Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1873 Page 8
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FEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Volatile XXXVIII No. VI AlUStitWTS THIS LVlNIRC. OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broad war. between Houston and Bleecker streets.? Hum i-rv Dumitt. I'F ion FOUARE tiikatkk. Union square. between Broadway and Fourth a* Cousin Jack. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broad war and Thirteenth Street ? David Qarricb. BOOlH'f TI1EATRE. Twenty-third street, corner Sixth avenue.? Daddt O'Dowd. GRAND Of ERA HOUSE, Twenty-third st and Eighth av.? Ukcl* bam. GERMANIA THEATRE, Fourteenth street, near Third av.? AOS DBB 1'BAjrZOSBNZBIT. BOWERY THEATRh, Bowery ? J AO* Habkawat? LOTKBS IN TAB CORNBB. THEATRE COM 1 QUE. No. 614 Broadway.? Drama, Burlesque am> Olio. NFW FIFTH AVENCE THEATRE. 728 and 730 Broad* Way.? Naw Vbab's Eva WOOD'S MT'REUM. Broadway, corner Thirtieth St.? MaomCbb. Altcrnoon and Evening. ATHFNFUM. No. f6t Broadway'? Oband Vabibtt Efr VEBTAIKMBNT. MPl.O'F (iARDFN. Broadway, between Prince and Houston streets.? Tub Scouts or tub Pmaibik. MRP. F. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? Borbdalb. rnYANT's OPERA housk. Twenty-third ?t.. corner CUi av.? Nbobo Minstrelsy, Ac. TONY PAPTOB'F OPERA HOUSE. No. SOI Bowery.? Takixit Emtertaikment. Matinee at STEINWAY HALL. Fourtoeuth street.? Orahd Cok ?BM. BARNUM'S GREAT SHOW. ? Now open, Afternoon and Might Rink, 3d avenue and 6Sd street LENTS CIRCUS, MUSEUM AND MENAOERIE, Fourth av. and Xlh st Afternoon and Evening. ASSOCIATION HALL 2Sd street and 4th av.? Lbcturk, Far Northern Lira and Scenery." FFW YOKE MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway. fiCIBNCB AMD ART. QUADRUPLE SHEET. lew York, Taesday, April I, 1873. THE NEWS OE YESTEEDAY. To-Day's Contents oi tlio Herald. "CRIMINAL NEGLECT OF POORIIOUSES !?? LEADING EDITORIAL ARTICLE-EIGHTH PiOl, AN AWFUL CALAMITY IN A TRENTON CHURCH ! A CONGREGATION, FRIGHTENED BY IMAGINARY DANGERS, RUSH FROM THE BUILDING 1 MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN TRAMPLED UNDER FOOT I EIGHTEEN PER SONS BADLY INJURED.? Fifth Page. PRANCE AN UNSTABLE REPUBLIC ! GENERAL DUCROT NARRATES THE HISTORY OF THE LAST DAYS OF TIIE BONAPARTES AND THE OPENING OF THE THIERS REGIME! ANOTHER STRUGGLE PREDICTED! ALU ANCES A NECESSITY! WHAT WILL COME AFTER THIERS' DEATH? Sixth Iaue. A GOLD FRENZY! THE PREMIUM ADVANCED TO 118)4 AMID INTENSE AGITATION! A RELAPSE ! A GAIN OF SEVEN PER CENT IN TWO MONTHS ! THE SCENES IN THE GOLD ROOM AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE MOVEMENT? Tenth Page. A WALL STREET CLIMAX! THE CLIQUES IN GOLD AND MONEY FORCE THE GOLD PRE MIUM UP AND XIGHTEN TIIE MONEY MAR KET TO AN EXTREME! THE RESULT IN THE STOCK EXCHANGE AND POSSIBLY UPON THE NATIONAL TREASURY ? Eleventh Page. THE SPANISH TURMOIL! A LAWLESS MOB RAVAGING BARCELONA! THE BURNING OF BERGA ! AN ARMED COMMITTEE OF TEN THOUSAND PRESERVING ORDER IN MALAGA? Seventh Page. NUMBER OF MEN ATTACK A PARTY OF ROMAN CATHOLIC BOTS! SEVERAL OF THE LATTER INJURED! CABLE NEWS FROM THE EUROPEAN STATES-NLVTH Tags. {LAILROAD ROYALTY IN ARMS I THE FRAY BETWEEN TOM SCOTT AND JOHN ' W. GARRETT AT MOUNT PLEASANT, PA.! THE FORMER VICTORIOUS! A SHARPER CONFLICT IMMINENT? Ninth Page. (LING LUNALILO ON A TOUR IN a UNITED STATES STEAMER? Ninth Page. Latest developments in the Goodrich MYSTERY ! A SUPPOSED ROSCOE AR RESTED I NOT THE MAN ! THE QUAR RELS BETWEEN THE SPANIARD AND THE DECEASED GENTLEMAN? Fifth Page. JHE DEXTER PARK JULY MEETING! THE EVENTS ON TUE CARD! A $40,000 MIXED MEETING? ADDRESS OF THE TRAINERS AND DRIVERS' ASSOCIATION? SEVENTH Page. HEHCAN BORDER TROUBLES ! LO, THE "UN TUTORED" REDMAN! THE NEW COINAGE BILL I VICE PRESIDENT WILSON DECLINES THE BACK PAY RAKE? FIFTH PAGE. f*IE SCHEMES! TESTIMONY OF CORRUPT I j PRACTICES BY PROMINENT OFFICIALS! THE "LITTLE BILLS" OF THE NEW YORK CENTRAL AND FOR "LEGAL SERVICES' ? Seventh Page. jtHE AMUSEMENT FEATURES-THE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY ? MARITIME TIDINGS ? Twelfth Page. ktL POOLS' DAY! HOW IT HAS BEEN OB SERVED?RECENT BOOK PUBLICATIONS? THE McSWEEGAN HOMICIDE? INFANTI CIDE? Sixth Page. f Purveying the darien isthmus! thework DONE BY THE UNITED STATES EXPEDI TION! THE GEOGRAPHY, TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY OF THE ISTHM US Thirteenth Page. fHE MURDER OF CHARLES PHYFER! NIXON , ARRAIGNED! DEFRAUDING THE GOVERN MENT IN A WHISKEY DISTILLERY! WIND ING UP A LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY? Thirteenth Page. JAPANESE DIPLOMACY! THE COOLIE COMPLI CATIONS WITH PERU' MINISTER DE LONG'S INSTRUCTIONS ! GENERAL NEWS? SIXTH PAGE. ?TAKING TWENTY-EIGHT "YOUNGS" TO MAKE ONE "TWEED I" THE WARRANTS SIGNED BY THE PORMER CLERK TO THE SUPER VISORS, AND WHAT BECAME OF THEM? Tenth Page. The Rhode Island State Election takes place to-morrow (April 2). Last April the . republican majority for Governor was 1,065, bat the democratic candidate for Lieutenant Governor was elected by 239 majority. Grant's majority last November was 8,336. The follow ing is a list of the principal candidates to be voted for to-morrow : ? Rpputjllmn. Democratic. Governor Henry Howard. Benj. O. Uhaee. L'eut. Governor .C. C. Van /ant. Samuel H. Walt*. her,, of Hf ate J. M. Ailrieinau. Chaa. K. Gorman. Treasurer Samuel Clark. W. P. Cougdon. Attor. General. ..William Hay lea. George N. Bliss. Tlio rep>ibli< m party this year being in a at 'e of j < nnity and accord, "Little tuod 'will j '^ct the whole repub |f Tuk* >*?<?? > kv ? * iif Death of Mr*. Jamea Gordon Bennett. It becomes our painful duty to announce the death of Mrs. James Gordon Bennett, which took place yesterday morning at K5nig stein, Saxony, after a brief illness. The office of the will be closed to-day until six o'clock P. M. Criminal Neglect of Poorhonaee. In 1857 a seleot committee from the Senate reported their deliberate opinion that* the great mass of the poorhouses inspected by them were most disgraceful memorials of public charity; that common domestic ani mals were usually more humanely treated than the paupers in some of these institutions. In 1844 Miss Di* first told her harrowing story to the Legislature oonoerning county poor houses ? a story that did not boar fruit until 1867, when an act was passed empowering investigations of all State charities at least once in two years, and annual reports to the Legislature. Owing to the passage of this act, and to the more enlightened views now held by local authorities, our poorhouses are no longer the disgrace they were five years ago; nevertheless, the system upon which they are founded is radically un sound, and when it is remembered that New York State contains fifty-six county poor houses, six city almshouses and twelve State asylums, the necessity, of reform becomes ap parent to the most callous mind. Feeling the importance of a thorough revolution, the State Charities Aid Association have within the past year labored zealously in its behalf. Belonging to no one political party or to no one creed, theirs is neither exclusively man's work nor woman's work. They are earnest, cultivated men and women, labor ing together, supplementing each other's powers with the sole object of helping and elevating the poorer classes. They make no distinctions on account of race or sex ; they are swayed by no considerations of political partisanship or sectarian prejudice, and if the evils lately existing in certain public institu tions are now Bomewhat mitigated it is because of the untiring devotion of these indefatigable philanthropists. But effective for good, as ttoey have been, their reforms have been frustrated in the poor house of Westchester county, the visiting committee for which was organized in Janu ary, 1872. Containing three hundred and seventy pauper inmates, it is the fourth largest county poorhouse in the State. Here men and women ? sick and insane, deaf and dumb, blind and idiotic ? are thrown together pro miscuously. So long as the ladies of the vis iting committee worked themselves and made no criticisms upon "the management of the in stitution, peace reigned in "\V> stehester county, but the moment the commit tee complained of an absence of classification that led to gross immorality, the moment they suggested enlightened treatment of the ' insane, the moment they discovered that the sick were not nursed and that the children were as badly fed as clothed, a change came o'er the spirit of authority's dream. Though on hearing of the hapless condition of these infant paupers the Secretary of the Children's Aid Society offered to take all free of charge and provide them with homes in the West, the Superintendent declined, on the ground that the institution wishes to know what be comes of them. What becomes of children left to grow up in a poorhouse ? Is it necessary to ask ? It is no exaggeration to affirm that in the majority of county poorhouses no nursing of the sick is attempted. The keeper's wife, who is generally occupied with other duties, gives what spare time she can to it The most helpless patients are generally cared for by occupants of the same room who are less in firm. Occasionally an able-bodied pauper is put in charge or called in on an emergency. Con sequently the Westchester Visiting Committee repeated their request for better treatment of the sick and young, offering to pay the wages of the nurses until the Board of Supervisors met, and as a reward of virtue the Superin tendents notified them that their official services were no longer required, although they would be received as ordinary visitors. All intercourse being thus broken off, this un daunted committee petitioned the Board of Supervisors, suggesting alterations in the cells of the insane, a separate room for confine ments, and Buch alterations of the buildings as are necessary to secure complete separation of the sexes; but notwithstanding that the Board gave most respectful hearing, they confessed themselves powerless, the Super intendents being a body corporate, elected by the people, with full authority, in connection with tho county Judges, to make all rules and regulations for governing the poorhouse. In January, however, the Board of Super visors did dare to expostulate with the Super intendents, since which time the Visiting Com mittee have been denied access to the poor house, "because they belong to an associa tion!" Now we make bold to ask, What are the legal rights of citizens and taxpayers in reference to public institutions ? Should they not be permitted, under certain neces sary restrictions, to examine into the adminis tration of their own trusts? Does not hu manity demand it? Picture hundreds of helpless human beings left to the mercies of brutal keepers ! The Visiting Committee ask for no power saving the right of free accoss to all public institutions, binding themselves to observe all rules, but not binding them selves to silence. Who care* for the cxy that is not heard ? And we n , .ke equally bold to ask whether, iu mis era of civil service reform, the time has not arrived for the appointment, rather than for the election, of officers in charge of county charities? How can men with no special fitness for the position, and in one short term of office, grapple with tho great questions of pauperism, of insanity, of diet, of venti lation, of occupation for the blind and instruc tion for the idiot? Can we not have carefully selected and thoroughly qualified persons re tained in office as long as satisfaction is given ? Are not the great improvements in city chari ties due to long terms of service ? Moreover, unless we promptly act in this matter we shall have fastened upon us hereditary pauperism, the vampire that is now sucking tho lite blood of Great BriViiu. Ocr whole j>cor-' system is an iui^ritarc* from L 1 land, and if there be no revolution we Khali feel the curee of shameful neglect. Already in this State, in a population of between four and five millions, there are more than two hundred thousand persons supported wholly or partially by public money. One pauper to every twenty-three workers ! This if a bad outlook for a yopng nation, an almost inex cusable stain on a republio. To diminish this growing evil there should be erected work houses, where young, strong able-bodied men and women could be made to work, and not, as now, be allowed to fill our almshouses in Winter at the expenso of an industrious community, in order to pajM their Summer vacation in begging and stealing. If their ohoice lay between working for pay as honest laborers and toiling without wages in a workhouse they might prefer the former. Then, too, ohildren should be speedily removed from county poorhouses. A child born of paupers and associating with pau pets must become a pauper. It is not unusual to discover three generations of paupers idling listlessly side by side. Remove the child, place him under healthy influences, and he is rescued from worse than death The picture we have drawn iB not evolved from our inner consciousness. It is strange, but it is true, and we call upon public opin ion to strengthen the hands of the State Chari ties Aid Association, that flagrant WTongs may be righted and the Republic saved from the cancer of pauperism. President Thiers and the French Army. Americans watch with unflagging interest the experiment of France as a republic. From time to time the Hkbald, recognizing this, has given to its readers, in addition to the current record of political events as they ocour in France, reports of the utterances of its most widely known citizens, embodying their opinions* aims, hopes and fears for the future of the nation. Among others, we have lately given interviews with the young ex-Dictator, Leon Gambetta; the venerable prelate, Bishop Dupanloup; President Thiers, Louis Philippe's Prime Minister Guizot, and to-day we present one with General Ducrot, commandant of the army in one of the four military sections into which France is divided. He has long served in the army, was on the Rhine frontier before the war, and held the chief command before General Wimpfen's surrender. He tells an interesting story of how the fall of the Em pire was wrought by lack of promptness in the opening of the campaign, whereby Napoleon suffered South Germany, which sympathized with him against Prussia, to be drawn into an active alliance with his foe. He thinks, had his advice been followed, the names of Woerth and Sedan would not have been linked with French defeat, and the war would have had a conclusion just the reverse of that in which the Empire disappeared and France passed under the iron heel of the Teutons. But more pertinent to present questions are tho Gene ral's views of the prospects of the Republic and President Thiers. In some sort he may be held to represent the sontiment of the army, and when he criticises the head of the State as apt to meddle indiscreetly in military matters it is quite credible that he speaks the current opinion of his class. Still he gives that energetic Executive high credit for the politic art which enables its possessor to lead even thoso who do not agree with him , he thinks him patriotic as well as able, and believes he will prolong his rule till his death? a point not so very for in the future for a hard-working public servant whose birth dates back into the last century. General Ducrot, for all he inclines to favor a Bourbon head, or, next, a new Empire under the young Woolwich cadet, is yet willing to lead the army under the orders of the President whose administration has astonished the world in developing the resources of French industry and finance and in rapidly delivering her terri tory from German military occupation. The French Army, though perhaps inclining to the restoration of Bome form of monarchy, still is composed of citizens who hove faith in the ability and wisdom of President Thiers and are glad to see the RepubUc prosper while he exercises the functions of Chief Executive. Spain? The Situation More Critical. According to our despatches of this morn ing the situation in Spain is becoming criti cal in the extreme. All the accounts from the North show that in that region the govern ment is without power. Barcelona is in a condition bordering upon chaos. Intelligence had reached Barcelona that the town of Berga, which had been captured by the Carliste, was destroyed by fire, and that before applying tho torch the insurgents had taken care to satu rate some of the buildings with petroleum. The Carlists have little to hopo from Barce lona; for that city is pledged to the federal Republic. The Carlisto, it must be admitted, are dangerously near ; but the Carlists are hated even more than they are feared. A vigilance committee of vast proportions has been formed in one of the municipalities, but the vigilants appear determined to secede from the authority of the RepubUc and the royalists equally and to set up independently for them selves. They adhere to the socialistic rule of a general divide of property all round, and have commenced tho partition in the sanctuary, as it was and just has been in Paris. All this trouble bodes evil to the Republic, and it will not surprise us to learn at any moment that the necessities of tho situation have called Serrano from his retirement and made him Dictator. If this Bhould prove to be the fact Spanish history will record another revolu tionary failure. What is to be the end? For that we must wait. If the Carlists ore playing the rtile of the Commune it will be bad for the Church. M. Thiers is reinforcing the French army serving on the frontier line towards Spain heavily. The French President is on excellent judge of popular revolutions and of the point at which they culminate. Thb New Orleans RepvW ".an congratulates the new Collector of that port ? Colonel Casey? upon his reappointment as a renewed mani festation of the confidence of the administra tion. It is one of those manifestations that is rather more personal than spiritual or politi cally judicious. The Herald (republican) thinks that when the democratic party gives up its name it gives up all it has. The quotation used to be He who 8 teals my purse steatt trart. According to Governor Hendricks the reading in the case of the democratic party now should be "Hot who fitealb my name steal* trash." Ho en, nt yen ive it cv.rojr.

Importations? The Gold Premium? The Prospect Before (7s. The extraordinary importations of foreign merchandise for the Spring trade and the rise in gold call for some remarks, for those are matters of deep interest to the whole com munity, and to business people especially. We have noticed from time to time the vast amount of imports during the past few weeks, and now we learn that they amounted last week to nearly fourteen millions of dollars, over threo and a half millions being the value of dry goods, and a little loss than ten and a half millions of general merchandise. It is evi dent that our merchants had no apprehension of dull times or a want of customers and means, though some are complaining now of the long Winter and backward Spring and begin to fear their stocks of goods will not go off as readily as was expeoted. There is, however, time enough yet, if the Spring should open soon, for an active business. Besides the preparation our importers made for a large trade by giving extenve ordors, looking to the general prosperity of the country, foreign ers have been investing largely here, and many of their investments come in the form of merchandise. From this cause, and be cause there are enormous stocks of goods abroad wanting an outiot, the market has been forced, probably, beyond the actual domand. The rise of the gold premium may be ac counted for in part from the unusual amount of the preoious metal our importers have needed to pay duties on these large importa tions, and partly also from the recent action of the Bank of England in raising the rate of discount. But there is, evidently, another and more general cause operating, for gold has been rising steadily from 112 toward the close of last year to 118J, which it touched yester day. The export of gold to a greater amount than the production of onr mines lessens, of course, the stock in the country. Since the Brat of January we have exported $13,347,318. This is at the rate of $53,389,272 a year. We io not know what the present* gold production of the mines is, but, probably, not over twenty-five millions a year. The product of both gold and silver will hardly amount to fifty millions. To say nothing of the use of the precious metals in the arts and for jewelry, or of the loss by wear and in other ways, it is clear that at the present rate of exportation the country is being steadily depleted of gold ?nd silver, and particularly of gold. This fact of itself is sufficient to cause gold dealers to force an advance of the gold premium. Then the stock of gold in the Treasury is much less than it was last year, or than it had been from year to year since shortly after the close of the war. The demand for gold to take up the five-twenties and to fund the debt, together with the amount required to pay interest sn the debt, will keep down the sur plus, though the excessive importations of merchandise will furnish the Secretary with a considerable sum from duties. Nor do wo jec how the export of specie is to be checked while imports are so excessive and the balance of trade is so largely against us. Heretofore government bonds and other securities have rone abroad to balance the account, but there a a limit to this resource. We cannot always pay in bonds. We must either pay in gold or Dy the export of produce, unless, indeed, our foreign creditors choose to let what we owe ;hem remain on this side for reinvestment. But drawing from us gold at the rate of fifty hree millions a year looks as if they preferred ? have the hard cash at home. Nor must we leglect to notice the vast amount of specie aken over or drawn trom this side by the housands of Americans crossing to Europe or iving there. Still, there is another and a more cheering ride to the picture. The cotton crop of 1872 has proved larger than was expected. The total receipts at all the ports since the ;rop began to come in last Septem ber amount to 3,011,056 bales, an in crease over last year of 583,000 bales. What amount remains yet to come to market we are not informed. Supposing the total should be three and a half millions of bales, the value would be at least two hundred and fifty millions of dollars. The export has reached 1,850,029 bales, and it is fair to pre sume it will reach over two millions of bales. That would make the value of this article of ex port alone nearly a hundred and fifty millions of dollars. Of course some of these figures ire only approximate, but are near enough to show generally the amount, value and move ment of the crop of 1872. We can afford, then, to import largely with such export re sources. And here it may be well to call attention to this great and valuable production of the South under the peculiar and depress ing circumstances in which that section of our country has been involved. It shows that the South has risen from the most terrible war destruction that ever fell upon a people as if by magic. Though utterly ruined for the time, impoverished almost beyond precedent, with no money or credit, a capital of two to three thousand millions swept away in two or three years, the whole system of labor revolutionized and disorganized, oppressed by political and social disabilities resulting from the war, and then tearfully plundered by a horde of carpet-bag strangers who had no abiding interest in the South, the Southerners have accomplished what would have seemed incredi ble and what hardly any other people could have accomplished. And it is fair to say that much of this is due to the good conduct and labor of the emancipated negroes as well as to the industry, taet and forbearance of the native whites. The basis of this wonderful resuscitation, however, is in the rich soil and genial climate of the Southern States. So with regard to tobacco and other products of the South which contribute largely both in help ing to pay for our imports and to promote in ternal trade. As a set off to the drain of specie mentioned we must consider the large aggregate amount brought by immigrants. This, probably, is little less than twenty milli< as a year, and is independent of the much greater valuo of pro ductive labor diffused thro" ? >nut the country in the persons of thsse immigrants. Nor should we lose sight of the change which rapid com munication between Europe and America, and especially by means of the telegraph, is mak ing in financial affairs. It is not as neoossarj now as it usod to bo to transmit specie lrorn one countrv to another. The telegraph regu lates tho cxcUanacs to a coaaider&b'i extent, without the rem oral of specie, and the time is coming when that agency will be more used. Then the country is making srnoh progress in the development and aggregation of wealth that, with a sound financial system, a few millions more o* less of gold will hare littb effect For the present, however, it will be well to look the existing state of things squarely in the face. It > all very well to talk of combinations to corner gold or to send up the premium ; but; though such combina tions may temporarily affect the market, it is evident there are, as we have said, general oauHos at work to advance the prioe and to keep it high. These we have noticed. Un less the balanee of trade against us be kept down the drain of speoie must continue, and the prospect will be anything but flattering. The Brie Investigation? Railroad Mo. ralltjr. The investigation of the affairs of the Erie Bailway Company, now being made by a com mittee of the State Legislature, promises to form, when completed, one of the most ouri ous chapters ever written in the history of railroad management The facts that have already been developed in relation to the fa mous coup cTilcU, by which the Gould rtgime was overthrown, are fall of interest, and af ford a striking commentary on the general morality of railroad corporations. The change in the Board of Directors, effected so suddenly and so dramatioally, in the presence of a United States Minister to a foreign Court, enjoying a brief and profitable leave of absenoe from his ofhcial duties, a United States Marshal, a pla toon of polioe officers, a number of highly re speotable citizens and a counter force of Eighth avenue roughs, was, of course, paraded before the world as a great triumph of reform; but, fortunately for the reputation of the prin cipal actors, the carpenter's machinery behind the scene and the tarnished tinsel on some of the dresses was not visible to the publio eye. It was not then known that an F.ngiinfn stock-brokers' firm had "put up" a large sum of money to effect the desired change in the interest of reform and the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad corporation; that the con scientious directors, whose eyes had been opened to the iniquities of Jay Gould, held in their pockets convincing evidence of his wickedness in the shape of nice little checks varying from twenty-five thousand to a hun dred thousand dollars each; that the laborers in the cause of reform had all a liberal reward in store for their disinterested virtue? in a word, that in this particular instance honesty paid and paid well in money down. As the old management was so corrupt and demoralizing, no doubt those mythical indi- I viduals? the stockholders? were well satisfied with the change, however costly it might have been, and although it was destined to be paid I for, either directly or indirectly, many times I over by the new management But what will the people in general think of the character of a reform which sanctions the fraudulent payment of a dividend that has never been earned for the purpose of advancing the in terests and schemes of English stockjobbers ; which sets itself to work in its infancy to con trol legislation ; which pays out thirty thou sand dollars at one time and seventy-five thou- I sand dollars at another time for "services at Albany," without knowing what those well paid services were or by whom they were per formed, and which is as ignorant of its own | business, apparently, as is the most experi enced lobbyist of the State capital when called to the witness stand? Will they not regard it as the duty of Congress to pass some stringent general law in regard to the duties and respon sibilities of railroad directors, so that the publio may be in some measure protected in the management of corporations which enjoy special privileges and monopolize the real I highways of the country? } Our New Grand Inspector and In quisitor of Consuls and Consulates. When a man is out of his regular line of employment he will often turn his hand to anything rather than rust or starve. Vide Newman, the divine, who not long since was the delight of the delightful congregation of the Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal church I of Washington. Tho Rev. Newman, for some cause not positively known, lost his parson ship, sweet chimes and all. He could pray at the Chiof Magi strate nq more, and the chap laincy of the mighty Senate was insufficient to solace him. Where could he find comfort ? Our amiable President has found it for him. I The Washington correspondents tell us that his ex-parsonship has been appointed to the exalted office of Grand Inspector and Inquisi tor of Consuls and Consulates to China, Japan and all the Oriental countries. Of a verity he was in luck in losing his parsonship. Poor pay and plenty of work were his lot in the Methodist temple. Rich rewards and easy times are before him now. He has noth ing to do but travel like a prince, draw without limit on the Treasury and study the Heathen Chinee. Who wouldn't be parson to His Excellency on such terms ? When he returns all he will be expected to do will be to imitate ] his wonderful predecessors ? to wit make a bill for anything under one hundred thousand dollars against the government write a long winded and ungrammatical report about his "inspections," and look wise forever after. Well, we are coming to the opinion that these Consular inspections aro about "played out" to use an inelegant but forcible expres sion. If it is worth while at all to send a high toned detective abroad to look after our Con suls and their doings, surely it is worth while to send some one equal to the duty? some one having a knowledge of our commercial rela tions and possessed of broad views and busi ness experience. Uoes the divine Newman possess this knowledge and experience ? We fear not In his manoeuvres about the lobbies of the halls of Congress he may have picked up some limited notions of "commercial rela tions," but hardly enough, and certainly not of the right kind, to fit him for his new field of action. If our amiable President had made this illustrious ex-parson Inspector General of Hell Gate widening it would have been scarcely more inappropriate. Progress was made yesterday in the case of Nixon, indicted for the murder of the carman, Phyfor, in Chatham squaro. NJne jurors w it ?*>onred, the panel exhausted, and a new or- of one hundred talesmen ordered for this 'i'" ;. No doubt the jury will 1>o con and the trial proceed to-day. A; it i i now uua iv id ti at a conviction for murder ' iu ILo li. I .,?uv indites cxtcnU^R g( I ' Che legal sentence the public Wffl approve 0# devoting to this and all other capital oases all the time needed to thoroughly place the facta and the law before the jury, giving the prisoner the full benefit of his rights; but nothing can excuse any idle waste of the time of the Court. Long speeches and irrelevant dialogues with witnesses have disgraced our criminal proceedings and made a farce of justice. Prompt trials and sure punishment of offenders are the demand of the times, and nothing else will satisfy the public. Peter Cooper to President Grmmt mm Our City Charter. Our venerable champion of city reform, Mr. Peter Cooper, has just been writing a tnm chant letter to President Grant in referenoe to our city charter, and, enclosed in the envelope, were copies of two other letters to other parties on the s ae subject. insatiate archer, would not one suffice F And in the first of these letters Mr. Cooper rankly tells the President how some of his professed friends on the charter are working mr little game of euchre at Albany. Tifg appears that "these men have the audacity quote you (the President) as favoring their views; that "we shall ever be slow to believe that this is done with your approval;" thai "it is opposed to your past and present atti tude in the administration of the general gov ernment," and that "we (Mr. Cooper) tnsl you will rebuke and silence in your own w ay any such imputations upon your character." Mr. Cooper, nevertheless, does not wish to evoke the official interference "of the Pr evi dent," but rather desires him to "renew jom previous recommendations, and thus to detec others who profess to represent you from throwing any weight derived from the genera] administration into the scale of legislation that is now deciding the destiny of this city for many years to come." Has it, then, come to this that the managing republicans at Albany are engineering their city charter as a measure of the national administration, and for party purposes looking to the Presidential succession? If so, as an independent, no party city reformer, Mr. Cooper may well be indignant. And yet it appears to us that all these letters to General Grant are so much ammunition wasted. If these complaints that he is used as a makeweight in this charter legislation are noticed by him at all, it will probably be only to say that he has not interfered and does not propose to interfere until such federal intervention shall be -necessary to maintain law and order and preserve the peace, as for example, at New Orleans. What, then ? Mr. Cooper will discover that all these letter* to the President, requesting his intervention in behalf of a non-partisan city charter, are blank cartridges. What, then, should Mr. Cooper do as a last resort to head off Mr. Murphy ? He should write a long and strong letter to Senator Conkling, who is charged by the administration with the safe keeping ol New York as a republican State, and he should impress upon "our high reaching Bucking ham, in "line upon line and precept upon precept," the folly of attempting to hold New York by that stupid republican system ol parcelling out the spoils which was blown sky high with the old Tammany "Ring Thia jg the best advice we have for Mr. Cooper? a good long and strong letter to Senator Conkling. But should it fail ? Fail, did you say? "In the bright lexicon of youth there ia no such word as fail." At any rate, as the republicans at Albany appear to be running their city charter as a party machine, the only way to head them off is to get the ear of Senator Conkling. He has the State in charge, he is looking ahead, and ho is, perhaps, open to conviction ip the cause of city reform. Mas* Biutish Joubnaus appear to entertain the notion that the only American news ol interest to their readers is the details of the latest swindle. They would convey the idea that society in the United States is merely a hotbed for great commercial and political frauds, ignoring the fact that no small portion of our criminals are imported in the finished state, graduates of British penal establish ments with tickets of leave for diplomas Not so the Dublin Times, which, in alate issue] has a most sensible and pertinent editorial upon the disgraceful disclosures of Congres sional corruption. It stigmatizes the current criticisms of our British cousins, which faAg our venal lawmakers as samples of American morality, as being unjust to us, and doing small credit to the honesty or the intelligence of our detractors, and concludes with an ex pression of its faith, "that the quick-witted community across the Atlantic will not be long at a loss for the remedy, and that the commer cial and political immorality which has been developed by the fast and furious pace of America's material progress will soon be a mere echo of a dead fact" PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Judge Thomas Groom, of Boston, is at the New York Hotel. Ex-Major W. J. Friable, of Detroit, Is staying at the St. Nicholas Hotel. The Rev. Multinomial Murray, of Boston, has ar rived at the Everett House. General Hagner, of the United States Army, ha* quarters at the Fifth Avenne Hotel. Major General J. L. Donaldson, of the United States Army, is at the Fifth Avenne Hotel. Inspector General Hardie will leave Washington early In April for a tour of Inspection on Uie Pacific coast. It was thought last week that the condition oi James Brooks, who Is ill in Washington, was Im proving, but yesterday It was not so favorable. King Oscar, of Norway and Sweden, be.ore his coronation at Droathelm, in Jnly, is to make a tour of hla kingdom, going even to lta bleakest parts In the North. The remains of the late Rear Admiral MonU gomery were yesterday interred at Oak Rill Cem etery, Washington. There was ti large atteadanoo of officers of the navy. The Emperor of Brazil rnles ten million souls, two millions being slaves ana a qaarter of a mil lion Indians, scattered over a territory fifteen times the size or Franoe. The President, with Mr*. Grant, UtM NelNn Grant and General Babcock, will leave Washington on the noon train to-day for New York. They will remain here the greater part of this week. "Playing at hanging" was unfortnn.ut.ly Illus trated in a town In Massachusetts the other dap by a boy, who used for a platform a wheelbarrow, which turned over and he was strangled to death. Secretary Belknap and General Sheridan are ex pected at Parsons, Kansas, on Thursday, on their way to Texas to inspect the forts on the Mexican border and to establish new posts for Its protec i on. rx -coventor William L. Sharkey, of Mississippi, w.'io figured ) rominently during the recoiiStruc i;?jA ot Oft 3outft, it ill la

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