Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 25, 1867 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMK* taOKMOft UK* SKIT EDITOR AND FROrRlKTOIt orrtct a. w. oqrmkr of pulton and nassac st?. 1HR DAILY HKRaLD, puNiehed "*ry day *? the <rar, I up ceuU per copy. Annual eub.-oriptiOA price, $14. THE WEEKLY HERALD, every Saturday, at Ffl Mota per copy Annual eubecriptlon price:? ?* Three FbpiH ? Five Copies ? Ten Coptee IB JOB PRINTING qf every deecription, mite Stereotypy teg v>d Bngramng, neatly and promptly executed at the 9*eet raise. Volume XXXII Ma. 84 AMUBHMBNTH THIS EVENING. BROADWAY THBATRK. Inideir. near Broome ali eeL ? Roar O'Mou-Vuui Cocaismr. NKW YORK THBATRK. Broadway, opposite New York Hotel ?Tea Little Tbeajobb?Pocarontes. ORRMAN RTADT THEATRE. 46 Bad 47 Bowery.? Dkh LtlHrENSAMMLBB TOM PARIS. WOOD'S THEATRE, Broadway, opposite 8L Nicholas Hotel.?Osoab tub Half Blood. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway.?Rose or Castile. DODWORTH II ALL. w>8 Hrasdway.?PreorrssoR IIautz wii.i. PrtiroRB His Miracles?L'Escamaibur and IIek F.iit singing Biro STEINWAY HALL. Fourteenth street and Fourth ave nue ?Uband Concert. HAN HtANRlSOO MINSTRELS, 5*5 Broulwav. opno-i'e th- Ma'coooliUu Hotel?Is their STmoriAN Kskkiui WKIT*. S|N,jl*(l, Dancing ano Hitri.vI^ITES. ? I'uv: Ui.A'li V lie?>riRit Hash Eaters or the Amazon. KELLY .* LEON'S MINSTRELS. 7?J Brosdwi.- tip no. Bi *1110 Now York lots:.?Ik t.i* it <ov Dan.'m. H TII OITias. RuELKSUUBS, Ac.?Cl.XDfcR-LKON ? Mao* .A.n AK Ballet Troupe?Nouha. F4FTII AVENUE OPERA HOUSE. Nn?. J nnl 4 'Vest Twenty-fourth street?tlRirrip A CniH-.rr'< Mi.N-.rRiL? ? Ethiopian, Borlejavbs, Ac.?Tub Uo.rn licnmitr?Black Crook. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 211 Bowery.?Com C Too ALUM. Nb'IBO MlN.NTRRLSr. BALLET HiTEUTIS IKMliNT, All. -Tim S.OITIiH llKUO. CIISRLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROrPU. at Mr. Uauioa' Hall, 473 Ifromlwar?In a Variety or Light Amu Laiighabi.k Bntkrtainmrkts.?The Fkbali. Clerks tit Washington. HOOLEY'HOPERA HOUSE. Hrooklyo.?Ethiopian Miv ?nrbuit Ballads and Bvrlbsoues.?The Black Man Or Agar. TUB BUNVAN TABLEAUX. Union Hall, corner of Twanty third street and Broadway, at 7*j ? Moving Mir Hfli? 0V THK PlUiRIM'H PROGRESS?SIXTY1 M AliNiririlNT B. r nbs Maunee Wednesday and Saturday at 3 o'clock. NEW TORE MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. HIS Rnvidwar II.'ao and Right Arm or Probst?Tub Washington Tw ???? Wonder* in Natural History, Scirscr and Art. l.airmuM Daily. Opea from 6 A. M. till 1U P. M. NATIONAL HALL, Harlem.?Cobs, Pcrdt and Con. ?Rica's Minstrels. New York, MenHay, Mnrch !t.1, 1807. TBB NSWK. ' EUROPE. Th i news report by ibs Atlantic cable le dated yester day, March 24. la Ireland the Fenian prisoners are to be placed on trial for high (reason, the judicial commission opening in Dublin on the 9th of April. The correspondence be tweon the English and French governments relative to the extradition of M. Lamarinde from Canada is pub lished in London. By mail weliave a very interesting special letter from Paris relative to the prosecution of M. de Oirardin, by positive order of the Emperor of Franoe, for the publica tion in the r.iberti newspaper of en article "exciting to haired and contempt of the government." A translation Of the ungual articls appears in our columns. The main points of detail of what appears to have been the expiring o(Torts of the Fenian insurgents in the Held in Ireland wore published in the Hkrald yes terday morning. A few additional facts are reported to-day. MISCELLANEOUS. Our Panama correepoLdence Is dated March 13. A pritusli frigate appeared off Carthagona on the 27th of poUrnarjr, and the captain addressed a note to the Presi dent insisting that the British Consul should rc eive the mails before they were sent to the local Post Ofli e, and that the President should apologise for pest offences in respect to the matt r. The President evaded a decisive answer to these propositions A war steamer in the nomas of Moequera came Into port in the meanwhile end was seized by the Englishman. The demands were r iterated, with threats of taking other measures in ((?? event of non compliance, and the President, fearing bunbardnienl, sin combed and apologised, promising to do iietter in future. A revolution was Imminent at any moment in Bogota, the breach between Congress and the President having assumed a threatening attitud*. Mr. Burton, the American Minister, had left the capital on his wav home. The unsettled state of eltairs precludes the possibility of an American Congress at Lima during the present year. The Wataree had arrived from Callao. TtiesteimerR R. Cnyler, recently seized at this port and Kutu quentiy released on bonds not to violate tbe neutrality laws, had arrived at Santa Martini. Our Valparaiso and Lima letters are dated on the 16th act 2dtli of February. Tbe unpopularity of Prado, the President of Peru, was being made manifest by mutinies am '<ig his troops and police. The obnoxious poll-lax recently levied had been suspended. Tucker, the Con fed -rate admiral of the I'ornvian navy, had resigned. Th-question of religious freedom was being agitated. The Con s ola, Captain Worden, arrived at Lima en the S.M ult. The President of Chile, bin cabinet and most or the diplomatic agents were in Valparaiso. The question of a t uce with Spain had been definitely rejected by Peru The mediation offered by the United Slates wss ?till under consideration. A serious obstacle to Its ac ceptance was tbe rer nt misunderstanding between Ad noral Tucker and Captain Stanley, of the United Slates sNnemship Tuscarora, owing to which the usual courts ei*a hot ween Peru and the United Stales had been sus pended. General Kilpataick ta now hard at work trying t<> straighten tbe entanglement The American ships George Kay a as, of Boeton, the Flora McDonald, of Ralti tioro, and tbe George V. were all burned in t he harbor, ]be former on tbe 11th end tbe two last on the 16lh ult the United States steamer Dakota was in the hay. Br way ot Panama we have reports from Australasia, lated at Sydney on the 30th of January, and at Welling ton. Now Zealand, on the 7th of February. Tbe colonial procreaH waa not very active. The revenue of Victoria for lMd shows a considerable decline, and the yield of gold dunae the year was leas. New Zealand was again poicelul. The Sydnay market was fairly supplied with Aranncaa goods, but In some instances the prices were not satisfactory to the Importers. The American -tosmer Met nor reached Melbourne from Singapore, and sailed agiin on tbe 10th of January, after cooling Mail deta Is ot the now* from Japon, dated at Vokohama to the 24th of Janoary, report the followmg Items:?The American Minister, who went to Nagasaki in the United States slitp Wyoming in November last, passing through the Inland Sea, returned after an abeeoce of four weeks, baring been everywhere cordially received by the Japan ese In the rebuilding of Yokohama great Improve ni >nU are being made. Tbe streets are being widened nod made more direct. General Sickles has issued his order assuming com mand of the Second Military District, comprising the Btatw of North end Booth Carolina He requests the oo-opsrailon of civil officers and ait good citizens in ?ecuring the public peace. The ex rebel General Longstreet has expressed his op none on the reconstruction plan in the columns of the New Orleans Times. He says there t? no humilia tion attached to an acceptance of tbe terms proposed by Congress, and be baa no reason to doubt that such an accepts tics, in good faith, will secure the readmiatlon of the southern States. the steamship Ocean Queen finally sailed for Panama yesterday, after being delayed aeveral days in the harbor on account of storms. The funeral of the late Amor J. Williamson took place yesterday, with Masonic rites and ceremonies. Tbe l?ody was interred In Cypress Hills Cemetery. The jffrial report of Superintendent Kennedy on the fU Patrick's Day riots waa submitted to the Polio^om miwoeers oe Saturday, end la published In onr oolnmna to dev. AocomD.iuviug It la the affidavit of George M. Burgra, th? tree* Jnver nhj thi uafortuoat? eatim of ihe affriv. Tho iiirgcon'i report sUiee that thirty three jvalicemeo <rer? in,: ??rerf nine of them being el??i8't ait seriously tod the aame number <U eevoretjr. Ail of them are reported to be uipro< tt{. _ . Three men end e wotnih were errestod yesterday for ditturbing the derot one of e colored congregation >n Brooklyn by ocoeUoaai cat-calif, groans end showering split pees, epit belle aed other mieeilee upon them from a concealed perch in the gallery. Justice Cornwall gare them some good adrlce and let Uteta go. Another riot occurred la riahklll on Satdrday night, caused by the enemies of Joseph Bull, who wee mobbed some time ago for alleged Improper intimacy with his employer's wife, Bra. Darts. On this occasion nil the property of Mrs. Deris was seised by the rioters. See eral persons who were Indicted for participation la the former riot were engaged in the one on Saturday night. Sergeant Bergmann, one of the soldiers injured la the recent affray at Carlisle, Pa., died on Saturday, la* raetigaiioiis are being made into the origin of the riot by the civil authorities, bat no Information of Importance has been elicited. Oesersl Orter has rurnlsh*d a volu minous report to the authorities at Washington. The body of a missing girl was found in her father's collar in Brandon, VL, recently, and her father has been arrested on suspicion of having caused her death. President Jehnoen'o Administration-Ills Pmot Mietnkea and Present Opportunities. Under the lights of history the administration of Mr. Johnson has so far been a budget of bluudcrs. His first mistake was one of omis sion, and we locate it on the 151b day ot April, 1865, the day on 'which he was sworn info cfti. e. Abraham Lincoln had lived to see the subjugation of the armies of the rebellion and hud been received in triumph among the smok ing ruins of Richmond. The work of destruc tion had substantially ended, and the task of tveo: sir action confronted Mr. Johnson from the moment after lie bad taken the Presidential oath. As this business exclusively belonged to the sovereign legislative brunch of the gov ernment, tbo first duty and the first stroke of sound policy which ought to have occurred to the mind of Mr. Johnson was a proclamation calling an extra session of Congress. As the law then stood, without such a call the recess (short session), which had commenced on the 4tb of March, would last till the first Monday in December. Seven months and a half were still before Mr. Johnson to act, with or without Congress as he might determine; and in deter mining to appropriate this long interval to the development of his own policy, in forestalling nnd superseding the rightful authority ot Con gress, he committed his first and greatest blunder. Through ail the summer and autumn of 1865, however, while assuming and exercising the exclusive powers of Congress in the working up of his provisional Southern State establish ments, he still pleaded the constitutional plen ot the supervising and sovereign jarisdiction of Congress. In bis first message (December, 1865) to the two houses this sovereign author ity was conceded in the attempt that was mude to evade it It was not till the 22d of February, 1866, however, in that famous stnmp speech from the White House, that the first tilt against Congress was made by Mr. Johnson, and in this bis hostility was limited to suoh violent radicals as Stevens and Sumner and "the dead duck " Forney. In fact, running through the last April Connecticut election, and down to the adoption of tbc pending constitutional amendment by Congress, the position of Mr. Johnson was that of a republican President who intended to fight out his fight against the extreme radicals within the lines of the party. Had he adhered to this resolution, in falling in with that amendment, he might still have be come master of the situation ; but jnst here he committed another disastrous mistake to him sclt in -ppealing from Congress 'o the people, disastrous especially Irom (he way in which he pushed this appeal. His Philadelphia August National Conven tion was an offensive mockery, nu incongruous jamble of dead heads, adventurers, crudities and curiosities. Instead of nerving him any good purpose it broke up bis independent na tional party programme, and left him at the mercy of the helploss remnant ot the Chicaeo democracy. Then followed that melancholy pilgrimage to the grave of Douglas, oi itself a great budget of blunders, a stumping tour which, in connection with the Memphis and New Orleans massacres, brought down upon Mr. Johnson and his policy that tremendous avalanche ot Congressional republican majori ties which last fall swept the country from Maine to California. Hero, however, was an other chance of Miration to the Executive in the acceptance of the verdict of the people and in falling in with the policy of Congress which thoy had so emphatically approved. But this verdict, which he bad sought, he utterly ignored in his annual message or last Decem ber, and still dismissed the saving virtues of his own condemned and exploded heresies of restoration. The repudiation, then, of all his two years' labors and their results in the work of South ern reconstruction, with a new beginning from Appomattox Court House, was the only alter native left to Congress, involving, if necessary, the impeachment and removal of the President himself. Over halt a dozen vetoes, more or less, this sweeping work of reconstruction has been consummated. Mr. Johnson, completely defeated at every point, and with the sword of impeachm 'nt still hanging over his head, is now left to the test of the execution of these laws. What, then, are his opportunities for the redemption of bis adm'.nistrn'iou? His first opportnnity is that which is offered him to save himself in seeing these reconstruc tion laws of Congress M faithfully executed." We are gratified with the evidences beiore us of Ids good intentions in that direction, lint, bound las' by the new tenure of office in the matter of his patronage, and placed in the grip of the Secretary or War, is not the Executive redu ced to a mere automaton ? In this busi ness of Southern reconstruction be may be, but there a e other qn"? ions open to Mr. Johnson, such as our future financial policy, including taxes, tariffs, bonds, banks, cnrroncy, retrench ment and reform ; and out: foreign policy, em bracing ft settlement with England and n new and definite understanding with all foreign Towers upon commercial rights, belligerent rights and nentrnl rights. On these great questions Mr. Johnson, if he will, may take the lead in shaping the programme of the future dominant parly of the nation, and in this way be may still leave for his administration a good report in history. The ground which he has lost, if we consider bim as playing the Presidential game of an aspirant for another term, may not, per haps, be recovered; but he has still * splendid margin not only for totally eclipsing the ad ministrations of Tyler and Fillmore, but for reviving on a grander scale the old financial anti-monopoly party of General Jackson. Tfce Prtruck Kmplre and the Pr*?ec?ll*e ef !W. C4|rardl?. We have received k>j the steamer th" details of (he prosecution and conviction of M. Girardin, editor of la Libtrtf. for the obnoxious article, n translation of which we publish to-day. It appears that M. Girardin bat not only appealed from the sentence ot the court imposing a fine upon himself and bw printer, but he has publicly declared that he is no longer an adhereAt of ibe empire, and that the political and at eial relations of twenty years' standing whit h he has held with promi nent members of tht Imperial government are dissolved. More the a this, a private letter u ?aid to have been re* ently circulated, in which M. Girardin predicted that the preseat Emperor wonld share the fttteof Louis Philippe. Simul taneously, the Paris cortespoadenta of the Eng lish papers hint mysteriously at renewed con spiracies in France, where republicanism and OrleansiBm are by no means quite extinct. Under these circumstances we cannot doubt that the Emperor Napoleon afready heartily regrets the ill-advised prosecution of M. Girar din, and will have cause to regret it even more heartily in future. M. Girardin is a gentleman of unquestionable talonto, great wealth and bitrh eocial position; be has been tor many years prominent in French politics; he has been very intimate with Louis Napoleon, and at the time his objectionable article appeared he was most intimate with the Prince Jerome. When a person of such standing deliberately recalls his adhesion to the empire the move ment is ominous. But, besides ibis, M. Girar din is the first journalist in France ; bis name alone will create an immense circulation for any paper with winch it is connected; his writings influence many thousands of people. We infer, therefore, that he has not taken bis present course without the certainty that he is strongly supported and that he will be numer ously followed. The moment which he baa chosen is also most opportune. The French people have lost faith in Napoleon. His lucky star has set, and that fatality in which all the Napoleons have believed begins to turn the tide against him. The unfortuna o Mexican expedition was the first.of a series of disasters, and tho French people, always superstitious, have lost coufidonce in their rulor. His con duct towards M. Girardin is not calculated to reassure them. The Indyendanrt IMje tells us that Napoleon was very angry at M. Girar din's article, and threatened to withdraw all his liberal promises; then becam ? moie tran quil and " did not wish to make a victim or M. Girardin;" then gave way to his rage again and directed the prosecution to continue. From other sourcoa we learn that tie was equally vacillating in regard to the sentence; for when the judges had condemned M. Glrar din to both fine and imprisonment the Emperoi struck out the latter punishment. Such fluc tuations of temper are not characteristic of a great ruler. On the contrary, the French inter pret them as a now illustration of the proverb that the gods first maiden those who are to be destroyed. And, after all, what do * the result of tho prosecution or M. Girardin prove T It estab listaes the fact that in Pans the pnea of " en deavoring to excite hatred and contempt of the government" is one tho isand dollars in gold for the writer of the article and twenty dollars In gold for the printer. This ? a cheap rate lor revolution. Again, by admitting that there were "extenuating circumstances" in this case, the court indirectly censured M. lieu her, the representaiiv ? of the government; for bis speech was tlm only extenuation that M. Girardin pleaded. The French are not slow to perceive these ridiculous bnt logical sequences and to appreciate their force. In all prosecutions of this kind the people side with the press. They instinctively feel that to atlnek the press is the worst possible confes sion of we ikness upon the part of any goveru mmt. Thanks to snch editors as M. Girardin in France, the elder Walters in England and others who might bo named in tbe United States, journalism is now a profession, like tho law, or medicine, or the church, and it is emitted to the same privileges and immunities. There was a thn> when a lawyer w is not allowed to speak freely on b 'balf of bis client; when a doctor was burned at tbe slako if he chanced to be too skilful; when a clergyman suffered martyrdom if be preaehed nnv other religion than that approved by tbe govern ment. The interference of the governments of Europe with the press is a rt lie ot bar barous epoch, and must soon pass away. Tbe press is only powerful when it says what is true, and any gov rnment which tears the press tears the truth. The hundreds ot warn ings and fines and suppressions which Napo leon hag imposed unon the press of France have not annihilated revolutionary feelings; but, on the contrary, have strengthened them. A government that tries to force the press to praise it, that opens private letters to prevent the circulation of hostile pamphlets, and that seizes all foreign journals which contain un palatable truths, renders itself contemptible, and is soon bated. The outbreak of M. Girar- ! din shows the xenliments that underlie tho ! smooth surface of French imperialism, and as we once informed Louis Napoleon that tbe j French monarchy was near its fall, bnsing our | opinion upon the tone of the French journals, ! so we now warn him that such blunders us the prosecution of the editor of La Liberty will j ultimately be even more dangerous to bis | dynasty than Mexican expeditions or Austrian j alliances. Alexnntlrr II. Nlriilirna H nnia to Watt. It in said that the late Vice President of the late Southern contederacy has counselled the South to do nothing, but wait. This is bad advice from Mr. Stephens. What the South wants most of all just now is active progress and instant co-operation with those measures which have been presented by Congress for reconstruction. Such men as General Lee, Wade Hampton and other leaders of the late rebellion are urging the people in this direc tion with a view to restore them to their political status as soon as possible, and there is an evident design on the part of both Legislatures and people to follow their advice. The inactivity which Mr. Stephens counsels is anything but masterly. Stagnation is the principal thing which the South has now to fear. ( nndln unit the Porte. It appears from our cable announcements of yesterday that the Ottoman Torte has turned a deaf ear to the advice of hla friends and emphatically refused to cede the Island of Gandia to Greece. But one rosult can follow this refusal. Tie insurrection will rage more tiercel/ then ever; the government of the Sultan, baring disregarded the advice, will be left without the sympathy, of the European rowers; and it is not improbable that by this

very means the solution of the Eastern ques tion will be hastened. The Deecrwetlen ?! Winter Oard..-*ertra? ml the Ultll"*'* tPnmmm W. reported jetorto, noraiog, with much regr.ltlb. porticoUr. Wtendta* tt.. tot.1 to .traction b, dr. of M? Wtotor Crton U.O.W, Broadway, a calamity whicb meolead tie sod den loss of the uninsured properties of Mana ger Stuart, Mr. Booth tha actor, and other per sons engaged in the establishment; but it was, as if in the order of providential interference, unaccompanied with loss of life, owing to the hour of the day at which the fire originated. As in the instances when the Academy o Music and New Bowery theatre were lately swept away by fire, it is a consolation to know that human lite was not largely sacrificed on each occasion; for had the flames burst forth u the Winter Garden or either one of the two last named houses when they were filled with an aud'eooe, an appalling loss of life must have ensued, oaring to the almost complete un aaitableuess ot the buildings for dramatic pur P?We sympathize with Mr. Stuart in his loss. At Lie Winter Garden he used a very credita ble exertion to sustain the legitimate drama and render it as it was before the stage became conftised by the apparitions of woolly horses, Bluffed monkeys, fat women and cosmopolitan giants and dwarfe, and before the public taste was outraged and palled, almost to iusensi bility, by scenic glare, blue lights, the rattle o gongs, tin plates and the demoralizing postur ing of the ballet, lowered in some instanoes to positive indecency. The performances which were arranged by Manager Stuart at the Winter Garden had a tendency to neutralize the poisonous effect of these exhibitions; but the place was entirely too small, sitnated too frr down town and Inadequate to accommo date even the refined audienoes which the great city of New York can furnish, not to speak of it as a metropolitan dramatic school for the cultivation and enlightenment and consequent refinement of the vast middle and working classes and the rising generation of every ran in life. Winter Garden, in fact, held within its walls the living principle of art, which is mex tingulshable, but was insufficient to afford it a healthy development. . ' Out of evil comes good. Mr. Stuart lias lost all his theatrical property. He is uninsured aud will feel the visitation severely. New York requires an up town theatre, and around us on every side are meu of wealth, education aud philanthropic purpose of mind who can soon build one. As the men and money are both on hand we recommend that such a work be commenced immediately. Let our capi talists meet and nrrange to give us a large, substantial theatre, situated up town, near to one of the centres indicated by the stream of travel. Let the building be as nearly fireproof as it can be made at all points, with ample balls, spscious corridors and stairways afford ing free ingress, with s sale egress In cases of fire or sudden alarm; and let the architec tural design and finish be such as will make the bouse tn ornament to the city, and a great desideratum will be gained. In such an undertaking Manager Stuart's pro fessional advice and assistance would be of great value. He is an educated gentleman of taste and experience, and a man of dis criminating ideas in the uses and influence of the legitimate drama. He reached our shores some twelve or fourteen years ago, and has labored very faithfully since in the discharge ot the duties of his profession. In a moment, and when just about to enjoy the well earned iruits ot his labor, he sees the result of his toil swept away by fire, and is, with Mr. Booth, another very painstaking, industrious gentl man, lift in a very unfortunate plight indeed. By a prudent adoption of our sug gestion, however, the Are at Winter Garden miiy be rendered of great advantage to the public, presently and for years to come, and made profitable to the moneyed men who may carry this idea into ex 'Cutiou. Collrclnr Miiirlhr and Prrtldfil Juhnaon. On Saturday evening Inst, on a very abort notice. Mr. Collector S my the packed his carpet bag. locked it, put the key in his pocket, put on bin overcoat, and, with a few parting words to bis family, left this city tor Washington. Whether he was summoned by Mr. IIulburcTs invcatigalinir committee of the House of Rep resentatives, or by the Judiciary Committee of the Senate, or by the Secretary of the Treasury, or by the President, it was not known; but busy rumor bad it that the requisition was from the While House, and that it broadly sug gests the sine <piu non of the Collector's resig nation. So many curious things have been going on at-Washington during the last few days, looking to a new division of the federal spoils in this quarter, that we hardly know what to think of this conjecture in the absence ot specific information; bat tbe special Washing ton despatch from a trusty correspondent, which we publish this mornintr, clears up tbe mystery, and the solution is perfectly satisfactory. Our sorely persecuted Collector, strong in his convictions that justice and truth are on his side, is not to be frightened from his position. His well-earned character as an honest man and a faithful public officer are at stake, and he will not basely yield it to the clamor of his enemies. Every fair dealing man will approve his resolution to court the most searching prosecution under the test of impeachment rather than ignobly surrender to the hue and cry of ravenous and disappointed cliques of office beggars. We are especially gratified, too, with the assurances npon this subject that the Presidont intends to stand by this faithful officer, and cordially snstains him in his reso lution not to resign under these scandalous combinations of spoilsmen arrayed against him. With the President and the New York merchants at his back these hostile cliques have no resource against the Collector left them but tbe test of impeachment or the aban donment of their case. As it stands, the case is now divided between Mr. Hnlbnrd's special committee of investiga tion of tbe Hbnse and the Judiciary Commit tee of the Senate?the latter being specially charged to ascertain the trnth or falsity of certain vague insinuations against Senator Patterson (a son-in-law of the President) and Senator Doolittle in connection with the Custom House perquisites. The test of Im peachment trill depend vpon the judgment of the House committee; as the honesty of Mr. Hulburd is endorsed by'J?oth our Senators, Morgan and Conkling, we pn.\lic< a complete vindication of the Collector. Atf/or the immen doeo inspiring the President's^ friends and family, they are already reduced toddle gossip# The Collector and the President in^his busi ness have i*lt*n the right ooorse, and our honest merchants in supporting the Collector are vindicating their own character as a class assailed in these base attacks upon on* of their fraternity, tried and approved through twenty odd years of responsible associations as an upright and worthy man. Ban Bntlar an Ike Fraaa. In his tilt with Mr. Blaine on the impeach ment question in Congress, on Saturday, the hero of Fort Fisher indulged in some very disparaging remarks regarding the press of the country. There were few of the news paper people, he said, who had not daughters, sons, nephews, ancles, annts and cousins in the federal offices of the government What ever truth there may be in this remark ap plies only to the members of the profession who, like Butler, laid aside an honorable call ing to follow pursuits (or which they were utterly unfitted, but iu which they hoped to make a short cut to wealth aud notoriety. One thing, however, can be said of the news paper soldiers which cannot be said of other civilians who were ambitious of military glory?when they got Into danger they never turned tail. On the subject of silver spoons they may have had their weaknesses, but it was only in association with whiskey punch. Canadian Confederation in Parliament. The British Parliament seems determined to rush the scheme for the kingdom of Canada through. The bill passed in the House of Commons after a third reading on the 8th inst Its success in the House of Lords may be assured; therefore, in as far as the Cana dian Confederation can be aifected on the other side of the ocean, we may look upon it as established. As a majority of the British American provinces have dec ar d in tavor of it we may consider the new kingdom on our northern border as good as formally created. The sovereign, the throne and the titled no bility are, of course, to follow in due time. The Cholera-Are Oar Qnaraatlae Offlcero Prepared t By an official letter in another column, to which we call the attention of the Board of Health, the quarantine officer* and the street cleaning contractors, it appears that the cholera has broken out in a vil.'age called Whitsgate, in the harbor of Queenetown, Ire land. As a large number of emigrants leave that port every week for this country, it is very necessary that our quarantine authorities should keep a sharp lookout for vessels ar riving from Hngland, and not allow them to approach the city without being fully satisfied that their passengers are in a healfhy condi tion. RECONSTRUCTION IN THE SECOND MILITARY OISTRICT. Order ef Unorol Sickles an Awantnc (!??? ?mA af North sad Smith Carolina. Charunrov, & a, Kerch 21,1885. General Sickle* publishes to-morrow aa order aasm lug command of the Second district. The order myel in the execution of the duty of the Commanding General, to maintain the security of the inhabitants in their persons and property, to suppress Insurrection, dis order and violenoe, and to punish or cause to be pun ished all disturbers of the public peace and criminals, the local tribunals will be permitted to take jurisdiction ef and try ofenders, excepting only anpb cases as may by the order of the Commanding General be referred to n commission or other military tribunal for trial The civil government now existing in North Carolina and South Carolina ia provisional only, and in all re spects subject to the paramount authority of the United (States at any time to abollab, modify, control or super sede the same local laws and municipal regulations, not Inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States, or with the proclamation of the President, or with such regulations as are or may be prescribed in the orders of the Commending General are hereby declared to b* in force, and in conformity therewith the civil officers are hereby authorized .to continue the exercise of their proper functions, and will be respected and obeyed by the inhabitants. Wherever any civil officer, magistrate or court neglects or refuses to perform an official act properly required of such tribunal or officer, whereby due and rightful secu rity to person or property shall be donied, the case shall be reported by the post commander in ihese headquar ters. The post commander will cause to be arrested persons charged with the commission of crimes and offbnccs, when the civil authorities tail to arrcet and bring such offenders to trial, ood will hold the accusod in custody for trial by military commission, provost court or other tribunal orgaoizod pursuant to ordeis from these head quarters Arrests by military authority will be reported promptly. Tbe charges preferred will be accompanied by the evidence on which they are founded. The ('omuiandiug Geueral desiring to preserve tran quillity and order by means and agencies moat congenial ti> the people, solicits the zealous and cordial co-operation of civil officers in tbe discharge of their duties, and the aid of all good citizens in preventing conduct tending to disturb the pence, or to the end that occasion may sel dom arise for tbe exercise of military authority In' mat ters of ordinary civil administration. The Commanding General earnestly commends to the people and authori ties of North and Mouth Carolina in reserved obedlenoe to the authority now established, and the diligent, con siderate and Impartial execution of the laws enacted for their government. GENERAL LONGS! REET'S VIEWS ON RECONSTRUCTION. He Advlaea the Nostk to Accept the Terms Offered by Congress. Ex-rebel General James Longstroet has written tbe following lettor to the New Orleans Time* on the nolHi cal situation NkW Oslsavs, March 18, 1*87. In your paper of yesterday you have expressed a de sire to hear tne views of several gentlemen up?n the political condition of the country. I find mv came men tioned among the list, and proceed without hesitation to respond. Aa I have never applied myself to polb tics, I cannot claim to speak to the wise states men of the country who are devoting tbelr energies to tbe solution of the problem which agitates the pabPo mind. I can only speak the plain, honest convictions of a soldier. It can hardly be necessary, at this late day, to enter Into a discussion of matter* that are usually brought up in arguing upon tba proposed plan for reconstructing tbe government. In deed. I think that many of them are not pertinent to tb* question. The striking feature, and the one that our people should keep In view, ia that wa are a conquered people. Recognising this fhet fairly and squarely, there is hut on* eourse left for wise men to pursue, mud that ia to accept the terms that are now offered us by the conquerors There can be no discredit lo a conquered people for accepting tbe conditions offered by their conquerors, nor Is there any ocraeion for n feeling of humiliation. We made an honest, and I hope I may say a creditable Op hi, but we baya lost. Let us com# forward, thou, and accept the ends involved in tbe struggle. Our people earnestly desire that the constitutional government shall be re established, and tbe only means to accomplish this is to comply with tho requirements or the recent Congres sional legislation. It is said br some that Congress will not receive ns even after we havs complied with their conditions, but I can find no sufficient reason for ant-naming this proposition for a moment. I cannot admit that the reproentadve men of n great na tion could make sach a pledge ia bad faith. Admitting, however, that there is such a menial reservation, can that be any excuse for us in falling to discharge our duty? Let ns accept the terms, aa we are in duty bound to do, and if there is a lack of good faith let It b* upon others. Very respectfully your obedient servant, JAMES LUN'OCTREET. EXCITEMENT IN RRANDON, VERMONT. Tho IIoilv af at Voting Woman Found Burled In Her Father's Cellar-Arrest of ike Father on (Suspicion off Hnvlog Murdered Her, Ace. Tsot, N. Y., March 24, 1887. Great excitement Is sow existing at Brandon, Ver mont, owing to tho dlaoovery of the body of a daughter of Mr. Goodenough buried in her father's cellar. Tho glri had boon missing for some Uma, and It was sup posed that she had either committed suicide or been accidentally drowned in one of the mill streams or ponds In tht ytrinity. Mr. Goodenough has beau arrested and lodged la jail at Rutland on suspicion of baviog mur dered her, the report being thdt he wished to get rid of her on iccoont of b"r being of unsound mind. The no fortuoatv girl was eighteen years of sga> EUROPE, The Irish Fenlaae Uudcr Charts of High Treason, The Lamirande Extradition from Oanada. I. de 6iian>?B'i Iadietniral ?f A?pjlc??~ flu Trial and Stottner. fce. Bo. Bo. BY TB CABLE T9 IABCH 24. I RE L A?0. The Ftalu PritairM *? be TrM lor Hlgk Treoeww. Di/kiw. March 24, MOT. The trial of the Fenian prisoners for bigb treason oiV command# an (be ?tb af April treat m ibi* citf. ENGLAND. The Lamirande Mxrrnditloo Cnne. London, March 24, 1867. The government hu published the correspondence be tween the English nod French Cabinets in regard to tan illegal extradition from Canada of the French (orgat Lamirande, and the subsequent demand made by Eug laud for hui surrender. MARINE INTELLIGENCE. Qdkknstows, March 24, 1861. Tho Cunard steamship Asia, which left Boston on (ha 13th lust, touched at this port this morning, and eubee quently sailed for Liverpool The oxtra Cunard steamship Aleppo, from New York March 13, also am vol here to-day, and sailed agsin for Liverpool. Bontaauero*, March 24, 186T. The steamship Western Metropolis, which sailed from New York on the 7tb inst, arrived here to-day, and. alter landing her English mails and passengers, pea ce* < el on her voyage to Bremen. DETAILS BY MAIL. FRANCE. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERALO. NnpaleonN Pr**ec|irf*a of the l.lberte New*, paper?Af. do t.irardln'a Ofleuce -The Km p"?r'- ?Pe/J"rr ?? C-'oup d'Ktat?(tllr. arcUa's Defence and ftentrace-Illaesa of tho Imperial-Tbe KaMera question and lie Influence-Contradictions of the Olflelal Organ, dec. - _ . PA*m, March 8, 1887. I happen to be able to giro pea some particulars whioh you will not And elsewhere of the trial of M. do Glrardln, whioh to the principal poliUoal topic of tins week. The onlj oftonce charged him la the indictaioat woo that of "excttlag to hatred and con tempt of tho gorernment;" and it la o very curious fact that the law under which ho ia prosecuted is oot one of the Emperor's making, but one passed by the rspabHo of 1848, when Csraignoo was President. That law, bowerer, ozpressty ressrrod the right of Journalists to dtsouss and blame both the act* of the tm ecutive power and ministers, and so long as tnal by jury lasted it could only b* in some eery exceptional case, indeed, that the statute could bsacted upon, because it Is bard to see bow, when tho right of die?^,, and euro was allowed to the fullest extent, tho proriso would not corer the worst aocnsation that oould be made of ex citing to hatred and contempt. As a matter of lact them nerer was any prosecutien upon the statute under tho government of the republic. And in 1848 Glrardln then * 0f ,th# Iflfinlnti?o Assembly, proposed a bill, Wha aot Passed, recoommending the repeal of tho statute on tho ground that nothing so tended to bring ul law into contempt as retaining on the statute book menacing laws whioh wore inoperative. The article for which Glrardln was prosecuted |*s days ago took imue with M. Rouher, tbe Minister of State, who asserted tbe other day in the Corps Uglslattf that the Emperor was gradually conducting tbe nation to "bettor destinies." Oirordi. mid thet. on the ooT rerr, Prance Is lam influential and respected abroad and less free end prosperous at borne thai she was be fore the Emperor was enabled (thanks, as ba boldly wye, to bis, M. do Glrardln's, support In 184SJ to take her affaire In hand. I believe all this would have been forgiven to Girardla bad be not referred to tbe Emperor s breach of his oath. That is a sore subject, which, by ? necessary comaaa consent of the French press, bas never hitherto boss, touched upon. No Journal published in Franco sine* December 2, 1861, has ever before ventured to menlioa the nnd*nlable?fact ilut tbe Emperor's coup dUtul was a broach of hi, oeth. N? offlcia. wriier has ever 0.3 the semblance of . defence or apology fo, that peijnry. But Emtio de Girardin, tbe intimate friend of iho Emperor's cousins, Prince Napoleon and the Princess Mathilda, the frequent guest of the Emperor himself at the, Complegne, Blarri.z and else where thought tbe time rife in Paris that the Emperor bad 'Horn up the constitution which be had ""7? " d8fend-" 11 '? uiterance of this truth which brought him to the bar of the correct:0u*l in bunal on Wednesday last. The prosecution was Emperor pereon. ally in . fit of rage. The Emperor takes In every even Ing two evening papers, one a governmental and .ho other an opposition one, for his own personal ,.,?.ng. He has ro much to read, what with official papr, and sm?T,Sn aad domc,,tic' "*?' he, poiwiih standing bis great cariosity to know all that is said ?r him, read everything that appears. He therefore order. 10 glV? h'm *llen,',*'y 1*0 Paris evening '' h?PPC?rd on tbe day when Girardin s article appeared to be tbe turn of tho Pair* and it* TTio Einporor was furious when be reed Girardin'* at ?.Dd Wb*n ,hB Mlnuter". Debar, Beroche and bZ T Z? ,0 m h'm ?f " 'Bd 10 tak" '"sec tions, he ordered a prosecution Immediately. Tt.ev at mo7^rPrMW" th'1 ????? present mo moni, whoa large promises of groetor liberty bave been made and a new proas law is on tbo stock,, It mar he r P??cy to wink at this offence. Tbe Emperor pe tbem *? g? 0n* G,r,rdin "" summoned before M. Gouet, a Judge of distinction, tbo next day Then all that took place was tbia The Judge veld. "M." Zw??'ki'd / oT prt8Uog 88 Wcle la th* Libert*, beaded UtMnVurt.t Dmtin*ea Do you wish me la w*d it?" ''Oh dear, nol I admit myself to be the author." f,?U dMlr? 10 ott*r observations?" "None what ever Thereupon Girardm took up bis bet and wished teJn3 T n,orD',,?- Tbe Emperor sent lor fome eortnf DOt**' h?p,n? ,b" 0,~*'8 might bar. some sort of apology which would bave give, bim ,B irrr whw b# feu-wub h h,r. omPrTUti0D- But- n?oo, be ordered weri k <?0n',0d lh* ?*? wM p?,hcd for. with snch unexampled haste that tbe trial took P^ce within a week of the appearance of the article. The French law, enacted by Louie Napoleon to cloak hie French peper prints envthing but thejudgmeat of ik. 2,i II , d'mCU,ljr ?bU,B8d ??'mission and beard the whole proceeding, but I bad to stand jammed I'bM howeir^ i1"1 C?U,d Ul" B# "?,ea 1 ,m en ?b?h r?U * ^ f?r Word 'r*u#lalli'n, r.Jdwrtu? n/?, s m7Mlf ,r0B,tW" Uirardia's hM22?' ,be two rpc*h*h# mna*'? Articu?' ^ rrodW**? '? lb- wrdett:?. Anmtt n< !M". >? pr. the right ol discnseion ?Tre'of^tl'*" Z^?T ^ "? "r Um mfntetefa* ^ right, have I exreede<1 it* v?? .?? i 1 " r'*8'. ?? which I deny, that execs wnni 1 ?> i" exceeded it tbe offence with W n?l *,'m, e to ronstitme '..?i.'te" ? 9*1*6, the Count de Montalemhert and if plena! iw dol j a member of the Corps Iv gislatif m vZ ~1 ,.ln honor, beoanee honor and loyalty hrnnmand mf the declaration the, nut. U.T.Tl ^en-w ^