Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 25, 1873 Page 8
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8 MEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STRKDT. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Vol me XXXV 111 No. 84 AMUSEWfWTt THIS EVENiMi. THEATRE COMIOUB. No. 811 Broadway.?Drama, BuRLEsona awi> Ouo. NBW FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. 728 and 730 BroadWay.?New Year's Era. WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner Tliirtleth at ? fiaLr. Afternoon and Evening. ATHENEUM. No. ffcO Broadway.-arako Vabikte E?WETAIRRKVT. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Fourteenth street.? Italiah inm GBRMAMA THEATRE, Fourteenth street, near Third av.-oer Mionkidbaukr. NIBLO'8 GARDEN. Broadway, between Prince and HoiMton streets.?Leo and l-oroa. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway, between Houston Bleerker streets.?Hcmi-tt Doarrr. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. Union square, between Proadway and Fourth sr.?Cousin Jack. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteenth street.?David Garbiuk. BOOTH'!- THEATRE. Twenty-third street, corner Sixth afenue.?Daddt O'Dowd. ORANI) OPERA HOUSE, Twenty-third st and Eighth av.?Uncle Sam. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?jack IIabkawat? (jOvees in the Corner. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? Boskdale. BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE, Twenty-third at. corner 6th ay.?Neoro Minstrelsy Ac. TONY TASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. No. 201 Bowery.? Vahiett Entertainment. Matinee at 3}?. COOPER INSTITUTE, Third avenue and Fourth St.? [tAOOUINQ OAS EXBIBITION. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway.scirnoe and art. QUADRUPLE SHEET. Mew York, Tuesday, March MS, 1873. THE NEWS OP YESTERDAY. To-Dny's Contents of the Herald. "A SPANISH VIEW OF THE CITIIAN QUESTION ! AMERICA ARRAIGNED FOR HER PERFIDY AND COVETOUSNESS"?EDITORIAL LEADER?Eighth Page? "" AGITATION IN MADRID OVER THE DISSOLUTION OF CORTES! NO OUTBREAK YET! FEARS OF THE COMMUNE! INSUBORDINATION AND CARLISM DEMORALIZING THE REPUBLICAN RANKS? Nintii PAOK. SPAIN ANI) AMERICA IN THE ANTILLES! AN ORATORICAL ONSLAUGHT UPON THE POLICY OF THE GREAT REPUBLIC! THE GREED FOR CUBA! EFFORTS TO POSSESS IT! PHILIP IL AS A DEFENDER OF SPAIN! BITTER CRITICISM OF MR. FISHSixth Page. CUBAN CANVASS OF THE NEW SPANISH REGIME ! JOURNALISTIC VIEWS AS TO PROBABLE CONSEQUENCES IN CUBA! TIDINGS OF THE WAR?Sixth Page. AN EXTRAORDINARY ORDER FROM CUBA LIBRE! DOING AWAY WITH THE AMERICAN AGENCIES! THE MANIFESTO DECLARED BOGUS?NEWS FROM THE WEST INDIES? Sixth Page. THE LATIN QUARTER IN KEY WEST ! FACTS AND FIGURES FROM THE OPPRESSED "GEM OF THE ANTILLES !" THE HERALD ANI) MR. O'KELLY ENTHUSIASTICALLY ENDORSED?SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN?Sixth Page. 1eneral canby and captain jack have a talk ! the modocs bellicose ! the latest position or the white forces?Ninth Page. fANDERBILTS WORK IN THE STATE SENATE ! THE CHARTER BEFORE THE SOLONS OF THE UPPER HOUSE ! MR. TWEED ANXIOUSLY AWAITED ? MARINE NEWS ? Twelfth Page. gUROPEAN NEWS BY CABLE! NO PROVISION BY THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT FOR THE GENEVA AWARD PAYMENT! THE NAVAL FORCE OF GREAT BRITAIN! THE PORTUGUESE RING DECORATES M. THIERS- I Ninth Page. CORRUPT CALDWELL RESIGNS! SENATOR | CLAYTON'S TROUBLE ! SPECIAL ITEMS | FROM WASHINGTON?NATIONAL CAPITAL | GOSSIP?Fifth Page. fHE MURDERER OF CHARLES GOODRICH STILL ' UNDISCOVERED ! THEORIES AND FACTS ! ENUNCIATED BY THE POLICE OFFICIALS! ' A WOMAN IN THE CASE I THE MY8TERI- , OU8 LETTERS AND ACTIONS OF THE DECEASED! THE INQUEST?Fifth Pag*. HOW JAY GOULD WAS FLANKED IN ERIE! 8. L. M. BARLOW TESTIFIES BEFORE THE ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE! THE POTENT . "INFLUENCE" USED UPON LAWYERS AND ' LEGISLATORS?Seventh Page. innu ti PDLunvT mn Till.' MEMPHIS A NO F.I. ' paso road i an inquiry into his accounts by the criminal court of paris i the missing moneys of the frenchmen?sbybnth Paub. CHE METROPOLITAN FOL1CE! THE REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE DEPARTMENT AND 10W THEY ARE CARRIED OUT! EVASIONS OF DUTY! A BAD OUTLOOK?Tenth Page. fEATURES OF BUSINESS ON '( IIANGE! MONEY LAX, GOLD DECLINING AND GOVERN- ] MENTS AND STOCKS ADVANCING?REAL ESTATE?THE BULLS HEAD BANK?LOCAL AND MUNICIPAL ITEMS-A BRUTAL COACHMAN?Eleventh Page. MARSHAL MAGRUDER ARRAIGNED! BEGINNING OF HEGGUS DEFENCE! WHAT CAME FROM A WALL STREET CLIQUE MOVE! j ANOTHER EFFORT FOR S'lOKES! THE COURT OF APPEALS TO HOLD A SESSION HERE?Thihtehnth Page. FREE LANCE HAS A FUNG AT "UNCLE SAM!" AMERICAN BRITICISM OF THE FRENCH PLAYWRIGHT ?RUflC-RfiCENT MfSttAL PUBLICATIONS?Thirtbbnth PagB. EMIGRATION INTERESTS AT THE PORT OF NEW YORK! HEAD MONEY! INIMICAL OFFICIAL ACTION?FANNY HYDE?DESPERATE PLOT FOR CONVICT ESCAPE?THE GAS TROUBLES?9bvbnth page. THE METHODIST PARSONS AND THE PRESSFESTIVAL OF THE ANNUNCIATION- I P0UG11KEEPS1E SENSATIONS?tenth Paoe. RECENT PUBLICATIONS PROM THE AMERICAN BOOK PRESS? fourteenth 1'aob. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. Owing to the unprecedented quantity of our advertisement* advertisers seeking our colnmna are requested to send in their advertisements early In the day. This course will secure their proper classification and allow as to make timely arrangements for our news. Advertisements intended for our Sunday issue may be Bent in on Thursday or Friday and not later than nine P. M. on Saturday, either at this office or oar only uptown bureau, 1,206 Broadway. Let advertisers remember that the earner their advertisements are ta the Herald office the better tar themaelves and/or us. NEW YOB A View of tike Cebam ^eei. tloa?America Arrelgeed for Her Per. Ur eM OeraiMteeM. A curious phase of the republican movement in Spain will be seen in a letter from one of oar Madrid correspondent**, printed this morning. This letter is mainly a condensation of certain speeches in the Cortes on tho bill for the emancipation of the slaves in Porto Rico, which was carried triumphantly by the liberal administration on Saturday. Debates in the Spanish Congress, like debates elsewhere, have a wide range, and so we have an nttaok upon our government and its policy towards Spain. We in America have felt that the Cuban policy of General Grant was the weakest and most reprehensible feature of his administration. Since the death of Rawlins oinnnen oflPrwt Kna laaan tna/ln fn inaiirn fltn peace or die independence of the island. Severer critics have intimated that the Secretary of State was in the pay of the Spanish government, and every now and then we have been threatened with an outbreak in Congress against the President for his timidity and want of sympathy for suffering Cuba, Now we have from Madrid the other side of the picture. While we are restive under the apathy and coldness of the administration the reactionary party in Spain is irantic under the aggressions and perfidies of the United States. Our correspondent sends us the whole arraignment, and very amusing it is. General Grant is not alone to blame, according to these angry hidalgos. The policy of our government since the time of John Quincy Adams has been to rob Spain of her Cuba. Mr. Adams tried it, but he was rebuked in the manner becoming a Spanish gentleman and a king. Then Mr. Buchanan made a resolute effort, when he was Secretary of State to President Polk; but he was also informed that Spanish honor disdained the temptation. Then came the manceuvTes of rresiaeni jrierce, inrougn air oauie, wncn Minister at Madrid, and the offer of a vast sum for the island; but Mr. Soule found that he could neither bribe, buy nor bully Spain. Our civil war seems to have given the Spaniards a little peace. But with the close of the war and the accession of Grant ^o the Presidency the old policy found new life. General Grant being, as we all know, an unscrupulous and reckless military adventurer, found in General Sickles a congenial and willing instrument. So General Sickles was sent to Madrid, in pursuance of a conspiracy between the President, Mr. Fish and himself for the purpose of compelling the Spaniards to surrender the precious Gem of the Antilles. This discovery will be new to our people. We had thought that the present Minister was sent to Madrid as other ministers?for political services?to get them out of the way, or for any of the twenty reasons which lead to diplomatic appointments, and that especially in the formation of new administration and Custom House rings it would be as well to have as many New York politicians out of the country as possible. But no! Our Minister is in Madrid on a knavish errand, and ,at last he stands exposed. In pursuance of this conspiracy we discover other startling facts. We have complained upon the information of the American Minister as well as that of the Hebaxd Cuban Commissioners, who, by the way, are better authorities on the subjeot?having visited the island?that the war is a cruel war. To this we are answered that the war is the work of the rebels, they are to blame for its cruelty, and when they cease there will be peace. We have felt from accurate testimony that the effect of the war was to desolate and ravage the fair fields of this noble island. But on the contrary we are now informed that the crops are larger than before the outbfeak. We have had occasion to reprehend in the interest of humanity the loss of life and the severities of the war. This is not denied, we are sorry to say. .bat we are asked, bow many men did we lose in our conflict, how many lives did we take, how much cruelty did we inflict upon those who resisted our arms? Furthermore, we are assured that the tone of Mr. Fish's diplomacy is such that the blood rushes to the face of every Spanish gentleman when he thinks of it, and we are told that under Philip II. or Charles V. such language would not have been heard for a moment. But now, so low has Spain fallen, that the insolence of Mr. Fish is heard with* out a murmur. As to giving liberal institutions to the West Indies, history forbids the idea, and shows that of all the ungrateful countries in the world there are none to compare with the Spanish colonies on this Continent In every instance where liberty has been granted revolt came swiftly after. And now there are Cubans who want to become a part of the United States. Vain, foolish, heedless men! Do they know what itls they court?what a horrible fate awaits them ? If not, let them take counsel of this Spanish prophet. They will be enslaved and oppressed by Yankee rale, become the victims of the abject tyranny of this domination, and in time be as wretched as "Texas, Florida, 1 Louisiana and California!" In Texas, for instance, an American army of twenty thousand men stamped out every hope of freedom. I We are cot aware of all the wretchedness that has fallen npon California, nor do we presume to Bay bow far she has become degraded j since she was wrested from the happy rale of a HpauiBh people. Bat certain it is, unhappy | and miserable as California is, a similar fate j willjeach Cuba if she falls into the insatiate Yankee1 .* ,1 There are people who believe this gasconade, or there would not be orators so swift to , speak It, The tone of this speech gives us a clear light nnon the policy of Spain in the i West Indies. " because leaders like Suarez Inclan hate held power in Spain that Spain has lost hef power elsewhere, and especially in America. So far as his arguments refer to the United States they are beneath contempt It is amusing to find even a Spaniard who docs not regard the policy of this administration towards Cuba as cowardly in the last degree. And we have the reward cowardice always gains. Snares Inclan and his friends think that ws are afraid of Spain, and that but for this dread we should have crossed the Oulf and taken Cuba forty years ago. As to a comparison between our war in the South and this Cuban rebellion, there can be none. All war is cruel, and ours was terrible enough; but we never shot prisoners in oold blood, we newer sent men to the scaffold 1 for rebellion, wo certainly did not enrroto aj K HERALD, TUESDAY, 1 gronp of thoughtless student lads for an act of l?d taste. God knows we are far from preaching military virtue* that we do not possess, and we would gladly torget thousands of things that occurred in our war?nay, more, blot every memory of it from history. But the war in Cuba is not war. It is massacre, pillage, wholesale slaughter in cold blood. Not only that, but there are scoundrels in administration recalling and surpassing the atrocities of Pizarro and Cortes or the worst features of Guglish rule in India and Ireland. Is it necessary that we should refer to these things in detail? Spain has dealt with her colonies not like a mother, but like a vampire. Cuba, fairest of all lands, rich, washed by grateful seas, shone upon by a generous, life-inviting snn, with the elements of an empire in itself, truly a gem, as it is fondly called?this Cuba, which might be a blessing and a support to Spain, is her weakness, and may be her ruin. Cuba to-day is the victim of every feature of misgovernment ever devised by the deviltry and subtlety of tyrants. This is a wide and grave assertion, we know. But we cannot form ; another conclusion. Aad, knowing this, we have felt, and we feel now, that our country, and especially the administration of General Grant, deserves to be held to a strict accountability for our failure to compel a reform in the government of the island. What we have ceased to expect from the selfishness and timidity of our own government let us hope from Spain. When we censure what has been done in Cuba wo speak of the Spain of the past. The new men come into power covered over with pledges of reform, and more particularly reform in the colonies. Will they redeem them ? Can they, redeem them ? Already they have the slave power arrnyed against the new Republic. With this power there can be no compromise. We tried expedient after expedient in our dealings with it, and every concession was followed by new aggressions. In the end it required the whole strength of the Republic and four years of war to overthrow it. We see a disposition among some of the liberals to AAtmnimmSaa uriili fV?o olntro i\awov in \Tn/1vwl | vvui^'iviuiov TTIUU ?uyj>^TC pvjrui ii^MdvuiU} to postpone emancipation in Cuba, to make it gradual, partial or covered in some way by restrictions. Nothing could be more fatal. There is but one way to deal with slavery? destroy it. Enact its complete extinction in Cuba as in Porto Rico. There are many more things to be done in these Antilles, but this is the most important. It iB the first step. When that is taken we shall hope for good results in the future, but not till then. The Brooklyn Murder Mystery. The sight which met the eyes of the brother of the murdered man, Charles Goodrich, when he stepped into the room where the remains lay on Friday morning, has had its effect of horror upon the whole community. A crime had been committed around which a veil of mystery hung, and the public, lookiug in the papers of Saturday morning, from the stories detailing how two murderers met their end to the column setting forth the latest bloodstain upon our civilization, asked, What is to be done? The announcement that the police were on the track did not cheer people much who remember the Rogers and Nathan murders, resting in darkness yet, and who recall that in the Rosenzweig case the important link of the marked handkerchief was discovered by a newspaper reporter. In spite of the fact that the body was found to have three bullets through the brain and an abrasion on the forehead from which the blood had been washed, detectives were found who shook their heads and said "Suicide." It has, however, been sufficiently developed that the deceased could not have inflicted the wounds, and, in default of proof that they were the work of robbers who did not hesitate to murder, strong suspicion has fixed upon a woman who has disappeared and is alleged to have been the mistress of the deceased. Four days have now elapsed and the detectives have so far failed to lay their hands upon this woman. She must have been known to many others beside the dead man. Her relations with him have doubtless been a matter of knowledge to at least a few. Some time before the murder she wrote a letter to one of his friends in which not only the criminal relation, but the result? j a child?is alluded to. The woman found that he was about to discard her and was growing i desperate. It is highly probable, then, that ' she made other confidences and verbal ones 9n | the matter. It is believed that hers was the woman's voice heard calling for assistance on j a night in February last. These shadowy things are not by any means conclusive proof that she killed him ; but they are enough to i make her production a necessity. Circumstances point to her as being the only person who can throw light on the deed. Depending ' upon her arrrest appears to lie the final proof I of who murckred Charles coodrich. We do j not ask the detectives to give up any of their ; grand theories ; that would be too much for ! ; detectives as they are at present constituted. ' We demand, however, that the best intelli- ! gence the detective force can command be bronght to bear in hunting down this woman without delay. Her description should be j widely published, together with her name and such pieces of her history as have been ; brought to light. Every day allowed to transpire with this woman unarrested tends, in a degree that experience leads us to dread, to place the whole story among the failures of th<? j police and the triumphs of crime. The President Indistosed and Weatit.? 1 ' Our Washington despatches inform us that 1 i General Grant is indisposed, that besides having a cold he has lost that "toughness charac- j | teristic of him daring the war.'' The cold ia i an accident arising from the changeable wea! ther, and he will, no doubt, soon recover from that; bnt we are not surprised that he is i losintr his toughness or vigor, for the labor of > hearing the host of office-holders, examining I their claims and deciding upon their cases at ' the commencement of a new term, is enongh to breakdown the strongest man. However, we j learn he has pretty well cleared his appointment docket, and waits for the adjournment of the Senate before making some unimportant changes in the diplomatic or consular service. Then he will have more time for repose and can take a journey to the West, and, perhaps, to the South, to recruit his strength.

Tex Chicaoo Tribune says there has been 't"a feeble utterance somewhere of Mr. Colfax's rname in connection with the next Presidency." It must have bceu a groan from pome yawning chasm. fARCH 25, 1873.?QUADRU Henry Want Bcceber on the Gallows. Mr. Beecher, tbo apostle of Plymouth Church in the godly city of Brooklyn, can always he depended upon for delivering an interesting discourse whenever any event of moment occurs either in political, criminal or social life. He did not disappoint public expectation on Sunday in his essay on the execution of Foster?a theme which it was readily foreseen would be seized upon by him with avidity to feed that passion for sensational display which appears to be the most marked feature of his congregation. In his treatment of the subject there is at onoo much to invite criticism and much to merit favorable consideration. We can fortunately review Mr. Beeeher's pulpit speeches?"sermons" we believe they are called?as freely as we could comment upon the loctures of a Fourierite or the personations of a popular actor, and henoe we can speak our mind in regard to his positions as franklv as we could if his nines of nerform mice were the stage or the rostrum instead of' the sacred desk. The point whioh Mr. Beecher desires to make the most prominent in his discourse is opposition to the exaction of the death penalty in oases of murder, in refined and elevated societies. When communities are in a semibarbarous condition, he says, then punishrnout for crime can be of a barbarous character, but "in the higher grades" we must regard the murderer of a hundred men not as a boast, but still as a "child of God," who may be deprived of his liberty but not of his life. Hanging, in Mr. Beeoher's opinion, does not deter, but rather incites crime, and a man who has to spend forty years of his life in prison is, in the reverend gentleman's opinion, a better example to society than a man who is hanged and forgotten. We are unable to endorse this doctrine. Mr. Beecher admits that the main object of the punishment of criminals is to prevent crime, and henoe the more terrible the penalty exacted the greater must be the advantage of the example. Experience teaches us that death on the gallows is after all the most dreaded, and consequently the most beneficial punishment that can be inflicted on the murderer. The desperate struggle for life on the part of every condemned man who has friends to interest themselves in his fate shows that imprisonment for life has no such terrors as execution. There is not a ruffian in New York or Brooklyn who would not have felt that the commutation of Foster's sentence was a victory for his class, and who would not have been emboldened in crime by such a result. lint., says Mr. Bencher, "human society has no right of punishment for the sake of revenge," and the "reformation of the culprit" goes hand in hand with protection of society by the prevention ot crime. They are, indeed, inseparable objects, for society never protects itself so well as when it reforms the criminal. To properly carry out this theory we must abolish all stated periods of imprisonment for the murderer and let him loose upon the community as soon as his penitence for the past is supposed to be sincere and his reformation insured. What use of confining a murderer for forty years, which appears to be Mr. Beecher's limit, if he can b? made a good and useful member of society in less time ? If a man twenty-five years of age takes the life of a human being, and suffers Mr. Beecher's term for reformatory purposes, he would emerge from prison in his sixty-fifth year, and society would then reap but little benefit from his life, however pious he might have become. What society needs for its protection is the stern exaction from every murder of a penalty that carries terror to the mind of the evil doer, and the story of Foster's latter days, as well as the history of every other criminal who has been sentenced to death, proves that the most dreaded penalty ot tne law is tue gaiiows. On one point we agree with Mr. Beecher. Certainty and celerity in punishment for crime, whatever that punishment may be, are needed for the protection of the community. The delay that too often occurs between the arrest, the trial and the exaction of the penalty, is calculated to divert public attention from the guilty act and to excite an undue sympathy in its perpetrator. We should have an amendment of our criminal laws, by which such appeals as are permitted in capital cases should be at once heard and decided, so that the result should be reached as speedily as possible. The popular idea of the superior honesty and integrity of appointed judges, in which Mr. Beecher shares, is plausible enough in theory, but the experience of European countries has shown that judges so chosen for life can be as subservient tools of a government as elective judges have | ever been of the people to whom they owe their positions. We are not surprised to find Mr. Beecher condemning the press for devoting space to the stories of crimes that from time to time startle the community. and to the history and actions of such criminals as Foster. The newspapers, in their duty of laying news before the public, and of holding up as an example the fate of criminals, in all its horrors, encroach on the province of sensational pulpit orators. Mr. Beecher would have had a more striking and attractive discourse to deliver last Sunday if the papers of Saturday had not forestalled him in their descriptions of Foster's last i hours and filial execution. But he seems to ! forget that he himself did ij^ thj Plymouth church what he condemns the public journals for doing in the plain pursuit of their everyday duty. However, Mr. Beecher's last piece of oratory, no doubt, gratified and amused his audience, and we give him all the credit he deserves for the success he achieved. The "Sons of Husbandby, " represented by the farmers of Bureau, Lee, Rock Island, Henry and Putnam counties, Illinois, arc taking active measures to make themselves heard and felt in regard to their opposition to the railroad monopolies that control the transit traffic in the Slate. A candidate of their own is to be nominated for the Supreme Court, which has jurft decided adversely to their interests, to fill the place of a Judge whose term shortly expires. The "Sons of Husbandry" seem to be at work in earnest, Will He Resign ??Why does not Mr. Tweed resign his seat in the Sanate ? He has not been sworn in ; he never intends to act with the present body. Let him resign, and then he will be at liberty to take such course as he may deem proper to repay the Senators for the annoyance their investigations have occasioned him. | PLE SHEET. 41 of the Optra teaioa?The Oaiaf and the Coming 8 tag era. To-night the short and second season of Italian Opera here will end with a benefit to Miss Kellogg, Madame Lncca's benefit and farewell performance having taken place last night After that we may expect no more Italian Opera till next Fall or the beginning of Winter, when the Strakosch company, including Miss Nilsson (Mme. Rouzeaud), will have the Academy of Musio. For the promotion of art and in justice to the artists it is a proper oooasion to take a brief retrospective and prospective view of this fashionable and most delightful of entertainments. Public interest is centred principally in the two stars, Lucca and Nilsson, the former now leaving us and the latter, so well known and highly appreciated, who is about to return. While the American people are not satisfied with an incomplete or indifferent combination of artists, and demand a better one than has been furnished the last two or three years, yet the star system has proved successful in a financial point of view. Miss wnsson made a great deal of money tne two years she was in this country, as well as her manager, and Luooa has made about eighty thousand dollars since last October. Americans loye music, admire genius and liberally encourage tho highest order of talent. This is seen in other cities as well as in New Tork. Lucca, for example, realized over twelve thousand dollars in a fortnight in Chicago and was as successful, relatively, in Boston. But, while this generous support is given to artists of the first class, the improved critical taste of our people requires a better ensemble of talent in opera. There is, it is true, a scarcity of the precious artiole in the world. There are but four or five prime donne of the highest class, scarcely a tenor, and hardly any baritones or bassos. If we are not entirely satisfied with Vizzani and some others in Maretzek's company it is but fair to say that there are not many superior to them, particularly to Jamet, the basso, and that Vizzani and Sparapani especially have improved by time and experience. But as the success of Italian Opera has depended, and still depends, chiefly upon the prime donne, let us look at the one who is going and the other who is coming. First, however, it is with pleasure we say that our own wjuuuy wuiuuu, ivutu* n.eiiugg, wao nas always a sweet, reliable and pleasing voice, though not powerful, has improved upon her defective acting of late, and seems to be ambitious of attaining a higher position in her profession. Lucca is a woman of genius?almost a child of genius in freshness, naivete and impulsiveness?and has a surprising versatility for faithfully representing different characters. She can become heroic, pathetic or sentimental with as much facility as she can be comical, humorous or coquettish. Her action is always fine and sometimes thrillingly dramatic. But the wonderful charm in her is the eloquent expression she gives to the various passions or sentiments through the peculiar manner in which she uses her voice, as well as in her action. Her notes are clear and resonant, and roll over her tongue at times with a velvety softness in the middle register that charm as no other singer can charm us. As a consequence she fascinates the public and grows in its admiration the oftener and longer she is heard and seen. With all the disadvantages of not the best management, of an unfortunate combination that provoked jealousy and attacks, and that did not entirely satisfy the public, she forces admiration and has attained the first position as an artist in America. She leaves New York now, and we may not hear her again. Christine Nilsson takes her place, as was said, at the Academy of Music next FalL She is well known to the American public. She possesses a pure soprano voice of rare quality, and excels T.nftM in % t.via gwmtfnmib of tho Viicrlt ai> nnfna She has a fine stage presence and dresses unexceptionably. She studiously cultirates society to make herself popular, and has the tact not to admit of rivalry in the company that might cause jealousy and damaging criticism. She can hardly fail to be successful, though she does not return with the freshness of her first visit, she comes back surrounded by the halo of a new triumph at St. Petersburg, where she successfully contended with Madame Patti. Lucca's splendid genius, delightful voice and wonderful versatility have won the hearts of the American people, and nothing can destroy the effect We shall wel- | come Christine Nilsson back as a charming j artist, while we deeply regret the departure of Pauline Lucca. The Public Situation in Spain.?The latest telegrams from Madrid report news 1 which is of a very interesting and rather ex- j citing import. The Republic has attained a | very serious crisis in its governmental history, j The Assembly has been dissolved bv a unani- I mous vote of the legislative body, so that the { country will have to endnre the citizen ordeal of a general election. The motion for dis- ; solution was adopted by the Parliament im- | mediately after the Porto Rico emancipation rule was recorded. The Spanish population will be moved by various and very opposite and contending influences during the period which will precede the election and to the > very moment of W?e casting of the vote. The ! &rmy, the navy, the Church, the Bourbons of J every stripe, the democracy pure and simple, the radical propagandists and the Communists and revolutionist reactionists will all be at work, and each and every one of them find friends. Americans will watch with friendly interest the progress of the simple, law-abiding democrats. The army and the Carlists both continue to give trouble at some few of j the provincial centres. The Modoc Standstill seems in a fair way soon to resolve itself into a fight or a settlement without a fight. The troops under 1 General Canby are posted close to the j famous lava beds, and if they are called on to attaca once more win noi no go under the complete ignorance of the locality which characterized the first fiasco. During a reconnoissance on Friday last Captain Jack was again induced to "have a talk," but wants either to be left where he is or sent to a reservation on Lost River. There are signs, it would appear, that this latter request will meet with favor from the Intenor.Department. Captain Jack's silence in regard to not ooming out of his stronghold, as at first agreed on. was verv diplomatic. He 0 evidently has not that childlike confidence in ^ the good intentions of the white man so often attributed to the gentle savage. The truth is, he and his band have fixed their ideas on returning to Lost River, and it will, perhaps, cost millions to the United States in a deplorable fight unless thia is accorded them. It might be well to think of this. Haste In the Pafclle Schools. >(| The Board of Education has, for some time past, been agitating the question of making the study of music a regular branch of education in our publio schools. Heretofore muAic has been treated merely as an accomplishment or an agreeable method of pushing forward pupils whom Nature had endowed with good / voices, and nothing more. Inferior teachers have attained positions of grave responsibility through the medinm of musin ?a their >hilit> to sing a pretty song commdhdably was considered an equivalent to a complete knowledge t of the necessary branches of edseation. Consequently in many schools, especially whore ambitious young ladies were in charge, visitors to the annual exhibitions were favored with selections from operas and sentimental ballads ^ sung by pupils who did not know the difference between do and mi. The question now in agitation is whether such a stats of things shall continue, or whether music shall become a regular study, to be dispensed by competent teachers and to enable us in this city to have materials on which we can build up good vocal societies. At present there is not a vocal society in New York capable of undertaking oratorio music, and the best works of the great masters are closed against us. When oratorio mus\c becomes as well known in this city and as thoroughly appreciated as it is in England the chances for musical humbug in other branches of the divine art will be considerably lessened. Then the effect of music in the social circle should be a sufficient inducement for the Board of Education to make it a feature in our schools. That intense love of home, famMens tiebe, as we might call it, which distinguishes the Germans, is traceable, to no small degree, to the attention which the divine art receives in Fatherland. When music is enshrined among the household deities peace and harmony are generally to be expected as necessary consequences. The divine art, when cultivated in the proper spirit, cannot fail to exercise a wholesome influence, either in public or at home ; but when it is made only a medium for the useless display of superficial gifts it is calculated to do more injury than good. We want in our schools a system of teaching music analogous to that of Hullah in England, by which a sheet of music will become as intelligible to a pupil as a page of a grammar. This can only be accomplished by the appointment of a thorough, well-iniormed musician as superintendent of this branch of education in the public schools. Anght else will tend to bring music into disrepute and destroy the very object aimed at by the Board. The voice of the community is in favor of prompt and efficient action by the proper authorities in favor of this, the most beautiful study to which the human mind can be applied. Tike British Budget?A Comparison. The English Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Lowe, will show in his annual budget in April an income of three hundred and eighty million dollars and an expenditure of three hundred and fifty-five million dollars. This will be a gratifying exhibit, as the English government is in the habit of making the income and expenditures nearly balance, leaving only a comparatively small margin fot a sinking fund for the national debt. A surplus of twenty-five millions of dollars is, therefore, a considerable amount The current expenditures must be, consequently, about two hundred and thirty million dollars, calculating the interest on the debt at one hundred and twenty-five million dollars. These figures are only approximate, but are nearly correct. Now, the expenditures of our government, taking the list of appropriations made the last session of Congress, are over one hundred and 4 ninety-five million dollars, exclusive of the interest on the national debt. That u to say, the cnrrent expenses of the United States, apart from the debt interest, are only thirtyfive millions less than those of Great Britain. Yet the army, navy and civil servioe of Eng- , land are much more costly than ours. In fact, our army and navy are insignificant compared with those of England, and we have no expensive Ayal government to support. How is it, then, that under our simple republican institutions we are spending so much money ? All the talk about retrenchment and economy amounts to nothing in the face of such facts. Held Burglaries?How They May Be Stopped. During the few days past our news columns have given particulars of a number of burglaries which, by their audacity and success, show them to be the work of men thoroughly trained in the business, who have complete organization and are willing to take what at first thoughts seem startling risks. A store under the lecture hall at Twenty-third street and Fourth avenue has been robbed of its stock of valuable goods dhile the street in front was lined with carriages, the gas burning brightly in the store as the culprits seloptorl the onods. which thev carried awav in a toragon. Neither the throng outside nor the yelping of dogs within the store intimidated tbe thieves or secured the owner from loss. Not the vigilance of the city police or the more particular guardianship of the private watchman protected the property or secured tbe burglars. Other cases equally bold and skilful indicate the work of the same gang, probably recently imported English cracksmen, who have served a long and severe training in this dishonest calling. One house was entered by the front parlor window, the owner and his wife seized in bed by two men and held with violence and murderous threats, while a third, lantern in band, searched tbe admired its booty. It is evident these professional housebreakers either arrange with the police or so carefully study their hAbita that the official guardians are no real obstacle to their designs, and are not feared by them. How, then, shall citizens protect their property ? Clearly by undertaking ta punish summarily all burglarious intruders. A man has as much right to shoot a burglar as to kill a venomous snake. There Bhould be short argument with housebreakers. All i citizens should arm as well as oocudv tbdi *.

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