riE CONTEST FOR A CROWN. Inirignes in Paris Over (he Vacant Spanish Throne* "VIVA CARLOS VII.!" Fitting for "Dios y Rey" in the Moun tains of Navarre. ASONTPENSIER AND ALPHONSO. finance and Diplomacy on Be half of Isabella's Son. WEAKNESS OF THE REFUULIC. Lacking Men and Money, It Must Soon Starve Itself Out. CAR LI ST PLANS. They Have the Basque Provinces, and Will Hold the Line of the Ebro. Pakis, March 17.1873. The recent succesB of tUe Carlist bunds lias thrown a new life into the party. Both the Lon don and Paris committees, which are enabled openly to support civil war in Spain-thauka to the fact that neither Franco nor England has yet recognised the. Spanish Republic-are obviously regaining all the hopes and energy which had b*en lost by the party since Amadeus' accession to the throne. The activities of the two committees seem lo be quite distinct, the London one being more concerned with money and armaments, and the Paris one with the diplomatic part of the busi ness. The importance the movement had lately obtained seemed to justlly your correspondent's endeavoring to have an Interview with the lead era of the Paris committee, it took place yester day, at Count D'Algarra Vergara'a residence, 38 Rue Blanche. The Count was most amiable, and quite willing to communicate his views and hopes to the IlBHAtn. And, lirst of all, he showed your correspondent the subscription list which the com mittee had Juat started, and which within the first day reached the sum of 22,ooor., both-Krench and Spanish royalist families figuring on the list In various amounts. The number of subscribers did not exceed fifty when I saw the list, and among the names there were hardly half a dozen without seme sort of title; but. ou the other hand, there were several marquises and vlBoounta who put themselves down for as little as *20f. Count D'Al garra said the subscription in lxjndon was much more Important, and added that the Carlists have never troubled themselves much about money during all the long time they have been defending the sacred cause of their King. As iar as your cor respondent was able to remember (taking no notes), the lollowing is what the Count said V THH OLD CABI.lST'S STATKMKKT. "Money is with us of much less importance than ttie American people would be disposed to think; and as a man's wealth is much better estimated by his expenditure than his income, so is ours too. A man can be rich with ti,ooof. and poor with 600,000f., according to his establishment and ex penditures. When 1 had the honor to take actual part in the war for our King 1 had, in addition to my ration of bread and bacon, something like sixty francs as three months' salary, and even this was always in arrears by several months. It was some twenty years ago, aud 1 was then a major. Since then our cause has never been abandoned, though It was often considered as being a desperate cue, and money has certatnly not been flowing In till now. Our soldiers have the moral satisfaction of their work, and they come to enlist them selves in onr ranks quite armed, hav ing often b?ught a gun out of the pro ceeds of the sale of a watch or clothes. All that is published here aixjut the Carllst extortions and requisitions Is calumny. We 1 do nothing of the sort; and it 1b madness to believe that onr troops would have been so welcomed and supported wherever they behaved had they behaved themselves as they are reported to do. The Agence llanos Is sold to the Republic and has always been in the hands of the usurpers of the Spanish throne, and all the false news ib spread through the^ele grams of that agency. But now, since ttie ^ole North Is already in the power of King Charles VII.. a regular telegraphic and postal service is abont to be established with Europe, and everybody ?will have the opportunity of netting coriect in formation Instead ol inlaiuous lies abont women beimt shot and peasants bastinadoed to death. Your correspondent aaned the Count whether really the whole North could be considered as being In possession of the carlists. "Most certainly." he replied, "we have now eight provinces in our possession, and our^strategy is to occupy as soon as possible the line of the Ebro. In that way omr flanks will be secured by the sea, and the King will at once establish a regular government In the whale portion of the I enlnsuia 1 north of the river. Ills Majesty must already have crossed the frontier at the present moment, ilia military staff, as well as his Cabinet, are alieady formed around htm, and his appearance among tlie loval people of Catalonia, Navarre and the Basque Provinces will have results to astonish the wuole tfif Furotc " Our correspondent asked how strong the Count estimated the total of Oarlist forces. ??In the nortli we have not much more than twenty thousand; but there are at least ten thou sand more scattered over Spain, and in some in I stances in places from which no news ol them has jet come, though some will come Boon. As soon, however, as the King appears in tho country the number of his followers is sure to be three or foar times as great. No doubt a considerable portion oi them will have onlv a lance or a revolver for a weapon; but our tlag and our laith will do more than the Remington ritles of the Republic. You must net forget tnat we do not want either money or rations. The country will supply us with every thing, wnile the Republic must pay and bribe everywhere, and tncy have not got more money than wo have. Tho proceeds of the Rio Tlnto mines, sold to an English firm, have been spent to the last penny, and A NEW LOAN OP PIVK K11.M0N3 has been made under the mortgage of the Porto Klco mines. That will last theui exactly five days." Your correspondent remarked that slieuld tlie war take a more sanguinary turn there may be some interference on the part ol European diplo macy and that the Duke ol Montpensler couid easily ceme forward with all the influence of his Orleans relatives and all the money he can get from them and through them, both lu Prance aud > Kugland. Concerning the Duke oMMontpenaler, Count de Alaarra maintained a spiteful silence, bat concerning the European diplomacy, he said:? "But has any European nation, except Switzer land. which is no power, acknowledged the Repub lic? Kou must not think the fact of their not flav ins done so to be without significance. They are all equally Interested In the re-establisliment of the legitimate monarchy, and will certajnly take the first opportunity to aid It." * I'RESWENT GRANT'S BLCNDBll. "America, I am sorry to say, has made a great ? mistake in having so hurriedly recognised the Re / public. The American government was ntterly misinformed as to the real suit" of affairs in Spain, audi am surprised that a country carrying euch a large trade and having such considerable in terests engaged lu Spain should have taken so hurried a step, l.eokwhat a position the United t'tates gowernmeut has been placed in with refer ence to H-paln. i'liey were friends of Christina, friends or L?i??.e!la, friends of Prim, friends of Ser rano, admirers oi Amadeus. the only supporters of men like Klgueras and Castclar, and all -that within a short time. Such an attitude towards our country wlil hardly be approved by any Im partial Judge, aud will certainly not improve the relations of the countries In the long run."' j Finding tbe discussion of this topic without any ^particular use, yonr correspondent endeavored to ascertain when, at least, some sort of government fnight be estaollsned in thr northern provinces, said to be In the possession*of Don Carlos. The Count'* answer was this "All along the Preneh frontier a regular custom Csrvlce Is already established and duties are levied r the King's treasurer. There has scarcely ever passed as mocti ware of all sorts through Oancha rlnea as daring the last Ave or six day a The cen tral military stores are established at vtra. Tlie TeBtored, and within a very short time regular com munication of every description will be In full working order ail along the frontier." Spaaiih Politics In fr?nc?. Paris, March 18, 1873. The plan and position of the Montpensier-AI phonso party appears at present to t>e this:?Mince the revolution oi 1808 and the overthrow or the ex Qaeen the Duke of Montpensier, who la her brother. In-law, broke np all relations with her and did not resume them until quite recently, when It became obvious that Ainndeus conld not remain long on the throne. The conservative party, which includes in Spain nearly all rich landowners, was constantly opposed to Amadeus for the encouragement he gave the liberals, as well as on account of his non-Spanish origin. A comparatively small portion only of this party was on the side of Don Carlos, in the first place, on account or the little chance of success he was always considered to have, and, secondly, on ac count of the tact that Spanish as well as foreign Jurists having declared the abolition of the Salic law by Ferdinand VII. to have been a perfectly legal act, and the legitimacy, consequently, being on the side of Alphonso, not of Don Carlos. In this respect the two monarchist factious in Spain are quite in a different position nrora the Bourbons and the Orleanista lu Franco, llcnce the (act that, while the conservative part of the peasantry are for I)ou Carlos, the educated and wealthy portion of conservatives are on the Alphonso side. The Duke oi Montpensier has for a considerable time hoped to be able to play some day iu the Pen insula the part his father, Louis Philippe, played in Frauce. But the Amadeus experi ment showed him distinctly that no foreign prince, however wise and sympathetic, would ever be able firmly to establish himself on the Spanish throne. De consequently gave up all attempts of forming a party of his own, and be came willing to treat with Isabella. The negotia tions were long and ditllcnlt. Had they beep car ried out more succcBslully and peace between the two panics concluded sooner, tne Republic would probably uever have been proclaimed, and the con servatives would have been able to seize the power when Amadeus gave It up and the Cortes showed a disposition to repudiate the constitu tion which prescribed that Amadeus* son should be proclaimed king and a regency appointed in case of Amadcns' retirement. Keepiug in view that money can do anything in Spanish politics, and that the conservatives are the only party that have plenty of It, the occasion la considered as having been a very favorable one at that mo ment that it was missed, on account of nothing having been agreed upon then between Montpensier and Isabella. It is only about five weeks ago that they concluded an alliBnce on the basis of a prospective marriage between Don Alphonso nuu the youngest daughter of Mont pensier. The ex-Cjueen was to give up all political fnterlerence, and the Duke to become the Regent till the majority of his nephew. Measures were at ?nee taken to work the country in this direction; large amounts of money were prepared lor emer gencies; the foreign Courts were iuilucnced tlirouirli tliw OTleaus Princes and their partv, many 01 the members oi which arc anions tue French Ambassadors in various countries. M. Thiers wits worked in the same direction, and apparently quite secured to the Alpnonso cause, while D'Aumale and the Count of Paris were preparing in the London money market all mat their large credit was able to do. The postponement ol a recognition of the Spanish Republic by all the European Powers is to a considerable extent credited by the members oJ the p-irty to the work they have been dolug. TUB CUBAN BUGBEAR. It Is, perhaps, worth while mentioning that as far as the provincial population of Spain is con cerned, one of the points of the Montpensier pro gramme was to insist upon the Cuban question, i he provinces have been told over and over again that the Republic would be compelled, for want of mouev, to sell Cuba to Amcrica; that, in fact, ne gotiations for that purpose were already going on; that no other government would ever think ol put ting its signature to such a degrading and unpa triotic treatv, and that the first care or the Al phonsists would be to give new laws to that colony which would secure it peace and prosperity. HEADY KOE BOJ1HTHINU TO TORN CP. The other [K>int6 of the Montpensier programme were almost all oontained in two wards: wait and be ready, i'hej regard it as much better to be called than to make a call, and much more economical to come with ready money wheu the country shall be finally exhausted than to spend money right and lelt beforehand. Mont pensier seems pericctly certain that the Carllst war and the general disturtMOces all over the country will open **>?wr U*a W# partisan# expectKT, TB.u U reported to have offered a bet to some of Ilia friends that it would never come In Spain to new elections and to the meeting ot Congress. The lact that Flgueras had been compelled to leave Madrid at such a critical time, to go to pacify in person the Barcelona fed eralists, was to the Duke a new proof that "the Republic uust tall to pieces within a month." ISABELLA'S OBJECTIONABLE FAVORITES. Meanwhile some changes have taken place in his relatious to Isabella, and some newB came troin Spain, neither of which he expected. It was un derstood between him and nis sister-in-law that Mttrfori and all the rest of the lot influencing the ex-Queen would be pat aside. Christina was quite on Montpensler's side in this case; but the old courtiers of Isabella had so influenced her within these lour or live weeks that this clause ol the contract was completely disregarded, so that at the present moment the question whether Montpensier is still the leader of the partv is by no means clear. "The friendly lamily relations have not been affected, but there is some political misunderstanding once more," is the ac cepted phrase ol the party to-day. The fact Is that the lew men surrounding Isabella "are perfectly Impossible" in Spain In any capacity. For her son's sake she will never think of pushing tbem forward wlih Mm. So Montpensier could easily have"teit tnem alone. Rut he insists upon Inquir ing very closely tut.o the private affairs of his sis ter-ln-law, and tills annoys her and renders hor courtiers perfectly wild. The result is very un lavorable to the interests of Alphonso's party; for though the Montpensier aide does its best to con ceal that there are fresh squabbles, the household tongues or the Bazilefsky Hotel are working freely and indicate a state of affairs which. If perhaps not beyond remedy, is at least decidudly unsatis factorv. UNPLEASANT FACTS FOH TIIE ALPIIONSIHTS. Another very unexpectsd circumstance quite annoys the Moutpennler-Alphonso coalition. It ap pears that the leaders of the peasantry in a great many provinces carry away and destroy the public property registers and plunder the private archives in sucli 01 the great estates as Ihey can get access to. These documents beiug the only legal proofs of proprietary rights, they expect to facilitate to themselves in this way a redistribution of landed property. This new I socialistic contrivance has spread quite a panic I among land-owners, small as well as great. In the j isorthern provinces a considerable number who had always been Alphonsists have already passed to the Carllst side on atcountof the danger they were exposed to. And new a still greater number seek the same side for protection 01 the documents showing their proprietary rights. There are also desertious from the Alpnonso to the republican raaps on the part of small land-owners for the same reason. This property register considera tion may seem quite unintelligible and even absurd in America, but, nevertheless, it appears to have a very serious signification in Spain, and disquiets, to a considerable extent, the Parisian representatives of tho Alpbdnso party. BLACKMAILING. How >n Individual Attempted to Obtain ?SO,000. Edward Relmann, of 004 Second avenue, was arrested yesterday by Detectives Bennett and Pllks, charged with blackmailing. A fortnight ago Relmann wrote a letter to Cail Franks, insurance agent, of 181 East Houston street, asking to see blm on important business. On receipt of the ' letter Franks called on Relmann, who told him 1 that a woman, whose name he refused to give, ! and who was a former servant In Franks' ^family, accused Franks' wife of poisoning her previous husband, but for the sum of i 120,000 site would leave the country. Mr. Franks I called on Captain Irving on the 27th of April, and i thut onicer placed the case in the nands ol Detectives Bennett and Dlikif. Franks, under instruction of ttiedetecttves, mode several appointments with ?,n<1 nn*Uy agreed to pay him the sum of $s,ooo for silence, a contract was drawn up, which Relmann was to sign and In which he agreed to get the woman out of the country, captain irvlng gave Franks $470 In counterfeit money and $30 in good money, which he marked, and a check lor $4,soo on the Oermanls Bank, in the Bowery. I Relmann and Franks met at the bank yesterday I afternoon, the contract was signed, the money paid over and Detective Bennett, who st?$.d In the line of depositors at the time, stepped out and ar rested Relmann as Boon as the money was in his possession. He was then taken to headquarters and locked up by Captain Irving. All search to find the woman proved futile, and the statements made by Relmann to the police were Irtund to be false. lie, will be taken to Court this morning. FAST TRAISfl BETWEEH NEWPOBT AND B08T0H. Hartford, Conn., llay 6, 1673. The fast express trains between New York and Boston, via this city, will be pat on May 26. They will leave each city at ten o'clock A. M. and make tfitf IMfk 91'WmlW id MV?J>Jwwa. tWudUtt MtttA THE HERALD AND THE VIENNA EXPOSITION. ? Opinion* of the PreM. [Worn the Steubenviile (Ohio) News, May 3.] The New York Herald has engaged Edmund Yates, John Kussell Young, Bertnold Anerbach and Louise Muhlbach as its Vienna correspondents. That paper yesterday had,' in addition to its ordi nary reading matter, an eight column account of the Exposition in German. [From the Columbus (Ohio) Despatch, May 3.] The N*w York Herald has commenced priming part ol its edition In the German language. [Prom the Lynchburg Republican, May 4.] The opening or the Universal Exposition in Vienna Thursday, with the attendant ceremonies and addresses of the Archduke Charles, the Em peror, Prince Von Auearoerg and the Burgomaster or Vienna, was announced In yesterday's cable despatches. The importance or the event, bringing together as It does people and products or all coun tries, cannot be gainsaid, while the interest which attaches to the spectacle merely Is of no ordinary lcind. Numerous descriptive writers have been employed by the press, both in this country and Europe, to atteud the Exhibition. Among these are Edmund Yates, the English novelist, and John Russell Young, a well known New York corre spondent, wiio have sent to the New Yore Ueuald sepurate accounts or the opening day. The )1kuald also astonishes its readers with a duplicate In the German tongue, including an account written by Louise Mtlhlbach. [Prom the Sunday Democrat (New York), May 4.] The New Yoke Hkkald Is not satisfied with dis covering travellers long supposed to be lost, and whom a nation railed to And?in piercing the depth of the ocean to reveal its bidden mysteries; in breaking through the Spanish lines, and laying open before the world the sores of Cuba, and In penetrating the lava beds and the haunts or Captain Jack; but it must strike out a new and enterprising pat h. The Vienna Exhibition lias attracted much at tention lately, anil the Uriuld, lndignaut at the snail pace of our slow-coach German papers, pre sented its German readers on Friday last with a mil pni?e in German or a description of the Exhibi tion, written by one or Germany's greatest living authors, aud telegraphed across the ocean at im mense expense. This is wonderrul enterprise, and could not be equalled by any other existing news paper. [From the Kliuira Gazette, May 3.] N liile America at Vienna is disgraced officially, and as an exhibitor?a despatch Haying the Ami 1 i can quarters arc closed, looking battered and dingy-American Journalism has gained its grand est triumph in connection with the Exposition which is centring at the brilliant Austrian cani! tal personal culture and illustration of the pro gress ol the world in science, art and mechanism. Thursday, with ostentatious doings, the World's Fair was formally opened. Royalty regally re ilected the plaudits of tne populace, while tour ists irom the New World and travellers of the Old united to swell the throng and add the majesty of numbers to the moral and historical greatness ol the hour. The enchanting field is one t or keenest interest to the men of letters-the ones who form the current sentiment of the day and record the world's doings. The great journals of the land have their representatives at Vienna and while in other matters the United States may not figure favorably, so far as her newspaper repre sentation is concerned it is at once creditable, and in fact its enterprise and energy is one of the mar vels of this marvellous age. Take, for Instance, the Heiuld of yesterday. It even out-heralded itseir. Its report of the opening day ceremonies and de scriptions embraced sixteen columns?part in Ger man, the other in English. The German corre spondence is by the great German novelist and writer, Louise Mtilhbach, and Berthold Auerbach; while tidmuml Yates and J. Rus sell Young are Its English writing cone , spondents. such copious reports of the opening ceremonies and the putting of them in type within a lew hours alter their receipt-to spread before e people on this side of the water such full and comprehensive descriptions, by writers so eminent, *** triumph reserved only for an Ameri can newspaper, and that the Herald. Its contri button to the great Exposition is the greatest exhibition of the world's progress that will be seen at ^ lenna. [From the Detroit Post, May 3.] The New Iork Herald evidently Intends to keen the reputation for enterprise It acquired in the j Abyssinian war and the search for Livingstone It has employed Edmund Yates and John Russell loung, formerly managing editor ol the New York i^hTn 1? t!" What they 8ee ,n English; and Berthold Auerbach, the celebrated German novelist autnorof "On the Heights,'' and "Country House on the Rhine," and other works less familiaJ to Ameri can readers, and Louise Muhlbach, whose historical j romances of Frederick the Great and other heroes are famous. The two latter win write In German and their letters will be printed in that language. j English translations of their letters will appear the j o lowing day. The Herald declares that these letters will be sent by the cable, appearing in its columns the day after they are written. If this is : actually performed, it will be one of the latest advances in Journalism. | [From the Washington Sunday Chronicle, May i.) | The New York Herald achieved another great triumph on Friday, as it contained four accounts | of the opening of the Vienna Exposition on the j 1st instant, telegraphed Irom the Austrian capital ; to Now York on the evening of the day on which | the Exposition opened. Mr. John Russell Young I and Edmund Yates each lurnlshed a description , while Louise Muhlbach and Berthold Auerbach j write in their native language. Translations or these descriptions appeared In the Herald yester day. A portion oi Edmund Yates' letter, relating Immediately to the opening of the Exposition, win be found upon our first page. [From the Lynchburg Virginian, May s ] The Herald comes out with the rather stunning announcement that it has engaged a quartet of correspondents, consisting of Edmund Yates John Russell Young, Berthold Auerbach and Louise MUhlbnch lour writers of about as various quallfl cations for their task as could well be selected The famous German novelists are to send their cablegrams in their native language, and the Herald is to print them in German first, and re publish them in English the next daji-of course the Hkrald sets forth these arrangements with a little nourish of trumpets, bnt really they do vast credit to its liberality and enterprise, as well as to American Journalism Itself. The paper of Friday contained cable specials from all four of the above writers-several pages in all-in both German and English. The Herald Is truly a marvel of enter prise. J [From the Philadelphia Press, May 6.J Apart from the sagacious enterprise oi the New yore Herald in securing the best and costliest talent to perfects its history of the Vienna Expo sition, we must give it credit f#r the help thus ex tended the memorial of American liberty at Phila delphia, July 4, Wfl. To quicken the brains of fer tile writers like Louise Muhlbach, Berthold Auer bach and Edmund Yates in writing up a foreign display for an American audience, is to awaken their sympathy for the grand demonstration in favor of American liberty and to extend the in terest In the Centennial. And so the IIeiuli. m doubly aiding itself and the country. BANE 8WTNDLE IN 8T, LOUIS. St. I/juts, Mo., May 6, lsn on Friday morning last an elegantly dressed young man entered the West St. ix>uis Savings Bank an? presented a letter purporting to be from E. D. Randolph ft Co., bankers, of New York In troducing James S. Adams and enclosing a draft for $8,000, certified by tho Nassau Bank of New York. The regular cashier of the bank being ah gur& se/ksv hjecame suspicious and telegraphed to tho Nm5?? jss&rfcir ???' ? J THE UNJUST JUDGE. A Writ of Snperredas Granted in the Under wood-MeVeigh Suit. THE CARPET-BAGGER "STICKS." Attempt by Mr. McVeigh to Obtain Pos session of His House. Description of the "Confiscated** Property und the Story of the Robbery and a Sketch of Judge Underwood. Alexandria, Va., May 4, 1873. It is impossible to over estimate the interest ex pressed la Alexandria in the result of the suit decided In Richmond last week in lavor or Mr. McVeigh, late 01 that city, against Judge Under wood for the recovery of the possession of ttie handsome residence of Mr, McVeigh on St. Asaph j street, wnich was, as the popular phrase goes, , "confiscated" by Judge Underwood some ten j years ago, aud lias beey occupied by him in no j little Btylf since. In Alexandria, "to cout.Bcate" is acoloquial equivalent for "to steal," and it is believed l?y the mass of the community there that tlio effect of the lUcnraond Judgment will be the restoration of McVeigh's home- j stead to Its lawful owner; but the confidence of the people in tue uprightness of federal courts huff been much shaken, and there Is In pop ular talk an undercurrent of iielief that Judge Un derwood or some of his Irienda will "put an injunc tion on It and stop the whole mutter." Confidence is at a low ebb in the power of the State Courts to enforce their decision, however righteous, against a powerful politician allied with the party in power. description of tub residence. The residence Immediately affected by the result of the suit is one of the handsomest private dwell ings In the town and occupies a commanding site Immediately adjoining the United States Court House, and therefore convenient for its Judge. It is built upon a wide, well paved street, and, with Its contiguous grounds, occupies nearly half an acre of land in the heart or the city. The building is a very commodious three story pressed-brlck house, built in the most modern style a few years before the late war. Its grounds are highly ornamented and beautified with flowers and adorned with fountains and statuary. It whs purchased by Mr. Under- I wood's representative lor J'.'.hoO. I pon the break nut out of the war Mr. McVetglii, upon carry lug his i lanillv out ol the reach or what it was then thought I woniu be the scene ol hostilities, left his Alexandria i Interests In charge of Mr. Robert Crupper, long his confidential clerk, a man ol great sagacity, the | j most unblemished integrity and determination, aud | i withal A MOST UNFLINCHING UNION MAN and enemy ol secession, bo well known in loyalty as to be chosen in the midst of the war the lirst 1 nresiding Justice of the Alexandria County Court when reorganized* under the loyal j Wheeling State government. And it was for tunate lor Mr. MoVelglh that he had left such an ageut behind him, for there followed the Union arinv to Alexandria, and remained in its rear during the whole of the war, a horde of ad ventifrors whose original migration was under taken for the purpose of making niouey out of the soldiers by pedlmg. but who, of course, seized irreediiy the chances "Confiscation" and 'Aban doned Property" acts ottered to prey upon the homes of the rebels. There had grown up out or the utterances or a New l ock paper at the time a feeling among the new-comers to Alexandria that the soil was, in ract, CONFISCATED BY THE ACT OF WAR, and that its occupies held merely by sufferance of the federal authorities, a sufierance which it was every day promised would soon terminate. "Jest as de rebil people ol dis town have lorllt all dat whh dairs aud kiu now lying tn the mercy of the President of the United states, jes so docs the whole human ranilly jorflt its all In de Bin or Adam i and He in the mercy of Jesus," was the simile ol a I colored preacher whom jour correspondent heard preach. At the newly organised County Court a coli.v* man was Indicted lor stealing some iron troifrrty ol a gentleman who had gone south. Tn? ATTORNEY APPOINTED BY TUE COURT to defeud the criminal (who is now a leading jurist in a Northern cltv) obtained the acquittal or Ills clent on the ground tiiat by the absence o) the owner the goods were ipso facto forfeited to tne i United States, and hence no verdict could be given I under an indictment which laid the property in i the absentee. It was during the lull prevalence ol 1 this sentiment that Mr. Underwood was made 1 United States Judge lor the Lantern district of Vir ginia, and took up his headquarters in Alexandria. UNDERWOOD'S ANTECEDENTS. He had been at one time admitted to the prac tise oi law, but had come to Virginia as a school teacher, and marrying there, settled upon his wile's larm. He had always been thoroughly antl slaverv, aud was fearless iu the expression ol his opinions and acting up to them, an exercise ol freedom which required both physical aud moral courage to a high degree. Prominent as an anti slavery man. he represented Virginia both in her national republican convention which nominated Fremont and in that winch nominated Lincoln, and was one of the electors in each campaigu. lie won the admiration ol many of his opponents lor the dauntless courage with which he main tained, for liimselt ami all others, the right of FREE SPEECH IN VIRGINIA, but was hated by the vast majority of the people in whose midst he dwelt, and who viewed him as an alien stirring up sedition. With the success of tne republican party came the personal triumph of Mr. Underwood. Be was master of tne situarion, and for several years ho was the master spir.t In the civil government of Virginia. It must be said to his credit that he has never sought lo avenge the personal indignities et which he was the victim wnen slavery was secure ot Its dominion in Vir ginia. Ho was elected Senator (but was not ad mitted), and was chairman of the convention which framed the present constitution of the State. At. the time he was appointed District Judge he found the sentiment that "Al.L KEKEI. PKUI'EP.TY was forfeit, and needed only that some method should tie ile i vised to enforce the forfeiture," the current idea , In Alexandria. The Commissioners to collect taxes lu insurrectionary Stales had declined to allow ' the taxes to be paid by any but the person owning the estate or smne Interest therein, and had advertised lor sale half ttie counties round about; not because the tax could not be collected, but because tne owner was absent. The "abandoned property agents" were claiming as abandoned property tables on which people were eating, and Judge Lnderwood became easily a convert to the doctrine. Confiscation, In his view, was not the exercise of a constitutional prerogative "for tne liie oi the person attainted," but a revolutionary method ol i punishing traitors, dictated by the higher law. "The earth Is the Lord's, and He has given It to Ills saints, and we are his saiuts. ' "He hath given us the Alexandrian for a spoil and THE ETHIOPIAN FOR AN inheritance." In this spirit of fanaticism and greed he decreed tn ail the confiscation cases which came beiore him a forfeiture of the fee simple. Mr. Crupper had s icceeded In preserving McVeigh's estate from all the adventurers who had songut it, out before the combination OF OAKKS AUKS, Alley anil Underwood he was powerless, and Un derwood took possession of McVeigh's property. More than ono leading republican has denounced his course In his rse. lie has lost caste with prominent men m mi partv, but he keeps McVeigh's house and dwells amid the blossom* which Sprlna?that comes alike to the just and aujust?calls oat on McVeigh's iruit trees. Will he eat the fruit ? Mr. McVeigh Taking Poitieiilon of 111* Property?A Scene at the Door of the Home?C ndertvood's Pious Prayer for McVeigh?A Writ of Supercedas Uranlrd by Judge Bradley, of the Supreme Court. Alexandria, Va., May 5, 1873. | In accordance with the writ ejecting Judge Un derwood, of the United States District Court, /rom the possession of a valuable residence In Alexan- ] drla owted by Mr. McVeigh and purchased by the Judge at a confiscation sale ordered by himself in 1804, City Sergeant Stuart, the executive odloer of | the ancient city of Alexandria, accompanied by 1 Mr. McVeigh and his son-in-law, movel In person on the bullae of the carpet-bag Judge and boldly : took potsesslon of the front door bell. A house- I hold goddess, in form human, in color very black, j in appearance shabby, made her appearance. Mr- j geant Sluart requested to see Mrs. Underwood, ! who made her appearancc in a mtoute, when the following conversation ensued Sbkubakt?I came, Madam, upon unpleasant business. Mrs. Underwood?What is it r HBHrtiANT?It hi to put Mr. McVeigh in possession of these premises, by an order issued out of the Corporation Court of Alexandria. Mrs. UwDiitwooD?Is that all ? '?ras ?ost rxiiNHR-T cpt or ai.u" flMflUJIX-SO. J baye m execuilWI dimUW me to levy upon tbo Judge's personal effects to satisfy u judgment for rent in Mr. McVeigh's favor. Mrs. Underwood?Proceed, sir, and make your levy. I ank no favors and expect no leniency. Sekoeant?Madam, I would prefer waiting until the Judge's return. Mrs. Undekwood?Use your pleasure, sir. Site then bid tbe visitors good rooming. At ban-pant twelve Judge Underwood arrived, and the Sergeant, introducing himself, introduced also Messrs. McVeigh and Halwm, who shook* hands with the homely expounder of law. The sergeant then told him the object of his visit, and the fol lowing conversation ensued:? Underwood?Gentlemen, to save all farther tronhte, I will inform you that a supersedeas upou a writ of error ha* been awarded by Judge Bradley, one of the Associate Justices ol the Supreme Court oi the United States. McVeigh?1 don't understand how this could possibly have been done, lor there had been no papers sent from tlio Court of Appeals up to Satur day lust. Skhokant?If it is true that a supersedeas has been issued 1 can proceed no further. McVkjuii?Where la Mr. Reach, Judge Under wood's counsel ? Let us sue twin. A QUESTION BY 'I'll K SKKUKANT. * Sergeant? If the supersedeas tins been Improp erly granted it does not invalidate what I have already done in placing Mr. McVeigh in possession of his house?does it, Judge ? Underwood?No. Mr. Reach (who had arrived In response to a message delivered by the Sergeant)-The superce- i deas has been granted, but 1 would advise you to , consult your own counsel. Underwood?Gentlemen, I am just about starl ing for Norfolk, where 1 have to hold Court to morrow. He then bid his visitors goodby, saying, "Goody, Mr. McVeigh: God bless you!" McVkiuu?Jndge, I can't conceal my feelings, l don't like you; I can't like you. Underwood?That must be with yourself. Tableau?Bxeuitf otanps. The denoument was not wholly unexpected, as the Supreme Court is looked upon by the loval Vir ginians as a political machine, and the members ot the Court, who have received their appointments to sustain the truly loyal, are not blamed for their political prejudices against the South. There Is one member ol the Cabinet whoso opinion concern ing Underwood's course is not at all reserved, and he says if he is not impeached it will be because the Credit Mobilier ring will have more iutluence | iu the next congress than it had in the last. ART MATTERS. Mr. E. la. Henry'* Now Picture. Mr. E. L. Henry, whose studio In the Tenth street building Is one of the most chastely, richly and variously decorated of any in New York, Is . putting thelast touches to a new picture entitled "The Meeting of Washington ami llochauibcau at Newport In 1780." It belongs to a lavorlte class of subjects with Mr. Henry and is treated with much felicity. The sceue takes place in the spacious hail of the old Huuter House at Newport, the group oc cupying the righthand side of the picture. To the left ascends the grand antiqne stairway, one of the most magnificent in tins country. A door open at, the back of the ball lets in u burst ol sunlight and reveals a glimpse of green sward, blue sky and Narragansett Hay. There is a unity ol the domestic and historical in this little picturc which renders it quite charming. Novelties at the Leavitt Art Gallery. Mr. Lcavitt is to be thanked for this?that he is not such adevoteo ol the humdrum and Rtrotian as to Refuse to insert a novelty from time to time among his art collections. Among the pictures now on view at his Broadway gallery are more than fifty painted on porcelain which deserve to rank as novelties. Among these are two by Charles Houry, representing Airican slaves, male and female, painted after nature and wonderful In their vratsnnblaiice. Hall a dozen noticable speci mens came from the Messrs. Chopin, father and son, and consist of an "Oriental Landscape,'' "Dogs' Heads" (a pair); "Monkeys?Paenlln and Cook-' (a pair); "i'heese and Herring" (a pair); "The Hath" (Camafen blue and purple); "The Fe male Bathers" (a pair, in CamaYen purple) ; a "Landscape" (CamaVn blue); and "Oysters and a Pie." In the llrst evening's sale there are 120 lots, among which occur a "Landscape," by Black man; several pictures by Drevoort; "Ro man Campagna," Cropsay; "Sketch in Italy," tnness; a couple of pnijtm rs by Lang; "Coming Through the Itye" and "Near Garfield," by T. L. Smith, and a very large and important work by Charles l^oury, called "The Tithe," and representing a couple of monks re joicing over the tithes in couutry produce. Other works of note by this artist are, "The De scent of the Cross," In which his pupillage to Coc nln betrays Itself; the "Afrlcnn slaves," to which we have already referred, and the works ruuging ; trpm BO to 08. The second evumng's sale will coni i prise the private collection or oil paintings belong ing to Mr. u. P. corlles, about one hundred in ' number. The principal contributions are by Arm ; Held, kaemmercr. Lebret, Verhoeven, GjJps, HoB ! man, Brevoort, w. T. Richards, Briilouln, ltevirre, , Heade, Dansaert, Sonntag, w. p. De Haas, Inness and Koekkoek. The eveniugs of sale are Wednes day and Thursday next; the placc Clinton Hall salesroom. 10:: VEUTI0.\T CE.tTIML railroad. Tlie Investigation Fail* to Get Kvldencc of Fraud?The Green Mountaineers 10* cited and Incensed Against Hypocritical Boston. St. Albans, Vt., May 6, 1873. Tim investigation of the charges against the trustees or the Vermont Central Kailroad, relat.ng to fraud aud peculation, was resumed this morn ing. Mr. Fifleld, counsel for the trustees, made an introductory motion, and called npon the reporter of the Boston Traveller to take the stand. He was questioned in regard to the list of lawyors and the amounts set respectively against the names that appeared In the Traveller on Saturday last. Mr. Carpenter, the witness, said the list was not printed correctly. In several instances the amounts in the eolnmn of dollars should be cents. The mis prints make the amount $25,ooo more than it ought to be. There were four misprints, and he was not certain that the other items were correct. The witness was questioned in regard to the deposi tions which appeared in the Traveller last week the same day and within a few minutes after they were placed before the committee. ? Mr. Davenport, counsel for the committee, stated that Mr. Worthington, publisher ot the Traveller, ca-ne to him before the depositions were taken and asked ir he could have a reporter present; that he made no objection and the re porter was present and took notes. Mr. Carpenter further testified that he had been dismissed from the freight department of the railroad lor permitting his b rot tier, M. B. Car penter, a lawyer of .St. Albans, to ride on his pass over the road. Mr. Fifleld stated that the reports in the Traveller were garbled and false; that the full i amount of mono.* paid out for legal services did not aggregate $.>,000 a year, as was shown by the i books. A large number of railroad employes in the i shop, master mechanic, heads of departments and others were examined and Mr. Hatch, general agent, who has In charge all matters that come up before the Legislature, was also examined lu re- i gard to retainers to lawyers, ruit not one particle i of evidence was elicited to show that there had | been fraud, peculation or improper influence at Montpelier. The witnesses summoned by the state have all been discharged, aud the counsel has nothing fur ther to offer. The arguments will be made prob ably to morrow. It is not. certain what course the trustees will pursue, but the investigation has re sulted so greatly in their favor that they probably will not take any grea' pains to prolong it. The hearings have been largely attended, and there has been intense interest in tlie proceedings, and there is great indignation at the parties who have been the getters up oi the attack upon the trustees, arm who have attempted to deiame the Judiciary i and the Legislature by accusing tnem of taking bribes. It is not whether this or that policy ot the trustees is good, or whether they have made money legitimately; but whether they have made it. wrongfully, whether thevhave defrauded, whether they have bribed men in high position. The trustees, the Judges, the legal lraternlty have come out of the ordeal with clean hands. There is almost nni ?versai indignation at the course pursued by tho newspaper in Boston that has done what it could to 8iiiirc.ii tue citizens o? Vermont and that maul- i rested its zeal by sending a reporter to attend the ! taking of depositions and by Having them in type to print the moment the telegraph informed the ; publisher and editor that tiiey had been pie.-ieuted; and the Vermoiiters de not quite rellsu the two I column article thai was prepared In lioston and sent over tA New York, that was puollshed in one or your newspapers, accompanied by an editorial prejudging the Legislature, the Judges ami the trustees in advance, classing tbem with Krie Rail road officials. The flreen Mountain citizens are quick to resent such an insult. BROOKLYN'S NEW HEALTH BOARD. Under a recent act or tho Legislature the Board of Health oi Brooklyn has been reorganized. The act made the Mayor, Comptroller and Auditor an ap pointing Board to appoint two physicians, who, in conjunction with the President of the B?ard or Police, should compose the Board of Health. The appointing Board met several tunes, but were unable to agree upon the candi dates. The Mayor was Tn favor of reappoint* ing Dr. Otterson, the present incumbent, but the Auditor was in ravor or Dr. J. C. Hutchinson, who, it is said, was also the choice or Senator Perry. The Board met on Saturday and appointed Dr. Conkllng, who was Assistant sanitary Superintend ent under the metropolitan organization. Yester day the Board met again, when Dr. Hutchinson wiM) tluJy amwtvd. WASHINGTON Secretary Fish and the Disgraced Expo sition Commissioners. SIDNEY WEBSTER SENT TO VIENNA. The Sum Total of the Congres sional Conscience Fund. MEXICAN RAIDS INTO TEXAS Washington, May 5,1873. The Vienna. Shame end the Slate De partment? Sidney Webster Sent Out to Settle the Difficulty. The hasty action of tno State Department In dealing witli tlie Vienna scandal Is now deeply re gretted hy the Secretary of state, who will endea vor to make amends lor the summary deposing of gentlemen who.se reputations are quite as good, it is said, ub those temporarily appointed, and who, howevor Innocent, have been subjected to having their names publicly paraded as guilty of dishonor able acts. What should have been done, it is now conceded by the State Department, would have been to quietly supersede the suspected parties, who were as well known at the time Minister Jay first announced the scandal as they are to-day. There are rumors that the precipitate action of the State Department will reflect somewhat person ally on two or three prominent officials at homo and abroad, and the great diplomatic question now perplexing the Inhabitants of the Orphan Asylum building Is to let the whole subject down as gently as possible. It Is not definitely known that Sidney Webster, Secretary Fish's son In-law, has plenary power to do as ho pleases on reaching Vienna, but it is whispered that he has instructions to heal the difficulties in the best way he can. It is asserted by the friendfl of General Van Huron that he can show that six ot the original appointees were names suggested by the Secretary of State himself. The friends of the latter, how ever, reply by saying that the Secretary, In the peremptory order first issued, only showed how disinterested he was by not making, in such an emergency, a distinction be tween friends and strangers. To this the defenders of General Van Buren answer: Are his last selections likely to bo better than bis first? There is mucn unpleasantness on both sides; and, as was remarked to your correspondent to-night by a gentleman familiar witli the whole subject, "the Hkiiai.u is eutitled to the credit of exposing what the State Department studiously tried io conceal, 'while the State Department deserves much censure for not dealing with the scandal aa frankly at first as it bungllugly did alter the first publication of the report." Mexicau Rulda Into Texas. A letter from Corpus Christ!, dated April 21, pub lished In an evening paper here, says that, at that time there were two t>ands ol Mexicans, number ing thirty each, who were devastating that section of Texas irom Mexico across to Texas, into the Interior and thence to Laredo. They have their headquarters at Guerrero, Mexico, which is easily accessible, and where they go when hard pushed by the uprising of indignant rauctieros who have been plundered. These bands are operating prin cipally in Mueces county, within sixty miles ol Corpus Christi, and defy the civil authorities. Stores are sacked and travel on the highway is at tended with robbery, a rope or a pistol shot. Thomas Kearney, ex-Collector of Customs, while returning homo from Larredo to Corpus Christi, where he had been called to collect government funds, barely escaped both bands. When these ruids are made the tarmera are compelled to leave their work and sliouldei | their muskets to, protect their homes. Ffteen I determined citizens from the surrounding country , of Banquette pursued the gang of Mexican robbers, i They discovered in one chaparral the evidence that 126 cattle had been stripped of their hidea and in another more than sixty-elgnt. Catching up with the gang a running Are ensued, and they were so fortunate as to return home with seven captured horses, the saddles being empty. Such proceedings are frequent. The repeated raids re tard immigration, ruin the ranchcros, reducing ; them from competency to poverty, and make ail kinds of trade stagnant. Hevenue Marine Intelligence. Captain A. A. Fengar, of the revenue marine ! service, is detached from the commaud of the De;? i aware, at Mobile, and ordered to Philadelphia to . report tlience to the Department; First Lieutenant | C. W. Smith, Iroui command or the Guthrie, at Bat 1 timore, to duty on the Chase, at Ogdensburg, X. | Y.; First Mcutcuaut Russell Glover, Irom waiting ! orders to the command of the Guthrie; Second ' Lieutenant A. I). Littlelleld, from duty on the Moc casin, at Newport, to wait orders; 11. L. StnrglB, i from the Campbell, at .New London, to the Moc j casin; T. D. Walker, from lhe Petrel to the Camp* bell; W. 11 Roberts, from the Racer to Washington City; II. D. Smith, from the Dobbin to the liaccr; ' Robert Harstow. from the Nansemond tojthe Perry) | L. J. Simmons, from the Belief to the Nanseinond. The Exportation of Horses unit t'ertali from Turkey Forbidden. i Owing to the scarcity of Arab horses in certain parts ol tiie Ottoman Empire the Turkish govern ment has forblddeto the exportation or horses from I the vilayets of Bagdad, ol Syria and of Aleppo for I the next seven years, to date from April 0, 1873. In j consequence of tlie bad harvest that government has also prohibited the exportation of cereals from ; the districts of Raustchank and of yidon lor three months from April 11, 18T3. Important Decision by the Commissioner Of Pcnulonii The Commissioner ol Pensions to-day announced the following highly important ruling:? Section tf of the act ol March :i, i87;t, provides for no addition to the f ~ increase pension in any case, it is a consolidation of section 2 of the act ol July 25, lido, and sections 4 and a of the act of July 27, istis, with uu amendment to the former sections so as to give the same increase to the widow of the soldier or sailor lor the children by a former wifo as for the children by herself, and to the widow of an officer as well as a Soulier or sailor. It also gives the increase to all the children under sixteen years of age of officers as well as soldiers and sailors, Instead of all but one where there is no widow or where she ha* died or remarried, in other respects it embodies the provlMons of the tnree sections mimed. It is proper to add such was the object or the section as held by the Com missioner of Pensions in both'houses ol l ongreaa. Senators Casserly and Bayard Off on a 'l our of Inspection. Senators t'asserly and Bayard will leave Wash* lngton to-morrow for Wciimond, where they will start out on a tour of lns[>ectioa of the line of the proposed Jumes IIIver and Kanawha improvement for connecting by a great water course the Cbesa* pe.ikc Bay with the Ohio Klver. Senator Casserly Is a member of the senate Committee on Transpor tation, of which a sub-committee will sit during the Summer in San Francisco and perhaps in Portland, Oregon. lie and Senator Bayard will be accompanied by the United states engineers who have surveyed the proposed Hue, and by Colonel Carrington, Prosideut of the James Klver and Kanawha Company, and other citizens of Virginia. The Congressional Conscience Fsnd. The aggregate amount paid into the United states Treasury up to noon to-day by twonty-seven mem bers of Congress, it being their return of extra compensation, is $111,000 97, Including the check received this morning irom secretary of the Senate Gorham, on account of Senator Sumner, for $4,444 00. Fremont and the El Paso Swindle. The friends of General Fremont in this city, who are deeply interested In his case, hope that the ne. gotlations now going on here will result In the as> slgnment of the Texas land grant to the Paris brokers who negotiated the bonds, to be followed by a termination of the legal proceedings now pending against him In France. Meanwhile th? French Minister Is devoting much time to the caM and the claim his country has for Fremont ondei ? ps tradition txcatv.