Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1873 Page 3
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VIENNA. Translation of the Special German De spatches in Yesterday's Herald, THE BERLIN PRESS. North Germany Speaks on the International Exhibition. Splendid Opportunity of Wiping Out Old Scores. Austria's Military Defeats Cov ered by an Industrial Victory. UNIVERSAL BROTHERHOOD. Expositions and Their Use fulness Criticized. The Bonds of Peace Not Always Strengthened by Labor. HUMAN PASSIONS STILL. A German Triumph?But Germany Must Have Her Na?y. The World Far from Being United as One People and One Tongue. Prussia, as the Leader, Clapping Her Political Hands. We give below a translation of the special German despatches in yesterday's Herald. The comments of the North German press on the occasion of the opening of the Exhibition are not only interesting but, considering all the circumstances of the relations existing be tween the two countries, highly instructive. It will be seen by a perusal of the despatches that Prussia takes the first favorable oppor tunity of clearing up all old differences be tween the two empires while still maintaining the position she gained in 1866 as the leader |n everything German. The Exhibition afforded a splendid chance for de claring that bygones should bo bygones, ?nd this the official and semi-official organs of Emperor Wilhelm's government &ave done, adding to their well studied phrases of a political character much that is sympathetic and almost boisterously encour aging for the Austrian people. The Berlin Qfational Zeitung believes that, notwitstanding the difficulties that always attend a national exhibition, and despite the fierce criticisms juried against it, Vienna deserves great credit in the present instance, and that Aus tria may be able to cover her recent military defeats by a decisive industrial victory. The Berlin Tribune rejoices that this will be a Special German triumph, and that both Ger many and Austria will come out, as they went In, united. The Berlin Post believes that while this exhibition may be the means of peace to a certain extent, it behooves them still to regard the passions of men and nations, and that the German navy must soon be seen on every sea ; and that, while she can then protect her commerce and her coasts, she will be a greater offensive power in the world. The Spenersht Zeiturui rejoices that the Exhibition opens under such politically favorable auspices ; that while the last Lon don and Paris Exhibitions were held under political clouds, so to speak, the present one opens under a cloudless horizon. Our cor respondent, perceiving the importance of the subject, transmitted them to us; we printed them in German, as we did our spe cial despatches on the opening day, and we fcave no doubt their value will be duly appre ciated by our English readers. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD. The following telegraphic despatches, con yining the views and opinions of the Berlin press in regard to the Vienna World's Fair, have been received from the Hebald Bureau |n the German Empire city :? Bebuk, May 3, 1873. The Berlin A'crfional Zeitung, under the cap. tion of "The World's Historical Moment has Passed," says ??The Vienna World's Fair is now open and, doubtless, this day, the first ofJMay, 1873, is one of high, incalculable importance to the development of Austria. After England and France, she is the first to venture upon vuch an enterprise, and, notwithstanding the Comparatively incomplete appearance of the affair at present, we must not forget that with ?very new exhibition arise new difficulties to Surmount The construction of harmony out of chaos was always a difficult matter. AUSTRIA VICTOBIOTJ8 1H PEACE. ??Austria will bhow what she is capable of doing in the field of industry. She will learn to oorrect her own deficiencies. One can easily conceive the satisfaction she will feel over the completion of her enterprise. Aus tria, by her immense progress in culture, scienoe and art, will put her defeats in the Xn that wherein she surpasses other Wherein she develops a grand power, Jfff rtftli for fnturo conuaent,. A^thiq, moment, from the German side of the line, we simply heartily oongratulate her. To be able to place on reoord the aflkirs of such a day of noble fame is a great deal for each a nation. QEIUUN8 MT AND HOST WELCOME. "We Germans, although merely represented in the Palace of Industry like other nations, yet feel ourselves the most preferred, the most welcome. The German Austriuns did the greater share in this work. EXHIBITIONS HOT UNIVERSAL UNIFIERS. We ourselves fully and heartily recognize the thousand threads of industry that inti mately bind them to us, although interna tional exhibitions are still far from represent ing the true ideal of the brotherhood of na tions, as they must naturally always be. In industry, as in politics, there is much unre lenting competition; yet these exhibitions are the moans of bringiug the nations into closer relationship with each other. With these nations competition will be the strongest and most lively in proportion to their subju gation to absolute differences, in their views, aims, characteristics and worldly position. AUSTRIA AND GERMANY UNITED. No matter what may have been the divisions caused by political barriers Germany and Austria will come out of the Industrial Palace as they entered?united. We hail this 1st of May as a day of triumph for German intellect and industry. Without envy, we look upon this success of our brethren in Austria, and joyfully bear testimony to such an incompara ble triumph." Vlewa of the Berlin Tribune. The Berlin Tribune, in regard to the same Exhibition, says: ? "We take more interest in the Exhibition in Vienna than we did in either of those of London or Paris, because it takes place on German soil, and we speak with those who opened it with German accent; because Austria, at least the western portion of the so-called Austro-Hungarian monarchy, is the country nearest to us in the world, and we rejoice 'that the necessary explanation of 180(5 has left no more serious imprints. Germany desired unity. Either Austria or Prussia had, of necessity, to take the leadership. Suc cess decided, after a short campaign, in favor of Prussia, and Austria may feel contented that her development is no longer impeded by German interference. BERLIN SYMPATHIZING WITH VIENNA. "Wo celebrate the day of the opening of the Exhibition with sincere sympathy. We are glad that Austria has this favorable opportu nity to exhibit to the world the treasures of her industry, her wealth and the productions of her soil. TRUTHFUL COMPARISONS. "Under the government of the present Em peror, Vienna has developed iUelf enormously, so that it can now receive with dignity and self-possession the innumerable host of for eigners who will visit their great show, a state ment, we are sorry, wc could not with the same assurance make of Berlin, which, owing to the inexperience and slowness of the author ities to meet actual necessities, still lacks sev eral of the essential attributes of a metropolis. Of course Vienna was always the more antique like, the wealthier and by nature a more fa vored city, and Berlin, if it desires to equal Vienna or keop pace with it in point of ele gance, the attractions of life and convenience for travellers, must exert more than twice the energy required in Vienna." View* of the Berlin Pott. The Berlin Post saya: ? Yesterday the Vienna International Ex hibition was opened in the presence of the Crown Prince of Germany. Since 1851, when Prince Albert opened the first World's Fair in London, upon which occasion everything that could be done for idni was brought into requisition, no opening cere mony has been more magnificent than the one this year, where the three Northern Powers are joined in the most intimate friendship ; where England, in approaching Russia and Germany, gives special guarantees of a European peace, and where the destinies of France and Spain prevent these two na tions from overstepping their boundaries. We usually hope that these universal exhibi tions will advance the peaceable interests of nations, and we may with confidence count upon this in the present instance. However, these hopes and wishes should not blind us to the passions of men and nations. 1 A "FEELEB" TOTTCHISO THE GERMAN HAV1. It will still bo the duty of Germany to zealously develop the defensive resources of the nation in the future as she has done in the past, although neither nature nor history has invested this field of labor with much interest. We refer to the new plan for establishing a navy, the principal aim of which are the protection and representation of German com merce in all the ports of the world, the del end ing of our own coasts and the increasing of our facilities for the offensive. Opinions of the Mpenerache Zeltang. The Spmersche Zr.itung devotes the following to the Vienna Exhibition: ? ? 'On the' 'beautiful blue Danube'' ?he Vienna Universal Exhibition will be opened to-day. This is the fifth of the number of those inter 'national prize struggles in which the indus try of the whole world battles for the medals of honor. The first of theso exhibitions was held in 1861 in London; the second, in 1855 in Paris; the third, in 1862 in London, and tho jn 1867 i&jeiN?* J9A4 tournament of the two great Western Euro pean capitals Austria's metropolis now en ters as a competitor. May she succeed in worsting her two mightier rivals and in bring tho present exhibition to a successful ter mination, despite the criticisms that have been hurled against her. OPPOSING IDEAS ON INTERNATIONAL FAIRS. These periodically recurring international fairs will always be criticiscd after peculiar individual prejudice or coloring. One indi vidual views these universal struggles as the greatest feats of the century?a considerable Btep towards that much-desired goal when all the nations of tho earth shall unite in one great brotherhood and speak one language. Other individuals see in these exhibitions nothing but a Babel-like confusion of tongues and a disagreeable collecting together of every possible industrial object. Well, the truth, as is very often the case, lies between the two extremes. No one, after serious, impartial consideration, believes that by these exhibitions we can be brought nearer to an era of eternal peace or to the solution of impending social problems. We all know very well that in reality they are only grand spectacular displays, which hardly bring in an adequate return for the material and men tal effort bestowed upon them. THE PRINCIPAL'BENEFITS TO THE WOBKINOMAN. Still, they are not without strikingly useful qualities. In the first place, they give a vast and detailed picture of the advance of civiliza tion during the decadeB preceding them and afford in their details to the man of industry rich opportunities for instruction and ex perience. A particular point is that these ex hibitions enable the practical workman to in form himself of the progress of industry and to take home a life-like and faithful picture of the conditions of progress in his individual sphere. THE VALUE OF SKILLED LABOR. After all, the chief tendency of our present development, in tho transitory stages of which there is much that is obstructing and oppres sive, is to increase the value of labor and tho worth of the laborer. Whoever is able in any branch of industry to perform any specially good work finds, under the present condition of affairs, abundant means of subsistence, and in this light the Universal Exhibition has a tendency to elevate the working classes when sufficiently intelligent and energetic to make the proper application of the new impressions gathered there. POLITICAL. ASPECTS OF THE PAST AND PRESENT. In one sense the Vienna Exhibition will surpass most of its elder sisters. In the cloudlessness of the outward political horizon abroad the only one that can be said to have vied with it was the London Exhibition of 1851. The Paris Exhibition of 1855 took place while the Crimean war was raging. Over the London Exhibition (of 1862) there hung a peculiar, political, oppressive atmso phcre, and there was also the critical aspect of the German question; and as regards the Paris Exhibition of 1867, it was scarcely any thing more than a pale but lurid ray of peace from out of threatening war clouds. GERMANY B DIFFICULTIES SOLVED. Of course the situation is not so now. The German question which oppressed the atmospheres of the Expositions of 1862 and 1867 is now solved. It has led to a hearty entente cordiale between old Austria and tho new German Empire, and now a peaceful and friendly feeling, under which tho Vienna Exhibition was opened, prevails. May the Exhibition equal the expectations based upon it and inaugurate in the industrial rivalry of nations a new epoch of peaceful progress. THE HERALDS GERMAN TRI UMPH. Excusable Emotions of ? Less Fortu nate (-on temporary. _ [From the Staais Zcitung, May 4.] The New York Herald, which Is never at a loss to surprise the public with its enterprising, novel and striking ideas, did a very peculiar and very surprising thing in its issue of last Friday. It was a surprise, although it had prepared as tor it by its editorial on the day previous. The issue of Friday was almost completely devoted to tho discussion of the impressive and magnificent opening of the Vtenna Exhibition. The Herald gave not only the two German letters, which it had already announced, bnt it also gave German despatches (translated from the English) and a German editorial. It had assigned the place of honor to the productions of the two German authors. This preference was more Justlfled by the Illustrious names of the two authors than by their letter*, which were not nearly so Interesting and so much to the point as those of jts English correspondents. What Ber'thold Auer'bach Says is, of course, like all his writings, brilliant and rich in striking pictures and novel ideas, but it could have ! been written months ago, and if they were really sent by cable it was a mere squandering of money, because they had very little to do with the Exhibi tion. The other celebrated German author, or rather authoress, which the Herald was fortunate enough to engage as a correspondent from the World's Fair Is no other than Theodore Mundtt's widow, known by the name of Louise MUhlbach. Her fame has rather slight foundations. It is based upon the quantity rather than upon the quality of her productions. They are popular enough to be necessary in all circulating libraries, but they are scarcely to be found In private collections of books, sue Is a prudent woman of the world, who knows which side her bread is buttered on. She showed that in ker despatch (Tom Vienna, in whicn she sang the praises of the greatness and power of the Journal for which she was writing, without, how ever, forgetting to take care of her own Tame. Her eflTuslon suits tho Herald so splendidly that any one who did not know better would be almost In clined to believe she completed her Journalistic stndtes in the offlce 01 that Journal, which in its way la unique (eintig.) An Acknowledgement from a German Journal. [From the New Torker Journal, May 3.] The enterprising New Tors Herald yesterday tendered a grand compliment to tbe Germans of New York by publishing, In the German language, .original telegraphic correspondence from the pena in relation to the opening of the Vienna International Exhibition. The "German Her ald," spoken of for years past, has thus become a fact, at least the commencement of it. One thing certainly must be acknowledged aoont the Hkrald, this paper entirely disregards the heaviest expenses in order to offer to the pub lic whatever may be of interest to them, and the met that Auerbach sends bta May greetings from Gernsbacb instead of Vienna in Ancrbach's fanlt, not the Herald's, which paper doubtlessly meant to do its best. At any rate, this high compliment paid to the German element deserves fall acknowl edgement. PRESS OPINIONS OF THE HERALD'S ENTERPRISE. (Prom the Norwich (Conn.) Advertiser, May 3.] The Nbw York Herald has engaged four cor respondents to write from the Vienna Exhibiton? two in English and two in German. The Herald published yesterday seven pages devoted to the opening of the Exhibition, several columns of which were in German. [Prom the Washington National Republican, May 3.] The New York Herald yesterday fairly out stripped itself in the magnificent account which it gave by telegraph or the opening of the Vienna Exposition on the 1st instant. It printed four descriptions of the great event?two in English and two in German. One of the English descriptions is written by Ur. John Russell Young and the otner by Mr. Kdmund Yates, the English novelist. The German accounts are written by Louise MUhlbach and Berthold Auerbach, the latter of whom Is the greatest German fiction writer of the day. Nothing like this feat has ever before been accom plished in journalism in any country. To bring four writers of the rank and brilliancy of the above-named together, and then telegraph their productions 3,000 miles, could only have been done by the Herald. [Prom the Wilmington (Del.) Commercial, May 3.1 ? * The New York Herald's enterprise is ex hibited in securing Berthold Auerbach and Louise MUhlbach, the Uerrnan novelists (the former one of the finest writers of fiction In any lunguage), to assist Edmund Yates and John Russell Young in describing, by mail and telegraph, the Vienna Ex position. There is real enterprise in this, and while we are not so sure about Mr. Yates and the historical (?) MUhlbach, tnere will be nothing of pinchbeck about Auerbach or Young, The latter Is a splenald correspondent and tho Herald does wisely In securing him. The two German writers, It must also be noted, send their telegrams and letters in their own language and they are so printed in the Herald on the first day, an English translation being given the day following. [Prom the Hartlord Post, May 3.] We spoke in the Evening Post of yesterday of the enterprise of the New York Herald in securing four eminent writers to represent It at the world's fair In Vienna. In Friday's edition of that paper appeared the first instalment of letters from the corps, telegraphed by cable, and occupying, with a diagram ol the ground and buildings and an inter esting historical sketch of previous fairs, from six to seven pages or the Herald. The contributions of the German writers are printed in their native tongue, and the Herald, true to its cosmopolitan character, accompanies them with an editorial in the same language. It is an achievement of which every American, and particularly the journalists or the country, have reason to reel proud, and the editor 1b lully Justified in saying:? '?We offer the Herald to-day an a contribution to the great Exposition, lor it, indeed, atlords as strik ing an illustration or the progress or the world as can be given by any exhibitor." On another page we have reproduced the letter of Mr. John Russell Young, which will be lound worth reading. rProm the Lynchburg (Va.) ReDublican, May 3.] However much the New York Herald may be slightingly referred to aa a "sensational" paper, It certainly exhibits more Journalistic enterprise than any newspaper published in the English language. Its latest achievement is its arrangements for "doing up" We Vienna Exposition. [Prom the Hartford Times, May 3.] The New Vork papers are trying hard to outdo each other in their accounts of the Vienna Exposi tion. The Herald has made the most showy start. It has secured Ednund Tates, a big gun in himself, and John Russell Young, to say nothing of Berthold

Aucrbach and Louise Mtihlbach, whose despatches that paper prints in tbe German language. [Prom the Reading (Pa.) Times, May 3.] The New York Herald of yesterday prints a page of cable telegrams in German, giving the full proceedings and addresses on tbe occasion of the opening of the Vienna Exposition, on May 1. Another full page Is filled with a graphic account of the same proceeding* in English. The Herald is now the most enterprising newspaper in tbe world, the London Times not excepted. [Prom the Troy Times, May 3.J Tbe New York Herald is truly a great paper. It hns four correspondents in Vienna?Edmund Yates, John Russell Young, Berthold Aucrbach and Louise MUhlbach. Prom eacii of tbesc it had a long de spatch yesterday, describing theopeningof the Ex position, and the despatches of Auerbach and Mrs. Mtihlbach were printed In German, occupying nearly seven columns. There was also nearly a column of editorial in Ger* man, on the same subject, and one whole page was devoted to diagrams of tbe Exposition building and grounds. The despatches from Messrs. Yates and Young occupied about seven pages and a half. A full list of the American ex. hibitors was also given, together with a great deal of other matter of more or less Interest to those who are concerned in the great show. [From the Newark Journal, May 3.] The Herald to-day fulfils the promise made yesterday, and gives to its readers translations of the despatches sent from Vienna on Thursday by Its special German correspondents, Berthold Aucr baci aud Louise Mtihlbach, relative to the opening or the World's Pair. From tbe despatch of Mr. Auerbach we make extracts. Mme. Louise MlibU bach's despatch will be read with interest by every lady. [From the Boston Dally News, May 3.J Yesterday's New York Herald fairly outdid all previous efforts of that enterprising and remark able paper, and may Justly be considered as a mar vel of energy, liberality and promptness. Its ac count of the opening of the great Vleuna Exposi tion was of till tiioii eiaWraie and graphic charac ter, occupying seven closely printed columns In both tbe English anil German language*. This full report included special accounts, expressly fur nished, by Edmund Yates, Louise MUhlbach and John Rnssell Young, all of which were transmitted by cable at an enormous expense and laid before American readers at their breakfast tables. It may safely be said that such an example or journalistic enterprise never before occurred In the United States, and the publishers or the Herald may truly claim that their last undertaKlng is absolutely un paralleled. [From tho Hartford Courant, May 3.] The New York Herald has achieved a new triumph over which it has good reason for feeling pride and satisfaction. It published yesterday a quadruple sheet, seven pages of which were de voted to the opening of tne Vienna Exposition. Right columns are in German, the contributions of | the eminent German authors, Berthold Auerbach and Louise MUhlbach, who have been engaged aa special correspondents; and eight columns con tain the despatches or John Russell Young and Edmund Yates, the special reporters for English readers. Translations of the German reports will be published In to-day's issue. There can be doubt that ir the Hhrkld continues as It has begun It will, berore the ciww or the Summer, becornc tho leading paper or the Gorman as well aa or the Eng lish readers of the country. Its succe** of yester day stands unparalleled in the journalism of the wofd. _____ From tho Waterbury (Conn.) American, May 1.] The Nbw York Herald is represented at the Yieiy* jw Jota). fijmcil Edmund Yates, the great novelist, and tbls morn ing the Hbbald came out as a quadruple nheet, with two long accounts by these gentlemen of the opening of this grand Exposition, which are printed In both English and German. This Is cer tainly a great newspaper feat, and the Hbbald ought justly to feel proud ol It. (Prom the Elizabeth (N. J.) Herald, May 2.] The Niw York Hbkald takes the palm this morning in the Vienna Exhibition business, and every paper In tlwt city Is so thoroughly distanced as to admit of no dispute, it contains lengthy despatches in both English and German, Its tele graphic correspondents being John Russell Young, Edmund Yates, Louise Mllhlbach and Auerbach. It contains also a complete list of the American ex hibitors and a fine map ol the building and sur roundings. We commend our contemporary for Its enterprise. It makes money rapidly and It spends It liberally, as it should. The Kxhlbltlon and the reports are on a par. Vive I'A inerique t [Prom the Trenton (N. J.) Gazette, May 3.] The New York Hbkald of yesterday certainly led the press of America, and probably of the world, In enterprise, it published two long communications, transmitted (torn Vienna by trans-Continental and trans Atlantic telegraph, from John Russell Youug and Edmund Yates, giving graphic descriptions of the opening or the great Exposition, and two other long communications, printed in German, from the famous German authors, Iiertbold Auerbach ami Louise Mllhlbach, on the same subject. The Hbk ald deserves credit for tho princely manner In which it thus expends its princely Income, it may be said that other Journals cannot afford such costly enterprises, and that the Hbkald eclipses them by sheer force of almost illimitable resources. But this would be unjust. It requires genius to con ceive and abroad liberality to execute these great feats ol journalistic enterprise. COMMENTS BY GERMAN CITIZENS. A German Testimony to the Herald's Vienna Correspondence. Newark, N. J., May 2, 1873. To tiib Editor op tub Herald:? 1 have been for more then twenty years a constant and attentive reader or your valu able paper, and have always found In Its columns much to plcaBe me, while at the same time I must confess I have derived valuable Infor mation irom Its perusal; and when seme days ago I learned that yon had succeeded in obtaining Berthold Auerbach and i<outse Mlllhbach as special correspondents at the Vienna * Exhibition, I knew that a great and rare trea awaitedt your readers. Nevertheless 1 was joyfully surprised to And In your to-day's Issue a detailed re port of what had but yesterday taken place at Vienna, together with tno correspondence from the pen ol the talented writers, Herthold Auerbach and LoulBe Mllhlbach, and it is a pleasing task to me to offer you my congratulations for the great, achievement In laying before your German readers these reports In their native tongue, aud I hope the day is not lar distant when you will publiBh a German edition of your Nbw \okk Herald, and thus present, to the Germatis in the United States a paper worthy of them. It is true there Isne lack of German papers in the United States, but there is certainly a lack or energy In the editors conduct ing them. Should my hope of seeing your paper pulilishdd in German be rulflllcd there Is no doubt it will be crowned by unprecedented saccess. Very truly yours, HERMAN HIRSCH. The Herald Sending German News to Vaterland. Nkw York, Slay 2, 187a TO THE EDITOR OF THE IlERALD:? The Herald newspaper deserves a world of credit for the Vienna reports, and to many a city and village of their "Valeriana" the grateful and loyal Germans will send a copy of to-day's edition, where the news, via New York, will bo read (or the first time. 1 am a German who has read the Herald for two yearn and who will read it here or abroad as long as it is edited by the present owners or by uncli men as they educate. KIN DEUTSCHER. Make the Herald a Universal Journal. Brooklyn, E. D., May 2, 1873. To tbe Editor op tub Herald:? Appreciating, as I do, the enterprise that has so long and successfully been displayed by the great American newspaper, the New York Herald, I, this morning, with many more of my German feK ' low citizens, was led to exclaim, In amazement, that there has never before been published such a journal In any country I All other news papers heretofore have always been published in but one lauguage, and you are, I think, the first to deviate Irom such a course. 1 would now beg leave most respectfully to mane another sugges tion, wuich is that you set apart a portion or your dally issue lor the publication of news Irom the different quarters of the globe, and have It printed every day la the type and language spoken In tbe localities from whence the news is received. Make the Herald a universal journal. ALBERT KAUFPMANN, U. D. The Herald's Crowning Triumph. Brooklyn, May 3, 1873. To toe Editor op the Herald:? 1 am one of the many tens of thousands of sons of Vaterland who rejoiced at the New York Ex hibition, under the auspices or the Herald, as much as that or Vienna. I consider the first as much a crowning glory of human intellect as the latter. I look at It not only as a compliment to the German element In our country, out also, and mere so, as a tribute to humanity. Aucrbach and Mtihlbach are Indeed apostles of humanity. They do uot write to produce merely books; they produce books as means to ad vanco and ennoble and elevate mankind; and the Herald, In selecting those two German authors to photograph Deutsciilanu's soul on the May Hay just passed, could pav no higher compliment to Vateriand's children, either in Europe or America; and with reelings almost akin to reverence did 1 read Berthold Auerbach's greeting in yesterday's Hkralp. 1 seemed, as I read It, to see Hashes of lightning, reveallag to me momentarily mountain heights never before seen by me. I rejoiced to think thai the same thougnts that (lashed in German words to-day were to tla?h to-morrow ont of an Anglo-Saxon form. I did not doubt that the New York Herald?the power that had Invited the flashing?would, in changing it into Its English form, be cautious to have Its brilliancy undimin ished, and, least of all, unbefogged. _ AN ADMIHER. PROBABLE MUBDE.3 15 BROOKLYN. Murderous Assault with a Navy Cutlass. .Shortly before ten o'clock last night, James Led- i with, a laborer, forty-three years of age, while under ! the Influence of bad whiskey and believing himself to have suffered a wrong at the hands of Edward King, an occupant of the same house, 00 Canton street, Brooklyn, sought to commit murder. Led with repaired tbe door of trie apartments occupied by Mrs. King, the mother of ! Edward, and. being refused admittance, burst i open tne door. He entered tbe room and 1 made an assault upon Edward King with an old navy cutlass, thrusting the blade a consider able depth Into the groin of nls victim, and biting a piece out of the patm of his hand. The screams of the wounded man attracted the attention ol Patrolman Kcgan, who came to tho assistance of King. Tne latter was conveyed to the City Hospi tal, where his wound was pronounced to be or a very seriois character. Led with threw the mur derous weapon into a culvert, whence it was sub sequently recovered. The murderous sceundrel was arrested and locked up In the Myrtle avenue station house, where he is held to answer. UTAH. Rumor that Brlgham Means to Resign? Indian Troubles?Illness of General Morrow. Salt Lake City, May 4, 1873. A special conference ol tho Mormon Church assembled to-day. No business of importance was transacted. It Is rumored that Brlglintn Young will resign the Presidency of the Church during the session of the Conlereuce. Application has been made to the commander of Camp houRlas for two companies ef troops to pro tect the settlers in San Pete Valley, In Southern L'tah. The Indians have assumed a threatening attitude and the settlers are greatly alarmed. General Morrow, commander of the troops at Camp Douglas, Is seriously 111. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. By spccial correspondence from Lima, Peru, of the 13th oi April, we have the following naval news:?On tho 10th instant tne United States flag ship Pensacola, flying the broad penant of Admiral Steedman, arrived in Callao from Coqulmbo. Tbe most excellent health is experienced ou board, and tbe gallant Admiral and his officers received an enthusiastic welcome from the people of Callao. to whom such attentions were extended by the vessel during the dark days of the Gutierrez revolution. Tbe united States steamers Pensacola and omaba sailed from Callao for Coqutmno on the loth ultimo. The Uiilttd States frigate Portauouth baa been at Tal0ftbu?t? uw iott^ WASHINGTON A Declaration of Intentions ai a Claim tt Rightm of Citiienibip. Spain Interested, in tho Question. Washington, Hi; 4.1813. The Spanish and American Communion yester day acted upon the case No. 71, Perfecto de Rojas vb. Spain. The claimant declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States according to tbe forms required by act or Congress, on the 28th of September, 1870, when he established his rest, dence in the United States. Subsequent to snett action on his part, he alleges, the Spanish authori ties in Cuba seized and embargoed his property in that islaud. This was done before the agreement between the United States and Spain?February 12,1871?for the settlement of the claims of clti-. zens of the United States, or of their heirs, against the government or Spain tor wrongs and injsrles committed against their persons and property, or ogaluHt the portions and property of those of whom the Hatd heir* are the legal representatives, by the authorities of Spain, In the Island of Cuba, or within the maritime Jurisdiction thereof, since the commencement of the present Insurrection. Tbe question submitted to the arbitrators wtt whether Rojas was a citizen of the United States within the meaning or tbls convention for the set tlement of claims, or, in other words, whether thflf arbitrators had any jurisdiction to examine and, determine the merits of this particular claim, un-> der tbe circumstances, as stated. The question presented In the demurrer by the advocate for. Spain was that the declaration to become a citizen could not under tbe municipal law of tbe United States make Rojas a citizen of this country, and that it Imposed no new duties upon him, nor con* lerred upon the government of the United states any new rights of jurisdiction over him, as afflenfo If alien residing within their territory, which ha was at liberty to quit at his pleasure. After that declaration, as before, he was simply a subject of Spain. The American arbitrator, Judge Otto, and the Spanish arbitrator. Mr. Potestad, differed In opinion on this preliminary question, and there lore, in accordance with the convention, it will be submitted to Baron Lederer, the Austrian Minister, who Is the umpire of the commission, for his opin ion and decision. This is a test question, and the determination of the Rojas case will decide eight other similar cases now pending. Tbe United States and Mexican Commis sion.' Information has been received at the rooms ol the joint United States and Mexican commission that the Congress or Mexico lias ratified the con vention extending the term or the Commission foe the purpose of adjudicating the uultnished cases. Seflor Zamoconla, in place of the former commis sioner, Guzman, is now on his way to Washington. Business will be resumed immediately on his ar rival. Commissioner Van Buren'n Successor. Tbe President is expected here on Wednesdaf next, when it Is understood the successor of Gen eral Van Buren as chief Commissioner of the United States at the Vienna Exposition will be an nounced. The Modest Congressmen. About six Congressmen among those who have turned their extra compensation into the Treasury have accompanied tbe act with requests that their names be withheld from the public. MURDER BY A BOY. A Lkd of Sixteen Waylay* and Beats Oat the Brains of a Boy of Mine Years? Hlngnlar Instance of Hereditary Mania. Pittsbcr$, Pa., May 4. 1873. Last night Timothy Bacon, sixteen years old, was brought to Greensburg and lodged in the jail of that place chargcd with the crime of mnrder. Ills victim was George Shaum, a bright-eyed, In teillgeat lad, aged nine years. It appears the parties resldo in Mount Pleasant township, thirteen miles from Greensburg. On Friday last young Shaum was sent by his mother to a grocery a mile distant to pnrchase some medicines and some sugars. He de parted on the errand, and that was the last seen of the child alive. The family thought nothing of his disappearance until late at night. Not returning, they went to the neighbors to seek some trace of him; but the only word got of hint was from one of the neighbor'! boys, who said be had seen George on his way home from store In an altercation with Timothy Bacon. On the morn ing following two boys who were passing through the woods where the lad was last seen had their attention drawn to a singular mound of leaves between the bark of two trees. They went over to it, kicked away the leaves and eartir,' when to their horror and amaxement they saw the dead body of George Shaum. The corpse emitted a fool stench which drove them back, and when they gained sufficient serve to near it again they discovered that the race was black and blue and bloody, and presented a most horrible appearance. Closer examination revealed ttie fact that the skull was broken In several places and the clothing was rent and torn. An alarm was given, the neigh bors summoned and the body of the boy was re moved to the bouse, where thegrlei-stricken family received It. steps were at once taken by the neighbors to discover, If possible, the murderer. Searching about In the vicinity of where the body was tirsc found, Indications were discovered ol where the murderer at tried to dig a grave in which to burr the victim. Near the partially made grave was found a package of medicine whlcn young Shauin had purchased the dny before. Suspicion pointed to Timothy Hacan, aid the officer found him in the barn In the rear of his stepfather's house. lie took the arrest with perfect indifference, and when acquainted with the charge upon which he had been taken In custody vehemently denied It. However when Questioned closely by the Justice of the Peace, Fassola, hQ admitted striking Shaum with a club lor his refusal 111 handing omlh? fcrllctefl "hff purchased at the store. Tnls acknowledgment was regarded aa enough by the magistrate, and the prisoner was remanded to jail for further exam ination. Prom the appearance of the dead body It would seem that young Shaum whs beaten to death with a wattle, a little hickory stick, half switch and half club. Young Bacon is not a bright boy by anv means. He is coarse limbed, very uncouth In dress, and the expression or his face at times Is devilish. He be trays not the slightest fear and manifests no con cern whatever as to bis position. He is in ignor ance of his own age, but can read and write toler ably well. He has an unfortunate pedigree, and physiologists will And in him an interesting case at the result of crime among ancestors. Hla grand father was convicted of murder in the first aeirree and suffered the penalty, and his own father be came crazed witn religious lanatlclstn and cnt his throat. The funeral of young Shaum took nlace to day. and the sad manner ot his death causcd a large concourse of persons to assist at the burial. SORROW IN THE B3UTH FOB THE FEDERAL DEAD OF THE MODOC WAR. Yancbtvillb, N. C., May ?, 1873. The Herald special from the lava beds that stated that Lieutenant Arthur Cranston, of the Fourth artillery, was probably killed and his body burned by the Modocs, has created a profound sensa tion here. Though that gallant officer belonged to the federal army, this sad intelligence has caat a gloom over this community almost as deep and heartfelt as If he had been a native to the manner oorn. Lieutenant Cranston was stationed here and at Raleigh lor a period of over two years, dur ing wtilch time ne became a great favorite with the people. The same regret for his sad fate, if It is so, exists at Raleigh that tlwre does here, and the loss of Captain Thomas, Lieutenants Howe and Harris are nearly equally deplored by a people whom It might be supposed would have had but little sympathy for them. Everybody that 1 meet speaks of Lieutenant Cranston lu aocents of the greatest sadness, ana the universal expression ol sympathy for his beautiful widowed wife Is bo to ffcnuine and extremely touching. These officer* were on duty here while the people of this State were undergoing their most trying ordeal of recon struction, and also daring the celebrated Kirk Ilolden war, and by their soldierly and gentlemanly conduct did much to reconcile the people of the State to the government, which they believed at the time was both tyrannical and oppressive toward them. The samby pamby. milk and water policy ot the government towaras the treacherous ModOOl la loudly and empoaticaUy condemned*

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