Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 3, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 3, 1873 Page 6
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THE DM DISASTER. Public Opinion on the Loss of the Atlantic. The Metropolis Thrilled by the Terrors of the Great Shipwreck. WHAT THE PEOPLE THINK. Fears for the Loved Ones That Hay Be Lost. THE COMPANY'S OFFICERS INTERVIEWED, They Defend the Captain's Character and Deny the Charge of Petty Economy. WHAT THE CITY MOURNS A Bridal Party Swallowed by the Sea. Public Sympathy Strained to the Utmost. WAITING FOR THE TIDINGS. Soene8 About the Company's Offices and at Pnblio Resorts. OPINIONS OF SEAFARING MEN. The shadow of an awful gloom impended over tlie city yesterday in consequence of tbe Intelligence conveyed by the morning papers, giving in meagre form the racts of the loss of over seven hundred Uvea by the wreck of the steamship Atlantic. It was, indeed, a "calamity," and of such terrible proportions that men panned in the selfish bust lo or business to bestow a few words of sympathizing comment upon the unfortunate souls so untimely Slurried out of the world. THE FOCUS OP ANXIETY, 0f course, was about the omce of the White Star line, at Broadway and Bowling Green, where, irom early morning nstll dark, a stream of heartsick and anguish-stricken inquirers sought information of the expected ones from over the sea. Mr. Pparks, the general agent of the line, and Mr. Gartner, the passenger agent, were especially looked lor, aa all inquirers strove to reach the lead ing officials^ but there was no clerk or other Bttachl or the office who was not questioned hun dreds of times on the subject, until the repetition of the palnfal replies, that they had no further in telligence from London or the scene of the wreck, became monotonous in the extreme. There was no SCENE OP EXCITEMENT Buch as might be anticipated would have taken plaoe under circnmstauces so fraught with grief to those concerned. The anxious callers came singly In some inaianccs, and at times in groups of two or three, bnt it was seldom that more than one person of the group had, or supposed that he bad, relatives on board the ill-rated ship. "Have you any news of the people saved from the Atlantic?" asked a man whose face was be grimed with tbe smuage of labor and the sweat of anxiety. "We have not received anything later than that contained in the morning papers," replied Ay. Gartner. "Do yon expect nny one by that vessel f" "I do," replied the workman: "my wife and child seven year old." "Why do yen think they might have been aboard the Atlantic?" inquired .Mr. Gartner. "Well, sir, I sent them the money in January to come over, and told JIT WIPE In the letter to come by this line; and the last let ter I got, eight days ago yesterday, she said she expected to start about the middle or end of last month. I got no letter Bince, and I think it's likely she was on tbe Atlantic. She was going to sail Irom Queenstown." "Well, my friend," responded Mr. Gartner, "we cannot give you any intelligence yet, but as soon as we receive it we shall be only too glad to make tt public, so as to at least quiet tbe fears of the anxious people whose friends are not on board. We have called into service every means that money or human ability can command, both to obtain the mil passenger list and the names of the passengers saved, as well as to assist those who have been rescued. Meantime I only hope lor the best." Tbe poor man winced a little under this chilling consolation and responded, "Yes; that's all we can do now, I s'pose, to hope." A cluster of listeners had gathered about while thto dialogue progressed, most of them wearing clothes that betokened them as belonging to the laboring class. They surrounded the speakers and craned their necks forward to bear what words of liope or promise the agent might have to utter. TBE8E 8CENE8 Were multiplied hundreds of times during tbe day and the conversation in all cases was of the same itenor. Business seemed to have ceased almost entirely behind the deskB and counters and the clerks were eagerly interviewed by scores of people, as many as hall a do/en Inquirers listening ! to the lniormation from a single speaker. On the sidewalk the great Broadway crowd went past with its usual bnstle, and now and then a ! woman in plain attire stepped aside from the j stream to read the sign over the steamship's office I door. Then, as i t uncertain, and dreading to hear I the news she sought, with slow steps she de scended the steps leading into the office. Ap proaching the clerk at tbe wire-screened desk, she asked timidly: ? "Have you got a list of the passengers saved (torn the steamer that's lost T" "We have not," replied the clerk in a softened tone of voice; "but we shall have it as soon as It j can be obtained in Halifax and telegraphed to us." "Ah, dear," sighed the woman. "My cousin, a young girl, Mary Ann ftellly, was coming over to America from Queenstown, and she told meBhe was going to sail about the 20th of last month, and I'm afraid she wan coming on that vessel." "I think we shall have a list to-night," replied ! the clerk, and the poor woman slowly turned, passed through the solemn-laced groups of men, who stood in abstracted mood about the office doors, and sighed again as she passed into the -street and mingled with tbe throng that little felt the deep grief and anxiety that oppressed her. While the reporter stood among a group outside A DECENT- LOOK I NO WOMAN, With a plaid shawl and brown drcBs, came up tbe steps from tbe office holding a handkerchief to her eyes and declaiming in bitter words against the company and all its concerns. Directing her conversation to the bystanders, she exclaimed :? "Ob, the bloodhounds I they take people's money and don't care about their lives, and 1 call on God to curse them all, for they've made me a widow t" "My dear lady," interposed an onlooker, "per haps your husband is saved. He may not be lost. Hope on until yon bear the worst." Ue spoke soothingly, bnt it was of no avail, and the woman raised her hands aloft and cursed tbe building and all within It, snd then walked away, sobbing and Bwsihting her ejaculations of grief. "Had yon any relatives on boaM t" a?ked the L reporter of a man who stool bootless!? Inquiring of a clerk for news. "I bad; my brother, jaoiea Oarrlgan. waa on board," be replied In a roice of sullen Harrow. "How do you know be waa on board t? "He told me in a letter I got ten uaya ago tha* he'd sail from Queenstown on the 90tu on the White Star steamer Atlantio," respited the man. TRARS WRIiLHO IKTO BIS RYBS, but he bit bis under Up and seemed to sqneeae them hack. "And I had a wife and child on her, I'm afraid, too," said a mau who stood near. "Do you know that they were to sail by that steamer, or by this line t" asked the reporter. "No, not by this steamer, bat 1 told her in my letter to comc by the White Star line, and she was to sail about tbo end of the month." Later in the alternoon an old man reeled In ? drunken condition down tne steps leading into the office. A young man, a friend, evidently, was trying to support him, aud prevent bUn irom being boisterous and disorderly. "No I No I I woan't sit down," grunted the old man. By God, my brother is dhrownded, an' d n their souls. I want to aee them about It. 1 sent him the money to come over, an' now he's dead, dead I Oh, I woan't keep still l" His friend got him to Bit down, and after a few minutes of boisterousness tbe old man went away, vowing he'd "sell every stitch of clothes be had and keep dhrnnk 'till his brother came." It was strange the effect his maudlin and noisy grief had upon the dozen of quiet people who stood in mate patience In the office. In fact, it seemed to shook them so that their sympatby recoiled from him. Bat It was not merely the officers from whom In formation was sought by these people, who dreaded to hear and yet yearned to know whether their kindred were among tbe lOBt. The reporters were as eagerly buttonholed, for the people fancicd that THK COMPANY'S OFFICIALS had given them intelligence which they would not Impart to the friends or passengers. Scenes like those described above were or con tinual occurrence throughout the day ; but by in quiry among the callers tbe Hrrald reporter found that not one In tlfty of them were at all oertaln that their friends were on board the lost steamer. They simply expected their friends would salt about tbe time of the Atlantic's departure and dreaded lost they might have been hapless enougn to embark on this fatal voyage. AT TilR BULI.RTINS about the newspaper offices ever-changing groups of people clustered to read the latest brief an nouncements from the wreck; but there wore few among these who had lrlcnds or relatives on board. They were of the great sympathizing mass of hu manity and felt appalled at the calamity which had destroyed as many peaceful lives as an army of 60,000 men would ordinarily lose in killed In an av erage day of batttle. At the hotels, too, among men of business and "men about town," all ordinary subjects of con versation were overshadowed, and the great topic was this fearful ocean disaster. There were com ments of blame against the company and of deep imprecation against the commander of tho ship. "His greatest misfortune was that he, too, did not 00 DOWN WITH HIS VE38RL. In that event the world's censure would have been lighter and his crime of neglect would bare been sooner forgotten," said a gentleman in the ro tunda of the Astor House. "Yea," remarked his companion, "no matter what explanation or defence he may have he will suffer under the disadvautage of being prejudged everywhere. THE AGEN1 'S OPINIONS. Mr. Sparks Defends the Captain of the host Steamer and Expresses His Deep Regret? The Question of Coal Supply? What the Passenger Agent Says. A reporter of the Ubkau> called upon Mr. J. Hyde Sparks, the New York agent of the company. This gentleman evidently felt the appalling weight of the terrible disaster upon the future of his heretofore prosperous com pany. Be seemed to fully realize that the prospects of the White Star line were very much Imperilled by the loss of the Atlantio. It is cur rently understood that he is a large stockholder in the line and that the rnln of the company would involve a heavy financial loss ts him. "What are your latest advices fro m Halifax r" asked the reporter. Mr. Sparks? The information which we have re ceived to-day has been so very meagre that we know but little more about the disaster than we did this time last night. It is very certain that It 1b a calamity of the most dreadflil nature. That one ot our vessels should be so ill-fated as to cause the Iobs of so many human beings I can hardly realize as yet. Certain it Is that none deplore the terrible sacrifice of "human life more than our selves. Riportkr? Do you ascribe the disaster to negli gence ? Mr. Sparks? No, we do not. Captain Williams is an officer of long experience and a man who in every way deserves and has received our confi dence. He has a good record as an officer, and never, so far as I can hear, has he been charged with incapacity or neglect of duty. Various theo ries ? such as a temporary derangement of the compass or a dense fog? have already been ad vanced ; but for my part 1 am utterly at a loss to account for the calamity. We shall subject Captain Williams, ir he is alive, to A MOST THOROUGH INQUIRY as soon as he arrives either in Liverpool or this city. It is not yet positively known that be is among the saved. Certain it Is that he wad possessed of a great amount of personal courage. I His conduct when an officer on the steamship Re public convinced us of what he could ao when It was necessary. He also received a very flattering testimonial from the Oulon Company when he left. Kkportkr? You are. then, in considerable sus pense as to the ultimate extent of the disaster? | Mr. Sparks? The return of the steamers Delta , and Lady Head will bring us fuller details of the disaster, together with full lists of the saved. I I telegraphed onr agent in Halifax, Mr. S. Cunard, to send all Information obtainable. Rkportkr? Is It true that a duplicate copy of your passenger list has been sent by mall upon one tf the other steamers? Mr. Sparks? I believe it to be the custom of all lines. We will certainly have a copy of the pas senger lists on the steamships Algeria or City of Montreal. We do not know certainly which vessel carries it ; but until this document arrives it. will be impossibe, I fear, to tarnish a lull list of the steerage passengers. The cabin passenger list came over from London this afternoon, and will be given to the newspapers. We have learned that all the ship's papers were lost. llKPORTBH? Have you HUNT AN AGENT from this city to the scene of the disaster* Mr. Sparks? Yes; we despatched Mr. 1. J. Pen nell, the wharf superintendent, last night, upon the first receipt of the dreadful intelligence. He has a carte blanche order to provide for the wants of ths saved, to procure clothing and comfortable quarters and to forward alt to any part of the United States or the Canadaa free ol expense. The agents or the company are determined to show by every possible means yet within their power their full realization of the sorrow and grief which the loss of the At lantic lias entailed. It is nothing short of a great calamity. kkportkr? When may your agent be expected to arrive in Halifax f Mr. Sparks? Not before to-morrow (Thursday), so that we do not look lor any Information Irom him before that time. It is probable that some or those saved from the wreck will be in the city by to-moirow evening. I do not know what I can say further. Certain R ts that I wish we had Informa tion In detail to appease the clamoring* of all the relatives of the ill-fated passengers oa tho Atlantic. Kkportkr ? Was it the custom or your company to take coal enough on this side to make the voyage to Europe and returu r Mr. sparks? This report circulated yesterday is not true. I dcair# to aulhorilatmij contradict it. Rrportir? im it a oommoa occurrence for yoor ?teamen) to start with a short allowance of coal f Mr. 8raRK?? On the contrary, on ever/ previous occasion ram a is brrn a swrpi.ob or ooil In tha steamers of the White Star line upon their arrival at this port. I am, therefore, nnahle to un derstand how It was that on tfela occasion the supply ran short In eleven days. It Is, however, no uncommon occurrence for one or more steamers of eaoh Liverpool line to adopt the same oourse as ' that which has resulted so very fatally In this In stance. Reporter? Where will the official investigation Into the causes of the disaster be held? Mr. Hpakks? la Liverpool, before the Board of Trade. Tlie destruction of the vessel and oargo Is a secondary consideration to us. The Atlantic is insured lor nearly her full value. Uhpobtkh ? Do you think that there la any like lihood that the loss or lUe will be greater than re ported r Mr. Bparks? On the contrary, I believe that It will be leas. When our agent reaohes Halifax the saved will be mustere 1 and their names taken. It is impossible amid such confusion as prevails there to gue^s within twenty-live or fifty of the actual number saved. I am in hopes that the number taken on at Queenstown was smaller than it la now bolieved to be. WHAT THE PASSENGER AGENT SATS. Mr, Gartner, the passenger agent of the White Star Company, was visited by a Hsrald reporter yesterday afternoon. Mr. partner appeared deeply affected by the dreadlul disaster, which had not only brought such an unexampled destruction of human life, but threatened to swallow up all the bright prospects which their company had believed to be in the future, lie appeared to feel that the interests of his company Were greatly Jeopardized. "This Is oertafnly a terrible oalamity, prooably the worst which ever occurred on the Bea," began Mr. ciartner. "We are anxiously awaiting details irom Halifax." "How do you acoount for the vessel being so short of ooal, alter an eleven days' trip, in the months of March and April?" asked the reporter. "The only explanation which I can make is that the engines bad been burning uiuoh more coal than usuaL The usual dally allowance has been about eighty tons. On this passage, against violent head winds, the draught in the furnaces must have been greatly Increased, and the coal was consumed very rapidly. The consumption must havo equalled 100 tons per day. There is no question that the coal bunkers were filled before starting. It la absurd to suppose that the company would send a valuable I ship to sea short of coal." | "What is the average tlmo occupied in the west ward passage by vessels of your line at this season of the year?" asked the reporter. "From ten to thirteen days. The Atlantic did not nave less than eleven hundred tons of coal in her bunkers, and this Is sufficient to complete the voyage, except in rare cases. As is well known, it Is not an unusual event for vessels to put Into Halifax short of coal. There is scarcely a vessel In any of the Liverpool lines which has been running any length of time but has put Into Hall fax for some reason or other, Including shortness of coal supply. The present high prioe of coal In England did not have anything whatever to do with the apparent shortness of the supply. Is It probable that we would jeopardize our property so greatly for the sake of a few pounds sterling, to be saved by buying coal at Halifax to complete the voyage?" "Was the Atlantic, from what you can learn, over-crowded with passengers ?" asked the re porter. "Not at all," said Mr. Gartner. '*One thousand steerage passengers are frequently carried on our vessels. In fact, there ia scarcely any large steam ship which will not accommodate that many or more." CAPT. WILLIAMS AS AN OFFICER. Having learned that Captain I. A. Williams, of the Ill-fated steamship Atlantic, had formerly been in the employ of the Williams k Outon Steamship Company, a reporter of the Hkrald called upon Mr. Cortls, the passenger agent of that line. "Old yon know Captain Williams f" toe reporter as Iced. "Yes, quite Intimately. When in port he was al ways a welcome guest at my house," replied Mr Cortls. "It was not until my return from Kurope, after a visit, that I learned that Captain Williams had left the employ of our company. Personally, 1 do not know why he left the company." "When did he first enter the service of your line ?" asked the Hkrald reporter. "He began about 1865 or '06 as Chief Officer of the Manhattan, under Captain Price. This was the first vessel sent out by our company, and Captain Williams had previously served in the National line. He became captain or the Manhattan as soon as Captain Price was translerred to the Colorado. Mr. Williams as a commanding officer gave great satisfaction." "Hew was be liked by the passengers t" asked the reporter. "He was well llxed, so far as I could see. I crossed the Atlantic with Captain Williams, and I believed him to be an efficient officer. Dr. Heiland was on the same voyage, and spoke in the highest terms of his ability," replied Mr. Cortls. ?'Do you know him to be a sober man t" asked the reporter. "As I said before, he has dined in my house frequently," said Mr. Cortls; "be would not even take a glass of wine at my table. I believe that the stories circulated regarding Captain Williams being an intemperate man are maliciously un true." "Was he a cool-headed officer In the presence of aangerT" asked the reporter. "I have never seen him on severe trial," said Mr. Cortls; "but his actions, while serving as Second Officer on the White Star steamer Repub lic, about one year ago, when she narrowly es caped being lost at sea In a terrible gale, are sufllclent guarantee of his courage. All the boats were broken into pieces, and it was universally admitted that Captain Williams, by his many acts of daring, saved the vessel. By being thrown from one side of the deck to the other he had his lag broken in two places, and remained In St. Luke's Hospital until June last, when he was made First Officer on a ves sel of the line. The disaster Is ver.v appalling, but when It is considered how many vessels cross the Atlantic It is wonderful so few are lost." THE OFFICIAL TELEGRAMS FROM THE WRECK. The following telegrams to the New York offices of the White Star Steamship Company contain all the official information received br them FIRST DESPATCH received from Halifax? "Steamer ashore at Meagher's nead, near Prospect, thirty miles henee. Staled to be Atlantic, or White Star line, from Liverpool bound to New York. Steamer and tug sent to assistance. Captain and First officer arewned." SECOND WWPATCH. "Government has sent steamship Ladv Head, and Cnnard's The Delta down to Atlantic. She will be a total wreck. Large number of pasueugcrs stated lost. Particulars when received." THIRD DKSPATCH. "Brady, third omcer, arrived, reports making the port short of real. Heavy gale with rain, struck on Meagher's Head, Cape Prospect, at two o'clock this morning. Had nearly 1,000 passengers on board; 700 drowned, 360 saved, but no women and children; Chlei Officer supposed to be lost; ship a total wrecK, cargo ?111 on board; none afloat; may be partially sated." FOtTRTIl DKSPATCTt. "Nothing in the Hhape of documents saved from the steamship Atlantic. Will get a list ir possible on the return or the steamer. List of cabin pas sengers forwarded." WHAT THE PEOPLE THINK. Among the Steamship Men? What Prominent Agrnti of European Iilnea Ray-What They Think of the Atlan tic's Supply of Coal? Interesting and Important Statements. Ywituur tUe offices of tue sever*! com panics to the same trade as the White Star line, It was found that, from th? gentlemanly agents down to the youngest employe, the sad accident to the Atlantic was the absorbing toplo or conversation. Among them all. with but one or two exceptions, the greatest sympathy was expressed for the un fortunate company aud tor the loss of such a vessel "in proiminainst questions that would draw from prominent persons belonging to these companies their reasons fSrthe appalling disaster, that an evident disinclination existed among the ma jority to say ranch, they arguing that It would i not in good taste under the olrcumstauces, ant , the cause might not be the same, accidents et Utce nature might ocour to their own steamships The first gentloman questioned upon t le holds au important position on one oi t ?' European lines, aud he s.ild. In substance, that the

disaster was the most extraordinary and explicable thing he ever heard oi. It was mystery that the steamer, assuming the Tblr Officer's story as published in the Ueuald ye day moining to be correct, should be SENT TO SWA on a twelve days' voyage with ten days' supply of coal. At this season of the year aud in the Winter, wheu adverse winds are expected, it was the custom of the line to which he is conneeted to give their ships eighteen and twenty days' supply of coal, and during the Summer months fifteen days'. Though the majority or the companies have contracts to furnish their ships all the coal neces sary. these in many Instances have been disre garded by the contracting parties, as the advanced price of the fnel, within the past few months, has made bankrupts of them, and difficulty has been experienced, In some cases, in obtaining the quantity desired just before sailing. Whether this was so or not with the At lantic tne interviewed gentleman could not ten, and he wonld await the official Investigation sure to be made In England. Yet he would say that the whole affair was a puzzle, and he could not possibly assign any reason why the officer# i reck oning should be so faulty, and thought it Inexpli cable that Captain Williams should be asleep jnst at a time when his services were the most re quired on deck. THK NEXT OENTI.EMRN CALLED UPON held a position similar to the above, and has vast ex perience in the ocean trade, the line with which he is conuected being one of the first in the business. In the matter of lurnlshlng their steamers with ceal, he said that their slower vessels always received In coming this way sixteen days supply and the faster ones fourteen days'. It was the experience of their company In Europe that the supply of coal was very Halted, and they had recently been compelled to send their own vessels to Cardiff in order to obtain the neoessary quantity to give their many steamers. This gentleman further said that late Tuesday evening, when the news of the disaster was first received, he knew that the White Star Llue gentlemen in this city theorised that It was not the limited supply of coal that caused the Atlantic to be headed lor Halifax, but rather that flOMKTHlNa HAD OONS WBONU with the vessel's machinery, and that was the only available port. It was hardly fair to charge the White Star Company with meanness in supplying their vessel with fuel, as the absence of the Atlan tic irom this port. In addition to the first great loss sustained, is a daily deficit of ?260 to ?300. Yet it had been his fear and the fear of many of his friends that the way the vessels or the White Star Line were pushed for the purpose of making fast trips must one day result In some terrible calamity, and though his regret was o the keenest nature he was net surprised to hear what befell the Atlantic. With the machinery or a steamship, as with everything else, there Is a limit to which It can be worked, and a constant, terrible strain, such as was the case with many or the ves dels or the line in question, must result In ^break down, and it was not yet certain that this did not occur, causing Captain Williams to seek safety In Halifax harbor. Still another gentleman or a different line was then called upon, and as he has all the control in New York of a fleet or the largest steam clippers that ply the Atlantic his opinion is of importance. To him the disaster was most appalling and his sympathy was extended to the company , but HI CONDEMNED CAPTAIN WILLIAMS, as when approaching a dangerous coast at night, with a thousand souls In his charge, he should not have been asleep, but at his post on the bridge; and should the charge of the saved third officer in this respect be true the captain should be tried for manslaughter and transported. The coal now ob tained in Europe lor steamship consumption was much inferior to what It used to be, sixty tons a few months ago being equal for steaming purposes to eighty tons now. There was plenty to be had If the price asked was paid ; but prudent officers now sent a larger supply than ever before, because of Its mrerlor quality. With the vessels or the line which he oontrols there was always sup plied them In Winter twenty days' consumption and in Summer seventeen days', and during eight years bnt one of their vessels had been compelled to put into HaUfax for fuel. He felt that the loss of many ocean steamers was due to the negligence of the commanding officer, and It was a pity that some or them should not be raade to feel the strong hand of the law. It was time now to begin In this wise. Other agents were visited, and the gist of their stories regarding the cause of the disaster were alike to the above. Yet some of them would not express an opinion until they could hear further from the sceue of the disaster. THE FATAL COAST. The disaster was yesterday almost tne only topic of discussion among the sealarlng men who con gregate about the f?ot of Barling- slip, East Klver, and many and sage were the opinions expressed abont the terrible loss of a great vessel and seven hundred human lives. A Ukkai.d reporter was on duty thereabouts and listened with Interest to the current talk which issued from the gruff lips of the bronzed seamen whom he met near the steps of the otllce of the Pilot Commission. One of the owners of these was the skipper of a brig which is now lying at pier No. 3 East Kiver and is named euphoniously The Crescent. He had about him the unmistakable jolly air of the chief In command of a saucy craft, and wore slouched over his eye brows a heavy tarpaulin hat, on his shoulders a loosely-fitting, antiquated coat of a yellow hue and on his feet a pair of huge cowhide top boots. lie invited the reporter good-naturedly to follow him, and LED THE WAT WITI1 A KOL1.INO GAIT down through the crowd on South street and the jam of drays and people at the foot of Broad street to the dock where his vessel was lying, and jumped on board with a nimble step. The hold was being stuffied with freight by the crew, consisting of two men and three or four brown-faoed boys. The visitor penetrated with apprehensive thoughts a narrow and dark companion-way into the cabin, a low and cloBe compartment, the wallB, celling and floor of which seemed covered with grease. The atmosphere was close and stifling, and the rude signs of the disordered occupancy of men Impressed an Idea of the hardships of the life which thay led. The bunks were open and the bedclothes upon them were of a filthy description. Two of the crew had just risen and were pulling on their boots, and wore a very sleepy appcarance. They quickly went out and the skipper asked the re porter to seat himself on a stove, which he did, and began to state the reason of his coming. lie then first noted that the "skipper's" right eye was in deep mourning. INTERVIEW WITH K COASTWISE SKIPPER. "I caught a bad cold in my eye," said he. "I want to ask you," said the reporter, "whether you can give me any Ideas regarding the nature of the coast of Nova Scotia, west of Halifax?" "Wal, yes, 1 ouitht ter, as 1 run up in that 'air direction most o' the time. It's party dangerous, and neads an experienced hand at the helm." "What about Prospect Cape or Mar's Head? Is there a light there?" "No; the rocks are dangerous and sharp, and ocean steamers very seldom get in this vicinity unless they're short of coak" "What color luw (It lifUt of Cape s?mt?ror" "Hut light is red. The Deafest fight west of it is on Iron-Boa nd Island." The skipper went Into his room snd brought forth an admiralty chart, on which he traced with his bony linger the course that would be taken by the mariner in entering Halifax harbor, aud the dan gers which lay by the way. "The best mark to be followed tn mak ing the entrance is Sambro Lighthouse, on a small island off the cape, on the western side of the harbor, latitude 44 degrees 30 minutes and longitude 03 degrees 33 minutes. The light is 210 feet above the level of the sea. A detachment of artillery are always stationed there with two twenty-four-pounders, and when the weather is rough they Ore at regular intervals to warn ap proaching vessels of their position." "What do you think was the reason ot the Atlan tic not taking the right direction in shore i "SDB MUST HATS LOST HER WAT, and the weather must have been too rough iter any lights to have been seen. The light on Cape Sam bro cannot be seen at a greater distance than fif teen miles in the olearest weather, and tn a hase it could not be seen at all at half that distance." The skipper and the reporter slowly groped out of the cabin and parted on the deck. The latter then wended his way baok to Burling Blip and Into the office of the Pilotage Commission, at the corner of South street. Here he round Captain George W. Blunt engaged in looking at an immense chart of the Nova Scotia coast, whloh was stretched out upon a table. After receiving him the Captain picked up the train of his thoughts and uttered them aloud Mtusly "Why, sir, In regard to this accident, I don't think that any navigator, however good he may be In his science and experience, oan tell where he is on a stormy night like that of Monday by an observa tion taken on the day before ; and I don't think the captain of a vessel should be below In any case when she Is thirty miles from land and is heading in shore. His position should be on deck." "What about the report that THBT SAW A LIQIIT which they supposed to be that of the Sambro Lighthouse?" "There Is no proof that they saw the light. It Is probable that they depended altogether upon their observations of latitude and longitude, the uncer tainty of which must at this season of the year be very great. The atmospheric refraction Is apt to put the Instruments in tault by at least a variation of ten miles, and he Is a good navigator who makes his position out so nearly as that. When a ship is heading toward land, and within thirty miles of It, he should feel Ills way very cautiously and have a good man at the lookout." Turning to the map ? "Now, this coast is very dangerous. I do not think that there is any light at liar's Head. If there Is one It must have been placed there since the publication of the charts which I have, and in all probability It must have been different from one in such close proximity as that of Cape Sam bro, which Is fixed and white, so that they oould be easily distinguished. The next light to the Sambro Light on the chart is twenty miles to the westward, and Is red." TDK OAU8B OF THE CATASTROPHE. "To what from your knowledge of the coast would yon attribute this catastrophe t" "Of course I would not like to say much on that point until we are possessed of fuller facts. But I think the cause must have been In the too great confidence of the captain in his knowledge of his position. No master of a ship has a right to be be low In such an emergency." "Can you remember the circumstances of any shipwrecks whloh have occurred in that locality t" "I think It was in '63 that the Hunsboldt ran on the rooks off Cape Sambro. Captain Lyons, an ex perienced and very clever officer, was tn command, and they pnt into Halifax for coal. A man boarded her claiming to be a pilot. Captain Lyons asked him fbr his license, and he said he had left it ashore. The Captain had at first mistrusted him, and he was now about to take the command from him, when the ship struck and went down. The pilot turned out to be a flsherman, and he caused the underwriters a loss of (760,000." The reporter bid the Captain goodby, and, soon afterwards, called upon Messrs. Williams k Onion, at their office life mtil street, in whose employ the master of the fetal vessel had formerly been. They gave him a very good reputation, saying that he had had command of rour of their steamships ? the Manhattan, Nevada, Colorado and Wisconsin. He began as a Junior officer, and won his way up to the highest position. AT THE MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE. The universal theme of conversation at the Merchants' Exchange yesterday waa the terrible disaster. Crowds gathered there to learn, If pos sible, additional news from Halifax, and many who have been speculating for several days past upon the probable great advance In gold forgot even their Infatuation in the feel ing of universal sympathy for nearly 700 families who this night mourn for the dead. Telegrams were received at the ship news depart ment during the day and were read with all the avidity which characterized the reports of battles during the late war. Men who are usually seen rushing pell-mell through the crowd walked slowly yesterday. The universal feel ing seemed to be? "This Is terrible!" Much TUB SAME 8HCDDRB went through the community Bome weeks since when the Northfleet was lost, but her passengers were bound to far-off Australia and their death did not so sensibly affect Ameri cans. This disaster, however, is nearer home. These people, whose bodies were yesterday being tossed ashore by the waves, would, In a few hours more, have landed at our wharves, and their num ber would have been added to those lists showing the great Increase in the nation's population. AT THE EXCHANGE. At the Shipping Exchange, the Pilot Commis sioners' office and in the numerous shipping offices along South and West streets ttte loss of the Atlan tic was the universal theme or conversation. The comments which were made upon the manage ment of the vessel and the actions of the Captain on the fatal night were not favorable to the officers of the steamer. WHAT NEW YORK MOURNS. A Bridal Party Swallowed with the Wreck? The Merritt Family Lost? Brothers and Sisters Dying Together One of the Saved Heard From? Anxions Hearts Inquiring for Expected Ones. A reporter of the Herald was despatched to And ont the particulars concerning citizens of New Tork city who were lost on the wreck of the Atlantic. The first persons inquired about were the family of the Merntts. Mr. James s. Merritt and hiB wile and sister, who resided in Thirty-fifth street, and Miss Scrlmser, formerly living with her family In Forty-fifth street, were all lost together. The tale of this family is a peculiarly sad one. Mr. Merritt was a bachelor of about forty years of age. He came to reside in this city some three years ago from Poughkeepsle, where he had formerly lived as a merchant. He was a man of means and frequented the best society of the city. He became acquainted with Miss Mary Scrlmser In this man ner, and proposed marriage and was accepted. On the 2d or April, 1873, just one year ago, the couple were married, and lor their wedding tour went to Europe in the identical vessel in which they since met their terrible death. While In Europe they visited all the Continental countries and about six months ago returned to Paris, where Mr. Merritt wrote inviting his sister, Mis* Merritt, and Miss Annie Scrlmser, a sister of his wife's, to join them. The two young ladles started off alone, also by a vessel of the White star line, and arrived In Paris In safety. The lamtly, then consisting of lour persons, started out together again, visiting Italy, and finally arrived back in London, writing to the family here their proposed return by the Atlantic. They did as they proposed and left Liverpool by that steamer. They all met death in tho same manner, and by this sudden calamity the family of the Merrltts is wiped out as It were in one blow. Mrs. Merritt and Miss Annie Nrruaiflr. botu daughter* of tu? w^U-kaowi^ <irr goods merchant, are said to hare boon tadlesef great personal ekirou and aoconiDliatimenla, and they were well known b y a verg large circle of acquaintance* In thl? city, who will hear of this terrible ending with Uto greater sorrow that their jroath and beauty would seem to have promised a long career of joy and happiness in this life. Miss Merritt was a little older than either of the two other ladles, hpt was also a genial and kind-hearted lady. Of all those who have been lost In the Atlantio no one's story is probably so sad a one as this. It was the first trip Any of them had made to Europe. A brother of Mrs. Merritt (Mr. Schrtmser) started for Halifax as soon as the news of the shipwreck had arrived. MR. JOHN PKICB. Mr- John Prloe, who was also a cabin passenger in the Atlantic, 1b one of the lost. H4 was a lawyer, and had his offlce at 161 Broadway, In thlsolty, and lived near Mount Vernon, In Westchester county. Two ladles (one of them Miss Brodle. mentioned among the lost) were in his oharge, and all three have gone down with tho hundreds of others. Mr. Prloe had been about eight months in Europe and the two ladles a somewhat lesser time. Mr. Price was well known as a lawyer In this city. He had bean connected with William M. Tweed and Cornelius Oarson In establishing the Eastchester Bank, at Mount Vernon, and was one of the directors of the bank until JuBt before be left for Borope. When he arrived at the determination of returning here by the Atlantio he seat a message by cable to his home statlag that snch was his intention, and the two ladle* requested that prayers might be offered at the Bplsoopal churches of Mount Vernon and Tuckahoe for their safe arrival. This was done on several occasions; but a mysterious Provldeaoe has choson otherwise than to grant them, and tho three persous have met their sudden death like the many hundred others who perished together. When the news of the disaster same to the tioaae Mr. Price's sister was taken with an attack or heart disease, rrom which she will probably never re cover. Mr. Price's mother, aged eighty-eight, vm almost killed by the shock. TUB BOS* SISTERS. On Tuesday evening a yonng gentleman of pre possessing appearance and evidently laboring under strong emotion was anxiously asking new* | of the fate of the Atlantio at the clerk's office of the Fifth Avenue Hotel. When questioned about the strong Interest he seemed to evince In the fate of the vessel, he said that he waB the brother of two sisters who were on board the Atlantic. The particulars of the loss ot the vessel were not known at that time, and the anxiety of the young man was something very palniul to behold. It proved that his name waa Mr. James Rose, and the two sisters he was inquir ing about so anxiously were the two MIsscb Rose whose fate has since become certain. The family was in good circumstances, and the two young ladies had gone over under the charge of another family. They became homesick and wished to return immediately, however, and they were put under the Captain's charge by their friends. Both were very young and very accom plished. Snch a death Is a terrible bereavement to the family, for it leaves no daughter in the homo circle. MB. JOHN BBINDLBY. Mr. John Brlndtey was the purchasing agent of B. A J. WlUets A Co., 44 Barclay street. He rep resented the firm In Burslem, Staffordshire, Eng land, There his wife and hlB children reside. By this time they will have learned of the sad fate of their kindest and best friend. He parted with a smile, with a thousand kisses, "soon to return," and now they will never see him again. One of the Pftuengm Saved. Mr. AdolfJugla was one ?f tho cabin passengers 0M board the Atlantic. He la a son of the glove manu facturer of Broadway, Mr. D. Jugla. Tbe son had been at the head of the branch In Paris, and had been joined lately by his father in that city, Mr. Tranttet being left in charge of the boslnesa here. A day before the Atlantic sailed ? telegraphic despatch was sent that Mr. Adolf Jugla was to sail by the Atlantic. When the news of tne wreck came the part of the family which was in this eity naturally felt the greatest anxiety as te the fate ef the son of the house, more particularly as he was announced la the afternoon despatches as having been oneol those who were dead. Then the grief knew no bounds. At seven o'clock in the evening, how ever, a despatch came rrom Halifax. It ran as follows:? A. A. Tracttet, New York:? Saved. Will remain two or three days longer here. Have telegraphed te Paris. ADOLF JUGLA. Half an hour afterwards came a second de? spatch ? Send gold draft for $100 to Halifax Hotel. JUGLA. Naturally these telegrams diffused the liveliest joy among the family, who In true French style celebrated the happy news by a little entertain ment. It appears that Mr. A. Jugla Is only twenty two years of age and already has seen a good deal of life. He fought in the first siege of Paris and was also shut up in the devoted city during the Commune. This was tola first trip across the Atlantic, and It came very near being his last. He escaped, It appears from a sab sequent despatch, by hanging In the rigging and was taken ashore by fishing smacks. He lost every thing he bad in the world, and among them an ex tensive stock of goods. He will be in tne city on Sunday morning. Fears for Expected Voyagers* During the day a large number of persons, prob ably a thousand, called at the company's offioe and Inquired after their friends. Among the call ers were : ? John McGrath, of Fourteenth street and Eighth avenue, who expects his brother, Patrick McGrath, of Dublin. Mary Keogh, who expects her cousin Bridget Mary Brown. Patrick Fogerty expects his father, who was here before, and his sister Aunie with two chil dren. James Day, of Brooklyn, expects Bridget Day. Henry Smith, of Atlantic avenue, Brooklyn, ex pects Thomas Maguire, of Dublin. James Murphy, of Seventy-fourth street, called to inquire alter his sister-in-law, Agnes Rogers, of Liverpool, and her two children. Mr. C. Kempt, of Hudson, expects Mr. H. Weill and his son John. Theodore Katzer, of 241 Rtvlngton street, expects Theodore Saner and three children, named Hubert, Theodore and Olara. James Henry Is expected by his cousin, Pat rick Henry, of 257 Bowery. Abraham Wrlgley, of 632 West Forty-third street, expects William Taylor, who resided at Newark, where he carried on a gutta percha manufactory. He left three months ago for Europe, leaving hla two children here, Jane Lynch, of Cortlandt street, expects her nephew, John Myles, aged eighteen. His sister, re siding on Statcn Island, paid his passage. David Calvert, of Paterson, N. J., called and stated that his wife and a live-year-old child were on board, llie poor man Is nearly distracted. Mr. Henry S. Hewitt, of the firm of W. J. Best A Co., of 448 Broome street, was to sail from Liver pool on the 20th ef last month, unless advised to the contrary. No snob advices were* sent, and it Is feared that he was on the ill-fated steamer. A young man employed by John Mott A Co., mer chants, as a salesman, saved his money and sent for his father, mother, two sisters and a brother, and fears that they embarked on the Atlantic. Andrew Buckley, of Hohoken, sent for his wlfo and child from Liverpool, and says he is almost cer tain that they were passengers on the lost vessel. There are also expected Julia Collins, EUaa Welsh, Mary Beckley, tiustav Podoll, August Klatt and Joim Taylor. CRIMINAL CUPIDITY. Culpable Negligence and Disregard for Prudence Charged on the Managers ot the White Star Line? Safety Karri fired to Speed? Former Experience Keek Irmly Ignored. New YoRk, April 2, 1873. To THI KiMTOR OP TBI IlRRALO:? Your etfitororlal In this days' paper in regard to the less of the steamship Atlantic will awaken a feeling of inquiry and of indignation which should havo been excited long ago. My business compels tpc to juakg <ft{ppari4oiiri QtjVeiuu#kj> vuvtac*. and

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