Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 14, 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 14, 1873 Page 3
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The Modoc Massacre to be Speedily Avenged. A MOVE ON THE ENEMY. that JButcherv ^ras Preconcerted. TWO ttE?TEN ANTS ATTACKED The Condition of Commissioner Meacham. TELEGRAMS AND OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. General Sherman's Order to the Army Announcing the Massacre. THE PRESOENf IN WRATH. tone of Feeling in the Depart ments of the Government. WAB TO THE KNIFE DEMANDED. How the News Was Received in New York. PUBLIC INDIGNATION AROUSED. History of the Mcdocs, Their Depredations and Massacres. MODOCOLOOY. Peace Policy Men in Washington Praising the Poor Indian. THE EXPECTED BATTLE. A Bloody Fight and Final End of the Mo docs Promised. Camp in the Lava Beds, \ Via Yreka, Cal., April 12, 1873. ) The massacre of yesterday was entirely pre concerted, as I find this morning that Lieu tenants Boyle and Sherwood were induccd to leave Colonel Mason's camp by the Indians waving a white flag and shouting that they Wanted to talk. LIEUTENANT SHERWOOD WOUNDED. Lieutenant Boyle miraculously escaped without a scratch, but Lieutenant Sherwood fell wounded in two places. He was after wards brought into camp on a stretchcr by some of his own regiment who had been sent out on a skirmish line. The wounds are pro nounced severe, but not dangerous. CONDITION OF COMMISSIONED MEACHAM. Mr. Meacham is still in a precarious con dition, but hopes are entertained of his re covery. FALSE ALARM AMD BEAT TO ARMS. All the troops in camp turned out under aams at two o'clock this morning, as firing commenced along the picket line; but the enemy finally dwindled down to two horses grazing, And we returned to our beds. NEARLY A FATAL ACCIDENT. In the hurry of getting under arms Colonel Green narrowly escaped death, as an accidental pistol shot passed through the front of his forage cap, tearing away the cross sabre insignia. AM IMMEDIATE MOVE ON THE ENEMT. "We move to-morrow into camp about twelve hundred yards from Captain Jack's cave, find active iterations will immediately commence. THE WARM SPRING INDIANS, fender Donald McKay, are expected at Colonel Mason's camp to-morrow. THE REMAINS OF OENERAL CANDY AND DR. THOMAS left to-day under chargc of Lieutenant Ander son. An Account V la. S?n Frnnrliro. San Francisco, April 13, 1873. The following despatch has been received here : ? Headquarters of the Modoc ) Expedition, Lava Beds, r South Side Tule Lake, April 12, 1873. ) There has been no important change. Meacham may recover, but his finger will have to be amputated. THE ATTACK ON COLONEL MASON yesterday was the result of treachery. Lieu tenant Sherwood, the officer of the day, saw a white flag outside the picket line and went to see what was wanted, Lieutenant Boyle ac companying him. They found an Indian boy who wanted them to come up in the rocks whero he was, but they would not. Steam boat Frank arose from tbe rocks and called them to come, but they refused, when THE INDIANS OPENED FIRE on them. In the second volley Lieutenant Sherwood fell, shot through the thigh, tho bullet breaking a bone close to the hip. He also received a shot in the arm, severing an artery* The troops turned out under Colonel Mattos, Csptoia ?agaa lptdipg tbe "F-TtW1 . T H E LAVA BE D S ? Scene of Hostilities in California? Position of the Modocs and Stations of tlie Troops. 1 ? General Oanby'n Headquarters. REFERENCES. 2? Colonel Green's Camp. 3? Mnjor Bernard's Camp. 4 ? Colonel Mason's Camp. line. So rapid were their movements they rescued the officers 500 yards outeide of the picket line. Boyle is unhurt, but SHERWOOD IS DANGEROUSLY WOUNDED. It was a plot to capture the commanding officers of both posts as well as the Commis sioners. The plot to capture the commanding officers is evident. The Modocs sent for General Gillem, who could not go, and for Colonel Mason, who could not attend, and thus their lives were spared. THE NEWS IN WASHINGTON. How th? Situation Is Regarded in the Departments? General Schofieid to Command tho Troops In the Lava Beds?No Change to be Made In the General Indian Policy* Washington, April 13, 1873. The Modoc massacre has been a general topio of discussion to-day among the whole governmental class. The loss of General Canby is universally lamented. General Sher man and his Adjutant General, Colonel Whipple, were early at the War Department, and, after the General had seen the President, Colonel Whipple telegraphed to General Scho fieid, commanding the Pacific Division, that there must be no more parleys with tho Modocs, and that whatever measures of severity were dealt out to them by the forces in the field they would be sustained here. It is known that General Canby distrusted the sincerity of Captain Jack and his associates all along, and so informed General Sherman, who shared his opinion fully. There has never been concealment of the view at Army headquarters that the arrogance and insincerity of the Modocs, after their victory over the troops sent against them in the lava beds, made it both unwise and dangerous to continue or suspend negotia tions, to change Commissioners, and to pass from one impossible proposal to the other, as the caprice or insolence of the savages dicta ted. Still, it was admitted that there was danger in resorting to extreme measures be fore every hope of peaceful arrangement was exhausted, as it was likely to cost many lives to capture the Indians in the lava beds and another check, or an escape of tho Indians to ravage the settlements was to be feared. Everything on the military side of the ques tion was left to General Canby, who, in respect of judgment and ability, was universally accounted tho first officer in the service. It is now intended, if the savages be not immedi ately suppressed, that General Schofieid him self shall take tho field; but the hope is strong that tho troops now about the lava beds will havo ended tho Modoc question for ever by the timo the Division Commander can reach tho scene. At all events, whether the work be quick or tedious, Captain Jack and his band are to pay the penalty of extermina tion for their treachery, and nothing less will soothe tho excited feelings of the army at what is regarded as the sacrifice of a beloved officer to the anti-military policy. So far as any expression can be got from authoritative quarters, the Modoo massacre is not expected to work any modification of the general In dian policy of the administration. This policy is flexible, looking to encouragement and reward for good behaviour and adequate punishment for bad conduct. If there be but one good Indian in a thousand it is intended that ho shall be spared tho fate of the con tumacious, and upon grounds of expediency it is held to be unwise to abandon a policy of humanity and preservation for one of bar when :iio enforce liient of the latter, if not actuully impossible, is practically bo on the grounds of extrtfae difficulty and cost. The Modocs are formally given over to the extreme penalty of treason, that is, extermina tion, and all who act like them will be aban doned. But there is to be no vicarious exten sion of their sentence to those who have not offended. By the officials of the Interior Depart mentit is claimed that the whole action of that department has been in the interest of the settlements in the Modoc country, and that no strictures from either the settlers or the army can properly be made. The military has really had control of the situation since the failure of tho earlier negotiations, and there has been no failure of confidence or co-opera tion between the Peace Commissioners sent by the Department and the military commanders. The Modocs, by their atrocious treachery, have put themselves outside the jurisdiction of the Indian Bureau, which deals only with Indians when at peace, and whatever chastise ment may now be inflicted upon them by the army, it will not concern the Interior Depart ment Secretary Delano is of the opinion that the reported effigy burners were, some of them, among the most clamorous for a peace able settlement with the Modocs when it was feared that the latter would evade the military and take to the war path among the settlers. HOW THE PRESIDENT AND GEN'EKAX SHERMAN RECEIVED THE NEWS. The information was communicated to tho President at a late hour last night by Adjutant General Townsend, and General Sherman was also apprised at a late hour of the occurrence. The feelings of tho President and the General at the sudden announcement were of the most intense sorrow and indignation, and there was not a minute's hesitancy in the declaration that the Modocs shall be made to suffer to the severest extent for their crime. It is now evident that THE ACT WAS LONO PREMEDITATED, and this fact adds to the deep sense of wrath that the massacre has aroused. The President has unreservedly expressed his sanction of the severest measures now necessary to properly punish the Modocs, and his views in this re spect have been fully stated to the authorities acting under the War Department. VISITS OF CONDOLENCE AND INQUIRY AT THE WAR DEPARTMENT. Many personal friends and old associates of the distinguished deceased called at the War Department to-day, though tho offices were not open to the public for official confirmation and for particulars of the painful story. Offi cers of the army on duty here, including those holding official positions on General Sher man' s staff, were appealed to, both at their homes and in the street, by anxious friends of the Modoc victims, to know if there could be the slightest hope that the tale of savage treachery was less terrible than had been re counted. THE MODOCS TO RE RIOOROUSLY PUNISHED. General Sherman has been in conference with the President ^t-nighk.qpou tho ques tions arising or finely ib arise from this change in the scenes of the Modoo war ; but as to the policy to be pursued it can be noth ing less than already indicated in this de spatch, namely ? that of complete and endur ing punishment by tho troops of this govern ment of the heartless race which has proved how thoroughly hars% treatment is now de served by them. A TOBWARD MOVEMENT ( TIDERED. General Sherman has telegri.phed to Gen eral Hcbofield instructions to move tho entire force at ouco upon the Indiana, GENERAL. SCHOFIELD* 8 IN8TBUCTIONH. The instructions to General Schofield aro ia the most positive terms, showing conclusively that the authorities are convinced an occasion has now arisen which will not permit of the slightest show of leniency or hesitation in thorpughly eradicating the evil. mb. meacham' s fokebodinos. Mr. Meacham was impressed from the first that the Modoca meant trcachory, and when he left this city several weeks ago h? said to a friend to whom ho was bidding adieu, "Good

by, my friend ; you may never sea me again. I am going on a very hazardous enterprise. " WHAT SECRET ABT DELANO HATS. The Secretary of the Interior was informed of the murders last night, when ho immediately expressed views concerning the futuro treat ment Of the Modocs similar to those enter tained by the President, the General of the Army and others. To-day Mr. Delano had a long consultation with General Sherman, and firmly concurs with tho latter upon tho sub ject of punishment to be inflicted upon the savages. INDIGNATION EXPRESSED ON ALL SIDE?!. The feeling of indignation against the Modoc murderers, as attested by conversations with all tho leading officials in Washington, reaches a degree of intensity which no Indian treachery has ever heretofore created. Every member of the Cabinet here has alluded to the necessities which the outrages have precipi tated, and it can be said that there is no differ ence of opinion whatever as to tho policy that should now bo pursued toward this particular band of Indians. Even OUTSIDE OP ARMY CIBCLES General Canby was widely known and univer sally respected, and the acknowledged cool ness, discretion and bravery, which were the reasons for placing him in control of the Indian policy in tho Modoc country, have been to-day and to-night constant subjects of conversation and eulogy. OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. Tclrgraiiii from General Glllcm and General Schofield to Army Headquar ters. Washington, April, 13, 1873. The following is the despatch received at the office of the Adjutant General of the Army: ? IIeadquabterb Division of the Pa^fic, ) April 12, 1873. f General W. T. Sherman, Washington: ? J The following report of the horrible treach ery and murder has just been received. I have telegraphed Colonel Gillem to let tho punishment of tho Modocs bo as severo as their treachery has merited, and hope to hear soon that he has made an end of them. J. M SCHOFIELD, Major General Commanding, Copy of telegram to tho Assistant Adjutant General, Department of California, from the Modoc expedition : ? "General Canby, with tho Peace Commission ers, went to meet the Indiana, about one mile in front of the camp, at three minutes past eleven o'clock this morning. At half-past one P. M. the signal officer, whom I had watching the conference, reported firing. Upon reaching tho place of meeting I found that General Canby and the Rev. Dr. Thomas had been killed and Mr. Meacham wounded. Tho other Commis sioner, Mr. Dyar, escaped unhurt. I shall at once commence active operations again fit tho Indians. ALVIN GILIJEM, "Colonel First Cavalry, Commanding. "Dated at Camt, south of Tulu Lake, April 11.' OTHER OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. Similar official report* were also received by Assistant Adjutant Ceneral W. D. Whipple, at the army headquarters, from Assistant Adju tant General H. Clay Wood, at Portland, Ore gon, who has been advised by Colonel Gillern of the tragedy. SHERMAN TO THE ARMY. The Mamacre Announced to the Troopt i?y the General In Chiet? General Canby Eulogized. Washington, April 13, 1873. General Sherman has also prepared the fol lowing order, announcing the death of Gen eral Canby, which will be promulgated to morrow: ? _ UENEBAL ORDEB NO, o. Headquarters OF the Army, ) Washington, D. C., April 14, 1873. I It again becomes the sad duty of the Gen eral to announce to the army the death of one of our most illustrious and most honored com rades. Brigadier General Edward R. S. Canby, commanding the Department of the Columbia, was on Friday lust, April 11, shot dead by the chicf, Jack, whilo he was en deavoring to mediate for the removal of the Modocs from their present rocky fastness on the northern border of California to a reserva tion where the tribe could bo maintained and protected by the civil agents of the govern ment. died AT THE roHT OF DUTY. That such a life should have been sacri ficed in such a cause will ever be a source of regret to his relations and friends ; yet the General trusts that all good soldiers will bo consoled in knowing that Canby lost his life on duty and in the execution of his office, for he had been especially chosen and appointed for this delicate and dangerous trust by reason of his well-known patience and forbearance, his entire self-abnegation and fidelity to the expressed wishes of his government, and his large experience in dealing with the savage Indians of America. He had already completed the necessary military preparations to enforce obedience to tho conclusions of tho Peace Commissioners, after which he seems to have accompanied them to a last conference with the savage chiefs in supposed friendly council, and there met his death by treachery outside of his military lines, but within view of the signal station. At the same time one of the Peace Commissioners was killed outright and another mortally wounded, and a third escaped unhurt. Thus perished one of the kindest and best gentlemen of this or any other country whose social equalled his mili tary virtues. To even sketch HIS ARMY HISTORY would pass the limits of a general order; and it mnst here suffice to stato that General Canby began his military career as a cadet at West Toint in the Summer of 1835, graduating in 1839, sinco which time ho has continuall} served thirty-eight years, passing through all the grades to major general of volunteers and brigadier general of tho regular army. Ho served in early life with marked distinction in tho Florida and Mexican wars, and the outbreak of the civil war found him on duty in New Mexico, where, after the defection of his seniors, ho remained in command and defended the country suc cessfully against a formidable inroad from the direction of Tolas. Being afterwards transferred to tho East, to a more active and important sphere, ho exercised various high commands, and at the close of the civil war was in chief command of tho military division of the West Mississippi, in which h? had re ceived a painful wound, but had tho honor to ta capture Mobile ana compel trie srrrmtrMr <f l the rebel forces of the 8oathwf*t. I BIHCE THE CI/)8E OV THK WA& he has repeatedly been chosen for special command, by reason of his superior knovU edge of law and civil government, his knows fidelity to the wishes of the Executive and hid chivalrous devotion to his profession, in all of which his success was perfect. When fatigued by a long and laborious carceT, iu 1869 he voluntarily consented to take com* maud of the Department of the Colum bia, where he expected to enjoy tha repose he so much coveted. Thia Mo doc difficulty arising last Winter, and it being extremely desirous to end it by peace-* ful means, it seemed almost providential that it should have occurred withiu the sphere o? General Canby's command. He responded to the call of his government with alacrity and has labored with a patience that deserved bettor success; but, alus! the end is different from that which he and his best friends had hoped for, and he uow lies a corpse in th? wild mountains of California, while the light ning flashes his requiem to the furthermost? corners of the civilized world. Though dead the record of his fame is resplendent with noble deeds well done, and no name! on our army register stauds fairer or highetf for the personal qualities that command tha universal respect, honor, affection and lov>Q of his countrymen. General Canby leaves ta his country a heart-broken widow, bat no chil? dren. Every honor consistent with law and! usage shall be paid to his remains, full notice of which will be given as soon as his family can bo consulted and arrangements con# eluded. By order of General Sherman. W. D. WHIPPLE, Adjutant General. MODOCOLOGY. Christian StatfJinen and Peace Pollcjr Indian Apologist* In Council? The Mo doc Massacre a Natural Itesnlt# t,Vahhinuton, April 13, 1873. A mcetiug bold at tho Congregational Church to-night, for tho purpose of upholding the Indian policy of President Grant, derived unpremeditated interest and importance front the news received last night from the Modocg* no such intelligence being expected when tha meeting was arranged and advertised, several days ago. A fair sized and intelligent au dience was in attendance, and the strictest! attention was paid to those parts of the ad dresses that promised any information o* opinions upon the tragedy in the lava beds General Howard was tho first speaker, bo ginning with the relations and experience! of tho whites and reds towards each other, as he saw them in Florida in his earlj life; following with his experience in Arizona and New Mexico last year, and ending with his opinion that the remaining Indians ara only to bo saved from the borderers and fronte themselves by extending to them, as tully 28 now to whites and blacks, tho equal protec tion and punishment of tho federal laws. A FAIR TRIAL ASKED FOB THE CHRISTIAN POLICTw Mr. Smith, late agent in Minnesota and no* Commissioner of Indian Affairs, spoke next and strongly for a fair trial of tho present Christian policy, arguing that the Indian ha? heretoforo been treated with cruelty and injustice by government and people alike ^ that the agents and employes scnti among them have never until now been rep resentatives of benevolence or Christianity* and that never till now have the promises sanctified by treaty been kept, or tho mono* voted by Congress applied honestly to theit benefit. Commissioner Smith gave a glowing picture of the Indians on his own agency, re claimed in a short time by truth and justice from the war to the cow path, and raising tha thatch on a comfortable cottage in lieu of lifting the hair of the settler. He gave a brief state ment the cause of the Modoc troubles, the band being removed from a genial, fruitful country to a bleak and barren mountain reser vation, and the pittance of $17,000 promised them discoverable only by the vouchers filed in the Treasury Department to show the pre tended manner of its disbursement. BLACK ON BED, WHITE THE PLAYER. Frederick Douglass followed the Commis sioner of Indian Aflairs, setting forth his two predecessors' arguments much more eloquently and effectively, and making a point against the Florida war by attributing it to tho deter mination of the Georcia sluvo owners to break up, at any sacrifice of blood, treasure and humanity, tho refuge and safe asylum which the negro slave found with the savage Semi nole when fleeing from his Christian master. The climax of the several arguments seemed to be that the Modoc massacre was the natural "outcome of the governing policy and pre vailing (Treatment of the Indian from the set tlement of tho colonies to tho presenb time, and that, in giving up Captain Jack and his band to the popular vengeance, as they aro willing to do, tho Christian people of tha country have the right to insist that the cry for blood shall not be permitted to folio* those who are no# unoffending, and when* the President, General Howard and the Teaca Commissioners are endeavoring to put to a better use than setting them up as targets foB . the soldier and the settler. There was ft quiet murmur of regret goin? round at the absence of those doused glims of the Senate house, Brothers Harlan and X'om -4 nONTWTJED ON TENTH PAGS? \

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