Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 22, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 22, 1867 Page 4
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MEXICO. SPEeUl CTMIftflpgCE CF TK? KEJL'LD. The Chain of EvtiiU S'lare JHirrtBto*'" P?' (mU-LhmI ?d?'? Tfe* Jtiaull ui Awnlt.d by ih* to *wii Need of Kit *mertoKn MM? iw-A Hint for Mr. ?*<*. ZaCaTK s, Vi.uca, Feb. 12, lSt'7. In my last I inforiaod you of lb* destruction of the array of General Mirem >?, bv ? portion of Kstooltoo'a toroe, undoi* com man il ofTrevino Bc-ldes the ninety eight French pr n shot after the battle, Trtviftobuot four more which makes <>ne hundred and too Fr uch who b.vu thus lost thulr lives by accepting tfcs oppor tunity offered to them to remain in Maximilian's eerrtce. There are sixty Fr rob roldlers now in Xacateov". who were wounded and taken prisuueri at the game combat it la not yet determined whether they will be shot Cart.Do. with the Imperial lorce which was making a movement on ban 1. is Potoel, was at latest ac count# :n full retreat and near Quer'-taro. A force under General Herrcrti y Cairo endeavored to detain Castillo until the main army of General r cot?d ? could come up to the at lack. This force, bowerer. v.is so email?comlstlng of only four hundred men?that Castillo received the charge with two thou sand of hts troops, and killed, rooted and took prisoners the entire detachment. The commander, Herreray Gairo, wu? killed in the flpht. I was personally ac quainted with him, and counted him one of the most lalentod tuui truly patriot!' Vrxicana I have met. He is a f i eat loss to the country in Its present disturbed condition This tight took place at Quemada, a point about half way bctwen Sun Luis I'oteei and yuerotaro. After the comliat ( ae'lllo hRnied ately continued his're ireat towntds Q'tero'aro. His iroups are rapidly desert ing him, and the balance or bis for e is held together bv the severest measure*. It is b?>i eved here thst lie will contiuc bis march in.mcdlatelv to the city of Mexico, iuid in connection with Marquez endeavor to make a feeble stand aga tut the liberals. Genera! Fv.'ul c-lo writ a to tbe government under dnto of Februury 8 that be has been unable to overtake Cas tillo, who was then twenty-four leagues In advance of bim inwards Qtieretaro; that he should advance his van ennrd tn within fourteen longttesof that c ty, and there gather all ttie forces possible for an attack upon tne place in this ho will be elded by a columu fr..m the army of t.uucral Corona It la extremely doubful if Cas tillo remains ni Qurreiaro. I think there Is but little doubt now that he, in eotntmra with all the imperial lorre*. will march to the capital, and there either make a stand for the ttnpiro or rui.ke the !?st terms Me lb e for a surrender?wldch must soon take place?of all the mperial forces. It is antlelrnted here by the government that within thirty dai sM.e military position will bo (pro viding the imperialists make a stand for the capital) some what as follows:?General Pini.no Ulna, with about six thousand men, on the south nud oust, cutting oil com munication with Vera Crur; General Corona en tbe west ind northwest, with shoot eight thou-ond men, Inclu ding the force of Repines, hemming in the city from that qeerter; nud General Escobedo, with about six thousand men, on the north, cutting on all exit in that direction. There win thu? lie about twenty thousand excellent Mexican troops thundering away at the capital, which must soon bow to the liberal storm. The doomed em pire is fast It -ting it* Ian footnold, and Maximilian must soon sneak out of the country la a mariner even more disgusting than that in which be entered. General Besuiee >s the only one who lias reaped a colossal for tune in lhis royal Mexican filibustering expedition. OKtetjainV, who will Mjoy it no *t, Beficrita Conchita Mender or the pretty Mexican wifef Advices ha\ e reached the government that Co'ima, tbe J u-t point lield by the iiupor.aiti.tfl in the province of that n me, ha* ra trend.'red to a small force sent against it by General Conxu. ISiMre w hp ue.\s yet of the fail of Moreila, hut the capt-ire i f thtc piece cannot bo long deferred. Regales Is besierng it, and other forces ure marching to kis assistance. The gov.:rum*nt of Juarcg will march for San I.u?s l*otosi on the lrtth or 17th instant. Tho day la not yet ttxed. Etcut* may happen before that time which will induce i march directly on Mexico via Guanajuato; but Uto chances arc urn * to one that it will be In dan Luis I'otosi on the 2Cd of the present month. As I bav ? before remarked, an American Minister is much nced<>d here. It wilt take a great load off the shoulders of your correspondent. A Hrntt o correspond ent shoo d no? be ex[tect?'d by the United Hates govern ment to keep them posted about Mexico?the policy at the liberal government here, its whereabouts, what the United Mama should do, Ac. Judging from tbe numerous applications which I have bad to armnge afla.es with this government apper taining to American residents here, I think u will be advisable tor nay Amer can Minister who daroa to rctcu this government, thai ho should be escorted by two hnndred Vim Lee clerk*, armed with bpencer rifles, to protect the legatiou, una quills .o despatch tbe enormous arnonnt of work that awaits htm. I cr.ter my protest against doing this work gratis. I pray tbe nsBAT.o u> mak< application to Congress In my behalf. Wuere is Mr. Seward? Has be really used up all the poor material tor United Mate- Ministers ? If so 1 pray him to make as exception to bis gouerul rule and ap point one for Mexico hi ior foreign bueiuoM. One that he will allow occasionally to think tor himself, and alip (rota under hie thumb. The Cnpiar? of Zamora?Neverltv ef the (ien ornmrni Towards Traitor* After the Krrueh LraTi>-Prepiir?tlvii? w lteaiece lfmrrtu.ro? A Herald Article Trauaiated far Circulation m .Mexico. dvc. Zacatxcas, Mexico, Feb. 16, 1S67. four correspondent At the city of Mexico has doubtless g'ven y?u an account of the <upturn of Zamora. This is probeblv tbe second city in importance in the Plate of Vlcboaran. and is situated halfway between (iuudalajarn, lately taken by Corona, and the capital, Morelia, now besieged by Rsgulea, and defended by the imperialist cblsf Meudcz. The details of this explore are valuable. According to the most reliable information Zamora waa defended br fifteen hundred regularly organised troops and one thousand armedcttlj-ns, who were farced to i ?ml is tbo defence of the fortifications, which wore also much strengthened by the topographical foaturea of the country. It is, moreover, toted that at tbo attack a river, which had been dammed up for the purpose, was allowed to overflow all the round In front of the works. This cau-ed much trouble to the besiegers. The fight lasted seven hours, and was well contested on both sides. Ii appsar>- that the defenders of the city repelled the attack, but wore the followlo : day forced to retire to wards M >r -its, from their inability to hold the place. The toltowlng It an extrset from the ofllcUl report:? At the signal for the ettacx Colonel Co to. followed by the beitiliou of Ctwuinrrt d> t'olifamin--(I believe the ? arc American troops,? -ind protected by thoeo of Juart-7 axi l the rntu'ni't ./r (kciurn'', was th>" fir t, with that da^b peculiar to tie so'd ? r> of the West, to nAsault one of tte iojffclicaiicns. l'lns was the momeut.nt which the place should bare fallen icto our hands; hot per haps the misfortune wa?, (bat four of the gnaa so ably mst.aped liy Colenoi Avlier, and the unequalled efforts of Colons'Banda, with his nfsutry, w?*rf not sufllolc-iit to cheek the fir- of the enemy. All b? I eagles and artillery charged upon ihe Thud br ?? Uc. CoK.ni I Cola. Mi\|or V.sauelrereX ind algid or :h<' bra-, est officers of the rasaoores of California living badly wounded, it we" found necessary to abandon tho Irrt, ibe romaiuder of the force remaining in the tt -uebes under command of Lieutenant f'oloce! Etnllto l.?,xrpi. At this moment I ordered the Fourth brltrade to charge, end ulso that foleael Lomelt etould relieve Oeloeet t ot*. The battel ions Juarez and ' tttadorrs ?'? Occidntie fought band to hand with the enemy, when felon-1 GrausdM, with the Resales baMsHon, penetrsted mto Uie : trcem of the city, eavlag tbo retaeuu o, tbe CASadorea of California. The combat was most bloody and lasted seven t ours, until all the ammunition was expended. 1 was tivn obliged to wlfbdimw the fort* tn good order to the aeinp, there toeweJt thearrl'.el of fresh ammunition, that I might orderMMMassault as soon as the park n'reedv on lbs road might arnve. But the enenay tied suffered equal losses, and wa- iacapnhle of longer r >*i?t we lie abandoned the plaee at daylight. Advi.yed of his fight, I penetrated Into the c ty captured sixty fgiieasis, eight mountain bowttxers. sumo muskets end en abund ant park. "ludependcucla y Libert* *' Xahoxs. Feb. 6, ittJ7. MANT'BL MABQl'F.Z. Th?rs Is no very stirring news here this week. General Joaquin Mtramon, bro her of the famous Mtsuel llirxmon, was lately shot, after being wounded and taken prisoner. I wrote to you that the Inbsi itanfe of a smell teem where Mirsmon we? ta'.en prisoner, petitioned Reuobedo toes' a h* life. Ibis petition, for warded to tho government, had no eftbei. The government policy with regard to those who con Mane lu arms again*! the rsputu.e after the evacoatiuB of Mex.ro by the Freach wul be very revere. I ata lit form ay from e high oeurce that "it Is u m considered V,ltl* "hole of the Meti.xu people demand there public sad lie repre stair* President Jnsret. All attemptji to uphold ta<. empire i,isst tie against Ute do ?ire of the people, eon alio with ? knowlc lye that it Is a J.il lo fl,i,,t |B fkv?r of tni|iem?us*n. ?"?toes uioaa who from personal motives of xratm <>a OT ravepi'r gtiu hold ou Reserve th. severest pnmsb k?.',,n 1..^iT*.hwldM *r* #ut ??'? urxin ?mr shoui'leTs, and the treatment ot the ca n of f.eacra! JowquinMlfkmon should be a wsrn.ug to th'm. tn mutm GMUllaaSH iTA'0 * ?RWljr gBPparlaf 10 bnolyn .~y^'1P-.?0W ?? Qusretaru. Nine hundred mea under tfeaend Alainm Wit Zacaiecas on tbe 15th Instaot for a rapid msrou u. yrta Tteriflo. Arande * niee m roots IPom Agues Cs'tenK s to tiusnqJiisK with one thousand men, and will be a valuable aid >o Trsvii',0 Kacobodo is BOW at Han Law Patois. The national government will leave for Baa t on is PoloM on t*e 19th or idAb of die present mouth at latest. Orders have already been leaned for r vary una to be prepared at any moment for the march. The govern ment are anticipating the arrival of news thai ibe .aphsl Mexico, Is occupied by the liberal forces of ft u jhe uuirch, In that case, will be tbrougb lo Mexico v.tth ti* gr .?(<? i rapi'lliy. I see (hat the long h stoncsl review ef Mexico, published In ??<? Hxauoof Mej -i5 lw^;, \.m been trvi. Iwctl into %Anh>b sad republ.shed tc pa n phi-i form at Montorey. leemsv of thai Natleeal fsovwrnwsent fknoi //srtteeas So Hwn l,sls Hotost?IIskrliulan of lissdelspf! Its Charch aedCeevset-Fisr Works of Art?The Orrst Nell Peads at Psass Blanc*?The Tlssrals Inillnwo. Arc. Bar Lt w Pomm, Feb, 33, 1807. On Beadey, February If, we IsA Zareteoas at a quarter Peal aiae A. M. At the HtUe lews ef Guadatape, fotr i title, from the city, the co'.urn tu'ted for halt an hoar, I ??> g'vs time to < xeuiioe ttie ft nout ctnirdi and corneal b-rc. The beautiful temple, the shrine of the temoai Heucsu Padre Mmjii, wio> wuuL aliutred by the arhcao wry: "i Mai ope ts ?a old town of sis thousand inhabitants, four iu. i?? trot ??< rU-oss, on the Hen Luis Potoei n ad. Tbe to* ? owes its importance to the nutnenwa haciendas which exist 0. re for the extraction of the silver Item t e 7M.tiecM oiei It is a thriving looking village, regu lorlylail oil Ic squares, with the usual plaza. The priocpul object ei jnt|r<gt here ts the old ehuTtrh and convent of CusUa'upe, on the east aide of the tuaia 1'iaia. It is a quaint old structure or pile of luildings, with tvcal domes, touersacd curious traceries, unique and fanoii 'ih The facade la carved into faintly nod angelic figure*. There Is a (rent yard full of cypress trees, wuh 1 a carious old wall surrounding It. A flight of well worn 8'eps lends up to Urn yard, nud another (light into tbe traall church attached to the convent. T is church, though small, is finely ornamented and well proportioned witntn. There ia a wealth of gilding, perhaps too much. The confec?loeal bozos are mora numerous than In any church I have yet seen; even two boxes under a corridor near the front entrance wore in use. Guadalupe must he very Mntul. A guntloiuaoly old padre, with a shaven crown, kindly loft his house to show us the convent. This was founded by the Padre Marjil, who, by the by. was a groat lover of all tbe good things of this life, and would have been a saint but for a little mistake be committed In Zucate cas. His piety having reached its maximum, he, la 1744, osuibh'hed this most famous edifice and dedl cated it to San Francisco. We entered tbe build ing by the sacristy through a yard bordered by n cor ridor. Under this corridor are several paintings of life size, but of inferior merit. They represent curious scenes in the lives of the semis. One of them, an an cient father, evidently prefers a bed of live coals to a beautiful woman, who stands near and temple him; a I unny old fellow that! These pictures are somo of those savod from the wreck of the convent As yon enter the sacristy there arc several horrible figures of Christ suffering and bleeding, of saints stowed away hero for future bright days ot Catholic rule and power. Several paintings of rqjigious groups are ai^> found here. As works of art, they are not without merit, although too highly colored. Upon the wall Tiering the whole arched back of the sacristy is at: im i.i on so oil painting upon canvas by Antonio de Torres. It Is really a martcrpioce of art. Tbo coloring is soft, finished and masterlike, and tbo striking shades of light give it a marv llous effect. It represents tbe Lord's Sup per, but is o' original design, not that of Loonardo da Vinci. Tho grouping and des.gn make it a valuable study, and 1 recommend it to any lover of art who may pass this way. It Is marked 1720, and was evidently brought from some other part of Mexico to this place. From tho sacristy wa went to tho new chapel, now being completed. I was surprised, after walking through seme old rooms and yards lumbered up with all kinds of trash, to find here In an old corner of tho con vent a jow el of architectural beauty just receiving the flubbing loaches. For some years it bas been building, and at a lavish exp' ndittire of money. The padre told me that J60,000 had thus rsr been expended on the interior work. The rhapel is very small; tbe plan a Greek cro-s of abont sixty feet. Beautifully scmpiurod stone column sup port a perfectly prnport HD-d dome, while three altars, 'of marvellous good taste, lend their beauty to tbe classic outlines of the whole interior. The coloring of the stono work ij throughout very rich and artistic. It is a jewel ia the desert. Four miserable paintings, occupying con sptcuous placee within this casket, are a curso to lt3 beau lies We piss on to tbe convent proper. It was but a few years since the borne of from one hundred to one huiv ?Ired and twenty friars. The wholo building, except that part occupied as described, is going to rum, and presents a bold example of tbe ruined fortunes of the Catholir Church Id Mexico. It covers an Immense extent of ground, i'Tid Is two stories high, with one vaulted set of rooms, half under ground, throe Lundred rooms at least One wing of the building was for novices; another for tbe sick; a third for tbe padres; kitchens, yards, stables, cisterns, beautiful gardens, tbe latter etill weil culti vated; little chapels (or each department; evervthing, In fact, for one of the most noted convents in Vexloa In the late civil commotion* ol tho country the most of tbe building bae been need by tbe troops of all par ties, and those have not refused to do all they could to contribute to its rapid ruin. The unisbinz of the chapel above mentioned, end the buildiug of a small church In San Pablo, in Chihuahua, ?re the only moneyed efforts of tbe Catholic Church to repair damages that 1 have observed in Mexico. They appear too busy with civil warfare to devote a penny to anytb ng else. , Tbe town of Guadalupe la intensely Catholic. The shadow of this old church, and the padre# who mailt cling, with foud hope, to the decayed grandeur of tbe convent, make it so. They still hope for n revival of Catholic powor. It is said that many of the devout in Zacatecas, when they Iopo a dear friend, go to Guadalupe, there to eojoy the sadness that hovers over the place. We stopped for the nlpht at 0)o Caliente, a place famous for its thermal springs, which are fa> -e esteemed for battling purposes, the loan has, perhaps, three thousand inhabitants, and a the centre of a One agricul tural district. An immense vai.vy. stretching northwest and southeast, Is here locked in by lofty mountain ranges. The reception of the government was very enUiuai astic?rockets In great numbers, a band of seventeen pieces of mueic, and the streets gaily decorated with whatever the town aTorilo;] for the purpose. The poor people crowded luto the bouse to groet the greet Mexi can, and a balf hour of shaking hands followed. The country traversed during the- day look* like exoellent pasture land; but there is not sufficient wator for agricul tural purposes. Th? road was excellent end the moles trotted along at a good pace. A mistake of one of the coachmen took u* iwo leagues out of tbaroed; but a cross road fortunately led ns directly to the town. On Moudwy, February 18, we went from Ojo Caliente to Salinas del Pefton Blanco, nineteen leagues, via SI Carro, twelve leagues from starting point. The roads wore tolerably good, thro-gh Immense valleys covered with renal t rees The lend wu- sandy and almost value less lor cultivation. No streams of water cheered the eye. to re woe nnight but a va-?. parched country, bor dered by mountains, which looked as If the volcanic tires which had d-solated theui had Just swept over their barren sides. Not a cultivated patch on the whole day's march, except at the two halting places, and these of no account. At the h*< tends of Kl Carro we were escorted through the streets by a band of music, while at several poiit's along the route harpora and violinist* oontrtb'.tod tbolr notes to the general discord. F.l Carro is one of those okl feudal estat - s so common in Mexico? upwards of two thouratid retainers are tether d around the great mansion, subject to the nod of the proprietor. Upon asking one of the principal men of the plaoe how much l .nd belonged to the estate, he answered. "Muy jkto, I do not know hotv much exactly, hut it is vory little, perhaps (aim ?ixty to eighty leagues" The prin cipal boWaae* of the place is sheep raiting. The uinoer here was sumptuous?of the feudal time? dishes loaded with :ood?a whole goat?a whole calf? n whole sheeo?and everything In proportion. During the reiia?t there were seated at the door two harpers end two ranchers* or rjuc.nu girla These, when the band of music was not playing in ibs j-Atio, kept up thslr thrum ming on the harps. arcom?>*uied by the wild unearthly strait.* common to the Mexican raucho. One of the girls had rattier n ciasslc profile, a low forehead, and a iinrly cot duos; her eyes, of the Oriental type, rolled wildly ar he pitched into the merits of the song. Both girla in M in the right lisnd a long cigar, whtah they pulled m the most graceful manner at every lull la to* tone. The left hand of each was more usefully employed scratching el the roots of a very thick head of hair, evidently for the purpose of quieting some disturbing influences which gave more or lev accent to tba tunc. They sang fat Kalamo, Kl Sombrero AncAo, and other sudr? of the renc hero type. enNaes del Penoa Blanco we reached after passing a good ro.,d. a greater part of the way over a vast valley slope, urnriv level. This slope was formerly the scons of an mpcrtaiu cavalry iooti st in one of the late civil wars of the country. At Salinas there are several large salt ponds, the largest perhaps t.hiwo square miles in ex tent during the dry seewuo, and doable this la the rains. Th?-e potidr rentals about nine per cont of salt ia thsir waiers. She proprietor of the estate has eight manufac tories upon It. the inoomo from which is $1M.00Q net per y-nr The amount of salt manufactured exceeds t*n m ihoti pounds annually. At the time of the Preach intervention ihey were boring an artesian wall bora for the purpose of obtaining fresh water. II was left at two hundred and tifiv meter*' dopth. without gain tog the object sought It is sow propoeod to continue it to four hundred mats*! depth. I doubt if they obtain the w?ter even at tbw oepib. for the country In the vicinity has been very roughly u ?se?t about by votoeaic action, and the striaibun en of the rocks vory much wis turt *d [ he ? ass ' rande cf the estate ia a notable building, and reuld be put littio mpivved evea if II were a European country scar Monty has been lavishly ox penced ia its de>.orati?r. in gardens, toun talon, billiard ro >wt. It n pis ailev, art'dru.' beet pond with abeautltul tower is tlmcentre, n mm pontine stream With a masonry lining, e t ithing iionse, ar.d everything ia Which ths wtum of the owner might delight. Ths mansion is a rr ,'iier idalloe. with frim harred windows. Ustaads in the oentn of large grounds, which are mrronndod t>y a heavy m ^oury well, fortiflod at lie nutoeroaa eagles by idopholod towers. 1 be wools work is surrounded by s wot diu-h wttb heavy maeenry rfytrnmU These fortifleatiouf* are t meabiy dMRMd to MOtoOl so urn . h luxury from pillage by the prowling l ands of bandits so nutneroo- n this part of Mixicx Eight leagues north wr ?t of this point m the I amour mineral dlslnot of Ramos. otMidr red i>f Humboldt as among the richest in Me step. Near too men eta in of P? eon Blanco, from which this C'arn tske < ,ts mme, are unworksd mines of gold and silver, said to be of - oosld?rable vali.e. The rendition or the ountry has never permitted tbetr development. On Tiiesday, February Id, we journ*ye<l irom Salinas to Krpiritu Pen u>. etgin ie,.k ues. We left at eight A. ML and nrr Ved at on* P. H. At Ksp ota ? anto see wars met by some sixty bo vs. from three to tweivo years of age. Kaeh had a stick with a gandiiy coined pocket hand kerchief attached toil. They fouued . as en each side of the I resident's oarriage tn,? l!'* hasteuda shouting their uiena Here ?Bother <t nnsr of l-ndai proportions followed; wig# TlTlr rV_lb* ithd wine imported, whole sheep '?"???h tat m regiment. .. -T r'.>B w*ni" h* about live hundred population, and I"Hw1 ?? "? nmaafauiura of mttmU, out of A"""*1 t*venuu of f 10,000. I Ou edcrrdag. Pub. SKfc we woat from Bsptritu lento jo lia Pan ia, th r"M?ii lesgae*; 'oft at tfrft putt -oven A. >l.. a rt.?? I a on>- P. It The co n|f la tot gb, v and not ultltaied, whit. Iks aao Ui-a -liie. Th? outy r-ucl .? wl? it wr i *- d "? |t>? r.)#i1 afford-d not even a drlfrtt *f w*t?r for ?. ? nun auU buiec.- La I iuh.*? ja.i-s b-uiutifut w??ve bijm"i by IbO parSnoa npcan'rv; but ?t *o? beau Kul out* b? by .i bold coui.a-.fc, Juh mh'/JuM frlriNI be spring tuna, tne to-i n full foti|ir-, tne trolley jp? wjih b<I uii.ul meadow lan!. ?rd a ?lt< or tbre?.. a. ?a<r C ur.-iug a' ng. to g ?e life to thi ?ri *n a fea*t rttrh gs I Lave t ot croj in Mei'ro lor fl?o m? itb* Ve tad mddcnly <J"s~ nded mt? a beautiful mf'ttitotn vaitoy, a ainingoTcotfrast o t^e derated motin'tda tabic* w* had left bi blit'l us. Life K pifltu >isWo this tsan a ilfoUflil d :<tr ci; corn, wheat aid beans are the crop t"* IrlUtVul do! ta 11 io hacienda lia" about 'JfO rqua'-a limes of'ai.d, a rmttll |>Ihi a, so railed, in Mev^. rue population of the valley Is about 51,000. Tbey live in tbo uauai liti.-ucy The whole part* was entertained at the fW?a pi-cind', and in the usual style. OhThursday. February 21, ouji Hp was from I .a Pa Stht?wagl )? "1 ruiitotuu I.uw Poto.b, etchtfeiopies Ftv? leiguee fruna8an LuU wo bt-akfa*ted at ?uo Tla-wala Indian lowri or VMtflJItie. In the year 1M1 the ' (tun da ta dome st'Lt to r hundred ils-a-alalnd'uns here, with their li*rallle=, togi.hdue tbo burbatous int>"s ihit tnhtilted the district. Those of tbo tribe that would not a??tim lato with thetu tuo.y dl?per*'d. Only a few of the native tribes united aud formed settlement* with them. 1 iirre arc several principal settlements here now, of which Vr/.quttir Is tbr-cen're and governing point. In the whole dl irict the Indians new number fo irteen thous and, and are the dcsitendan a of the original four bun died with their 'amllics. They are vry docile and obe dient AllhO L'h they recolvo orders from the authori ties appointed by the -tale to govern thetn, they never make any direct application to the governing power, but throu/h a chief whom they select, and who virtually rules them, they generally make all complaints or appli cations. The ch'ef of tblsoflfchoot from the T'asca'a tribe,which it will be remembered betrayed their country to the Bpaniards, took dinner with us. He told me that he could raise from one thousand to two thousand men in an hour for any purpose, either In favor of pr against the government He said that the people under him were very obedient. It appears that there was also n detachment of Tiatccla Indians sent to Coahuila and one to Tcbuantopec or the purpose of operating against the other Indian tribes. Others were sent to different pirts of the country, where they have formed settle uiouU. The Indians here have expended 114,000 of their own earnings to connect their principal town with the Plate capital. Although it was of great benefit to the capital San Luis J'otosi did not contribute a penny. I under stand that the State steadily refuses to aid these people in their do-irea progress, that tha Indians are very anxious to have common schools, but tba govern ment reuses to make nny provision for the purpose or to permit the Ind ans to make it them se.ves. The Tlascrtla dialect is now only spoken here by a few of the old people. The Ind ans say that the lu ll .bltants of fan Luto make ao much fun of the lsngnago that they will nut use it. Spanish is now the riling lan guage with Hum. A drum ihree hundred years old, made out of a hollow log. and entirely of wood, was shown to the President and party, it gave four distinct sounds It wa.i made before the conquest, und the 'Uas calans brought It with them from their native territory when they were s nt hero. The paint unoti It Is yet good, and representations of the moon, stars, and aomo iloweisare stdl vi-ubie. From the beginning of the day's lourney to this town, we passed noder numerous cloth decorated attain, cov ered with po net handkerchiefs. The road wag a suc cession of decorations and rockets. The ludiaus were in for u pi la day, ana were quite lively. We passed several ?f their hnni's of music on the road, each bund consisting of two violins and a drum. A league fmm fan Luis Potosi a commission met the President to escort him into the city. There was the usual turnout, rockets by the itiotisuttd. and a great dis play generally, hinder a trinmnbal arch a: the entrance of the plaza two discourses laudatory of the lineralc .use nnd its d tenders were read. A simple thank you irom the Pro-idem, and the party passed on to the pal ice. Here a number of misses, dressed in the national colors lor ill - orcosiuu, aaug the uaiiuual liymu, and several other songs. The usual crowd followed, the tisuui num ber of embraces and proiesaionu of fealty to the cam e, the usual big dinuer, the usual number of long winded tc!?3ts I think, however, that none of them conld com pare with one at the grand reception when Juarez en tered Zacutecu.j ITotn Lurango. REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERALB. Inr???i ^ Yucatan India. Th?il?rr"aoZ,,,,#n of lhc ?????* le* Baunna?Burial of Infants, Onoz, Honduras, G A , Jan. 14,1807 In my last I mentioned the report or one of U>o mm cn having committed suicide. The report was but too tru* although the person was only acting in place of the \ Minister ot Interior, who had gone on a viat to his I lamily. Th0 m#ans of communication from this country to other portions of the world are so few and far be In neigh boring Peru become eo old that I am forced to leave T umy ,0ttere' bt"**DS tbftl y?u mnst receive them through sotnu ether source. At present 1 can only speak of some of their effecia Tim proclamation of tbfo government throwing the pom of the repu ,ilc open for the rooeptlon of prizes in the wer between Kpain Chile and Peru, oaueed much eurprise and some alarm, to the merchants of this port, at least, who look upon j the decree as not exacUy fair towards Spain. She has everything to lose by It, the republics of Chile and Peru having no vessels on this side, whilst Spam has a great many. They know, very Justly, that If a prise or prizes were taken Spain would retaliate, and do so by burning the houses and property of the residents; there fore the merchants and thorn owrnng property espied their opinions freely as above. The premeditated attack of the Indians of Yucatan of Onaoa?bcIng wl t h iK^i new 'thought*' poirn. id niJSSSS SSZZiSi'ST-Hr** divisions?of tho Bast South Wea- l?to threo ba,?aiir Toe ?"? ~A~r^s.r^.Jss5,s?.rss;i-S population too small and that of the net,ii?o. ? Ew? jssS ?? sjs ratal ng to Bananas, their season aad cultlvatiM s^^yas; StwoT^ t,L: B allspice, combined with their peculiar ?wm> l i awma. Thov do not produce m rtui&nt* i it^ w" low banana, but are much larver lb? ?*'? many as oue hundred and HT.y-eight udoc oraTmS1^ M ractmo as the natives call It. of the vil?nwv\* & or are to he had here ail the yoar round. The atim rJ t\* plant grows from twelve to fifteen rest in height JtS wooM measure In diameter from ten uTatehleSn'mrb^ aaoordiugto the strength and moisture nftK.io p' ??vSvSSfmfa ^ ??ighbors; muato 7? brought to Ihe hfl! consisting of vloWus, guitar, and SS!3i? ZXXizsp girt!- L arss SSffJSr KTC".? sbmssfx 5M5&S form, covered over with whtut paper and ?.?tahI5^!^ an Imitation of rx^m, 1. hlKd miWSK? 2? and aa ahundanre of flashy nbton/ ff\fH Z. ' ooiBa this is carried -?? ?>"- "they have a come, the t^eu^r^y'lald u^^ }*?,* is entirely covered over with tansy coloredfcaw!* r "om" gaudy patera of caiico, an^wrieTtif^e on hi* or her head. 8ometlm~ it in youag boys or girls, and the h??i? it? ? foVr do.-of.ited with real and imUalio^iWr, amnf hty crowd of man. wo? and taVfoft Some of the relation* or friends ef the dZ! E?i ? i a parting salute, as it were, firing guns ^T?r.V^P I ^hamme^g down untii all th.V.Kfl?l? orCni place. It does not require a very vlrld toaalnatJnn <? a per*oa to form an idea of what a rtatTthe todv ?,;2 be iu after this poMdlng down perforates and this, too, sMs In eight ca^es outTftsn ti^iw XZZZT&J!**'?*** ^ ?^pS*Zo"uni As eaen as tho interm. at m coatpleteTithe irowZiiro'r^ fome. having left the orn^eniT^ nnd ret ems to the house of Motrins the IT^ap. play lag tho seme a,; kgiM ?od cob it hum, with the Axoenioo K a liute in. frtmtmtom to taduige in a cuo .* aewardieat* ? - ?? "noootaaoor t;;e kp.v post office she. slayor lij.liuaa'3 p'aa far tlii erection of a new Tost OtToe m uu City ll.nl Par* is otcillug uuh-n al coin in mand oppoM'.lon, au t, .-s wl ! be seen fr ui the fol InivutcoiTejp in.leuue, <* deciisdly objected to by all c i..ea of our cit xeui. Th- following U a copy of a common,cat ua forwarded to IbcbarG O'tiorinun, Corporal on Coun el:? Sew Yokk, March 18, 1S6T. Rinrv"i> O'Gobmak, K?i As th ro n c n.-iderable tli-eu-wion sad ex nteuiout about the sate of a portion or ti e OMy Park I > the Uut ed Stares .or a To.-i Offi-e, and u you aro the law officer of tho Cotntaon Co.tucti of New Voile, I beg leave lo pre ent some views to you hjion thai -oibfMt lacuna that lite Tark was originally es tabnbod aa a commons ground of the city aimil.tr to the couimob* yruui d- of ci.ioa la hug'aiid. That the Park i- the renin ok for the p.nruon us of the citizens o \>w York, not of one general on exclusively, but of e/ery gen-ration through all urto. And tlisfcfore the

city Legislature ha. up rigtftlui author.ty tos il any por u rn o.' tt to the exclusive posto slou of auy party what soever. The late and ever to lie venerated Roger B. Taney, in en opiuiou given by bun woen he was Attorney General or the United .States in rela ion to a psrpe'ual giant to n railroad comusny of New Jersey, set forth that no legislative body could assume to itself ex c'usiveiy the authority of legislating upon any subject of legislation, but that each succeeding L.gi?iatiire had the same ngbtlul jiowor and authority to Isglulnte upon the sit rue subject which tho preceding one tual legis lated in the llrsl Instance had; that if nut so, a L"gis laturo iii'ght dHpose of the rights ol so.erelgnty or a Ktate and call 11 a contract. That ablest of constitu tional writers upon our system of Kovernmunl, John Tuyi >r, of Caroliuo, Virgluia, says, "Tho federal g >v m munt cannot alter a county, incorporate a town, divide a .siau- or obtain a pittun.ro ol land without the consent of the dtate government." Yours very respectfully, P. W. BYKDSALL. TO THK EDITOR OP TDK HERALD. That the new Post Office ought not to be located on any part of tho City Hall Parle Is, doubtless, the opinion of nine-tenths of the citizens of New York, and yet It Is very hlcoly to be done. To say nothing of tho daily jam of omuibutes and vehicle, on the Broadway side, and tho crowd or street cars from a half dozen railroad routes on the Park row side, and the contusion worse confouudod which tho adjunct of . great public building would lend to this quurtor of the city; the very great obstruction which would occur, trom piles of stone, brick, iron, mortar and other materials, to the travel of podestriuns and vehicles dur.ng all the tlmo of building, would l>o an evil to canso even the stones to cry out " deliver us from ibis boudago '? Parks and public grounds in the lower portion of the lEl.tud ore already loo stinted mi l narrow. In a .-anilary point of vtev. ti e vtroew? and avonues of a great c.ty are lis veins and arteries of cl i uls'lon. Public and private parks are us gieal luugs or breaibing iiules. You may as well cut out or d-.-trov by compression or disease tho functions of a portion of the living lungs or a human bt ug am. expect tho same development of active life and power u. to tfram with brick uud stone and mortar the lungs ol a great city and expect tbu pulse of pubiir action to beat as lull anil the stream of public life to flow a3 freo alouc Its uri nes. Already a great letl lobe of the cay lungs has he.-n sacr'tlced to the mammon of iron, aud the corpse of at. John is being hurried over tho stones to the catacombs of tho Hudson River depot In the nam- o! tue over crowded masses of humanity who inhabit Iroin Cuuai street lo tho ta.-.o of Manhattan Island, whose only promenade or pleasure ground is u> be found m the few stinted rods of City llali Park, do not curtijti tlits last breaking hole by piling up th ai iein{.t^kMtisirucu< a <>l a Post Office for the richist aud gr>':i'4PP<y or America. Th-t me new Tost Office oit;ht to be located in the vicinity ot the largo printing and publishing houses, which furnish ninety-bine hundredths of all tho pajHir mail matter, aud not far away from Wall street and the hanks, insurance and o' her business offices, when fur nish a like proportion of the letter mall matter, is an axiom in the public mind. Aud rati no: this rich aud powerful government do as much to provide Itself mid the ml I Uuu ci izeus of New York with a post office, a* with a customhouse, a treasury building or a Ion and arsenal? Let the general government determine in what block the location would be most central und boat adapted to husincis, in view ot future growth, as well as of present necessities, and then, as a private Indi vidual or a corporation would do. let it proceed to pur chase the ground. If the government requires any particular spot or any position of private grounds for public defense or public uses, government takes it. If the prim between the individual owner and the com tussionerx ot government cannot be mutually aireed upon. It is duly condemned, appraised and paid for. 11 the istati: doc lures through its Legislature that public necessity or publ.c convenience requires a canal to he dug, or a railroad or highway to be opened through any man s land, authority is found to accomplish the work. Tuvalu rights must always yield to the requirement, of public necessity as well a* public safety. Now if any unbiased individual, one who Is familiar with tho daily tide of humanity which every night and every morning surges up and down the Island, who does not have the hope of some favor In his mind, who ha? no "lion In the lobby," whose eyo is not dimmed by a fancied reflection which the walls of a new post oitlcs will cast on his candy shop, or on his friend's peanut stand; one iu floe who "has no friends to reward nor enemies to punish," were called upon loshuugnate the block most unliable for location, all other thiugs being equal, he would unhesitatingly say "build it on tbo block bounded by Nassau ?"?* Turk row Beekman and Ann street-." Whatever quarter of llns block maybe selected there will be an open street und free access on thiee sides, suppose tbs I.ovejoy House, corner of Boekmaa aud Park low, or the Nassau Bank coraor should be choseu; and for a Tost Office and United Htates Court room? ade quate to the wants of tbu great city lor a quarter of a century both these corners would be required. Let the general delivery part ol the office b? built on the present iilloof the Lovejoy House. The Nassau Bauk building is s flue, substantial structure, end could bo converted into the general distribution department, enlarged to enure ample dimensions as time and increase of businesi re quire by adding a new structure on lots 127. 1J9 and 1J1 ha- au street, extending to th. American News OUliUIUg. Across Theatre alloy lbs two departments ooatd be united by an ure.i.lr aud in the interior an ample court made (or ail enprct>? wu^ous and other vehicles loading and unloading mails. Whoever has bad occasion to pass down Liberty street alongside tbe present old Post Oni'-e aud seen the entire sidewalk and two-thuds o( the street necessarily obstructed for hour by the arriving and deitarUag mails will at once agree that th? new Poet orfloc ainst have an ample Into* nor court (or all thle work. Comfort, expedition, ne cessity and security demand it. In the proposed loca tion ou the Park there would bo no room for all this work wire tn the open street, without encroaching npou more public ground of the city. buppoee too Pack row and Ann street corner to be seleciod, uL.ing all the ground up to and including tlm Powers Hon i snd b ulk to Theatre alley. Tbls would constitute a site a hundred (old more desirable than an equal area on the Park. These premise' ire at present orenptyd by old and In ferior buildings which at 'wat must shortly give pise* to more Imposing aiructuic*. The expense of purchasing or the aasessmcnt of raid" on these would be rimpura lively smuil, snd in en-cling a new port oliice on this corner public and private judgment would nolle in ran k ing along tbe southern s'de a wide vestibule or a re cessed facade, thus effecting substantially the very de sirable purpose of w.dcniug Ann street. Theatre alley, again, would admit ol an entrance to the court for receiving and discharging mail bags, the louded wagons making their departure by the same alley on llcckciau street. If deemed necessary now or at any future time, thtk site could be extended along Ann street, taking in .Sua. 107, 109, 111 and 113 on Nm sau street, and admit of the same convenient divnnoa and arrangement as at lha northern portion of the block. A paramount - onalderattra in favor of the location a|ion this aits is that. Tor the mtnre growth of tbe city and ooueaqucnt increase of business, tbe buildings could l<e correspondingly enlarged; and the day may not be far dieted t when this metropolis of lbs American Continent will require a building for tbe transaction sf bar postal facilities that shall corar the entire block. This is the place in tbe city of New York which ought to be selected for the erection of tbe proposed bulldlnrs, and tbe general government ought to place upon tbe site an ediflce equal to tbe General Post Ottiee la Washington city. By all mean* let Now York put tbe stamp of condem nation on so irrational sad preposterous a plan aa that ef destroyiDg ber open purks and of crowding her fature Post OfPca on tbe narrow wedge of land between Broad way and Park row. E. If. BAKNTM, 137 Broadway. TO TBI EDITOa OP THE H BR A LP. Returning to this city after an absence of many years, 1 am better qualified perhape to note the great change* which have taken plao* than a great auny others who have resided here all tae time. 1 see much wbtcb baa been don* to admire, and much which has not been dona to regret. As I do not propose to waste tbe columns of your valuable Journal in long and unnecessary disquisitions, I will ailoda directly to what 1 deem the greateat evil la the city?tbe overcrowding of your principal street, tbe famous Broadway?an evil about wbicb so much has been said and written, and as yet to no practical purpose. 1 think the sublect one which can be remedied, if not effectually cured, and accordingly propose a plan for doing It:?First, cut Hudson street through in a straight line to the corner of Broadway and CorMandt street, thus opening the entire western side of the clip to Broadway direct; second, cut through Church street to the Battery; third, remove the two large and filthy markets. Wash legion and Fulton, up town, one on each side of the city. These three objects effected, the relief of Broad way will be at once accomplished, lhe first proposi tion I consider decidedly essential, as all tbe travel from the lower part of Broadway will Hod at once an outlet to tbe western sids of tbe city, wbcreas at present the mass of vehicles, pedes: rlan*, Ac., are obliged to go up Broadway, even to Chambers street, before they oan get into the westnrn quarter or the oily. The second proposition will be a great advantage, as nserty all the persons wbo ride in the cars through this strset go down Broadway to Ball, and even below it. Third?This t? an evil of such magnitude that I had anppoaad no person of U>* slightest comprehension would oppose It, al though I hear it has met with decided opposition. There are several other cuUtaga or openings which can be effected with the-greateat benefit to the city, and which la tuna wiN bars to be consummated, snob as the ax tension of the Seventh avenue direct to Hudson street, and thence the road is complete (when Hudson street Id extended to Oortlandt street) to Broadway; the opening of Fifth avenue, tbrongh Washington square, bisecting that rather assises resort, form I eg two amta oat if It) the widening of Thompson street, and through which a railway could with great propriety bo laid, and the ex it QMUIV gWfOt filml ft FglltkfiTMUMt foot all imm avenue* ahu,,''i l>o male to lead direct to ?t Battery. Mr. t.iii. r, please Mbe with m? jour etond nt tbe eoHW or Ui Mtlwuy ?a.i rulioa rtreel*, uuJ msr* ih* iiUtiwai ci rroiiut pairing into that >mli||r Bt' liilMin of nuuiui tue Ob.^r.e?the lower part of I roadway zmdi up it ? tl,o i.'.ui 's, ujiprr Broadway a nds d*wr< up t ns of ibfMi?si.f(rt?i the Third and Fourth ?v??gr liuos of railway a, Ui< biain. F'venih and Eighth avenue nu<-a ui all CriK.nl.n ou (he one aula, anil the populous shore* of Now Jereey on the Other, all meeting at or near this po ut. What die can he expect * tsae onfu .00, de.ay and baiM sweariagf And if. its I hi ,r. the government For*. OIBoa I" to be p. iced at the <oot of the <"i y I' >11 1'nrk, w hy it will, I believe, b* ri'oralv an impo-i-.bliitr to get through tue lua-s of obstru t uns th-re coo? ruirated. In Loudon and Fans, .a tbe foratrw tnore pirticu lat iy for u'l I'y and In tbe latter f?r nplmdor. H is no uifotnnion aft'mr to remove thnu.ands of houses at "one (ell stoop" when necessity dema ils it. Thus, in the construction of tha dtx ks m London in one lu-iiuce 1,80V houses, covering over twentv fo'ir acres of grouud, vrtth nearly 12,000 inhabit ants, were purchased and rt moved, and in another case nearly double thai number; while In Paris a splfud rl avenue is opened lor the adornment of this uunfnttlcont city. Bui then, von sav, this is not Europe, ?ud that the democracy are not wiiliu? to pay for such things; but this la a very shortsighted police, and every year will conclDoe tbem of the truth. Years ago It would have been a v?rr easy matter to have widened Church surest through its entire length, but now it is quite o difficult adair, with its splendid ware bouses. You Americans arc, in fact, no pro gressive s people and advene* so rapidly thai you must consider tbe time when Now York will contain its two or three millions of people, like Londuu, and the remedies should b? applied in time to relieve Its lubnbltnuts; and sooner or laer this must be done. Tbe creat misiortuno at New York is that It seems to have but one really flue street in It?Viz., liroadway?thus everybody gots into tt. If there were other avenues from the upper part of the city leading direct to tbe lower part comfort and convenience alone would cause them to be travelled, and the overcrowded liroadway avoided. 1 see no reacoo why there should be any tunnels under the earth or railways over tbo tops of the steeples. Tbe opunoig of tbe streets as 1 have proposed aud lite re moval of the filthy market nuisances will effectually re lieve your splendid street, as trade Is constantly moving up town, and the jam in Broadway is now probably as grout as it over will be. 1 hop.' you will not deem thisau Intrusion, and I should be highly pleased to soe it inserted in the columns of tbe leading journal of America KEIOIIH. THE FLOODS IN THE SOUTHWEST. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERALD, The Ilolnton River Flooding Knoxvllle? Hen vv I. own of Property?The Uiimnne iu Blount County ?(Sulleriiitf Among the Peo ple. Ac. Kxosvillk, Ten a., March 10, 1307. As no mention is made ia the Nnr Youk Hetuld of the 12tb instant, received here last ni?-at, ol the terrible Hood which bus duvasted Last Tennessee, I conclude that the telegraphic and other correspondents have tailed to apprise you of it. I therefore send you u brief akolch of such mutters as liavo fallen under my own ob servation. The month was ushered in with as bland and cheerful weather as often occurs even in this favorite climate; but ou the 2d lust. a heavy storm of ian commenced, which continued with only a few occasional hours of in termission until lute in the afternoon of the Sih. The usual rains of February hud raised the llolston and its tributaries u few inches, perhaps something more than a fool above the ordinary level; but no apprehension was entertained until the 4th. when the detention ol trains, both East and West, and the constantly increasing depth of wat r in life river, threatening the bridge across the Uoislon (built by government iu 1303 61;. began to excite alarm. Dwoll rs noar the river hanks wore called upon to give shelter to their * neighbors, whose houses stood closer to the rising waters, and many of the lesser buildings were carried otf during the night of the 4i|fc This doleful condition of things was aggravated by the continued rain until tue uwht of tue 6th. when the bridge was carried away. Meanwhile the water from the river had "backed up'' around the less elevated land In the vicinity, and a view from cither of the hills upon which Kuoxvtiio is situated proclaimed the city an Island. On the river banks huudrede of groups of from ten to fifty pet sous might have beco aeon at any hour between daylight nnd dark, watching the Invasion of the Hood, and speculating upon the prob abilities of certain buildings, which had been behoved to bo rods above high water mark, being taken down stream. From the morning of the 6th until tho flood began to abatatho emigration of whole famtles of poultry, porkers and mora ponderous live stock in "original pack ages.'' in oorn-crips, stables and every description of cm building, was witnessed by admiring throngs on the ?bore, and a low hardy individuals, evidently mi no fear of water, reaped harvests of tho above mentioned ar ticles, as well as of hay com, oafs, 4c., by the dextrous nae of the blades of peddles, instead of sickles. Tbeae Providence tempting men would pull out into the seoth lug current, load their skill's und canoos and come back to dljcharga cargo, and sail on a new venture, with an intrepidity worthy of a more lucrative reward. SUli the water rose. Toe bride gone, and no commu nication with "South America"?us the trsns-Holston district m called?and the highways and byways beiog inundated oo all sides else, tbe pr.ee of eggs, butter, potatoea nnd other edibles iu which your huusokooning readers are tnaiuly interested, went up. Wood, ordi narily a drug in the market, became as sterling as gold, and poverty stared ns Knox vidians in the face. Alas! we were not tne only *u Herein. Iu Ihe Hoi-ton valley, from the Watauga to the Ten nessee river, tho same desolation lias been caused by tbs flood that has orenrr d In our immediate neighborhood. The same ie true in Ute valley of the Clinch, from Cum berland ilap to the same point. A few Items from Koox ville, with such as 1 have been ahlo to gather from some what extensive travel oyer tbe Inundated districts, may interest your readers. At Knoxville three saw mills have been completalv ruined, two hating boon washed awnr entirely, ai d tne other only saved by being moored by the strongest hawsers to bo ob awed; machinery of each, total loss. Aggregate iocs estimated at $07,000. Warehouses, with contents, some entirely pone?lloatod from foundations; total loss estimated at $46,000. Sash ami blind factorv, with machinery and lumber; loss $10,Out), l'ouery, in cluding quantity of ware, finished mud partially ao, $1,000. Other bnttflmgs, of different valuo, at least i $.">o,u00 Bridge, estimated at j>47,OOo. Total for Knox vlhr. $21S,Qoo. This doe- not iociuds the leaser losses of thoto on First and Sccoud creek) who. being In somewhat reduced circumstances. feel their iosm.s more keenly perhaps than the capitalists. In Hlouiu county the section over which 1 have paved exhibits a more deplorable state of aCalrs than the immediate vtctnity of Knoxville. Everv *ire..ui was swollen to a degree never before beard of, ?ud ilio-o which ordinarily had a gentle current wero converted Into torrents. On Little river, -otuc seven or eight utiles below this point, a whole village was swept away, save one bouse, on old tavern, which bad a few years since beeu surrounded by lruit trees. These trees had mo-tly taken a firm root In the sub-noil, and the house being washed against thorn was reia'ned on the ixrm. On both sides of this s tream for miles entire farms were denuded of their top soil, and tbe winter and spring wheat was entirely lost The buildings, both dwellings and outbuilding?, wore gone; and in many esses the corn- cribs and stables contained thouHands uf bushels or grain, with bay. sheaf oats, 4c.. In almost incalculable quantities. The mills?grist and saw?of one firm wore arried no one knows where; but tbe mill atones, weighing upwards of eight tons, were found three miles down stream after the water receded. Osborne's island, about three hundred acres, was occu pied by five families, all well to do, who saved nothing but what they stood ia and nine horses, which laner they succeeded In swimming above a mile to tho mam land. The loas that I personally know or In Blount county will exceed $400,000; and this embraces lea* tban one-fourth of tbe aree, and that not the most wealthy of the county. Above us, and In the valley of the Uinoh, the rarae general rales wtU apply. Tbe railroad bridge (has,. Ten nessee and Virginia) at Strawlierry Plata* suffered to the extent of three spana The bridge wee quite new, baring been in un only abonl ten days previous to the flood. Miles of railroad were submerged, and it is estimated that not lew than forty-seven miles between this point and Lynchburg, Vs., must be entirely renovated. We hear that tbe Louisville aadfNashvilie Railroad is r-ashed badly; but that Is merely rumor, which we trust will not be confirmed. There is no communication that I can learn of at any point between Chartrsioo, on the Ra?t Tennessee and Cebrgla road, sad Nashville. One thing you may rely upeo, via, the Hoiston river, at Kaoxfllie, has been fourteen feel and eight m< bee higher than ever was known before, and was fifty-one Owl and eleven Inches shove ordinary low water mark. The distress consequent upon this terriflr hood exceed* that of any period of the wsr, where its devastating < f fects have reacted. An opportunity will doutales be afforded to the benevolent st tbe North to etd In sllevi sting the suffbrtag from this cause HUH KPMTUKS FROM NEW YORK. RnrsBM s*? ?BTrtUMrthtt?fMeamshlp Amertcr?.1 Frltae Bieinen. II Rellmao and f?nalj, New YorS. < sp-.oi, II Flscbtuit'h, New York; F Ho- hoi I, Baltimore; C W jt Fried lander sad wife. New York: A lleriog. rihl agn; .1 F R"Hr?. children end servant, New York, Mia Heffeli and son. Ho liokcn; E Maimers, Vera ?'nia; U llinrfcus. \ ere Cm*: W RiurkO end eklMrea. Mexico: J Hehrtnann, New York; U Hsbtn, Hrookiyu; Mies K Schubert. New York; II cchiegrl, Callforaie; Brand .Mr* J W'ruisteiu, Ylncennrs; P Pewr son, Milwaukee; C Anderson, H Kb?en. Milwaukee; F Heh. ner, Mt Louis: A Kiokhiu- h, Milwaukee; ,1 Kurbken. lows; r Kordilsr, 9'Louis: r Al'-hen, Milwaukee; A K Williams, riarlnutl: B Hohrleln, onto. C llofllngcr, Milwaukee; Mr* Mlersch and children. Prnn?yl?anl.?; I. Mai i, New Yeik, H Warnck, Bremen, and 71 in the. steerage. Asmnrat.fi t*? flaw Frsscisto? Steamer Ocean Oneeo? Allen Cotter end children, 11 B (Ireen, K P lima and wife, laaao O Fowler, J Smith, J 8 llawley and wife, Oil Nash, wife and nurse. Rev n o Whutlker sn<l wife. Bev O a Msrquardt and wife. K R Lord, A Robertson, L II Truasell, T Q B looks*J, ? C Belchers, Henry Hmllb. Miss Fanny WelboiT. A llolmetR Kltiner, Miss Rivera, Miss Wilson, Mlaailoldsn, AAtValg MUs Carlisle, Mi*s Walk Ins, Mlae RInclalr. Mlse Chast. Miss I.snee, A J Watson, J dlvlas, JJ'e* Q ""* w,f*. H ?i kuhl. C I mac, * S* ^1. J" J Homing. A V Lennes, C Perkins, A Stalfoot, M iss Jon yuid and sislar' T K Sun ton. OR Levy. Mlse J W Hastings. J A WneUn, Walter Lde, J M Thomas, W Lrerhsrt. M Sheridan, Margaret Sheri dan,I Kale Hherldan, J Allen, J Sanders, W Carter. H L Joecklnsoe. Mrs MA Been and eblldrew. 9 Hermann, A Oilhseiiti nnd lady, K R Riddle en4 wife. Kamuei Rice, John Culver, Joeeph graham and wife, A Talooner, A White, . | Mn,l, i ?U?W -If- .IU? .ns'l., rMl. WEST INDIES. OUR tUVAHA CgHHELPOaJEHCt. | | Comimiilii on tho New Srilf-m of nwcnae? 11.mis ol" Wauiimio ill' Cubn Uuinifl I'P. Hurts*, March H> lw"* Tue late royal decree .-?lbadiu'.ing the old Bjetew of taxation by a new me-hod of liuposrtlon le the a'l absorb it, 4 tli ma of conversation aud disonsatoa in all drclsa ol Havana, and probably ere this in all pari* of the U.atid. The Spanish party, and especially the mercan tile c'anee.-i, criticize the nMHtl in the bitterest style povible, bccutine tt la, they allege, burdening comnioree more and uxora, to the great detriment of their trade, and only to the benefit of the planters and owness af real estate, ha They even eltribute the measure to n weakness on the part of the Nnrvacz Ministry in sootdleg ,|o Uie doctrinea bo porseveringly inculcated by El for the purpose of creating discontent among the Spanish party. There can he no doubt thnt they ^ are not far from the mark. For my pest, everybody aught to rejobe that the old system win eoon be detunct; one of Uto-e old props of weak gov erninent which are era long destined to bo awept away from the face of the earth. It appears to me (auci many well informed individuals Join me in the idea) that tha present stops taken by the Spanish government t? n sagaclout prelude to a final determination to do aamy with all custom housea In Cuba, as soon as it can be car ried out conveniently, after the people have been n l ute inured to tha properly or Income tax, which will till then, of course, find powerful opposition. Tlie Hank of Santiago de Cbba has finally given op tho ghost. It has faded, without a spark of hopa to re S7b. steamer Pelayo, from St. Thomas, PortoRloo, Porto Plsta. he., arrived yesterday evening, with IM following items of news:? PORTO RIOO. The date3 are to the 3d inst M The sugar market in 8t. Johns and Mayaguez wan ana without li:e. but not active. The Spanish Consul at St. Thomas of cholera, and In consequence clean bills of health will U"a 'buck ol earthquake was felt at Pan German ?? February T. It shook tho town clook aud rang all Uts The new intendente, Don 8. Alvarez, has arrived. VKM.'LKI A The dates from Laguavra aud Porto Cobello are to Um 23il ult., but no news from the cap tul has arrived. Alter considerable anxiety a favorable solution of taa events m Carabobo Is announced, all having been tran quil .;ed without any bloodshed. Generals i-alazar and Bolivar hurt taken possession ol the city, and' immcrtlatclv followed. General Lopez, charged with tna executive power of tho Slate, was immediately released frThePcomra!ttees of the Senate and the House of Repvm scmaHves were in hailed on the 20th. 'the steamer Bolivar had at last arrived at I^tgnayar^ after a long pastage, for want ot coal and owlug to the Uama-'C siKtainod by h r engine. s. General Falcon arrived at Porto fabe o ?n ^e 22d, ha was expected in Laguaj?ra on the 24th.^ i esUt tQpe an the pari ot the municipality awaited liiua. CANADA. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HEHALB. The Fen ion Scare in Montreal - l'repnmrtwtso ot the AntlioritleB-iiHinora?ConfederaUaw Matters?Who la lo he the New Llenteaaat tlwveruor of Quebec, dice. Mostkical, C. E., March 18, 1888. Of course, the universal topic now is the probability of a Fenian raid. If euch an attempt is made on a seals at all to bo compared with the preparations for its recey l tion it will be a monster. In Canada tho brigade majors ' aro all on the alert, issuing stores to make up deficien cies, and warning commandera of voluntoer corps to bold tbomsetves in road in ass to march at it momentfa notice. Next Saturday's Ga-dle will contain a procla mation removing tho present prohibition on the importa tion of arms for one month. Last Saturday's is filled with appointments and general orders, all alining at oat thiofc the preparation at once of tho volunteers for lan mediate activo service. Telegraph offices are kept ? night and day, and men are generally Fenian mad. Along the lioes I have telegrams from our correal ent that all is quiet, and after a microscopic examinattom no sign of a Fenian Is visible. Despite ail this the Cairo dtan authorities are clamoring for more troops rrom imporial authorities, aTter tho comforting assuraooeF Caere latter that the rebellion In Ireland had I? stamped out. There is. I may add. no truth In i port that Sir William Kyre was W> le eea? out to Os?dd to act as administrator in the event of a taniaa raid. ^ Confederation matters remain pretty inuoh.in iinlM qua. All Lower Canada Is preparing for the election* which will be beld In June or July. The ^Bf^waUa^ ,mo re# codmtvaUv ofl, will iiuUm DflDTfD IB oust a great many rogues In both ticeaoio feature in this campaign la the graatnunftarBI newspaper man who are In the field aa IB as it should be, as they aro far mora to be deeired Umm such Illiternte country-atomkeop?rsaa the member Dm Maskinonge, who spells ? Justice with a 8 Public opinion as to the new Lieutenant Governor ma Quebec is mazv. We started off with Judge Caroa, Am siiuk rapidly to the Hon. John Roee, and thence to.Ham. Jo-oph Canchon, the Mayor of Quebec, and the laot m? to tie desired for such a position. At present the NIMij is on Judge Caron. It would be extraordinaryJndenfi M the appointmenl were not givon to a ircnch Canadian There Is still considerable talk over the Grand fruaM affair at Richmond, where, as you ** '??"J gent coroner's Jury brought in a verdict Uying Mhd ceatli of n fireman at the doors of the managing director and track superintendent. 0n.? or this verdict was delayed until the 16th, la ordsr^MM Dame Rumor, to allow Mr. Brydgaa to ?aU for ^ aud be conveniently out of the way. This is bmmC That the tra'k Is in a frigtit'.nl condition in many ptaooo is patent; in fact one buya bis accidentalansismm ticket with a kind ol certainty ibatliwlllturn prize. Tbo director, however. If doing hlsbaet te ?M rtythis; has ordered, I leani eigbt thourand tone* rails In F.n gland, and has gone thera to andaavor to raMO * S with a pra-pect of a good secson. Pine[?ldl"8; r7' --^ year's cutting, email sales at $16, gold, par tnoowwa icei. haio? of several million this ensuing a??aaon a saw ing, nave been made by a prominent house at $1*. The Next lloaw of Common a?AH Quiet eat the Frewttrr, See. UoarmU) Mwoh H, 1MV. Nearly all the present members of Parllomeel le Loner Caned* will be returned for the Honee af Oen* moni A large number are as yet unopposed. It la nw Ueratood the elections will not take plaoe until mtdanm mer. An Iron or* company baa been formed bar* to ?f on operations on the north shore of the St. Lawman* rlror, from Quebec to tbo division Una of Oanada BBS Newfoundland. The stock of tbo company Is katf * million of dollars. Reports received by Conor*] Miohol show that aB la quiet oa the frontier. Tber* Is no ground whatever Mar excitement on account of Frntaut movements. lbc Kxecuttvo Council held a meeting at Ottawa yam tenlay. The bu&mess transacted wax merely of n I character. British Confederacy?'The .Movement em Pari fir. [Pram lb# Toronto Leader, March 9a] Ir.telllgeuc# comes from British Columbia, by I graph, that tb* Legislative Council, sitting at New Weat minster, on Monday last resolved to ask for admk I a to confederation with the Atlantic provinces, fta measure has always boon looked forward to, at future, time; but there are obcteciee in tbe say of an being carried out, to long ae Central Brltiah America, lying between Canada and tbe Rocky Mountains, rs a wilderness, ever which there are Do regular ma commumcc'.ioa for a distance of Ofteea hundred i If a railroad is neceeearr to conned Canada with Brunswick and Nova feu*!*, a Ilk* eommunioaUaa It hardly toes accessary to make a union with a colony am the I'aclflr coast a reality But it Is gratifying te ase Brltiah Columbia disposed towards such a union, sad mm can only wish that II were physically practicable Mtrntary Howard ae Aa Aathertty Far raise [Pram lbs Montreal Garotte, March 20.] Another star bur, we may almost say, already baaa added to onr Northern constellation. British Columbia, through Its Legist Bitv* Council, voles unanimously tea admission into the confederation, and la this happite leads the way lor the more extended popular vote whin will soon, we believe, consummate tb* union of Ontario. Quobac, Nova Scotia, New Bruaswick and Brills* Columbia. Prince Rupert'* Land lias also s(ready takaa the preliminary step* to Identify lis fate with lb* con federacy. and it Is therefore probable that ere the year Br oul it will extend in aa almost dlrw t line from th# At laatte and tbo Phriflc, and uosmmims fV it*,, on (Ac arrnt rarrrr kiUm Mr. HrrrHarit Sneard so tloqwiitly prtmMMS /or it a few years ago at ft Paul. A RIDICULOUS ARSWER TO A RfllCCLOUS PROPOSITI?!. fO TBI EDITOR OP TBE HBTUI.T). New Yoak, March 21, 1M7. In yaur issue of the 10th instant you have inserted e letter from "A Canadian'1 Inviting tb* eo-oporaiion of 'Canadian republicans" with th* Fenian movement, and that, too, on the ground that the Interests and auw af the two parties are identical. After n little nonsense, nnder the heads of "firstly, soootdly and thirdly," ha concludes thus:?"Therefore let tb* Canadian renohH cana, French and British, restating In tbe United Rtataa. form ragtmsala and Join tbe Fen bin army in its invasion of Canada," Ac. I, of course, am not presuming to find fhnlt with yon fofr inserting the above nara^d Mier, and only ask In fairness that yon insert mine. A* I run qul? oertaln Utat tbera ara ten loyal British in tb* city far every on* rspsbllcan: and as we don't want to see "glo rious republics" north of the PL !awmnc?. I suggest that ws also form ngtmsnta. and as the Fenians advance wsadTMOddifiB Alniatbs raar la comfortable some *UM! AVOIBJW CANADIAN.