Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 30, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 30, 1873 Page 6
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' VIENNA EXHIBITION. tJmfinisbed Condition of the Great Palace of Industry. Visit of a Herald Correspondent Three Weeks Before Opening Day. CONCENTRATION ON THE ROTUNDA. Preparing for the Imperial Opening on May I. Thousands of Tons of Exhibits Still in the Railroad Cars. THE AMERICAN DEPARTMENT. Forty Thousand Square Feet of Space To Be Filled. Baron Schwarz-Senborn Grants More Time to the United States. Vienna, April 12, 1873. In a little over two weeks the World's Exposition > to be formally opened, and the condensed treasures of the world exhibited to the gaze of hundreds of thousands or natives and foreigners. To all appearances, however, the formal inaugura tion, or opening, will be premature; for It Is declared on all sides that It is impossible to Ret the building completed and all the goods placed in their proper position, before the 1st of Muy. 1 bare Just returned from a thorough Inspection Of the Exposition edifice and of the enrronndlng grounds, and return to my hotel with the Impression that the best thing the Commis sioners could do would be to postpone the opeuiug nntll the 1st of June. I am also impressed with the necessity of warning intending visitors about reaching Vienna until June, since the Exposition will bo incomplete lor some weeks after tho open ing day. They would therefore either have to wait In Ylcnua and submit to a longer period of hotel lilghway robbery than they h:ul originally cal culated upon, otherwise leave ihe city without seeing the Exposition in its expected glory. I walked through all tho parts of the building, as I said, through the main avenue, into all tho tran septs, tho out-odiflces, and did not find anything ready? if 1 except tho restaurants, the beer gardens, and a single exhibitor of German pumps. Taking the present condition of the building into, consideration, I would say that even in America it were lmposslblo to get the Exposition anything near ready within three weeks. Now, Austrian work men are not American. They work by the day, and appear te be conscious of the fact. They take things as coolly as can possibly be imagined. In and out of doors the laborers smoke their long pipes while carrying beams or unloading the cars. Inside the building I noticed some boys who ought to have been at work away in a lar corner playing at pitch and toss; In another room a number of workmen were LYING ON TT1E1R BACKS ASLEEP. The only place where the men seemed to be pushed was In the great rotunda, where the open tog festivities will be held. There, indeed, the scene might bo compared to the Inside of a bee hive (and the rotunda is just as much like a bee hive as anything I can compare it to), and I am in clined to think that this part will be the only por tion of the Exposition lit to be exposed on the 1st of May. Scenic ornamentation has, how ever, not been commenced even there. The roof of the dome Is about half covered with Its fresco-like decorations, and the rest will be com pleted in a few dnys. Noticing some huge re flectors placed around the rotunda, I inquired of a policeman If the men worked overtime, or If there were relays. He answered in the negative ; that the men came at six and left work punctually at the . came hour ol the evening. He was honesi enough te express his conviction to me that the opening ought to be postponed, and that it would be time enough on the 1st of Juae to 'declare the Exposition open. The great delay appears to be in connection with the Exposition building lt aelf, tor at least a thousand freight cars are outside the building waiting to be unloaded as soon as the space for the reception of the goods Is finished* Germany alone has 400 freight cars, standing. Eug JaaU 150, Sweden 60 and Austria some hundreds. CONDITION OK THE HEP AKTMKNTS. v The only department where I noticed the first attempt at the arrangement of articles and scenic decoration was the Hungarian transept. The English contributors have likewise made great advance, and their department is, perhaps, nearer to completion than that of any other country. Mnch of their space Is already occupied, but the greater part la yet on the freight wagons outside tue building. The Austrlans have Just commenced to decorate and armnge their part of the principal avenue. Their transepts are as yet quite bare, and some Intervening spaces only In processor building. It would require something more than a miracle to bring anything like order and beauty out of the general chaos In trie space of three weeks, even with the nnusual facilities everywhere at hand and the aid of the 0,000 workmeu. Mechanism and steam take the place of labor wherever possible. Vessels from the Danube can discharge their loads within a rew hundred feet or the building, and fTom the river's bank lines or rail lead to all parts of the building. The railroad depot Is only a few minutes removed from the Machiuc Uallj and branches of rail are laid extending through this de partmeut and all around the building. In the pro cess or delivery there is no delay. It is In the structure Itself where the great lnoomplete iio as lies. The magnificent Machine Ilall Is built, but the arrangements for motive power are not yet seen. The bridge work for the support of the turning cranks Is erected; the latter have yet to be put up. The engines which tho exhibit ing natioas have to supply, have not yet been brought Into position. As to the outside buildings, a rew or the smaller pavlltons arc erected, but the scaffolding is still about the greater . namber. parks, lawns, rountalns, are yet undeveloped. Everything Is In a state of throe-quarters finished, yet great progress Is made day l>y day. and Baron bchwarz-Senborn Is Indeed hoperul that all will be ready by the 1st. TH* AMERICAN DEPARTMENT. The progress In the American department is satlslactory, and though we shall not make so good a show as is desirable, what there will be win t,e , good and well arranged. The American Transept | 1* quite ready tor the receptloa or the articles to j be exhibited, and the intermediate covered space I (between the American and English traiisei.isi will be finished In a rew days. The first vessel with goods tor the Exposition, the supply. arrived at Trieste yesterday escorted from Olbraltar by the Brooklyn. Immediately ou receipt of a despatch nt the Assistant Commissioner General's (Mr. El jath's) office, Mr. James took tho train for Trieste to take charge or matters and to conduct the trans portation to Vienna. The other vessel is not due nntll two or three weeks later. TIM fsct should not oe overlooked by the govern ment at Washington and by producers and manu facturers, that the Bpace now possessed by the united Statss In the Exposition Is much larger jthan was at first ?l*ued to as. 1 wUi exoiout Uow thla has come to pass. The Exposition building is of the following Mi ape i DIAGRAM OP THE BtTILBINO. i-i 1 1 1 1 1 iri 1 1 1 1 1 i-i West l( )' Kaat |-| 1 1 1 1 1 LH 1 1 1 1 1 H Main entrance. That is, one principal avenue, and thirty-two transepts. The transepts wero allotted to the various countries exhibiting, according to their geographical position, or as nearly bo as was pos sible in the nature of things. Thus the extreme western transepts were allotted to the American Continents, the northern one to the United States? an allotment geographically incorrect, but practically very advantageous to our exhibitors. China and Japan occupy the ex treme eastern transepts. Thus a promenade through the Exposition Is a tour in miniature of the world. The second western transept, both the northern and southern halves, were allotted to England, together with other space, which may be described at another time. By some management on their part ami mismanagement on ours Eng land, not content with her geographical territory, so to speak, had secured the whole of the prin cipal avenue from the entrance to the limits of her transepts. Not only this, but the British Commissioners had even encroached on South American territory, and bad pushed their goods fifteen or twenty leet Into the South Ameri can transept. Thus, the entrance being In the possession of England, It was Impossible to reach American territory from the western (second main) entrance without first crossing British soli. A plan will show you the state of atrairs I. Western entrance. 2. United Males transept 8. United States covered territory. 4. South American part transept. 5. lintfliili territory. ANOTHKR BAN JUAN DEFEAT. Our Commissioners did not relish , the idea of having to cross this strip of British territory eveiy time they wanted to get Into the American de partment, and conferences being had with Mr. Jay It was determined that Baron Schwarz should be asked to regulate affairs a little more to our sarisfactlon. The result was that the English suffered a second San Juan de feat, and now the United States possesses, besides Its transept and covered intermediate space of that portion of the South American trau sept formerly held by Great Britaiu, ana the spaco oi the main nave irom the entrance to a few feet beyornl the transept wall. A diagram will show the gain E3 ' I I ' The shaded lines represent tbc American apace In the main Exposition building. The space origi nally allotted to the United States was, then, simply this one transept, 250 feet by 50, or 12,500 square feet, and a largo hall for agricultural pro ducts on the grounds. The space in the main building was considered by the Commissioners to be too small lor the proper exhibition of the ar ticles expected, when it was decided to cover in the space between the American and English transept, which gave us a space oX 25,ooo feet more. The space allotted to us in the machine hall was found too small, and a wooden structure has been erected outside for the purpose of exhibiting dead machinery. Since it was decided upon to cover In the intermediate space, the Imperial Commis sioners have allotted (at the request or our repre sentatives) this further space of a tilth part if the south American transept, and tlie entire entrance of the main nave, a few feet beyond the United States transept wall. Thus, we have a much larger area than can, perhaps, he advan tageously utilized with the exposition goods al ready sent off. The great thing to be decided now Is how to All up the space. EXTENSION or TIME TO AMERICANS. I am authorized Dy Harou Schwarz, the Director General, to state that he will make an exception In favor of American exhibit ors, and permit that their goods uc received up to as late a date as the second week in June, when the Jurors will begin their sittings. This favor la grunted to no other nation. I have just spoken with our Com missioners, and they request me to atate that parties wishing to exhibit snould communicate at once with Krtncla A. Stout, Vice Commissioner and Vice President of the (Geographical Institute, 61 Chambers street, and for machinery, Prolessor Thurston, Stevens institute, llol?oken. I may add that American art will b? very poorly represented, a result. I am told, of the Acad emy of Design having declined to act in 'hu matter i of securing pictures for the Exposition. Porta- I nately American artists In Europe? in Home, Pior- ! ence and Munich ? are "ending some twenty speel- ; mens, and these will contribute much toward* giv ing us a better art representation. (There should 1 be no delay in exhibitors sending further instal ments of goods). * * .c. The United states gains a very good position in the machine hall, which is parcelled out to exint> lting nations according to their geographical posi tion. We get, therefore, the western entrance. sn<l some seventy feet by the entire width. Here the j labors of Mr. Pickering will t.e appreciated when the Expoaltion is opened. The Auntrun govern ment furnishes for this hall a three and a-ha:Mnch I shaft, rnnnlng the whole extant ?f the building (2,650 feet), but the exhibiting countries have each to furnish their own motive power, j The Austriau shaft will have some 120 revoiutt ns per minute. Now this speed waa found t.y Mr. Pickering to be too alow lor American machinery In the Paris Expoaltion, and would in this ca*< re quire very much intermediate machinery to g< t up the requisite speed. So he haa obtained permia sion to put up on one side of the American <11 vt?i< > 1 I a line of cold-roll shaft of two ana one-half inches ( in diameter, which wi!t make 140 instead of 120 rev olutions per minute, and better adapted to the dis play of our rapid machinery. The side spaces of the Machine Hal. were originally devoted to ma | cUluery not In motion. TUK AMERll an COMM H-'fONEIUI ! hHve here dispiajed sound judgment in deciding I that, dead machinery never showing to advantage. I blonder shalt* shall run along the aide apa< ra Ibr 1 the purpose of keeping the smaller machinery in motion. The advantage ot this idea Is very great. Two small enginoa ? one of four and the other of ten? will run these shar*s, each twenty-two reet long. One side space will ha\a a shoe m.iuu lactory m complete working order. All the dead machinery will be placed in tne wooden bonding, near the boiler houses. The intermediate covered 1 mmum fctttwucu Um> American and Eoviiab trait- I septs) Trill be laid out very tastefully and charac teristically. The United states la celebrated In Europe for 1U sewing machines, and justly bo. Several nations of Europe have large sewing machine manufactories, but they will all be compelled to exhibit their machines in the large machine hail, among steam engines and thrashing machines. America will be the only country exhibiting her sewing machines In the main building, Tor Mr. Pickering has arranged that the central space of the intermediate floor shall be stadded with them, and this floor is 250 by 100. This intermediate space has a large en trance from the Exposition grounds, aud likewise two smaller doors leading into the American transept. Between these two doors Is a length of l&o leet. To fill up this side Mr. Pick ering has resolved upon a truly American Idea. He Is going to have a large table? ISO feet by 8 ? on which lie proposes to exhibit our Northern Puciiic Railroad? that Is, the products and manufactures from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The walls above the table are te be adorned by tho North, American Geographical Societies. Before closing this letter I would mention the fact that the Director Oeueral of the Exposition deserves the warmest thanks or the Hkhald for the courtesy he has shown its representatives, as, indeed, to all American journalists. 1 visited him a few hours ago and obtaiued from him the Information relative to an ex tension of time to American exhibitors. He is much abused by the Vienna Journals, principally I think because he has seen lit to select the Neue Freie Presae as the official organ of the Exposition. Baron Schwars is a courteous gentle man, aud all Americans who have come in contact with him agree in the verdict that he is the right man in the right place. OBITUARY. William Charles Macready, the Actor. I rt(!y.0nar! linrormea b y the 01 the death of this distinguished English tragedian, not the least among the galaxy of great actors who reflected the lustre ofShakspeare In their histrionic earns. Lunt? ? ',UH "re durlDg ^ visit to thm country gives the name of Macrcadv a special interest to American readers, lie | was born in London, March 3, ? 5JS " th? time 01 hfa lll? rtP? ?*? Of e ghty years. His tether, designing him tor the legal pro.ession. sent him at ten years of age to the hta Dri??ioi ^c,100,i and at this iStuUen tir , C/ n r,as8lC8 wa" of a marked charac ter and gave promise of a brilliant ruture. I'ecunl ary embarrassments at home, however, intenered with his studies and dispelled the hope lie hau formed of entering the University of Oxford At seventeen years of age he made his first bow as an actor at the Birmingham Theatre. The first role he a tenipted was that of Komeo, in which he alter wards won such eminent distinction. in the vear la ?.m.,l<,bl, debut ? oV^'Z the tragedy of "The Distressed Mother," and his fame as a tragedian of great power was at once us 1,10 crltlcal Hazlltt recognized in h.m the coming monarch ot the stage. Yet the lavish praise ana encouragement received by him did not cause him to relax the efforts necessary to perfect chosen dlfllcult Profession which he ha.l In 1826 he visited this country for the first time and received scarcely less honors than those lav! ished upon him in his native laud. The kindness and hospitality extended to him induced a second ?u. m IMS. Dnrllle between his first and last American engagements Dn 'rv f 'CW Hea80US of managerial experience at Drury Lane and Covcnt Garden theatres, where * made the most strenuous effort! ,n Ofdrlmn 2? hi8["e8t PUre8t standards not Iftderl f mem?ry 0f th08e 8ea80"a not laded from the recollection of the Lon ilon public, and mauy old theatregoers in that city speak as enthusiastically and confidently of Macready's company as some do here about the days ot the Old l'ark." The treatment received >y the great English tragedian during his last en gagement in this country is a foul blot in the annals or the American stage. The history of the lifilculty between him and Edwin Forrest down to Its tragical conclusion has been told tffo length m these columns on occasion or the , 0f the American tragedlau last December, "'/e failure was also entertained by *manv of Mr p#it Leling friends and admirers on This %!?? of ?h/6 a " ?street Theatre to drivp \rr w , . ? Arch hisses^ for Seee^trarffe^^Un^^ep^ctn, \ issrss ,r jStkHK \ eggs thrown at him irom the unner ^'??^rotLeU Macready made a speech at the cUw? 1 fL ' lormance, in which he aliiid?>rt t? . per" bitter hostility of an eminent a ? ,,nJost and era zk i % ?? ??! "TKSST KST >?$'" z., "su* ?r ,??? sL in ? s^&'jaar^'grSflS?55, House, succeeded in <lrlvinir Mr u^Tp. i ?. ?Pera theatre. A written reiiii^i frnm M,l< ready from the nent gentlemen asking h I u i r oriVA V'V 1 r ol ',ron" admlrers with another exhibition of hi?JJ?i^erous ers. and repudiating in the 8 *reat P?w the insults offered him caused m! ili gnant manner pear again on the night which wL l'^'V.10 a''" in a real tragedy. The detniiu ?? th Htlneif to end familiar to all. During the flrst ?r f.^ed7 a.T.e the i>ertormanre was lnterrunt?ri * Macbeth" hisses and shouts ,1 repeatedly by the third act was reacned k , efore missiles assailed the windows of n..8?#wer. ?r efforts of the mob outside became motn fl?rD th^ I persistent. iho calling out <!V fierce and | the reading ol the Kiot act was foh?w?i ? a.?U i charge of musketry into the mim.n. . ytldl8" 1 whK h seventeen persons were ki ie,l VT Wounded. Alter the firing of the ilr i 1 STriS m1 5S5 the sacrifice ot human Ule * i^Islff had"0, ilf*1 t(? to my fir.t resolution and not\%!, to' 'the 's^ tations of m> friends." Alter ha n , U ? . ?lkl* hi* hutel fmni the Oi>er i Hiiumi- u ? safeiy to J* " !i i . , procured, and in that dlsgnlsp hp '? t the hotel on horseback for New Kochelfe wher'e he could wait for the first mominaT '2 ton. It is said that he duhJ.i " Lral" ? tit* crowd yn his *?. out ,.f ine ?f eicite their unapichm. Hefore Ji - i . kl not Ksrope ne Bade a manly, dignifleri on<i^?ir ? leave ol tii. T,L MKa r,''"l> t"0k his final I tM-atre, London. The vast the!iir??0L^r"r^ ^ane toll, iituiost capaeitv, *ini| ,h "owded J tkasiasm was ,?f tg' tnost whiffin,T?i1.BJLd..eD i lie i.Mrtliiir wuril*. <?f ti? ? ??ltD ^ GllAractei** I sasr to,nr ^m,rri(>nwhr Of mv yc.eth and stimulated m- to plMeverance" v * w,iu:/| wV ; \ Vi, ? '-y in"?e tot vi, tr,. v; . f , ,r 1st committed ? task. ! w?.i, : ;- ^?n;i?ndln the ire .cut mar, ,k-. r. ???'' '???? of our r>n.( ?-iii t ioim an U i ri ?? . k " ",at d.< H * ill never r. r".i t, , i, 1,1!"'"" ?.r, P:4J*' mi' great ii< wis i.vxt h t "? purity ol held on our Kn*ii?h xt i-. n',' l",,"'e'"rw|,r,l 'x* have e.?p..-d sine* tu, JVoresie.1 "? the ret, . 'rav'f.1.411 an I ,', T never iKr-n real.xed as ti? i , , , n ;.1" ' h " rra.lfd during the ,? ? ,, , n w.-,, 4pfH-4r.n1. <? Mr M 4 re4.lv li.ia lived In *iace^ f?'i >n.| en .ua'.;. retlr. m. nt, 411I d. ath ca?? UDon hin. in t ic ol h.M family, .grounded S,Tv* tu? IV'tw, ?*"* of r"?r months 9 81 ** r?i*rtacnt?tives of tno Shaksperlan stage have paused away. And while the Hard of Avon finds a place In the human heart the memory of Forrest and Maeready will not (ade. W. t?. tiharkcf, William L. Sharkey, qx-Governor of Mississippi, died In Washington at an early hoar yesterday morning, after an Illness of six weeks' duration. He was carried off, by an attack of typhoid pneu monia, at the age of eighty-three years. He was born in South Carolina, but emigrated to Mississippi at an early period in the history of that State? say forty-three years since. He studied law, wau called to the Bar, and soon became eminent as a jurist and not less so as a political leader. In the year 1*65 he was elected United States Senator from Mississippi, to All the unexpired term of Jetrerson Davis, after having then being honored with more State offices than any man In the state, perhaps, except ex-Goveruor Gilbert Galatln Brown. His talent soon gave him a prominent position, although he belouged to tile whig party, which was largely in a minority in Mississippi during moat oi his career. He was a member of the Mississippi House, Speaker oi that body, and Chancellor of the State. In that position lie acquired, by the ability and importance ol his Judicial decisions, a national reputation, taking high rank with the great law lights of America. He conducted himself in office as to wlu the plaudits ot his opponents, even in a time of pas sionate political excitement. During Mr. Fill more's administration he was appointed Consul to Havana, and was In Cuba during the memorable filibustering expedition of Lopez and his com panions. In Ins relations to the abolition question lie was considered the most moderate in his hos tility to it oi the public men of Mississippi. He was uniformly an undeviating Union mau up to the beginning of the war. In 1302 he was arrested at Jackson, Miss., lor refusing Conicderate money hi payment of debts by order of General Van Dorn. He took no part in the war, Bvtng his attention hs best be could to s private business, so that his antecedents as well as his talents, and the general respect ielt lor lus private character, quaiiued him to take the lead In the Union reorganization of the state. Judge Sharkey was, be lore the war, the leader or the "constitutional union party" of Mississippi, and was presented by the delegates of his State as a suitable candidate for the Presidential nomina tion to the Convention which nominated Bell and Kverott in isflo. la the year 1S4? Judge Sharkey took issue with Jeff. Davis on the question of Mississippi repudiation, and, as Judge oi the Court of Appeals, declared the State debt to be con stitutional and legal, and that it was obli gatory on Mississippi to assume and pay ft. In the mouth of December, 1865, the {'resident of the United States, through the Secre tary or state, relieved Judge Sharkey of the trust of Provisional Governor ol Mississippi, and recog nized his duir elected successor in tue person of Governor Humphreys. The letters addressed to them were similar to thos? written to the Provi sional Governors and Governors ol the other South ern states, remitting to the constituted authori ties chosen by the people the care and conduct of their proper affairs. In personal appearance he was dignified. but affable and unassuming. Ills height, was lully six feet, and his figure sufficiently developed to uvold gauntness. His face wore u Kindly expression, and was eminently of a con templative and judicial mould, rutner than execu tive. THE CABLE MONOPOLY? MODES OF RELIEF. [From the Journal ol Commerce, April 2P.] Next Thursday, May 1, the new extortion of fifty per cent ailvanco In cable rates goes into eHect. We have already denounced this breach of lalih, this outrage on tho public patience in the terms it deserve*; but it is a theme that invites frequent and most indignant comment, and we mean to cut and come at it again and again until the company learns that it cannot with impunity repudiate its plighted word and sacrifice every thing and cvcrylwHy to its Insatiate avarice. If a merchant should seek to increase his line of cus tomers by announcing that on and arter a certain day ho would reduce the price .of his goods twenty-five per cent to all who bought from him up to that time, and then should turn about and run up the prices on tlietn flity per cent, that operation would fairly be called a false pre tence. This is precisely what the cable company has done, as we explained in a former article. It tempted its patrons into making arrangements for regular despatches some time ago by the promise that on aud after the 1st of May the therj exorbi

tant latcs would be cut down one-quarter; and, now that the newspapers anil business bouses have perfected all their plans lor a larger use ol the cable, aud engaged new correspondents in the various capitals of Ktirope, the unscrupulous cable management coolly tells us that the rates have been raised Mity per .cent on the former price or ?*'r ^enl 0,1 ",0 'arid promised. The effrontery of tnw U matchless, sablltnc ibis cablo company owes us existence to the aid obtained imm the inued States government tin money and ships) and from the press. Hut for government patronage and whole-souled newspaper support there would be no working ocean cable to-day. The moment the cable was operative, the press iiecume its most liberal and constant patron, and has con tinned so to this day, receiving in returu only ingratitude and duplicity. There never has been a time when the newspapers were decently treated by the cable people; if anr concession wa? made or promised it was seeminslr only for the purpose of enticing the press into new arrangements for correspondence, of wliicn the company took advantage as soon as possible by advancing the rates, or bv throwing everv obstacle in the way of the press obtaining pri ority of intelligence. It has been known even to delay press desiatches far out of their rightiul order. The cable company h?? always treated its first and best lncnil, the presn, a** its natural enemy. At last our patience, long and sorelv tried, gives way, and we east aoout for some relief from this greediest and most cnM-blnoded of monopolies. There are two methods bv which the pride of power can be taken out of this bloated corporation, one Is the laying 01 a cable by the governments of the United State* aud Kmr land. We are opposed, on pnuciple, to the 'as sumption of the work by the 1 nited States ruy. eminent, in whole or part. But there are two sides to this question as to everv other- and we do not deny that there Is much lone in the i arguments that can be used against our own For this government to lay a new cable w-.ui.i I be but an extenaion ol the original policy by which the present cable company was assisted That 1 concern would have no right to oppose ?ne princi ple ol the thiug. Our govei nment could claim that i there was an absolute necessity tor owning tab ne or in company with England) a cable through which It could send without the least delay the constantly growing heaps ot telegrams to It* flnan- 1 cial agents ami diplomatic and consular represent atives In Europe. During the proceedings at Geneva the American government patronised the cable enormously, paying enough into the treasury of the monopoly to make a handsome dividend on the stock. We have no doubt that henceforth owing to the exceedingly intimate nnd last increasing re" latlons between tuis country snd Europe, the neces sary government patronage of the cable company will nearly amount to the interest and the cost of laying a new one. All that can be said in behalf of the government purchase of tne land telegraph lines and the creation of a postal telegraph s\s tem-to which we are opposed? could be said with much more cogency in favor or a government cable to Europe. All government undertakings of this character are theoretically objectionable, but this one, we confess, would be the least so. A general desire, we presume, will be felt thronghout the country that the government should now engage in an enterprise lor which so many plausible reasons can be glvcu. m the event of a, government cable being laid, the press and the public at large would doubtless be served much more cheaply than by Iho present monopoly, and we might at last bO honestly forced t? say that the case was an exception fo thq genvrnl rule. Hut there is another escape iroiu tliis intolerable tyranny, and that is lor the press of America to lav its own cable. The press is strong enough ami rich enough to do this ol itself; but it could count on outside aid to almost any extent. Primarily the object ol the press would be to get its own despatches through at reasonable rates ; but, after ail that was done, there would still be ample time lor the transaction ol ail immense quantity of other business. Commerce ami trade, the natural allies and snppotters of the press, would be peculiarly Inclined to assist in the laving oi a cable under pre?s auspices, it would everywhere tie felt that so powerful an institution as the \mer Ican press, which manages its own concerns so successfully, could be trusted to manage a cable witu economy and profit to all concerned, and with a system and despatch unknown to the monopoly. A press ca.-ie would coin money at rates far less than those now charged: and, what is of great Im portance, the public neea have no fear that such a cable would be sold out to the grasping combina tion. It would alwavs be lor the Interest of every newspaper concerned in the enterprise to keep up the competing company; for there Is no assurance that any terms which the press might make with the monopoly in selling out a company of Its own would not be perfidiously broken the very next day. We could say much more in sapport of the plan of a press cable, but at. this time only throw out tho thought lor general discussion. TEE ATLANTIC WRECK. The Vessel Blown Ip?lVo Bodies Re covered. Halifax, N. s? April 29, 1873. The sunken wreck of the Atlantic was blown up by tho New York Wrecking Company this after noon. No bodies were recovered, and It Is proba ble that the ax) missing corpses have floated to sea or been ground up by the floating cargo. 'Iho cargo was being rapidly recovered by the divers at five 1'. IL THE APACHE PEACE. Basis of the Terms on Which General Crook "Let Up." A SATISFACTORY SETTLEMENT. Instructions for the Guidance of Officers in Arizona. The Apache Not Innocent, but Ignorant. General Orders Commending Officers and Men for Gallantry in Action. Prksoott, Arizona, April 12, 1873. Tho following orders have been Issued by Brevet Major General George Crook, commanding the Military Department of Arizona. Tiicy are self explanatory and will be read with Interest OKNEitAL ORDERS? NO. 12. Pbkscott, April 7, 1873. It Is with pleasure the announcement is made of the surrender of large numbers of Indians lately hostile, against whom military operations have been prosecuted for the past four mouths, and the assurance through the chiefe and head men of these tribes of their desire and the desire of their people to conclude a permanent peace. These propositions are made In the midst of a campaign In which they have been severely pun ished, and tho Department Commander, believing in their sincerity, announces and hereby declares peace with the tribes referred to. The basis of this peace is simply that these In dians shall cease plundering and murdering, re main upon their si; verai reservations and comply with the regulations made by tne government through authorized agents for tnem. So long, therefore, as they remain true to their agreement they will be protected by the military of this department in the enjoyment of all their rights under the law. After a sufficient time shall have elapsed to en able the Irlends of any renegades still at large to bring them In upon their proper reservations post commanders will use the troops at their command to pursue and force them in; and in case any such straggling bands continue to remain absent with out proper authority they will be forced to sur render or be destroyed. UENBltAL ORDERS? NO. 13. Pkescott, April 8, 1873. Tho following memorandum of instructions is hereby published for the guidance of officers com manding troops stationed on the several Indian Reservations in this department:? I. With a view to bringing the straggling bands and families still at large upon reservations, and to serve an a nucleus for the establishment 01 civil government, a small number of the Indians re cently used as scouts will be retained In service under existing laws at each of the reservations hereafter specified. Each. of these detachments will be under com mand of an officer, designated by the Department Commander, who will have charge, under super vision of tlie commanding officer of the post, of their clothing and accounts; but the post com mander may communicate with them direct, at any and all times. These Indians will be selected from among the best of the'several tribes, and will be liable to be mustered out lor misconduct towards the Indians ol" their own or other tubes, or other good cause, and their places filled by others duly selected. They will constitute the police force of the reser vations, and, while required to attend regular musters and inspections, will not only be allowed, but will be required, to cultivate the soil and per form the various industries prescribed by the In dian Department, the same as other Indians. They will be used irorn time to time, upon appli cation of the agent or the commanding officer's own motion, to preserve the peace, report and correct auy irregularities that may occur ainoug their own or other tribes in the vicinity. II. Commanding officers will aid the duly au thorized agents In Instructing the Indians in and establishing among them civil government in its simplest lorm, enabling them to settle their differ ences according to the usages of civilization, grad ually showing them its benefits as contrasted with their own barbarous lorms and customs. To do this effectually will require different lorms to suit the peculiarities of different tribes, and the agents of tne several reservations are requested to meet tho officers commanding the military on their respective reservations and agree upon the neces sary forms, being careiul uot to make 'hem too complicated at tlrst lor the comprehension of the tribes to which tliey are to be applied, leaving them to be enlarged with their capabilities, so that when the auxiliary force can be dispensed with they will be capable of self-government, and event ually become good citizens. While they should not bo judged harshly for acts which in civil codes would constitute minor offenres, care should always lie taken that tliey do not succeed In deceiving their agents and the officers in matters of great import, being careful to treat them as children in ignorance, not in in nocence. Perfect harmony between the officers of the In dian and War departments, on duty together, is absolutely necessary in treating Indians so lately hostil" and .<>0 apparently incorrigible, and the De partment Commander earnestly enjoins this har mony and directs, in case of difference in mat ters where the line is not plainly marked, that officers carefully avoid snch difference being made known to the Indians and tliat they retrain from any overt act in the matter at issue until Instruc tions from these headquarters shall have been re ceived. Whit the Troops Accomplished? Thank* to Officers and Men? Names of the Mont Distinguished. QKNE1UL ORDERS, NO. 14. PKKSCOTT, April 9, 1873. The operations of the troops in this department In the lute campaigns against the Apaches entitle theui to a reputation second to none In the annals of Indian warfare. in the face of obstacles heretofore considered In surmountable, encountering rigorous cold in the mountains, followed in quirk succession by the ln tcBss heat and arid wastes of tUe desert, not in frequently at dire extremities for want of water to quench their prolonged thirst, leaving their ani mals when stricken by pestilence or the coun try became 100 rough to be traversed by them, and. c-arrying on their own backs such meagre supplies as they might, they persistently followed on, and, plunging unexpectedly Into chosen posi tions In lavaiieds, oaves and canyons, they have out witted and beaten the wiliest of foes with slight loss, comparatively, to tiiemsi-lves, and finally ciosedaniiollaift.tr that has been waged since the days of L'ortM. wiuie the Department Commander Is aware that tills task has !? en pei formed In pursuance oi com missions held iin-i obligations assumed with a huh sense ol ilutj and honor, it is due to the offi cers and men engaged that they siiould know that the tai-k ha* not been a thankless one, but that dls tinguiahed oiilcers of ?he civil and War Depart ment*. the liein-ral of the Army and of the division have advised him or tlieir appreciation of the ser vices thus rendered. In the accomplishment or this task the Depart ment Commander commends the lollowlng named oitlcers, enlisted men, Indian scouts and guide*, ? h< <e services have been specially reported or per formed under tie Department Commander's own Observation, and whose names have not heretofore been mentioned In orders for special services, as follows:? For gallantry at the battle of the Cares, in Salt River canjon, Arizona Territory, December 28, 1872:? Captain W. II. Brown, Fifth cavalry. Captain Alfred B. laylor, Filth cavalry. Captain James Hums, Fifth cavalry. First Lieutenant Jacob Almy. Fifth cavalry. First Lieutenant K. D. Thomas. Filth cavalry. Hecoud Lieutenant W. J. it"**, Twcuty-llrst In fe second lieutenant John O. Iiourke. Third cavalry. For gallantry at the engagement in Superstition Mountains, Arizona Territory, January le. 187a:? Captain William II. Brown, Fifth cavalry. Captain Jaine* Burn*, Filth cavalry. First Lieutenant Jacob Aliny, Fifth cavalry. First Lieutenant Charles il. Hockwell, Fifth cavalry. First Lieutenant William J. Boss, Twenty-first "second lieutenant John 0. iiourke. Third cavalry. Doctor 11. K. Porter, Acting Assistant Surgeon. Companies (J and M, Filth cavalry, are especially commended for their conduct In this engagement. For gallantry at the engagement with the Tonto Apaches on Bad Rock Maintain, December 11. 1872 : ? First Lieutenant Thomas Oarrey, F'irst cavalry. For gallantry at the engagement In Matzal Moun tains, December 13, Istj:? First Lieutenant William 8. Manning, Twenty third infantry. Second Lieutenant P. S. Bomns, First cavalry. For conspicuous services m the campaign again*, the lontos on the west side of the Verde River, It December, 1V72, and January, 1*73:? Captain (Jcor^e F. Price, hum cavalry. Second Lieutenant Charles D. Parkhurst, Flftt cavairy. For gallantry at the engagement on Tonto crci-?, Arizona Territory, In which he attacked and d? Heated a band of Tonto Apaches, January 21, Second Lieutenant Frank Michler, Fifth cavalrj. For conspicuous services in the campaign in tl? Red Rock, Arizona Territory, In December 1872:? Captain Emll Adam, Fifth cavairy. First Lieutenant William F. Rice, Twenty-thlrt '"second Lieutenant Frank Michler. Fifth cavalry For gallantry at ttte engagement oo-Ciear CteeK Arizona Territory, January 2, 1873:? First Lieutenant William F. Kioe, Twu^tblrt Infantry. Second Lientenant Frank Michler, Fifth cavalry. For conspicuous services In the campaigns on tlie west bank or the Venle River, in December, 1872, anil on the eaat bank ol the same river, in Feb ruary, 1S73:? Captain 0. C. C. Carr, First cavalry. First Lieutenant William F. Kice, Twenty-thirt Infantry. Second Lieutenant O; L. Heln, First cavalry. For iinportaut services during the campaign m the Ked Hooks and on thp wist bauk of the Verde River, in December. 1872, and January, 1873:? First Lieutenant Albert E. Woodson, Filth cav alry. First Lieutenant Alexander Grant, First cavalry. . For gallantry at the engagement at Red Rocks. Arizona Territory, November 26, 1872, a detachment of Pl-Ute Indians, under Captain Jack. For conspicuous services and gallantry In the dif ferent engagements in the closing campaign against the Tonto Apaches, in February and March, 1873 : ? Captain William H. Brown, Fifth cavalry. Captain Georgo to. Randall, Twenty-third cav alry. Captain John M. Ilamlltou, Fifth cavalry. Captain Alrred B. Taylor, Filth cavalry. First Lieutenant Albert E. Woodson, Fifth eavt airy. First Lieutenant J. B. Babcock, Fifth cavalry. First Lieutenant Jacob Aluiy. Firth cavalry. First Lieutenant Charles il. Rockwell, Flith cav alry. Second Lieutenant John 0. Bourke, Third cav alry. Second Lientenant Walter S. Schuyler, Fifth cav alry. "second lieutenant Alexander 0. Brodie, First cavalry. Second Lieutenant Frank Michler, Fifth cavalry. Second Lieutenant C. U. Watts, Fifth cavalry. Doctor H. M. Matthews, Actiug Assistant Sur geon. Doctor H. R. Porter, Acting Assistant Surgeon. For distinguished services In securing as our al lies a large and important baud of Indians and pre serving our friendly relations with them during a most Important and critical period Captain Thomas Byrne, Twelith infantry. For good conduct during the different campaigns and engagements:? Guides Mason McCoy, Archie Mcintosh, Joseph Felmer, A. A. Spear, Clark, Al.Ze.ber. Interpreter Antonio Besiaa. Citizen Blacksmith Cahlll. First Sergeant William L. Day, Troop E, Fifth cavalry. First Sergeant Clay Beauford, Troop B, Fifth cavalry. First sergeant William Allen, Company I, Twen ty-third infantry. First Sergeant James M. Hall, Company A, Fifth cavalry. Sergeant Daniel Bishop, Company A, Fifth cav alry. Private William Stanley, Company A, Fifth cav alry. First Sergeant James H. Turpln, Company I* Filth cavalry. Sergeant Gustavo Yon Needen, Company A, Filth cavalry. Sergeant Alchesay, Sierra Blanca Apaches. Sergeant Jim, Aravaypa Apaches. Corporal James E. Bailey, Troop E, Fifth cavalry. Corporal Frank K. Hill, Troop E, Fifth cavalry. Corporal Thomas llanlon, Troop G, Fifth cavalry. Corporal Eltsasoosn, Aravaypa Apacties. Private James Lanatian, Troop K., Fifth cavalry. Privato Machol, Sierra Blanca Apaches. Private Blanquet, sierra Blanca Apaches. Private Chiquito, Sierra Blanca Apachcs. Private Kelsay, Aravaypa Apaches. Private Kasoha, Aravaypa Apaches. Private Mantajo, Aravaypa Apaches. Private Nauasaddi, Aravaypa Apaches. First Sergeant James Riair, Company I, First cavalry. Sergeant Moses Orr, Company f, First cavalry. Serjeant ilenry J. Hyde, Company M, First cavairy. Corporal Osborn, Company M, First cavalry. First Sergeant Richard Barrett, Company A, First cavalry. Sergeant Lehman Hclnemcn, Company L, First cavalry. Corporal J. W. Huir, Company L, First cavalry. Private Albert W. Brosa, Company it, Filth cavalry. Private John Baker, Company K, Fifth cavalry. Private George Hooker, compauy K, Filth cavalry. For conspicuous gallantry in leading a detach ment of ten men of Ills compauy in a charge into a cave, In the engagement of Major Brown's command wit 11 the Indians, in the cauyon of Salt River, near the Four Peaks Mountain:? Corporal Thomas llanlon, Company G, Fifth cav alry. For conspicuous bravery in the action with the Indians on Clear Creek, Arizona Territory, January 2, 1878, Private James Lanuahau. Troop K, Filth cavalry. For conspicuous gallantry, coolness and efficiency during the engagements with the Indians near Turret Mountain, Arizona Territory, March 25 and 27. Citizen Guide Mason McCoy. For gallantry and good conduct during the en gagements near Turret Mountain, Arizona Terri tory, March 25 and 27, First sergeant James M. Hill. Company A, F'llth cavalry; First Sergeant William Allen, Company I, Twenty-third Iniautry ; sergeant Daniel Bishop, Company A, Fifth cavalry. For conspicuous gallantry in a charge upon the Tonto ApacUes in Sycamore cauyou, a. T., where the valujUrte herd belonging to Bashtord A stevfena ?Wil.l vaxSptiircxi Uatr iH), 1M7'*, Kir8t Sci'gcailt Richard Barrett, Company A, F'irst cavalry. For conspicuous gallantry In the engagement on Clear Creek, Januaiy 2, 1873, and again on Tonto Creek, January 22, 1873, Private Albert W. Bross Company K, Fifth cavalry. ' For conspicuous gallantry in the engagement on Clear Creek, In which he was severely wounded. Private John Baker, Company K, Filth cavairy. For conspicuous gallantry in the charge in the engagement on Tomo creek, A. T., lu which en gagement he was klllei, Private George Hooker. Company K, Flith cavalty. ? Aside from the service herein mentioned, the following named officers have been charged during the enure campaign with Important move? ments of troops and other ?i ?tles of a most difficult nature, and by their zeal, energy aUd ability have contributed greatly to the rvmit, Und their dis tinguished services In camp aui tieid are or?t?. fully acknowledged:- B Captain William H. Brown, Flfth^valrv Actimr Assistant inspector General. ? Captain George M. Randall, Twenty-third in fantry. Captain A. H. Nlckerson, Twentj-thiid infantry A. D. C., and Acting Assistant Adjutant General Second Lieutenant W. J. Ross, "lwentr-flrst "in fantry, A. I). C., and Field yuartermaiter. Second Lieutenant John G. Bourke, '4urd cavalrr A. D. C., and Field Adjutant. " GEORGE Ck)OK Lieutenant Colonel Twenty-third Infantv, Brevet Major (ioneral U. S. A., Copimanding Department 01 Arizona. MASSACHUSETTS. Horaeeopathlats on Trial?Meeting of New Yorlc and New England Rallroa^ Company? The Bankruptcy Hearing ? the Boston, Hartford and Erie Rall> road Postponed? Convicted of Man* ?laughter. Boston, April 29. 1873. The trial of the offending members of the Moss*. chuHetts Medical Socloty, against whom charges have been preferred by the society because they practise homoeopathy, commenced to-day. Among the prominent physicians on trial are Drs. William Bushnell, David Thayer and J. T. Talbot. No. 2 of the specifications alleges "that while a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society you have joined and are a mem ber of a certain society called the Massachusetts Homoeopathic Medical Society, which adopts as Its principle in the treatment of disease a certain ex clusive theory or dotrma Known as homu?opathy, and whose purposes are at variance with, and which tends to disorganize the Massachusetts Medical Society." The trial attracts quite a large attendance of medical doctors. The Board of Directors of the New York and New England Railroad Company met at the office of the Trustees of the Bosiou, ilartlord ami Krie Railroad to-day, and organized by electing willlam T. Hart, president, and 11. C. Luce, treasurer. All the mem bers of the Hoard elected by the bondholders on the 17th Inst, were present, except Mr. Ollphant, of New York. The Executive Committee consists of Messrs. Watson, Foster and Lathrop, and the Finance Committee of Messrs. Jewell, Barlow and Dune. The bnnkruptry hearing in the case of the Boa ton, Hartford and Erie Road, assigned in the Dis trict court for to-day, was adjourned lor one week. The reported death of Crawford, who was stabbed by Hoppln, In Danvers, on Sunday, was incorrect. He was alive to-day, with a slight prospect of re covery. ?' i d ward McC.loone was convicted of manslaughter to-day for causing trite death of Charles Mohan, by violently pushing him down a flight of stairs. THE LOUISIANA TROUBLES. NSW ORLEANS, April 29, 1873. The political difficulties in Livingston parish are reported to have been amicably adjusted. There has been uo lighting. FIRE 15 80LLIVAN STREET. Two Horses Burned to Death. At a quarter-past eight o'clock last evening Ore broke out In the stable owned by Louts Klemni, In tiie rear of 130 Sullivan street. The building was damaged to the extent of $soo. Mr. Frederick O. Lewis, of iiW Prince street, rented a portion of the building and kept therein two hors> s, valued at $300 each. All effort* to remove theso animals proved lutile, and they were entirely couauiued. THE HOBOKLN B AN K ROBBE R Y. A reward of $8,000 has at length been offered (Of the arrest of Fred. Klencn and the rocovor* of "??. bond* stolen from the sa visas bank,

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