Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 16, 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 16, 1873 Page 5
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CUBA. Underground Special Despatch from the Insurgent Camp* (TKELLY'S TRIUMPH. The Rebellion Pictured With in Its Lines. deception of the Herald Commissioner by General Garcia Yniquez. Independence and Annexation Dis cussed? England's Con federation Plan. THE MARCH TO JIGUANI. Vivid Description of a Cuban Fight and Victory. THE BATTLE OF CANADON. A Might Reconnoissance? The Challenge at the Barricade? Opening Fire? The Cubans Retreat. A SPANISH AMBUSCADE. Bravery of the Spaniards Before Overwhelming Numbers. INHUMAN HORRORS. Butchering the Wounded Spaniards with the Machete. GLOOMY TRAMP THROUGH THE MOUNTAINS. Forest Headquarters of the Cuban Government. CABLOS MANUEL CESPEDES, ^Breakfast and Interview with the Cuban Leader. The President's Opinion of the Republic in Spain. UDEPEIDESCE CUBA'S ULTIMATUM. ??They Must Go or Continue the War Till We or They Are Exterminated." STRENGTH OF THE PATRIOT ARMY. Hopes and Prospect*? living on the Enemy? Volunteers Deserting. Mr. Henderson's Interview Pronounced False. -N 1 * IT DID NOT TAKE PLACE. Graphic and Exciting Account or Sixteen Days with the Rebels. Key West, April 14, 1873. The following letter, in the handwriting of Mr. James J. O'Kelly and signed by him, reached me by underground conveyances. The original I mail in a steamer leaving in the morning, via Nassau. It will reach New York Suxt Saturday. I telegraph it in full : ? MB. o'' S LETTER. * Residence op the Goyebnment, ) Cuba Libbe, March 10, 1873. ( If any should complain that the above ad dress is somewhat general I must protest the old rule, which directs that when we are in Some we must do as Rome does. Besides it would scarcely add to the information of the readers of the Herald to give I THE NAME OF A SMALL CLEARING In the midst of a wild mountain district, only known to a few skilled guides. However, be fore I finish this letter, I shall make the local ity of the present residence of the government Approximately known to all interested in so grave a matter. This can be done without Any breach of confidence, as, before this letter leaves the encampment, the residence, like the palaces in the Chartrain fairy tales, will liave taken wings to parts that for the moment ?anst remain unknown. In order to prevent misapprehension, it is necessary to say that the MTSTSBT AS TO THE WHEREABOUTS ot the residence of the government exists only for the outside world. Any of the Cuban chiefs could place an ambassador or commis sioner in contact with President Cespedes in the time requisite for the journey from his caap to the temporary residence of the Presi dent. Even the common soldiers, to my sur prise, were not alone aware of the immediate place of residence of President Cespedes! but also of the district to which the government was about to be transferred. The reason why I mention these circum stances is an idea I found very prevalent AMONG THE SPANISH OFFICERS that Cespedes and his government were as much a mystery to Cuba Libre as they are to the rest of the world. I have, in my anxiety to announce the successful fulfilment of the jnoet important part of my mission, passed tfv??T<nt0 ttaftt 1 WMidflf of eufen* im porta nee to bo treated of here, in order to uj that I have SEEN AND SPODH WITH PRESIDENT CEHFIDE8. To the representative of the has fallen the honor of being the first commis sioner from the outside world thai ha* pene trated to the seat of goTernneqt find held communication Wife a new Power" that, amid all difficulties and dangers, has been able to j maintain itself for four years in despite of the efforts made to crush it by the Spanish gov ernment Having claimed this honor *?* ? or THE HERALD, 1 to the natural eq^M of my history. For reason# which I shall afterwards explain, I must pang owr in silence the events of the 19th, 20th and part of the 21st of February. Three days were occupied in my passage from Santiiigo de Cuba through the Spanish lines to the outlying Cuban encampment, where I entered for the first time that Cuba Libre which I had hitherto sought unsuccessfully. The feeling of pleasure and satisfaction experi enced amid THE FEW HOTS OF STBAW AMD PALM LEAVES at the succcssful termination of the fatigues and dangers of the preceding days eannot be conveyed to the general reader, but such as have passed through similar experiences will understand them. MY FIRST CABE WAS TO WRITE a few lines to the Herald, in the hope that, by means of the slow and difficult communi cation of the Cubans with the outer wottd, the news of my safe passage through the Spanish lines should be communicated to the HebaldI I was the more anxious to do this immediate ly, as I ieared that, owing to the escape of my horse in the mountains and his probable re turn to Santiago de Cuba, A REPOBT WOULD GET ABBOAD THAT I WAS DEAD. This was rendered the more probable by the constantly repeated warnings given by tho Spanish officers and others that my solitary expeditions to the country would in all proba bility terminate fatally. Now that the danger is passed, I am free to confess that had I fully recognized the risk incurred in the constant excursions I made to the country I would probably NOT HAVE VENTURED SO OFTEN into lonely and uninhabited districts. The Cubans whom I first met told me frankly that had I appeared on horseback alone in the neighborhood of the encampment, in all probability I would have been SHOT ON SIGHT, under the impression that I was a Spaniard. The man who told me so, with the approba tion of his auditors, had been himself the vic tim of an occurrence of this nature, and was slowly recovering from the effects of a shot which had passed through both his logs. He had suddenly found himself in presence of TWO AMBUSHED SPANIARDS, who had fired immediately on recognizing him as an insurgent. Neither this man nor his companions would have waited to scru tinize too closely a well-dressed and well mounted stranger. The garb would have been sufficient, and THE MACHETE WOULD BATE FINISHED speedily and without question the work of the bullet. My character, however, once recognized, I felt as safe among these people as I ever did in the most polished centre of civilization. It would be impossible to show more consideration and respect to a sovereign thau has been shown to me during my resi dence among the Cuban insurgents. It is true that they have no delicacies to offer, and their hospitality to one accustomed to what we call comfort cannot furl tG appear somewhat rude ; but what they have is GIVEN FBEELY AND GRACEFULLY, so that if they were not constantly reminding me of the good things they cannot give me, I would forget them in the enjoyment of tho little they possess. From the moment of my arrival in the Cuban lines on the 21st of Feb ruary until I reached the headquarters of GENERAL CALIXTO G Alt CIA YNIQUEZ, on the 26th, little of importance transpired. General Garcia was not in camp when I ar rived, as he did not expect me for some days, having despatched AN ESCOBT OF TWENTY RIFLER08 to Cambute to convey me to headquarters. In the meantime, however, I had left the en campment of Tampee, accompanied by Com mandante Vegas and some thirty of his bat talion, and, having taken a different route, missed the rifleros. General Maximo Gomez, however, and General Calvar were at the headquarters, and received me in the absence of the General commanding the troops, who . soon after appeared and EXPRESSED SATISFACTION AT MY ARRIVAL in the Cuban lines, whero I had been for some time expected. General Calixto Garcia Yniquez is a young man, rather tall and very slightly built. He is thirty-three years of age, and, though his hair is prematurely tinged with gray, scarcely appears so old. In his manner he is affable and not wanting in grace and a certain dis tinguished air. He speaks rapidly and at times imperatively. In character he is ner vous, energetic and astute, and evidently pos sesses the properties of mind necessary for a leader in the peculiar class of wars waged by the Cubans. Like the majority of the Cuban officers, he has not had the advantage of a military education, and knows little about the science of war, except what he has learned during the four years' struggle for indepen dence. The fundamental PRINCIPLES OF GUERILLA WARFARE are well understood by the Cuban officers, thanks to the instruction of TWO DOMINICANS, OEKEBALS GOMEZ AND DIAZ. General Gomez is a war-worn soldier, brave, energetic and of a character of iron. He is, however, wanting in the higher education of an officer, and he has apparently reoeived a general education less broad than his pupil, Calixto Garcia. He had, however, the advan tage of a very long experience of war and a thorough practical knowledge of irregular war fare. In great part the successful resistance of the Cubans during the first years of the war was due to the constancy and unwavering resolution of Diaz and Gomez, and, whatever may be the final issue of the struggle, these two iiien must occupy a prominent position in the history of Cuba. The news of the estab lishment of THE REPUBLIC IN SPAIN was the chief topio of discussion. There seemed to be a very general agreement of opinion that it would be of short duration and would share the fate of most other Span ish goTenipent*, aftyr a note or leas prolonged straggle. As I was anxious to know how the change of form of government was likely to affect the conduct of the insurgent leaders I asked General Garcia whether, in the event of the definite establishment of the Republic in , Spain, the insurgents would be content to allow Cuba to remain an integral portion of the Spanish dominions? To this the General replied: ? onnnux. gabcia jrjnquaz on cuban inde i " PBNDENCE. "The well known instability of Spanish gov ernments gives us no guarantee that the Repub lic, even if definitely established, would exist for any length of time. The same insubordi nate spirit that has overthrown the govern ment of Amadeus this month may overthrow the government of the Republic next month. We might accept the Republic to-day ; but who will nay that before many weeks we might not be called upon to becoonizb alfonbo ob the beactionaby DOM CARLOS, or some other form of monarcbial govern ment If we remain a part of the Spanish dominions we must accept every revolutionary change, however reactionary it may be ; must be subject to constant variations of policy and the general wants of confidence which results from them. We do not wish this. We are too far separated from Spain by dis tance and by interests to submit to be DBAOUED AFTEB HER IN THE EVEB-ItECURRING CONSPIRACIES and revolutions by which her government is marked. We desire to bo independent, but if this is impossible we wish to attach ourselves to some strong government that will be able to guarantee to us liberty and order, so that we may develop in peace the resources of our country. But, above alL things, we desire first to achieve independence; and I believe I express the opinion of the immense majority of the Cubans who have arms in their hands when I say that all BE CONCILIATION WITH SPAIN IS IMPOSSIBLE, except on the basis of independence. The only terms we have to offer are that the Span iards shall go away and leave Cuba to take care of its own future. It appears to me that there exists a large party in favor of annexa tion to the United States. In the Central De partment the annexationists have always been very strong, but in the Eastern Department the main idea has been independence. England's plan to aid cuba. "In the beginning of the war the English sympathized with us a good deal, and even afforded us some slight aid. They suggested the formation of a confederation of the An tilles, and were strongly opposed to the idea of annexation. Indeed, they warned us strongly against thinking of it, and hopes were held out that England would abandon Jamaica as she had abandoned the Ionian Islands, in order to facilitate the formation of THE CONFEDERATION OF THE ANTILLES. ??In the Eastern Department this project has been received with most favor, especially on account of the manner in which the United States acted toward us during our struggle for independence. Many of the strongest annexationists have become disgusted. How ever, wo are all pretty well agreed that before adopting any project for the future it is necessary to achieve our independence." these VIEWS WEBB ACCEPTED with slight modification by all present, and though I conversed with all the prominent mid a large number of the subordinate offi cers, I did not meet one man willing to accept a reconciliation with Spain ou the condition of Cuba remaining an integral part of the Spanish dominion. Rather than do so it seemed to be pretty generally resolved to con tinue the war until the CUBANS OB THE 8PAINARDS WERE EXTEBMIN ATED. In the course of conversation General Garcia referred to the BEPOBT PUBLISHED BY MR. HENDERSON in the Hebald of an interview with President Cespedes. He said: --"We were much amused by reading Mr. Henderson's account of the Prosideut. Unfortunately, however, for the correctness of the description, President Cos pedes HAS WORN ALL HIS BEARD for some time, though at the time he was in Camnguey, some eighteen months before, he went clean-shaved. Mr. Henderson evidently saw the cavalry of Camagucy, but at the time he says he met President Cespedes with Agra monte, in the Central Department, the Presi dent was with me ; so that it was IMPOSSIBLE THAT MB. HENDERSON COULD HAVE SEEN HIM." ? I expressed regret that any correspondent of the Herald should have beeu guilty of mak ing so unfounded a statement, but assured the General that as soon as the falsehood was known to the proprietor of the Herald THE PUBLIC WOULD BE AT ONCE INFORMED of it. The General strongly approved of this course, as he said the Cuban cause had nothing to gain from falsehood. General Garcia informed me that he was j about to undertake some OPERATIONS OF IMPORTANCE. I told him that I desired especially to ac company him as a reporter and a neutral, and, as it was not exactly certain that President Cespedes had not set out on a projected visit to another district, it was agreed that A SPECIAL MESSENGER should be sent to him, advising him of my safe arrival, and requesting that he should in dicate a point where I would be certain to meet him. At the time of my arrival at the headquarters of General Garcia, who had lately been raised to the rank of MAJOR GENERAL COMMANDING THE EASTERN DE PARTMENT, | there were not more than two hundred armed men in camp. The information was tendered me that the troops were concentrating, and that in a few days there would be detachments from the forces of Holguin, Santiago de Cuba and Jiguani, which, with Guantanamo, consti tute the command of Calixto Garcia Yniquez. On the 1st of March the last of the troops arrived, under the command of COLONEL PKRALTA, a brother of General Peralta, who perished in one of the ill-fated Cuban expeditions. The Colonel had been wounded on the road and was obliged to be carried in an impro vised hammock. His battalion consisted of over two hundred men, more than half of whom, in addition to the convoyeros, were unarmed. In the evening A GENERAL REVIEW OF THE TROOPS was held, when over four hundred men ap peared on parade. About one-third of the | whol$ number were armfd with hreeoh-tatitiM riflet^. the balance with Springfield and Enfield muzzle} finding rifles. Soqoe of the battalions presented ffOolcrably decent appearance, while others were uT ? w A FRIGHTFULLY RAGGED OOKi^01" FalfiUiT u army of ragamuffins presSflfc^* a respectable appearanoe in comparison, at leaSt so far as the clothes were concerned. Measured by the standard of my expectations, the force was well clothed and equipped; for the Spanish officers had told uoe so many stories of the wretched condition of the Cubans that I expected to find soldiers and officers in uni forms closely resembling that of 00 B FIRST r A SENT ON LEAVING PARADISE. So far firom this being true, I was astonished to find all the officers well dreaped, and some of them even tastefully. There was no attempt at uniformity, but nearly all were scrupulously clean. In the ranks there was more diversity, and many of the soldiers were not alone ragged, but very nearly naked. ONE STRAPPING BBOWN MAN struck my imagination as the impersonation of heroie patriotism. His continue consisted of the rim of a straw hat, through which appeared the crown of a woolly head, and something resembling a ragged and scunty

dishcloth was bound around his loins. A rifle and a cariouchiere completed this patriot's equipment. To the eye accustomed to the neatness and order of regular troops it would have been impossible to present a sight more ridiculous than that varied line of troops pre sented, and it was with difficulty I repressed a smile as 1 walked down the lino; but though to the eye the scene was grotesque, to the Im agination and TO THE INTELLECT IT WAS SUBLIME. Shoeless, blanketless; in many cases without coats, often with a piece of ragged linen doing service as a uniform, these men support the hardships and fatigues of an unequal stru^glo with a patience and oourage that have seldom been equalled and never excelled. IF WE WOULD RESPECT THE CUBAN CHARACTER we must see it hero in the camps. Between the men in the field and the effeminate and cowardly raco of the towns there is a separa tion so wide and so distinct that I can scarcely believe that they are of the same blood; yet they assure me that the change has been made in the war, and that four years ago they were like the men whom I cannot help despising. About ONE-THIRD OF THE FIGHTING MEN ARE WHITE, and the majority of the other two-thirds are of color other than black. The most perfect equality exists, the officers taking precedence by rank, and though the majority of tho officers are white, a very large proportion are colored. On the 3d of March General Garcia broke up camp and MARCHED IN A WESTERLY DIRECTION through a wild and deserted country, more level than usual, and presenting at intervals savannas of considerable extent The heat, passing through tho tall Guinea grass, was suffocating, and was aggravated by the ABSENCE OF DRINKABLE WATER. With the exception of one small stream we had to depend for our supply on a few wells, the quality of the water being detestable. In the afternoon we halted at a wooded hill called Canadon, about four from jiguani, a town of considerable importance. In front of this hill there is a considerable open space, surrounded on all sides by woods through which the road from Jiguani to Dos Bocas passes. The forces under General Garcia oc cupied the hill of Canadon, with the flanks resting in the woods on either side command ing the road. - The timber on the face of a considerable portion of the hill was felled, and A SLIGHT PARAPET ERECTED at the bead of the clearing. I was informed by General Garcia that the motive for this preparation was his intention TO PROVOKE THE SPANISH FORCES TO BATTLE, in the hope that they would attack him in this advantageous position. When we left the encampment of Dos Boons in the morning the force mustered 520 men. We were afterwards joined by three companies of the forces of General Calvar, which numbered about one hundred men. I do not know if there were other troops; but it appeared to me that there were some SEVEN HUNDRED ARMED MEN on the ground, in addition to some four or five hundred convoyeros, who were unarmed. As it was expected the Spanish troops would attack the position, the officers of the stuff were anxious to put down the fighting strength of the Cuban forces to its lowest figure, and they admitted there were present over six hundred men. In the night a force of about one hundred and thirty men were sent on a reconnoissance to Jiguani with ORDERS TO FIRE ON THE SOLDIERS in order to induce them to pursue the party. Whether the Spaniards were advised or not I am unable to say ; but when the Cuban de tachment arrived everything was as still as death in the town. A scout was sent forward twice, and he reported the houses abandoned as far as the trinchera, or fortifications. The detachment, which was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Saladrios, ENTERED THE TOWN IN THREE DIVISIONS, and arrived close to the barricade occupied by the Spaniards. As the Cuban troops en tered the Spanish soldiers were crying the alerla, and nothing transpired to indicate that they were aware of the presence of the Cubans until THE SENTINELS ON THE BARRICADE CHALLENGED the advancing parties. Not receiving a satis factory reply the guards fired with deadly effect, especially on one division, that, dis obeying orders, had advanced too close to the barricade. THE CUBANS REPLIED TO THE FIRE AND RE TREATED rapidly, carrying off their dead and wounded. When the divisions reunited it was found that two men had been killed and eight wounded, two of the latter mor tally. The only compensation for this severe loss was a few articles of clothing found in the deserted houses. This check seemed in no way to dampen the spirits of the troops, and the hope was constantly ex pressed that the garrison would be en couraged by their success to pursue the party. In this the Cubans were FATED TO BE DISAPPOINTED, as, owing either to the smaliness of the garri son or a knowledge of the design of the Ctfftn generals, the Spaniards contented JJaemselvca with sending out a Hmall reconnoitering party, that contented itself with advancing a few milm from the town. Next day a detatch rnent was BUNT TO KILL CUTTLE in a potrtro or cattle (arm olose to the town, a service they accomplished^ fithout interrup fc^on. It was evident from this circumstanoe tnHtho Spaniards would not come ont to attacrl^? position at Oanadon, so a force of some thre^undrcd armed men and about one hundred ands^ty convoytroa and servants were sent to complete the destruction of the cattle farm, with instructions to carry off as many of the cattle as the} could catch, and in any case to kill as many as possible of the ani mals, so as to v DEPRIVE TH2 TOWN OF ITS CHIET MEANS 07 SUPPORT. These orders were faithfully carried by Colonel Sanchez and the troop* under fcis command. By half-past eight the potrtro was in flames for a distance of a league, and the cattle either dead or driven into the woods. The soldiers and the unarmed men were LADEN WITH THE MEAT, and orders were given to form a line of march to return to the encampment. At tho entrance of tho potrero the road is slightly depressed, and a wood extending in the direction of the town forms a semicircle commanding com pletely the outlet from the potrero. Tho Cuban forces had reached this point when their bugles sounded silence. Scarcely had the sound died away when a volley was delivered FAOM A SPANISH AMBUSCADE, distributed in three divisions. By a miracle noone was touched, and the Colonel, dismount ing, ordered the men to advance. In a moment the sucks of meat fell to the ground, and a rapid and well sustained fire was opened on the Spanish ambuscade. It was their turn now to be surprised; for the Cubans possessed plenty of ammunition, and were confident in their numbers. The Spauish forces did not number over one hundred and fifty, and by a strange freak of fortune THEIR THREE BUOLEB3 HAD BEEN SHOT, one after another, as soon as they sounded an order. Notwithstanding the disparity of the forces THE SPANIARDS FOUGHT WITH VALOR AND TE NACITY, as they always fight, but were obliged to give way before superior numbers. A movement of retreat in the face of a Cuban force is dis astrous. The moment the soldiers perceived that the Spaniards were retreating they ad vanced with a rush, aud the defeat was turned into a rout. Then THE HOltROBS OF THE SITUATION were developed. The Spanish soldiers, lost in the woods in the darkness, fell an easy prey to their enemies. So dark was the night that it was necessary to inquire whether the person encountered was an enemy or a friend before striking. THIS DID NOT LAST LONG, for what remained of the Spanish troops were in full flight for the town, which, fortunately for them, was close at hand. The most terri ble and inhuman feature of this awful warfare was, fortunately, hidden by the dark cloak of night. THE WOUNDED SPANIARDS who had fallen had crawled into the woods to save themselves from the vengeance of their foes. Here the Cubans followed them, grop ing in the dark and listening for the sigh or groan of the wretched men to direct them to where the helpless wounded lay. In most cuses the unfortunates were discovered and the deadly machete finished the work of the rifle. "AVE MAMA, ME MATAB ! " exclaimed one poor fellow as the heavy machete cut his cord of life, and the appeals for mercy of the helpless were the more heart rending that they were made to ears were deaf and to hearts steel 2d by the bloody mem ories of four years of war to the death. It was revolting aud disgusting. My heart sick- I ens when I think of it, and I am thankful that the sight was spared me. Is liberty worth such atrocity, I thought It pains me to have to record deeds of such dreadful bar barity, but my mission is to tell the truth, plain and unvarnished. My instructions are to spare neither Spaniard nor Cuban WHEN CONDEMNATION IS DEMANDED, as well as to award praise where deserved whether for Spaniard or Cuban. Therefore I must pronounca this butchery of helpless wounded and prisoners what it is? barbarous aiiu iuuuiuuu. THE MATERIAL RESULTS OF THE VICTORY consisted in throe bugle.), seventeen rid ;.s, the boots, clothes and other effects of the slain, and the sentiment that the men who had fallen a few nights before were amply avenged. THE LOSS OF THE SPANIARDS in dead was estimated at twenty-five killed on the spot and thirty wounded in the retreat, who had not been discovered in the darkness of the night, or owing to the proximity of the town had escaped. The Cuban loss was one officer killed, two wounded and six soldiers wounded. The morning after this success the j Cubans quitted the encampment, according i to their custom, so that when the Spanish j troops should come to avenge their comrades they would find no one. A COMMISSION KB ARRIVED FROM PRESIDENT (JEM PEDES. bearing letters, iu which he expressed satis faction at the arrival of the Herai.d commis sioner, and indicating the poiut where I could meet him, as he had fortunately not set out on his intended journey. Under these circum i stances I TOOK LEAVE OF OEXKRAL OABCIA 1 and the officers of his stuff, and set out in ; search of the President, escorted by a bat talion of infantry. On the second day's march, having crossed the points deemed mo3t dangerous, the battalion returned to join i the forces of General Garcia, leaving me in charge of Colonel Ramirez and an escort of fifteen men. The route lay through A FRIGHTFULLY OLOOMT COUNTRY, the road passing through dense forests and over precipitous mountains. So dense were the woods that it was impossible to travel on horseback, and it was with the greatest diffi culty and only by the constant use of the machete that a passage could be made for my horse. It is to me a marvel how the men suc ceeded In passing him, for the rood at times lay through heaped up Ixjvufleri of limostone j formation, over which 1 climbed I WITH DIFFICUI-TJ AHD HOT WITHOUT 8UF ^ ~ FKRINO. The (nlges of the rocks were sharp as the points of c/i* vaiuc de fiite, and seemed to be placed by nature as an obstacle to advance in this silent And awful region, where the still, ness was only broken bj the dull chop of the machete or the monotonous note of some lonely bird. We had penetrated THE MOUNTAIN REGIONS OE JIOUA.VI, ftnil the sense of loneliness was absolutely op pressive. In the heart of these awful soli tudes the government of Cuba Libre has chosen its temporary abode, for reasons of policy and safety. After passing through a succession of mountain passes, sometimes pre senting a continuous ascent for miles over frightful rocks, bleached and covered by time, that look like the heaped up bones of the giants of a time when ordinary men were of Titanic stature, ws arrived on THE BANKS Of THE BIO AZUL, through whose oryntal waters can be oonnted the pebbles on the sand beneath. Bock and wood blend delightfully in the composition of a scene which combines the picturesquely ?avage with the softer sylvan beauties. At in* terwls the placid current of the transpami stream is broken by huge boulders rising oat of the bed Qf the river, forming irregular bap. riers, that stem to meditate stopping the flow of the water; hut a few yards further the river moves oit\ia peaceful gran deur, reflecting on its Nftnrvlflled surface the majestic trees and bamJJJ- Continu ing our journey, we passed through A FOKEHT WET, SAD AND GLOOMtSv strewn with dead and dying leaves, that duce a sentiment of depression and sadne^j on the mind, recalling too forcibly the withered hopes and shattered fortune) of the many thousands of gallant hearts that an swered to the cry of freedom sent up at Yam Bome four years ago. '?nil! THESE LEAVES have perished thousands, and suffering and disease have already stamped with the seal of death hearts that were the light and hope of happy homes. These reflections were for* tunately brought to a sudden olose by the HABSII CHALLENGE OF A NEGBO BEN TEN ED, posted at some distanoe in the wood* Be declined to take the word of the advanoe guard as sufficient assurance that thsy were Cubans and good patriots, and ordered the commander to advance. Colonel Bamires was at once recognized, and, with the commis sioner of the Herald, allowed to proceed to the camp, where President Cespedes and members of his Cabinet had their headquar ters. The appearance of THE RESIDENCE OF THE GOVERNMENT was certainly far from impressive for the strictly material mind. A narrow path through the forest led to a small clearing in the woods, in which were situated some twenty huts, constructed of pencas de mcrnaca. The ground, covered with stumps of trees, and with a scant foliage, rising on either side of a very small rivulet running through the centre of the cncampment, increased the mel ancholy look of the place. On the farther side of the little rivulet a group of young officers were waiting to receive me, among them THE BON OF THE PRESIDENT, Colonel Cespedes. As soon as the presenta* tion of theBe gentlemen was over I was in formed they were sent to conduct me to th presence of the President. THE PRESIDENT* 8 PALACE. I followed them some distance to a hnt a little larger and somewhat more commodious than its neighbors, but the difference could not excite discontent in the most envious mind. The most enthusiastio socialist and leveller would not desire a more modest presi dential mansion. PRESIDENT CESPEDES. On entering, a small, well-built man, rather stout of body and below the middle height, rose to receive mo. One of the officers said: ? "This is the president." And at the same time President Ccspedes, advancing with hand extended, said very dis tinctly in English: ? "I am very glad to see you." I was frightfully tempted to try a little stags effect and leave a mot for posterity. In fact, like other people in similar circumstances, I had arranged in my own mind, while toiling over those Sharp, infernally pointed rocks, a very magnificent phrase ; but at the last mo ment either my moral courage failed or MY NATIONAL MODESTY OVERCAME ME. I said nothing worthy of posterity, but simply expressed my satisfaction at seeing .President Cespedes well, and thanked him for the cordial reception he was pleased to extend to me. HIS PERSONAL APPEARANCE. President Cespedes is a small man with a good deal of iron in his composition, stands remarkably erect and is nervous in action and in temperament. His features are small with a claim to regularity. The forehead, high and well formed; the face oval and a little worn by time and care; his eyas, gray with a tinge of brown, are bright and penetrating. His mouth and the lower part of his face are conoealed by a mustache and beard of iron gray, with a few black hairs interspersed. When he smiles he shows his teeth, which are wonderfully preserved and of extreme whiteness. INTRODUCED TO THE STAFF. As soon as the first exchange of ccurtesiee was concluded the President introduced me to Sefior Miguel Bravo, Secretario de Guerre, and aiterwards to the members of his stafll President Cespedes then requested me to be seated, pointing to a fixed stool made of rudely-planed laths, close to the table, on which were placed Home pamphlets relative to the C'lban question and A FEW COPIES OF THE HERALD. A few books and bundles of papers were arranged in an orderly manner about the hut, which contained no furniture but a hammock, table rudely constructed of sticks bound to gether by the Magaqua, S vegetable cord which abounds in the woods. In addition, a few valises were placed against the side of the hut containing the Presidential wardrobe. A revolver suspended from a belt of golden tex ! ture and a sixteen shooting Winchester rifle j completed the very simple furniture of the I residue of the President of the Cuban Re ! public. The first qnestiong ~"mY~ENTRT TH* CUBAN LINES, 3 * and whether the Spaniards had permitted me to ' pass freely. On learning the threat of General i Morales de los Rios to shoot me in case^ I I should be captured, President Cespedes OFFERED TO SEND MB TO JAMAICA ! in one of the Cuban boots that constantly icQNTIHTTD OX 8SVSHTH PAG^

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