Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1867, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1867 Page 5
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tnent tti tbe bill which 1 am aakinv leave to Introduce; anil, secondly, I will dentil the means by which Hut purpose, iu their opinion, can be accuupt. lied 1 J will Iks for tt e House, first, to decide wtie ber that object ' la "<? liable; ami, secondly, if desirable, whether the IT uii . which vie pr-ipoec are adequate to efT et thai ob ject. Iu the brsl place, I would cay that our object is not only to nuoulaiu, but to strength*!! the r aru t-r ai.d fttactiODB of thk- House, they ure pecmur in an / popui >t assembly; they am, perhupe, no; only rare, bui unexampled in auy other which has existed. The li u ?? o! Cornlimns has combined national representation tei'k ti> cutntuUs ?f aSenitr. Hiul peculiar uuion has, in our opinion, b-en owing to the vwrioly of elements of winch it Is formed. Its variety of character ba? given to it its deliberative power, aud It owos to lis dellbera tiro power its general authority (Hear, b*ar ) We wi-h, I repeat, not only to maintain, but to strengthen that character and tlnne function*; and we believe lual, in the pioteut age and under the existing circitn-tauees of the country, the best way to do so Is to establish them on a sound popular liasis. (Che *rs i I know iliat there are Mime persons in whose minds trie epithet which I fc c just ured muy create a fueling of distrust; bull attribute tne sentiment of alarm wbirh is associated w ib it lua mi-approhen.-ion of its raeauing, and to that eonfu.-ion of ideas which but too often confounds p'>pu la pr,ri!r;iet %oM ilemormtir rii/hf. Tliev are not iden tical. They aru not sinrlar; more than that, they are opija- d Popular priviie.o* are con.uleat with a stale Of society in which there is great inequality of condition. Domoeratic rights, on the contrarv, do m.iud that ih*re should be equality of condition as the fundamental basis of the soeistr which the,1 regulate. Now, that is, I think, a diefiLCiion which ought to he borne in ramd by the lfouse in dealing with the provisions of the lull which I am about to ask for leave to introduce ir ibis bill be a propo-al that her Majesty shall be enabled to concede to her ?ib ic-ta, with the advice aud concurrence of hi r l*arliainent, i li beral measure of popular privilege;, then there tnay he many of Its provisions wbicn will be regarded as pru dent, wi^e and essentially constitutional. If, on the othor hand, it be looked upon as a measure having for Us object to confer democratic rights, then I ndmit much that it may contain may be viewed In the light or boing . utdefi nslble and uujust. W.-dunot, hmf?vtr,Hve, andltruit it will re err he the iate >/ th u country t < hue under a de Mmwy. (Cheers ) The pmpotitumt trhi-h I am gc.iny fn uiuke lo-night certainly hour no tendency tn thai dirertitm. (Hetiewed cheers.) (tenorally speaking, I womd say tlmt lookiug to what has occurred since the Ilefoiin act of 18:;J was passed?having rc-.ird to the increase of education, to the spread of industry and of knowlc dge. and to the ingenuity in tbe arts which so yidely prevails in this eouutry ?we are - f opln on that uiiuiIhts, Ihoughut aud feelings ha*, o since tnat time been created whicu It is desirable we should admit with in the circle of lhe constitution. We wish that a linis s.on to pike place In tlie spirit of our existing institu tions, and with a du- deference to the traditions of an ancient State. (Cheers.) In dciling with the question hf ilie distribution of power In such a Slate?wlucli is reahy the question before us?I would in the first place call the attention of the House to that part of it which i? perhaps lite most important, and which certalnlv to the greatest orient commands tho Inter est of ihe public. I allude to the franchise which should pre; ail in borouglis. I would ask the House at the outset to consider the principles upon which I lie ow upsiion franchise in borough- ought to rest, and upon wlucli it is expedient to base it. In 1S32 the borough fr.incl isr wa? founded on tho principle of value, "hose who pad ?10 for the house in which tt ey lived, subject to oeriaiti regulations xs regards rates and residence, had the borough franchise conferred upon them I believe that franchise may he fairly considered xs been an eflii lent and satisfactory f ranchise, and as ha* in*: iu its generation operated with advantage to the country. My nw u opinion bus always b *en that from the com mencement seed was sown in that arrangement whirh Wfould nece.?urlly in the course of iim<* lead to some dls turhanee. Thai Is, however, a question of controversy, and 1 will not indulge in controversy at the present moment. It is. neveithciess, a historic . fact, that only twenty years nflcr the passing ft' of the great measure of 1802 tbe prncipal. or. at ! least, one of tho principal authors of that measure an i nounced in this House that the arrangement which had I been eniered into, especially with respect to the boroitgn I franchise was no longer satisfactory, and invited us to p consider a new arrangement vvbich mijbl command a mure complete assent, t hat is a fact which cantiol he d nicd. ,'he proposition which was. at tbn period to which 1 reler, made in order to allay die ontent mid meet the requirements of tuo tirno by the statesman , who, upon llio whole, had lukon nearly the most prorai t 'Bent part in the passing of the act of 1832, involved a diminution of the value on which tho borough franchise was established. That proposition was received with no sutisfarttou. and from that period up to tbe present? and fifteen years have, 1 think, since elapsed?the ques tion ha* more or less engaged public attention, and has beau taken up by public men who have brought for j ward various schemes with a view to the solution of ttie difficulties by which it is surrounded. All these schemes have iu their turn proved to be unsatisfactory, tuid all have beco unsuccessful; but every one of tbeui has been 'distinguished by Ibis characteristic, that the only remedy proposed was a diminution in some form or auother. or in aomo degree or another, of the value on which tbe borough franchise was hased in 1832. The House will fa?iIv recall to its recollection the combination of figures which have been submitted to the notice of Parliament on this subject. We bad before us ?7 ratine or rental ; ?0 in evnry form, and we now hear of other Okures. No proposition, however, which has as yet been put forward has given satisl action, because tbe country, . wnd the House the feeling of the coun try, has Tell that by none of tbe chances I* suggested was a settlement of tbe question likely to be Insured (Hear, hear.) I-an year a bill was Introduced with the same object as that which I have risen to ask for leave to bring in to-uight?namely, to amend tho law for tbe representation of Ihe people in Parliament. That bill was avowedly not founded tra a principle; it waa avowedly founded, as far aa I can understand, on ?xpedirncy. Tbe right honorable gentleman wbo was lie powerful advocate in this Houae sem'd to me die tincUjr always to bare laid It down, in tbe coarse of Ins argument on tbe subject, that It was necessary there should be on admission ot the working classes into the constituencies; that in accordanoe with a figure wbicn ? be had lixed upon he calculated that a carain portion ?f tbi-m would be admitted, but that if another figure were adopted which he named ha thoognt the number admitted would be excessive, and be tbereiore recommended the first figure at , that winch, npon the whole, would, he thought, furnish the best and safest solution of the difficulty. His proposal, iheretorr. Involved no principle. It might have been an appropriate arrangement, but it wee < tially an expedient. Tbe House knows what look place faring the long discussions in which we were engaged last year. (Ironical cheers from the opposition ) I Infer from that cheer that the House la pre paied to recognise the trutn or the statement that it was generally felt lust the pro|>o*al of the government afforded no prospect of a satisfactory settlement of this question. (Hear, hear.) A very considerable amount of time was last session employed In a very unsatisfactory man ner?(opposition cheers)?until at length the House took I tie matter into Its own hands, and In >ooe of tbe largest divisions which ever took place within tlieac walls ss.-vrl- d a principle with regard to tlie borough franchise which was carried by a majority. '^Thst principle was that the borough franchise shou'd be i founded on rating. The House will admit tbal tbe state iueut i ha\ ? made is lair and accurate. Ho one ques tions for a momout that the government did not doubt the importance of that decision. It was a decision en tirely opposed to the whole policy which the govern ment during tbe session hud recommended. Of course, if they had not acknowledged the importance of that decision, they would not l ave retired from a position of i power, but they felt that the decision at which the House ol Commons arrived when there was a very lull attendance of members was one opposed to tbe whole policy which they had pursued during tbe session. I do not my that every gentleman on both aides of the House who contributed to t>at dtvison?-I ' do not say that every ewe la a division which numbered above six hundred members, bad narrow it investigated and purwed, to the Inst consequences, all 'hat roust follow from the assertion and adoption or that principle, but it happened, aa It happens in all popular aasemblt'a, that a great dectalen was arrived at by the unerring instinct of the House. (Laughter.) The House felt thai for the last fifteen yeara this que*'ion of tbe borough franc bias had not beea treated ie a aallafeo tory manner ny any government which bed attempted to deal with it, and that the time had coma when aome principle should be laid down In a distinct I and decided manner for tbo guidance of those 1 who might have to offer propositions to tbo House on she subject. 1 take it for granted that if ever there was a deci'ion of the Heaee of Commas which meant something it was that doctshm wbteh determined the gate of the Ministry; and If anything over had the character of authority in this Hoaee at all, it was the vote arrived at on that occasion. The House, I assume, meant by tbe decision It arrived si lhat the person who <,wa* in l>e intrusted with a vote t? elect members of Par liament should be one with respect to whom there should be some guarantee nod security for the regularity r b s life and tbe general trustworthiness of his con ict; and the Houae thought that the feet of a man . ?mg rated to the relief of the poor and being able to ? jay bis raiee gave that fair aasurtaee which the State I had a right to require. I take it that vote of the Houae ?f Commons meant this:?If yen are going to iaveet men with tbe exercise of pubVc rtghta let that great trust be accompanied with the exercise of publte Mr. iHrar, bear.) I take it ror granted that was what the louse ot Commons meant It meant that the being rated to tbe poor and tbe paying of the rates const!. %tuied a fair assurance that the man was fulfilled those condinone was one likely to be characterised by re.nlarttv of life and general trwst worth team of nondnct Tnis la a principle which the Houae thought ough' not to be I oat sight of, bet should be an'nc qua new i in me Mjuleroent of the borough franchise In baving go consider this question we accepted aa a guide that de cision or the House of Commons, placing on H what we deemed to be its real Interpretation. We believe that Sue House baa resolved and wishes that the borough suf frage should be bound up and nailed with the duty of psving raise for the maintenance of the poor, and pay ing tham really?that, in fact, n bona JLiU rating iran is what ths House of Commons meant by the reso lution ii adopted Accepting tbe decleton of the Honae with that Interpretation, wa had to consider bow such a proposition could ha united with UM principle of value, which hitherto was and etill Is tbe law of the country with respect to the borough franchise, 'ltd which without exception, during all the dis cussions on tba subject for tbo last fifteen yeara, has been accepted by Parliament The result of this attempt was not satlathctory. In aooeptlng a real and genuine principle of rating aa s guide wa found the mo ment we connected it with value a disturbing element, twhich promised no proapem if solution and gave no Chance or permanency. Therefore, under thaae etrcum aunres, in the course of consideration we prcpoaad to our-eives to examine the whole question of occupation In boroughs and see what would be tbe effect of the application of tba principle of gen nine rating without i reference to valua, Let me call the attention of the Ion** to aome figures, which will be la the hands of hsmb-rs immediately sad la greater detail. There an ,h in* boroughs of Knstaad and Walsa 1,361,000 nsaJe wusehoidera, of whom there are at present qualified le sou 644,000. There would therefore remain unqualified la applying tbe principle of a franchise handed en being rated tn tbe poor, and of peraenal , Jhyment of the rates, we found that eat of fMge TKkJM now fihMufiliifid. or rather net eaalifiaC (fig vminr under the evlrtint law, we should st once bar* bad to take away 237 001?that is to nay, thsi beneath t'i - ?10 line *i ? to it no* qualities I tiers are 237,000 person* wini ata rat a u> ibv peer uud oho pay raid*, anil who, it us law ware ho chant:*! that value should not be an ale-news, would itisu bo qualified to vote for momber.H of hrtMNt Now, ir ywu add those 237,000 persons who at- n-ei to Hie poor and who |>ay Ihsir rates to the 044,080 who arc at proseut qualified you will Bud that lucre would he 881,000 person* fulfilling the required conditions?that is 10 say, almust exactly two-thirds of the whole of the householders In the boroughs of Eng land and Wulea There would atill reman 4hc,ooo who would not be qualified under these ctrcumstancn, because Ibey do not pay rates personalty. A great deduction must be made from those ts,?,ooo on account of persons, who might rlntm to pay the rates, hut a great amount of those 4*6,000 persons would still remain without the oppor tunity of being rated to the poor, because there are certain act* of Parliament, some of a general and some of h local character, by which the landlord compounds lor the rates of his tenants, who, in oousequeoce, are called compound householders, and most of these are under the > peration of the act with tho details of which evory gentleman in the House is familiar?thermal Tenements act. There are tlfty-eigiit boroughs which are entirely under the operaliou of that act, and there are ninety-six boroughs In w hich certain parishes only are under the operations of the act In considering the settlement of the franchise for boroughs, and the possi bility of attempting to establish it, uot ou the fluctuat ing principle or value, which is only a question of de gree which may vary, and which wo might he called on to c. angc from y ear to year, it is Impossible not to lake into new the peculiar position of the compound householders. . This hill would admit 237.000 men who live in houses undi r ?10 and pav rates, leaving unenfranchised 486.000 householders not paying their own rates. Hut overv iaril tv would lie given to compound householders to take upon themselves the payment of their own rates, and to obta n in con^equenco the right of voting. After an elaborate argumeut ufion the ?5 franchise, which he strongly condoraued, characterizing it as a Serbonlan hog, aud assoriiug that its logical result in many places would be manhood suffrage, Mr. Disraeli next announced that the bill would confer the franchise on payers of ?1 J reel taxes (not mcluding licenses of any kindi, and householders (In towns only) paying ?1 direct taxes would be allowed to exercise the tranchise in re spe t of both sufl'rngea. It would also contain an educa tion franchise, and would give the franchise to the holders of saviDgs hank deposits and fuuded property to the amount of ?50. The direct tax franchise would add a number greatly exceeding 200,000 (though this was onlv an est mate), the education franchise, 3o,000; the funded property tranchise, 25.000; and the savings hank franchise, 45 000; iu all more thuu 1,000.000 would be added to the borough constituency. In the counties the f'anctiisc would be fixed at ?15 rating, which would add 171.000. and llie lateral franchises would bring the total ad-iti ions to the county constituencies to some 330,000. I hope that the House wll candidly consider this meas ure As far a? we are cuucerncd we have spared no pains, no thought, and have not shrunk from what was more important, pernaps, in cudeavoring to bring it he lore the House. 1 w ill not advert unnecessarily to the circum-tuncos attunding the framing of this measure wh ch lias now been brought before the House of Commons under very great difficulties and at very great sacrifices. I do not wish to disguise that I have lull great chagrin and great mortification tu con nect on with what has taken place?(hour, hear)?hut I believe I have done my duty? (cueors)? and under the circuin.-tances I do not thiuk 1 could have done other than 1 have. (Hear. I lu attempting to bring the ques tion lo this point we have lost those whoso absence from our couucils we more than regret; wo have had to ap peal to a high-spirited party to make what no doubt to some was to a certain extent a sacrifice of principle, much sacifice of amtlment and much sacrifice of in terest. (Hear.) Hut wo have not appealed in vain? (bear)?because the members of that uarty were ani mated by the same feeling winch Influenced us?a sense of duly and conviction; they felt that the time had arrived when this quest-on must be dealt with and seitl"d exteusively aud completely. I hope, ther fore, th House of Commons wbl give this measure a fair and candid consideration. We believe it is one which, if adopted in spirit, will settle its long dillerenccs; and thai it is qualified lo meet the requirements of the cuuntry. I urn told >or certain that there are objections against it, but I beg to remind the House of the distinc tion which we draw between popular privileges and de mocrat c rights. I am told thai in this measure there are checks and counterpoises, and that it assumes in this country Che existence of classes. If there are chcclu and Couolerpo sea in our scheme, we live under a consli tu ion of welch we bead thai It Is a constitution of checks and counterpoises (Hear, hear.) If the measure bears some reference exisimg classes in this country, why should we couceal irum ourselves, or omit from our dLcuaaiotM, the fact that this country Is a country of clashes, and a country of classes it will over remain t (Hear, hear.) What we desire to do Is to give overy one who Is worthy of it a fair share in the government of the country by means of the elective franchise; but, M the same t<m?, we havo been eq ally anxious to maintain the character of the House, to make propositions tn har mony with the circumstances oi the country, to prevent a preponderance of any class, and to give a representa tion to the nation. (Loud cheers.) The right hon orable gentleman concluded by moving for leave to bring in liM bill. iar Cuiosrroaa, who rose amid cbeert, said:?In any words. Mr. fcpcafcer, which may fall from me on this occasion It will be as tar as possible from my intention to impugn or question tbu assertion of tho right honora ble genueman the Cuancetior of the Exchequer that be has been acting under difficulties, end that he betievee he has done his duty. Be lies been acting under diffi culties; and I, for one, would give him full credit when be says ho has done bis duty. {Bear, bear ) Neither is It my intention In anything that may fall from me to prejudge the question of what course It may seem right in any member ef this House to take, or what course I, myself, may be compelled to take in reference to the measure of the right honorable gentleman. (Hear, bear.) I think that till the bill of the right honorable gentleman Is in our hands- and he has promised that it will be In onr bands to-morrow morning?It is impossible to arrive at any conclusion, or to enter fully into the question with such an amount ef knowledge aa tho gravity of the circumstances demand. But, sir, having said that, 1 most frankly state that the impression made on my mind by the statement of the right honorable gentleman la. in many respects, a perplexed one, and is not on the w hole n pioasiug on% We commenced the so stun with happy and cheerful anticipations. Wheu the reaolutloaa of the right bonorabio gentleman were produced we waived every queetion and every difficulty, except only the desire we entertained that a definite meaning should be attached to tboso resolutions. When the right honorable gentleman, acceding very fairly to the general desire expressed by the House, produced the skeleton of a bill, no difficulty was raised on this side of the House with regard to the principle uf that bill. It never was in print; bat the statement which I had the honor 10 make, and which I know expressed the general reeling on this side of the House, was, that from the deecrlptlen given of it by the right honorable gentleman, I hoped when we saw it In print ire might Bed that though there might be points, and, perhaps, many and serious points, which should be raised on the bill, yet that ihose polnta might fairly be considered In committee. (Hear, bear ) But though this is the fourth day of our progress, or, if not our progress, our proceedings with reference to the Reform question, I am afraid, to use a homely pbraae, that the right honorable gentleman is only leading us still deeper Into the wood. (A laugh.) I will now en deavor to stale the Impression which, In one or two re spects, the bill which the right honorable gentleman proposes to Introduce makes on my mind, aa far as I understand it, and with due regard to the correction Which to morrow morning will supply. On ordinary occasions, after bearing a slat -meat of this kind from the organ of the Government and tho leader of tho House, tho course would bo lo say littl# ; but on the proeent occasion the circumstances are peculiar. Many of the propositions or tho bill have obtained so remarkable a publicity that It nas been our daty IS apply ourselves to a consideration of the measure. With the aid of the knowledge we obtained beforehand of the principles of the btll wo have now acquired n more complete view of tbe matter than wo cooid have had If we bad been depending simply on tbo statement of tho Minister. But three days ago a meeting of the more select spirits was held In Downing street. A portion of tbe information Imparted to that mooting found its way aven to us, tbe mare mob of lb# House of Commons ("Ob, oh!" and cheers) As my observation is questioned by several boaorabie members I must add to It this remark?that, sa far aa I kaow, after an experience of thirty-four yearn, It Is a practice eatirely novel for a Minister of tbe crown to Char In hla house those members of Parliament who thinks agree with bim, and slate to them, day* In advance of the Hones of Commons, the particulars of a groat moaanro which It is hia intention to submit to Pari ament. (Hear, bear.) I had not intended to make that remark?(Ironical cries of "Hear, bear")?but I am Justified by the circumstances of tbe case. This is aa innovation, aad it Is an innovation which la not aa im provement. I hope, therefore, that there will be much consideration before it 1s repeated. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Gladstone showed, too, what facilities would be given far the manufacture of votes by electtoneartag agents. Ht also axpreased bis personal conviction that it woald be a great advantage If tbe reduc tion of tbe franchise downwards could be made lo step with the personal payment of rates. Tbe throe safeguards of tbe Mil were residence, rating and dual voting, and be examined Usee in detail, showing that rating would act very Irregularly aad that large number* might b* excluded in some towns by the action of ves tries aad special local acta, while in sgrtealiural boroughs Ik* franchise woald bo virtually manhood suffrage, and an tbo dual vote Mr. Gladstone emphatically declared, amid loud cheering, that be was implacably hostile to it?that it was a gigantic engine of fraud, and the pro clamation of n war of classes. He remarked next on ' the absence of the lodger franchise from the Mil, quot ing Mr. Disraeli's description of It in 1840. and predict ing that it would have to be Introduced into tbe bill. Duality and personal payment of rates were practically d- ad as safeguards already, aad with tbs addition of a lodger franchise no doubt It would bo a very advan tageous bill for the liberal party, but how It was to ba treated *s a whole by tbo liberal party waa a question for tutor* consideration. The CHAnctLuta or m Exrncqrm made an animated reply, attacking Mr. Gladstone for his Inconsistency, defending tho socuracy of hie figure*, and asserting that it waa a calumny on the work logman to assums that be would re sunt the connection of the constitutional obli gation to pay rates with the political privilege of voting. Replying to an observation of Lord Crao borne, ho de clared with much emphasis that tbo government weuid never introduce house bold suffrage pure iN simple, and ba urged tbo House not to Helen to what bo hinted was the object of Mr. Gladstone's elaborately prepared speech?the raj sell on of the bill before its second reading. In the House of Commons, on the lMh or March, Mr. Jons Bourne said:?1 wish to art a queetion of the right boaorabie gentlesMa, the Chancellor of tho Exchequer, Of wbtch I have not given him notion, and If ha can't answer it to-night perbano ha will answer It on Thurs day. Bat I hope be will be able lo answer It to-night. The reason why I put It Is because it may affect tbe vet* and the course of tnan* gentle men on this side of the House. Tbe quastlou I wish to aok the right honorable gentleman Is whether, after the expression of opinion fast night with regard to aa Important part of hit propo sition?I mean with respect to what la cailod dual f?0ag?h? intends te adhere latent oruvioiea la tee b?U. of whether be doe* not coaoider It ea unimportant or unoggriuial part of big me?^ur?'. (Hear, bear.t Tbe i uaxck' ior or tii* Ei myrui-1 have tin objection whatever to answer the honorable gentlcraau'n question at present, and 1 do not wish him to put It oil tat Thurs day. The bill which 1 asked l< ave to introduce yester day la only just In tbe posgeaalon of member* I wish i hem to consider it, and I think, when wo discing n on the Mei'oad reading (cheers), when every important part of it has been lairly by both rules of 'be Houae, that is the legitimate occasion on which to ex press an opinion on a point so Important. (Cheers.) Mr. UuiiiaroNa ?I have several qucstiou* to put to tbe govorament with reference to this bill; atul they differ from that of my honorable friend the member for Birmingham, inasmuch as tner do not touch any maitftr of policy, but only ask for information. The right honorable gentleman having truly said that the bill was in our hands only this morn ing, 1 have not been able to give him notice of my ques tions, hut I shall be moat happy b> place them on the votes In case be Qnds it inconvenient to answer them on my reading them over to liim. My questions, sir, are these: ? Fin?Whether the conditions of voting In boroughi. so far as they are affected by the bid of llie government, are to be the aatae for occupier" ot the value of ?10 and upwards us for occupiers under Uie value of ?10, or, If not, In what re ai?ect ihev differ? S"inully?Whether it is Intended by the bill that the rascu pytng I ranchlae ltt boroughs, ? htch now depends on the oc ctipatiou of any tou-e. warehouse, counting hone, shop or otuor building, it henceforward to depend upon the occupa tion or dwelling houte? etcludvely ? Thirdly? Whether the total number of male occupiers stated by the Chancellor of the Kicheqiier in his Ktmecn on Motility consisted exclusively of the occupiers of dwelling bouses ? Ftmrtily?Whether her Majesty's government will lsy on the table of the House their estimates of the number of voters to be enfranchised under the several clauses of the bill, together with the data, to far as they thluh ut, upon which such estimates are framedf And. lastly, w hether an occupier claiming to be registered under clause 31, when a composition or otuer reduced rate on the premises has been duly paid by his landlord, must, iu order to be registered, pay the difference beta een such re. duced rate and the rite which would have been chargeable upon biin If directly rated? (Hear, hear I Tbe Chaxckllor op thr Ex<ukqcrr?I think the proper mode of dealing with these questions is to give tho explanation which may bo doomed necessary in fair discussion, w hen my colleagues and myself havo an op portunity of generally reviewing tho whole subject. I canuot help being of the opinion that by auswering those questions now, when such an opportunity doesnot present itselt, we may give a very fate impression as to the motives by which we arc actuated and the object which wo desire to attain. (Hear, hear.) It is only when we can avail ourselves of such opportunities as that to which 1 have referred that the government will be able c learly to Indicate the policy upon which they mean to proceed, (hear, hear.) Tardea of the Opposition. On the 21st ot March Mr. Gladstone convened a meet ing of the liberal members of tbe House of Commons, it is understood, to agree on the course of opposition to the government Ke.orm bill. THE FENIAN WAR. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERALD. A Fenian OOlcer l)i.gsiard aa a Woman?Tils Arrest and the Charges Against film? Names ol tbe Men Charged with High Treason? A British Flying Column on Jaunting Cure? The Mituntlan in the Month. A c. Cork, March 21, 1887. A man was arrested here at Queenstown to-day dressed In woman's clothing. He has been looked for some time by the police for heading a body]of Insurgents new Emly, oounty Tipperary, and killing one of that body. His name is Dunne, and he bad only some time pre viously returned from America, and is therefore design ated "An American emissary." It is said he travelled from tbe town of Tipperary in the attire which be worn when arrested here. His mother accompanied httu, and both were booked for tbe steamship Virginia in tbe names of "Hannah Ryan" and "Kate Ryan," and would have escaped, but both giving their names as "Hannah" Ryan when "passing" the Emigration officer. Dunne's brother bad also taken passage by the Vir ginia, but was captured when going on board In the outer harbor. Both captures are considered of some Importance. American Interference in Behalf ef the Fealaao. The Paris Xtrndard, of the 10th of March, asserts that Mr. Adams, tbe United States Minister In I<ondoo, has made representations to tbe British government in levor of the Fenian prisoners in Ireland. St. Patrick's Day. Ne Fenian disturbance took piece anywhere In Ire lend on St Patrick's day?indeed it Is generally admit ted to have been aa qniet a St. Patrick's day among tbe Irish in all directions as has been experienced for years. At Liverpool, where the rumors had been to alarm ing and the precautions eo sug geative, nothing whatever bed transpired to ahow whether there wee any cause for the alarm or not. THE PRIZE RING. Battle Between Jee Ueea ait Teat Allen, ef Blrmlnghnm?Thlrty?fowr Severs Rounds and a Drawn Pltkt. [From the Dublin Freeman's Journal, March 19.) A battle was fought at Marsh Held, near Cardiff, ta the Bristol district, on Friday, between Joe Goes (who has been named by Mace to light O'Baldwin, the Irish Giant) and Torn Allen, of Birmingham Alien Is twenty seven years old, S feet 10 inches in height, and weighs 11 stone T lbs. when In lighting trim. He has been in the ring since 1900. He has vanquished successively Morris, Connor, Jack Gould, Bingey Rose and Jack Parkinson. Ho was beaten by Smith the Darky, and by Posh Price, in 1802; bnt last ytar, hav ing prodted by bis experience, be met and defeated Price in a tough contest, which lasted two hours and Ove minutes. He has also beaten Isles, with whom O'Baldwin rpars in bis sparring exhibitions. The public performances of Gom are pretty well known. He defeated Price in 1802, and fought Mace for ?000 to ?400 In 1863, when he was defeated after a battle oi two hours' duration, in which bis Ogbting was not considered plucky. He was a second time beaten br Mace last year in 31 minutes. Guss is thirty yssrs of age, 6 feet 81, inches high, snd weighs 11 stone 0 lbs. Some little time was lost In the preliminaries, but at 10.34 the men tbrsw tbslr caps Into the ring, and were warmly received by their respective partisans. Goss, In consequence of his late Incarceration, bad had no lime for projwr training. He took his breath ing at Boriea Arms, Hammersmith, under Tom West, ef Bristol. He was not la the liest condition, being rattier fleshy, but his face expressed the ut most determination. Allen, wbe was trained at Birmingham by Ban Carrmgton, was remarkably tit, and lbs good tampered smile with which he scanned his antagonist bore testimony to bis belter in his chance of success. He stood somewhat over Uoss, but had not the brood shoulders and massive looking countenance of the latter. Previous to the commencement of the tight Allen offered to lay an even ten pound that he won, but Gees refused, saying that all his money was alr-adv laid out in the stakes lor bis two matches. Some business, how ever, was done by the bystanders, the frlsndsofthe Birmingham man at first standing out tor flvs to four, but eventually accepting level betting. The referee was tbs reporter of one of the London ?porting papers, and tba seconds wars well known to all usual attendants at tba ring side. Precisely i tlaely at a quarter-past eleven o'clock the eppo nenta shook hands, and the light commenced. There lengthened but by no means tedious bout of sparring, each being anxious to seise the first opening, but neither wae inclined to throw away a single chance, and it waa some time before a blow wan struck; but at length Allen led off at the right aide of tba bead, landing slightly, and receiving himaelf on the left cheek. Tba led to a cioee, and Ooaa wan uppermost In a barm less

hn. Scarcely had they again met than Gom sent la bis right a second time on the cheek, and after e short rally be sent hie man to the earth by a round arm hit on the left Jaw, belag assisted by a slip on the pert of Allen. First knock down for Gom. In the third round Alien eras very short in several at i a little one on the mouth, and tempts, but at last sent in a little one on the mouth, i claims of first Mood fbr him were made, but not allowed. More aparrleg took piece, Gom being particularly active In his movements. At this point tba police, who bed up to this time re mained at the bridge, crossed over Into Glamorganshire. The men, who bed been fighting seventeen minutes, wars at once ordered out of the ring hy the referee end the ropee and elakan removed. Arter going about a quarter of a mile, the coastabita staying behind, another spot, at the top of n hill, bat sheltered from observation, wae selected, and the antagonists, nearly aa hour having slapsed, again faced each other. They had, however, only ?for four minutes when the polios, beaded by nef superintendent, made aa appearaaoe and in sisted that tbe flght should not be allowed to proceed. Expostulations were made that they had no right, being Monmouthshire constabulary, to net in Glamor ganshire; but the aepertatendeat mid be might follow them seven miles beyond tbe limits of hie own county, and he weald do as rather than they should continue. The referee, therefore, at onot or dered a retreat to Cardiff, which necessitated a wearisome walk of several miles, tba police, suspecting that New port was tba real destination of tbe party, proceeded there In hot beam. Bat they wars mistaken. A return journey waa oemmenaed in the next train, and on ar rival at Marsh Held far the soooad time the ring waa pitched on a flat piece of turf net a hundred yards from tbe railway station, sad tba light was there brought to a conclusion without further Interruption, the rsnswed contest commencing at fifty.three mtantea past three. Offers of ela to four on Gom were not accepted, and a celebrated professional laid two to one In the preview ring Allen bed seemed te be all abroad, bitting without tbe sligbteet precision, but be now dis played aa alteration that surprised even hla own friends He repeatedly led oil- reaching Gom* body and noes, and receiving but slightly In return; and, thanks to his good condition, bs showed no signs of having been touched, while tba face ef Gem wae much flushed and hla lips swollen. In the seventh round Allen oountered on the left aye with great severity, inflicting an ugly cut upon tbe syn od, from which the blood flowed proruaaly. First blood for Allen, Urns equalising tbe two events. This visita tion seemed to nager Gom exceedingly, and a nu mber of wild, scrambling rounds succeeded, in which Allan in flicted another lever# cut upon hla opponent's right ebesk, aed the ay* t"**" ?? otosa rapidly, bs blmaalf being free from ml marks excerpt a flushed Dee. lax bed now tan** and lavor of the Birmingham man. Cos* 10* altered hie tactics, and plauied on the rib* with his right, but his e)cs were visited of on ami wth u<sav.iie?s llut In the twenty-Urst round Allen ?n fought down in the middle of the mix, and wa.< carried to hu corner bleeding irom a rut over the left eye, ai.d In the nest round the Northampton man h cceedud in getting on the "hug," and tieid hia opiionont for about a tniuute, until tie tell awkwardly at (bo ro|iea. On U iug laken to his corner (loss said he had hurt lil? arm exceedingly, and he made little uso of it after wards, conhulng linn-elf to visiting the rib* wdtt tbo rigut. In the twenty Ufth round, when they had been tabling in the third ring for three-quarters of an bour, Aden was thrown heavily, and bis right shoulder dislo cated, hut he continued to come up with the greatest possible courage. The two men now fought fast np to the thirty-second round. On ooming np for the thin y-fourth both of them see mod to have hud enough. They sparred for a long time without striking a blow; aud retired to their cor tiers to have a rub dowu aud a driuk. This was repeated twice, and at last, the round having consumed eighteen minutes, and boib b.'iug chaty of leading oil, they seated themselves aud were enveloped in their ruga Seeing this (he referee called on them to get together, Buying that if they did not do so in ten minutes be should make it a draw. After some conversation between tun seconds the men thru advanced to the middle of the ring and shook hands, the contest terminating as a drawn battle, and much satislactiou being expru^sod by the *i>ocutori> at the result. The light ended at thirty-flve minutes after Ave, one hour aud thirty-two minutes having been spent In the third ring, making the duration of the tight one bour and fifty-three minutes, aud thirty four rounds. Goss was much punished about the lace, his right eye being nearly closed, while the loft was little better. Allen wus severely hit on the left ribs, a Urge swelling being clearly di"< ernible; otherwise be was uot much hurt. Both of th-iu behaved with the utmost gallantry, and they wcro warmly cheered. In about five minutes after the termination of the contest ihc police arrived from Newport, and wore ex tremely chagrined to tlnd that tbe light, notwithstanding all their vigilance, had been successlully brought olf, and that they were Just too late. RELIGIOUS SERIVCES. "The Itijrht of the Colored Race In Conven tion." In the Church of thn Puritans last evening Rev. Dr. Cboover delivered a discourse on "Tno Right of the Col ored Race in Convention, Ac." After the usual Sabbath evening services Dr. Choover proceeded with his dis course, taking for his text the twenty-Brut verse of the second chapter of tbo Epistle of Paul to tbo Romans? "Thou tberelore which tear host another, teacbest thou not tbysoif 1 Thou that pruachest a muu should not steal, dost thou steal f" The question here submitted by the apostle was applicable to the Legislature o( the Stale at Albany. Tbe Northern people had shown them selves prompt and ready to lay down tbo law to the ?Southern States, and was roady to give light to thorn that were in darkness, whilo thoy thcmselvus continued in darkness and commuted iniquity before tbe world. "Thou thai prenehest a man should not steal, dost thou steal ?" This question was particularly applicable to our prevent legislators. We, w ho say to the South enfran chise your negroes and extend to them the right of suffrage, deny to the same alas* of people hero the right to send del.'gate* to the convention for the revising of our state cousliiutiuu. l'his is u highhanded outrage before fioa and man. It was one of the moat surprising things in the world, wiih the process of reconstruction going on before u*. in tlio midst of a providential ad vancement of public opinion towards oquul Justice to nil, to see tbla prejudice ugatusl color having such a bold on the minds ol our Northorn legislators. It is a nigh handed legislative outrage, this recent rescript, and the wondor is that it could be perpetrated with out rebuke, and without scarcely public notice being laken of It on the part of the press or the people, on the part of the church or ministers of the gospel. No public notice is taken of the great outrage committed on a large num ber o our fellow citizens. Tbou who preachest a man should not steal, dost thou vital? Thou who wouidst compel the people of the tniulb, before permuting tbem to come back into tho luiuu, to agree to givu to every colored man within their borders the right of voting, the right oujoyed by white people, thou must, In tby arro gance aud impiety betore (tod and man, reluse to ext-nd the same right to tho colored people In your own Slates. Tnere were three things to consider in this connection. In the Orst place, the rights or the people; in the second, the responsibility of (lie masters of the people In Legis lature assembled, and thirdly, the responsibilities of the people themselves In tbe work of reconstruction. The sol emnity of this opportunity 10 do equal justice to all classes of community should uot be overlooked by tbe ehurcbos. Our legislators are tha trustees or the rights of the people, vested In tbe people by the Almighty himseir; end the right of voting is one of the original rights of the people committed to their trustees, and the conditions or voting are provided for in the consti tution framed by tbe people in convention, and ir the people or any portion of them are derraudixl by their trustees of that right it is a robbery and the trustees become defaulters, It not worse. This is the great crime and great injustice which Is being perpetrated In this State, and It Is the duty of the whole people to call their rulers to account, and with the blessing or God they will do it in the convention which will soon be held. In tbe accounts of the conferences between tbe people end their rulers in the Old Testament, especially in the great and solemn compacts between God end Motes, all the people were called on at the reading of atcn particular decree to say amen. This was tne right of citizenship, the dlviae right of the government I rem God to be ex excised for the good or too wuoie people, ena ail toe people shouted amen, to ehow tbat they all shared in paaauiC the laws, and undertook tbe respous billty of obeying and executing then). All tbe peoplo as citizens bare a rigbt from Goa to tbo fulfilment el tble.iaw, and tbey bare alau resting on lb em the reepoaalbllity of see ing that tbe government executes them fairly and in , Justice to all. Go to Albany and to Waahlngioo, and to tbe lobbies there, or ask wbat is tbe testimony or erery Individual tbat oomee bask from those bails of legislation, who bad an opportunity of looking witbln the vail, and tbey will tell you tbat tbey are oeeis of briberv and corruption. This nation, now in bar youib, ought to be tbe purest or all nations, with respect to tbe greet crime of corruption in legislation; but the unlveml testimuny Is that our legislators are controlled by bribery and corruption, aud that our judges demand a reward for their decrees. l<agi?laiora and judges are sharper than briers and a thorn hedge in tbe pursuit of bribery. Tbe right of suffrage grows out of tbe right of citizenship. All the people aro citizens, and tbe right of suffrage la tbe primary guarantee of this. By whom should ihs condition of tbe vote be settled t By tbe people themselves, at the condition of their citizenship. Tbe conditions of citizenship are the conditions of sove reignty, and must belong to the people. They ore the conditions of freedom, and lbs people cannut he free if the aetllemeut or these conditions is out of their power. A free people set tbe conditions of suffrage in convention, and exercised the primary and elementary right of self-government by voting In con vention; and the right or voting oolongs to every indi vidual of the people, as citizens out oi whom the con vention grows; and the exclusion of any portion of tbo people from that right Is a high handed injustice and eutrage against the constitution, against nature, Justice and freedom. If the Frencn or Germans were excluded from voting, that would not take away the right of those people, as part of the people, to meet in convention aud consider wheihor such a law should be altered; and It wouid he absolutely necessary lor them to voto to send delegates to such convention. And what hare oar legis latorial Albany done r l'assed an Iniquitous rescript which denies tbe right of thousands ot onr fellow citizens to vote. This la an unalloyed and perfect despotism ; it is committing n robbery under tbe pretence of legal power. If ancb things are done In tbe green tree, what shall be done in the dry T This legislative rescript takes sway the right of the people, publicly degrades thsm and sanctions all tbe oppressions which the white man wishes to inflict. Certain magistrates in one of the Southern Plater, who refused to permit negroes to vote, ware arrested and compelled to admit tbe right, end the legislature who would rsfuse to the negro the right to vote for delegates to e convention to revise the constitution might, with equal Justice, be arrested for such an unjust art against the people and against the constitution. These legisla tors In their injustice are acting aa the representatives or a huge monopoly. The qusation, who shall be voters t le the vital question on which tbe liberties and lbs lights of the people depend; and the object of n convention of Urn people wan to inks that very question out of the bonds of a monopoly, of a clique and or an oligarchy, and commit It to the whole people, as the only mode or deliverance from the dominant power of eaah en oligarchy, who would vote away in sucermtoa every right of the citizens forever. The sin of this Ini quitous law against the colored raoe Ilea at the door of the Christian churches In lha land. The ministers of the Gospel here not moved la this great worh till It has become toe lets?indeed their silenoe baa given consent to the monstrous Iniquity. It was for the people them selves to settle the question, and on their own behalf, on behalf of humanity and Justice, to right the wrong which their legislators have eemmltted. Pervtee at at. Patrick's Cathedral. Yesterday divine service nan held In St. Patrick's Cathedral for the Im time knee Me destruction by tie. The early or low messes ware said In ihs cathedral, and high mam, at half-past ton A. M., was oelabrmted la the chapel. It Is expected from the rapid prog rasa with wbisb lha church is being reconstructed that It will be to tar completed la three or four weeks that the regular aarvtces wMl he held them. FUNCRAL IF N?1 URIEL ?. CHASE. BsLTatoaa, March SI, 18dT. The fooeral at Bar. Samuel W. Chase, e colored Pre#, byterian minister, took place today. Tbe demonstra tion was ens of tbn largest ot the kind ever witnessed bore. Be was e Peel Grand Master Mason and a high official of the Odd Fallow* The colored men belonging to those cedars turned eat la large numbers. One hun dred carriages wore In ihs cortAge and the colored popu lation ween m mnsm on the streets, PMZE FBHT M KANSAS Br. Lora, March SI, 1MT. A prim Sfbt hat wean Frank Drew, ot St Joseph, and Ahaaca Bralnard, ot Montana, occurred in Kansas, oppo site St Joseph, yesterday. One hand red and sixty Svo rounds were fought, occupying over two bourn Drew wen the victor. NEW MIEANS TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. . . . Omasa* March SI. 1M7. A foil meeting of the Typosraphtool Union woe bold here to day, rhey unanimously resolved thai tba re dact ton in prioea from aaventrdve cents to sixty cento a thousand rlalawd by proprietors canaet be com plied with ueder the present blab rate ot Hvtto to thto ?Me The master iar " MEXICO. IKCUL CORRESPONDENCE Of THE HERUO. The Hlrfr of Vera i'rux- The People Inaldr DUpmnl i? Ulote and Kafarr* a Morreudrr - Maximilian's Army Encompassed and Be sieged at <|nrretaro-(jeneral Diaz ('on niraces lk? Hitia of Put-bla. Ha tax a. Hatch 27. 1807. Don Luis Rubles y Pezuela, scrompauied by a fair mere of Maximilian's nx-Mintstore, baring determined no: to go to Europe, and to be nearer to the Mexican Oulf, took passage for New Orients* in the steamer Liberty, which sailed on Sunday morning. Tbe information obtained rrom the different passengers oa board of tbe Spanish steamer Antonio Lopez, from Vera Cruz on the lftth Inst., is of interest, tbe more so as no newspapers were received by said mail and very few letters. The substance is as follows ? Tbe republican Oenernl Benovides was closely menacing the city of Vera Cruz; the inhabitants were deiermiu >d to rise or compel tho defending forces to surrender the place. Bureau, tbe imperial political prefoct was dis I>osed to do so, and 1'eres (ioroez was opposed to It, but tbis was considered a feeble effort on his part, as tbe situation and his limitod forces did not warrant any resistanoo whatever. The news from tba city of Mexico is to the 13th Inst. and the following items are from reliable sources:? The army of Max, consisting of 8,000 men, was re duced to the circuit of Querciaro city, and besieged by mora than twenty thousand liberals, among which was tbe force commanded by Escobedo. The preliminary operations of tbe siege were commenced on tbe 0th inst. Tbe imperialist forces bad long previously attempted to prevent the junction of the two bodies of Escobedo and Corona, undor tbe reactionary General Mendez, but be tailed to do so, having got the worst in a small action, wblrh compelled him to fall back to Querctara The position of Max's army was the more precarious, as the resources which be required to maintain it, even during the most favorable time, were wanting. Many of the proprietors of Querctaro city, of any means, bad abandoned tbe place in order not to furnish him with any money. Tbis not only kept Max absolutely inactive, but ufTorded the necessary time and oppor tunity to tbo liberals to augment their forces, and en able them to make an early attack. All the passeugera that have arrived in the steamer corroborate the com plete dissolution of the elements upon which tbe Arch duke had counted, and tbey further confirm the total want of security on tbe public rouds, whore tbo liberal forces were found. On tho 11th Instant Genoral Diaz commenced bis siege operations on the town of 1'uebla, whore, it Is said, there were not over two thousand men, all ruw recruits, with out any pecuutary moans and having no faith of success in tbe dofnuce. In the city of Mexico there were upwards of three hundred individuals in prison, many of whom were Spaniards and oilier foreigners. They have boon de prived ol their llbertv for being friendlv to tb<> republic, refusing to pay any forced loans and determined not to submit to tbo exactions of tbe imperialists. Tbe liberals were preventing the supply of provisions Into the city of Mexico, and were continually harassing the sentinels and the people at the gales, their ahots reaching the most distant streets of the centre. Tbe communication with Querctaro and Pucbla was pre vented with tbe greatest possible rigor. Tbe Ministry of Maximilian, holding the reins of gov ernment, hail given in their demission, with the object of retiring abroad, if such were practicable. The twenty-six inhabitants of Vera Cruz accused of traasou and exlied to Yucatan, of which I wrote you, succeeded in overcoming their guard and ran the vessel Into Alvarado, whence they at once joined tbe Ilkaral forces. CUBA. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERALD. Arrival at Havana of the French Mqnndron. From Mexico?Marriazre of (leneral Duli-e. Bayasa, March 27,1807. IKS riUMCfl MQt'AOKON. The rent of the French ships of war from Vera Cms, arrived at this port on Saturday morning, giving a ma jestic and important aspect to our harbor qotto unusual. First the frigate Magnanlme ap peared, followed by the Flandra, and lastly the largo ram Magenta, hoisting the flag of Admiral Laronciera le Nourry. These three vessels were more remarkable for their formidable else than aught else, particularly the Magenta, which towers far above the rest. The three are all ironsides and their entraaoe was immedi ately followed by that of three gunboat*, which towed them along. They took several days to come from Vera Cruz, and, to use the expression of a French wag, lounging among the spectators of the sight, "it is s wonder that they ever got safe to this port at alt!" Once in harbor, the whole day ws heard nothing hut the booming sounds of salutes, they wars so glad to have arrived safely. Admiral Laronclere, having come ashore to pay his rsspecis to the Capiat a General, wee received with doe j coartesy, and the visit was returned in the afternoon by the Deputy General (Segundo Cabo), on the pert of Gen eral Man sana Marshal Bazaine, accompanied by hie aid-de-camp and a colonel oT the Spanish staff, made n visit yesterday to the Captain General, which was duly returned by his Excellency in the afternoon. The Spanish General de Marina (Admiral of tha sta tion I has given a banquet to Admiral Laronoisra and tba other French commanders. Covers for forty Indi viduals. The French squadron now in harbor consists of the following ships:?Magenta, a tliree-deckcr ironside of fifty guns and 760 men; Flandrr, ironside frigate of thirty-four guns and 674 men; Magnanlme, ironside frigate of thirty gnns and 680 men; Sonverain, an old ship of the line, now only mounting twelve guns, serving as a transport, with 660 men ; Adonis, gunboat steamer of six guns and 160 men; Taclique, do , of three guns and 04 men; Tourmente, da, two guns end SO tpen; Tartars, do., four guni and 104 men; Dlllgente, da, four gnns and 142 men; Brandon, do., two guasand 100 men: Magellan, corvette,"do., fifteen guns and 280 men; Xavarin, a three decker transport, and the Themis, do. So that, including the Megnre and Ducbtyla, without re collecting the name-' of more, there ere at least fifteen French sblpe of war now in Havana. The gunboat Boa vet, from Now Orleans oa the 22d, la not included in the above; she arrived on the 26th Inst. I am informed that tha whole of the French fleet bound to Europe will anil to-day. Tha Souverain, with Marshal Bazaine aad lady on board, goes to Cadis to land Mrs. Bazaine and her mother, who era desirous to paae tha Holy Week ia Seville, pay e visit to the Spanish Court end aee some of the other cities ia Spain. I leans ffom a private bat reliable source that lbs report gives out at tba time that tha Marshal had married a rich heiress by uniting himself to the very amiable aad nooompllebed lady who te saw his spouse, has wo foundation, her family being only ia what Is termed "comfortable" etreaamtaaceu. The Mirabel, however, is raid ta have secured an ample fortune himself during hie long sway la Meztoe. Tba pride of the Spanish Haas has been a little dampened about their Tetuan ireneidor since the arrival of the Freeoh veaaett ef her class The Teteaa baa now a thousand defects which wore net dWoovered till their arrival. Her commander gave a party yesterday ta tba French officers, aad after dinner ordered a d up lay of Bengal lights oa board, which had a pretty effect ta tba harbor. ?ussuoa o9 onrnu avuw wrra a crass. On Saturday evening the marriage ceremony between General Dales aad the Coaatem of Saniovenia was per tensed with doe solemnity in the private oratory or her ladyship at bar mansion In the Flea de Anna (almost next door ta the Ataertean Consulate). The nuptial cere monies wars performed by the Blebop or Havana, who had eomo for tha purpose frees CTonfiiegoa, where he was making a pastoral lour. Tha wftoaaean prevent wc._ his Exesllsaey tba laptaia General, tha lataadeaie General of the Treasury, Generals Vloent, Balmaseda, Harms Devils, Counts O'RelUy aad Baa lgaacio, lienors O'FarrilL Zuiuets, and several other persona ef dletlac ttoa la Havana. The happy ooeple, after the ceremony, paaeed ea te the grand aatooa, where they received the congratelatioae of all present, and retired at about lee o'clock. Cuff ?a fail mre+mpk Hrr ladyship was dreused ia Meek, wearing e beautiful diadem among a profusion of jewelry la brilliants and opals General Dulce waa drseaed la fall uniform, and eo ware tba other generals aad officials. aamncas oolb to an mum sa a ctscrusvuro aantou av ran. A meeting of merchants, banker* aad plan ten was held oa Saturday to determine whether rolled States gold shell be received la Hsvaaa as a em ulating me dium at per. The qacetion was decided la the affirma tion, aad tha signatures are being taken of those who an willing to Mad themselves to the measure Fnm w 9mm Braanr. -Shortly before nine o'ektok I last night a dm ooourtad at Ma 111 B'*,h lamp I aad keraaaaa oil Mara, kept by Cbrbtma TVsut. Pretty I mech the whole off the contest* of I destroyed. Loan estimated st about 6insured for I 11,200 la thu Continental Insnrsa. e compear Tha fire I passed through to the second story, damaging tba fhrat-1 tare of Peter Eisner torn* amount o shoal $76? in sured for $400 in the Amertcsn Kfhsnge Insurance Company. The boHdlaf '* owasd by Peter Etraer aad I two other persons; the damage done to it aar,ou?to to about $eia-iseared. IJe fire wee ceased b, the well denial epeettieg ef e herpeeae ell lamp in the Moral window, which ftU emoak reum mm ooufaislsc ML I THE LABOR MOVEMENT. Ini'mwd U ??n Uriumntrd bv <l*uractnri t arprairm, < uiiprra, .Ha<oa<i n ml Pttiamre. To day >a increased rat" of wages wlit be asked by ibe carpenters of this city. They bava hitherto be a a ree iif. inn $3 60 per day; $4 a day will hereafter b? demanded. The coopers, who have beeo recti zing #i 60, will to-day demand 63. Ob and after the 1st of May the masons will albo rtomand |3 a day. lb UKOOKLYN. Within a short tana past the Journeymen Carpenters' Union of Brooklyn have given notice that the inoiubera of that organization would demand $4 per day, instead of $3 60 (the present amount received), on and after April 1, as the lutuiiuutu rale of wages. Before being paid off for the week the members of the union nodded their reapective tmeses of the demand of the society, aud held a special meeting on Saturday evening for tbe purpose of receiving reports as to the result. The meet ing was beM at (irenadi Hall, Myrtle avenue, near Bridge street, the president, Mr. Henry Gordon, In the chair, and Mr. John Robertson acting as secretary. Alter the disi>oeal of some preliminary business ? number of reports were made by members present, hut a full knowledge as to the result of the demand could not lie obtained, as ibe meeting was not sufficiently at tended. The following named bosses, however, wero reported as being willing to pay tho Increased rate of wages:?Thomas McCoriuack, Gold street. J. H. Towa send, Wiiioughiiy avenue; Pueberty A McDonald. Mr. Woodruff, Hudson avenue; Joseph Tutbill, Bridge street; Samuel drew. (Inrmoat avenue; Robert Boatty, Tlllary street; King k Diednck, Dean street; Michael Macklln, Front street; Baxter A; stownll, Imllding in Court street; William Welch, Franklin avenue; Cunningham 6i Ward, l.alayette aveuu?'; Christopher Lee, atreel; Mr. Sheldon. Court street ("If it becomes a general thing"). Tbo following bosses were reported as willing to pay it If others did ?Timothy Kuineon, Atlantic street; Wright A Brooks, Oxford street; Mr. McKee, Clamon uveuuo. D. 8. Voorbees, of Court street, "would con sider it."' The following bones were reported as refusing to com ply with tho demand:?William Williams, Flatbush ave nue; John Mcl-emu, Mr. Van Nostram, New York; Wil liam Yost, Flatbush. The following New York bones who employed mem bers of this organization were reported as favorable:? Wilson A Slraul, Trinity place, Jonathan M. Kelly, Fletcher street; John Hacked, Fast Fight, euth street. There being no other niemliers preseut to report, a general discission In relation to the subject ensued. Mr John Lair thought that all the society had to da was to stand firm, aud they would then lie successful la their demand. He said that anr member who should go to work on Monday morning without a proper under standing wltu his buss thai he was to receive $4 per day was not only a thief, but a liar to Iiib fellow men. He hoped that there was not a man present wbe would drive even a brad before basing a proper understanding on this point. Mr. Lair also prod cted that by tbe uiiddlo of the week everv member would re ceive tbe increased rate of wages, ami in conclusion re marked that If they acted right they would ahow the New Yorkers (society men and bosses) what the Brook lyn society was madeot (Applause.) Mr. Bkatty was |iositivc that every man would have the Increase before Tuesday. Some further discussion ensued, after which tbe meet ing adjourned, and In eccordance with a prov ml on in the bylaws those members who have been refused tbe im cie.ce of wages will "str.Ke' lor it. ANOTiicn nocimr i>g.MA.xns ax ixcrkakr or waqrb. The laborers' Union Benevolent Society of Brooklyn have given notice to boss builders that on and after to day ncmbers of that society will demand $3 per day an tbe rate of wages. This action was determined upon at a recent meetiug of l!iat organization. in n.i>hixh. Tbe journeymen painters of Flushing, L. I., have re solved to demand $4 a day on and after to day. POLICE INTELLIGENT. Kiikhsivc Theft* bt a B okkkfcih,?Henrr D. Ball, a Scotchman, twontysix yean of Age, who for tbe last three years baa been in the employ, u bookkeeper, ot the KussWl & JErvrin Ma no facto ring Oompaay, doing buainoax at 87 Bookman street, vim yesterday arrested by detective Stillwell, of the Second precinct, on tve *nD(i ,urc*n,T- Mr- Jamee B. Otlgae. director and mnoager of the Russell k Krwie Mamffne! luring Company, charges that on the 14th day of I? 1 s,w1'' * IhauUty of hardware, valued ?J pro|wrty ot the aforesaid comiwur Mr (tedeniurtber-charges that on the ilat day of November Bell stole otbor articles ol hardware worth Itn aa Bell pleaded guilty ,o both !??o? toed to having taken goods to the Last ofW? $7,000 from his employers, disposing of the same and appropriating the prooeeds to his own use. With the money Bell realiied from the stolen goods and othsc foods at his oommand, It la alleged, be baa been pur chaslng reel estate in Brooklyn, 'where he restaaa Judge Hope committed the aoouned to the Tombs for trial Id default of bail. Tea Howaao Sraear Dibobomu.t Bocae "? frtai Pmitta, the reputed proprietor of the disorderly H, 10 Howard street, end the live female mm..*, nrr.eiig on Saturday night, were yesterday morning brought before Justiee Hogan, at the Tombs. The guta wru. marched from the station house in Spring street to tb? Tomba in their short, lew necked dremea. foiiMM >? an- Idle, shouting crowd of msn and boys The wt&i allege that before leaving the station boLse the? iJZ not permitted to put on their outer dreaeea ilttnik they Inideted upon doing au for tbo finales (odIj obirged with dliordipte conduct) argued to the Court that the dresnae wonibe them were not aa immodest or indaoent as th* worn by the ballet troepe now performing in e sportaca lar drama at a theatre in this city. TeilmenyWe? fercd ?o .how that ma .trie of the <trem^weL7TZL remain prisoners is mors becoming man tboeeaeea sa jsawss^xar ?& aLYtses oonduel was not made out against the femai J^2tL5T coriiingly discharged mem from custody Smith. the keeper of the house, was held to ball I of600. to Urn result of eti eiemlnatton ** mwm mails fob the pacific. The steamship New York, Captain Maury, wM leave thLe port on Monday, for Aepinwall. I be mails for central America and tbe Booth FhaMe will close at half past ten o'clock on Monday morning. The New York Hsasi.u?Edition for the Pactac win be ready at half pant nine o'clock in the morning. .Single copies, in wrappers, reedy for mailing, ais < pAali^v *ni,wTr'm.'jomJEo ?? ivr It clings taiiacloualy ta ^y t^VJoeSXtt^: lh$7.-B|Mlnf Fashion Openings. OPINIONS or THE PRK88 ON f'R LK It K ATE i> "m M"LK *Y VLL1 PTTi' Tbe best Denies UlliptM Mttrt-N y. Tnbu^e ?^^sauwevHS^iem *<Ujh*4 to narruw 4on*d dretwu.?If. Tworld *5^1 ? BrmiUev a Diaplei Hklrtu are iiNyjnliN in this vltr'nSt iX\?ss?sKifia,? - ssx aai'-saw ?3?gK=RSSjtfS8Bi t" zz SSMr" ?~ e?^'1jr&^K.gaary szirisf and KrroSea. ..^ Peed by Or. FKBHY fflgpaaagggggj j. OtPTB, Broker, ltg Bread* -y iSSiS"12-jns salesrooms MS Brnsdway. corner Prinaa street, IT T. J!S!&nX?! '"?'IT *?va The Meet *. chinas, for the fooloTLn4iVrUw*$ht'>CttS? J5ra,.*?" "?-JismmrJMn -Ac m Breed we Jew > or*. jaartisas! ww* ??<??, C bUd. - !* r'.' *W /A* I, * "*? VSSMRk1 lfjl|libv sad ^w&.s3E We would ?l to scary "tether who Vi. *" ?a?aa. - Do not l.t yosr prejudice, nor II * tafsrtng child, aland between torn sad your suk? /-"l!1**?? ?r otbern tbal will heeure-yea. abeolutely "<.the rattaT tfrie aiedleiee If drnely uwn|. Thlr -TJ*'*j*?lke nee af aure sad cell for 'Bra. Win.low's 10* ^?MIa. B* the rar simile of "Curtis A Perk ?fcup." having par. All others ate bate Imiuii- 00 ??taida wra? herae, A Ca. Waits, Helm/, ^ I^nme Ba-wusawm.'jspixz'tS?1"* psm !? Doubloons end all d uLlA JlffiT' r*1*" P*"' fS Taylor a r ? >T?I?d "}'r? .. Maekars. 18 Walt street, ML r. ItTR?0Hfn"W*Ki!!l}"^..fLock Mfltrk Raww M"IQ? ^Mnej/f tinST '^ *. % OLAYTON, 18 Wan street, New Tor*. wget? J!y?a TBgftr^v^,