Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 28, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 28, 1873 Page 4
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CITY CHRISTIANITY. Soul and Sense Delighting in the Sun shine of Spring? Crowded Churches and Cheerful Discourses. Beeeher on the Backward-Locking Sons of Time? The Past To Be Forgotten in a Purgatory of Old Age. The Radical and the Secta rian Religion. Talmage on Teaching the Scrip tures in the Schools. Splendid and Solemn Sorrlces at St. Pe ter's? The Farewell Sermon of the Right Iter. Father Qnina. A Curious Valedictory in the Church of the Cove nant? Hepworth'a Dogmatic, Storra' Sooth ing and Trothingham'a JEathetical Eloquence Yesterday. Onr Sundays more than other days of the week seem to be blessed with the rare sunshine that now and then brightens the gloom of this dreary Spring, and yesterday was bright and charming. Accordingly the streets of both our sister cities were filled with chorch-golng people, who poured into the sacred edifices with a cheerfulness which was almost eager and sat In happiness to sing hvmns and listen to words of kindly and holy counsel. Among the Catholic services of the day the most important were those which occurred at St. Peter's cliurch. In Barclay Btreet. Here a vast throng of worshippers gathered, and the Rev. Father Quinn, recently elected Vicar General or the diocese, to succeed the late Father Starrs, preached his fare well sermon to his people in words of touching elo quence. The Rev. Mr. Prentiss, of the Church of the Covenant, also preached hi9 valedictory dis course before leaving the pulpit forever. The reports given below will be found to repro duce the most original and striking utterances of the preachers yesterday, and therefore should not be devoid of interest to the serious public. OHUEpi OF THE DISCIPLES, How Christianity Proves Itself?Dif ferent Religious System* and their Basis?Sermon by the Rev. George H. Hep worth. The cheerily bright sunshine or yesterday though with an accompaniment or wind and dust that savored or a painiui prolongation or the ides of March, attracted a large and rasniunable attend ance at the services yesterday morning at the Church or the Disciples, corner or Madison avenue ?nd lorty-firth street. The Rev. George H. Hep worth preached the discourse, his subject belnir Christianity Proves Itscir," and the text Coios aiana U, 13? "Who has delivered as from the power or darkness and hath translated us into the king. <lom or his dear son." I make no exaggerated statement, he began, when 1 say that the chlcr im pulse ol a Christian life should come rrom Christ. H you are a sculptor you are very rooltsii if you do not study the beat models, and sol say or the Christian, let him choosc for his model. THE BKST MODKL. And If there is a best model, let ua sit at His leet mat leain as children or a parent. And let us be proud that although of ourselves we arc Ignorant unfl weak, through Him we are wise and strong. Hut you say to me. How can I believe in christian^ ?ty? 1 auswor you that I will meet you on your own jiround. 1 ass you to test Christianity as vou I would a political fiuostion. I do not ask vou to'be lieve unless mere is reason for it; but I am sure tJiat It you require even mathematical proor it can be given you as much as in uny or the ordlnarv or currents o life First you ask me why lXSh Wli* im u ,I'ANAT,C ABOUT CHRISTIANITY? ? Hy l? it 1 accept such a system of thought* I answer , l>ecause or its intrinsic worth ft iiaw lusted MOo years, and that is its best proor itl "aye never been broken, and it you'ober 8 ^OU reap llH rewards. Every other sistem bus a man in its centre tih*h? ri.JsersyspUb'aSs SSfc? fn'TC pVwe^TgSin^utr^ looSfon tiie 1 yramids an<l we know instinctively that the* are the work of man. We look ou tKomo lor/ and we see the waves dashing at its base un<i th? firmness in the roek, and we know it is the work of God. We look at the Gull Stream. It la too lar? WateMrom f hletCOm.mCD< C(1- U ('arrteB the warm triw nf nlo k- to the otherwise cold conn * , ,?a ?f. the isorth and makes lertile u laud that otherwise would be as barren as the wastes of f^ador. When , (.ome to Christianity, T?ome to the Gulf Stream that starts rrom the tronics of Cod's warm love. 1 see it go across the whn?I SrnnM 0 i 0ur ,l'e* faking flowery vales wiiere would otherwise be snow and ice And i ??. ? is too much power there lor man and?iere?ore it .S Institution ?n1ln 1 accePl Christianity as a divine ? Ute Vfd^'CI^'y having power ove? i.. ^ J?u say to me at once that Can n nnt'Z^r1^: 18 NOT WH0LLY orioiSal. ^ > j ? cruo Realise it is not oriuiuai* Yon Vi beJ?n<J "'at fence, it Is a curious tact that all great things couie in bits The t!HPn?9 tflegraph, the printing press were not the works of one brain. They we r "the fruit? of rnuny thoughts of muny men. The man who nut know that mS" cn" th? Inventor, ^e Bincr t e world b^?n*r8wty nave ex,Htt'd in diulc uie world began. Aot even tin- hurt, urn.,. ?Josf these"8 wlthout afterwards feeling remorse. . bits of good sw. r? ,or "Xi ;;.c ru" ^ ???? w SWSWNKS SMSS s 1 1 . rL*V BVKRY TTi'.NE, ;SS5A'!!???"ss ChrUtlMHy.0' f"r ^ving about a match, stati m! , IMW a" (Jav I ciienilstry it woukI miimo 1 1 . y, Cfir ain ,ttWH 01 a rouiih piece ol inarMe -fit .h-IV!.* U acr*M I it does light., am vsur unA ^ raw ,l across worth that (snapping bis thnm?rgl"?e?t are not j eur chemistry does not nriVi ,tt " worse ior your chenilftrv P?f 11 ?uc'' tf|e I 10 the test, not wit? the ? Lrr.? J~ur ( lir'?tlanlty ! take the Merinon on the Moimt^n?6.^ HCttlPel> >>ut fcee If it does not lUt you upwards. KUltle aatl ' CHOBCH OF THE COVENANT. The Rev. George L, Prentu.' Val,dl?. ! t. rj-He Bid. HI. Co?8r,*aUon ^ e" ?nd Prays for Their Future Welfare i /he Church of the Covenant was nued to rente Hon yesterday with a rashionably dressed touirei gatlon, who assembled to hear the rarewell sermon ot the Kev. George L. Prentiss, who has Inien pas. tor or the church lor eleven years past. The vale dictory was a departure from the general rule in point or style; in fact, it was not a valedictory, but ?n historical rcxumc of all that had happened dur ing bis pastorship. The substance ol his remarks w ill be round in the following the sermon. When the alarm or secession was thundered across the bread expanse of this eountrv, and when already in the distance the roar of the cannon and rattle ?r musk, try ceuld be heard, the protect or building this church was first broached. #>urinir the stirring times which followed when m wifcttfjr'd n wmWvu w ww 01 rate, tnc moot became a fact, a living fact, tn the Shane of the edifice which now shelters us. Hy those who were uot with us during 'he w? were plauuiug and building this house, let it not be supposed t hat It wan a* easily done as aaiu. for such Is not the case. We had our little aoney difficulties, and moro than once 1 was tempted to despair, owing to the tardiness that was mani fested by Home and the utter Inaction ol others, but TF1K DARKEST HOtTB is the one before dawn, and I have Uvea, thank God, to see the Church ol the Covenant a gem of church architecture in the great Babel of America. it would be an inexcusable injustice In me if I were to bid you goodby without making mention of the doings of others, without whose aid and ad vice this church must have never been. These gentlemen, many of whom are now In the olty, worked with me day and night and were never slow to give me the benefit el their pockets and their heads, two essentials which are imperative for success. They are synonymous ana homo genous, and without one the other was compara tively useless. One can have but an adumbra tion of the ZKAL AND DETERMINATION these gentlemen displayed in pushing on toward completion the church. 1 am not fulsome when f say they were examples of superlative generosity and Christianity. When I leave yon 1 do not intend ever to return to the pulpit, but my heart and all my good wishes will forever be clustered In the church and Its con gregation. Goodby, my friends, and may the God of blessings smile as propitious, on your efforts of the future as He has on those of the past I 8T. PETER'S ROMAS OATHOLIO OHUROH. Interesting and Impreuivt Services? Farewell Sermon by the Rev. Father (in inn? The New Vlear General? Im posing Musical Exercises. A more than usually large congregation assem bled yesterday morning at the well-known and aaclent tempie of worship on liarclay street for the purpose of assisting at the rarewell ceremonies and listening to the farewell words of the pastor, who bad, during nearly a quarter of a century, presided over the flock at ?t. Peter's, and also of his assistant, the amiable young curate, who, from the time or his ordination, some four years ago, had won the love and bad grown in the estimation or all who worshipped at the time-honored shrine at which he ministered. Kone twenty-four years ago the Rev. Father William Qulnn was appointed pastor ol St. Peter's church. He was young, active, ambitious to do well the laborious duties which are parts of the lot of a Catholic prieBt, and flinched not at racing the responsibilities of his new posi tion. Those responsibilities were by no means few or slight. The church was loaded down with debt; the uptownward tendency of business was forcing residents of means away from the lower wards; commerce actually battered at the walls of the church, and demanded its removal to make way for warehouses, such as were springing up on every side ; the locality was too good to be over looked if it could be secured; but the lamentod ArchbiBhop Hughes determined that nothing should be left undone that would preserve Intact the church, which he proudly styled "TIIK CRADLE OP CATHOLICITY In the city of New York." To carry out bis Idea the Archbishop placed Father Quinn in charge of tne parish, knowing that it required one who would and could untiringly work to relieve the church from its embarrassments, and, with his keen in sight into human nature, knowing, also, that Father Quinn waa the man he wanted. Uesults have sliuwn the soundness of the Archbishop's ideas. The young pastor went fearlessly to work, and yesterday he had the pardonably proud satis faction of beiug able to state that or a peculiar debt, amounting to $120,000, not one dollar re mained unpaid. Under his supervision the church has been beautified, the attendance at the schools, comparatively speaking, has been increased; the ordinary indebtedness on the church building has been largely diminished, on every band there aro evidences to show that tne wolves which threat ened the dismemberment of his flock had not frightened him away, but that he bad been a "good shepherd" and uot a "hireling." The death oi the late Vicar General Starrs created a vacancy, to till which Archbishop McCloskey baa appointed Father Quinn. For the purpose ot attending to the duties 01 the Vicar Generalship Father Quinn was obliged to retire from the pastorship of St. Peter's and yesterday he delivered his last sermon as pastor in the church. The altars were brilliant with numerous waxen tapers and devices of natural flowers. The officiat tng priests wore vestments of gold cloth, heavily and tastefully embroidered in bright golden thread. The sprightly young acolytes wore snowy surplices and crimson souuins, and all together tended to make A Mill. LI ANT ANP IMPRESSIVE PICTURE. The mass waa celebrated by the He v. M. C. O'Farreli, assisted by the ltev. J. M. Phelan, as deacon, and Kev. M. J. i'helan, as subdcacon. The Rev. Fattier ValoiB, of Montreal, Officiated as master uf ceremonies and directed all the move ments within the sanctuary in most masterly style. At the appropriate portion of the mass tho new Vicar General ascended the pulpit, and alter reading some ordinary nonces proceeded to deliver THE SERMON. He took as his text the gospel of the day? John x? 11? which contains the parable oi the Good Shepherd, who is ready, if necessary, to lay down his life to protect his flock. The reverend gentleman went on and explained the beautiful figure drawn by the Divine Kedeemer in the parable, and how fully the character ol Christ was exemplified In the person of tne good Shepherd, "it would be diffi cult to conceive any flgure which would represent so truly and beautifully the character of Christ as tbat oi the shepherd, it embraces in Itself, as any one can easily understand, everytnlng that Im plies great interest, great care, great vigilance on the part of the shepherd. It implies the greatest tenderness, the greatest interest in the welfare of the flock ; the greatest anxiety to protect the flo"ks from harm and danger and providing for them sustenance and a Home. Wben men had violated the comuandmeuts of God, wben time rolled on from generation to generation, from cen tury to century, men turned away irom the lace or the Heavenly Father and were burled in the depths of iniquity and sin. He who presents Himself to-day as the Geod Shepherd comes into this world, is conceived and born Ui a miraculous mnnner Oi the Blessed Virgin Man, iiiul alter some years of retirement He ap pears among the people In the character of a shepherd. No amonnt of opposition could Inter fere with the discharge of the solemn duties He had assumed. No false representations, no calumny that the Scribes and Pharisees might hurl on Him, could deter Him or canse Him ever to de sert Ills flock, and He proved His teaching by lay ing down His lite for them." He then proceeded to show the delight our Di vine Kedeemer took In using the simile of the shep herd. Tbat when He gave His command to St. Peter He said to himtf "FEED MY SHEEP, FEED JIT I.AMBS." He showed that the priests ol the Catholic Chnrch, having been ordained by the grace of God to carry oil the work commenced by Christ on earth, bad been faithful at ail times. He appealed to history to corroborate the assertion, and the countless army or martyrs to demonstrate the fart that they wore ready at any time to lay down their lives in the discharge ol their duty. THE FAREWELL i wai given in a few words. He said "To-day, be loved brethren, I cannot leave the pulpit without saying a word or two more. It would look, perhaps, like affectation if I did not do so and l announce to vou that some changes have I been lately made by the Archbishop. Father < O'Farreli, who ha* been here from the | time of his ordination, upwards ot five years, and I w >io has gained the esteem, the friendship and the I love ol all, has for Ids untiring efforts In discharging j the duties been rewarded by a promotion to the j | pastoral charge of the city of Koudout. Hi.- pres ! ence here prevents ine from saying more abont him that 1 woald like to say and which he ! justly deserves; but I can say that I congratulate the Catholics of ltondout lor having obtained a | pastor so devoted and so capable. Another change has been made, in my own case. It was not a matter ot command on the part of the Archbishop; tun although I leave you with regret, 1 couid not decline the offer that was made me under the cir cumstances which surrounded It. My place will be liilcd by Father O'Farreli, Sr., who has been here nearly three years. He will come here during the present week and take charge ol- the i congregation and the parish. 1 know him very well, and I think It would be difficult to find a cler gy man who would be better calculated to give sat Isiactlon. When I looked back twenty-three or tweuty-four years 1 thought it would be well to say nothing. There have been many changes in that time. Many wiio were of great aid have passed away. (Here the speaker's voice trembled sIlHhtty and pocket handkerchiefs appeared in telltale proximity to several eyes among the connrega tion. After a paaseof a moment he proceeded.) Many hare passed awur. Their places have been I worthily filled by those who came after them. I There have been many difficulties here. The diffl eulttes have nearly all gone, and we can say that I ol a debt of $120,000 owing by the church | NOT ONE DOLLAR HAS BKEN LEFT ISPAIP, and, what Is more peculiar, is the fact that of the ] 1 w hole amount of the money there waa not more 1 than one houdred dollars that was not claimed. The i money was owing to many people, in sums of $50, floo, $200, $aoo and so on; some as high as $1,000. \ I It has all been paid. There waa some embarrass i menu For three or four years the interest was not paid, but at a meeting ol the creditors it was agreed upon by a large number to remit the inter est for a lew years and take the principal. I here were many who w<?re paid the interest, and others who were satisfied to take their priu cipai, as they had not expected and had no hope that they would tie paid. The debt on mortgage en the chuich has been greatly reduced, but It would not do to mention w nut tne amount l Is; It would not do to hate you feci that you had I nothing to pay. The current expenses for sup , flies, vestments and so on are very large and must | be met. I may luvc done tluua.i taut 1 glivuld Dave done better, and I may have omitted to do many things that I should have done? many things for which I may have to answer beiore the judg ment seat of Uod. I thanlc the congregation lor the many kindnesses. I have no recollection now of any diftlculty, of anv want of rendering. I can't nay now what I would like to say. 1 will re member yo? in my prayers, and all I can ask is to be remembered in yours." Tie reverend gentleman was evidently much moved. His voice trembled as he neared the close, and, alter making the anove request, he turned quickly and descended from the pulpit. The hand kerchief and eyelids were again in suspicious con tiguity when Father Farrell proceeded, at the cl>>se of the sermon, to sing tne "Credo." His notes were given with an evidently Involuntary tremble. THK MUSICAL KXEUOIBE8 consisted of Haydn's Imperial Mass No. 3. Mr. Hiederman presided at the organ, while Mr. W. P. Pecuer acted ?s leader. The qnartet comprised Mrs. Eastou, soprano; Miss Tobin, alto; Mr. Savage, tenor, and Mr. Staud, basso, and was assisted by a chorus of forty voices and an orchestra of twenty pioccB. At the offertory Mrs. Kasron sang a semi-recitative prayer by liragga in exmilslte style, with organ accompaniment and violin obligato. The effect was line indeed. It was long after noon when the services con cluded, and tho immense congregation slowly dis persed. CONFIRMATION SERVICES. The Most Rev. Archbishop McCloskey In the after noon adininlsteredithe sacrament ol confirmation to some Ave or six hundred persons, male and lemale, including a large number of adults. In the morn ing tho holy communion was received lor tho Urst time by a largo number 01 old and young. Father Quiun had undoubtedly a day of extraordinary ex citement on his farewell, and neither he nor those who were present at any of the services can readily forget the day. CHURCH OF THE HEAVENLY BEST. The Outline of a Social Danger? Oar Density of Popnlatlon?/rhe Tenement Homeland the Misery an?l Crime Grow ing Out of Them?Its Remedy? Sermon by the Rev. Dr. Conrad. The Rev. Dr. Conrad, or the Church of the Tleavcnly Rest, preached a sermon last evening in aid of a charitable Institution known as the Shepherd's Fold, his subject being " The Outline of a Social Danger." After referring to charities In general and the duty of Christians to contribute to their support, he stated the object or tho Shepherd's Fold to be the rescue, the keeping and education of the Uttlo ones. In considering the social danger which affected and threatened our city, he referred to the -rapid Increase or our population and the tendency toward an undue density arising from the pecu liarities of Its situation. An island, long and nar row, the avenues and streets were being filled with costly edifices. Again, with the great In crease of commerce It is constantly encroaching on our spaco, and tho effect or the two is to herd TUB POORER POPULATION within such confined space as to tend most toward the Increase and development of vice and crime. Those who resided in their costly mansions could lorin no idea of the hideous condition of many in the city. He spoke of the tenement houses in the various localities, where lever obtained a perennial lease from which it could be ejected by 110 local f owei'8. He quoted from the report of the Board of leal th to show that they were the abode of not only contagious diseases but of every species 01 vice. The mass of the lamilies numbering from three to five persons, occupied but two rooms, and in the houses there were from twenty to one hundred and fiity such suits of apartments, and in them is engendered the disease called the tenement house rot. There are in New York 5,882 tenements. To night 0,700 of the population will sleep In miser able, repulsive cellars. In a portion of the Eleventh ward the population is crowded in at the rate of i9t?,ooo co the square mile, and in ouo por tion of the Fourth ward at the rate or 200,000. The densest portion or London contains but ITS, 000, 21,000 less than in tho Eleventh ward. The speaker then deploted THK CHIME, TUB LAWLESSNESS AND PBflRBDATION which grew out of this condition or affairs. The records show that 60, 000 ot tho population llvo by crime. During the past year 88,829 arrests were made. In considering; this army or criminals, he Bald, we may thauk (Jed that it is undisciplined, as it has the inclination to any crime, evon to the sacking of the city. Thisisbitthe record of the crimes which are known. He referred to the riots of 1883 as show ing the force of the lawless element when once aroused to action, and said It still exists as power lul now as then. He described the energy or the Amerlcau character, exhibited among criminals as well as all others, making them burglars where the Englishmen would be pick pockets, and murderers where tho others would mcrelv use their lists. Alter referring to the radi cal spirit abroad among the working class and Its tendency toward the doctrines or Communism, as exhibited in France, he argued that the principal remedy ror this lay in succoring the children and preventing their growing up to lead a life or vice, lie eloquently depicted tJie good which tho Institu tions for children in the city had already done, and urged upon his hearers, as good citizens and Christians, to contribute toward sustaining them in their work. LYBIO HALL Hooted and Oronndcd In Love? Differ ence Between the Radical and the Sectarian?Sermon by the Rev. O. B. Froth Ingham. April's closing Sabbath and the warmth of its brilliant sunshine, though rather rudely tempered by the still lingering blasts of early Spring, round the usual large and fashionable congregation In attendance at the services yesterday morning in Lyric Hall. The llev. O. B. Krothlngham, the popular pastor, occupied the pulpit, and, as is more oiten the case than otherwise, took no text from the Blhle as the basis of bis discourse, but an nounced as his subject, "Rooted and Grounded in Love." Everytlilng that lives, he began, has a root. Even the air plants, that seem to live on light and atmosphere, still draw their sustenance from some tangible thing. The BOSK OF JERICHO that flourishes in Egypt and in the Barbary States pulls its root ont of the ground, winds it around its body and rolls away to better soil so as to get succor. The higher the plant the deeper the root. Plants that live near the ground need but shallow sustenance. The oak tree that lasts thousands of years reaches down lurlougs, stretches out its roots on every side and draws its sustenance from a continent. It colls about huge rocks, and goes burrowing down Into the centre, where things that died centuries before are going to mould. All the force ol man cannot start it, and the tempest only strips off its leaves. It lives in two worlds? the upper world of light and glory, the under world of darkness and gloom. Every man and woman Iih.s a root, and the grander the man or womaa the deeper the root. The man whose shadow falls across centuries draws his sustenance irom the centuries that have gone before him. According to the height of character is the depth of the root. Is a man rich, he blossoms and bears fruit; is he poor, he shrinks away, dries up and perishes. Here Is a man who, lu his season of popularity, seems noble. The very breath en which he lives is taken away when the 81NI.1GUT OK COMMON FAMI is removed. In England a man believes in mon archy, in France lie praises the Empire, and in Mecca he takes ofl his shoes and kisses the black ?tone. His laitli conies from the ground on which lie treads. He is a rose ol Jericho. If lie has roots nobody knows where they are. Here is a man who has a deeper root. He believes in his precursors. The red blood and the blue blood of Ins ancestors supply to him the life on which lie lives. He carries himself with noble pride and never lorgets the stock trout which he sprung. Suppose a man strikes deeper than this. He does not care whether a man Is of the East or the West; if he belongs to the same country lio is a brother. He believes in AMKKICAN II>KAF. Does he equally respect other nations? His root may be noble and true, bnt it can be shaken by prejudice, passion or impulse. lie is a patriot, but nothing else. Suppose a man strikes down his roots lower than this ? far down, below caste, ancestry and country, into human nature, not asking the nationality, but the humanity? a man who asks only if another has Divine (acuities In his breast. He strikes his root luto a principle and touches men at the point where they all touch each other. This Is the noblest, deepest root of ull. When a man strikes down Into the core of things you see one who Is prool against trials and temptations. The dctlnition of a radical Is a man who pulls up every thing from the root, 'lhe radical says, "I come ma to destroy, but to fulfil." He would pull up the weeds in his own garden, bnt nothing else. Another definition is a man who can never rest till be gets at the root of everything, lorever pulling up Lis corn TO REK HOW IT OROWfJ. This Is the definition of the scoffer. The radical Is a man who believes In root, and wants to know I in what soil he la planted. AH he desires Is to knew that his root goes down lar enough to keep him. A sect Is a part ol a whole, and a sectarian Is a clipped man. a plant put into a , box instead of a Held. Every human being has strength of some sort, but, this sectarian I is an apple tree planted in the cleft of a rock. All it brings lorth is one apple, and that, one sour, i'bo less there is In a long-necked oottle tne more noise | it will make In coming out. He holds to a little shred doctrine, and believes that no one else has any truth at all. The radical cannot be a sectarian, u nat lb a church but A BtJNDLl OF BICTS' There Is somet hing grand in t he idea of a church, an organization that lives through ages. The churchman carries about him an air of dignity and repose that seems to be a part of the organization to which he belongs. Yet what respect lias he lor other churches T His mind Is slow and opaque, lie pravs as the Church prays, out of a book. The i CUurcli takes cart of hiiu aud forgives ujui. Wlieu ho talks to other believers It Is over a fence, for he ! cannot help believing that be is in the Hale place. The Catholic Church says it is older limn the Bible. Is It older than the Old 1 eHtamoDt? 1 he experience of two thousand years is packed away in its recesses. What convictions hopes, anticipations and superb conceptions of the

world that is and the one to be I The man who sinks bis roots so deeply In that old Bible that they take up everything there will be a giant among men. It depends upon how deep he puts his root and whether he pats it on the letter or the spirit. The man who will fix his roots In the heart of the New Testament, going down below the errors and mistakes, will lead a lire as peaceful and sweet aa is ever seen In the world. The Christian radical roots himself Into the heart of Jesus. The teat of the radical is not that bis mind cannot rest. You mar kuow him by his putionce, screuitv and trust, and hy his not bctng content within the limits of a church. lie is rooted and grounded in love. TALMAGE AT THE ACADEMY. I The Btl>le In the Public Schools? The Tabernacle Pastor's Sermon Yesterday Morning? A Tremendous Congregation and Preqnent Applause. A tremendous audience gathered at tho Academy yesterday morning to listen to the discourse of Mr. Ta Image, on the question of the Bible in the public schools, and frequent applause was given him dur ing the delivery or his views on this matter. Start ing out with the assortlon that the Bible was the king of books? the mightiest force that the hand of God ever projected among tho nations? the preach er proceeded to state his reasons why he was opposed to the expulsion of that book from the common schools. If you had anything to Bay against expulsion, yon should speak now or for ever hold your peace. (A voice? "Bully l" andop plause.) - In the first place he was opposed to It because such expulsion would decide that a great multitude of the children of this country should have no moral and religious culture. We must take the community just as It Is and recognize the fact that the vast majority of people do not read the Bible in their households, and do not send their children to Sabbath schools, so that the majority of the children derive all knowledge about God and Christ and eternity from the Scripture lessons of the day school. And if in the luture history of this country there were to be here, as many had esti mated, more than three hundred millions of peo ple. then that Christian man who voted the expul sion or the Bible voted that more than t wo hundred millions of tho tature population of this country should have MO MORAL OR RELIGIOU8 CULTDRH. Another reason why the preacher was opposed to expulsion was that the book interfered with no man's right. The Jews had made no violent oppo sition to It. As to the Roman Catholics, the conse quence of their opposition had been the establish ment of schools or their own. and the preacher in quired if It was fair or common sense to expect that those who went out lrom the common schools and took their children should have an influence over those who remained and wanted their chil dren to read God's word? ir a majority had gone out already, was it right that they should come back and tell ?is who bad remained that we could not have our own sons aud daughters reading that Bible? No; the very moment they decided to leave the common schools they proved they ought not now to have any right to come in and say, "Kou shall not have the Holy Word in the common schools." Mr. Tal mage held that the Bible was the most unsectarian of books. Wickliffe and Coverdale and Matthew wore Catholics when they made their translation under King llenry VIII., who was himseir a Roman Catholic, and -our translation, the King James translation, was substantially the same thing; so that thiB Book was no more a Protestant book than it was a Roman catholic? nor so much. He knew of no instance where teachers In our public schools had tried to make proselytes. Another ob jection to oxpulson was that it would be WARRING UPON TUK CONSCIENCES OP KEN. As a majority of the people in this country were Protestants, be asked whether the conscience of a Protestant was not worth as much as the con science of a Catholic? (Applause.) If the Bible were expelled onr Romish brethren might be pleased, but he wanted It understood that the best reelings of hundreds of thousands of Christian peo ple in this country would be warred upon? people whose hopes for heaven were hung upon that book, and who believed it to be the only safe foun dation for a republican form of government. The Bible was also the best school book that there was. Bring all other books and put them in a pyramid, but put the Bible on the top of that pyramid. It was an interesting thought to him that when the clock struck nine the teacher tapped the bell in the schools of this country, the Scriptures were onencd, and after the lesson had been read the little heads would bow (or used to bow) m the prayer, "Our Father which art In heaven"? A WHOLE CONTINENT RECITING PRAYER in concert. Now, however, an influence came to the school door and said, ''Close the Bible? stop that prayer." The right to take the Bible out im plied the right to take out every other book that acknowledges God, and Got! woulc\ J/e dlsdonorqd in the estimation of tho young people or this coun try. When the school governments of this coun try decreed that the Bible wa9 not a fit bfok for the common schools they started in the minds of tlie young the Idea that the Bible was a dangerous book. You had no right to throw dishonor on this book or arouse a suspicion in the hearts of chil dren? a suspicion that would never be gone. Auother ground or Mr. Talmage's opposition to expulsion was that the wise men of this couutry who lounded and maintained the government were opposed to expulsion, and to provj this he quoted from Washington, Webster, et al. Now, my Iriends, said the speaker, 1 prefer to stand in the associa tion oj men of that class who have believed in having the Bible in the common schools rather than to stand In the association or those men who, BORN IN THE DITCH OF THE POLITICAL CAUCrs, have been cursed to crawl on their belly through the slush and Blime of partlzanship, demanding the expulsion in order to please the foreign vote and anxious to lick the fllthy heel of the emigrant be iore he had time to wash his feet 1 [Applause.] But I have a better argument: I contend that this Is a supreme book from the hand of a Supreme Being, and has a right to go anywhere. If that Bible were written tor all landa and ages, who are you to come up and say to the Lord Almighty " You may send that Bible anywhere, but not in onr common schools?" Then, again, i am opposed to the expulsion because the common scnool is a cre ation of Protestantism. (Applause.) The whole spirit ol the Catholic church lias been against the common schools. Archbishop Hughes said '?Com mon schools are nurseries of rationalism, licen tiousness and atheism.'' He believed in common schools, didn't he I (Laughtet.) Roman Catholic newspapers also, year orter year, have been war ring against the system. You say, then, the Catho lics will demand a part or the public funds to go to their schools. That, I suppose, will alter a while be THE GREAT Qt'ESTION In this country. I cannot lorestall, but I will sim ply say we might better let the pnblic funds go over to tliem, aud have our common schools sup ported and maintained by the charities of tho Christian Church, rather than to have such dis honor thrown upon the Word of God anil the Bible hurled out from our common school system. (Loud applause.) I am also opposed to the expulsion because the God of the Bi >ie has taken this country under his especial care and evidently Intends it to be a Christian Bible reading people. Another argument I advance is that Intellectual culture without moral culture is worw* Mian ho culture at all. "Knowledge 1b power," for good if consecrated; but it is a power lor evil if unrestrained and un guided by moral principle. The great curse or the land to-day is the educated villain. * * * * * You will mark that 1 have not said one word against the Roman Catholic Church. I simply de mand that the consciences of the lYotestant be con sidered worth just as much as the consciences of the Roman Catholic Church. I have no taitu In the bombardment of that church. It has never bat- i tered down a cathedral, but it has built a great | many. 1 have uo fear, however, that the Roman i catholic Church will ever kindle any fires in this I coautry. A FEW WOBPS TO THE POLITICIANS. But there is one source or danger, and that is ! the politicians who arc threatening the safety and : the very existence of our institutions. Look out for their machinations. Ah, thore are some of them here to-day. I can tell them by tkeir bloated cheek and bloodshot eye and their lochcrous lip. (Ap plause.) I know them I Ah, you are a miserable crew, you politicians. (Laughter and applause.) All you want is votes. But there Is a storm of in dignation und wrath arising that will sweep this fraudulent, drunken crew that hang around the city balls or our cities to political perdition and then tumble them down Into a deeper pit, where all thieves and pickpockets and adulterers have their eternal residence with Satan aud Bill Tweed! (Sensation.) In conclusion this preacher exhorted the friends of the Bible to be vigilant and delcnd their rights. BROOKLYN CHUBCHES. PLYMOUTH^ CHUROH. A Cnn^rrgatton that Crowded the Side walk a? The Brooklyn Scanilal? Henry C. Bowtn and David Dudley Field at Plymouth Church? A Sermon on the Backward Looking Sona of Time? The Paat To Be Forgotten? The Purgatory or Old Age. The Brooklyn scandal and the sensation articles consequent thereon In the local aewspapers no poubt helped to All Plymouth church yesterday morning with a congregation larger even than usual. .Standing room In the lobbies was not obtainable, and hundreds were turned away who could get no nearer the church than the sidewalk. There was some curiosity manifested, among the regular con gregation, as to whether Mr. Henry C. Howen, the I cjuao of all thu to wij uik, would put m uu appear ance. This curiosity was satisfied; Ju?t before tne commencement of the service be entered his pew, accompanied by Mr. David Dudley Field, The "great and good" ex-deacon and the distinguished New York lawyer appeared to be attentive hearers of the Word, and to find It (rood to be there. The sermon was a reproof to the back ward looking sons of time, and the text selected was the twenty-second verse of the eighth chapter of the Gospel of St. Matthew:? "But Jesus said nnto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead." The language of Ohrist was not to be taken In Its literal sense ; there was always behind the apparent and outer meaning an Inner significance that we might find by reflection. Though the teaching touched the earth it neve r materialized Itself, and though the teaching of Christ was said to be simple it was lull of paradoxes and rail of figures. These words, "Let the dead bury their dead," seemed heartless and disrespectlul to the memory of the dead. The young man in the Gospel, to whom these words were addressed, made an ex cuse which Christ knew to be a preteuce. a iraud. Christ did not answer the ex ternal circumstances as it strikes the reader of this passage, but the internal circumstance that was in the young mau. Mr. Heecher spent a little time in tliuB illustrating the narrative out of which the text originated, and then proceeded to educe the truths derivable therefrom. To follow Christ was to grow up iu all things with Him und to nave interpreted in us the nai ure of Godhead itsell. A new growth In virtue and manhood consists In going forward. It was right to look back upon our life lor the sake of com paring ourselves and lor advancing, but not to excuse ourselves for not advancing. The past way be made to become . A KIND OP GUARD, bnt no man has a right to make his past life ft stumbling-block to his present I lie. The past of any man's life is his own business, and belongs J) no one else, wlwtevcr be may have one. Thiii truth, Mr. Heecher said, lie would employ as a rule of criticism with regard to prac tices which were mischievous. Every man lias bean a creature of circumstances, Every man has had times of ignerance. Every man has had his battles with temptation. Every man has had his old scars. Every one has a past out of which rose spectres that destroyed his pride, and which blurred the vision ol his inorui sense even. It was not a wise use of the past to dwell perpetually npon the oid sinfulness. Some men felt It to be their duty to look back upon the sins of their youth, their manhood, the sins of their later life, store them up and look at them and nse them as a development to a means of grace. When men have done wrong and got the Impetus thai comes from sorrow, they should leave behind their past and go forward. Still worse was it for men to get Into a liturgical confession or their sorrow. LKT THE OLD SINS GO ; you cannot find them on earth, they are not In heaven, and God has not cherished them, for He has said, "1 will remember thy sins, no mere for ever." Why then should man be fumbling In the g'aveyard of his old experience to raise spectres? ope is the rood of the soul, it Is even said that we are saved by it. so men should not save up these delinquencies, these sins, these sorrows of the past. What should we think of ourselves if we saved up all our cast-off hair, our clippings from our finger nails, the offal of our body? How much more snould we despise to do that by onr seul that we would not do by our body? Under all these cir cumstances, then, it Is the daty of every one even to hide tne sins that he has been guilty of. The same was true of the regrets as to lost opportuni ties. Many people lament their lack of education, and regret that they had never been to College. Well that might, one would think, be cured liy looking at some people who have been to College. Would Chief Justice Marshall be any less a Chief Justice If his chief justiceship were taken from him? Was John Milton any less John Milton when he was blind and TURNED OUT OK OFFICE. Shakspeare would not have been any less Shaks Sieare had he never had a house or a theatre, any people mourn too because they have lost wealth they never had, but only expected to have. Don't think so much of your pocket. Think more ol your moral sense, more of God, more of Immor tality; these arc things that are not touched by circumstances. Then old age Is feared, and when It comes the Joys of manhood tret them, and such people are continually contemplating themselves in the light of these regrets. "The Catholics be lieve In Purgatory devoutly, and so do 1 believe In a purgatory, for I have seen it. An old man, sur rounded by childhood that has no car ior its in lantlle joys, is beset with a chronic grumbling, an old age that has no unction, no joy and is always singing mournful songs. God deliver me from going to heaven through snch a purgatory." A few practical admonitions and cheering words closed the discourse, and the benediction was pronounced after the singing of "The Shining Shore." CHUEOH OF THE PILGBIM3. The Meaning of Truthfalnesf?Tlie Power of Love? Sermon toy tUe Rev. Or. Storrs. Yesterday morning Dr. Storrs' church was well attended, and the dark interior was brightened by the Spring sunshine fulling through the many colored glass on the worshippers below. After read ing the fourth chapter or Ephoatans, Dr. Storrs se lected the fifteenth verse of that chapter for bis text:? "But speaking the truth In love may grow up into him in all things, Which is the head, even Christ." The duty of veracity In speaking is a principal and universal maxim recognized instinctively by men as being a duty required by nature ; con science recognizes a He and rejects it. But in these words of the text something more Is im plied, not only speaking the truth, but acting the trnth, honesty as well as truthfalncss. Moral light Is also Implied, not only that we speak the truth, but that we are really truthful. This is es sentially Implied in the precept, siNCBRiry. A sincere character Is honey without wax, with out (law, sun-tinted. Such a character is required when we find the word sincere. Be trnthful in all things, in actions and speech, in virtue of tnis character, and he adds to this, speak the truth, act the truth, live the truth, in love to Ood and to man. This is the highest maxim of human ethics. Be sincere, not only In character, but in love. It suggests a general principle In the government or Ood ami Him rule lor luture character. Justus the sun gives color to flowers this love enters into every ieeling and gives to it its own glory. We see that illustration many times in our own experience. When health and vigor are complete, In seasons of leisure, with no sense of immediate duty and in the companionship of friends we are essentially and completely happy, and If we could take this day and carry it in the future that would be all we would desire. Yet we love and give gratitude to Ood? a gratitude out of which comes the highest songs oi praise. It is love combined with enjoyment which makes gratitude, on the other hand we have a sense or pain, our hearts overwhelmed with sadness, and with weariness of heart we contrast our state with the past, but with this state let the element of love to Ood enter again and everything is changed by the mere iorce ot lovo to Oo<l, and then comes lorth a submission ta Ills will, which is dear to His sight ; a submission which makes all luture trials lighter, an# it is merely the sense of pain and weariness combined with love to Ood. Again, we havo yielded to temptations when we should not; we have been proud ; we have offended against our conscience ami against God ; we have grown old in years without growing mature in Christianity. Ideals which we formed in our youth have faded from up, and as we look on what we are ami re member wsat we might have tteen, it is a con tinued self-reproach, and into this enters TBK I'KINCII'i.F AND POWKIl OF U)VK. And observe how instantaneous the change! It is not now a dull, leaden reproach ; It It a sorrow lul reproach, lhe power of love enters into this pain, and tb>>n come the hymns in which the heart sings itself lorth in joy. And so we have a conviction of truth concerning Christ, We recognize the portrait of a life serener and su premer than any other. As in a picture gallery we can single out tho portraits rrom the other pic tures, so the moment the portrait of Christ stands j beiore us in the narrative of the Evangelists we ! recognize a true picture. We see Christ with His , pierced yet kingly hands; we see Him Intellect ually. Let the element nr love into this intellect ual condition and you have laith. There is faith precisely? intelligent conviction united with love. You know how it lias caused dying lips to burst forth in song. Men wno have a reseiute intention to do right In all things, to refuse all wrong, and ?ay, "I will do precisely right and walk In the strict line or rectitude," have a grand purpose, a principle i which, if carried out, would remove the stains irom history. Hut It is a hard line, ami every man who tries rails somewhere; but with such a purpose or obedience, combined with love, comes religious submission. A man says, " I'm as good as any man; I pay my debts; I cheat no man; 1 go to church.'' What is the difference? Just hire:? four FCRPOSl TO no BIGHT is as good, but there is no element of love. There is a strong desire In us for some good. Love enters in combination with desire. When one has t.nls love towards (lod, with this desire for good, though he utters no prayer, his eve will flash with praver, his whole being will be instinct with it. That is tiie difference be tween desire and prayer; we desire and iove, and that Is prayer. So yon may all know the reason why Christ came Into tho world. Why did He not accomplish His work on some other planet, and send angels to preach afterward r It was that He might so reveal Ood to us that we would love Him. We see Him in His amazing self-sacrldce; we see Him pouring His heart out, given to harlots and publicans ; we see His love of Individuals. Christ shows that He came to inspire the love ol ood in our hearts. There is no other revelation like this of Christ to inspire love In our hearts. If the Oospel has failed lo do lis work it is through our indiffer ence. Sneaking tho truth Is good, acting the truth is good, living the truth Is good, but doln? it all in love Is what Ood demands of us. Every endeavor, every desire is to be glorified, and then will Ood opcu the gate* of Ilia kingdom. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Wall Street and the Dulness in the Stock Market. The Defalcation in the Atlantic National Bank and Its Lesson. DISHONESTY VS. fflSMiliGElElT. The Honey and Gold Markets? Saturday'* Bank Statement. Wall Strbiw, I Sunday, April 27, 1873. 1 The subsidence or the recent stock panic and M the excltcraent tnat attended it has been followed by the gradual relapse oi ttie market into QUIBT AND OULNBS9. Tbe last three or four day* or the week were, la fact, intensely dull, notwithstanding the contem poraneous steady relaxation in money and Ike more cheerful condition in general of the financial Situation. The serenity of the week In this respect was disturbed only at the very close, when the ex traordinary revelations from the Atlantic National Bank sent everybody home to ponder over the mutability and uncertainty of the Wall street de partment of human affairs. The bank In question was not a popular one with the bankers, or with the .Stock Exchange people, bnt it was far from being regarded as unsound. Its SUDDEN COLLAPSE produced only a Blight effect upon the stock maiv . ket, for the reason that comparatively rew brokers' accounts were in the concern, and the street wan but little affected by the dedication. What the effect will be in the ensuing week, when the defal> cation has been followed by the bank's suspension. Is another matter. It aggravates the unfortunate character of the event that it should happen at a time when the public mind has been rendered so sensitive by the prolonged stringency in money and the vague lear or a more serious result than the "break" or panic in stocks week before last. It Is NOT ALTOOETTIER FAIR to charge the monetary situation with the failure or the Atlantic Bank, for an honest and conscien tious officer at the cashier's desk would have had no such confession to make as Mr. Taintor volun teered to the Chairman of the Clearing House Com mittee, and his bank would have been to this hour as good as the best or them. It will be useless however, to endeavor to make the public see that personal dishonesty is not the real reason or the trouble in this case, and that our banks are just as Innocent or complicity with Mr. Taintor as is the Church witn the occasional minister who rails from grace. There Is a wide-spread fear that there are OTHER TAINTORS among the cashiers and otner Ocean and Atlantto banks among the numbers or our local institu tions. And yet the essential character or banking operations in this city has been, in a general way, strictly conservative. How many rallures hare there been from actual mismanagement, from dis counting bad paper, or from an undue expansion of credits? So few, even In a long series of years, that they could be counted on the fingers of one hand. The Atlantic Bank has been bankrupted by a theft as much as If Its assets nad been stolen from the counter by "Dutch Heinrlch" or Its safe bursted by "English Harry." To a certain extent misman agement in one way can be alleged, because of the NEGLECT OF TIIE DIRECTORS to make themselves acquainted with the actual condition of the bank from time to time. But the average director is an easy-going man, content t<f believe his cashier incapable of dishonesty, espe cially If the latter be in good standing in society, possessed or a fine house, and, more than all, a mem ber or the church. If the commotion which is likely to rollo^ this affiUr results in putting a higher pre mium on sterling honesty and integrity It will have proved a ble sslng In disguise. v The drift of the money market during the week has been toward LOWER RATES, and signs are already plentiful that the Snmmet will witness a glut of money at this centre which will be the antithesis Of the recent stringency. Notwithstanding the contraction or the three per cents during the past two years, there is jnst as much paper money In the country, and the greater part or it will find Its way to Wall Btreet ror tempo rary deposit during the Interval of inactivity in the country hence to the Fall. The rate on call loans ranged as high on one day as 40 per cent, but by Friday and Saturday had settled to an aver age of about 7 A 8 PER CENT. The relaxation has encouraged transactions tn commercial paper, and some moderate amounts have changed hands at about ten per cent discount for prime names, the quotation ranging from nine to twelve per cent. A firmer tendency in the foreign exchanges has also been developed, but rates are still rar below the average at this season, showing that the demand on account of importa tions of foreign goods has been less active than would have been anticipated In view or the amount or the imports. It is estimated that the amount ol FOREIGN GOODS In bonded warehouse is not rar from $300,000, 000? enough to suoply the country ror over six months to come. In certain cases it is asserted the consump tion has been so inadequate that the ractors or brok ers to whom the goods had been consigned were compelled to reshlp tbe packages in lieu or sending bills or exchange. This fact, In connection with the current heavy exports of domestic produce, explains the difficulty encountered by the clique in reviving the speculation in gold, the price of which - has been sustained nt a range of 117 a 117?;. In the stock market steadiness was the rule, ir we ex cept Pacific Mall, which was feverish and fluctn ated several per cent. LATEST PRICF.8 OF GOVERNMENTS. The following were the closing quotations Sat urday evening for government bonds:? United States currency sixes, 114% a 116; do. i>lxes, 1881, registered, 117% a 117%; do. do. do., coupon. 1-0% a 121; do. five-twenties, regis tered, May and November, 114% a 115 ; do. do., 1K62, coupon, do., 118'; a 118% ; do. do., 1804, do. do., 118% a 118% ; do. do., 1806, do. do., 120% a 120%; do., 1867, registered, January and July, 117% a 117%; do. do., 1866, coupon, do., 117.% a 117%; do. do., 1867, do. do., 119% a 119% ; do. do., 1808, do. do., 117% a 118; do. ten-forties, registered, 111% a 112%; do. do., coupon, 113% a 114; do. fives of 1881, registered, 114% Did; do. do. do., coupon, ll?% a 118%. TtlE COURSE OF THE 00M> MARKET. The extreme fluctuations dally In the prlcc ol Ifold during the week were as loljows:? The last sales Saturday were at 117%, the quota ;Iohh closing at 117% a 117%. The Southern list was exceedingly dull, seldom nore so. Prices wore fairly maintained, and tie :!ded firmness was shown In the Missourls, Ten lessees and South Carollnas. to which descriptions he small business of the week was almost ?xclusively confined. The Louisiana* were il together nominal, while of late the Uabamas have been Ignored, on account ?f a wholesale grant of State aid to ?allroads, the movement taking the lormofa tlona lon of $4,000 a mile to railroad corporations wlll n? in return to exempt the State from liability isr he bonds already issued to tbc roads and en lorsed by the State. In other words the Stale has igreed to pay twenty-five per cent to be KEI.KA.SKn FROM TIIK UBUOATIofl >f paying the old bonds in case of default on the >art of the railroads. The following were the !loslng quotations of the Southern list:? T?n lesaco. ex-c?ui>on. 8<j a 80%; do,, new. 79X aWkU W ednesday Monday ruesday HmTteat. Lowat. .. 117% 117% I'hursday Friday . . . Saturday THE SOUTHERN STATE BONOS.

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