Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 29, 1867, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 29, 1867 Page 5
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South caA6lina. SPECIAL COfiRESPONOENOE OF THE HElALD. Tka Kailroad* ef the Scale- Miserable Ac MnwodBiliiH ca Travellers?A Nl?hl With ? Plnntt-rCondition of Columbia?The Frw ?rraixlnc of Haaiptoa With the Nearer*? OhJcct of I Us lUvmeM, Ace. Coli'mhu, 8. C., March 24. 1*?7. The railroads of South Carolina are about equally de moralized with her citizens. In a trip of only a hundred miles thron eh the State by rail the moet remarkable ibints happen, enough to astonish even the oldest sod moat experienced traveller. Precedents arc not at all regarded m tbe management of these roads, and the ran are frequently nothing more than pens, where men are huddled In together to endure the greatest d scorn fori* and the moat tedious journeys, which, however short in their number of miles, are sore of being long and weari some in their execution. Tbe trams are generally made up of four cars only?one for bavgage, one for ladies, one far men without ladies, and one for tbe nlgcert of both sexes. On no pretext Is the gentleman passenger al lowed In the ladies' car, altbotivb it frequently happens, aa It did ou the trip from Charleston to Brnncbville aereral days ago, that there Is ouly one ladv occupy - >n* thai comparatively comfortable vehicle. The unfortunate traveller flnds himself forced crowd in with a mans of semi-reconstructed rata, still clad in tneir army gray, groat, gawky, uncombed, filthily dirty, odoriferous tares, contact with whom is wire to result in an un desirable acquisition. These shock-headed, big eared, roimd-shiu'dered sanlings, with their staring, vacant, soulless eyes, long, thin fares, sunken cheeks and sinis ter looks, are sufficiently demoniac in appearance to frighten the wretched traveller Into an act of suicide if he be confined with them for a long trip. But shortly after tbe train has started off another dis comfort is discovered, and one which Is found even worse than the flooding of the floor with lobar o juice, which is Invariably done most completely before the train leaves the depot. The new evil, however, la much worse in Its effects on the respectable passenger. Every traveller t>v rati In South Carolina, It must he known, carries with him his well filled whiskey bottle, with which he aitreoably beguiles Ihe weary time of his Jour ney. The Northern traveller, it is true, frequently is found doing likewise; but here the custom seems gene ral, and no one, rich or poor, thinks of travelling over a hundred miles without having made abundant provisiou of "tbe ardent," an I consuming it, too, on the journoy. Ho, no . sootier has the train gotten out on the road than the whiskey bottles are simultaneously produced on all Bides, and imlutiatinn begins. Tt?e noisy party of ragged, ignerant and debased beasts la front of you gulp down great mouthful* of their fiery ??red eye" from timo to time, until they aro like a sponge thoroughly soaked and can contain no more, when some one of the halt drunken party, temoving the neck of the bottle from his slaver dripping lips, invites you to drink, wbicb you do, or pretend to do, for the sake of peace and harmony, for in case of refusal a fight would probably ensue. Thus uncomfortably situated, and moreover, with yonr feet sliding back and forth on * floor slippery and slimy with tobacco juice and filth, IN are humped and thumped and jarred at the rate of tan (often only five) miles an hour towards Branchville, where you meet with the train from Augusta, which nflbrds a little better accommodations, hut runs equally ?low. for the rest of the way to Columbia The conductors on tbe 800lb Carolina roads are gen erally f und tbe most dignified or individuals, evidently late officers In tbe Southern army, and plainly impressed with tbe idea that tbeir present occupation is far be neath them. These dignified individuals are each, in tree Southern style, attended by a darky, who by night carries the lantern while they collect the tick et coupons, and by day answers all such questions aa tbe white officials may think it beneath their diguity to answer. It appears, indeed, that every employe on the train has a double or a servant of some sort to aid bun in doing his work. One reason thai the trains move nlowly may therefore be. as an old gentleman from New York remarked the other day ou tbe trip from Wil mington to Charleston, thai the cars are always over laden with employes. The three railroad lines Irom New York by way of Wddon are wretchedly uncomfortable and uncertain; but railroading becomes worse and worse as wa travel en into this tttaf, where seven cents per mil* is tbe rata of fare, and the accommodations and despatch of tbe trip are in inverse ratio to the expense. On my journey towards Branchville I stopped at several stations an order to escape from tbe beastly company of (ho "gentlemen's (?t car," and to worked my way on by ?Sage* and equal disoomforta At a station called Hew-.viile. aa I was sitting in n dht-. conao'.ate mood on my valise under a wood shed, yclept agraoery, and contemplating through a pouring rain tbe and spectacle of the disappearing train, there appearing no meant immediately at naed of reaching permanent abetter, I was approached by a bundle of rage ronton, ing a small darkey, who dei-ired Ihe privilege of "toting" my baggage. I told him 1 was willing If he could in form me where he proposed to "tote" it to, whereupon lie seised tbe valise Uom under me and put off acmes railroad track tmup a muddy road leading into the meiy raplt' at an extremely rapid gait. After a lively walk off tally an hour's duration, and after suffering tbe addi tional discomfort of taking many "shortcut*," as tbe hoy called them, across tbe country, we arrived at "Mmo Jones' " residence. This was ah ordinary coun try house, built in tbe Southern style, and was. as may be remarked of everything in this State, somewhat weather beaten and dilapidated, and moreover bad, ap parently, from He appearance and surroundings, never beta the property of n very rich planter. When I wm ashered brusquely Into the parlor by the rude little nagre 1 found, seated before a roaring wood fire wbi. h wm bo ring en n brood, oM-fasbioned hearth, a middle aged lady, dressed in a well-worn black filk dre?e, and no old gentleman clad In a dark soil, tbe coat being of the swallow tail species and all of his clothing quite threadbare. Tbe lady modestly retired on my entrance, but the old man received me moat cordially and, without siring me a c ance to say a word, commanded the negro hey In attendance on him to fill me n glare of whiskey, nod thereupon started off as confidentially as if we bad knows each other fer years in a garru'ous flow of in t|hl?y, intelligence nod witticism that would have done credit to a Yankee. He waa a genuine character n nim< #?df, being possessed of a remarkable faculty of com promise much meaning la n few words and yet keeping up a constant rattle and clatter of speech. He was glad, heeatd, to see me; always liked lo entertain people; complimented me by atating that I looked like a dry goods drummer, and that be was certain of it because 1 aeM I came from New York, where most drummers al ways came from; and went on with much more of the same sort, only pausing occasionally to drink bis whis key In a bastv gulp. On attempting to draw ont his opinions on the Recou ?tnsriton bill, however, I touched him on a tender point, for ft aeon transpired that tbe old man bad oete been worth, In "niggers" and other property, fully $200,000: bet during the war be. with other property bolder* in tbe Booth, bad been induced by the repr-sentatione and advice of Trenholm, the rebel Secretary of tbe Tieasury. to aeil nil bin real estate in Charleston and invest in rebel bunds. This be did, and of course, with the end eff the rebellion, lost everything, even to bie large plantation tome thirty milea from his present location, wbicb waa cleaned out, burned and pillaged by Mier mae'a bummer*. Of course tbe old man was rabid in his eecesb sentiments, and hie I nry on tbe old wound Wing touched woe terrific. The manner in which he *'walked Into" the failed Blaise government would haws frightened a loyal league Into convulsion*. He grew profane, too, and raved and tare about in dreadfully incoherent style. "Eternally d?a tbe government''* he began. *'1 hope, by , that It will explode and go to . I oaad to Uke the Hun and .-'tripes once, but If I earn ever like Ih m agala, and my children shan't Mke tbem. Niggers, niggers! Yea, that'* been the cry ever since I can remember. Let tbem vote or let tbem rule the whole Booth and tne North, toe What do I carer. I'll da are beet to elect a nigger to Congress, aad I wish that every Southern State would send nothing else." the old man kept this up until bedtime, wishing, ?nag other things, that be oouid get a poaillon at the head of tbe government where be could steal from II, or by eteie art dissolve or ruin it After the breeching of the reconstruction subject be appeared no longer the Jevtal. intelligent old fellow he waa at first, and I waa glad 10 get well rid of ha wild ravings by accepting the loan or his hone and riding, on tba next morning, three gh the country to Branchville station, where tbo havoc of Sherman s track is Mil ety visible, and the ruin and misery of tbe scene vividly in my mled the melancholy * porta. Is of that poor eld man whom 1 bad left in a hall-maddened state, cumins hie country, pray lor for Ha dissolution, and raving In frensy of rags over the irretrievable lee* at what he had laiwired a lifetime to secure. Columbia, toe, shows the marks of the fire and fury that war has swept over her, and there are no signs of an Immediate r-euscttailon from tbe trance into which she has been cast. Yar although two yearn of peace have Intervened, the long streets are still presided over by tbe gaunt chimney* aad crumbled wails which mark the track of the destroyer. The people in conversing upon pollu si topics profess to be perfectly reck low an regards the oooeequcuoee of the B<-ooetru. tioa Mil, although I hare teen several legal gentlemen, who are now practia ing In this city, worked up to n severe fit of paaelon by the remembrance of lh? (act that Uiev are disfranchised by the new act, while their negroes are given Ihe right to . vote In their stead. Tbe rhlcf politician*, iJenemi Hampton and other*, who led Uie people of this district through their Influence, alter hating mndr a desperate effort against the adoption of tbe constitutional amendment and other demand* of the dominant party, finding that th*y have forced upon tbem the dread alter native, have switched off ?u a new track, and, actuated apparently by spltefulnee* alone, have taken to advoc&i lug negro suffrage as violently m they formerly opposed ft. Thlw Is undoubtedly with Ihe spiteful design of giv ing Ihe radical* an over dose nf their own medicine In (be shape of a completely African representation wl th* Mouth in Congress. Everything indicates that this is tne programme adopted by at least the potii leisas 01 this section of tbe State, who have evidently been around among the planter* near and far In the district, for all ol them whom I bar* vitiied conflim this suspi cion hy their reticence aa well as by iheir hint*. That Wade Hampton should lake part In a negro meeting, snd address the assemblage ou UM subject, surely argues Ibil ^frnftnt Mouday. however^ the negroes ef this vicinity took a bold step in the way ef an open endorsement of the action of Congree* A preceseien of eboul three hundred colored men, headed by a band of colored mo eictaos and hearing banners on which were leecribed ap propriate mottoes sad one of wrhlch bore a llkeuera ef {'resident I Jacob, marched through the slreeta off Uile city and held a ma?s meeting en the ontaktrta. There were shoot fifteen hundred colored perreta present, hut very few wh.tee. General Wide Hampton and several lawyer politicians of Ihta district made 1 peer bee r.medialory to the aegra spirit Hampton eep??ia?y played well the part of a demagogue, announcing him self as the iriend of the nigger, and Inviting the totter fie stay a?d niaiff bit bmt IWfffiff hi Utfi Hputh whqgp -v ?? - 7 be fit bom, assuring him of good treatment and a dhaiaa to make ? living ?? wolf a* to voU. several iawyeva followed la the same atraln and auceeeded in .mpr?aiiig the negroes very favorably. In the evemug tike darkle* bad a very large torchlight proosasiou. and wore addressed by ssveraT prominent nlBB of the city, before whoa* residcuoss they appoarod by inv nation These politicians, finding that there ie a probability of the negro tiecoming a vot?r in spile of ail they etui do or *ay. conclude that it la to their interest to conciliate Uim, and hence this sudden outburst oi maguilouuent seoti montalitv and a Section. It may he earnest and fair, btit 1 aerie.sly doubt it. There ie aotne hidden meaning in. the-e suddon proferi-iou#, some sly artillco eoncc-aied be neath this smooth surface of smiles and these prolog nun* of Iralei nal regard for the black man The very men who did the speechmaking on this occasion are tlruiiy opposed in private argument* to the step token for the political advancement of the dues which tbey ad dressed so plausibly. The Columbia lawyer, Mr. An bur. Who profosocd iu bis speech to lie in favor of the move ment sinco it would elevate the stains ol the negro, talked altogether ditP-rently the day before in a conver sation with -evcral of bis tellovv lawvern; and though In* and hi* furious denunciation of the constitu tional amendment ha* aided in hoioiug South ? am Una hark ou the verge of the pre. where she now stands. tin the evening of the proces sion a In oyer named Riankima made a speech in iront of lii. residence 'to the blacks, but after the pro coari'iu had moved on chu. kled with a number or hi* friends at having don.- the ihmg Just right, neither hav ing said too mueb oor too little for their purpose. men have uightly muc-tings, but are very guarded in their putdic expressions ot opinion. They evidently mean work, and those who really intend to' act rarely talk much. These men are wily, wiry, thin, keen eyed, tall, lean, spectral In figure and looks, and, aa will be showii some day not far di-tant, are dangerous to their fellow citizens and to the country at large. They are evidently playing for power, and are determined to ob tain It by whatever subterfuge, though the result may be the degradation or ruin of their State. An old farmer, one of the poor class, residing slxiut fifteen miles from here, west of the < ensure.. river, in !."x.nglon district, in conversing on the subject of re const ruction, due hired that there would he no trouble but lor the lawyers, who wero stirring up discord and main b'uintig trouble for their own purposes. '?That's just what wa- the mailer with our war." said the old man; "w? had too ninny lawyers a holdin' of it; and they've just made a sorry looking country of tins. They'll never stop until they have ruined all of us or else have got their object, and iliat is all the olAce* and all the pro QI*. They didn't go into the war?none of 'em, I notice.I? although they made it, but they forced us all in. Whou the proportion was made in the Con federate Congress that the members should adjourn and go into the army as Drivate soldiers, how many on om voted fur it y Jest one, lhe man that proposed it; and that's the way they always do. They'll keep the State in hot water till they gain their ends, hut they won't sutler themselves " I endorse the old man's opinions in reference to the political strategiata now operating In Columbia and the <11 stilet round about. Thev have their own interests to subserve, and tbey regard no consideration* of public welfare or political good If they could be removed 'he honest and untrammelled sentiment of the people mivbt find expression, and genuine neace and prosperity might be re e-lahlL-diod in (hie unhappy State. PUBLIC OPINION IN SOUTH CAROLINA. TO THE EDITOR OK THI HERALD. It is unnecessary for us here to recapitulate the political history of South Carolina during the past forty years. The genius of Calhoun gave it shape and belne, and. whether for good or evil, bis counsels during all this period in the main have been implicitly followed. The small fry of politicians, finding that this was the popular side, tuned their lyres to bis pitch, and year after rear sharpened their axes on the Mate rights grind stone. To this doctrine were we born, in thie school have we been bred, and this has been the harp of a thou-and strings on which politicians and newspapers have rung the changes of anti-uaiionaiistn. The people, in the proper democratic t>ense of the word, have bad but little to do with determining even the most mo mentous public measures. A few ambitious politicians or placemen sounded the key note, and the forty thou sand voters took up the chorus. We are ashamed to say this?we are grieved to he under the necessity of making such a confession?but stern truth demands it; and at thia important junctnre?thia turning point in our political existence?such e retrospect, a rigid self examination, may not be unprofitable. The leaders la polities, our-Senators, members of Con gress and Governors goaded the people on to secession and to war. And when the war came, what did these * gentlemen do? Rush to the tront or lead forlorn hfipesT A few of them perhaps rosy be found by the diligent and careful historian on the long roll of South ern braves; but the vast majority in this and other Southern states went to the Confederate Congress or neld other civil offices. If they were foiled in this, they still bad sufficient influence in Richmond to secure ex emption from field service. They became postmasters and tax assessors, diplomatic agents or collectors or "tax in kind." We were called to mourn the loss of very few of these heroes. True, these gentlemen may object and say, they were not soldiers and could serve the Mate better in other capacities. This protest did not protect the farmer, the merchant or the artisan, who were all conscripted. But suppose we grant that their reason for not going to the field was a good one, is It not equally good now for requiring them to remain at home and enioy a dignified ease--planting peace and aspara gus (if they see fit), like Sir William Temple f Politics is the trade they profess. They made it the business and tb? study of their lives, they were afforded the best possible opportunities for exercising their craft, and they railed. All tbeir prophecies have railed, their counsel proved foolishness and their dsvicee have come to nautht. Neither their conduct during the struggle nor their efforts since the close of the war have justified tba trust reposed in thorn by a too confiding constitu ency. Instead or remaining at home, putting on sack cloth and aabee, ami screening themselves from human kaa, they were the first to rash te Washington, and fain would bars us forget the bitter lemons of the past. 1 hay tell the credulous people that in them alone lies salva tion, sad again ask them for their sufiragea. - But our people, we are glad to know, are beginning to have their eyes opened. We are beginning at last to shake off the torpor, and to thiak for ourselves. We cauoot undo the peet. but. God helping us. we intend stretching every uerve to bring about a different mult la the future. If our present anomalous and by no meant satisfactory condition thai! teach us to rely on ourselvi r, to thiuic, speak and act for ourselves, we shall no; have borne tbo military yoke altogether In vain. We want not again the old political backs. We must make ourselves liable to the charge of illogicaiiy rejecting the skill and wrndom acquired by years and practice. But we know to our sorrow that years and virtue do not always keep pace. Political wisdom has come to mean political trickery, and we want no more of it. l.ct u* hava new men, honest men; and, rtawed from this point, the third aection of tba prepoaed constitu tional amendment may prove a Pleasing to us. It seems not so much to have been aimed at the soldiers of the late confederacy an at her politicians. Wen it set for the unfortunate lattar clause of tbia third aection, which empowers Congress by a two-thirds vote to lemorn the disability to bold office, we should now hava no difficulty in reorganising ->ur ftate government on a new and al together sounder beats than waa lha eaae with as here tofore. But with this loophole in prnapect every one of the politicians will at once set out to run a rare, more er kwe radical, the first Caat to be accompliebed being a leap into the good graces of this "constitutional majority. " Already wa see numerous Indications of thia tendency. It they succeed in thie they wiU next petition Congress to save them from tha crime and ain of perjury, which e?n only be done by a repeal or me test oath?lor if the oath remains a fixed test, aa at present, many of these politicians will inevitably gulp it down. Tha disfranchised are few, as we have eaid in our pre vious letter. Of forty thousand white voter* in this Mote, there are perhaps not fifteen hundred excluded from office by the provisions ef section 3, article 14 of the I'mm<l Slates constitution, as amended There la still enough maubood, intelligence and honesty left la the Htate, after tills subtraction has been made, to organ ise and conduct a republican government. We are anxious to see it tried, and tha temper of our people generally, wa behave, is In fhvor of makiag the ex pen As regards negro suffrage, foiated upon ua by the Mili tary Reconstruction bill, we do not tblnk the measure a wise one. Still many or us have not been unprepared for It. The objection is not to tha enfranchisement of negroes, bat to universal suffrage. And in this wa ore borne out by nearly every tnielhgeat negro with whom we have conversed on the suhjeot We and they are agreed oa the propriety of qualified suffrage. A property or lata! UgeDce qualification or both alike, for black and for white, would stem safe, as it certainly would be just. Mak of our past trouble, much of hasty and inconsiderate legislation would have been avoided, hod this been the rule. It would be a deathblow to dema goguitm, as a select constituency oould he depended upon in the main to vole for the best men. However, it is bootless now te pursue thie argument. Congress has decreed universal suffrage; and for the first time in thehisiory of society, we believe, tha experiment ta to be tried of allowing 400,000 ignorant, eeroi-otvilued be ings to take charge of the government ef a highly civi lixed Stale, and legislate for tbemeelvee and for their 300,000 white and more intelligent fellow ciuseaa. The experiment may be nccessfut: we earneetly hope it will be. But it will require much care sod '-antioa, for bearance and gen Menem on the part of our white citt ern, and an entire abstinence front mischievous interfer ence on the part of the military, the agent* of the Freed men's Bureau and the Northern teachers and preachers, many of whom, the two latter classes more especially, enjoy a large share of the confidence of the colored people. If they will ai t lairly honorably and ju?tiy they Will beet ruiheerve the internets of both parti-a, and avert all mischief But wa are sorry to see elgns of a contrary character. We have hitherto been spared the infliction of a Hunnlcutt. We do not believe there is anyone here, who of set purpose labor* to alienate the confidence of the negroee from their white friends and former masters. If there sre finch they are leas hold than their brother aft latere elsewhere and keep their machination* a dead secret. Wa have been getting along very quietly here, on the whole, aver since the close of the war. In the first flush of freedom some of the Dc?roe* in ilia low country were, perhaps, disposed to be somewhat lawless, encouraged thereunto by colored troops and not cheeked with sufficient energy by General Ration, our first Freedmen s Bureau agent. Still we had few collisions, and ne serious rtota such as have oc curred st New Orleans, Memphis, Norfolk, Alexandria and other plaosa. Under the administration of General Kwsals, the depart meat commander, and General Sett, the commissioner ef the Freed men's Bureau, are have enjoyed an entire immunity from senour br?'1? of thie characterj and It la earnestly hoped that thia satisfactory ?tale of the^iubllc peace will continue We hare reason however, ta telle** that there ere a Jeff aiobit'vefi mtltftduhlfi heft wJ* weeid f ?#fw te Me , II otherwise. Some of there, very few, are natives, and doubtless lay claim to the now meritorious tills of bav log always been unconditional I uionists. U would not be to their Interest, perhaps, to huve their past record too closely examined. They are persons, however, of utter insUmidrunct' In the community, and could never have risen to the political or even social surface, except by a sudden and radical revolution, such us we have been passing through. These men have nothing to lose but everything to gain by agitation. To gain their cuds ? office and emolument?they will resort to any and every means. What care they for a war of racer, provided they derive present and immed ate advantage (rum Cue agnation. We are sorry to see that these individuals meet with countenance and support from Northern men, temporarily sojourning here, emissaries of mission ary and aid oriruea I hey enjoin upon meir tallow rs to keep aloof Iroin all political mo vent nuts projected by the wh>te? and act separately, thus hoping to control the future .State government*, to the partial if not total vx cludon ol the late Con l .'derates. Now we submit this course is neither wise, just nor practicable, will not contribute to peace or harmony, and indeed cannot pos bly lead to any good result If we are ever again to have a good and free government hero all classes of citizens uiust work together, without refer ence to color, condition or antecedents. All these most lie Hung to the winds. Wo are now all equal before the law; but while the black man is as good as the while man, we know of no enactment, divine or human, that reverses the loriner statu.- ot the two races, and consti tute' the negro the superior of bis pale bro'her. CAROLINIANS. VIRGINIA. SPECIAL correspondence of the herald. I'ronrcns of Reconstruction?Kecoiiatriiciicid istuNorth nnil "south Impoafna Array?I.nbor In the Sontli?l.eeaonn from the Puat?The Year-The Practicable One - Failure to Induce Immigration?the Freed men Identified with the South?I'.xperlrnce ?t I'lulUer*. Ri< iimosd, Va., March 25, 1807. Reconstruction progresses in the South. When Sena tor Sherman introduced a resolution relieving Governor Brown, of Georgia, and Governor Pat ton, of Alabama, from the disabllilies of the Reconsi ruction act, it inau gurated the ren' wai of feel ngs for the Union, long dor mant in the South. The people see in this net a dispo sition on the part of the ruling party to restore their mis taken leaders to their political r t his. Long associations with these men who devoted themselves to the lost cause compels them to love and revere that devotion; and, under the resolution above referred to, no class In the ,-ontb can tnore effectually influence a speedy resto ration by the benefit of their counsel*, which in such a cose will bo given wisely. This will be plainly evident to any intelligent nund, these men enjoy and have tho confidence of the people of the South, and under ? lenient course towards them will he of incalculable boneflt in harmonizing the two sections, now so utterly at. vari ance. Senator ", as the author of the Military bill and the relieving Irom disability resolution, has won tho confidence of the Southern people and stands fore most as a reconsir unionist. Next in that category comes Joe Brown, of Georgia, who has with a will gone to work to effect reconstruction in thai .Stale. Orr, of South Carolina. ia .bout to couvunc his Legislature for the same purpose, and Wade Hampton has recently been speaking wholesomely and sensibly to both the biack and white citizens of the same state. In Virginia Gen eral Schoficld is ably seconded in his reconstruction measures by the members of the Legislature and officers of the government, and even fanati'iaof the stamp of Henry A. Wise evince a desire to co-operate .n reuniting our disunited country. last, and not lead, come* the forcible advice of the Herald on the same snbiecf, and if one thing has had a harmonising tendency more than another among the Southern people, that was the 1'residential ticket recently advocated ? Grant for President, and Lee for Vice President, in 1808 W ith such an arrav of advocates for reconstruction, and looking from such a standpoint can there be any doubt, that ere long the country, north and south, east and west, will be united, peace and harmony will prevail, viw, win it uuitvui enuvi uajiaivu/ win jii';vaii, confidence in our finances will be restored, and once inure bappinees and prosperity will reign supreme in this benighted and poverty stricken portion of the country? In the present elate of social di'orpxnixatiou in the Southern States there is no question of more vital Im portance than that of labor, the press tecm? with com plaints of the negro, as a laborer In his freed state, and thousands of remedies are sn^geatoo in relation to the agricultural and bort.coltural interests in connection with this problem. But it is encouraging to see that among the Southern people there are some who fully appreciate the tnturo social standing of the black.-, and tin alieolute dependence upon their labor, especially on alluvial lands, where unacclimatcd snu toreign white labor <-an never supplant it. When the greet ami sud den change from a state of slavery to that of freodom, by whu h the social relations of two races were so wonderfully altered, and one converted rroni slaves iuto lreemen. >s considered?it mast be allowed that the blacks, numbering 4.0000OO, eminently deserve credit lor the Incoming, peaceable and dignified manner in which they have conducted them elves since their emancipation, and aa well mast the praiseworthy man ner of a great portion of their former owner*, be teati Bed to. Attached by old associations to the slaves?they stimulated their pride of character, end fostered among them aims looking to high social and moral standards; they scrupulously fulfilled their own contracts with the negroee, and by this example encouraged them to n similar performance of their* Numerous instances of the non-fulfilment of contracts on the part of planters and farmers, by taking advant age of the weakness and Ignorance of the freed man has come under my notiee, and in every case have I found them to result detrimentally to the former. Confidence become* destroyed, and a spirit of bittern era and hatred between them ia engendered. The farmer cannot bite laborers again, and it often result* la confirming the negro in hie habits of idleness, theft, and other vices to which he may be addicted. The negroes have long since learned that freedom does aot mean play; that it brought with it new responsibili ties. and the necessity to labor diligently for themselves; they could no longer look to others, particularly their former ovrncra, for help, they saw that ihey would have to establish characters, and, better than all, ther soon understood their interests were identified with the people among whom they lived, a large portion of them are, however, discontented, and notwithstanding the grvat scarcity of labor all over the ifeutb, refuse to be employed on the contract system. But these are enly exceptions. In consequence of the high prices oilcreu in Louisiana and Mbaiastppi for laborer* * "rest emigration from Ala bama and Georgiahaa been caused, ret tilling in a scarcity or labor in those States. Numerous complaints on this account have been made, and aa the number of negroes there has materially lessened since the cloee of the war it is more thoroughly felt. In thee states the crops will fall abort, and whole counties must go uncultivated for want of a sufficiency of labor. In this State there ie also a scarcity of labor complained of by the planters; bat I do cot think it pre. ails to any extent that will be .njuri one to either the planting or harvesting of tbs crops Indeed were all the idle freed men m the cities and towns at work on forms, there would be an overabund ance. Negroes have strong local attachments, and If once a largo and profitable crop lo raised, that will ena ble the farmer to pay liberally for his labor. It wUl he aa impossibility to root the negroes out at their hemes. Movements have been Instituted la various places In ths South with a view to supplant negro labor by the iniredoction of white foreign labor, and to this end im migration societies are bemg formed and In some Ptatee commissioners have been appointed by acts of the Legis latures. This is chiefly owing to tbe lessons of the pssa year. IMA, when the negroes wars completely carriod away by their emancipation, and thought or anything else hut contributing to the restoration of their common coun try to Its former prosperity. Added to this the contract system there inaugurated was anything bat classing to the freedmnn, though the only oaa feasible at the time, as few planters after procuring animals, seed*. Imple ments. previsions, 4c., could obligate themselves to pay monthly wages to their laborers. It has now, however, become an established fact among the planters through out tbe ifoutli thai of all the experiments hitherto tried with the freedman aa a laborer, whether the contract system (giving a pro rata portion of the oropn Instead of ? sgen) or tba plan of working on sham, which, in some oasee, hen been eaeeeseful. that of paying them monthly wage* la money has proved the most satinfartorr to both laborer sad employer. But in consequence of the great stringency la pecuniary matters at toe Booth this will not bo practicable with maay of the planters, and both the contract aad share system has again been resorted to. The experience of the pent two years boa had a whole some affect en both of these parties, on whom depends tbe future wealth aad happiness of the country; the one has learned that be must depend solely on his own exer tions, a strict adheraaea to his contra.-!*, and th* neces sity ol establishing a character kit honesty, industry and thrift; while the oilier has found that the cbaaged relations of the two races here imposed upon them new duller and obligations, and henceforward they should be guarded and kind In their dealings with the negroes and punctual tad just la tbe observance of any obligations with them, more particularly on account of their ignorance. After a careful consideration of all the lav-one of the past the fallacy that the freedman as a laborer could not be depended upon has exploded, as will any whim formed while in a bed temper. The people la the ifoulh hsv e been too prone to lake a gloomy view of matters ever since the downfall of their cherished cause and ths overthrow of their peculiar instltntkona 411 attempts at Inducing Immigration to any Southern State has signally failed White labor to found not to be adapted to the climate, even could It be introduced, and upon the freedman aloae must they depend for s return to anything like their former wealth and prosperity. Tbta la the experience of two years, when every plan las been tried, and to this result are the Southern peo ple. with true earnestness, beginning to adapt them selves. THE MIZt Hint. Tba Prepeeed Match Between Heennn and f'ebnra. Considerable interest is fining manifested respecting the contemplated match between the Benici* Boy and Joe Ccburn, far tbe chemplonahip; yet thus far no defi nite action km been taken by either party. There to a great deetre ea tbe pert of the friend* of both to make a

match, and Imt eveniag a number of Coburn's friends congregated at tbe idrtatui, in Bndton street, but no definite action wee taken la tbe matter. It is pre sumed thai the affair will he fettled during tbe corn s* weal, . SOUTHERN VIEWS. Tkf Military Not Ha Rati After All- The . True Palter af the Month la Wark. [From the New Orleans Boa, March 22. ] Perhaps many or our reader* have *een the paragraph recently poor the round? of th. pre** regarding the blunt old Georgian planter who found hlmrelf in the company of a imrty of pxcmln politii iaus, who were whining Itigubriouaiy over the pa**agu of the new mili tary law. Fee tig him to the :ng to the remark?, one turned opon bun with the question, "And what will yon do when the law is in operation r" Me did not know, but stood revolving the cchiect In hi* mind, as If form ing an opinion, and tinallv usked if ihere was anything In ibe law to prevent him from raising cotton. "Oh ! no: but then " "Rut thon 1 don't nrea ? ? what kind of laws they make; 1 nu tor ru ing rotten." it must t>e agroed thai the sturdy planter's spirit was ranch more cominetidaole than bis piety, hut uo one can tail at tbla tlma to adtnlre his sentiments. If there were any hope for the South in the political hi rile, the Mm critic might object to the plantera theory, but when all know that the South lies prostrate and suffering, completely at I he meter of the conqueror, there can he no doubts about the duty ol Southern men. When the alternative la presented of assisting the South by raising cotton or corn, or cane, or by lighting for her in the political arena, while heavily ironed and tkuiklod, who would hesitate which alternative to adopt t Therefore we be lieve the Georgian's example a good one, and worthy of comment and commendation. e ? e Of all times the present seems to lie the best and most appropriate for the development of the agricultural and mineral tvcallh of the South and for layint the foundation of an enduring prosperity iu the future. Excluded from participation in the government, and reinsed represen tation in Congress, there is nothing left for us to do but to encourage homo industry, and do all In our power to build up the great empire which must one day arise from the rich tract of country lying between the prairies of the West and tho Atlantic roast aud the Potomac and the Gulf of Mexico. It w ill be done aooner or later, aud if uot by oer own people, whoeo descendants can reap the b Wilts to be de rived, by adventurers Ironi the North and other coun tries, who are not slow to pee tho fine prospect that is opening. With this prospect In 'flew we feel very much as Mr. Rank* did about the I'ulon liefer.' he was made a general, and are willing to 'let the situation slido" so that we are not interrupted in planting cotton and cane. The horrors of Uie military bill have b -an greatly mag nified. as our people will soon And, and It will make but v cry littlo difference t>> any class except the polu clans. So the people generally ate willing to lay aside ull preju dices, to let politics ah me for the present, to plan! and trade, and to "land ready to vote when the time i times, we do not think there will be much trouble. General sickle*' Order. [From the Chat lesion Mercury, March 25.] To this practical and judiciousuppeal but little can be added. South Carolina still rets lis right of tier appeal to the Supreme Constitutional Court; but, while it can be dene without dishonor, we enjoin upon our people full and complete conformity with the requirements of the Military law. [From the Columbia (8. C.l Phoenix, March 2fl ] It will be seen from this order that no change what ever will tako place in tho administration of the laws by the civil authorities, unless some exigency arises which may demand the interlerenco of tho military authorities. We hope and trust that no such exigency will occur, and that the uesire of the Commanding General, expressed In the sixth paragraph of the order. ' to preserve tran quility and order by means and agoncies most congenial to the people,' will be laithiully co-operated with, lioth by the civil authorities and all good citizen?, and that they will render that '? universal obedionrtr' to the laws which i? so highly desirable in the present condition of our political a Hairs. [From the Wilmington (N. C.) Journal, March 20.] General Sickles wih uud, in taking command of his dirtrict. our Executive Department in charge of a Gov ernor devoted to the iuterosts of the State aud tho gene ral government; our Judiciary composed of gentlemen no less respected lor their ability than their integrity; our municipal affairs directed by oiliclals who command the respect of all, and our people, generally, disposed to oliey the law- set up for their government aud endeavor ing to renew the prosperity or the country. Wo know that the co-operation of civil oil,corn and all good citi zens will bo extended to the commanding otUcer, and nothing will be done to require the interposition of mili tary authority. North Carolinians have won an enviable reputation as a law abiding people, and in thin hour of their severest trial will not prove unworthy of their good name. [From the Charleston Courier. March 25.] Tbi" order places before our people, not haishly but vory distinctly, the fact that from to-day we are under a military government. The commanding general pbe semcs over a brave, a sensitive and a suiluring people, a more absolute authority than Is wielded by any but one of the monarch* of Eurojie. Wo believe tbut he feels the soieiuu responsibility of his position, and tbat he wtshee to use his great power wisely and generously? that it is Uia honorable ambition to carry us peacefully and Afely through -:tiob a crisis as an old aud civilized society lias scarcely ever been forced to pass. With our aid hnueisUy given as it has been frankly asked, wo believe be will achieve his purpose. And wbcu hotter days shall have come, we trust Dial be will be able to look back, not ouly upon good and wise intentions, but upon lasting and happy results. And for ourselves, lot us do our duly like wire and rusolntc men. It to But an easy nor a pleasant duty, but we ought not to forgot that however pure our purpooe and unselfish our sacrifice. we have brought this misery upou the laud we love. And if God has taught us that we are not to serve the Slate in the way wo thought best, let us in a spirit of equal sacrifice nerve It as be permits. Yesterday, for the first time after a long and sad silence, the old belle of St. Michael rang out their well remembered chimes, and tho re was not a na tive heart that did not tb rob In unison. Many a manly Hp quivered, many a gentle eye filled; for who could forget bow often they had pealed in exultation with our hopes, or tolled In sympathy with the brave and good who perished in the bitter struggle. And aa those sounds of peace floated away from the old spire into the Sabbath air. and vibrated over tho blue waters, dallying with the folds ol the great banner that shadows our for tune:, whispering softly over the grenn mounds of aban doned baiteriee where those we loved fought for us evan unto dealb, and dying away In the far off woods of dis tant islands, where friend and enemy lie mouldering to gether, did they not indeed King out a "lowly dying cause And ancient forms of paity strife! and la not the noblest tribute to that cause and the wisest experience of that etrile the manly resolution te grapple boldly with the future ! The Republican Party the Only Ally of Loyal Men. [From the Raleigh (V C.) Standard, Men h 26 ] The suggestion of the Sslem Otoererr thai flie t'n ion let* of North Carolina hencslortb adopt the name?and we mar add the organization?of the republican party, Is well timed, and meets with our hearty approbation Wlnle we do not presume 10 dictate, we would reaprcu fully advise our friend* to at once a commodate their political language to tbie important chance. The republican party of the Cnited State* of America, ft N an honorable name, and history will record that tlirough its efforts the federal government waa preserved, and the Iniegrtiy of the nncon maintained. [)<>< oted to the salvation of the irraat Western repub'.c ?nd the,per pelua'.on ot the Union and the constitution, with all their inestimable hler-mgr, hitherto It. lias been the mis fortune or the loyal people of the i-onth to labor separ ately and apart from their natural allies. Why should we longer remain divided f Let our organization, State and nai lonol, be rendered a* harmonious and perfect aa our principles and objects are ??conpled and tnsep*r?. hie." Time and again the republican party ha" plucked malignant traitors from tho seats of power, and lifted up the down-trodden and oppressed. And Twae net enough to help the feeble np, ? - ? rt bimi *" But to support him after. To this party, therefore, the. loyalists of the South aro indebted not only for their liberties, but for their lives. Its success has ever been our triumph; Its defeat would be our annihilation. Therefore, if we are not republi cans, what are we ? Rvery interest impels us to enlist under the benner of the party. Rise, wbitber arc we gomgf What are we to do' In the Norther* States, such men as Wade, Colfax, Forney, Stov ens, Sumner, Iioutwell. Sbellabarger, Morton, l.?gao, Hamlin, Geary, Butler and Howard are its leaden; and In the South socb as Botlr. Hamilton, Brown low, Uayuard, Stokes and others. I-et the loyal people of North Carolina come out as one man, aod array themselves with the patriots of rvery section of the I'nlon; and, ere long,, the very strongest link in the chain that shall bind the wnole people to the government of their father* will be the republican party of the honest old North itate. For one. our opponents may write ua down a republican or radical, vigilant and uncompromising. No Hws " Mental Reservations." [From Flake s Galveston Bulletin. March 20.) Anxious as ws are to see tho political status of the ooentry fixed, and pleased as we are to see journal after Journal wheel into line and accept the terms proffered, we must dissent at once, and strongly, to the arguments with w h loh some enforce their conclusions. We are under dure**, say they; no man is bound by what he does under those ctrcumsi nccs longer than be can help him self. We win get the power to help ourselves, and then ??. What th"p T The Inference la pltln, do as we please. It is this sort of mental reservation that la called Jesuitical (we do not use the term In a theological #cn*e) We have no patlenee with It, because It ts not op. n, candid and born eu If thosa who use it are now ronw 'out of its fallacy and use It merely to render the degtutii.'in of a disagreeable dose more easy, then we have no objection. It is a question for their own con sciences ?<? deiermine. If they envelop the miliary hill In tbis deception, ss in a <ap*uia, to make the swal lowing more convenient, It mar be right after n fashion, nut If they mean to deceive tnelr readers with the hope that after our member* ere admitted to Congrees wo can repudiate oar obligations and throw our agreements where Macbeth did the physic, if this Is their calculation they will be mistaken. Whatever agreement we make now must be final. There will he no going back ou it Such a course would he neither wise or honest It would be dishonest, because It would he re pudiating a contract It would be nnwlss, because It would continue the strife and struggle we seek to close. Those who tiso such arguments lueo sight of one great fact thai must star* them In the fare almost every hour. The population ot *his country is migratory?ws bad al most. said nomadie Thousands of southern men have settled in tha North since the war closed Ten thousand Northern men have settled In the Booth. It is the sheerest folly the rankest nonsense?to imagine that anf other tban a homogeneous'whole will eventuate from this ming'ing of elements We have no fear for tho future if Ibe principles of common honoaty, humanity and hbemiity aro allowed full scops in Urn settlement now gomg on. A Wall Over Mplllcd MIIU. [From the Jackson (Mlaa) (Harlot. March fl.) Under the lead of those te whom, hy general con seat. the direction of Southern affairs has been torn muted since the aarremter or Mm tonfedciotn ana iff, tho people of tho South have followed wilt) undon* sting precisian Ibe count? (Barked out for them by President Jolio<oo. _*?-?, Their faith has been Implicit til the promtsea " he, and they who have spoken by hie authority, have ""when the children of Israel wore led from the house of bondage in search of the land of milk ami h'.ney, at limoe they pave rout to loud expression* or discooteut at their louder., and even ahaudoned them eelve* to the worship of a golden calf. More tru-tug has b en the faith of the 8outh-rn people in the promisee which have been held out to them, hy their leaders in Una emergency. It is true that tucy have not seen the waters overwhelm the chariots and the horsemen, and all the hoets of the radical*. It Is true that when tlu*v liave thirsted the rook has not ooeu smit ten and made to yield up its ret reshing fountains It s Uiio that when they have hungered they have not been fed with manna. Tlie Philadelphia Convention. It was fondly hoped, would prove tbo cloudy pillar by day, and the tierv pillar by night to light up their way in the darkness of the valley through wl. ? U they were wander ing, but alas ' it soon went from before their laces and stood liehlnd them. But slul our people '>ave not exhib ited signs of disloyalty to their rhueeti leaders, (-idl they have listened to thoir* counsels?aud still they have lol lowcd on--and still they have not murmured, and still they have hoped aga nat hope, to we the salvation which was promised them; but in vain. ? * ? j'ho President and the instruments who were selected to execute the policy he had moulded, no doubt have been guided by the purest motiv.-s; but they have all laded, aud the dnuth is like a vessel hi a storm at sea, with a pilot who confosses that the breakers and tho opposing winds are too strong for Uic hnnd that holds the helm. What must be done now * Shall alio be abandoned In despair, or shall we cast over the plummet lor auoiher souudiug, take a new reckoning and turn her sabs for another trial V It Is a question fnll of doubt- and perplexities; hut nevertheless it Is a question that must he con sidered. CONNECTICUT POLITICS. I SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERALD. The Campaign Kullv Inaugurated- l.ef'v Prin ciple* of the flotiservutlvea?Ife*tor?ti(iM ol tlie South Speedily lleinnnded --Mmiulacltir ing Interest* of the State Involved in Re vival ol Southern Prosperity. Ac. llAKTroiin, March 23, 1SC7. The efforts of the radicals to belittle tho influence of the conservative Union clomcnt in tli.s State are not cal culated to improve ".heir own prospect- of success, nor to prevent that influence Irom being felt. l*romincnt among tlio principles upon which the conservatives have entered the campaign is tlieir earnoet protest against the longer dismemberment of the Union on any pretence whatever. Tlioy likewise protest against evory attempt to obliterate or degrade a single State, or rob It of one prerogative which they claim as constitutionally their own. They assume the loftv ground that a Slate is not merely comprised of the people who are its present in habitants, not merely of its present constitution and the laws upon its statute hooks, not merely or its territory as bounded by geographical lines, but It is built up hy the labors and tolls of generations. It belongs to the mem ory of tho dead, who contributed to its charaeter and progress. It belongs also to their posterity, who have yet to Impress It with their own history. It Is not a thing of Uic hour, but a vital part of the Union, and can not be trampled down but at the expense of the entire nation. "The generations of to-day," they claim, "may dishonor a chapter of It? history, u period of its progress, but cannot, rob the revolutionary fathers of the rl ghts which they created In it. and which belong to all thoir posterity, to the latest period of its existence." There are but "few State* In the Union that can refer to so full and patriotic a revolutionary record as Connecticut, and when the tons of her soil, descended as they are from the early fathers of the republic, express such manly and high-toned soniiments as these, their opinions must command the respect of honorable and candid men of all parties. And It is gratifying to know that they do, for wherever the speaker" advocating these view* address the people, they Invariably have large snd appreciative audiences, and produce a marked and decidedly favora ble impression. ... ? ? The campaign t? now thoroughly inaugurated all over the state. It is up hill work for the radicals in some placer, but as a general thing they are working zealously, no matter what may be said to the contrary, and do not altogether despair of carrying the State. The lose from thoir ranks of so many prominent men end active alec tlotiocrcrs naturally dampens vhclr ardor, but they light on in the hope that something may t?ru up that will change the popular t'de now setting decidndly against them, once more in their favor. The coalition between the white and colored leaders in South Owoiioa was an event which inspired tbem with momentary courage, hailing it aa an omen that the .South would at last volnnta. niy arront tho hircii forms of reconstruction proposed by the radicals, and that the growing unpopular ity aguitiiit tlioee extreme measures among the people of Connecticut would cease. But scarcely bad tble temporary revival begun to be felt, before Thad Elevens' cruel confiscation programme ap peared, and the radical leaders were again called to de I rend the Hggresslve eouiee of Congress toward the Pouth. The people of Connecticut arc a working, indua 1 trious, inventive people. All they want to ensure gen eral and lasting prosperty ts n good market for lludr manufactured articles. For some st* years they have lost the maritime markets of the Mouth, and their inte rests have correspondingly suffered. When their pat rot ism was invoked to help wive the ljnioii they newu> armn with pnuoeworiby alacrity. They went Into the light Tor the Union. They bled for tbat sacred cause; and now tbey claim that the great object of putting down the rebellion having been accomplished tbey do not feel called upon to renew the flgnt and wage it to the extinguishment of the social ties and even' Industrial Interns* of the South. They demand that the property of the Booth sbail be restored as toon as possible, and with it, ae a natural consequence, a revival in all branchee of manufactures in Connecticut. Thte it the gospel that the democratic and conservative speakers ere preaching to the people of the State; and it is not at all stratum that they should arouae among them a feel ins which party scruples and obligations cannot repress. Tho issues iavoUad In the campaign In Con?cctl'"') cloeely affect the happine** aud comfort or the working classes aa well a* the pocket* of the capitalists and large manufacturers; and It will be indeed straDge If antago nitiic interests shall prevail , The canvas* in this (Hdrtford) Congressional district is going oa without much spirit on either "Ids,*> '?r ?? the mat candidate* are concerned. Mr. Hubbard, the democratic candidate, and probably the best speaker in the canvass, bus made but one speech, while family, dines* has prevented Mr Doming. the radical candidate, and also a polished and eloquent speaker, from tilling all h Th?'development* in the Fourth district (Barnum's) are still against the pro.-poc.tfl of the showman. In the town of I.ltchfleld. for example, where the democrat* na'.r? up only one hundred matnrity, prominent republi can declare their belier that it will double that amount, if il doc* not roach three hundred. This will give the district to the democratic candidate, if other precinctn go in the same proportion, by a larger majority'Aan thai estimated some days sgo, say eight hundred to one ^Professor Northrop, in the New Haven district, etanda a worse cbsuce. it possible, than pi?ir Baruum. He will tie defeated by a majority that will a.-tcnlsh the most sanguis#. Interruption of a Flrmarrattr Ntttlaa la flnrttord? lienor*! Frank P. Hlnlr Trented Hlaronrieoualv?Mr la Obliged ta Retire Alter Barlarlac (he Negroea la the Mouth to be PM*tal-N?i?ei fltsmee, Tamall aad Con* laelon?Bat Nobody Hart. See. H ARisoan, Conn., March 'JO, 1867. Tba second democratic tally In this city came off at Atlyn Ball laot evening, at par announcement. As the mealing was a rather curious one, and somewhat turbu lent and at times Insulting to the principal speaker, a brief renew of the proceedings may not be uninteresting. Ex-Mayor W. J. Hamersley presided, with a long cata logue of Vice Presidents aad Pecretariea, most of whom, through native modesty perhaps, failed to make their appearance on the stage. A band of music was in attend ance. The drees circle, parquet, lobbies, aisles, he , wore crowded with spectators to the number of three thousand or snore, and everything sugared a happy aad enthusiastic gathering of tbo young si.d old democracy of Hertford. General Frank P. Blair, ef Missouri,' was Introduced and recetvad with ? tumult of applause. A gentleman on the stags proposed " three cheers for the Blair family that baa boon assailed by radicalism for the last six yean.'* The cheers were given, aad General Blair proceeded to address the audience, which had become quits orderly and attentive. It wns rather difficult to catch the opening words of the speaker, but tbo purport of them were that he bad visited tbo work* ?hope of New England aad had realized why It was that the people of this section lied many years ago rejected the institution of human slavery. It was because they had enslaved all the elements and resources of nature, and had no need of elavo labor. They bad Imprisoned the dements of nature, each and all of them, and made them do their bidding. There Is not a river In New England that la not stopped la Its career, bound op and eaehained aad mads to do the bidding of your people. Water, air, Are, frest are made to do yoor lebor. What need bad Connecticut, then, or any State In New Eng land, to have slaves or to make bondmen of any race of people when you could make bondmen of your rlvera, bondmen more serviceable than whole races of people. Ho began now to appreciate how thta extraordinary people, with to small a representation in Congress, com manded an influence wh.ob, no matter on whleta side It km cA^t, dmwtiMK) law to tht whol? country, from who? the whole people have received ideas, sad who have, in fact, governed the country as they have ruled the workshops The speaker was proceeding to show tbet it was the constitution of the Unites Htatee that enable* the New England people to givo rem U> their ia<eoiive genius, and bad raised Amencees to their present standard of snperloritv over the iwoploof monarchical nations, whan a little disturbance and excited talking occurred among some persons on the seals just Wore him. One excited individual rose up and turn tag to another, in leagnaga sol at *11 class cai, ihreatcoed to punch his head. The audisnce cried, "Hush1 nosh ,H the helllfer*nl Indi vidual for the moment subsided, and the General was going on to portray the advantages of a written constitu tion like ours, made jot tia by out latherb bat which baa been utterly evaded and ?et h?kJ? by men whe clua* tbal Jiey or '.lie peculiar friend.. of freedom auJ pn? greas, when aunt her interruption o?.< nrred. -edlng ia ofita all over ilia house? -- Put htm *>?it! put bun out'" The General hereupon obm-rvd, Ait soon as it in under, stood lie wonts to disturb the DieeUn/ he will he put out. A* a nuisance lor dUturiiiog the meeting be will far abated.'* (Applause.) The speaker resumed ? The Kreat que.-1 ion una whether we were to have ? re'torwl Union. Our victories auiouutvd to notion,; unless thev bring forth a res: "red Union and a ruuuiud couutrv. He was among those who hail early entered the I'nion ranks uuJ fought for the Union. the rebellion war put dowu, and lie claimed that no wtate was uow out of the Union. He then took up the question of negro > .fTrage and Congre-tlonal sr.. tu n thereon, axmniitic the ground that allhmiyh the people of Connecticut had refused by alx Itinmutuu ma jority to permit uegro suffrage in thin State, that the Cougoes 01 S uitli < arolina eon It. tinder the fourteenth Con-titutional amendment, foice negro suffrage upon ihe State. He declared thai the government of tho constitu tion no longer existed, and that In its place was a gov ernment of l ou^ressionai discretion, aud an appeal to the provision* ot the con Million In Uougreee at this lime was met by some ribald joet. He continued to speak of the constitution, when be was lnierrunUtd by loud siainpiui;, hissing, and mingled wiib ertee of "Doo little I" "P.iolittle' ' General lilair?I do not desire to retain the audience if they wi-h to hear Mr. Poolittle or any other gentle man When tlie turbulent'# suh-.ded the speaker at tempted to continue bv making allusion to tic u< lion of Cohgrcss in enfranchising the black |>oop!e of the couth, aud disfranchising the white, when lie was aguio inter rupted by noises more violent and obstinate. The chair* mnu loudly called "order, order." and quiol was again partially restored. General I'.ialr, resuming?It is not true that the mass of the i eotde of tlie .South are or were disloyal. Nor is it true that the mass of the negroes are the only loyal people South (Uere tit re w?s anotlie' outburst of yells, stamping and hissing, with resumed cms for ?'Poolittle. ") The Chairman begged (he audience to listen patiently te the argument of bis gallant friend, who, lie said, done net deal in declamation. The i hair also stated that Mr. Dooluth was not able to leave Wit li lug ton to attend the meeting, but Mr. 1* llsburv, of Maine, was here to ad dress them utter General ftlair concluded. The General proceeded, in 11 more energetic strain, to show how the I'nton men of tho South wee treated by the government during the agitation Of ece slnnlrm and Uc union, ml mg kept without arms to defend them* so'ves v. ith, wti le tholr opponents were supplied with arms by tlie government. He declared that ir the gov erumeiif (iidmiulsiraUon of Buchanan, of whose Cabinet Governor Toucey, of tins city, was at the time a mem ber?Km1.) had aruied t'nion men, instead of rebels, the Union insii would liaie put down the rebellion without calling upon the North lor a man. The only wonder wa- that tlie I'nion men stood out so lung as they did. While referring to certain South' rn Union men, ho asked who was the traiior, Alexander H. Sfcphon*, inside of Fort Warn n, or the man (Stanton) who put Mm ihere* He alluded to the course of Greeley, who hadudt < ?d that tlie South should be allowed to go out; to i-eward'a pledge to surrender Forts Sumicr and Pickens in live days, when tlio rebels bad possession of ail the other*, and to the action of other Northern men in jiower who had encouraged the rebelliou a( the outset, to show under wuat obstacles tlie Union tnen of the -outli labored. Be then touched upon the negro qnestion again. So far as the negroes in the South were loyal to anything, be said, they wore loyal to their affections?to th' ir old masters. (Murmurs of disapprobation.) He declared that the negroes did not give a d or comfort to our gov ernment, and be pronounced it a falsehood lor auy one to say they did. ' A Voion? Confound the nagurs. Let 'em go Talk about something else. (I-auvUler. noise atid coiifuKlou. i General Blaik?But. my Iriend, you can't talk about anything else. (Renewed tumult. Interrupted with crlee for "Fillsbury," "Piitobury,"' "Sit aown down, hive*. Ac.) Tlie (.jsiaker endeavored to say somolbing further about the 'disloyalty ot' tho Southern negroes, but he could not make himself beard above the Iin. He then withdrew to a seat. Mr. Piu hruut, of Maine, was inlre dui ed, urn! spoke for above an hour. There is no doubt the tumult was helped alone by the radicals, if it were not instigated by thein. Hut it should be remembered that the -nagur" is delicate ground for a Southerner to trench upon even here ie Connecticut, where the puopteonly last year decided not to extend the elective franchise to the colored people. General Blair will probably deliver his speech in some parts of tho Slate before ibe campaign is ended, where he will not be subjected to interruptions like those leek night in Hartiord. Republican Opinion of the Woolly lleroe Candidate. [From Ihe Nation, March 29.] We print elsewhere a defiance of Mr, P. T. Barnaul, not because there is anything particularly new m it or any thing favorable to him which we did not acknowledge in the article we wrote about htm a few weeks ago, hut necauM it la an excellent illustration of the flabby ooe dltton Into which the judgment of a large number cf very good people has fallen on all matters relating to the character and qualifications of public wan. AH that "J. B." says on Mr. Itanium's belialf?and we do not doubt its accuracy?simply shows tbal Mr. Baroum is, outside of his museum, a rery good citi/.en. But then as It ia by the museum be baa made his money and bis repute, tion, we decline, in tho Internet of public morality, to admit tbal the museum baa nothing to do with his qualifications for a seat ha the national legislature. The country awarme with gentlemen who would very gladly have the pub lic overlook the way in which they make their money, and fix its attention ouly on the way in which tbey spend It; but we hope the public, will never enter into auy such arrangement. The one gives a very much bet ter insight tuto a man's character than the ether can possibly give, and the way In which Mr. Barnom has become rich has been scandalous and injurious to public molality: and even If It had not heed, a person who makes -'humbug," or. In other words, the extraction of small sums from gullible people on false pretences, hie pretention. Is not lit, for n docen reasons not purely moral, bat very strong nevertheless, for a seat la the national legislature. The jocose way in which Mr. Bernum treats his performances in this line, so far from extenuating them, renders them. In oor est I mat ton, infinitely more repulsive end more liknly te do mischief. It may be that the rival candidate, the other Barnum, le a bed man also; bet then hie election will do comparatively very Utile harm, because hit party done not make the preteeeiene to morality that the republican perty done, and there, fore its doing* have comparatively very Mile moral la. licence. If the copporbcada had pat P. T. Barnum op we should not have thought the matter wor h much comment The election of Momsaey in New York wee a great disgrace; hot sunpoec be bed been nominated by the republicans of New York, it would have been a still greater disgrace. As to Mr. Beruum's "noble letter" on the use of money at election* we feci bound to any that the noblest and moat pathetic passage on that subject we remember to have met with occurred tn one of the laat message* of that "old public functionary," Mr. Buchanan. If the time ever cornea when "noble letter*" will be accepted a? sub-tltutee for "noble Mvee" "J. R" may rely upon It we shall ai-e our epistolary literature ee rie: ind Lv a Isxiy of doctrine compared to which, either in bulk or unctuousnesa, tho teachings of all the writer* on ethics from 7.?rnostcr down te Dr. A Men would hardly be wort h men lion. Itaraaai'i Parly. [From ilie Round Table.] We recommend Mr. liergh to let Barn am ud hie Bon religiously alone for tbe tuturv. for although he may be willing to risk the dchlcmeut of pitch for n generous and (end, indeed, he has gallantly shown hie readiness to do so) bo is no match In Mlllngcgata for hi* antagonist. and If he were the game la hardly worth tho candle. Itarnoaa al l hie Boa together constitutes team which tanotneatly matched oil her tor rapacity or unwboleeomo tavor, and whether they are a blowing or a cone to the community, no mean* anort of a dispensation of Providence la Mkely to rid ua of thorn. Port) ape the re moral of Ibe former to another field of humbug and windy vituperation may afford the community a temporary relief; and, an the chance or diaaracinx a I'otigre* like oar preeent ewe m too difficult, remote and epeculailre to conatitute e risk worth counting, are hope Mr. Barnnm may go then. If the snffreg** of the Inhebitanta of bin ill amelllng sbow rh"p will into re aueh a nault, we advocate their imme diate enfranchisement. The learned pigs. unified owls, mermaids bahoonn, what-i*IU, boaa and other aurnctiye inmate* of Mr. Barnnm'* happy family woold no doubt rote for hrtn if nobody elee will; or, If then wen any jeelouay. he might arrange to alternate with ana of their number at succeeding election*, which would secure a pleasing variety, and, so far a* we can see, tnrolru no flagrant incongruity. CAN ADA. SKOAL mKSMMKME If TNI NElAll. The Parliament Akallag In Mwntreal-Pnrndn at t olantrrre- Prcparatiano?The Minis , tera The Went her. Ac. Movtbsau C. R, March 23, INT. There ha* been since my last nothing worth reporting; not even a rumor to contradict. Our hearts bay* been gladdened and oar fbars of a Fsniaa invasion quieted by the pande of three companies of volunteer cavalry and a battery of artillery on the Champ do Mara. They per formed the usual evolutions, entangled themselves with each other's sabres and blinded each ether with their horse*' tails, with, aa the loyal penny-a-1lneT says, the "utmost precision." On the 10th of April n grand re view of all the volunteer* and regulars in Montreal will take place. The City Council have accepted the plea fhr a drill shed and armorlea, and Vtl! vote $*0,000 for their erection. This la truly gratifying, and la a guarantee that when peace cornea our volunteer force will he equipped for war. Titers has been lam excitement these last fwo days, although tbe militia departments art making lot mouse preparation*, and every one saltrlpaiee a Fenian raid via Rt Albans, f oaa only repeal my previously expressed opinion that while tbe country of Canada could, la ttt present shape, ha aaafly gobbled Xa large tavndlng force, it la perfaeUy easiest for any uian expedition to enterUia hopes of any waeoeaa far ther than a mere dlveraloe?that la, unlet* they Invade la force. Their threat it iwHw m edecteal as Utelr assault, fhr it keepe their oppoMata M tonal an I aaties pat)on, the whole cosatrr in e fever ef excitement, end lavolvea an Immense daily expense The Cabinet Minietem are ?!'?? homeward. Hha aSSKt*5BA?U?*SSS Ss Sssbjs *r.<r saura a would be called M tbe Baeele, bat danbtad wbilhw he would be in the government This la refteahia* rue weather la mild and roads breaking up, se that lh ten days military movement* will he ImpaaniMe along the frontier. Truculent loyalists with am handled Odd inquiring for the correspondent ef the tow