Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 27, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 27, 1873 Page 8
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THE FEEBLE FOUNDLINGS. Report of the Sisters of Charity on the Con dition auil Future of the Asylum in Washington Square. An Appeal to tho Legislature for State Aid. Statistics of the Work of the Institution Tlie New Building and the Funds Needed for Its Completion. The Foundling Society of the Sisters or Charity, at No. 3 North Washington square, is one of those kindly institutions which appeal directly to the tenderest sympathies of the public, and yet the course 01 its work has been marked by the severest struggles for the means wherewith to save and care lor :he unfortunate little beings whom destiny has cast upon tins world friendless and alone. It Is seldom that so deserving a benevolence has been Compelled to pass through such arduous trials, and yet there is none the name of which in its shor??j existence has become so well known and awakens such a kindly interest. It is now over three years since the Institution was incorporated. The Sisters now present their TltlHD ANNUAL BEP0KT 0! its condition and their labors, accompanied by the reports of the attending Vhysiclan, tho tiuancial statement of tho treasurer and the archi tect's description of the new buildings, which are now approaching completion, to be occupied by the children as soon as possible. Of course this latter project, uow so bravely gotteu under way, demands fresh contributions of money rrom the patrons or the institution ; bat that it is already so far advanced is an impressive evidence of the ex cellence of the management of tne Sisters. The enlargement of their work in each succeeding year has caused an increasing expenditure by them for the cause of charity. That the real comfort and welfare or tho children is sincerely studied cannot but be apparent from the fact that, in employing suitable nurses and attend ants outside of tho Institution alone, the Sisters paid out last year over eighty thousand dollars for this purpose, which is one-half of the whole miu of expenses. They now strongly urge the propriety of LEGISLATIVE AII> being jriven them to perfect and carry on their noble work. The following is the Introductory report of Mother Maria itegiua, President of the Asylum:? TUIBl) ASSUAL HKPORT OF TIIK rOPNOLINO ASYI.CM OF IBS 8ISTKKS OF CIIAllITY IN THK CITY OF NEW YOBK. In presenting our third uimuul report to the friends of the Asvlum and to tliu charitable public ot tho city, we would' tisli thein to recall to mind the original object In establishing tin' institution, iu order t)i at l hey may see liow naturally, in pursuing and accomplishing it, another charity ot a* scarcely less high nature has been tie VVui' tYie 9th day of October. ISO'.), the institution was in Coporaied, pursuant to the laws ot tli A State, under the name ot " I lie Foundling Asylum of the Sisters ot Char ity lu tiio City ol New York. ' We, the managers, then thought, that the whole scope of the Asylum would con sist ill providing a liomc tor that chins oi suilering human ity who*; (TV ti.r help and lite tilled our heart* with sad ness; for the poor little unfortunate whose right to exist ence was almost ignored, and who conseuuenlly had scarcely inhaled the vital air, unaware ot nil except its first necessities and sufferings, belore the disposition of its llle la-came u grievous <|Uestion with the attendants upon its birth ; tor the Innocent offspring oi passion or poverty, tor whom the door step, the street, the sink, the river, the string and knile presented each a means ol rid dance to those who, suffering troni poverty or rearing ? disgrace, sat in tlual and cruel judgment upon it ; In tine, lor that class ol children whose lluttering, helpless lives wore otten threatened even by their mothers. Tins charitv, although Interesting and widespreading, scarcely surpasses, however, in beauty and the benefits It bestows upon the recipients ot it, and on society at large, the other which has insensibly and almost neces sarily grown irom it-tne rescue of fallen women botore they have sunk lo the hopeless depths ol misery and criuie. To Til* nAPI.KSS. FSWEMlKn MOTMKIt, the portals of the Asylum flrst seemed to o|wn a vision of goodness and salvation 'or her uuconsciousbabe, wherein It could enter and be saved lo complete the mission ol Its life ; but now, under the new outgrowth, she sees the in stitution expand into a protector and a savior ot hersoll, to shatter tier trom the derision and scoils of an un tee ling World, to save lier trom tnlainy and restore her to home and virta Since the opening ot the Asylum at lea>t llvo hundred ol these suffering mothers have toimd a homo under its root. Many ot them are now earning respect able living** be honest industry ; others have again on tered the bosoms ol their families, whose repu tation would have been lost had not the Asylum covered the errors ol its fallen members. About fifty are still in the Institution, nioiirning their lapse, ami schooling utnl strengthening themselves iu the practice anil ways of virtue, that they niav never again fall as they journey on in (he path ot liie. At the same time they arc acting us nurses to their own ami others' children, still, all our nurses are not of this class, lor nianv married women, whose circum stances oblige them lo seek shelter tor them so Ives and their legitimate offspring, are received as nurses. No outward distinction, however, is made, so a* to subject to humiliation or to dispirit the former, and the visitor cannot distinguish the one from the other. A clear explanation ol the practical operation and Working ol the Asylum would seem proper, ami is as | follows: ? A crib is placed in the vestibule ot the haw- i monitor the reception oi such infants a* have already i been described, an I m it they can be placed unseen, a j bell-pull near the crib affording the means ot uotilj ing the- , officers v i th in ol u new waif. Children whose mothers , are known lo us to be employed and amply compensated , as wet nurses elsewhere, are not received. Iliis exclu- | sion is based upon duly aim morality as well as upon a | controlling economy. The mother, too, whether married or unlortuhttto, w h . decides to act as a wet nnre tor |^iy, I and in order to do so rids her-elt of the burden of hor child bv abandoning it to n-. exhibits u lu artlussness au l an absence of inatciiial duly which we teel ourselves | obliged to oppose and against which our moral sense revolts. Then again, to provide a wet nurse lu the case ot a married motlierwho herseli. by the same kino oi for others, is earning enough to maintain her child, or to accept tin nurture of the ollstiring ol' an unmarried mother who rejects the privilege ot shelter within the .Asvlum and the opportunity oi discharging at the same time the maternal dntv ot uursliu her own intaiit, and pre'ers to her own a stranger's child tor hire, would lie a reckless and Inexcusable waste ot the contributions ot our triend- anil the public, rhe child, when removed from the crib, is carried to nn apartne lit. ti be registered, bathed and dressed. It is then tuteii to the nursery and a nurse. either in of out doors speed ilv provided lor it. OUTS I PI* AMI' INSIIO NI.HMWCi. Children two or three years old in the Asylum, under our direct supervision, are touud to thrive much better llian those outside, and this happen- even without the advantage which many ot the latterenjoj ot country air, and in spite ot our arrangement, which would seem to preclude Inattention, bv w hich each child U to the Asy lum ovoi ,v month tor Inspection. We do not mean to intimate, however, hut thai ex* client nurses nre found among the poorer class*' s ot our city; vet the comparison Which our experience affords bctw< en outside nursing ? ud that within the Asylum warrants the Pellet that, coulil we teta'ii in the institution a larger number of. the ] ehii'lrcn who have attained their second year, und keep at nur?e only the younger ones, our mortuary list would j be very much diminished. Many reasons mtv he ad vanced n support ot tills be 1 ie i Ot them the first, and perhaps the strongest, is, that in the Asylutn the phy sician is always neai at hand and proper treat- j no ut can be immediately obtained for cases et lutair.ile, so pr> \ ao iit, e pcctally dunun the Summer I mouths, in this eiimste . while, away from it. the lardy i or inexperienced nurse wiil oileti -leier the right or ad minister an Improper remedy Ureal, too, and unnstial must l>e the single patience which wiil not tire with ceaseless watching . whereas, in the Asylum, weariness Is relieved by a change d watchers. ? ? * outside nursing, loo, entails upon the institution a larger expense than uu :er other circumstances would be r.? cessary ; but this excess ill it, as w e are at present situated, w e cannot i ?Scape. It will be notice I in the Financial Report that, ! OfUie $114,6*$ expeuded/ over $30.i*w were pad to out- | Bhle nurses. I his, ot course, is a great benefit to lie t Soor people employed, and many lanililes hive been eot together by means ot this resource. For although the sum allowed lor each child is small, amounting to only $b' per month, vet this may pay the rent and thus secure a roof lor th- family, which is in it sell a great charity and a social benefit. So eager, ituh vcl, are the hi an v tor ihis vinjiluyineiit, that an average oi twciUy or thirty '1 ail v pre?riit them*elveii Jo r nursling.-. ot thi* number ufapnlieant* only U?o?e arc ? empluycd who pre sent a certificate of good- health from a phy sician ami an?.ihcr oi gm?<l character ironi some known an?t reliable person ""io question whatever ol religion urines to ileter nilue the clioe-e. but whoever appears likely to mukc the best nurse receives the preference. Vet Til K (loot) OF Til F Fon?fl>I.INGS being our primary obiect still another precaution npainst deception ulid neglect is taken ; a detecuve detailed to the Institution occasionally visits each nurse at times when, as tar as lie umi judge. lie is least yxpecled. Still, as we have sifcauy salt!, our daily experioifcn shows mat the main obiect of the Asylum is not as well subserved bv this outside nursing us We could desire, or as could be accomplished within at a diminished outlay ; hence we see and teel tin- great and urgi nt necessity of completing ?? quickly a? possible the new \sylum buildings now iu Uie course of erection, in which there will lie ample room for ail coiners f or want ol means a p rtloii only ot the Intended and described structure can tie at present erected-- vi/ one w ard and a nart of the centre or ad ministrative building. This portiou alone cannot be buill, oven In the plaia tnansi r in wbleh it Is lu itig put UP. at a less expenditure than $290, MJU. In ftw treasure I there are only jaM.liiSl. but we rely ou the charity ot ur friends In !Sow York to supply the deficiency and thus secure the completion of this part of tie- edifice at least. The hnnoruhlo members ot the Legislature at All. any mrl numbly requested to consider and cive weight to the necessity of making an appropriation to enable us to complete the entire building lu makinn this request wo are not unmindful of what has been already done by thut hoQorable body; Still, the calls on this cnarltahle work are more numerous than wore anticipated, ntul day t.y day increase and lire*, upon us. VV bat has been s?i w e I and kindly begun gives tw hope for conUutiaiji e ot legis lative favor, until the work has become con -olidaUd mi out on a llrm bails, so that protection may be extended not to a portion only, but to all ot these wails of hiitnau lt?.. Mother M. ItKOINA, President of the Asyluui. Ulster M Iuknk, Treasurer of the Asylum. Mother Bcgina s re|>ort is followi <i by that of the attending physician, Ur. James ii. Heynolfln. winch, as it contains somo interesting statistics. i? given tii lull rcport or mr. attfmuso mrsictAK To m PaKsioasT as u Uvricsas oa nu >kw ion* ThelutendlngVbyicUn tias the honor of submitting ^i?!IK'pVit 'si'- v ^ MTl there have been 1,31/2 infants left at the Asylum. Tn? lollowiug table gives the condition In which these t m infanTs were lsft, the number alive wltblu the at nurse, tho* discharged, the nam her of deaths within the buildlnfc and outside, and the causes of death:? lla Whole number from Oct. I, 1871. to Oct. 1, 1871 M" Condition upon eu trance? M Twin* *?? Oood 5~ IW <>" ^y'?Kv i? I remuture fcxposcd ? Syphilitic ?* Living? in Asylum **5 At nurse ,7 Discharged '? Died? In HospitAl ????? WW At uurse ? ? v *57 DL>i'AHi-a whloh cuua'J tK'jfcth? Iiitcstiiisl. . 512 fiibuoiiary- v ? Hioiniio-lntosiliial 4 Prematurity 100 Syphilis 22 limiution 21 hr.ysiiiria.-i : 4 Convulsions 6 Pertussis 3 Tubercular meningitis .4 Miiullpox (Upon Island) 2 Nephritis I Rubeola.. 1 Umbilical hemorrhage ? I Certiorates signed outside M Kcteirtng to our table, we have now within the Asylum 57 (if the i,3y2 luiants received .1 u rtiix the year: at wot nurse about the city ami surrounding country, 499, leav ing u., 6>ti niiants alive; 7t,5, or 55 per Cent have died ; 71 have been discharged. Those discharged averaged SO days each as loundlings? one living in the institution over n. ue months hi lor.- Its discharge aid the reinaiu liiK 7o irom one day to eight months uudcr our ( are. i ho iollowing tafile wiii show the ages at which these l.:tW2 luinnts were let I . Age? ut 1,392 iufuhU lelt ' rt\rrr Ortnl rr 1, IK71, anil .O iubrr 1, 1&72. Under six hours ,. 38 Six to twelve hours 58 Twelve to twenty-four hours 178 One to seven days 244 Seven to fifteen days 318 Fifteen days to one moiitti 3l?i One month to tw,< mouihs Hi Two months to six months y7 Six inolilbs to twelve months 28 Over twelve months 9 We see irotu this (able that 274, or 19H per cent, were not M hours old : 51S, or 37 per cent, one week and uuder; 1,15.', or 82 nor cent, one mouth and under, and only :40, less than is per cent, over one month old when admitted. It wlfitMJ observed that of the total 7o5 deaths 30*, or 40 percent, occurred within the hospital. During the past year we have admitted a larger pro portional number ot sickly miaul.* tuan the preceding year. In 1*70-71 they constituted 31 percent, while lu 1x71-72 they amounted to *4 per cent of the total recep tions. The condition of the?e imams was such as gave llicni hut little or no chalice ot living, and they were consequently retainod withtu the hospital. It within a tew days, by care and nursiug, tlioy showed any tendency to improve, they were Immediately placed at wet nurse outside. The explana tion of this lurger number ot miserable lniants haviug been lelt with us during the pastvear is easy, tor all other institutions, public an I private," re I use to admit tliein. In plainer words, the other touud ling institutions how select their inmates, and, with hut very tew excep tions, admit the inluut only when in good condition, and accompanied by its mother us wet atir-o. in several in stances, coming Irom sister charitable institutions (as their attendants have docluredi. infants have been left in a wretch* i, some even in a dying condition, and upon some of these, infants the names ol tlie institutions have been found upon their clothes. The number of prematura infants (of whom none weighed over 3 pounds, and one pounds, and ot wliom 14 are still living), ot those badly exposed to cold, r.ndot the syphilitic and dying, is less than during 1*70-71. Wo have now ninety -six infants and children, from three mouth!, to three years old, In the building, who have been so tar reared within our walls and are thriv ing and healthy. every day, except when actually stormy, our infants are sent out info the square iur u |-,ac or walk, and many ol them, even during the Winter season, twice a day, and during their absence the wards are thoroughly ven tilated. Housing hut for one dav shows its bad effects upon them in peevish, pale faces and poor appetites. It is by thorough cleanliness, goyd ventilation, regularity in nursiug. extreme care in the preparation of the toed and constant watching over the wet nurse, with as much outdoor liic as possible and but little medi cine, that we strive to rear the feeble little ? lniants lert to our protection 1 regret to state that our experience ol out-ot-towu or country wet-nursing is the same asfctst year, although under the same surveillance as city wet-nursing. We were led to suppose from re Boris to kindred institutions nnd from the experience of oiitiucutal loundling hospitals that country life (wet nursing lu the rural districts) afforded the only chance ot saviug the lives of foundlings; but whatever it may be In the tuiure, at present our larmers will not take nurs lings Into iheir families, and the poorer class of people in the country who will take them are more careless than the same class in city tenement houses. Not an in funt have we been able to raise lu the rural di.-triots ol Lsiiig Island. We have been greatly aided by an efficient detective officer, kindly detailed by the Board ot I'oliee, and who is on cousuint duty, vislung among our inlauts in the city and surrounding tow ns. When an liiiant Is discovered to 1h' in u poor condition, or neglected by its nurse, it is im mediately sent to the Asylum, and, If necessary, it is given to another wet nurse, one Infant was changed six times in two months, and It Is now with its seventh nurse aud thriving. During tne year we have not been afflicted with any serious epidemic disease. Whooping cough and chicken pox were in the house for several months, but with no fatal results. A lew cases of smallpox developed in imams a tew days after they were deposited with us, but these cases were immediately sent to the Smallpox Hospital uud did not apminunlcatp the disease to any one in the house. In fills connection we have to thank l?r. J. B. Taylor lor kindly and promptly vaccinating all our in mates, and also our new-eouicrs as last as they were lelt. Dr. Urudy lias continued lm kind cure ami oversight ol our foundlings in and about the neighborhood ot Wil liamsbiirg; and to him, as well as to the physicians at tached to the children's departments of our 'city dispen saries, who have unilormly treated our foundlings when presented to them by their nurses, we owe our sincerest thanks. During the past hot summer mouths l)r. Wil 11am ii. Vermilye Tinted the hospital daiiv, ami gr-atiy aided and relieved the attending physician. Certain forms of eve and ear disease within the institu tion. aud among our oul-cusos, induced us to request the services ot i'r. <>. O. I'omeroy, who kindly consented to give us the benefit ot his experience, and he now visits the hospital three times a week, treating the eye and ear cases not only of the hosnitul, but ot tuose ut nurse out- i side. In concluding Ibis report, it is not only a duty, but ut | the same time a very great pleasure, to testify to the iu i diclous can- aud constant watchfulness ot the Sisters, | whose health, with no single exception, has been shut tered by their unremitted labors. Kespeertully submitted. I H. Ki-.YNwUlS, M. 1)., Attending Physician. Tup financial siAtoment for the past year, sub- ! nulled by .-Mater Irene, Is its follows:? FINANCIAL STATKMEIR > ?" THK )u? IKDUtH SEFTBM BMt 30, 1*72. H' . ? Subscriptions and donations $H,2'0 20 fcntertulumeut given bv Mr. A. Dnlv (174 .">7 I Ktiteriainineiit given by Choral Society 47<> ot) Subscription ball 4,242 ISO I The lri>li Kiuigrnnt Association 1.U00 uO i Bequest made through Mr. .Mac lay 2ti 77 i Bequest made by .Mr. Jones 52 89 I Comptroller 91, !>*.> 1,2 Interest 03 18 Total $i0o,"(il 71 PiHhttrtem* ut*. Hentol house No. 3 Washington square $7,1*10 00 Insurance aud repairs 2(12 92 Wages ot nurst v and domestics 80, 0U 53 House 1 xpenses? Furniture $1,322 4!) Fuel and gas. 1)12 93 Provisions and groceries 7,7*4 *4 Medicines and liquors flitt u* Miik and ice 2,138 79 I2,a'4 13 Dry goods. 10,HI7 1M Huriai expenses 145 OU Stationery and printing 'i58 53 Incidental- 439 04 Indebtedness existing September 30, 1*71 3.I.VJ 21 Total $115,64* 11 TIIK ?.AUIKS' SUC1KTY. A larjrfi nttinlier of ladies have lormea :t society for lite collection of donations to the institutions, and have been, since their organization, very nuc l cessful, the irnlt of, their labors being fi?,ooo paid 1 into tlie hands of the treasurer, besides a lartje amount gained by tlie sale ol matinee and concert i tickct". The report of the architect on the erection of THK NEW nt'lLDINli : for the asylum at the corner of Lexington avenue I and Sixty-eb.'hth street Rives n Rood (lesn iptlon 01 what, it will lie when ivuiipletcd undoi t He it i til- j 1 cullies lliat have impiMletl Its progress. I To tiik BtriLDlNo Committkk:? I?kah Siits? in compliance with your request I have the honor fo submit 'he following description ot the buildings to be erected for the New York Foundling Asy- I ium and ot the progress made in their construction dnr ing the pa?t year. I'he location of the buildings is oil the i block bounded by Lexington and third av- 1 enucs and sixty-eighth anil Sixty-ninth streets. 1 In the centre ot the lot and lacing on Sixty eighth street will be the Administrative building, ninety b et wide by sixty feet deep aud live stories high, 1 exclusive ot tui b.tM-menf. In the basement ot tin.-, t uilding will lie the kitchen for the community, dining rooms uud offices ; the i crrrhst tor the reception ol iniants being situated under tne arch way of the double stoop leading to the main story, will be easily acccsible irom tlie street. I The main st'iry tfUl eoutnin the chlcl offices, reception [ rooms mill parlor-i lor visitors, the community room, and | an a, aruneiit lor the rexulent phrslel in. in the second sti r* will be the aparftneo: lor the Sisters, and sewing ' and alien rooms . the third, fourth and llilh stories wiii I coii'tiin dormitories, and in the tinner llo .r an Inllrmarv. 1 To tlie north ot and connect, d with this huildliig, will he the "I'hapel building." in the ba-emeut story ol which ; will he the run nroutids, ' play r> mhii , i 11 the" llrst smry, a l uge room ter n iiooi 11 ml exhibition purposes, and above this the I'll ipel (111 each Id ul tin >e bill! lings, , and parallel tl ? rowitli, ?tli hi tlie ward hnlUing* ' ; with large pavilions ut each end. making the total length of en ch hit feet I |?.>c waul build ings will f>e three -lories In height, ? ot ih< ' ba-^Di'-nl, anil j laced a sufficient distauci at art from ca< h other t ? > ailint t- atnph tree 1 r< ulnfioh ? iir ami a lull play ol the sun's r.\i - around tin 111. to aid w hid, the corridors connecting iIicm several btii'uling* with ea< Ii other will, abovi the la 1 nu-nt storx.con- t ot opi 11 arched passages extending but one story 111 height. 1 In ward rooms are to be each thirtv by ninety leet 1 ?t< south pavilions wiii ci. main on "n h "lir> one r' mm tor the sister in char.: ? ol the ad'.. mill: wi- r-i. a linen store 1 room, two private rooms and a closet and bathroom | The north pavilions will likewi* contain en each story the children's washroom, a ?n:all kitchen, a ri?un for steam-drying of linen, and a closet aud bathroom lor nurses. In the basement story under the . ward buildings will be offices for '.lie physicians, 1 dispensaries, waiting rooms, nurses' and sew ing rooms, small kitchens, store rooms aid closets. The heights of the several stories In the ren tre and ward buildings arc as follows:? Basement, 10 leet rt inches: flr?t story, 16 itiet 6 Inches, and second, third, fourth and fifth stories. 14 feet 0 inches, all la the clear bet ween floors and ceilings. At the centre ol tlie u>t on Mxtv- ninth street will l e placed a two store buildiiiK. 31 lei t deep and to feet iron I, to be connected hv corridors with tlie several ward buildings. In the lirst story will hi placed the laundrv. a stcain drying room, an fronry and a large kitchen lot the iencrai purposes of the cs tablishmcti t . in t tie basement cellar an ice vault, storerooms, engineers' rooms and cosi bins. The west side 01 the second story of this bunding will contain.- sleeping apartments lor laundresses, servants, Ai ., and tin entire eastern portion wil) he devoted to ihu purposes of a quarantine, thus completely isolating ih Is portion ot the establishment from the children's wards. The mortuary receiving vault will he In a poition of the cellar under the north end of tl. chape! building. The whole establishment wil! be heated l.v steam, generated In tubular boilers, to be placed In a vault under the pave ment on Sixty ninth street, where will likeuis. be the engine unil pump to supph the reservoir tank, placed at the highest part ot the main building whence the water will be UlstribUted to the upper stories above the t'roton level, ftloset*. baths, wash-basins, Ac , will be con veniently located in each su.ry ol all the various buildings. The elevator will lie In the main building, and HitimtAd near the main and privute stairs. The exterior of the buildings will bo faced witli Philadelphia brick, relieved by suf flctaut OlUu stouc bauds aud drdssuu* aud wUiM brtek. no a* 10 jiroduce, through the most, economical mean*. a rich and pleasing appears acc to the whole. In the inunth ol March, 1872. operations were com menced to actually proceed with the oonntruction <>t a portion of the projected worku ? vu , the main aaiuinU irative building, the first ward building (situated west of it) and the connecting corridor. All ol them are at the protest time under root'. In the ward building the noorn, stairs, partition*, gas tubing, Ac., are laid, and the plan tering ft coniiuenced. In the main building the floor* are prepared for the dcufeuing, previous to laying the floor board.*, partition*, 4e. I regret I cannot report more prosrresa, but various caii.tus? Homeot tbem unavoidable and unforeseen? have retarded the work. <>n account ol the extrauidinaril.v severe Winter we are experiencing, and that Area cannot be safely allowed in the building-, in their present condi tion, the plastering operations must be temporarily sun pcuded. It U very desirable that means be apecdilv pro vided lor the immediate construction of the centre buiid in,' on Sixty-ninth street, ami also of the building be tween it an 1 the main administrative edifice on .sixty eighth street They are both very eaaentiai to the ellect lvo operation oftlie establishment. STOKES IN THE PRISON CELL. What He Think* of the Judges anil of Public Clamor ? lie Has No Kxerclse and Cannot Leave Hi* Cell Night or Day?He Ha* Strong Hopes of a Slew Trial in Which Everything Will Be come Clear. EVeryborl.v has heard of Edward 8. Stokes. But very few persons have lately heard any thing from tUe cell No. 73, on the second tier of the Tombs, in ' which Edward S. stokes is confined. It 1h very hard to get into the Tombs at present to see a prisoner. One of the Commissioners oi Charities and Correction. Mr. Isaac H. Bell, has enforced the most stringent orders? more stringent than were ever known belore. The Warden of the prison, a Mr. Johnston, seems inclined to be civil enough ; but orders are inexorable. In view of the (act that a decision will bo retnrned on Tuesday week next lrom the Bench of Judges? Noah Davis, John R. Brady and Judge Fancher? ol the Supreme Court, on TUB QBEAT VITAL QUESTION to E. S. Stokes, whether he shall have another trial or not, a reporter of the Herald called yesterday alternoon at the Tombs prison, the entranit of which Is jn Franklin street, opposite a large railroad depot, which lias balconies like the Grand Hotel at Paris. Alter some inquiry Warden Johnston is found and the request Is made to htm to have admission to the inner part of the prison, The Warden is slow and measured In his speech and withal lia.s a kind of dry wit which itsembles the flavor of Clicquot champagne. He at last grants permission to the reporter to see Stokes. Going throtiL'O the yard you are stopped by a good natured keeper, inside OF a box, from which hangs a swinging door. The ticket given by the old white-headed veteran Kenrlck has to be surrendered to the good-natured man at the swinging door. As tho reporter goes up stairs to the second tier he tinds himself surrounded bv rough, unsliaved and uncouth-looking prisoners carrying huge baskets lull of bread, cut In square chunks. measur ing each way four lnchcs, and immense tin kettles filled with a greasy compound by cour tesy designated soup. There Is a keeper, who guards the iron door on the second tier; lie is youmr, gooil-iooking and mild-mannered, as his fellow keeper at the swinging door below. There are a number of "swells," gentlemanly-looking lel lows, dressed in the height of lashlon, who stand outside of the door of cell No. 73, in which Edward 8. Stokes Is contlned. They are conversing with the inmate. TIIK I1AKKKI) IKON DOOR is closed fast as a vice, and Stokes cannot even shake the hand ol a friend who may come to see litiu. The Warden at this moment has entered the gallery of tho second tier, and, alter a few mo ments' conversation with the iriends oi Stokes, courteously irives place to the reporter, who is hailed and cordially greeted by Stokes. During the last five or six weeks the roles of the Tombs prison have become so severe and onerous that the thousands of visitors who called day after day to visit Mr. Stokes have only been able to see him through the grating of his cell door. The place is contlned, narrow and full of impure air. Slnk>'s appeared at the cell door. Time and trouble have drawn severe and deep-turrowed lines across his once smooth forehead, and his dark eyes, though bright as ever, with their sad livldness seem to Indicate the sufferings engendered by eighteen months' confinement. THE INTKKVIEW WITH STOKES. Reporter? Well, Mr. Stokes, I am ?lad to see you. How are you getting on ? Stokes? Pretty lair, considering everything. Deprived, as I am, of all exercise, the treatment is very severe, and 1 feel It somewhat. , reporter? Well, I am surprised that you have stooil It so well. 1 want to ask you what are the prospects for anew trial. Tell me what yon think. Stokes (hesitatingly)? I can only say that I am hopeful; 1 have reaaen to tcel so trout what my counsel s:ty. Reporter? Well, what do they say about It T .MOKES? Mr. I remain called alter the conclu sion ol the argumcut on Thursday and stated to me that he was well satisfied with the case as presented by our side, and thought that the prose cution was remarkably weak. That was all lie said, but it encouraged me. reporter? Mr. Stokes, are you satisfied with the Judges who comprised tho General Term? Stokks? Perfectly? perlectly. They are of such high character and' standing t hat public praise or I clatAor has no weight with ttiem one way or the j other. 1 will get law as they uuderstand it. I enn noi expect anything more. Reporter? In yeur opinion, how do the rulings of Judge Boardinan compare with the rulings of Judge lugrahain, who presided at your llrst trlalr Stokes ? Oh, dear! There is no comparison. Judge lugialiam gave me a fair trial according to law, although he bore dowg pretty hard upon me. ; Judge I'.oariliuan's rulings were entirely different. I Everything, in met, at this last trial was unfor tunately against me. Private counsel prosecuted? public opinion was mountain high in excitement, caused b.v the murders that were daily occurring; and the Judge's charge, at such a time, placed we in this terrible position. Reporter? Well, I sincerely hope that yon may have another trial. In case of an adverse decision i do you feel as Scunnell says he does; that you I "would rather be liiiinr than associated in prison witu murderers and cutthroats*" Stokes (smiling through the bars)? 1 beg your pardon, old fellow, and I hope you'll excuse me from going Into any such delicate and unpleasant matters. It Is not necessary In prisen to lorm any associations. I'll bid you good day, as I believe the tinir is op* K?r visitors to leave. Here Stokes turned toward the door, and placing two finders through a square orillce in the bars, shook the hand oi the reporter, and the interview terminated. ? fflOYEMOTH OF TDK PLASETS. MAllS. To-day tlila planet, for some time so very con spicuous t>v its brilliant re. I light in the southeast, will come into opposition to the sun and be at Its least distance iroiu the earth during the two next years, and alter the 27th will rise before sun set. The oppositions of this planet take place at intervals of about twenty-six months, but Its distance from us when in opposition greatly varies, as its orbit is very eccentric. At the opposition in February, 4871, its distance was about sixty millions of miles. At the end of this mouth It will be about llity-two; In June, 1875, forty millions, ;ind iu August, i-v77, still less. At the opposition in June, li76, this planet will have a large southern declination, and will therefore be very favorably situated lor many daily observa tions when east and west, at the "observatories Iu the southern hemisphere, and thus afford what may prove to b?> an excellent opportunity for the , determination e> the distance of ilic sun. VENUS. On May 5 thin planet, which has been several ! mouths so brilliant in the west alter sunset, will | come Into a line with the sun or be m interior con- > junction, and alterwards, until next February, j

visible in the east, before the sun rises. As the interval between two inferior conjunc tions of tnis planet U about live hundred and eighty-three days, the next after that on May 5 will take place in the night of December 8, 1874 ; anil a? the planet will then also be so near its node that its geocentric latitudo will be less than a quarter ui a degree, It wbl appear to pass across the sun, or in other words, there will tie, m Asia, Australia. Ac., an annular eclipse of tho sun by the planet Venus, lor the tlrst time in iu.v, years, or since Juno, i.?<9. lor the very careiul observation of winch astronomers have long lieen making great preoarutlon, as they generally hope that, with the uid ot the new Instrument, the spectroscope, and oi photography, .lc.. the tun oi the beginning and end may be m?re accurately ascertained than they couid be In June, 1761 and tTti'J. The transltsof Venus alwavs take place in June or December, ai the very unequal but constanily recurring intervals of 121 ,s. 8. loft1,, 8. lUis. Ac., years. Only three of thorn have been seen: the tlrst iu December, 1630, by Vlr. Uorrox only, near Liverpool, Kngiatid; the second and third in June, 17'>1 and 176J, by many astronomers sent expressly tor the purpose to dis tant parts oi the earth, where they were visible ; the lourth will tak?' place, as already stated, in the ntulit, Ho- ton time, of December \ 1874, and can not. thereiore, he seen in an> part or our conti nent; the nftli, on December 6, lss'j, for observing which our Atlantic states, the West Indies and South America are very favorably situated : then tho sixth and seventh, on June 7, A. D. 3004, and Juno 5, 3014 both ?r w hich will be partly vis ible In >ew Eugiand. MKRCtnr. The transits of Mercury, the only other known Inferior planet, are of much more frequent occur rence than those of Venus, and two of them have been seen here within a few years; the?, how ever, arc oi little Importance, and for the determi nation of the Sun's distance quite useless. The transits of Mercury always occur in May and No vember, at Intervals ranging from three to thirteen years. The last one took place on November 4, 18W ; the next one will hanuuu Mav G, 1678. "POOR MERCANTILE JACK." The Working of the New Ship ping Act. Release of the Sailors' Boarding House Keepers on Bail. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT THE ARRESTS. Views of Captain Duncan and Prominent Ship owners Relative to the Trouble. THE FOURTH WARD AROUSED. The troubles of "Poor Jack" ashore have long furnished a fertile theme for sketch writers and reporters. In the matters of the world sailors, as a general rule, are mere children, and are liable at all times to be Imposed upon by the land sharks, who in every seaport town He In wait for the ar rival of vessels, and, as a general rule, thev secure their proy. Runners and boarding house keepers, at least those ot the worst class, are aiucng the worst enemies that seamen have to contend with, and, lu most maritime countries, special legislation has been secured to protect the "toilers of the sea" from the greed, chicanery and fraud by which the poor sailor is frequently mulcted of bis hard earnings. Of course there aro many honest men, who keep sailors' lodging houses, but they are the ex ception, not the rule, the majority of them being unprincipled and uufalr tn their dealings. In one of Dickens' Uncommercial Sketches the trials of "Poor Mercantile Jack" in Liverpool have been graphically and feelingly detailed, and what is true of Liverpool is equally true of New York, the sec ond greatest seaport In the world. Some years since the abuses relating to the shipping of sailors had reached such a pitch in the English seaports 'that the government in power at tiie time brought Into Parliament and passed a special act which took the business entirely out of the hands of THE BOARDING HOUSE KEEPERS and placed it under the control of regularly accre dited government officers. The system worked I well for both sailors and shipowners, and as a con sequence it wus continued, and the boarding house system was in a great measure broken up. In this city the want of such an act was long ap parent, but it was not until the commencement of this year that one was provided, known as the "United States New Shipping law." Its passage in Congress came like a thunderbolt upon the boarding house keepers, who had long, as melan choly did with the youth in "Gray's Elegy," marked the sailor for their own. They were de termined to have recourse to strong measures to , defeat the working of the act, and their indigna tion lound vent not only in words, but deeds. They have an orgauization under the name of the "Seamen's Heuevolent Hoarding House Keepers' Association," with a membership of about one hun dred and sixty, and through this body the deter mination was unanimous that the law should t>e looked upon as a dead letter. The body, us may be supposed, is ouo* ol considera ble intlnence, and its power to prevent sailors from shipping only us they shall dictate is very great. A sailor returning from a long voyage after being paid off is very often re duced to poverty in a night, and he has no re source but to have recourse to one of these )>oard mg housekeepers, who b> always willing to board him on credit until ho procures a on some ship, when the shipping owner always refunds to j the boarding housekeeper the amount of the i sailor's indebtedness. Under the old system, by ' which sailors were shipped belore the new act came Into operation, the manner of doing business j was very profitable to the boarding house keeper, as he bad the sailor in hts power and could compel 1 him to ship as he should direct. Of course, in many | cases the amount of the lorthcomlng wages of t he ! sailor nearly all went into the hands of the board- | ing house keeper, and Jack had to go to sea with the dismal prospect before him of A LONG VOYAGE, I1AK1) WOllK and no ready inoucy to draw when he should ro turn. The new system in a great measure did away with this nciarious mode 01 shipping and the money which would otherwise go to the boarding house keeper was secured to th.e sailor. The opposition ol the boarding house keepers has all along been very determined, but latterly they have become so troublesome that u was only wit a extreme difficulty crews could be procured, vessels being frequently detained days and weeks in har bor lor the want ol men. The evil became so flagrant witluu the pusi few days that no less than twenty vessels which wanted to leave were lying idle iu port, ami Captain Duncan, the United States shipping Commissioner, made up hts mind that the thing should be stopped, and the law rigorously enioreed. lie accordingly, consulted with his lawyer, Mr. Benedict, and, by his advice, went to District Attorney Plielps and had ISO warrants for the arrest ol the boarding house keepers on a charge of conspiracy to ob struct the trade and commerce of the port, in oppo sition to the law of the United States, on Friday ? night, as detailed In yesterday's hekai.d, more than liity ol the men were arrested, and on yester day morning additional arrests were made? John O'Toole, 60 Oliver street; John Wallace, U4 Monroe street; Thomas Mahcr, 61 Market street; Thomas Wild, 108 >4 Cherry street, aud l.euian Strauss, No. 2 Carlisle street. A large number of other places wero v4stted by Captain l.eary and his men, but the i proprietors were lound to be absent; but they had leit word that they would surrender themselves as soon as they nad procured bull. The General Sessions Court presented an unusual appearance yesterday morning, the prisoners hav ing been brought up for u hearing. The corridors were crowded with Fourth ward roughs, aud a large number of the wives of the prisoners were outside the court room endeavoring to procure ad mittance, but they could not. Inside the court room was very animated. The sixty or seventy prisoners were closely guarded, awaiting the arri val of a judge to tlx the amount of bull. Their night's rest iu the FOURTH WARD STATION IIOrSE did not tend to improve their appearance much, and tiu ir usual amiability of character was not very conspicuous. Taking them as a whole they could not be pronounced a very hard-looking set, and tDt-re were many respectable faces; but thcra were many whose countenances would guarantee that they would not have any hesitation In easing a sailor of his money or putting a head upon any ony one bold enough to oppose them. Some were smoking, same chatting, and some were giving vent to their indignation in words and curses, not loud but deep. What made the men lcei particularly sore was the fact that the warrants for their arrest were not Issued until late on Friday evening, when it was known that the court ol General Sessions had aiijourned over until Monday, and the difficulty of procuring ball would be considerably Increased. The warrants were Issued by Assistant District Attorney Allen, who, on being questioned, did not deny that the war rants were Issued at the time they were with the view of keeping the men confined until Monday. District Attorney I'helps, on his arrival, disclaimed any such indention, and promised to give every luclllty to those who were in a posi tion to give bail. The prisoners were represented by counsel, and on the arrival oi Recorder llu< kett the proceedings commenced. Counsel In address ing the court said that he was Informed that many of the prisoners were arrested without warrants, and that warrants had been Issued for three or lour persons who had been dead for some time. Alter some discussion the amount of ball was fixed at |600 in each case. The prisoners had no diffi culty In procuring bail, as most of them had friends waiting to go upon the bail boml. John llarrigan, a liquor dealer In Cherry street, offered to go oall lor the entire lot, but tne offer was not accepted or was not considered necesssary. As so#n as the Re corder had Oxud the amount ot the hall he left without signing the ball bonds, and this wus the cause of another difficulty. I'he failure to obtain the signature of the Judge Is a technical default, ami had it not been lor the arrival of Judge Suther land, about one o'clock, who signed the bonds, the prisoners would have had TO HE I.OCEKD UP in the Tombs until Monday morning. As It w:h those who were ballad :ett the Court In great glee, a few remained behind, who had not suc ceeded In procuring hail, but they were nearly all released later in the day. When they had lelt the Court of General Sessions Court resumed its usual appearance, ami the sympathizers and roughs who liad congregated In the corridors departed. It is understood that Mr. John McKeon and Mr. Charles O'Donohue are retained as counsel by the prisoners In the forthcoming suits. While the prisoners wero In tho court room a IIkkai.o reporter spoke to several of them and obtained their views, which are gtven below. MB. O'ToOLE'S STATEMENT. Mr. OTaole, a good natured looking, red whisk ered man, Is the keeper of a boarding house at No. 60 Oliver street. He mak?s the following state ment "1 think the manner of onr arrest last night was a great outrage. The thing was sprung upon tu, and wo bad no idea (bat aiu Uuiur oi Uie kuid *^?ut.5? tra,,8P?r?. 8lnoe the new act came operation our business nan sudered gteatljr. ,nt"rests of the sailors have not h<en at Slirh 55*?' We have objected to do business rwl? ?u. aPtaln Duncan because we . do t? t 1,118 treated as fairly. .what I mean? a man cornea Hi,?.?..?.. ? _ b"ard* at my house. Very ire }'? ha* 110 money, and 1 am lorced to (five .. "ea he ?ncceedi in getting shipped !;!5l i .J un,(;J.n makes out his due bill, and 1 am A0 wait for niy money uutd the vessel lias th!n. m?4'" KOUL' t0 8ea< <'aPtaln Duncau has (ii it ?i?, money in the meantime, and the loss ts, ijJT ?!?. hands, la a serious inconvenience with ?J mouey that ^'aPtaln Duncan pays ua HiiViM.nill ?.*n money? it is the money or the ? i i ?' aud u WU8 "'uch better for us under our d?? when a" were ?iai(1 thtJ amount of The sftimra 1U0U a8Jhe ves8el ,la'1 le,t tta?- Port, tem hi?,i much rather have the old sys ii ?.'v nf ti!m h80 expressed themselves, aud ? w mw W?hilave refused to Ship under the ih. w law. We have an association called the .sea ff?" 8 , "enevoient Lodging Housekeepers' Associa tion, and we have passed resolutions as a body refusing to treat with Captain Duncau or supply him wirn sailors. We intend to light the matter out, now that it has been sprung upon iw and see which is right." ' WHAT Mil. nUOITKS SATS. William Hughes, the treasurer of tiie Association was next sought by the reporter. Alter expressing Ins opinion oi the outrage committed upon hun as a citizen, by what he styled his unwarrantable arrest, lie said, In reference to the act, "I am iree to say that the working of the act is not near so advantageous to me as the old system has been. As lar as I kuow the law suits no body but the United States Commissioner. The sailors would wish Its repeal, and so would the shipping owners whose ships are lying in the harbor lor want oi men. Under the old sys tem we dealt directly with the shipping owner when we supplied him with men, aud to him we looked lor the payment of our due bill. We never had any diiHculty in settling with the ship owners. I he men engaged at a regular monthly salary and an advance, ami out of the advance our bills were pu! . . "u,l,:r the new system the duo bills must be paid by the Commissioner, una delay is olten caused in this way. [ have not lost any money on due bills myself since the act came Into operation, but I know there ure others who have. Captain Duncan has iold us he does not recognize us an association, and we have refused to trauc with hun. The money to pay the due bills is deposited in his hands, and he sometimes lias it. ten days before it is paid. We want only lair play. Wlieu the nian is shipped we want our money, and this Is all the conspiracy we have been guilty of. Captain Duncan employs runners to procure sailors, and I must say they are pretty intelligent men; but under the old system the ships were supplied with as good sailors and in shorter time than they are now. We will cou test this matter, now that it has been started, aud see whether we are guilty of con spiracy because we endeavor to maintain our rights and gain our living." John Williams, a tough-looking customer, wltfc a huge, bushy black moustache and wuiskers, keeps a boarding house at 4u Cherry street. He stated to the reporter that since the act came into operation he has frequently lost money through the manner In which the due bills are now paid. He savs he some tini? ago presented a bill for $50 whlcn was legally due him, but it was cut down to $4o In the Commissioner's milce, whereby he lost $io. llehas no harsh leelings towards Captain Duncan, but he won t readily forget the los? of ids $io. While he was speaking, Ludwlck Alexander, proprietor of the seaman's Home, came into the room, and Wil liams observed, 'There is the wlilte-livered hypo crite who has done most of the harm. He will, under the guise ?t religion, entice men to go upon voyages they don't want to, ami if they refuse he will take them into a private room and have them clubbed into compliance uy his runners." _ CHARLES n. CAMERON, 91 Roosevelt street, is ignorant oi what led to his arrest. He was formerly a member of the associa tion, but left It some years ago and has since been engaged in the milk business. He knows nothing about the new act and don't want to know any thing about it. Christian Levers, a Hebrew, oi' 64 West street, is equally puzzled to know why the officers pounced upon him, as he says ne never shipped a sailor in his lite. Mr. Levers forgot to say whether lie prevented any from being shipped, as that is the great trouble at present. Leaving the Court the reporter proceeded In the direction of the Fourth ward, where the boarding houses are mainly situated. As a rule they are miserable looking places? rough in their outward appearance and dirty in their interior. Most of them are on Cherry and Water streets, and the vile smells in their vicinity are not particularly pleasant to the nostrils of those who are unaccus tomed to the "savory" odors. The oillce of the tinted states Commissioner is No. ikd Cherry street, and Mr. Duncan was lound in his oltlce. He very readily assented to give the reporter all the Information about tlie trouble in his power. The lollo wing is his statement :? WHAT CAPTAIN DUNCAN SAYS. Captain Duncan? 1 may savin the outset that the I nited Mates Commission has no motive in ill*! difficulty that has ensiled further than to see the laws ol the country enforced. Since the ne w shipping act came luto operation we have met with nothing but trouble irom the boarding house keepers, who have done all in their power to ob struct us in oui work. rne "Hoarding House As sociation ' we don't recognlie, and this is one reason why our dilllculty is so great. There were a lew n, the boarding house keepers who were willing to work in harmony with us including William White, Frederick Alexander and a man named i'earsall, but when the u>sociauon heard of it these men were expelled irom the soci ety. I he sailors are in such dread o? the boardiu* house keepers, who have taken means to intimi date them, that they are afraid to ship, and we are loiced to get our crews upon the sly. There is a colored boarding house keepers' association, and from that we never had any trouble, as the pronrio tors have alwavs manifested the greatest willing ness to do what is right. There are also two or three Chinese hoarding houses, and the owners oi them are particularly tractable and readily aid us in procuring men when required. The great trouble I8"'"?, .{J1.? white boarding house keepers, who have hitherto hampered us in our operations. ?,l\?cti.?n ' have taken against them by the m r iM ; r-Lened ip t , o: Wall street, as the man ner in which they have conducted themselves has become intolerable, ihc money paid in duo bills is not the money of this oillce; It Is the money of the shipowners, and we only dispose of it to their advantage and the advantage of the seamen. \\ hoover says that a boarding house keeper loses money by the manner in winch the due bills aro paid lies. They aro paid the lull amount of their i claim when their bill is attested by the sailor. 1 see that some shipowners have expressed themselves as against the bill; but these are the smaller houses on South street: the larger houses are in favor of the measure, such firms as (.rinneil, Mint urn A Co., Marshall & Co, and the 1 aciilc Mail steamship Company have ex pressed their satisfaction with the working of the act. If the boarding house keepers imagine that they can bv intimidation prevent the law irom being carried into effect they are mistaken, as a decided nr J. '.low against them. The names of the members ot the Hoarding Houses Benevolent Association were procured and they were all ln -l5,,U b:v 801110 mistake the flames of one or two were put upon the warrant who were dead To!/. ? t,ourat'' releases them from nil responsl courts unto atfjssne. bC PrCriHCa in tUe ^'er rhlMK ' oul.Inissioncr, who has immediate h!? u\ ' s'lJPP'nK ,lf the men, was also seen. ?' iL/?kT ? more trouble in procuring men to-day than we have encountered yet. There Is a very sore feeling about the arrests, and, though the men are locked up, they left their wives be hind them, who ure as fierce in their opposition as theli husbands. There is a boarding house three ?[., ?,ur i'oor* fr?m here kept by a man named i.aivin. There are four seamen boarding there whom f engaged two or three days ago ior a ship, but such was the influence brought to bear by Cal vin upon them that tney were afraid to leave. They come in here every day and say, "We will go If you take us out of the boarding house, but we are afraid to so at present." I en gaged a man for a coaster a lew days ago, but I lost him on the street and have not heard of him since. I anticipate that we shall have a good deal or trouble lor some days to come, as some of tne boarding house keepers have threatened to pit heads upon any or oi;r mkn who will attempt to Interfere with the sailors. The association has a meeting to-nlgiit at Botanic Hall, and ii you want to hear sedition talked and tho I nited States government defied, you had better go there? that is, if you can get in, for I believe their meetings are secret. We have shipped less men to-day than oil auy one day since the act be came law. A SHIPOWNER'S STATEMENT. Mr. Marshall, of the firm of Marshall Co. owners of the Black Hall line of packet*, stated to the reporter that he had no reason to complain of the working of the aet. He Mid:?] had mv doubts when the bill first psssed whether It WOULD UAVR BEKN ADV ANTAUEOIS, as ( looked upon it as being somewhat despotic In interfering with the contracts made by private citizens. I must say I have been agreeably dis-in pointed with the result. The ships owned bv us have been as regularly supplied with sailors is I they were formerly, and .we have had no eases ?r delay. There is one thing we are not sufficiently protected against, and t ftt is the evil of runners boarding vbrhpu aud taking off crews. The new shipping act li practically a counterpart of one that, has been in operation In hngland for years, and we are forced to ship our crews In Liverpool in the same way we are here. In a certain sense the shipowners arc more secure against losing money oy sailors Bllo. ping away than formerly, as the ane bills are not Pal* until the ships are three days at sei I do not aav that the bill h?i.s been <i Monroe of unmixed SuUm 't'iIV"! S'S the n ,hh., I f ? ?ne th,nK ' like to see nrs snii."li.|i.wl ,,? "vc ,be b"ardlng house Keep troubles that arfse??^ are Uic 80urce of 1x1081 ?r u,e proprietor of the Seaman's thn wli i. I'Prry street, said that ho approved of Qiit.iiiiw an 1 1 , an advantago to him jier . f nally, and he believed it was good for the sail' rs. C(i 10 ,:xI?cIled from the Hoarding House Association for the part he had taken, but he was in accord with Captain Duncan, aud will take the consequences. The above represents tho views of the various parties interested In the truth, and it will be seen from Its perusal who is right. A meeting or TUB ROARDtNQ nOUS* KKKPFRS was held Uul ovouian at ttouiuu "n^i. 99 fiwit Broadway. The chair was taken by Mr. Jobs Monahan, U1W Cherry street, the President of the an .soda tlon. There won not a large attendance, as the meeting had been called at so abort a notice that the members had not been individually notified. The object of the meeting was to raise fluids to pay the lawyers who have been retained to defend the boarding nouse keepers against the United States Commissioner. The money was promptly raised, and resolutions were adopted pledging the association to contend the matter against Captain Duncan by all legitimate means. ACCIDENT ON THE SOUND. The Stramrr Nfate of New York Col lides with a Schooner and la Srrioody Damaged? The Schooner Ninas Her Head Gear? Nobody Hart. An accident happened yesterday to the steamer State of New York, on her trip Irom Hoaton, which, had alio been crowded with passengers, must liave resulted in tlie loss of life. The following is sub stantially the statement of Captain Huoll, of tbe steamer State of New York:? About half-past two on Saturday morning we were sailing under a full head of steam, and were between Stratford Light and Huntington, about opposite Stratford Point Lightship, when wo were struck by the schooner Silver Heel en our port bow. She bad no light visible and consequently I did not see her until we were quite close. There was quite a breeze stirring at the time and she was muking headway last. As soon as I saw her I rang to stop the engine and the order was imme diately obeyed, but not soon enough to prevent the impending accident. \\ hen we struck we dis covered that our hull was unimpaired, so I lowered a boat and sent it to board the schooner and see if she was seriously damaged. All her headgear was torn away and she was disabled for sailing, so I threw out a hawser and towed her to the . Head of the Sound, where I left her in the morning. Tho cabin on the upper deck, which was destroyed, was luckily vacant; but the bar, situ ated Just on the spot where the schooner struck, was demolished, atui the gin, brandy, whiskey atid all the rest were spilled, consequently no cocktails this morning. Our damage is about three thou sand dollars, 11' not more. All the joiner work for twenty-live leet, will have to be reset, and replnoed, so that it is likely it will be Thursday belore the boat will be completely repaired, lu the mean time we will ruu as usual. THE EEHLSEN KOW. A Police Sergeant and an Officer Charged With Beating a Saloon Keeper? Ante-Mortem Statement of til* Victim? Verdict Against the Officers? The Wrong Sergeant. Coroner Herman and his deputy, Dr. Cushman, yesterday morning called at the residence ot Mr. William Ilehlsen? the saloon keeper, of 812 Eighth avenue, who la alleged to have been brutally beaten and clubbed by Sergeant Wcstervelt, of the Thirty-flrst precinct, aided by Officer McDonald, ot the Twenty-second precinct, as previously reported in the Herald? for the purpose of taking his ante mortem statement. Rehlsen was found to bed, but his condition is not considered critical. He made the following statement: On Thursua.v morning, about eleven o'clo<?, si* weeks ago, a conductor of the Eighth Aveuue Rail road, whose name 1 do not know, came into the aaloon with a woman (the said woman h&ving been in the saloon before alone). I had then told her that I did not allow women In my saloon. The conductor said HE WOULD GET SQUARE WITH ME. At eleven o'clock lie attacked niQ, bitlnir my finger. I went Inside and shut the door, having driven the conductor out. An olllcer came and asked mo what wus the matter. 1 told* him and he wanted to arrest me, but 1 twld hi in he could not do that, as ho had no warrant. 1 believe the officer's name is McDonald. Ho wanted to arrest me and 1 re sisted, and we got into A SCUFFLE, durinp which he stamped on me, he receiving a wound on the head by striking himself against the counter. 1 then went up stairs and my wife locked the door. 1 then went to the top of the house to llx the skylight, when a sergeant by the name of Westervelt came on the roof from an adjoining roof and threw me down, injuring me in the back and sido. He then violently attacked me with his club, striking mo on the head with such lorco as to break the club. My wife and myseli were taken to the station house, where my wounds were dressed. The next day 1 was taken to Court, and discharged on ball. I have since been suffering irom the In juries received at the bands ol Sergeant Wester velt ami uillcer McDonald. The ease was then submitted to the jury, who rendered the following verdict: "That William Rehlsen received his injuries by being struck and beaten at the hands ol Sergeant Westervelt and Officer McDonald, on March 13, 1873, at 812 Eighth avenue." THE WHONO SEKfiEANT. In his statement Rehlson charged Thomas West erman, Sergeant of the Thirty-first precinct, with beinn the man Who clubbed him; but, as subse quently appeared, he accused the wrong man, til* real assailant being, it is alleged, serireant Wester velt, ol the Thirtj-llrst precinct: in obedience toa summons Serjeant Thomas F. Westerinan ap peared before Coroner Herrman at his office, In the Sun Dulldlutf, and reported that he belonged to the Eighteenth precinct, end that he was In nowise connected with the clubbing of Mr. Rehlsen. Ser geant Wcstervelt and Oiticcr McDonald will be required to appear and give bail to answer. TOMBS POLICE COUET. Begging Money with a Vorged Letter? Hypocritical Poverty? Katie Connolly Again. A lugubrious looking Individual, calling himself Henry Charles Howard Davis, was arraigned before Judge Hogan yesterday morning, on the complaint of Charles N. Nash, of the firm of Nash & Fuller, 39 Park row, charged with swindling him ont ol $8. Mr. Nash, who has a reputation for Benevo lence, was applied to fn March last by Mrs. Henry Charles Howard Davis, and told a pitiful tale ot the sufferings of herself and her husband, whom she represented to be in a very delicate state of health, and asking: assistance. Mr. Nash responded at ouce, and shortly afterward Mrs. Davis called on him and presented the following letter:? WOR*!J?GWO.?K.N'S PROTBCTrVTt UiHOR. ) 38 Hi.kkckmi Stkkkt, V N?w York. Mure K 31, 1473. ) ? Nisi!, Ksq., A Fuller. Park row* ? My in aii Sir? i r tally believe thai by Introducing Mrs. l)nvi? to you I am presuming on vour kiumI nature. Hut the i act K on account ol' the Midden itcaih of Mrs. .luhn son, the lady with whom we hail provided to have her employed, she is still without an/ Itind ot means of nip port. i have credited her witli 311 on our hooks, whlcn you kindly were ideated to tender to Mr?. Davis. She has always informed us ot what *h? rceeived, and 1 trust that you will he able and willing to help her. Yours re spectlully, B. M. SCHULTZ. Mr. Nash on this occasion gave Mrs. Davis $8, and she, alter "returning a prolusion of thanks for his generosity, went her way. On the ittth of April Mr. Nash received another letter, of which the fol lowing is a copy 47 Mott Strikt, April 24, 1873. ? Nash, Esq., Park row:? Di..ak Sir? Thanks to your generosity I have been able t<i secure the services of a good doctor, and, with the lielpot Ood, I inay yet recover my health. To tell yon that I am grateful would be nseloss. You must under stand how deeply I feci for the tfood Samaritan. M? baby will give you the note. Voar.i, thunkfuliy, CHARLKB DAVIR He had discovered that ?the first epistle wu a forgery, and that Mr. Schultz denied ever Inditing such a communication. He relt somewhat nettled that his (rood nature shonld have been abused, and had the pretended sick husband, Henry Charles How ant, arrested. Mr. Nash and Mr. Kmanuel Schultm both appeared to testily against him. The prisoner admitted writing the letters, and he was held by JudKe Hogan to answer In deiault of $1,000 ball. ? The examination In the ease of Hirsch, alias Henry Mandeiiiaum, against Thomas Barclay, was set down lor yesterday afternoon; but, ow ing to the absence of Judge llogiin, It was postponed until the loth of May. The whole crowd then sep arated, .Mr. .lames Barclay becoming bondsman for Andrew Mclntyre. "A ITARD CAR?." After this llttlo episode Katie Connolly was brought forward for the tourtli time on the com print of Mr. Theodore M. Morgan, banker, ol 14 Wall street, residing at Montclair, N. J. Katie was employed in his family as a seamstress, and on the 5th of January sho decamped with $108 worth of wearing apparel. Katie, as in all the former cases, confessed her ituilt, and went with the detective to procure the stolen property, on this last Charge she was held under hail. THE JEWELRY BOBBERY ON THE PACITIO RAILROAD. A Neat of Thieves Discovered at Q.ulney, III. ST. Locts, April 26, 1873. It has been ascertained that Lekay swift, who robbed Berdell Johnson of f4,ooo worth of Jewelry night before last on the Pacific Railroad, betweoa here and Kansas city, is not and lias not been In the employ of Eldrldge k Dnnham, of New York, as represented by htm. Ho Is, no donbt, an expert thief, who had followed Johnson, waiting an oppor tunity to rob him. Six men charged with robbing the freight cars on the railroads centring at tjuinoy, 11L, were ar rested Yesterday. One of them was a switchman tn the yards of the Chicago, Burlington and Qaincy road. Two other switchmen turued state's evi dence and were bound over as witnesses. The gbworj Ut*d beun.iuuuu: aajat two Maxvna^fc

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