Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 18, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 18, 1873 Page 4
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THE ERIE INVESTIGATION. Senator Janes Wood Explains About (he Bor rowed $10,000 from Jay Gould. Charlei P. Shaw Testifies as to Hia Influence in the Erie Revolution and Exhibit* Sickles on the War Path? Alvord Tells How He Could Know a Bribed Legislator? Majj&ew Hale and Channcey - M. Depew Also on the Stand. Albany, April 17, 1873. the Erie Investigation Committee resumed Its session this aiternoon. STATEMENT BY SENATOR JAMES WOOD. Senator James Wood appeared, and Mid that In (In course of General Diven's testimony he had ,-uM he un derstood from l)u cher that a certain number of Seua tors liad received $.*>,000 ? piece, and among the names incntiencd were those oi Senator narrower and lilaself. He, the witness, desired to sav that lie was not acquainted w ith Iiutcher, and he never had aay con versation with >;im as 10 legislation; he would also say lie never received a cent tor anv action or vote ho was to take or give a* a .-on .lor. He said this applied to Erie ami anv oth. r subiect of Legislation; he nevor re ceived nor any other sum lor that purpose ; I re ceived in April, 1S7U, A LOAN r HO* J A V GOULD ol $10,0)0, for which I rave my note ; I received it In cur rency, but, as that ? holt matter lias been investigated, 1 don't see as it has any relevancy here, still 1 have no ob jection to have it inquired into ; it is now at my bouse ; It was to be paid 0:1 the Uli of February, 1872; I did not nay it then; I paid the Interest on it; there were no Erie measures in the Legislature at the time rite loan was made that I knowot; 1 knew that Mr. Hurch was here endeavoring to got a law passed to repeal the classification act; I don't remember whether 1 introduced the bill; I en deavored to ?et the hill reported; It was understood that the Railway Committee was opposed to tho bill; 1 remem ber no other measure; the loan was made to me tor the benefit ol a friend who a-ked me for the money; it was nt Buy ciiamceuun"; I pnld him the money; the same monev I received I raid him at Mr. Gould's office ; I stated to Mr. Gould that Mr Chumberlin warned thu money to use in an enter prise and thut I had been advisea to apply to him and ft" I could get it; Mr. Chamberlln lias not paid it to me The witness was asked further questions concerning tin* matter, and stated that it had been fully investigated . ., , other Inquiiy un i he thought it was not germane to tins investigation to pursue it further. Mi. W right said he thought it withiu tho limits el the instruction of the committee. The witness said he had nothing new te tell concerning tlio matter. He then proceeded to say that Chamberlain told him he wanted to u-c the money in un enterprise In Which he thougnt ho would be able to make considerable BiQiiey;thu money was taken by him and put into tho business he contemplated; did not know that Could was lite rested ill the repeal oi the Classification act: ?ip KO* KNOW THAT HsU AND GOULD HAD WiKN INTKR F8TKD IN LKUISLAT10N in Termer years; that was my tirst session; the repeal net was reported by my conuuittcc in 1S7J and passed ; I voted in tuvor of it ; it was a political measure and all republicans voted tor it; never received a dollar lrom Gould or any oue els ? tor legislative services nor tor my election expenses? uot one dollar; I understood my pre decessor bad. Mr. htickney? Then Gould was mistaken In saying that lie contributed tor your elee Ion expenses 1 Witness? Don't know as he raid so. Mr. Carpenter? 'i he testimony of Gould was that he contributed money to secure the nomination ol ex-Senu tor M imphrey. Witness ? Yes ; ho was mv competitor, and I understood he had received railroad money; 1 was acquainted with Gould ; had been brought into intercourse with him in a matter ot making a contract for making a road in which my county was Interested; never acted as counsel lor hiui In any way ; got acquainted with him at his office; never heard it intimated th.it Gould hud used money lor legislaiive purposes; did not consider It anymore im proper to loan money from him while I was a member of the Legislature than I would to borrow from Mr. Htickney; I l*AII> TIIK WHOLE AMOUNT Or TIIK LOAN FIIOM GOULD, principal and interest, prior to February, 1H7^; I paid tho Interest In April, 1S71 ; paid it in bank bills; puiil prin cipal and interest from the proceeds of government bonds which I had before 1 became Senator; 1 handed film the bends and ho allowed me the premium on them; can't tell how many bonds there were; tho amount was $10,000; I have at home a meuioriindutn which would tell ; don't remember whether the excess was given me in a check or bills- I can't produce the memorandum ; can't recollect the lull umount ot tho bonds I took there; it wag less than $15,000; had them deposited before? a part of them in Gene too ami a part m a stifc deposit company in New York; Mr. Gould nail not demanded payment of my note; don't remember any check passing between us; I received a good mnny loans from Mr. Gould in bank hills; I have a bank account, and have lor some time used checks for a part of my transactions; there was NO HI. AS l! ILK FUNDING IN 1870 THAT I KNOW Or WHEN I un." 'VSD TIIK loam; Iremcmber the amendment to the Code as to tho suit krougbt by the Attorney General: did not knowastli.it a phi led to the Erie Kail way ; l did not that session apply to any one else for a loan; the bonds I paid Gould had bcea accumulating lor five or six ^ ears lrom tny profession; I took an assignment from f miiukeriain to secure my loan; 1 have never foreclosed the mortgage, and never referred any money or property from Mr. Gould, the l.rle t onu.anv, or any other source for my Legislative services; I did uot have auy couversatiou or discussion regarding the 1'ro ttata freight Bill last session. CHAKWiri SHAW '8 TESTIMONY. CharlesP. Shaw was s<vorn and tesiltled as to $1,290 pqid to him lor In-. servMes in effecting the revolution In the k.rlc direction ; I met Gen- ral Sickles and ho told mo lie had come here to < ffeet a change; he said large sums had been Paid Jo counsel and others, but all efforts had Lcen fruitless; he had told Ins principal 111 London Hint n chii nge could be ei'.e ted lor a small suoi coiupurcd with w hut had been paid ; IT COt Ll) UK DON* TOR $201*10; his proposition was t* have passed two Mils? the Classlfl ca'ion Repeal bill and the bill known as the Attorney General's bill; he went on and empleved Mr Hall, ah eminent lawyer, and others; 1 told him / thought he was mistaken as to w hat wus the political power ol the State ol New York, and that u he attempted to defeat Jay < louM through a taction ot the republican party. he would find he had been absent from the country a long while, and had lost the track of the elements of power; thut the Cu-iteni Mouse party had just tri umphed kjra few voles in electing Henry Smith Speaker, but that the real power ill the House was the taction led bjn'overnor Alvo'd , he then ap peared verv anxious to conciliate the Ken.on-Greeley taction, and urged they should -hake loose from the Gould party and adopt a mil form platform, go in lor impeachment, Ac., take t lie wind out of the sail* el the other taction Hiid with ihe ban: cr of relorin borne alolt march on to the tursing out of the Gould directors, and thus prove the purity of the republican party; he said this would be gotKl fir the party and good for the country; he then desired me to come here anil have a conversation wftli Governor Alvord and other leading men, nmeug them ex-vcnator Hen. Field ; I came here from Washington ; saw ex-Senator Ramsay ; assured lilin that no iiioncr was to be used improperly; I received money lrom time to time to pay expemes. nut not a cent to use Improperly; first I saw Governor Kenton in Wash ington. and lie approved of the matter; then 1 saw Gov ernor Alvord here tind he was ready to meet and co-ope rate with General nickles ; that gentleman came here and they conierrcd ; there was a difficulty at the start which Iliad anticipated: General Harlow and General Bharpe appeared te want to n ouepolize all the reform; they did not want to take hold ot the Attorney General's bill; matters were tlilis fCiSg 02 when ttyo .R"?. <T4tal place ; I regarded in v Mission to be to win a out a great political result, and General blckles, with his disposition tobeneflt the country, al wars had that object in view. To Mr. Habcoek? No, - i r ; I heard General sickles sav not one cc^t w as te be used except It was to hire counsel. Mr. Habcoek? l>id he not e?pect money would be im properly used by the others! \\ itness? Yes. sir; but he was too high-toned to stoop to aimilar tactics ; I did not understand any money was to he used to get the directors to vacate tneir places; Gen eral Sickles nev or intimated that money would lie used lor that purpose. Mr. Batwock? Did Gen. ral sickles ever tell you what lie personally expected to gain h v his action f Witness? Well, tlmt is a question which I don't think the committee ought to press; it is going into private professional matters which have no Counectiou with cor ruption and wrong. To Mr. Wight? I know of no money used in legislation. To Mr. Carpenter? I cannot tell what services General fiickles rendered to the Krle Company in Washington. Question? Among the Krie Company's vouchers is one from General Sickles of $"i)0 or $SoO lor Ins hotel bill vhile in Washington; the committee therefore presumes be rendered some service to the company there. Witness ? Well, 1 do not supi oie I am at liberty to take env stock In the committee's presumption, neither do 1 know ot any service performed bv Chandler. ihls ended the examination o: this witness. > MK. AI.M)ltl>'S TKSTIMONy. Thomas O. Ahsrd, on be ng sworn, siatcd that Gen eral >n kleucame here through thp lam witness and Inti mated that hi- wanted a couicrctice with hip ; J smd [ -vr < <11 lil tneut hiin w>t it pleasure, a* 1 wan an old acquaint ance ol his; in the conference ttiere win nothing Ra itl about t rie matter* whatever, except perhaps an incidental remark concerning the Attorney General'* bill a* to the Clarification net; everybody knew my view s; 1 Raid to Hickle* thiil I w.n decidedly opposed to the Attorney General'* hill ; our interview wan almost exclusively concerning political mutters ? the harmony ot the republican party; he aeemed to come in behalf ol the authorities It Washing ton, ami appeared to be desirous of eilectlng harmony in the republican party : he did not sneak of harmonizing ?m thoee measure*; there w?? a hitch concerning ordi nary legislation; I wus strongly of the opinion that Krie ?win not spoken ol in connection with hi* proposition Tor harmony ; ?kVKK WAS TOLD BT HIM THAT MONEY WAS USED FOB LKUtSL ATtOlr ; heard it as a common rumor; have no positive knowl edge of n hvtalator receiving money, but I am positive, nevertheless, that money wa.i nsed ; I think I could go Into the Home and ??w point out at least half a dozen men who receive menev ; It mav be that J am poMics-ed ol a iioyclielogicai lacultjr through which I am in formed, but, however it w.n, I am certain that men did receive money; my expe rience aid observation has been such thut I am aide to Judge who would a?d who wonld not receive money, I judge bj their conduct and by their plus iognomy ; I Introduced the Pro Kata Freight bill MM it Was reported against unanimously : 1 have no knowledge whether money wos used m the committee ; I Introduced the Mil early in the session and it was reported against at the close ; I apnea red bciorc the committee several times and urged it; 1 was u.,d atone time that the com mittee was in I?v#r of the bill and it was to be reported. To Mr. Carpenter? As to the employ, i of the House mch as the clerks of the Home, mv opinion ol them is that It would be far better ll some of them were not em ployed ; they are very active lobbyists; last year they were more or le?? Interested ; I don't think they are par ticular as to what measures they are intcre<ded'in ; there ?were some henorable exceptions, however; there are JUteen or twenty persons here every Winter who have HO VISIBLK MKANS Or sirroKT **cept that of looking alter legislation; as to Barber, during the yours 1H70, 1871 and 1*78 I don't think 1 haw him three times; Van Vechten had the reputation of lreing un attorru-v an I coun.-eller ftelore the legislature. My Mr. Carpenter? u you were told Barbi r received 480,000 for services here what do you think he would do witn Itf Witness? Well, T think be Is possessed of sufficient llircw'diiesato keep the most of it lor himself. The witness then explained one ol the operations of fhe I >bl>y, in which it was shown thut they make parties in 4ci .sled In a bill think that CEBTaik ?mums ask rmen asasi.f , ? c ire tne money to make ihe purchase and put It In their , i pockets, leaving a taint aad stain upon the members; it . > wm but ane mode; there wi re a ihousaad other*. MATTIIKW IIALK RXAMINKO. ?latthew Hale, sworn, testified that he did not know ? lie Erie Company using any money in the Etaex dls i Ctfor election purposes last year: I have heard that .. iy OoUld did send money here; my belief in that Judge i otter would have been aonjlnated U money had not I ceil sent there. TR8T1M0MT OF CflACNCBT M. DF.I KW. Channcey M. Depew was sworn and tculiled ft* Cot 4v'v?i? i wai in Albuny diving lust ?cs?ivu of lUc Ugiela tare off and on ; I win one ol the counsel for the New Yerk Central R illroad ('omiiany, and also lor the Har lem Railroad ? out >nny ;'kuow o> a gront'Kiany measures dur.ng ttio session atlectmn both the Central ??' ij KJ'I? Companies, ainoiw which wore the Pro Rata freight Mil am! the lull to ox tend tile statute o4 limitations, w*lPn lT?>vlite>l tUaJ all suits that could be brouglW Into ino l' tilted State* Courts e.ould be extemledlliree years; ihere were ?oTcralottierJiilU.manyrillatfe ami city charter- und road Idlls; there were, perhaps, a( ou one hundred bill* I argued bctore committees on loriy sucli lulls; I argued the i'ro Itala Freight bill; I heard one mornlag that this bill was to be reported favorably ; I wan surprised, as I was to be heard on it: I went al onco to th? tomuilltee room; I t*Jd them 1 wanted to be lo ar.l, I lit oucot the lotw said he did not think an argument could lie made ; thev appear ed lo lie di inclined to hear me, but I went and made a partial aruumenl. when they agreed to give me a huarlng ; I then hummoiied, by t?-:egi aph au;l otherwise. a num ber ol men mil 'rented in (ho railroad Irei chlinir business us witnesses; then arrang.-inonis were made for another thorough examination; we took a va*t amount ol teati moiiy. and I believe that coimnittce wan hone-illy con vinced that the argument wis a found one, and they re ported unanimously against the bill. 1 he wiiness wm questioned closely as to tiik skkvil-ks rKaroMKo ev uauiikr, but he did not know what they wi-re ; he supposed they coiiNl-ti d in laboring constantly with members of the Jx!_i<lature ; Hurlier was opposed to the I'ro Kata Freight bill; general ruuior, wllnoss said, reported that Harber uaid members money; never beard liutcher or barber say the latter had paid any money to legislators; suw Iiuteher a couple ol weeks ago; I asked him It be ever had said to Dlroa money was paid to six be n a tors : he said he never said so lo Diven ; I knew what Dlven was go'.ng te say, lor he was tell inn everybody about it; I knew ho was fomu to \oluntecr hb testimony holore lie gavo It; Hi tClier said he was goto.; to >t l.ouis ; did not say when he would be back ; he said he thought he would return und testily; but II I were he I would not now, until the House rescinded Its action declaring him in coHtcmpt Tho witness then at great length nave ? IIS OPINION AS TO RAIMIOAli I.Kfi 1*1. ATI ON, which, summed 0|t, was to the effect that it was nil wrong and tended to damage railway oouipaiiies; indeed it wou'd destroy them II' enacted Into laws. To Mr. Wight? 1 would think that $f> i.UUO was a large sum to pay a man u>r services hero unless tliuy termi nated in good result*. The committee then adjournod to meet at the Fift.li Avenue Hotel, New York, ou Saturday morn ing ut ten o'clock. BOSTON, HARTFORD AND ERIE. The Old Corporation To Be Replaced by the Sew York and New England Hall road Company? Formation of the Neir Company? 920,000,000 Capital? Elec tion of Directors* Boston, April 17, 1873. The Berdeli bondholders of the Beaton, llartiord and Erie Kailroad held a meeting to-day In Agri cultural nail lor the purpose of forming a new cor poiation and choosing a board of directors. William T. Hart called the meeting to order, and Robert T. Bishop was choscn Secretary. The lollowing votes were adopted Votefl? That we, the holders of bonds secured by the mortgage hearing date March 19, 18H8, by tho Boston, Hartford and Krte Kailroad Company to Robert If. Uerdcil and others, do now organize and form a corporation under the name oi the New York and New England Railroad Company, with a capital stock of $20,000,000, divided into shares of $100 each. Voted ? That the meeting do now proceed to tlio election of fifteen directors lor tho New York and New England Kailroad Company by ballot. Tho lollowing directors were chosen William F. Hart, ol Massachusetts; John Foster, of Massa chusetts; Thorston K. Lothrop, of Massachusetts; Francis Dane, of Maasachusei ts ; Peter 11. Watson, of New York; William lluiler Duucan, of New York; Samuel L. M. Harlow, of New York: Robert M. (Hyphant, of New Y'ork ; Marshall JeTrell, of Con necticut ; Frederick I. Kingsbury, ol Connecticut; John F. Slater, or Connecticut; VMlllatu J. UamcrS ley, of Connecticut; James T. Smith, ol Rhode Island ; Boval 0. Tuft, of Rhode Island. In the uuanimoua vote $6,ti88,ooo lu bonds were represented Voted? That the seal of tho New York and New England Kailroad Company be a circle, with the coat of arms of the States of New York, Massachu setts, Connecticut and Rhode Islund displayed thereon, and the words "Ntw York and Now Eng land Kailroad Company, 1878," surrounding them, substantially in the form now presented to tills meetiug. Voted? That the directors be authorized and directed to receive the surrender ol the bonds se cured by tho mortgage bearing date March 19, i860, by the Boston, llartiord and Erie Kailroad Com pany to Robert H. Berdell and others, and to Issue? iu exchange for the same, stock lu said New York and New England Railroad Company In tho pro portion of ten shares ol stock lor each bond so surrendered to be exchanged, aud to appoint an agent or agents lor said purpose. Voted ? That the directors be authorized to audit the accounts of the trustees iu possession ol the Boston, Hartford and Erie Kailroad, and that said directors have full power to seitie said accounts and obtain a deed or conveyance from said trus tees to said New York aud New England Railroad Company of ull the property, premises, estate aud franchises conveyed In mortgage by tne lloston, llartiord and Erie Railroad Company to Kobert 11. llji'dell and others, and of all auditions thereto, uud ol ull other property lu their hands, or to witlcli they have right or title, belonging to said road. The bylaws adopted provide that fifteen directors shall be chosen aunuady by baliot, and auy vacancy may be Ailed by the remaining members; the an nual meetings to be held I11 Boston ou the Urst Tuesday iu December; notice to be published live times within fifteen <li\ys ol meetiug I11 at least one newspaper in lloston, Brovidcucf, llartiord uud New York; special meetings to bo advertised in the same manner; the Treasurer, chosen by the direc tors, to give at least $25, 000 bonds; any officer to be removed by a two-thirds vote ol the directors. About oiic hundred and firty gentlemen were present, representing nearly every interest, aud tlie meeting was entirely harmonious. There are rumors that an attempt will be made by the Lane interest to eajolu tlio new corporation liom executing its plan. CLEVELAND UD GREAT WESTERN RAIL ROADS. Ci.kyei.and, Ohio, April 17, 1873. S. L. M. Barlow, hh attorney for the Directors of the Cleveland. Columbus, Cincinnati and Indian apolis Railway, has fllcd a rejoinder In the United Stales Circuit Court, in reply to complaints of ptockholders of Raid road. Mr. Barlow says that as attorney anil proxy he represents a large number of shares of the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway. At tli^ election of tli^ ntockhoi<lern he voted upon Nearly four niilllons of dollars oi said stock, wiiich was owned by persons having no Interest In the Atlantic and Great Western Railway. He further says It Is not desired or proposed that any arrangement shall be made between the two companies which is not mu tually advantageous and beneficial, or which will lu any manner ntlect or impair any existing contract or arrangement now legally binding upon the Cleveland road, lie denies the allegation In the bill of complaint as to the Insolvency of the Atlantic and Groat Western Company, and says he has been Informed that a lease of the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway, similar to the one proposed by thh Atlantic and Great Western Railroad Company, has been In contemplation many years by the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Company, and he believes this suit is begun partially or wholly at the expense of the Lake Shore Company to defeat an honest administration of the atruirs of the Cleve land Company by its own stockholders. lie further says the proposed increase of the capi tal stock of the Cleveland Company Is necessary lor additions and improvements to said road, and that no part of it Is to be used in the Interest of the At- j luntlc and Great Western Company. THE PRESIDENTS MILLENNIUM, TO TtTK EPITOR OF THE llEUlM):? That's not a bad idea of the Dominion states man? a confederation of the whole Anglo-Saxon race? England, the United States, Canada, Aus tralia, Mew Zealand, the West India Islands, the Capo of Good Hope and India; what a splendid empire? preparatory to taking possession of the whole earth ; which It is very evident only the Anglo-Saxon race can gov ern. Mexico would at once be absorbed, without a fight, and Cuba declared lree In a voice Spain would listen to. General Grant, In hl.s Inaugural, shadowed this forth; but we mnst have a balance wheel to oar steam engine, snd that balance whoel lr a consti tutional monarch; somebody lias to rule and we had better have for our rulers those who are educated to rule than n tsy politicians who man ago to got the votes of the nnedocated and then rob us of every cent we have lu our pockets. J. G. INEBRIETY AND CRIME. Dlsrvsslon of "The Criminality of Drank* inneii." A meeting was called yesterday afternoon by the Na tions! Temperance Society at the parlors of the Young Men's Christian Association, for the purpose ot hearing a leclure from Pr. Elllah Harris on "The Actunl Relations of Inebriety to ('rims, and the Practical View of the Crim inality of Drunkenness.", In consequence of the storm very few persons were present, and Mr. W. E. Dodge, who presided, announced that the reading of the paper would tie di fi-rred until next Thursday, at four o'clock. A pktort tinw was, however, occupied lu a conference, in which Dr. I'rnne, l?r. Wlllsrd I'arker, the Rev. J. Willett, ot the Klugs County Inebriates' Home, and Dr. Harris took part The question discussed was M t*"* SSLATIOS or DRUNK F.MSKSI TO CRUSH. Mr. WiiXKTt gave some interesting particular* of the result ol [the work ot the Inebriate*' Home, at Fort Ham ilton. lie urged thatttie real cure of druiikcnues* was In tin exertion ot a moral ?n<1 religious iiitiucnc". He gave some statistics in regard to the action of the police and (Irunkradi Jtutlce, in Brooklyn, as it atleoted . . . _ Tnt IfrFBRlATKR' ITOMK had beta wCMlful in riMlm-intr th? number of Tagranta MQt t# the \ prI cntiar> from l,4i? to 7W He Instanced the case or a I olico Justice in tiiat city who, some tour or live yoars ago. would alternate his duties as ? Justice with ge ttlng drunk himself Mr. Willett urged that the entire system o( penalties tor drunkenness needed reformation, and said ihat the dram drinking atdra^ stores and the uie of narcotic* wero d >Ii.k a great amount ol social uud wvral liarui. THE i^TMJniC DISASTER. % ? Th( Mew York 8Utc??iit In De fence of th* Company. n__ on Wuitk Stab Link, I Sti, T? ??i April 7, 1878. J To thb Editor of thk Beru LD:~ I hare refrained from aildi. eH8in? thc I>rcHH re specting the Atlantlohi calamity " unt,i 1 8ll0uia ^ In possession of some authenticate 1(1 lttCt8 'n con_ nectioa th erewlth. Under the excis',meilt nalur" ally caused by the great loss of liie, 0^ erj' rePor' and rumor (which are always rile on ?*. occa" Blous) were accepted by the press, and u'e t118 aster was surrounded with contradiction and ualse statements. Captain Williams' official report, and the ex amination at Halifax? preliminary euly to the more searching one to be held iu Liverpool by the British Board of Trade? enables mo to lay before you a plain statement ol thc case. It has been stated that the Atlantic was short of provisions. This Is palpably untrue, as there was on board, of beef, bread, flour and substantial pro visions, on leaving England, enough ler thirty-two days. In order to comply with the schedule of the British Board of Trade, and which Is most rigor ously enforced by the emigration officers beloreany emigrant ship Is permitted to leave port. The only ground ler such report Beems t? have arisen from a shortness ol salt flsh ; and as It has always been an object of the managers of the line te make tho bill ol larc as attractive as possible, 1 have no hesi tation lu stating that tho steamer was more than fully provisioned. lite next chargo which lias been made Is that the Atlantic was sect to sea short of coaL Owing to tlic strikes among the miners iu Eugland ceai has for some tiuie been difficult to obtain, es pecially of the best quality. Te pro vide against any coutlugency arising from this cause, tho managers of the line have supplied to the steamers a Urge margin beyoud the average consumption of the boats, and we llnd the Atlan tic was lurnfehed In Liverpool with ??7 tous, against her average consumptien, on the eighteen passages to New York, of 744 tons. Notwithstand ing t .is liberal allowance the nature ol the coal Beems to have been Buch that It burned with un precedented rapidity. From this cause alone and not irotn any lault of the managers of the line a shortness ol coal was apprehended and the t'apiain decided to bear up lor Huillax, a port once a regu lar calling place lor American steamers, con sidered perfectly sale by sailors lor all purposes and has been made use ol since tho 1st ol January, 1872, by the following steamers lor the very purpose of coaling:? Meimer. D ate. Line. Hrimnma January, 1872 Anchor Culm March, is, 2 Cuuard Hilt sin No vomber, 1872 H am burg y neon December, 18/2 National Siberia December, ls<2 Cuuard Cuba December, 1872 Cuuard Olu morgan December, 1X72 Cardiff Idaho lanuary, 177.1 (iuiou Minnesota January, 1-wi (in ion culm Veoruary, 1W.1 . ciniaril America February, 1873 llremen And iuio Boston, Ciiy ol Washington, January, 1872. Very much has been said respecting Captain Williams; but in view of the action ol the court at Hatiiax 1 lorbear from expressing an v opinion as to tue professional error that placd his ship so lar from tho point oi his calculations. The method of promotion of officers in the Eng lish mercantile marine is not, however. generally understood licre. Without the stated complement of certificated officers, also of ceitiflcated engi neers, no steamer is allowed to sail irorn a British port. Before a sailor can obtain his second mate's certificate he must have served lour years at sea and pass a severe examination on all matters con nected with his profession. Tue next step, that of clilei male, lor which lie cannot be examined until he can show one year of actual service as second. Again, anotner year of employment must elapse ere tho master's certificate be granted, with a still more stringent examination; alter which another grade can be competed for? that of "extra master." Captain Williams had passed all these success! ully, and had commanded steamers iu thc JJicw York and Liverpool trade for years. Coming to the White Star line highly recoin niended, taking a subordinate posltlou at llrst, he was promoted through lus efficiency, and made captain or the Atlantic on the previous voyage, so that Ills was no hasty appointment, but was made in strict compliance with the very best principle governing such matters. The model of our steamers needs little commcnt, as the result of our Winter's work proves them periect sea boats and all thai could be desired. To the model and construction 1 attribute thc saving ol nearly all who escaped. J. il. SPARKS, Agent. LATEST FR03I THE WRECK. Wonderful Effect of the Ue ward lor the Corp?<'?? Forty-'lwo Bodies Recovered Vtxciduy. Halifax, N. S., April 17, 1873. The divers resumed work on the wreck of the Atlantic to-day, for the first time since last Friday. The weather during this long interval has been so violent and tlie sea so heavy all along the coast that it was hazardous to approach the sunken vessel, and the matter of submarine operations has been entirely out of the question. In conse quence or a reward of $50 fur the corpses of the cabin passengers and $ao for the steerage there has been a notable chaugo In the industry of the divers in recovering cargo. FORTY-TWO MORE BODIES BHOtTOIlT CT. For Instance, up to the departure of the Herald reporter from the scene or the wreck at fonr o'clock this afternoon, forty-two bodies bad been brought up, and probably half as many more were recovered before sundown. During the same time the amount of cargo and baggage brought up was trifling compared with tho quantities daily recovered during the operations of the divers before the storm and previous to the offering of a reward lor the corpses. The indignation meeting liold by the friends of the lost last week finally aroused "the company to a sense of its duty, and Mr. Pennel, of the Now York office, and Cap* tain Williams, oi the lll-lated steamer, are now in dustrious in directing the operations for the re covery of the remains of the unfortunate victims. The bodies reoovered to-day were those of steerage passengers, the malorlty of tnem being WOMEN AND INFANT CIIII.MtKN. About half of them were recovered from the wreck and the other hair irom the bot tom of the sen, between the sunken vessel and the shore. The latter were entangled in vast fields of kelp and seaweed, and some were recovered by grapplers as well as divers. The poor souls had probably attempted to swim ashore and sunk from exhaustion and cold, or else been dashed to death by coming in contact with the rock-bound coast. One man was found entangled In the kelp, with a little bo? held fast in his anus, and the burden was so heavy that the diver had to separate them before he could bring them to the suriace. He first brought up the father and then the little son. The remains of all were in a good state of preservation, but upon being exposed to the air decomposition rapidly ensued. Many of them were braised and disfig ured, in consequence of coming in contact with tho broken wreck and cargo. The divers report that the vessel is so filled with the debris of freight, baggage, Ac., that It will be Impossible to do much more In the direction of searching for bodies mil 11 the floating mass is re moved, and probably their efforts will be employed in that direction to-morrow. It lias been decided to blow off some of tho Iron plates In the vicinity oi the cabin to-morrow, and then the first promising attempts towards the recovery oi the remains ol' the missing caoln pas sengers will be commenced. The custom authorities are proceeding against parties known to have plundered the Atlantic dead or stolen goods from the wreck. A man named James s. Claughcn (wltlte)was arrested last night, and warrants are out for the arrest or others. 'I be Dominion government, hearing that the White Star line have not made provision for the burial of the dead bodies yet to be recovered, have ordered the Collector of Customs to attend to It at the public expense, THE REV. MB, ANCIENT'S HEROISM. A Splendid Project Whereby to Re* ward Him, Commemorate the Dis aster and Prevent Its Mepetltlon? Give Him a Chnreh Whose Tower Shall Be a Lighthouse Near the Scene of the Wreck> To IBM F-ditor or the Hkkald:? i From all sides we hear the praises of the Rev. Mr. Ancient, for his gallant conduct at the wreck of the Atlantic. Many have expressed a desire to show

their appreciation of bis noble acts In some sub stantial manner. 1 have seen no plan suggested by which all who wish to contribute to such an ob ject may unite their efforts. How would It do to erect a church for this poor missionary as near as possible to the scene ol the wreck? the tower to be a lighthouse? In this wav a monument would bo erected to the memory of the dead, to which their surviving friends would l?e glau io contribute? a lasting memorial of tar. Ancient's gallantry would be rained, to which all the world seem anxious to give? a lighthouse would l>e built to guard against the repetition ol the said scene or April I, 1*78. Of course. In addition to this, there should be a personal offering to Mr. Ancient? a paid-up endow ment policy in one ol the first class insurance com panies, or In money Itself. To accomplish this ob ject it is only necessary that some responsible parties should bead the movement. Will tho IlKrtAi.n lead la tills W U1 so uiuuy other etinritablo enterjjrisesf A UfcAUKK. LABOR VS. CAPITAL. The Old Question To Be Again Agitated. What the Present Labor Movement Means -A Pronuneiamento from the International*? Ihe Present and Prospective Strikers. The labor question, whlcli has recclred new llfo in this city from the recent troubled of the New York Gas Company, seems likely to again be the cause o/ considerable agitation. 80 long as the strikes are unorganized and the movement not a general one little will be accomplished. When one braiu0*1 ?' industry in a certain locality by a "strike " announces Itself as the redresser of all the wroth/8 from which the laboring classes suffer, there are ai,w*y? men enough 10 be bad from other regions to supply ihe vacant places. If, for In stance. themaao.ufl in New York "strike," it is only a question of twatftyfour hours to obtain others from the country (owns, if the brass workers quit work m Brooklyn those in Jersey City will do Just so many more hours ol extra labor. Thus it has been In the past, with very few excep tions, and as a consequence nearly all efforts in the way or strikes have failed. It has long been conceded that this arbitrary means of bringing capital to tho feet oi labor can only be successfully exercised by skilled tradesmen? men who bave served apprenticeships which make them the su periors 01 1'oiDinon day laborers. it is evident that there will eventually grow up a great labor party, aud that this will result in a direct clash between capital and labor. As a basis ot a most extonatve movement there already ex ist, besides International societies, the joilo wing I.AHOR ORGANIZATIONS. National.? National Labor Union; Bricklayers' and Carpenters' anil Jollier*' National Unions; (.rand Lodge of i iasterers; Grand Lod g? of tlie Daughters of St. Crispin; building League and the Worklngiuen's Union. Txadk Unions ih the Cirr or New York.? Knkerst, Boiler Makers', Bookbinders', Bricklayers', Brush makers', Cabinet Makers', Carpenters', ship's Joiners', Carlmeu's, Carvers', Clgnr Makers', Coachmen's, Coopers' Crispins' (six lodges), Dorrtckmen's, En gineer*', Ferry Engineers', (J as fitters', Gasmen's (two lodges), (las Meter Makers', Horse Shoers', House Smiths', Iron Moulders', Laborerers', Machinists' and Black smiths', Marble Cutters', Marbl* Polishers', 1'iicking ltox Makers' and Sawyer*1 (throe lodges), Painters' (six lodges), Kre&coe Painters', Paper Hungers', Piano Makers', Plasterers', Plumbers', Printers', Stair Builders', Meaui Fitters', Stone Cutters', Stone Masons', Sugar Refiners', Tailors', Tin Cornice Makers' and Slato Roofers', Up. bolsturcrs' and the Working women's Protective Unions. A MASS MEKTfNd CALLED. The national organization is no; in any way openly moving at present, but Is strengthening Itself throughout the country. The International, on the contrary while It claims to be conservative, does not deny that It means, if necessary, to oall for the use ol force as a last resort. It asserts that as one great class ol reformers was forced Into the extremity of accepting a great civil war to iree the colored race, so fclio Internationals will not shrink from the responsibility of a revolution to securo the rights of white labor. They are, evidently, desperately in earnest. The following circular will bo Issued:? Intebnationai. Wo kki women's Association, American ) Federation, Nkw York, April 15, 1873. 1 To the Officers anu Mkmukrs or thk Various Trades organizations in the City and State or New York Yon are beroby requested to scqu two delegates to a convention to be held at Germanla Assembly Rooms (iiowery). on Tuesday evening, April 22. 1873, at eight o'clock, having in view tlie testing and enforcement 01 ( lie eight hour law In tbis State. First ? The providing of ways and means for tho prose cution of all violations of the eight hour law in this State. Snonti? The framing and laying before the present Legislature a bill providing fur tho enforcement of the eight hour law. Trusting that you will recognlie tho Importance of holding said Convention by Fending your delegates cloth ing them with power to cooperate both morally and muter lolly 1 We remain, yours, Ac., 0. oSbohne wabd.i GEO. BLAIR. 1 W. A. CAKSEY, , II UGH Med It K.OGOR, } Committee. JOHN II ALB K It X", 1 T. K. KINOETY, J. W. MADOOX. By order of Fed. Council, THK SITUATION at present is rather ditllcult to understand. There appears to bo no reason to fear a general strike this Summer unless the employing carpenters are determined to force their men back to the ten-hour system, it is claimed that this will be tlie test question, and should such an action seem probable a general uprising of labor will take place. The scenes of liust Summer will be airsin repeated. It Is claimed, however, that 011 this occasion the strikes will bo so general as to airect every branch of industry throughout the country. This is the guarantee of tho National Labor Union. All that the leaders of the laboring men intend to do this season is to try, by legally test ing several cases of the Infraction of the eight hour statute, to quietly establish their rights. There is an eight hour statute in existence In the .state of New York, but It amounts to n >thlng so far as the laboring men are concerned. Even the general law of the United States was disregarded y the contractors of the new Post office now erect ins; in City Hail Park, and It was not until an ad ditional bill was passed by Congress for the special relief of these individual workmen that the gov ernment law became operative. Should tho law fall, the movomr>nt will quietly go on by perfecting the union through the numerous organizations of the entire laborelement of the land. Then, it Is asserted, In the Spring of 1874, there will be such a strike as was never seen in all the world before. This plan will be worked out to the bitter end, and the heads of the move ment seem very confident of ultimate victory. THE GAS PROBLEM. The Capacity of the New York Gas Work* Severely Tested? The Result Yet an Open Question? The Struggle Be tween Light and Darkness? The Effect of the Heavy Weather?An Explanation from One of the Strikers? A Clear In sight Into the Labor or a Gas Man. The prospects of the gas striKcrs appear to Im prove with each day. The fact is now being very clearly demonstrated that the large gang of work men at present In the building cannot perform the labor which was accomplished by the men now on the strike. After a trial of nearly two weeks, In which it was to be expected, according to the officers of the company, that all the new men would have acquired experience sufficient to enable them to perform the work, It turns out that between three and four hundred laborers are not capable of m aking the same quantity of gas which about eighty were accustomed to furnish. The officers cf the com pany may exclude the representatives of the press from the Interior of their works. This, to say tho least, Is very suspicious, and Is to be takea for cir cumstantial evidence that things arc not all right; yet it certainly lies within the power of those in charge to refuse all snch information to the public. This system has been pursued by Superintendent Morton from the outset, and he has Imagined that he held the key to the secrets ol that horrible, smoky retort room. THE TKLl-TALK OAS TANKS. The great gas tanks In the adjoining yard hnvo given, from day to day, a true showing of the work done at the retorts. They have been eagerly watched, not only by the discharged strikers, but by the police and newspaper men. A few days age the rising of the large tank on Twenty-flrst street seemed to warrant the prophecy that the New York Company would l>c successful In its resistance of the strikers' demands. It was known that the force was much larger and that the company was expending vast sums of money In maintaining the police and watchmen on duty, but this was deemed to be Its own and not the public's business. Mo Ions as the company furnished the gas the people were not particularly interested in knowing irom whence tt came. RIGN9 OF WFAICMKSS. Fp to yesterday the triumph of the company seemed certain, but as the fog and heavy weather settled down over the city the officers exhibited unmistakable signs ol uneasiness. The darkness of the day made the requisition for gas heavier than at any time since the beginning of the strike, and the consumption during such a day as yesterday In the district or the New York Oas Company is be tween twlcc and three times as large as during the night. In that portion of the city below Grand street the main consumption at night Is confined to the streets and the stores and saloons above Printing House square. The great num bers of offices below Fulton street which, during such a dismal afternoon as yesterday, con sume many thousauds el feet of gas, are at night either totally dark or illumined bv a solitary Jet. During the haziest portion of yesterday there was scarcely an office or counting room In the city which was not forced to resort, to artificial light. The consequence was that tho resources ol the company were severely tried. A number of men had left the works in the morning who were un able any longer to endure the fatlgne, and the com pany was thus foreed to battle short-handed with the unfavorable circumstances. Hoon It was no ticed that the smaller tanks In the main yard did not rise, and the gradual sinking of the monster gasometer in the new yard told only too plainly that the company was losing ground. IS Till COMPANY^ CONHKKKCK ASSUMED OR RKAL? The company claim that they have "made ar rangements by which gas will be supplied to their customers." This, It is asserted by many, refers to a connection made, somewhere in the vicinity of Grand street, with the mains of the Manhattan Company. The officers ol the New York Company stoutly deny that such Is the fact, but there seems I to be gooU re?won for belleviug the rumor. Certain It Is that, iiiiIpm some sue!) communication exists, tiro more dark days will utterly incapacitate the company, with its present workmen, lor fulfilling Its con sracw. Men who have considerable knowl edge or tke gas lousiness asserted yesterday that, should the weather continue thick to-day, the com pany wo .Ul be "flat on its back'' to-night, unless uld was bad lrom some of the otber corporations. AN OPEN QtlKHriON. ae problem as to wbethor tbe company shall nplt dually and absolutely 1b yet unsettled, and It wants but a very few days of dark weather to bring a crisis. Meanwhile the region in the vicinity of the gas works will again become in vested with all us reocni importance. The police under Captain Edward Tynan, of the Eighteenth precinct, may yet have an opportunity to perform some active duty, ior which they have indeed been prepared more than two weeks. Felix Hughes, a rough arrested a day or two since by Oitlcer George tirown for assaulting a laborer who wits seeking work in the gas house, was yesterday sentenced at Essex Market Coort to six lusntbs in the Penitentiary. This, it is thoaght, will prevent any repetition of such offences lor tbe present. The strikers disclaim all connection with the riot ers who have heretoiore created trouble. BOW THK STRIKE in TALK. The sentiments of the gasmen themselves are di vided retarding the future prosi>ects of the strikers. A Herald reporter called yesterday at t he hall or the Gasmakers' Union, at tbe corner of Twenty-second street and First avenue. The Sec retary, a tery Intelligent man, greeted blm kindly, aud said that the men were still determined upon their previous policy. "It is In even way better for us," said the Becre I tary, "to go into some other business than to go back into the gas works with the certain knowledge that within six months a Itw ef our number will be dead and buried. Nose of ns can toll which may go next. We burled a good many of our men dur ing the last year, and aU of us are so fatigued and our constitutions are actually so shattered that twelve hours' continuous labor for us means death. The public, Mr. Kcporter, does not understand the hardships of oar work. The lurnaces of the gas works must never cease to burn lor an instant. Day or night some one must keep the tires glowing aud the retorts mil. TUB PUBLIC UNINFORMED REGARDING TUB SEVERITY UP TUB WOK*. The fine ladles and gentlemen whosltaronnd their pleasant firesides tills dismal evening do not know? or, if they did know, many would not give the fact a second thought? or the terrible labor through which the men go who lurniah them the light. Dressed only in breeches and a wrapper without arms, we stand for twelve hours beiore the glowing lurnaces or the mouths or the burning retorts, belching forth great volumes 01 flume. Our faces, arms and chests are steaming with the beat, while the cold currents of air winch (111 the Immensity of the great. Bmoky retort room chill our backs and legs to the veiy bones. Then, when the retorts are closed and we get the lew moments' rest, regarding winch the friends of the compauies nave so loudly orated, we ore even worse off. In a perfect torrent or perspiration to sit down for a few moments would try the strongest constitutions. Away from tbe immediate netghoor hood of the furnace-door the air is coid, being con stantly replaced from the currents which encircle the entire building. TI1B HARDSHIPS OP A OAS HAN'S LIFE. You do u." t rnliy appreciate the demands which were made upon us. Our hours ran irom six A. M. till six P. M. for one week, and during the next from six P. M. until six A. M. There were two gangs, and we had alternate weeks of day and uignt work. So short was our force that not a man could be spared. If a man hud a child or a wife dead at home he dare sot fall to {>ut In an appearance with his gang, f he did not his situation was at the mercy of a foreman, vested with entire and absolute power. From the foreman's decision ap peal was useless. We had no opportunity to stuto our eases before a higher oitlcial, und if we bad it would Jiave availed us nothing. The sickness or a man or absence lor any reason bad the same cffcct. Excuses were not tolerated. TUB MUTUAL COMPANY NOT BLAMELESS. A great deal has been said about the generosity and kind-heartedness or the Mutual Gas Company. A case In point nay Illustrate tbe grounds upon which I take another view or their position. One ol our men, who had a large lutniiy to support, asked and obtained our permission to go to work. He applied at the oRlce ol the Mutual Gas Com pany, and was at once given work. He was one ofonr most experienced men and did his work well. Ot this there can be no doubt, because we have all labored by his side at the retorts across the street. The information, however, came to the cars of some ol the officers in the Mutual works that he had "struck'' from the New York Company, and they discharged instantly both the employe and the loreman who had engaged him. The fore man was entirely ignorant of the lacts, and was roost cruelly thrown out of employment at this season of the year. Wo were surprised to learn that our man had been discharged, because we be lieved that the Mutual Company boasted or its In dependence. It certainly need expect lew favors from the other companies. NO COMPROMISE. Wc <lo not contemplate any settlement upon any other basis than the eight hour system. We cannot agree to go back to that kind of work for so long 'a period dally as twelve hems ? to pass one halt of the best part of our lives there ? even lor $10 per day. The appeal which tne interests or our wives and families make to us demands that we should not so wilfully sacrifice our health and nltl mutely our lives. We are hurd working men of the humblest kind, but to us, and those dear to us, our own lives are precious. There is not one man among us who could afford to strike did not our lives depend upon a reduction of our work to living hours. The New York Company may put up all the machinery in England, but they cannot do away with manual labor. We mean to be peaceful, law abiding citizens, and if we cannot get a reduction or our hours wo will all begin life anow iu some other trade." OUR DARKENED STREETS UP TOWN. Complaint of a Citizen? A Good Chance for Highwaymen to Bccome Indus trious. Nkw York, April 16, 1373. To Tim Editor of tite Herald:? Sir? The condition of some of our streets Is a dla grace to any city which pretends to be civilized and have a good government. Last evening two ladles and myself had occasion to pass through Fifty-sev enth street, between Fifth and Sixth avenues; and as wo entered the street we noticed tnat no lamps on the whole block were lighted. Wo thought this strange, and even dangerous, for any highwayman could easily have overpowered me and stole the valuables of my companions. But not only was tho street very dark, but very rough or stony in somo places and very muddy in others, tor many houses are building there, nud necessarily the streets must be somewhat cut up. On this account, par ticularly, the lamps should have been burning. Whether this negligence Is the fault of the city gov ernment or the employe I know not; but It seems to ine tnat citizens might be allowed to walk upon smooth pavements aud have the privilege of ob serving mud holes before they step Into them. I doubt not but that there are other streets besides Fifty-seventh street In just as bad condition, and measures should be Immediately taken by the Common Council whereby they may be made salo for pedestrians. 11. E. G. THE 8I088ET SOCIAL 8CAXDAL. The Examination In tHe Caae of Mn. Virginia W. Justh Continued? Impor. tant Testimony. The examination In the case of Mrs. Virginia W. Junth, who Is charged by her husband, Emll Justh, with having, in August last, committed an abor tion on herself, whereby a miscarriage was pro duced of a child with which, It Is charged, she was prcgnaut, was continued before Justice John S. Sncdekor, at Jamaica, yesterday. John D. Towns end and Alexander Ilagner appeared for the de fendant and District Attorney Downing for the people. TUB TESTIMONY. Singleton Mathews, sworn? Am a hotel proprietor, and resident Hyoroet, Queens county ; my hotel Is near the railroad depot ; passengers by the ears for Oyster liny take stage at that place; witness recognized Mr*, ninth mill Colonel Burleigh ; they were at mv house one night; they stayed nil night ; the next morning Colonel Burleigh left tor New York uti the cars and Mrs. Jus. h went to her home; a little tiov drove Mrs. Justh home; I do not Know what season oi tne year thl* was; It was since I hare re sided at Kyosset -within the lust eighteen months; M US. JUSTH Attn COLONCL BVHLKIOH arrived at my house about dark by the attemoon train; Mrs. Justh complained that her carriage had not come over for them; It was a very stormy night, so much so that I told them that I could not carry them over, audi told them that I would not on account of the horses, ami also tho stormy night; do not remember whether they both wished to be taken over, or only one ot them ; it was about the time of tho disease among horses; I sent put to sec If I could get a horse and wagon In tho neighborhood ; tho wagon that I had was a one seated one ; there is a stage that rues Irom Oyster Bay to Syosset; no part of the route is less than two er three miles from Mrs. Justh 's residence; thoy could not roach home from my house except hv walking; Mrs. Juslh'i residence Is troin two to three tulles; Mrs. Justh paid for her lodging and Colonel Bnrlelgh pala for his; I know Whitehead II. Van Wyck; most every ono docs; don't know whether he Is a man or a thing; I have heard of his stealing tetters; VanWvckls between thirty aud lorty years ot ago ; heard or his STEAL1RI1 MRS. JDSTU'S I.KTTKRS and taking them to Mr. Justh ; have heard nothing Against his character except In connection with these letters; Van Wyck Is a married man; nave heard people run lilm down ; Thomas F. Votings said that Van Wyck ought to be tarred and feelhcrcd; Youngs thought Van Wyck a perfect nuisance to the neighborhood, and that he should have been tarred and leathered Instead of Kelsej. George Mathews, sworn? I am a grandson of the last witness; know Colonel Burleigh ; he has been to 8jrosset three or four times; have seen him go In Mrs. JusLh's car riage two or three times; took him down to Mrs. Justh's two or three tlinas, not over three times at the outside : I am the only one of the iumilv who ever took him down ; I remember Colonel llurlelgh and Mrs. Justh remaining at our house all night on the occasion spoken of by last witness; I think the Colonel look the train whtch leaves at twenty Ave minutes past eight A. M. ; I know of my own knowledge tho rooms occupied by them were the same as stated bv my grandfather ; Mr*. Justh occupied a room on the second floor. over the barroom, north side ot the house; Culonel Burleigh occupied the entry bedroom; there was no communication bet wo n the two rooms; both opened into the hall ; no suggestion or request was mode by either of thein fbr s.iy particular rooms; no ob jection was made by either to the rooms assigned them. The examination will be resumed to-day, when It Is expected that the prosecution jrlll close their easy. TBI CABWA TEAGEDf The Authoritie* Satisfied that the SomnamboTMt Fits U the Perpetrator of the Aaault on Emeraon? Statement of the Detec tive Who Worked Up the Case? A Thrilling History. Canoia, N. n., April 17. 1873. Detective George If. Chapman, who has been en? gaged in the work of investigating the causes o< the late irighrful murder in this town, has arrived ?t the conclusion that the crime is the result ot somnambulism and insanity, and tbat the boy Wil fred Lincoln Fitz to the author of the crime. Ap pended is his story, given Just as it was told to me in this town to day TUB DKTBCT1VB'8 STATEMENT. "I hardly know whit to mako ef tile matter. In alt my experience I Have scarcely ever seen a case so difficult to investigate ; not that 1 have had any trouble In finding out the facts, but that the theo ries thereby connected are of such a startling nature that I have great difficulty in my attempts to explain them to myself. To begin with, all I know abeut the ease when 1 waa sent here was the fact that Joira A. Emerson, a boy, had boen found totally wounded In bed in tula town; that the boy Fitz, a resident ef Lewell, Mass., was suspected ol the crime, and that the townspeople were In a fearful state of anxiety about It. I went to Lowell first. Mrs. Fita and Mr. Fitz and the boy, with his twin sister, were caUcd upon and interviewed, and then it was that 1 got an inkling ef the real truth UT the matter. The boy, it aoems, is a somnambulist. He is a good boy in the main, but he has been ad dicted to habits not altogether conducive to the preservation of good health. He is quiet in be havior, good uatured and studious. He is a mem ber of a church and was one of the most intelligent ef ail the school boys of Lowell ; but he ie none the less partially insane. TURK? NO. 1. Only a few weeks ago qnlte a number of schoV books, parlor ornaments and matters of a like nature were missed about his father's house. In vest t?at ion and search resulted in nothing definite, until, finally, It was ascertained that tlio boy had stolen the missing articles while walking In hut sleep and secreted them In a garret. Physician* were called to examine into the case, and Mr. Fitz was advised to send the boy Into the country, the opinion being that too close an application to study had rained his health. The child accordingly was sent to the house cf Ills uncle, Jesso N. Fitz, a resident of this town, on the 7th of March last. Mr. Fita has done everything In ins power to lollow out the instructions of Ills brother. The boy has been well cared tor, and kept in the open air so lar as possi ble. He has been accustomed to go into the wooda with his uncle and chop wood, and In ether ways has been exercised with a view to the recovery ol bodily strength. Tho ilrst man! testation of a re turn to his old propensity was on the 7th of April tubft no. 2. Tho house of Mr. Snel Brown, distant abont half a mile from the residence or Mr. Fitz, was visited by some unknown person during tiie night, and everything was turned topsy turvy therein. A pocketbook containing money was abstracted, but only tne papers were taken out. and they were thrown about the room, the money being left un touched. There is every reason to believe that the boy Fitz was the author of this depredation. attempted dbprbdation. On the oth of April occurred a sec >nd offence, of which the boy has been proven guilty. Just across from the house' where he has been living la the dwelling of a Mr. Augustus Bobbins, a house into which the boy never stepped his loot wiille awake. This houso is fully one-eighth of a mile from the Fitz homestead, and between tne two lies a meadow divided by a broo!c, which has been swollen by the Spring freshets. On the night in question tho boy got out of bed wiillo asleep, dressed only in shirt, panta loons, turned wroug fide out, and slippers, and walked across this meadow to the Bobbins House. On dtilnR so he had to lord the brook, lie walked around the house and til jd to get In at the wia dows, as was evidenced by the tracks In the snow, but failed to effect his purpose. Then ho returned the same way by whence he came still asleep, got a rubber cout, ladder and brouduxe, and cliangcd his slippers for a pair of rubber boots. Tills must have been at about midnight. The boy then went back to the house, and b.v tho use of tne ladder he climbed Into an Attic room Just over that occupied bv .virs. Robbins, who was asleep. She was awak ened by his footsteps and searched the house, finding young Fitz crouched behind a chair in tke attic, with the broad axe in his grasp, the blade turned inward towards the palm ol tne hand. He was still asleep. When awakened he appeared to be thunderstruck and very much scared. He couldn't realize where he waa, and" seemed to be In great trepidation. The iamtly, appreciating his condition, reas sured him and put him to bed. In con sequence of this escapade Mr. Fitz, the uncle, took extraordinary precaution towards keeping the bey in the houso. Every door in tne building was fastened on the inside except the front door, and that was double locked inside and bolted. The windows were fastened by sails put between the sashes, and every possible trouble was taken to prevent the boy lroni getting oat ol the house, ms LAST ADVKNTFRE. On Tuesday niglit, However, he manager! to elude the vigilance of his guardians. He went to bod at fiiteen minutes past nine o'clock, leaving his aunt in the parlor reading a newspaper. She remained down stairs till ten o'clock, when, thinking that she bad forgotten to lock on? of the outside doors, she proceeded to ac complish that task, putting a board and a cliurn against the inside, so that, as she thought, the boy could not have gotten out. Then she went to bed. Afterward the boy got up in a somnambulistic state, unfastened the door, and taking an ordinary woodchopper's axe Irom the shed and a backless chair from a loit, he walked seven eighths of a utile tliroug.i mud ankle deep to the house of a Mr. Rowe. There he placed the chair against a par lor window, (a needless step, for the window was less than three feet from the ground, and climbed into the reom. The bor had never visited the house before. He made his way out of the par lor in the darkness across the hallway, up one short flight of stairs, anil by some seemingly super human power he got into the room where John A. Krnerson, his victim, lay asleep. The axe was used there and THE SOMNAMBULIST ESCAPED. While he was at his work, however, Mrs. Rowe, who slept in the next room to the wounded boy, heard a noise ami asked, "What Is the matter, Johnny She received no reply. Still wakeiul. she listened lor a moment, when she heard a sound like the fall of an axe, followed by soltly sounding footsteps, when she went Into Johnny's room. She ielt about the bed until, horror struck, her hand dropped into a pool of blood. At first she supposed the boy had committed suicide, but alterward, irom information received from Mrs. Fitz, sho ia convinced that ke was assaulted by the boy Fits, who, by the way, is a relative of tho Emerson boy. Mrs. Fltz says that she was ALAKMED BY TUK INFORMATION OF THE TRAOKDT, and suspecting from previous experience that her nephew might have been the cause thereof, she re paired to Ills room at ten minutes past twelve o'clock that nlglit. Tho boy was sound asleep in bed. Then sho examined the door, which she had fast ened before going to bed, and found that it had since been opened. "Therefore," concludes Mr. Chapman, "I thin* that the boy Fit 7. was the perpetrator of this crime, and that he did It wliilc in a somnambulistic state. 1 think, moreover, that he Is partially Insane." Mr. Chapninn's statements ure corroborated py other evidence In mr possession, nnd may be de pended upon as a fair, Just and impartial present*, tiou oi the facts in the case. MXICIFAL AFFAIUS. Estimates for the Year. The Comptroller has recclveil some of the estimates ol tho heads of department* (or the year ending in June ensuiag. Commissioner Van Nort fixes his nt tl.fiftl.WO? a reduction ol $1,730. The estimates for the Mayor's de pttruin.ni lor the balance ol the year is $2S,47J. The Aldermen, The regular weekly session of the Hoard of AMeruaea was neld yesterday? President Vance In the chair. The Chair presented a resolution authorizing the Clerk to publish, In hook form, 1,000 copies of the charter, If it be sitfttod 1> v tho Governor, which sras adopted. A report was received trom the Comptroller giving the rent received by the city lor tho New York and Hew Haven Katlroaii dupot In Centre street ai ?IS.O'iO pert annum, and placing the value ol the ground at tiSUiJUOL Tho report was fllee. A largo number of Comiuixsioner* of Deeds were confirmed. The bill la* expenses of Peter' Ollsey's funeral amounted to $813. for carriage hire.) plumes, draperv of chamber. Ac. l'ho Board rosolve*4) to meet hereafter at three o'clock. Tho resolution authorizing the leasing ot prcmlseav.ii the north side of 12.Mli street anJ t hird avenue at \a? rate of ft, 000 per year tor the use of tho Ninth District Civil Court and the Kitih District Police Court, was adopted. It is to be leased for a term of ten yevafruin May 1. / PIGEON SHOOTING. / Ira Painc's pigeon tournament we.g postponed yesterday on account of the storrj until to-day, when, should the weather he tine, the original programme will be carried out, the event to ba shot being the lorty-bird kwoo*), at a7i yiirj9< nse, from 11 vo traps, with l'? o<;lUCCS of shot, Kngllsn rules, the entries for wlilc*4 aro Miles Johnson, Ira Paine, Captain Hogardur w. Tinker and the Perry Brothers, or I'lill^uclphla. The Coney Island , cars, starting irom fuiton ferry, pass HaU'n track.

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