Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 7, 1867, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 7, 1867 Page 4
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BUBH1HG OF STEM VESSELS. The Causes Improper Construc tion and Fittings. itomedial Measures Proposed to Avert This Class of Disasters. List of American Steam Vessels and Their Condition. Ac. Ac. Ac. The frequent disastrous (Ires thai occur upon steam vessels in this country involving great loss of life and property, direct attention to their construction and equipment; and as but s few days hare elapsed since another steamer, together with her pase tigers, the ma jority of the crew and a valuable cargo, has been added to the long list sacrificed by this terror ot the.ocean, we deem it not amiss et this period to reter to the principal causes of t hese fearful fires en board of steam vessels, and to suggest what remedial measures should be re sorfi'd to hy constructors, owners and officers to remove them, adding thereto an official record of the fire rates of the majority of the American vessels now plying upon our coast. BOILERS WITH EXTERNAL FCRNACER, like the ordinary cylindrical boilers In general use In Southorn aud Western waters, are supported by stand ards or iron, the sides of the furnaces and the bottoms of the lower fluos being constructed with brickwork and mortar beds, and in the construction of this work care is given more to the general confinement of the fire and flame for the economy of fuel thnu it is to guard the vessel from being bred. When boilers of this description are used, even on land, it is Imprnrticnhle to keep the brick work and bedding permanently freo from fissures, whereby fire or sparks may pa.-* out and ignite any In flammable material tboy may come in contact with. It is much nioro difficult to keep this brickwork free from fissures when it Is subjected to the workings and concus sions o( a steam vessel. BOILERS WITH ISTIRX.4L Ft'R.N.ICRs, similar to the marine tKilters now In u-e, are, many of thorn, constructed without water bottoms; hence, when the fittings of the legs to the boiler* are imperfect, either by n"glect !u workmanship or bv tho effrcts of rust, an opening is exposed whereby fire or sparks may pass out, as iu the case above referred in. 1I01LERH, TRF. Feasants OF WHICH ARK FITTED WITH BLOW ER* TO AFFORD AH ARTIFICIAL DRAFT. In cases of this character the pressure of air within the furnaces, flues, 4<\, being greatly superior to the atmos phere without, any fissure or hole In any i*rt of the exter nal lace of the furnace, the fi tings of the legs of the boiler to Its beds (when there is no water bottom), the fitting of the "ninnhole" to the plate and the fittings of the smokepipe to the chimney, 4c., become a ready rent to Ore or sparks, wbich are drivou out with great velocity when the blast is high, and wbich, falling upon or ad hering to any inflammable material they may come in contact with, the risk of ignition is incurred thereby, covona and fbotf.ctioh to boilers. Very many of the boilers of our river and sound steamers are now covered with felt; it answers the double purpose of protecting the wood work around them from fire, and the economy of fuel. Even until a recent period this very effective pecaution against fire was scarcely thought of among the owners and runners of this class of - team ere, while its use in the sea going service was almost universal, its usefulness being recog nised in restricting radiation of heat (run the boiler to the engine r?om and adjacent parts of the vessel, and in iU great economy of fuel. At this dav there are many owners of steamers who pertinaciously re'use to resort to this means of effecting economy of fuel, comfort of passengers and crew, aud of reducing the risk* of fire, vivo, uuu t<i i'. uu- <<?* n'" ? j ? - vt uio, simply because it involves an imm diato expenditure of money; and again, because uuiny engineers are cither indifferent to, or ignorant of, the means vac Dialed to save life, property and fuel, they do not urge upon the owners of their vessels Uie great prourl.-ty and necessity or iiits provision. Ass security against Ore from an overheated boiler, a coveritig of fe:t lsot the first and greatest importance? for the reason, that immediately upon Its being burned, the peculiar odor of its cumbiiHtlmi Is ruddy re cognised, the engineer and Ills tuu-i tauis on duty al once lenoir that the felt around the hoilr is burn ng, their attention being lorthwilh drawn to tiiu circunis anno, and if U has arisen from an overli au>d boiler, or from fire being communicated, through a hole, or Ussures, It Is readily diacovered and remedial measures resorted lo. rovaaivn aw rnoTnmns to wonwoKx <a cm romcos. In many of our river and .sound st amors, we do not meet with any covering as a protection for heat or tl'e to the woodwork contiguous to thr boilers. The neglect of this ess?ntial point i- and has been so geucal as almost to he cla mod as universal, mid a- I tie occurrence of liro originating around a holler Is no, r-lricted to one < ause, bui may art.-e from so ? real a MS bar, it la MMl to account for tno continual negbet o: proper precautions. The principal cases in which (he woodwork adjacent to a boiler i< exposed to be ng tired are. viz:? 1. When iho wster in u b iicr Pas been allowed to fall belowr the flues the shell and steam rh niney, a? the case may be, become sufficient v healed by radiation trotn th? super-healed steam wt'liin, to effect tguiiion of the woodwork immediately erpo-cd lu it. 'i When water ha- been allowed to fall below the flues, as just referred to, und ihe occurrence is dis covered, It is customary to inmiedta'ety haul the (Ires from out of the furnaces Into'be tbcroom and when the woodwork immediately over and around the lire room is not properly protected tire is likHv to communl ato to it, and disastrous tires from tins cnu.-e have fre quently occurred. a. Wtieu blowers are us?M the tire or-parks that may be blowD out through fl?sure? in the furnace doors, ash pita, ash doors, fltto hnies, chimney connect tons, .trc , will readily ignite wood ulicadv a1 a high tiiip-tttiure and quite charred from haviug been l>-.ore frequently exposed to such temperature. OUKSkt ZACKr.TS AND ROOMS. Id single decked steamer . wb-n the boiler Is below ?nd the steam chimney above ihn main deck, or when the boiler is on ibe main deck or up u the water wheel guards, it la customary in mnnv ca-e< to cover Ute chimney or chimnevs. as iho case mav lot, with a woodeu cssiug, set off trout it bu: s lew inches, and in vther cases to cover It with a sheet iron Jacket, wit ch in most eeaeh is imperfect;- mud- and almost always in tufllcientlv fltted In steam vessels with urn or more decks, the boiler being in the bold, the "team chitnuey and the base of the sinuko pipe are commonly Inclosed Id woodwork alone, which In -erne cases is set al a proper distance Drum the chimney to nroid the risks of its being 0red by sparks or the continued radiation of bant from It; but tba purpose of this space la very ;re quently negatived by its being used lor the storage of old swabs, buckets, brooms, Ac This woodwork; however, is very seldom properly protected, and in many ra?e? no protection a< all Is at tempted; In some a com of whitewash is ttunlv laid on, and in others a lining of tin, zinc or irr d, lu which the lapa of tbe sheets are laid downward, as If they were placed to shed rain or water <all.ng from above, instead of firs rising from below. The itn oud ev n the lino, unless very well nailed, are ton light, and their ex pansion at high temperature 'oo great for this purpose : the ooascqnenos is, that when subjected to the heat or tbe smoke pipe, tbsy wrinkle and spring to such a de gree aa not only to admit anr a parka that may rise up trom below to paaa between their laps and under them to the wood, but tbe sparks are liable lo be arre-ied there by the irregularities of tbe gurfaco, when they are as posed to a draft af air wbloh readily effects an ignition of tbe wood; and when this is diacovered the presence of these sheets prevents the immediate application of water to the lire underneath tbem, and be.ore they can be removed lbs flams bas passed through the Joint* or crev ? ess of tbe light woodwork aro nd the chimney and boil ers, and tbs whole Is In roll combustion. In other cases, this woodwork around the sleam chim ney la placed close to U. precluding tbs proper circulation of air, and not affording the necessary room wherewith lo cover the wood with any material, or even to white wash it, and whoa Ire is communicated to Utla work, fitted by its character and nositiob for ready combustion, it reqjiret but an instant for it lo b# developed, and be yond the control of the means usually found in steam . ^ rears In former years, in the construction of an engine fr>r a vessel. It was usual to attach an ordinary liftln pump, of a capacity calculated to free tbe vessel from the dripa ** w^" ,ro? ^ *sgioe and holer, and from lbs ordi nary leaks of the hull. This was also arranged ro as to be worked by hand when ?he cngne wn- not In opera ttoo; ao<i it wu alto uftu*) to concert to Iho (fod pump of tba boilers an air \eswi by which it was made to pro ject water, and thus be used as ;i 8r? engine, and. until tba introduction ef the independent ste .m tiro and btiga pump (ordlotrily tanned d- nkcy, a? other means wero depended ujpon toJres a vorsel from water or furnished it to arrest Are. Keen now, by lgn?ranc* or tndiff r?nce tba operation of tbe independent tt. am flrv ana bilge l>ump is In most cases negatived In lie operation hv its beiug placed by engineers, or 'ngln? builders, in the lower engine room, or Just above th .'skin of th? vessel where, in the event of smoke. Are or water itt this space' it la unapproachable to operate It. DtCK LOADS. It Is e very common occurrence for the main deck oi Sound or river steamer* 10 be so encumbered tvltb i -eight, that uot only I* there a greai t,cg incurred from tlrs being communicated to tbe freigul when of s com buetiblc nature, but In theoCC"rrei.ee of flro the preset'-% ?f this freight is a mrloua etwtiuction to lbs means oecessary to be resorted to to < xt naui-b It, nuki AMD T.Kl adOMS. Theae are other and prolific sourcsa of (Ire on board of ?toam venae!*, rendered so by (heir being appropriate! 10 the storing of oils, psroie, lurpsniine. m m* hemp, uot ton waste, packing yarn, cotton wick, matches. Ac., which in a larva majority of caeos are not properly atowsd, and from the carelessness of those who visit these rooms articles of tbs character lust noted art often ?rati ??r*'d about, and thus constantly exp -st'd to igntiton bv tlx upwit ng or Inl in* down of a lamp la si earner* with mora than one nook, the boiler* being be ow, U 1? oy no m an' rure to find a part of tfie apace immediately over the boiler* allotted to a storeroom for the eugueo's department for the reason that being uneuitad by its high tempo ra in re for ordinary purpoae* It ia not ? hjrotionable ?u th.t aci-ouni an an esgiueer's storeroom, IT being dec art-it convenient to the engine room, and thus tbe proni.etv of tbe location is continued; tbe raault of wblch ln-aoe practice la tha upon the upcettmg of an oilcan, or the MiaxnmsaH" ?bi" m,!> i wd'tails of th^ numerous causae of fire on hoard of steam ves ola, and of tbe Imperfect means m prevent or arrant then, we now desireto bri^v recT pltulate the canaee ret erred to. nod to auggest the ad<? I r? ^ mea?u^?,' >? the opinion of persons well ' i"L?,the1rU^?l^'Ubja?1' b' "5 Z eels, their builders, capiatna and engineers. b? which this clara of disasters ma, to a great e^nTbe _ atcrntTV against rnt. ?t^'a^.rioneItykn*,^Urnac?,shou,d be supported by elaodarde alene. Tha nheot or plato iron whl.benolosei 7 ?houW accurately fitted la its joints and tif> ?Ji? ^""t^tancea ahouid tha wood work around UDD^LnrfJ? T.llb,B on? f00t of 'hem, their ^ covered with felting of hsir and the under aide of tha wood work Immediately over them sheathed with atno or sheet iron, th? nails' aecur i? k 10 ** ln ?<>uar?? n?t more tuan an inch and a hrff Upa 01 *** 8hMl 10 * ^?">d .very Boilers with internal furnaces ahouid have water hot toma, in order toward fire from being communicated to their beds through openings therein. Where a natu j rai draft is us d for combustion the exhaustion within the furnaces, flues, pipes, ka, is such m to cause a cur to *? '510 an<1 through any apertures open- j tog to them, and banco fire or sparks are prevented i rrom being emitted through any of the ordinary open- j lng? or joints about a boiler; but whore a blowr is used I the conditions are entirely different. The pressure of1 air within the furnaces, lines, * a, is so great that I Ore, sparks and even small pieces of Ignited coal will be forced through any opening that may exist, and as hollers generally bare a number of , Insecure openings, such as ash doors, furnace doors, duo I doors, kc fire is cousianily being forced out through j thorn, and a great number of sieamers have been de | siroved from ibis cause. Il tbe public at large were i fully aware of the risks they Incurred in travelling in steamers where blowers are used, the abandonment of nil such vessels would be utmost universal, and thou the owners of them would be comp lied to remove this risk forthwith, their interests in tnis respect inducing their attention ibereto more effectually than any law that could be enacted to resch them. C 'VEtllXG AND PROTSCTION TO BOIfJUta All boilers should lie covored with hair felting for the double purpose ot indicating when they are unduly heated and as a means of preventing the radiation of heal fr?m the boilers to the woodwork around It. So well established are the advantages of felting bo ten both for tho economy of fuel, security against (Ire and comfort toil crew, that In most of the ocean end nil naval vessels tbe felting of twice or three times tbe ord nary thickness Is used, added to which, are fitted over it coverings of canvas aud sheet lead. raoTKcnoN?TO woodwork ground b ilkrs, thfir crih NETS AND SMOKItnpS.S. The woodwork :mm?di*tely around botlore and their steam chimneys should set off from them so far as it may be practicable, consistent with the capacity or the vessel Thus, when tbe boiler is in the hold ot a single decked vessel, it is not practicable to afiord much space bot? oen its top aud the under side or tho deck beams above it wit%>ut makiug a buak in the deck, a raeas ire not always consistent with the requirements of the vessel; neither Is it desirable, when tho boilers are upon tbe guards or a steamer, to construct a covering to thorn or a sufficient height to secure It from he ng fired bv radiat on of heat from the boiler. Neither is it lmn ra tively necessary that there should bo any great distance between a boiler and its surrounding woodwork. Twelvo \drs,r-blc .dlR,|inr''; even more would bo preferable; but when blowers are used, and a boiler is properly covered, tbe woodwork around it, if prooerlv prelected, may be set within the distance just given with safety; but all woodwork about n boiler as well as the top and sides of tbs flrcrooms, should c?V0red ""'til sheet Iron or zinc secured in the manner V fj' referred to, with the further precaution of placing the laps of ibo sheets upward. When a metal covering is not used several coats of thick whitewash stiUened with a Utile glue, will bo (he best suMltute: in tact many engineers tblnk this Is preferable to some meial ooverin s, so poorly are they put on . rooma 8houW ?"orded n space aufflclent to admit of the passage ol a man around the chimney, and should be without any floor, so as to furnish n free com. mimical ion for the escape upward of the heated air from ?round the boiler, and also to admit of tbe Introduction ??8 I" fh? event or the woodwork around ft being Ignited. Whenever a BmoKepipe passes through a deck, however light its character, there should bo an open space aiound it to adinii of a current of air to pass through it, and between this space and the woodwork from ignition. * me ic covering to guard tbe wood raovision* against fi?r?roars. Where security from fire is imperfect greater regard to the provisions agaiust It abould be had. This re quirement, however, la in very many casea not observed ? and the disregard to the salety of human life, and tha interest* of those in the relation of insurers of steam vessels which so generally exist, is observable in the went of provision against fire, as la the other points wiorwa to. All steam vessels should be provided with an indepen. dent steam fire ard bilge pump, and the majority of large sea going steamers should hava two, with an in depoudent oolier to work them, and these pumps should bo so located as to he conveniently reached, and to erioct this tbey should be placed on the main deck of a vessel, whatever her construction, that It may be at all times easy or accesa Fitted to these pumps there should tie a sufficiency of. boss to lead to anv and all Kr a ol tho decks or holds: added to which there should thj proper number of fire pomps upon the upper dock, wun hoso giitllc.em in longth to reach to an oart of ilis vessel fore or aft. As many owners or vessels will probably think this ?tiggesiiou of even one indepondent stesm fire and bilge pumps requirement aliogerncr unnecessary, and impos ing loo great n bur'en upon them, tbev may besom what surprised to learn ihal scarcely a week passes without tho oo urreu e ol a steam vessel upon the cuasi or ocean being savod from huruiug or sinking solely by tbe use of th so pump.-', aud uudcr circuu-staucos, too, when the eogiue ?ud su.p s pumps prove toUlly madequat.. to meut the requirements of the case; intact, these pumps, next to the unohora of vessels and instruments of navigaitnn have saved a greater number oriives and a larger amount of property than any Instrument ever introduced as a so eguard in steam navigation; and no steam veasel ply. lug eveu as a lerry boat upon a river, is lit to incur the rule of burning or navigation witliout one of these pumps. 1 "Tone BillMH Engineers' store room* should be located away from the tire room or boilers. All Inflammable and com bustible mu'crial, as turpentine, pamu. oiU, tallow, Ac , should be kept iu metal tucka, securely fastened to the dec a, and both rtiey and all manner ot wiping at- ffe, cotton waste, Ac., Ac., should be stored in a room other than a tool room or workshop, the location or which should be such that It not oolv could be readily reached in the event of its being on tire, but so located as to receive sufficient light into It to set aside the use ?f artificial light except at night, and then it should lio llgbted by a fixed light without the room, but shedding Its rays into it, similar to the manner in which the magazines'on board of ves- ' sets of war are hguied. All engine and fire rooms should he sufficiently and lully 11atitod, not with movebie lamps, bat with fixed llgbU or a construction aud character that will set aside the risk of their tiring n vessel by their upsetting, Ac. CAPTAine ASP R.-UI.-iSER*. Captains of steam vessels, in the superintendence of thsir construction and equipment, should pay that atten tion to the requirement* o. security and provision against Ore, which. If they are at all qualified for their position, their experience and observation will show mam to oe essentially neoessary. The Interests of all owners of steam vessels require fall attention to these Important points; tbclr contracts with the public, la n moral point of view, demand tt. As the security against fi.a on board of steam vessels is more immediately under the supervision of the en gineer than of any other person, and as he is, or ought to he, better acquainted with the neks therefrom, a strict r quircmeni should be demanded from him both by owners and commanders of st am vemala na to the resort on b* part to every practicable security against fire, and svary available provision to meet it should It occur. When an engineer enters upon duty on board a vessel, it should be his first care to fully advise himself as to the security and provision against fire, and the means to free the vowel from water in toe case of her leaking or being bilged ; end It she Is not properly secured and fitted he should at ones report this condition or affairs to the cap tain or owners, end If they assume the responsibility of not noticing tils report be has fully discharged his duty, end be must abide aveuta. If, however, it should happen that life and property should be sacrificed by inattention to hta report, and the cane should come fully and fairly berore the public, it might cause similar report# of engineers to receive more attention In the future. With both cap tains and angineere u would appear that the non occur rence of a fire, where the eecurtty Is Imparleel, Is amnmed to be vonoluaive as to the sufficiency 01 the eacuruv from Its occurrence at any subsequent period, and If It has so occurred that a boat tndineruntly or In sufficiently secured and provided against fire has run for a period without ever botng fired it would be found very difficult to induce either captam, engineer er owner to adopt any change having In view nn improvement upon this point riax aaconn or amfsica* s-iAK-mrs. In this connection we present a list of American steam vessels that enter and depart almost weekly from this and other ports to distant ones upon our coast, freighted wan life and property, togother with tbelr rates ol secu rity and provisions against lire, as they have passed Inspection snd sre officially recorded upou the books of the underwriters in the l olled duties snd Buro|ie, m order?first. 10 show thai lu our remarks w. have not taken an ettreme view ol the |KHWtn<* (lungers of travel upon steam vessel- that ere Irupertecily secured and provided age lust fire, and secondly, to show our nailers by comparison the greater precaution builders aim own era ol steam vessels In Europt adopt a-aioel the firing of en orean steamer, wben the tact becomes known that it la aluiuet Impossible to find one ol their vo*-?.s thai s not protected in the most complete mid ample mnnaer ngsinsi Miis terror of the ocean. Not ono in a hundred tut are rated good In Ibis rasp- c, end tbat only ai cr the Ms ere ordeal of en Inspection at the bands of the eoorn officers of the Lloyd- of Europe. The first it '.reduction of eteam nnvl ation In this country, an all onr readers are aware, wa- Confined t > bay, pounds and rivers, end upon the oee irfSHS of Lie on board a ateani vnMl reliance lor security of Ills en * bed turns up..u tbf leciltly t?ii? whiolt U?e jeae-i < ? ? rub ashore, tfie imo-em ffi and iscs-enpe'r* and Ciew effeCmB| eer-tp* tbervto. than tfie probability of subd " A 1 '?} pfovisioiic for that purpose on boatd. Hfd Cur firs- Sw<|?wMTr?d at ??a and l<0*?reitr eta t tit reto tikft ilio-e ol fureigo <(>(? nines. we w e d ha ? c> lOliirn'.etl aith a better ol-co vaifi * of l'?e ;eji?t treats of security Hum fire, but un urn uelf /or the ?rMl end euught lor. the burning t?i e steuiu * in i ?>iver or Mead do w no' J.-ooO'ii Itself t, tb ? fo? e?? of tne pubde like t > * ?w fw oc< arrence at >?h"rft, Ir.wsi iu? |?m??s Ml born*-. tit.1 tu ,*Jy aU-oil it, <1- u oom drd to bo ili? hi int trrr.blu o: 41 cn.tnj ml For h b.-wr i nicMar.cing of th* ratir glvou l> -low, M they affix t the i.r litis of s iai veaecls, It n nil?". sary to eipl.u thai lh>- author! ? ?<! Icq :ijr* who s lr rey th?"rt vojy I" di life the security mid provixi "n? against tiro iu'u ttr?e classes, vlx, good, mdlffer. nt and in-iffiient and tlie > c ope ml upon the "*rtara' or e< 1*1 i?g Character of boiler or hod rs, llietr co enug* and security if ah openings doori, 4c.; the condi tin of protection to aU expo el wood work aro no boiler*, rbimuoy ronm?, 4c ; being provided with independent steam lire and bilge pump*, their location, with lh? snf Ilcloucy o' ai'H'-bett h'>ae and tbo churacter of Hi repair, Uvmlicr with the use of blower* to Ilia furnace" of tho bot're A conscientious Inspection will take all three features in view, and tints dec de the character of the eeawl'a ability to resit ignitivn froM lire, *r> rk?, Ac , a* deu led in a form r part of thla article, mail the means or subduing it snould It occur. Name. KM*. Nam*. Kit* Albateoia Indifferent J W Rtrerman..Indifferent America !udiil?reut Keystone Mate Good Albany In*uffl.;|oot Kaiorana Indifferent Ac shuet Indifferent Key West Indifferent Ashland Iudilterent Kensington ....indifferent Arug > Good Kiarflnher Good Ar .-ulna Indifferent Ka'ahdia Indtffeient Aiax Indifferent Kit* Inxnfflrot Anon a Indifferent Kln-Ktang Indifferent A'liora Good Louisa Moore...Indifferent Artel Indifferent I,G < annuo...Indifferent Alabama G >od Loutsburg Good Adole Good Lucille. Insufficient Albemarle Indifferent Leo Indifferent Atlantic Wood Lain. Good Ad la.de Indifferent Lone star Indifferent Albambra Indifferent Liberty Indiffereat Ameroa Indifferent Lo-ise Indifferent Arias Good Loyalist Indifferent Agnus Indifferent Lnda Indifferent Baltimore Indifferent Lm Portena. Indifferent Bridgeport Indifferent Lilian Good Ulackstone Indifferent Lucy Good Beaufort Indifferent Montauk. Indifferent Beliae Good Monterey Good Baltic Good Morro ? aslle.... Indifferent Beverly Insufficient Met-or Indifferent Black Diamond Insufficient Manhattan Good Bristol Insufficient Morgan Indifferent Bienville Indifferent Miami Indifferent BowmansvlUe. .Insufficient Mercedita Insufficient Boston Indifferent Mississippi Good Columbia Good Morning Star ...Indifferent Circaasan..." Good Mo Tun.e Indifferent Champion Indifferent Moses Taylor Good Chas. Osgood...Indifferent Matanza* Good Catawba Insufficient Manetaa Good C. W. Dexter...Insufficient Mariposa Good C A H. Bowman.Insufficient Metis Indifferent Cosmopolitan.. .lnsufflo ent Montana Indifferent Cahawba Indifferent Monelta Good Cuinbetland ....Indifferent Margaret Ipdlfferent it.besapiako Indifferent Marmion Indifferent C. Vanderbilt... Insufficient Missouri Indifferent Clavmont Indifferent Merrlmnek Good California Indiffe.ent Mnrv Sanford.. .Ind iferent CI y df N Turk .Indifferent Montgomery... .Ind fferent Creole Indiff rent Mars Insufficient Cumbria Uo.id ttadgto Insufficient City of Norwich. Insufficient Massachusetts. Good Convoy Good Novelty Insufficient Cortes Indifferent Now Ixmdou.... Ind flbrent lath. Whiting.. .Indifferent New Jersey Indifferent CI y Po.ut Indifferent Norman Indifferent Crescent Indifferent New Havon Indifferent CArlotta Good Neva Indlff rent Cassandra Indifferent Nightingale Indifferent Chas. t. Lcaty..Indifferent Neptune Indifferent Carol na Indifferent Novada Indifferent Ctiy of Providence.. Iudlff't North Hampton. Ind liferent Cuba Indifferent Kerens Indifferent (Ity Fort an Pr nee... Good New Orleans... .Ind fferent City of liatli Iudiffer nt Neshannock Good City of Boston. .Indifferent New Yoik Indifferent C inton Indifferent Nautilus Good Commander.... lndlfler'nt Ori mtnl Good Conquest Good Ocennus Ind fferent Costa Rica Indifferent Oriole Indifferent Carroll Indifferent Our Flag Insufficient City ol N. Port. Insufficient Oregon Ian Good C'as. Benton. ..Insufficient Ocean Queen... .Indifferent City of N. London In.su til't Old Colony Insufll"! 'It Dictator Good Osprey Insufficient Diamond "tale..Indifferent Oriflamme Indiffereat Del Norio Good Planet Indifferent D rls Indifferent Plymouth Rock.Indifferent Delaware Insufficient Prometheus Indlfferan Decatur Insufficient Patreon Indifferent Dirlgo Indifferent Promise Indifferent Eim City Insufficient Pilot Boy Indifferent Kuiaw (rood Poncas Onpd Ericsson Good Proteus Ind ffcrdnt Empire City Indifferent Pioneer.... Insnffleifnt Eagle Indifferent Peril Indifferent Escort Good Pluto Indifferent Eiectra Indifferent Prosresao Insufficient E. B. Bonder.. .Indifferent Preston Gfod E B Hale Indifferent P. F. Bradv....lnsofflcltnt E. C. Knight... .Indifferent Quaker City.... .Indifloihnt Emptro Indifferent Quickstep IndiffeA Enterprise Insufficient R. R Curler Equator Imllffrent Relief buHffsfent Ellie Knight....Indlllcrent Rnptdan Indiffafcnt Falcon Indifferent Rartian Insuffiilent Fatrbaren 1 ndl fferent Ruhr. Fah-Kee Indifferent Rafbel Indiff<4ent Fairbanks Good Rising Star bdiffelent Fung-Shuey ... Indifferent Russia (food Fall River Indifferent Raleigh Indiffelont Fny CedwaladerlnsuflflciDnt Rebecca Clyde..Indtffeient Frwnooe a lndiflbrent caaine IndiffiNsnt Favorita........ Indifferent Sau Salvador.... Indifferent Fultoa Good Shantung Insufficient Florida Indifferent Shan se Indifferent ?IM Indifferent Somerset. Indifferent Franklin.... ..Insufficient SUrlignt Indifferent tel. ..Indifferent SuwoNada Indifferent F. W. Brune! OuMle Telfair Good General Grant.. .Indifferent U urge Leary..Indifferent Gov. Marvin".. ..Indifferent Georgia Good Geo. Cromwell..Indifferent Graunda Indifferent George Appold.. lndlfler'nt Glaucus Ind liferent (Jen'rat Custer. .Indifferent General Harms.. Indifferent Georte H. Htout .Indifferent Geo. Washington Indifferent Gulf Stream Good Geo. B. I'pton..Insufficient Ge?rge Anna.. .Indifferent Granite State.. .Insufficient Geo. C. Col I lus.. indifferent General Banks Good Golden City Wood Gulf Citv Indifferent Gen. S -dgwiuk. .Indifferent Gen Sherman..Indifferent G -u. Mct ailum Good General Dulce.. lud fTerent GuidingSuir. ...Indliferent Galatea Indifferent Gen. Shepley.. .Insufficient Geo S. Wright..Indifferent Grampus Wood Hat iers" Ind < fferent Henry Chancoy. Indlileront Hero Insufficient Hunter ludiif.r.nt Havana Good Hudaon Good Hunts ville Indifferent Iiaoknw I ml: Ho runt Hend'k Hudson.Indifferent H. M Wells Indifferent Henry Burden. .Indifferent Herman Ijviug i on Indifferent Iron Sides lnaufflrient Isabella Good I. C Harris Indifferent Illinois Good India Indifferent Juo. L. Stephens. Indt fferent Jersey Blue Indifferent John Brooks...Insufficient J. R Thompson.Insufflclent Joslo Good John Gibson... .Indifferent Jose San Roman. Indifferent Jnna Good Jas. F. Freeborn Good John Faron Good J. & Green Indifferent John Rice lndiflbrent Jas T. Brady...Indifferent Jupiter Good c mowJSiwr. Finally, the disregard of Iba owners of (team vtaeela, and the neglect of the mat confided to their captains aa well aa engineer^ In not directing and requiring Mm proper precaution against fire, ia too universal, notwlth atand'ng vessels and Decs without number hare bean lost In consequence of this neglect, altogether InexcuaaMe uad without a jnetiBcation upon any one point or atMler any cnmblnat'on of circumstances. t the provisoes against lire on board of steam reaagla, both aa to the means of subduing It and ths proper or ganization of the officers and crew, in the erect of ft#, wen suoh as te giro confidence to the public, there would udl, upon iu occurrence, eitst that want of rellaaoa m the ability to arrest it which la ao fatal to the ohaace of coatMllIng It When the officers of a raaeel are aware of their insufficient means to arreat a Or a, sad tfca craw ara without that observance of obedience and restraint due to discipline, ami a reliance In their officers, there can iw? little or no combtcation of efforts, and wleu the Inlletnmsble character of a steam reseat la considered, t will be admitted that tt i* not from the labors (f one or a few lodlrlduals that suc-oas Is to be ntitlclpend. It requires a bl<h order of ereu compul sory dlsUntlne for a crew to continue at their posts with (he kuoelrdge that passenger* arc not only cutting off their means of safety by (be cccupatlon of the boats, but, term- stricken and frens od, tbey are in all likeli hood destroying, by their confused and ill-dlrOnted lalMtra, thair ouiy ineana of escaiie. Ho long aa lbs cap tains oi steam vessel* do not erbiblt to the travelling pi bile that the provision* lor peraonal safety and die ciplne on Inard their ressels arc g nerally aiicqnata to the oemandt upon them, ao Ions will tboit'end their offi cers' labor* le rendered futile; for the crew and passen gers, judging for the present hy the occurrences ef the I SM, wiil loot for such ralely na thai which their seWsb news will dlrett anu their own re?o"rc a will ofleet for

Ui to. li l? lo l?e Imped that the preceding recital of tba OIuI -IMh an J fcncien ? ee in the ne.lrrt of proporly su turing slcem te-?eir from the gre?ir?i terror of the ores. , Hit r> mi-dmi meai-iire* that i-hoaki be aiiopted In I milling again* I, Ac, will eweSs tlm aiiuntlon of , ti ?? ? ?r nd ifficers of r >e?U lo'be ie?ponsib,.lhy of lb" r i' ? ' iial ca ? c them 10 reflect open the na I ,r ? (h< riii !?? !?? Ihe pu'he aM to themselves. the into tii*.- ????vx when the .A?Hf-nhe ?, ? i?? ? r- if ? iin v - s.-ie that shall *1 ft- ti. ?rrea? i-i!ire <>i life an > property by ,n<v .? . , ty ,,?i provisions e >i ? -i firs <*,1 ?? i iwir.i proper tribunal. il a* rl|, too I io I fit DM THE MIKING REGIONS. PENNSYLVANIA. jHRESPWKHK 3F THE HEWLO. PohiIuI Kinr a! AUlUi-4 iu itchHvlkill County, I'fin.)l.sniu-UmritvM ?>??! Itlnlo of Kre" gu.m Occoireneo -Five limiiicWr. U Tw? Mentha .\ritr Pnii.vllle-UirilrN by tbr "Alitilr M.niiluV-IiPji.liiil*. AW De uiaiitlrd?Unith of nn Old Clilwu. A'f. P^TrriLLK. Hchuvlkill Co., Pa., April 2, 1887. For ? few wroktn est the disorderly state of affaire la this rountv bat' been a prominent topic for <omment by Uie press la various sections of tbe aountry, bat mora parttralarly by the newspapers la Pennsylvania and Mew York As every one at all conversant with tbe geogra pby of the Kevstone -tate Is w II aware, the counties of Schuylkill, Luserae and those la ibis immediate vicinity Ibrm Ibe coal-producing rsslon upon which so lance a portion or cooatrv, including the Empire City, Is (epei.dent for fueL As lbs fhr greater part <f this supply is mined la sad around this locality. It follows that anything wbiob Interrupts tie prosecution of tlisi labor hers has an Immediate and perceptible effect on tba consumers of coal Hltnaiad oven to far awsv as New York aad tbe Interest manifested In eoi.rcqi'ence is beisbtsasd or lessened In proportion as the coal product of thus region Is mors or less used. Tbe T'.n horse baa eo shortened tbe Urns of travel Iron this point to tbe groat metropolis thai, in fact, tba Immense t?al region of Pennsylvania appears to be a mars suburb tf the city; and a OoUiamlte coming hare and visiting pio coal districts takes It for granted that the collieries to b ? found In every direction from Poturville are being trorked (as Indeed they are, to a very grant degree) for keeping up the supply which Ibe ever increasing necee tities of Mew York demand. Ho much by way of pre face. My design in ibis letter Is to give the Hmuui readers, as for aa I can do so with the information at my command, a view of tbe present disordered condition of th ogs io this county, n summery of tbe causes which led to t and tbe measures that are being urged to bring about and to make permanent n more peaceful state of affairs. | There does not exist, nor la it possible there can exist to-day, even in tbe neighborhood ot the vilest slums on Manhattan Island, eo groat a fooling of insecurity for life and property as is apparent here, owing to the man ife-tat ons of outlawry that have been made by tbe colliers and miners. Outrages have been and are being committed that give to these persons a character border ing v?ry nearly on savagery, and the further toleration o' which will reflect no small discredit on the law maker, and law executors of the laud of William Penn Everybody In Poitsville to-dav is nnne I Order loving and law ahldin? citizen.', woo hav an utter detestation of "tlio-'e vt'e cMn\" whose main desire is to pursue the evn tenor of their various ways unmolestlog and un molested, and who probably n-vcr thought of curving arms?save perhaps a rusty gun on "general muster'' dav?are new compelled In self-defence to make them selves conversant with revolvers. Per ringers, hair trig gers and "tner tpath dealing implements, and all "the appurtenances thcr unto belonging," No one feels safe, especially aftor dark, and a P.>tt<v:llian would no more think oi traversing the mads horeahuiitK without making a small arsenal of himself than he would o*" making a tr p to the Arctic regions in habiliments suited only to the countries of the tmpics And indeed there is good end sufficient can e fur this feeling nf Insecurity, if one may judge at oil from the "items" that am to he found In tbe local press. I have now before me a list of tbe murders that have been committed outright In this county during the past three years, exclusive or 1867, and they number fnrty-flve. place the present year sot In tbe Indices are that this delightful occupation in which the outlaws in dulge ig not going to be gtven up fyit three months of 1807 have as yet passed and tbe blood record stands thus:? Feb. 0. ?Michael Kaln, killed by John Cane, by shoot ing. at New Philadelphia, Fob. 11.?John Donolioo, shot and klllad whllo form ing one of a party nf robbers that attacked the houae of Mr. Northali, In Tuscarora. March 15.?William H. Littlehalaa, killed by unknown men in ambush when within nix hundred yards of his own honse in Cas* township. March 22 ?Patrick 8ttn?on, killed by James Galla gher, by shooting. In Mainney township. Gallagher was proprietor of a hotel, which was attacked by a gang of thieves, end the shooting was done in self-defence. Marcs 23?Jacob Johnson, klllod by a gang of rob bers, by shooting, in Union township, when assisting Mr. Henry Bnpp in defending his house, on which an attack had been made. Besides these there were up to the 18th of March of the present yeer six murderous assaults and twenty eeven robberies. 1 have beard, also, of several other murdere and homicides, of which the particulars oannot he obtained, the bodies having boon f moved secretly. The murder of Mr. Littlehalne, above recorded, was moat atroclooa He was a superintendent of one of tbe mines, and waa returning home from PoUrvllle (as his murderers thought with money to pay off tbe hands;, when he met hie untimely fete. The assets! ne were de feated in their object for plunder, however, as the de ceased gentleman had, In conuequcnce of the disturbed ?late of aditlm, ordered tbe money 'o be sent down to the mi nee on the following day via mil, and at the time of the murder be bad but ton cents on his person. they took, at also his revolver. It is a somewhat difficult matter to divine the causes that have led to this state of things; in fact there is no canse othsr than the innate dumonism thai appears to ac'iiata these fiends. Tbe majority of tbe miners are Irish and Welsh?the former largely preponderating. They have a secret, oath bound association, known to outsiders as the "Molly Magirtrns." and in tnls devilish society arc found the very worst class of dogradod men. Illiterate, immoral and blood-thirsty, they stop at nothing in the acbieyemeni of any vile purpose they take into contemplation. It a superintendent or mining boss be at all objectionable these "Molly Maguirea" send him a no tice something like the following, whlcb was sent to a superintendent a few weeks since. I give It verbatim, making only corrections in the orthography:? March. 1867. Take notice from thin time tf you want to live, for I think your time will bo very abort, so you muat look out for all you get, and auy man on the collfc la put on. ou get, and auy mat on the colliery until the twenty cente [Diagram of a coffin and platnl ] It will be aeon that the object contemplated in this mtxnive Is the attainment of higher wage*. So exorbi tant have been these demands of late that many of the mines hare ceased to he worked, especially those en the Lehigh. When tho leaders of tha "Molly Magutrea" so determine all the men are obliged to quit labor, and a return to It until the "Mollys" are satisfied places the life of the miner so offend ng in jeopardy. The better portion of tho meu (for be it understood that all do not belong to tbls oath-bound league) have of late mani fested a design of emancipating themselves from the control of the leaders, and if they do but get the coun tenance of the civic authorities they will break up the blood-stained organisation that is now a standing re proach to the whole class of operatives An Ids lance in point is this:?The miners engaged in the colliery of Messrs Hbarp, Leincring k Co, were on a strike for an advance or wages for some time. Last week a num ber of tho men (the belter and more law abiding portion) determined to resume labor at the old rates: but the "Mollys" threatened them with death should they do so. Nothing daunted, however, about seventy-Ova trusty fellows armed themselves, and asked fer work, which was given. Tbev thereupon resumed labor, and avowed their Intention to defend themselves and each other in case any attack should be maae by the desperadoes. Up to this time ihoy havo not been molested. This earnest of pluck aod determination is sufficient evidence that If the orderly portion of the men wtll stand by each other, and aid the civic authorities, the outrages that have dw graced their calling ef late can he summarily stopped. The citixens of PoUsville met m mam last week, aad adopted reeolotions detailing the insecurity for life and property that exists, and avowing tboir determination. If the State Legislators wtll not grant them the protection they seek, to adopt msaauiw that, while they might (and doubtless would) put sn and to tha outrages that are being committed, would, at tha same time, bring, regret that tbe necessity for such extra-legal action .should exist. Communities ( are often actuated by the same principles that govern Individuals. If tbe law Is either Intrinsi cally powerless to remedy a crying evil (and especially when one's life or the lives of hit nearest and dearest arc in peril), or If tha executive authority Is lax in carry ing out measures provided for tha protection of life end Eiperty. It does sometimes happen that the citizen, r abiding though be be, will make use of such pro tective measures as may best serve his purpose, even though they be extra-legal, and, speaking from n law standpoint strictly, unwarranted. Tbe vigilance cos* as it iee in San Lrancleoo not many yean ago was sn aadseftuMs power wtthtn the State, and s prolongation of its usurped authority would not have been a matter for plgaaing contemplation. Hundreds of good citixens, svsr, bar ' ** "" ' bowovtr, havo passed upon It and its acts no harsher condemnation than this:?"The necessity that forced it Into existence Is deeply to bo regretted." Jb ptde I will not aver that the authorities hare are willfully derelict lo the matter of executing the law against the parties who have been arretted (and they are very few). for tbs perpetration of the outrages In this conntv, hot la openly made here that they I do know that the charge I are aa And I know, too, the avowal la made that if this miners were divested of the franchise, which gives them now the power of electing or defeating any candidate for office In this district, municipal, county, judicial or legis lative, there would he no difficulty In bringing I offenders to justice and punishing them according to their deserts. What the people ask at tbe hands oT the laglslalure is a pnl'ce bill made spo< lallv applicable to this district. One of the oldest and wealthiest citizens of this dis trict, Hurd Pnttersou, died yee.erdsy, In his eightieth year. He bs.a lived here since 1827, and was one of the first to develop tho van coal resources of this section of tbe State. H" is veil known among the financiers, afitf especially among tbe coal and iron dealers o|,,^tis stores Bis liinersi takes placo this nfUMfrMMe, and business places are closed ? ' p w JERSEY. SKCUl CORRESPONDENCE OF THE HERM-0. Ike wfthe Miner* In .llnrrln liannty-They emend Wore Pnv- ft ofh riospended at maim "? "? ?7 . ' V." ? ? rive Mir'*e Tlie -irlkrta Prevent ? no lied wtlfctrr from Travelling the lllgb 'uy?Hunger oi Klats. Apf1, ^ )MT. his ursttv little tawn located wtthtn lift* miles of ?t? York otty, ftmmqmiy situated in a delightful valley tad surrounded oa til etdee by thickly wooded Wltn, from who?? tope ? ptenstag ntew may ht obta nod of the Nnenlai country, h Um centre or beadqnar tere of what any bo called the mining districts of Jer sey, and is at the proton! moment Uo scene of a "etrike" which My yet beeoeee eery toriouo tn tu con ln * he neighborhood?that la within an area of ton or Alteon milee?there are abont fourteen or Afloon Iron mi nee, yielding annually from two hundred thee sand to two hundred and fifty thousand tons or ore of a kind lar anpertor to that taken from the Pennsylvania mines, which only glees thirty five per cent of iron, while the Jersey ore yields, in many eases, as much as eighty and eighty Utree per cent. These mines are of an immense value, which hat not yet been thoroughly developed ; they are famished with the best and most imprortd machinery, la wb ch alone there onnaot be less than three million dollars capital Invested, and employ upwards of two thouand hands, the greet majority of whom are foreigner* At least two thirds of this number are Irish: the remainder Is composed of rornisbmen, Welsh, Diitoh, Swedes and Norwegians, and scarcely n single Yankee Is to be found In the entire crowd. In regard to the nationalities, it U a cartons fact that an English man and n Corulshmaa are looked on as native of different countries by miners In general, oa the asms ground, it is to be supposed, as the Irishman supposes Connanght to be out of Ireland. Of the misers the Swede sad Norwegian are the quietest, the Cornish and the Welsh the most indus trious, and the English, Dutch sad Irish the noisiest. On the other hand the Irish bocome "fixed" sad attached to a particular mine and settle down there, while the Cornwallers and Welsh only wait la one place to scrape up a few dollars and then "travel." The Dutch, Swede, Norwegian, and even English and Welsh affiliate, and drench themselves with beer frater nally, bat Pal keeps aloof, goos in for bad whiskey, en livens the time with friendly rows, and fights with him self when nobody else will "oblige." Tbay reside close to the mines tn little wooden ootteges, mostly all of which are the property of the mining companies, who rent thorn ut rates varying from $8 60 to $7 por month. Tbo "hoes" or the cabin is n mnrried man, mad boards three or lour or more of his fellow workmen, who, regu larly as each morning cotues, at seven o'clock procceed to their shaft, and wishing good bye to the light of day, and almost to earth itself, descend hundreds of leet be low the surface, there to labor until the evening bell cells them to rest and up to earth again. Unless by the Irish, church or religion Is rnrely at tended to, except In the case of the Welchman, who constantly and attentively studies the writings of the Scriptures from a Bible printed In the language of the anotcnt Celtic race, and as the others wander around and spend their spare time la profane or worse amusements, the eltant Welchman explores as closely and porseveringty tnto the ravsterie3 of th? sacrod book on Sunday as he does into the deep recesses of the earth when laboring for the dally bread on w <ek day. These men work very hard and are paid $1 66 per day. The contractor gets more. This person, who may or itiav not be one of themselves, as the name Implies, contracts with the company to mine a certain quantity of the ore. A number of men perform this work under his control and supervision, and are paid at a daily rate bv the company, who, after dedactlng such from tbo full value of tbo work, baud the balance to the contractor, whose interest it therefore la to keep the men cluaely to their duties, and who often makes in this wise from (100 to (200 and (260 per month, and this from the labor of only eight or ten, verr seldom more, men. still, bow aver, this plan sometimes works woll and satisfactorily to those miners of a gang who "go partners" with the contractor and form a kind of mutual benefit partner ship and work with a will, and receive at the end of the month a portion of the contractor's profits. This, it is aa d was the state of affairs at tho Irondale mines up to last' January, when, a new company having as sumed control, contractors were changed, new ap pointments made, the men became dissatisfied and since then have entertained very hard fee'lags a ainst their own and other employers, and have, tub rota bees agitating the qneetton of an increase of wtgn among the moo of tbo other mines. Bo this (si though It Is asserted by good authorities) the origin or not of the aflhir. the discontaat of the me?, however, culminated in a strike last Monday, when numbers or them threw up their work. Early Monday morning a party of mtner*, evidently obeying a preconcerted course of action, marched to six or eeven different mines and ordered the men there at work to "give up." This command thty instantly obeyed, and many or them joined the ranks of the "striken," who, after accomplishing their purpose, re turned quietly to their homes and dispersed. The fol lowing day they visited other mlnee, with the like re salt, and con tinned their vUdtationa up to to-day, when they "celled" on the men of the Swede mine end obliged them also to abandon work. They have so well suoceeded in their par poses that the hands ot twelve ot the mines have left their employment, and as a conae Jiuenoe, therefore, work Is totally suspended at the rol owing mines:?The Carbon, Dairy in pie, Dickeraon, Byram, 8wed", Irondale, Orchard, Allen, Mount Pleas ant, Mount Hope, Hlbcrnla and Richard. Soma of tinea era aeoar contract to supply foundries and other works with a certain amount of ore within a given time, and unless they have e stock on band will suffer heavily by the action ? taeir men. Those who have a large qiAntily of ore dt* out are threatened by the miners that it shall not bevemoved for shipment from the mines. Ihe teamsters >.n the roads outside Dover have been ceutloned against -arting any of it; but It was thought, however, the supers would have tnoro prudence than Interfere with treffl.on the highway. In this many were mistaken, fo-day large party of the men. almost all of them armed withy AV.y sticks, pro ceeded through the town cheering and hoilerins" for higher wages, end, after visiting the Mine, re turnod again, and about rtxty of thorn *ttsned them g-'ivoe at the end oi the Main si real, on the jeR 1IOg from Dove*to the Dtckersou, Byram and otha, of tbe mines, and there stopped the teams, made the. rot^u to the town, and thus prohibited them from carv... ore to the canal for removal from Dover, The cRiljns looked quietly on, and the proprietor* and prest<K,u or the mines were utterly powerless to dere., their rights against auch a crowd of men The wagons returned, and all was qulot again; Indeed, in point or fact, there was no dlsturbanoe, as the men have acted quietly and coolly, though very deliberately, throughout. They have behaved thom selves in an ordeily manner, though I am sorry to say not in a very legitimate manner, ihere grc no police nor officials hew, apparently, to prevent such Illegal arts, and the town ? consequently at the mercy of these men who already number cleee on 1,600 wnen colle ted from the several mines, and the greater number of whom on their visits to the town Invariably furnish themselves with dangerous looking slicks. There Is a fair number?some say more than one half?of the men who would be enxieus and are want ing to work, but are afraid of bodily harm and will not take the risk, and they cannot gel paid until the ore Is removed. Therefore these poor fellows are, egaloet tnelr own desire, out of work end out sf money and opposed, or at least apathetically Inclined, towards the movement which keeps them so. Tney mnnot go else where without their money, end may In seen in toe daytime sitting listlessly and aadly?amnj of them are men of families?around the grounds Of the Bines where they now spend their time wtthent receiving that pay of which they se very badly slant In need. At the mines the steam machinery la ** for Insiaoce, ahouid the pumps heetoppel. the shafts , would become eo filled wltbwater were to return they could not go on with tork for ronr or five weeks Tho cost of ronnleg theiMWBf laat least (30 per day. The proprietors, therenre, Intimate that should the strike continue let the water in, and thereby end all chaacmf work for some time to com* One company, havlnj? wpply of ore suffl"leal to leot their requirements ro two years, have announced their intends offing noo^ mintng thii veer Nearly Uti huadred men eta, ttererore, by tttMtom. dSSJml of all elmace. of emloymeut in I this district Whsrs the matter will end, sad whether he men will continue to abstain from noting, it is verjhard to say; but the following events, very likely to oocr, and which are suggestive of trouble, present themselvseo say person who will closely study aOhin as tbey aret present Mod who, as undoubtedly is tne ease wit the miners, have been paid so poorly, cannot fail to rath the end or their paras strings, soon, and then will come a cry for bread, and the mbe cannot give it, for they will be inundated, f tbey are not new ssm will be in the place of tba4 ones who, mould the present state of feeling coating Will not bo likely to agree to tM change. There I money duo many of the miners, and it will not be ild until tha contractors era settled wHb?a thing tha >ptnd* much an the removal of the ore from the mine Again, the companies will demand their houses fronton who era not working in their mines; and that theyill get thcnf quietly I regret mock to have to eipraea r doubts. If the men carry on the strike and refrain fm work it is their own business, and they may prooab And sympa thisers oa aooouat of their poor pay; bs should tbey stop wagons, obstruct 1 raffle, take on bmeelves the positions of maulers of the rands, or laiy other way oppose or Infringe law, tbey will then is the respect and sympathy of nil who respect tha It and who re gard too lawbreaker as an enemy to societal large. There are vague rumors aOoat of threaimade on the railroad and canal; bet, until there ara betr grounds for believing them, It would bo well to wRiold all com ment, and for tbo present attach no Impotnce to tbem. ftwwnwi in Wasswoto*. ?The oard of i today made their annual re pert if 1WW, to the number of improvemen'?vwseed Mr. (loo. md thn amount! ?? ?*' reports 24#rime houses F. FutmrcfunS (163 betng two alorte I) *1 81 bricks: total ifl. valusd at $304,700. tt. W Harness, Second ward 103 frames, 133 bricks; to 1 24, valuod a $304,050. Win. H. Downing, TbW wart, ftp bricks, 7 irsines; total 66, valued at I333.0C Vm. Johnson, Fourth ward, 65 bricks, 38 frames; taliot), valuod at 8194 900 Tboinpeon Vau Rlsw'ci Kflli ward. 23 bricks, 88 frames; total 67, value! i |7i,400. Chains K Nelson, tSlxtlt ward, 17 bricks. 6 frames; total 73, valued at $67,600. John H. Bird, ireulh ward, 21 bricks, 36 Iratnos; total 64, valued l $58,200. Tho total number oi bouses creeled in ? seven wards Is 845 314 brick and 531 frame, valued $1,195,160 tM amount of stocks iu the bauds of [ ale parlies as as is $307,500.? Mar, April l.H ftorntnts Peses AasortAtiott,?A ntlng of this As ?mttatinn Is celled at Atlanta ou the Li ot AoriL THE FASHIONS SPECIAL CUSBWADEME Of THE HEHAL1. Tk? Klrat UMcrt mad ? ttwiat-Drrw wf the Prlncrne Imperial Fete mm* C??rl PmU?m Or4? Tkc Mmmt Admired T?U*W-1UM M Mom '? Ik* Thi-aiiiftl Dr?w Clrwlen- Malfrlab. Colors. Trhaakai u< Make for ripriag. Pams, March ti, 1MT. The Ant of tho official concerts of the mw n given this day week by Comie Walewekt at U?o Oespe of Um you04 Prince'* birthday. Ail toe t-rinfr-t'"T tho diplomatic oorpe aud member* both of the right end loft (which denomination signifies ta. ptre and opposition), rait it a duty and pleasure la accept the invitation of tha Pro-ldeot of PiritamaaA. Gustavo Bore, tha palmer, was seen la close convenor tion with the Duke da houchy and Musiapba l'asua with the Apostolic Nuooto. The arrangamaat oi tha interior of the galerie da /has was antiraly novel, two rows of reserved seals being plsood in tha oeatra of tha brilliantly illuminated hah. These wan occupied by ladies in the richest toilets, tha gentleman being seated all sroond in a circle, and did not look unlike o dark border round a partsrr* of flowers, every woman being of course the loveliest. The on beet ra formed a vast amphitheatre in Um midst of as artificial grove. About ton o'clock Princess Cloihlld# entered on Com to Walewski's arm. 8he wore a whits moire robe, of whiafc tbe body was half white end half pink. Thee# parti colored bodices are geulng very fashionable. Some end In o besqttloe on one side flowing off In a point. M. Fasdetoup led the orchestra. Mme Miolau Qke valho gave Auber's air d'Action and Gounod's Valse do Kinllle. Zucchini was quite as eucoeeufuL A boeqaet of Parma violets was presented to lime. Carvalho, la the centre of which stood out a large M. in white fhe tn itlsl wis intended for Miolan and Marguerite (roost's). Monday, the 18th, a grand concert was given by the Emperor end Empress st the Tuilerieu. "?n free" was printed at tho bottom of the invitation card*. This meant that silk stockings, short pantaloons, and either black or bios cloth costs wero to be worn instead or uniforms. Every seat had Its appointed place, every rank of noblesse it* particular row . . ,h. -.n. At nine the Emp ror and Empress entered the Salle des Marocbaux and the concert began. Between each part their rose and congratulated the artist* who were Mme Gsllt Marie, Mme. Cube., Salute Kov, M BatallU, M Capoul and M. Alard. When the concertwaeovsv they llmnk'-d tho artists again and th? th.>-Premier Consul, where all the gue*-s were blod in a large circle, ro m-t wt.irb the speaking to each in torn or when she _h^d "?^?cni? say she smiled recognition, or otherwise gratefully acknowledged th? pre-eneo of all, Tho following were the most admired toilets. A white groa grain-brocaded with fuchsias; the pisul of each flower euilad in a rod pearl, fhe stvlo was a {'empire, tbe bodice cut sqcsre; fuchsias aud pearls in the hair, ruby and diamond fuchsias in the dars. a Another was made of maize colored satin, covered with tulle, of which the puffs were divided with 'or^at mo-not-, in the heart or each a glittering diamond The same was made of white sai n, and the pulls divided with long chaplfts of moss rofes. . The richest toilet was a pink satin; round thohot^? of tire tram fail a lluunce of Alenvon; the b"d'co "?J a peplum ending with pearls, and tho headdress was of I pearl. A marq Use wore light B?y satin, over which n CUantilly tunic looped up with grenades. Her Jet biecn hair was plaited and dressed with diamonds. The other great event of the week is the performan I at the Uymnev. of Alexandre Dumas, Jr. 8 new piece, tho Ideas of Mme. Aubrav. Tiie Kraperor and Em prees were pr^enl. consequently cwl author himself was nowhere visible, thoughlorg nettes searched out every dark corner: hut tbe Tatber or the hero of thai even.ug, Alexandre Dumas himself, was radiant In a front box on the second war. Madame Aubray'e ideas met with such success that an tho theatres will certainly product ideas with a alight variation of title. . tK^ The prettiest tulle bonnets were noticed In ell the drees boxes. One looked very attractive, I thought, on a wondering fair heed of curi3. It was made of rxwy pink with a dind^m of oiderberries in front, end the tulle airings were fastened under a moss rose Then there was a white crape bonnet, with hop Mos soms of tuo most delicate verdure, end for the Orel time I saw azallaa and other open flowers made of' J* bugle beads. There ;s e peculiar at*!**. mat head which is not bright bat milky looking, and it looks very eleven! ma hall fringe over scarlet vel el trimmings with stmw. Before I leave tho hat department I must oommoaW mi* in ?nnr readers a 'ear that I entertain and which cate to yonr reodors a 'ear that I entertain end which will moot with tiioir sympathy, namely, that bonnets are ceasing to be a uee ul institution. I are ceasing w ? ? ??w J h*v0 - for them as long as I could, but n?w there Is no*htBi left to stand up for. Wbon crowns were abolished T approved, for what was the nse of a crown on the frjXv of one's head t When certains were curts ied I reioiced; when pokes were anathematized I applauded, and when nothing wm left but s pair of strings I sew no grew evil either; but now the strings are being cart aside, behind, and getting shorter aud narrower every coming morn, I ask tan a learned counsel defend e client who has not any substance ? Our spring costumes will be cut into every pomtNn shape over pleated under petticoats. Soma will he UN, towel-fashion, bchlud; others will be friaged round; dentod, notched, cut In squares; cross out stripes of elUt wilt bo much used for trimming. We arc stilt wearing velvet and fur, for the weather is very cold; but mi we summer mohairs are out In windows. Gray is the favorite color as yet There is a new necktie, called the cmvut necklace?n bead lace Invention, with ends In front, but e nlaln pteee of velvet, with a Jet bead fringe, la tost ea prvtly.^ Jet necklaces are made deep In from, and dimintsD in depta as" ttiev gooff beh'nd. They look very pretty, with e belt to niatcl), over white muslin. Tbeee Jet bests ere also mado like poplums, In long potnta on each aide. SPANISH OCEAN TELEGRAPHS. The Nubaiarloe Telr?ritph Line frwne C'wbm lo the ripaulnli Mala-Official Invltwtlww for Propoaale?(laba sad Mcxtce to be Cea neeted?Terms of the Concession, See. We published some weeks ago a abort notice from oer English flies indicating that tbe Spanish government wen ibout to eudoavor to connect Cuba with Porto Rico, 'exioo ana the Spanish Main, by means of n submarine '??graph, touching at the Canary Islands. *?m the Cheela, of Madrid, we translate the ?ut?kcnt of the project, thus:? The 'tun.sli government has Issued e decree calling for prog.a|!| w pe presented at the Colooial Mint-dry before J^0 j 7^7, for itie laying of eubmerine tele graph cnbv. ^twoeu Cuba. Porto Rico and tuo Canary Islauds: alk between Cube, Mexlee, rename and tho ri pan tab MalV The propuaa, to be sealed, and should specify the tariff* that the^ontrecring parries may be wllllag to charge, both Kk,ho government as well as private despstchee; also t, pian to be followed in laying ?ho cables. A deposit* gisly thousand ripanlab necadea, or its equivalent in lvn currency, is to be made at tho time of presenting pn-osala. The lattor cannot bo ? drawn wlthbut forteitinTiiaid deposit Tbo adjudication will >, mode by govornment 1 Jane 15,1MV Tbo following am the mat, flares of tho contraeta to bo entered into by the parties Those proposals may ho accepted Tho oontraetors bind themeel-as to lay end werh cables between Cuba, Porto Rico Md me ranary In lands; also hetw*eu Cuba, Mexico, Panama and tho Spanish Main. Tho exclusive privilege is t* be a ran tod for forty yearn?no compering paralM ltm* tn be al lowed. At tbe end of that time new linat mat be char tered, the old one to continue at the plaasnrt of ho owners l'no residence of tbo contracting pw y or parries shall be either in Spain or Cuba, and his 01 their agents shall be appointed by government, at the**), poanl of the contractors, government having tho pe*. lege to reject any or all the nemos so proporod. The contractors shell keep en agent at Madrid la ?a W...I _l.lt She _*?awMM*nnt and kl transact its butineas with the government, end he ehali have full powers and authority to bind hie principals md secure their rvsponatbllltv to government. ??rlr"<*OT are net salable or tranaferabie without coombi of gonrnoiot, wmwm -"v? end of 4own and im working mim, " " FoJlLi yeare from the dti? of t!i? grant. ?5^S [f found uaeloee when down, tbe depose -?***? 8*e*** swa^..2rjsrsia * ?? Tho iruuif pulAf 'yiLijeh bobbbmhnis ftfo lo fco !??? .afcertateadent, who shall .pp^nt ?h* pro^r employes for that purpoee.iield tbe cuntrnotlng parties. Vbelr salaries shalII by/tot and graduated tn acoordanoe with those paid hyp, ms ment to Ita. telegraph operator*, *?, and W and mm tnaily agreed upon between the r??erVaily for thin contractor!. Tbe latter ahaU settle ' branch of Ita affair*. sf the eon tract new, The apparatus shall be fnrnlsMto aa 10 .t* form, he. and Is left to their Jodsm<,nt.B?f 1*? tn cipher, and shall e? ?loT'rnmrntoerree^prt^ rtMpatchee aa to pr*. hare the nfefemwWMOn. poth the official corp ep..nd rodeui * private despiicheu HpautsU subjects shall whatever privlle^A in price or otherwise may he S ranted to an* other government or people. No private eapaloh shall ha receivable tn onihrr. All correspondence? except such as la official?Is to be rluidlr scrutinised by tbe operator*. and none lorwarded or delivered when contrary to morality, public tranquil litv or the seenrtty oftbo state. All disputes, Ac., to be settled without the Interven tion or aid of other governments having to lie called in. Whon the working of the litis ;s Interrupted bp strikes, fto., government shall rake charge ,md have it worked until the trouble he removed, the expense of s<j doing to lis pnd by the contractor* Hut any such *?? terrsptlon fur over ons year hull cause lorloiture of the privilege* grantnd to >he contractor* The subiect of tariff, Aa, Is to bo matter for special agreement VYI itln dpenlsh territory tbe linos ire to be con (Id -red try government as of public utility, and the law sbnli bo litternreisd In their regard In that ? >nre. The Spanish govern meet w H show the urs of snch of her ships of-nsr as me public service will permit, for the purpose of doitit the hrdrogrnpult part ?r the work.