Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1873 Page 6
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tvew york HERALD BROAD-WAT AMD AWBT STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. XXXVin No. 130 AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteenth street.?The Sqcibe's Last Suilunu. Matinee at 1>?. ORAND OPERA HOUSE. Twenty-third st. and Eighth ?v.? Monte Cbisto. Matinee at 1>?. BOOTH'S THEATRE. Twenty third Hreet,corner Sixth ??venue.?Daddy O'Dowd. Mntiueu at 2. THEATRE COMIQUR. No. 514 Broadway.?DbA*A, JSuklilsqui. and uuo. Matinee at 2X ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Fourteenth street?Burles^u* Br Allah in Mutinee at 2. ' PT. JAMES' THEATRE, Broadway and 2Pth St.? JkLvov's Kkw Hibkbnicon. Matinee at BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.-Tub Iaisn Emiobakt? ^luk Dwabp, Ac. ' NEW FIFTH AVENUE TIIRATRE, 758and 730 Broad way.?Ditobck. Matinee at I WOOD S MCSECM. Broadway, corner Thirtieth ?t? KTillt Rkillt. Aitcmoon and evening. ' OERMANIA theatre. Fourteenth street, near Third %veuue.?Gkbma.n Comedt. 1 atctf.NErM. PPS Broadway.?Gbaitd Vahiett Ehtsb fAiMBKNT. Matinee at 2%. * KIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway. between Prince and ^Houston .its.?Azilael; oa, Tua Magic Coajui. Matiuoc. CMON SQUARE THEATRE, Union srjaarc, near ^roadway.?Faoc Faou. Matinee at 1)?. ? % ? OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway, between nonnton JUnd Bieecker street huarrr Luamr. MaUneo at X l VM. P. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? Pom Cjesau d* Baza*, Ac. Matinee at 2. 1 'TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOU8E, No. 201 Bowery.? wakiett E.ntehtai. Matinee at 2%. \ BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE, Twenty-third ?t.. corner 0th av.?Neg&o Minstrelsy, Ac. Matinee at 2. ? t STEINWAY HALL, Fourteenth street.?Afternoon at Jtr-OaAHD Concert. _ ^ NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 61flBroad way.? Fcifnc* Ann Art. 'triple siieet. Sew York, Saturday, Nay 10, 18T3? fa .. ffHE NEWS OP YESTERDAY. ITo-Day's Contents of tlie Ilorald. I'NEWS FROM THE POLARIS! DEATH OF CAP TAIN HALL! TWENTY WA1F3 RESCUED FROM AN ICEBERG"?TITLE OF THE LEADER?Sixth Page. ANOTHER DISASTROUS POLAR expedition! THE POLARIS gone TO THE BOTTOM AND HER GALLANT commander AND ualf THE crew DEAD! DRIFTING 190 days THROUGH 1,500 MILES OF THE ICE SEA! ALMOST AT THE pole! THRILLING ARC TIC ADVENTURES! sorrow OF THE PRESIDENT AND people?Thibd Page. Captain jack abandons his lava-bed stronghold! gone TOWARDS CLEAR lake! A WAGON TRAIN ATTACKED AND s BURNED, three MEN WOUNDED AND many HORSES captured! SCnONCHIN NOT YET DEAD! OPERATIONS OF THE WHITES?Seventh Page. JlIL JAMES J. O'kelly TRANSFERRED from fort GERONA TO fort MORO. AT SAN TIAGO DE cuba! THE TRIAL TO BE CON TINUED there?seventh Page. frlLD EXCITEMENT ON THE VIENNA BOURSE! ? FINANCIAL crisis! A LEADING firm FAILS! BUSINESS impossible! PU blic INDIGNITY TO ONE OF THE ROTHS CHILDS?Seventh 1'aoe. Vienna fair troubles?interesting cable AND GENERAL news?Seventh Page. JjONFLICTLNG REPORTS OF CARLLST SUC CESSES! AN utter rout OF THE REPUB LICANS BY GENERAL DORREQARRY CLAIMED, BUT denied BY THE GOVERN MENT! GENERAL VELARDE TO ORDER A LEVY EN MASSE! ARREST OF ADMIRAL TOPETEI A MUTINY IN BISCAY?SEVENTH Page. Cuban assault upon zucayhamai a re pulse! THE SPANIARDS ATTACK AND CARRY AN INTRENCHED CAMP I BIDWELL OFF FOR ENGLAND?Seventh Page. AWFUL MOMENT IN A MARYLAND COURT! MURDERERS DROP THEIR PETTERS AND SPRING OUT AMONG TUE AUDIENCE! MURDER IN THE FIRST DEGREE?Tenth Page. fcPTTH THE RUSSIANS IN CENTRAL ASIA! A HERALD correspondent TELLS WnAT HE SAW OF TUE PREPARATIONS FOR THE punishment OF THE KHIVAN KHAN! THE DEMARCATION BETWEEN CIVILIZED EUROPE AND BARBARIC ASIA?Fifth Page. tHE MEXICAN POLICE ORDERED TO PROHIBIT JESUIT SOCIETIES IN AJACA! ARRESTS ORDERED! AN EPIZOOTIC SWINDLE? Seventh Page. frlE NATION'S HIGH REGARD FOR THE DEAD CHIEF JUSTICE! THE REMAINS TO LIE IN STATE TO-DAY! THE DISTINGUISHED MOURNERS AND PALL-BEARERS! ACTION OF TUE MAYOR, THE CHAMBER OF COM MERCE AND THE BROOKLYN BAR?FOLTBTH Page. fcjORE MAYORAL NOMINEES! EXCITEMENT ABOUT THE CITY IIALL! TUE NOMINA TION LISTS LAID UPON THE TABLE! WHO THEY ARE?Fovutii Paoe. Buying forged permits? some very. naughty FACTS BROUGHT FORWARD against the aldermen and their CLElOfjf? ForVfhTaor, *"*** combating cable greed-news from tbe STATE AND NATIONAL CAPITALS-TUE LATE JOHN STUART MILL?Tenth Page. ? BANK sensation IN SCR ANTON, PA.?COL LISION BETWEEN A NORTH RIVER STEAMBOAT AND ferryboat?NEWS FROM THE YACHTS?LITERARY AND ART GLIMPSES?Fifth Page. fcnXON. THE MURDERER?OFFICIAL absolut ISM IN JERSEY CITY-WORK OF THE TEMPERANCE REFORMERS?REAL ES TATE? Eigutu Page. % CONSUL GENERAL ARRAIGNED FOR MISAP propriation OK MONEYS ! HELD TO AN SWER! LEGAL BUSINESS?FRIDAY NIGHT IN plymouth CHURCH?Eighth Page. FINANCIAL FEATURES! MONEY ACTIVE, OOLD LOWER! HEAVY DECLINE IN DRY GOODS IMPORTS?NiKTn Page. Tht Vienna Exhibition.?The chief man agement of tbe great industrial fair in Vienna lias come to personal variance between the Archduke Charles, the patron, nnd Baron Bohwartz, the superintendent of the under taking. Thej appealed to the Emperor. Francis Joseph dccided in favor of Btuon Schwartz. Archduke Charles has taken um brage at the royul pronouncement and in con Sequence left the capital. The daily average atUndauce of visitors in the building is of a very goodly number. The amenities of so ciety and our umiversal civilization have not t*en much improved or very perceptibly ex jdtcd by the show so fax. trewa tafia the P?tarU-Oe?th of Cap tain H*U. Ntneteea Walft B*u>mtd from mm tccberg. Oar special despatches from Newfoundland bring us a startling tale. The Polaris expe dition to the North Pole, under the command of the veteran explorer Captain 0. P. Hall, seems to have failed, and Captain Hall himself | is dead. This story, startling as it is in its barest outlines, comes to us through a source which will cause a profound feeling through out the civilized world. On the 15th October, 1872, in latitude seventy-seven degrees, thirty five minutes, a party numbering some nine teen souls left the Polaris to put some pro visions on an ice floe. A gale came on; the Polaris parted from her moorings, and the un fortunates, to their dismay, saw the ship steaming away, unable to give them the slight est assistance. The ice at the time had for tunately a southerly set, and the tide and wind drove the great iceberg, with its living cargo, down through Baffin's Bay and Davis Straits until, on the 30th of April of the pres ent year, after one hundred and ninety-six days on the ice, they wore taken off by the steamer Tigress, in latitude fifty-three degrees. thirty minutes, near the coast of Labra dor. Thus it is that the yet unfinished story of the Polaris comes to the world. It is a thrilling recital, and when the full tale of that almost miraculous drift upon the ice is recorded it will surpass in interest the most j sensational fiction that has ever come from human brain. The sufferings which men of fixed ideas en dure on behalf of their favorite project can have no better illustration than in the records of Arctic exploration. The dream of reaching far Cathay, that Bent the great Genoese navi gator from Court to Court of Europe, was founded first on the idea that by sailing toward the Betting sun could the Indies be gained. Since his time, as the unbroken coast line of the Northern and Southern con tinents of America was traced from north to south, the dreamers turned their visions to the northward. There the passage was to be found. It was tried by Henry Hudson, the discoverer of the island of Manhattan and the Hudson River, and also Hudson's i Straits and Hudson's Bay, that boar i his name in the cold regions of the north. The story of what Hudson suffered in all these explorations amid the frozen seas is familiar, and his tragic death in the open boat, after the mutiny on his ship, in the last of his expeditions, 1610-12, has furnished a moving theme for poets and painters since. The melancholy death of Bohring, the Russian navigator, in his expedition of 1741, to at tempt, from the west, the same problem of the Polar Ocean, inscribes another name in the great graveyard of Arctic heroes. His vessels were wrecked and a remnant of the crew returned in a small vessel constructed by themselves. Shalaroff, another Russian, with his whole crew, perished of starvation in 1760, while attempting the same route. The English navigator, Captain Cook, who sailed in 1776 through Behring Straits, nearly perished, too, in the ice that closed around hia ship. Relief was attempted to be sent him, but the ice barrier prevented it from reaching him- In what is almost out own times the fate of Sir John Franklin is too fresh in the minds of the public to need much com ment It will be remembered in the great trait of woman's love that it evoked in the efforts made by Lady Franklin to reach and rescue her long-missing husband. How, after many* vain searches for the lost explorer, the cairn with the scroll detailing his sad death was found by Captain McClintock, of the Fox, will long be remembered. Connected intimately with this long fruitless search for Franklin is the life story of the brave hearted man, C. F. Hill, whose passion for Arctic exploration was first awakened in the desire to rescue the missing mariner. The stout-hearted Ohio blacksmith, without any training in naviga tion, and indeed without any scien tific knowledge whatever, accomplished wonderful results in traversing the barren, ice-bound wastes of the north. Although he did not succeed in accomplishing the object of his daring search, the fascination of peer ing into the wonderful, untrodden places of the boreal world remained as strong as ever. The open Polar Sea of Kane haunted him with visions of fame. The great, rugged, energetic nature of the man taught him to laugh at obstacles. He had travelled and lived in the wild white regions, and he trusted in himself to find the object of his dreams as tho rough trapper of the Plains travels by the light of his experience and not by that of science. He was certainly a man well fitted to manage all the details of an Arctic voyage, except those in which the aid of science was absolutely necessary. His idea was to associate with him men of science to manage the scientific part, and to do the downright hard work of the expedition him self. Congress placed fifty thousand dollars at his disposal, and he was to reach the North Pole. Everything was accomplished in fitting out the Polaris which experience could sug gest and in August 1871, having a^l his plotes on board, he sailed in good health and spirits from the most northerly settlement on the west coast of Greenland to accomplish his self-sought task. We have said already that Captain Hall is dead. On the 8th of October, 1872, after returning from an expedition on sledges, in which he reached j within seven decrees and forty-four minutes of the North Pole, he died on board the Polaris from apoplexy while in the act of stimulating the hopes and courage of his men. A week afterwards the untoward occurrence happened, through which the nineteen souls on the ice floe were swept away from the ship. The story of the unfortunates as told by Cap tain Tyson, their sufferings, their manful struggle for life during six months and a half on their strange Arctic craft, and the truly provi dential manner of their deliverance reads like a fearful dream. That during that fearful time the ice floe drifted nearly fifteen hundred miles, though moving at the rate of little more than seven miles a day, will convey some faint idea of the horrors through which they passed and the death, perpetually menacing them, from which they escaped. Exposure, cold and hunger are but words to indicate what they have survived. Never were such waifs known before in the history of the world. The Polaris itself was leaking badly at the time she was parted, an we have seen, from more than half of her crew. Captain Tyson is of opinion that she may yot return, although she was without boats. She is under the com mand of Captain Buddington, who ranked next to the unfortunate Captain That the same Providenoe which guided those already rescued back to their own land may extend His kindly hand to save those yet among the perils of the icy seas will be the prayer ot the wholo nation. The death of Captain Hall will be widely mourned by those who honor a brave, heroic heart He has exhibited in his lifetime an amount of persistence and sagacity which, though not supplemented by the science of the schools, were worthy of a great object The scientific results attained it is premature to speak of. The open Polar Sea again comes like a mirage in the story. That seen by the Kane expedition is pronounced to be a strait only fifteen miles wide; but the indications of open water to the north were observed. The highest point attained by this expedi tion was eighty-two degrees, sixteen minutes; that of the Kane party was some minutes higher. The scientific bearings of the sub ject will be widely discussed until the Arctio fever again takes hold of a bold dreamer, and perhaps, after all, the waters of the North Sea may be traversed. But while reading the story of the sufferings of the rescued, and awaiting anxiously fresh tidings from the ship round whose fate hangs so dismal a cloud to-day, the cut bono of all such perilous expeditions will be the subject of much discussion and widely varying opinions. The Escape of the Dlodoci. Our special despatch from the lava beds indicates a new departure on the part of Cap tain Jack and the inauguration of a merciless war on the peaoeful settlers of Oregon. The savages have quietly abandoned their rocky defences and have taken to the open country. Elated with their success in defeating the troops sent against them, they now deem themselves able to cope with the United States forces in the field. Nor sure they altogether wrong in their estimate of their own strength. Well armed and well mounted and pursuing a sys tem of tactics thoroughly well suited to their kind of warfare and the nature of the country, they have little to fear from the heavily ac coutred and slow moving troops. Born and bred bushwhackors they will not pay much at tention to the rules of war as laid down in the army regulations. The Modoc war, then, will be a guerilla war for the future. It has already commenced. A wagon train, insufficiently guarded, has been cap turod ; throe men have been wounded, and seventeen government horses added to the al ready respectable stables of Captain Jack. How long is this state of affairs to continue, and what is to be the end of it all? The extermina tion of the citizens in the neighborhood of the lava beds by the savages seems now more prob able than the extermination of the Modocs by the military. We are told that one hundred Oregon volunteers have arrived at the lava beds, and this picce of news is the most en couraging yet received ; but several thousand frontiersmen should be immediately organized to fight the Modocs, in their own way and without interference of any kind by army officers or Indian agents. One thousand such men would be more effective against the sav ages than the whole army of the United States. The Government and the Pacitte Railroad. The old saying about shutting the stable door after the horse has escaped is applicable in a measure to the government and the Pacific Railroad, for that gigantic concern secured two hundred millions of dollars or so in bonds, land and money before tho country woke up to the stupendous job and frauds connected with it. Nevertheless, the government has, at the eleventh hour, resolved to save what it can from the yearly drain upon it of interest money, to which it is pledged, on tho bonds of the railroad. The exposure of the Credit Mo bilier and other grasping and swindling opera tions of tho managers and other parties interested in the Pacific Railroad have checked Congress and made the government more vigilant. Tho Attorney General has, conse quently, just docided that the government has the riftht to retain money claimed for services by the railroad company for transportation for the government as long as any interest owing by the company on its bonds to the United States remains unpaid. Itf other words, the government will pay itself, as far as it can, for the heavy indebtedness of the company out of tho charges for transportation. This is about the only way it will ever get anything, and the decision is a proper one. The com pany, seeing it cannot fleece the government and people any longer, has begun to econo mize by abolishing the general deadhead system. Perhaps some other way will be found before long to mako the Pacific Rail road pay both the future interest on its bonds and the back interest which the government has been compelled to pay as the endorser of these bonds. , ?The funeral ser vices over the honored remains of our late Chief Justice take place to-day at St. George's Episcopal church, Stuyvosant square, at three P. M., under the direction of the Rev. Drs. Hall aud Tyng. Tho body will then be re moved to Washington, where a second funeral service will be held over it on Monday next, in the Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal church of that city, whencc the casket will be taken to Oakville Cemetery, Georgetown, D. C. Meantime despatches from all parts of the country, in announcements of meetings and resolutions of respect to the memory of the deceased statesman and jurist, testify to the universal veneration in which his memory is and will be held by the American people. There are few men to whom, in departing this life, these words?"Let me live the life of the i righteous, and let my last end be like his"? will more aptly apply than to our lamented Chief Justice. His life was that of a believing Christian, and death to him was but the portal to a higher qnd happier existence. The Recent Heavy Decukase in the bullion of the Bank of England is referable, in view of what is said by the London fr/montist, to a preparation on the part of the government of Great Britain to pay the United States the Alabama indemnity money, amounting to ?3,200,000 ($16,000,000), which becomes due before the 1st of October next. The Dbt Goods Imports tho past week fell off to the unusally small total of $1,253,754. John Stuart Mill. John Stuart Mill, the story of whose life and death is told in another column, was the chief thinker of his age in the advanced school of political economy. The exact opposite in theory and opinion from Henry O. Carey, his views and arguments were especially prized by

American free-traders, because they generally furnished solid answers to the allegations of the protectionists. His death will accordingly be regretted as an irreparable loss by the friends of political and social reform, and especially by the advocates of unrestricted commerce. Mr. Mill began his career as a thinker early in life, and his intellect seemed to grow in power and comprehensiveness while he lived. He was called impracticable? a view of his philosophy which may or may not have been true; but whether impracticable or not at this time, his works will oontinue to exert great influence upon the growth of so ciety and nations, and under other conditions may prove of incalculable benefit to mankind. His work on liberty is as charming as Cicero de Senectute, and ought in itself to keep the world alive to the spirit of freedom for cen turies. As a writer on logic he was unsur passed by the philosophers of this and every age. It is only as a political economist that men doubt the soundness of his views, and in this regard it must not be forgotten that polit ical economy as a science is only in its in tony, if, indeed, it has yet attained the dignity of a science. Whatever of coherency and beauty and truth and comprehensiveness it possesses, it owes more to John Stuart Mill than to any of the men who went before him. Mr. Mill became a thinker at the most active and progressive period in English politics. Parliamentary reform was agitating the Eng lish mind, and the great questions of com merce and production were receiving such attention as it was possible to give them. The young clerk in the India House grasped them with a firmer hand than the politicians in the Houses of Parliament, and soon showed himself at once a philosopher and a states man. All liberal views found him a champion, sometimes even to an extent to which the boldest would not venture. All progressive ideas sought in him an interpreter. After his great chapter on the futurity of labor the laboring classes regarded him as their leader. His "Essay on Liberty" became a handbook even in the hands of politicians. Every new movement, political or social, beneficial or deleterious, sought his endorsement. Some times he gave his aid to objects that were unworthy of his support or chimericul and impracticable ; but no one ever doubted his integrity of thought and purpose, and most of those who opposed him were not so much convinced that his judgment was wrong as that he was a man in advance of his age. His death is a great loss to social and political science ; but posterity will never forget the name and the achievements of John Stuart Mill. The New Atlantic Cable Enterprise and the Cotton Exchange. It may be seen by a report iu another part of the paper of the action of the Cotton Ex change in New York that onr merchants are alive to the necessity of breaking down the present telegraph monopoly of the Atlantic cable companies. We, who use the cable so much and at great expense, have felt the grasping cupidity of this monopoly, and have urged, therefore, measures for the protection of the press and public. We have argued, and still believe, that the proper remedy for the evil is in the governments of the United States and Great Britain taking possession of the cables, or in laying and controlling one or more themselves. But we gladly accept any proposition that will create competition and relieve us of the intolerable exactions of the existing monopoly. We notice with pleasure, then, the action of the Cotton Exchange in this city yesterday. In the call made for this meeting it was justly said, "The exorbitant cost of ocean tele graphic messages has led to a good deal of dissatisfaction in all commercial com munities, especially since rates have been ad vanced, and it is reasonable to expect that the idea of a new line, to serve the interests of business men, will receive substantial encour agement." More than two hundred names of members of the Exchange were signed to a petition for calling this meeting. The meet ing was held, consequently, at half-past eleven o'clock yesterday. The resolutions passed show both the earnestness of the cot ton merchants and their desire for the co operation of the press in this movement. The first resolution embraced the argument. It was resolved "That we, as an Exchange, heartily welcome the proposition to lay a new cable, as it is the only means of freeing lis Irom the present monopoly." The members of the Cotton Exchange then pledged them selves to subscribe to the new enterprise and to give it their telegraphic business, and on gaged also to ase their influence to bring other exchanges and business mey tj j.t? sup port- '^Jnjpmiy, as Mr. Eastman, the President, explained, is called the Direct United States Cable Company, and, as its name implies, is to lay its cable direct from the west coast of Ireland to the soil of the United States, that is, to the shore of New Hampshire. The capital has been subscribed and the contracts made. The company is pre cluded from associating with any other com pany and promises considerable reduction in the charges for telegraphing. So far it is well. Competition is needed. There is op portunity and business enough for several cables. But, as wc said before, this important medium of communication, in which the whole public on both sides of the Atlantic are interested, ought to be under government con trol. While we commend the enterprise of the Direct United States Cable Company we call upon our government to open negotia tions with Great Britain, and with other gov ernments if necessary, for a convention to establish or control telegraphic communica tion, at the lowest paying rates, under the Atlantic ocean. That must come, and the sooner the movement is made the better. Ths Situation in Mexico remains troubled, particularly in consequence of the struggle which is being carried on between the repub lican authorities and the monastic orders of the Church. The Jesuits suffer just at pres ent. The mining interests are improving, and the parliamentary presidency has been completed in favor of tho government candi dates. The morale of the provincials does not, apparently, improve in the raoantime. Tha War la Spate?(to Aetaat Oaa flUt aad Party CaatraAiettaa*. The H"" n special telegram from Madrid which appears in our columns to-day supplies painful evidence of the fact that the war be tween the Carlisto and the forces of the Spanish Republic is still waged with great activity, and that the contending parties are moved against each other by that deadly spirit of intense fierceness which has been ever oharaoteristio of Spanish hate. The battle whioh was fought, just lately, be tween the Bourbonist army, under General Dorregarry, and the loyalists resulted, it is alleged, in the total rout of the republicans, with the loss of two hundred men killed und of many prisoners and nnn.ll arms, and one cannon, which were captured by the insurgenta The Madrid government attempts to offset this report by the publication of an official despatch which an nounces the defeat of Dorregarry. If the papers on both sides refer to the same en gagement there is a wide variance in the matter of the assertion which they contain; but it may be that they speak of two different encounters, in one of which the royal cause was in the ascendant and in the other that of the democracy. Spain suffers severely in the mean time. The army serving in Bis cay is in a state of mutiny on account of the non-receipt of its pay. Admiral Topeto has been arrested?an incident which can scaroely surprise the gallant sailor, as he appears to be hauled up in the wind every now and then by the' politicians, who cannot, it may be, comprehend his plan of plain sailing and a steady course. Minister of War Nouvillas has been reconciled to Gen eral Velarde?an important matter for Span iards, and one which it is to be hoped may influenoe the campaign favorably. In the mean time the governments of almost all the near and leading nations are being troubled concerning questions of Spanish neutrality and Carlism ; but a quarrelsome family i ever unpleasant as a neighbor. Work lit the legislature. Contrary to the general expectation, a strenuous opposition to the proposed modifi cation of the Usury law has sprung up among the "hayloft and cheesepress" Assemblymen. Yesterday a bit of sharp practice was unsuc cessfully tried to kill Mr. Winslow's bill and defeat the wishes of the city delegations, who, speaking for the classes most interested in monetary matters, are considered best judges of the effect of the proposed change. Next Wednesuay is designated for the continuance of the discussion. The New York City Local Improvement bill was debated at some length in the Assembly on its reception from the Senate, and the vote by which it had passed reconsidered. Purporting to remedy an omis sion in the new charter, it gives authority to pay for work on Seventh avenue on the certificate of the Commissioner of Public Works, and is considered a stroke of valuable legislation for the stone pavement ring. Being recommitted there will be full opportunity to ventilate its provisions and consider whether it offers the proper method of perfecting that wondrous achievement of patchwork lawmaking under which our mu nicipal government is to be administered. Tuesday morning was fixed in the Assombly for taking up the Canal Debt Funding bill. The Senate passed, among other bills, one authorizing an increase of capital by the Mid land Railroad Company ; one fixing the sal aries of Kings county Judge and Surrogate at ten thousand dollars and Surrogate of West chester county at four thousand dollars ; also the new Brooklyn charter, which Mr. Murphy opposed, though he admitted it to b? in the main a democratic charter. The Life of the Pops is a subject on which we might imagine the world could afford to express itself with a strict regard for truth. For some weeks past the chief cities of Europe have united in a conspiracy to befog the public on the matter. He is killed in one city one day, and, before the news has time to grow cold, His Holiness is resurrected in some other city the next day. Berlin and London have deprived him of life. Paris has had its turn in the mortuary announcement, and even Rome has hurried him before his time into the ranks of the subjects for necrology. La Canada the news of Papal fatality was sent abroad as soon as he had beeu taken out of his winding sheet in Europe. Pope Pius is doubtless old aud infirm, and may not long survive in this fallible world ; but while he still breathes the breath of mortal life we think the ruuiorists might spare him a premature immortality. Emperob William has left St. Petersburg, and, according to present arrangements, he will arrive in Berlin on Sunday. How much has been arranged during his sojourn in the Russian capital! Russia knows the possible complications which may grow out of the Ceutral Asian difficulty. Is the alliance of Germany secured? So long as this Asiatic difficulty exists?a difficulty which brings Englaad and Russia face to face?this ques tion must be one of the foremost questions of the hour. From present appearances it seems manyStobf one trnna. It is tnis presumed alliance which makes this new Eastern ques tion so serious. Our latest news from Central Asia is not encouraging to those who hope for the continuance of peace. The Acstbian Boubse at Vienna- labored under a wild excitement yesterday. The agi tation was produced by the sudden failure of a leading mercantile firm, which caused the throwing of a large amount of stock on the market Speculators made plaint to tho government. The crisis may endure for many days. Its first effects must have been of an exceedingly unpleasant and irritating charac ter, when we are told that a portion of the ?Change folk were driven to publicly insult Rothschild and anriher prominent financier on the place where merchants most do con gregate. The Lstot Bill has been made a special order in the Assembly for next Wednesday. As amended so far, it propones to try the experi ment for two years of a virtual repeal of tho old usury laws. The forfeiture of the princi pal is dono away with; but while the bill makes it still unlawful (?) to charge more than seven per cent interest, the lender can bargain for more, but cannot collect the excess if the bor rower afterward disputes iW LOtn^UKA. Badger and Hia Metr?poIkt?,li Situation?The General InW,rTiew?d b7 ? Herald Eeporter?United Sta?Trap" Moving to Hia AaBatanoa?^**" ahal Paeker'a Deapatch to Attorney General ^ William*. St. Mabtinsyillb, May 9, 1871. I hare joat arrived from a position near St. Mar tinsville, where I Interviewed General H&dger at one P. M. In anawer to my interrogation* be re plied In substance as follows "1 am In no need of reinforcements. There la aa enemy before me. I do not know where Colonel Oe Blanc la. A part of tils command haa gone to wards Vermillionvllle, part towards Breaux Bridge and part towarda Bute a La Koae, on the Atehaialaya. 1 have had bnt two men wounded so far and none killed. I would be pleased to meet Colonel De Blanc socially, and It would be very dis agreeable to me Indeed to be compelled to oaoae Uls arrest. OFFERS TO IRK T1IK NHGROKS REJECTED. "Yes, overtures have been made to me by parties here to arm the negroes for my assistance, an* arms have been lreely offered me for that purpoaa from New Orleans, but 1 have strenuously diaooua tenanced the Idea and shall continue to resist tfea measure as one calculated to produce incalculable evils and no good. The Mayor of St. Martinsville, Mr. Dechamps, was arrested by a civil process on a charge of treason to the State government I had nothing to do with It. 1 know nothing more of It. I have raised a few horses from different source* and now have A SHALL TORCH OP CAVALRY. "I suppose Colonel Be Blanc has been acting mora with a view to creating publlo aentiment against Kellogg tlian with the Intention of taking us, aa he certainly has had the rorce to accomplish more, and from his reputation should have done so had he desired." TUB IMPRISONED MAYOR. This la about the substance of his statements ta us. Mr. Dechamps ta confined In a small room over the Court House, and will have a preliminary ex amination to-morrow. Mr. Seymour la his coun sel. The severely wounded policeman may recover. General Badger Is evidently nonplussed by THE MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCE OF DE BLANO. Many of hia men, Major Taylor Included, were very anxious to know what detained the relnforclag Metropolitans, and all show much greater uneasi ness than their commander. Knowing ones think De Blanc will capture the Court House factlona. TUB METROPOLITAN REINFORCEMENTS. A steamboat from Bute a la Hose with forty-three Metropolitans, cavalry, passed Franklin at nine o'clock this morning lor St. Martinsville, and are hourly expected here. De Blanc Mysteriously Dii?pp??*?? New Oklbans, May 9, 1873. A special despatch from New Iberia states that Colonel De Blanc has abandoned his camp at Tour neto and mysteriously disappeared. General Bad ger has mounted all the men he could and stationed detachments In different portions of the surround ing country. Forty-flve mounted Metropolitans, via Franklin, are expected to-night. Reinforcement of Troop#. Nkw Orleans, May 9, 1878. Three companies of the Nineteenth Infantry, wi der Captain Bradford, left this evening for Br?. shear City, to join the troops there awaiting transportation to St. Martinsville. General Smith will command the expelltlon. United States Troops Movln| to ths gccne of the Trouble. Brasiikar, May 9, 1878. The United States troops will leave here by land. being unable to procure transportation by water. There are no Metropolitans in town. Everything is quiet as far up as Centreville and Franklin. Forty-three mounted Metropolitans, commanded by Mike Cooney, passed here at nine o'clock this morning and were unmolested. There Is nothing now to prevent their forming a junction with those at St. Martinsville. Marshal Packard's Report to the Attor ney General. Washington, May 9, 1878. The Attorney General this morning received the following despatch from Marshal Packard, at New Orleans:? . ... I received warrants for the arrest of De Blano sir snMiSEMK ?srasras o liiHion ol blood, and therefore made a requisition upon General Kmory lor a military posse of lorty men and two officers, which were promptly fur ? Chtei Deputy Marshal De Klyne left with the noise arriving at Brashear City yesterday noon bv raiL The regular line or boats of Pricc, Hone A Tucker, carrying the United States maU to St Martins, was withdrawn before the arrival of Deputy De Klyue. and they are laid up at Franklin, and the proprietors refused the use of the boats. There Is no other water transportation available there, but it may be Bup niied In a short time through General Emory. Gen eral Badger, commanding the state militia, haa been at St. Martinsville five days, where he pre poses to install local otttcers. . T This pariah was returned republican by Lynch, Wharton and Braids. Skirmishing has been going on and some are wonnded on both sides. The latest news is that Badger is noldlng the town and protecting the Court In session. He doea noT in?endPto go out to attack. De Blanc s force is encamped two miles out, 200 streng.ftndtheyuta I are not strong enough to safely attack Badger in town. The arrival of the Deputy Mar shal with his party, will end the contest shai, wi ^ ? PACKER, United States Marshal. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. judge J. G. Abbott, or Boston, is at the Brevoort House, judge E. Sturtevant, of Chicago, is staying at the Grand Central Hotel. Kev. W. S. Blanchard, of Chicago, is stopping at the St. Nicholas Hotel. Judge E. R. noare, #f Bsston, Is registered at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Senator J. Rodman West, of Louisiana, Is in town at the Metropolitan Hotel. Judge Ward Hunt, of the United States Supreme Court, has arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Ex-Secretary Gideon Welles, and Edgar T. Welles former Assistant Secretary of the Navy, yesterdaj arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. "i^cretary of the Treasury William A. Rlohardson and solicitor E. C. Bantlel* yesterday arrived at the Filth Avenue Hotel from Washington. ^ WEATHER REPORT. r* War Dutastwint. i omc* of ?? Chief Sm^orr'Cim.j Washington, D. C., May 10?l A. m. t profxUrUitif?. For the Middle States and lower lake region the pressure will slowly Increase during the day,with . southwesterly to westerly winds, cloudy *ndclear ing weather and occasional local rain, ^ Can ada and New England, lower barometer, southeast erly to southerly winds, cloudy weather^and ra I . for the south Atlantic and Gnlf states and Tennessee, partly cloudy and clearing weather. Tr?rr ?..?? an.i rtmna barometer. For tne upper II?. ??"> Dorthwerti u.l u>?nce Mutnwartlo 'V^nnViocal ram 'and pos*lbv hall. Reports are ^nerawy m^.ntf irom the northwest, the upper lilies and southwest. The Weather In This City Yesterday. The following record will show the changes In the temperature for the past twenty-four hours in com parison with the corresponding day of last year, aa indicated by the thermometer at Hudnat's Pnar macy.HKKALDBunulug: 3 a. M U 45 3 P. M ? ? 4 u 62 ?& ft P. 5 i! 0 A* M.'. 73 4fl 9 P. M ? ** tfl M." H7 49 13 P. 7* JA I Average temperature yesterday.. ??????? * Average temperature lor corresponding ?i I *

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