Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1873 Page 6
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GENERAL OUCROT. Ail Interview with the Soldier Who Would Have Pre vented Sedan. TUERS-THE PARTIES-THE ARMY. 4 How Napoleon IE. Prepared for the Contest with Prussia. "WE MUST FIGHT AGAIN." State of France as Seen by a Commanding General. EUROPEAN ALLIANCES BEOESSABY. Safety Only in Restoration of the Monarchy or the Empire. GOVERNMENT MUST FIT THE PEOPLE. President Thiers Proposing a Coup d'Etat for Paris. HIS STRATEGY A FAILURE. He Will Probably Prolong Hia Term mi His Death? After Which Napoleon IV., Henry V. or an Orleana Prince? No Sta ble French Bepnblie. Paris, March, 16, 1873. British journalists sneer contemptuously at in terviewing aa a feature of American journalism, except when they happen to And the custom con venient for themselves. It seems to be thought In England that a man locked up in a sub-editor room in Fleet street or rrlnting House square can know more of anything under the sun than the man who visits the spot where history may be making and talks with the makers. An Oxford or Cambridge A. M. whe knows ancient Rome weU and modern France very little, writes like a dab ster on the politic, of the latter, with no other mar terlal than a large share of religious and parlia mentary prejudice and a few letters of our own badly translated from much-abused French papers, and the fatal habit of writing his column a day blinds him as to the quantity of nonsense he puts forth. My present line pi action is to "interview everybody, irom the peasant and his donkey to Uio prii.ee and his lions, and send off the raw material as I get it," and this secuis to me to promise moro real enlightenment on the state ol thought In France-and it la t.ut out of whloh tho future must grow-than any other plan 1 am acquainted with; and 1 believe that American Journalism la right In its faith in in terviewing, despite all sneering to the contrary. General Ducrot seemed a person wnose opinions it woeld be valuable to know, considering the mlll tarj possibilities of the situation. The remarkable resoluteness of his personal character, the position be ?ccufied during the l?st war, as well as that be occupies now, both as a Deputy in the Assembly of Verneilles, and as the Commander-in-Chief or an independent army corps, and, finally, the rumors lately spread that he Intended to make a oouv (TWot? rumors which had been officially al- I laded to by M. Gambetta In the tribune ol the As sembly?everything suggested that a conversation with the General would be most interesting an structive just now. The difficulty was to get at Dim. Happily, however, a friend of mine was in ereat favor with him, and he soon got me a per fusion to call upon the General. The next ques tion was where to flsd him, for he has several resl deaces, and Is scarcely ever to be found at any of them sufficiently at leisure to give a visitor more than a few minutes' time. Aftsr seeking him In vain in several places In turn, only to find he had just started on a tour of duty among the several posts of his command, 1 Anally found him spending a lew days at the chateau of Chazelles, in the Nitvre, the property of his father-in-law, M. Decliamp, where ne was enjoying a short visit with ids tamily. There, In one of the euletest tamlly residences or France, during a long evening, 1 have Just listened loan exWrnpore lec ture on French politics and French military affairs, delivered by a general whose uarne was in every body's mouth all through the civilized world but a short time ago, and will, undoubtedly, be so more than once again. 1 state these circumstances because I consider that the kind manner In which tho General re ceived me and the willingness with which he gpoke were compliments he paid to the American nation and to the Maw Tohk IIkkald, for he had no personal lavor to accord to me. With a view to give something like an ac curate report of the opinions and ideas the General expressed ou that evening, I must take the military and the political ques tions separately. But before entering upon either * few words about the Gensral's family may be of some interest. They will ?der the account also more oomplete, Tor a good portion of theevenlng was spent In a general conversation. In which Hme. Ducrot and her father took almost as lively a part as tke General himself, and to wliloh the presence of the children and of tuo vU Le priest and the crackling of the blazing wood la the old-fashioned ilreplace gave mach more the aspect of a quiet Winter evening m the country ZTan interview between a commander-ln chief of an army and a newspaper correHPOB; dent. The General himself in h s Jrown jacket and his high boots, looked quite like a country gentleman rresh from fox-hunting, not notice even that everlasting bit of red rib o in his button-hole, without which ne Frenchman of position can ever be seen. The only circumstance that marred the cheerful aspect of the picture tras that Mme. Ducrot, as well as her four daugh ters, were in deep mourning, tho family haWng quite recently lost a girl of eight years, the 4eath of which had so much affeeted the lady as te compel ber to leave her husband's property, a few miles from Chazelles, and to come tor a stay to her father. Te remain at Germlny, where her daugh ter died and was burled, seemed unbearable to the lady and all the apparent reserveduess of her na ture' was of no avail against the tftars which filled her eyes when she mentioned her loss. There are, however ?lx children still alive to console the mother, the youngest scarcely two years old, hav ing been born while the father was daily exposed to the shots of tho enemy. The war has, on the ?hole, affected the family very severely. A brother of Mm". Ducrot, a young captain of Infantry, was killed at fcleu, and his death caused the death of her mother. The vicissitudes to which the General vis exposed, through no fault of his own, at A oertti, Sedan and Paris are well known In America; but tne degree In which they affected buth him and his wife conld bo hardly realized. 1 'saw him a ceupi, ol days before the battle of Woerth a handsome man, of barely forty-live, without a Single hair in hi. head. VhSe b. look, certainly flfiy-Ave now u wiuld be difficult to find, either on his bead balr. Ills spirit is, jowever, ?y ^ . *?nJ m levk'n* *? ?"* Us ^ '??'T 'ee,t f,1a< the day an energetic man shall be wanted to take a prompt resolution with reference to Frencn political affairs General Ducrot may easily turn out to be that man. Hia lady aeema to be rather tuclined to represent the legitimist, and consequently to a certain extent the clerical Hen time nt in the family; but he did not appear to me as sharing to any great extent her sympathies in taat respect. AWD THB 0KLIAN8 PRINCM. We spoke of tire Bordeaux days. He a?id that Henri V. had a very fair chance to the throne of Franoe then and that the only objec tion be would bare bad to his accession would have been "pantonine, M. is on 16," said he to the vil lage Prteat present? the probable increase of cleri cal Influenoe la civil matters. Hut he supposed that had the Orleans Princes been wise enough tally to submit t* the only legitimate representative of old Frenoh royalty they would naturally have got a moral Influence over the Count de Ohambord and might hare easily softened whatever there would in """"M '? ">? Oonnt'a th?fi?nn i now* 1 am much indebted to the Due d'Aumale, under whose orders I served fSr^fiS't.?^' *ave 8?roat 'M'??"f respect [?a 1 Uave several times wttuin the last hu r/eara ^im opinion coacermoir lttlcaT "am turin6 ^?t? 01 tll? offfiS B'5 iiucai arcituae. Inere cannot bA th#* tiM<rh+nu? doubt that if France is to be ? klngdVthe on^ king possible Is llenri k- By an unconditional nc tnowl6d|iueDt of his rights the Orleans rr'lnres would live encabli^hed their own right of inheri !rv with u,I2ma,,<l W0Uld havo ^ tile wao,? Otmn uywith them, representing, as the v would imu? done, the liberal elements of the r<igtme. But as t0 bar?faln with i be Count ti? ^ they placed themselves on a revelu w?n wi aP democratic ground, upon which they JTinn 8 beaten by the representatives of Bonapartism. The Orleans ranilly has just us little to the throne m the BoSaMrw U nnltk t ?* t,l0jr 11470 don0 for the country In,??..?!. wtlUe eT"ythlng the Emperor way of Improving the conditions of our laboring classes and In increasing general urosoer Ity to qulto fresh in the memory of alL P THB NXKDS OP PRANCK. s tn!i?ilai maJorltJ' 01 the nation does not care about strictly parliamentary forms of government, the Thi??rr?rm?e th? Orleans princes can claim to have, iiinki n ? tn^fh almost as strange and suspicious looking to the country people as the present are ? the Institutions ol the Km pi re, whatever may th?oretlcal value, workodfsatS n?^i? X 14Lwt,8t 18 still more Important, got the - present generation mmlllar with nil r^'r v\*al1 . Peace *nd prosperity to recover our strength ftgalu ; we must regain Europe's con Bttke of mal?ln? albances. That li ^ present, and for this no new coinbina mnwrit u?e* Ulve ua the ancient Freuch .e Si us 1,ave our more modern wmPin?w? ?i?galn- No flort 01 intermedlate course win answer the purposes we must all have in view and I told the Due d'Aumale several times, thatl? ^LP*",?Aal sympathies were to be sought for I&, h ? .e founa onl* 011 one of these two sides, although. If 1 am asked to do so, l will Berve France under any order of tilings, as I am demur now." <1 nVi'ncT a?h. Bln,llar, topics were touched upon during the whole of the evening, the conversation constantly passing from cur or th?vewt8 10 ?enKral vievvs- "*e resignation of the itoman Ambassador (M. de Bourorolmrl free,y commented on by Mme. Ducrot her father and the cure. Besides, jl de Bourgolng nr l?.? a 00 of the ^y. the obvious sympathies ^^s^ji^?sisx!ziss^& purely clerical aspect of the question. Whut he reproached II. Thlerd In this case for was that the occurrence created a new complication in the foreign affhlrB of France and that ho made the ?rfice of M.de Bourgolng, who was one of his (M. Thiers') oldest personal friends. All these dis cussions bud a considerable Interest to me, as showing the state of public feeling in lniluential provincial clrcifi Biit the really Interesting part of P^?.rv ror the American readers began when the ladles retired, M. Dechamp following them, and the cur6 taking it lor a signal to go home too. I remamed there alone with the General, sitting in an old-fashioned easy chair, by the side of a bright Are, and listening to him lor at least a couple of hours more without scarcely ever having need to ask him a question, so full seemed ho of thoughts on the present state ot French atfOirs and so will ing to give utterance to them. This is. as nearlv as possible, what I heard from him : ? A UOVEKNMENT HHOtTLD KIT TUB NATION. '2 bJ "o means diaposed In lavor of the Republic, and if 1 am opposed to It, It Is not on tho ground of any theoretical consideration. I disre gard all theories in politics, and especially in our case. Every imaginable lonn of government is good as long as circumstances are in lavor of It and the people tit to live unuer it. My view upon the present position of France Is a purely practical o no and consists of this: 1 know that, sooner or later _ ^ WE .11 ALL UAVB TO FIUHT AO A IN. ror the purpose of fighting we want money and alliances, and we cannot possibly get either unless we buve periect oruer and tranquillity at home and inspire full conQdence abroad. Now, is there anything of the sort to be obtained under the form of government we have at present or any other self-governing combination, which can only lead us to quarrels and squabbles trom the 1st ot Junuary to the eud oi December f What power that will make a close alliance with the French Republic f borne people say Kassia and America. But is the present, or any possible Russian Emperor, a likely persea to encourage republican Institution! f As to the Americans, 1 think them too wise aud too business-like to mix themselves up In European politics. It we had a war with Englaud that would be another question; they might then have sided with us. But as long as we shall have to light with the Germaas wo shall be compelled to look lor an European alliance or to undertake the task single handed. This is my starting point, and it compels me to wish, independently from any personal sympathies and with the sole desire oi weliare to France, lor a strong aid stable government that would have bad some root In the country at large, and would, consequently, guarantee peace and prospent v at home and lrlendship and coulldence abroad. I do not care whether it be the ancient kingdom or the empire, but outside ol these two lorms ot government I see nothing except misery and humiliation for my country." A KK1KNDLY CIlAT WITH PKESIDKNT THIXRS. I had tome time back a friendly talk with M. Thiers, for we have sometimes friendly talks with nun, although not very oiten. When he wants me he is always friendly; when he does not he Is not. However, on that evening we were not oulv on friendly, but on familiar terms, lor there wa's no one at bis fireplace except himself, Mme. Thiers aud myself. We talked oi various matters, and among other things, of course, about his position and political views. I told him quite lrankly then that the great unhappiness for France was that he had no children. , ''W?J a8k<?L tb1T' both laughing, and think ing, perhaps, that 1 was about to repeat seme newspaper jokes concerning a Thiers dynasty. "Because you have no one to care for," answered I. ir you had children you would not be disposed to make experiments of tills sort. You may, no doubt, keep a little wind In the sail till the end of your days; but what Is to come after you f Now, we who have children care rather more about to morrow than about to-day, and that is the whole difference between your views and my views, M. le President. But, of course, he assured me that such was not the case, and that he cared for the future Just as much as l did. TOIKRS ANO TUB ASSEMBLY. At thla point I ventured to ask the General ^Hether there was not In tils opinion any chance for M. Thiers ol ultimately obtaining a solid and stable majority that would enable him to carry on the government of tho country without constant excitements and almost permanent crises. Could he net appeal to the patriotism of the nation on the necessity ol order and stability till tho war In demnity shall he discharged and the soil of Fram e liberated Iron the control ol German soldiers, and rally the two centres around such a qucftiour #"?0' aever I" answered the (lencral. "The men of the Centre* are all either periect nullitica or else verjr energetic and resolute aspirants to power. Men like the uuke d'Audiffret-l'asuuier or the Duke de Bregile will never give m until they get the power into their ewu baads, and M. Thiers is the least likelv man to yield anything oi what he gets hold ot. People outside generally believe that the Right Is as ambitious as it is obstinate. This is all nonsense. I know every member o' the Right, and 1 must say that even the most extremu oi them would prove more manageable than any of the leading men of the Centres, had onlv M Thiers frankly sided with them. They are nearly all very rich. They would refuse office even if offered, bet they have their creed, which they will abjure under no circumstances. I have really often wondered what It Is that makes M. Thiers stick to the Left; for a radical he himself certainly Is uot. llow do you think, as an outsider, the tact is to be ac counted for ?" a snooR^rioN of pbar. I was rather puzzled to give the unswer which the General, looking at me, seemed to wait, and said in general terms that people believed that M. Thiers had arrived at the conclusion that no form ol government would suit France as well as the re puhiica.i tonn, and that Me consequently shows consideration to. if he does not exactly side with, those wliern he knows to be true republicans. I sai< also that the accoptanco of a republic having been the condition of his being brought Into power on the part of tho radicals, he might consider him self bound not to disregard them now. Finally, I mentioned the extraordinary allusion made aome months ago by the London Timet, that M. Thiers feared being assassinated In case he openly de serted his supporters of tho l.eft. "l" ans.vered the General, "I think this last supKesilon Is by no means as unjustifiable as It looks. 1 believe that fear has more to do In this ^Il1} M- Thiers than anything else. Home ti,Upu.U(,' w'";" wo W(,rp ?l Versailles, Mine. I iers paid a visit to uiy wlte, and they, of course, iIk wi -..14 m- Th'crs. my wile askl.ig the lacly whether there was any hope of the President "uhi P?0/,r'lKlnK .a.ny l0"Ker the extreme Left. h? auswered Mine. Tbiera, 'my huaband Joes ,y "?. means encourage them; t, :t they have treated us with r.irard, so we .are obliged to piy them ?ome consideration.' Now, what does seen a phiase mean, U it docs not mean that there is ? to mi tho leant? fMM unknown reason thatmakes M. Ttilura show* such a ?f(pncr towards the agitators y K?r any real sAnjg?uiy tor them no nas not, and the best nrooi oflhHjB'to ?t when I *?l appointed to the comLUHflyLq^'. Bourses 1 wanted to resign my seat in the Aroenatfli, but M. llilem asked me not to do so, Nkyingjjher would sent), perhaps, one more radical In Mdrplacc.' " DI0UN1NU A eamrv'Vi AT. The conYersation then tdWel lo ?he arriy and the position and views of the general in that ro 8^1 will teil you all ab<J?tth??" beiran the Gen oral; "how 1 came hereJMftd *OW that > nouseug was spread about my alleWFMMUCR'n of rnarr ting on Paris and making a On an evening when we were at Vo<aMllea-M<j >te Commune wap ravaging Paris M. Tilers M ior me and asked me to take the command Of -0,wX< men ana to maroh on PartB. lie had prepared a pun of stuck aud professed to have secured, tw means of money, the opening oi several tates. The pl?n? however, was one that I conid not approve, ipr the similo reason that it would exj^ose my troops to the Ore of the Port d'issy for nearly the whole time or attack. Besides, I knew that there were in i aris spine thing Uke twenty thousand despe-ate heaus who would fight earnestly. CouseiuHjHtly, an attack upon any one particular point was to my mind modsess. Ihe 20,000 men ought to have been divided in simultaneous attacks on several points, some oi tvluch would naturally have been only iciuts, but two at least would havd been serious. 1 exposed uiv plan accordingly to M. Thiers, but he aucliusd It, Insisting upon my acoeptlng his conception. I considered it impossi ble to comply . with lUf wish, and resigued alio gether, quietly remaining in my seat iu t.io Assem bly as a Deputy far this pipviuce (the Nicvie)." UKNKUA1. DUCUOfS COMMAND. "I had after that uo sort oi Intercourse with the President until the law on recruitment came up for discussion In tac Assembly. The dreamers ior universal pcaco, as well as the radioalB who wanted to lessen the strength oi the government, insisted upon the two years' obligatory service, by which we would be utterly deprived ol Mftvihing like an army. In the pamphlet I wrote on this subject I advocated seven years; but I know that would be found too long .la piaotice, and therefore 1 had quite uiude up my raina to ac cept live years, even before tuc matter came up ior discussion. lu that sense 1 accordingly delivered a speech during the debate, and as M. i'hiers was also on the side oi Ave years, I lound myseli tne advooate or hlB views. This brought "upon me the favor of some compliments Iroin the President when I desconded irom the tribune, aud shortly altorwards M. Thierb asked me to re-euter active service aud to accept the grand, vommanaenunu at Bourges. I answcied that I had never refused to serve my country, and on the tfbth oi November last 1 took up my command. The position oi a Ueneral holding a so-called grand oovimandemmt is the same as the position of the marshals under the Empire. Four oi us hold at present such posi tions?Marshal MacMahon at Paris, fun eral Bonrbalri at Lyons, General Chanzy at Tours and myself here; only MurHh^l MacMahon has live army corps under him in Paris and north of it, while eaoh of us has only one corps. But his position Is much more couiiort able in respect of politics than ours is. Wo have a great responsibility, and are constantly attacked either by the one or by the otiier side, tor In stance, at the time of the Grenoble speech, the Koverument apprehended some disturbances in the South, and tho Ministry at Marseilles sent cer tain orders to General La Cadie, commanding tue division quartered at Boarges, as it sent orders to othef generals. Among these orders was one di recting them to have a given quantity ol cartridges ready per man. This order waB issued in due oourso by General La Cadie throughout his division on the -ioth of November, while I arrived only on the v!8th. Still It was everywhere spread that tne order was my personal order, and that the cart ridges were to be used in a movement on Paris; and M. Gainbeita relerred to It even in Ills speech of December 14. The lact is that I am very mnoli dlsliKed by the radical portion or the population of the region under my command, as soon as the rumor was spread here that I was about to be appointed they even got up a little deputation to ask M. Thiers to scud them some one else Instead ol me. The Mayor of Bourses, for Instance, a gentleman of a very radical turn or mlud, cannot staud me at all. He Is a barrister by profession, and undertook one day the defence or a Journalist whom 1 caused to be brought belore the tribunal, and who was condemned to a,ooo francu' fine and six months' imprisonment. Now, the barrister, having bocome a Muyor, wants to retaliate upon me for bis having lost the case he deieuued. Under such and similar circumstances Is there any wonder that most absurd rumors are spread about my projecting a coup (Vttat or in tending to march on Paris r'T The General spoke with such bitterness of the feelings he thought he Inspired In part of the prov inces under hifl command tint 1 considered It de sirable to reassure him at leaot a little on the point. I mentioned, the re lore, the respoot for bun 1 heard expressed by Bevcrat wsoattt mltjjllmy Journey, and the profound venowMoa wirtoh Mme. Ducrot inspired in the uoighl?Bod. "Several persons told me how she was wiisBOg da,? and night at the Nevers ambulances all through the war, disregard ing her physical unfitness, her having lost her brother and iter mother, and her husbaud being be sieged in Paris. The proot that people appreciated his wife's patriotic exertions seemed to give some comfort to the General, and he went on, speaking less bitterly of the past events. TUB WAHNlhiU BBKORJt BBDAN. ?'Well, I know I Is very difficult to please every body, but 1 must say 1 have had all throuirh very bad luck. Whatever 1 do now is always attributed to my personal ambition, while during the war I had to endure odium for other people's faults and incapacity. For nearly two tears before the war broke out I used to writo to the Emperor and to tho generals in power at the Tuilerlcs, warning them ol the dangers that were DendlnK and proposing the means ior averting them. The Emperor did not take any notice oj what I wrote, while his Cabinet Nolr opened all mv letters to Trochu and other genera's, com manding then at Strasbourg. I made It my duty thoroughly to study Alsace, Lerralue and the tos aes. 1 knew every path of the country whero war wub to be carried on; but Marsual MacMahon was mv superior, and 1 had, therefore, no advice or In structions to give, but had to receive them, and some were such as to show me plainly enough tpeT abyss we were hurrying luto. iho same, or nearly the same, thing occurred at Sedan. When tho Marshal was wounded 1 had to take the chief command, and at once ordered a general retreat towards Mezlferes. It was the only means of saving tho army. Ihe heights in trout or that to wu offered us a strong position. We could fairly llgut ti.ere the Germans, or, at all events, prevent, by means of a comparatively small body oi troons, their advance, and thus secure the retreat of the main army. But hail au hour after I had iiiven that order General Wlmplen sent me worn that he was the senior officer; that 'a vic tory was wanted at any price.' ant! that no there fore revoked iny orders. And so we got the vie t0At" Paris, again. I waB constantly ordered to do thiuiis which! could not approve, and the respon sibility for which was invariably tin o ?>n upon me. It would be impossible now to recapitulate all that 1 went through then, and it will be enough to say that, as much as you were deceived at the Army of tho Loire by the official i assurances that 1 had come out of Paris and was but a day's march from you, so was 1 deceived by the same official assurances that the Army of the Loire was steadily advancing and would meet me as s >on as 1 had come out or the fortifications of Pans. And the worst Is, per haps, that 1 may some day be again in the same position of belug compelled to do what I consider to be foolish and to have to answer lor the results as if they were my own faults. I M. TlllKKS Ad A STRATEGIST. M. Thiers, for instance, is coust.iut'.7 mixing himself up In military matters and giving orders which make hliu perfectly ridiculous. I have told you already how he insisted upon ray throwing ao.ooo men under the guns or the rort d'issy. He would not Hive in, and, happily enough, I was not compelled to obey him. Hut tue same thing might have happened uuuer less favorable circumstances, and, had the troops been massacred, It would again have been my fault. And the best po.nt is that the obstinate little President ultimately compelled to accept mv view, rot the l ort d'issy was taken possession of before any attack on Paris had begun. The same thing ? now going on with reierence to army management. M. Thiers thinks he snows every, thing better than military men do, aud wantB to have the upper.haud in every department oi gov ernment, to regulate every littlest detail of mili tary organization. No one appreciates the mar vellous capacity and vast knowledge ol the Presi dent more thau I do; but,, precisely because ikuow how vast and thorough is hia knowledge in many branches of statesmanship, 1 cannot admit that he cau know mach about a lew others. A man even oi M. Thiers' ability aud experience cannot be om nia tent. He has, lor instance, written some beau tiful pages about the great permanent camp which Napoleon I. established at Boulogne. 1 hese pages show a remarkable amount of military informa tion on the part of the writer ; but all that 1m uot a reason for Ills being Justified in taking a fancy to permanent, camps and Introducing them ail through France. SKNTIMKNT OP THE AK*Y. Yon asked me whether It was true that half tne army was imperialist. Certainly It Is true, and l wonder only that the whole of It is not so. It M. Thiers will persist in keeping the armv all the year round secluded in these miserable c.. wps, no will, before long, alienate every man down to the last recruit from the Itepublle, hs well as ^rom han sel r. is there any sense lu condemning thu whole armv ol France to celibacy?? in cutting it away irom all society, even during the Win. r months, when there i? ??? little work to doV-iucompelllng the men lo uve in siush and mud*? to s'*-?!' scarcely ever uudressing themselves, and to have cards and so- t wine for their only rtcreatlont And the poor married subaltern officers, uow are they to support their wives and children living in town aud keeping a separato h 0 ut?e h ulU ? A ua then look at the amount or money these camps cost. You have seen mv own Cump d'Avor, so you must know that It is about the most wretched tdace that could bo well Imagined, and now mind that it will cost the country something like seven millions of iraucs. Some tune back a little hesita tlos seetiiS to have arisen at Versailles as to the LeiTeral convenience of that camp, aud orders were gTven to stop the further building of tooth* i and to ni up the aeeouuls for the work already d?ne. ihese accounts showed an expenditure of doven hundred aud lifty thousand francs, and the ? s?m having appeared too larg? to the Versailles ! AiiLhorttteM to lieirtvfn up we received an order to " um? t?e work aoew-that is to say to sP,?, i Hisjnt ten times bb much again upon a thing that i will certainly have to he given UP vtr y ?oou, Wid the same thing Is going on everywhere In nearly every department ?t army uanagement. I r. m irked to tho (General tu t lie seemed to take a ?ioouy view on the present state oi military affairs in I- ranee. "Well," wan his answer, "all I can pay Is that

we have a very good law *1 military reciultm -nt now; but ?e luve done notmnir lor mliiury or ganization, and l do not believe wc siutil be able to do much as ion* as M. Tillers will frame himself every tiling ooncernlng tbe armv." BKKOKK TUB WAR.* Tbe conversation then turned to the mismanage ment and bad organization of tie army under the Empire, which can have Ut? interest tor Americas readers at present, anu wbich t lio Ueuerai con demned in the strongest pots. hi ? terms, passing subsequently to tlie outbreak oi the war and (hi alliances recently alluded to by the Duke de Gra rnunt. "What the Duke haji stated." Bald the General, ' "H so true that not only an alliance was promised, but the whole i Ian ofauaitipaigu wascomLoeud by j Arohduke Albrooht, an alde-de-oamp el tbe hu pcror, who went wiib the Archduke through I that Work, and asked me to bring that natter ! before the Assembly long before the Dike de Gramout had published anything on the subieet. Hut we subsequently gave up the Idea in conse quence of the same consideration* which are now thrown at II. de Gramont? namely, that tins retro spective statement is wrong, because It puis the Austrian Cabinet Into useless diillc ilties with Prus sia and alienates sympathy irem Kranoe. But we need not go as far as v lenna, ailued the General, to find identical fbcts. When 1 commanded at Stras bourg the Grand Dnke 01 Uesse-iJaiastadt asked me several times tu cotne i cmbs tne l.hine to visit him. I was reiuotani to accent tue invitation until I saw the Kmperor and 1.01.1 hlm>oi it. 'Go, by all means; the Grand Duke is a iriend 01 ours,' was the iOmpeior's ans?er. And so 1 wont; and in the long talk 1 had with tbe urand Duke in a little country house (he was aireaily too much airaid of Prussia to speak of sucu matters at his palace) he said to me that t.ierc cou:d not be the slightest doubt as to the aiiie on which his sympathies, as well as those o. Wuitemburg and Bavaria, wouM be in c tso 01 a Freuch c?nd.ct with Prussia. The ouiy doubtful , oint was iia^en. 'liut you must hurry to cross the Rhine,' said tbe Grand buko, Mor if tne Kmperor H slow In his prepara tions the whole of South Germany, now thoroughly hostile to Prussia, will be taken into the great German current without our being ab e to resist.' 1 sent in to tbe Kmperor all tho Information I could get. I showed him that with 3Q,0u0 men entering German territory iroiu Alsace and ao,uoo more from Lorraine, having a reserve that would bring the army to 100,000. we could have, In a lew days, the whole or South Germany with us. But that ought to have been done a twelvemonth be fore we were routed at Woorth, and 1 have already toid you what the Kmpero and his Cabinet Noir did with all ray letters and suggestions." SOLDIERLY RBttRKT AND WISH TO TRY AO AIM. It was nearly midnight now, and the General Bcemed so grieved whenever the conversation turned to past events, which seemed, however, constantly to absorb him, and to wh.ch bo con stantly returned, that 1 got up lroiu my chair to take leave of him. Hut he still talked 01 Sedan, of Woerth, 01 Paris and ol that un nappy Wissem bourg airair, which he exerted all his efforts to prevent aud In which he io?t his best brigadier general. I have never yet seen a Frenchman so fill of deep sorrow for the past, and so thor oughly absoibed by tbe single, all-overpowering idea of another fight with the Germans and of an ultimate recognition 01 French military honor. THK LOOK AHEAD. "Bat what do you think 01 the more proximate future V" asked the General when we were stand ing on the threshold of the quiet, old-fashioned drawing room taking leave ol each other. "Weil, what can 1 say? U we don't come to blows oncc more, which I am atrald we shall, M. 'ihiers will probably manage, one way or another, to keep the power In his hauds until the day of his death. Meanwhile the Prince imperial 1b now about seventeen years 01 age, and 1 am by no means sure that he is not the person that is to suc ceed M. le President. But you know how difficult it is with us to say anything positive about the morrow." LITERARY CHIT-CHAT. J oh ann Strauss has his "RemlniRcenses of America" completed, and Shepard A Gill, of Bos ton, will publish tbe book. Vosk's long promised treatise on railway con struction is printed, and will be published within a month. The History op Irsland, by Father Thlbaut, S. J., of St. Joseph's College, Troy, is to be printed by the Appleton's. Dickson's Analysis of Blacks tono^ Commentaries, lately published by Rees Welsh, of Philadelphia! is a work for members of the legal profession and all persons of literary pursuits who desire an aid in the establishment of systematic habits of thought and of study. It Is, as it were, "a map of the scienoe of the law." That Kxi-kkikncbd Travkll.br and author, E. Q. Squler, Is understood to be engaged on a work of caroful research and mil iniormatlon abeut Bolivia. Earl Russell's new book, "Rise snd Progress of the Christian Religion in the West of Europe," Is nearly ready for publication. Original Translations of Mme. George Sand's three charming little boons for children arc to be published by Estes A Laurlat, Boston. John Murray has published a volume of epitaphs under the title, "Mottoes for Monuments, or Epi taphs Selected for General Study and Application." A Rich Calipormian named Lick has given land worth $100,000 to help build a memorial edifice to Thomas Paine. One-half the amount is to be ex pended in lectures and publications in honor of this iconoclast of the revolution. T. B. Peterson A Brothers announce for im mediate publication a new novel by Mrs. Anp 3. Stephens, entitled "Lord Hope's Choice." The London Graphic is said to be growing Into one of the wealthiest journalistic properties In tho world. Gustave Dore and Blanchard Jerrold arc about to do lor the modern Lutetla (Paris) that which tlicy have recently done for the modern Babylon, and the Illustrated work is to be published simul taneously in the two capitals. Mr. James Grant has written, as a supplement to his "History or the Newspaper Press" (which was a bitter bad one), an account of the "Rise and Prog ress of the Saturday Review," which wlli appear in a few days. TnE Members of the bookselling fraternity who deal In old books have dlmlnlsoed in London nearly one-half In the last twenty years. This is mainly owing to the exhaustion of the commodity dealt In. Tiie British War Office has published a notable book on "The Armed Strength of Russia," trans lated from the German. Another Classical member of Parliament has undertaken the translation of JuvenaL His name is J. D. Lewis, and it is to be hopel that he wlij succeed better than did Dryden, Glfford and Madan. At a Recent Public Sale in London a copy of Smith's History of Virginia, 1627, was purchased for tho extraordinary price of ?1,048. Though not entirely perfect, it was fortunately on large paper, one of the lour or Ave copies known to exist in that state. It had been preserved in an old country house library, and will now take its place among the gems of the great New York Library of Books 01 America, founded by Mr. Lenox. Thk Absolute Necessity of the Greek language to university honors has long been maintained in English and American colleges. But now comes the University of Ix>ndon and opens Its degrees In science, medicine and law to students who have not acquired a knowledge of Greek. Tho universi ties in France, Germany and Italy adopted thiB policy years ago. Lis Depraves Is tho nnmo of Rochefort's new novel, which the Minister of PubUc Instruction had the depravity to prohibit In Franeo. An Armenian comic newspaper, bearing the name of launch, has been suspended for two months for ridiculing the Armenian Patriarch. Mr. W. Davies Is preparing a book called "The Pilgrimage of the Tiber from Its Mouth to Its Source." The course of the Tiber has never been completely explored, and no account has been given of it in its entirety, either In Italian or English. The pictures given by local historians of the medltcval condition of some of tho Tlberlno towns and country will be new to most English readers. The chapter upon lhe popular songs of Central Italy will also probably afford an Insight into a quite fresh fleli of literature. THE ABBE8T 01 PAYMASTEB'S CLEEK B0 1 QABT. New York, March 20, 1873. To Tnn Editor of the Hkhald:-^ Having noticed In your paper ol this date, that ! "Naval Paymaster Bogart" has been arrested In San Francisco, Cal., I beg leavo to state that Mr. Hogart never was honored with a commission In the Cnlted States N*yy as Paymaster, he was sim ply a Paymaster's clerk on tbe United states steamer Verr ont. and absconded with about *30, ? 000 government muds intrusted to his care. Hy pubbsiiiiitf the foregoing, you will correct a false uiatcmeut And iuuc^ oblige A PAYMASTER, J United st ?tc ' >* ivf. JAPAN. The Proposed Imperial Minion to China and What b Hoped from the Diplomacy. Peruvian Relation* to the G overman t and Popu lar Four of Sorions Const queneoe?' Washing ton Cabinet Instructions? Religious Tol eration? Project of a Repeal of the Law of Ssooatfott of Foreigner*? Plan of Pootal Treaties with the Out ride Rations? Twenty-three Liraa Loot by ieoideat _ , *OEOBA*A, PW>. 23, 18TS. The imperial mission to China hu not jet left Japan. As I told you in my last, Soyoshlma, now | acting as Prime Minuter, is to be at the head of this I mission, with the rank of Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary. General Legendre is to go aa chief adviser, with the rank: of Assistant Envoy. The reasons for the delay of the mission are twofold. One Is that the government do not oare abont sending away the mission until the advent of tbe Peruvian Embassy which is daily ex pecied, and about which doubts will exist as to wbgttifer that mission is to come with peace or war in its hands. The other reason Is that a considerable opposition has developed ; itself during the last month from some high Japanese officials, which has now attained such strength as to endanger the departure of the mis sion. Mr. De Long has interested himself to some extent in its success, and is doing his best to smooth the difficulties. But the fact that an American la connected with the mission is of itself sufficient to raise an opposition from those Jap anese who receive their inspirations from the rep resentatives of other nationalities. BBLAT10NS TO PERU. The Peruvian question is a source of great un easiness to the Japanese. In spite 01 the bold face that they attempt to put upon their actions In the Maria Luz ship oase they leel convinced that they went a step further than International law war ranted them. True, they were openly backed up by the British Ohargd d'Affalres, and Becretly by the American Charge. But it strikes me that the Eng lishman merely used the Japanese as a cat's paw to pull out of the Are chestnuts which were so hot that the English themselves did not dare to touch them. In a humanitarian view of the case the action of the Japanese was undoubtedly all praiseworthy; but said action is almost certain to undergo the fiery ordeal of an examination in which the senti mental Bide will remain in the background. The letters from the Lima correspondent of the Herald in relation to this question have been republished here, and the Indignant feeling of the Peruvians on account of the action or Japan has rather distnrbed the complaisance with wnlch the government at first viewed the action 01 their officials. As far as I can learn the mission of Captain Garcia In the In dependent Is altogether a peaceful one. Un doubtedly he will demand compensation for the unwarrantable Interference of thq Japanese In the voyage ef the Maria Luz. Mr. De Long has received Instructions from hla own gov ernment at Washington to so fitr aid the Peruvian Envoy as to offer his services, in order to secure a favorable and friendly reception lor biui from the Japanese, but the same despatch concludes with instructions thai. "Mr. De Long must do nothing from which the Japanese might Inter that either ne or the American government ioomj vii.ii an* favor upon the coolie trade." Tilt* oodciudlng paragraph might have been left out. It :t( , cars to imply that Mr. Do Long's former action tended to induce the belief that he had deleniled the ln lamous traffic as carried on between Macao and ??!?* was lurther from the intention of the American Minister. But whilo he, alike with all other foreigners, fully appreciates tho horrors or the coolie trade. As a Minister he had to take into consideration the responsibilities attendant upon the Individual action of one government. Be sides, he was really bound to act as the representa tive of Peru, according to instructions previously received from Washington. Notwithstanding the lact, however, that be advised the Japanese gov ernment to a contrary course to which they took the Japanese government rmiy appreciate the mol tlves 01 Mr. De'Long, and he has received an assur ance from the Minister of Foreign Affairs that the Peruvian Envoy will be received with ail due re spect and In a friendly spirit. H EC ALL OP DIPLOMATIST.?. Kido and Okubo, two or the Vice Ambassadors now with the Japanese Embassy, of which Twakuru Is the chler, have been recalled. The reasons for tjus action are not entirely clear, but I presume that It is considered that their presence at home is necessary on account or the want or harmony now prevailing In the different depart ments. Besides, it Beems to be now decided that the revision or the treatleB is to take place In Ja pan and not in Europe. And, as the principal countries have already been visited the continued P^sence of these two officers Is no longer neces CHRI9T1ANITT TOLERATED. An order has receutly been issued by the Dai Jok-wan (the Imperial government) to the Gover nors of the different cities and provinces, instruct ing them that herealter the edicts against Christ ianity are not to be enlorced, and the Hume are to be removed ironi the public edict boards. This is peculiarly Japanese, or course the order amounts to toleratiou or Christianity. And yet the Dai-iok wan re 1 used to absolutely repeal the laws against Christianity or to pans a positive law tnat here alter all religions are to be tolerated. But they have taken this rather tortuous course ef declar ing that the said edicts are still the laws or the land, but until further orders are not to be en forced. PLAN OF FOREIGN COMMUNION. A proposition has beed made by the Japanese government to the different foreign representa tives to open the whole couutry of Japan to trade and residence ror foreigners, provided said foreign ers will subject themselves to Japanese law. The Japanese promise to establish Judical tribunals throughout the Empire; guarantee that no foreigner shall be subject to corporal punishment, and limit their penal authority over foreigners to a One of $aoo, or to Imprisonment not to exceed twelve months, on the face or it this looks very liberal on the part or the Japanese; but it is ques tionable, first, whether the Ministers have power to accept such a proposition without the consent or their respective governments, as their doing ao would be tantamount to makltip- a new treaty; and, secondly, whether It would be advisable to surrender the ei-terrl torlal privileges or foreign residents, even to the United extent asked by the Japanese. It must be borne in mind that the Japanese are as yet en tirely ignorant of law as administered In Europe or America, and it will be a long time before they can establish a Judicial system that will be accept able to foreigners. The preposition originated with Count Fe, the Italian Minister. His object in making this suggestion to the Japanese govern ment was to enable the Italian silk and silkworms' egfca buyers to go Into the interior and purchase directly from the producer. As these men would only be there lor a shert time In each year it would make very little difference to them whether for that short period they were under Japaneso or foreign rHie. llut with permanent residents the rase would be entirely different. The question has not yet been discussed by the diplomatic body, but a meeting of the lorelgn Ministers for that purposo is to take plnce In a day or two. I have every reason to believe that the proposition will be ac cepted, provisionally, by the Ministers, nnd that they will refer the matter to their own govern ments lor Instructions. TUB POSTAL SYSTEM. A gentleman named S. K. Bryan leaves Japan by to-morrow's steamer for America, haviug in his pocket an appointment from the Emperor of Japan as Superintendent of Foreign Postage. He is to go to Washington and endeavor to make a treaty between Japan and the United States lu reference to postal matters. This appointment has been brought about by the exer tions of Mr. De Long, who seemed to think it a matter of great importance to secure this office for an American, ir Vr. Bryan turns out to be the proper n un fi r the position? and it is to be hoped lie will, for as a rule the Japanese have profited but little by going to America to secure incum bents for important portions? he win do go<*i service to the Japanese and to foreigners, for the foreign residents of Yokohama now get tlicir mall matter from home through three different offices, namely, the French, English and American ' All or these are at different parta of the settlement", all have different rules, and ail charge dlffer?nt rates of postage, it would therefore be a l>oon to have one geuoral pont ofllce under competent management. Mr. Bryan was formerly in the General Post Ofiloe at Washington. He was in duced to resign his positlou there In order to come to Japan to secure the appointment he now has. If Mr. Bryan succeeds In Washington he Is tbei to proceed to London, Paris and Berlin, and effect similar postal treaties at each oi those capitals. IN0U8TBY AND ART. Sano, who has gone to Vienna as Vice President of the Austrian Exhibition, has been appointed Minister Uesident to the A ustro- Hungarian Em pire, and Nouboyousl Sawa has boen accredited to the Court of Russia as Envoy Extraordinary. FATAL ACCIDENT. I have to record a very sad accident which oc curred in this harbor on tho 12 h Inm., namely, the upsetting or a boat belonging to the Pacific Mall Company, by which twenty tF-oo persons lost their lives. The boat wu a large Japauoso boat, used , by Uio company to tow their coal bsrvgg, xii? boat Ml tti? company's coal depot with about fifty oootfel and one foreigner named Jacobst u, a Dane. Wfeea near the mouth ol the creek me boat capsized, antf Jacobsen and tweuty-two of the coolies were drowned. Had It not been for tbe neat exertions of a gentleman named PhlUo & Dowson the number or the drowned woule have been still greater. Although ti was extremely cold weatier Mr. Dowson un hesitatingly joinpea Into the water, and, by suo? cessive divings, succeeded in raiding uo less tnaa seven bodies just Id time to preserve their Uvea. II has been suggested by the local presa that tM English Humane Society be appealed to to girt this gentleman ltB gold medal. Is there not snob a society In America? FATAL FIRS. Aa usual, daring the winter, Yokshama baa beet visited two or three times by the lire fiend, and, upon one occasion, with tatal results. About tbree o'clock on the morning 01 tbe 28tb ult. a Are brolu out in a building occupied as a hotel and ao rapid was the progress ol the flames that the people bad scarcely time m escape. As it was, one man, a? engineer named Joseph Hyde, an American oitisea of Irish birth, was bunted la his bed, a a was also a Japanese male Hervant. One man, In Jumping, broke both his lege and wrists, and the proprietress also had to make a leap tor lire and broke three ol her ribs In dong so. Others suitered minor lnin< ries. Several other Area have occurred during tn? month, both in the foreign settlement and the na tive towns, entailing considerable loss of property. APBIL FOOLS' DAY. To-day Is an anniversary which brings with tl remembrance ol praotlcal jokes played on nnsn? plolons persons by individuals who have nothing better to do than to amuse themselves at the ?< pense of their neighbor*. April Fool 1* like Mother Goose ; It Is a household word, and hai lis festivals in every clime and In every land .'here civilization has a footing. This is the day known to the Romans as the "Feast of Fools," ol JTrele Stultorum, although it was celebrated to February by the conquerors of the world. People will be sent to-day on long errands fo> pigeons' milk, mare's milk or strap oil, to the druggists for tulip powder and to the poulterers for ben's teeth, and silly fancies like these will help to beguile young people of botn sexes* In Franoe, although the practice of ringing door bells and breaking door knockers off is unknown, yet they have an April Fool's Day, and the person who sustains tbe burden of a Joke Is called a poisaon ci'AvrU or "April mackerel"? the latter fish being supposed to be the most unsuspicious that swims the waters. It is understood that Brian Borohlme was one of the most practical jokers of his tLue, and many a poor, belated Danish chieftain was "sold" by the Irish King in a way that showed bis keen relish of fun. Good Friday, Apr!) 14 (old style), would now be April l In the calendar, and It was on that memorable day that Brian played the heavieat joke of hiB life on tbe Danes at Clontarr, the battle resulting in the total expulsion of the Northern robbers from Ireland. Partly the joke was against Brian, for he lost his life on that day, bis head having been ripped open by a Danish battle axe. We have suggested one origin of this day Twenty others might be given, every one Btronger than that preceding it. For instance, one of the most accrcdited is that on one occasion Louis XIII. held In strlot watch, In the chateau of Nanci, a prince of Lorraine, who had the iil-iortone seri ously to offend him. The prisoner one night escaped the notice si bis guards, and saved himself ?n the 1st of April by swimming across the river Mouse, on which the people or Lorraine said that Louis bad held a poisaon in- his custody. It is, however, probable that the custom ef giving a man something to do, that we may afterwards generously laugh at urn lor his pains, has a be ginning turtber sack than the age of Louis XIIL, and were It not that the corruption of the word poaaion into poisaon is rather forced, we should follow that derivation. By this, the mockery ot Christ by the Jews Is alluded to, which is supposed to have Happened In AprlL The sending from Annas to Calaphas, irom Calapbaa to Pilule, from Pilate to Herod, and from Herod back again to PUato, Is well known, and appears to have had no other design than to give useless trouble. Another sacred origin of the custom, without reference to the French name, Is the mis take 01 Noah, who sent the dove out of the ark be fore the waters had abated, on the first day of the month among the Hebrews which answers to onr AprlL To perpetuate the memory of the deliver ance of eight favored souls from the otherwise uni versal destruction of the human race, it was thought artervtardB fit to p iniBh those forgetting It by sending them on some? to use the words ol the Spectator's landlady? sleeve. ess errand, similar to that Ineffectual message upon which the bird was sent by tbe patriarch. THE ALLECEH D'SWEECAI B03CC1BE. Coroner Herman's Invratlgatlon? -In jured In Some manner Unknown* Yesterday afternoon the fatal tenement house row at Mo. 18 Scammel street, on tbe 24tb ol February fast, in which Bridget McSweegan, the victim, received only a scalp wound, was the sub ject of Investigation before Coroner Herrman, at the City Hall. The prisoner, a one-eyed, vicious looking woman, was present, and looked as though the liquid poison In which she had bo long Indulged to excess was well out of her system. Once or twice during the examination of witnesses the prisoner exhibited her malignity by calling Mrs. Howard a liar, and it was found necessary to place an officer beside her to keep her quiet. Below will be lound the main points in the testimony elicited before the Coroner and tbe Jury. Mary Howard, of 48 Scammel street, deposed that she beard Mary McNamee and Bridget Mc Sweegan having Bome words In their room on tbe first floor, and her son requested her to go dewn and see what was the matter, but the witness did not go down ; witness says both the women were intoxicated, and on tlie night in question the pris oner's husband was arreBted ; the deceased boarded with the witness, but paid her nothing ; deceased worked sometimes ; she did not live with fter hus band. During the time the witness was giving her testimony the prisoner became excited and gave Mrs. Howard the lie, and repeated the remark. John Howard, a lad twelve years ol age, son of the previous witness, testified that John McNa mee, a boy nine years old, told him that tne night previous his mother and deceased had a quarrel and struck each other with wooden hoops. John McNamee, the little son of the prisoner, was called to the stand, and deposed that deceased caiue into his mother's room drunk one night and called bis mother a w?e and him a bastard; bis mother picked up a hoop and struck Mrs. McSwee 8 an in tne lace with it ; the prisoner did not strike eceased with a bottle. Officer Moran, of the Thirteenth precinct, testi fied that he found deceased lying in the hallway ef house 48 Scammel street, in a state or insensi bility on the morning of the 24th or February, and took her te the station bonse ; after partially re viving deoeased said that prisoner had struck her on the head with a bottle ; deceased was intoxi cated at the time she was lound, and had a cut en the side of t.ie head. on admission to the hospital deceased told the surgeon that a man nad struck her, but she did not give his name. Dr. Cushman testified that deceased died from erysipelas caused by the wound on the head. Coroner Herrman submitted tbe case to tbe Jury who rendered the loilowing verdict:? "That Bridget McSweegan came to her death from erysipelas caused by a wound on the head ; said wound being received m some manner to us un known, at 48 Scammel street, on or about the Z4tb day of February, 1873." Coroner Herrman, believing that a further Incar ceration would prove bencficlal to the confirmed Inebriate, McNamee, required her to give ball in $1,000, in default or which she was committed to tbe Tomhs. The prisoner's husband said he would pro cure ball for her to-day. UiriHTICIDE AT 8UI6 SUA. Slngnlnr Disclosure*? Another Corpse Discovered tn a Tronic. The churchgomg residents of Sing Sing village are at present shocked at some scandalous disclos ures which have cone to light In their midst within the past couple of days. Last Saturday while some children were playing near the public school, they round partially covered In a heap or ashes the re mains or a rully developed, newly born male lnrant, which had apparently lain there only a day or two. Coroner Bassett having been notified, empanelled a Jury and on a post-mortem examination of the body narks of violence were plainly discernable on the throat, leaving no doubt tliat the child had been murdered. A verdict to that effect "by some per son unknown" was accordingly rendered. Conjecture being still rife as to who the un natural motner may be, Information win yesterday received by Justice Hyatt setting forth that Mary Jackson, a mulatto girl, aged fifteen, living with her mother In Central avenue, had given birth to an Infant some three or four weeks ago, Bince which time It had mysteriously disappeared. That official at once issued a warrant for the arrest of the girl Jackson, and an officer proceeded to her home for the purpose of apprehending her. On arriving at tbo nouse tne officer displayed his war rant and Intimated the nature or the crime of which she was suspected. The girl became thoroughly alarmed, aud hastily replied that the bui>y (omul in the ash-heap conld not beloug to li< r, as hers was up stairs In the trunk. On a^ceadiiig to an upper rt>om the body or a colored infant, wrapped up In a bundle or old clothing, was lound, srwi in an advanced state or decomposition. She Insured that the child was still-born, and as It was iim'OxslMe to find any marks or violence on the FMualns, the Coroner's Jury which Investigated the i iso came to t' e concldr 'on that tho infant tad t?ren sound dead." Tne mother, In wnose sleeping ar <i*nt the bony had lain rotting fot fuiM week," ? tu u&a Jietiurffkl Hum ouftto&i*

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