* or railway in the section indicated. Enough u kuo? to th" u "N ??!??? *rw or four months 2 euorgetlc management to put them In condition mIid It win require years to enahl ? the people "hJa lnT^' stock, houses, barns, mil.s and produce have been a?H away, m recover .mm this last tanttla Mow^mMimS? tune. They doserve, and, it is hoped, will rsesifs prompt aid, in this the day of their caJa^ty, rro?toe* more lortuuate leilow citisens ? r The damage done on the Cumberland hae not been no great as on the Tennenaoe. lbs rise was more grauuai. Nashville has beon tranaforased for the time into a \ emce. All the lower ;tarts of the oity and of J rom lw*?* to fllisen hun dred of the inhabitants have been driven from their homes. Only the roofs of msny of tho nouses in th? north part of the oity are visible. Tb? toStoilie Decatur and Edgefield and Kentucky Railroads have not snijered. The Louisville and Nashville road tost a bridge at Bacon creek, but travel over that road has not been interrupted. The weather tamed cold yesterday, and an inch of ?now fell rna tains are evidently over, and the waters lwly "^T. ^ Cu,nbWlWK, "?????* very PUIUC OPINION a SOUTH CAROLINA. TO TBI KPITOR OP TBI QSRaI.D. Will yon allow oa the uee of your columns for Mm purpose of laying before Congress and before the people of the United Stalw a truthful picture of South Carolina since the clow of the war?of her preen and public men, of the people and their real views, of planters and freed man. of her merchants and their want or capital, of the reformatory and reactionary movements In their' several torma and modlfloatkma f This we propose to do in a mnm of leusru, and we apply to you, because from the very nature of the case thaw views rouid not be pub lished here, ami even if they oould they would fall short ?f producing the e*et we hare la view. Am Carolinians to the manor barn and rebels during the war, wo are In a postuoa, we believe, to be able to give tnformatien to yoor readers on nanny points which they cannot procure w readily torn ather sooroea But to proceed. The be flawing ef tha year ISM found onr people thoroughly animated hp the war-denuded of men and nt The struggle hod been nnsooceesful, largely owing w? flrmlp believed to the Incapacity of our government. Our people had baoome dtepirlied, and, while the die aMfnno clew ef Ihe war brought much of dlsapnoiotmcnt end hnmumrten, there can <ur?o donhtthat "pwoeat toUaoUuThtv Sara mow Of SSUS faothm than Uiey^w cs w iiing to acknowledge. P?n>te, we believe, wan ir i.TlhL.L?.T!5JZ.J . ^ o"?ing to oomplain oommanisr i *? ?*l"ct?d by all that slavery woul be abuhshed, end n wus vipmed by many - ?il nflrtM vua d la nitrtii. 1 -# / .' Mi wB raw woubi *T'/*! ^bT mu>" lh*1 nnivw treflVlt? **? """UMous proce with naivarwl amnasiy, it "25 tore hwnTre?&! s!^z^zz'omTS,lSKTSirS u> r"'"lr* l'?'? meaner m '? r*NuiAit#? lo roTniuKririitm v? ? ivi ^ tottor I totre rrev?.,d."'i', '* lbl" C,"jn" 7?M?MO h wd^tonreSStoSSta^K^!* buv. sine# h?<i mvaaawiy ?e darHted oa a .i f rent ormma this, w dwbk ?? <U frre, the torn <4 mJZHnX i\Z at the same time be also admitted, with a fatal miscalcu lation of his si/engxu; tot he has tailed in carrying out hie policy, and we, the Southern people, are now ?<t(fer ine the cunweueccofl ?f his false policy and of hie failure. The people, ae we have already stated, after the sur render, were prepared to m-ei the requirements of their conquerorsj as far as those requirements w re then known, they were complied with; bet in an evil hour, amid the confusion incident of the times, the people allowed the men who hail led them into the disaster of the war, and who had tailed to aid them during thu struggle by either brains or muscle, to leap into the high places of the i^tnte, to monopolize the representative positions, and as tber had been obtuse and dull of com prehension in the fiast, so in the great changes by whioh they were surrounded, tbey failed to comprehend the signs of the present The people, however, should not be blamed for ibis apparent apathy. The shook of its disastrous close of ths war was too sudden and too tro mendoos to allow of prompt recovery or radical cur*. They had gone tnto the war with whole souled earnest, had staked their all, and when the game was declares against them they felt a corresponding shock and disap pointment. The wound was sorepthey had no ambition left for office. They did not even know that they bod nay rights left; therefore thought little 9! their privileges an voters, and took no concern m the reorganisation of ths State. This was ths case in the early days of Proaldaat Johnson's reconstruction, and hence the oonseqne&oea that have ensued everywhere. ? The President was led Into a serious mistake whew, without proper Inquiry he appointed the Confederate ap praiser of corn and bacon?an $8 a day war sinecure? to be Provisional Governor of South Carolina (aot thai wo mean to Insinuate that his familiarity with corn aad bacon recommended him specially for this provisional office); and this ex-Confederate appraiser and Judge gave evidence of hia profound statesmanship and of his knowledge of public opinion in the rat ing section by Issuing a proclamation restoring Mr. Colcocfc and Mr. Leitoh to the Custoea House and Mr. Huger to the Post Office, and so oa. down to the subalterns In all .the several federal ana State office* Theso and other foolish demonstrations mi*> led the people, and in tha Convention of 1809 wore gather ed together the elements of hostility and discord, whleh could not be properly restrained, notwithstanding the act cinn warnings, which were not wanting. To add to the mischief, this wise body, with its elaborate "Negro code? scheme and other 1800 notions, deliberately decided that the future Governor of South Carolina should be a politi cal wirepuller instead a statesman, and the crowning act of its folly was the caucus nomination of James L. Orr, ex-member of the United States House of Representa tives, ex-Speaker of the same. ox-Confederate ooloaal and ex-Couiedorate Senator In due time this gentle man of mauy and varied antecedents was elected Gov ernor of South Carolina. Meantime a violent political storm was gathering at the North. The dominant party saw the south going through the form of reconstruc tion under men who, mostly, were their sworn enemies, aud tbey declared through their press that tbta was nothing more nor less than an attempa on the part 01 the old democratic party to regain power and rule the country. With a view, it would seem, of strengthening the dominant party the Legislator* actually prepared a''Negro code," and published It AuU as thougn even this was not enough to aggravate Northern sentiment against us, some of our "leading men" dragged the people into a national convention, with Governor Orr at the head of the delegat ion. This, at a time when South Carolina had no political exist ence. Conciliation was the avowed object, but before tho convent ion met "bis Excellency. Governor Orr," with 1 he smoke aud dust of a long railway Journey still upo* him, rushed to a democratic club room, and from tho balcony smote his heart, and with vehement protesta tions of fealty, renewed his allegiance to aud expressed his faith in the "groat democratic party." It is fair t? say that this single Mil was largely instrumental' In neutralizing whatever of good might otherwise bavo bocu develop d by a Harmonious meeting, composed of representatives 1 rum every part of the Union; but tbn trick was too transparent. The whole alfair was an obviously gotten up to serve as a "groat revival" to bring converts within the pale of the democratic church, that the "outside" people look the alarm and the con vention caine to grief. This Is enough of preliminary retrospect In our next wa will try and state how public opinion Is manu factured in the Old Palmetto State. 0AH0L1NIAN3. NEW JERSEY INTELLIGENCE. Jersey City. n.iiDOH over The Railroad Crossings.?Stimulated by tbe example of tbe city authorities in Now York ta the caae or the Fulton street and Broadway bridge, the New Jersey Railroad Company are about to erect food bridges at tbe several railroad crossings where travel to great Operations for the first wore commenced yeeter day at the Newark avenue crossing. With the except to* of the supoorts and fastenings, the bridge will be coo. structed ol wood. This will auswor a great requirement, the public having been hitherto objected to groat In convenience during the passage of trains. Petroleum as Fuel.?Experiments were made on Sat urday and yesterday at the coalyard, near the Cunasd dock, to ascertain tbe value of petroleum as feet Owing to tbe Inferior nature of the oil, the experlmeato ae yet have not boon very euooeeefuL Considering the somen bat peculiar, but comparatively Inexpensive, ap paratus required, tbo success of these teste would be ? vamable eoqu let lion In our social economy. llobokea. Sudors Death?Cosoker's Inquest.?On Monday afternoon a stonemason named Joba Clarke, residing la Uloomfleid stroet, while walking In West street, New York, fell down in a fit and became insensible. He waa conveyed to tbo Third ward station house. in Cbambssa street, thence to the City Hospital, where, however, ad mission wes denied. He was then conveyed to 8b Mary's hospital, Hoboken, where after a long and paia ful inter ml medical aid wa< rendered, but it was as in effectual as tardy, and the uufortunate man died at sevea o'clock in tbe evening. An luqueet was bald yesterday by Comner White, when in addition to tbe foregoing facts, U was elicited that deceased had been much addicted to liquor. Tho Jury feturned a verdict of death from coa k ration of the brain. Deceased was about M yean oI age. and being. It was alleged, subject to epileptic fits hto lito might bare been prolonged had he reoeived prompt medical assistance Iks Fenian Celebration.?'The affair of Monday night, at Odd Fellows' Hall, waa the most respectable gathering that assembled to celebrate St. Patrick's Day in the sa tire State. Officer* and men turned out in full uniform General Spear waa attired in a dark blue uniform, heavily trimmed with gold braid and tassels. General TTaHlatd wore the uniform of tbe Hudson brigade. Captains P. X. Meeban ana John MeClasicey, and Lieutenants Meehaa and Ly uch were tbe stewards of tbe evening. The ledlea turned out in gay attire; and the courtesy and attenUaa they received were worthy of the men whose race, proverbial for gallantry, elicited the encomium of (few poet:? "Though thrv love women and golden store. Kir knight, tliey love honor and virtue more." Newark, k, E. Conference. ?Tbo Newark M. E. Confirmee meets to-day at Tottenvllla, Staten Island. Nearly all af the Methodist clergy of Nowark left last evening for thai place, and an interesting time la expected. Sixth Ward Raiders.?A party of roughs, who hare gained tho unenviable appellation of "Sixth Ward RaM? en" by their rowdyism, mads a descent upon a tieaciag party at a saloon kept by one Decker in Newark stroet, and creatod a disturbance of a riotous character. Um fortunately for tbem, however, tbey met with a warm reception, and were themselves badly whipped. Two of the party. Angn* Robinson and Christian Router, were arrested for their disorderly conduct and oompolled ta pay a Una. Omasa Arrest or a Bctmlar.? As noticed to the Hkkal* M last Sunday a large number of burglarise hare beta earn milted in Orange, hut no clue could be obtained of tha perpetrators. Early yesterday morning one of the wateb men employed by tbe citisens to patrol Main street torn covered an evil-looking man, with three empty ha? under his arm, larking to the vicinity of Main aad Centre streets, and being suspicious of the fellow's real character, at once took him into custody, t'pon search log htm a complete set of skeleton keys, burglar's toeto end small candles were found, mad be was titer a a pea pieced to conilDemeat until daylight. He gars hie nama as John J. Harrison, and la now confined in the county Jail. I Alter In tbe day a large amount of goods valasd at f 100, wes found secreted in a house to Newark, ma plunder of tbo captured burglar. Harrison has made a confession of the crime. At present only three waiW men are employed In Orange, and these at private em pause. An effort wlii be made for the appointment Iff the Common Conncil of snob officers. No street lampa are used in Orange, and tbe opportunities tor the went of burglars bavebeen extensive. Mllhara. A Max Killed on the Mobeis and FaiET giasnik? John Hager, a brekeman employed by the Menrto and Essex Railroad, wee rua over aad Instantly killed by tha extra freight train from Xaston yesterday, under the fe*. lowing revolting clroamauncea .-?The last seen af Mm woe about half-past four yesterday morning, when he was observed passing through tbo train on Me arrival ad Uiiburn. Ho was Mint missed from hto poet on the ptofl ferm upon tho trail Teaching Newark, when Inqutrtw were made as to his whereabout*. No Information could be gleaned, however, beyond the fact ef bis having bow seen to pass through the train. A moto extended search was therefore made, and his remains were found about nine o'clock, near Mi I barn. The body was Morally tow to fragments, aad but for small remnants of his gar ments being discovered he could not have been Identi fied. The clotted blood upon the track and the atoms of flesh fbuad around wore eights borrtbls In the extreme, and substantiated the supposition that he fell between the two forward cars, and that nearly all the wbeeto ef tho train passed over Dim. Tho unfortunate man wee twenty-two ysare of age, end resided at Fhllllp^burg, where be leaves e wlfo and one child. A oorouer'e In quest will be held to-day. PnmcLAS Affair.?The Fallows Falls (Vt.) Timet eayn tbe Adjutant General of Vermont ha* received a I ttar furportlng to conio from Major Buxton, ol tho Eleventh ermont regiment, who wan shot through tbo boail in the slcht of hU regiment at Winchester, V*. September 18, Mt"4, end whose body was sent home. The letter has created considerable feeling, though It seems lo ho that ef m Insane poreea The writer says be ia " i^Jov Buxton, and baa a very strange story to tell, and ti .ids IB Oodbe wtU bo alio to And bis wins, whom he ba? not seen for a tow time, flays he was wounded and laft en the field for deed; mast have become insane as the next thing - ,<r ambers bo was In flprlngileld, III., without moor oi. iiiu.de; subsequently e?it?".l pn?.u , the Eleventh' nitad St*' t regulet wss <1U-' <* f iieOMIJF , au-? '? t W nuatnrig ittQp mi