Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 20, 1873, Page 11

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 20, 1873 Page 11
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GENERAL JACK. The Modoc Chief Outmanoeu vres the Army. STRATEGY OF THE SAVAGE. JLn Extensive War 011 the Settlers Apprehended. [REINFORCEMENTS FOR GILLEM SDeath of John Scbonchin by a Peace Policy Bullet. ^EXCITEMENT AT TULE LAKE Alarm of tbe Citizens and Butchery Expected. COURIERS AFRAID TO TRAVEL. The Indians Supposed to Have Left the Lava Beds. CAVALRY IN PURSUIT. The War Department in the Dark and Anxious for News. > ? GENERAL SHERMAN ANGRY. He Says Bah! to the Soothing System Statesmen. !THE KIOWAS AND COMANCHES. ?War in the Southwest and the Herald^ Prophecy Fulfilled. San Francisco, April 18, 1873. rrom vreka ^ ?*? U L nL are kD0Wn 10 have been ??ed Ka ? ? < 7C8terday- The cava1^ and their I* 8prin* fnt"an allies, mounted, have been irrr* three days' rati?ns and sent "? pur. fee lava be'da ,n * ^ ????** *om WHAT JACK HAY do. that Captaln Jack's band will divide HP anrt do great damage to the settle?. A irnrtr will leave Yreka In the morning to re cover Eugene Hovey's body and some to join the cavalry in pursuit ol the savages. THK p"ACB man's BULLET. A captured squaw says that John Schonchln, who Washed by Commissioner Meacham, died of TH? Army Despatch., Brier .nd Worth len. t _ Washington, April 19, 187a. . . " ""* ?">??g, r edred * ' ' ' "" a" c,nu"? nottung new In ?. ion to the preaa .ccoonw of theagbtwlu me Kodooa published this morning. later. **? WW"* c?try Al?.rmed? R?|njx?r?e. ?tents Going Forward. San Francisco, April 19, 1873. ?? Vrek..t three o'clock p. It tnt brought only government letters, n. ^olooonnt^ ? UM1M, Ma mnm ^ 0,,, " ?? >?. fthrlhg the MMOO ? Hovey at their hands. .^'JT"00""00"'4""- " ? thot Joch ? Mod tua oenped (rom the m bed. -Oeoe"1 achogeh, I. .ending ,orwM ??Bto With all possible despatch. bxcitiunt inthlb la,? cocnthy. arr:.r"ten9e cxcitemeDt '? ?*? settlement l oJiT Uke countr>- ?emur. Mm* bv VCy' r,Ch 0CCarred wlth,n * mlle ?' the Ltl! , ? TOr MOdOCS* lndlcat" the escape *7?, wamor?- Messengers have been 1,1 ?^direction to warn the settlers. latest from the front. Kolr9mtmU o^^p^Fe.;. ^ a Outbreak. Despatches F*AKCWC0' APrtl 1#. 1878. ?JTthat Colonel Mend^^t^ officers and sixtr n,.. ? w"h two troocr. battery, with t^fflc"* ?three men mounted. .rmni seventy >?. ? Oh. p. x t'lTZ'T ? """* Oorrheut.ni nn ? ,M eon.,,,'^"'' to "? Bitot from that point. There are y"flTe "am or a oinwal indian OCTBRb?? in that country should tne Modoc, make the,, "O.P. ? th.t section. The troop, ?? ? ohd protect the .ettler, f dally line of couriers will be established. TO* KLAMATH INDIANS POSTED. A despatch just received from Yreka is as r0i .?*"i K ? Luttr?? arrived last night frem On leans Bar. lie says the Indians on the Klamath ? * R,Vera 8eem to be fully WW on th. MO.IOC .?d eves bet ?<< ttui .a. .UK>. one Irtdlin Mm ^It tlTeT' ,h0 ?"< ?h>Ul n , ' " " ,vklcnl th?t Modoc ran. "ZTZT1" "" """" " '?">"?"? M. ore"??- ne peop"! *,?eT 0r A aSLIABLS ORNTLIMAN. "?^rtne ?????.? conw, u,. dUMuo,, ^ t>7 Ola Indiana The care wHl be harder to approach and will protect them much better from shells; Is amptr supplied with wood, but, according to his recollection, is nearly half a mile from water. There are a great many lesxer cavjrns and crevices, but uo water. He believes It is almost cerralu the Modoca, or a portion which succceded in esc.iplDii, now occupy this stronghold. The Modocs are believed to be running short of provisions and ammunition, and are evidently much demoralized. WAR IN THE SOUTHWEST. The following despatch was pulillshc 1 in the j Evening Telegram of yesterday Washington, April 19, 1873. Press despatches are far in advance of the otneial | news received at the War Department, and up to noon General Sherman has received only the ac counts of the first and second day's lighting. When asked if the troops had behaved as gallantly as he expected he replied, with a nervous twltoh of Ills body "Gallantly! Of course they did gallantly. What else would you expect* That Is what they are paid for, but 1 am uneasy. The red devils have es caped and have no donbt scattered like partridges, fleeing to the mountains to evade the army.'* "It Is rather serious business," said your corre spondent. "The country will begin to think so before we get through with the Modoc campaign. The Klowas and Comanches are getting ready for a raid Into Texas, and just as sure as the grass grows the army will have desperate work In that part of the country. Why, just now, when the President and Interior Department are asking the Governor of Texas to release the murderers San taut a and Big T ree, comes a report to me from the Inspector oi the Department ol Texas, advising that the Comanches and Klowas are already to raid Texas under the expected leadership of these savage In dians, and those preparations going on, too, while a delegation of the tribe is waiting for the release of the prisoners, with no end to their promises to forever live In peace aua behave themselves. Uahl on such a policy." 1 The General resumed his writing, his face betray ing angry emotions at the condition or affairs on the border. In another part of the room sat Acting Secretary of War Robeson, with his spectacles adjusted for long range. In reply to the question whether any news had been received from the front he blandly answered : ? "Not a word, sir ; not a word, sir, more than Is printed In the San Francisco despatches to the morning papers. Don't know anything more than you do about what has been done since Thursday." Which information was supplemented by your correspondent with a "Good morning, Mr. Robe son." THE INDIAN QUESTION. General Sherman on the Proper Treatment of the Savages. Personal Experience in the Indian Territory? The Army Should Have Charge of the Tribes? Citiaens in the Territories Should Have Protection? Sound Views Ably Expressed. The following letter from General Sherman, written to a friend In Washington, will be rea a with the deepest Interest at the present mo ment:? Hjcadqcabtkrs Army op the United States, \ Washington, D. C., April 17, 1873. ( Dear Sib? 1 have your letter of this date, and am unwilling in a private letter to express my opinions on all the questions you make. The army has no "policy" about Indians or any thing else. It has no voice In Congress, but ac cepts the laws as enacted and the Interpretation thereof by the proper officials, and execntes them with as much intelligence, fidelity and humanity as any other body of citizens. Prom the organization of the government up to i860 the Indians and Indian Burean were under the War Department, so that nearly all the civilization and Chris tlaniza tion of the Indians thus lar accomplished occurred under army supervision. To-day, in case an Indian suffers a wrong, 1 believe he will be more likely to appeal to the commanding officer or the nearest military post than to his own agent; for in the one he Bees with his eyes the evidence of a force to compel obedienoe, whereas in the other nothing of the kind. In like manner 1 believe the annuities to treaty Indians would reach the parties In interest quite as surely through army officers as through civilians. And when Indians have commuted depredations? as la very common? and the annui ties are chargeable with the amount or damages, such stoppages could more safely be made by a com mandlng officer having soldiers at his back than by an agent afraid of his life? as too many or them are and have reason to be. The present Indian agents, as a class, are very good men ; but they lack the force, the power, which savages alone reapect. The existing policy, usually called the peace policy, is to gradually assemble the wandering tribes en reservations, wtth boundaries clearly de fined, and then, through civilians, to Instruct them in agriculture an? the ruder arts, and educate them as far ae possible. To this I think no army officer objects. And further, when the Indians leave their reservations to steal, murder and plunder, they fall under the jurisdiction of the army. This is the theoretical condition of things, but it would require ten times our present army to make a cor don around the reservations, so that murders are done, the stealing of cattle, horses, Ac., perpe trated, and the Indians quickly escape to their reservations, where the troops cannot follow them; so that Jn fact these reservations help them In their lucrative business. I am sate in saying that hair the horses and mules now owned by the Kiowas, Comanchcs, Cheyennes, Arapalioes, Sioux, Ac.? si1 treaty Indians, all at peace, with agencies and annuities? have been stolen irom the United states or from citizens. I have myseir seen, at the Kiowa and Comanche agency, and at several ot the Sioux agencies, horses and mules branded U. S. led up to be packed with annuity goods, and I never heard or an agent demanding the restitution or one for that reason; and though murders are or rrequent occurrence, I do not hear of the murderers being surrendered, as Is required by the treaties. Again, though the Sioux and Cheyennes are at peace, the army has to send escorts with all trains and par ties of surveyors who go rightfully to work within the borders or auch States as Kansas and Nebraska, aa though actual war existed. AH I will venture to asaert Is, that the army has a much more diffi cult taak now than if we were actually at war, and could anticipate depredations and follow the perpe trators to their very camps, aa I did In the case of the Kiowa* two years ago. Then the Texas people were constantly complaining that the troaty In dians were depredating on their property, killing their people and taking refuge on their reserva tions. I would not believe it until 1 went in per son, and wu actually near by when Hatanta killed seven poor teamsters In Texas, one or whom was found burned, tied at the wagon wheel, and a few daya artcr he came to the agency at Port Sill, boast, ing or the deed. witL the approval or the agent< Mr. Tatum, I arrested him and two othera and sent them to Texas for trial. Now I am told that Satanta is to be turned loose again, although I believe he haa committed ftlty murders, and has notoriously violated every promise hitherto made. No general rule will answer lor the government or every tribe, but each must be treated according to their conduct, and I think the army officers are better qualified to Judge than the average or cltl sens, though 1 am by no means anxious that this dlaagreeable duty should be Imposed on us. ir the Christian agents can better control the wild sav. ages, I wish them all success, but surely the white people who venture into the wlldernesa to labor and toll are entitled to the protection or \bvlr ?ad property, and it is natural that they should feel the gr?at?*t Interest, although it la the exclu sive privilege or Congress to devise the beat meana to secure tula end. Many good people residing east of the Atlesrhanies mistake the chur:icter of t'le emigrant population who have ol late ye?rs brought millions of acre* j under cultivation and produced flity or sixty mil I lioua of dollar.-, o. jioldand silver, where, twenty j yoat -i i <?o, a, wh:t u man darod uot veniure. These ! people arc o! tti ? same Klud as settled Ohio, Indi i atiii uid Iowa.; t!.ey ;trc as stood as we are, and Were we in ttieii steed we would act Just as they do. I know it bertuse I Uave been eno of tlieutt. They | uow pay tlietr full share oi taxes aud contribute to ! Our national wealth aud power. As a ruie the j emigrants do object that the Indians should for I ever remain non-producers, be j? stars and ronbers, I ti not worse. If the Indians are willing to work, as I they used to in the gold mines of California, nobody will prevent them, so to-day, it the Cheyennes, I Arapahocs and Klowas mil utilize the beautiful pastoral laud assigned them in raising stock, they will soon become the richest people in the South west; but this they have not done, and it lookB as though they never will. And the question will sorely arise, and that very soon, how long must the government continue to clothe and feed them without any assurance of sell-support 1 The pres sure of white settlements on the borders of Indian reservations is nothing new. It has eone on for two hundred years, and muBt go on, and tho,Indian must conform. In some instances they will do it without resistance. In others they will resist, and lu aome rases injustice will be done ; but surely our government can never admit to practice the prin ciple that one wrong justifies another; and a greater, that because the soldiers In New Mexico chase and kill a lew Cheyennes near Fort Bascom, who are more than a hundred miles off their reser vation to steal horses, they can go and kill the sur veyors near Camp Supply engaged In a lawful sur vey; and because "Whistler" has been killed by some murderer on the Republican, they must de mand of the government an indemnity in ponies, else his death must be avenged on any stranger. These arc not supposititious cases, but cases ac tually pending, and illustrate how far we have thus tar progressed in the great work of civilization. .The affair with the Modocs is not regarded as an exceptional case, nor has it any connec tion whatever with the affairs of the Apaches, Sioux, Cheyennes, Arapahoes and Klowas, that wander over a region of country four or five times as great as the whole State of California. The Mo docs are a small remnant of what used to be called Pitt River Indians or Rogue River Indians, with whom there have been several wars. They are familiar with the habits and customs of the whites, have sefen gold dug from the canyons of their mountains and have participated in it; have seen the wild valleys where they used to hunt and fish converted into prosperous farms and ranches, but in this they seem not to have imitated their white neighbors. Whether they have sustained wrongs or not is not In question, but they have taken ref uge la a natural fortress, have defied the civil and military agents, and lastly, under a flag ol truce, killed General Canby, who was their best friend ; and this was not an Isolated fact, for about the same time they decoyed Lleuteuant Sherwood within reach of their rifles at another and distant part, and also stealthily attacked Colonel Mason's camp on the opposite side from that where Gen eral Canby and the Peace Commissioners were shot. All the Modocs are involved, and do not pre tend that the murder of General Canby was the Individual act of Captain Jack. Therefore the order to attack is against the whole, and if all be swept from the face of the earth they themselves have invited It. The place is like a fortress, and during an as sault the soldier cannot pause to distinguish be tween male and female, or even discriminate as to age ; as long as resistance Is made death must be meted out, but the moment all resistance ceases the firing will stop, and survivors turned over to the proper Indian agent. This whole matter must be left to tne officers on the spot, and these must be sheltered against the howl such as followed Major Baker after the Ptegan attack, as also Gen eral Custer after his attack on Black Kettle's camp. There Is not much danger of too much harm being done. To be effective and exemplary the blow must involve the terrible ; enough to impress the kindred tribes of Klamaths and Pl-Utes. I believe the civilians and soldiers wish the same end, and, in fact, do not differ mnch as to the pro cess. All Indians must be made to know that when the government commands they must obey, and until that state of mind is reached, through persuasion or fear, we cannot hope for peace. I am yours, with respect, w. T. SHERMAN, General. SATim AID BIG TREE. Governor Davis Declines to Liberate the Kiowa Merdereri Jait 1 et? The LegU Utare of Texu Will Hare Something to Say. Washington, April 19, 1873. Superintendent Hoag forwarded to the Indian I Bureau in this city a copy or the following de spatch received by him:? Austin. Texas, April 14, 1873. Letter received. Would prefer to delay release of Indians Satanta and Big Tree until 20th May, wnen Legislature will have adjourned, and I caa visit Fort Sill myself. EDWARD J. DAVIS, Governor. This despatch is in answer to a request from Friend Hoag to Governor Davis, asking for the re lease ol Satanta and Big Tree, tne Klowas'and Co manches having returned all their white captives i and stolen property. THE PACIFIC COAST, Funeral of _ Dr. Thomaa? Suicide of Lieutenant Dennlaon? A Murderer Exe cuted. San Francisco, April 19, 1873. General Canity's funeral took place at Portland to-day. The fuueral of Dr. Thomas was attended by an immense concourse of people. General Schoflcld and a large number of military officers attended ; also the members of the Masonic fraternity. Lieutenant E. Dennison, of the United States steamer Saranac, shot himself in the head at noou to-day. He was the son of ex-Postmaster General i Dennison. His wife is in this city. Domestic dim ' cultles arc the causc given for the sulcldc. The murderer or W. J. Donehue was executed at Red Bluflfe to-day. THE WEATHEB. War Drpartmrnt, ) Office of thr Chirf Signal Officrr, S Washington, D. C., April 20? 1 A. M. ) Probabilities. The barometer continue to rise on Sunday over tbe Middle and Eastern states, but fall somewhat in the Southwest; for the lake region, Middle and Eastern States partly cloudy and clear weather, with northwesterly winds; for the South Atlantic and Eastern Gulf States clear weather, rising temperature, southwest and westerly winds; for the Southwest falling ba rometer, rising temperature, easterly winds and increasing cloudiness, possibly with rain. Cautionary signals continue at Eastport, Me. Current reports are very generally missing from the Northwest, tbe upper lakes and the Pacific coast stations. | The Weather In This Cltjr Yeaterdajr. | The following record will show the changes in tbe temperature for the past twenty-four hours in j ? comparison with the corresponding aay of last 1 year, as Indicated by the thermometer at Hudnut's Pharmacy, Hrkalp Building:? lMT'i. 1873. 1872. 1873. 3 A. M *2 43 3 P. M 02 4.1 6 A. M 43 42 <1 P. M fll 45 0 A. M 47 68 9 P. M fi ft 43 12 M fi7 64 12 P. M S4 42 i Average temperature yesterday 46 V ! Average temperature for correspoading date last year 42* Average temperature lor corresponding week last year .47 3-7 1 I Average temperature for past week .. 44 5-7 ; BAD RUNAWAY ACCIDENT, Frrrhold, N. J., April IB, 1873. Miles CoopeT, a respectable farmer, flfty-flve years of age, living two miles from Here, was killed last night by his team rutralag away. When found his body was entangled tradpriwath the wagon and hi* peck broken. AN INDIAN MOSES. The Eiisteuee of a New Religira Among the Indians Deadly to Civilization. "The Death of General Canby the Falfllment of Nature's Prophecy"? The Froepects of a General Indian War? The Strength of the Indian Nations. WASHINGTON, April 14, 18T3. To thk Editor ok thb Herald:? The event* 01 the past few days are my Justifica tion for asking your serious consideration of the views herein presented as to the probabilities of a general Indian war west of the Rocky Mountains. The report or the Commissioner of Indian Affair* for 1871 makes the lollowing estimates of the num bers of Indiana in these several States and Terri tories, viz:? California 2*2,000 Oregon..' 1*2,000 Washington Territory 14,000 Idaho 6,800 Montana 32,419 Utah 11,300 Total 97,512 The present seat oi war is on the line between Oregon and California, and the Indians are but a handful, yet they have succeeded in killing the only man in tho army they feared, except Crook, and they know he is loo tar off and too busy to inter fere. WUT CAPTAIN JACK KILLED GENERAL CANUY. To any one acquainted with the present temper of the Pacific Coast Indians the reason for tho massacre of ueueral Canby by Captain Jack is ob vious. A belief exists among the tribes and bands in the States and Territories heretofore named that the time of their deliverance from tho domination of the white race is clese at hand. It has long been predicted by tho old warriors and their medicine men, and within the last three years has gained an almost universal acceptance. When questioned, however, by those sustaining otneial relations with them most of the Indians deny any knowledge of these beliefs or traditions. Nevertheless the fact that the beller has become almost universal Is well known to all Intelligent men having friendly relations with the Indians. On page 363, Commissioner's Report for 1872, are some statements on this subject, byN. A.Cornoycr, agent in charge of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon, to which Superintendent T. B. Odencal, of Oregon, at the conclusion of Ills report (on page 302, same book), makes the lollowing reference:? A STRANGE AND DANGEROUS RELIGION. The Indians mentioned oy Agent Cornoyer In k!"1 e'UK ou tlle Columbia Kiver, num bering, in his opinion, two thousand, are a source of considerable annoyance to the agents at Warm Springs and Umatilla. They have a new anu areUta?r?ht 1 11,6 01 which thev are taught that a new God is coining to their rescue; that all the Indians who have died hereto fore and who shall die hereafter are to be resur rected ; that, as they then will be very numeious and powerful, they will be able to conquer the whites, recover their lands and live as free and un ?rhoV i , t,lelr fatr'?r8 lived in olden times. Their model ol a man is an Indian ; they aspire to be Indians and nothing else. About lour hun dred of them belong at Umatilla Agencv, one hun ? k? ? .rm !SI>rln?a and the remainder in tho Territories oi Idaho and Washington I understand that repeated ineffectual efforts nave been made to induce them to returu to their reservations. It lias not been practicable for me to confer personally with them. It is thought by those who know them best that they cannot be ?ekt(? u,),m reservations without at least being Intimidated by the presence of a mili tary force. WHO SHALL BE TUB INDIAN MOSES? This belief, substantially the same as officially stated above, has led the Indians in that belt of country situated east of the Cascade and west of

the Rocky Mountains to longingly look for the coming of their deliverer and to hail all unusual natural occurrences as Indications of his speedy advent. No chief knows but that he may prove to be the chosen one, and Captain Jack in his success will be greeted as such by great numbers ol braves. The same idea that inspired the first gun of tho rebellion, namely to ??Ore the Southern heart," actuated these Indians The treacherous assault in which General Canbr was sacrificed would never have been made had not Captain Jack and his associates been guaran teed the co-operation of the great tribes of all that section. It was the one thing needed to fire the Indian heart. The fact that General Canby and other men were slain Is as well known t?-day to the Indians about Fort Benton as to the people of Yrcka. Tho earthquake which shook Oregon and Washington Territory last December was accepted f as Pr?Pbetic of a great event in their favor. This bloody massacre will be to them the fulfilment of Nature's prophecy. Such is the meaning of the lava bed catastrophe. OTHER CAUSES OF WAR. First? Settlers have come luto these sections in a rapidly increasing ratio lor the past five years No Indian consenting to a treaty understood that he was to be confined to a reservation, on the contrary, it was always expressly stipulated that he could hunt, llsh and gather roots and berries everywhere, except on private property. The ex ception had no meaning for him In those days when white settlers were few, and he consented. But the tides of emigration have overflowed ami touched the edges or the reservations, if he goes off in any direction he trespasses and the Impatient settler complains to tho agent. The treaty Indian is conscious of un uncomfortable restriction, which is daily growing worse. The greater freedom of I the non-treating tribes makes his own bond more galling. This is a constant topic of conversation among the trlDes and their speech-makers <iraw i vivid pictures of the freedom ol their ancestors coast6 aDy "Boston8" to"11'1 their waJ to that I TIIB ENCOURAGEMENT OF WHITE OUTLAWS. SnxmA ? Scattered among all these tribes are white men with squaw wives and half-breed fami lies, who profit, by such relations. Too many *r these men are desperadoes of the worst kind, who forfeited the society of their kind and were forced to seek Indian shelter and associates. To all such men a general Indian war means rich plunder and abundant gratification of vengeance and lust, and they are artiul and persistent in fanning it to a flame. B Third As bad as the last named, more numer ous and more subtle, are the illicit Indian traders supplying whiskey, guns, ammunition and other things and encouraging their customers in the Idea of a speedy deliverance from the white race TUB PBAL'B POLICT REGARDED AS A JOkE. Fourth? ? The Indians have no laith iu Amerlcaas, and believe that all official promises are alike. While under President Grant's system there are lew irauds practised upon them, and they receive in fact, everything ior which the appropriations provide, they (smarting under past wrongs) look upen the present liberality as a shrewd bribe to keep them quiet under the increasing restraints to which reierence has already been made, and they accept the goods, but mistake the motives of the givers. _ * "f:TT*R FRONTIER DEFENCE NEEDED. Ere ?,re comparatively few koldiers west of the Rock j Mountains compared t# the forces formerhr stationed on that coast. The number of isolated settlers is very large, and there are almost countless herds of horses, sheep and cattle entirely unprotected. The Indians are better sup plied with good arms and ammunition than ever before, and have an abiding faith in the truth of their "dreamers' >' prophecies. They believe that the time appointed lor their redemption is' at hand t These five reasons are sufficient incitement to I I the savages, but there are others that will proba bly hasten a general war. HATE WHICH NEVER DIES. All over the Pacific Slope are multitudes of men ' who burn for revenge upon red men. some lost near relatives or mends in other wars: others have been driven from mines and cattle ranges bv them. Still others, a numerous class, hate them insttnettve'y, as men do rattlesnakes, and desire their destruction. LOVE OF HONBT. Hundreds of men in safe places hunger for the fat contracts which an fndiau war engenders, and will resort to an v method to bring it on These several classes of citizens will not wait for declared hostilities, but will avail themselves of the Intense popular reeling: caused by the recent massacre to gratify their t Hirst ior hlood and plunder, by attack- I ing even pencemi Indians when they see an oppor- ' tunlty. This will cocijtel ev. n the well-dispostd tribes and bands to take arms In self-deience and the end no one can foresee. THE savages WILL UNITE. It has been stated tuat the savage oopulation of the two States and four Territories named is about ' one hundred thousand. There is no danger of a revslt anioi.it those ol Pujret Sound. They were so severely punished some fifteen years ago that thev will never again, as tribes, engage In war. But In case of ? general uprising they would send across ! the mountains about sixteen hundred young men : to take part with the o'iianagaus, KUcketat and other warlike tribes. ^ ^ Military men familiar with these people make the following estimates of their war strength - Washington Territory (East), aided by British' CoiiimHla Indians lfoin above Colvlllc 3,300 Young braves irom Puget Sound 1,200 Oregon 8.100 Idaho 1/200 Montana 7,600 California 3.W0 Uta* ??<*? Total warriors ....... ^ ._. ._. v - 80,800 Tbls estimate underrates their aireugUi, but U j shown ft very formidable foe. Scattered here and there, well mounted and well armed. dime is uo military organization to prevent them from nwoop log dowa upon the defenceless settlers and perpe trating those nameless horrors which blacken the page* of all our frontier history. THK (IBNKKAL U0VKKNMKNT MUST IMTKKIKttg. It ia the duty of the government ta exert every energy to punish cue guilty and protect ttio inno cent. whether Indian or white, and to set in oper ation at ouce auch agencies an wi.l bent, accom plish thla work. Especially should immediate of fleial warning be given to the settlers on the Iron tiers to organize for mutual deience, and to estal> U#U a nystuui ol watchfuiueaa against any sudden outbreak. Thla onnce of prevention overlooked, and the cure will be costly In treaaure, misery and death, forewarned la forearmed. B. S. PARDHE. CUBA. Spanish Report of a Severe Battle aud Defeat of an Insurgent Force. Twenty-live Hen Killed and Many Wounded? Tho Abolitionist Movement? Black mail and Gambling. TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALD. Havana, April 17, 1R73. An official telegram announces the defeat of the Insurgent band of Calixto Garcia on the loth by the Spanish troops. General Klquelmo states that twenty-ane Insur gents and four Spaniards were killed and thirteen Spaniard* wouuded. ABOLITIONISM. The Junta appotnted to superintend the partial abolition under the laws of 1868 met yesterday. BLACKMAIL AND (1 AMBLINU. Two gensdarmea have been arrested and im prisoned in Cardenas, charged with an attempt to extort money from planters by violence. The police of Cardenas have arrested a number of prominent citizens of Cardenas for gambling. Among the number was the principal Judge of the city. OCEAN TKLBQRAPHY. The steamship Dacla, with tho new Key West cable on board, Is expected here dally. WASHINGTON. Washington, April 19, 1873. Senator Boutwell and Phelpa, Dodge & Co. Senator Bontwell, who was at the Treasury Department to-day. emphatically contradicted the recant statement by I'hclps, Dodge ft Co. that the sum of $271,000 was lorced oat of them by way or compromise In their recent difficulty with the Department. He said when the charges of fraud wero brought against that Arm they filed a statement at the Treasury asserting their innocence, and offering to pay the $271, ooo. Mr. Boutwell, who was then Secretary of the Treasury, declined to receive the money, and notified the firm that the Courts were open, and if they were Innocent of the charges they should go Into Courc and prove their lnn?cenee. Upon this notification they with drew the assertion of their innocence, and it was then their offer to compromise was entertained. The Department In no case ac cepts money of any party charged who claims to be Innocent, being allowed by law to compromise with offenders only after guilt is admitted, and It was on this distinct understanding that the com promise with Phelps, Dodge A Co. was made. Never while Bontwell was at the head ol the Treas ury Department was any compromise made with persons who claimed to be Innocent. The New York Central and Collector Bailey. Under Sheriff Brandt to-day offered the com plaint and other papers In the sultoi the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company vs. John M. Bailey, United States Collector for this district, for file In the Coonty Clerk's office. The Deputy County Clerk declined to recelvc them on the ground that the case had been tratsfcrred to the circuit Court. AN OIL TRAIN ON FIRE. Collision on the Lake Shore Llnr-Thir? teen Loaded Oil Cars destroyed. Clkvbland, April 10, 1873. The second section oil train on the Franklin branch of the Lake Shore Railroad ran into the rear of the first section, near Hadley station, last night, resulting in the wrecking of one locomotivt the burning of thirteen loaded oil cars, the caboose and a wagon road bridge half a mile dis tant, which canght fire from the burning oil float ing down the stream. The conductor or the train was slightly burned about the race and hands. THE GRAPHIC. The novel experiment of publishing a dally illus trated paper in this city is already one munth old, and the Daily Graphic has thns far met with a success unprecedented in the klBtory of the New York daily press. The venture whs a saccess from the very first, which is something that, could hardly be said of any other dally paper that has ever started here. All of them have had to struggle up from small beginnings, through all sorts of difficulties. We know what a time Ben nett had with his HrralA. what a jot Greeley ha<l with his Tribune, what trials Raymond had with the stockholders or the Times, ami what iortuues were sunk In the World before it was got on its feet. We know how many attempts to establish daily papers have failed, though they had money at their back and energetic men to push them. But the Graphic was launched under fortunate clrcum stanoes in a lively breete, aid has been sailing along gaily ever Blnce. 1 learn that the daily sales have reached as high as 20,000, and on an exciting day, such as that 01 the Foster execution, they go still higher. Even thus tar it has very nearly paid its expenses. The concern has an abundance of capital, sixty per cent of which was paid in at the start; but lar more thau this will be expended, If necessary, tor the enterprising capitalists who have formed the combination are interested in the paper. A full page picture of the Graphic can be made in an honr. or more rapidly than the tame measure of type is ordinarily "set up"' in a daily paper.? Correspondence of the Cincinnati com mercial. saw teswEpi&e Pollak'i Metrnchaumi. The finest assortment constantly on hand, stores 27 John street, four doors west of Niimu, and 1,109 lirmid way, between Twenty-fourth and Twenty-filth streets. Repairing done. Boiling, fl. A.? The Moot Tasty and Graceful Hat I for Kc.iitlt'iocn'g wear i* manufactured and sold by Ed- < PENSCHKID, lit) Nassau street. A? Herring'* Patent CHAMPION SAFES. 2!1 and 2.12 Broad way, corner 01' Murray itrieL A.? Who Want* a Hat Go To Dougan, , Manufacturer, 1(B Nassau, corner 01 Ann street A.? Smoke Surhrug'a Golden Sceptre, m pure aud deliciou* Tobacco. Depot 1S1 Fulton street. A? Or. Fltler'o Rheumatic Remedy** Depot and office, 21 John street Hold by all druggists. Aa vice gratis dally, and circular* free, Among the Blatters Now stirring the minds 0! the people i* the new method of curing Run ture. The F.LasTIC TRUSS retains the Kuptur* ab?o lutely, in spite of the most violent exercise , Is worn with ease ami comfort night and day. and not taken oft at all till a cure I* reached. Sent bv mall everywhere by the ELASTIC TKCHS COMPANY, 681 Broad w* v. New York, who send circulars free on application.? Now York Inde pendent, April 17, 1873. A.? Baa Angellque, for the Teeth and Onms. BISCOTINE POOD for Infants DELLt'C A CO. . Broadway, are the sole proprietors and manuf'actur cr*. Paris agent a, R0BKK1S 1 CO., Place Vendome. A? L.ace Curtains at Manufacturer's price; closing stork preparatory to removal; several protlt* saved. II&YDKCKKK A CO., 810 Broadway, opposite Tenth street. A? It You Are Afflicted with Soreness, Irritation or Itching ot the Head, consult Ut. U C. 1'KKIIY, 49 Bond street, New York, and be curod. A? For Moth Patches, Prochies and Tan use PERRY'S MOTH AND FRECKLE LOTION it 1 is reliable and harmless. Sold by d.ugglits everywhere. Depot, to Boad street New York j gists' for restorer aVKuca1 Ko''>Th'!,r DrnS succesa/ullv, by sending to this, m ,?A?or Hair <pjj! gfjmm' Oof" ties, at a lew figure. Dr I ??en-ponnd bot ea <*oPo?, ? K7.t Thirtieth .tw., 'EW< gcalp, oofuui? Dr. *B*o the '^"U ?tre*L Now A? If Ton or four Chlldrrn Kra An noyed with Dry or Moi*t lUmtrulT coneult Or H. S PhRRY, la Bond street, New York A ? P?r?ltur?- Mprln* Styles; Nevr Goods mill cheap G L KKLTY A CO., T*4 Broadway. Brmaiuilurf A. Mr is Have Urmov-il their larpe stoek ol first clans C \ HI MKT FtTRNrrtntV. DUTOIIIRS, ti , front 115 Rivui^ton ,'re.-. i i IIh u ne w ami elegant buildttiKS, 4.13 ami 433 Seventh avenue. near Thirty-lourtli street. Hatrhelnr'ii Uair !?>< ? I'iir licit la tH? world. Thi> only trn? an I perfect dye. All (lrniii** Mil Ik Rooth1! (Hal Tom Ijondon Ola, In Cmh and casks, in bond .a t id Inly paid, for sale by .sole ?i{cui? JOI1N OSBORN. HON A Co., i.% Heaver stroet, New Yaw*. Corn*, Bunion*. Enlarged Joint*.? Alt Diseases of the Keel cured liy l)r 2ACHARIB, It Ualou square Century Whltkry? A I'art), Old, Mellow Whiskey, suitablo for in v or couuoissctir* A.* your drungiat or grocer lor ll. Kifirltf^-To lie Vigorous, Strong a ad healthy, free irom iudiMCtioii, dyspepsia, Ac., and k* j..y life, go ta JOHN WOOD'S GYMNASIUM, Twenty eighth street, near Fifth avenue. Open day aud evening. For Rrntoring Pfrtectly the Original eolor of (he Hair, effectually chunking and prevenunKit* tailing oil, dispersim; ilandi utr and cleaiisin*' tlio scalp. ItKSI'ORKR AMLltlCA NO. 2 Hi without au eyuaL Oentlemen't DreM Had of Beat StylM And quality at manufacturer's prices r. EltNEN WKIN. 148 Nassau street, near Sproce Ooldrn Hair.? HarkrrN Aurora, Harm* less hi wetter : change* any hair to golden i I't 50. Broad, way, near Thirty fourth street. I.adicM und Oilier* Itcquirlng tlae Ser vices of a capable and responsible lawyer, who requipe* no (era In advance, may learn ol ouo by addressing U. A. 0., box *^76 Post officii. Look Out For impostor*. Tbt! ureal demand for TIN LINED LBAD PIKE has excited the cupidity of curtain part tex, who are at tempting to palm upon the public a U'nd I'lpa merely washed with tin lor Tin-l.iued Lead Pipe ; the oheat in easily detected. a? our patent Tin-Lined Lead Pipe I* a rtioe.k Tin I'tpe heavily coated with sollil bead. circular and sample of pipe sent by mail free. AddrossCOLWRLLS, SIIAW A WILLAKD, Manufacturing Company, IIS Centre street, New York. Also manufacturers of Dlock tin pipe, bar tin. pig tin, pig lead, lead pipe, sheet lead, Holder, An. Orders tilled at sight, at the lowest market rates. liunc ('omplatnlii, llronchltin, Aithma, Ac., am speedily relieved, and, if taken in time, perma nently cured, bv l)r. JAYNF/S EXPECTORANT. You will llud it also a certain remedy lor Cough* and Cold*. Naillurd'* l-?l*hralcd Vanilla (!hoeo> I. AT ICS lor lankily use. fifth Avenue Itoliil, Broadway. Madison square, and also for sale liy all flrstclasagrocera. HIIaaUqnoi.?Thr Wntrrs of This Nprlna have cured thousands atllicled with Cancor, Scrofula aud Bright'* Disease. A fresh supply lust recoivcd. JOHN P. HEN RY, No. H College placo. Mr*. M. G. Brown's "Sealp Rtnovator."-, Bent In the world. Sola by druggist*. Depot, M Roe* street. Poor Richard1* Eye Water.? Use no other. Sold by all druggists. Depot, 61 Bond street. Rapture Still Muoceaafully Treated si MARSH A CO.'K RADICAL CURE TRUSS office. No. ? Vesey street; also Silk Elastic Belts, Stoc kings. Knee Caps, Anklets, Ac. A lady lu attendaucu to wall upon ladies In private rooms. Royal Havana Lottery Extraordinary* *1,200,000. ONE PRIZE IN EVERY SEVEN TICKETS. WILL. BE DRAWN ON' APRIL 22, 117.J. 1 Capital Prize tSOO.OW 1 Capital Prizo 10), 00? 1 Capital Prize 5i),lMO 2 Capital Prizes t2f>,UM each 511,(110 4 Capital Prizes tlO.ilOn each 4U.IM0 12 Cupitul Prizes $5,000 oach W.0W 419 Prizes $100 each ?tt,9IM 1,607 Prize* amounting to IrtS.MO 2,097? Prizes amounting to $1,200,0011 Prizes paid : information furnished. Orders tilled. Highest rates paid for Spanish Bank BUla, fiovernment Security, Ac., Ac. TAYLOR A Co., Bankers, 18 Wall street, Now York. Royal Havana Lottery. -.The Extraor* ilinary drawing takes place the 22il insU J. B. MARTI NEZ A Co., Bankers, 10 Wall street* Post office boxi,dtML New York. 8. O. P. Brandy, Old, Mellow and Relia ble. Purchased entire invoice at half Its value, and sold ? t $7 per gallon, or $1 50 per full sized bottle. Established 1953. 11. B. KIRK A CO., flJ Pulton street. The Popularity of Ktarmy'a Bucha ts unei|nalled by any remedy that has ever lieen offered to the public for Bright'* Disease, Gravel, Dropsy, Dia betes and Kidney Diseases, in every stage, as it give* speedy relief and has no eoual either in quality or quan tity in the world. Ask for KEARNEY'S. Take no other. Depot 104 Daane street Sold by druggiqpi everywhere. The Whitney Mewing Machine.? Per fection at last; the result of 20 years practice; so simple and perfect In It* operation that it gives unprecedented satisfaction ; runs so easy that a single thread of No. *1 cotton will propel It; straight needle and shuttle. WHIT* NEY SEWINti .MACHINE CO., 813 Broadway. The Graefenberg Company, HAVING REMOVED TO 68 READE STREET. FROM 139 WILLIAM STREET. RESPECTFULLY INVITE INTELLIGENT INVEST!. CATION OK TlfEIR MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS OFFERED TO THE PUBLIC SINCE THE YEAB lfliflL DURING THAT PKRIOD OF TWENTY- PTVE YEARS THE REMEDIES ISSUED FROM THIS OFFICE HAVE MKT WITH MARKED FAVOR ? ROM THE PROFES SION AND THE SCIENTIFIC AS WELL AS THE POPULAR. BUT, AS TO INTELLIGENCE, NONJK THH LESS DISCRIMINATING, CLASSES. UBGING THE MEltlT OF ALL OUR MEDICI 1TBII FOR THE VARIOUS AILMENTS THEY ARE DB SIONED TO TOUCH, AND KNOWING THAT PBAIS& OF ONE IS NOT DISPRAISE OF ANOTHER CON SPICUOUS UPON OUR LIST, ATTENTION IS CALLBD TO THE VEGETABLE PILLS AND CATHOLICON. "THE GRAEFENBBRG COMPANY'S MARSHALL'S CATHOLICON" (A DISTINCTIVE MARK~Of" OUR OWN EXCLUSIVE PREPARATION) IS THE ONLY REMEDY OF ITS NATURE NOW BEFORE THE COMMUNITY. IT IS ESPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR THE RELIEF OF THE MANY DISEASES WHICH IN THEIR VARIED forms attack the vitality and sap THE LIFE OF SO MANY THOUSANDS OF OUB COUNTRYWOMEN, AND, INDEED, THE WOMEN. OK ALL NATIONS, AND FROM WHOSB INSIDIOUS WORKINGS IN ANY CLIMATE OR UNDER ANY CON DIHONS OF LIKE, NEITHER OLD NOR YOUNG. MOB RICH NOR POOR, CAN ESCAPE. TO THE YOUNG APPROACHING WOMANHOOD. TO THK MATURE AND TO THE MATRON ADVANCING TO OLD AGE, THE CATHOLICU.N IS OF INESTI MABLE VALUE. COMPOSED ENTIRELY OF VEGETABLE INGRE DIENTS POSSESSING EACH THE GREATEST SANA TIVE VIRTUES, IT ACTS WITH WONDERFUL CRB TAINTY KPON THE SYSTfc.M, BECAUSE IN HAR MONY WITH THE LAWS OF NATURE; ANn WHILE THERE MAY BE CASES IN WHICH ITS ACTION IS UNSATISFACTORY (AS A TIME MUST COME OR A CONDITION EXIST WHEN ALL REMEDIES FAIL) IT WILL EFFECT A RESTORATION OK HEALTH IN MOST CASES AND ALLEVIATE SUFFERING IN i EVERY INSTANCE. I THE FACULTY ARE, Til ROUGH PROFESSIONAL PRIDE, AVERSE TO AND CONDEMN POPULAR , REMEDIES OF ANY SORT; BI T IF RELIEF FRO* 1 SUFFERING CAN HK OBTAINED OF WHAT CONSE QUENCE THE SOURCE* MANY HAVE SUFFERED BY SOLELY RELYING UPON Til KIR FAMILY PHYSICIAN (SKILLED. DOUBTLESS), WHO MIGHT HAVE FOUND RELIEF AND PERMANENT BENEFIT FROM THE USE OF TIIK "ORABFBNBERO COMPANY'S MARSH ALL'S CATHOLICON" HAD THEIR PREJUDICES NOT PRB sENTED AN' OBSTACLE. WK HAVE INDISPUTABLE PBOOF THAT PHY8I ClANS OF HIGH CHARACTER AND LARGE PRAC TICE USE OUR CATHOLICON IN THEIR PRESCRIP TIONS, AND FROM SOME WE HAVE CERTIFICATES SETTING FORTH THE FACT. THE GREAT NUMBER OF CASES UNDER OUB OWN OBSERVATION IN WHICH THE EFFICACY OK TIIK ORAEFKN BERG MARSHALL'S CATHOLICON HAS BKKN PROVED, AS WELL AS THB MANY TES TIMONIALS CONTINUALLY RECEIVED, LEAD UH TO CONFIDENTLY AND CONSCIENTIOUSLY RECOM MEND IT AS A PEARL OF GRBAT PRICE. Wine Grower*' Company Cognac, la rase* and casks. In bond and duty paid, for sale by sola agents. JOHN OSBOBN, SON A CO., 44 Beaver street. HKW PCBL.ICATIOWN. / 'II ARLRf DICKENS' WORKS. A NEW EDITION. Anv -ig th* unman n? edi'ions of th?> work* of thia irreat) -t of Mwlimi Novelist* there has not been until nn? oOi I lis' ?nnrely sdtistles the public demand. Without r \ puoa tiey each have some strong lUtlno Ova liinliii A new niiuon is this wn k. however, pabllaned byG. W CARLKTON A CO., of New York, wluch.it is believed, will, in every reepecs completely satisfy the popular demand. It is known as "CaBLETON'8 NEW ILLUSTRATED BDITION." The sise and form are most convenient for holding: Tin type 1* entirely new ana of a ciear and opea character that 1ms recetvcd the approval uf the reading community in o tiier popular work*. The Illustrations are liy the original artl4ts chosen by Cliarlea Dlckeus himself', and tlie pap<>r. Drintlnn and binding are of the most attractive and substantial character. This beautiful new edition will be completed In twofity volBiaea? one novel each month? at tlio extreiuet/ retainable price ofil 8B per volume . . Now is the time to subscribe tor this superb set of Dicketis. Almost anyone ean spare the above small amount each month lor s standard book, and in a short time become the owner of thu entire set. It can be h.?d of *11 bookseller* and new-Jsalere ia the United State*. A Proepectnji, fiirnishimr spt'Cimea of type, slicd page and Illustration, wi:i (?? ^c.t u, any one (Je? ion applica tion. and sitfotmen cepics ol ^Pickwick faper*, newt ready, will w forwarded by mall, puataie txoe.en r-ooipt, ol price, *1 80, ( aRLKToH a co publishers. . Madison sqonre. New Yofk addressed t.) the publiaUojra Kinl M Broad war

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