Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 25, 1873 Page 6
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6 TOT INDIAN MR?. A Spanish Assault on the Cuban Policy of the United States. American Diplomacy Criticised. at Madrid. The Advocates of Slavery Attatfking the New Spanish Republic. CTTP A nnTTT?TVTM<l V/ V -A-* A * * ' " How Adams, Buchanan, Polk, Pierce and Grant Hare Tried to Steal Her. INSOLENCE OF SECRETARY FISH. Spain Under Philip DL Would Never Have Submitted to It AMERICA ENCOURAGING CUBAN REBELLION. An Interesting View of the Condnet of Our Got* ernment as Seen by Liberals and Reactionists In the Spanish Cortes. Madrid, March 1, 1873. Tha In + Awoat ownitA/f in t.hn fniinrlatfnn nf thn Spanish Republic is diversified by a renewal of the offitation or the slavery question. It seems strange to see at the same time liberty and slavery in a grapple, and we cannotlial To "notice a historical repetition in the struggle now raging between the ftlends and the enemies of emancipation. Such a Struggle does exist. Emancipation is the point to whioh all American diplomacy has been tending. The one line of policy, from which our representatives here have never swerved, turns on tne fact that there can be no peace in the Antilles until slavery ceases to exist. Slavery underlies the whole Cuban war. There is a large class here, as in Havana. subsisting upon the emoluments or slavery. Mouey is easily made iu Cuba. The habit is, when a son is to l>e sent out to gaiu his fortune or a profligate to retrieve what he has lost or un old public Bcrvant to be pensioned off, to send him to Cuba. Bo you find all the evils of the rent and absentee system in Ireland. If anything, they are aggravated. Spaniards go to Cuba to prey upon the people, amass great fortunes and return to Madrid to spend them. They have no Interest in the Island or its future. They are not merely foreigners, out they arc tyrants. You can imagine how powerful this class is when you remember how strong a similar class proved to be in the United States. And now it makes a despairing fight. Money is sent here in great amounts from Cuba to sustain the agitation. The press has 'been subsidized. Journals here, like some wretched Spanish prints in New York, take the money and foment the agitation. In this work, for a wonder, all parties opposed to the Republic are united. They quarrel about a prince or a dynasty, but unite to defend slavery. I cannot illustrate t his better than bv giving yon a summary of a recent debate In the Cortes on the bill Tor the abolition of slavery in Porto Rico. 1 select the speech most inimical to our government in order that at home we may know what the enemies of lreedom think of us. | I may premise that Setlor Hnarez Inclan, whose re- I marks you will find interesting enough, lias a mania of dislike against the United States, and that he ucver omits" an opportunity to assail it. j Suaroz inclan Is also a leader or the reactionists and voted against the Republic. A <4PANT?fI riffW nf THE" rtPPJUTAM Seftar suarcz Inclan opened his speech by saying ! lhat he was opposed to slavery and so were probably nearly all the members present; bat if tbey agreed upon the subject of abolition, they disagreed as to the means of effecting It. There were two* sources of slavery?namely, external slave trade and tho production or slaves within the territory. To the Spanish conservatives belonged the honor of i having completely destroyed the slave trade by initiating the law of 1808. Furthermore, the law of 18"0, passed by the Constituent Cortes, declared free all persons born of female slaves after Sep* tember 20, 1808. Therefore, If the law of 1870 meets all the requirements of the case, why introduce new a bill like this, bo fall of danger to social interests and to those or the country in general t The law of 1870 ceuld not be changed in the absence Of the Cuban Deputies. If greater aid were required to further the abolition of slavery in the West Indian Islands it would Imply greater extension to the law of "Coartation." how america has bullied spain. The member continued to say that he andertook the task of speaking on the snbject In fulfilment of a promise, and he would not make any assertion Which he could not prove In respect to the Injnrlons and threatening interference of the United StatesIt was well known that the Department of State at Washington had In 1870 published the telegrams and despatches passed between (leneral Slckles> ouu mi. rinu, auu nuiuu ui (.11 use iiocnmcnis ne proposed to read to the Assembly. The Spanish government had failed to make explanations regarding that correspondence, bat he bad procured an official copy thereof which he would place at the service oi members, lie possessed likewise papers relative to the subject which embraced negotiations between England, France, Spain and tne United States rrotn 1846 to 1853. TI1K BLOOD RL'SHIKU TO SPANISH CHEEKS. Referring to the ramous despatch, dated October 29, 1872. Scflor Suarcz said the blood rushed to his cheeks when he thought of the aggressive and unheard-of interference which its language implied, but on looking around him and seeing noae but Spaniards, whose cheeks would also be suflhaed at the Insult referred to, be would proceed to discuaq the matter. DU) MR. FISH BUILT SPAIN What could have been tbe secret power which lfiTpelled Mr. Fish to send this despatch, wben he had. apparently, expressed himself fully satisfied with the Abolition bill of 1S70I As for tie Spanish government In power at that period, he asked, why did not. Seflor Martos enter a protest r It was clear that seflor Martos bad no official knowledge ot tbe existence of the note, notwithstanding its official publication at Washington. General Sickles i must have read tbe note to Mr. Martos, and if bo did not leave him u copy it must have been because 1 sailor Martos expressed ao desire to that effect. ; He, Seilor Kuarez. made no charge against General | Sickles; that gentleman had always, aud did new, j Mf?rV?* f.ltft InfoPoafu Af Him AAnntow DID QENKHAL 81CKLB8 DECK IVB TUB KOTBBMIEKT f The noi? relerred to had produced great eennation amoug the diplomatic corpa at Washington, while the Spanish government had received it with Inexplicable -patience and resignation. Mr; Fish had endeavored to transfer the responsibility of the note to r.eneral Sickles by asserting that the note had been penned from data received from General sickles. He would read a letter from General Sickles to Mr. Fish respecting a loan of 400,000,000, guaranteed by the cnstemB duties of C'nbs. After reading the paper Softer suarez added that General sickles had drawn his Information from the /rnpariiai aewspapcr, and that he had, i furthermore, indulged in making gratuitous and I personal calculations by stating the numbers killed ' In the Cuban Insurrection to have been 57,000 rebels and 60,000 Spaniards. Oil FOB AN 110CB OF PHILIP II. He continued to say, "General sickles has hnrled four or live distinct accusations against unhappy Spain," and that In snch language as would net have been used either by the government of the United states or by Its representative if the Spain of the present day proved to be the Spain of Charles V. or of Philip II. TUB RKBBLS TO BLAHS POB THB CUBAN WAR. The member then took up what he termed the charges made by General Sickles and disousscd them eeriaUm:? . ^ rtrtt charge-"That the|Ppanl*h nation, during a Biriod of foar years, had maintained war In Cuba r the evBueejulMOMtuaUiu ?tUMVU\l Yflu, i, NEW YOU he would ask, OM not General Sickles direct hfs accusations against the rebels who initiated the war r?y displaying the banner of independence? The mother country had done nothing to sustain war, but merely defended her territory. Not four years, but four hundred yearn, would Spain light for the Integrity of her noil, and continue ho long ah her resources enabled lier to do so. Hut, again, lie would ask, for what period did the Northern state* carry on a war against the Southern Stales with a population ol eleven or twelve millions, who, under a lederal organization, occupied hall the territory of tho United statear The South, the speaker wonld Iniorm the Honse, was conquered, but , weighed down i>y the tyrannical and oppressive yoge of the North, and there still remained a considerable number 01 persona who were deprived of their rights as citizens. TBI WAK NOT AN INJURY TO CUBA. Ar-ond (.Twit (jf?" liial Spain had wasted the resources of Cuba in sustaining war." Honor Suarez declared this to be nnti-ue, because the crops of * sugar, tobacco and other preducc of 187*2 exceeded those ol thO three preceding years. Tho profits of the lard year exceeded the prolltH of the others by 1,800,ooo,ooo teals. HOW MANY MKN W?RII KlI.LEb TN TIIR RRBEU.TON. Tnirn cruirye?"That 67,000 Cubans aud 00,000 soldiers had been killed iu the war since 1808." So nor Suarez would oonlent himself w> ask in return hftur munv Mnrth A mavleanu l.aA fullAft in the war waged a sett lust the Southern States without having excited In the least humanitarian or philanthropic sentiments in the hearts of Yankees t Allusion had been made be General Sickles , to the proposed Spanish loan, Why, that allusion simply itnpned thfc: Thai Hpftln reqmred toe-por- 1 mission or the President or tneunTtedsfates or of Mr. Pish to negotiate a loan wherewithal to meet the exigencies of the country. A Spaniard, said Sell or Snares, must reel ashamed to read a paragraph containing so great an affront to his country. Mr. Pish had told them that the United States had become tired or maintaining neutrality and of preventing the sailing of expeditions irom their ports to aid Cuban insurgents. It only required this last insult. He scorned the Idea or tne United States having at all observed the laws of neutrality. Who had morally and materially assisted the Insurgents! Kvery true Spaniard would And in his conscience and iu bis heart the answer to this question; and, added Sudor buarez, if the United States had desired in good faith to obserqe the laws of neutrality the war would have been brought to an end long ago. FORTY YXAKS TRAXNINO FOR CUBA. Scfior Suarez then endeavored to show that the desire of the United States to possess Cuba is not a new feature. In support he cited a note of Mr. Adams to Mr. Nelson, representative of the United Slates in Madrid, dated April 28, 1823, In which Mr. Adams referred to the advantages to be ilerived from an annexation of Cuba. He further <MSted a letter from Mr. Buchanan to Mr. SaundcnOfcated WRAllinfftnn Jnnu 19 Ifiifi in which UM Uamwlnru was authorized to make proposals in behalf of the United States to the Spanish government for the Bnrcbaso of Cuba. The' Marquis de Pidal, then [lnlster of Foreign Affairs, had answered Mr. Saundera there was no Minister of the Crown, nqj qould th^re be one, who would listen to any proposition for the sale of Cuba. The people of Spain were unanimously agreed that they would rather see Cuba sink in the ocean tnau transfer it for money to any nation. Although, continued Sefior Huarez, the plan miscarried, the government of the United States still held to Its purpose, and a, similar proposition was made in 1868. After the failure of the Lopez expedition Mr. Souie was sent to Madrid to propose the acquisition of Cuba. 1 Mr. Souie was In communication with Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Mason, the Ambassadors resident In Paris and London. Conferences were held on the subject at Ostend and Alx-la-Chapelle. ana resolutions adopted to acquire Cuba. The Prince of Vergara answered, however, that in selling Cuba Spain would be selling her honor, and tnus Mr. Home's mission failed likewise. HOW onANT TBIKI) TO BOY IT. At the end of the civil war in the United States the idea was again renewed. "General Sickles, whom 1 respect,'' said Sefior Huarez Inclan, "but whose actions in the service of his government have been, in my judgment, extremely prejudicial to Spain, it behooves us, as representatives of the nation, to examine, lie came in August, i860, authorized to obtain the independence of Cuba by I means of concessions to be made on either side." Sefior Huarez read the despatch from Mr. Fish to General Sickles dated June. I860, offering the scri vices of the United States for the suppression of the Cuban war, suoject to four conditions, and the I member concluded by asking the Assembly?"Do jruu ninii tv see more ucunj, mure eviuuuuy, more palpably, what mission brought Oeueral Sickles to Madrid or what It Is that keeps hi mi hero?" BOW THE SPANIARDS TRUCKLED TO THE YANKEES. Wishing to make no charge against the government of 1869, Sefior Snarcz nevertheless desired it 1 to be noticed that no decisive answer had been given to General Sickles, such as had been received by Mr. Saunders in 1848 and by Mr. Sould in 1854. The mission of General Sickles had tailed thus much that they had refused to meet the demand made by the United States for Spain to recognize the Cuban insurgents or their agents In New York. In support ef the assertion he read a telegram from Mr. Fish to General Sickles DOlntlng out that the United States now desired the Independence of Cuba as a snre step towards fulfilling tneir desires. The government could not treat with General Sickles, however, unless there were representatives from Cuba present, nor could they treat so long as there was a single man in arms upon the island. ... . * The ingratitude of Spanish colonies. The eloquent and gallant language of General Sickles appeared to Sefior Suarez to be a faithful construction of the candid opinions expressed uy Sehor Castelar. Hut it must be remembered that the Spanish colonies had never been in greater danger than during discussions in the mother country. The United States, taking advantage of intestine difficulties, were fitting out filibustering expeditions against the Spanish possessions. Senor Suarez then referred to the ingratitude of Spanish colonies in America, and pointed to Caracas, Bncnos Ayres, New Granada, Quito and Bogota, all of which revolted immediately after uoTium asyvoivcu nuui uymu iuvi canou iiuon>j ikiiu extended political rights. He invokes as examples of ingratitude the action of Iturbide In Mexlca in 1820, and of Cespedes in Cuba in 18?e. But these Spaniards are mistaken in thinking they will be tree by declaring themselves independent of Spain, and seflor Hnarez then labors to show that Florida, Louisiana, California and Texas had been enslavened by the most abject tyranny of Yankee domination and were subsequently entirely absorbed by that process. Understanding well, as the member said he did, the sacred love of liberty and independence, he bade the Inhabitants of the Spanish islands to take warning from Texas, which 1 State, after being Invaded by an army or 20,000 Americans, gained the experience that all hope of liberty which the inhabitants belonging to the latter race entertained had been completely crushed. The same would inevitably happen In Cuba, and there the invaders would have (he assistance of all who are now Slaves. Concluding bis speech Seior snares Inclan conjured the goverment to frame this measure in 1 such a manner as to lessen the evils which must result (Tom It. I give yon the views of this leader of the slave I interest here as a specimen of the views of an av' erage Spanish politician; nor must we suppose ! that Honor Snares Inclan is In any way alone in his ideas. He represents the popular feeling ef ! Spain. At the same time there are men In the I Cortes who have the courage to controvert the I brutal and wild exaggerations of men like Hnarez Inelan. in order that you may have an idea of the arguments nsed on this side or the question I condense a speech of Seftor Kojo-Arios, a leading liberal, made in reply to Seiior Huarez Inclan:? Seiior Kojo-Arios said, apologetically, that he must remind Heftor Suarez Inclan that the argu- | ment showing the United Htates to be Interested in the possession the West India Islands must I ! fall to the rronnd.Wnsamurh as it hail nn nnnnac. I tion wltli the question before the House. Seflor Suarcr. was unable to make any substantial objection to tbe project, and in listening to him he (heiior Kajo-Artox) was forcibly reminded ot an Illustrious I'rofcKsor, who, In his capacity of president of a sctent illc society, desired to lecture when he had reached an advanced age. His friends endeavored to dissuade the Professor from bis purpose, and suggested to him to postpone his lecture to a day when the public was not admitted. "No," said the Professor, "that would exclude the presence of , my nephew ud deprive me or the opportunity to ?lk upon matters of interest in family affairs." ins, it strikes me, Seiior buarcz endeavored to show his political Importance and ability to the part* to whiclj. be bfiOBfCt, TP AMSkfCA 18 8TB0N0 WHT rRRITATI MB. i That honorable gentleman (Hunres) aud his as- ' flociates were opposed to slavery, but object to , tbe abolition in Porto Kico. and portray evil con- i sequences and impose conditions connected with the messure, which seems to show that, tbey do not favor the bill. Sefior Clloa aid Honor Haarez | had both declared that slavery no longer existed, because the springs from which It originated had dried up. "Wnat. were the arguments of the last speaker?" asks Heilor Hios. His words had tbe tendency to wound tbe feelings of the Hpantsh people and were capable of doing more Injury to our West Indian Interests ibaa snr reform that could > be introduced. While earnestly invoking tbe Integrity of thnt territory, he lorgets that tils words ' might perchance offtnd the i nned states. How I was It that he acknowledged the power wielded ' by that nation and yet proceeded to incite I its anger* How conld tbe right be dented te the i United Mates to direct Its Representative In Hpain to urge the government at Madrid to put an end to : the war in Cuba, net only on humanitarian i Rounds, but also by reason ol her own interests? is was by no means to be called Interference, i Honor Hearer, ought to remember words spoken eight years ago by the chief of the part* to whom he then belonged, and which warned Spain of a otvil war unless social and political reforms were introduced in oar West India possessions. The insurrection was suatrlned by the non-fulfilment of i promises regarding reforms. It was evidaat thnt the social importance of the question should dlsap- < pear before political Interests. The object of tbe meaanrc was to aecure immediate ireedom to slaves In Porto Kico and to provide an Indemnity , to their masters. Should there, then, be opposition I because of the interests it affected? PHRtnOll IK PORTO Rioo MRANING KRKRDOM IK CUBA. { The member continued to say that he failed to comprehend the defence of favoring the masters who persistently refused liberty to their slaves, i The arguments presented In the debate had been those of material interest, of the injury resulting to commerce and toe diminution or labor arising therefrom. These were called practical views, but be would treat the theoretical part or the qnestlon and Inquire Into the effect which these Imprudent Olpcudiuons tuusi Umtq oUivnd. He call*! UUm tm. IK HERALD, TUESDAY, ft prudent, and vu surprised that Mm dangers which his opponents mo much leared had not already occurred. The HpeocheH had been palpably aggro sHive, without intention, he wan willing to admit. Immediate abolition had become necessary alter having paused through all different stages. The meiiHure need not give rise to fear dangers resulting to Cuba, it would rather prove a means of preparing for abolition in that island. WOULD IMANOirATlON dbpiuva Hl'AlM or nun COLONIKS f The discussion ended here on the first day. but1 waa resumed on the following day by befior Itojo Artos, who again endeavored to show that Hoflor Suares Inciau, while unwilling to oppose the <piestiou of abolition, had concentrated ull bis energy to prove that the measure hud been iorced upon ' the government t>y a toreign power, lie denounced those arguments as being entirely without foundation, and eloquently urgod the pressing necessity or the abolition of slavery, beiior buarez had told the house that any new law would itivoive the loss of the colonies. Prom the moment that anr meksuffiJI or political reform were introduced. West ludia Islauds would b$ lost (q 5tyfilrt. While occupying himself with the persistent efforts of the United States to annex Cuba, and the dangers in case that island became independent, beiior buares had fallen into an error, whloh he, Hefior Rojo Arlos, could only explain by his opponent's strong political bias, or by the character which he had long desired to give to the measure; neither could he see the imposslbillity that Uuba should dream of Independence. For that purpose the island should possess within itself strength enough to establish a government ol Its own. and Sashed, was ft likely that Cuba deemed Itself lo to do this* Was it likely that Cuba should forget that, however great her prosperity, the oxt?Ut anci gpuillness of her territory and her papula- I tlot) made it tmrarptlvo to continue to live under the protection oflhe mother country? Admitting that tho island possessed all the means or future prosperity the oolonists had to consider the possibility of attacks from without, and to provide for proper means of defenoe. If the Cubans recognised these facts they must see the Impossibility or abandoning the mother country or of attaching themselves te any other nation provided Spain consented to introduce a system of reform rather ttian csntinue the rule of absolutism recommended by Soflor Suarez. ran UN IT HI) 8TATE8 HAS BEEN FRIENDLY TO STAIN. Continuing In this strain Sefior Ha jo Arlos linally 1 conclnded his speech by regretting that Sefior Suarez opposed all reform In the name of the integrity or the soil; It was doing them injustice to think that other Spaniards were not just as loyal to the interests or the country as he (Sehor Suarez) could be. After other reproaches of a political nature he expressed a hope that Seilor Suarez would acknowledge his assertions in regard to the United States to be false and that he would make amends to the Spanish Ministers of the administration to which ho had made reference as wanting in due diligence aud not entering a protest aguinst the annexation projects of the United Slates. A CUBAN MANIFESTO. An Extraordinary Letter from Boston?Its Instructions to Abolish the Diplomatic aud General Cuban Agencies in this Country? Kr. Mayorga, the General Agent, Asserts that It Is Bogus. Fnr flAVAffll nro/tlra naat (ho (Inlinit rouMAnialn this cttj have been discussing the pro and con of a reported official communication received from Boston, through the post office, suppressing the General and Diplomatic Cuban Agencies In this country. A few Cubans look upon the note in question ns authentic, but tho majority refuse to give it credeuce, and maintain that it is a Spanish forgery, sent to the Cubans to try and cause a division among them and foment discord. The communication in question is dated the 30th of November, 1872; but a communication recently received from the signer ol the suld communication, viz., the 8ecrotary of state and War, dated a month later, makes no allusion to the note In question, nor do letters of the same date from prominent members of the Cuban Congress in any way make allusion to the matter. Mr. JosO Maria Mayorga. the well known Cuban patriot, now in charge of the General Agency, refuses to acknowledge as authentic the said communication, as will be found in the translation of | his advices to the Cnbans in the United States, herewith appended. Within a few weeks at furthermost, either by the hands of the IIkkai.d's Commissioner to Cuba, Mr. James O'Kclly, or by direct communication from the patriot headquarters, news will be received, in all probability, as to the authenticity of the document In question. The lollowlug is Mr. Mnyorgu's uddress to the Cubans resident in the United states on the subject:? General Aukrct o? tflr^tefurlio or Cv?a, } i-vntv IUBK, iHHrVU) lOIOt J To tbb Cubans in the Unitxo Htatks :? Citizens?i deem it to he my autv to make an explanation to you touching my conduct with respect to the decree t'rom the Republic of Cuba under date ot SOth November last; which suppresses the Diplomatic Agency In this country conHJtfn* of jWessrs. Karoon Cespedes and the Vice President of the Republic, t. V. Agnllera; the dene ral Agency la also auppreascd^and anew 'Confidential Commlsaaion " ia to be formed in place of the Diplomatic aad Ueneral Agency, consisting of Mcaurs. Carlos del Castillo, Manuel (jucsada, and rcitx down. MR. NATOROA ArPOINTXIl RUCCXSSOR TO MB. AOFILKRA. When Mr. Aguilera proceeded to Europe on urgent aflulrs for the cause of tree Cuba he placed me in hisabxenoe la charge of the General Agency. Although causing me to neglect my business, I accepted the high trust, feeling that my duty to my country deserved prior consideration, ana this arrangement was subsequently ratified by tbe Executive of the Republic of Cuba by decree dated May 111, 1372, and In this position I have remained ever since. I therefore hold that all nction relative to the formation of the new "Confidential Commission" should take place with the cognizance of Mr. Agultcra, and under these circumstances I hold it to be my bonnden duty to rsfhse to acknowledge the legal claims of the Commission In question upeu inv office, the more so as I have no official information up to the present moment from the Executive powers of the Cuban Republic concerning this matter. TBI NULLITY OF TBE NEW COMMISSION. Mr. Oovin, one of the three members mentioned as forming part of the confidentlal commission, has Informed me in writing that be declines to take office, while Mr. Qnesada, a second member, is absent from this country, and I therefore look upon the commission In question, to all intents aad purposes, as null and void. I consider that I should have bccu direlict to my duty bad I consented to place in the hands of the third gentleman mentioned for this committee the important documents and moneys now In the hands of the generul agency, aad which the Republic of Cuba always desires should be under the superintendence of tnree agents; and further > than thts, grievous harm might befall the prospects ot independence for our country bv my falling to actener- I Seucauy in mis muier ana rcf UMUg to permit the soli- 1 try representative of the new cotnmi.->slsn (Mr. Cai- | tillo) to take upon himself the exclusive direction of , rendering aid to onr patriot brethren so nobly combatting , lor the independence of Cuba. I myself have not seen the communication which Mr. I 1 Castillo holds: but it has been examined by the Diplo matic Agent (Mr. Ramon Cespedem, who states rh.it it ie a copy of a notification he haa received through an unaccustomed channel, viz.. the Boston Po?t office. The commumcntion in Question fTom the secretary of War authorize* the Confidential Commission to contract a loan of $100,000,000; but said loan, I may here state, ean only be authorized by the sanction of our Congress. la It genuine this eoromuule.-itinn appointing the new commission nnder date of 30th November? It was received by tbe Diplomatic Agent from the hands of u lady, bearing the Boston postmark, and addressed to him arid Mr. Aguileracotfiointly. Curiously enough, under date of the 29th of December, nearly a month later, a communication was received iYom the same Secretary of War (Miguel Braro 1 Seniles), who is tbe reputed signer ot ( the decree ordering the formation of a new commission, addressed? 7 C. RAMON CBBPKPR8, } Diplomatic .agent of Cuba in the 2 s United State*. ^ containing the narrative ot tbe field operations ot the lib- , crating army in the Oriental Department against the Spanish lorce*. Further than this, letters were received trom several Congressmen and other influential headset the government in Cuba, bat no mention svss made of the i suppression oi the two agencies iu this country or ot the | appointment of the "confidential commission. In conclusion, my Immense love for my country's good Is the reason wbicn prompts inc to ignore the new cctnminipa. If yon tbfnk I nave acted wrongly 1 shall be glad to hear your criticism. and to retire iroin ray post; < but if not I shall bless Providence, which has given me intelligence to act with discretion nnd lodgment in this affair. . _J08B V. MAYOROA. MR. RAMON CB3TF.PRS DIPLOMATIC A^'KNT. I Thin gentleman, who Is a < an-in of tbe President ! of tbe Republic ol Cuba, has also published a mani- i feaio, in which be atafes that, while giving credit and thanks tbe whole papulation oj the United i (States and ita free newspaper press lor their sjm- i pathy with free Cuba and the abolition of slavery in ; that iiAwntifnl lain Ivan hag fa.nnd u? ? -w ? ...... ..v.......... .Q.v, ..v u?n iVUUV K? 111 Ut S J 111 pit 1 HJ | at tke hands of this government thut he retires ! (Tom the unequal task, it Is hoped, however, on | all hands that ha will reconsider this determia- I ation and await the arrival oi further advices from i Cuba before withdrawing from his important mis- j slon. j KKP0R8IN0 MR. MATORUA'S CONIMCT. 1 News ba? keen received by Mr. May orgs irom the i Cuban agencies at Philadelphia, Boston, New ; . Orleans, Key West, Ac., that the Arm stand taken by him is cordially endorsed, and that the communication by way 01 Boston is thought to be bogus. COMMUTER TOR Kl'BSCRI PT10N8. The following gentlemen have ronsented to re- i reive subscriptions in behaii of "Cuba I.ibra'':? Miguel Aldaraa, Antonio Kernandez Bramosio, Josd ' Antonio Bchcverria, JosC- M. Mestrd. Hllario dsne- ! " rwa, Jnan Manuel Macias aid General Juan Vlllegaa. I DEATH ON AVlLLIAMSBURO FERRY BOAT. ! i At three o'clock yesterday afternoou, while a j ' Division avenue ferry boat was approaching the | Williamsburg shore, an aged gentleman, sitting in i the ladies' cabin, was seen to fall over in hta seat, , and, on the passengers gathering about him, tuey i ] found that he was dead. When the boat reached j her slip la Williamsburg the iwlv whs taken In 1 charge by the police and conveyed to the Fourth .

street nation house, on examination an open- ? faced gold watch waa found on his person, two i braaa keya ami a note dated Morrlsanfs, August P, ! 18(19, of $106, payable to Henry H. Btnurt. The note < was signed by Hubert H. seheppler. Uist evening 1 the body was conveyed to the undertaking estab- 1 llshment, North First street and Union avenue, to await ulonUfioauoMr [ARCH 25, 1873.?QUADRU OAYO HUESO. Model Colonists from tlie Gem of the Antilles. EL CUADRA LATIN EN KEY WEST Facts and Figures on the Patriotic Association of Ctfba Libre. Its Industrial, Social and Moral Aspects. HUE8TRA HAL HADBE REPUBLIC!.. .. . ... . Defenderv or the "Cause" in Council. Enthusiasm Unbounded Orer the Herald, O'Kclly and the Insurgents. La Libertad ea Uno de Los Maa Preoioaos Donea Que Los Oielas Dieron a Los Hombres. Kky West, Fta., March 16,1873. The people of the north Interested In the success of "Cuba Libre" are not perhaps generally aware that we have a "Cuba Libre" at our own doors. Yet upon this key, "Gayo Hueso," named by the Spanish discoverers, meaning "Lone Island," corruptcd through that independent principle of thought characteristic oi the Anglo Saxon race, euphoniously yet regardless of meaning, into Key West, there Is an active busy colony industriously working out the principle of self government and demonstrating in their general quiet and order the possession of those very qualities needed in the establishment of a republic. This colony is communistic iu the sense of having its own internal administration and being bound together in a material sense by its regular contributions to the cause of Cuban liberty, for which it largely works, and in Its general social relations is a genuine "yuartler Latin" to the American resl aeut. 8TRB.NGTH OK TRR COLONT. In hunting up statistics with regard to the colony I Und a great discrepancy between the American estimate of its number and that of other authorities who ought to know. Thus the best Cuban authority I could reach places it at 1,800, including men, women and children. This the Spanish Consul advances to 2,000. while in common conversation It is variously placed at from three thousand to thirty-flve hundred. The near agreement of the Spanish Consul aud the Cuban agent fixes the permanent colouy at, 1 tuUiK, about two thousand and under, while the constant movement to and (to explains the popular exaggeration or the strength or the colony. It Is worth while to note thut iu returning to Cuba (torn here all Cubans have to obtain Spanish passports. The Consul informs me that he has oeen astonished at the number otCnbans whose ancestors came irom the same province in Spain in which he was born. I do not mean any reflection upon the Cubans in thus seeking Spanish protection as, with the mob spirit prevailing among the Spanish volunteers, while their own government is unrecognized, some protection is necessary. Many an Irishman, reeling the wrongs o( his country and bating the an thorlty of England, has been glad to seek the snelter or its strong arm, which reaches across the globe, for the security of British subjects. Perhaps our own O'Kelly, in the decadence of American loreign influence since the days of Marcy and Monroe, may find in that principle of once a subject, forever a fijibject?a lever whereby lie may lilt tlio ttirbaTs or "the Captain Ueneral into tho Kealm of bathos, and walk as qnletly about the streets 01 Havana upon his return frqfn the insurgent lines as though be were not an American clti/.en, or we had a soldier for President and a fleet at Key West. commercial establishments. In my census of the Cuban colony here, made necessarily hurriedly, I Undone drug store, wjth three practical druggists. one physician, proprietor of the drug store, having a fair American practice. Twelve grocery stores. Four barbers' shops?an evidence of cleanliness that 1 am airaid is only circumstantial or presumptive. Two tailors' establishments. Three batchers' shops. One bakery. Six boarding houses, places where, in the language of Jim Bludso, they "merely wrastle their hash" (uniortunately, on this Key, it is not much else), but do not sleep. Three photograph galleries, from one of Whlca I have an invitation to visit and have my likeness added to the gallery of portraits of distinguished men. If O'Kelly comes home this way I expect to hear them crying out his likeness in the Cuban quarter. A cold Northern nature feels somewhat surprised at the enthusiasm and excitement of these hotblooded people, but they are deeply anxious concerning O'Kelly. I resume the catalogue:? The theatre, used also as a school house in the day time, and where they have lairs and Uods. These fairs are held for the cause, and 1 am told "by the Caban agent one last year netted $3,280. The school is attended by about llfty children, and although the Cubans themselves are not strlot in their religious professions, permission was given npon request to Fathers Allan! and La Roque, who are the Catholic pasture here, to open a catechism class. There is only one teacher, and English is not tanght. The co-operative principle Is represented by the Patriotic Association, tue Charitable Association and three mutual aid associations. The most interesting feature of the whole colony bus yet to be mentioned. ITS L1TKKAKY ESTABLISHMENT. It has a newspaper, El RepubUaino. I send you I a eopv and an extra (it issues extras), and will, 1f It comes out beiore the mail closes, rend you its latest issue, which will be to-day. It is owned, edited, '-set np," printed and published by one Individual. 1 have had the pleasure of an introduction to him. but have not yet visited his estab- I lishment, having been engaged elsewhere. He la i both in appearance and manner a representative i revolutionist, and. I have no doubt, finds in this ( varied employment a sort of surety valve which enables him to keep in regulur working order. There are hut two barrooms here, kept by Cubans, both belonging to the one man and attached to restaurants. The Cubans do not seem to be a drinking people so far as any outward evi- ' dence is apparent, but 1 am informed that they are large consumers of gin and have much Increased that importation by their presence here. Thev are rarely seen drunk on the streets, however, anil lurnish no -criminal statistics.'* The principal occupation of the colony Is the manufacture of cigars, In wlim there is a very large trade. TOBACCO MAM'KACi CRK. 1 Home Idea of the industrial value of the colony , ill thia roanort maw ho orathororl from thas fnllnmini# Bgures showing the weight of tobacco and the Jutles paid thereupon sine# April, 1809. about which time the manufacture of cigars became an item of importance to key West, and Cuban immigration set steadily in. This tobacco Is worked up principally in two factories, although there are ; live here?three controlled by Cubans, one by a Spaniard and one by a German. The German iiouse Is much the largest. There is also considerable done In the way of manufacture in a small way by parties who werk one or two hands. The suborned table was Jurntshed mr by collector Vance, ust going out, to be succeeded by Collector Hamilton. formerly a member of Congress from this State, now here rABLK SHOWING Til K W Kit,UT OF TOBACCO HfFORTF.D INTO HAVANA SINCE APRIL, 1869, AND THE AMOUNT 01 DUTIES PAID TIIKRKON. 1?6?- WeiyTU in Ita. Duties pai(L ' April 7,098 $2,662 96 May 0,844 2,:;9.> ao I lane 6,771 2,309 86 Inly 4,962 1,707 30 August 9,644 3,538 76 September 6,6io 3,241 36 tic tuber 6,till 2,443 00 November 86, >39 12,438 66 lieeember 27,949 19,146 60 Total 113,928 $40,888 76 1870. lanuary 14,823 $6,466 40 February 13,898 4,864 80 March 39,766 13,917 78 April 7,369 2,579 15 May 84,181 11,940 20 lune 14,038 4,918 30 Inly 2,182 703 70 August 11,484 4,010 40 September 48,660 16,244 00 October 7,060 2,467 60 November 84,244 11,986 60 itacember 13.642 4,739 70 ToUU,,.*.,^.^ 8M.08# $84,990 M I t PLB SHEET. un. " ? ?? JfUiuurr "MjW (b ((( DfstiAM iviM ?? T5?S X*r.. 85.508 29$5M fig,? v.v.v.v;; - &2? ??S o,'m 3 2a* November 10,816 o'gS $ Ueceuiber ? ?* ?? " i I Total 8.9W io C, "M" ?* ?? 58? ? ?? M>rU K4?? it' ?? Kj...,. 41,053 tiali 15 June 34,008 "'083 56 , <UJjr 68,834 August ; ".243 September.' a9>733 lolSoa 2? October... 2T.003 November 40,408 I4*iaa ut jt.MJ ftSJJ i ntu "-2? J"31 ?? I 1873. 633, m $180,907 60 I Januarjr.,.. pobruaij &?g $11,66805 -*** _ 14,778 40 Tout to tl)6 Close Of 1872 1,106,393 $309,189 33 > 4 Cits Ofe in the Department of Internal Revenue prevents my going back no far In the statistical history of the colony as shown througn that Department, but Collector Merrill, of this district, supplies me with the following figures CIGARS MANUKACTUKKl) IN 1872. Amount of Internal Revenue stumps purchased by cigar manufacturers during the past year and lor the months of January and February of this year is as follows:? 1 H7*i 1899 January $6,500 July $7,800 February 6,000 August 8,900 March 0,000 September 7,600 April 7,300 October 8,160 May 8,600 November 7,600 June 8,600 December 8,200 Total $89,260 1873. 1873. January $9,800 February $7,700 live dollars worth of stamps represent 1,000 cigars, which would make a total ot about seventeen and one-hall million cigars manufactured here in 1872, averaging, as near as 1 cun get at it (notlrom experts, however), $86 per 1,000 In the New York market, making a total or $1,600,000 as the Industrial product of this colony. The tobacco used In this manufacture is altogether Havana, or rather Cuban, tobacoo, and, as the cigars are all marked by Cubans, they have almost the same standing in our northern market as those branded Havana. 1 should have mentioned, In connection with the Cuban Patriotic Association, but it will do here, as it is from the labor interest the revenue principally oomes, that last year the society lorwarded over fifteen thousand dollars to the Cuban Junta at New York, being their regular weekly subscriptions to the cause. From other sources the amount was swelled to $20,000. I was struck In visiting a couple of the larger factories bv one feature quite unique In" Its way. Upon a raised chair In about the centre of the room was a man seated, whose special business it is to read for the edification of tho men. 1 was duly presented to him and by him to the shop, and, as a representative of "The O'Kelly," received with cheers. These visits produced an invitation to at tend a meeting of the Patriotic Association at the tbeatro that uigut to accept the compliment of a reception. a patriotic oatherino. Your correspondent attended, as you have been already informed by telegraph, and upon his Introduction to the assembly was asked to make a speech In his usual felicitous manner, in which t he rights of man, the independence of the New York Herald and the "sympathies of youth," without the elbows of the Mlnclo, were largely represented. The enthusiasm was great over '-The O'Kelly," and every mention or bis name brought down the house. A resolution was passed thanklug the Urrald for the interest it had taken in Cuban affairs, and expressive of the willingness of the Cubans to abide by the judgment of the world as to the justice or their cause and the courage with which they sustain it when presented In the columns or the Hkrald by "The O'Kelly." thr social side. I have spoken thus far of the industrial condition of this Cuban colony, and shown a favoraole exhibit. The same cannot be said of Its social condition. The traditionary disregard or sanitary laws, lor which Spain has been so remarkable In her history, and which is exemplified in every one or her colonies to-day, appears here, with more excuse. however, than at home. The colouy is mostly huddled together In low lrame shanties, good enough for the climate, but of no value in the way of Improvements, built especially lor their accommodation, by property owners here, without any view to permanency. The Americas residents complain of the danger thud presented In tho event of any epidemic entering the port. Yellow lever Is not feared becanse of the climatic sympathy between the creole and the miasmatic exhalation or whatever other influence produces yellow fever. I have spoken to leading Cubans here about this mnrlItinn nt' qlYaira tnllinir thnm that mrr nffonf Inn had bee a called to it by American resident* and that, as a correspondent of the Herald seeking facts, 1 could not ignore it. They deprecate the unfortunate condition or their people and have worked earnestly for their reiormatton. It is one of the natural results of misgovernment. No one ever heard, unless recently,.of a sanitary bureau in bpain. how, thdfi, can Cuba be blamed for its ignorance or neglect 01 hygienic laws. the mouai.irV or jhk peoplb is, by report, placed on abont the same plane as their sanitary status. The disregard of the marriage obligation, which is the secret of the deterioration oi all the Spanish-American peoples, is still pructised, in spite of the lesson which, to a people fighting lor Its liberty, ought to be apparent?of a stunted race as its product. It is a curious ethnological fact that the Spanish race, mixed with the Indians of this Continent, has always produced an inferior race, while North the same mingling of races was not so attended. What more brilliant man in the Congress of the United States than John Randolph, of Roanoke, who claimed to be a descendant of Pocahontas? Rut how lew John Randolphs do we i find here among our mixed races? Thiers said Africa commenced at the Pyrenees. ! With much more truth we might dub this colony . Airican. While there are some representative Cubans among them of pure origin, some with as red blood as ever flowed through Castllian veins, the majority are drawn from the lower classes, halfnegro or Indian, and simply practise the , TICKS or THE SPANISH EVERYWHERE. The history of Spain on this Continent Is written In blood, and naiare, through the deterioration of the peoples they gave birth to, Is doing Its best to wipe out all evidence of Spanish colonisation. I Spain to-day is helping this along by Its policy In ,] Cuba, which, however disguised, means external- i | nation. The advanced minds of the eld country I see the decadence of the raco there, bnt, determined to hold Cuba, base their hopes of its i reconciliation to Spain npon the wiping out of \ , what they consider an interior race and its new | colonization. They have much to learn, however, ! 1 upon the score of morality themselves bclore 1 reconciliation either one way or the other Is ac- ! 1 complished. It has been Intimated to me that j 1 Spanish gold contributes largely to the support of ' the Cuban rebellion, not through any sympathy 1 with the canse, but simply for specnlatl ve purposes. However, we will know better about these things i when O'Kelly comes out. There are other points of interest here not Cn- , 1 ban which I propose to treat, bnt my attention has, I since my arrival, been so much engrossed with this 1 L'tiban business that. 1 have not yet sufficiently di- 1 jested them to justify remark now. [ HEWS FROIB THE WEST IK DIES. ! Territorial Gravitation of Hajrtl and St. Domingo Towards the United States? 1 The Fntnre Position of Caba?Considerate (lucre for the European Monarchies. Kinuston, Jamaica, March is, 1873. (ieneral Cazneau, who has resided lor some time ' n this island, has written a series of letters to the iew*papers respecting the settlement of Americans it Samana and the fnture status of St. Domingo hi he I nited States. "It is assumed," lie says, "by he mere politicians of the day that the acunisttlon ( if samana by an American company is a menace to | layti." This, be maintains, is a premature con- ; luslon. "it is entirely at the option of the rnlers i if Ha.vli to convert this samana movement into the , Irmest guarantee of peace, progress and prosjerlty to their country. Instead of a threat or hlnIrancc to their nationality. Samana has won the lght. and the power to choose its rntnre status, it nay rake an independent position as a quasi freetrader and strictly neutral state, or it may enter he union with tne Dominican State. Haytl can lave much to say in settling this decision; but to nake her voice effective she must speak as an American power, treating with sister American states on terms of honest political equality. As an soiated and purely Alrlcan community she can rave no durable Influence on American policy." It may not suit the statesmen of Haytl, and may lie unacceptable to the European holders of colonies in these seas, to have % great aggressive power assume a strong postlion In the very midst ol their Island dependencies, rhe crisis demands hold and true speech. Cuba la 1 In effect lost to Spain, and ! T1IK AKTKR KATE OK CrBA will he foreshadowed by the coming action of the I Dominican state. If matters continue in their present drift, St. Iloiningo will apply to Congress ror admission into the Cnlon, on the Texas precedent, and the Dominican State will be received without demur on that basis. Alter that ?very itatesman in F.urope knows where Cuba and Porto . Itlco will be found, and artcr that again It will be ' or them to consider whether detached island :olontes will be worth the trouble of maintaining. AN ALLEGED FORGER ABRE8TED. Albany, N. Y., March 24, 1873. Charles H. White, charged with rorgery at Uor leUsylile. waa arrested here to-dav, CUBA. Press Discussion of the Principle and Consequences of the Governmental Change in Spain. Colonial Interests from Different Points ol View?Intalar Interests and Mother Conntry Profits?Battlefield Despatches and ^Progress of the War. ?????? > J havswa, March is, torn The Kurova and Vox a* Cvtoa. hare been keeping op a dispute engendered bj the reoent ohsnges in Spain and tnelr oirect upon the affaira or Oalm, which la concluded by an article lu the Vo? in the following fashion The JSwapo endeavors to nrove that e re n m the I nan* genu nad not laid down ihelr aim under previous governments ol the nation. Including oven that ruled hy Ilia druiffvratic constitution of MW. the moat libera* code la JMSftSiffSyilEw To this the roz replies, after ascribing the rotlowing strong ideas and language to tho Buropa:? If the rebels do not submit through repentance, and treat with oqual disdain the liberal rule wtitaa they would enjoy by roturniug to the boeout ol their mother country, as well ae the authoritative and restrictive systems, tm pcrative In times past, then, having spoken the teal word, we must renounce all pacifle solution, all idea ai convincing those who were our brothers, by argument or otherwise, that they are acting wrongfully and ought, therefore, to turn on their tracks and lay down their antagonism in all sincerity and goed faltti; we must renounce the might of right and appeal In all severity to the right or might and all its lamentable extremes; we must put in vigor the principles of reconstruction; we must exterminate an Irreconcilable adversary; we must plunge into grlel thousands of Spanish families in whose bosom was bnrn the impenitent aposlato to his country; we must renounce tho hope thai the evils whicn afflict this nourishing province may have a prompt remedy, because we declare them not only chronic but incurable, repellent to the draught and Insensible to the cautery; finally* we would have to curse that humanity ot which form a pert those criminals who rend the bosom of their country for the sole pleasure of doing harm, and who, with so much propensity lor crime, are wanting dn any inoliaattoa towards repentance. Thus far the ideas ascribed by tbe Fog to the Bwropa, presupposing tbere Is no medium oonrao and no opportunity to extend the olive branch ol peace over the fields of Cuba, only because It prejudges that a positive lact, au absolute reality, which the vox admits as a probable case, and a* subjeot to tbe changes which are Impressed upon every political straggle by time and experience. The Vox differs from its colleague by Its ability to wait, and prefers to appear an optimist rather Vtaiu nuc vuiu |icaouuiDui ui its UUliCa^U?. It declares that It yet has faith in the sentiments ot justice inherent In every man, even the meat abandoned?sentiments strengthened by religion and the immutable principles oi nature which prevent the father from hating his sen or the son his rather. "A CHANGS COMES O'ER THE SPIRIT OP THS DREAM." The foregoing sentiments are well worthy to he noted and credited to a journal which has been for four years the meat implacable enemy of the insurgents, stubborn and constant In tilling its columns with the crnsade of extermination fr?ra the time it was founded by Uonzalo Castafiou until lately. The roz declares that every Spaniard is nobleman and Is a Christian; and nobility obligee him to be forgiving and pardon In the name of God. After describing the men who brought about the revolution in Cuba as composed of three groups?the first, adventurers, soldiers of fortune, blind Instruments of the leaders, whom they serve as a Bcreen, combatants, in fact; the second, of those who wait for the triumph of their party, and will flock where victory percnes to share in the spoils and honor: and the third, as hangers on, professional revolutionists, secret agitators and perverse cowards. The Vox calls upon the insurgent In the field to reply coascientlonsly if he has not been led away, cajoled, deceived, robbed of fortune, family and future by men of the oity?that is, men belonging to the second and third groups of Its clasiflcatlon, cowards as they were, are and ever will be. THE ONE THING WANTING. The Vox might have named numerous other groups that maintain the implacable hatred existing between the native and Spanish element; it might advocate a trial of a more lenient policy and more impartial and practical proofs of justice and humanity. Cubans are uniform in their convlotlons. They do not yet deem discretion the best part of valer. They are too strongly attached to the hope that they will ultimately accomplish their object and snap the chains which have weighed m hpiivilv nnnn thorn Thn taltr nf thu flnantuh nvoau has proved of no more avail than the coercive policy of Rodas and Valmasedn. t The Vox concludes oy stating that repnblicaa measures may prove inefficacious to termtuate the Cuban conflict, but as Spain is a Republic, it can advocate no other. Resides, it believes them more appropriate on account ot their breadth, thelf liberality to blot out all differences, remove obstacles and follow a wide and free conduct. DKTAILS FROM TIIK BATTLE FIELDS. The telegrams forwarded will already have foo formed you of the late engagements between the contending parties. Nothing lurtber has since been reported. The Havana journals to-day publish their customary semi-monthly reviews for the Spanish mall steamer to sail to-day. Despite the clearly proven reverses suffered by the Spaniards in some of the encounters, the Diario winds up Its review as follows:? , With the activity displayed within the last fifteen days, the early conclusion of the military line ot the Baca, the importance of which to exterminate the enemy in thai zone which offers them the most resources is too well known to our readers, und with the immediate arrival e< reinforcements to strengthen our weakened battalion^ the dwindled insurrection will receive shortly the nooea. sary blows to bring about the so anxiously desired pacification of this province. BANK BILLS CANCELLATION. The Junta of the Treasury Department In its last session resolved to proceed to the cancellation of t the bank notes Issued by tbe Spanish Bank on aa? count of the Treasury, aad will take up and publicly burn half a million monthly. Tbe first "auto do bank bills" will take place on the flrst Sunday In April. SCHLESWlfi-HOLSTElI. The Twenty-fifth Anniversary at It* * tTprising Against Denmark. The Society of Schleswig-Holsteiners celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the uprising of thd people of Bchieswig-Holstein, en the 24th of March, in IMS, against the Danish rule, at the Tentonla Assembly Rooms, last night, which was quite aa enthusiastic affair and attracted a large attendance of the natives of Schleswlg-Bolsteln now residing in this city. A rich programme had been prepared for the celebration, consisting of a dramatic entertainment by the members of the society, representing episodes and scenes of the mentioned revolutionary uprising and of the war against Denmark, and vocal performances by the l h)und Vocal Society, composed principally of natives of SchleswtgHolstein, upon which followed a banquet, when addresses were delivered, recalling the heroic and patriotic actions of the people of Schleswlg-Holstcin during that revolutionary period in their struggle to overthrow the rnle of Denmark. Many of the surviving veterans of the army of Schleawig-Ilolstela, who In IMS and I8.il rought against the Danes, participated In this patriotic celebration. The festivities were wound np by a ball. KINGS COUNTY MUNICIPAL AFTAIB8. V Concerning Kallroad Knterprlaes?Tho Motor Power on City Cars?The Gu Monopoly. The Brooklyn Roafd of Aldermen met last evenng. Tbc Major sent a communication to the Board ecommendlng them to join with the petitioners in i remonstrance against the passage of an act , ;>y tnc Legislature authorizing the Qneenn bounty Railroad Company to operate a road in the city, Tbc object of thin company is to obtain a grant independent of the city authorities. The petition agalnivthe pas VI IIIC V/l i^lUBICU VTil.ll bliu ^i UJFCI XkJ UITIIUIV in Lafayette, avenue through which thoroughfare twas proposed to run the road. Alderman wylle 'aid the opposition to this bill came more directly rom the city railroad company, who claimed to >wn nearly every street and avenue In the city, rue matter was finally referred to the Railroad Committee. The Railroad Committee, to whom was referred he proposed act of the Legislature authorizing the isc of the Improved motor power on street ralload*. submitted a report adverse to the use ol any notor power which has yet been suggested as i substitute for horse power. Resolutions renonstratlng against the passage 01 any such act vere offered and discussed when Alderman Tayor offered a resolution that they e*iressly encourage and adopt any motor 1 lower the saiety and efficiency of which shall lave been demonstrated. This resolution waa ulopted. ? The Hoard of City Works sent In a communion* Ion, in which they sta'e that the gas companies enise to enter Into a contract with the city to furlish sixteen candle illuminating power. Alderman Tat ton moved that a special commit* ee be appointed to inquire Into the expediency if the cltv furnishing its own gas. The mutter was eferred to the Has Committee. k BOSTON POST OFFICE CLERK ARRESTED. . ^ Boston, March 24, 1ST3. ' \j Frederick W. Cooper, a distributing clerk In tha I' Boston Post Office since November laet, has beaa > I irrested on a sharge of rilling and destroying noney letters. He acknowledged having takea |al6. though it la believed nta stealings will amount -o iuucu mare.

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