Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1873 Page 8
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NEW YORK IIERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PEOPRIETOr.. Volume XXXVIII No. ISO AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. N1BI<0'S OARPF.N, Br?*<1way. between Prince and Houston ats.?Azraxl; ok. The Magic I'ii arm. OLYMPIC THFATRE. Brna<twav. between Houston and Bieecker street.?Hdmi'TT Itumrrr. UNION SQUARV. THIiATKE, Union square. near Broadway.?Fbou Froo. WALLAC'K'8 THEATRE, Broidway and Thirteenth street.?'Tit* Souiuk's Li.n Suii.limu. ORANI> OPF.RA HOUSE. Twenty-third Ft. and Eighth av.?Month Cbisto. _ BOOTH'S THEATRE. Twenty-third street.corner Sixth aveuue.?Dahdt O'Dowd. THEATRE COMIQUE, No. 614 Broadway.?Dbaka, EuBLCMHTt and Olio. ACAHEMY OP MUSIC, Fourteenth street?Kknil WORTH. ST. JAMES' THEATRE, Broadway and 28th St.? XcEvor's Ntw Uibkhnicon. BOWERY TTIEATRE, Bowery.?Hkid ii? Cbkck? LaUGIIAIILK COKXMBTTA. NEW KIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, 728 and 730 Broad way.?Divorce. WOOO'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner Thirtieth sL? Willt Kiully. Alturtuxm and eveuing. OERMANTA THEATRE, Fourteenth street, near Third avenue.?iC la arrBB. ATHKMEUM, 5fS Broadway.?Gband Variktt Entkr YAIMMXMT. MRS. P. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? UaDSB TUB G ABLICHT. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. No. 201 Bowery.? Va&ibtt ENTKBTAIMXK.NT. Matinco at 2>?. BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSF, Twenty-third at, corner Cth av.?Nkcro Minetrklsy, A a NEW YORK MUBEUM OF ANATOMY, 618Broad way.? SCIBNC* and AKT. QUADRUPLE SHEET. New York, Tueaday, May 6, 1873. THE NEWS OP YESTERDAY. To-Day's Contents of the Herald. "THE MEETING OP THE GOVERNORS! TOE CON gressional GATHERING! FARMERS' AND WORKINGMEN'S MOVEMENTS I TO WHAT are they tending ?? _ editorial LEADER?Eighth Pack. A BRITISH CURB UPON SPANISH-CUBAN INSO LENCEI THE DESIRE OF THE COMMANDER OP THE GUNBOAT RECEIVES IMMEDIATE ATTENTION! MR. O'KELLY TRANSFERRED 10 havana AND TO BE TREATED WITH ALL DUE COURTESY?Ninth Page. THE president does NOT wish TO INTER FERE IN THE MODOC RUMPUS I jack'S RED-SKINNED DEVILS TO RECEIVE RIGHT E'OUS punishment! GENERAL SHERMAN reinforcing the soldiers-ninth page. SPANISH revolutionists fomenting AN OI'HER REVOLT I THE FEDERAL REPUB LIC URGED upon THE people I AN EXCITED POPULAR GATHERING I NO disturbance OF THE peace-Ninth Paub. "DIOS Y REYt" BOURBON intrigues IN TOE FRENCH CAPITAL AND THE CAMPAIGN IN SPAIN I REPUBLICAN WEAKNESS! NON success OF THE MONTPENSIER-AL phonso coalition-fifth page. WHAT IS THOUGHT IN ALBANY OF THE NEW York mayoralty-muddle/ guberna torial VIEWS ON THE SALARY ques tion?Twelfth Page. have we a mayort views of ex-mayors AND PROMINENT legal LIGHTS ON THE PUZZLING municipal SITUATION?SEVENTH Page. THE MAYOR (?) NOMINATES! DEEP DISGUST OF THE ALDERMEN! THE list PRE SENTED! what WAS said BY THE BOARD AND THE MAYOR?seventh Page. presidential PROMISES! ERIE stockhold ERS TO RECEIVE semi-annual DIVI dends! MR- WATSON'S letter! THE third corps reunion-tenth page. PIO NONO AGAIN PROSTRATED I THE PRE DICTED CLOSE OF THE PAPACY! CLOSE CONFIRMATION OF SOME MOST REMARK ABLE prophecies: ST. MALACHY ON THE MATTER I THE HOLY FATHER'S RELA TIONS WITH THE WORLD'S GOVERN MENTS?Sixth Page. INDIAN WARS AND THE MODOC SAVAGERIES! A REVIEW OF THE ENTIRE FIELD BY THB PEACE COMMISSIONERS! WHAT WERE THE CAUSES AND WHAT IS THE CURE?MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC?Sixth Page. BLEAK LEY'S SINGULAR correspondence AND CONDUCT I ANOTHER STOKES SNARL I THE surra against' the ring?a new IRON STEAMSHIP?Thirteenth Page. JERSEY pisciculture! THE PROGRESS MADE! BLOOMSBURY FISH PONDS ! SALMON HATCHING?THE DECEASED BISHOP?A iizzLE at patten burg?seventh page. ENGLISH RACES! THE NEWMARKET CRAVEN MEETING?YACHTS PREPARING AT CO WES For the coming season?literary JOTTINGS?Tenth Page. PRUSSIAN DEFENCE OF MARSHAL BAZALNE ! THE RED PRINCE INTERVIEWED! HE CONFIRMS THE HERALD'S REPORTS NEW MUSIC?Thirteenth Page. FINANCIAL FEATURES! MONEY EASY AND GOLD AND STOCKS IN TUE RISING SCALE! THE EUROPEAN MONETARY RATE-PA CIFIC MAIL RUMORS?FINE OPENING OF THE BASE BALL SEASON?Eleventh Page. CUSTOMS FEES-BARTLE FRERE'S MISSION UNSAFE OCEAN STEAMSHIPS?Fockteenth Page. The EjcvoLimoNABT Movement at Ma drid.?A special cable despatch to the ^ from Madrid, published to-day, represents the advocates of a federal republic as active and revolutionary in their demonstrations at the capital. Although the threat of an armed demonstration was made the meeting yester day was of a peaceable, although ex citing character, and placards were lib erally displayed setting forth the demands of the federalists, These are in the main the immediate proclamation of the federal Re public, the abolition of capital punishment the abolition of the State Council and the separation of Church and State. It would seem that the Spanish government must have its hands full of pressing business between the Car lists and the federalists, with out leaving much time to spare for melo dramatic republican demonstrations, inter spiced with the old autocratic boasting about the 1 'inviolability of Spanish territory.'' The ^Pxsident and family are at Chicago, where they will remain yet a day or two, in specting the rising glories of the new city, ?nd then they return to Washington, in season to allow the President to make thewe promised ?iaits in May to the cities of Richmond, Va., and New Haven. Com*. J The Meeting of the Oowrnow-'The Congressional Gathering ? Farmers' and Worklngmtn'i Movements?To What Are They Tendingf Iu the lull of national politics, and wo might say, perhaps, with the exhaustion of vital and stirring political questions, we hear of and see around us important movements bearing upon industrial and commercial matters. These, wo have no doubt, will, at no distant day, tako mora or less a political charactor and have a considerable influence on parties and national affairs. That is the natural tendency of combination and agitation to correct evils or for prpgressive development in this count ry. The most important movement is that of the Western formers against the railroad monopoly and power and for other objects bearing upon tho farming interests. Scarcely two years have passed since the first grange or lodge of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized. Now granges are existing in almost every large community of farmers in twenty-two States of the Union. The aggregate number of members is estimated to be one million eight hundred thousand. Then the trades unions and other workingmen's organizations for increas ing the rate of wages or reducing the hours of labor are developing more power than ever. Capitalists and employers are feeling the pres sure of these combinations, and of late they have felt the necessity of yielding to it in many cases. On the 20th of this month the Gov ernors of the Westorn and Southern States are to meet at Atlanta, Ga., for conference, mainly with regard to internal improvements, but, no doubt, for other matters also bearing upon the material interests of their sections of the country. On the 13th there is to be a conven tion of Congressmen at St Louis to consider questions of importance relative to the com merce of the West, at which it is expeoted there will be a numerous gathering of repre sentative men from most parts of the Repub lic, thoogh principally from tho West and Southwest These movements show how keenly alive our people of all classes are to their material interests and that our public men have the sagacity to go with the current of public opinion. Modestly as the call for the Conven tion of Congressmen is put, there is no doubt that it is intended to aid or be en rapport with the widespread movement of the Western farmers. One of our contemporaries of the West, in rather a jealous and sarcastio vein, speaking oi the Congressional gathering, intimates tbat its object is to eat, drink, make speeches and to have a good time generally. It notices, for example, that the first day is to be devoted to addresses, the second day to ad dresses, the third day to an excursion on the river, and that on the fourth day the Conven tion is to leave for Texas. It admits, how ever, that a large amount of good might be derived from the interchange of views of tho Representatives of tho various States. While it concedes that the addresses of these gentle men will be well worth hearing, their known character and ability being sufficient to guar antee this, yet if any benefit is to result from the meeting there must be something more done than is indicated .in the arrangement of business as published. Thus, we see the i Western people are in earnest about reforms with regard to the farming interest and com merce of their section. We take it for granted, therefore, that the assembled Congressmen at St Louis will attend to something more serious than eating, drinking and making mere wordy addresses, notwithstanding the doubts of our Western oontemporary. So, also, we may ezpoct more from the meeting of the Governors, at Atlanta, than the call implies, which is merely to eonfer concerning the scheme to connect the Tennes see River with the Savannah. We have no donbt the conference will have a much wider range. While the project to connect the Ten nessee, west of the dividing mountains, with the river of the seaboard is an important one as affecting the interests of a large portion of the Southwest as well as the commercial cities on the Atlantic, and is one which the Presi dent mode special mention of in his inaugural Message last March; yet we feel assured the conference of the Governors will not be con fined to this subject The same thought which prompted the call for this meeting? that of promoting the planting and other material interests of the South and Southwest? will, in all probability, lead to the considera tion of railroad transportation and manage ment, just as this matter is now occupying the attention of the Western peoplo. Thon it is not likely the tariff question and political status of the South, which bear directly upon the well being and progress of that section, will be neglected. We may expect, in fact, that both the assembly of Governors in Georgia and the meeting of Congressmen in St Louis will take up the different topics of an industrial and economic character that are now engaging public attention. The result may bo a new and general movement that will change the complexion or prospects of exist ing political parties. Commercial conventions, as they are called, or such conventions as those having a com mercial or industrial character, were common enough before the war. We refer to the South especially. The people of that section, being naturally and from self-interest advocates of free trade, worked up those commercial con ventions at Charleston, St Louis and other places, for the purpose of emancipating them selves from the protectionist policy of the East and the power of capital at the North. The most notable one was that at Nashville shortly before the war. As a matter of course they assumed a political character. They did more, perhaps, and particularly the one at Nashville, to bring about a bloody collision between the North and the South than anything else. The question of slavery, which was also one of material interest or property, was interlaced with that of free trade and commercial inter est Commercial conventions have always had, then, and must of necossity have, in this country, a political bearing. Ex Governor, and now Senator of Tennessee, Brownlow, when invited to the Georgia Convention, a conference of Governors, refused emphatically to attend on the ground that such gatherings had or must end in a po litical objuct. As a loyalist tho nightmare of the old Nashville Convention frightened him. But there was no ground for his apprehension as regards the assembly of Governors at Atlanta, Georgia. Secession is dead - dead as the old Pharaohs of Egypt Commercial or industral conventions in tho South now may have and will have, probably, a political boar ing, bat nothing of a secession character Secession is no longer possible, and the South ern people know it No one should deny them the right to meet for the purpose of pro moting their material interests, or tho inter ests of their section. That is the only object the Atlanta assembly of Governors, like that of the Congressional gathering of Western members of Congress at St Louis, has in view. But all these movements, and conspicuously among them those of the trades associations throughout the country and the farmers' granges of tho West, are aimed at monopoly and oxclusivo privileges or advantages. The workingmen demand a greater share in the products of labor, the farmer in sists upon an outlet for his produce at cheaper rates and without paying an enor mous tax on the inflated capital of railroads, and the Southern planters and laborers want a tree market in which they can get the most for their produce and buy without paying a tax to Eastern or Northern manufacturers. Those, no doubt, are difficult problems to solve, especially as the power of the railroads and manufacturers in the government is im mense, and as the government is under the necessity of raising a large revenue from im posts; but the spirit of resistance is abroad, and public men will havo to defer to it sooner or later. The exceptionable state of affairs created by the war is passing away. Legisla tion, directly or insidiously, in favor of any particular section or class will not bo possible much longer. The interests of the farmers and the working classes must bo considered. With the diffusion of intelligence and com bination among the masses, who have votes enough to shape the polioy of government, representatives in Congress and the State Leg islatures will have to obey the wishes of the majority. If we mistake not a political revo lution, based on the farming, planting and laboring interests, is approaching. The Governors and Congressmen who are about to assemblo see this, probably, and will prepare for the issue. Nor do we think the conservative classos, when enlightened, will offer any futile resistance to this inevitable progress of American democracy. A govern ment that could emancipate four millions of slaves and elevate them suddenly, with all their ignorance, to the full privileges of citi zens, can hardly resist the pressure of the many millions of farmers and working people of the white race. It will be tho part of statesmanship to yield to necessity whilo mod orating the excesses to which ignorance and violence might load. In the elevation of the masses is the best guarantee of the progress, happiness and stability of the country. The railroad monopoly and all other monopolies must be made to understand this. Old politi cal issues are dead or dying. Others, such as we have noticed, are looming up. Political aspirants and parties will have to adapt them selves to the latter. The American Republic is destined probably to solve econominul and social questions, as it has solved the political question, for the world. The movements we have referred to are only some of the incipient steps in the great work of progress that re mains to be accomplished. Mr. Ilnveme yer's Position and Hit First Appointments. The question as to whother Mr. Havemeyer is now legally Mayor of New York continues to be discussed among the politicians, and from the opinions of the able lawyers and ex-Mayors who were yesterday visited by our reporter! it appears that there is at least a very grave doubt upon the subject Mr. Charles O'Conor believes that Mr. Havemeyor still holds the office by virtue of his election for two years, because, although the law under which he was elected is repealed, the office is still car ried on under the new charter. But if any difficulty of the kind anticipated should arise Mr. O'Conor sees an easy method of over coming it by a legislative act giving the ap pointment of the Mayor for the balance of Mr. Havemeyer's term to Comptroller Green, who would, no doubt, confer the office upon the present incumbent It would be somewhat singular if the Comptroller should be called upon to reconstruct the figurehead of the mu nicipal ship of which he professes to be him self the captain, navigator and pilot; but Mr. O'Conor does not apprehend that thp neces sity will arise, and treats the financial diffi culty of the awkward situation very cava lierly. On the other hand, ex-Mayor Opdyke and Mr. D. B. Eaton regard the latter ques tion as a serious one. They believe that there is at least doubt as to the position in which Mr. Havemeyer is left by the unfortu nate charter, and that grave complications may arise unless it is satisfactorily settled by supplemental legislation. A leading dealer in the securities issued by the city government expresses the opinion to Mayor Opdyke that the transactions in such securities are liable to be impede! should the question of the Mayor's legal position be left open to doubt Mr. Eaton thinks that the Legislature ought certainly to pass some act removing any doubt as to the power of the Mayor to sign the city bonds, as otherwise the price of the - securities would be brought down and the credit of the city impaired. The argument used both by Mr. O'Conor and the Albany politicians that Mr. Have meyer, in case a vacancy exists, holds over until his successor shall be elected, by virtue of that provision of the unrepealed Dougan and Montgomerie charter, which authorizes the Mayor to "remain and continue in the office of Mayor there, until another fit person shall be appointed and sworn in the said office, according to the usago and custom of the said city," is not worthy of consideration, for the reason that the present charter provides how vacan cies in the office of Mayor shall be filled. If by the repeal of tho charter under which Mr. Havemeyer was elected, and the passage of tho new charter which does not recognize him or provide for his retention, the office of Mayor is really vacant, then Iho present charter itself pro vides how it shall be filled. Mr. Havemeyer would not fill the vacancy under the Dougan and Montgomerie charter, but Alderman Vance would be tho legal acting Mayor under the charter of 1873. On tho democratic side of the house Mr. Abraham It. Lawrence and ex-Mayor Hall are heard in our columns to-day. Mr. Law

rence gives the brief opinion that "Mr. Have mnyer is tho rightful Mayor of New York for i the term for whioh he has been elected.'' Mr. Hall has little doabt that Mr. Havemeyer is legislated oat, as be believes be himself was by the charter of 1870, bat consoles himself with the reflection that, after all. Alderman Vanco alone can raise the law question; that as, he is not likely to do so it will have no existence, and hence that Mr. Havemeyer is not likely to be relieved from "those perplexing duties which he is discharging with so much ease, graoe, dignity and despatch." But the question may be raised by some displaced head of a de partment who may dispute the right of Mr. Havemeyer to appoint his successor, aud may thus be forced to a legal issue without the action of Alderman Vance. All the gentlemen interviewed by our re porters seem anxious to avoid a positive expression of opinion on the subject. We believe Mr. Havemeyer to be Mayor simply by his constitutional right to fill the term for whioh he was elected. He is no more recog nized in the first section of the now charter than are the Aldermen who have been re tained by a subsequent special provision. He caunot be in offioe by virtue of a dead law. But as the office of Mayor is con tinued under the new charter as it existed under the repealed charter, the Mayor is enti tled to fill the legal term for which he was elected. In this view of the case th^ bill now before the Senate providing for the removal of the present elected Police Justices before the expiration of their legal term of office, must be clearly in conflict with the constitutional rights of those officers. Mrf Havemeyer gave practical proof that he regards himself as Mayor of New York by sending in yesterday to the Board of Alder men a batch of nominations under the new charter. The selections did not seem to find favor with the Aldermen. It was a matter of course that they should be laid over for con sideration, but the expression in the Board does not seem to have been friendly to the nominees. The important Departments of Polioe, Fire and Parks wero not acted upon, the appoint ments being those of George EL Andrews, John Wheeler and Severn D. Moulton for Tax Commissioners; Doctors Obarles F. Chandler and Stephen Smith for Hoalth Com missioners, and Mr. Henry Claussen for Alder man in place of Peter Gilsey. It is probable, from the complexion of the present appoint ments, that the services of the Committee of Seventy will be fully recognized by the Mayor, and that the patriotic body over which Mr. Havemeyer once presided will get their full share of the spoils. The Greed of the Atlantic Cable Company?A Po&r Eicair, The managers of tho Atlantic Cable have thought fit to oflor an apology or excuse for the unwarrantable oxaction of double rates for messages. It is that, as only one cable is working, the business at the old rates is more than . it can accommodate, and as the line might become blocked by the accumulation of jfnessages, to the groat annoyance and injury of the public, the rates are raised to an exorbi tant amount in order to drive away business and prevent such a calamity. We should like this patriotic and public-spirited monopoly to tejl us what it signifies to the people to whom the oable is a necessity whether they are excluded from its use by unreasonable charges or by a "blockade?" The excuse is a fraud upon its face. The cable managers cannot tell whether there will be any diminution in tho number of messages or not on account of their extortionate charges. If they really desired to prevent a blockade of the line and to spore their patrons the vexa tion of delay, they could easily do so by refus ing to receive any more messages after accept ing as many as tho capacity of the cable will accommodate. This would be just to the public. Tho pretence is absurd that the patrons of the cable are benefited by extort ing double rates from them in order to prevent them from using the Atlantic wires at alL The sole reason for the unjust and avari cious policy of the company is one of greed. They have but one cable working and aro compelled to incur the expense of repairing the other two. They resolve to make the peo ple pay for the company's misfortunes. They take advantage of the Vienna Exposition and double the rates, in order that they may se cure as large profits out of one cable as they hitherto have mado out of three. They want their heavy dividends. They are unwilling to give up, even for a time, their enormous profits. They have no opposition to fear; they are under no legal restrictions. They therefore victimizo the public, and because they know that just at this time their patrons desire to use the cable more freely than ordi narily they resolve to make them pay double rates for their messages. This is the true explanation of the matter. Aa we have said, the English and American governments ought not to allow the two na tions to remain at the mercy of such a mo nopoly. They can remedy the evil by build ing an international postal cable and securing by treaty tho rights of both nations in its ute. This would bo in every way a great public advantage and accommodation, and the j government cables would, no doubt, secure an income to both postal departments. The cables can be laid now at a much loss expense than when either the Anglo-American or the French cables were laid, and hence the peo ple would havo the benefit of tho low cost of construction in reduced raios. It is to ba hoped that the subject will be earnestly con sidered by both governments, and it would be well if our Minister at Paris, Mr. Washburne, who is familiar with the advantages of the postal telegraphic system, would give the prop osition his attention and use his influence to bring it to^be favorable notice of European statesmen. W The Pope and the Papact.?A cable despatch from Rome states that Pope Pius the Ninth has suffered a relapse and is again confined to his bed by sickness. On tho other hand it ia reported from the Vatican that His Holiness received yesterday a num ber of pilgrims and delivered a lengthy speech in reply to their address. The statcmeuta which prevail with respect to his condition of health aro conflicting, according to the sources from which they are put forth?from tho Italian capital or tho centre of the Propa ganda. Tho Pontiff is now over eighty yoars of age. He has suffered severely, both mentally and physically. He cannot, in the order of nature, survive for any great length of time. Is he tho last of the Popes? In reply to very serious question wo publish specially in the HebaiiD to-day the extraordinary prophccy of St Malachy, in which that venerable per sonage premonishes the that the good Pio Nino is tho last of the line of the Popes of the lloman Catholic Church. I he prophecy is a very curious document, to say the least, and supplies of itself many wonder ful facts in corroboration of its utterances. Onnboat Logic?O'Kctly To Be Removed t to Havana. We learn from a Washington despatch that tho Spanish authorities in Cuba have at length consented to tho removal of our im prisoned commissioner, Mr. James J. O'Kelly, from his prosent uncomfortable quarters at Manzanillo to moro pleasant apartments in Havana. The first polite request of the com mander of tho British guuboat Plovor, that the fearless correspondent should be released on condition o(, hiti instant departure from the island being met with regret ful assurances that it was impossible, that tho trial must go on, and that Spanish dignity should be maintained, the next message from the man-of-war came in the form of a demand for "the removal of Mr. O' Kelly to Havana for trial and other meas ures for the mitigation-of his imprisonment.'' This was a style of argument, especially when backed by shotted guns and resolute hearts on board of a British war vessel, that brought the obstinate authoritias of the "Ever Faithful Isle" to terms. No trickery or sub terfuge could avail them in such a case, so they have "gracefully" acceded to the demand. Qunboat logic proved too potent for their Don Quixote rhodomontades, and even the fear of offending the bloodthirsty volunteers melted away before the greater danger of a collision with one of Her Britannic Majesty's war ships. .The despatch we have alluded to also states that "all proper facilities will be extended to Mr. O*Kelly." In such a case the safety of our commissioner is assured. When this trial, about which the Spanish authorities in Cuba have made such a fuss, takes place, it will be found a very difficult matter to discover any process of reasoning by which an accusation can be framed against Mr. O' Kelly. He has broken no law, even as far as the word can be tortured into meaning by the Don Whiskerandos of the Antilles. He went to Cuba to give a fair, unbiassed account of the condition of affairs there, and no one can point to a line of his published corre spondence to prove that ho has departed in a j singlo point from the object of his mission. His conduct throughout has been that I of an honorable man, and in no case has he violated tho laws of neutrality. Spanish insolence aud disregard of interna tional law could hardly bo carried to a more outrageous extent than in tho imprison ? ment and detention of the impartial jour nalist who desired to clear away the ' clouds of ignorance and falsehood that have so long enveloped the condition of affairs in Cuba. But this time the Spanish au thorities reckoned without their host. An Eng lish subject is a dangerous person to meddle with illegally, as other Powers have found to their cost The presence of an armed repre sentative of Her Majesty's government has produced a marked change in the demeanor of the Spanish Boabdils, and we may now ex pect the return of our commissioner from his perilous mission at no distant da to. Tub Herald and Its Contempo rabies. ?We have to return our sincere thanks to our con temporaries for the very generous and hand some manner in which they have acknowl edged the enterprise of the Herat,n in a number of unequalled journalistic undertak ings, and particularly in its full, original and unique reports of tho Vienna Exposition. Next to the approbation of the great public the approval of our friends of the press is especially grateful, and coming, as it does, unsolicited from journals in all parts of the country, printed in different languages, and of all shades of political or religious belief; the compliment is all the more profoundly cherished. We still hope to merit by exer tionfj in fresh fields of enterprise a continu ance of the kind opinions of our press friends as well as the approving smiles and plaudits of the public at large. Cito Rights at Newbttbo.?The fifteenth amendment is being tried in a very practical shape at Newburg, in this State. The Board of Education in that interesting village on the Hudson have come to the conclusion that there is no use in maintaining a school especially for colored children. They, therefore, pro mulgate the decree that "all children of the proper school ago be admitted to the schools of the city without regard to race, color or previous condition of servitude." This is a phase of the Civil Rights bill which is likely to create general dissatisfaction and trouble. Very many white pupils will be found who jrill strongly object to personal association in school with colored children, and the entire educational system may receive a serious check in consequence. Separate schools for for white and colored pupils, it is argued, will be found necessary to promote a harmonious working of the system. It will be interesting to watch the result of this attempt to bring to* gether into one school all children, "without regard to race, color or previous condition of servitude." The trial of the experiment will, undoubtedly, not be confined alone to the good people of Newburg-on-Hudson. Ekolish Cbops.?A writer in the London Times shows, by reference to the agricultural returns from various parts of the island, that the acreage of land under corn is much less than last year, and that the bad condition of the ground from excessive rain threatens a short crop. He anticipates that more than half the grain needed for English consump tion must come from foreign sources. It being "an ill wind which blows nobody good," our countrymen, though sympathizing with their English cousins over the prospect of a scarcity of corn, moy yet, without wrong, be glad to reflect that we can spare millions of bushels to enrich us, while they feed our neighbors. Tax Italian Ministerial Crisis has been conciliated by the resumption of their port folios by Signor Lanza and his colleagues at the request or command of the King. His Majesty refused to accept the resignations. The Ministers will consequently continue to nerve the Crown?an important fact for Victor Emmanuel, particularly at a moment of ei citing interest with respect to tho situation of affairs at tho Vatican and eastward from the Holy City' The Mhmni of D?rteit-Th? Kevrly IMncuvered Ship Cmnmi E?bU. In the graphic and exceedingly in tor en ting letter which we published yesterday from oar special correspondent accompanying the ex pedition we have the details and the rosnlts of another exploration by Captain Solfridge, for a ship canal route by way of the Atrato river to the backbone of the Continent, and thence across to the Paciflo Ocean ; and the results, wo think, establish the route tor our first Ameri can intcroceanio ship canal. Beginning en the Pacific side the exploration followed the Napipi River to its chief tributary, the Dog uado then passing up that stream to the dividing ridge, to a point where, in crossing, we strike a tributary of the Atrato, and thence down that affluent to the main river, which is navigablo thence to the Atlantic for the largest ships at all seasons of the year. By this route the entire length of the canal required for ships of deepest draught will be but twenty-eight miles, twenty-two of which will be through an almost level plane, leaving six miles of rock cutting through the dividing ridge, including a tunnel under the mountain of three miles in length. To keep the outting on each side of the dividing ridge near the surface some locks will be required, nine in all. The only serious obstacle in the way ifl this dividing ridge, and if we cannot get ovet it with a ship canal Captain Selfridge calcu lates that we can get under it, and from ocean to ocean, at a cost of soventy millions ol dollars. This is not the American isthmus ship canal?a through cut without look or tunnel? for which the commercial world has been dreaming and hoping for three hundred years that a route somewhere would ultimately b? found; but from the explorations made of all the isthmus passages from Tehuantepeo to Darien, the Atrato is the route which comet nearer to the essential conditions required fol an isthmus canal than any other. Thesa ossential conditions are:? First?A good harbor on each side, as tiu outlet and inlet of the canal. , Second?An abundant supply of water fol the canal from the summit level, at all season* of the year. Third?The shortest available route at thfl least cost of construction, with the least potf sible amount of lockage. Now, while the Tehuantcpoo route is too long, and requires too much lockage, it offers I only a poor and insecure harbor at cither end. The Nicaragua route, with the advantages ol the line of a navigable river most of the way, and an inexhaustible reservoir in the groai Nicaragua Lake at the summit level, and espe cially with the advantages of a route between New York and San Francisco thousands ol miles shorter than the Atrato route, has still the great drawback of a very poor harbor, shallow and exposed on the Atlantic side, and anything but a good one on the Pacific side. The same may be said of the harbors ol the Panama route. The Atrato route, on ths other hand, offers a deep, safe and commo dious harbor on the Pacific and Atlantic sides. It also offers an abundant supply of water foi the from its summit level, at all seasons of tho year, and the shortest available route, 1 with the least possible amount of lockage, in comparison with any other route explored. The Peruvian government, fully awake ta the importance of this great enterprise, appears ambitious, first, to share the honors and th? profits with the United States which will surely be realized from a ship canal by this Atrato route; and, next, it is by no means im probable, should the Usited States withdraw from this route, that Peru, with the neighbor ing South American States, assisted by England, will undertake the work. We pre sume that President Grant will seize the first oocasion to submit to Congress the report ol Captain Selfridge on this Atrato route ex ploration of 1873, with the reports of the sur veys made or now in progress of other isthmus routes in view of a ship canal. If so we can not doubt, from all the facts before us, thai Congress will be drawn to aetion in favor of this new route from the Atrato, as offering more substantial advantages and inducements for an isthmus ship canal, with smaller ob structions, than any other route from Tehuan topeo to Darien. Senatob Parson Bbowmiow has written a letter in reply to an invitation to attend tha forthcoming Convention of Congressmen atf St Louis. He respectfully declines mixing himself np with any more Southern commer cial and agricultural conventions, and adds:? Before the late rebellion the leaders In Southern politics trot tip a aeries of Southern commercial conventions, and, while they were for the avowed purpose or advancing the, commercial, mechanical and agricultural interest* of the Southern states. they were, In -reality, as avowed by Mr. Yancey, intended to Are the Southern heart and inst ruct the Southern miml in the arts of war, and in bring ing on the vtllanous work of secession. Does the worthy Parson snuff another rebel lion in the proposed convention ? It does not have that complexion, so far, at least, albeit the members are, according to the programme, to proceed to Texas in a body upon the con clusion of their deliberations. Jeff Davis has already accepted an invitation from the Gov ernor of that State to make a formal tisil there about the tkne the St Louis So Ions put in an appearance. ? Thb National Game.?Yesterday witnessed the practical opening of the base ball season in a championship game between two leading clubs, at the Union grounds, Brooklyn. Phil adelphia and other neighboring oities have been earlier in the field. Smaller contests had already taken place here, but the event of yes terday was the first of the season having gen eral interest for the lovers of this peculiarly American pastime. A large attendance showed ?w. the friends of this admirable game have not decreased, and the spirited playing gave earnest of the brilliant contests which may ba anticipated during the Summer and Autnmn. From now till the snow flies, next November, we may expect a succession of base ball exhi bitions whieh will justly challenge the admi ration of all who appreciate sport calling for the perfection of manly vigor and careful training, developing in a high degree strength, 1 alertness, skill and physical endurance. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Lieutenant Fred. Grant is at the Firtn Avenue Hotel. Speaker James Q. Blaine, of Maine, Is at the Flftli Avenuo Hotel. Colonel John W. Forney la registered at the St Nicholas llotei. Oaptaln Thelluson, late Commodore of the RoyM Victoria Yacht Club, of Bngland. proposes to visit

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