Newspaper of The New York Herald, 18 Nisan 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 18 Nisan 1873 Page 3
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THE FORT GEROM PRISONER. ! United States Consul General Torbert Calls on Ceballos. SECRETARY FISH'S INSTRUCTIONS. Reticence and Indecision of the Spanish Official. A Cuban's Answer to tlic Charge of Dutch- ! ering Prisoners. Havana, April 16, 1873. Your correspondent called on United States Consul General A. T. A. Torbert to-day, and bad a short interview with him relative to the fate of Mr. O' Kelly, who is still imprisoned in Fort Gerona, at Manzanillo. General Torbert informed me that he had AGAIN SEEN CAPTAIN GENEBAL CEBALLOS yesterday, to press Mr. O'Kelly's request to b? tried here. Ho informed the Captain General that his visit was under INSTRUCTIONS FBOM SECRETARY FISH, who had expressed the desire that Mr. O'Kelly's request be acceded to. RETICENT. The Captain General was reticent and de clined to answer definitely. NOT FOR SOME TIME. The Consul General spoke of the trial; but General Ceballos replied that that would not be for some time. i i SHIFTING RESPONSIBILITY. The impression was left upon the mind of the Consul General that after the sumario, which is a preliminary examination in the na ture of a Grand Jury inquest, as to the grt an da for indictment and trial, the case will be turned over to the now Captain General, Pieltaiu, who will be hero in a few days. AN UNDECIDED ADMINISTRATION. . This perhaps explaias the indetermination of the Captain General, who wishes to trans fer the responsibility. His whole administra tion, thus far, has been of tliis undecided character. CORRESPONDENTS IN THE FiLLD* Secretary Seward's Action in ?He Case of" Robert B. Lynch? ?Pardoned by the Canadians Through American Inter ference. The case of Robert B. Lynch, Who wits arrested and tried in Canada for participation in one of the Fenian raids into that country, possesses at the present moment more than ordinary interest, lie was tried at Toronto and condemned to death. Lynch, who wan a British subject, accompanied the invaders in the capacity of a newspaper corre spondent to report the incidents of the campaign and had no connection with the Feniln organiza tion. The circumstances of his caso and the great peril in which he stood, con sidering the exasperated feelings of the volunteers called Into Bervicc and of the people gener ally across the border, causcd the United States to intervene actively in his behalf. Air. Seward, Sec retary of State, took high ground in his cor respondence with the English government, aud in sisted that there was no proof of Lynch's guilt, and that his detention and punishment would be re garded as an unfriendly act towards the United States. He followed the matter up with remarka ble viiror and firmness, claiming that Great Britain should not permit Canada to deprive an innocent man of his llle. The relations between the two countries were far lrom being in a satisfactory condition at the time, and during the discussion in this particular case, in connection with other un settled questions, Mr. Seward did not hesitate to declare t^iat the continuance of peace between England afrd America was in imminent peril. The facts relating to the capture and trial ol Lynch were as follows THE ARRE8T. In June, i860, General O'Nell led a body of Fenians to the Canada line and crossed over to l>ort Erie. They encountered a body of regular and colonial troops, and alter some fighting, in which there was considerable loss on both sides, O'Nell returned to American territory. Some were left behind and taken prisoners. Among these was Lynch. He declared when arrested that he was present only as a correspondent for the Louis ville press; that he was unaware of com mitting any oiTcnco by following, according to the instructions of his employers, his profession as a reporter and that ho came over with no hot tile intensions. At the trial, which took place in October following, there was evidence introduced for the prosecution to show that Lynch was among the invaders; that he appeared armed with a ?word, apparently exeiclslng coihmand, and that bo was addressed as "Colonel." The accused sol emnly denied that he acted in the manner stated, and beiore coming to trial iu order to prove his assertion made an application Fou a safe conduct for persons in the United States who were present at Fort Erie ; but the Canadian authorities refused to grant it. The accused wi?s, therefore, left with out any witnesses to show that he was not armed and did not exerclso military authority. T ho evi dence was all one way. A point ol law was made by his counsel to the effect that the indictment charged him with being a citizen of the United States when. In lact, he was a British subject. Lynch, it appears, wrote to a irtend while in prison a letter in which ke stated he was an American citizen, and the Solicitor General argned that they had good and sufficient ground for alleging he was not a British subject, for tliey had it in his own handwriting, He went on to say, "Any person Is an American citizen who has re sided here lor any length of time, and we know well that he came from tho United Stat s." It was argued on behair of Lynch that ho was In law and in (act AM INflLnn SfBJECT, AND NOT AN AMERICAN CITIZEN. His counsel exclaimed, "Here is tho life of a fellow being trembling in tho balance, and we have evi dence to acquit him, but we are unable to bring it forward." The gentleman (Mr. Martin) proceeded to Bay that It was proved Lynch was seen in Buiralo and beng on that side he hau no reason to disguise bis intention, being among his friends; but a man, 11 he l>e what was alloged of him, would rather boast and seek to curry favor by holding out that be was a Fenian that the crowd might pat him on the back, if he was engagod with the Kenlans he would then have been swaggering about telling them to do this and to do that ; but the very re verse was the case. lie salt! he was among tliem merely to report. EVERY GREAT NEWSPAPER, Mr. Martin said, sends reporters where any thing ol Importance is likely to occur, jet no na> tton would think of hanging a reporter who uas found with an army for tho purpose of telling tho public the details of the war. You remember the great war betwoen the Northern and Southern States. Reporters were there In every quarter of importance. The leading papers of England had yevrcscatalives there. Did they hapg Ku???U of tbe correspondents taken prisoners In either the North or the South? Take the late events In Ituljr. When Garibaldi, contrary to law, luvaded tbe kingdom of Naples, correspondents went along with him; but would any one have you believe that they hanged these persons when cap tured because Garibaldi was In the wrong or b?. cause they were reporting on the wrong side. So. what would the world think U you were to bang ttiis man? Tbe mere circumstance of his being In Canada makes no difference. A correspondent Is not liable, lie goes over as a mere spectator and gives to the world things as they occur. Lynch was convicted and condemned to death, aa stated abo re. yxbwb of rna ambhican governmknt. Mr. Seward made a request for tbe pardon of Lynch, and argued on moral, Judicial and political grounds that it should be conceded. The English government declined to accede to the demand. Mr. Hewardfplnted out that it was the best policy of that couatry to yield. He said tbe American government believed the prisoner to be guiltless, and holdlug him in custody at all wore an aspect of unnecessary severity and unfriendliness towards the United States. He added that he proceeded upon the bellel that their release would be vei\> conducive to the preservation of peace and a good understanding between the United States and Great Britain. The Secretary then expressed the opinion that "time must pronounce l et ween thia government and your own upon the wisdom of the decision at which they have arrived." The Secretary, writing la the Knglish Minister at Washington, dealt par ticularly wltli the case of the newspaper corre spondent, Mr. Lynch. He said "It seemed to me that the British government, nevertheless, might lliid reasouabie ground ior believing that he (I.ynch) did uot intend to euoourage those who engaged in acts of vlolouce, and that the absence ol tills Intention quaillying the questiouol moral guilt might well be taken into consid eration. 1 fraukly confess to tho opinion that, although statutes, executive procla mations and judicial decisions have all con curred in treating the aggression of the so called Fenian raiders Into Canada as merely a mu nicipal crime, the transaction, nevertheless, par took o( a political character, ami had relations and connections witli movements of that character that have widely manifested themselves not only in Canada and Great Britain, but in the United States also." Messrs. Lynch and McMahon were subsequently discharged from prison; but it will be observed that Mr. Seward urged this result on the ground that It "would be very conducive to the preservation of peace between the United States and Great Britain." The sentence of Lynch was commuted, and be was subsequently pardoned. OPIKIOK8 OF THE PRESS, The Unjust Accusation Against Mr. O'Kelly, the Herald Commissioner. [From the New Yorker Journal, April 10.] Reierring to tiie imprisoned correspondent of the U&RAI.D in Cuba, Mr. O'Kelty, It is stated that the United States government has been applied to to send a ship to that island especially in his in terest. The application has been met with the rejoinder that Mr. O'Kelly Is not a citizen, Having been but a little over a year in tbe conntry. At the same time the assurance lias been given that every exertion shall be made to nave hiiu trans lerred to ikivaha, where the authorities could form a court and where an impartial investigation could be had. The news circulated from Spanish sources that O'Kelly has brought with him intelligence from the insurgent' intended tor their agents in riie various parts ot the Island, whereby ue is said to be greatly compromised, is, under tiie cir cumstances, totally discredited. WAR TO THE DEATD. A Cuban's Apology for the Bntehery of Spanish Wonnded ?"?? Allege* That the Spaniard" TV ere the Hirst to Murder Prlsoner.-Thelr Re fusal* to Exchange *?rlnoiiers. To TUE EDITOB OK THE llEIlALD: The actlvc part you Ha e taken in clearing away the apparent mystery which enveloped the state ol analrsin my country (Cuba) cncoura.es me to write a few words la regard to the letier you pub lushed to-day from your in every respect worthy commissioner, Mr. J. J. O'Kelly. To sav that all true friends of Cuba owo you a debt of gratitude, and to your valiant correspond ent tUe most profound a<lmlration for Ids un swerving energy. hm impartiality and sincerity, would be to repeat what nas frequently been ex pressed, anJ 1 can only hope that, at faonio luture day we may have the opportunity or offering you a more unmistakable proof of our high consldcra 11 1" uaH now 'proceed to state the object of these Hues l observe in j our sa.d commissioner s let xr the just censure, or rather condemnation, he ex presses at the couduct of the Cuban soldiers to * ants the prisoners and wounded taKeu from the Spaniards, and desire io place before the readers o! the 1IEHAI.U the origin of this course, which when considered independently of all antecedents, must necessarily force upon the reader a most un favorable impression as to the instincts and fi l ings of iny countrymen. When it is kuown that this uust outrageous manner of mating war has been forced upon them by their enemies, the span lards, the conclusion must., however, bo different. in the beginning of the war not a single prisoner was s iot. Such was the consideration shown to them that our Cuban officers in every case de prived themselves of the little comforts they cou 1 enjoy in tlieir camp in behalf of the Spanish ??cc?s " ? ftS prisoners. And I do not speak by they hel 1 P nrt.iai knowledge of the lacts, a hearsay, b t by actual wUlch tne &K?fu n? _ tocomradlct ? tne, ?.?? SScrisaa? ss-suruB: sa r rSnr.i and sav If every consideration was not iu rr. them and If, after a lew days' detention, t he 7 were uo t al 1 released on parole, ..s well as all those of the soldiers who preferred to leave (lor a crcat many remaiued) the Cuban camp. tet arttcularly Colonel Luiros nurrate his own exifer encc-nc that a.tcrwards equalled, if not surnaMed, Vaimuswda lu brutality and cruelty. When the news of the Vara uprising reacliedbau ; rubi this worthy Colonel was sent out w?m, i ?oo i .en to disperse the rebels. He left with great pomp, usuaf butl.otore lie had advanced n *nv miles in the road to Bayanto was routed, and found himself aud the troops under his command enveloped bv the Cuban army aud forced either to deliver himself and division luto the hands of the hluiscV0 What did he do then 1 Knowing that the SS-^sr.'iJSw -asiisss jfti-ft <hit fli'itl iiiiuinBt them, nnd tlia tnrt liorf never MU-pec^dLulrosoisuci raia w Cuba. towanls The only bed to bo had In the Cuban1 camp, andthatHe.onglngtotjeCnban Gen i c" a w ms Tr e a led 'as a com ma nder o*f the Cuban forces more than as a prisoner, aud finally released the case of Chler Engineer Orbaneja, taken prisoned near Majari, the same consldcra "K ! present humlredsupon hundreds of similar cases in the beglnnlnK aftbe war, an as well could 1 show tJuUthcse same men w o wire so kindly treated became afterwards tne most cruel instigators of all the butctorM MM* only of real revolutionists, but of hundreds oi inuo ?*What conld the Cubans do * PTesldentCespedcs repeatedly sent commissioners to the Spanun commanding officers with the special rem' ie. at 1 that the lives ol the prisoners should be wared and ? changes made, as is welt kuown. The o nly _r??ult of sach propositions was to increase the Spaniards and push them to greater butchei?j? with all kinds of prisoners, whether taken wiin n mis in hand or w?unded. In fact, the Cubans en deavored by every means within their reach to conduct the war as becoming civilized P*0?l0' and tliev failed. Kay, their own generesity whs turned against them, until the sense of necessity forced upon them the conviction, horrible as it is, that their only Hue ef conduct toward the Span lards should bo war to the death. The effort my countrymen had to make to arrive nt this final decision can easilv be supposed when i he mildness and generosity of their character are considered. It is no doubt abominable that war should be thus conducted between two civilized peonies ; hut the supremo law of necessity dees not recoVnl/o any human convention. It Is a sad fUI s hVVpr.lceed6 nel mrther. My heart, even at su' h a distance from those scenes of horror ?i iens and 1 hasten re turn away my thoughts from such heartrending spectacles. Perhaps when ISr n-k I, win be able to write here all the lacta ?r ? .w irnn, he Will not fall tO SHOW What I ft'-UWa viz., that, frlintnal as the conduct of the {"bans ...ay appear, It has been forced upon tuem bv the Spaniards. A y THE MODOC WAR. Latest Boportn from the front. PREPARATIONS FOR BATTLE. No Communication with Head quarters Since Monday. HONORS TO THE DEAD Public Reception of (he Remains of Gen eral Canby and Dr. Thomas. SCHOFIELD TO GILLEM. More Troops Offered and the Total Drslrur tion of the Savages Demanded. THE INDIAN AUXILIARIES. Description of tlie Lava Beds and Battle Ground. THE HERALD COMMISSIONER. A Merited Compliment from the Army in the Field* San Francisco, April 13, 1873. The remains of General Canby and Dr. Thomas reached Yreka this evening. A procession of citi zens went to receive thorn. Flaps were at half mast, and Secretary Delano was hanged m efflgy. General Canity's body Is in charge ?f the Masons, and the body of Dr. Thomas will be sent to this city. ADDITIONAL I'AKTlCtTLAKS OP THE MASSACRE. The following additional particulars of the mas* sacre of the Peace Commissioners have been re ceived:? Captain Anderson was at Colonel Mason's camp when the attack wax made on the Peace Commis sion and party, lie says Lieutenants Sherwood aud Doyle were allured out from the camp by a white flag. They went four or five hundred yards, wliere they met what they supposed were only two Indians, who said they wanted to talk to "Little Tyce" (Colonel Mason). They were told that they (the oillcers) did not want to talk, aud for the Indians to go back to their camp and they would return to theirs. As the oillcers tnrned around, the Indians, four in number, fired upon them, wounding Lieutenant Sherwood in the arm anil thigh, the latter being a very serious wound, the bone having been shattered by the bullet. TUB SCENE FROM THE HIUNAL STATION. Captain Anderson, who was on duty at the signal station on Hospital Kock, saw plainly the attack upon Colonel Mason's front, and telegraphed Gen era! Gillem to notify the Peace Commission immi dlatcly. Colonel Biddle, who was at the signal station at General Gillem'* headquarters when this message was received, at onee placed his held glass upon General Canby, as the party pat to gether, about one mile distant, aud very soon afterwards he perceived TUE WHOLE PARTY SCATTERED. The Colonel followed the General's course with his glass while lie ran about fifty yards, when he threw up his arms and fell backwards dead. Two of the Indians who were following him jumped ou him, and one? believed to be Captain Jack? STABBED HIM IN TUE NECK. His body was aitorwards completely stripped. Dr. Thomas was atso entirely stripped. His purse, con tut. ting about sixty dollars, was iound under the body, the Indians having dropped It. MR. MEACII AM'd WOUNDS. Mr. Moacham was shot in three places, one ball entering at tho inner comer of his right eye, another inside of his head and the third passlug through his right forearm. The first two balls arc both believed to have lodged within his cranium. He also receiwd a cnt in the left arm and a scalp wound about five inches long. He was found about flity yards from the spot where the slaughter began In a direction opposite that taken by General Canby. He was also entirely stripped, and when found was bewildered in mind. Captain Anderson spent an hour with him yesterday morning, when he was conscious and in no palu. Mcachain says he thinks he 8HOT SCHONCniN IN THE ABDOMEN, and blood was found which indicated that ?ne of tho Indians had been wounded. The soldiers who were ready started on a double-quick Immediately upon the firing of the shots. They met Dyar and Riddle and his wife befoie they were half way from the camp. THE INDIAN8 RETIRED and kept up their retreat attout six hundred yards iu advance of the soldiers, who followed thoin half a mile beyond the murder grounds where they remained until dark, when they were withdrawn, an they were not provided with supplies. THE EXPECTED UtillT. Tuesday was to be spent in closing upon the red devils, and If a general assault was not made to day It certainly will be to-morrow. The Bodies of General Canby and Dr. Thomas Lying in State at Yrcka?.\o Further Kcwi from the Front. San Francimcu, April 14, 1873. The remains of General Canby an* Dr. Thomas have been -lying In state at Yreka in the Masonic Ilall all day and were vi?ltcd by nearly the whole population. Over one thousand persons have viewed the remains. At iwelve o'clock about three hundred children of the public schools paused in procession by twos. The coding ara wrapped in the national colors and strewn with wreatns and flowers. An expression of great sorrow is visible on every counteuauce. THE KEMAINH OP ORVERAT. CANBT will be forwarded to Portland by this aiternoon's stage In charge of the General's aid, Captain R. llj Anderson, who will be met at Kosebu\ on Wedn w day evening by a special train for Poi tland. \ THE KKUAIN8 OF DR. TUOMAS will leave for Redding by private conveyance ai two o'clock this afternoon. They will arrive there Wednesday evening. NEWS FHOM THE FRONT ETP1CTRT>. No couriers have arrived from the front np to this hour (one P. M.), but they arc hourly ex pected. There is nothing later from the Modoc conntry than was contained in last evening's despatches. BEFORE THE BATTLE. Ammunition Going Forward? Condition of Mr. Meacliam?Prepn rations for Bat* tie? The Pitt Indians Unlet. Ban Francisco, April 14. 1873. A special messenger arrived atlreka to-night from the lava beds. There i? nothing definite from the seat of war. There had beeu no fighting up to the time he left. AMMt'NmON ANP ITTTUM had been crowded forward with despatch. The surpreon had extracted rour bnllets from Mr. Meachain's wound, and there is little hope of hu recovery. There were various mmors as to when an attack will lie made. Some say to-day and sumo to morrow, tho commanders waiting the arrival of the Warin Spring Indian scouts, who are to Ito used bvtwecQ the line* ox Uenprai OMciu and Colonel Mason's commands, they, With cavalry, | making A THIRD LINH, anil all advancing together, flow the north, south and east of the lake to the west. It is believed the { battle nil! be a hard one, ami that no quarter will ] be shown the Modocs. The Pitt River Indiana remain quiet ana peace- i able, but it the Modoos escape there will be danger. EPIZOOTIC TROUBLES. Every horse In the Hot Springs, Surprise Valley and Big Valley, is down with tue epizooty. GENERAL 80H0FIELD TO GENERAL GILLE11 More Troops Offered if \ndtd? The Prompt and Sure Destruction of 8av ages Urged. *>an Francisco, April 14, 1873. General Schofleld naH Kent the following dispatch to General Gillem "Please in.orm me fully of the situation so I may ?end more troops if necessary. If the Indians es cape from the lava beds I may send troops to oper ate against them from another direction. Let me know fully what you wish. I suppose you liavo force enongh to destroy the outlaws, unless they succeed in eluding you. "Nothing short of their prompt and sure destruc tion will satisfy the ends of justice or meet the ex pectations of the government. "JOHN M. SCHOFIELD." DESCRIPTION OF THE LAVA BEDS. TUo country along the line separating California from Oregon, in which the lava beds are situated, has been the theatre of military operations against the Indians at different times during the past twenty years. It has been traversed by emigrants who settled In the neighborhood, and it Is well and favorably known as a cattle range. With the ex ception of the irregular volcanic region, south of the lakes, the laud has been surveyed aud laid out in sections. 81111 very little accurate information can b? had concerning the retreat wkcre the

Modocs have continued to defy the power of tho government. It is kuown, however, to bo cut up with Assures, yawning abysses, lakes, high moun tains covered with^now and abounding with cuves. The lava beds cover an area of 100 square miles. They appear to have been brought into existence by upheavals from below. The roughness of tho upper surrace remains, while all underneath is honey-combed by cracks ana crcvices. Tho largest ?uve is known us BKN WRIGHT'S CAVK, which Is said to contain flftoen acres of open space under ground, In which there Is a good spring and many open ings through which a man can crawl, the main entrauco being about tho size of u common window. In this cave, it is understood, Juck aud his followers have fortified themselves. The gulches and crevices range from a few feet to one hundred leet in width, and many of tliem are one hundred feet deep. The Indians can travel through all these lava beds by trails only known to them selves, and stand on biufl's over persons fifty yards beneath and where it would require along journey to go to tliein. They can sea men coining at a dis tance of Ave miles without being visible them selves. They also can permit their pursuers to come within a few feet of the bluff and shoot liowu and retire, if necessary, to other similar bluffs. If pressed too closely the Indians can drop into crev ices entirely inaccessible to troops, and follow some subterranean passage, with which thaj are lully acquainted, aud gain another ambush from which it would cost teu lives to dislodge them. It is represented that the Mudocs can shoot irom the tops of cliffs withaut exposing an inch of their per* soas. In the lava beds ure a number of small plots ABUNDANTLY SUPPLIED WISn BUNCH GRASS, which outtle find by long and circuitous trails. The only thing the Mo Iocs lack Is ammunition. Those wh? visited the military headquarters dur ing tho past few mouths were delected on several occu-Dtis stealing cartridges, and even some or the women were caug'it in tho act. Tiie troops are well posted so as to prevent the Indlnns escap ing. Their only line of retreat would seem to be in a southerly direction into tho I'itt River Moun tains. The tribes In that quarter are or a warlike character and have given the goveramcnt consid erable trouble in times past. In 1858 and 18S9 their ambushes were sa effective and their manner of warrare so advantageous that at first very little progress was made in reducing them to submis sion. The Pitt River savages, when pressed cloxly, would take to their canoes aud paddlo to (he islands In the la^es, where they could not bo fol lowed. After much care ami trouble several boats Were built and transferred across the lava beds, and the Iudians wero cut off from these hid ing places. One of the latest measures of precau tion taken by General Canhy wns to place boats on Tule Lake. CnANCES OF KfiCAPE. The troops, in pursuing tlic Modocs, have to follow them on foot, and In pnssing through the gulches and crevices must expect to llod the enemy on the high bluffs above them at every point, or making their way through concealed pas sages to secure retreat. The canuon and howitzers commiml all approaches to and from the cave. Five hundred hand grenades arrived last week at Van Hremcr'a, and tlio sn;>ply of shot and shell is ample for prolonged operations. There is no disguising the serious dltllcuitles tiiat Colonel Gillcm has to encounter. The Modocs know every nook and corner in the lava beds, and will, of course, seek to iind sjlety in (light, it would be very uiilortunato, indeed, if tiiev succeeded tn effecting a Junction with the Pitt, Iilver Mountain Indians. OKOLOOIOAI, FORMATION OF THE LAVA BEDS. The peculiar geological features of the lake coun try In California resemble the county Antrim, In Ireland, In which Is located the celebrated Glauts' Causeway. The ccieutiflc interest of the latter Is enhanced by the beauty of its terraced formations and its great rlclmcss and variety or coloring. Like tho lava beds, the uos.Ut is from three hun dred to five hundred feet In thickness, and, like them, too, the pillars, caves, wells, Ac., In the Giants7 Causeway, appear to be the i exult of some great convulsion of nature, an upheaval equal to the effect of the explosion of vast quantities of gun powder placed underucath tho suriacc. Miners Have not, heretofore, explored tho lava beds, but after the cases of .lack and his tribe me disposed of hy tlio troops no douDt there will bo a thorough ex amination of this volcanic tract, which will always remain identified with a piece of very black Indian perfidy. CEttiUL GfLLE9>3 IVDiAi AlAJLLiAUILS. j Tho band of friendly Indians brought front the Warm Springs reservation In Oregon arc entrusted 'Vitb an important duty. They are intended to act i/as scouts and also to intercept any movement, of i the Modocs to escape in a southerly direction. Theno Indiana are known as the confederated hands in Middle Oregon, and comprise seven of tho Walla Wallas, Wascos, Tenlnoz and Deschutes tribes, numbering too men, women and children. The leader, D >nald McKfchzte, is, no doubt, a half breed, and well acquainted with the mode of war fare Jack and his party have adopted. The Warm Springs reservation cGutalns over a million acres, located in the central part of the State, and the tract of conntry is such that notiody wants it. Tho tillable portion occupied by the Indiats cons.sts of 600 acr"S, and though even this portion is not very good land maoy of the families, hy reason of their industry, have stcceede 1 measurably In their farm ing operations, and ar'-" considered self-sustaining. TUB MOU AI.H or OCR 11 ED ALttES have greatly Improved, so that polygamy, the buy ing and selling of wives, gambling and drunken ness, liavo ceased to be common among thera, as in the past, r.itch of tbein has a small plot oi land fenced in and cultivated By Its owner. Many of them have good herds of horses and cattle, which arc rapidly increasing. Those who own houses dress as white men and attend church and Sunday school with more or less regularity. A few of them arc professing Christian*. Some of the children read quite floently, wlMiont understanding what they read, and have been Instructed in arithmetic, geography and wilting. Tho Methodist church lias charge of the Waiw Springs Agcncy. I'udcj the treaty made with tlies ? bands In 1855 they re- | cetve an annuity, In beneficial obiects, for a limited period, of $4,000, alter which Uiey are entitled to $2,000 annually for live years. FmployCs are main tained for tlieir benoiit at a yearly expense of $0,100. Tbe head chief 19 paid $ooo per annum by the government. VALUE OF INDIAN SCOUTS. The employment of red men as soldiers lias been found to work very satisfactorily. The Commander of the Department of the Platte a lew weeks since published a general order, in which he warmly commended the efficient and faith rul services of Indian scouts, and, at the same time, he impressed upon coinmauding officers or posts and expedi tions to take palus in reading and explaining to theso auxiliaries the high estimate in which their services are held by the government. The Warm Springs warriors are expected to prove useful allies. They have, according to the reports, been always well disposed towards white people, and consider they have a grievance against the Modocs, which they now propose to avenge. The number of In dian auxiliaries can be considciably increased from tbe Klamatn aud Yiauax reservations. The red men there have long been at war with the Modocs, and are, conse quently, ancient enemies. They still enter tain Iho feeliug Incidents to such relationship aud would, no doubt, be pleased with the oppor tunity of giving active assistance to General 011 lein'a battalions. Hut really there is a sufficleut force in the lava beds to carry out the purposes ol the government. If, however, more men aro re quired the Indians close by ought to be placed In the Held. In Arizona friendly Indians have ren dered valuable aid in punishing marauding and rcfractory Apachcs. I\ JILUOUIl 71. Meeting In Rlehmond In Honor of the Memory of General Ciinby. Richmond, Va., April 17, W3. Agreeable to a published call a large number of citizens, mostly republicans, assembled In the United States Court room here to-day to give ex prcBsion to their views concerning the tragic death of llrlgadler General K. It. s. Canby, of the United States Army. Alter the ?lganization of the meeting feeling tributes wero paid to the memory of General Canby by Dr. E. II. Smith, Hush Burgess, Mayor Worthington and ?there, all of them highly eulogistic of his Christian character and' soldlorly bearing. A pre amble and resolutions were then adopted expres sive of the deepest sympathy for the widow of the General, testifying to the dcllcacy, ability, wlstiom and courtesy with which he managed the affiurs of this State while military commander here; grate fully remembering his friendliness and protection to the weak; deploring Ins death as a loss to the nation, aud setting forth their indignation at the treacherous manner of his assassination while dis? charging the duties of a peaceful mission. A copy of the resolutions will be forwarded to Mrs. Canby and to the Secretary of War. Upon motion of Captain Jackson, President of the meeting, tlio following resolution was also adopted ,, Resolved. That we commend and heartily Indorse the instructions of President Grant, issued through the War Department, directing General Canity's successor iu command to visit this culminating crime of savage warfare npon peaceful citizens with swilt and complete punishment. After a number of other testimonials to the many virtues and military genius of the distinguished dead, the meeting adjourned. T3S DLftlLD'S EffTEUPBISE. A Wftl Deserved Tribute to the Herald Commissioner from the Army. Camp on Tule Lake, Cai?, I March 20, 1378. J To tiie Editor ok the erald:? Having just read the acoouut of the "Rattle In the Lava Reds," written by Mr. Fox, the IIbrai.d correspondent with this expedition, I think it due that gentleman to express the satisfaction TeH by i this command for his truthlul and graphic descrip tion ol the events of that engagement. The visit that Mr. Fox lately made to Captain Jack In his ! stronghold was a bald, brave act, and was in strict ' accordance with th it spirit of enterprise that seems to animate ;ill connected with tin- IIi:kai.i>. A lew davs ago he placed hlinselfas a hostage in the hands ol the Mod oca while Captain Jack came out to "talk" wtth General Canity, in fact he is wining to do anything or go any where to advance the interests oi the Journal he represents. My only motive iu writing this note is to da Justice to a gentleman who well represents a Journal which takes more Interest lu thu army than any other newspaper In ; the country. The Army tmn Navj Journal should do this work, but it doesn't SOLDlliK. .TWEED AT PORTLAND. Thf "Bmi" Simla Up In a Ho* tel? Tired of Travelliiigaa>'I Shall Pro ceed Directly to K?w l ork." Portland, Mo., April 17, 1873. William M. Tweed ttu<l party arrived la this city at eight o'clock this evening and took apartments al the Preble House. They will proceed westward In the morning. Tweed remained clone in bla apartment at the hotel, and declined all visitors except the corre spondent of the Uekald, to whom lie explained ! that he had retired because he was weary from his lour: ridjs from Mont real, lie was evidently cou I slderably wearied and very chary. In response to the direct question as to his desti nation lie replied, "I shall proceed directly to New York." As he would respond to no further inter r orator l?a your eorrespondent retiiod. Mr. Tweed's party is live in number? two ladles ami three gentlemen. The rumors that Tweed enme here to seek a de parture to Europe by the Allen steamer on Satur day are considered to be idle. HEW JERSEY. Governor Parker Calls nn Extra Session ol the MriuU? Formation of the New York and Philadelphia Railroad. Trenton, April 17, 1873. Governor Parker has issued a proclamation call ing a special session of the senate on the 24th inst.. for the purpose of considering the nominations made by liiin of two persons irom each Congres- I lonal district to prepare amendments to the con- I stltntion ol trie State for submission to the next Legislature. This is done In accordance with a resolution passed on the 4tu lust, by the l,egls hit urc empowering the Governor to make such nomination* with the consont ol the Senate. The organization of the New York and Philadel phia Railroad <'i?inpauy In tin; Interest or the National Railroad was-oempieted to day. The time oi its existence extended to ?'.?? years, instead of n;ty, as at flrst instituted. Sfventeen directors, with Samuel N. Wilson m President, Robert R. Corson, secretary, and wuiuiui \V. SteUe, treasurer, compose the orga illation. A CJUNIY TREASURER ARRESTED. ttovernor Mo<e< .Making It Hot for De- I fsnltlni C'ai|i?t>B?t??n In Sonth Carolina, Columbia, S, C., April 17, 1873. A telegram received at the Executive Depart ment here from the Sheriff of Greenville county states that, atrrceably to orders issued to him by the State Treasurer, he has arrested James M. Allen, the treasurer of the county, on a charge of being a defaulter to the Stale. Allen was formerly State Senator from Greenville, but was defeated at the last election, and wus subsequently appointed treasurer of tHo county by Governor Moses. The amount of defalcation with watch he Is charged is 140, collected as taxes. It is stated that Alien held claims against the State to a large iigure, widt h W?N not paid, ana tkat in conse quent he re. uses to turn over the taxes collected I iv hi i? until a settlement Is made with him. It Is als'i Stated that he will he prosecntcd to the fullest extent ot the law by tno state Treasurer, similar proceedings Will doubtless also be instituted ! against nil the defaulting carpet-baggers, and by tuis means ttte State may recover a portion of the money out ol which it has Iteea swindled. RIOT AT KNIGHTS VILLE, IffD, Indianapolis, April 17, 1873. Thcro wai considerable disturbance tills .after noon at Knightsviiie. About five o'clock, wlii'e a free fight was progressing, several arrests were made Tiy two policemen, whereupon a party of eight or ten women appeared and rescued the prisoners. Further disturbances are anticipated to-night. Frederick Hughes w as sentenced to six months in the Penitentiary by the Conrt of Special sessions yesterdav for an assault committed on Wolfgang Scnlesselon Sunday night last, in avenue A. UVtfUes was uue Of thQ was works strikers, SATANTA km BIG TEEE Groat Excitcmcnt in Texas Over Pres ident Grant's Request. A Full Release Asked for tlie Murderers. ACTION OF TIIE LEGISLATURE. The Governor Ordered Not To Set; the Villains Free. Petitions from the People Supporting thff Legislators. Vindictive Attitude of the Caged Chiefs. HcrNTBVII,L]9, April 10, 1373. The probable action of Governor Davis, on the question or pardons for Satanta and Big Tree, us requested by the President, la the topic here just now. Writing, as I do, from a personal knowledge o| the data and the feelings of tlio people of the State^ 1 must claim credit for Riving your readers tacts, rather than mere suppositious. I can also safel? assert that 1 have no prejudice In the matter what* ever. \ THE MURnEltOU3 CHIEFS. , Satanta, the clilcf of rour or Ave Indian trlbc%' aud Big Tree, a sort of lieutenant to htm, have beett confined tn the Penitentiary located at this place nl nee November 17, 1871. The facts of their captnro, their trial, sentence to be hanged, and the action ol Governor Davis In commuting their sentence# to life in tnlB prison, your readers are doubtless fully conversant with already, prompted by what at that time was generally considered a?* questionable charity, Governor Davis treated those noted chiefs as anv other clans of criminals,: and chose to give them a lease 01 life. Doubtless li" was fully advised and did what. In mature ludginent, was considered right. With his action, at this time, we have nothing to do at t.ils writing, since the arrival of these chiefs at the prison, the most strenuous efforts Have been made by tho tribes to which they belong towards their release. These efforts have beeu seconded by oillcera and attaches of the general government, but; so far in vain, the only result being a visit to Wash ington of these two chlels, wlt.i the principal men of their tribes, then gathered at St. Ixnils. CONFIDENT OF UfcLBASE. Satanta camo back to the prison feeling very confident that the "(lreat Father" at Washington would use his lniluence and have him and his lieu tenant pardoned. He was so certain or is that lirt fixed the "moon" at wiiich ho and Hlg Tree won d I rejoin tlielr people, and his "moon" Is now wan ing though tlie President has requested his pardoa ami that of Ills sullen brother, Pig Tree. These two Indians wero cauir.it in one or tne many murderous acts wiiloh have character izea their Hvcb, uml the courts of the Western district ol this state proceeded to deal with them alter taa manner usual in such cases. Out of regard lor the lact that the prisoners were Indians, or something catiallv as good as a reason, their sentence was commuted by the Governor at the reques: of tlu President. BUTE It FBHLTNG OVEK THE PttESIPBNT'S RnQI7B?T. The neoplo of this Stale did not take any purlieu lar pains to show their dlsple.isure at this request una the subsequent act of commutation: but the latter action of the President lu reciuestiuff a lull and free pardon lor these Indians has met tuo inoHt unoualifled, adverse action from the Lctrtflfr tnre now Id session, and the most bitter comment? from the people at large. What makes the matter, pecol arly emDcrrassltig? to use a , Pjf siuii? is, that the request came at a time w lien the Legislature and the people at large were making cilurts to protect the long stretch of frontlet from the ravages of the Indian trllies to which Satanta and Me Tree belong. Having the ueceBsarj Iotcqs and equipments, and in lair Uuanclal curcum maucos, Texas had, less thau a mouth since, sought the privilege from the general government to tirovi le protection, and had beeu refused. Close upon the heels of this peremptory rclusal to grant such u reasonable request comes the most unrea sonable one ? of pardons for toes# two noted vh 1, tins of the same tribes, who have foi^ years psst murdered men, women and children on the frontiers or this .state. I* it at all strange that TIIE LEGISLATIVE BODY SIIOI'LD KI'?E 1'P as one man and instruct a rclusal of the President 8 request, and that the people oi the State echo these Instructions, and are covering tho Executive ta.de with petitions asking him to keep these two savages where they are. ft makes nil the diner ence in the world to know an Indian as ho Is, a* these Western people know liirn, and to suppose him such and such from tho "big talk" HtaudpolntJ as tlie yua*er policy people know him. rite lirst of these people have a full realization of hlin; the second, those who deal with him with the jmjr roundings of a peace commission, only see him when he is full to the brim of good t.ings and par ticularly anxious to make pence? until the Com missi >uerB get back to Washington. John Bunyan once said, "Always talk to a man lor favors Just alter dinner." Th? Peace Commissioners have followed John a advice with tho Indians aud lound them exceedingly full of peace. riieso Texas neople see the Indians between meals and haver lound tnem exceedingly tiresome, or. aa old Welle r would say of ihe "vlddeis ? MonstroiA for'ard, Sam; monstrous lor ard." Natui.illJ enough these Texas people don't have a very add ing lattli in the Indians' promises to reform, and wo cannot blame tnem when, In the very face ol ail the promises made to the (jtiakef-po.lcy people^ tiif.si: KUi) MUN havo committed indescribable crimes upon the almost helpless people ol the irontier. Appeal alter appeal from those ironlier luuiides has reached the legislative bedy now in session, and the effo t? oi this body to provide all the protection possible have been atdy seconded by the Governor# l nJ"r the present circumstances this protection wUi not l>e very thorough, and lor tins reasou a.d waji sought at the hands of the general government. Instead of granting it a request comes lor the re 1 ease of two of the most desperate members ol these murderous tribes, tho v, ry two who possess tlie lutluonce aud tlie disposition to carry on a wariare throughout their lives, lo those peoi'.e tills seems a somewhat singular action on me pa. fi ol %o general government, and I liilnk, when all the (acts are known, It Will appear so to the people of other ,KDIAN9 ^ THBY ABB. i These people, knowing the Indians astliey?.Q? 0P1\ desire that these two, and oi hers th?taie caught raiding upon the State, shall be dealt wlrtt a* any of the criminal classes. Murderers are either hanged or coniined in tlie State Peniteutiary 101 li.'e. 'I his is but carrying out the law. rh. so Indian duels were lound guilty of not one but man# murders, and are but paying the penalty ol violat ing the law ol the Stat-:, ihey are tne wards ol the State, aud the Governor alone has the disposi tion of thcui during Ins terra oi oillco, and 1 niosi sincerely builcve mat a majority of the people ol the Stalo desire that Governor DaYis snail aEFtlSK TO SET THEM FIlKEJ not, however, as a retaliatory meaaure for ' the i re fusal of Irontier protection, but as a measure ol seli-deience lor it Is plainly manifest to tlio o thoroughly conversant with me Indian that these two chiets will go from this prl* on n J reformed or witn such an e ""J*1, i^m irom a te strength ol the state as wiU ' Ctcr them Irom a^te of violence in the future, but, on the contrary^ with a leeling of hstred and * ndictlvcne^ slu ^ ened to the keener edgo by their long y el extreme.^ ll ' The'ldf a advanced, that this treatment or prl?oiy liii vill have a good effect both ou the chiefs a:ol t.rMdVveYops ouiv a Laid Ignorance ol tho li dlau n iture. If tins coutiuenient Is to accomplish so nu ? h o " tne trioes at home. It will increiis? with it* length, aud the rule should l?e to keep them for life, So that the frontier will be safe, we are reliably Informed that tho conflnemcnt so far has n^t made any marked reformatory change In the duels, and there Is nothing on which to hinge hucii l ope, since coining here these chiefs havo shown nothing lu demeanor or speech which coubt be accepted as remorse, penitence or shame, theia only thought bclug an escape from this bondage. A HATANTA . ; is about fifty years ol age, or a light copper co or^ and quite cheerrul when compared with hi* secon?V Klg Tree, who is joungcr aud possesses a suiku disposition. BIO TREE talks but little, nna when be does tlie '.urden of hli speech Is his freedom and his inwntious wneii Tree. These are born of hides hi* tunta, older In crime and 'ndjan J"1"0- ? ic, # intentions mere, and maUi P ou m sa, wi hicn oj course are made under protest Md Will not^e; kept longer than they scne h u to tscape !?-? \U mi^iiirasantlv sltuated-lf such an expression used at all tu connection with a prison^ Tii.^neonlo of tills state do not discover an\ marked I^Xuveuesa toward these Indian chiefs, simplf dS ing that the, be punished as the law dired*. MKCtTIVK INTEKFEIIKM'H ?W^KU TO. They do not like tho lntnrference ol ihe Prc^dei^ nnr his desire to let loose upon an almost _uu|r >>-? tected frontier tnese two bloo ithirsty dilefs. a I am of the opinion that It will require ? , rtwej force to protect them on Kor the* If they are pardoned an, set at Ijberi,. ror ^^ sako of the Immigrants wno are njawu* ^ upon the western Borders of this ????? hoped that tho Governor of he ?i?h w \ the request of Presideul t,rat.i.

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