Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 10, 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 10, 1873 Page 3
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MARS HEAD Diving for the Dead of the Lost Atlantic. FIVE BODIES RECOVERED YESTERDAY One Hundred and Seventy Tons of Cargo Brought Up. DANGERS OF TIIE COAST. What Should Be Done to Prevent the Recur rence of Like Calamities. THE BRAVE MINISTER. Caring For and Burying the Dead? An Un seemly Local Quarrel for Possession of the Seoovered Property. Halifax, April 9, 1873. Tbe cloud of affliction and moarnlng still hovers over Halifax? In fact, it ts doubtful if anywhere in the world where the particulars of the Atlantic dis aster are known there is not a universal feeling of profound sorrow. The men who are here from the States, mostly from New York, seeking the bodies ?f brothers, sisters and relatives, go about the streets in a despondent inood, all hoping that they may, at least, havt the sad consolation of paying the last sad tribute to tbe inanimate forms of loved ones, even though they may be distorted, bloated, stiff and stark in the cold embrace of death. The people of Halifax are very kind, and give such comiort us they can, but it does not bring back their dear ones who are lost and are mow floating around in the brokan cargo of the ?unken steamer. THE SCENE OP THE WRECK > from the shore is very little if any changed trom that described in the despatches yesterday. Divers were at work almost at daybreak this morning and did not cease their labors until the departure of the Herald tugboat at twilight this evening. The weather was fine, the water calm and placid and everything combined to favor their efforts. The result ol their labors, briefly told, was the recovery of live bodies; lour of them tbe remains of steer age passengers, and the other the corpse of one of the crew. Not a single cabin pas senger, in addition to those reported, has been found. The total of the cargo recovered during the day was about a hundred and seventy tons, consisting largely of machinery, dry goods, crockery, and now and then a case of silks and other valuable drv goods. An effort was made to cut into the saloon, and after fllteen iron bolts had been drawn and a large plate removed it was found that the portion of the wreck which the divers took for the saloon was only a part of one of * the coal bunkers. Among the broken Iragments of the cargo and debris floating below the subma rine workers can discover the distorted and muti lated corpses staring at them and drifting here and there with the wreck at the mercy of the roll lug sea, all forming A HIDEOUS AND REVOLTING SPECTACLE which it is almost impossible to describe. Captain Williams, the commander of the ill-fated steamer, viewed the wreck carefully to-day, and reports to the Herald correspondent that he has no idea but that many of the stateroom locks were so dislo cated by the shock when the steamer struck the rock that their occupants were unable to open the doors ; and he thereiore concluded that their bodies will be found within when the divers are able to get at them. It is well known that some of the rescued were obliged to smash the panels before they could get (Tom their rooms, and one of these narrow escapes has been told in the thrilling expe rience of Mr. Brady, the third officer. The ex pected divers from New York, Boston and Lake Buperior have not yet arrived, but are hourly ex pected. Wherf they do come the submarine force will be more than trebled, and probably the saloon will be speedily reached. THE nERALD DIVER Is at the scene of the wreck, anxiously awaiting the opportunity to go below, and when i<n entrance j has been effected to the cabin, the public will be promptly advised of the terrible spectacles which probably exist, and which the most fearful and vivid imagination must fall to contemplate. The scene on shore where the bodies of the poor victims are being consigned to their last resting place are most harrowing and revolting. Some of the corpses it is positively sickening to gaze upon. They are in many cases bloated, bruised and dis- ' figured in a most terrible manner, and in ether { Instances their appearance denotes as if they were i , enjoying a peaceiul slumber rather than lying in the sleep of death. THE GRAVE8 OR TRENCHES where they are consigned are about twelve feet wide, thirty or lorty leet long and lour or Ave feet deep. The rude coffins containing the unlortunate victims arc placed In these four abreast and two di cp, and theu covered over with twelve or fifteen inches of earth. Such have been the rude cere monies over the hundreds of human beings who went down in the 111-lated Atlantic. There have been no obsequies, no friends near to shed a part ing tear over their graves, and the only requiem which will be heard will be the dashing surf along the coast where they met their untimely fate. The Collector of the port of Halifax has increased his means at the scene of the wrcck for the PROTECTION OP THE PROPERTY RECOVERED ?nd the valuables found upon the bodies of the un lortunate victims, but he has net as yet managed affairs in person. He goes down to Prospect to morrow, lor the first tlaie, on the Dominion cut ter, which nas been lying here almost from the moment of th? disaster. The magistrates are very Indignant at being compelled to give up the prop erty which they have taken irom the bodies of the victims, and oue of them came up to the city yesterday to consult couasel as to whether . the Collector had the authority to demand their delivery. The Collector in all that he has done or failed to do says tliat he is acting under Instruc tions Irom the Domluion government, and the prop erty retained in his posses* ion will be held one year, and If not reclaimed up to that time will lie anpro- i priated towards defraylug the burial expenses of *11 the bodies. THE BRAVE EPISCOPALIAN MINISTER. The Rev. Mr. Ancient takes charge or the burial ol All except t Hose who are Identified as catholics and taken to the Catholic cemetery at Terronee Bay. He assists at grave digging, conveying the bodies In boats and reads the burial services. Tne Court of Inquiry will be postponed uutll Sat urday. WHAT SHOWLD BE DONE TO PREVENT L1KB DISAS TERS ON TIIK COAST. Although Captain Williams has not as yet shown himself blameless for the appalling calamity, it must be admitted that his is but a divided respon sibility, and other causes and other means con tributing1 to the disaster must not be overlooked. While the Dominion authorities arc investigating, In a manner souiewbat novel aid extraordinary, the cause of the terrllile disaster which re* suited in such a fearful and unprecedented loss of life and property, It would be well for them also to turn their sttent/on to the neglected condl ? tlon of a dangeious const and ascertain what additional means of safety are necessary. It Is coantdered that the interests of commerce and of British and American underwriters, apart from what is due to the caase of humanity, Im peratively prwres that something should be Imme diately done. The Hkralp correspondent has taken pains to Inquire- irom various sources what la absolutely needed to remove existing dangers and relievo life and .property from the perils of navigation along an extended coast. First, at saiubro, where the Captain ?f the unfortunate steamer supposed he was heading, there Is a light house and a log trumpet, which can only be heard lu ?nlliiary weather about two miles, and in a heavy blow probably not more than one mile. Now this terrible calamity shows that what is re quired at Sambro, in addition to the lighthouse, is A STEAM POO WHtSTLB which can be heard at least five mllea And, tor thermore, in the vicinity of the scene of the dis aster there should be placed a lightship with a steam wliistre which can be heard at least four or five miles distant. Had these means of safety ex isted wlieu the lll-f itcd Atlantic was approaching Halifax harlKir in all prooabitlty this heartrending disaster would never have occurred. Again, at Prospect, near the scene af the wreck, there should be a station or coast guard, with lifeboats and prouer appliances for saving life sad property. With these the movements of the Dominion rev enue cutter at the time ef the calamity would not have been so lamentable. At Little Hope, a little roc* island about sixty miles from Prospect, there is a red revolving light, but a fog whistle is also required which can be heard half a dozen miles, At Cape Sable, also, there la a bright re volving light, but in addition a steam fog whistle Is absolutely required, fbr the approach to It is the most dangerous along the whole coast. On Seal Islaud, seventeen miles from Cape Breton, In ad dition to the fixed light there is a Bert of fog whis tle, but the safetv of navigation requires that there should be placed a steam log whistle which enn be heard ai a much greater distance than the one new there. About three and a half miles from Seal Island Light there Is THE BLIND ROCK, which at low water can be partly seen. Besides this, Beven miles Irom Cape Sable, is the Brazil rock, on or near wnlch there is nothing to indicate Its location or existence to mariners. This rock at lew water Is twelve feet below the surface. If the Hkuald can be instrumental In directing the at tention and influencing the action of the Dominion government to snpply the needed requirements for the protection of life and property along the Nova Scotia ceast it will have conferred benefits, not only upon the people of the Dominion, but upon the friends of humanity everywhere. British and American underwriters and all classes or ship owners will especially leel grateful for oontributlng to lighten their responsibilities, and at the same time promoting the interests of commerce, in which all countries are interested. Thirty of the Atlantic Passengers In Chicago. Chicago, April 0, 1873. Thirty of tlie ill-fated steamer Atlantic passen gers arrived here this morning. TOE UERALD AS THE BEARER OF ?LAD TIDINGS* Ail Incident of the Atlantic Calam ity?Joy Over a Rescued Brother. [From the Davenport (Iowa) Gazette, April 6.] Tne news of the (Treat calamity of the year, the sinking of the steamship Atlantic, Riven In the Gazette last Wednesday morning, was freighted with grief lor one family In Davenport. It was grief with agonizing suspense- for there was no Knowing whether the object of the painful solici tude was lost or saved, but the probabilities were that he was among those who found a watery grave. The person most interested in the news was Mrs. Mary Foley, who lives in East Davenport. Iler brother James was among the passengers on board the Atlantic. On Wednesday and Thursday she was unable to get any tnlormation concerning her brother, by telegraph, and bo she was forced to wait until the publication of a full list of lost and saved? her heart being loaded with mingled sor row and anxiety to a degree that threatened her health, if not her mind. She was at the Post Office on the arrival of every mall, to look for papers from a distance. Morning and evening she watted for the city dailies with hope and fear, only to have her fears enhanced. Yesterday morning she appeared at the Post OP>ce, where Assistant Postmaster Teale was ready to greet her with glad news. As she approached the delivery he held out a New York IIkkald of Thursday morning, which contained a complete list of the persons rescued from the rocks and wreck to which they clung so long, and In the list was the name of James Foley. The good woman was nearly beside herself with joy. She clapped her hands, and wept and laughed ; she kissed the paper again and again, and was In an ecstacy that would not allow her to be quiet. Mr. Teale says her countenance was the happiest in he ever saw at tiiat place of expres sions, the ladles' delivery. The spectators were touched by her conduct, and several gentlemen congratulated her on the receipt of the good news. The next thing will be a letter from the brother, if, indeed, he does not appear himself. GLOUCESTER FISHERMEN DROWNED. Gt.orcESTBR, Mass., April 9, 1873. Benjamin Carpenter and Archie Beaton, of the Ashing schooner Sarah P. Avers, of thts port, were lost In a dory off the banks, and Michael Carleton was washed overboard from the schooner Aaron Burnhain. MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES. Flat nccklaces are much worn by ladies with short necks. TUey were introduced by the queen of oprra t.xntffe ? Mile. Schncider. M. Herv6's "Veuve de Malabar'' has been de layed at the Varieties, owing to the illness of Mile. DevCria, who has the principal part. The Count de Waldeck, who just celebrated the | ona hundred and seventh anniversary of his birth, | is buildintr a theatre m Pari?. of which he is to be j the director. Six lew theatres are being built in Vienna for the Great Exhibition? City Theatre, Opera Oomlque, Court Theatre. BesUlence Theatre, Academy The atre (for Frenrli plays of the higher order) and International Theatre. The New York Milnnerchor give a concert at Ter race Garden on F.aster Sunday eveniug, at which Miss Ilenne, contralto; Mr. Graf, tenor, and Mr. Bergner, 'cello, appear. The orchestra will be un der the direction of Mr. Beinhard. Mr. A. Granr, the bauker, has purchased from Mine. Rossini her husband's InedUed works for the sum of loo.ooor. They will now be published, and tneprofltswUl be handed over to the Royal Aca demy of Music and the Socictv of Musicians jointly. A curious resuscitation of a poetic drama, the music by Bach, has taken place at the Salle Pleyel, In Paris, at a concert devoted specially to the great tone-master's works. It Is called "The Quarrel of Ptaubus and Pau." The great Bach had In his days only the tinkling harpsichord to write for. In the ; score of the classic opera he does not use horns, bassoons or trombones; but the instrumentation is confined to the string quartet, three trumpets, two oboes, two flutes, drums and cymbal. Theodore Thomas announces a grand festival week of oratorios and concei ts at Steinway Hall, commencing on the 22d Instant. The festival will consist of four evening and oio matintfc perform ances. The Orst will be "Elijah" and the second Mendelssohn's "Lobgesang" and selections from "Israel in Bgypt." The Boston Handel and Hay den Society, with Mrs. West, Mrs. Hmith, Miss Cnrey, Mr. Vnrlev. Mr. Whitnev and Mr. Budolpli sen. u? s ilolsts, will take part in these oratorio performances. On the :ifith a concert will be given with Thomas' orchestra as ihe main feature. Bu binsteln. Mills and Mason will play a itach con certo for three pianos, and the orchestra will pre sent a new overture (MS.) to "Tanniifluser." on the Sloth the Immortal choral symphony of Beet hoven will form a crowning attraction for the festival. BRUTAL A8SAULT BY A DESPERATE CON VICT. Boston, April 9, 1873. A tragedy look place In the Htate Prison at Charlestown this morning, which threatens to prove fatal. As the convicts were marching in line, as usual, from breakfast William Patterson attacked John E. Shaw, a prison official, one of the escort and dent him two terrible blows with 'a large knife, which lie had secreted about his person. Shaw's hand was nearly cut off, aikI his face l?nd oflen with a gash sight inches b nir He was removed to the hospital in a pre carious condition. Patterson was at once secured. He was serving a ten years' sentence for burglary, having previously been a convict for tw$)v? years. THE FATE OF O'KELLY. Ad Appeal to President Grant by the Cubans of New York. Why the Spaniards Would Silence the Herald Commissioner. THE PRESS ON THE ARREST. An Impartial Journalist and Not a Rebel or Spy. Last evening tae following communication was transmitted to General Grant:? To His Excellency the President of the United states Intelligence has just been received from Cnba, by which it appears that Mr. James O'Kelly, the Com missioner delegated by the Herald to gather facts concerning the war pending on that island, haw been arrested by the Spanish authorities and is now liable to trial by court martial. This news has naturally produced a well-founded alarm among the Cuban residents in this country. They under stand the spirit that animates the Spaniards in Cuba, and they fear for the llle or an American citizen, wfco, imbued with the free spirit of this great people, accepted the mlssiou of studying and Investigating and communicating to the world, through the medium of the press, the facts con cerning this war, which for four years has been WACED BY LIBERTY AGAINST DESPOTISM. The citizens of Cuba have had no share in the mission entrusted to Mr. O'Kelly, bat when a man with a brave heart, representing one of the great Journals of this city, undertook the painiui and dangerous task referred to, they could not but feel a deep Interest in his undertaking and in his safety. They felt assured from the outset that the result of his investigations would be favorable to them; that the testimony of an impartial witness must and would show the moral and physical re sources of the natives of the island, which entitle them to BECOME INDEPENDENT OP THE SPANISH NATION. That nation lias never recognized their right to interfere in their own atfairs. It has ruled them with a rod of iron for the most selfish purposes and committed without hesitation the most flagrant acts of Injustice. All improvement has thus been shut out from a people all the more entitled to feel and appreciate the regenerating influence of lib erty because of their proximity to this great Re public and their consequent superiority over their oppressors. The world will then be able to learn and under stand that in that island there is now organized and established a republican government with a constitution of unsurpassed liberality and freedom. PROOF WILL BE OFFERED, OF A CONCLTSIVE CHAR ACTER, showing the existence of armies that are struggling against, and able to meet on equal terms, the best and most experienced troops of the Spanish gov ernment; and, above all, and what Is most impor tant, the world will be satisfied that It is the deter mination and unalterable resolve of Cuba to be free and independent. Jt is evident that on all these snojeets the Inter ests of Cuba and of Spain arc diametrically opposed to each other, and that the Spanish authorities in the island will USE EVERY EFFORT TO DROWN TI1E VOICE OF MR. O' KELLY, and to appropriate to themselves all the notes, proofs and memoranda that he may have accumu lated ; and, as the most expeditious and familiar method that they are acquainted with, applicable to sucn cases, Is the infliction of summary capital i punishment, no one need wonder if, under pre tended forms of justice, employed for the mere sake of saving appearances, they should resort to that course In the present instance. NOR NEED ANY PERSON WONDER IP the first intelligence that reaches ns should apprise us that Mr. O'Kelly has disappeared from this world, A VICTIM OF SPANISH CRUELTY AND STATE TOLICY. Under these urpent circumstances, permit us, Mr. President, composing, us we do. the Directory Committee of the "Society of the Friends ofCnba," to direct our feeble voice to you, the Chief Magis trate of this great people, and respectfully ask your Intervention In favor of a man now in great peril, and whose only offence lies in this, that, having been educated and accustomed to the practice of republican Institutions, he has undertaken to disclose to the world, after personal investigation and upon positive proofs, the actual condition of Cuban affairs. THE ADMINISTRATION WILL DO ITS DITY. We well know, sir, that Mr. O'Kelly, being an American citizen, active in discharge 01 a duty of an eminently American character, the government to which he belongs needs no stimllus to urge it to that course which the exigencies of the case so imperatively demand. Of this we are fully con vinced, and we cannot remain silent, even If our appeal should be utterlv useless and uncalled for. But we neslre, at least, in advance, TO GIVE ROME PROOF OF OUR OHATITI DE to the man wio, by the mere public exhibition of the simple truth, will essentially contribute promptly and effectually to stop this terrible effu sion of blood and to put an end to the terrible dis tress and suffering that have accompanied the struggles of a neighboring people on their way to liberty. J. 0. I). DE VILLEOAS, President. FRANCISCO ABTKAGA. Treasurer. IIILARIO CI8NEROS. VICENTE MESTRE. VICENTE BUENO. JUAN JOSE DIAZ. PEDHO M. RIVKRO, Secretary. THE HERALD IN CUBA. - ??? ? ? French Views and Comments on (he Herald'* Cuban Expedition. [From the Courrlcr des Etats I'nls. April 9.] There can be but one opinion as to the fate In re serve for Mr. O'Kelly, the Commissioner of the Herald, who has been arrested in Cuba by the Spanish authorities, and that is that Ills life is not in danger; It I* also hlghlv probable that he is more secure where he now Is than where he was re cently, or where he might have been, either among the msurgeits or the loyalists. The Herald has had every possible Information upon the subject, and it publishes several reports from its reporters which agree on these points, viz., that If Mr. | O'Kelly has done nothing but fulfil his mission as an observer, that If he has uelthcr acted in concert, with the Insurgents, given no aid or assistance to their cause, carried despatches or Information on their behalf, nor done anything else that might cause hnn to be regarded as a spy, he need have no fear for his life, and that the only verdict arrived at will be that he shall be politely shown out of the Island, with a request never again to place his feet on the solfr There is one way, however, In which evil might befall him, and this would be In case he< by chance or surprise, should lull into the hands of a band of volunteers, who would kill him without | waiting lor Instructions from the authorities. Ac- | cording to a report, of the regular correspondent or i the Herald m Cuba, transmitted by him to Key West, II appears that in an interview with Captain General Ceballos he reminded the latter of his previous promise that if O'Kelly were caught alter returning irom theiusurgent lines he would be sim ply expelled. "This Is trim,'' replied the Oencral, "but on the condition, Implied, that O'Kelly was not found guilty of having been In concert with the In- j Burgents, and that he proved his neutrality miring , his sojonrn among them." This restriction is, ac cording to the mind of the correspondent, but the result of an afterthonght, and causes him consider able anxiety. The anxiety of the correspondent. Is very natural; nevertheless It is quite clear that the Captalu General, who, at the tune be was speaking, knew very little. If anything, beyond the Information in possession of bis interrogator, could not in advance guarantee tbe safety of the prisoner before being assured he was not placing himself in a compromising position. According to the same correspondent O'Kelly haw already beeu subjected to an investigation, at which be has refused to answer any questions. Tbe Captain General on being csnsultcd telegraphed immediately that the Court should pursue the In vestigation conformably with the prescriptions of the law and not consult him further. Tim would Indicate that SeQor Ceballos desired the Court to freely interpret the instruction, proceed with the discussion, and, If necessary, pronounce His arrest within the statute, following which, policy or hu manity would dictate to them the method 01 exe cuting the sentence. He seems to desire that full light be shed on the whole airalr, that the conduct ?f O'Kelly may be perfectly understood, but not that the correspondent of the Herald, whether guilty or innocent, be purely and simply released as being placed beyond the law by the mere au thority of Ills patrons. It Is apparent, moreover, that the Captain Gene ral believes that lie would be held to account by public opinion, that if ho were to do this it would lie considered an act of liberalism, and that lie would not fail to be reproach ed for so doing unless able to support his action with the best possible reasons. In the excited state of the public mind in a country so agitated as Cuba there are not wunting fanatics who clamor l?r chastisement, of which we have an example in the following ai tide published April ? in the DUirio, ol Havana, under the head of cor respondence from New York:? I h?ve the moral conviction that the object of O'Kelly'* mission was to carry advice* to the insurgents anil post them regarding the filibustering projects concocting in | this country, this is nothing more lhan to continue what Henderson began, ami it will !>u observed that alter the interview the latter held with Agramoute the insurgents have shown more activity and per tinacity in tticir operations. To leave the inland la easy enough ; hut to reach the rebels otters many difficul ties. Only on .such a pretext as that ol Henderson and O'Kelly can verbal counsel and plans ot action, which study of the question In the I'nlteit Slates Rives rise to, bo taken with impunity to the insurgents, In order that their movements may be in concert with the plans ot the laborantes. It is fair to presume that these are simple sup positions, and, besides, if there were any inunda tion in tliem, a man in the position ?t Mr. O'Kelly wouid net be so foolish as to allow them to see any thing that might be put In evidence uguinst him. But, on the ot her hand, the Captain General would certainly be accused of a guilty complaisance and 01 exhibiting a humiliating pusillanimity if. Instead oi awaiting from a regular inquiry the proof of his innocence, he were to lake upon himself to declare his innocence without being able at the same time to prove his convictions to the public. 'lhe correspondent of the Hekald in Washington has made several visits upon distinguished gentle men in reterence hereto, but did not ascertain a great, deal. Mr. Hamilton Pish, Secretary of State, had nothing at all to say; a call was made upon Mr. Caleb ensiling, another on General Butler and the last on the Spanish Consul. All were agreed tnat unless he had committed ucts In concert with the insurgents O'Kelly ran no serious danger. Mr. Caleb Gushing, whose opinions on foreign affairs

are considered as authority, thinks that the Cuban insurrection has brought about a crisis more danger ous to Spain than herself, who, Id the midst of the internal divisions at home, require* nil her forces, and must be greatly perplexed to supply the constant reinforcements necessary lor Cuba. Caleb Cuslilncr remarks on this subject that the revolutions which have separated Spain from her American colonies have always Imme diately followed a revolution in the metropolis. It would be difficult to find it otherwise, ior in Spain they are always on the eve of a revolution. What Will Beeomc of O'Kelly ? [From Lc Messager Franco-Amercaln, April 9.] We learn that Mr. O'Kelly, the Herald cor respondent, was arrested at Mutizanillo on March 31. The prisoner has rcftiscd to respond to any ques tions put to him. The Captain General, consulted by the authorities ?f Manzanlllo, has declared that the inqniry must take Its course, and that the laws must be executed without further reference to him in Havana. The investigation is ordered upon the ground that Mr. O'Kelly lias taken part in tbe in surrection during his stay in the Cuban camps. If It is true that they have found upon him despatches from the insurgents intended lor their agents in the United States, his position as correspondent of the Herald cannot shield him from the conse tlucuc.es of tbe act. Besides, the government organ In Ilavuua affirms positively, that Mr. O'Kelly was commissioned to act as an interme diary between the Insurgents and the Cuban refu gees in New York, with the view of preparing for landing additional cargoes ol arms. U is to be hoped, in the Interest of Mr. O'Ke'.ly, that this grave accusation is lalse. THE HEEALD AND ITS QUADRUPLE AND QUINTUP7.E IBBUBB. [From the" Alexandria (V^y Gazette, April 7.] The New York Herald appeared on Sunday morning in a quintuple form, containing twenty pages, one hundred and twenty ceiumns, of which seventy-eight are devoted to advertisements and forty-two to news and general intelligence. The Herald is printed on five Hoe rotary eight and ten cylinder preatea aud two Bullock perfecting presses, being seven in all, Issuing the edition at the rate of one thousand sheets per minute, taking twe hours and a half to print its edition of one hundred and fifty thousand copies. The Herai.o has Just cause to be proud of its unprecedented success. [From tlie Poylcstown (ra.) Democrat, Aprils.) n IKK MI FOR THE HERALD !? THE NKW YOKK NONPAREIL I which is winning new wreaths for Its triumphs typographical. Ahea<i always, it is now bidding bye-bye to all rivalry by distancing all competitors, and stands alone, itself its only parallel ! It is a pleasure to praiso It, bccause it never solicits puffs, out prefers to stand upon its own merits as the acknowledized head and front of American news papers. Admiration and wonder are the proper terms to express our surprise in looking over the number for Sunday, March 30 ? quadruple sheet, with supplement? comprising eigliteen pages, a perfect paper, containing 108 columns of printed matter, 01 whirn sixty-seven columns arc made up 01 advertisements. [From the Home Journal, New York, April 9.] A MAKVKI. IN JOURNALISM. The Herald on Sunday published what It called a quintuple sheet? twenty pages of six columns each, one hundred and twenty columns lu all, seventy-seven of which were occupied with adver tisements. A single newspaper issue has never been so successful nor profitable iu this country, certainly, and we doubt if it has ever been equalled anywhere. [From the Norfolk Journal, April 8.] Thousands of enterprising men In New York and elsewhere have reduced advertising to a science, perlect and complete In ail Its parts. They esti mate not upon assumed premises, but upon facts and figures wherein there is no decptlon. They par cut thousands upon thousands (may we not say millions, since the JIkrald took in $:'>6,ooo cash inasingloday last week for advertising) to the publishers, not as a mere speculation, but with the full assurance that they arc placing it where it will do the most good. THE HERALD Itf THE SOUTH. Forest, Miss., March 2S, 1873. To the Editor ok the Herald:? As a Southern man I feel that I am placed under i special obligation to you lor the article that re cently appeared in your columns on the South. As an American, feeling an interest in the advance ment of the whole country, I thank jou for It. Not Occausc, irom the high position the Herald holds in the estate or Journalism, I might not look to it j for broad ana catholic views on matters of great j national interest, but because the south has been so long, so uniformly and persist, eutly underrated J in the journals North that such utterances fall : upon our cars here a pleasant surprise. II they j could ?n!y carry conviction to the linancial head ! and heart of the North, and lead to more earnest. I even though selllsh, sympathy on the part of that. { section with us, resulting in permitting us to re build the South, untrammelled by the interference Oi parties alien to us, and not uwlerstcuilliiK; or I cstrintr to understand the mutual dependence of the South and the North, thev would constituti' a gospel of reconstruction, by the side of which the cold, naked and fierce enactments of the past legal reconstruction would sink into insigmilcame? nay. contempt, ^ours ropectiully. A SOUTHERNER. FIRE IN BROADWAY. At a quarter to eight o'clock last night a fire broke out on the third floor oi the three story rear brick building 337 liroadway, occupied by Ms. M. Trau^man, Jewelry; damage, 1 1,000. The fire extended to the third floor, lront building, occu pied by Mr ('. A. Bedell, nianutactor ?! corsets; damage by tire and water about $1,000. The ! second floor was occupied by M. Lippman A ; Brother, clothiers; damage trifling. The hrst floor by Tttadmesnlg* & Co., dealers In station ery ; damage slight. The building is owned by the Moffat estate; damage, about $.">oo. The cause of fire the amount oi insurance are uukuown. THE STATE CAPITAL. The Never-Ending Grasping After the Spoils. MORE ABOUT TIIE HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS. Comptroller Green's Crisis a Very Severe One. HE IS YET TO LIVE A LITTLE WHILE. The Familiar Buncombe About Parties and the City Government. Assembly Discussion on the PO' lice Justices Bill. Albany, April 9, 1873. The Senate Chamber was crowded to-day to hear ; ' the battle of words and votes that the charter war presaged, and every Senator except Madden and Ames was In his seat. On calling up the charter question Senator D. P. Wood moved to strikeout all in section 2 relating to the retention of THE HOARD OF A88I8TANT ALDERMEN. He thought the universal voice ol New York city was in favor ol Its abolishment, and did not doubt that it would be cheaper to repay members their election expenses than coatinue the present Board to the end of Its term. Mr. Welsniann thought the Board ought to remain until the expiration of Its present term. Mr. Benedict said In his view it was the universal desire of New York city that tho Assistant Alder men be rotalned. He thought the next Leglslaturo would take Bteps lurther upon this matter, but he would not himself accept tho respon slblllty ol abolishing it now. It had been in use for forty years, and had been established by a convention of wisdom aud worth unsurpassed in similar bodies since. Its abolition is a project of the Committee of Seventy in order that cumula tive voting might be put in use. Senator Tieuiann favored the Board. Every Sen ator here who lius becu a member of the Commou Council is in favor of retaining both Boards, and he was in hopes they would be retained. Tho motion was lost. Ayes 6, nays 21, as fol lows?Mr. Cock having paired with Senator Mad den, who has gone homo on account of a death hi his family. Yka8.? Messrs. Lowery, Mcllowan, Wager, WIcsmau, n'xIAYg? Alien, Baker. Benedict, Bowen, Chatfleld, Dick inson. Foster, Graham, Uaroirrr, Jnhnnon, Lewis, Murjilty, O' Hrien, Palmer . Perry, Robertson, Score*//, Titmuiut, Winslow, J. Wood, Woodin? 21. iDeinocrats aud liberals in liallei. I Senator Murphy proposed his amendment making TUB CONTROLLER'S OFFICE KLECTIVK, as follows: Tho head of the finance department shall be called the Controller of City of New York, and shall bo first elected on tho tiist Tuesday in June 1873, and take his office on the 1st day of July succeeding, aud hold such office until January l, 1X78. Therealter tho Comptroller shall be clectcd every lour yours succeeding, commencing at tne general electlou In 1877. THK HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS ALL ELECTIVE. Senator I). P. Wood amended i?y making also elective the offices of Commissioner ol Public Works President of the Hoard of Police, Presi dent of the Department or Parks and the Corpora tion Counsel. , . , Senator Murphy opposed putting the purse and the sword in the hands ol oue man. He thought the Comptroller stood on peculiar ground apart from another heads of departments. Senator Lowcry did not doubt the truth of his statement, but he saw no reason why the Cornp I troller should not retain his place as well as the I other heads or tho departments, and he saw no reason why the amendment made by the Senator from tlie Twenty-second (Mr. D. Wood) should not be adopted as well as that or the Senator Irom the Third (Mr. Murphy). Senator 1). P. Wood said he favored keeping the Comptroller an Independent officer; but when you put him in the CAULDRON OF ELECTIVE POLITICS yon make him dependent upon the most tyran nical or masters? a voting papulation only one in ten ol wliota have an interest in the strict guaidian ship of the public treasury. Senator l/ewis said lie had not been consulted outside the Chamber regarding this matter, but he desired to suggest the propriety ol electing tlie Comptroller of New York just as wo do the Comp troller of the State. Senatoi Ticmauti said it was only a few years ago ? that all the heads of departments were elected. Senator Woodin said he thought the senator j Irom the Eighth (Mr. Tiemann) ought to be better Inionned than anv of us, but he was mistaken in ! tills matter. He then read a synopsis or statutes relative to the methods of selection or such heads, showing that the cvoton Aqueduct | Board and the Comptroller had been clected, but the other heads had never been elected, except once, under the laws or 184U. He thought Messrs. Hagg and Hall, who were elected, were the best Cornp- I trollers New York city ever had. Mr. 'lie man u (very promptly)? And Connolly was also elected, and he was the very worst Senator I). P. Wood said, nevertheless, it only got three votes. Senator Murphy said them were nine. Senator Palmer thought the suggestion a good one. Dick Connolly was the last Comptroller I elected, but it seems he began his stealing alter he was appointed. There can be no check where I the Mayor countersigns the w.iriants drawn by ; his own appointee. Millions ol dollars are drawn everv day, ami the little close Corporation, in cluding the Mayor and Comptroller, have the sole jurisdiction over them, lie favored the retention ol Mr. Green, but he also lavorcd the elec- i tioii ol the Comptroller. A great principle was In- i volved in the question. Senator Benedict thought that the Comptroller should not be elected any more than a cashier ol a ! bank, lor he is cashier ol the city or New York. This proposition never presented itself to me until It I was suggested by tne Senator Irom the Third. I I haveiheard or the Custom House I senator Murphy said he had not had any con i sulfation with any one about this proposition, and certainly not with that gentleman ol high char acter troni the lobby whom the Senator irom the Nineteenth (Mr. Lowery) mentions. Mr. I.owcry? If the Senator will allow me, I lert the ??hiirh character" out. Mr. Murphy? The Senator Irom the Twenty-sec ond says the Comptroller, if the office were elec tive, would have to go down to the people. And has It come to this 1 Is It going down to receive the suffrages of onr free peoplu? How came the , Senator himself here t Did he go down, descend to base uses, as I understand it, to secure his return to this Chamber r No, sir. The people know where worth and honesty is conccrncd, and if tho ballot box is NOT TAMPERED WITIf they will secure honesty and worth in their officers. I have not presented their suggestion In view of anv difficulties pending In the dominant party, but l iiave presented It solely in obedience to the democratic prlnrlplcs ol my whole political lile. Senator D. r. Wood thought as the Senator from the Third was so eloquent over tho rights ol the people in regard to the election or one officer, that he would favor tho extension of that right to I the election ol the tour other officers Included in Ills (Wood's) urn' ndiuent. TtIK VOTE. The vote was then taken on Senator Wood's amendment, adding the four departments to the list ol elective officers, ami was lost by is to 8, as follows (democrats aud liberal republicans in italics) :? Ykar .Mewr*. Allen, thrrm^r, fuhnmn. Lowery, Mrrti/iu, (J'lirien, 8rorr*hy, Titmann anil I). P. Wood? U. Nats? Messrs. Adam.*, Baker, Benedict, Bowen, ("hat field, Dickinson, Foster, orahain, Lewis, Mciinwan, Palmer, Perry. Robertson, Wanner, Wlesiuaim, Winslow, J. Wood and Woodin? 18. CLOSING IN. Mr. D. P. Wood then lurther amended to make ; the election ol Comptroller take place only at the expiration or the term of the present Incumbent, In 1N7G. He said there was no reason why any dis tinction should be inane against the present able Incumbent, and he was willing to suppose that this | wa* not a personal attack upon Mr. Green. While the vote was being taken It was seen that It would oe very close, and Senator Johnson re quested that the Sergeant-at-Arms be requested to Invite senator In. The Lieutenant Governor im mediately gave the requisite order. Mr. Winslow? Ihe roles give the President no authority to require the attendance of senators. Mr. Johnson? ir the Senator from the Lig.iteenth would read the rules ho would learn differently. The senate has the right to require the attendance of Its senators ir It wishes, an* courtesy would In dicate the advisability of informing absent mem bers thai there is an important question before the j House. Mr. D. P. Wood? Mr. President, we have tne right not onlj to send the Sergeant-at-Arms for absent members, but we have the right to compel them to vote. That has been the rule here longer than the years on tftie senator's head. Ihe Sergeant-at-Arms at once posted through the cloak anil ante rooms, but without making any i important capture. The lobbies were filled ou!y by Members or another House. The loliowing Is THE VOTE ON MR. WOOD'S AMENDMENT. Yeas? Mt-aort. Allen. Baker. Fuller, llarrvutr, Juhneon, b)w,'.ry^ V, Palmer, Perry, Swrwt*, TUmtmn,D. P. WOOu? T. wood? 13. Nuyo? Messrs. Adam*, Benedict, Bowen, Hatfield, Dick liiHon, erotism, Lowli. MeGowan. O'Brien. Bobertaoa Watruer, Wiesmann, Wlmdow, Woodin? 11 It was declared lost. Senator l,ewts proposed to make the election take place at the general election in November. a:; krbor in the coint. This amendment wan loaf, by a vote of 14 to 14; hut the Clerk having made an error ill the count. Senator Johnson asked that it foe reconsidered. He said the extra election would cost $150,000, and h<' believed some arrangement would he cbme to between the Mayor and the ttomiuant party belore the general election which may obviate the neces sity for any spec tal election. The amendment of Mr. Lewis was then carried by a vote of 17 t.o io ? Meagre. Adams, Al/wi, Chat fleid, Dickinson. Graham, O'Brien, Wagner, Wins low, J. Wood and Woodin alone voting against it, and the following gentlemen having changed theii original votes from nay to yea:? Uowen. Foster. Lowery and Murphy. Senator Tlemanu moved to amend so that all the officers elective under this charter, Mayor in cluded, be llrst elected in next November, and the terms of all such elective officers now in oillee ex pire lu January next. SOME SHARP mSCC8StON ensued on a point of order raised bv Senator Bowen, that Senator Tiemann's amendment Mail not b:en Kuggested in Committee of the Whole, and the chair docidlng that the point was not well taken, Mr. Bowen appealed to the Senate from the decision. lie was so completely cornered, however, by sharp parliamentarians on the other side that he finally withdrew his appeal. Mr. Tiemann was waked up to a startling condition by the snarl in which he had uninten tionally got the Senate, and although, like a Trojan, hi- refused to back dowu, he tried various desper ate remedies to relieve the vexed body. The most desperate of these was a wild attempt to "recom mit the amendment to the Committee of the Whole, with Instructions," which was toe palpably Impracticable to ad ml* of en tertainment for a moment even by Lieutenant Governor Koblnson, who does not generally allow such idle rubbish as parliamentary requirements to interfere with his conduct of the business, and had not Howen withdrawn his appeal therein positively no limit to the desperation to which tlie Roman Senator from the Eighth might have been driven. TltK SWEEPING AMENDMENT OK TIEMANN was finally rejected by the very close vote of 12 to 15, as follows:? Yf.as ? M rers. AUcti, Foster, narrower, Jnh /ti'Ht, Lortl, Murphy, O'hrie.i, Palmer, Ferry, SeoMthy, Tinuuiun and D. 1*. Wood? 12. Navs? Messrs. Adams, Baker, Benedict, Bowen. Chat tic Id, Dickinson. (iridium, I evvta, Lowery MeGowan, Robertson, Wclsmauii, Wlsslow, J. Wood and Wood in? 15. MURPHY'S AMENDMENT. The question then recurred upon Senator Mur phy's amendment, which being redrawn to accord with the amendment adopted to it, reads as fol lows:? The head of the Finance Department shall be called the Comptroller of the city ot New Vork. lie (hull i,? elected at the next general election in that. citv. and at inch election every tour years thereafter, lie shall take hi* office on the 1st day ol January alter Ills election, and hold tin! saine for tour .rears and until his succcssor shall be elected and duly qualified, unless sooner removed as herein provided. A RECESS. Two o'clock having arrived, however, before a vote was taken, the Senate went into executive session, ana on coining out took a recess until half past seven o'clock this evening. The early hours of TUB EVENING SESSION were taken up in a dull discussion of a resolution introduced by Senator Lewis, requiring the Canal Commissioners to refrain irom repairing the recent damage to non-paying lateral canals until steps may lie taken by the Legislature looking to a permanent closing of such canals. The resolution was adopted. The Industrial Exhibition bill re cently passed bv the Assembly was received, and, on motion of Senator Marphv, was referred. In stead of the Judiciary Committee or Cities Com mittee, to the Senators from New York. THE CHARTER THEN CAME ON as the special order. No C'nstom House men were jet visible, but tho galleries and floors were crowded. Senator 1). P. Wood moved as an amend ment to Senator Murphy's proposition that tiie heads of departments retained at present be also elected. At the same time Senator Howen, who raised a similar point of order In the morning, was, strangely enough, in the chair, placed there by Woodin, who is President pro tern., und lie Imme diately demanded If that amendment had been In troduced in Committee of the Whole. Senator Lowery offered an amendment soon after to reconsider tie vote on which the proposition to retain Green was deiented, and upon this Mr. Howen similarly ruled. A somewhat bitter remonstrance was made against THIS "RIVETING" OF THE STRAIGHT JACKET, but without effect Mr. Howen unflinchingly de? dared the motion to lie out of order. Senator Murphy's amendment was then carried by the fol lowing vote:? Ykas? Messrs. Chntfield, Johnson, Lewis, Lord, Mc Oovran, Murphy, O'Brien, Calmer, Porry, Robertson, Keorosby. Tlenunfl, Wagucr, Wcismaun, Wlnslow, J. Wood and Wo'idin? 17. Nay*? Messrs. Adiuns, Allen, Baker, Bowen, Dickinson, Foster, Graham, Lowery and D. P. Wood? 'J. Senator Lowery then called for a reconsideration of the vote by wnlcli the amendment retaining Comptroller Green lu ofUce was lost, and it was so reconsidered 'and again deleated by the following vote : ? Ykas.? Messrs. Allen, Raker, Cliatfleld, Foster, Har. rower, Johnson, Lord. 1-irw. ry, Murnhy, Palmer, Perry, Score shy, Ticmunn and D. 1*. Wood? 14. Nivs? Messrs Adams, Benedict, Bowen, Dickinson, Graham, Lewis, McGowen, O'Brien, Robertson, Wagner, WicMiiann, Wlnslow, J. Wood and Woodin? It Senator D. P. Wood renewed his motion to strike from the twenty-fifth section the clause retaining the lour heads of departments. Senator Lowery hoped the Senate would see the propriety of adopt ing this amendment, lie did not think singling out one head of a department In New York for DICAPITATION SIMPLY BECAUSE 1IE is A DEMOCRAT was in consonanoe with those pledges of reform made before the election, and recognized after wards. It was not tiie business of the Legislature to see that Ma>or llavemeyer appointed republi cans or democrats. It was solely its business to give New York city an organic law by which it may govern itself. Senator Wondin admitted that the republicans had made pledges to give Nww York a reform government, but It was as a party, and It had given that city a reform government as a party In wresting It Irbm the democratic party; but as a party it could not place the opera tion of that reform in t lie hands ot a man who has announced himself outside the republican party. Mr. Lowery replied that he was a repaid I can and In favor of putting a republican in every oillce; but ho could not do a mean actton as proposed to be done In tiie charter as it now stands. He believed it possible to nive the people ot New York a charter which would Kive the republican party a majority of fifty thousand this . year ; but, should you try to force upon the city of New V ork A MEAN CHARTER. You lose ten votes lu the country for every one you iraiti in Now York city. The Superintendent, of the Police, whom this charter proposes to continue in office, tried to break up the stale Republican Convention only two years ago. and he was not dis posed to defend aim support such conduct. He did not believe governing New York city in Albany. Mr. Johnson in reply asked when Mayor Have meyer uad put himself outside ol the pale of the Republican paity. and quoted a letter from Thomas Murphy, chairman ol tho Republican County Con vention, pledging that party to his support. Since the Mayor had refused to appoint to the Health Department a man holding three public offices tho Custom House officers have cried lor his blood. Mr. Lewis could not understand on what grounds any Republican Senator could vote to put out of office his own friends, one of the strongest points in the Democratic party was that it re warded Its friends and put them in oincc. In reply to senator Lowery he said he was la favor of voting to KEEP "HANK" SMITH in office because ho knew of nothing against his character, ile would terminate the Comptroller's term of office because he was a democrat, and the office should be filled by the people. He would vote for this charter because the people want a charter. In the citv of New York to-day there are scores of men holdiug otlices who will be legislated out of them by the passage of this charter. Mr. Perry called lor a division on the question, and the vorE was taken on the continuing of the Commissioner ol Public Works. Mr. 1). P. Wood felt that ne was only loyal to tils party In acting as he does. He re gretted that hi doing so he would have to vote contrary to tne wishes of some of h is warm per sonal friends. An.fOITRN'En. The hour of eleven being near, It was resolved fo make the chartcr tho special order for to-morrow morning. TnK POLICE Jt STICKS BIT,!, was the special order in the Assembly to-day. Mr. (ipdyke, lu explaining the scope ol the bill, said that at present there was great distrust of tho Police Justices in the public toind. They were Ignor ant, Incompetent and negligent of their duties. They were a shame and a disgrace to the city. This was generally conceded among good men of both parties. They took office simply to further their own interests and the views of certain political tactions. Life and pronerty was not sale in New York while the present judges are In power. They were of a character that no good man could sustain, and the republican party owed it to the people that a Change should be " made. The bill would meet with universal approbation in New York by every man not blinded by partisan ship. As matters now are, the Incumbents are fellows who are always ready to listen to the be hests of party leaders, control party conventions and discharge a man, no matter how guilty, so long as the leaders demand It. FIRE IN CHIOAaO. CHICAGO, April 9, 1873. A fire broke out early this morning on Canal street, between Maxwell and Liberty, wltieh de stroyed sach's Hall and 572 and 574 Canal streef. Tlie latter was occupied by Isaac Abrahams as a liquor store, and Patrick Bail as a grocery; II. Ilerger, boots and shoes, all of whoso stocks were nearly a total loss. The aggregate losses on tho building and stocks will reach $20,?k>. 'lho insurance# areas Hollows:? Ailemanla, Plttsonrg, f:s,OOOi Ger mania, St. Louis, fl.uou; Franklin, Philadelphia, $2,500. Abraham, whose loss is ?L'KH), h.vs no In surance, and Saefi, owner o) the hall, lost $8,000. He had ouiy S'2.500 ol insurance,

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