NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET, JAMES GORDON BENNETT, rROPRlETOK. Vtltmt XXXVIII No. 116 AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. . OFRMANIA THEATRE, Fourteenth street, near Third avenue.? Die Tochtkr dkk Hobllb. BOOTH'S THEATRE, Twenty-third street, corner Sixth avenue.? Arram na I'ogub. Matinee at 2. FT. .1AMES' THEATRE, Broad way and 28th st McEtoy's New Hibernicon. Matinee at 2. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? A Capital Comed* A Bad Lot. THEATRE COMIQUF,. No. M4 Broadway.? Drama, Burlesque and Ouo. Matinee at 2)?. THIRTY-FOURTH STREET THEATRE, S4th st., near 3d av.? Variety Entertainment. Matinee at 2)?. NEW FIFTH AVENUE TUKATRE, 728 and 730 Broad Way.? Divorce. Matinee at 1%. WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner Thirtieth at? Escaped krob Sing Bus. Altrrno?ii and evening. ATHENEUM, W.I Broadway.? Grand Variety Enter tainment. Matinee at 2 NIBLO'S flARDEN, Broidwuy, between Prince and Houston su.? Wrong Man in the Kiout Place, Ac. OLYMPIC THFATRE. Broadway, between Houston and Bleeiker street? lir*nr Dumptt. Matinee at 2. UNION 8QUARF THE ATRR, Union square, near Broadway ? Knot Frou. Matinco at I>a. WALLACK'8 THEATRK, Hroadwav and Thirteenth ttruet.? David Uarrice. Matinee at 1 OR AND OPERA HOUSE, Twenty-third st. and Eighth ? v.? Undue thb Uasuuut. Matinee at 1%. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? Orbs* Bushes. Matinee at 2. RRYANT'B OPERA HOUSE, Twenty-third st., corner 6th av.? Negro Minhrxlst, Ac. Matinee at 2. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. No. 201 Bowery? Yarutt Entertaihmjwt. Matinee at 2. "'""""J ? Jl1T'^-WAV JPA.I>L* Fourteenth street.? Oratobio and Concert. Matinee at 2. ASSOCIATION HALL, 23d street and 4th av.? After noon at 2? Lectuhe on Yaneke Character and Humor. APOLLO nALL, corner Broadway and 2Sth street? *> Grand Concert. NFW YORK MUSEUM (IF ANATOMY, 618Broadway? fciKNt'K AND ART. TRIPLE SHEET. New York, Saturday, April 96, 1873. THE NEWS OP YESTERDAY. To-Dny's Contents of the Horuld. "THE REPUBLIC OF SPAIN! IS A REPUBLIC POSSIBLE ON TIIE CONTINENT?"? LEAD ING EDITORIAL TOPIC? Sixth Page. GLOOMY PROGRESS OF THE NEW SPANISH FREE STATE! THE GOVERNMENT, THE PEOPLE AND THE ARMY SLOWLY THROWING OFF THEIR MONARCHICAL SHACKLES! EMANCIPATION, CARLISM, AND SOCIALISM! THE STRUGGLE BE TWEEN THE CORTES AND THE CABINET! AMERICAN DIPLOMACY? Foi'BTU Page. OPERATIONS OF THE SPANISH COMM ONISTS ! ELEVEN BATTALIONS OF VOLUNTEERS REVOLT IN MADRID! FOUR KILLED AND MANY WOUNDED! THE CORTES IN. VADED BY AN ARMED MOB! ALARMING PROGRESS OF THE COUNTER-REVOLU TION? Sevrstu Page. SPORADIC CHOLERA RAGING IN THE AUS TRIAN CAPITAL! TWENTY OF THE VIC TIMS BROUGHT TO HOSPITAL! FIVE FATAL CASES! AN EFFORT MADE TO CONCEAL THE FACT OF THE EPIDEMIC? Seventh Page. THE NEW MODOC STRONGHOLD IN THE BLACK ROCKS! A MORE IMPREGNABLE FOR TRESS THAN THE LAVA BEDS! INDIAN DESERTERS ! THE STRENGTH OF THE SAVAGES! REINFORCING THE TROOPS! EPIZOOTIC TROUBLES? SEVENTH Page. REMOVAL OF THE MOBIUER COMMISSIONERS TO VIENNA! SECRETARY FISH'S VIEWS IN THE MATTER! THE ABISES OF THE ATLANTIC STEERAGE PASSAGE TO BE IN QUIRED INTO? Third Page. CIVIL WAR IMMINENT IN FRANCE! INTENSE AGITATION IN PARIS' THE MONARCHISTS WILL OUST M. THIERS AT WHATEVER COST? Seventh Paoe. LOUISIANA MISRULE? FINE HGEON-SnOOTINO MATCHES? TROTTING AND RACING? THIBD Page. THE LEGISLATURE AND THE REPEAL OF TOE USURY LAWS! PROBABLE SETTLEMENT OF THE NEWSPAPER CLAIMS! THE PO LICE JUSTICES! ANNEXING WESTCHES TER! THE CAPITOL CONTRACTS? Tenth Paoe. EVIL EFFECTS OF THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE NEW SHIPPING LAW ! THE BOARDING- ' HOUSE KEEPERS OPPOSING THE SHIP- j MASTERS! FIFTY OF THEM ARRESTED? J Third Paoe. A STRIKE TO BEGIN ON MAYDAY! TOE j JOURNEYMEN CORDWAINERS MOVING FOR REDRESS AGAINST CAPITAL! THE ! FEATURES OF THE MOVEMENT AND NEW i PRICE LIST? Third Page. lllDEOl'S SCENES IN THE ATLANTIC ! THE ' CORPSES AND THE CARGO OF THE WRECKED STEAMER JAMMED TOGETHER 1 IN A HORRID MASS I DIVERS' PERILS? 1 Thire Page. CARL VOGT REMANDED TO AWAIT AN INQUIRY ' INTO THE BELGIAN TRAGEDY ! THE I PITTSBURG BANK ROBBERY CAUSES A j CONFLICT OF STATE AUTHORITY! INTER- j ESTING LEGAL SUMMARIES ? Finn Paoe. Lowering the excessive money rates: 1 GOLD DECLINES AND GOVERNMENTS AD VANCE! THE FOREIGN MARKETS! DRY ? GOODS IMPORTS? A CURIOUS AND FATAL j railroad ACCIDENT? Eighth Page. The Modoc War has degenerated into a game of hide and seek between the surviving aneinbers of Captain Jack's band and the pjrtillery, cavalry and infantry of the United i fitaUs and the Indian auxiliaries. Onrspecial despatch from the lava beds affords us j bo ground for believing that the exciting 1 Bnd somewhat ridiculous ^ame is near ' its close. The last report states that i the savages had retreated to Goose JLake ; but we may hear to-morrow that they we firing away from Gander Bluff General Ciillem was to have made "a quiet" attack on ! them yesterday ; but Jack, it seems, suspected that it was about time the army moved on his ! works, and withdrew to avoid a disturbance in bis household. Under these circumstances it Is comforting to be assured that more batteries of artillery are en route to the front Chusch and State in Germany. ?The iUpper House of the Prussian Diet has passed the government bill authorizing a complete control of the Church by the State govern ment. The 'measure applies to the lioman Catholic and Evangelical Communions equally, as will be seen by the synopsis of its pro visions which is set forth iu our columns to ta* The Republic of Spain? la ? He pub lic Possible on the Continent! In the dissolution of the Permanent Com mittee of the Assembly the republican govern ment of Spain has done a bold and hazardous act. We must recognize that this advisory Committee was left bj the radioal or monarch ical majority of the late Cortes as a watch and a restraint upon tho free action of the present government. It was the last feeble endeavor of the Zorrilla party to stay the influx of republicanism. As a mere incon venience it might have been submitted to until the coming elections in May had not the Committee made a clean breach with the Ministry by refusing to recognize Pi y Mar gall as the temporary substitute for Figueras during his late domestic affliction. The popu lace of Madrid, like that of all the large cities of Spain, strongly favors the government, and the late tumults have shown that Madrid, like Paris in 1793, was determined not to allow any obstructions to the march of its pet ideas. Hence the riotous demonstrations against the Committee. The prudence or otherwise of the government in dissolving the com mittee cannot be easily judged at this distance, and scarcely in Madrid. It is clear, however, that it has acted under the coercion of the Reds, no matter hdw much the act was in sympathy with its own real desires, and to obey a mob is the most dangerous of all governmental weak nesses. It could not hesitate. It was a question of championing a body of grumbling enemies of the Republic against the fierce frieftds of ultra republicanism or , of abolishing tho Committee to preserve the confidence of the dangerous Reds. It chose the latter alternative, but it remains to be seen whether the victorious mob will allow the government it has once controlled to stop short in obeying its further and wilder behests. The crisis is a terrible one for the young Republic. Unless the elections are reached in peace the future of Spain may pre sent many scenes from which humanity must turn aside sick at heart The mob has risen and been obeyed, and it may not be long before tho temperate, well-intentioned govern ment may find in its present friends a bitter foe and a relentless master. The difficulties that have surrounded the Republic from the beginning are dishearten ing. We can well understand how Mr. Cas telar, in the speech which our correspondent reports in his letter from Madrid, published in another part of tho Herald, should have passionately rebuked the apathy and unkind ness of the Assembly towards the government; but yet it was in the nature of things. The old Cortes was * chosen to support the dynasty of Savoy. It contained a majority of monarchists. The Republic had been proclaimed really in spite of the Cortes, for all who read Span ish events clearly will see that behind the As sembly was a public opinion that could not be resisted ? a public opinion that saw no peace for Spain but in a republic. Men holding power do not surrender it willingly. Even when the substance departs the shadow remains with all its illusions. The Cortes clung to power with desperation. The radical majority could not believe that it was dead to them, and that they could at best only hold its lifeless body in a cold embrace. This is the experience of all revolutions. Statesmen as a general thing ? statesmen, at least, of the class of Scrrano?and Zorrilla ? yield too late. The most gratifying point in the republican victory is the circumstance that it was achieved by moral pressure. The outbreaks in Spain since the advent of the Republic have hitherto been the work of the monarchists. In the north the partisans of Don Carlos are in terrupting trade, tearing up the railway tracks, taking travellers prisoners for purposes of ransom, levying tribute upon peaceful villages and destroying industry. While we have an alien Bourbon prince making war Spanish noblemen live in Paris and sup port him with money. It is the old "emigration" over again of the great revolution. This is the principal cause of the unrest and misery in Spain, and wo have little doubt that more has been lost to the nation in material wealth and prosperity from the ambi tion of this Prince than would suffice to take Spanish credit from the mire and gain for it the confidence of Europe and the world. So long as there is one crown and three pre tenders to it there will be wars of succession and internal strife for supremacy. There is only one form of government that docs not admit of pretenders ? the Republic. The question arises, Is Spain fit for a republic? We in America are in the constant habit of asking questions of this kind about European countries. We have the theory some how that republicanism is a superior kind of government, fitted alone for a superior kind of people. Men cannot live in high places unless they can breathe rarefied air. It leads to insanity and intoxica tion of spirits and consequent excesses. So, when nations suddenly reach the high table lands of liberty, there residt tho Reign of Terror, the chaos of the Commune, and so on. Not being insensible to considerations of na tional vanity we deduce the argument that we alone ure fit for this supreme political felicity, aud thut the other nations ? German and French and Spanish ? have not arrived ut that perfection of nature which makes a republic in any way possible to them. This seems to be a preposterous and unsteady argument. We have seen no monarchy lead its people to republicanism. The tendency of Napoleonisru, Bourbonism and other divine-right manifestations ol power hus been to unfit people for a republic. BourboniBm generated the Reign of Terror ; Napoleonism inspired the Commune. That is to say, the people were so repressed and narrowed, and denied generous aspirations and the freedom to grow, that when they found liberty they under stood it to mean license. It is most unjust to deduce from this that to these nations? to ! Frunce and to Spain? liberty will always mean license. Were this true then there would be no solution of the political problems of the Latin countries, but a war of extermina tion. But it is not true. Misgovernment will do with nations what malpractice and improper education will do with men. In China, we have read, they will take a living child and put its tender, growing body into a grotesque porcelain vase, and in a few years, when tho vase is broken, you have a living monster. ftTnn n^ur^y yiVW Uitu bhuDC with Utti WH ditions around them. When the conditions are such as we have ?een inspired by Bourbons and Bonapartea we must not be surprisei with the guillotine standing in the Place de la Concorde and the library of the Louvre in flames. _ The return of any of the aspiring princi would mean simply the triumph of one party and the extermination or ] I ment of the othcr.^ The *iSw in I power would Portugal or France it they escaped death or imprisonment. Alt the revenges and disappointments taking root in the hearts of the royal partisans would demand satisfaction. This has been the law of restorations. First we have the intoxica- j tion of success, then the enjoyment ot revenge. We are happy to win, but none the less happy to punish those who interfered with our winning before. This is one reason, perhaps, why restorations are rarely permanent. The tide of revolution recedes when its force is spent, only to come again with renewed power. Charles II led to William III., Louis XV 111. to Lamartine in 1848 and Thiers in 1870. It might be demonstrated, we think, that when a nation deliberately over turns a form of government that has existed for ages, and has all the prestige of antiquity, tradition and power, there iB a reason for it so deeply planted in the national heart that no permanent restoration is ever possible. We fear very much that the only effect that can attend the return of Don Carlos or Don Alfonso to the throne of Spain will be a rev olution as terrible as any known in history. The reds have felt this, as their threatening demonstrations testify, and the government feci it, as their preference to throw themselves into the arms of the red revolution rather than foster what had the smallest suspicion of the reaction proves. It is difficult not to see this. The Spanish quality is more conservative and more patient than the French; but it is u quality whose ang?r becomes terrible. We saw this in the war against Napoleon, when every man and woman took arms and assassination was made a patriotic duty. The Republic has come natu rally to Spain. No law has been broken. None of the powers of the State have been infringed. The men who control the Commonwealth are among the worthiest citizens. Many new problems have arisen, and, while their discus sion has not been as thorough as we would ex pect from Mr. Mill or Mr. Bastiot, they have been honestly met. They have made mistakes, but the tendency of the Republic hitherto has been wise and prudent and patri otic. Every step it has taken has been un usually difficult. With Carlism in arms in the field and reaction conspiring in the Cortes; with an Assembly which loved it not and would have rejoiced in its downfall ; with a sensitive, badly-informed, suspicious, easily-moved following, apt at any time to flame out terror and strife ; with Europe look ing coldly on and no friendly hand but that of America, and America not the most wel come on account of its Cuban reputation, we cannot imagine a situation of graver difficulty When we further consider the internal state of Spain, supposing all other conditions satisfied? the want of order in the army, bankruptcy hovering over the treas ury, insurrection in Cuba, abuses in civil government and the necessary reforms, every one of which will summon new enmity? we can understand how the stoutest heart in Spain would quail at the responsibility, and how sincere Mr. Castelar must have been when he said that he would regard him as his best friend who would relieve him of power. But nothing that lives is born without sor row and travail. This law of our nature is also a law among nations. The men who rule the Republic cannot abandon their work nor avoid the responsibilities. If they fail now they must leave an example to those who will be called upon to resume the work under happier stars. We hope they may not fail. We pray for their success, at the same time feeling that success can only be attained by efforts and sacrifices and patient, sturdy labors that have no parallel in history. The gravity of the present situation will test all their qualities. Anarchy or bloody reac tion would be the alternative of their failure. Ocean Telegraph Cables? Progress and Monopoly. We hail with pleasure every fresh develop ment and progress made in cable telegraph communication, for both the press and public are deeply interested. Not oiily are more facilities required to meet the increasing de mand for communication between distant nations, but accidents may occur to existing cables at any time that might leave us in the dark and seriously interfere with business. We need, therefore, more cables between Aineitca And Europe, in order to accommodate the public and to prevent any interruption to the transmission of messages in the event of accidents. We want more, too, for the sake of competition and to make ocean telegraphing as cheap as possible. It is gratifying to notice, then, that the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company is about to lay the new French cable, as it is called, and that the steamer Kangaroo, in the employ of that com pany, left New York harbor on Thursday for Hog Island, on the Long Island coast, and near Rockaway, for the purpose of laying the shore end of this new Atlantic cable. This iB to be connected with the shore end lately laid at Halifax harbor. The Great Eastern iB about to lay the deep-sea cable from Cornwall, Eng land, to connect with these. We learn at the same time that the Portugal and Brazil Tele graph Company is making progress for com pleting its line at an early day, the second section to extend between the Portuguese coast and Madeira, to be ready for layiug in June. While, however, we have the gratifica tion to record this progress we are informed that the cable companies, or some of them, are contemplating a consolidation of their in terests. At a meeting of shareholders in Lon don a resolution was adopted in favor o 1 such consolidation. This looks omiuous of a gigantic monopoly and consequent high rates I for telegraphing. We live in an ago of monopoly, and the public are made to pay dearly for the advantages science and progress bring. If tbere is to be no competition in ocean telegraphy, and the people and press ore to bo at the mercy of ?uch a stupendous con solidated monopoly as is contemplated, let ua hope the governments will find some way of protecting tho public and of keeping down the tariff for telegraphing to a rgiMyjiaWc pay Jog tale. The Vienna Ccmmtaa loners Come to Grief? 9Iore Administration Blunders. The State Department at Washington is un fortunate. Embarrassment after embarrass ment comes upon the administration through a diplomacy which, however well meaning, appears incapable of oscaping blunders. The eyes yf the world are upon the Vienna Exposi tion^ and lbs jirnt offensij$ ?ght that presents itself iB tiie picture of the suspenWW paid commissioners of the United States charges reflecting upon tho discharge of their official duties. This contretemps is the more unfortunate since nothing of a similarly un pleasant character has occurred with the rep resentatives of any other nation; and although
the misconduct complained of, if it really has existence, will be remedied by the instructions forwarded to Mr. Jay, we are not likely on that account to escape the arrows of those who are always prompt to discover the many assailable points in our political armor. For some time past rumors have been in circulation damaging to some of the persons who havo enjoyed the privilege of parading themselves with gold badges, as the represent atives of the United States at the Vienna Ex position, on the strength of their appointment as the paid clerks or assistants of the salaried commissioner. Of course no care and judg ment in the selection of such agents can be secure against the intrusion of some objec tionable persons in the list of appointees; but the trouble has been that the State Depart ment at Washington has endeavored to con ceal the unfavorable reports that have reached it, and has in fact deoeived the press and im posed upon the public a denial that such re ports existed. Now that the scandal cannot be longer covered up we have the official in telligence that all the paid agents are sus pended, subject to the investigation of the charges by Minister Jay, but of course with out prejudice to any of the accused parties. The Commissioner is included in the suspen sion, but he and any or all of his agents may be restored to their positions if no good rea sons should be found for a change. It is fortunate that under any circumstances we shall not suffer for want of a fitting repre sentation at the great Exposition. All the hon orary Commissioners appointed by the Presi dent appear to be gentlemen of character and position, who will worthily represent the nation at Vienna. Those from our own city are Messrs. Jackson Schultz, John H. Sher wood, Douglas Taylor and Francis A. Stout The thirty or forty honorary Commissioners from other States are citizens of similar stand ing. The skilled artisans and scientific com missioners are not included in the suspension, and nothing has been said against them. It is possible, therefore, to get along well enough without the paid agents attached to the salaried Commissioner's staff ; but this piece of good fortune does not make the blunder of the State Department any the less deplorable. Mountain Telegraph Cable*. The recent prolonged interruption of tele graphic communication with the Pacific States, due to the great sleet storm coating and loading down the wires, is a forcible illus tration of the need of subterranean or moun tain cables. In some portions of the Andes visited by the violent mountain storms, de structive of all telegraph lines above ground, cables have been substituted for wires and laid on the surface or under the ground. Ap plication having been made to Sir William Thomson, the highest authority as a practical and scientific electrician, to determine the practicability of such lines, he has formally given his opinion that they are of great value, and, except where, very rarely, on avalanche may destaoy them, they are unexceptionable. The telegraph which crosses the Pampas from Bnenos Ayres to Mendoza, and thence into Chile by the Uspallata Pass (at a height of twelve thousand five hundred feet above the sea), is nearly twelve hundred miles long ; and in its highest parts, from Punta de Inca, on the eastern side of the AndeB, to Ojos del Agna, on the Chilean side, it is a snow cable, buried two feet in the ground along the rail road, in ordfr to avoid any fault of insulation in the Winter months. And this plan, accord ing to the report of the English Government Inspector General of Mines to the Argentine Republic, has proved most effective and of the greatest convenience to merchants and all classes on both sides of the Andes. It is very evident that subterranean or sur face cables would be of the greatest utility, by withstanding the strain which now in every hail, snow or sleet storm encases the suspended wires with vast masses of ice, breaks them to pieces and severs our trans continental and even local circuits. We all remember the sleet storm of January 5, when, to use the words of the Journal of the Tele graph of the 15th of that month, ^though it lasted only a few hours, the results in the de struction of wires and poles were without a parallel in this section. ' ' The prostration of the wires was bo general that in the evening the Western Union Company did not have a single wire in operation f rom their office ; %nd even the fire-alarm system for a time was wholly deranged. But the greatest and most frequent telegraphic derangements of this kind occur between the. Pacifio and Eastern States, and such interruptions in time of war, or as now, when the country is anxious to hear from the seat of the late ter rible tragedy at the Modoc lava beds, become serious sources of public apprehension and danger. A mountain cable similar to that which spans the Atlantic, only smaller, if laid along the line of the Pacific Railroad, in lien of the present suspended wire, would never be in danger of breaking from sleet loads or snow drifts, and we might depend upon it in nil weather for regular intelligence from California. In case of a railroad train being blockaded by snow the conductor could easily attach an instrument to the cable and communicate with the nearest station, instead of being, as now, left with wires broken and poles down, entirely cut off from succor. Professor Sillirnan, in a recent letter, states that if such snow cables as we propose are laid in insula tory material, proof against natural agencies of destruction, the "electrical leak age" will be very small ? so much smaller than can possibly be the case with wires suspended in the air? as to e fleet greaj saving to the tele graph c.omj>anie?. The businoss interests of the whole country, the press, the railroads, the government offices, especially the Weather Bureau, and also the , telegraph coijyypwiw UiemwlYW. auUw au xuusM from the present defective telegraphic com munication with the Pacific that our telegraph engineers and electricians may well bestir themselves to carry out such a suggestion as we now make. Affair* at Albany. Preliminary skirmishing over Mr. Winslow'B Usury bill ip the Assejptyly peems to $ disposition among the country members to let the citjr representatives have their own way in regard to making money simply a market able oommodity. Having cleared the way by disposing of all other proposed measures affecting the legal interest question, the House will take up the Winslow bill as a special order, and consider it as covering the whole ground. Most probably it will beoome a law, and the State will have the opportunity so many of our financial men have long desired to test the practical working of abandoning the old theories on usury. Governor Dix having advised the repeal, will, no doubt, sign the bill if it shquld pass. The Senate has passed the bill fixing the amount of Commis sioner Van Nort's salary, with a direction to Comptroller Qreen to pay that officer's back accounts. Both houses agreed to the oharter for a cross-town railroad from Christopher street ferry to East Tenth street ferry, the company to pay the city three per cent of the gross receipts. The bill submitting to the people next Fall the question of electing or appointing judges passed the Assembly, as also did the Canal Appropriation bill, grant ing some seven hundred thousand dollars loss than last year for extraordinary repairs. In the discussion on this latter subject quite a gene ral disposition was shown to cut the State clear of the obligation to keep up the unless lateral canals by large annual expenditures ?which can bring no returns. The motion for a commission to settle bills against the New York Sheriff's office was lost. Govebwob Kelloqo and His Gunboat. ? Is not Governor Kellogg, of Louisiana, stretching his authority a little in getting up an amateur navy, with belligerent intentions, on his own account? It has, we believe, been generally supposed that Congress had sole power in suoh cases, and that the President was Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, with a Secretary of the Navy ? who, fortunately, at this junc ture, happens to be a rare old salt ? as a Cabinet adviser. But perhaps Kellogg has usurped the title of "Lord High Admiral," like his other arrogant assumptions in Louisi ana, and it was necessary for him to have a navy in order to complete his sway as High Cockalorum in General of the "Pelican" State, a sobriquet that should be at once dropped by the people, for Louisiana has ceased to "feed her young." Now let us see what the Lord High Admiral will do with his gunboat Open Cabs on the City Railroads fob the Scmheb would be a great boon to the public, and we think that they should become general, instead of being confined, as last year, to one or two roads. It is not, of coarse, yet time for the open vehicles; but we give the companies and the public the hint, that the subject may not come up for "ventilation" when the stifling summer heat is upon us. President Grant and family have gone to Denver, Colorado, to take an observation or two from the "Dome of the Continent" He will meet with a hearty reception from those gold miners and the pioneers of Pike's Peak. Governor Da is looking over the new char ter, and, meanwhile, our city offico-fieekers, taking it for granted that he is bonnd to sign the bill, are bewildering Mayor Havemeyar with their patriotic appeals to serve the pub lic under this new charter. The Mayor and the office-seekers are to be pitied. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Ex-Senator S. C. Pomuroy, of Kansas, is reported at the Astor House. Ex-Senator James H. Ramsey, of Albany, is at the St, Nicholas Hotel. General J. N. Knapp, of Governor Dix's staff, is at the St. Nicholas Hotel. General Robertson, of the United States Army, is at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Captain A. Piper, of the United States Army, has quarters at the Sturtevant House. Commander Hand, of the British Navy, has ar rived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Senator Matthew H. Carpenter, or Wisconsin, yesterday arrived at the Hoffman House. Assistant Postmaster General C. H. Hill yester day arrived at the Brevoort House from Wash ington, Th? Commendatore Negri Crlstofero has been named perpetual President or the Italian Geo graphical Society. I)r. earlier, or Brussels, one or the first to Intro duce homoepatiy into Belgium, has just died at the age of seventy-five years. Messrs. Levi P. Luckey, private secretary to the President; Wm. 0. Avery, chief clerk of the Inter nal Hovepue Office, and Mr. Martin, of the office of the Secretary cr the Treasury, left Washington last night for New Yofk, and will sail for Europe to-day, in charge or bonds for the Syndicate. Mr. Francis A. Stout, of New York, has been re quested by the Department of State to take charge temporarily, until lie leaves for Europe as one of the honorary ommissloners to the Vienna Exposi tion, of the oflce in New York for the reception and forwarding of articles for the exhibition. Joseph Medll! was asked If he would run again | ror Mayor or Chicago, he replied "There isn't I political, soclalor pecuniary Inducements enough I in Chicago to lire me. I have had enough." Like the savage Dartmry canine that had been terribly dosed with ho?era<lish and cayenne pepper, he "don't want aw more seasoning." The President or the French Assembly fs not the most, inviting losition In the world. During the first Republic tie Assembly had sixty-three I'resl dents, twenty-two or whom were outlawed, eigh teen gulllotinec, eight transported six condemned to imprlsonmeit ror life, four went mail and died utBicstre, and three committed suicide to escape the scaffold. Oily two escaped. A Parisian la<y, who had a singular appetite for needles, and su'eeeded, in spite of friendly watcn ing, in makingmany lunches upon them, whereby she seemed to tirive, has, at length, died. A post mortem cxamitatton shows the needles embedded la the flesh, n>ar the backbone, as neatly an pins done up for sal? One Sauaderi having been sentenced in Liver pool, England, o twenty years' imprisonment for the murder ortiis wife, the 1'nll Mall Gazette is fearful that as 'wife slaughter had almost become fixed among tie minor delinquencies, this case will cause muc: perplexity In many British house holds." Britls! mothers-in-law are reported in danger. THE PRE8IDINT AND PARTY EN ROUTE TO COLORADO. mwkknck, Kansas, April 2ft. 1873. President fir nt and party stopped In this city Iwo hours this uornlng on their trip to Colorado. The party vlsttd a number of points Ol Wter??t , itud lUciuwiWNlUiulr jowuuji * ' ? ? ? ?? . - WEATHER REPOBT. OPFICB ok TIIK PHIEK SliiN al Officer, 1 Washington, April 40?1 A. M. j Probabilities. . The temperature will probably Increase in tbft Northwest and thence gradually eastward over the Lake region and to the Ohio valley during the day; for tUe gpd upper lake region and tnence to the Lo^er Missouri and Lower Ohio Val leys, southwesterly and southeasterly winds, diminishing pressure and partly cloudy weather; for the Western Gulf States and Tennessee, south erly winds and generally clear weather; (or the Eastern Oulf and South Atlantic States clear weather, light, variable winds and higb pressures; for the lqwer lakes and Middle States partly cloudy weather, clearing in the afternoon, except in New York, with light northwesterly winds and low temperature. Increasing by Sunday; for New England and Canada low temperature, occasional rains and cloudy weather, clearing by Sunday. _____ The Weather In This City Yesterday. The following record will show the changes 1* the temperature for the past twenty-four hours is comparison with the corresponding day of last year, as Indicated bv the thermometer at iludnut's Pharmacy, Herald Building 1872. 1873. 1872. 1873. 3 A. M 64 42 3 P. M. 83 63 8 A. M 64 39 0 P. M 77 49 9 A. M 64 44 9 P. M 70 4(1 12 M 72 49 lit P. M 00 44 Average temperature yestorday 45X Average temperature for corresponding date last year 07 >4 SNOW STOBM OUT WEST. 'Cincinnati, April 26, 1878. A brisk snow storm has lust commenoed here. It Is snowing at Plttatrarg also. Despatches received from various points Indicate a fall of snow at Dayton, Eaton, Mlddletown and other places In the Miami Valley. There was snotw also at Oharlestown, w. Va., and at 1 ronton, OMo, and It fell to the depth of two or three inohe* at Anna, Ulilo, last night. BIVEB NAVIGATION OUT WEST. Detroit, Mirh., April 25, 18T3. A steamer arrived at East Tawas this evening, having left Bay City at ten o'clock this morning. She encountered considerable ice, but reports navi gation better and the Ice quite rotten. NAVIGATION ON LAKE MICHIGAN, Milwaukee, April 26, 1873. The wind changed to-day, releasing the lce? bound fleet, with the exception of two sail vessels^ which will be towed out to-morrow. 0 'KELLY AND CUBA LIBBE. [From the Minneapolis Times, April 21.] We print elsewhere from the Graphic a brief ac count of James J. O'Kelly, Special Commissioner of the New Yore Herald In Cuba. Mr. O'Kelly has proved himself a gallant gentleman and an en terprising journalist. He deserves a better fata, than to be shot as a spy by Spanish barbarians, #nd we have little fear that he will be. MOVEMENTS OF GENERAL HANCOCK, Fortress Monroe, Va., April 26, 1873. Major General W. s. Hancock, commanding the Department of the East, arrived here yesterday morning from New York to visit the ArtQIery School and inspect the post. He was received with the customary salute, and at ten o'clock re viewed the troops. In the afternoon he visited the National Military Asylum, near Hampton. He will deliver the diplomas t? the graduating class this evening and afterwards leave for New Yerk. BRIDGING THE~BLOQDY CHASM. Welcome to the Secretary of War and General Sheridan In Texas. Brownsville, Texas, April 26, 1873. The Secretary of War and General Sheridan and staff reached here to-day, after making a tour of the Rio Grande frontier for several hundred miles. They were received by the City Council, and are guests of the city. The streets anil houses are decorated with flags, and a general welcome is be ing extended to the distinguished guests. They will leave on Sunday for New Orleans by steamer, touching for a few hours at Galveston. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. The United States steamer Worcester was at St. Pierre, Martinique, on the 8th inst. All well. She was bound to Porto Csbello, Venezuela. APPOINTMENTS BT THE GOVEENOB OP MAINE. August a, April 25, 1873. The Governor has appointed non John A. Peters, member of Congress from the Fourth district. Judge of the Supreme Court to fill the vacancy made by the expiration of Jndge Kent's term. He has also appointed Hon. Joshua Nye Insurance Commissioner. STAFF APPOINTMENTS OF GOVERNOR HT GERBOLL, OF, CONNECTICUT. Hartford, Conn., April 25, 1878. Governor elect Ingersoll has appointed the fol lowing staff officers Adjutant General, William I*. Trowbridge, of New Haven ; Quartermaster Gen eral, William H. Green, or Hartford; Paymaster General, William S. Charnley, of New Haven ; Com missary General, Andrew 3. Jarvis, of Weston; Surgeon General, I)r. Frank 8. Burgess, of Plain field. Aides? William D. Hubbard, or Hartford; Milo B. Richardson, of Salisbury ; Charles W. Shel ton and A. H. Robinson, of New Haven. Private Secretary, Jonathan ingersoll, of New Haven. CANADA. French Canadians Leaving for the States In Unusual Numbers. QntBRC, April 25, 1873. The exodus of French Canadians to ttae States from the country districts and this city Is greatly ln e xcess of former seasons. A large number of inward bound vessels are re ported as having passed Father Point and other stations below. Tugboats have gone down to meet * them. MASSACHUSETTS. Albert W. Smith Found Guilty of the Murder of Charles D. Saekett. SrRiNOPiEi-n, April 25, 1873. In the Supreme Court in this city to-day Albert W. Smith was convicted of tho murder in the first degree of Charles D. Saekett, at Westfleld, on .the 20th of November last, and he will be sentenced to-morrow. The circumstances that led to the crime were that Smith had an Infatuated passion for Miss Jennie Kates, of Westfleld, and, meeting her returning ftom a theatre in company with Saekett, la whom she was betrothed, fired several shots from a pistol, wounding Miss Bated In three places and putting a bullet throuirti Sackett's breast, from thef effects of which wound he died In a short, time. Attorney General Train and District Attorney Stearns conducted the prone cutlon; and X. A. Leonard of this city and M. It. Whitney of Westfleld the defence. The line of de fence was that the murder was committed under a monomaniac delusion. EXECUTION OF A MUBDEBEE. San Francisco, April 25, 1873. John J. Murphy was executed at Stockton to-risy for the murder of Patrick Murray five years ago. THE YOUNG INVESTIGATION. An adjourned meeting of the Committee of Super visors as to the above investigation held a meeting yesterday afternoon in the chamber of the Board of Aldermen. The examination or Mr. Andrew/. ?4;irvey was continued and completed by Mr. Dex ter A. Hawkins. In the cross-examination by Mr. Uufns F. Andrews Mr. Garvey said that he was worth $ SO, 000 thirteen years a>ro, which was about the time he commenced to do business lor the city. Me stated that he had seen Wooaward give Youiik wlint he supposed to be cheques. The Inquiry wu.? adjourned till Monday next. DEATH OF A DETECTIVE Dctcctlv3 Woolridge, of Police Central Offline, died at. his residence, In White street, last night alter a loug and protracted Illness. GAS STRIKERS IN CINCINNATI CIRCUM VENTED. Cincinnati, April 25, 1873. Tho strikers at the Gas Works this morning waited on the officers of the company and asked to lie reinstated. The Vice President declined ta itlve them any encouragement. Their places hav? been filled by other men, and a full lUPPly Ql gUi Una buvh OXumldUauiL.